Docstoc

The Voice VOICE The - PDF - PDF

Document Sample
The Voice VOICE The - PDF - PDF Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                  VOICE
                                                                  The                                                                                                                                                       1
                                  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The




                                   Vol.7 / No.41                                                                 Weekly                                                   Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com




                                    v,f,m                                                        owfrSwfum;                                                         tmqD,H
                                    pdkufysKd;a&;wGif                                            aps;wef; aysmufNyD;                                                &JwyfzGJY
                                    EdkifiHjcm;om;                                                                                                                  jrefrm
                                                                                                 BudKufa&mif;
                                    &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH                                                                                                               &Jar
                                                                                                 BudKuf0,fjzpf                                                      ac:,l
                                    cGifUjyKrnf
                                                                       "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif   pm 6
                                    pm 3                                                                                "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                      pm 8       Photo by welovekimchi.com



                                  ASEAN




                                 jrefrmtmqD,HOuú|jzpfa&; vlxktoH vuf&SdOuú|em;axmifrnf
                                 &efukef? pufwifbm 22
                                                                                                             Hrsm;toif
                                           rmtpkd;&utqkdjyKxm;aom 2014 ckESpfwGif ta&SUawmiftm&SEdkifirsm;toif; (ASEAN) Ouú|jzpfa&;                    jrefrmor®wBuD; OD;odef;pdef           tpkd;&wpfzGJUvkH;taeESifhrl ajymqkd&ef
                                  jref     twGuf a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ tjrifoabmxm;omru vlxtajcjyKtzGJUtpnf;rsm;\ toHrsm;ukdyg
                                                                                                         k       tzG                               taeESifh wkd;wufajymif;vJa&; trSef             J             dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                             cufcaMumif; jrefrmEkiia&;acgif;aqmif
                                 tav;xm;em;xmifoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; vuf&SdtmqD,HOuú| tif'kdeD;&Sm;EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD; rmwDemwmvD*g0g               wu,f vdkvm;onf[kxifjrifNyD;               a':atmifqef;pkMunfu pm 12
                                 u AP owif;Xmeukd ajymqkdvkdufonf/
                                        jrefrmEkdifiH tmqD,HOuú|jzpf xkdokdYajymqkdvdkuf jcif;jzpfonf/
                                               dfH      f
                                 a&;twGuf EkiitwGi;&Sd oufqi&m  dk f               dk D             k f
                                                                             ]]tif'e;&Sm;&JU ppfwyftycsKyfrI
                                 e,fy,ftoD;oD;u toHudk em;axmif pepfuae 'Drkdua&pD tajymif;tvJ
                                               dk         f
                                 &ef atmufwbmvtwGi; vma&muf oifcef;pmawGudkvnf; rQa0oGm;rSm
                                              kfH         df
                                 rnfh jrefrmEdiic&D;pOfrwkirD rmwDu yg}}[k ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/


                                 vkdifpifrJU,mOfrsm; w&m;0if
                                        G D
                                 wifoi;f &efppOf                                                     pm 5



                                 pufoHk;qD aps;jyefwuf                                               pm 11



                                                  S         Uf
                                 um;a[mif;pvpfEiUf oGi;f cGiygrpf 0,fa&mif;
                                                f
                                 ode;f wpf&mausmtxdaps;ayguf           pm                               6
                                                                                                                       jrpfwpfpif;\yHk&dyf{&m0wD tEkynmjyyGJudk    Green Hearts Environment
                                                                                                               Network \ pDpOfrIjzifh pufwifbmv 22 &ufrS 24 &ufaeYtxd &efukefNrdKUawmfü
                                                                                                               usif;ycJh&m yef;csD? "mwfyHk? umwGef;? Graphic Art ESifh uAsmq&m pkpkaygif; 54 OD;\
                                 a&Taps; ckepfodef;ckepfaomif;ausmf                                 pm 12
                                                                                                               vuf&m142ckudk jyocJhNyD; a':atmifqef;pkMunf wufa&mufcJhonf/                         "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif

                                    INSTITUTIONAL
                                                                                                                                                     jrefrmrDeDqvGef;                                       rEåav;wGif
                                              d l kf            J S f G Uf
                                   bPfpm&if;&Soom EdiijH cm;aiGvv,ci&rnf
                                   &efukef? pufwifbm 20
                                                                                                                                                     &rnfqkdum                                                e0rwef;
                                        J
                                          EdkifiHom;wdkif; vG,fulpGmEdkifiHjcm;aiGaMu;vJvS,fEdkif&ef rMumrDtaumiftxnfazmfawmhrnfh w&m;0if
                                   aiGvXme (Money Changer) rsm;wGif jrefrmEdiiom;rsm; EdiijH cm;aiGvv,rnfqygu bPfpm&if; &Sorsm;om
                                                                                   k f H      k f        J S f    kd           d l                   aiGvdrf&ef                                              ausmif;ol
                                   vJvS,fcGifh&&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHawmfA[dkbPfwm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u pufwifbmv 20 &ufaeYwGif The
                                   Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                                  pm 10             BudK;yrf; pm           9                           pm 8 aysmufq;kH
      2
  VOICE
The
          Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
Vol.7 / No.41 - September 26 - October 2 , 2011                                                                                                               THE VOICE WEEKLY 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3




                                                                        NEWS
Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                             VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                           The




                                                          REAL ESTATE
          'kdYwm0efta&;okH;yg;
- jynfaxmifpkrNyKduGJa&;
- wkdif;&if;om;pnf;vkH;
  nDnGwfrIrNyKduGJa&;
                                            'kdYta&;

