Socio-Economic Profiles and Indicators - An Overview

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					Infoline Report
                                                                                               Author: Zhila Kashaninia
                                                                            250-356-7870   Zhila.Kashaninia@gov.bc.ca




      Socio-Economic Profiles and Indicators – An Overview

 The socio-economic profile and indicator                  Columbia. Also included are the special geo-
 program was developed by BC Stats in sum-                 graphies of the Columbian Basin Trust, Geor-
 mer of 1998. The program was initiated by the             gia and Fraser Basins. Each profile is intro-
 Deputy Ministers Committee for Social Policy              duced with a map of the region and its com-
 with input from cross-ministry steering                   munities and the particular demographic in-
 committee and external advisors. The pur-                 formation, based on the 2006 Census. The da-
 pose of the program was to provide policy                 ta is presented in a format that allows com-
 makers with accurate information when mak-                parison with other regions in the province
 ing decisions or allocating funding and re-               and the BC overall. Each region contains the
 sources. Another purpose of the program                   data and information based on the following
 was to help monitor the progress of initiatives           themes:
 intended to close the disparity gap between
 communities and promote research and dis-                     •   Economic hardship
 cussion into possible causes for such dispari-                •   Labour market structure
 ties.                                                         •   Education concerns
                                                               •   Crime
 Socio-economic Profiles                                       •   Health problems
                                                               •   Children at risk
 The Socio-economic profiles provide a com-                    •   Youth at risk
 prehensive view of each region with charts
 and tables for the 26 Regional Districts, 86 Lo-
 cal Health Areas, 16 Health Service Delivery
 Areas, 5 Health Authorities, 8 Development
 Regions, and 15 College Regions in British


   Methodology and Background Information

   Over 100 indicators and variables describing social, economic and demographic conditions are available
   by many different geographical levels across the province. A few variables within each indicator were
   used to develop the socio-economic indices; however, a complete list of all Indicators and variables is
   compiled for further research and analysis. For a complete list of the variable within each index, Please
   see http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/sep/listvars.pdf

   A complete report describing the methodology and data sources used in the calculation of the various
   indices can be found in http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/sep/method.pdf

   For research papers, backgrounds, and external reviews, please refer to:
   http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/sep/papers.asp

   A complete glossary of terms with all the definitions and sources of data is also provided at:
   http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/sep/glossary.pdf

                       BC Stats, Box 9410 Stn Prov Govt, Victoria, BC V8W 9V1
  Tel: 250-387-0327 Fax: 250-387-0380 Web: www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca E-mail: bcstats.infoline@gov.bc.ca
Infoline Report:                                      Socio-Economic Profiles and Indicators . . . page 2

Socio-economic Indices                                thematic, and interactive maps, a comprehen-
                                                      sive table in an Excel format is provided to
The socio-economic indices summarize the              help identify the smaller communities within
social and economic conditions of a wide va-          their larger identified areas and regions. This
riety of indicators into a single composite in-       table is located under Translations and data
dex for 26 Regional Districts and 86 Local            Sets with the title of Translation of Place Names
Health Areas. When viewed together, these             to BC Administrative Regions. For example, the
indices provide a summary measure of the              community of Ainsworth is located in the
relative successes and challenges across all          Kootenay Development Region, Central Koo-
regions of the province. The indices are in-          tenay Regional District, Interior Health Au-
tended only to show regions that may be ex-           thority, Kootenay Boundary Health Service
periencing higher levels of socio-economic            Delivery Areas, Kootenay Lake LHA, and
stress relative to neighbouring areas. By             Selkirk College Region.
themselves, they don't provide answers as to
why a community or region is doing poorly             http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/pop/ge
or well, but rather form a necessary first step       oref/geopage.asp
in determining the factors underlying the
conditions. The indices used variables in the         Indicator Analysis: Life Expectancy and
following indicators to provide a composite           Teenage pregnancies
weighted index.
                                                      As mentioned before, the socio-economic pro-
   •   Index of Human Economic Hardship               files and indices provide a variety of indica-
   •   Index of Crime                                 tors and variables based on different geo-
   •   Index of Health Problems                       graphical areas in the province. In this sec-
   •   Index of Education Concerns                    tion, two variables associated with Health
   •   Children at Risk                               (Life expectancy and Teen pregnancies) will
   •   Youth at Risk                                  be analyzed. Data and information on these
                                                      variables are available by many different
A final summary of the six indicators is pre-         geographical areas; however, this analysis
sented as the overall Regional Socio-                 will be based solely on Health Authorities
Economic Index.                                       (HA) and Health Service Delivery Areas
                                                      (HSDA).
Navigating through Geographical Areas
                                                      Life Expectancy at Birth
Both the socio-economic profiles and indices
are available by many different geographical          Life Expectancy at Birth represents the aver-
regions and areas. The mapping and geogra-            age number of years of life remaining to an
phy section of the BC Stats website provides          individual at birth. The calculation is based
maps and tables to identify the location of all       on the present mortality structure across all
the communities within their larger geo-              ages for the present population calculated by
graphical areas. In addition to reference,            5-year averages. Life expectancy is a reliable


