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					         Progress Report of

the ASEM-DUO Fellowship Programme




  Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship


             January 2011
                Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
1. Background
    2000. 10     Korea, France and Singapore jointly proposed the ASEM-
                 DUO Fellowship Program (ASEM-DUO) at ASEM 3 held
                 in Seoul, Korea, and this initiative was endorsed by the summit


  2001. 4        Representatives of 16 ASEM countries participated in the
                 Expert Group Meeting held in Seoul, to develop details of
                 ASEM-DUO Fellowship Program


  2001. 9        A Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship was established in
                 Seoul, Korea

  2001.12        DUO-Korea Fellowship Program 2001 selected 8 pairs of
                 students and professors each

  2002. 5-9      -DUO-Singapore Fellowship Program 2002 selected 18 pairs
                 of students
                 -DUO-France 2002/3 Fellowship Program selected 16
                 exchange projects.
                 -DUO-Korea 2002 selected 19 pairs of students, 2 pairs of high
                 school teachers and 14 pairs of professors.
                 -Denmark announced to join the ASEM-DUO Fellowship as a
                 contributing partner at the ASEM 4 held in Copenhagen,
                 Denmark.

  2003. 5-11     -DUO-Singapore 2003/4 selected 27 pairs of students.
                 -DUO-France 2003/4 selected 9 projects and DUO-Korea 16
                 pairs of professors and 33 pairs of students
                 -DUO-Denmark announced 14 pairs of professors and 15 pairs
                 of students
                 -Twenty-seven representatives from 13 ASEM Member
                 countries participated the 2nd ASEM-DUO Expert Meeting in
                 Seoul, Korea

  2004. 6-7      -DUO-Singapore 2004 selected 18 pairs of students and DUO-
                 Denmark 12 pairs of students and 11 pairs of students
                 -DUO-Korea 2004 selected 12 pairs of professors and 39 pairs
                 of students and DUO-France 9 projects

  2004. 10       ASEM-DUO Program was endorsed for extended period of
                 2006-2010 at ASEM V in Hanoi, Vietnam



                                   2                   Progress Report January 2011
            Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
2005. 5-7    -DUO-Singapore 2005 selected 18 pairs of students, DUO-
             Korea 2005 selected 12 pairs of professors and 45 pairs of
             students and DUO-France 6 projects

2005. 8      -One of co-partners in DUO-Denmark, the Ministry of Science
             Technology and Innovation, decided to discontinue the
             program

2005. 11     -Thailand has shown intention to join ASEM-DUO as a
             contributing member

2006. 1-4    -DUO-France, DUO-Singapore and DUO-Thailand 2006
             called for applications

2006. 5      -DUO-Korea 2006 call for applications
             -DUO-France 2006 selected 7 projects

2006. 12     -DUO-Thailand and DUO-France call for applications

2007. 1      -DUO-Singapore call for applications

2007. 2      -Remaining partner of DUO-Denmark, the Ministry of Foreign
             Affairs, announced its discontinuation of the program

2007. 4      -DUO-Korea call for applications

2007. 5      -DUO-Singapore announced its selection of 18 pairs of student
             fellows

2007. 6      -DUO-France selected 5 projects, DUO-Thailand 30 pairs of
             professors and 6 pairs of students, and DUO-Korea 7 pairs of
             professors and 63 pairs of students

2007. 10     -DUO-Thailand 2008 call for applications

2008. 1      -DUO-Singapore 2008 call for applications

2008. 2      -DUO-France announced its termination of contribution as of
             2008

2008. 4      -DUO-Thailand selected 19 pairs of professors and 13 pairs of
             students
             -DUO-Korea 2008 call for applications

2008. 5      -DUO-Singapore announced its selection of 18 pairs of student

                               3                    Progress Report January 2011
           Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
            fellows

2008. 6     -the 4th ASEM-DUO Expert Meeting was held in Bangkok,
            Thailand
            -Brunei Darussalam announces its participation as a
            contribution member for ASEM-DUO Fellowship Programme
            -DUO-Korea announced its selection of 5 pairs of professors &
            40 pairs of student fellows

2008. 9     -DUO-Thailand call for application

2009. 3     -DUO-Thailand announced its selection for phase I of 6 pairs
            of student fellows
             -DUO-Thailand call for second phase DUO-Thailand 2009
             application
             -DUO-Singapore 2009 call for applications

2009. 4     -DUO-Korea 2009 call for applications

2009. 6     -DUO-Singapore 2009 announces 12 pairs of student fellows
            -DUO-Korea 2009 selects 39 pairs of student fellows

2009. 7     -DUO-Thailand selected 14 pairs of professors and 8 pairs of
            student fellows as phase II

2009. 8     -DUO-Thailand call for DUO-Thailand 2010 application

2009. 11    -DUO-Thailand selected 9 pairs of professors and 3 pairs of
            student fellows

2009. 12    -Sweden and Belgium have shown intention to join ASEM-
            DUO as a contributing member.