                                            'kdYta&;
                                                          ,mOfta&mif;jycef;*,uf vrf;r tdrf? NcH? ajrtiSm;aps;
- tcsKyftjcmtmPm
  wnfwHhckdifNrJa&;
           jynfolYoabmxm;
                                            'kdYta&;
                                                          50 &mckdifEIef;txdjrifUwuf
- jynfytm;ukd;ykqdef½kd; tqkd;jrif0g'Drsm;                &efukef? pufwifbm 22
  tm; qefYusifMu/                                                       rsm;ukd ,mOfta&mif;jycef;rsm; zGifhvSpfcGifhjyKrnfjzpfojzifh &efukefNrdKUawmf jynfvrf;? urÇmat;bk&m;vrf;ponfh txifu&
- EkdifiHawmf wnfNidrfat;csrf;a&;ESifh EkdifiH
  awmfw;kd wufa&;ukd aESmif,uzsuq;ol
                           h S f f D
                                                           ukrÜPD                                                         tiSS       f
                                                                        vrf;rBuD;rsm; wpfavQmuf&Sd tdrf? NcH? ajr wpfvtim;aps;EIe;rSm ,ck&ufowåywftwGif; 50 &mckdifEIef;ausmftxd aps;wufvmaMumif;
                                                                                                                                               wå
  rsm;tm; qefYusifMu/                                                                                         rsm;xH
                                                          &efukefNrdKUawmf tajcpkduf tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmifrsm;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
- EkdifiHawmf\ jynfwGif;a&;ukd 0ifa&muf                                                                                                                    hf S f
                                                                                                                                       wGif ,mOfjycef;zGivp&ef jyifqifae         aomfvnf; aps;jrifhjcif;r&SdaMumif;
  pGufzufaESmifh,Sufaom jynfyEkdifiHrsm;
  tm; qefYusifMu/
                                                                                                                                                  f      f
                                                                                                                                       aom vkyief;&SitcsKUd \ qufo,rI      G f   ,lewD tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmif
- jynfwGif;jynfy tzsuform;rsm;tm;                                                                                                      rsm;&SdcJhaomfvnf; trSefwu,fiSm;                f               dS
                                                                                                                                                                                 vkyief;wm0ef&ol OD;aZmfaZmfu ajym
  bkH&efoltjzpf owfrSwfacsrIef;Mu/                                                                                                     &rf;jcif;r&Sdao;aMumif; r@dKiftdrf?       Mum;onf/
   EkdifiHa&;OD;wnfcsuf (4) &yf                                                                                                        NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmifrS OD;oef;OD;u                       k
                                                                                                                                                                                           &efueNf rdKU\ '*kNH rdKUopf{&d,m
- EkdifiHawmfwnfNidrfa&;? &yf&Gmat;csrf;                                                                                               qkdonf/                                                      dS
                                                                                                                                                                                 rsm;wGif vuf&um;ukrPrsm;u iSm;Ü D
  om,ma&;ESifh w&m;Oya'pkd;rkd;a&;/                                                                                                            &efukefNrdKUv,fwpf0dkufwGif       &rf;tokH;jyKaeaom tvsm;ay 120
- trsKd;om; pnf;vkH;nDnGwfrI cdkifrma&;/                                                                                                                        hf dk f
                                                                                                                                       ,mOfta&mif;jycef;zGiEiaom tcef;           teH ay 80 &Sd NcH0if;rsm; (taqmuf
- pnf;urf;jynfh0aom 'Drdkua&pDpepf
                                                                                                                                               S
                                                                                                                                       us,f&m;yg;NyD; tus,fq;tcef;wpf   Hk               k       f
                                                                                                                                                                                 ttHtvGw)\ wpfviSm;&rf;c usyf
  &Sifoefcdkifrmatmif wnfaqmufa&;/
- zJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya'ESifhtnD acwfrD
                                                                                                                                       cef;vQif ,mOf&SpfpD;cefYomxm;&SdEkdif                       f d
                                                                                                                                                                                 15 ode;f 0ef;usiom&SaMumif; oufqi&m     dk f
  zG H U NzKd ; wk d ; wuf a om Ek d i f i H a wmf o pf     "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                                                    aMumif;? NrdKUv,fwGif ,mOfta&mif;         NrdKUe,f tdr?f NcH? ajr tusKd;aqmifrsm;
  wnfaqmufa&;/                                                                                                                         jycef;zGifh&ef vma&mufpkHprf;rIrsm;&Sd    xHrS pkHprf;od&onf/
  pD;yGm;a&;OD;wnfcsuf (4) &yf
- pkdufysKd;a&;ukd ydkrdkzGHUjzdK;wdk;wufatmif                                               d
                                                                 jynfvrf;wGif ysrf;rQ 30 &mckif
                G           D
  aqmif&uNf yD; acwfrpufrEiixaxmif I kd f H l             EIef;ausmf (,cif ysrf;rQ wpfvusyf         NEWS MAKER
  a&;ESihf tjcm;pD;yGm;a&;u@rsm;udvnf;        k           odef; 70 ausmfrS odef; 100 ausmf)?
  bufpzUHG jzKd;wd;k wufatmif wnfaqmufa&;/

  vma&;/
           kH
- aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;pepf yDjyifpGmjzpfay:
                                                          urÇmat;vrf;rBuD;wGif ysrf;rQ 50
                                                          &mcdkifEIef;ausmf (,cifysrf;rQwpfv
                                                                                                    a':atmifqef;pkMunf atmifqef;yifvkH
                                                                       d f                f
                                                          vQif usyfoe; 40 ausmfrS ode; 70)?
- jynfwi;jynfyrS twwfynmESihf t&if;
       D
              G f
                  f
  tES;rsm;zdwac:í pD;yGm;a&;zGUH NzK;wk;wuf
  atmif wnfaqmufa&;/
                                           d d            tif;pdefvrf;rBuD;wGif 50 &mckdifEIef;
                                                          0ef;usif (,cifysrf;rQwpfvusyf
                                                                                                    pmzwfcef;zGifUyGJ wufa&muf
- EkdifiHawmfpD;yGm;a&;wpf&yfvkH;ukd zefwD;                                                        &efukef pufwifbm 20
                                                          odef; 40 rS odef; 60) ponfjzifh
    d f I G f             d f H
  Ekirpr;tm;onf EkiiawmfEihf wki;&if;   S d f                                                                                                                                                f      hJ
                                                                                                            wdkif;&if;om;pnf;vkH;nDnGwfa&;twGuf yifvkHpmcsKyfjzpfay:vm&ef t"dupGr;aqmifcol trsKd ;om;
                                                          toD;oD;aps;wufoGm;cJhaMumif; a&T
  om;jynfolwkdY\ vuf0,fwGif&Sda&;/                                                                                     k f                                                               k f kd
                                                                                                   acgif;aqmifBuD; AdvcsKyfatmifqef;\orD;jzpfol a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf &efuewi;f a'oBu;D oCFe;f uGße;f
                                                          rif;om;? r@dKifESifh ,lewDtdrf? NcH?
    vlrIa&;OD;wnfcsuf (4) &yf                                                                      NrdKUe,f&Sdatmifqef;yifvHkpmzwfcef;zGifhvSpfyGJtcrf;tem;udk pufwifbmv 23 &ufaeYwGif wufa&muf&ef
- wpfrsKd;om;vkH;\ pdwf"mwfESifh tusifh
                                                          ajr tusKd;aqmifwkdYxHrS od&onf/          &SdaMumif; pmzwfcef;jzpfajrmufa&;pDpOfaeolwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
  pm&dwåjrifhrm;a&;/                                             ]]um;jycef;zGifhr,fh ukrÜPDawG                   k                       f f                  h
                                                                                                            tqdygpmzwfcef;onf oCFe;uGße;jrdKUe,f av;a'gifuefvrf;rBuD; cgcsD,m;rSwfwdkifteD;wGifwnf&SdNyD;
- trsK;d *kP?f Zmwd*Pjf rifrm;a&;ESihf ,Ofaus;
                      k    h                              u Mum;yJGpm;rokH;bJ wkduf½kdufquf                 G f                                                  d
                                                                                                   jynfwi;owif;*sme,ftcsKd Uudk tcrf;tem;wufa&muf&efzwMf um;xm;aMumif;ESihf tcrf;tem;udk ,if;aeUeHeuf
  rItarGtESpfrsm;? trsKd;om;a&;vu©Pm                      oG,fwmyg/ t"duvrf;rBuD;awGrSm                                          f                      l D
                                                                                                   9 em&DrS 12 em&D txd usi;yrnfjzpfaMumif; pDpOfowpfO;u ajymMum;onf/
  rsm; raysmufysufatmif xdef;odrf;apmifh                            d
                                                          ae&mr&SawmhvYdk awmifOuúvmbuf
  a&Smufa&;/
                                                                                                            trsdK;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJYcsKyf taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf Mo*kwfv yJcl;c&D;pOf
                                                          rSm vkduf0,faeMuw,f}} [k a&Trif;                                         d G                   f              f kd f S f k   hf S f
                                                                                                   twGif; yJcl;ESifh oeyfyif NrdKUwkYwif atmifqef;*smrGe; trnf&dS pmMunhwuEpcukd zGivpay;cJNh yD; ,ckatmifqef;
- ppfrSefaom rsKd;cspfpdwf"mwfjzpfonfh
                    f
  jynfaxmifpk pdw"mwf&ioefxufjrufa&;/
                             Sf                           om;td r f ? NcH ? ajrtusKd ; aqmif r S   yifvpmzwfcef;onf &efueNf rdKUawmfwif a':atmifqef;pkMunf wufa&mufzivpay;rnfh yxrOD;qkH; pmzwfcef;
                                                                                                         kH                    k           G                                  G hf S f
          d
- wpfrsK;om;vk; use;rmBuHcia&;ESiynm
                  H     f       h dk f   hf               OD;jrwfol0if;u qkdonf/                   jzpfvm&ef&SdaMumif;vnf; pDpOfaeolu ajymMum;onf/                                              Associated News
  &nfjrifhrm;a&;/                                                &efukefNrdKUv,f{&d,mwpf0kduf
The
      4
  VOICE                 LOCAL                 EDITORIAL
                                                                                                                NEWS MAKER
                                                                                                                                                                                    Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




