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					       Resource Unit
Stivers Senior Research Project




       Nearby History
       Dr. Ronald Helms




       Cynthia Spangler
Introduction

      In the summer of 2000 Dayton Public Schools slated Stivers School for the

Arts for demolition. The 1908 building was found to be structurally unsound and

repair costs far exceeded the cost building a new school. However the students,

parents, staff, alumni, and community rallied together and were able to convince

the board that the ancient building was more than just a building. Its high ceilings,

up and down staircases, mosaic tile floors, and stained glass windows embodied the

spirit and creativity of the school. It was a Dayton landmark that deserved to be

preserved.

      Each spring sophomores, juniors, and seniors at Stivers are required to

complete a research paper using MLA format. The papers for the sophomores and

juniors are literature based. The senior paper has evolved from a project that was

initially used to win a School Net Grant in 2000. In keeping with the theme of

trying to save their school, seniors developed research papers that helped them

learn more about local history and appreciate local landmarks. This project was

such a good learning experience that it has become “the senior project”.

      The Stivers’ senior research project is done during the third and fourth

quarter of the senior year and is required for graduation. Students are to select a

building within the city built before 1940. They are to research the history of the
building and write a research paper using MLA format. Students are also to

complete a Power Point presentation of their building incorporating old and new

photographs. The first draft of the paper is due at the end of the third quarter

and the final draft and Power Point is due during the fourth quarter.
Content

      Dayton has a rich history, yet many who live here are not aware of the

amazing history their city has. What started with a land grant and a handful of

people soon became a thriving town. Always dynamic, Dayton grew and changed as

businesses and neighborhoods developed. Prominent families led Dayton to become

one of the most recognized cities in our nation. Dayton is a city that has seen

canals, railroads, and airplanes. It was a brewery town that experienced

prohibition. It has experienced Urban Renewal, desegregation, white flight, and

now, the rebuilding of its inner city. By learning about their hometown, students

can learn about the history of themselves, their families, and their country.
Vocabulary




Canal            Homestead

Trolley          District

Interurban       Prohibition

Brewery          Renovation

Manufacturers    Rehabitation

Factory          Priority Board

Urban Renewal    MLA

Gentrification   Thesis Statement

Urban Renewal    Land Grant

Desegregation    White Flight
Possible Senior Research Project Topics



10 Wilmington Place (Southern Lunatic Asylum)   DAI
Masonic Temple                                  Old Couthouse
Grand Place                                     Bossler Mansion
Beckel Hotel                                    St. Elizabeth
Grand Royal                                     YMCA
Victoria                                        Bomberger
Callihan Bank Building                          Lakeside Park
Newcom Tavern                                   Steele High School
Holy Trinity                                    Stivers
Trolley Stop                                    Old Post Office
Reibold Building                                Classic Theater
Steamboat House                                 Oakwood High School
United Brethren Publishing                      Miami Valley Hospital
NCR                                             UD
Van Cleve Hotel                                 Omar House
St. Mary’s                                      Zion Baptist Church
Roosevelt                                       Dayton Country Club
Lazarus/Rikes                                   Wright Patt
Shawen Acres                                    Sinclair
Columbia Theater                                Lib Hedges
Hawthorne Hill                                  Chamanade
Children’s Medical                              Temple Israel
Central High School                             Woodland
Greek Orthodox Church                           Second Shelf
Memorial Hall                                   Sacred Heart
Hauer Music                                     Holy Angels
Driggs Roadhouse                                Davis Sewing Machine Co.
E. J. Barney House                              Cooper Library
Mt. Calvary                                     Engineers Club
Art Theater                                     VA
Wilberforce                                     Hullman Building
Arcade                                          Dayton Daily News
Algonquin Hotel                                 Woman’s Club
Fairgrounds                                     St. Joseph
Traxler Mansion                                 Hook Estate
Patterson Homestead       Union Station
Palace Theater            Philips House
Cooper Women’s Seminary   Voorhees House
Biltmore                  Dayton Breweries
Objectives




Students will:

   1.    Learn how to properly construct a research paper using MLA method.

   2.    Learn how to utilize various pieces of technology including digital

         cameras, scanners, video recorders and various software packages

         including PowerPoint.

   3.    Learn how to do research using both primary and secondary sources, how

         to evaluate sources, and how to interpret material they find. Much of

         this research will be done in the Local History room at the downtown

         library. Students will meet there evening and weekends with teacher to

         begin their research.

   4.    Perfect written and interviewing skills.

   5.    Gain an understanding of the process of historic preservation and

         personal histories through researching various areas and landmarks

         within their city and/or neighborhoods.
Activities

   1.    Students will have their choice of topics under the broad topic of “Local

         History”. The teacher must approve all topic or any changes made with

         topics. Buildings must be within the city and must have been built before

         1940. Researching private residences is much more difficult as the

         Records buildings close at 4:00 and are not open weekends. Some topics

         and local personalities may also be used, but must be approved and still

         require primary sources.

   2.    Students may work with partners to visit Priority Boards and

         neighborhood governing bodies, but each student will be responsible for

         submitting their own unique research project.

   3.    Each project will consist of two parts: written and visual.

   4.    Each project will include a PowerPoint presentation (or a short film if the

         student chooses).

   5.    Class time will be allotted for use of school computer labs, with

         possibilities to check out certain equipment.