                       BC Stats, Box 9410 Stn Prov Govt, Victoria, BC V8W 9V1
Tel: (250) 387-0327 Fax: (250) 387-0380 Web: www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca E-mail: bcstats.infoline@gov.bc.ca
Infoline Report:                                                                            Socio-Economic Profiles and Indicators . . . page 3

and frequently used indicator for determining                                               HSDA of Thompson Cariboo Shuswap which
the health status of a population. The latest                                               is in the lower range. The HSDAs in Fraser
available life expectancy data (based on aver-                                              and Vancouver Island had rates that were rel-
age 2006-2010) show the average life expec-                                                 atively close to the BC average.
tancy for the province at 81.7 years. During
the same time period, Vancouver Coastal
Health Authority had the highest life expec-                                               Life Expectancy at Birth, Health Service Delivery Areas,
                                                                                           2006-2010
tancy at 83.3 years while Northern had the
                                                                                            Interior        East Kootenay                        80.8
lowest life expectancy at 78.8 years. Interior,
Fraser, and Vancouver Island had rates that                                                                 Kootenay Boundary                    80.1
were close to the BC average.
                                                                                                            Okanagan                             81.3
           Life Expectancy at Birth, Health Authorities and BC, Average 2006-2010

                                                                                                            Thompson Cariboo                     79.7
            Years
    84.0                                                                                                    Shuswap
                                                83.3
    83.0

    82.0
                                81.8
                                                                 81.4     BC 81.7
                                                                                            Fraser          Fraser East                          80.4
    81.0        80.6

    80.0
                                                                                                            Fraser North                         82.3
    79.0                                                                            78.8
                                                                                                            Fraser South                         82.0
    78.0

    77.0
                                                                                            Vancouver       Richmond                             85.3
    76.0
               Interior        Fraser     Vancouver Coastal Vancouver Island   Northern
                                                                                            Coastal
                                                                                                            Vancouver                            82.9
Source: BC Stats
                                                                                                            North Shore/                         82.9
                                                                                                            Coast Garibaldi

The life expectancy data can also be analyzed                                               Vancouver       South Vancouver Island               82.3
based on Health Service Delivery Areas                                                      Island
(HSDAs). The Life Expectancy and Birth, Health                                                              Central Vancouver Island             80.5
Service Delivery Areas 2006-2010 Table shows
all HSDAs within each health authority. Of all                                                              North Vancouver Island               80.5
HSDAs, Richmond had the highest life expec-
                                                                                            Northern        Northwest                            78.6
tancy (85.3) while Northwest had the lowest
(78.6). The map of the HSDAs shows the dif-                                                                 Northern Interior                    78.8
ferences in life expectancy among the areas.
All HSDAs within the Northern region had                                                                    Northeast                            78.9
the lowest rates of life expectancy while those
within Vancouver Coastal had the highest.                                                  Source: BC Stats

The rates of all HSDAs in the Interior Health
Authority are close to BC average except the

                       BC Stats, Box 9410 Stn Prov Govt, Victoria, BC V8W 9V1
Tel: (250) 387-0327 Fax: (250) 387-0380 Web: www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca E-mail: bcstats.infoline@gov.bc.ca
Infoline Report:                                     Socio-Economic Profiles and Indicators . . . page 4




