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Collaborating to Compete - Clare Enterprise Strategy

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					Collaborating to Compete
Comhoibriú chun dul in iomaíocht




COUNTY CLARE ENTERPRISE STRATEGY      STRAITÉIS FIONTRAÍOCHTA CONTAE AN CHLÁIR




   Clare County Development Board

   Bord Forbartha Contae an Chláir

Acknowledgements
Buíochas
The County Clare Enterprise Strategy was prepared by the Community & Enterprise
Directorate of Clare County Council under the guidance of the Enterprise Strategy
Steering Group and with the assistance of CM International Consultants.

The input of all those who contributed to the consultation process and development of
the Strategy is gratefully acknowledged.
Contents          Clár Ábhair
2   Overview
4   The Strategic Vision
6   The Global and National Policy Context
4 Socio-Economic Profile of County Clare
36 Action Plans
50 Implementation & Monitoring
52 Glossary
53 References




                                             

    Overview                                                                                     Léargas

    County Clare has long been acknowledged as an attractive place to live, work and do          Tá aitheantas ar Chontae an Chláir ar feadh tamaill fhada mar áit tarraingteach chun
    business.The quality of the workforce and strategic location make Clare an ideal location    cónaí, chun obair agus gnó a dhéanamh. Dé réir caighdeán an lucht oibre agus an suíomh
    for enterprise development and investment.                                                   straitéiseach atá ag Contae an Chláir, is láthair íontach é chun forbairt fiontraíochta agus
                                                                                                 infheistíocht a dhéanamh.
    In recent years, there has been dramatic and irreversible change in the global economy
    bringing with it many challenges and opportunities.The County Clare Enterprise               Le blianta beaga anuas, tarlaíodh athrú drámata agus do-athraithe don gheilleagair
    Strategy has been developed as a response to this change.The county faces challenges         dhomhanda, le dualgais agus deiseanna dá bhrí sin. Forbraodh Stráitéis Fiontraíochta
    in responding to this new business environment, in moving towards a more knowledge-          Contae an Chláir de chionn an t-athrú seo Tá dualgais ar an Chontae chun freagairt don
    based society and in ensuring that our reputation as a world-class location for enterprise   timpeallacht nua gnó seo, chun bogadh ar aghaidh chuig sochaí atá níos mó bunaithe
    development is enhanced.Through strategic planning, increasing competitiveness and           ar eolais, agus chun a chinntiú go bhfeabhsófar ar gclú mar suíomh den scoth le
    collaboration between agencies, we can maximise the opportunities generated by a             haghaidh forbairt fiontraíochta.Le pleanáil stráitéiseach, iomaíocht agus comhoibriú idir
    changing global economy.                                                                     gníomhaireachtaí, is féidir linn uasmhéadú a fháil ó na deiseanna atá ginte ag Geilleagar
                                                                                                 dhomhanda atá ag athrú.
    This Strategy creates a framework within which the county can address the challenges
    and opportunities which exist for the continued growth and development of enterprise in      Cruthaíonn an straitéis seo creatlach inar féidir leis an Chontae na dualgais agus deiseanna
    Clare.                                                                                       i dtaobh foras agus forbairt fiontraíochta i gContae an Chláir a fhreagairt.

    Collaboration between public and private stakeholders and the networking of enterprise       Trí comhoibriú idir geallseabhoirí poiblí agus príobháideacha agus lionrú de
    support agencies can create a climate to inspire and support entrepreneurship and            ghníomhaireachtaí tacaíochta fíontraíochta, is féidir timpeallacht a chruthú ina spreagtar
    innovation leading to the creation of sustainable enterprises in County Clare.               agus a thugtar tacaíocht fiontraíochta agus nuálaíochta agus cruthúchán fiontair
                                                                                                 inbhuanaithe i g Contae an Chláir, mar thoradh.
    Evidence-based planning and the importance of high-quality information is now a key
    requisite for development in all organisations and communities. Considerable research        Tá pleanáil ar bhonn fianaise agus tábhachtacht d’eolas d’ardchaighdeán riachtanach i
    examining global, national, regional and local trends has informed the development of the    gcomhair forbairt i ngach eagraíocht agus pobal. De réir lab taighde a rinneadh i dtaobh
    County Clare Enterprise Strategy and the Strategy is structured as follows:                  treochtaí domhanda, náisiúnta, réigiúnacha agus áitiúla tá forbairt Straitéis Fiontraíochta
                                                                                                 Contae an Chláir ar an eolas faoi na hábhair seo agus dá bhrí sin tá struchtúr na Stráitéise
                                                                                                 mar seo a leanas:



2
Chapter :The Strategic Vision                                                                Caibidil :An Fís Straitéiseach
 - sets out the purpose, aim and objectives of the Strategy, and the process leading to the   - Cuireann sé seo aidhm agus cuspóirí an straitéis agus an próiseas as a dtiocfaidh forbairt
development of strategic enterprise goals and action plans.                                   spriocanna straitéiseacha fiontraíochta agus pleananna ghníomhaíochta, in iúl.

Chapter 2:The Global and National Policy Context                                              Caibidil 2: An Comhthéacs Polasaí Domhanda agus Náisiúnta
 - provides an overview of the key driving forces, policy changes, issues and trends          - Tugann sé seo léargas de na phríomh cinn tiomána, athruithe polasaí, ábhair agus
influencing enterprise development and the enterprise base in Ireland. It summarises the      patrúin a bhfuil béim acu ar fhorbairt fiontraíochta in Éirinn.Tugann sé achoimre de na
principal dynamics of competitiveness and innovation both globally and nationally.            phríomhdhinimice iomaíochta agus nuálaíochas, domhanda agus go náisiúnta.

Chapter 3: Socio-Economic Profile of County Clare                                             Caibidil 3: Próifíl Socheacnamaíocha de Chontae an Chláir
 - presents the key demographic and socio-economic indicators sensitive to enterprise         - Cuireann sé seo na táscairí déimeagrafacha agus socheacnamaíocha is tábhachtaí
development drawing on 2006 Census data, Small Area Populations Statistics (2006) and         d’fhorbairt fiontraíochta in iúl, ag tarraingt ar shonraí an Daonáireamh 2006, Staidreamh
other relevant sources.                                                                       Daonra i gCeantair Bheaga (2006) agus acmhainní ábhartha eile.

Chapter 4:Action Plans                                                                        Caibidil 4: Pleananna Gníomhaíochta
- identifies the key elements of enterprise support and presents the collaborative work       - Aithníonn sé seo na heochair pointí de thacaíocht fiontraíochta agus cuireann sé
programmes, actions and operational plans that will deliver on the Strategy’s high-level      cláracha comhoibriú, gníomhaíochtaí agus pleananna feidhme a sholáthróidh na spriocanna
goals.                                                                                        d’ardleibhéil in iúil.

Chapter 5: Implementation and monitoring                                                      Caibidil 5: Feidhmiú agus Monatóireachta
- outlines the mechanism for the delivery of the Strategy as well as the monitoring and       - Léiríonn sé seo an meicníocht chun an Straitéis a sholáthar chomh maith leis an
evaluation framework.                                                                         chreatlach monatóireachta agus measúnachta.




                                                                                                                                                                                             3
    The Strategic Vision
   An Fís Straitéiseach


    .0      Purpose of the Strategy                                                               .2       High Level Goals
    The performance of enterprise in County Clare is critically important in providing             Six high-level strategic enterprise goals, which are in accordance with national policy
    the majority of the resident workforce with disposable income, financing national and          objectives, have been agreed for the County Clare Enterprise Strategy.
    local services, and laying the foundation for the next generation’s well-being through
    investment and development.                                                                       1.	   Increase the quantity and quality of Research and Development
                                                                                                      2.	   Increase the scale of enterprises
    The current and future well-being of the people of Clare is inextricably linked to the            3.	   Increase the quality and adaptability of the labour force
    performance of its enterprise base and consequently to the performance of the various             4.	   Increase competitiveness
    enterprise support agencies operating in the county.                                              5.	   Increase innovation
                                                                                                      6.	   Achieving spatially balanced enterprise development as an over-arching strategic
    The National Development Plan (NDP 2007-2013) indicates a total investment of €20                       goal.
    Billion to support the priority of Enterprise, Science, Innovation and a further €26 Billion
    for the priority of Human Capital development.                                                 Joint operational plans for 2008-2010 clearly setting out the specific actions, outputs,
                                                                                                   timescale, funding sources and target audience have been agreed, and will deliver each
    The purpose of this Strategy is to ensure that County Clare derives maximum benefit            of the strategic goals at county level. Each action has a lead agency and is supported by
    from enterprise-related NDP funding through the collaborative actions of the various           a number of other agencies whose co-operation is essential to achieve the optimum
    agencies that are charged with the delivery of the wide range of enterprise programmes         outcome from the action.
    and sub-programmes.This will ensure that County Clare can compete effectively in the
    regional, national and global economies.                                                       The actions set are SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic,Time based)
                                                                                                   with clear roles and targets identified for the partners. A defining feature of the action
    .      Aim of the Strategy                                                                   plans is that the achievement of actions will require the agencies to work together,
    The aim of the Strategy is to maximise the competitive advantage of enterprise in Clare        thus strengthening the collaborative process, maximising the sharing of knowledge and
    by achieving a number of high-level strategic goals aimed at optimising the quality of         resources and ensuring ownership.
    Research and Development, Innovation, Labour force, Scale of enterprises and Spatial
    Distribution in the county.                                                                    Chapter 4 sets out the Enterprise Support Framework and Actions Plans which have been
    The Strategy’s goals are aligned with those of the various enterprise support agencies         adopted to deliver on these high-level strategic goals at national level.
    and their respective targets for the period 2008- 2010.



4
                                                                                                                                                                                        
.3      Networking Key Players                                                               The following chapters set out the context for and key data relating to the development
An Enterprise Steering Group was established to direct and inform the strategic process       of the County Clare Enterprise Strategy and present the Action Plans and delivery
and agree clearly articulated long-term objectives and actions, to specify timeframes for     mechanism which will ensure that the county maximises its competitive advantage in the
actions including the role and responsibilities of the agencies involved, and to monitor      global economy.
the outputs of the Strategy and assess their impacts. The Enterprise Steering Group
comprises representatives from Clare County Council, Enterprise Ireland, Shannon
Development, IDA, Clare County Enterprise Board, FÁS, ClareVEC, Chambers of
Commerce, IBEC, Shannon Airport Authority, Rural Resource Development Ltd., NUIG,
elected representatives and social partners.

The Group reflects a broader national agenda to increase networking between local
government, enterprise development agencies and educational and research institutions
in order to enhance the local enterprise base, bolster competitiveness and promote the
investment potential of County Clare to both indigenous and foreign owned companies.
The Group sought to maximise representation from the business community including
significant input from end users of enterprise related services. In addition to identifying
specific agency roles and responsibilities, the Steering Group acknowledged the potential
benefits of the synergistic and partnership approach in defining and modifying their own
individual goals and targets.

.4      Delivering the Strategy
To build on the work of the Enterprise Steering Group and to ensure achievement of
the overall objectives, an Enterprise Partnership Forum will be established in order to
drive the implementation of the Strategy.The Forum will monitor, review and evaluate the
Strategy and will spearhead further networking, dialogue and debate on all county-based
enterprise issues.




                                                                                                                                                                                        5
    The Global and National Policy Context
2   An Comhthéacs Polasaí Domhanda agus Náisiúnta


    2.0      The Competitive Imperative – Global Influences                                               domestic higher education, a low-cost labour market, EU membership and strong trade
    According to the World Bank Prospects for the Global Economy, after four years of                     and industrial relations via social partnership.
    robust GDP and trade growth, conditions in global financial markets have turned from
    favourable to less stable and less predictable. Global GDP growth eased to 3.6% in 2007
    from 3.9% in the preceding year, and gains will moderate further in 2008 led by the high-
    income countries (http://www.worlbank.org). This prognosis was reflected in the global
    market where, in the week beginning 21 January 2008, shares plunged between 6-10% on
    major exchanges, and were between 15-20% down on October 2007 peak prices.A 20%
    fall is officially a ‘bear’ market (a prolonged period in which investment prices fall, accompanied
    by widespread pessimism). More recently, the acceleration of the US economic slowdown,
    propelled by the collapse of the US housing loan market, has lent credence to the old
    adage ‘When America sneezes, the rest of the world catches cold’. The publication of The                                Figure .0 The Growth of the Irish Economy (Real GDP %)
    Global Competitiveness Report 2007-2008, comes amid this global economic uncertainty.
    On an optimistic note, despite a wavering US economy, most other industrialised
    countries have continued to grow briskly, notably the Euro zone and Japan, reinforced                 According to the Economic and Social Research Institute’s Quarterly Economic Summary
    by the continuing rapid growth of large emerging market economies led by China, India                 (ESRI, 2007), while the economy remained strong in 2007 with real growth in GNP
    and Russia. However, given a number of risk factors such as record high oil prices, poor              estimated to be 4.4%, this growth was fuelled by unsustainable components including
    progress in the Doha round of trade negotiations, protectionist pressures in a number of              the effects of SSIA’s and a highly stimulatory fiscal stance. While the full year figures for
    countries, and indeed the housing market collapse in the US, it is now even more critical             2007 are strong (Table 1.0 & Figure 2.0), it appears that deceleration in the rate of growth
    to prepare the global economy to deal with new types of risk, to bolster competitiveness              began to take hold in the second part of the year largely related to a contraction in house
    and innovation, and to perform well amid heightened uncertainty (WEF, 2006).                          building and the global economic slowdown. The ESRI now expects real GNP to grow by
                                                                                                          2.3% in 2008, the slowest pace of real GNP growth since 1992 with investment forecast
    2.      The Case of Ireland                                                                          to contract by 4% and employment expected to grow by only <0.5% emphasising the
                                                                                                          need for competitiveness to be restored.
    In recent decades, Ireland has experienced unprecedented rates of economic growth (see
    Figure 1.0) precipitating the ‘Celtic Tiger’ phenomenon which was driven by high levels of
    multinational investment supported through low corporate taxation, investment in




6
                                                                                                                                                                                             2
OUTPUT                    Estimate 2008         2007              2006                  2005
Private Consumer               3.8                7                5.7                  7.3
Expenditure
Public Net Current             3.5                5                5.3                   4
Expenditure
Investment                     -3.7              0.1               3.1                  11.8
Exports                         5                5.7               4.4                  5.2
Imports                        4.4                5                4.4                  7.7
Gross Domestic                 2.3               4.8               5.7                  5.9
Product (GDP
Gross National Product         2.3               4.4               6.5                  4.9
(GNP)
GNP per capita                 0.9               1.8               3.7                  2.7
(constant prices)
LABOUR MARKET             Estimate 2008         2007              2006                  2005
                                                                                                           Figure 2.0 Summary of National Output 2005-200 and 2008 estimates
Employment Levels             2108              2100              2039                  1952
(ILO basis (000s)
                                                                                               The publication of the Annual Competitiveness Report – Benchmarking Ireland’s Performance
Unemployment Levels            130               102               93                    89
(ILO basis (000s)                                                                              (NCC Vol. 1, 2007) acknowledged that while the Irish economy remains strong, Ireland’s
Unemployment Rate              5.8               4.6               4.4                  4.4    growth has shifted from export-led and productivity-led growth to domestically driven
(as % of Labour Force)
                                                                                               growth, dependent on new jobs in construction and public services for increases in
             Table .0 Output and Labour Market Trends 2005-200 (2008 estimates) (%)
                                                                                               GDP. Another challenge is that Ireland’s price and cost environment remains distinctly
                                                                                               unfavourable to both firms and households with general cost levels among the highest
                                                                                               in the EU-15 and also, the physical infrastructure in Ireland remains poor and despite
                                                                                               high levels of investment, Ireland’s international rankings have not improved significantly
                                                                                               since 2000. Similarly, the Forfás/NCC Review of International Assessments of Ireland’s
                                                                                               Competitiveness (NCC, 2007) reiterated that Ireland has areas of significant weakness
                                                                                               that are undermining international competitiveness.These weaknesses particularly relate
                                                                                               to prices and costs, domestic competition, infrastructure, innovation and R&D, and
                                                                                               sustainability and the environment.