   6.    Students may also attend/participate in community activities during the

         year such as neighborhood tours, open houses, and walking tours of

         downtown (teacher guided).
Evaluation

                            Research Paper Evaluation

I.           Thesis Statement (10 pts)
                   _____present and correct
                   _____NOT PRESENT

II.          Parenthetical Documentation (15 points)
                   _____done correctly
                   _____present, but format incorrect
                   _____present, but missing information
                   _____NOT PRESENT

III.         Works Cited Page (15 points)
                  _____done correctly
                  _____present, but format incorrect
                  _____present, but missing information
                  _____not in alphabetical order
                  _____NOT PRESENT

IV.          Content (50 points)
                   _____supports thesis statement very well
                   _____needs more specific examples
                   _____is not logically organized
                   _____does not support thesis statement

V.           Mechanics (5 points)
                  _____no errors         _____capitalization errors
                  _____spelling errors   _____punctuation errors
                  _____run-ons/fragments

V.           Manuscript Format, etc. (5 points)
                  _____no errors             _____no name/page numbers
                  _____no heading            _____problems with works cited page
                  _____directions not followed
                  _____title missing/incorrect
                                Visual Presentation

Photographs/documentation of original structure/site. (20 points)

Photographs/documentation of structure/site today. (20 points)

Text/information. (20 points)

Presentation of visual presentation to class. (20 points)

Peer evaluation of presentation. (20 points)
References/Resources




For this unit or project the teacher and student resources are the same. The

teacher works side by side with the students showing them how to use primary and

secondary sources and how to turn their research into a research paper using MLA

format. Each time this project is done, more resources are found and used. The

resources used also depend on the topics chosen by the students. The following

list of resources were complied by Stivers students during the spring of 2002.

Also used are various newspaper articles from the Dayton Daily News, Journal

Herald, and Dayton Herald (1825-2002), correspondence and pamphlets housed in

the Local History Room, personal interviews, and various websites.




Adkinson, Dean. The Building for Strength: Structure Built in the 20’s- 40’s. New

      York: Big B., 1966.

Berstein, Mark. Miami Valley Hospital: A Centennial History. Yellow Springs:

      Miami Valley Hospital, 1990.

Brockman, Susan A. The History of Children’s Medical Center. Dayton: Central

      Printing Company, 1992.
Conover, Charlotte Reeve, ed. Dayton and Montgomery County: Resources and

      People. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1932

Dalton, Curt. The Breweries of Dayton: An Illustrated History. Dayton: CD’96,

      1985.

Dalton, Curt. Home Sweet Home Front: Dayton During World War II. Dayton,

      2002.

Dalton, Curt. Industries and Institutions of Dayton Circa 1889. Dayton: 1995.

Dalton, Curt. When Dayton Went to the Movies: A History of Motion Pictures in

      Dayton. Dayton: Dalton, 1999.

Dalton, Curt, The Dayton Canoe Club: An Illustrated History 1912-1996. Dayton:

      Litho Print, Inc. 1996.

Dayton Canoe Club. March 2002. 26 Feb. 2002 http://www.

      Daytoncanoeclub.org/membership.htm

Dayton Chamber of Commerce. Dayton, the Convention City. Dayton; The

      Chamber, 1906.

Dayton Daily News. For the Love of Dayton: Life in the Miami Valley 1796-1996.

      Dayton: CD’96, 1996.

Drury, Augustus Waldo. History of the City of Dayton and Montgomery County

      Ohio. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1909.
Eckert, Allan W. Dayton, A History in Photographs. Dayton: The junior League of

      Dayton, 1976.

Edgar, John. F. Pioneer Life in Dayton and Vicinity. Dayton: H.B. Publishing House,

      1932.

Feegan, George E. History of Dayton, Ohio. Dayton: United Brethren Publishing

      House, 1989.

Frame, Robert. Craig MacIntosh’s Dayton Sketchbook. Dayton: Landfall Press,

      Inc. 1977.

Greater Dayton. Dayton: Dayton Chamber of Commerce, 1909.

Greer, David C. Stuff of History’s Boot Soles. Wilmington: Orange Frazer Press,

      1996.

Huffy Bikes. Huffy Bike Heritage. 2001, Huffy Bike Co. 2-25-02

      http://www.huffybikes.com/heritage

Junior League of Dayton. Dayton: A History in Photographs. Dayton: Central

      Printing Co., 1976.

McClelland, H.L. Daytonians-Their Story. Private Publication: Dayton, 1992.

McKinney, James P. The Industrial Advance of Dayton, Ohio. Dayton: Commerce

      Publishing Co., 1889.
Morgan, Arthur. The Miami Valley and the 1913 Flood. Dayton: State of Ohio, The

      Miami Valley Conservancy District, 1917.

National Cash Register Corp. Hawthorn Hill. Dayton: NCR Corp.

Peters, Margaret. Dayton’s African American Heritage. Virginia Beach: Donning

      Co., 1995.

Preservation Dayton <http://www.preservationdaayton.com/Pages/events. > 2002,

      Preservation Dayton, Inc.

Ronald, Bruce W. and Virginia. Dayton: The Gem City. Continental Heritage Press.

Shorow, Mosamune. Before the Driving Wind: Accounts of Construction Preceding

      WWII. Chicago, Shihuya, 1973.

Smith, Johnen. Industrial Revolution: Architecture from the 30’s. New York:

      Random, 1946.

St. Joseph Orphan Centennial. Dayton” City of Dayton, 1949.

Storms, A.D. The City of Dayton and Vicinity and Their Resources. Dayton: The

      Dayton Daily News, 1904.

Strong, Gordon. “The History and Chemistry of Brewing.” October 6, 1998.

      http://ps.udri.udayton.edu/SAMPLE/Gordon_Strong.PDF

Tassel, Van and Charles Sumner. Ohio and Its “Centennial. Bowling Greene, 1901.

				
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