         wlnDaomyef;wdkifESifU      kH D H d        hl     k               G f
                               jrpfqprue;f jynfoqE´twdi;f tav;xm;aqmif&urnf[k
      oabmobm0 rwlaomtvkyf jrefrmU&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIaumfr&SifOuú| w&m;0ifxkwfjyef
                           kfH G kfH
             jrefrmEdiiwif Ediia&;? pD;yGm;a&;? vlra&;qdi&m tajymif;tvJrsm;I     kf                            &efukef? pufwifbm 17
 vsifjrefpGm pwifjzpfay:ajymif;vJaeNyD; xdkodkYtajymif;tvJrsm;jzpfay:
                                                                                                                                  jrpfqHka&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef;udk jynfolYqE´twdkif; tav;xm;aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;         aMumif
 awmhrnftajctaeudk qdua&mufaeaMumif; a':atmifqef;pkMunfuoYkd
                  h
 yk*¾dKvfuyif rSwfcsufjyKxm;cJhygonf/
                                           k f                                                            hJ    {&m0wD            jrefrmEdkifiH&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIaumfr&SifOuú|ESifh pufrIvkyfief;zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;aumfrwDOuú|
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        &;aumf
             odkYwdkifatmif þtajymif;tvJBuD;rsm;ESifh wdkuf½dkufqufpyfywf                                           k f                                             tm;0ef
                                                                                                               OD;pd;ode;u aejynfawmf trSwf(1)vQyfppfpGrf;tm;0efBuD;XmewGif pufwifbmv 17 &ufaeYu usif;yaom          aeY
 oufaeolrsm;tMum;wGifvnf; xdkodkYacwfajymif;aeaMumif; oabm                                                     {&m0wDjrpf0Srf;a&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef;aMumifh {&m0wDjrpfESifh obm0ywf0ef;usiftay:oufa&mufrI tvkyf½Hk
 aygufolESifh raygufolrsm;? Bigger Picture jrifEdkifolESifh rjrifEdkifolrsm;                                   aqG;aEG;yGJü w&m;0ifxkwfjyefvdkufonf/
 uGJjym;jcm;em;pGm jrifawGUae&ygonf/ xdkodkY oabmraygufao;olrsm;                                                          k               f G     k                                                  k
                                                                                                                      tqdygxkwjf yefcsuwif tpd;& aojcif;w&m;? tdkjcif;w&m;rsm;udk rvdvm;aMumif; tqdygaMunmcsuf            k
 udk oabmaygufem;vnfatmif 0dkif;0ef;ulnDMu&rnfjzpfaMumif;                                                      onf jynfolrsm;\ a&G;aumufwif ra&SmifvTJEdkifaMumif;? &mxl;tmPm wGif a&;om;xm;onf/
 a':atmifqef;pkMunfuyif rSwfcsufjyKcJhygonf/                                                                   ajr§mufcH&rIjzifh wufvmaomtpdk;& rsm;onf udk,fydkifr[kwfonfudk                           tqd k y gaMunmcsuf w G i f y if
                k
             xdacwfajymif; pepfajymif;udk em;vnfoabmayguforsm;tMum;                             l                                                                                                               kH D H d f k f
                                                                                                               opfjzpfNyD; jynfolYtusKd;? EdkifiHh em;vnfaMumif;? EdkifiHawmfBuD;ESifh {&m0wDjrpfqprue;qdi&m avhvm
         f               d                        h
 wGivnf; rdrwYkdxrf;aqmifonfwm0efuvuí uGjJ ym;jcm;em;oGm;aom           kd kd f                                 tusKd;? trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;udk jynfoljynfom;tm;vHk;uom om; csufrsm;udk jyefvnfoHk;oyfoGm;rnf
 ½Iaxmifhrsm;tvdkuf rwluGJjym;aom&yfwnfcsufESifh rl0g'rsm; jrifawGU                                            tajccHum pDrHudef;udk vkyfaqmifap pOfajr;quf xm0&wnf&Sd&rnfjzpf jzpfaMumif; twdtvif;xkwfjyef
 ae&onf j zpf & m þtcsuf o nf rsm;pG m ta&;BuD ; aomaMumif h                                                   rnfjzpfaMumif;? &mxl;tmPmrsm; aMumif ; ? jrpf q H k p D r H u d e f ; aMumif h vdkufonf/
 rvd k t yf a om em;vnf r I v G J r S m ;jcif ; rsm; rjzpf a y:ap&ef t vd k Y i S m                            onf a&yG u f w pf c k r Qomjzpf N yD ; pnf;vHk;nDñGwfrI csnfheJYoGm;rnfudk
 þacgif;BuD;udk a&;om; vdkuf&ygonf/
             ,cktcg vTwfawmfrsm;ay:wGif tajccHOya'opfjy|mef;csuft&
       f                                            f d f
 tkycsKyfa&;tmPmudk tjyeftvSexe;ausmif;rnfh a&;&maumfrwDrsm;pGm                                                     INSTITUTIONAL