                                                                                                                                                                                             

2
    It is clear that competitiveness based on innovation depends on the successful                                2.2 The Importance of Research and Development
    exploitation of a number of key enterprise inputs such as: research and development, a                        The EU has set a strategic goal of becoming the most competitive and knowledge-based
    flexible and highly skilled workforce, and the rapid adoption of new technologies. High                       economy in the world and acknowledges that enterprise policies are key to delivering
    quality entrepreneurship is required to convert these inputs of innovation into outputs,                      this goal in that they can create a positive pro-enterprise environment.The EU Lisbon
    namely increased market share, increased sales and increased returns for shareholders.                        Strategy aimed to increase Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD)
    The key driving forces behind Ireland’s recent economic growth are shown in Table 2.0.                        to 3% of EU-GDP by 2010. By reaching this target, parity could be achieved with America
                        Driving Forces                                            Impacts                         and Japan.
    •	   Foreign Direct Investment                        Growth in Ireland’s global market share so that
    •	   Technology Transfer                              between 2002 and 2004 Ireland had:
                                                          •	   The highest stock of FDI as % of GDP in the
                                                                                                                  The National Development Plan (2007-2013) has earmarked a total of €8.2bn for the
    •	   Young Educated Population
                                                               OECD.                                              Science Technology and Innovation Programmes (€6.1 Billion), the Enterprise Programme
    •	   Increased Labour Force Participation
                                                          •	   The highest number of green field sites per        for additional Research and Development (€600 Million) and the Higher Education
    •	   EU membership                                         million population.
    •	   Pro-enterprise policies in Education,Taxation,                                                           Programme (€1.5 Billion) (NDP, 2006). Figure 3.0 highlights the importance of research as
                                                          •	   The 2nd highest rate of return on US investment
         Exchange Rates,Trade and Industrial Relations         (16%).                                             a vital catalyst in promoting enterprise development.
                                                          •	   An increased share of world services (1.8% to
                                                               2.3%).
                                                          •	   A share of world merchandise, albeit declining           Education and Research                                  Enterprise
                                                               (1.4% to 1.0%) that exceeded Ireland’s share of
                                                               Global GDP (0.3%).
                                                          •	   The 4th highest ranking in the OECD in terms of
                                                               entrepreneurship.                                               Education                                    Requires Strong
                                                          •	   One of the highest levels of productivity (GDP­                Most Advanced                              Financial Commitment
                                                               based) in the world.                                           Most Pervasive
    •	   Domestic Consumption and Investment in           •    In 2005, construction alone accounted for one
         Property and Construction                             quarter of GNP and over one third of Ireland’s
                                                               economic growth.
    •	   Research and Development                         •	   Ireland’s economic performance to-date has been
                                                               attributed to the way in which commercialized                                   Research – A Vital Catalyst
                                                               research and development underpins a small
                                                               number of foreign-owned exporting firms.
                                                               These account for almost 90% of all exports and           Requires World class                                Enterprise
                                                               95% of manufacturing exports. Pharmaceutical/
                                                               chemical and electronic firms account for 33%            Human knowledge and                            Most Knowledge Intensive
                                                               and 25% respectively, of all foreign-owned                   Social capital                                Most Competitive
                                                               manufacturing output (Enterprise Strategy Group,
                                                               2004). However, most of their Research and
                                                               Development takes place in their parent company,
                                                               outside Ireland.
    •	   Adoption of New Technologies                     •	   The Irish economy is strongly positioned in
                                                               terms of technology intensity but underperforms
                                                               in terms of expenditure on Information and
                                                               Communications Technology (ICT).
                               Table 2.0 The Underlying Dynamics of Competitiveness




8
                                                                                                                                                                                                              2
2.3      Realising Ireland’s Competitiveness                                                                  Area                    Strength             Rank              Weakness                 Rank
                                                                                                      Sustainable Growth   » GDP per Capital                3
Huggins Associates is a private economic consultancy firm that produces the European                  Business             » Overall labour productivity    3     » Utility sector                     14
Competitiveness Index (ECI) on a biennial basis (launched in 2004). In addition to                    Performance          » Manufacturing sector           1     » Financial Sector                   14
benchmarking the performance of Europe’s economies, it also benchmarks Europe’s                                            » Business and property          2     » Transport sector                   16
                                                                                                                             sector
regions across a range of indicators. Competitiveness is defined in the report as the                 Prices and Costs
‘capability of an economy to maintain increasing standards of living for those who participate        Labour Supply        » Unemployment                   6     » Employment in                      15
in it, by attracting and maintaining firms with stable or rising market shares in an activity’. The                        » Employment in                  3       R&D per 1000 inhabitants
                                                                                                                             biotech/chemical per 1000
report notes that competitiveness increasingly refers to the ability to anticipate and adapt                                 inhabitants
to new challenges and provide new opportunities. In the national index, Ireland ranks 13                                   » Employment: electrical         2
                                                                                                                             engineering per 1000
out of 17 countries for overall competitiveness (the EU-15 plus Norway and Switzerland).                                     inhabitants
At a regional level, Ireland’s two constituent regions, the South and East region ranks 29th,                              » Employment: IT and             2
while the Border, Midlands and West (BMW) region (including County Clare) ranks 74th                                         computer manufacturing
                                                                                                                             per 1000 inhabitants
of 120 European regions (Huggins Associates, 2007). Regionally, the South and East region             Business
is among the wealthiest in the EU and the US while the BMW region’s performance is                    Environment
                                                                                                      Physical             » Air passengers embarked        2     » Length of motorway (per           14/15
weaker, but it is still above the EU-15 average.Table 3.0 gives a breakdown of Ireland’s              Infrastructure         and disembarked per 1000               square km and per vehicle)
                                                                                                                                                            1
competitiveness ranking in the period 2006-2007 relative to the 17 countries assessed.                                       inhabitants                          » Length of railway per square km    17
                                                                                                                                                            3     » Air freight (embarked and         16/15
                                                                                                                                                                    disembarked)
                                                                                                      Knowledge            » Vocational education                 » Upper secondary students           12
                                                                                                      Infrastructure         students per 1000                      per 1000 employees
                                                                                                                             employees                            » R&D employment: Business           12
                                                                                                                           » Number of students in                » R&D employment:                    15
                                                                                                                             vocational tertiary                    Government
                                                                                                                             education per 1000
                                                                                                                             employees                            » R&D employment: Education          16
                                                                                                                                                                  » R&D expenditure: Business          13
                                                                                                                                                                  » R&D expenditure:                   14
                                                                                                                                                                    Government
                                                                                                                                                                  » R&D expenditure: Education         13
                                                                                                                                                                  » Patents                            14
                                                                                                                               Table 3.0 Ireland’s Competitiveness Index 2006-200




                                                                                                                                                                                                              

2
      The National Spatial Strategy (NSS) identifies a number of possible future trends in        2.	 Enhancing Productivity Growth: In 2006, Irish productivity growth was below the OECD
      enterprise development and notes that the regions with a strong population base that can        average. It is important that we have a business environment that supports the
      support high quality business infrastructure, technological development and innovation          development of the existing firms, that encourages the development and attraction of
      will continue to be major attractions (NSS, 2002). The NSS stresses that the overall            new firms, and promotes the emergence of new sectors.
      performance and spatial distribution of the enterprise sector will benefit most from        3.	 Building Innovative Enterprises: Developing an innovation driven economy will enable
      regional and local spatial planning that offers clarity and certainty.                          Ireland to be at the forefront of international competitiveness. Government
                                                                                                      investment in research and development is critical. It is important that research
      2.4      The Challenges and Opportunities for Ireland                                           priorities for publicly funded R&D are sufficiently aligned with the needs of
      In 2006, the OECD released the Economic Survey of Ireland which assessed and then made          enterprises and developing clusters.A major challenge to be addressed is the
      recommendations on the the main economic challenges facing Ireland and which are                transformational change needed in businesses to enhance their ability to innovate,
      also common to many OECD countries (OECD, 2006).The issues identified specific to               to respond to market needs and to absorb knowledge and ideas from all sources,
      Ireland include once again infrastructure deficits and also as one of the OECD’s more           including publicly and privately funded research in Ireland and abroad.
      open economies, Ireland is especially vulnerable to external shocks. However, Ireland
      is also sensitive to domestic risks.The most obvious of these concerns is the housing       Earlier this decade, the report of the Enterprise Strategy Group (2004) Ahead of the
      market, but there is also a more general danger of the overall wage and price level         Curve – Ireland’s Place in the Global Economy also outlined a number of key driving forces
      overshooting its equilibrium level. Exports, foreign investment and immigration would all   of change which will have significant implications for Ireland’s enterprise base and are still
      be harmed if Ireland priced itself out of the market. In this context, pursuing a prudent   pertinent today.The most significant of these are:
      fiscal policy, strengthening the medium-term fiscal framework, enhancing competition and
      containing wage pressures via the centralised wage-bargaining framework are important       1.	 Globalisation: Markets are becoming much more open; competition is more
      considerations.                                                                                 international and intense; technology is enabling global trading and new business
                                                                                                      models; the value chain in enterprise is increasingly disaggregated, with activities
      Similarly, Ireland’s Competitiveness Challenge (NCC Vol. 2, 2007) identifies a number of        distributed to their most economic or strategic location.
      challenges facing enterprise development in Ireland including:                              2.	 Global shift to services: Services are significant trading sectors in their own right
                                                                                                      and are also forming an increasingly important component of the manufacturing
      1.	 Cost Competitiveness: vital to the success of our exporting sectors. Once again, the        sector.
          report mentions that Irish price levels are almost 20% higher than the EU-15 average.   3.	 Rising Costs: The cost of doing business in Ireland has risen significantly in recent
                                                                                                      years.



0

                                                                                                                                                                                         2
    D
4.	  emographicchanges:	Economic	growth	in	the	1990s	was	facilitated	by	a	
    significant	increase	in	employment,	enhanced	by	a	growing	population	of	working	
                                                                                                           ANewStrategicDirection
    age,	increasing	female	participation	rates,	a	large	pool	of	unemployed	people	and	net	
    immigration	
    G
5.	  rowingimportanceofknowledge:Companies	increasingly	face	global	                          Specific                                •	 Increasing	important	of	services
    competition	and	seek	to	find	new	ways	of	competing	effectively.	                               Growth                                  •	 High	Value	Manufacturing
                                                                                                 Opportunities                             •	 Developing	Locally	Trading	Businesses
6.	 	ChangesinEUPolicies:    State	aid	for	companies	is	likely	to	be	significantly	
    restricted	after	2006	by	changes	in	EU	limits.	
    T
7.	  heimportanceofinfrastructure:	Enterprise	will	thrive	only	if	the	physical	
    infrastructure	and	communications	networks	are	efficient	and	adequate	for	                                                                I
                                                                                                                                           •	 	n	depth	knowledge	of	markets/	
                                                                                                Changes	Need	to
    international	trade.                                                                                                                      customer	needs
                                                                                                Achieve	Success                               A
                                                                                                                                           •	 	 bility	to	develop	high	value	products	
                                                                                                                                              and	services	to	satisfy	those	needs
However,	the	picture	is	not	all	bleak.		The	report	also	highlights	a	number	of	opportunities	                                                 D
                                                                                                                                           •	 	 evelopment	of	partnerships	and	
for	enterprise	in	Ireland	and	outlines	a	new	strategic	direction	to	build	competitive	                                                        business	networks
advantage	which	is	summarised	in	Figure	4.0.



                                                                                                   Business                                   I
                                                                                                                                           •	 	mportant	Mechanisms	for	driving	
                                                                                                   Networks                                   success
                                                                                                                                              P
                                                                                                                                           •	 	 artnership	between	firms,	research	
                                                                                                                                              and	development	institutes	and	local	
                                                                                                                                              enterprise	agencies
                                                                                                                                              D
                                                                                                                                           •	 	 rive	provision	of	sector	specific	
                                                                                                                                              infrastructure	capital	and	skills

                                                                                                                 Figure4.0ANewDirectionforEnterpriseinIreland




                                                                                                                                                                                         11
2
     2.7    Summary                                                                                understanding	of	both	individual	and	collective	strengths	and	potential	for	combining	
     While	the	National	Spatial	Strategy	(NSS)	predicts	that	future	success	for	enterprise	          complementary	skills	and	tacit	knowledge	to	address	specific	market	opportunities.	Key	
     in	Ireland	hinges	upon	sustained	FDI,	it	is	likely	that	to	remain	competitive	and	viable,	      benefits	of	such	collaborations	at	local	level	include:
     companies	will	need	to	increase	the	technological	content	of	their	products	and	services	
     by	allocating	additional	investment	to	research,	design,	innovation	and	development.		          •	   Increased	scale	by	aggregating	complementary	skills,	activities	and	goals
     At	national	level	(Enterprise	Strategy	Group,	2004):	                                           •	   Enhanced	learning	and	transfer	of	expertise	
                                                                                                     •	   Development	of	market	focus	and	critical	mass	in	complementary	resources	
         F
     1.	 	 irms	will	need	to	develop	higher	value	products	and	services,	to	increase	investment	     •	   Platform	for	industry,	academic	and	public	sector	co-operation	
         in	applied	research	and	to	diversify	the	markets	in	which	they	operate.	
     2.	 	Managementandemployees         	will	need	to	commit	to	greater	levels	of	partnership	    For	County	Clare,	this	means	cultivating	dialogue,	collaboration	and	partnership	between	
         in	the	workforce,	displaying	higher	levels	of	innovation,	change	and	performance,	          relevant	local	enterprise	agencies	to	ensure	a	coordinated	strategic	approach	in	sustaining	
         and	an	openness	to	new	organisational	models	and	new	ways	of	gaining	competitive	           existing	and	attracting	indigenous	and	foreign	investment	to	the	county.		Consequently,	
         advantage.	                                                                                 the	publication	of	the	County	Clare	Enterprise	Strategy	for	the	first	time	explicitly	
     3.	 	 ur	educationandtrainingsystems	will	need	to	produce	people	with	the	level	
         O                                                                                           addresses	the	importance	of	partnership	and	collaboration	in	actively	working	towards	
         of	knowledge	and	skills	required	to	drive	and	sustain	a	knowledge	economy	and	be	           common	goals,	maximising	available	resources,	skills	and	information	and	avoiding	
         innovative	in	exploiting	the	commercialisation	of	research.	                                duplication	of	effort	in	promoting	County	Clare	as	a	viable	and	attractive	investment	
     4.	 	 ur	developmentagencies	will	need	to	achieve	greater	collaboration	and	
         O                                                                                           location.	
         enhanced	skills	to	support	enterprise	in	a	changing	environment.		Finally,	
         O
     5.	 	 ur	businessleaders	and	their	representative	organisations	will	need	to	foster	
         the	emergence	of	business	networks	which	will	become	increasingly	important	as	a	
         mechanism	to	drive	success.

     At	county	level,	it	is	essential	to	foster	an	ethos	of	entrepreneurship	by	encouraging	local	
     development	agencies	to	coordinate	their	activities	in	a	manner	that	would	facilitate	an	
     integrated	roll	out	of	best	practice	as	well	as	indentifying	synergies	and	complementarities	
     in	the	interests	of	reinforcing	competitiveness	and	innovation	and	supporting	research	
     and	development.	Increased	interaction	between	key	local	actors	could	lead	to	a	greater	



12
13
                                                                                                                                     Persons 2002     Persons 2006         Males 2006        Females 2006    Actual change      Percentage


     Socio-Economic Profile of County Clare
                                                                                                                                                                                                              2002-2006        change 2002-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2006




3
                                                                                                               Clare                   103277           110950               56048              54902            7673               7.4


     Próifíl Socheacnamaíocha de Chontae an Chláir                                                             Limerick City
                                                                                                               and County
                                                                                                               Tipperary NR
                                                                                                                                       175304

                                                                                                                                        61010
                                                                                                                                                        184055

                                                                                                                                                         66023
                                                                                                                                                                             92680

                                                                                                                                                                             33568
                                                                                                                                                                                                91375

                                                                                                                                                                                                32455
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 8751

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 5013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       5

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8.2

                                                                                                               Mid-West                339591           361028              182296             178732           21437                 20.6




     3.0       Introduction                                                                                     	             400000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Clare
     The	publication	of	the	Census	2006	data	by	the	Central	Statistics	Office	provides	an	                                     350000
     important	resource	to	identify	key	demographic	and	socio-economic	trends	nationally,	                                     300000                                                                                          Limerick City and
     regionally	and	at	county	and	local	level.		This	section	profiles	some	of	the	most	significant	                            250000                                                                                          County
     trends	and	indicators	that	are	particularly	sensitive	to	enterprise	development	in	County	                                200000                                                                                          Tipperary NR

     Clare.	Here,	only	the	most	significant	data	(including	results	from	Census	2006)	examining	                               150000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mid-West
     key	demographic	trends,	rurality	and	population	density,	age	profiles,	education	and	                                     100000
     socio-economic	status,	place	of	work,	location	and	size	of	enterprises,	FDI	and	industrial	                                   50000
     production	are	reviewed.	                                                                                                         0
                                                                                                                                            Persons     Persons     Males 2006    Females        Actual
                                                                                                                                             2002        2006                      2006       change 2002-

     3.1       KeyDemographicTrends                                                                                                                                                           2006


     In	this	section,	changes	in	population	for	County	Clare	between	1991	and	2006	are	                                                 Figure1.0PopulationchangeintheMid-Westcounties2002-2006
     illustrated.	The	focus	is	on	county	and	regional	level	changes,	but	data	are	also	provided	                                             1991                          1996                          2002                          2006
     for	the	11	Urban	and	Rural	Districts	in	Clare.	These	are	the	Urban	Districts	of	Ennis	and	                 Urban	&	       Total	           M	      F	        Total	    M	          F	      Total	    M	       F	        Total	     M	      F	
     Kilrush	and	the	Rural	Districts	of	Ballyvaughan,	Ennistymon,	Corofin,	Kildysart,	Kilrush,	                 Rural	District
                                                                                                                Clare	County 90918 46367 44551 94006 47789 46217 103277 52063 51214 110950 56048 54902
     Ennis,	Meelick,	Scarriff	and	Tulla.	
                                                                                                                Ennis	UD            13730    6645     7085    15333        7487      7846      18830     9018    9812    20142         9877   10265
                                                                                                                Kilrush	UD          2740     1354     1386        2594     1258      1336       2699     1330    1369        2657      1352   1305
                                                                                                                Ballyvaghan	RA      2490     1241     1249        2649     1271      1378       2622     1255    1367        2690      1267   1423
     	                Persons	2002	 Persons	2006	   Males	2006	   Females	2006	 Actual	change	 Percentage	      Corrofin	RA 3025             1581     1444        3098     1610      1488       3102     1630    1472        3309      1712   1597
                                                                                  2002-06     change	2002-06    Ennis	RA            22908 11700 11208 23561 12021 11540 26043 13247 12796 28622 14519 14103
     Clare              103277         110950         56048          54902          7673            7.4         Ennistimon	RA 8721           4529     4192        8849     4569      4280       9482     4830    4652        9792      4968   4824
     Limerick	City	     175304	        184055	        92680	         91375	         8751	           5	          Killadysert	RA      4415     2301     2114        4336     2257      2079       4193     2168    2025        4502      2343   2159
     and	County
                                                                                                                Kilrush	RA          10906    5743     5163    10681        5596      5085      10344     5437    4907    10739         5674   5065
     Tipperary	NR        61010         66023          33568          32455          5013            8.2
                                                                                                                Meelick	RA          10895    5537     5358    11593        5876      5717      13548     6877    6671    15069         7545   7524
     Mid-West           339591         361028        182296         178732          21437          20.6
                                                                                                                Scarriff	RA         5952     3022     2930        6031     3071      2960       6600     3284    3316        6747      3415   3332
     State              3917203       4239848        2121171        2118677        322645           8.2
                                                                                                                Tulla	RA            5136     2714     2422        5281     2773      2508       5814     2987    2827        6681      3376   3305
                        Table1.0PopulationchangeintheMid-Westcounties2002-2006                          (RA=	Rural	Area)
                                                                                                                                             Table1.1PopulationChangeatCounty,UDandRDLevels




14
                                                                                                                        Corrofin RA                  2.4                      0.1                      6.7

                                                                                                                        Ennis RA                     2.9                     10.5                      9.9

                                                                                                                        Ennistimon RA                1.5                      7.2                      3.3

                                                                                                                        Killadysert RA              -1.8                     -3.3                      7.4




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3
                                                                                                                        Kilrush RA                  -2.1                     -3.2                      3.8

                                                                                                                        Meelick RA                   6.4                     16.9                     11.2

                                                                                                                        Scarriff RA                  1.3                      9.4                      2.2

                                                                                                                        Tulla RA                     2.8                     10.1                     14.9


                         1991                       1996           2002           2006
  Clare County           90918                   94006           103277            110950

