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					                                                              A Pathfinder for Labor Union
                                                              Movement
                                                              If America is the land of milk and honey, why did labor need to
                                                              unionize? What groups of workers were among the first to see
                                                              the need to organize in response to the capitalists? Who were
                                                              the “Robber Barons”? What was the role of
                                                              minorities/immigrants in the labor movement? Did politicians
                                                              or the government help or not? Identify and explain at least 4
                                                              prominent labor events from this period of time (strikes, walk-
                                                              outs, and organizing efforts) that raised the consciousness of
                                                              the public for the plights of the American worker.

Image : People and horses draped in black walk in procession in memory of the victims of the Triangle Shirtwaist Company
fire, New York City, 1911
.




                                                                                                     American Labor
    Website Resources Articles from GALE                                     Links to JSTOR
                                         ABC-CLIO EBooks                                             Studies Center
       (OPD etc.)          Discovery                                             articles
                                                                                                         (ALSC)
                                          OPD websites and other sources
    1.   1896: The Homestead and Pullman Strikes - A summary of labor issues in the public eye in 1896, including the
         Homestead strike of 1892 and the Pullman Railroad strike of 1894. (ODP summary)
    2.   A History of American Sweatshops: Has three History sections: 1820-1880, 1880-1940, and 1940-1997
    3.   American Experience: The Rockefellers - This companion site to the PBS television program explores the story of
         John D. Rockefeller and of the heirs to his fortune. Includes program synopsis, transcript, documents, bibliography,
         and teachers' guide. (ODP summary)
    4.   American History 102: 1865-Present: Part of a university course, this set has excellent lecture notes on major
         topical areas in American History from 1865. Check out lecture number four, "The Gilded Age and the Politics of
         Corruption."
    5.   American History Sweatshop Exhibition - A pictorial tour of sweatshops from 1820 to the present. From the
         National Museum of American History Smithsonian Institution. (ODP summary)
    6.   American Labor Movements at Spirit of America - Books and historical information on the labor movements in
         America, from Samuel Gompers and the A.F.L. to Joe Hill and the I.W.W. to Cesar Chavez and the U.F.W. (ODP
         summary)
    7.   An Eclectic List of Events in U.S. Labor History - Chronology of labor struggles in the U.S. starting with the
         Philadelphia Journeymen Cordwainers conviction in 1806, and subsequent battles with the government, through
         1989. (ODP summary)
    8.   Belleville Labor And Industry History Museum - Museum in Belleville, IL, that preserves history of industrial
         movement in post-Civil War to Great Depression Era. (ODP summary)
    9.   Digital History: Labor History: Digital History features resource guides by topic and period. Reference resources
         include classroom handouts, chronologies, encyclopedia articles, glossaries, and an audio-visual archive including
         speeches, book talks and e-lectures by historians, and historical maps, music, newspaper articles, and images. The
         site's Ask the HyperHistorian feature allows users to pose questions to professional historians. (Best of History
         summary)
10. Digital History: Labor History: Digital History features resource guides by topic and period. Reference resources
    include classroom handouts, chronologies, encyclopedia articles, glossaries, and an audio-visual archive including
    speeches, book talks and e-lectures by historians, and historical maps, music, newspaper articles, and images. The
    site's Ask the HyperHistorian feature allows users to pose questions to professional historians.
11. History of AFL-CIO Leadership - History of recent leadership includes links on union policy and recent news
    regarding the AFL-CIO. (ODP summary)
12. History: United States: The Gilded Age, 1876-1900 : Timeline of the Gilded Age with major events and links with
    details
13. Home and Dry Gazette - A detailed, illustrated history of the Seattle Empire Laundry by Cynthia Rose, including
    union struggles. (ODP summary)
14. Industrialization of the United States 1865-1920: Weblinks from Irondequoit High School, Rochester NY
15. Inside A Factory: Westinghouse Works, 1904 (Library of Congress): This LOC site has 21 films of the Westinghouse
    companies that were intended to showcase the company's operations. There is background information on the
    factories, a timeline, an index, a search function, and recommended sources. (Best of History summary)
16. International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers Collection - Extensive resources on this union,
    including chronologies, oral histories, archives of publications, biographies, histories of locals, and links. From
    Georgia State University Library. (ODP summary)
17. National Child Labor Committee Collection: archives from Library of Congress.
18. Samuel Gompers Papers - Project to make primary sources in American labor history available to students and
    researchers. Includes extensive biographical information about Gompers, plus information, photos, and images of
    primary documents related to other leaders and historical events. (ODP summary)
19. The American Experience | J.P. Morgan - Excerpt from PBS series.
20. The Chicago Stock Yards on the Eve of the CIO (1936) - A description of the working conditions prior to
    unionization. (ODP summary)
21. The Haymarket Tragedy - Articles about the 1886 workers' strike that ended in deaths and subsequent bombing
    and rioting.
22. The History Place: Child Labor in America - Sixty photographs by Lewis W. Hine the investigative photographer who
    worked for the Child Labor Bureau.
23. The Labor Press Project - Examines the past and present of labor media in the Pacific Northwest, with reports on
    socialist, IWW, and union newspapers. Includes photos and bibliographic information. (ODP summary)
24. The Photographs of Lewis Hine: The Documentation of Child Labor: Photographs and history of child labor during
    the second industrial revolution
25. The Richest Man in the World - Andrew Carnegie - Accompaniment to PBS series, includes timelines, image gallery,
    teacher's guide, and a look at the context from which he came.
26. The Robber Barons: the Great American Capitalists, 1861-1901: copy of book by Matthew Josephsen available in
    preview format in Google Books.
27. The Second Industrial Revolution, 1870-1914 : PDF File by Joel Mokyr, Robert H. Strotz Professor of Arts and
    Sciences and Professor of Economics and History, Northwestern University.
28. The Trial of Bill Haywood - Dedicated to the explication of the trial of U.S. labor leader Bill Haywood in Idaho in
    1907. (ODP summary)
29. The Triangle Factory Fire: This website provides a detailed account of the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in
    New York City on 25th March, 1911 that claimed the lives of 146 young immigrant workers and highlighted
    inhumane working conditions.
30. United States Labor and Industrial History Audio Archive - Includes oral histories, important historical speeches and
    proceedings from a conference titled "The Fight for America's Future: A Teach-In with the Labor Movement," held
    October 3-4, 1996 at Columbia University, NYC. Archives complied by Department of History University at Albany,
    State University of New York. (ODP summary).