2010. 1     -DUO-Singapore 2010 call for applications

2010. 4     -DUO-Korea and DUO-Sweden call for applications

2010. 5     -DUO-Singapore announced its selection of 9 pairs of student
            fellows

2010. 6     -DUO-Sweden 2010 announces 12 pairs of student fellows
            -DUO-Korea 2010 selects 46 pairs of student fellows

2010. 8     -DUO-Thailand call for DUO-Thailand 2011 application


                             4                   Progress Report January 2011
                       Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
   2010. 10             -ASEM-DUO Program was endorsed for extended period of
                        2011-2015 at ASEM Ⅷ in Brussels, Belgium
                        -ASEM Accreditation International Seminar (Promoting
                        Exchange among ASEM Accreditation Agencies) was held in
                        Seoul, Korea

   2010. 11              -DUO-Thailand selected 3 pairs of professors

2. Purpose of the ASEM-DUO

The ASEM-DUO aims at contributing to better enhance reciprocal academic exchanges
between the students and the teachers of the European Union and Asian ASEM member
countries. It is dedicated not only to increase the number of people-to-people exchanges
between the two regions but also to encourage the development of bilateral exchange
programs: through creating new programs or inducing people’s active engagement to
exchange programs which have already been established but in dormancy. The first plan
was designed for 2001-2005. Thanks to efforts of contributing members and successful
progress, the plan was endorsed for the 2nd phrase of 2006-2010 from ASEM V in Hanoi,
Vietnam in 2004 and the 3rd phrase of 2011-2015 from ASEM Ⅷ in Brussels, Belgium
in 2010.


3. Structure and Principles


  1) Structure of the ASEM-DUO

The ASEM-DUO Fellowship Program is basically an umbrella program, and actual
fellowships are provided by individual program. At present, there have been six such
individual programs, and they are respectively called DUO-Denmark, DUO-France,
DUO-Korea, DUO-Singapore, DUO-Thailand and DUO-Sweden reflecting the
contributing member countries. All these individual programs are governed by a set of
Core Principles and the rest of the specific details of the programs are to be prescribed
by the contributing members.


  2) Core Principles

Core Principles, which govern all individual fellowship programs, consist of three
principles. They are as follows:


    1. Pairs: one from Asia, one from Europe

                                           5                   Progress Report January 2011
                       Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
Only pairs of students or teachers from the two educational institutions, one in Asia and
the other in Europe, are to be supported. Institutions and students (or teachers) should
be paired: a student from a different institution in a member is not allowed. Both
members of a pair are supported together.


    2. Standardized duration of support
Financial support is given in terms of semesters, not in terms of months or years; for
students, one unit comprises of four months; for teachers, one unit is one month. From
the Expert Meeting held in November 2003, the definition was altered to a semester of
4 months to 6 months.


    3. Standardized amount of support
Each pair of students will receive 2,000 euros per month during the exchange; for
teachers, it is 6,000 euros per month. The division of fellowship amount among the
members in a pair is to be determined by individual contributing members.


4. Progress of individual DUO Programs

Current individual DUO programs slightly differ in details, while fully observing the
Core Principles. Current status and characteristics of each program are as follows:


  1) DUO-Korea

DUO-Korea was launched in 2001. Other than Core Principles, this program requires
cooperation agreements signed between the two educational institutions and the persons
to be exchanged are selected under the cooperation agreement before submitting
applications. DUO-Korea does not impose any further requirements, in order to
encourage as many applications as possible.


In 2001, DUO-Korea selected 16 pairs of applicants, 8 for exchanges of students and 8
for professors, which involve 9 European member countries - Belgium, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom - and nine
Korean universities across the country.


In 2002, DUO-Korea selected 2 pairs of high school teachers, 16 pairs of professors and
19 pairs of students in July. The decision involves European educational institutions
from 10 European member countries (Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,


                                           6                   Progress Report January 2011
                       Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
Ireland, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the U.K.).


DUO-Korea 2003 awarded 16 pairs of professors and 33 pairs of students from 10
European countries-Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France Germany, Italy, Netherlands,
Spain, Sweden, and the UK.


DUO-Korea 2004 produced 12 pairs of professors and 40 pairs of students were
selected for total of 392,000 EUROS. There were 10 partner countries including
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, UK, Spain, Italy, Sweden, and the
Netherlands. 23 professors and all students completed exchanges.


Before making proposal for DUO-Korea 2004 calls, Advisory Committee for ASEM-
DUO Secretariat (ACAS) members voted to add pre-screening procedure on nationality
of applicants as a way to enforce institutional relationship.