 Source: BC Stats

  Teen Pregnancy
  Teen pregnancy is the sum of live births, still-
  births, and hospital or clinic abortive outcomes                       Teen Pregnancy Rates, Health Authorities and BC, 2007-2009

  per 1,000 women, 15-19 years of age. Teen preg-            60.0
                                                                    Per 1,000


  nancies are usually unplanned and can negatively
                                                                                                                                           51.1
                                                             50.0


  impact the health and well-being of the mother
                                                             40.0
  and child during pregnancy, at birth, and later on
                                                                                                                             31.7
                                                                         30.0
  in life. Based on 2007-2009 data, the rate of teen         30.0
                                                                                          22.7              BC 26.3

  pregnancies in BC was 26.3 per 1,000. Northern
                                                             20.0
                                                                                                           15.9
  had the highest rate of teen pregnancy rate at 51.1
  per 1,000 while Vancouver Coastal had the lowest           10.0



  rate at 15.9 per 1,000. Vancouver Island and Inte-          0.0

  rior had rates above the BC average at 31.7 and                       Interior         Fraser      Vancouver Coastal Vancouver Island   Northern



  30.0 per 1,000 respectively.                              Source: Vital Statistics Agency, Ministry of Health and
                                                            BC Stats


                              BC Stats, Box 9410 Stn Prov Govt, Victoria, BC V8W 9V1
       Tel: (250) 387-0327 Fax: (250) 387-0380 Web: www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca E-mail: bcstats.infoline@gov.bc.ca
   Infoline Report:                                       Socio-Economic Profiles and Indicators . . . page 5

                                                             Teen Pregnancy, Health Service Delivery Areas, 2007-2009

The Teen Pregnancy, Health Service Delivery Areas,            Interior               East Kootenay                      29.9
                                                                                     Kootenay Boundary                  22.4
2007-2009 table and map illustrate teen pregnancy
                                                                                     Okanagan                           28.4
rates based on the HSDAs within each health authori-                                 Thompson Cariboo Shuswap           35.0
ty. During 2007-2009, all HSDAs within Vancouver              Fraser                 Fraser East                        32.1
Coastal had much lower teen pregnancy rates with                                     Fraser North                       19.3
                                                                                     Fraser South                       21.6
Richmond having the lowest rate in the province at
                                                              Vancouver Coastal      Richmond                           10.5
10.5 per 1,000. In contrast, all HSDAs within North-                                 Vancouver                          17.6
ern Health Authority had the highest teen pregnancy                                  North Shore/Coast Garibaldi        17.1
rates with Northwest having the highest rate at 55.6          Vancouver Island       South Vancouver Island             25.7
                                                                                     Central Vancouver Island           35.9
per 1,000. Other areas with significantly higher rates
                                                                                     North Vancouver Island             38.5
than the provincial average were North Vancouver
                                                              Northern               Northwest                          55.6
Island (38.5), Central Vancouver Island (35.9),                                      Northern Interior                  49.5
Thompson Cariboo Shuswap (35.0), and Fraser East                                     Northeast                          48.9
(32.1)

                                                                  Source: BC Stats




  Source: BC Stats

                               BC Stats, Box 9410 Stn Prov Govt, Victoria, BC V8W 9V1
        Tel: (250) 387-0327 Fax: (250) 387-0380 Web: www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca E-mail: bcstats.infoline@gov.bc.ca
Infoline Report
                                                                                            Author: Zhila Kashaninia
                                                                         250-356-7870   Zhila.Kashaninia@gov.bc.ca



Conclusion
                                                        Sponsors for 2010 Socio-economic Program:
The socio-economic profiles and indices provide
                                                        The profiles and indices were produced by BC Stats with
useful social, economic and demographic data            funding support from the following:
and information on all communities based on dif-
ferent geographical areas in BC. This information
                                                            •   Ministry of Aboriginal Relations and Reconcili-
provides policy makers with accurate data to
                                                                ation
make sound decisions for allocation of the limited
                                                            •   Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural
resources and also aid in monitoring the progress
of initiatives intended to close the disparity gap              Development
between communities. The profiles and indices               •   Ministry of Children and Family Development
also promote research, discussion, and a better             •   Ministry of Regional Economic and Skills De-
understanding of possible causes of disparities                 velopment (now called Ministry of Jobs, Tour-
among communities resulting in possible pro-
                                                                ism and Innovation)
grams and policies that will improve the lives of
                                                            •   Ministry of Social Development, and
those living in such communities. For more in-
                                                            •   the Office of the Provincial Health Officer
formation, please visit




http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/sep/index.asp




                          BC Stats, Box 9410 Stn Prov Govt, Victoria, BC V8W 9V1
     Tel: 250-387-0327 Fax: 250-387-0380 Web: www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca E-mail: bcstats.infoline@gov.bc.ca

				
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