   Ennis UD              13730                    Actual	Change18830
                                                 15333                             20142        Percentage	Change
  Urban	&	Rural	
  Kilrush UD              1991-1996	
                         2740                       1996-2002	
                                                  2594               2002-2006	
                                                                  2699             1991-1996	
                                                                                    2657            1996-2002	    2002-2006	                                         Tulla RA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2002-2006
  District                                                                                                                                                        Scarriff RA
Ballyvaghan Rural        2490                     2649            2622              2690
                                                                                                                                                                 Meelick RA                                                                                                              1996-2002
  Clare	County
       Area                     3088                     9271             7673         3.4             9.9           7.4
                                                                                                                                                                  Kilrush RA                                                                                                             1991-1996
 Corrofin Rural
  Ennis	UD               3025
                                1603              3098
                                                         3497     3102
                                                                          1312      3309
                                                                                      11.7            22.8           7.0
      Area                                                                                                                                                   Killadysert RA
  Kilrush	UD
Ennis Rural Area         22908 -146              23561   105     26043    -42         -5.3
                                                                                   28622               4.0           -1.6                                    Ennistimon RA
   Ballyvaghan	RA
Ennistimon Rural         8721    159              8849   -27      9482     68         6.4
                                                                                    9792              -1.0           2.6                                            Ennis RA
       Area
   Corrofin	RA
 Killadysert rural       4415    73               4336    4       4193    207         2.4
                                                                                    4502               0.1           6.7                                       Corrofin RA
       area
   Ennis	RA
Kilrush rural area       10906 653               10681   2482    10344    2579        2.9
                                                                                   10739              10.5           9.9                                     Ballyvaghan RA
                                                                                                                                                                 Kilrush UD
  Ennistimon	RA
Meelick rural area       10895 128               11593   633     13548    310         1.5
                                                                                   15069               7.2           3.3
                                                                                                                                                                   Ennis UD
  Killadysert	RA
Scarriff rural area      5952    -79              6031   -143     6600    309         -1.8
                                                                                    6747              -3.3           7.4                                      Clare County
  Kilrush	RA
 Tulla rural area        5136 -225                5281   -337     5814    395         -2.1
                                                                                    6681              -3.2           3.8
                                                                                                                                                      -10           -5           0            5           10           15           20           25
  Meelick	RA                     698                     1955             1521         6.4            16.9          11.2
  Scarriff	RA                    79                      569              147          1.3             9.4           2.2                        Figure1.2PercentagePopulationChangeinUrbanandRuralDistrictsinClare1991-2006
  Tulla	RA                       145                     533              867          2.8            10.1          14.9
                    Table1.2ActualandPercentageChangeinPopulationatCounty,UDandRALevel
                                                                                                                                         At	county	level	(Figure	1.0),	the	statistics	indicate	an	increase	of	7,673	persons	between	2002­
                                                                                                                                         2006,	a	total	of	7.4%.		This	is	down	on	the	previous	Census	year	where	a	total	population	
                                                                                                                                         increase	of	9.9%	was	recorded	between	1996-2002.		At	Urban	and	Rural	District	level,	the	
                                120000
                                                                                                                    1991                 most	significant	population	changes	occur	in	the	Meelick	and	Tulla	Rural	Areas	which	show	
                                100000
                                                                                                                    1996                 population	increases	of	11.2%	and	14.9%	respectively	on	2002	figures.	
                                 80000
                                                                                                                    2002                 The	components	of	the	population	increase	in	County	Clare	2002-2006	are	identified	by	
                                 60000
                                                                                                                    2006                 distinguishing	between	growth	attributed	to	natural	increases	and	that	attributed	to	migration.			
                                 40000
                                 20000                                                                                                   	                                                                                                                         Clare	              State	
                                          0                                                                                              Population	Change:	2002-2006:	                                                                                            7673	              322645	
                                                   ro ura D




                                                    ar ura a
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                                              M h ru area
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                                                     Tu ural a
                                                            ru rea




                                                                                                                                         Natural	Increase	(births	minus	deaths):	                                                                                  3504	               31314
                                                                         e
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                                                                   l
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                                          En nn ral
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                                                                 a




                                                                                                                                         Total	Estimated	Net	Migration1:	                                                                                          1469	              191331
                                                               r
                                          En




                                                 E Ru
                                                           Ru
                                    e




                                                            r



                                                            r
                                                           fr
                                                 Ki
                                 lar




                                                        lla
                                                          k
                                                       rif
                                                      fin

                                                        is




                                                        s
                                 C




                                                     se




                                                                                                                                         Average	annual	birth	rates	per	1000	population:	                                                                          10.5	                10.0
                                                     h




                                                  ee
                                                  im
                                                 ag




                                                Sc
                                                Ki
                                              or



                                               st
                                             lla
                                                     v
                                                 lly




                                            ni




                                                                                                                                         Average	annual	death	rates	per	1000	population:	                                                                           5.0	                 4.7
                                              Ba




                                                                                                                                         Average	annual	estimated	net	migration	rates	per	1000	of	average	population:		                                             	6.5	               	7.8	
                    Figure1.1PopulationChangeinUrbanandRuralDistrictsinClare1991-2006


                                                                                                                                         1 Net migration refers to the difference between in migration and out-migration. It includes migration to and from other counties within Ireland as well as abroad.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               15
3
     In	the	four	year	period	between	2002-2006,	County	Clare’s	birth	rate	of	10.5	exceeded	         which	possibly	reflects	the	towns	growing	status	as	a	commuter	town	situated	within	
     the	national	average	of	10.0	per	1000	population,	while	Clare’s	death	rate	(5.0)	also	         close	proximity	to	both	Limerick	city	and	Ennis	town	centres.
     exceeded	the	national	average	of	4.7	per	thousand	population.		The	above	figures	also	
                                                                                                       Town	          Total	       Total	   Population	 Population	 Population	 Population	 Percentage	
     show	that	in	Clare,	net	migration	outweighed	natural	increase	as	a	contributor	to	              Population   Population	 Population	 within	legally	 within	legally	 of	suburbs	 of	suburbs	     change	
     population	growth.		This	raises	the	question	of	how	much	of	this	migration	is	due	to	                         (including	  (including	  defined	       defined	      or	environs	 or	environs	  in	total	
                                                                                                                  suburbs	or	 suburbs	or	 boundary	        boundary	         2002         2006      population	
     movements	between	Irish	counties	and	how	much	is	due	to	migration	from	oversees.		                            environs)	   environs)	    2002            2006                                  2002-2006
     The	Census	does	not	provide	these	figures	for	the	entire	2002-2006	period	but	it	does	                           2002         2006
                                                                                                    Towns	10,000	population	and	over
     give	information	about	movements	in	the	year	directly	prior	to	the	Census	of	Population	
                                                                                                       Ennis         22051        24253       18830          20142           3221         4111          10
     2006.			In	Clare,	the	vast	majority	of	people	(95.2%)	had	been	living	in	the	county	in	2005	   Towns	5,000	-	9,999	population
     and	2006.	2.3%	were	classified	as	having	lived	elsewhere	in	the	State	in	2005	with	a	total	      Shannon         8561         9222         8228          8481          333          741           7.7
     of	2.6%	having	lived	outside	the	State	(UK	–	0.5%;	Western	Europe	-	0.3%;	Eastern	Europe	      Towns	1,500	-	2,999	population
     1.2%;	USA	–	0.2%	and	Other:	0.5%).			                                                             Kilrush       2699            2694       2699          2657           0            37           -0.2
                                                                                                    Sixmilebridge    1327            1659         0             0            0             0           25
                                                                                                    Newmarket-       1496            1542         0             0            0             0           3.1
     3.2     RuralityandPopulationDensity                                                       on-Fergus
     According	to	the	Western	Development	Commission	(WDC)	report	examining	key	                                      Table1.3PopulationsofKeyTowns(pop.1,500+)inCountyClare
     demographic	and	socio-economic	trends	(2007),	the	Western	Region	in	general	is	
     predominantly	rural,	with	two	thirds	of	the	population	(68.3%)	living	outside	of	towns	
     with	a	population	of	1,500	or	more.	

     Approximately	32.6%	of	the	population	of	County	Clare	lives	in	centres	of	1,500+	with	
     the	remaining	67.4%	living	outside	centres	of	1,500+.		Each	of	the	larger	towns	(except	
     Kilrush)	in	County	Clare	shows	an	increase	in	total	population	with	concomitant	
     increases	in	the	population	within	legally	defined	boundaries	and	the	population	of	
     suburbs	or	the	environs.	Of	the	five	major	towns	in	the	population	range	1,500-10,000,	
     only	Kilrush	displayed	a	decrease	in	population	of	only	–0.2%,	with	Ennis	showing	an	
     increase	of	10%	and	the	population	of	Shannon	increasing	by	7.7%	on	the	previous	
     Census	year.		Sixmilebridge	shows	the	most	significant	increase	in	population	at	25%	



16
             Total Popu Total Popu Population Population Population Population Percentage change in total population 2002-2006
 Ennis          22051      24253      18830      20142       3221       4111          10



                                                                                                                                                                                                    3
 Shannon          8561       9222      8228       8481         333        741         7.7
 Kilrush          2699       2694      2699       2657            0        37        -0.2
 Sixmilebridg     1327       1659           0          0          0          0        25
 Newmarket        1496       1542           0          0          0          0        3.1




                                                                                                                                    Population	Density	of	EDs	2006
            25000                                                                                             Ennis
                                                                                                              Shannon
            20000                                                                                             Kilrush
                                                                                                              Sixmilebridge
            15000
                                                                                                              Newmarket-on-Fergus

            10000


             5000


                0
                        Total         Total   Population Population Population of Population of Percentage
                    Population    Population within legally within legally suburbs or suburbs or  change in
                     (including    (including   defined        defined      environs   environs     total
            -5000   suburbs or    suburbs or  boundary       boundary         2002       2006    population
                     environs)     environs)     2002           2006                             2002-2006
                        2002          2006



             Figure1.3PopulationChangeinKeyTownsinCountyClare2002-2006

In	relation	to	population	density,	the	Census	data	reveal	significant	variations	both	within	
and	between	counties	with	those	areas	of	lowest	population	density	generally	occurring	
in	more	remote	and	rural	areas.		(See	Map	1.0	which	indicates	the	number	of	persons	per	
square	kilometre).

Not	surprisingly,	the	map	shows	a	high	concentration	of	population	around	the	urban	
district	of	Ennis	where	population	density	ranges	from	100+	per	square	km	in	the	town	
centre	to	between	50-100	per	square	km	in	the	periphery	(indicated	by	red	and	orange	
reflecting	high	density),	while	the	darkest	grey	areas,	which	tend	to	be	quite	remote,	
are	those	DEDs	with	the	lowest	population	density.		The	map	clearly	indicates	that	the	
sparsest	populations	occur	along	the	Western	region	possibly	associated	with	population	
decline	in	these	areas	and	migration	to	the	larger	urban	centres.		There	is	a	stark	contrast	
between	population	densities	in	the	Western	region	compared	to	the	East	particularly	
around	Dublin,	Kildare,	Meath	and	Wexford.		


                                                                                                                                                      Map1.0PopulationDensityofDEDsfor2006


                                                                                                                                                                                                    17
3
     3.3        AgeProfileofCountyClare                                                           Age	Group         Total          0-14	years   15-24	years   25-44	years   45-64	years   65	years	and	
                                                                                                                                                                                                    over
     Tables	1.4	and	1.5	show	the	age	profiles	of	each	of	the	counties	in	the	Mid-West	region	         Towns	10,000	population	and	over
     and	some	of	the	larger	towns	in	County	Clare	(population	1,500	+)	including	the	                     Ennis          24253             5118          3225          8657          4768          2485

     distribution	of	population	across	age	groups.	The	age	of	the	population	is	significant	          Towns	5,000	-	9,999	population
                                                                                                         Shannon          9222             1903          1502          3200          1939           678
     because	it	represents	the	numbers	available	to	become	part	of	the	labour	force	as	well	as	
                                                                                                      Towns	1,500	-	2,999	population
     indicating	the	proportion	of	the	population	who	might	be	classified	as	‘dependent’.	                 Kilrush         2694              502          307           670           717            498
            State	      Mid-West	        Tipp	NR	       Limerick	City	      Clare	       Age	Group	    Sixmilebridge      1659              391          211           632           326            99
                                                         and	County
                                                                                                       Newmarket-         1542              275          251           432           413            171
        4239848          361028           66023            184055          110950          Total        on-Fergus
        302252           25204             4707            12291            8206            0-4
                                                                                                       Table1.5Persons(malesandfemale)classifiedbyagegroupinkeytownsinCountyClare2006
        288325           25044             4846            12080            8118            5-9
        273872           23770             4549            11572            7649           10-14
        290257           25700             4296            14135            7269           15-19
        342475           28707             4494            17160            7053           20-24
        373078           28713             4649            16104            7960           25-29
        349361           27688             4962            14112            8614           30-34
        322105           26645             4837            13055            8753           35-39
        301329           25529             4878            12405            8246           40-44
        274745           23798             4447            11767            7584           45-49
        247068           21885             4147            10963            6775           50-54
        225328           20347             3668            10051            6628           55-59
        181727           16387             3128             8085            5174           60-64
        143396           12674             2338             6352            3984           65-69
        119152           10621             2249             5202            3170           70-74
         92466            8203             1740             3938            2525           75-79
         64884            5874             1264             2838            1772           80-84
         48028            4239             824              1945            1470           85	+

                      Table1.4Persons(malesandfemale)classifiedbyagegroupin
                                   Mid-WestRegionandtheState2006




18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3
                                                                                                                                               Figure	1.4	shows	population	peaks	between	the	20-24	and	30-34	age	groups	and	
                                                                                                                           Clare               subsequent	declines	in	each	county	in	the	Mid-West	region	for	2006.	In	general,	the	
                           35000
                                                                                                                           Limerick City and   relatively	high	numbers	in	the	lower	age	categories	(0-19)	reflect	the	overall	trend	of	
  No. of Persons (M & F)




                           30000                                                                                           County
                           25000
                                                                                                                           North Tipperary
                                                                                                                                               increased	birth	rates	in	recent	decades.		A	similar	peak	is	evident	at	town	level	(Figure	
                                                                                                                           Mid-West
                           20000                                                                                                               1.5).	The	figures	show	that	the	greatest	proportion	of	the	population	in	the	Mid-West	and	
                           15000                                                                                                               in	key	towns	in	County	Clare	fall	into	the	working	age	categories	of	between	16-65	years,	
                           10000                                                                                                               while	the	older	proportion	of	the	population	declines	sharply	from	age	60+.	
                           5000
                               0
                                                                                                                                               3.4     EducationStatusandQualifications
                                                   9 s
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                                                                                                                                               The	use	of	education	status	and	qualifications	is	an	important	indicator	of	human	capital,	
                                                     y
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                                                                                                                                               social	mobility,	technological	competency	and	a	potential	employee’s	ability	to	adapt	to	
                                                                                                                                               continuing	socio-economic	change.		The	Enterprise	Strategy	Group	report	Ahead of the
                           Figure1.4Persons(malesandfemales)classifiedbyagegroupinMid-WestRegion2006
                                                                                                                                               Curve, Ireland’s Place in the Global Economy	(2004)	identifies	some	key	aspects	of	education	
                                                                                                                                               and	skills	development	as	critical	to	the	future	of	the	enterprise	sector:
                           30000
                                                                                                                                                   M
                                                                                                                                               1.	 	 aximise	numbers	entering	higher	education:	an	adaptive	and	responsive	higher	
                                                                                                                        Ennis
                           25000                                                                                                                   education	sector	is	necessary	to	generate	the	intellectual	capital	required	to	fuel	an	
                                                                                                                        Shannon
                                                                                                                                                   innovation	driven	economy.
No. of Persons (M&F)




                           20000                                                                                        Kilrush
                                                                                                                        Sixmilebridge
                           15000                                                                                                                   T
                                                                                                                                               2.	 	 o	foster	the	continual	acquisition	of	knowledge,	skills	and	competencies,	formalised	
                                                                                                                        Newmarket-on-Fergus
                                                                                                                                                   approaches	to	lifelong	learning	must	be	introduced	and	corresponding	delivery	
                           10000
                                                                                                                                                   structures	put	in	place.
                            5000
                                                                                                                                               Tables	1.6	and	1.7	show	a	number	of	interesting	trends	which	summarise	the	highest	
                               0                                                                                                               level	of	education	attained	by	the	population	in	County	Clare	aged	15	years	and	over	
                               Total              0-14 years   15-24 years   25-44 years   45-64 years   65 years and
                                                                                                             over                              who	have	completed	full-time	education	for	2002	and	2006	and	also	levels	of	educational	
                                                                                                                                               attainment	in	counties	in	the	Mid-West	region	and	in	key	towns	in	Clare	with	populations	
                                        Figure1.5Persons(malesandfemales)ineachtownofpopulation1500+
                                                          classifiedbyagegroupinClare2006                                                in	excess	of	1,500.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               19
3
                                                                                                                          In	relation	to	those	who	have	at	most	primary	or	no	formal	education,	the	figures	
                                                                                                                          show	a	noticeable	decrease	from	20.3%	in	2002	to	16.5%	in	County	Clare	in	2006.		This	
                       Primary	(incl.	no	      Secondary        Third	level	      Third	level	      Not	Stated            compares	favourably	with	the	State	average	of	18%	in	this	category	for	2006.	Those	with	
                      formal	education)                         Non-degree      Degree	or	higher
                                                                                                                          primary/secondary	education	alone	has	also	decreased	slightly	from	51.3%	in	2002	to	
                           2002      2006    2002      2006    2002     2006     2002     2006     2002     2006
                                                                                                                          50.2%	in	2006	with	an	associated	increase	in	the	percentage	of	the	population	with	third	
     	                      %            %    %         %       %         %       %        %        %        %
     Clare                 20.3       16.5   51.3      50.2     9.7      11.1    13.4     16.4      5.2      5.8
                                                                                                                          level	non-degrees	(increase	from	9.7%	to	11.1%)	and	third	level	degree	or	higher	(13.4%	
     State                 21.1       18.0   49.2      48.3     9.5      10.6    15.1     18.5      5.1      4.6          to	16.4%)	in	the	four	year	period	to	2006.		However,	although	those	with	a	third	level	
        Table1.6%ofthepopulationinClareandtheState(15years+),whohavefinishedfull-time
                                                                                                                          degree	or	higher	in	County	Clare	has	increased	on	the	previous	Census	year,	the	figure	
        education,bythehighestlevelofeducationcompleted,2002and2006(Source,WDC2007)                          still	falls	below	the	State	average	of	18.5%	for	2006.