 ay:xGef;vmaeygonf/ EdkifiHwumwGifvnf; tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmESifh
                                       f d f
 ¤if;wdYk tm; tjyeftvSexe;ausmif;onfa&;&maumfrwDrsm;onf Good         h
 Governance tvdkYiSm ]rwnfhtwlae}rsm;jzpf&m jrefrmEdkifiHwGif ay:xGef;
                                                                                                                          k f              kf
                                                                                                                   v,f,mpduysK;d a&;wGif EdiijH cm;om;&if;ES;D jrK§ yEcijUf yKrnf
                                                                                                                                                                     f HS G
                                                                                                                   aejynfawmf? pufwifbm 18
                                                      f
 vmaoma&;&maumfrwDrsm;ESihf tkycsKyfa&;tmPmwdYk\ qufqa&;onf                                       H
 vnf; tvm;wljzpfEi&ef txl;ta&;BuD;ygonf/ jrefrmEdiiwif tajccH
                                 kd f                                                     k f H G                             obm0ywf0ef;usifESifh a'ocHrsm;udk xdcdkufrI
 Oya'opfjy|mef;csufjzpfonfh a&;&maumfrwDrsm;ay:aygufNyD; ¤if;wdYk \                                                r&Sdygu v,f,mpdkufysKd;a&;u@twGuf EdkifiHjcm;
 yifrtvkyfjzpfonfh Mum;emjcif;ESifh Mum;emawGU&Sdcsufrsm;udk vTwfawmf                                                   ¾ d              D     HS I          f kd f G hf
                                                                                                                   yk*vu&if;ES;jr§KyfErrsm;udk vkyuiciay;oGm;rnfjzpf
 ay:odkY tqdktjzpf wifoGif;jcif;rjzpfay:cJhvQif tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmonf                                                                                 H d f
                                                                                                                   aMumif; trsKd;om;pDrue;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;zGUH NzdK;wd;wufrI     k
 ,cifpepfa[mif;yHpxoYkd jyefvnfa&muf&om;NyD; or®wBuD;&nfre;onfh
                               kH J                                    dS G                         Sf             0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;wifEdkifodef;u ajym
 Good Governance yef;wdioYkd a&muf&Eirnfr[kwawmhyg/ txl;ojzifh
                                            k f            dS kd f                    f                            Mum;onf/
 rl0g'qdkif&mtqHk;tjzwfay;olrsm; rnfodkYyifapwemaumif;&Sdapumrl                                                               v,f,mpdkufysKd;a&;u@twGuf EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;
 jynfolYa&;&m0efaqmifrIay;ol? tkyfcsKyfa&;,EÅ&m;udk apmifhMunfhol                                                  jr§KyfESHrIrsm;udk rlabmifrsm;? Oya'rsm;&SdonfhtwGuf
 tmPmwpfccr&ScvQif ,cifEpig;q,ftwGi; BuHKawGUcJaom tmPm
                        k k d hJ                S f                            f            h                      v,f,mpdkufysKd;a&;ESifh qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xmeu
 yHkoP²mefESifh jcpm;rIrsm;udk jyefvnf&ifqdkif&vdrfhrnfjzpfygonf/                                                      d Id f              G f G
                                                                                                                   n§Ei;aqmif&uom;rnfjzpfaMumif; OD;wifEioe;u                 kd f d f
             t"duajymvdkonfrSm tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPm? oufqdkif&m0efBuD;Xme                                              ajymMum;onf/
 rsm;ESifh tkyfcsKyfa&;,EÅ&m;taejzifh tajccHOya'jy|mef;csuft& ay:                                                             jrefrmEdkifiH\ EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD; jr§KyfESHrIOya't&
                                                         k
 aygufaoma&;&maumfrwDrsm;? tqdygaumfrwDrsm;\ zdwac:Mum;emrI?                                  f                             k f                       f S f
                                                                                                                   qDte;? a&mfbmESihf ESp&nu@wdYk wivnf; EdiijH cm;  G f           k f
 tajccHOya'yk'fr 97 t& tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmu vTwfawmfodkY wifoGif;                                                                   k f                     D f
                                                                                                                   om;? wdi;&if;om;? wpfO;csi;? zufpyf ponfrnfonfh          h
           h
 &rnftrdeYf ñeMf um;csursm;udk awmif;qdvmjcif; ponfrsm;udk em;vnf
                           T            f                          k                                                         D f HS I kd k k f kd f
                                                                                                                   &if;ES;jr§KyErurqdvyEiaMumif; 0efBuD;u xyfavmif;
 rItjynfht0ESifh yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;jzpfygonf/                                                                   &Sif;jyonf/
             t"dutm;jzifh tajccHOya'opfu wrifzefw;D xm;onfh (qefYusibuf                                 f                     ]]EdkifiHjcm;ukrÜPDawGu v,f{uodef;csDpdkufysKd;
 oabm) tjyeftvSexe;ausmif;rIukd vufawGUvkyuiMf u&mwGif EdiiEihf
                                   f df                                            f kd                kfHS        csifw,fvdkY urf;vSrf;xm;wm&Sdw,f}} [k0efBuD;uqdk "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif
 vlrsK;d tusK;d Good Governance ponfwnaom &nfre;f csutwGuf oabm
                                                        h l D                       S   f                          onf/
 obm0rwlaom tvkyEprsK;d udk vkyuiaqmif&uay; aeMujcif;jzpfaMumif;?
                                      fSf            f kd f                  G f                                              AD,uferfEdkifiHtygt0if tjcm;EdkifiHrsm;u jrefrmhv,f,mpdkufysKd;a&;u@wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHvdkaMumif;
 tjyeftvSeem;vnfay;EdiromvQif jynfovxk vdvm;aom tajymif;tvJ
                    f                     kfS                            l l     k                                 udk EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD; OD;odef;pdefxH w&m;0ifurf;vSrf;xm;NyD; vkyfudkifay;? ray;udkrl pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sifrsm;?
 rsm;udk trSewu,f jrifawGU&rnfjzpfaMumif; azmfjyvdjk cif;jzpfygonf/
                      f                                                                                            v,f,mpdkufysKd;ynm&Sifrsm;? pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;ESifh n§dEdIif;aeqJjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHqefvkyfief;&Sif
                                                                             t,f'Dwm(19-9-2011)                    rsm;toif;rS tvkyftrIaqmifwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/


                                                             Chief Editor - Kyaw Min Swe, Editor in-charge-Zeya Thu, Managing Editor-Kyaw Naing,
                                                             Senior Executive Editors - Khine Cho Zaw Win Tin, Zin Zin Thaw, Thiri Zaw, Nwet Kay Khine,
The
          VOICE  Weekly
                                                             Executive Editors - Kyaw San Min, Hline Thit Zin Wai, Editors-Mya Hnin Aye, Thu Rein Hlaing @ Khunn Thu,
                                                             Graphic Editors -Myo Htoo Htet, Ngu War Khine, Soe Han, Chief Reporter -Naing Min Wai, Photo Editor-Moe Kyaw Lwin,
                                                             Editorial Secretary- Aung Soe, Foreign Affairs - Aung Kyaw Soe (Desk Editor), Tin Aye Kyaw, Thant Zin Soe, Aung Nyein Chan,
                                                             Editorial Assistants- Swe Nyein Aye, Su Hnin Wai, MandalayCorrespondent- Tin Linn,
                                                             Senior Reporters-Min Myo, Moe Khine, Aye Kyawt Khaing, Kyu Kyu Thin (Moe Myay),
               The Product of                                Junior Reporters -Min Htet San, Phyo Wai Soe, Kyi Kyi Lwin, Zin Mar Lar Htay @ Green, Kyaw Swar Soe, Aung Bo Bo Shein, Thazin Oo,
                 Myanmar                                     Pyae Phyo Lin, Aung Myint Htun, Nyein Thu Aung, Min Thu Khaing(Nay Pyi Daw ),Ye Win Naing(Mandalay),
                 Partners                                    Freelance Reporters -Associated News, Aung Aung Tun, Phyo Phyo Wai, Min Thura, Zay Nway Tun,Tint Lwin(Dawei), Designer - Thein Aung Htut,
                Think Tank                                   DTP - Ma Khine (Manager), Aye Moh Moh Aung, Cho Cho Zin, Khin Mar Myint, Production - Aung Kyaw Sann (Manager) , Soe Win Zaw
                   Group                                     Finance - Pe Aung Zin(Genernal Manager), San Thida (Manager), Htet Htet Nyein (Deputy Manager), Nu War Win (Assistant Manager),
                 (A Sister                                   Marketing - Kyaw Than (Manager), Phyu Phyu Thi (Deputy Manager), Min Aung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Lai Yee Oo, Nu Nu Nge, Shwe Sin Tun,
               Publication of                                Distribution - Htet Khaung (Manager), Khin Myo Chit (Deputy Manager), Jack Too Too, Htet Aung, Receptionist - Su Eindray Oo,
               Living Color                                  Web Administrator - Hein Aung Zaw (Yangonese!) Website - www.thevoicemyanmar.com, Publisher - Daw Khin Kywe Oo (4099),
                                                             Office -Thamada Hotel (Business Suite), No. 5, Alanpya Pagoda Road, Dagon Township, Yangon. 242424, 393192,
                 Magazine)
                                                             Marketing - 01 242424,01 393192, 09 5176835, Hot Line - 09 73030047,01 393316, Distribution - 09 5176831
                                                             E-mail-Admin; Chief Editor - c-editor@myanmar.com.mm, News room;News Room - myanfo@myanmar.com.mm,
                                                             Press- Hnit Thit Oo Printing House Nawaday Cinema Compound , MayangoneTsp,Yangon.
 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                 MOTORING                                                                                                           VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           5




um;wifoGif;ay;jcif;twGuf ukrÜPD0efaqmifc tenf;qHk;ig;odef;rS q,fodef;xdayguf
&efukef? pufwifbm 20
            awmf,mOfa[mif;rsm;tyfESHNyD; ,mOftopfrsm; tpm;xdk;vJvS,f&mwGif jynfyEdkifiHrsm;rS armfawmf,mOfrSm,lvdkolrsm;udk 0efaqmifrIay;aom ukrÜPDrsm;ay:aygufaeNyD;
 armf                                                                                            usyig;od f         df
            *syefEdkifiHrS &efukefqdyfurf;ta&muf ,mOfwpfpD;wifoGif;jcif;twGuf 0efaqmifctenf;qHk; usyf ig;ode;rS q,foe;txdaps;aygufvsuf&SdaMumif; ukrÜPDrsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                                  od&Sd&onf/                                    wJhvkyfief;? ygrpf&NyD; um;b,fvdk                       u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                          ]]um;a[mif;tyfxm;wJh um;              vSrf;rSm&rvJ? tJ'gawGudk rodbl;/                                           G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,mOfwifoi;f ay;aom 0efaqmifrI
                                                                                                  ydkif&SifawGu um;tyfNyD;wJhtxdyJ              tJ'Dawmh um;a[mif;tyfESHNyD; pvpf                             Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ukrPrsm;tygt0if ,mOftyfEHS pvpf
                                                                                                  vkyfwwfw,f/ EdkifiHjcm;aiGpm&if;              xGufwJhtcsdefupvdkY 0efaqmifrIay;                       ESihf ,mOfygrpfrsm; ta&mif;t0,fvyfk
                                                                                                  b,fvdkzGifhrvJ? aiGpm&if;xJudk aiG            wmyg}} [k awmifOuúvmyNrdKUe,frS                         onfhaps;uGufrsm;yg wpfqufwnf;
                                                                                                            kd  G f
                                                                                                  b,fv0,foi;&rvJ? ygrpfavQmuf                                  I kÜ D
                                                                                                                                                ,mOf0efaqmifrurPwm0efcwpfO; H   D                       jzpfay:vsuf&SdaMumif; aps;uGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                        twGif;rS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/