In 2005, DUO-Korea selected 9 pairs of professors, 3 pairs of teachers, and 45 pairs of
students. At the Selection Committee Meeting, Committee Members agreed to accept
EU nationals in general as rightful candidates for DUO-Korea programme even though
their nationality may not coincide with those of institutions, and the amendment has
been active since 2006.


DUO-Korea 2006 awarded 10 pairs of professors, 1 pair of teachers and 51 pairs of
students for exchanges with 12 EU member countries including Czech Republic,
Lithuania, and Poland. Since the inclusion of Eastern European members in EU,
DUO-Korea has rapidly widened its door to new members.


Having announced its selection preference to new projects starting 2007, DUO-Korea
2007 awarded 63 pairs of students, 6 pairs of professors and 1 pair of teachers with total
of 546,000 euro. Awarded EU member countries include Austria, Belgium, Finland,
France, Germany, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Spain, Slovenia, Sweden, the
Netherlands, and UK.


The Korean Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development requested a
marketing firm to assess satisfaction study on DUO-Korea programme with online and
phone survey targeting awardees and international office managers from DUO-Korea
2004, 2005, and 2006 programmes in winter 2007. Satisfaction index was divided into
notification, application, homepage, communication with the Secretariat, selection


                                            7                   Progress Report January 2011
                        Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
procedure, fellowship and evaluation of mission report. All groups (students, professors,
and international office managers) showed high satisfaction with communication with
the Secretariat with need for improvement in homepage, clear indication of selection
criteria, and finding partners. If you are interested in more details, the report will be
uploaded on the website (www.asemduo.org) soon as soon as the Ministry approves of
its publication.


In the following year of 2008, the newly embarked government went through re-
structuring of governmental bodies that changed Ministry of Education and Human
Resources Development into Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. The
Selection Committee for DUO-Korea 2008 decided upon 40 pairs of student and 5 pairs
of professor fellows in exchange with Austria, Czech Republic, Finland, France,
Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, and UK. Due to
inconsistent performance in complying with the guideline of DUO-Korea by professor
fellows and limited DUO-Korea fellowship budget for increasing number of student
applicants, the Committee approved its termination of support for professors from 2009
to concentrate on student exchanges.


DUO-Korea 2009 received record breaking number of application of 195 involving 137
projects of which 29 Korean institutions and 107 EU partner institutions participated.
The Selection Committee was held in June to have 39 pairs selected in the final stage.
As more and more new projects are brought in, the Committee added quota restriction
per Korean institution to 15% and suggested to announce it on the next round of call for
applications in 2010.


In 2010, DUO-Korea selected 46 pairs of applicants which involve 14 European
member countries – Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France,
Germany, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands and the United
Kingdom – and 22 Korean Universities across the country.


  2) DUO-Singapore

The ASEM DUO Fellowship Programme (DUO) is an initiative that aims to enhance
the exchange of students and teachers between the Asian and European ASEM countries,
and had been first mooted by South Korea. Singapore and France, both proponents of
the ASEM Education Hub (AEH) initiative, agreed to join in this complementary
proposal and co-sponsored it with South Korea at the ASEM III Summit in Seoul (in


                                           8                   Progress Report January 2011
                       Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
October 2000).


At present, there are four countries participating in DUO, namely, Sweden, Singapore,
South Korea, and Thailand. Although ASEM-DUO Secretariat has confirmed that
Denmark and France have withdrawn from the ASEM-DUO programme in 2007 and
2008 respectively, students from these two countries are still eligible for this programme
as they are from ASEM member countries. The programme is governed by a set of three
core principles:


     (a)     Only pairs of students or teachers between the two educational institutions,
             one in Asia and the other in Europe, will be supported;


     (b)     Financial support is given in terms of units, rather than in terms of months
             or years. For students, one unit comprises of one semester, while for
             teachers, one unit is one month. The definition of a “semester” was set at
             four to six months; and


     (c)     Financial support is standardised for each pair of students at €8,000 to
             €12,000 (€8,000 for 2 students for a four-month semester, or €12,000 for 2
             students for a six-month semester), and €6,000 for each pair of teachers for
             1 unit (€6,000 per pair of teachers per month). Each individual programme
             is free to specify the maximum number of units for support.

Announced in November 2001 with a budget of US$1 million (to fund our initial five
year involvement), DUO-Singapore first invited applications for academic year
2002/2003. Singapore only accepts applications from students (and not teachers) and
DUO-Singapore disbursed a standard €8,000 to each pair of students per semester
(DUO-Singapore does not specify the duration of each semester).


The first batch in 2002/2003 comprised 18 pairs of students while the second batch in
2003/2004 saw a bumper crop of 27 pairs of students selected. Since then, DUO-
Singapore have stabilized the numbers from the third (2004/2005) to the seventh
(2008/2009) batches at 18 pairs of students per batch. In 2009/2010, however, produced
12 pairs of students and DUO-Singapore 2010/2011 awarded 9 pairs of students from 5
countries including Denmark, France, Poland, Sweden and UK. The areas of exchange
include Business Administration, Economics, Engineering, Law, Architecture, and
Building and Real Estate.


