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					SORONG - JOINT CITY

ABOUT SORONG


Area Profiles
The name comes from the word Soren Sorong. Soren in the Biak language,
which means sea Numfor daIam and bumpy. Soren word first used by tribes
Biak Numfor who sailed in the ancient times with sailboats from one
island to another to arrive and settle in the Raja Ampat Islands. Numfor
Biak tribe is what gave the name "Land Maladum" as Soren is then
pronounced by the merchants Thionghoa, clad European missionary, Maluku
and Sanger Talaut as Sorong.

Sorong town known as Oil City since the entry of the surveyors of
petroleum from the Netherlands in 1908. Sorong city renowned as one of
the city by Heritage Attribute heritage Nederlands Neuw Maschcapeij
Guinea (NNGPM) or a city filled with historical remnants of the former
Dutch-owned oil company.

Sorong city is very strategic because it is a doorway of Papua Province
and City Persinggahan. City Sorong also rnerupakan industry, trade and
services, because the city is surrounded by Sorong Regency - Regency of
Natural Resources has a potential to open up opportunities for domestic
and foreign investors to invest their capital.

City Sorong in the beginning is one of the districts that made the center
of Sorong regency government. But its development has undergone a change
daIam appropriate Government Regulation no. 31 In 1996 dated June 3, 1996
became Administrative City Sorong. Furthermore, based on Law no. 45 In
1999 the City Administrative Sorong upgraded rnenjadi autonomous regions
as the City of Sorong. Then on October 12, 1999 in Jakarta held official
inauguration of the Mayor of Sorong Drs. J. A. Jumame and subsequently
formally separate from the City Sorong Sorong regency on 28 February
2000.

City Sorong well as a stopover city and the gates of Papua Province, City
Sorong as well as the City of Industry, Commerce and Services. The
combination of the values ??of natural heritage and authenticity and
uniqueness that has Sorong Water Front View or city with panoramic ocean
views as well as fusion, Waigeo Island landscape, and Salawati Batanta
which is one of the Raja Ampat archipelago. Public services and
facilities, which are complete enough to give an impression and appeal to
visitors who want to get a new experience after a trip to the city of
Sorong Kong is famous for its NNGPM (Nederlands Neauw Guinea Petroleum
Matschcapeij) or a city filled with the remnants of the former oil
company Heritage history Dutch-owned. Company NGPM muIai petroleum
drilling activity in Sorong, since the Year 1935. The company's
historical legacy is the Port of Petroleum Export, several oil tanks,
residential employees, former employees barracks. Former technical school
(Voc School)


Area Orientation
Geographically, the city of Sorong is at coordinates 131??51 'BT and 0??
54' LS with an area of ??1105 km2. . Area of ??the city is located at an
altitude of 3 meters from the sea surface and air temperature in the city
of Sorong minimum around 23, a ?? C and maximum air temperature of about
33, 7 ??C. 2911 mm rainfall was recorded. Rainfall is fairly evenly
distributed throughout the year. There is no month without rain, the
number of rainy days per month between 9-27 days. Average air humidity
was recorded 84%.

Geographical boundaries of the City Sorong are as follows:
- West: Strait Dampir
- North side: District Makbon & Strait Dampir
- East: District Makbon
- South: District and District Salawati Aimas Sorong Regency

Area of ??1105 Km2 Sorong is composed of 4 Districts and 20 Sub-District,
namely:
1. Sorong district oversees:
- Village Klademak
- Village North Remu
- Village Kialigi
- Kelurahan Kampung Baru
- Village Malawei

2. Slide the Eastern District oversees:
- Village of South Remu
- Village Malanu
- Village Klasaman
- Village Klagete
- Village Klawuyuk
- Village Malaingkedi

3. West Sorong district oversees:
- Village Klawasi
- Village Rufei
- Village Tanjung Cassowary
- Village Saoka
- Village Klabala

4. Islands District oversees:
- Village East Dum
- Dum Village West
- Village Soap
- Village Ram

Sorong topography varies consists of mountains, slopes, hills and some of
the lowlands, south-east surrounded by dense forest which is protected
forest and jungle tours.

Sorong geological circumstances there is a stretch class C such as
quarrying stone mountain, stone kaIi, sirtu, sand, soil and gravel urug.
While the soil types found in the town of Sorong is latosal soil
contained a white beach on the outskirts of Cape Cassowary and red-yellow
soil fudsolik dihamparan contained the entire region east of Sorong
District. Sorong surface state consisting of mountains, hills and plains
buki-low is marked by ravines, and the region is fed rivers are small,
like a river Rufei, Klabala rivers, streams Duyung, Remu rivers, streams
Klagison, rivers Klawiki, Klasaman rivers and streams Klabtin.

