7th Grade Medieval Times by teacherkp

VIEWS: 700 PAGES: 19

									It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps The Middle Ages were troubled times; times of extremes and opposites. A knight might kneel and pray for a victim and then stand and chop off his head. The term Middle Ages refers mainly to the history of Christian and Jewish Europe between the fall of Rome and the Renaissance, around 4001500 AD. With the decline of the Roman Empire, the people had no one to depend upon for military defense. They looked to the largest landowner or the physically strongest among them to organize and lead them against invaders. In return, the people pledged to such protectors obedience, services and/or payments. Over the centuries the manorial or feudal system grew out of this relationship. Power became centralized in a feudal lord who ruled the subjects living on his estates. In the manor house or castle, the lord was served by his peasants and supported by his knights. Feudalism established customs that remained long after the system, based upon mutual protection, ceased to serve a useful purpose.

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

It’s Medieval Times
1

Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Project Scenario
Where are you? The last thing that you can remember is falling asleep reading the novel that your teacher had assigned. Yes! The Adventures of Robin Hood … But, this is certainly not your bedroom, and these are certainly not your clothes. Your clothes are not smelly and itchy. You had a nice comforter on your bed at home, not this threadbare, dingy piece of wool cloth. And what is in the bowl on the table. Is that gruel? Didn’t the author of the Robin Hood book say something about transporting? Who could be expected to live this way? Things need to change! It looks like you need an audience with the king, and you need one now! Before you approach the king, you must gather your data. This is the only way that you can convince him that he needs to allow the peasants more opportunities for improvement.

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Steps for this Project
You will follow the Research Cycle as you work

through this project. The steps are: Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting Questioning Keep referring back to this guiding question: "How does the way society is organized shape people’s lives?" In order to answer that question, you will focus in on smaller questions to guide your planning and your research. Planning Study the Elements of Civilization chart and the Medieval Profile Sheet. Divide the tasks among your team members. Gathering Use links to selected web sites to gather information. Find other sources of information that answer your questions. Gather your data using your note sheet or note cards Sorting and Sifting Now it is time to organize and select the information that contributes to your understanding. Use your Medieval Decision Sheet. Synthesizing Look at your notes sheet. Discuss the facts that you found, and make some initial decisions, based on the information you gathered. Based on the information gathered so far, what improvements will you suggest to the king? Gather, Sort, Sift, Synthesize Repeat these steps until you have all the information you need. Evaluating Does the research support your decision? How well did you work as a team? Reporting With your team, translate your findings into a three forms of writing.

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Questioning
What do you need to know to solve the problem or make the decision?

Research Cycle Questioning Planning

In order to persuade the king that the peasants need more opportunities to improve their lives, you will need to consider what living conditions are important to them. Think about the basic living

Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

conditions for peasants during the Middle Ages listed below.
    

Geographical location Political Systems Economy and Trade Ethics/ Belief Systems Culture

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

Brainstorm at least 2 questions for each of the living conditions based on what you already know about civilizations.

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Planning
Develop your information-seeking strategies.

These documents will guide your decision making: Elements of Civilization Sheet Medieval Profile Sheet Medieval Decision Sheet Now it is time to plan how your team will work together, what resources you will need, and how you

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

will gather your information. Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips With your teacher’s help, evaluate the following websites using the rubric, “Rubric for Evaluating Websites for Research.” www.middle-ages.org.uk “Middle Ages” www.kyrene.k12.az.us/schools/brisas/sunda/ma/ma home.htm Student Blogs What skills will you need to have to be successful? How you will share jobs? What information will you need to persuade the king that the peasants need more opportunities? How do you know that your information is accurate?

It’s Medieval Times
1

Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Gathering Information
Collect information to answer your questions.

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

You must now find the information that you will use to persuade the king that the peasants need more opportunities to improve themselves. Using your search skills, locate at least 3 sources that contain information about the elements of the Medieval society. If you use an Internet site, it is important to remember to evaluate each website for accuracy before collecting information from that site. Research the Medieval Time to find information about the life of the peasants who lived there. Use the Research Record sheets or note cards to gather information about the peasant’s life during the medieval period. Use the MLA Citation Format guide to record information on all your sources of information. Models are found on Citing Sources for Writing & Research. (Use as many Research Records sheets as you need for your note-taking. Using the topics from the Profile sheet will help you to stay focused.)