                                            9                   Progress Report January 2011
                       Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
In addition, DUO-Singapore is also open to ASEAN students in the three Singapore
universities, based on merit. So far, the number of ASEAN students awarded each year
is as follows: academic year 2002/2003 (one Malaysian), academic year 2003/2004 (two
Malaysians), academic year 2004/2005 (one Malaysian, one Indonesian and one
Vietnamese), academic year 2005/2006 (one Vietnamese), academic year 2006/2007
(one Malaysian), academic year 2007/2008 (one Vietnamese) and academic year
2008/2009 (one Malaysian).


MFA TCD administers DUO-Singapore although the selection process is left entirely to
Singapore universities. TCD will call for applications to DUO-Singapore, through
Singapore universities, using published materials and the DUO Singapore website, and
the universities will receive and shortlist the applications accordingly to the numbers
specified by MFA (The number selected each year is dependent on budgetary rather
than political considerations). MFA will then endorse the candidates, after which, letters
of offer will be sent out. Upon the acceptance of the award by a candidate, TCD
disburses the allowances accordingly. The universities will collate any feedback upon
the completion of the program and send this back to TCD.


  3) DUO-Sweden

Sweden officially launched DUO-Sweden Fellowship on April 15 2010. The
announcement of the DUO-Sweden was made through the ASEM-DUO website,
http://www.asemduo.org, and the information letters to ASEM-DUO contact points in
ASEM member countries were sent out from the secretariat. Under the auspices of the
International Programme Office for Education and Training in Sweden, this Fellowship
invites exchange programs undertaken by two academic institutions above tertiary level,
one student in Sweden and the other in the Asian ASEM member countries, in order to
strengthen and develop partnership relations.


In February 2010, the DUO-Sweden announced with a budget of 2 million Swedish
Krona (to fund 2010 and 2011).


The DUO-Sweden Fellowship Program was first launched in April 2010. Based on the
core principles of the ASEM-DUO Fellowship Program, the International Programme
Office for Education and Training formulated guidelines for applications.


Pairs of students must be exchanged within the framework of cooperation between


                                           10                   Progress Report January 2011
                        Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
higher educational institutions in Sweden and in the Asian Member Countries. Duration
of the program is 4 months for students and the Program’s Implementation Guideline
has been posted at the websites of the Secretariat of the ASEM-DUO Fellowship
Program (www.asemduo.org).


In 2010, the total of the awardees were 12 pairs of students. The exchange Asian
partners came from 3 Asian Member Countries including China, Korea and Japan.


  4) DUO-Thailand

In August 2004, Thailand was approached by the Korean government to become a co-
sponsor of the ASEM-DUO Fellowship program. The Office of the Higher Education
Commission (OHEC), Ministry of Education, as a government agency responsible for
formulating higher education development policies and plans, had developed a proposal
and principles of the DUO -Thailand Fellowship Program.


In September 2005, the Thai Cabinet approved the DUO-Thailand Fellowship Program
with the budgetary support of 48,900,000 baht (around one million Euros) for its
implementation during a 5-year period (2006-2010). The major purpose of the DUO-
Thailand Fellowship Program is to promote a mobility of university students and faculty
members between higher education institutions in Thailand and in the European Union
Member States on a balance basis.

The DUO-Thailand Fellowship Program was first launched in April 2006. Based on the
core principles of the ASEM-DUO Fellowship Program, the Executive Committee (EC)
of the DUO-Thailand Fellowship Program formulated guidelines for applications.

Pairs of students and faculty members must be exchanged within the framework of
cooperation between higher educational institutions in Thailand and in the European
Union Member States. A home or host university already having an academic agreement
with its partner will be given priority to encourage active implementation of an
agreement.

Duration of the program is 4 months for students and 1 month for faculty members. The
priority areas of exchange are identified in corresponding to the National Economic and
Social Development Plan, the National Education Plan, and supporting the Strategic
Scholarships Fellowships Frontier Research Networks of Thailand. Those areas include
Health Sciences, Tropical Medicine, Biotechnology, Information and Communication
Technology, Nanotechnology, Tourism and Hospitality Management, Logistics and

                                          11                  Progress Report January 2011
                      Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
Supply Chain Management, Alternative Energy, Neuroscience, Software and Digital
Technology, Fashion Design Business System Design, Wood Technology, and Food
Technology. However, there is no restriction on other disciplines.

Selection criteria rely on eligibility of student and faculty member applicants such as
language proficiency, record of transcript, type of activities etc. The Program’s
Implementation Guideline has been posted at the websites of the Secretariat of the
ASEM-DUO          Fellowship     Program      (www.asemduo.org)    and     of    OHEC
(www.inter.mua.go.th).


