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									Unit Nine



  Fireworks Festival
Unit Nine
 SITUATION
 BEFORE READING
 READING
 VOCABULARY OR TERM
 EXTRA READING
 SENTENCE PATTERN
 LANGUAGE SKILL
 DIALOGUE
 WRITING
 GRAMMAR TIP
 GUIDE REMINDER


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          SITUATION
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     The Lantern Festival is very important festival
in Taiwan. Many cultural activities are held around
the island at this time. Try to introduce one of
these activities; the Yanshuei Firework Festival.

Tip: First try to collect more information about the history of the firework
festival and organize it in written form.




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         SITUATION
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The Taiwan Lantern Festival of 2007 in Chiayi attracted many visitors with
the theme lantern of Formosan Wild Boar and various pig-lantern exhibition.
台灣燈會元宵節正式點燈,以嘉義阿里山區的「台灣山豬」作為主題,
各式豬花燈眩耀登場,吸引許多民眾前往參觀。
資料來源:聯合知識庫
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       BEFORE READING
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Check the correct answers (multiple choice) for
questions about Guan-gong, a godworshiped by
many Taiwanese people.
a. Is Guan-gong a god for
b. Is Guan-gong a god in
c. Was Guan-gong was
d. What do the Chinese words Guan and gong
   mean?
e. Is Guan-gong a main god in Wumiao?
f. What is a better English translation for Wumiao?
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          BEFORE READING
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a. rightfulness, brotherhood
b. a local religion, China, Taiwan
c. a historical figure, a general
d. Kuan is a Chinese surname and Kong is a
  respectful title.
e. Yes.
f. The Martian Temple


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      GUIDE REMINDER
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a. History of the YanShuei Firework Festival.
b. Wumiao and the Octagonal Hall.
Beehive Rockets                   Reading Ⅰ
    The Yanshuei Firework Festival is one fantastic

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    event during the Lantern Festival, which is held
    once a year; the 15th day after the Chinese New
    Year. Over 80,000 people crowd into the old narrow
    streets of Yanshuei town with less than 25,000
    residents each year.

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       GUIDE REMINDER
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    Fireworks and firecrackers are often used to
    symbolize either the greeting of good or scaring away
    evil in Taiwan. They are often used to celebrate
    weddings, festivals, and deities’ birthdays.




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       GUIDE REMINDER
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    Over one hundred years ago, an epidemic broke out


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    in the Yanshui area, and many people died. So, they
    carried a statue of Guan-gong around the streets of
    Yanshuei and let off firecrackers at the same time.
    Eventually, the plague came to an end and the town,
    which was then the fourth most important harbor in
    Taiwan, was finally able to restart its business
    activities.



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      GUIDE REMINDER
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    Nowadays, the firecracker-parade, with folk
    performances, a food fair featuring local snacks,
    and other activities all have become important
    festival themes on the day of the Lantern Festival
    in Yanshuei.

    The fantastic night view of hundreds of thousands

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    of firecrackers being shot into the sky has
    attracted numerous people to the Lantern Festival.
    A full-faced motorcycle helmet and thick
    fireproof clothing are needed if you want to
    watch up close the parade and enjoy the
    excitement, almost like a gun battle.              1-11
        GUIDE REMINDER
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    Wumiao was built in 1668, during the late Ming
    Dynasty of China. There are a lot of ancient


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    inscriptions that can be seen all around the temple.
    Probably the first such marking you will see is the
    pillar couplets found on both sides of the gate. These
    ancient couplets, as well as sign slips on a giant beam
    in front of the old statue of the temple god, were
    produced at the time the temple was founded.



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        GUIDE REMINDER
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    Near the Yanshuei bus stop you will find the most
    impressive historical landmark of the town, called the

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    Octagonal Hall. It is the most wellpreserved wooden
    architecture in the town; a two-story building built
    with Fujhou fir and lime. The most interesting aspect
    of this building is the octagonal ridge of the roof.




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       VOCABULARY OR TERM
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Read the following words out loud with a teacher, or
read them on your own.
Beehive Rockets ( Reaing I )

firework [ 'fA0r`w"k ] n.

-- A device consisting of explosives, set off to produce
   colored lights, smoke, and noise for amusement.



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        VOCABULARY OR TERM
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beehive [ ' bihA0v ]n.
-- A structure for housing bees.



Lantern [ 'l$ntQn ] n.
-- A decorative case for a light, often of paper.