                                                                                                  Bus  ESifU Truck ,mOf trsKd;tpm;tvdkuf
                                                                                                  tpm;xdk;wifoGif;cGifUjyKrnf
  Photo by Green
                                                                                                  aejynfawmf? pufwifbm 17
       ]]EdkifiHjcm;aiGpm&if;zGifhNyD; aiG   p&dwfa':vm 1500 ,lr,f/ um;                                     ,mOfa[mif;tpm;xk;,mOfopf d                                   k     D
                                                                                                                                                NyD}} [k jynfaxmifp0efBu;uqkdonf/                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        csuawmif;cHxm;Ny;D rMumcif xkwjfyef
yrmPvnf; tvHktavmuf&SdNyD/                   wefzdk;eJY oabFmwifc wefzdk;aygif;                             Gf
                                                                                                  wifoi;cGihf tpDtpOft& cGifhjyKaom                         EkdifiHwumaps;uGufwGif Bus                  ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; jynfaxmifp k
um;oGif;cGifhygrpfvnf; vufxJ                 &if a':vm 5000 usr,f/ tJ'gudk                        ukef;vrf;ydkYaqmifa&;ESifhñeMf um;rI   T      ESifh Truck ,mOfrsm;rSm tdrfpD;,mOf                     0efBuD;u &Sif;jyonf/
a&mufaeNyD/ 'gayrJh udk,fum;vSrf;            wpfcgwnf;ukefus&dwf tukefvHk;                        OD;pD;Xme vkipifoufwrf; ESpf 20 rS
                                                                                                                     df                                    h
                                                                                                                                                rsm;uJoYkd wpfEp?f 2 ESpcefYtoH;jyKNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                      S      f     k                               *syefEiixwf Truck um;aps;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         dk f H k
0,f&r,fh EdkifiHrSm vlcHr&Sd&if? udk,fh      ay;xm;r,fq&if 0efaqmifcoH;ode;
                                                               kd                 k f             40 ausmoufwrf;&S,mOfrsm;wGif yg0if
                                                                                                                   f          d                          G                 G
                                                                                                                                                jzpfom;ygu aps;usom;jcif;rsK;enf;    d                  EIe;f rsm;rSm LITEACE ? TOWNACE
um;udk &efukefvmr,fh EdkifiHjcm;             yJ ,lr,f/ a':vm 2500 yJay;xm;                        aeaom Bus (c&D;onfwif,mOf)ESifh               aMumif;? ,if;aMumifh Bus ESifh Truck                             d
                                                                                                                                                                                                        trsK;tpm; Truck rsm;rSm uefa':vm
oabFmtxd wifay;vdkufr,fholr&Sd                       kd
                                             r,fq&if 0efaqmifcig;ode;,lr,f/    f                  Truck (ukefwif,mOf) rsm;ae&mwGif              rsm;rSm toHk;jyKNyD; wifoGif;vQif                       4ç000 0ef;usifrS 6ç000 0ef;usif
&ifawmh um;vSrf;0,fzdkYqdkwm rjzpf           wpfjym;rS ay;rxm;bl;/ ygrpfyJay;                     tdrfpD;,mOfrsm;jzifh tpm;xdk; wif             tar&d u ef a':vm wpf a omif ;                           txd&SdNyD; Canter trsKd;tpm;,mOf
  k f                 f
Ediygbl;/ um;oGi;ay;wJurPawG h k Ü D         NyD; &efukefqdyfurf;a&mufwJhtxd                      oGif;cGifhray;bJ Bus ESihf Truck ,mOf         0ef;usifrS a':vmwpfaomif; ausmf                         rsm;rSm uefa':vm 10ç000 ausmf
eJY rjzpfraequfoG,fNyD; um;oGif;rS           um;twG u f uk e f u sp&d w f a wG                                          G f
                                                                                                  rsm;om wifoi;cGijhf yKrnfjzpfaMumif;          ausmfcefY usrnfjzpf&m ,ck,mOf                           &SdaMumif; Bus trsKd; tpm;rsm;jzpf
udk &rSmyg}} [k awmifOuúvmyNrdKUe,f          ukrÜPDu pdkufxm;&r,f qdk&ifawmh                      &xm;yd k Y aqmif a &;0ef B uD ; Xme           a[mif ; tpm;xd k ; wif o G i f ; cG i f h               aom Hino ,mOfrsm;rSm uefa':vm
&Sd ,mOfwifoGif;rI 0efaqmifay;ae             0ef a qmif c tar&d u ef a ':vm                       jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;atmifrif;u              owfrSwfcsuft& a':vm 3500                                8ç000 rS 10ç000 ausmftxd&SdNyD;
aom ukrÜPDwpfckrS wm0efcHwpfOD;              wpfaxmif,lr,f}} [k &Sif;jyonf/                       ajymMum;onf/                                  atmuf,mOfrsm;omoGif;&rnfjzpf                            Rosa Bus rsm;rSm tar&duefa':vm
u ajymMum;onf/                                       tcsKUd 0efaqmifrurPrsm;url
                                                                         I k Ü D                            ]]Bus eJY Truck awGae&mrSm ydrkd
                                                                                                                                           k                        G hf         f
                                                                                                                                                ojzifh wifoi;f cGi&rnf r[kwaMumif;?                                             f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                        10ç000 0ef;usi&aMumif; *syefEiiHdk f
       wmarGNrdKUe,f&dS ,mOfwifoi;rI   G f   ,mOfa[mif;tyfESHxm;aom ajypm                         tusKd;tjrwf&SdwJh tdrfpD;,mOfawG              xk d Y aMumif h Truck ES i f h Bus rsm;                 &Sd ,mOfaps;uGuf aygufaps;rsm; t&
0ef a qmif r I a y;aeaom uk r Ü P D r S      xG u f N yD ; onf E S i f h wif o G i f ; cG i f h   wifoGif;cGifhay;vkduf&if c&D;oGm;             wifoGif;cGifh&a&; or®wxH cGifhjyK                       od&onf/
wm0efcHwpfOD;url ]]a':vm 3500                avQmufxm;jcif;? ,mOfwifoGif;jcif;                                 l            f
                                                                                                  jynfoawGeYJ ukepnfo,f,yYkdaqmif      l
wef u m;ud k oG i f ; csif w ,f q d k & if
&efukefqdyfurf;ta&muf oabFm
wifctygt0if o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;
                                             ESifhrSm,lxm;aom ,mOfqdyfurf;
                                             a&mufonftxd 0efaqmifrIay;Mu
                                             aMumif; aps;uGuftwGif;rS pHkprf;
                                                                                                                 S
                                                                                                  a&;awGrm tcufBuKH Eiw,f/ 'gaMumifh
                                                                                                                                dk f
                                                                                                  Bus to Bus? Truck to Truck yJ wifoi;
                                                                                                  cGijhf yKzkYd or®wBuD;xH wifjyxm;NyD;yg
                                                                                                                                           Gf       vkipifr,mOfrsm;
                                                                                                                                                      d f UJ
                                                                                                                                                    w&m;0if wifoGif;&efpDpOf
    &efukefqdyfurf;ta&muf a':vm 5000 atmuf                                                                                                      aejynfawmf? pufwifbm 22
                                                                                                                                                          w&m;r0ifvrf;aMumif;rS jynf                    oGif;jcif;qkdif&m rD'D,mawGUqkHyJGwGif