Supporting other tourist facilities in 2003 is a leisure park with its
charming beaches of Tanjung Cassowary white sand, Ram Island, Island of
Doom Island Soop and famous for its beautiful beaches. Dofior island also
contained Welcome Monument in the City Sorong Moi by using the language
(native tribe in the city of Sorong) are welcoming and friendly welcome
visitors who arrived in the city of Sorong. Dofior wall also famous for
its panoramic views and natural beauty Lout dusk.

POPULATION


Number and Population Growth
Population City of Sorong in 2003 recorded 144 033 JWA. Sorong population
composition of the population classified as youth. Percentage of
population in younger age groups is greater than the older age groups. In
the age group 0-4 years was recorded 16, 65%, whereas in the age group 75
years

From the population data on the City Sorong can be classified to Class
Medium City, where the criteria based on class Connecticut city, City
Medium is the city with a population between 100,000 to 500,000
inhabitants.


Labor
Employment data are increasingly required especially for the evaluation
and development planning in the areas of employment such as the
development of the working age population, the population of job seekers
and job openings.

Working age population is population aged 15 years or more. Sorong
working age population in 2002 as many as 97,375 inhabitants. Based on
data from the Department of Labor City of Sorong, the number of job
seekers who have not deployed until the end of 2003 was recorded 5089
people. While job seekers who registered this year 355 people.

Thus the accumulated number of job seekers in 2002 as many as 5016
people. Of these 444 new people are placed. Judging from the level of
education mostly high school-educated job seekers job seeker Of the total
53.15% 1.30% high school education and 19.85% Bachelor's degree.


ECONOMY

Regional Economic Conditions
Manufacturing sector is one sector that contributes the largest economy
in the construction of Sorong. It can be seen from the contribution of
manufacturing sector to total GDP Sorong reached 26.22% in 2002.
Based on the number of manufacturing labor in 4 groups, namely: large
industries, industries medium, small industry and handicraft industry
Household. In 2000 there were 107 units of food processing industry
sector that is able to absorb the workforce 1039. Total investment in
this sector reached 9.65% billion dollars to the value of production
amounting to 16.02 billion dollars. Whereas for clothing and leather
industry groups in the town of Sorong is able to absorb 335 to 142 units
of labor effort. Total investment in this sector reached 1.72 billion
dollars with a total value of production by 2.12 rnilar rupiah. And in
the metal industry, machinery and chemical non-facilities in the city of
Sorong there are 116 business units that could absorb labor by 1017
people. Total investment in this sector reached 11.80 billion dollars,
while the production value amounting to 1.79 billion dollars.

Developments in the trade sector has contributed substantially in the
construction of even commodity that has become an export commodity since
1998. The realization of the export value has reached U.S. $
112.246.216.86. Export destination countries that include Japan, Taiwan
and China with the mainstay of processed fishery commodities. With the
number of exporting companies amounted to 20 companies.


Regional Finance
City Sorong has enormous prospects and opportunities in spurring economic
harbor. Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of added value
generated as a result of various economies in the region. Gross Regional
Domestic Product data that describes the ability of a region in natural
resources and human resources they have. Gross Regional Domestic Product
Value City Sorong in 2002 665.16 billion rupiah. That number shows an
increase compared to the year 2001 which reached 560.1 billion dollars,
up 20.03%.

Judging from the sector's role in the formation of Sorong economy,
industry and trade, hotels and restaurants are the two largest
contributing sector in GDP formation Sorong. The industrial sector
contributed about 24.95% of the total Gross Regional Domestic Product and
20.48% was contributed by trade, hotels and restaurants.

Sorong economic growth rate in 2002 was 7.38% with the growth rate of per
capita Gross Regional Domestic Product Sorong consecutive Rp.
3,350,276.03 and USD. 3,819,598.39 or an increase of 14.01%.

In 2003, activities have received a deposit revenue (PAD) Sorong received
or Rp 57,054,864,430 Rp 30,951,825,430 (219%) exceeded the target of Rp.
26,103,039,000. This is due to the intensification and extensification
PAD programs successfully.

As for the Realization of Self-Revenue Receipts (PADS) in 2003 has
increased from an initial target set up to target an increase in the
percentage change in each local tax levies ie, Retribution, Profit
Regional Owned Enterprises and Other Income Another of 153.96% or an
aggregate amount of Rp 15,246,377,711. To total revenue Revenue by type
of revenue is local revenue (PAD), Profit Sharing Tax (BHP), Non-Tax
Profit Sharing (BHBP), and coupled with the Post Fund Balance (DAU), Post
Special Allocation Fund, Post Autonomy Special Assistance and Provincial
Government is Rp. 217 733 858 386 or 150.93%.

URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE AND FACILITIES



Water Component
Efforts to clean water supply has received favorable attention by the
local government itself or by the Central Government to rehabilitate some
of the clean water network in the city of Sorong. Although so far the
results have not been felt.

The development of fresh water use in the city of Sorong is recorded in
the water company until 2002 is to reach 1,631,914 m?? compared with the
previous year this figure shows increased 0.58%. On the other hand the
number of subscribers increased from 8923 subscribers in 2001 to 9306
customers in 2003.