In 2006, the total of the awardees were 23 pairs consisting of 6 pairs of students and 17
pairs of faculty members under the exchange areas of Tourism and Hospitality
Management, Biotechnology, Information and Communication Technology,
Nanotechnology, Health Sciences and Medicine, and Sciences. The exchange European
partners came from 9 European Union Member States including Austria, Denmark,
France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden and the United Kingdom.


Thailand announced the 2007 DUO-Thailand during November 2006 – March 2007. Out
of 40 pairs of applicants, 6 pairs of students and 29 pairs of faculty members were
announced as awardees in June 2007. The areas of exchange included Tourism and
Hospitality Management, Biotechnology, Information and Communication Technology,
Nanotechnology, Health Sciences and Medicine, Sciences, Logistics and Supply Chain
Management. There were 9 exchange partners from EU member states consisting of
Austria, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, Finland, Belgium and the
United Kingdom.


The DUO-Thailand 2008 closed its application in February 2008 and announced 19
pairs of professors and 13 pairs of students as awardees in April 2008. The European
partners came from 9 countries; Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the
Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The awardees participated in the areas
of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Biotechnology, Information and
Communication Technology, Nanotechnology, Health Sciences and Medicine, Logistics
and Supply Chain Management, Business Administration, Architecture, Social Sciences,
Arts, and Alternative Energy.


The DUO-Thailand 2009 applications were called for in the beginning of September,
2008. Unlike the previous years, applications were confined to students in order to
encourage more students’ participation. It is an endeavor of OHEC to balance ratio of

                                          12                   Progress Report January 2011
                         Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
student and faculty exchange. However, not many students applied for the program.
There were only 6 pairs of students selected. Partners from EU member states included
Austria, France, Italy, and Sweden under the exchange areas of Tourism and Hospitality
Management, Biotechnology, Business Administration, Social Sciences, Sciences,
Foreign Languages/ Applied Linguistics, and Economics.


Consequently, the second round of the DUO-Thailand 2009 was open to student and
faculty applicants. The second phase for 2009 applications was called for in the
beginning of May. The priority was given to, but not limited to, the areas of Alternative
Energy, Biotechnology/Food Technology, Business System Design, Health Sciences,
Wood Technology, Information and Communication Technology, Logistics and Supply
Chain Management, and Tourism and Hospitality Management. Thailand announced 14
pairs of professors and 8 pairs of students as awardees in July 2009.

In August 2009, the DUO-Thailand 2010 applications were called until the late October.
The priority is given to, but not limited to, as same as 2009 phase II. Out of 47 pairs of
applicants, 3 pairs of students and 9 pairs of faculty members were announced as
awardees in November 2009.


Thailand announced the 2011 DUO-Thailand during August - October 2010. 3 pairs of
faculty members were announced as awardees in November 2010. The areas of
exchange included Alternative Energy, Biotechnology/Food Technology, Business
System Design, Health Sciences, Wood Technology, Information and Communication
Technology, Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Tourism and Hospitality
Management. Exchange partners from EU member states consisting of Austria, France
and the Netherlands.


  5) DUO-Denmark

Under the auspices of the Danish Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation and
the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, DUO-Denmark was launched on April 1 2003.
The announcement of the DUO-Denmark was made through the ASEM-DUO website,
http://www.asemduo.org, and the information letters to ASEM-DUO contact points in
ASEM member countries were sent out from the secretariat.


The objective of this fellowship is to promote the creation of the closest possible
bilateral links between the higher educational institutions in Denmark and Asian


                                           13                   Progress Report January 2011
                       Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
countries, by financing the exchange of students and professors in pairs. Hence, DUO-
Denmark does not support existing exchange projects but support new projects or
projects with new developments. DUO-Denmark 2003 supported 14 projects from 4
Asian members, China, Korea, Singapore, and Thailand were selected to dispense
246,000 euros. Except for 3 cancelled projects due to internal reasons, 11 projects
have been successfully completed.


DUO-Denmark 2004 programme selected 12 projects amounting to 184,000 EUROS to
support 11 pairs of professors and 11 pairs of students in partnership with China,
Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, Korea, Malaysia, and Japan. Twenty-one professors
and all students completed exchange. One pair of professors was withdrawn from award.
Eligibility has been more elaborated for 2004 programme criteria. For exchanges
between Denmark and China, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam that are
promoted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, only Danes are eligible from Denmark and
nationals of the countries mentioned from the Asian side. For exchanges between
Denmark and Brunei, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, and Singapore, professors
and students from Danish universities are accepted as are professors and students from
the ASEM countries.