    wefzdk;&Sdum;rsm;udk wifoGif;cGifUjyK                                                                                                       wGif;okdY wifoGif;vmaom vkdifpifrJh
                                                                                                                                                ,mOfrsm;ukd ,mOfa[mif;tpm;xkd;
                                                                                                                                                vJvS,fwifoGif;cGifhtpDtpOfaMumifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  pufwifbmv 19 &ufaeYu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        pwifvyaqmifaeaom ,mOfa[mif;
    &efukef? pufwifbm 20                                                                                                                        w&m;0ifvrf;aMumif;rS jyefvnfwif                                     d      S f  G f hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                        tpm;xk;vJv,wifoi;cGitpDtpOf
             EdkifiHtwGif;&Sd oufwrf;vGef armfawmf,mOfrsm; tpm;xdk;wifoGif;&mü wifydkYonfhqdyfurf;&Sd oabFm                                     oGif;&ef pDpOfaeMuaMumif; &xm;                                             kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                        aMumifh tyfuepepfjzifh ,mOfwifoi;        G f
                                              S f        k f d f
    ay:ta&muf a':vm 3500 owfrwí &efueqyurf;ta&muf a':vm 5000 atmufwefz;&Saom owfrwf                        kd d             S                   ykdYaqmifa&;0efBuD;XmerS wm0ef&Sdol                     ay;rnfhukrÜPDrsm; ay:aygufvmNyD;
                                                                           hf l
    armfawmf,mOftrsKd;tpm;tcsKdUudk cGijhf yKay;oGm;rnf[k pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xmeu owif;                                      wpfOD;u pufwifbmv 17 &ufaeY                             armfawmf,mOfta&mif;jycef;zGivp&ef hf S f
    xkwfjyefonf/                                                                                                                                u The Voice Weekly ESifh oD;jcm;                        pwif v k y f a qmif a eol r sm;aMumif h
             &efukefqdyfurf;ta&muf 1995 ckESpfrS 2004 ckESpf armf',fvftwGif;&Sd a':vm 5000 atmufwef                                             awGUqkHpOf ajymMum;onf/                                 ,mOf t a&mif ; jycef ; zG i f h v S p f & ef
      k d                              d             d
    zd;&Saom armfawmf,mOftrsK;tpm; 14 rsK;udk cGijhf yKay;oGm;rnf[k owif;xkwjf yefxm;NyD; ,if;,mOftrsK;tpm;             d                                                  Gf
                                                                                                                                                          ]]w&m;r0ifoi;vmwJum;awG          h            ajriSm;&rf;rI aps;uGufopfwpf&yf
                                    D                          f    h
    rsm;wGif emrnfausmf rmpD';? bDtrf'AvsL? aAmfvAkd ponftrsKd;tpm;rsm;yg0ifonf[k ,if;xkwjf yefcsufwif                        G                              G f G
                                                                                                                                                tckjyefxuom;MuNyD/ w&m;0ifvrf;                          ay:aygufaeaMumif; armfawmf,mOf
    azmfjyyg&Sdonf/                                                                                                                             aMumif;uae jyef0ifvmawmhr,f}} [k                        ta&mif;jycef;zGifhvSpf Ekdifrnfhtae
             xdkYtjyif xdkifcHk 15 cHkatmuf vlpD;armfawmf,mOftrsKd;tpm; 10 rsKd;udk a':vm 3500 wefzdk;txd                                       ¤if;uqkdonf/                                            txm;&Sdaom ae&m tus,ft0ef;&Sd
    cGifhjyKay;oGm;rnf[kvnf; ,refaeYu xkwfjyefaomowif;wGif azmfjyyg&SdNyD; y&m'dk? vifc½lZm? vyfZuf                                                       jynfwGif;okdY w&m;r0ifvrf;                    ajrae&mrsm; aps;aumif;ay;iSm;&rf;
                                            f                                      f
    um;rsm;\wefz;k d rSm 1995 armf',fvonfyifvQif a':vm 3500 xufausmaeí cGijhf yKay;&efr&S[k pufwifbmv    d                                                           G f
                                                                                                                                                aMumif;rS wifoi;vmaom vkipifrhJ                d f      aeaMumif; armf awmf,mOfaps;uGuf
    19 &ufaeYpGJjzifh xGuf&Sdvmaom ,if;xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyyg&Sdonf/                                                                         ,mOfjyóemrSm ,mOfa[mif;tpm;                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        twGi; jzpfay:aerIrsm;t& od&onf/
                           h                   kd                     f                                k
             oufwrf;&ifarmfawmf,mOft,mOfa[mif;rsm;ukd y,fzsuum ,mOfopfrsm;jzifh tpm;xd;wifoi; cGijhf yK&m       G f                             xk d ; vJ v S , f w if o G i f ; cG i f h t pD t pOf              vmrnfhokH;vausmfausmfcefY
    wGif jrefrmEdkifiHtaejzifh wifoGif;ygu rnfonfhEdkifiHrSrqdk wifoGif;EdkifaMumif; &xm;ydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD;Xme
                                                                                                                                                taumiftxnfay:csdefwGif txkduf                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        twGi; armfawmf,mOf ta&mif;jycef;
    wm0ef&Sdolrsm;xHrSowif;&&Sdonf/
                                  G                                                  k
             armfawmf,mOfwifoi;f cGihf ygrpf&&SNd y;D ygu tar&duefa':vm 3500 xufrydaom 1995 armf',fvf txuf,mOf                                                             G
                                                                                                                                                tavsmufajyvnfom;rnfjzpfaMumif;?                                         dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        rsm; qufwuay:aygufvmzG,f &SNd yD;
                     G f hf d                     S f kH                        kd        k f I f
    rsm;udk wifoi;cGi&&SrnfjzpfNyD; ,mOfrwywifaMu;tjzpf ,mOfwefz;\ 100 &mcdiEe;? taumufcetwGuf                      G f                           d           ö G f k f
                                                                                                                                                ck;um;udpwif Zkexw,mOfvyief;                    k f     ta&mif;jycef; 50 txd zGivpvm    hf S f
    40 &mcdkifEIef;cefYESifh ukefoG,fvkyfief;cGeftwGuf 20 &mcdkifEIef;cefY xyfrHay;oGif;&rnfjzpfaMumif; pufwifbm                                rsm; yg0ifywfoufaeNyD; ,mOfwif                            d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        EkiaMumif;? trSwf (1) ESifh trSwf
    v 11 &ufaeYwGif aejynfawmf&Sd &xm;ydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD;Xmeü jyKvkyfcJhaom armfawmf,mOfa[mif;tpm;xdk;                                                 f hf
                                                                                                                                                oGi;cGitpDtpOfopfEitwl tqkyg    S hf                d   (2) pufrI0efBuD;Xmeu wifoGif;
    wifoGif;cGifhqdkif&mrD'D,mrsm;ESifh awGUqHkyGJwGif jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJU0if0efBuD;rsm;\ ajymMum;csuft&                                     udpöavsmhusoGm;rnf[k ,kHMunf                            zGifhvSpfrnfh tpD; a& 1000 cefYrSm
    od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                                  aMumif; trSwf (1) ESifh trSwf (2)                       ,lxm;aom cs,f&D 0uf*Gefta&mif;
             tar&duefa':vm 3500xufrydkaom,mOfrsm; [kwfr[kwfudk pdppfoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; pdppf&mwGif t"du                                                    I
                                                                                                                                                pufr0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifp0efBuD;             k          jycef;rSmvnf; vm rnfhESpfvtwGif;
    tm;jzifh ,mOfwifoi;&m Edii&dS um;Website owif;tcsuftvufrsm;rSvnf;aumif;? oH½;rsm;jzifh qufo,f
                             G f      k f H                                                         kH                    G                     OD;pkd;odef;u pufwifbmv 11 &uf                          zGifhvSpfEkdifzG,f&SdaMumif; tqkdyg
    ívnf;aumif; tqdygEdiiwif aeYpOfjzpfay:aeonfh ,mOfaygufaps;udk &,lumpdppfom;&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif;
                              k k f H G                                                           G                                             aeYu aejynfawmf&Sd &xm;ykdYaqmif                        0efBuD;XmeESifh aps;uGuftwGif;rS
    vnf; &xm;ydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD;Xmeu owif;xkwfjyefxm;onf/                                              Associated News                          a&;0efBuD;XmewGifusif;yaom ,mOf                         &&S d a om tcsuf t vuf r sm;t&
                                                                                                                                                a[mif;rsm; tpm;xkd;vJvS,f wif                           od&onf/
 The
       6
   VOICE          MOTORING                                                                                                                                                  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




