women-of-ancient-egypt

Document Sample
women-of-ancient-egypt Powered By Docstoc
					WOMEN IN ANCIENT EGYPT
     Women in ancient Egyptian society were in name, although not
     always in treatment, the equal of men. They had greater
     independence than women in other ancient societies because they
     had legal rights to their own property, to sign contracts and to work.
     A woman was therefore not dependent on her husband for her
     survival and she had the freedom to take part in life beyond the
     home.

     Family life was important to the ancient Egyptians. Parents arranged
     their children's marriages. There was no formal marriage ceremony.
     When the parents had agreed on terms, the couple would live
     together and `start a house' .Girls married from about twelve years of
     age and boys from about fourteen.

     It is important to investigate women's experiences within different
     societies in history because often societies have given them second
     class status in comparison to men. People had great respect for the
     goddesses of Egyptian religion and saw women as having many of
     their qualities.

     Some aspects of women's treatment in ancient Egypt show that
     society did not see men and women as equals. Wealthy women's
     lives often centred on the home and child-rearing. Women who
     worked outside the home often worked in `female' jobs, such as in
     textiles or as priestesses.

     Usually the female partner provided one-third of the goods listed in
     a marriage agreement and the male partner provided two-thirds. If a
     couple had joint ownership of a property, the husband could barter
     (exchange) it for something else without having his wife's
     permission to do so.

     The pharaoh's son succeeded him as pharaoh. If there were no sons,
     the new pharaoh was the husband of one of the Great Royal Wife's
     daughters. Cleopatra and Hatshepsut were two of the few
     female pharaohs.
  WOMEN IN ANCIENT EGYPT

Women position         ANCIENT EGYPT
in society :

STATUS




CHOICE OF PARTNER




AGE OF MARRIAGE




NUMBER OF CHILDREN




TYPE OF JOBS ( WORK)




LEGAL RIGHTS
FREEDOMS