Suffered under Pontius Pilate
• Three stages of Jewish trials
– Jesus at the home of Ananias
– Jesus before Caiaphas and Sanhedrin
confessed that He was the Christ, found Him
guilty of blasphemy worthy of death.
– Jewish trial & the leaders condemned Jesus
• Three stages of Roman trials
– 1st appearance before Pilate
– The appearance before Herod
– 2nd appearance before Pilate
• Pontius Pilate
– In office of governor from A.D, 26-36
– Not liked by the Jews
– Understood the Jewish structures
– Indecisive, weak & compromising man
– His concern was to protect himself, his job &
– Afraid of the crowd & more of the prisoner
– At least 3 times he announced that Jesus was
not guilty of any crime
– Still he refused to release Him
• “What is the Accusation?” (18:28-32)
– Customary for the Roman governor to be in
Jerusalem during Passover in case there
were any outbursts of nationalism.
Charges (Luke 23:2)
• He lead the nation astray
• He apposed paying tribute to caesar
• He claimed to be the Jewish Messiah and King.
Pilate not anxious to be involved in a Jewish
• Jews allowed to try Him under their law
• If so, Jesus would be killed by stoning
• God determined that Jesus be crucified (3:14,
8:20, 12:32-33)Jews bore the curse of the law
• Jesus had to hang on a tree (Deut. 21:22-23)
• “Are you the King of the Jew?” (18:33-38)
– “It is as you say” (Matt. 18:34, John 18:33-38)
– “Did you say yourself or did others tell you
• Pilate called Jesus “king” at least 4 times (34)
during the trial.
• His kingdom doesn’t come from the authority of the
world nor doesn’t depend on worldly or fleshly
means to advance
• Where did Jesus derive His authority was the
– His humanity (birth) & deity (into the world)
• His ministry to bear witness unto the truth
– Roman weapon was the sword & the Lord’s weapon was
the truth, the sword of the Spirit
• What is truth?
– Pilate’s declaration: “I found no fault in Him”
– Religious leaders were persistent in accusing Jesus
» Jesus was silent
– Jesus from Galilee
– Herod’s responsibility
» Herod found no fault – Him & sent Him back to Pilate
» Result: Herod & Pilate became friends
• “Shall I Release the King of the Jews?”
– Pilate would punish Jesus & release a
• Jesus or Barabbas
– Barabbas: a robber (18:40), notorious prisoner (Matt.
27:16), and insurrectionist & murderer (Luke 23:19)
– The crowd asked for Barabbas
• New Approach: sympathy
– “Crucify Him!”
• Scourge: a leather whip with lead, bones, &
• He was innocent yet He was treated as guilty on
the cross Jesus paid the price for the sins of the
world, declared the love of God & defended the
holiness & justice of God.
• We have a law, and by our law he ought to die,
because he made himself the son of God(19:7)
• “Where are you from?” (19:8-16)
– Pilate responded to the phrase “the Son of
• Pilate’s wife’s dream (Matt. 27:19)
– Pilate was more concerned about maintaining
peace in Jerusalem than in spiritual truth
– Jesus’ last world to Pilate: His faith in the
Father & His surrender to His will.
– Jesus responded that Pilate’s authority was
delegated to him from God
– “He that delivered one up unto thee?”
– Vs. Pilate
– Pilate continued to find a way to release
• Jews accused Pilate of being a traitor to Caesar
– Pilate washed his hands before the crowd
– Sixth hour-Roman time (Matt. 27:24) starting
at midnight; in Mark, 3rd hour meaning 9 a.m.
using Jewish time
– Preparation refers to preparation for Sabbath
beginning at sundown on Friday
– The crowd’s last word “We have no king but
• Human standpoint: the trial was the
greatest crime and tragedy in history.
• Divine standpoint: it was the fulfillment of
prophecy and the accomplishment of the
will of God.
1. When are you tempted to do what will
work instead of what is right? Why?
2. Read John 18:28-19:16. What did Pilate
learn about Jesus from his conversation
with the Jews?
3. What proof did the religious leader have
for their accusation against Jesus? Why
is this important?
4. Why did Jesus give the puzzling answers
1. What do you learn about Pilate from the
questions he asked Jesus?
2. How did Pilate try to do what would work
instead of what he knew was right?
3. What do you learn about Jesus’
humanity and deity from this passage?
4. Why do you think Jesus was silent during
most of the second interview with Pilate?
5. On what did Pilate base his final decision
1. Why did God involve the Roman
government in this situation? Why does
2. What do you learn from Jesus’ behavior
before Pilate that helps you in your
dealings with a hostile world?