                	                 Total	         Total	whose	      Primary	(incl.	no	 Lower	secondary	 Upper	secondary	   Third	level,	     Third	level,	     Not	stated	       Total	whose	     Total	at	school,	   Other	economic	
                	                   	        full-time	education	 formal	education)	         	                 	          non-degree	     degree	or	higher	        	        full-time	education	 university,	etc	        status	
                                                  has	ceased                                                                                                                     not	ceased
     Clare                        86977             74967             12402             14598              23001             8330              12272            4364              12010                7887               4123
     Limerick                   148112              122555            22231             26765              35837            13113              19972            4637              25557               18632               6925
     Tipp	NR                      51921             44813              8193             10294              14066             4411              6067             1782               7108                4758               2350
     Mid-West                   287010              242335            42826             51657              72904            25854              38311            10783             44675               31277              13398
     State                      3375399           2850333             514085            573411            803498            301327            527775           130237            525066              349596              175470
     Towns	10,000+
     Ennis                        19135             16334              2177              2763              5179              1954              3390              871               2801                1462               1339
     Towns	5,000	-	9,999
     Shannon                      7319               6162              805               1314              2314               644               791              294               1157                655                502
     Towns	1,500	-	2,999
     Kilrush                      2192               1934              460               362                538               131               194              249               258                 148                110
     Sixmilebridge                1268               1091              179               253                334               137               154              34                177                 112                 65
     Newmarket-on-                1267               1093              210               292                321               97                107              66                174                 129                 45
     Fergus
       Table1.7Persons,malesandfemalesaged15yearsandoverclassifiedbyhighestlevelofeducationcompleted,2006(fortheMid-Westregionandtownswithpopulationsinexcessof1500inCountyClare)




20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3
                                                                                                                                                                                                      In the Mid-West region, of those whose full time education has ceased, 17.6% have
       300000
                                                                                                                                                                                          Clare
       250000
                                                                                                                                                                                                      only primary education or no formal education, just below that State average of 18%.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Limerick
       200000
                                                                                                                                                                                                      10.7% have third level non-degree qualifications, while 15.8% have third level degrees or
                                                                                                                                                                                          Tipp NR
       150000                                                                                                                                                                             Mid-West    higher. Of the towns in County Clare with a population in excess of 1500, 13.3% of the
       100000                                                                                                                                                                                         population of Ennis, 13% of the population of Shannon and 16.5% of the population of
           50000                                                                                                                                                                                      Sixmilebridge had primary education only including no formal education in 2006 (below
                  0                                                                                                                                                                                   the State average), while of those whose full time education has ceased, Kilrush, 23.8%
                        al




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Figure 1.6 Persons, males and females aged 15 years and over classified by highest level                                                                                                              Sixmilebride at 14%, Shannon at 12.8%, Kilrush at 10% and Newmarket-on-Fergus at 9.8%.
                    of education completed in the Mid-West, 2006                                                                                                                                      However, all five towns fall below the State average of 18.5% for 2006.
            20000
            18000                                                                                                                                                               Ennis
            16000
                                                                                                                                                                                Shannon
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            12000                                                                                                                                                               Kilrush
            10000                                                                                                                                                               Sixmilebridge
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             6000                                                                                                                                                               Newmarket-on-Fergus
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       Figure 1.7 Persons, males and females aged 15 years and over in Clare classified by
          highest level of education completed in towns with population of 1500+, 2006



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   21
                                        Total                    Education   Humanities   Socail Sciences,    Science,       Computing     Engineering,          Agriculture   Health      Social        Services      Not stated          Multiple



3
                                       Persons                                and Arts    Business & Law     Mathematics                  Manufacturing               &                   Services                                         subjects
                                                                                                             & Statistics                & Construction          Veterinary
     Clare                              19604                       1888       1771            3327              904            1188         2815                   564        2343         594               1430        240                   2540
     Limerick                           32671                       2741       3008            6068             1575            2625         4874                   841        4013         956               1880        370                   3720
     Tipp NR                            10165                       1101        813            1720              394            670          1188                   533        1431         327               646         146                   1196
     Mid-West                           62440                       5730       5592           11115             2873            4483         8877                   1938       7787         1877              3956        756                   7456
     State                             820760                       61218      82014          172519            42016          54901        100959                 21104       99597       26069          50021          10286              100056
     Towns 10,000+
     Ennis               5189                                          477      469             991              250            305           696                    84         603         161               377          59                   717
     Towns 5,000 - 9,999
     Shannon             1489                                          79       122             292              63             138           320                    15         99           41               150          12                   158
     Towns 1,500 - 2,999
     Kilrush                                323                        26       23              51                9                 14        40                     12         54           15                30           7                    42
     Sixmilebridge                          267                        16       18              49               13                 27        57                     4          16           10                24           3                    30
     Newmarket-on-                          199                        20       16              32                9                 13        29                     3          21           10                17           4                    25
     Fergus
                                Table 1.8 Persons, males and females aged 15 years and over with a third level qualification attained after completing 2 or more years of study in the Mid-West & key towns in
                                                                                                 Clare, classified by main subject area, 2006




       70000                                                                                                                                    6000
       60000                                                                                                                Clare               5000                                                                            Ennis
       50000                                                                                                                                    4000                                                                            Shannon
                                                                                                                            Limerick
       40000                                                                                                                                    3000
                                                                                                                            Tipp NR                                                                                             Kilrush
       30000
                                                                                                                                                2000
       20000                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sixmilebridge
                                                                                                                            Mid-West            1000
       10000                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Newmarket-on-Fergus
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                           Figure 1.8 Persons aged 15 years and over with a third level qualification                                               Figure 1.9 Persons aged 15 years and over with a third level qualification attained after
                             attained after completing 2 or more years of study in the Mid-West                                                     completing 2 or more years of study in key towns (population 1500+) in County Clare




22
                                                                                                                                                                                               3
Of those persons in the Mid-West region with a third level qualification having completed         The Expert Group on Future Skills Needs (EGFSN) has the task of advising Government
2 years or more of study, the highest number of graduates are found in the Social                 on future skills requirements and associated labour market issues that impact on
Sciences and Business, followed by Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction and the            national potential for enterprise and employment growth. The publication of the report
Health professions. Proportionately, of those persons with a third level qualification in         Tomorrow’s Skills – Towards a National Skills Strategy (2007) proposes a vision of Ireland
the State, 7.6% of them are found in the Mid-West region with 2.3% of total graduates             in 2020 in which a well-educated and highly skilled population contributes optimally to
in County Clare where a similar trend indicates the highest number of graduates in the            a competitive, innovation-driven, knowledge-based, participative and inclusive economy.
aforementioned fields of study.                                                                   The Group proposes that by 2020 (Figure 1.10): 48% of the labour force should have
                                                                                                  qualifications at NFQ Levels 6 to 10; 45% should have qualifications at NFQ levels 4 and
In towns in County Clare, where the population exceeds 1500, the trend shows the                  5; and the remaining 7% will have qualifications at NFQ levels 1 to 3 but should aspire to
higest number of persons with a third level qualification in Ennis, then Shannon, Kilrush,        achieve skills at higher levels.
Sixmilebridge and Newmarket-on-Fergus, proportionately reflecting the populations of
these towns.

Those graduates with qualifications in Science, Mathematics and Statistics form just 5% of
total graduates in Ireland with Clare falling slightly below the State average at 4.6%. Those
with qualifications in Humanities and the Social Sciences in the State form almost 10% of
the total figure with a similar figure of 9% of total persons with a 3rd level qualification in
County Clare. The publication of the Strategy for Science,Technology and Innovation 2006-
2013, aims to almost double the number of SET (Science, Engineering and Technology)
PhD graduates and HSS (Humanities and Social Sciences) PhD graduates by 2013 and also
aims to promote an ethos of world class research and development across across the
spectrum of humanities, physical and social sciences. Total projections for postgraduate
numbers in these fields are shown below.                                                                                       Figure 1.10 EGFSN Vision for 2020
      Year          2005   2006     2007     2008     2009    2010     2011     2012    2013
SET PhD graduates   543     606      660     724      801      881     919      958      997
HSS Output PhD      187     284      234     285      282      300     306      306      315
Graduates/
Postdocs




                                                                                                                                                                                               23
3
     3.5         Socio-economic Status                                                                                               Unemployed having lost or given up
                                                                                                                                              previous job
     Socio-economic status (SES) is a term that generally describes the position of an individual
     group in a population or society, reflecting the overall hierarchy.The most frequently used                                                             Assisting relative

     indicators of SES are employment and occupational categories. Census 2006 provides data                                                                             Employee
     on the SES of the population, classifying individuals according to whether they are working,
                                                                                                                                        Employer or own account worker
     unemployed, looking for first regular job, employer, employee, assisting relative, students,
     working in the home or unable to work due to sickness or other disability.                                                                                       Total at Work


                                                                                                                                            Total at work and unemployed
      Employment       Total at   Total at work   Employer or    Employee       Assisting    Unemployed
        Status        work and                    own account                   relative      having lost
                                                                                                                                                                                  0              50000     100000          150000      200000
                     unemployed                     worker                                   or given up
                                                                                             previous job
                                                                                                                                                         Clare              Limerick            North Tipperary          Mid-West
     Clare              54077        50607           9751         40688           168           3470
     Limerick           87231        80525          12185         68097           243           6706         Figure 1.11 Persons (m & f) aged 15 years and over at work and unemployed (excluding first time
     North              31352        29355           6136         23080           139           1997                                        job seekers) in the Mid-West, 2006
     Tipperary
     Mid-West          172660        160487         28072         131865          550           12173          Unemployed having lost or given up previous job
     State             2080126      1930042         308221       1616304          5517         150084
     Towns 10,000+                                                                                                                           Assisting relative


     Ennis               12544       11497           1398         10075            24           1047
                                                                                                                                                    Employee
     Towns 5,000 - 9,999
     Shannon             4961         4592           362           4225            5             369                         Employer or own account worker

     Towns 1,500 - 2,999
                                                                                                                                                Total at Work
     Kilrush            1128           999           152            843            4             129
     Sixmilebridge       882           828            83            745            0             54                             Total at work and unemployed

     Newmarket-          797           740            52            685            3             57                                                               0           2000              4000     6000            8000       10000     12000       14000
     on-Fergus
                   Table 1.9 Persons (m & f) aged 15 years and over at work and unemployed
                                                                                                                                Ennis                   Shannon                       Kilrush            Sixmilebridge              Newmarket-on-Fergus
     (excluding first time job seekers) in the State, Mid-West and key towns in Clare with a population of
                              1,500 or more, classified by employment status, 2006
                                                                                                             Figure 1.12 Persons (m & f) aged 15 years and over at work and unemployed (excluding first time
                                                                                                                              job seekers) in the key towns in Clare (population 1500+), 2006




24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3
According to the Census figures for 2006, 57% of the total population of the State were                      For those towns in County Clare with a population in excess of 1500, Ennis records
at work while 4% were categorised as unemployed. Of the total population of County                           52.1% of the population as at work, with 4.7% as unemployed and 0.1% assisting a relative.
Clare (110,950), 50,607 (45.6%) were classified as at work while 3.12% were classed                          Similar figures are available for Shannon with 53.6% of the population at work, 4.3%
as unemployed, below the State average. 0.15% of the population of Clare was classed                         unemployed and 0.1% assisting a relative. For the smaller towns, Kilrush records a total
as assisting a relative. This compares favourably with average figures for the Mid-West                      of 37% at work with 4.8% unemployed, Sixmilebridege stands at 62.3% at work with 4%
region which shows that in 2006, 44.4% of the population was classified as at work, with                     unemployed and Newmarket-on-Fergus records 49.4% at work with 3.8% unemployed.
3.37% categorised as unemployed and 0.15% assisting a relative.

                   Total     Looking for     Student     Looking     Retired       Unable to         Other
                             first regular             after home/                work due to
                                  job                     family                   permanent                                                                                                              North Tipperary
                                                                               sickness/disability              35000
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Clare

Clare              86977         698          7887       10202       10522           3257             334       30000                                                                                     Limerick City and County

Limerick          148112        1335         18632       16631       16201           7312             770       25000                                                                                     Mid-West
                                                                                                                20000
North              51921         381          4758        6563        6470           2267             130        15000
Tipperary                                                                                                        10000
Mid-West          287010        2414         31277       33396       33193          12836            1234         5000
                                                                                                                     0
Towns 10,000+                                                                                                     Looking for first
                                                                                                                    regular job       Student
Ennis            19135           271          1462        1858        2077           828              95                                        Looking after
                                                                                                                                                 home/family    Retired
                                                                                                                                                                          Unable to work due to
Towns 5,000 - 9,999                                                                                                                                                         permt. sickness or    Other
                                                                                                                                                                                disability
Shannon           7319            61          655         726         601            292              23
Towns 1,500 - 2,999                                                                                           Figure 1.13 Persons, males and females aged 15 years and over classified by principal economic
Kilrush            2192           26          148         282         418            185               5                                       status in the Mid-West, 2006
Sixmilebridge      1268           8           112         133          72             60               1
Newmarket-         1267           4           129         126         151             56               4
on-Fergus
                Table 1.10 Persons, males and females aged 15 years and over classified by
                                     principal economic status, 2006




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     25
3

                                                                                       Newmarket-on-Fergus                                         Industry not stated
                                                                                       Sixmilebridge           Other community, social and personal service activities                                                    Mid-West
                    2500                                                                                                                       Health and social work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          North Tipperary
                                                                                       Kilrush
                    2000                                                                                                                                     Education
                                                                                       Shannon                                      Public administration and defence                                                     Limerick
                    1500
                                                                                                                            Real estate, renting and business activities                                                  Clare
                                                                                       Ennis
                    1000                                                                                                                 Banking and financial services
                     500                                                                                                      Transport, storage and communications
                        0                                                                                                                      Hotels and restaurants
                                                                                                                                           Wholesale and retail trade
                         b
                         jo




                                   nt




                                                                                                                                                         Construction
                     ar




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                    ul




                                                           ed
                                             fam
                                 u
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                              St




                                                                                                                                      Electricity, gas and water supply
                                                                          k
                  re




                                                        tir




                                                                         r
                                             e/




                                                                      wo




                                                                                  er
                                                        Re
              st




                                           om




                                                                                                                                              Manufacturing industries
                                                                              th
             fir




                                                                     to
                                        rh




                                                                              O
             or




                                                                 e




                                                                                                                                Mining, quarrying and turf production
                                     fte
           gf




                                                                bl
                                                                na
                                   ga
        in
       ok




                                                                                                                                      Agriculture, forestry and fishing
                                                             U
                                in
      Lo




                              ok
                              Lo




                                                                                                                                                                           0         10000      20000          30000
      Figure 1.14 Persons, males and females aged 15 years and over classified by principal economic 

                                    status in key towns in Clare, 2006

                                                                                                             Figure 1.15 Persons, males and females aged 15 years and over in the Mid-West classified by broad
                                                                                                                                                  industrial group, 2006
     The statistics indicate that of those persons aged 15 and over classified by principal
     economic status, 0.8% of total persons in County Clare are looking for their first regular
     job, while 9% are students, 11.7% are looking after home/family, 3.74% are disabled or                                                        Industry not stated                                                 Newmarket-on-Fergus
                                                                                                              Other community, social and personal service activities
     coping with a permanent sickness and 12% are retired.This compares to the average for                                                   Health and social work                                                    Sixmilebridge
                                                                                                                                                            Education
     the Mid-West which currently stands at 0.84% looking for their first regular job, 10.9%                                     Public administration and defence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Kilrush

                                                                                                                        Real estate, renting and business activities                                                   Shannon
     are students, while 11.6% are looking after home and family, 11.5% are retired and 4.5%                                           Banking and financial services
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ennis
     are unable to work due to permanent disability or illness.                                                           Transport, storage and communications
                                                                                                                                              Hotels and restaurants
                                                                                                                                         Wholesale and retail trade
                                                                                                                                                         Construction
     3.5.1 Broad Industrial Group                                                                                                   Electricity, gas and water supply
                                                                                                                                            Manufacturing industries
     The following Table 1.11 and Figures 1.15 and 1.16 compare the numbers at work in the                                   Mining, quarrying and turf production
                                                                                                                                    Agriculture, forestry and fishing
     Mid-West region and in the larger towns in County Clare broken down by industrial group.
                                                                                                                                                                           0   500       1000   1500    2000


                                                                                                                Figure 1.16 Persons, males and females aged 15 years and over in key towns in County Clare
                                                                                                                                         classified by broad industrial group, 2006




26
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3
  Industry       Total    Agriculture,   Mining,          Manu­       Electricity Construction Wholesale      Hotels &     Transport, Banking and    Real estate,       Public        Education    Health &    Other comm.,      Industry
                          forestry & quarrying & turf   facturing    gas & water              & retail trade restaurants storage and    financial renting & business administration               social work social & personal not stated
                            fishing    production       industrial      supply                                           communications services       activities     & defence                               service activities
Clare            50607       3213           261           7364           636          6071          5636          3102          3408          1406          3747          2539          3465         4128          1877           3754
Limerick         80525       4161           152          15688           433          8224         10688          4059          4722          1964          6496          3107          5969         7937          2867           4058
North Tipp       29355       2822           440           4272           157          3433          4034          1286          1279          725           1540          1946          2091         2708          1069           1553
Mid-West        160487      10196           853          27324          1226         17728         20358          8447          9409          4095         11783          7592         11525        14773          5813           9365
State           1930042     89277          7751         243182         11290         215184        257309        100731        105705        85413        180973        101264         127476       191219         80358        132910
Towns 10,000+
Ennis            11497        94            60            1657           102          1355          1492          869           712           386           963           746           811          1019           482           749
Towns 5,000 - 9,999
Shannon          4592         31             7            1330            8            267           419          300           585           197           542           115           158           133           127           373
Towns 1,500 - 2,999
Kilrush           999         13             1             85            83            147           170           63            33            18            54            29            72           104            31            96
Sixmilebridge     828         11             2            178             3            88            90            59            98            28            85            30            33           42             21            60
Newmarket-        740         10             4            139             1            71            62            90            94            19            50            23            36           49             31            61
on-Fergus
                    Table 1.11 Persons, males and females aged 15 years and over at work in the Mid-West and key towns in County Clare (pop. 1500+), classified by broad industrial group,


In the Mid-West a total of 17% work in the manufacturing industry compared to 12.6%                                       Similar trends are evident in some of the larger towns in County Clare with the
in the State, 11% work in the construction industry compared to a similar figure of 11.1%                                 greatest proportion of workers in Ennis employed in the manufacturing, retail/
in the State, and a total of 12.7% work in the wholesale and retail trade compared to                                     wholesale and construction industries, while in Shannon after manufacturing, the next
13.3% at State level. For County Clare, these figures amount to 14.6% working in the                                      greatest proportion of the population is employed in the transportation, storage and
manufacturing industry, with 12% in the construction industry and 11.1% in the wholesale                                  communications industry, followed by real estate, renting and business activities.
and retail trade. A total of 8.1% are employed in the health and social work sector in
County Clare compared to 9.2% in the Mid-West region and almost 10% in the State.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             27
3
     3.6         County of Residence and Place of Work                                                                                   Waterford
                                                                                                                      Tipperary                   Wexford      Donegal
                  County                 Number of Commuters             Number of Commuters                                         Westmeath
                                                                                                                             Sligo               Cork                Dublin
                                            from Clare to:                 into Clare from:                               Mayo                                                       Kerry
                                                                                                                      Meath                                  Galway
     Carlow                                       0                                  0
                                                                                                                                                                                      Laois
     Cavan                                        0                                  0
     Clare                                      23548                           23548
     Cork                                         65                                148
     Donegal                                      0                                  7
     Dublin                                      150                                36
     Galway                                      574                                388
     Kerry                                        7                                 47
     Kildare                                      0                                  0
     Kilkenny                                     0                                  6
     Laois                                        7                                  8                                   Limerick
     Leitrim                                      0                                  0
                                                                                               Figure 1.17 Commuters from County Clare – County of Destination
     Limerick                                    5688                           4155
     Longford                                     0                                  0
                                                                                                      Roscommon Sligo           Wexford Donegal             Dublin
     Louth                                        0                                  0                                Waterford      Cork                              Kerry
                                                                                                                                                             Galway
     Mayo                                         7                                  8                Offaly
                                                                                                                             Tipperary                                         Kilkenny
     Meath                                        6                                  0                         Mayo

