Engineering by wuyunqing

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									Engineering
         Engineering Definition
   Problem Solving
   The application of science to the common
    purpose of life
   Doing well with one dollar what any fool
    can do with two
         Engineering Definition
   Engineering is the profession in which a
    knowledge of the mathematical and
    natural sciences, gained by study,
    experience, and practice, is applied with
    judgment to develop ways to utilize,
    economically, the materials and forces of
    nature for the benefit of humankind
    Engineering Process/Engineering
            Design Process
   A step-by-step method to produce a
    device, structure, or system that satisfies
    a need
   Examples:
       Navy ship; long process
       Car/truck; medium to long
       Highway; medium
       Computer program; short to long
       Child’s toy; short
             Design Process
   Customer need or opportunity
   Problem definition/specification
   Data and information collection
   Development of alternative designs
   Evaluation of designs/selection of optimal
    design
   Implementation of optimal design
    Engineering Achievements of
           20th Century
   #20 High Performance            #10 Air Conditioning and
    Materials                        Refrigeration
   #19 Nuclear Technologies        #9 Telephone
   #18 Laser and Fiber Optics      #8 Computers
   #17 Petroleum and Gas           #7 Agricultural
    Technologies                     Mechanization
   #16 Health Technologies         #6 Radio and Television
   #15 Household Appliances        #5 Electronics
   #14 Imaging Technologies        #4 Safe and Abundant
   #13 Internet                     Water
   #12 Space Exploration           #3 Airplane
   #11 Interstate Highways         #2 Automobile
                                    #1 Electrification
        Engineering Disciplines
              (Number of graduates in a year)

   Electrical Engineering (Computer
    Engineering) 113,653
   Mechanical Engineering 65,111
   Civil Engineering 37,587
   Chemical Engineering 23,007
   Industrial Engineering 12,926
   Aerospace Engineering 9,196
   Biomedical Engineering 6,723
        Engineering Disciplines
              (Number of graduates in a year)


   Engineering Physics 5,520
   Materials/Metallurgical 2,849
   Agricultural Engineering 1,970
   Petroleum Engineering 1,269
   Nuclear Engineering 781
   Mining Engineering 449
   Other fields/degrees 73,700
        Engineering Functions
   Analysis          Management
   Design            In-service
   Test              Operating
   Development       Sales
   Research          Education
    Rewards and Opportunities of
      and Engineering Career
   Job Satisfaction          Financial security
   Varied Opportunities      Prestige
   Challenging Work          Professional
   Intellectual               Environment
    Development               Understanding How
   Social Impact              Things Work
                              Creative Thinking
2005/06 Starting Salaries
Discipline                    Avg. Salary
Engineering                     $51,465
Computer Science                 49,680
Engineering Technology           48,514
Nursing                          45,347
Business                         41,900
Mathematics and Sciences         38,217
Agriculture & Natural Resources  33,716
Education                        32,438
Humanities & Social Sciences     31,290
Communications                   31,110
        Professional Engineer (PE)
   Requirements
       BS degree from ABET Engineering School
       Pass the Fundamentals of Engineering exam
        (FE)
       Complete four years of acceptable
        engineering practice
       Pass the Principles and Practice of
        Engineering Exam (PE)
Accrediting Board for Engineering and
         Technology (ABET)
   Ensures graduates are prepared to
    practice engineering
   Assess schools not students
   Assess content, faculty, facilities,
    resources
   Formed by Professional Societies using
    personnel from industry and educational
    institutions
                       ABET Attributes
   An ability to:
        Apply knowledge of math, science, engineering
        Design & conduct experiments
        Design a system, component, or process
        Function on multidiscipline team
        Identify, formulate, & solve engineering problems
        Communicate effectively
        Use modern engineering tools

   Understand professional & ethical responsibility
   Education to understand engineering & effect on world
   Life-long learning
   Knowledge of contemporary issues
           Professional Societies
   Organizations by field that:
       Set standards for performance
       Set standards of practice
       Enable exchange of information
       Support continued progress
          Professional Societies
   ASME, American Society of Mechanical Engineers
   ASCE, American Society of Civil Engineers
   IEEE, Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers
   AIAA, American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
   SNAME, Society of Naval Architects & Marine Engineers
   SWE, Society of Women Engineers
   NSBE, National Society of Black Engineers
   NSPE, National Society of Professional Engineers

								
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