um;a[mif;pvpfESifU oGif;cGifUygrpf0,fa&mif; odef;wpf&mausmftxd aps;ayguf
&efukef? pufwifbm 21
                                                             E m;aompvpf Sifh ,mOfoGif;cGi
jynf aps;uGarmffawwmff ,mOfaaps;uGu;pvpff ,mOfa[mif;arsm;tyfQifSHxm;aomfpvpf&Emtxd aps;ayguffhyagrpfumiff;hjyKrdefY)udk ta&miff;;rSt0,frfj;yKvkydS &fMonf/ h aps;uGufwpfckjzpfay:aeNyD; tqkdyg
     wGif;
            u Gi ,mOf [mif
                                    f
                                    w
                                    wGGi
                                          (ajypm)wpf pmifv usyfode ;wpf
                                                                     od
                                                                                    oG
                                                                                                 eaMumif aps;uGuftwGi pHkp od&
                                                                                                 eaM
                                                                                                     (cGi                                             uonf

                                                                                     rmZ'g? av;bD;? zefrfvD,m? csufy                                         f
                                                                                                                                   rsm;wGif azmfjyxm;csut& od&&onf/   dS                         vTJtyfvkdufaom Special Power?
                                                                                     vuf? aAmufpf0uf*Gef,mOfrsm;onf                         aejynfawmfwGif ,mOfygrpf                                k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                 ud,pm;vma&mufavQmufxm;ol\
                                                                                          f d f              f
                                                                                     usyoe; 20 0ef;usirS ode; 40? 50?f                                  dk
                                                                                                                                   avQmufxm;rnfqygu ,mOfa[mif;                                   rSwfyHkwifrl&if;ESifh rdwåLyg&Sd&rnfjzpf
                                                                                     60? 70? 80 txd ,mOftaetxm;                    tyfESHxm;onhf pvpf odkYr[kwf                                  aMumif; aejynfawmf ukefoG,fa&;
                                                                                     ay:vdkufNyD; aps;rsm;rxifrSwfbJ               taxmuf t xm;rl & if ; ? MICB ?                                ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;XmexHrS od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                     jrifhwufcJhaMumif; um;0,fa&mif;                             f
                                                                                                                                   MFTB wGiaiGpm&if;zGivpxm;aomhf S f                                      ]] pufwifbmv 20 &ufaeYu
                                                                                     tawGUtBuHK ESpf 20 &Sd touf 56                bPf p mtk y f ? xk d b Pf p mtk y f w G i f                   um;oG i f ; cG i f h y grpf v mavQmuf w J h
                                                                                     ESpft&G,f ,mOf0,fa&mif;wpfOD;u                oabFmwifc? ,mOftwGuusoifaiG?     f          h                            k      dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                 um;oH;pD;yJ&ygao;w,f}} [k tqdyg        k
                                                                                     ajymMum;onf/                                  a&aMumif;tmrcHp&dwfrsm;twGuf                                  XmerS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uqkdonf/
                                                                                            ]]um;0,fwkef;u aygufaps;               vkdtyfaom aiGyrmPyg&Sd&efvdktyf                                         ,mOfygrpfvkdifpifrsm;udk ukef;
                                                                                     xuf tqrwef a ps;ay;xm;NyD ;                                           l
                                                                                                                                   aMumif;? ,mOf0,f,rnfh jynfyukrPD              Ü               vrf;ydkYaqmifa&;ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme?
                                                                                     aiGjyefazmfcsifwJhvlawGu um;oGif;             rS xkwfay;xm;aom Proforma In-                                              dk f        f G fI
                                                                                                                                                                                                 jrefrmhEiijH cm;ukeo,rbPf? jrefrmh
                                                                                     r,fhtcsdeftxd rapmifhcsifwmvnf;               voice odYk r[kwf Sale Contract ? ud,f           k             &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,f
 "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                                                             ygw,f/ ydkufabmrdrSmvnf; pdk;&drf             wk d i f v ma&muf a vQmuf x m;ol \                            a&;bPf? taumufcGefOD;pD;XmewdkYrS
                                                                                        h l            d
                                                                                     wJvawGvnf;&Sw,f}} [k ,mOfpvpf                 rSwfyHkwifrl&if;rdwåL? udk,fpm;vS,f                                   d
                                                                                                                                                                                                 t&m&Srsm;yg0ifaomtzGUJ u One Stop
                k f dk f
         &efuewi;a'oMuD; uke;vrf;f           jyonf/                                  jyef a &mif ; csaeMujcif ; taMumif ;          vma&mufavQmufxm;ygu ydi&iu            k f S f                 Service jzifh xkwfay;rnfjzpfonf/
ydYk aqmifa&;ñGeMf um;a&;rIO;pD;Xmeu
                            D                       ,mOfpvpf odkYr[kwf ygrpf         t&if;udk &Sif;jyonf/
,mOfa[mif;tyfESHNyD; xkwfay;vkduf            a&mif;csvdkolonf pvpf odkYr[kwf                ,mOf w if o G i f ; rnf h tusKd ;
onfrwywifoufwrf;Mumjrif,mOf
       h S f kH
rsm;tm; zsufodrf;a&;ESifh tpm;xkd;
,mOfwifoGif;a&;tzGJU\ axmufcH
                                   h         ygrpfa&mif;NyD;ygu pvpf0,f,lol
                                             udk Special Power vTJtyfay;&rnf
                                             jzpfonf/
                                                                                     aqmifukrÜPDrsm;\ vufurf;aMumf
                                                                                                         k f d f
                                                                                     jimrsm;wGif &efueqyurf;ta&muf
                                                                                     2000 Model (Saloon, Wagon, Van,
                                                                                                                                       owfrSwfum;aps;wef;aysmufNyD;
                                                                                     Pick Up & Light Truck ES p f w ef
csufpvpfudk aps;uGufü jyefvnf
a&mif;csrIrsm;&SdvmaMumif; ,mOfwif
oGif;rIudk 0efaqmifrIay;rnfh um;
                                                    ]]ydkif&Sifu Special Power vTJ
                                             ay;vkdufrS wpfzufu 0,fwJholu
                                             um;oGi;wmawG qufvyvYkd&rSmyg/
                                                       f               k f
                                                                                     atmuf ,mOfrsm;oGif;ay;Edkifonfqdk
                                                                                     aom owif;rsm;aMumifh ,mOfygrpf
                                                                                                                                       BudKufa&mif;BudKuf0,fjzpf