     Monaghan                                     0                                  0
                                                                                                                                                                                   Laois
     Offaly                                       0                                 23
     Roscommon                                    0                                 23
     Sligo                                        14                                 7
     Tipperary                                   124                                418
     Waterford                                    9                                 14                                       Limerick
     Westmeath                                    7                                  0
     Wexford                                      6                                  9
     Wicklow                                      0                                  0
                      Table 1.12 Commuters entering and leaving County Clare 2006
                                                                                                 Figure 1.18 Commuters into County Clare – County of Origin




28
Both Figures 1.17 and 1.18 clearly indicate that the majority of commuters leaving County                                      5 digit     DED         CO    EM     CO    EM     CO    EM    CO      EM    CO      EM     CO   EM



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3
                                                                                                                                code                   0-9   0-9   10-49 10-49   50­   50­   101­   101­   251­   251­   501+ 501+
Clare are working in Limerick, while the greatest number of commuters into County                                                                                                100   100   250    250    500    500
Clare are also coming from Limerick. The total leaving County Clare to work is 6,664                                           16030 Drumline          27    49     5     66      3    235    1     110     1     300
and the total coming into the county to work from other destinations is 5,297 leaving a                                        16031 Dysert                                0
                                                                                                                               16032 Ennis Rural        5     2     3     51                  2     320
net commute figure of –1,367.
                                                                                                                               16033 Furroor            3     2            0
                                                                                                                               16034 Kilcloher          2     1            0
3.7       Location and Size of Enterprises in County Clare                                                                     16035 Killanniv          3     5            0
5 digit      DED      CO    EM     CO    EM     CO     EM    CO      EM    CO      EM   CO   EM                                16036 Killone            3    11     1     12




                                                                                                    EM = Number of Employees




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     EM = Number of Employees
 code                 0-9   0-9   10-49 10-49   50­    50­   101­   101­   251­   251­ 501+ 501+                               16037 Kilnamona          1     0     2     28
                                                100   100    250    250    500    500
                                                                                                                               16038 Kilraghtis         6     5     2     28
16001 Ennis No. 1 U   371   969   126   2407     13   1040    7     1078    4     1185
                                                                                                                               16039 Kinturk                               0
16002 Ennis No. 2 U                       0
                                                                                                                               16040 Newmarket          6    10     1     15      1    100
16003 Ennis No. 3 U                       0
                                                                                                                               16041 Sixmilebridge     15    23     4     58
16004 Ennis No. 4 U                       0
                                                                                                                               16042 Spancelhill                           0
16005 Kilrush U.D.    71    130    19    428    3     175     1     120
                                                                                                                               16043 Tem plemaley                          0
16006 Abbey            5     9            0
                                                                                                                               16044 Tomfinlough        3     4            0
16007 Carran           1     0     1     14
                                                                                                                               16045 Urlan             18    31     3     106     1    90     2     380
16008 Castletown                          0
                                                                                                                               16046 Annagh                                0
16009 Derreen                             0
                                                                                                                               16047 Ballagh                               0
16010 Drumcreehy      12    20     5     93     2     120
                                                                                                                               16048 Ballyea                               0
16011 Gleninagh       2     0             0
                                                                                                                               16049 Ballysteen                     1     12
16012 Lisdoonvarna    13    21     7     155    1     75
                                                                                                                               16050 Ballyvaskin        2    2             0




                                                                                                    CO = Number of Companies




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     CO = Number of Companies
16013 Mountelva                           0
                                                                                                                               16051 Cloghaun           1    1             0
16014 Noughaval                           0
                                                                                                                               16052 Cloonanaha         1    2             0
16015 Oughtmama                    1     16
                                                                                                                               16053 Clooney                               0
16016 Rathborney                          0
                                                                                                                               16054 Ennistimon        61    135    12    264     2    100    1     140
16017 Ballyeighter                        0
                                                                                                                               16055 Formoyle                              0
16018 Boston           7     6     6     124
                                                                                                                               16056 Kilfenora          9    20     1     20
16019 Corrofin         9    19     1     12
                                                                                                                               16057 Killaspuglonane    1     2            0
16020 Glenroe                             0
                                                                                                                               16058 Killilagh         22    37     3     33
16021 Killinaboy      4     6             0
                                                                                                                               16059 Kilshanny          1     2            0
16022 Kiltoraght                          0
                                                                                                                               16060 Liscannor         10    13     3     52
16023 Muckanagh                           0
                                                                                                                               16061 Lurraga            1     0            0
16024 Rath                                0
                                                                                                                               16062 Magherareagh                          0
16025 Ruan             1     1            0
                                                                                                                               16063 Milltown Malbay 29      60     5     78
16026 Clareabbey      18    40     6     96     2     100     1     235
                                                                                                                               16064 Moy                3    3             0
16027 Clenagh         91    261    98   1948    26    1878   15     2454    6     2476   2   1350
                                                                                                                               16065 Smithstown                            0
16028 Crusheen         3    12     1     10
                                                                                                                               16066 Ballynacally                          0
16029 Doora           13    22            0




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           29
     5 digit         DED            CO    EM     CO    EM     CO    EM    CO      EM    CO      EM     CO   EM                               5 digit       DED           CO    EM     CO    EM     CO    EM    CO      EM    CO      EM     CO   EM



3
      code                          0-9   0-9   10-49 10-49   50­   50­   101­   101­   251­   251­   501+ 501+                               code                       0-9   0-9   10-49 10-49   50­   50­   101­   101­   251­   251­   501+ 501+
                                                              100   100   250    250    500    500                                                                                                 100   100   250    250    500    500
     16067     Clondagad             1    3             0                                                                                    16112     Fahymore                               0
     16068     Coolmeen              1    5              0                                                                                   16113     Killeely                               0
     16069     Kilchreest            2    6              0                                                                                   16114     Killokennedy                           0
     16070     Kilfiddane            1    2              0                                                                                   16115     Kilseily                               0
     16071     Killadysert           8    20             0                                                                                   16116     Kiltenanlea                    1      30
     16072     Killofin                                  0                                                                                   16117     Lackareagh                             0
     16073     Kilmurry                                  0                                                                                   16118     Mountievers                    3      34
     16074     Liscasey                                  0                                                                                   16119     O’Briensbridge                 1      12




                                                                                                                  EM = Number of Employees




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       EM = Number of Employees
     16075     Lisheen                                  0                                                                                    16120     Ayle                                  0
     16076     Rinealon                                 0                                                                                    16121     Boherglass                            0
     16077     Cahermurphy                              0                                                                                    16122     Caherhurley                            0
     16078     Cloonadrum                               0                                                                                    16123     Cahermurphy E C                1      45
     16079     Clooncoorha                       1     10                                                                                    16124     Cappaghabaun                           0
     16080     Cooraclare                        1     10                                                                                    16125     Carrowbaun                             0
     16081     Creegh                                   0                                                                                    16126     Cloonusker                     1      10
     16082     Doonbeg                           1     18                  1     150                                                         16127     Coolreagh                              0
     16083     Drumellihy                        2     57      1    55                                                                       16128     Corlea                                 0
     16084     Einagh                                   0                                                                                    16129     Derrynagittagh                         0
     16085     Glenmore                                 0                                                                                    16130     Drummaan                       2      35
     16086     Kilballyowen                             0                                                                                    16131     Feakle                                 0
     16087     Kilfearagh                               0                                                                                    16132     Iniscealtra N                          0
     16088     Kilkee                            2      47                                                                                   16133     Iniscealtra S                          0
     16089     Killard                                   0                                                                                   16134     Killaloe                               0     1    80
     16090     Killimer                                  0                                                                                   16135     Mountshannon                           0
     16091     Kilmihil                          2      46     1    80                                                                       16136     Ogonnelloe                      1     10




                                                                                                                  CO = Number of Companies




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       CO = Number of Companies
     16092     Kilmurry Ibrickane                       0                                                                                    16137     Scarriff                       11    239                 1     150
     16093     Kilrush Rural                            0                                                                                    16138     Ballyblood                            0
     16094     Knock                                    0                                                                                    16139     Ballynahinch                           0
     16095     Knocknaboley                             0                                                                                    16140     Caher                                 0
     16096     Knocknagore                              0                                                                                    16141     Clooney                                0
     16097     Moveen                                   0                                                                                    16142     Dangan                                 0
     16098     Moyarta                                  0                                                                                    16143     Glendree                               0
     16099     Mullagh                                  0                                                                                    16144     Kilkishen                      5     111
     16100     Querrin                                  0                                                                                    16145     Killanena                              0
     16101     Rahona                                   0                                                                                    16146     Killuran                               0                 1     226
     16102     St. Martin’s                             0                                                                                    16147     Kiltannon                              0
     16103     Tullig                                   0                                                                                    16148     Kyle                           1      15
     16104     Tullycreen                               0                                                                                    16149     Loughea                                0
     16105     Ballycannan                              0                                                                                    16150     Newgrove                               0
     16106     Ballyglass                        5     111     3    210                                                                      16151     Quin                           2      70
     16107     Cappavilla                                0                                                                                   16152     Rathclooney                            0
     16108     Castlecrine                               0                                                                                   16153     Rossroe                                0
     16109     Cloghera                          1      15                                                                                   16154     Toberbreeda                            0
     16110     Cloontra                          1      15                                                                                   16155     Tulla                                  0     1    70
     16111     Cratloe                                   0     1    50
                                                                                                                                                                Table 1.13 Locations and Size of Enterprise in County Clare by DED


30
The Kompass business database contains a range of information covering Irish


                                                                                                                                                                                             3
                                                                                                                                              FDI Projects per capita 03-07
commercial, industrial and financial companies and provides valuable information on key                     0.00025
themes such as type of industry, type of company, location of company, company size and
                                                                                                              0.0002
number of employees.Table 1.13 indicates that the majority of companies in County Clare
                                                                                                            0.00015
fall under the 0-9 employee category. However, the greatest proportion of employees
in the county works in companies with an employee range of between 10-49.The next                             0.0001

highest proportion of employees works in companies with an employee range of between                        0.00005
101-250 employees.
                                                                                                                        0




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3.8	    FDI	Projects,	Investments	and	Total	Jobs	Created




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County ID    County      Population      FDI         FDI     Number     County County Total County
                           2007        Projects Investment employed       Total    Investments Total Jobs                        Figure	1.19	FDI	Projects	per	capita	in	Ireland	2003-2007
                                      per capita per capita  by FDI    Projects as     as %     Created
                                        03-07    03-07 (€m) per capita % Country Country        as % of
                                                              03-07       Total        Total    Country                                FDI Investment per capita (� m) 03-07
                                                                                                 Total      0.014

    1         Carlow       50349      0.000040 0.000000 0.002185          0.3%         0.0%       0.3%      0.012
    2          Cavan       64003      0.000031 0.001578 0.003906          0.3%         0.7%       0.7%
                                                                                                             0.01
    3          Clare      110950      0.000180 0.005091 0.012186          3.4%         4.1%       3.6%
                                                                                                            0.008
    4          Cork       481295      0.000148 0.007597 0.011841         11.9%        26.8%      15.0%
                                                                                                            0.006
    5         Donegal     147264      0.000095 0.000928 0.005521          2.3%         1.0%       2.1%
    6         Dublin     1187176      0.000235 0.003280 0.014866         46.7%        28.5%      46.6%      0.004

    7         Galway      231670      0.000125 0.000158 0.006108          4.9%         0.3%       3.7%      0.002

    8          Kerry      139835      0.000057 0.000142 0.000543          1.3%         0.1%       0.2%          0




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    9         Kildare     186335      0.000134 0.012558 0.006279          4.2%        17.1%       3.1%




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   10        Kilkenny      87558      0.000046 0.000664 0.000343          0.7%         0.4%       0.1%
   11          Laois       67059      0.000015 0.000000 0.000000          0.2%         0.0%       0.0%                          Figure	1.20	FDI	Investment	per	capita	in	Ireland	2003-2007
   12         Leitrim      28950      0.000069 0.000000 0.001727          0.3%         0.0%       0.1%
   13        Limerick     184055      0.000125 0.001396 0.002934          3.9%         1.9%       1.4%
                                                                                                                                      Number Employed by FDI per capita 03-07
   14        Longford      34391      0.000145 0.002210 0.019104          0.8%         0.6%       1.7%
                                                                                                             0.02
   15          Louth      111267      0.000234 0.000953 0.016016          4.4%         0.8%       4.7%      0.018
   16          Mayo       123839      0.000048 0.007319 0.001098          1.0%         6.6%       0.4%      0.016
   17          Meath      162831      0.000031 0.000000 0.002125          0.8%         0.0%       0.9%      0.014
                                                                                                            0.012
   18       Monaghan       55997      0.000000 0.000000 0.000000          0.0%         0.0%       0.0%
                                                                                                             0.01
   19          Offaly      70868      0.000028 0.000071 0.000917          0.3%         0.0%       0.2%      0.008
   20       Roscommon      58768      0.000119 0.003485 0.012932          1.2%         1.5%       2.0%      0.006
   21           Sligo      60894      0.000197 0.000805 0.012546          2.0%         0.4%       2.0%      0.004
                                                                                                            0.002
   22        Tipperary    149244      0.000074 0.002888 0.010788          1.8%         3.2%       4.3%
                                                                                                                0
   23       Waterford     107961      0.000120 0.003327 0.005224          2.2%         2.6%       1.5%                          e




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   24       Westmeath      79346      0.000176 0.000355 0.011481          2.3%         0.2%       2.4%
   25        Wexford      131749      0.000068 0.000106 0.003947          1.5%         0.1%       1.4%
   26        Wicklow      126194      0.000055 0.003199 0.004755          1.2%         3.0%       1.6%              Figure	1.21	FDI	Number	Employed	by	FDI	per	capita	in	Ireland	2003-2007

                   Table	1.14	FDI	Projects	and	Investments	in	Ireland	2003-2007


                                                                                                                                                                                             31
3
     County ID    County      FDI Projects     FDI      Number County Total County Total County Total     Ireland’s unprecedented levels of economic growth in recent decades have been
                               per capita  Investment  employed   Projects as Investments Jobs Created
                                 03-07      per capita by FDI per % Country as % Country     as % of      attributed, in large part, to foreign direct investment (FDI), particularly from the United
                               RANKED 03-07 (€m) capita 03-07        Total        Total   Country Total   States. Ireland has continually nurtured the climate for investment and through its
                                            RANKED     RANKED     RANKED       RANKED
                                                                                                          investment promotion arm (IDA), has aggressively sought investment projects. Direct
         1         Carlow         21          22           18          21           21          20        investment plays a unique role in the Irish economy, accounting for a larger part of its
         2          Cavan         22          11           16          22           13          18
                                                                                                          manufacturing output, employment and exports than in most other OECD countries.
         3          Clare          4           4            6           7            5           6
         4          Cork           6           2            7           2            2           2        Stocks (positions) of direct investment abroad reached €93,619m at the end of 2006,
         5         Donegal        13          14           12           8           11           9        continuing to approach the level of inward investment (€118,901m). Most of the total
         6         Dublin          1           7            3           1            1           1        outward position is accounted for by European countries (€68,944m), partly made up of:
         7         Galway          9          18           11           3           17           5
                                                                                                          UK (€24,269m), Netherlands (€7,039m) and European Offshore Centres (€5,547m). At
         8          Kerry         17          19           23          14           19          21
         9         Kildare         8           1           10           5            3           7        the end of 2006, stocks of direct investment into Ireland stood at €118,901m, compared
        10        Kilkenny        20          16           24          20           15          24        with €138,620m at the end of 2005. As with the outward position, the majority of the
        11          Laois         25          23           25          25           23          25        total year-end inward position was attributable to EU countries, mainly: Luxembourg
        12         Leitrim        15          24           20          23           24          23
                                                                                                          (€32,457m), Netherlands (€26,601m) and UK (€16,366m).
        13        Limerick        10          12           17           6            9          15
        14        Longford         7          10            1          18           14          12
        15          Louth          2          13            2           4           12           3        The tables and charts above show FDI Projects, Investments and Jobs created as a result
        16          Mayo          19           3           21          17            4          19        in each county in Ireland from 2003-2007. Table 1.15 subsequently ranks each of the 26
        17          Meath         23          25           19          19           25          17        counties accordingly, and shows that Clare is positioned 4th highest in the country for
        18       Monaghan         26          26           26          26           26          26
                    Offaly                    21           22          24
                                                                                                          both FDI Projects and FDI Investments in that period and ranks 6th in terms of numbers
        19                        24                                                22          22
        20       Roscommon        12           5            4          15           10          11        employed by FDI per capita.
        21           Sligo         3          15            5          11           16          10
        22        Tipperary       14           9            9          12            6           4
        23       Waterford        11           6           13          10            8          14
        24       Westmeath         5          17            8           9           18           8
        25        Wexford         16          20           15          13           20          16
        26        Wicklow         18           8           14          16            7          13
                 Table	1.15	Ranking	of	FDI	Investment	and	Projects	by	County	in	Ireland




32
3.9	      Census	of	Industrial	Production	2005                                           Table 1.16 and Figure 1.22 examine the Census of Industrial Local Units (of the Census
Code
1                  Number of Local 161
                   Units
Persons Engaged Supervisors and
                                      Clare         Limerick
                                                    205
                                                                    Tipp NR
                                                                    83
                                                                              Mid-West
                                                                              449
                                                                                         of Industrial Production) for 2005. This element of the Census contains 57 variables from
                                                                                         Number of Local Units to Capital Assets and Derived Variables. In table 1.16, however,
                                                                                         29 of the key variables for 2005 are shown.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3
Industrial Workers Operatives                                                            The period from 2004-2005 indicates a reduction in the total number of industrial units
2                  male               3678          7753            2613      14044
3                  female             1020          3010            758       4788       in the Mid-West region from 470 in 2004 to 449 in 2005 with a concomitant reduction
                   Apprentices                                                           in the number of local units in County Clare from 168 to 161. However, the number of
4                  male               156           133             13        302        industrial workers (including supervisors, operatives and apprentices) has increased in
5                  female             25            26              3         54
6                  Total              4879          10922           3387      19188      the region from 18,860 in 2004 to 19,188 in 2005, yet in County Clare the number has
Other Employees Clerical staff                                                           decreased in the same period from 5,079 in 2004 to 4,879 in 2005.
7                  male               635           740             177       1552
8                  female             534           846             269       1649                          30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Clare
                   Admin and                                                                                25000                                                                                                                         Limerick
                   Technical Staff
9                  males              929           2095            427       3451                          20000                                                                                                                         Tipp NR
10                 female             494           736             123       1253                                                                                                                                                        Mid-West
                                                                                                            15000
11                 Total              2592          4417            996       8005
12                 Total Employees 7471             15339           4383      27193                         10000
13                 of which male      5398          10721           3230      19349
                                                                                                              5000
14                 female             2073          4618            1153      7844
15                 Proprietors/Unpaid 56            85              36        177                                    0
                   family workers




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19                 Outside Piece      29            36              5         70
                   Workers                                                                                                                       Figure	1.22	Industrial	Local	Units	2005
                   Industrial Output
20                 Gross Output       2024942       13679952        859810    16564704
                                                                                         Of the total employees (6+11) including both Industrial workers (Supervisors and
                   Industrial Input                                                      Apprentices) and Other employees (Clerical and Administrative), the total for the region
21                 Materials for      60857         8444191         422326    9475034    has increased from 26,556 in 2004 to 27,193 in 2005 with a slight decrease in County
                   Processing
22                 In services        68851         618762          110378    797991     Clare from 7,589 in 2004 to 7,471 in 2005.
23                 Fuel and Power 29714             149739          28143     207597     Gross industrial output for the region has increased in the same time frame from
24                 Total              707082        9212692         560848    10480622
                                                                                         €14,870,515 in 2004 to €16,564,704 in 2005 with a concomitant increase in County
25                 Net Output         1317860       4467260         298963    6084082
                   (20-24)                                                               Clare from €1,892,466 to €2,024,942 between 2004-2005. Total industrial input for the
Wage and Salaries
                                                                                         region has increased from €9,167,742 to €10,480,622 with figures for County Clare
26                 Industrial Workers 155926        300422          97919     554267
27                 Other Employees 109374           251096          42551     403021     increasing from €580,414 in 2004 to €707,082 in 2005.
28                 Outside piece      430           745             383       1558       Wages and salaries have also increased in the region from €906,829 in 2004 to €958,846
                   workers
29                 Total              265730        552263          140853    958846     with a proportionate increase in Clare from €257,448 in 2004 to €265,730 in 2005.