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started

Home Scenario Steps

Sorting and Sifting Information
Organize and select information that contributes to your understanding.

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

You have gathered information to answer your questions and have investigated each of the elements of life of a medieval peasant. It’s time to sort through all of this information.


 

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips



 

Have you found sufficient details about the geographic and cultural features of this time period? Do you have enough economic information about this time period? Are you satisfied with the information that you found about the societal systems and the political systems? Do you have enough information about the ethics and the values of the people in this time period? Do you have any new questions to use in comparing the locations? Can you throw away material that is not useful?

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started

Home Scenario Steps

Synthesizing
Think about the best choice using the information you gathered.

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

Keeping in mind your desire to help the peasants improve their lives. Summarize your information on the Medieval Profile sheet. Which three things will you ask the king to change so that the lives of the peasants improve? Each team member should complete the Decision Making Sheet to organize their research findings and so that the group can decide upon the practices to be changed.

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

Go to your teacher with evidence that you have completed your Decision Making Sheet.

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Evaluating Your Information

Research Cycle

Checkpoint! It is time to assess your progress.

Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

Evaluate your work to be sure you are meeting the requirements of the task. Check the Process Rubric for Project to see how to evaluate your progress. If you discover problems with your process, identify changes you can make before going on. When you are confident that you have adequately evaluated your progress and made adjustments where necessary, move on to reporting.

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Reporting Your Project
Persuasively present your suggestions based on your information.

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating

Your team will report results of your research decision-making, dividing responsibilities between team members.




First person: Write a letter to your king compelling him to give the peasants more opportunities for improvement. Second person: Imagine that you are a king.

Reporting

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips



Go to your class blog and write a journal entry describing your thoughts after reading a letter suggesting that you allow the peasants more opportunities to improve. Third person: Imagine that you are a peasant (However, you were secretly taught to read and to write.) Write a letter to the editor of your village newspaper, The Herald, expressing your excitement over your neighbor’s upcoming audience with the king.

Give your Research Process Rubric to the teacher for your final evaluation.

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Reflection
Think about what you have learned and accomplished.

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

You have just completed an in depth research project and now you need to think about what you learned. Congratulations! Your team has finished an extensive online project. You have used the steps of the research cycle to gain new knowledge and understandings. You have shared your findings and decisions persuasively.

You are now experienced information managers and decision makers. Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips Teacher Feedback Form Teachers! Please click on the link and answer the questions about your experience with this project. Email the completed form the Director of Instructional Technology and Libraries.

Graphics: http://classroomclipart.com/ Research modules based on use of the Research Cycle, Module Maker, and ideas in Beyond Technology by Jamie McKenzie

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Rubrics
Rubrics help make your expectations clear to students.

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

Students and teachers may use the linked rubrics to evaluate their process and product.
   

Research Cycle Rubric (Process Rubric) Writing Rubric (Letter Home Rubric) Entry Letter to Editor Collaboration Rubric for teamwork

Assessment

Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips
Graphics: Microsoft Clip Art. Research modules based on use of the Research Cycle, Module Maker, and ideas in Beyond Technology by Jamie McKenzie Rubrics

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Standards, Guiding Questions, and Essential Learning

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

Graphics: Microsoft Clip Art. Research modules based on use of the Research Cycle, Module Maker, and ideas in Beyond Technology by Jamie McKenzie

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

It’s Medieval Times
1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Project Resources
Student teams in their online research investigation will use the following teachercreated resources: Project Documents:
       

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

Buddy (Research Cycle) Pre-Research Assignment Research Record Form MLA Citation Format Elements of a Civilization Evaluating a Website Medieval Profile Decision Making Sheet

Graphics: Microsoft Clip Art. Research modules based on use of the Research Cycle, Module Maker, and ideas in Beyond Technology by Jamie McKenzie

