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Nile River Basin Geography (DOC)


									                                        Geography of the Nile Basin
                                        The shape of the land and the climate of the different regions of the Nile
                                        basin determine flow in the River Nile along its 6,600 km path to the
                                        Mediterranean Sea. The geography of the Nile basin was shaped by a long
                                        and complex geological history. The Nile River basin covers diverse
                                        landscapes and terrain, passing through 10 countries: Burundi, DR Congo,
                                        Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

                                        The geographic regions of the Nile Basin
                                        The important geographic features of this area include mountains, wetlands,
                                        rivers, lakes, plains, the Delta, and the desert. The geography of the Nile basin
                                        can be divided into: the White Nile, the Blue Nile, the main River Nile, and the
                                        Nile Delta in Egypt.

                                          ~ The White Nile basin includes the highlands of Burundi and Rwanda,
                                            the Equatorial Lakes Plateau, vast areas of tropical swamp systems
                                            and the Sobat River.
                                          ~ The Blue Nile basin extends from the Ethiopian highlands to the plains
                                            of Sudan, and includes Lake Tana as well as numerous tributaries.
                                          ~ The White Nile and Blue Nile meet
                                            at Khartoum, Sudan.
                                          ~ From here the main River Nile flows
                                            north through the desert, to the
                                            Mediterranean Sea.

Facts about the Nile River:

  Flowing over 6,600 km, the Nile River is the longest river in the world.
  The river drains an area covering approximately 10% of Africa, extending
   over 35 degrees of latitude.
  The Nile River basin ranges in elevation from over 4,500m to sea level.
  The basin is home to over 160 million people across ten countries.

Contact Details:
          Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project
          Gedion Asfaw:

          The Nile River Awareness Kit (Nile RAK) project is an educational and awareness raising project
          designed to increase knowledge and understanding about the environment and resources of the
          Nile River basin. The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) is a partnership of nine River Nile countries.
          For more information about the Nile RAK project visit:

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