                                 Table	1.16	Industrial	Local	Units	2005


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     33
3
     3.10	 Summary	of	Key	Trends                                                                    •	 In the Mid-West region, the greatest proportion of workers are employed in the
     •	 In County Clare, the statistics indicate a population increase of 7.4% from 2002 to 2006.      manufacturing industry (17%), followed by the wholesale and retail trade (12.7%) and
        At UD and RD levels the most noticeable population changes occur in the Meelick and            then the construction industry (11%). In Clare, the greatest proportion of workers is
        Tulla Rural Areas which display population increases of 11.2% and 14.9% respectively.          also found in the manufacturing industry (14.6%), followed by 12% in the construction
                                                                                                       industry and 11.1% in the retail trade.
     •	 Approximately 32.6% of the population of County Clare lives in centres of 1,500
        or more with the remaining 67.4% living outside centres of 1,500+, indicating a high        •	 The greatest proportion of commuters leaving Clare is working in County Limerick.
        level of rurality.This trend is also evident in the Western region where 68.3% of the          Similarly, the highest proportion of commuters from outside destinations also come
        population lives outside of centres with a population of 1,500 or greater.                     from County Limerick.


     •	 There is a high population density of 100+ persons per square kilometre around the          •	 The majority of companies in County Clare fall under the 0-9 employee category.The
        urban district of Ennis with a density of between 50-100 (p/sq km) in the immediate            greatest proportion of employees in County Clare is employed in enterprise with an
        periphery of the town. The majority of DEDs in County Clare indicates a relatively             employee range of 10-49.
        low population density.
                                                                                                    •	 County Clare ranks fourth in the country for both number of FDI Projects and
     •	 The greatest proportion of persons in County Clare occurs in the working age                   amount of FDI investment (€) and ranks sixth in the country in terms of numbers
        category of between 16-62 with peaks around the 20-30 age group in both Clare and              employed by FDI per capita.
        some key towns in Clare of population in excess of 1,500.
                                                                                                    •	 The period 2004-2005 indicates a reduction in the total number of industrial units in
     •	 Those with a third level non-degree in County Clare (11.1%) exceed the State average           the Mid-West region from 470 to 449 (Clare from 168-161). Gross industrial output
        of 10.6% while those with a third level degree or higher (16.4%) fall below the State          for the region has increased in the region between 2004-2005 with an attendant
        average (18.5%).                                                                               increase in County Clare from €1,892,466 to €2,024,942.


     •	 45.6% of the population in Clare was classified as at work in 2006 while 3.12% was
        classified as unemployed. For towns with a population in excess of 1,500, Ennis
        records 52.1% of the population at work, with 53.6% working in Shannon. 4.7% of the
        population of Ennis was classed as unemployed, with 4.3% unemployed in Shannon.



34
3




35
     Action Plans
4    Pleannana Gníomhaíochta


     4.0	     Introduction	                                                                        •    Third	Level	Linkagessupport to help companies engage and collaborate with
     To deliver on the high-level strategic goals at county level, as identified in Chapter 1, a       University departments on common areas of interest.
     series of actions has been identified and refined with the partners.These actions address     •   R
                                                                                                       	 esearch	and	Development support to encourage investment in R&D by companies.
     the critical elements necessary for the growth and development of enterprise as outlined
     below in the Enterprise Support Framework.The inter-agency Action Plans which follow          The following figure illustrates the model and its relationship with the six high-level
     set out how these critical elements of enterprise support will be delivered through a         strategic goals:
     coherent and strategic process.
                                                                                                             Incr                                                                                                                     e
                                                                                                                 e                                                                                                                 cal
                                                                                                            & Q asing t                                                                                                          eS
     4.1	     Enterprise	Support	Framework                                                                      uan      h                                                                                                  g th
                                                                                                                    tity e Qua                                                                                       rea
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         sin prise
                                                                                                                               lit
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                                                                                                                             &D y                                                                                 Inc Enter
     All partners adopted the following framework which provides an overview of the key                                                                                                                             of

     elements of enterprise support and frames the development and delivery of the Strategy:
                                                                                                                                                            R&D             Market Support


     •   Market support to help companies expand into new markets, particularly overseas
         markets.                                                                                                                    Third Level
                                                                                                                                      Linkages
                                                                                                                                                                                             Infrastructure


     •   Infrastructure support through the provision of physical infrastructure including             Increasing
         communications infrastructure, incubation facilities, innovation centres, laboratories,       Innovation                                      Enterprise
         etc.                                                                                                                    Clusters &
                                                                                                                                                        Support                                  Skills & Human
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Improving Quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         & Adaptability of
                                                                                                                                                       Framework
                                                                                                                                 Networks                                                             Resources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         the Labour Forge
     •   	 kills	and	Human	Resources support to help companies improve the quality and
         S
         adaptability of their workforce.
     •   Productivity support to help companies improve their product offering and their                                                 Entrepreneurship
                                                                                                                                                                                       Productivity
                                                                                                                                           & Incubation

         business processes.                                                                                                                                                                                                   Im
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  p
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Co rovin
                                                                                                                                                                  Finance

     •   Finance support to provide companies with access to funds to allow them to                                    ial
                                                                                                                   Spat rprise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                mp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    eti
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           g
                                                                                                               ing    e                                                                                                                 tive
         develop and/or expand their business.                                                            hiev ed Ent t
                                                                                                        Ac nc                                                                                                                                ness
                                                                                                                     en
                                                                                                         Balavelopm
     •    Entrepreneurship	and	Incubationsupport to help new companies establish and                      De

         grow in a supported and nurturing environment.
     •    Clusters	and	Networkssupport to bring groups of companies together to facilitate                                                     Enterprise	Support	Framework	Model
         exchange of experience and collaboration to compete.



36
4




37
     Overarching	Theme	/ Téama Uileghabhálach
     Achieving Spatially Balanced Enterprise Development
A    Forbairt Fiontraíochta Cothromaithe Spásúil a bhaint amach
     Lead	Agency	/ Gníomhaíocht Tosaíochta
     Clare County Council – Community & Enterprise
     Objectives	/ Cuspóirí                                           Actions	/ Gníomhaíochtaí                                        Outputs / Aschuir
     •   To support the achievement of spatially balanced            •   To establish an enterprise partnership forum for the        •   Establishment of an enterprise partnership forum of all
         enterprise development through:                                 county to facilitate inter-agency collaboration and             appropriate agencies and stakeholders.
         •   The development of an intelligence base of                  working relationships and to oversee and monitor the        •   Development of and ongoing maintenance of a shared
             enterprises in the county, including:                       implementation of the inter-agency enterprise strategy          intelligence base of enterprises in the county.
                                                                         and action plan.
             •   the spatial distribution of companies                                                                               •   Formulation of a profile of the contribution of
                                                                     •   To co-ordinate the sharing of enterprise intelligence and       enterprises to the economy of Clare.
             •   the sector profile of companies
                                                                         databases in existence across the agencies to build an
             •   the size profile of companies                                                                                       •   Dynamic map of the national, regional and local support
                                                                         intelligence base for the county.
                                                                                                                                         mechanisms available to companies in the county.
             •   the market profile of companies (i.e. domestic,
                                                                     •   To continually inform the intelligence base through the
                 export, export potential, etc.)                                                                                     •   2 new Community Enterprise Centres for the County
                                                                         monitoring of outputs from the enterprise strategy and
         leading to:                                                     action plan.
             •   a mapping of the enterprise base against a          •   To collect appropriate data to fill any gaps in the
                 sector/product lifecycle index.                         intelligence base.
             •   Understanding the range of support mechanisms       •   To map the national, regional and local support
                 available to companies and potential start up           mechanisms available to companies in the county.
                 companies in the county.
                                                                     •   To overlay the enterprise intelligence base with the
             •   Creating a mechanism that facilitates the sharing       support mechanisms thus identifying the companies with
                 of enterprise intelligence and support mechanisms       the best potential for further growth and development
                 amongst the agencies to the benefit of companies        in the county.
                 and potential start up companies in the county.
                                                                     •   To support the development of plans and funding
             •   Maintaining an ongoing partnership and dialogue         applications for two Community Enterprise Centres in
                 for the benefit of companies and potential start        the county.
                 up companies in the county.
     •   To achieve two new Community Enterprise Centres in
         the county.



38
Target	audience	/ Sprioclucht                                                                                                 Timescale	/ Amscála
•	   All enterprise support delivery agents and stakeholders operating in County Clare.                                       2008 Qtr 1: Establishment of enterprise partnership forum.
                                                                                                                                          Commence the process of intelligence gathering and consolidation of enterprise base data.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    A
•	   Enterprise base in County Clare.
•	   Communities in the county.                                                                                               2008 Qtr 2: Mapping of enterprise support mechanisms.
                                                                                                                              2008 Qtr 3: Completion of intelligence gathering and formulation of intelligence base.
                                                                                                                              2009:        Ongoing partnership of enterprise support delivery.
Funding	sources	/ Foinse Maoinithe                                                                                                         Ongoing intelligence gathering and dissemination.
•	   Core funding from Clare County Council Community & Enterprise Funds.                                                                  Establishment of 1st Community Enterprise Centre.
•	   Community Enterprise Centres: EI, CEB, Clare County Council and private funding.                                         2010:        Ongoing partnership of enterprise support delivery.
•	   Project related activities to be funded from contributions from each of the enterprise partnership forum stakeholders.                Ongoing intelligence gathering and dissemination.


         Enterprise	Partnership	Forum	&	Intelligence	Base                                                                                                 Community	Enterprise	Centres	
Agency	/       Role	/ Ról                                                                                                     Agency	/                  Role	/ Ról
Gníomhaíocht                                                                                                                  Gníomhaíocht
Clare County                •    To provide a secretariat function to the enterprise partnership forum.                       Clare County              Lead on the identification and supporting of communities to develop 2 Community
Council Community                                                                                                             Council Community         Enterprise Centres funding applications
& Enterprise                •	   To co-ordinate the monitoring of the delivery of the inter-agency enterprise strategy
                                 and action plan.                                                                             & Enterprise
                            •	   To co-ordinate the gathering and sharing of intelligence on the enterprise base in the
                                 county.                                                                                      Enterprise Ireland	        To support the development of plans for Community Enterprise Centres
                            •	   To maintain and continuously develop the intelligence base on enterprise in the
                                 county.
                                                                                                                              Clare CEB	                To support the identification of communities and the development of plans for
                            •	   To co-ordinate the mapping of all enterprise support mechanisms available in the
                                                                                                                                                        Community Enterprise Centres
                                 county.

Enterprise Ireland,         •	   To participate actively and to work in partnership with the enterprise partnership           Clare County              To support the identification and development of appropriate sites and facilities for the
Clare CEB,                       forum.                                                                                       Council Economic          Community Enterprise Centres
IDA Ireland,                                                                                                                  Development &
FÁS,VEC,                    •    To share intelligence, where appropriate, of their client base in the county.
                                                                                                                              Planning, Shannon
RRD Ltd.,                   •    To share intelligence, where appropriate, of their target client base in the county.
                                                                                                                              Development &
University of               •    To provide details of their support mechanisms available to companies in the county.         others
Limerick,
                            •	   To participate actively and to work in partnership with the enterprise partnership
NUI Galway
                                 forum.

Shannon                     •	   To share intelligence, where appropriate, of their client base in the county.
Development
                            •	   To provide details of their support mechanisms available to companies on the
                                 Shannon Free Zone (SFZ).
                            •	   To provide details of their support mechanisms available to companies in the county
                                 outside of the SFZ.

Clare County                •	   To participate actively and to work in partnership with the enterprise partnership
Council Economic                 forum.
Development &
Planning                    •	   To provide details of their planning policies and strategies to stakeholders


IBEC, Chambers of           •    To participate actively and to work in partnership with the enterprise partnership
Commerce                         forum.
                            •	   To share intelligence, where appropriate, of their membership base in the county.
                            •	   To provide details of their support mechanisms available to companies in the county.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    39
     Strategic	Goal	/ Sprioc Stráitéiseach
     Increasing the Quantity & Quality of R&D
B    Cainníocht agus Cáilíocht Taighde agus Forbartha a mhéadú
                                    R&D Support: Enterprise Ireland, Bio-medical R&D Transfer Facility:
     Lead	Agency	(ies)	/ Gníomhaíocht(aí) Tosaíochta
     NUI Galway, Alternative Fuel & Energy Research Facility: Limerick & Clare Energy Agency
     Objectives	/ Cuspóirí                                           Actions	/ Gníomhaíochtaí                                         Outputs / Aschuir
     •   To increase the quantity and quality of R&D at the          •   To carry out a feasibility study to establish within the     •   Increase the number of companies in the county
         enterprise level.                                               county research and R&D transfer facilities with links           investing in R&D
     •   To increase the number of enterprises in the county             to third level institutes. The research and R&D transfer     •   Increase level of investment in R&D in the county.
         undertaking R&D.                                                facilities would provide an appropriate environment for
                                                                                                                                      •   Creation of research/R&D transfer facilities in the
                                                                         research to be undertaken and R&D to be transferred
     •   To increase the number of people in the county                                                                                   county with direct links to third level institutes.
                                                                         to companies in the given subject(s) areas. The facilities
         employed in R&D roles.                                                                                                       •   Specific outputs for research and R&D facilities to be
                                                                         would also provide incubation support to spin out
     •   To establish appropriate R&D facilities in the county                                                                            determined during the feasibility stage.
                                                                         companies from the research and R&D activity or other
         through working with the third level sector.
                                                                         start up companies in the given field.
     •   To provide incubation and support facilities for spin-out
                                                                     •   The proposed fields of activity are:
         companies associated with the research facilities.
                                                                         •   Bio-medical engineering R&D transfer and
     •   To support and encourage enterprises in the county to
                                                                             incubation facility (NUI Galway).
         engage and collaborate with the research facilities.
                                                                         •   Alternative Fuel & Energy Sources research and
     •   To maximise in the county the R&D support available
                                                                             incubation (Energy Agency/UL).
         from national and regional programmes in support of
                                                                     •   R&D and other funding and support mechanisms will
         the above.
                                                                         be leveraged from existing national, regional and local
                                                                         sources to fund establishment and operation of the
                                                                         facilities.
                                                                     •   R&D funding will also be leveraged for companies
                                                                         seeking to engage in R&D in other subject areas.




40
Target audience / Sprioclucht                                                                                             Timescale / Amscála
•	   R
     	 esearchers	and	companies	operating	in	or	with	the	potential	to	operate	in	the	electronic	engineering	based	                E                                                          R
                                                                                                                          2008:		 	 ngagement	of	companies	to	facilitate	their	investment	in		 &D	activities.	
     medical	devices	market.                                                                                                      Feasibility	studies	and	funding	applications	development.
•	

•	
     R
     	 esearchers	and	companies	operating	in	or	with	the	potential	to	operate	in	the	exercise	and	sports	devices	and	
     systems	market.
     	 esearchers	and	companies	operating	in	or	with	the	potential	to	operate	in	the	alternative	fuel	and	energy	
     R
     sources	market.
                                                                                                                          2009:		 Establishment	of	physical	facilities,	recruitment	of	researchers	and	companies.
                                                                                                                          2010:		 Fully	operational	research	and	R&D	transfer	facilities.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   B
•	   Companies	with	the	potential	to	engage	in	and/or	expand	their	investment	in	and	exploitation	of	R&D                  Funding sources / Foinse Maoinithe
                                                                                                                          •	   E
                                                                                                                               	 nterprise	Ireland	programmes,	National	Development	Plan,	Strategic	Innovation	Fund		(SIF),	

                                                                                                                               Rural	Development	Plan,	European	funding	sources	such	as	the	Eureka	Eurostars	Programme.



Agency /                   Role / Ról                                                                                     Agency /                   Role / Ról
Gníomhaíocht                                                                                                              Gníomhaíocht
NUI	Galway	                •	   To	define	and	elaborate	the	scope,	role	and	content	of	an	R&D	transfer	facility	in	the	
                                	                                                                                         Shannon	                   •	   To	work	with	the	Limerick	&	Clare	Energy	Agency	in	defining	the	scope,	role	and	
                                                                                                                                                          	
                                area	of	bio-medical	engineering.                                                          Development                     content	of	the	alternative	fuel	and	energy	sources	research	facility.
                                                                                                                          	                          •	   	
                                                                                                                                                          Where	appropriate	to	provide	access	to	property	and	or	land	for	the	research	and	
Limerick	&	Clare	          •	   	
                                To	define	and	elaborate	the	scope,	role	and	content	of	a	research	facility	in	the	area	                                   incubation	facilities.