It’s Medieval Times

1 Getting Started Home Scenario Steps

Teacher Tips for This Project
The project author encourages the use of the research cycle as part of a semester long program. Each time the students will have a greater understanding of the Research Cycle. This project is meant to be integrated into the social studies curriculum during the study of the Middle Ages and feudalism. This will act as a wonderful lead-in to the Peasant’s Revolution. Background knowledge of the Elements of Civilization is essential to this project and should be taught as part of the process. It is important for the students to repeat the cycle using other projects so that they learn how to pose well-thought-out questions and find information that helps them state their answers. Selecting the Work Groups: Students are placed in groups of three by the teacher. The teacher advocates the use of friendly competition within the group as they research, select, and advocate for the three changes they wish to present to the king. This adds fun and encourages student participation. Cooperative group work could also be used. At the reporting stage, each group member is assigned one major task. 1) Letter to the King 2) A journal entry 3) Letter to the Editor. Saving Files: Set up a folder on a shared drive where teams can save and access their project files. Google Docs is a free resource that students can use for the purpose of sharing. Work with your Library Media

Research Cycle Questioning Planning Gathering Sorting/Sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting

Assessment Reflection Rubrics Learning Resources Resouces Tips

Specialist to find the best place. Always have one student backup the team files on the network. Citing Sources: Students are required to cite their information sources during research. See model citations and online modules that can assist students in creating their list of works in Citing Sources for Writing & Research. You may also be interested in the following:
 

MLA In-Text Citations provided by Diane Hacker Citation Machine free service from David Warlick's Landmark Project allows the user to click on the type of resource and fill in a form, creating their citation in correct format.

General Information about the project:




Students refer to the Research Cycle Rubric throughout the project. The teacher will assess, score and sign off on each step of their Rubric before students move on. Steps: Questioning, Use of Time, Gathering Information, Sorting, Why is this important to me, and Evaluating. Many lessons should be taught/led by the teacher and completed by all groups as a class. These include but are not limited to: 1. Brainstorming/categorizing factors that make a place livable 2. Creating Thinking Maps. The Thinking Maps help students organize their answerable questions based upon the categories they have identified. 3. Generating answerable questions-This is a major focus for the project. The teacher should be prepared to teach, reteach and model the formation of good answerable questions helping

students to grow in their skill. *Try not to squelch student interest in their own questions, even if they seem unanswerable to you. Let them attempt to locate answers for a time. Perhaps the first research session. Then discuss as a class the difficulties they are having relative to some of their questions. Ask the groups to meet and retool, refine their questions. Some questions may need to be eliminated in favor of a more answerable question. 4. Evaluating Websites or Sources is another very important topic of instruction. With the advent of the World Wide Web and the huge amount of information that is contained there, students need to be able to critically evaluate a Web page for authenticity, applicability, authorship, bias, and usability. The ability to critically evaluate information is an important skill in this information age. 5. Research Records-(Gathering Step) may require several lessons led by the teacher. Each student is responsible for collecting data about the questions they generated. The teacher may wish to print multiple copies of the Research Record form for students to use in hard copy; however, students may also use the electronic version. To work at the computer students should open and save the Research Record file. They may highlight, copy, and paste blank forms as many times as needed. They may also save their research in several files with two records contained in each. 6. Use the MLA forms for parenthetical citation and the Work Cited page. Teachers will need to review this information with their students. It is



especially important for the teacher to ascertain that students know where they can locate the samples as they encounter different types with different publication information. Some activities will be completed by a single team member and some by a collaborative or co-operating team. The teacher should work with groups of students who must focus on a particular task, in order to clarify expectations and teach skills specific to that task.

Time Allocation: The teacher will need to schedule time in a lab or with a mobile lab so that students have access to computers for their research and note taking. Approximately 1/3 of the project will need to be done in a computer lab. Rubrics: Four rubrics are provided which give the student guidelines on the expectations for the project. These rubrics are for: Research Cycle, Presentation, Visual Aid, and Writing. You may also wish to consult the District's Culminating Project Presentation Rubric (.pdf file) and build these characteristics into your work with the students. Another good resource might be the anchor papers for the WASL Writing Assessment. In order to evaluate other teams, each student in the class will receive a number of yellow sticky tabs to give a number rating each team's presentations. On the sticky note, the student writes one positive statement, and one statement for improvement, with their 1-10 rating.

Graphics: Microsoft Clip Art. Research modules based on use of the Research Cycle, Module Maker, and ideas in Beyond Technology by Jamie McKenzie


								
To top