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        VOCABULARY OR TERM
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participation[ pAr`t0sD'peNDn ] n.
-- The act of taking part or sharing in something.



crowd [ krAud ] v.
-- To draw or stand near to together.



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        VOCABULARY OR TERM
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promote [ prD'mot ] v.
-- To contribute to the progress or growth of.



firecracker [ 'fa0r`kr$kQ ] n.
-- A small explosive device in a heavy paper casing,
   made to explode to make noise, as at celebrations.



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        VOCABULARY OR TERM
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symbolize [ 's0mbl`a0z ] v.
-- To represent or identify by a symbol.



deity [ 'diDt0 ] n.
-- A god or goddess.




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       VOCABULARY OR TERM
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epidemic [ `Gp0'dGm0k ] n.
-- An outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads
   rapidly and extensively.



commemorate [ kD'mGmD`ret ] v.
-- To honor the memory of someone or an event with a
  ceremony.

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        VOCABULARY OR TERM
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parade [ pD'red ] n .
-- A line or extended group of moving persons or things.



sponsor [ 'spansQ ] n .
-- One that finances a project or an event carried out by
   another person or group.



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        VOCABULARY OR TERM
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helmet      [ 'hGlm0t ] n .
-- A protective covering, usually made of metal, designed
   to protect the head.



fireproof [ 'fA0r'pr?f ] adj .
-- Resistant to damage by fire.



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        VOCABULARY OR TERM
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bruise [ bruz ] n .
-- An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the
   skin is not broken, often characterized by broken blood
   vessels and discoloring.




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       VOCABULARY OR TERM
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Side Trip in Yan-Shuei ( Reading II )



prosperous [ 'prAspDrDs ] adj.
-- Having economic success; flourishing.



pillar [ 'p0lQ ] n.
-- A freestanding and vertical support; a
column.
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       VOCABULARY OR TERM
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couplet [ 'kKpl0t ] n.
-- A unit of verse consisting of two successive lines,
   usually rhyming and having the same meter and often
   forming acomplete thought or syntactic unit.



sign slip [sA0n][sl0p] n .
-- A long narrow piece of wood or bamboo
indicating a god’s instruction.

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        VOCABULARY OR TERM
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Beam [ bim ] n.
-- A squared-off log or a large piece of timber, metal, or
   stone used especially as a horizontal support in
   construction..

censer [ 'sGnsQ ] n .
-- A vessel in which incense (a substance that produces a
  fragrant odor when burned) is burned, especially
  during religious services.

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       VOCABULARY OR TERM
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edict [ 'id0kt ] n .
-- A order or proclamation issued by an authority.



imperial [ 0m'p0r0Dl ] adj.
-- Of, relating to, or suggestive of an empire.




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       VOCABULARY OR TERM
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Lime [ lA0m ] n.
-- A substance produced by heating limestone (consisting
  mostly of calcium carbonate, CaCO3.)




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        SENTENCE PATTERN
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a. …call upon/on …..
   ….ask….
   ….beg….


Example:
The resident called on the emperor not to tax people.
The resident asked the emperor not to tax people.
The resident begged the emperor not to tax people.

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       SENTENCE PATTERN
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b. ……drive out……
   …….expel…..


Example:
They expelled the ambassador from their country.
They drove out the ambassador from their country.



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        SENTENCE PATTERN
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c. …..fire off…..
   ….fire…..


Example:
The soldier fired off the gun at the civilian.
The soldier fired the gun at the civilian.



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        LANGUAGE SKILL
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Introclucl a local dish to your clients.
Tell the name of a local dish to your clients.
1. It is called….in Chinese
2. We call it….in Chinese
3. Its Chinese name is
4. It has a Chinese name
                                    a
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         LANGUAGE SKILL
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To explain what the dish is to the clients.
1. It is a kind of…...



                                    b
2. It is a bit like…...
3. It is made of…….




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       GRAMMAR TIP
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The order of adjectives preceding a noun:

   《both, all 》
   《article, possessive, demonstrative 》
   《numerals 》
   《property 》                             + noun
   《length, size, shape 》
   《old,new 》
   《color 》
   《proper adjective 》
   《material 》

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    GRAMMAR TIP
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E. G.
ˇThe Octagon Hall is one of those two old
   red brick buildings in the town.
 × The Octagon Hall is one of those two brick
   old red buildings in the town.
ˇDo you know those three pretty young
   Taiwanese children?
 × Do you know those pretty three young
   Taiwanese children?


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