Energy	Agency/                  of	alternative	fuel	and	energy	sources.	                                                                             •	   	

                                                                                                                                                          To	provide	R&D	support	to	companies	on	the	Shannon	Free	Zone	(SFZ).
University	of	                   	                                                                                        	                          •	   	
                                                                                                                                                          Where	appropriate	to	work	with	the	research	facilities	in	identifying	potential	FDI	
Limerick                                                                                                                                                  opportunities	on	the	SFZ.
                                                                                                                          	                          •	   To	facilitate	introduction	of	the	research	facilities	to	appropriate	existing	Shannon	
                                                                                                                                                          	
Enterprise	Ireland	        •	   	 o	provide	resources	and	advice	on	the	establishment	of	the	physical	research	and	
                                T                                                                                                                         Development	clients	on	the	SFZ.
                                R&D	transfer	facilities.
	                          •	   T
                                	 o	provide	access	to	R&D	funding	and	support	for	spin	out	companies	(resident	and	       IDA	Ireland	               •	   To	work	with	existing	IDA	and	potential	new	IDA	clients	in	the	county	to	encourage	
                                                                                                                                                          	
                                non	resident)	from	the	research	and	R&D	transfer	facilities.                                                              them	to	avail	of	IDA	R&D	support	programmes.	
	                          •	   T
                                	 o	provide	access	to	R&D	funding	and	support	for	companies	(non	resident)	using	         	                          •	   	
                                                                                                                                                          To	facilitate	introduction	of	the	research	and	R&D	transfer	facilities	to	appropriate	
                                the	research	facilities.                                                                                                  IDA	Product	Managers	and	existing	IDA	clients.
	                          •	   	
                                To	provide	access	to	R&D	funding	and	support	for	other	eligible	companies	in	the	         	                          •	   Where	appropriate	to	engage	IDA	Product	Managers	to	work	with	the	research	and	
                                                                                                                                                          	
                                county	operating	in	other	subject	areas.                                                                                  R&D	transfer	facilities	in	identifying	potential	FDI	opportunities.

RRD	Ltd.	                  •	   	
                                To	work	with	the	Limerick	&	Clare	Energy	Agency	in	defining	the	scope,	role	and	          Clare	County	              •	   	

                                                                                                                                                          Where	appropriate	to	provide	in	its	development	plans	for	designation	of	suitable	
                                content	of	the	alternative	fuel	and	energy	sources	research	facility.                     Council,	Economic	              property	and/or	land	for	the	research	and	incubation	facilities.

	                          •	   	

                                To	identify	appropriate	clients,	such	as	the	“heat	entrepreneurs”	to	work	with	and	       Development	&	
            •	   W
                                                                                                                                                          	 here	appropriate	to	acquire	and	make	available	suitable	property	or	land	for	
                                avail	of	the	research	facilities.
                                                        Planning                        research	and	incubation	facilities
	                          •	   	
                                To	identify	and	work	with	client	companies	with	the	potential	to	engage	in	R&D	with	                                 •	   	 here	appropriate	to	work	with	partnership	interests	in	developing	proposals	to	
                                                                                                                                                          W
	                               a	view	to	developing	them	to	a	level	that	would	deem	them	eligible	for	R&D	support	                                       submit	for	grant	aid	for	incubation	facilities
                                from	Enterprise	Ireland.
                                                                                                                                                     •	   W
                                                                                                                                                          	 here	appropriate	to	provide	advice	and	guidance	on	planning	and	regulatory	
                                                                                                                                                          matters.
Clare	CEB                  •	   	
                                To	identify	appropriate	clients	and	sign	post	them	to	the	research	and	R&D	transfer	
                                facilities.
                           •	   T
                                	 o	identify	and	work	with	client	companies	with	the	potential	to	engage	in	R&D	with	
                                a	view	to	developing	them	to	a	level	that	would	deem	them	eligible	for	R&D	support	
                                from	Enterprise	Ireland.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   41
     Strategic Goal / Sprioc Stráitéiseach
     Increasing the Scale of Enterprises (particularly those that are export oriented)
C    Scála Fiontair a mhéadú (go háirithe na fiontair atá dírithe ar onnmhairiú)
     Lead Agency (ies) / Gníomhaíocht(aí) Tosaíochta
     Enterprise Ireland and Clare County Enterprise Board
     Objectives / Cuspóirí                                           Actions / Gníomhaíochtaí                                       Outputs / Aschuir
        T
     •	 	 o	build	a	knowledge	and	intelligence	base	that	can	be	        U
                                                                     •	 	 sing	survey	information	from	EI	and	Forfás	map	locally	      I
                                                                                                                                    •	 	ncrease	the	number	of	Clare	companies	participating	
        utilised	by	all	stakeholders	by:                                trading	companies	in	the	county	with	export	potential.         in	Enterprise	Ireland	programmes,	target	=	6	new	
     	   •	 	dentifying	and	working	with	locally	trading	
            I                                                        •	 	 o	map	exporting	companies	in	the	county	with	
                                                                        T                                                              companies.
            companies	that	have	the	potential	to	export	their	          potential	for	increased	exports.                               I
                                                                                                                                    •	 	ncrease	the	number	of	locally	trading	companies	
            products	or	services.                                    •	 	 I,	Clare	CEB	and	education	and	third	level	
                                                                        E                                                              extending	their	sales	to	export	markets
     	      W
         •	 	 orking	with	companies	currently	exporting	to	             establishments	to	work	together	to	encourage	                  I
                                                                                                                                    •	 	ncrease	the	level	of	exports	from	Clare.
            increase	the	level	of	their	exports.                        entrepreneurship	in	high	potential	growth	areas.               G
                                                                                                                                    •	 	 enerate	new	high	potential	start	up	companies	in	
        T
     •	 	 o	increase	the	number	of	entrepreneurs	starting	up	in	        T
                                                                     •	 	 o	identify	high	potential	start-up	companies	to	             the	county,	target	=	2-6	new	high	potential	start	up	
        the	county,	particularly	those	with	high	growth	potential.      participate	in	an	integrated	high	potential	start-up	          companies.
                                                                        support	programme.
                                                                        T
                                                                     •	 	 o	identify	enterprises	within	the	county	that	have	the	
                                                                        potential	to	become	high	value-added	players	in	supply	
                                                                        chains,	in	particular	in	larger	scale	and	multi-national	
                                                                        companies.




42
Target audience / Sprioclucht                                                                                            Timescale / Amscála
•	   L
     	 ocally	trading	companies	in	the	county	with	export	potential.                                                     2008	Q1:	    Mapping	of	companies,	identification	of	high	potential	start-up	companies.





                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   C
•	   Exporting	companies	in	the	county	with	potential	for	increased	exports.                                             2008:	   	   Work	with	companies	to	build	their	export	potential,	work	with	high	potential	start-up	on	business	plans.

•	   Entrepreneurs	in	the	county	with	ideas	for	high	growth	potential	businesses.                                        2009:		 	    Operationalise	exports	and	new	companies.

                                                                                                                         2010:	   	   Ongoing	work	with	new	and	existing	clients.




                                                                                                                         Funding sources / Foinse Maoinithe
                                                                                                                         •	   Enterprise	Ireland	programmes,	Clare	County	Enterprise	Board	programmes,	Rural	Development	Plan.


Agency /                   Role / Ról                                                                                    Agency /                  Role / Ról
Gníomhaíocht                                                                                                             Gníomhaíocht
Clare	County	              •	   	 o	undertake	the	mapping	of	locally	trading	companies	in	the	county	with	export	
                                T                                                                                        Clare	County	             •	   Where	appropriate	to	provide	in	its	development	plans	for	designation	of	suitable	
                                                                                                                                                        	

Council	–	                      potential.                                                                               Council	–	Economic	            property	and	/	or	land	for	the	research	and	incubation	facilities.

Community	&	               •	   T
                                	 o	undertake	the	mapping	of	exporting	companies	in	the	county	with	the	potential	to	    Development	&	
           •	   	
                                                                                                                                                        Where	appropriate	to	acquire	and	make	available	suitable	property	or	land	for	
Enterprise                      increase	exports.                                                                        Planning                       research	and	incubation	facilities.
                                                                                                                                                   •	   	
                                                                                                                                                        Where	appropriate	to	work	with	partnership	interests	in	developing	proposals	to	
                           •	   To	provide	internationalisation	support	to	eligible	companies	with	export	potential.                                    submit	for	grant	aid	for	incubation	facilities.
Enterprise	Ireland         •	   To	provide	integrated	support	to	high	potential	start	up	companies.                                                •	   W
                                                                                                                                                        	 here	appropriate	to	provide	advice	and	guidance	on	planning	and	regulatory	
                           •	   T
                                	 o	feed	in	county	level	data	from	EI/Forfás	annual	business	survey	once	data	is	                                       matters.
	                               available.

                           •	   T
                                	 o	identify	and	work	with	existing	client	companies	with	their	own	market	support	
Clare	County	                   programmes	to	build	their	potential	to	become	eligible	for	larger	scale	support	from	
Enterprise	Board	               Enterprise	Ireland.
                           •	   	 o	identify	and	work	with	existing	client	companies	with	their	own	export	support	
                                T
	                               programmes	to	build	their	potential	to	become	eligible	for	larger	scale	support	from	
	                               Enterprise	Ireland.
                           •	   To	provide	start-up	support	to	new	companies	in	the	county.
                           •	   To	support	the	identification	of	high	potential	start-up	companies	in	the	county.

                           •	   T
                                	 o	engage	with	rural	client	companies	to	identify	those	with	export	potential	and	to	
RRD	Ltd.	                       promote	the	support	opportunities	available	to	them.

                           •	   To	provide	appropriate	details	of	FDI	companies	in	the	Region.
IDA	Ireland                •	   	 o	support	an	introduction	of	Clare	companies	with	an	appropriate	value	proposition	
                                T
	                               to	IDA	clients.

                           •	   T
                                	 o	engage	with	member	companies	to	identify	those	with	export	potential	and	to	
IBEC,	Chambers	of	              promote	the	support	opportunities	available	to	them.
Commerce
                           •	   T
                                	 o	identify	supply	chain	opportunities	with	their	existing	clients	on	the	SFZ	for	
Shannon	                        companies	in	the	county.
Development                •	   W
                                	 here	appropriate	to	provide	access	to	property	and	or	land	for	facilities	for	new	
                                companies	starting	up	or	expanding	their	operations.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   43
     Strategic Goal / Sprioc Stráitéiseach
     Increase the Quality & Adaptability of the Labour Force
D    Cáilíocht agus Inoiriúnaitheacht an Lucht Oibre a mhéadú
     Lead Agency (ies) / Gníomhaíocht(aí) Tosaíochta
     FÁS: Achieving Step Change                                      Clare VEC: 3rd Level Linkages
     Objectives / Cuspóirí                                              Actions / Gníomhaíochtaí                                           Outputs / Aschuir
        T
     •	 	 o	achieve	a	step	change	in	the	levels	of	skills	attainment	      T
                                                                        •	 	 o	collate	available	data	to	establish	a	baseline	position	       T
                                                                                                                                           •	 	 o	increase	the	number	of	people	achieving	third	level	
        in	the	county	(to	be	defined	following	base-lining	of	             of	skills	attainment	in	the	county	to	inform	the	‘step	            qualifications.
        skills	attainment).                                                change’	required.                                                  T
                                                                                                                                           •	 	 o	increase	the	number	of	people	gaining	accreditation	
     •	 To	improve	the	skills	levels	of	individuals	in	the	county.         T
                                                                        •	 	 o	target	individuals	with	low	level	skills	and	to	               in	key	skills.
     •	 	 o	improve	the	employability	of	people	in	the	county,	in	
        T                                                                  encourage	them	to	engage	in	further	education	and	                 T
                                                                                                                                           •	 	 o	increase	the	number	of	management	teams	receiving	
        particular	those	in	disadvantaged	groups.                          skills	development	in	key	areas	through	the	One	Step	              support	from	Enterprise	Ireland.
                                                                           Up	programme.
        T
     •	 	 o	encourage	the	development	of	transferable	skills	in	
        key	areas	such	as	communications	and	ICT.                          T
                                                                        •	 	 o	maximise	the	availability	of	outreach	facilities	through	
                                                                           SIF	and	other	funding	mechanisms	by	continuing	and	
        T
     •	 	 o	position	the	county	as	a	location	for	higher	value-	
                                                                           enhancing	the	co-ordination	of	third	level	linkages	in	the	
        added	enterprises	requiring	employees	with	high	value-	
                                                                           county.
        added	skills.
                                                                           T
                                                                        •	 	 o	encourage	greater	participation	in	third	level	courses	
        T
     •	 	 o	improve	the	competitiveness	of	companies	through	
                                                                           through	outreach	facilities	and	programmes.
        their	workforce.
                                                                           T
                                                                        •	 	 o	provide	skills	support	to	employees	to	facilitate	the	
                                                                           improvement	of	their	company’s	competitiveness.
                                                                           T
                                                                        •	 	 o	provide	support	to	management	teams	in	targeted	
                                                                           companies	to	build	world-class	management	teams	for	
                                                                           international	success.




44
Target audience / Sprioclucht                                                                                                       Timescale / Amscála
•	    Individuals	with	low	skill	levels.                                                                                            2008	Q2:	    Complete	baseline	of	skills	attainment	in	the	county.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         D
•	    Individuals	preparing	for	employment.                                                                                         2008:		 	    H
                                                                                                                                                 	 ave	enhanced	third	level	linkages	co-ordination	function	in	place.	
•	    Employees	within	companies.                                                                                                                Identify	and	deliver	key	skills	training	to	candidates.	
•	    Management	teams	in	high	growth	companies.                                                                                    2009:		 	    O
                                                                                                                                                 	 ngoing	skills	development.	
                                                                                                                                                 Increased	company	accreditations.
•	    Company	owners/managers.
                                                                                                                                    2010:	   	   O
                                                                                                                                                 	 ngoing	skills	development.	
Funding sources / Foinse Maoinithe                                                                                                               Increased	company	accreditations.
•	    C
      	 lare	VEC	programmes,	Strategic	Innovation	Fund	(SIF),	Skillnets	funding,	FÁS	programmes,	Enterprise	Ireland	
      programme.		Other	partner	funding.


Agency /                      Role / Ról
Gníomhaíocht
Clare	VEC                     •	   To	co-ordinate	the	establishment	of	a	baseline	of	skills	attainment	in	the	county.
	                             •	   To	engage	individuals	with	low	levels	of	skills	and	facilitate	their	up-skilling	in	key	skill	
                                   	
                                   areas	through	appropriate	programmes.
	                             •	   	
                                   To	continue	and	enhance	the	co-ordination	of	third	level	supply	and	demand	in	the	
                                   county	through	the	Clare	College.


FÁS                           •	   To	input	to	the	establishment	of	a	baseline	of	skills	attainment	in	the	county.
	                             •	   	 o	provide	appropriate	support	for	the	up-skilling	of	individuals	(unemployed	&	
                                   T
                                   employed)	in	key	skills	though	the	One	Step	Up	programme.
	                             •	   T
                                   	 o	achieve	a	wider	take-up	of	benchmarking	against	best	in	class	and	company	
                                   accreditation	for	the	Excellence	through	People	award	in	the	county.


Enterprise	Ireland            •	   To	input	to	the	establishment	of	a	baseline	of	skills	attainment	in	the	county.
                              •	   To	provide	support	to	management	teams	in	achieving	world	class	standards.


Shannon	                      •	   	
                                   To	engage	with	client	companies	on	the	SFZ	to	identify	those	of	relevance	and	to	
Development                        promote	the	support	opportunities	available	to	them.
                              •	   To	signpost	other	client	companies	to	support	opportunities.


Clare	CEB	                    •	   	
                                   To	engage	with	client	companies	to	identify	those	of	relevance	and	to	promote	the	
                                   support	opportunities	available	to	them.
	                             •	   	
                                   To	provide	training	support	to	companies	through	their	extensive	training	support	
                                   programme.


RRD	Ltd.,	IBEC,               •	   To	engage	with	client	companies	to	identify	those	of	relevance	and	to	promote	the	
                                   	
Chambers	of	                       support	opportunities	available	to	them.
Commerce




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         45
     Strategic Goal / Sprioc Stráitéiseach
     Increase Competitiveness
E    Iomaíochas a mhéadú
                                   Clare County Council: Clusters & Networks and Deep Sea Port Feasibility
     Lead Agency (ies) / Gníomhaíocht(aí) Tosaíochta
     Shannon Development: Exploitation of the SFZ
     Objectives / Cuspóirí                                          Actions / Gníomhaíochtaí                                         Outputs / Aschuir
        T
     •	 	 o	work	collaboratively	to	increase	the	competitiveness	      T
                                                                    •	 	 o	map	the	existing	clusters	and	networks	of	relevance	         N
                                                                                                                                     •	 	 umber	of	new	companies	participating	in	clusters	and	
        of	County	Clare	to	make	it	a	more	attractive	location	         to	companies	in	Clare.                                           networks.
        for	enterprises	to	locate	and	grow.                            T
                                                                    •	 	 o	identify	companies	in	Clare	that	would	benefit	from	         N
                                                                                                                                     •	 	 umber	of	new	business	deals	won	from	participation	
        T
     •	 	 o	maximise	the	natural	resources	available	in	the	           participating	in	such	clusters	and	networks	and	facilitate	      in	clusters	and	networks.
        county	to	achieve	competitive	advantage.                       their	introduction	to	the	lead	organisations.                 •	 Development	opportunities	for	the	SFZ.
        T
     •	 	 o	leverage	the	advantage	of	key	infrastructure	such	as	      T
                                                                    •	 	 o	provide	co-ordinated	support	to	companies	in	the	         •	 Shannon	Estuary	Deep	Sea	Port	Feasibility.
        Shannon	Airport	and	the	Shannon	Free	Zone.                     county	and	those	wishing	to	establish	a	presence	in	
     •	 	 o	maximise	the	participation	of	Clare	companies	in	
        T                                                              the	county	providing	guidance	to	support	and	advice	
        existing	and	potential	clusters	and	networks	to	improve	       available	for	companies	through	the	various	agencies.
        their	access	to	markets	and	their	competitiveness.             T
                                                                    •	 	 o	mobilise	key	relevant	stakeholders	to	discuss	and	
     •	 	 o	position	Clare	as	a	positive	and	welcoming	
        T                                                              input	to	the	master	plan	for	the	re-development	of	the	
        environment	in	which	to	do	business.                           Shannon	Free	Zone.
                                                                       T
                                                                    •	 	 o	mobilise	key	relevant	stakeholders	to	discuss	and,	
                                                                       if	agreed,	scope	out,	identify	and	raise	the	resources	
                                                                       required	to	undertake	a	feasibility	study	on	the	
                                                                       establishment	of	a	Shannon	Estuary	deep	sea	port	
                                                                       in	Clare	to	attract	large	cargo	and	other	vessels	and	
                                                                       potentially	position	Clare	as	a	marine-based	logistics	
                                                                       hub.