After having assessed future of DUO-Denmark with assistance from an independent
consulting group in early 2005 (please refer to its evaluation report on the “archive
menu” at www.asemduo.org), Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs informed its
continuance to support DUO-Denmark with its current share of Asian partner countries.
Meanwhile Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MSTI) decided to
withdraw from the second stage. Further discussion was made in terms of
management of the programme without MSTI’s partnership. Following the suit, the


Ministry of Foreign Affairs has finally decided to stop its support due to its number of
changes in the administration of fellowships as of February, 2007.


  6) DUO-France (subject to further information)

DUO-France, financed by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, aims at supporting
cooperation projects (post graduate level only) between higher-education institutions
located in France and in the Asian ASEM countries. Like DUO-Denmark, DUO-France
does not support existing projects but encourages their development or helps in the
creation of new projects. Selection of persons to be exchanged under the projects is left


                                           14                  Progress Report January 2011
                        Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
with the educational institution. Verification of fellows’ nationality has recently been
added to reinforce the objective of exchange between French and Asian fellows.


In June 2002, the selection of projects was made for 16 exchange projects, which
involved institutions in France, and 8 Asian member countries – Indonesia, Vietnam,
Thailand, Korea, Singapore, China, Philippines, and Malaysia. A total of 48 students
and 44 professors were to be exchanged. As the 2-year project ended as of August, 2
professors and 4 students were not able to complete exchanges with reasons including
SARS.


For DUO-France 2003, 9 projects were awarded. Total of 448,000 EUROS was to be
shared with the nominated Asian members from Vietnam, Japan, Philippines, Korea,
China, and Indonesia. Fifty-two professors and 50 students were selected for exchange.

DUO-France 2004 announced its selection of 9 projects with 22 pairs of students and 19
pairs of professors for 322,000 EUROS in July, 2004. Seven partner countries included
China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore, and the Philippines.


From 2005, the French government contracted an independent education service
organization, EGIDE, to operation of DUO-France including financial transaction of
fellowship to fellows in order to simplify its internal procedure. It has been agreed to
have close cooperation between EGIDE and the Secretariat in sharing information with
prior approval of French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In January 2005, DUO-France 2005 issued calling for applications until March, 2005.
DUO-France 2005 Award went to 6 projects to support 66 professors and 24 students
with 165,000 EUROS. Exchange partners are from Japan, Thailand, and Vietnam.


DUO-France 2006 announced 7 successful projects that would be endowed with
238,000 EUROS. Asian partners include China, Indonesia, Korea, the Philippines,
Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.


DUO-France 2007 is on call for applications until March 30, 2007, and received 25
applications in partnership with 7 Asian members; Cambodia, China, Japan, Korea, the
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam . Out of 25 projects, 5 projects with
Japan, the Philippines, Singapore, and Vietnam were selected. From these projects, 6
pairs of professors and 23 pairs of students are expected to go through exchange with


                                           15                  Progress Report January 2011
                       Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
the support of 229,000 euro over the next 2 years.


Following an external evaluation carried out in 2007 focusing on DUO-France, it has
been decided not to renew any invitations to tender, starting 2008; Different objective
set by DUO-France in creating joint degree programs has not been achieved that led to
the decision. This has been presented and shared by French Embassy official at the 4 th
Expert Meeting in Bangkok, Thailand in 2008.


  7) Beneficiary Members

From all the information of nominees mentioned above in individual programs, we
found the following;

               <Table 1> Number of awardees of ASEM-DUO Program
                                Number of Nominated Beneficiaries
  Year
          Denmark    France    Korea     Singapore   Thailand     Sweden         TOTAL

                                 30                                               30
 2001
                               P14 S16                                          P14 S16
                       92        68         36                                    196
 2002
                     P44 S48   P30 S38     S36                                  P74 S122

              48       102       94         54                                    298
 2003
            P22 26   P52 S50   P28 S66     S54                                 P102 S196

              42       82        102        36                                    262
 2004
            P20 22   P38 S44   P24 S78     S36                                  P82 S180
                       50        112        36                                    198
 2005
                     P26 S24   P24 S88     S36                                  P50 S148
                       96        120        36         46                         298
 2006
                     P48 S48   P18 102     S36       P34 S12                   P100 S198
                       58        140        36         72                         306
 2007
                     P12 S46   P14 126     S36       P60 S12                   P86 S220
                                 88         36         64                         188
 2008
                               P8 S80      S36       P38 S26                    P46 S142
                                 76         24           56                       156
 2009
                                S76        S24       P28 S28                    P28 S128
                                 90         18           24         24            156
 2010
                                S90        S18        P18 S6        S24         P18 S138
                                                          6                         6
 2011
                                                         P6                        P6
                       480       920                    268
             90                             312                     24           2094
 TOTAL                P220      P160                   P184
           P42 S48                         S312                     S24       P600 S1,490
                      S260      S760                    S84

 P=Professor S=Student
 There is a discrepancy between number of awardees and actual exchange fellows
  due to cancellations and failure to implement exchange. The data is updated to
  actual figure at the time of report.