                                    Articles from GALE Discovery Collection
These materials are from GALE Discovery Collection. To access the full text of the article, please use your LAPL login
and password. That should be your LAPL library card # and the password is the last four digits of your home phone.

1.   "American Federation of Labor (AFL)."Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Thomas Carson and Mary
     Bonk. Detroit: Gale Group, 1999. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
     <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
     EJ1667500027&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
2.   "American Federation of Labor Organized, December, 1886."DISCovering U.S.
      History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2104241203&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
3.    "Debs, Eugene V. (1855-1926)."American Eras, Volume 8: Development of the Industrial United States, 1878-
      1899. Vincent Tompkins. 8Detroit: Gale Research, 1997. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GBRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EK2438000230&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
4.    "First Minimum-Wage Law Adopted in Massachusetts, 1912."DISCovering U.S.
      History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2104241494&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
5.    "Ford Offers Five-Dollar, Eight-Hour Workday, January, 1914."DISCovering U.S.
      History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2104241496&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
6.    "Government and Labor in the 1910s, 1910-1919."DISCovering U.S. History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering
      Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2104240666&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
7.    "Government and Politics in the 1900s: Overview, 1900-1909."DISCovering U.S.
      History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2104240737&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
8.    "Haymarket (1878-1899)."American Eras. Matthew J. Bruccoli and Richard Layman. Detroit: Gale
      Research, 1997. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2301500405&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
9.    "Labor in the 1910s, 1910-1919."DISCovering U.S. History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering
      Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2104240647&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
10.   "Labor Movement and Yellow Peril."DISCovering Multicultural America. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering
      Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2116236154&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
11.   "Labor Movement."Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. Detroit: Gale
      Group, 1999. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ1667500362&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
12.   "Labor Unionism (Issue)."Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. Detroit: Gale
      Group, 1999. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ1667500363&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
13.   "Labor Unions Win Exemption From Antitrust Laws, October 15, 1914."DISCovering U.S.
      History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2104241340&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
14.   "Organized Labor and the Wilson Administration, 1910-1919."DISCovering U.S.
      History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2104240648&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
15.   "Postwar Labor Distress in the 1910s, 1919."DISCovering U.S. History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering
      Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
      EJ2104240649&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
16.   "Trade Union."Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. Detroit: Gale
      Group, 1999. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
      <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
       EJ1667500701&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
   17. "Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire Prompts Labor Reforms, March 25, 1911."DISCovering U.S.
       History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
       <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
       EJ2104241333&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
   18. "United Mine Workers (UMW)."Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Thomas Carson and Mary
       Bonk. Detroit: Gale Group, 1999. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
       <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
       EJ1667500720&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
   19. "Women Organizers and the Garment Industry: 1910s, 1910-1919."DISCovering U.S.
       History. Online Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
       <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
       EJ2104240650&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.
   20. "Working Conditions in Factories (Issue)."Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Thomas Carson and Mary
       Bonk. Detroit: Gale Group, 1999. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
       <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
       EJ1667500768&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0
   21. Carlisle, Rodney P., and Jane Gerhard. "Government and Labor (1878-1899)."American Eras. Matthew J.
       Bruccoli and Richard Layman. Detroit: Gale Research, 1997. Discovering Collection. Gale. .
       <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=DC&docId=
       EJ2301500388&source=gale&userGroupName=lapl&version=1.0>.

                                               ABC-CLIO Ebooks

To open the books, remember to login to ABC-CLIO after you have clicked on the title of the book. Every book
       can be searched by keywords. MLA Citations for these books are already built into ABC-CLIO.
   1. Child Labor: A World History Companion
   2. Encyclopedia of Rural America: The Land and People
   3. Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers
   4. Immigration and Asylum: From 1900 to the Present
   5. The Industrial Revolution in America: Automobiles, Mining and Petroleum, Textiles
   6. The Industrial Revolution in America: Communications, Agriculture and Meatpacking,
      Overview/Comparison
   7. The Industrial Revolution in America: Iron and Steel, Railroads, Steam Shipping
   8. The Taft Court: Justices, Rulings, and Legacy
   9. Work in America: An Encyclopedia of History, Policy, and Society


                                              JSTOR Article Links

These JSTOR article links are “advanced search” queries for articles on the specific subject
listed below. You can only see the article results after logging into JSTOR. Click on name of
subject to link.

   Samuel Gompers                       Mother Jones                        Haymarket Riots
   Triangle Shirtwaist Factory          Big Bill Haywood                    Ludlow Massacre
   Matewan                              Eugene V. Debs                      Robber Barons
   Pullman Strike                       Anthracite Coal Strike              Lawrence Textile Strike

				
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