46
Target audience / Sprioclucht                                                                                              Timescale / Amscála
Clusters	&	Networks	       •					Existing	clusters	and	networks.                                                           2008	Q1:	      Mapping	of	clusters	&	networks	of	relevance	to	Clare.
                                                                                                                           2008	Q2:		     Decision	on	appropriateness	or	otherwise	of	conducting	feasibility	study.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    E
	                          •					Companies	that	could	benefit	from	participation	in	clusters	&	networks.
                                                                                                                           2008	 	        Publication	of	master-plan	for	SFZ	by	Shannon	Development
Exploitation	of	the	SFZ	   •						Aerospace	related	companies.
                                                                                                                           2008:		 	      Engagement	of	new	companies	in	clusters	and	networks.
	                          •					Developing	sectors	such	as	financial	services,	administration,	ICT	etc.                   2009:		 	      	 ngoing	engagement	of	companies	in	clusters	and	networks.	Completion	of	Feasibility	study	(if	agreed).
                                                                                                                                          O
Shannon	Estuary	Deep	Sea	Port	Feasibility                                                                                  2010:	 	       Ongoing	engagement	of	companies	in	clusters	&	networks.
	                          •						 arge	container	vessel	companies	transporting	cargo	from	the	US,	Southern	
                                 L
                                 Hemisphere	etc.	for	onward	distribution	to	Europe	and	vice	versa.
                                                                                                                           Funding sources / Foinse Maoinithe
                                                                                                                           •	   I
                                                                                                                                	nterTrade	Ireland	programmes,	Enterprise	Ireland	programmes,	Shannon	Development	programmes,	companies’	
	                          •					Cruise	liners	visiting	the	west	coast	of	Ireland.                                              own	investment	for	participation.	Shannon	Foynes	Port	Company.


Agency /                   Role / Ról                                                                                      Agency /                    Role / Ról
Gníomhaíocht                                                                                                               Gníomhaíocht
Clusters	&	Networks                                                                                                        Exploitation	of	the	         	
Clare	County	              •	   T
                                	 o	take	on	the	role	of	mapping	out	the	clusters	and	networks	of	relevance	to	             SFZ
Council	–	                      enterprises	in	Clare.                                                                      Shannon	                    •	   	 o	bring	the	key	relevant	stakeholders	together	to	discuss	the	Shannon	Development	
                                                                                                                                                            T
Community	&	               •	   	 o	work	with	the	support	agencies	in	identifying	the	companies	that	would	benefit	
                                T                                                                                          Development	                     master-plan	for	re-development	of	the	SFZ	with	a	view	to	identifying	development	
Enterprise                      from	participation	in	the	relevant	clusters	and	networks.                                   	                               opportunities	for	the	SFZ	in	the	aerospace	and	other	sectors	of	opportunity.	
                           •	   To	provide	details	of	existing	clusters	and	networks	operating	on	the	island	of	Ireland.
InterTrade	                •	   T
                                	 o	support	the	introduction	and	engagement	of	Clare-based	enterprises	into	clusters	
Ireland                         and	networks.                                                                              Clare	County	               •	   	 o	input	to	and	support	the	SFZ	master-plan	and	identify	relevant	development	
                                                                                                                                                            T
                                                                                                                           Council,	Shannon	                opportunities	in	the	aerospace	and	other	sectors.
                           •	   To	provide	details	of	EI	funded	clusters	and	networks.                                     Airport	Authority,	
Enterprise	Ireland         •	   	 o	support	the	introduction	and	engagement	of	Clare	based	enterprises	into	clusters	
                                T                                                                                          &	others
	                               and	networks.
                           •	   To	provide	appropriate	details	of	FDI	companies	on	the	SFZ.                                Shannon	Estuary	
Shannon	                   •	   T
                                	 o	support	an	introduction	of	Clare	companies	with	an	appropriate	value	proposition	      Deep	Sea	Port	
Development                     to	Shannon	Development	SFZ	clients.                                                        Feasibility
                           •	   To	provide	appropriate	details	of	FDI	companies	in	the	region.                             Clare	County	               •	   T
                                                                                                                                                            	 o	bring	the	key	relevant	stakeholders	together	to	discuss	and	if	agreed	scope	out,	
IDA	Ireland                •	   T
                                	 o	support	an	introduction	of	Clare	companies	with	an	appropriate	value	proposition	      Council	–	Planning	              identify	and	raise	the	resources	required	to	undertake	a	feasibility	study	on	the	
	                               to	IDA		clients.                                                                           &	Economic	                      establishment	of	a	Shannon	Estuary	deep	sea	port	in	Clare.
                                                                                                                           Development
                           •	   To	feed	in	details	of	CEB	networking	activities.
Clare	CEB                  •	   	 o	identify	and	advise	client	&	companies	that	could	benefit	from	participating	in	
                                T                                                                                                                       	
	                               existing	clusters	and	networks.                                                            Shannon	                    •	   T
                                                                                                                                                            	 o	input	to	and	support	the	feasibility	study	and	identify	relevant	local	and	trans­
                                                                                                                           Development,		                   national	partners	that	could	be	engaged	in	the	assessment	of	the	viability	of	a	
                           •	   T
                                	 o	identify	and	advise	client	companies	of	opportunities	to	become	suppliers	to	
                                                                                                                           IDA	Ireland,	                    Shannon	Estuary	deep	sea	port	in	Clare.
	                               domestic	and	FDI	companies.
                                                                                                                           Clare	CEB,	
                           •	   T
                                	 o	identify	and	advise	member	companies	that	could	benefit	from	participating	in	         Shannon	Foynes	
IBEC,                           existing	clusters	and	networks.                                                            Port	Company	&	
Chambers	of	               •	   T
                                	 o	identify	and	advise	member	companies	of	opportunities	to	become	suppliers	to	          Department	of	
Commerce                        domestic	and	FDI	companies.                                                                Transport	(Marine)
	                          •	   T
                                	 o	review	development	plans	for	the	County	to	ensure	a	sufficient	level	of	land	is	
Clare	County	                   zoned	at	suitable	locations	to	facilitate	development
Council	–	Planning	
&	Economic	
Development




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    47
     Strategic Goal / Sprioc Stráitéiseach
     Increase Innovation
F    Nuálaíocht a Mhéadú
     Lead Agency (ies) / Gníomhaíocht(aí) Tosaíochta
     Enterprise Ireland and Clare County Enterprise Board
     Objectives / Cuspóirí                                           Actions / Gníomhaíochtaí                                         Outputs / Aschuir
        E
     •	 	 ncourage	and	support	companies	to	think	more	                 T
                                                                     •	 	 o	provide	productivity	support	and	finance	for	                I
                                                                                                                                      •	 	ncrease	the	number	of	companies	in	the	county	
        innovatively	and	to	introduce	innovative	practices	in	the	      companies	to	allow	them	to	become	more	efficient,	               introducing	innovative	practices.
        following	areas:                                                effective	and	thus	more	competitive.                             I
                                                                                                                                      •	 	ncrease	the	number	of	new	products	or	services	
     	   •	 Manufacturing	companies:                                    T
                                                                     •	 	 o	provide	benchmarking	support	for	companies	against	          introduced	by	companies	as	a	result	of	innovation	
     	   	   •	 Product	development                                     best	in	class.                                                   support	received.

     	   	   •	 Production	processes                                    T
                                                                     •	 	 o	provide	an	environmental	advisory	service	for	               I
                                                                                                                                      •	 	ncrease	the	number	of	companies	engaging	in	feasibility	
                                                                        companies.                                                       studies.
     	   	   •	 Logistics
                                                                        T
                                                                     •	 	 o	provide	feasibility	study	financial	support	for	             I
                                                                                                                                      •	 	ncrease	the	number	of	companies	introducing	new	
     	   	   •	 Customer	service	and	support
                                                                        companies	for	the	introduction	of	new	products,	                 environmental	practices.
     	   	   •	 Supply	chain	management
                                                                        services	or	processes.
     	   	   •	 Environmental	management
     	   •	 Service	Companies:
                                                                     Note:	R&D,	internationalisation,	staff	development	and	
     	   	   •	 New	business	models	or	concepts                      new	business	start	actions	all	contribute	to	increasing	
     	   	   •	 New	customer/delivery	interfaces                     innovation.		These	are	covered	separately	in	different	action	
     	   	   •	 New	or	enhanced	service	product	offerings            plans.




48
Target audience / Sprioclucht                                                                                             Timescale / Amscála
•	   High	potential	growth	established	companies	in	the	county.                                                           2008:	   	 ngagement	of	companies	to	increase	their	investment	in	innovation.	
                                                                                                                                   E
                                                                                                                                   To	initiate	in-company	feasibility	studies.



                                                                                                                                                                                                           F
•	   High	potential	growth	start-up	companies	in	the	county.
•	   Manufacturing	companies	in	the	county	with	the	potential	to	develop	and	expand	their	product/service	base.                   D
                                                                                                                          2009:		 	 evelop	and	implement	new	products/services/processes	identified.	
                                                                                                                                  Ongoing	engagement	of	companies	in	innovation.
•	   S
     	 ervices	companies	in	the	county	with	the	potential	to	apply	services	innovation	to	develop	their	business	
     model,	improve	their	customer	interface	and/or	enhance	their	product	offering.                                       2010:	   Ongoing	engagement	of	companies	in	innovation.

Funding sources / Foinse Maoinithe
•	   N
     	 ational	Development	Plan,	Rural	Development	Plan,	Enterprise	Ireland	programmes,	Clare	County	Enterprise	
     Board	programmes,	European	funding	programmes	such	as	the	Eureka	Eurostars	Programme.


Agency /                   Role / Ról
Gníomhaíocht
Enterprise	Ireland         •	   To	provide	innovation	support	through	their	productivity,	benchmarking,	
                                	
                                environmental	management	and	feasibility	programmes	to	eligible	companies.


Clare	CEB                  •	   To	provide	innovation	support	to	eligible	companies.
	                          •	   To	identify	and	work	with	client	companies	with	the	potential	to	innovate	with	a	view	
                                	
	                               to	developing	them	to	a	level	that	would	deem	them	eligible	for	appropriate	support	
                                from	Enterprise	Ireland.


RRD	Ltd.                   •	   To	provide	innovation	support	to	eligible	companies.
	                          •	   T
                                	 o	identify	and	work	with	rural	client	companies	with	the	potential	to	innovate	with	
	                               a	view	to	developing	them	to	a	level	that	would	deem	them	eligible	for	appropriate	
                                support	from	Clare	CEB	and	Enterprise	Ireland.


Shannon	                   •	   	 o	help	to	identify	companies	with	the	potential	to	innovate	and	signpost	them	to	the	
                                T
Development                     appropriate	support	from	Enterprise	Ireland,	Clare	CEB	or	RRD	Ltd.
                           •	   To	provide	innovation	support	to	SFZ	clients.


IDA	Ireland                •	   	
                                To	work	with	existing	IDA	and	potential	new	IDA	clients	in	the	county	to	encourage	
                                them	to	avail	of	IDA	R&D	support	programmes.	
                           •	   T
                                	 o	identify	companies	with	the	potential	to	innovate	and	signpost	them	to	the	
                                appropriate	support	from	Enterprise	Ireland.
	

IBEC,	Chambers	of	         •	   	
                                To	identify	member	companies	with	the	potential	to	innovate	and	signpost	them	to	
Commerce                        the	appropriate	support	from	Enterprise	Ireland,	Clare	CEB	or	RRD	Ltd.


NUI	Galway,	               •	   	
                                To	work	with	Enterprise	Ireland,	Clare	CEB	and	RRD	Ltd.	in	providing,	where	
University	of	                  appropriate,	support	to	the	development	and	implementation	of	innovation	measures.
Limerick




                                                                                                                                                                                                           49
     Implementation and monitoring
5    Feidhmiú agus Monatóireachta


     5. 0     Introduction                                                                           of	the	Strategy	will	be	provided	from	the	Forum	to	the	County	Development	Board	
     This	Strategy	is	consistent	with	Shaping the Future	-	the Integrated Strategy for Economic,     structures	via	the	Economic	Development,	Innovation	and	Skills	Capacity	Implementation	
     Social and Cultural Development of County Clare 2002-2012	and	with	the	individual	              Group.	
     strategies	of	the	partner	organisations.	In	this	regard,	the	Strategy	attempts	to	add	value	
     to	the	existing	aims,	objectives	and	plans	of	the	partners.                                     The	Community	and	Enterprise	section	of	Clare	County	Council	will	co-ordinate	the	
                                                                                                     activities	of	the	Forum	and	the	implementation	of	the	Strategy.
     The	publication	of	this	Strategy	is	itself	evidence	of	successful	inter-agency	networking	in	
     County	Clare.	Through	the	Enterprise	Strategy	Steering	Group,	careful	consideration	and	        5.2      Review process
     planning	has	guided	the	research	and	consultation	process	and	in	the	final	action	plans	        This	Strategy	will	inform	the	future	of	agency	networking	and	the	approach	to	enterprise	
     presented	herein.	The	success	of	this	Strategy	will	depend	on	the	continued	involvement	        development	in	the	county	into	the	future.	While	the	implementation	of	the	Strategy	
     of	all	the	partners	in	implementing	the	action	plans.	                                          will	be	monitored	on	an	ongoing	basis,	the	partners	recognise	the	need	to	measure	the	
                                                                                                     impact	and	success	of	the	collaborative	process	and	the	action	plans.	It	is	expected	that	a	
     5.1      Implementation Framework                                                               mid-term	review	of	the	strategy	will	be	carried	out	to	establish	progress	on	the	actions	in	
     The	commitment	of	all	stakeholders	to	the	Strategy	must	be	emphasised.	Building	on	             relation	to	collaborative	working,	achievement	of	targets	and	outputs	and	to	ascertain	the	
     the	relationships	forged	throughout	the	development	of	this	Strategy,	an	Enterprise	            need	to	make	adjustments	to	the	actions	to	take	account	of	ongoing	changes,	challenges	
     Partnership	Forum	will	be	established	which	will	take	over	the	work	of	the	Enterprise	          and	opportunities	which	impact	on	enterprise	development.	Based	on	the	findings	of	this	
     Strategy	Steering	Group	in	driving	the	Strategy.	Comprising	key	representatives	from	           review,	it	may	be	necessary	to	make	adjustments	to	actions	and	targets	in	the	Strategy.	
     the	partner	organisations,	the	Forum	will	convene	on	a	quarterly	basis	to	guide	the	            Actions	relating	to	mapping	and	research	will	inform	the	direction	of	the	strategy	
     implementation	and	monitoring	of	the	strategy	and	will	promote	and	facilitate	discussion	       throughout.
     of	key	issues	in	relation	to	enterprise	development,	act	as	a	hub	of	inter-agency	
     intelligence	sharing	and	facilitate	cross	referrals.	                                           5.3      Measuring the impact of the Strategy
                                                                                                     It	is	imperative	for	the	future	of	inter-agency	networking	and	enterprise	development	
     Through	a	symbiotic	relationship	between	the	Forum	and	its	representatives,	partners	           in	the	county	that	the	impact	of	the	Strategy	be	carefully	evaluated.	The	lifetime	of	this	
     will	provide	updates	on	the	progress	of	the	actions	for	which	they	have	the	lead	and	           Strategy	document	is	2008-2010,	however	the	success	of	the	Strategy	and	its	outcomes	
     feed	back	to	their	organisations.	The	Forum	will	also	facilitate	a	mid-term	review	of	          will	have	a	longer-term	impact	in	determining	the	direction	and	future	of	enterprise	
     the	Strategy	and	decide	as	necessary	on	the	need	for	new	structures.	Reports	on	the	            development	in	the	county	and	future	collaboration.	
     implementation	



50
                                                                                            5
On the basis of continual monitoring and the mid-term review process, the Forum will
adopt an appropriate evaluation approach to determine the outputs and effects of the
Strategy. Feedback from the partner organisations will underpin this process.This will
include measuring the actual outputs against the expected outputs in the action plans.
These outcomes and the success of the collaborative process will be measured against
the high-level goals which provide the guiding framework of the action plans. In order to
determine if the Strategy has addressed its objectives, the evaluation will benchmark the
outputs against regional and national performance indicators.




                                                                                            51
     Glossary                                                        References
     Gluais                                                          Tagairtí


     BERD   Business Expenditure on Research and Development         WEF (2006) The Global Competitiveness Report 2007-2008,World Economic Forum,
     BMW    Border, Midland and Western region                       Geneva.
     C&E    Community and Enterprise
     CCC    Clare County Council
                                                                     ESRI (2007) Quarterly Economic Summary - Winter 2007, Economic and Social Research
     CDB    County Development Board
     CEB    County Enterprise Board                                  Institute, Dublin.
     CSO    Central Statistics Office
     DED    District Electoral Division                              Huggins Associates (2007) European Competitiveness Index 2006-2007, Robert Huggins
     DETE   Department of Enterprise,Trade and Employment            Associates,Wales, UK.
     EI     Enterprise Ireland
     ESB    Electricity Supply Board
                                                                     NCC Vol. 1 (2007) Annual Competitiveness Report – Benchmarking Ireland’s
     ESRI   Economic and Social Research Institute
     FÁS    Foras Áiseanna Saothair                                  Performance, National Competitiveness Council/ Forfás, Dublin.
     FDI    Foreign Direct Investment
     GERD   Gross Expenditure on Research and Development            NCC Vol. 2 (2007) Annual Competitiveness Report – Ireland’s Competitiveness Challenge
     HERD   Higher Education Research and Development                National Competitiveness Council/Forfás, Dublin.
     GDP    Gross Domestic Product
     GNP    Gross National Product
                                                                     NCC (2007) Review of International Assessments of Ireland’s Competitiveness, National
     HPSU   High Potential Start-up Unit
     IBEC   Irish Business and Employers Confederation               Competitiveness Council/Forfás, Dublin.
     IDA    Industrial Development Authority
     NCC    National Competitiveness Council                         NDP (2006) National Development Plan 2007-2013, Stationery Office, Dublin.
     NDP    National Development Plan
     NSS    National Spatial Strategy
                                                                     NSS (2002) National Spatial Strategy for Ireland 2002-2020, People, Places and Potential,
     NUIG   National University of Ireland, Galway
                                                                     Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Stationery Office, Dublin.
     OECD   Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
     R&D    Research and Development
     RRD    Rural Resource Development Ltd.
     SFZ    Shannon Free Zone
     SIF    Strategic Investment Fund
     UL     University of Limerick
     VEC    Vocational Education Committee



52
Disclaimer:While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information provided in this document, the Clare County Development Board does not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the
accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information provided.
                  County
                  Clare


  Clare County Development Board
          Áras Contae an Chláir
        New Road, Ennis, Co. Clare
Tel: + 353 65 6846222 Fax: + 353 65 6829558   Printed on recycled paper

    www.clarecdb.ie dceoff@clarecoco.ie                       Photo: ESA

				
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