                                          16                    Progress Report January 2011
                      Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
                    <Table 2> Fellowship of ASEM-DUO Program
 Year                                 Fellowship (unit: Euros)

        Denmark       France      Korea      Singapore     Thailand    Sweden        TOTAL

2001                             138,000                                             138,000

2002                 420,000     342,000         216,000                             978,000

2003     204,000     448,000     348,000         216,000                           1,216,000

2004     178,000     322,000     384,000         144,000                           1,028,000

2005                 165,000     424,000         144,000                             733,000

2006                 238,000     462,000         144,000   150,000                   994,000

2007                 229,000     546,000         144,000   228,000                 1,147,000

2008                             344,000         144,000   218,000                   706,000

2009                             304,000         96,000    196,000                   596,000

2010                             360,000         72,000     78,000      96,000       606,000

2011                                                        18,000                   18,000

TOTAL    382,000    1,822,000   3,652,000    1,320,000     888,000      96,000     8,160,000



6. The ASEM-DUO Secretariat

To facilitate the implementation of the ASEM-DUO initiative, the Secretariat serves as a
focal contact point and depository for relevant information of the program besides
providing administrative assistance. A minimum coordination among individual DUO
programs is indeed indispensable in order to maintain consistency and avoid duplicating
support, as well as to maximize the effectiveness of the programs and minimize the cost
of implementation. The Secretariat also serves, depending on each country's needs, as a
center for the receiving and processing applications for ASEM-DUO programs. In that
respect, the Secretariat works closely with ASEM partners that are interested in the
ASEM-DUO program including contributing partners, in designing procedure and
implementing programs to best suit the needs of each partner.


From June through July 2004, the Secretariat conducted a survey to over a thousand
DUO programs applicants and fellows for 3 weeks on the 3 following areas;


     General information and administration affairs
     Fellowship, selection, and evaluation process (for fellows only)
     Comments and advice on public relations


There were 146 returned surveys, and they were analyzed with a recommendation to

                                            17                   Progress Report January 2011
                        Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
better implement the role of the Secretariat. The preliminary report was shared with
working level officials from contributing countries for further feedback. After receiving
feedback from those countries, the Secretariat uploaded the information on the
homepage website.


In September 2004, there was a meeting held with EUA at EAIE Conference held in
Italy. As a result, the Secretariat set up a registration and search engine on its searching
for partners’ corner in the website for universities to take part in. The news was
published in November 19th issue of EUA Newsletter. For further promotion of the
program, the Secretariat had meetings with the Netherlands’ Ministry of Education,
Culture and Science and Sweden’s Ministry of Education and Science and DAAD
Germany.

For a new second phase (2006-2010) of ASEM-DUO Fellowship Program that was
granted in ASEM V held in Hanoi, Vietnam in 2004, Dr. Sung also paid a visit to
contributing countries including Denmark, France, and Singapore requesting future plan
concerning the extension and including new ASEM members as beneficiaries in
November and December, 2004.


From the meetings with contributing countries, members expressed strong support for
networking and information sharing. Accordingly, the Secretariat set up a database of
ASEM-DUO fellows on the website, www.asemduo.org to facilitate the request. The
database shows basic information and mission reports of fellows for those who are
interested in exchange and search for more concrete experience of predecessors.


To further inquire on possibility in joining as contributing members, Dr. Sung made a
business trip to Germany and Finland in September, 2005. In addition, a meeting with
the Thai Ministry of Education took place in November for Dr. Sung to advice on
setting up DUO-Thailand from 2006. Committee has been organized to develop the
management of DUO-Thailand.


On November 25th 2005, with the assistance of French Embassy in Korea, the
Secretariat organized its first ASEM-DUO Fellows’ Alumni Party in Seoul, Korea.
Over 100 alumni and officers from ASEM member embassies and university
participated to create alumni network among fellows after their exchange and promotion
of ASEM-DUO program.



                                            18                    Progress Report January 2011
                       Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
Twenty-five participants from 13 ASEM member countries gathered at the 3rd ASEM-
DUO Experts’ Meeting in Paris on May 30th, 2006. Participating countries included
Brunei Darussalam, EC, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Korea, Lithuania, Malaysia,
Malta, Singapore, Thailand, the Netherlands, and Vietnam. At the Meeting, all
concurred that there was a serious imbalance between Asia and European contributing
members. More European participation was strongly encouraged. Currently, there are 3
Asian contributing members from Korea, Singapore, and Thailand and 1 European from
France alone. There was a consensus among contributing members that “mobility” can
be given top priority in the ASEM-DUO Program. In turn, Secretariat’s role as an
information center is to be strengthened in pre-screening duplicate applicants for
different DUO programs.