Sorong town with a population of 174,145 people, need clean water for
17,414,500 liters / day. This amount is obtained from the population
multiplied by the number / basic needs for the classification of urban
residents are (100 liters / person / day). But the taps new Sorong can
produce as many as 4.32 million liters / day. So it still required an
increase in production capacity of 13,094,500 liters / day, or 151.56
liters / sec.

Unknown number of household connections as much as 9306 units. If the
number of customers as many as 57,126, then 1 unit of house connections
(SR) serves about 6 inhabitants.


Waste Component
Based on data from the Department of Public Works and Settlement and
infrastructure Sorong region shows that on a submarine in 2001 the
production of waste as much as 169 m?? / day. Landfill sites are on the
road-Makbon Sorong area covering 10 ha.

In accordance with the standard medium towns, namely the level of waste
generation as much as 3 liters / person / day, the city of Sorong with a
population of 174,145 people, generate waste 522.44 m3/hr. This amount is
obtained from the population multiplied by 3 / 1000 (m3/hr). But the new
Sorong can manage as much as 115.12 m3/hr. So much waste that is unserved
407.32 m3/hr.

To lift up the trash to the landfill loaksi Sub Department of Hygiene,
Fire and Gardening Sorong has 8 units lifter garbage truck with a
capacity of 6-10 m?? haulage / units and 5 units of arm roll trucks and
30 uni tkontainer.

Transportation service is inadequate waste makes waste generated by the
people of Sorong disposed in various ways which are considered the
easiest in accordance with environmental conditions.
Components of Sanitation / Waste Liquid
For the production of waste, every human being is assumed to produce 0.2
liters of liquid waste number / org / hr. This figure represents the
ideal needs of every resident in the class of the city was. Thus obtained
assuming production of waste in the city of Sorong is a 34 829 l / hr
from the calculation of the ideal needs of every human waste production
multiplied by the number of population in Sorong.

Drainage Component
Drainage channels in the city of Sorong consists of a closed network of
drainage channels and drainage channels open. The length of the channel
that has been built in the city of Sorong is the primary channel with a
length of 2,500 km and a secondary channel with a length of 11,600 km.
Then the total length of the channel in the city of Sorong that has been
built is 14,100 km. However, from pre-existing conditions have not been
able to overcome the problem of flooding and channel discharge.


Road Components
Road transport is one of the essential infrastructure to facilitate
economic activities. With the ever increasing development effort it will
require an increase in construction of roads to facilitate mobility of
people and facilitate the traffic of goods from one region to another.

The length of roads in the city of Sorong in 2002 reached 188.51 km or no
additional length of roads over the previous year.


PUBLIC FACILITIES AND SOCIAL


Educational Facilities
In an effort to improve the quality of human resources, education has a
pivotal role. One problem that could be an obstacle to development is the
low quality of human resources. Therefore, development in the education
sector is placed on top priority.
A variety of coaching education programs implemented since the beginning
has brought progress, shown by an increase in participation at all levels
of education. Number of educational facilities should be enhanced and
improved quality of teachers who continue to be done either through the
upgrading of teachers, equivalency diploma II, providing books, teaching
aids and tools aIat skills. Teachers' welfare must also be increased
gradually.

Meanwhile, the number of school buildings in the city of Sorong in the
academic year 2003/2004 of 144 school buildings consisting of 32
kindergartens, 68 elementary, 22 junior, 16 senior General and Vocational
Senior High School 6 and 10 universities. The number of kindergarten
teachers Coda school year 2003/2004 amounted to 100 teachers by 1614
pupils. Thus the workload of teachers in the kindergarten school year
2003/2004 is 19 pupils per one teacher. On the other hand increasing the
number of primary school teachers. The addition of these elementary
school teacher was able to offset the addition of a number of elementary
students each year will certainly continue to grow. It can be seen dad
workload of primary school teachers fell dad 30 students per one teacher
in the year 2000/2001 to 24 students per one teacher. So also occurs in
junior and senior high school teachers as well as the General Vocational.
Number of Higher Education in the City Sorong dad as much as 10 which
comprises two official universities and eight private universities. The
number of faculty lecturers as 351 people consisting of 118 lecturers and
233 lecturers, the number of students as much as 4396 people.

Although the educational development of both State and private schools in
the city of Sorong has increased from year to year, and still experience
a variety of obstacles.

Various kendalan Among them are:
- Lack of public awareness,
- Educational facilities
- Not semopurnanya existing education management
- Lack of qualified teachers
- Lack of coordination among agencies / institutions involved in the
handling of education issues
- Limitation of existing education funds.


Health Facilities
Besides the development of education, health development is also a part
that can not be separated in the effort to improve the quality of human
resources. Development in this field conducted in an integrated and
sustainable manner.

The main challenge of health care quality improvement efforts in the town
of Sorong is how efforts to enhance cooperation across the sector more
efficient and been able to, considering that for this co-operation like
this has never been applied.

				
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