CRICKET

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					                                         CRICKET
GAME       - A Cricket game starts when the umpire calls „Play‟. „Play‟ is also called to restart the game after an interval or
START:     interruption. A coin toss determines who bats first.

           - Cricket matches are played over a number of hours and days.

           - First class matches are played over three to five days with at least six hours of cricket being played each day.

           - One-day cricket matches last for six hours or more.

GAME       - Cricket matches also allow for special rules about intervals for lunch, tea and drinks as well as rules about
LENGTH:    when play starts and ends.

           Notes:
              * In a one-day Cricket test match, the two teams or governing body of Cricket agrees on a number of Overs
              that can be reached.
              * An agreed minimum number of Overs (usually 15 in Test match cricket and 20 in other First-class cricket
              games) is bowled.
              * Test matches are played under a set of conditions agreed by the boards of the competing countries.
              These are highly standardized. Days are scheduled as six hours of playing time, but there is a requirement
              that a minimum of 90 six-ball Overs are bowled, and the third session may run overtime if the Over rate has
              been slower than this. If there is a change of innings, two Overs are deducted from the requirement.

           NOTE: In Cricket, a teams score is usually given as (Number of wickets) for (number of runs) in Australia.
           In England and New Zealand and some other countries it is the opposite.

           Scoring Abbreviations:
           B- Bowled by.
           C- Caught by.
SCORING:   St- Stumped by.
           O- Overs.
           M- Maidens.
           R- Runs.
           W- Wickets.
           FOW- Fall of wicket.
           Key Terms:
           All out: The team is all out, when ten players are dismissed.
TERMINO-
LOGY:      Bail: A bail is a bit of wood that sits on top of the stumps.

           Golden duck: Is when a batsman is dismissed by the first delivery they receive.

           Off-stump: The side of the wicket that is furthest away from the batsmen‟s inside leg.

           Googly: A deceptive spinning delivery by a leg spin bowler. For a right handed bowler and a right handed
           batsmen, a Googly will turn from the off-side to the leg side.

           Jaffa: A practically un-hittable bowl (like a fast ball in baseball)

           Players: Cricket is played with two teams of eleven players.

RULES      Umpires: Cricket is played with two umpires or referees.
          Equipment:

          - A Cricket bat is oblong shaped with a narrow handle. A full sized bat is around 3 feet in length.
          - A Cricket ball is made of cork and covered with leather and then stitched up. A ball weighs around 5 ounces.
          - Players wear long rectangular shaped pads on their legs, padded gloves and a helmet.

          Scoring:

          - Much like baseball, one team bats while the other team fields. In Cricket, however, there are 2 batters. (Each
          will receive six pitches or bowls before the other one bats.)
          - Teams score by getting runs. A run is completed when a batsman hits the ball then runs to the other end of the
          Cricket pitch, getting past the crease or (LINE).
RULES     - The non-striking batsman has to run to the opposite end as well. The batsmen can run back and forth as many
          times as they like in an attempt to score more runs.
CONTIN-
UED       How the Game Works:

          - Each team has one inning which can be from 20 overs (6 bowls in an over) to an unlimited over match.
          - Each bowler will receive a minimum of one over (6 bowls) in one direction before another bowler takes over
          from the opposite side of the pitch for the next over.
          - If ten of a team‟s batsmen are out, the innings end regardless of how many balls are left to be bowled. This is
          called “An all out”.
          - A batter can stay up for as long as he/she is not out and scores as many runs as they want.

          Keeping Score:

          - If the batsman hits the ball and the ball rolls and hits the boundary on the ground than it is counted as an
          automatic four runs.
          - If the batsman hits the ball and it travels in the air past the boundary in the air it is counted as an automatic 6
          runs.
          - Otherwise, runs are counted by how many times the two batsmen run side to side past their respective
          creases.

          GETTING A BATSMAN OUT:

          A batsman may get out in several ways:
          Being Caught Out: This is done when a batsman hits the ball with his bat and a fielder catches the ball in the
          air.

          Bowling Him/Her Out: This is done when the bowler bowls the ball and ball strikes the batsman‟s stumps
          knocking off the small wooden bail off the stump.

          Leg Before Wicket (LBW): This is done when the bowler bowls a ball that is deemed by the umpire or referee
          to be a bowl that would have hit the stump/bail, but the batsman has blocked the ball with his/her leg on
          purpose.

          Stumped: This is done when the batsman comes forward to hit the ball but steps out of his/her crease, misses
          the ball and the fielder behind the stumps collects the ball and hits off the bail before the batsman gets back
          behind his/her crease.

          Run Out: This is done when the batsman attempts to score a run but has his/her stumps (knocking bail off)
          before he/she reaches the other crease (LINE).

          Hit Wicket: This is done when the batsman hits his/her own stumps while trying to hit the ball.
            Cricket is played on an oval shaped field. The size of the field varies, but generally has a diameter of around
            350 yards. In the middle of the field is what is known as a pitch. A pitch is a hard, flat strip of dry ground
            around 22 yards long. At either end of the pitch is the crease. This is a line marked about 4 feet in from either
            end of the pitch. The boundary is marked by a rope that surrounds the oval.




Field of
play/DIAG
RAM of a
Cricket
Pitch

				
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posted:9/26/2011
language:English
pages:3