In December 2006, ASEF invited Dr. Sung, Director General, as an advisor to the 1st
ASEM Education Hub Advisory Committee Meeting in Singapore. Recommended and
selected on the basis of their personal background, activities and experience, and/or
according to their position as representative of major networks or organizations in the
field of higher education co-operation between Asia and Europe, 17 advisors gathered to
act as a think-tank and discuss ideas on the functioning of the Hub. This participation
would enhance cooperation and better relationship between the Secretariat and ASEF in
the field of ASEM educational initiatives.


After having reviewed the result of satisfaction report conducted by the Korean Ministry
of Education and Human Resources Development, the Secretariat renovated its website
in a more user-friendly version in spring 2008; now individual programs are more
visible and accessible with newly added information link sites of higher education and
scholarship opportunities in ASEM member countries.


Furthermore, the Secretariat is closely working with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and
Trade and Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (Ministry of Education and
Human Resources Development) in Korea to focus on setting prospective contributing
members and searching appropriate contacts in these member countries as decision
makers. This focus is expected to generate related activities of the Secretariat and was
discussed under the topic of EU-Asia Higher Education Cooperation at the first ASEM
Conference of Ministers for Education in May 2008. From this discussion, the meeting
agreed to encourage international educational mobility between both regions and to
especially enhance more balanced exchanges of talented students, graduates and
researchers by strengthening the potential of national, bilateral and multilateral mobility


                                            19                   Progress Report January 2011
                    Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
schemes (such as ASEM DUO and ERASMUS Mundus).


The 4th Expert Meeting, co-hosted with Commission on Higher Education of Thailand,
attracted 27 delegations from 12 ASEM member countries, ASEF, and UMAP on June
20, 2008 in Bangkok, Thailand. At the meeting, French delegation made it official for
its discontinuation of DUO-France as of 2008. Brunei Darussalam delegation, on the
other hand, officially announced its participation as DUO-Brunei Darussalam starting in
second half of 2008. As the only European contributing member, France, withdraws
from ASEM-DUO Fellowship Program, there are 4 Asian contributing members from
Brunei Darussalam, Korea, Singapore, and Thailand. This has raised concern among
participants that made them agree to consider the suggestion by the Secretariat in
preparing a joint proposal by Asian members to the European Commission to become a
contributing member. Considering the serious imbalances within ASEM-DUO, and the
2nd term of ASEM-DUO until 2010, participants agreed to hold the next Expert Meeting
in Hanoi, Vietnam in conjunction with ASEM Education Ministerial Meeting in May,
2009. Vietnamese delegation agreed to send the report for further follow-up action.


With the cooperation of Vietnamese Ministry of Education and Training, the 5th Expert
Meeting took place in Hanoi, Vietnam where the 2nd Ministerial Meeting of Education
was in progress in May. Many participants including contributing members of ASEM-
DUO Fellowship Program gathered and shared concerns and ideas over main issues of
ASEM-DUO Fellowship in having only Asian contributing members. The proposal
letter addressed to EC to urge EC’s participation as a representative of EU members in
ASEM-DUO Fellowship Program was drafted and agreed at the meeting and sent in
July through the official channel of the Foreign Ministry. Dr. Sung, General Director,
Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology and Korean Ministry of Foreign
Affairs and Trade had been in close cooperation to develop channels and meant to reach
decision makers in current contributing member countries, major beneficiary EU
member countries (Sweden, Finland, and Germany) as well as EC of joining the
Program.


As a part of this effort, the Director General of the Secretariat visited to those major
beneficiary EU member countries (Sweden, Finland and Belgium) as well as EC in
September 2009. In result, DUO-Sweden has been launched and Belgium (Flemish) is
preparing on setting up DUO-Belgium (Flemish).


For a new third phase (2011-2015) of ASEM-DUO Fellowship Program that was


                                          20                   Progress Report January 2011
                       Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship
granted in ASEM Ⅷ held in Brussels, Belgium in 2010, Dr. Sung also paid a visit to
contributing countries including Singapore and Thailand in March 2010, requesting
future plan concerning the extension. To further inquire on possibility in joining as
contributing members, Dr. Sung had business meetings with Germany and the
Netherlands in September, 2010.


The international seminar under the theme of “Measures to Vitalize Mutual Exchange
among ASEM Higher Education Accreditation Institutions” was held on October 22nd,
in Seoul, Korea. This seminar was hosted by KCUE (Korean Council for University
Education) and sponsored by MEST (Ministry of Education Science and Technology)
and the Secretariat for ASEM-DUO Fellowship Programme. In order to go beyond
competing with each other and make endeavors to enhance the quality of higher
education based on mutual cooperation, the Vice President of European Network for
Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), the President of the National Institute
for Academic Degrees and University Evaluation (NIAD-UE) and the Director of
Higher Education Evaluation Centre (HEEC) made presentations. END.




                                         21                  Progress Report January 2011

				
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