ukrÜPDrsm;xHrSod&Sd&onf/                     wcsKdUum;opfoGif;csifwJholawGu          &rnfhpvpfjym;udk 0,fxm;vdkolrsm;                  &efukef? pufwifbm 21
         ]]bD 600 av;bD;um;a[mif;            um;a[mif;vkur0,fawmhb;/ um;
                                                               d f           l       vnf;&SdaMumif; tawGUtBuHK 18 ESpf                                   k                         k f
                                                                                                                                                 &efuejf rdKUawmftajcpduarmfawmf,mOfaps;uGu\ vwfwavm                          f
tyfENHS yD;awmh &wJpvpfukd ode;wpf&m
                       h       f             pvpfeJY ygrpfudkyJ apmifhNyD;0,fMu      &S d touf 45 ES p f t &G , f ,mOf                  xl;jcm;csufwpf&yfrSm trsm;vufcHonfh aps;wef;wpf&yf aysmufuG,f
xdaps;ac:w,f/ 0,fwJholuvnf;                  w,f}} [k [Hom0wD,mOfa&mif;0,f           tusKd;aqmifwpfOD;uqdkonf/                                                       f                     f
                                                                                                                                        oGm;Ny;D aemuf BuKd ua&mif; BuKdu0,fjzpfaeum aps;EIe;f twuftus tajymif;
0,fom;w,f/ tenf;qH;awmh pvpf
          G               k                  a&;pcef;rS touf 50 t&G,f 0g&ifh                 ,if;ajypm&&Sdolonf pD;yGm;                 tvJjrefqefaMumif; [Hom0wD,mOfa&mif;0,fa&;pcef;tajcpdkuf
u odef; 80? 90 avmufaygufae                  ,mOf0,fa&mif;tusK;aqmifwpfO;u
                                                                   d           D     a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;                tawGUtBuHK ESpf 20 cefY&Sd tusKd;aqmifwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
w,f/ wcsKdUvlawGu EkdifiHjcm;aiG             &Sif;jyonf/                             XmeodYk om;a&mufum ,mOfwifoi;
                                                                                               G                         G f                                            h l
                                                                                                                                                 ,mOf0,frnfou jywfom;pGmaps;ay;vQif a&mif;rnfou oabmus                          h l
                                                                                                                                        ygu trsm;ura&mif;Edkif[k ,lqxm;aom aps;EIef;rsKd;ESifhyif ta&mif;
pm&if;zGifh&rS? aejynfawmfoGm;NyD;                  aejynfawmfodkY oGm;a&muf&ef      cGifhygrpf&&Sda&;twGuf qufvuf                      t0,fjzpfoGm;ojzifh BudKufa&mif;BudKuf0,f[kajymEdkifaMumif;? Oyrm
um;rSm&r,fh ukefusp&dwfawGudk                rtm;vyfolrsm;twGuf ,mOfygrpf            aqmif&Guf&rnf[k EdkifiHydkifowif;                  tjzpfajym&vQif 4* TOYOTA MARK II 1996 Model ukd vGefcJhaom
xyfNyD;tukefrcHEkdifawmhvkdY pvpfudk         avQmufxm;ay;aom 0efaqmifrI              rD'D,mrsm;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/                       ESpfvcefYu usyfodef; 700 jzifh 0,f,lxm;olwpfOD;u wevFmaeYu
jyefa&mif;oGm;Muwmvnf;&Sdw,f/                vkyfief;ay:aygufaeNyD; ,mOfygrpf                oufwrf;vGef,mOfrsm; jyef                        f
                                                                                                                                        ode; 370 ay;olukd &Jwif;jywfom;pGm a&mif;oGm;aMumif; txufygyk*Kd¾ vf
wcsKUd uvnf; tjrwf&vdYk a&mif;oGm;           wpfapmifvQif 0efaqmifcusywpfoe;f
                                                                           f     d   vnftyfESHjcif;udk pwifvufcHonfh                    u ¤if;\tawGUtBuHKudk&Sif;jyonf/
Muw,f/ ygrpfta&mif;t0,fvnf;                  ,lavQmufxm;ay;MuaMumif; aps;uGuf        pufwifbmv 19 &ufaeYwGif wdkif;                              ,cktywftwGi;f armfawmf,mOfaps;EIe;f rsm;onf tajymif;tvJjrefve;f                                     G
vmOD;r,f/ ygrpfuawmh odef; 110               twGif;rS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/              a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,f½Hk; 18 ½Hk;ü                  aeNy;D pufwifbmv 16 &ufaeYu ,mOf0,fa&mif;trsm;pkonf ¤if;wdYk \
txufrmyJ&r,f}} [k wmarGNrdKUe,f&dS
            S dS                                    rSwfyHkwifoufwrf;vGef,mOf        vufcHtyfESHcJhonfh,mOfpkpkaygif;                   ,mOfrsm;udk aps;csa&mif;cJhMuum 2004 MARK II (a&Tig;) 2.5G udk
,mOfygrpf? pvpf0,fa&mif;tusKd;               rsm;udk um;opfrsm;ESifh vJvS,fay;       380 pD;&SdNyD; ,mOfydkif&Sifrsm;\ qE´              750jzifvnf;aumif;? TOYOTA SE LIMITED 94 (zifjywf) udk ode;f 320jzifh
                                                                                                                                                    h
aqmifay;aeaom um;wifoGif;0ef                 rnfh pDrHcsufxGufay:vmNyD; acwf         t& jyefvnftoHk;jyKrnfh,mOf 45                      vnf;aumif;? CE 96 3c udk ode;f 200 0ef;usijf zifvnf;aumif;? TOYOTA     h
aqmifrIukrÜPD0efxrf;wpfOD;u &Sif;            a[mif;,mOfrsm;jzpfonfh qD'if?           pD;&SdaMumif; EdkifiHydkifowif;rD'D,m              MARK II 4* udk odef; 400 0ef;usifjzifhvnf;aumif;? ,cifodef;
                                                                                                                                        1300ausmf&Sdonfh yg*sJ½dk;(1997armf',f) 1*eHygwf,mOfudk usyfodef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                        450 0ef;usifjzifhom tNydKiftqdiaps;csa&mif;cscMhJ uaMumif; [Hom0wD
tpm;xkd;um;opfrsm; CNG ajymif;vJcGifU                                                                                                                        f G k
                                                                                                                                        ,mOfaps;uGuwif pHprf;od&&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                dS
                                                                                                                                                                                             h h
                                                                                                                                                 ,mOfaps;EIe;rsm;rSm NyD;cJonfvu aps;EIef;rsm;ESifh EdIif;,SOfvQif
                                                                                                                                                       D
                                                                                                                                        xuf0ufe;yg;rQ aps;usvmaMumif; xyfqifpprf;od&&onf/ ,if;uJoYkd      h kH          dS                        h

rqHk;jzwf&ao;[k 0efBuD;ajymqdk                                                                                                          ,mOfrsm;aps;avQmha&mif;aeonfhowif;rsm;aMumifh ,mOf0,fa&mif;
                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                        avmurS r[kwonfh jyifyaiGaMu;&if;ES;jr§KyfEorsm; 0ifa&mufvmNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                       l h             d
                                                                                                                                        tvkt,uf0,f,onftusK;quftjzpf ,mOf0,fvtm;rsm;NyD; a&mif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                        D        HS l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           kd
aejynfawmf? pufwifbm 20                                                                                                                                    f df                                     G h
                                                                                                                                        aps;rsm; usyoe; 50 cefYjyefwufom;cJaMumif;? pufwifbmv 18 &ufaeY
        pwifvkyfaqmifaeNyDjzpfaom            V Weekly wdYk oD;jcm; awGUqHk pOf The
                                              oice                                   jzpfaMumif;? tiSm;,mOfrsm;rSm CNG                  wGif ½kwfw&uf0,fvdktm; jyefusoGm;ojzifh aps;rsm; jyefusqif;vm
,mOfa[mif;tpm;xdk;wifoGif;cGifh              Voice Weekly odYk pmzwfy&dowfrsm;       jzifh ajy;qGJ&onfhtwGuf avmifpm                    onfudkawGU&aMumif; tawGUtBuHK 17 ESpf&Sd touf 43 ESpft&G,f
tpDtpOft& ESpf 20 rS ESpf 40 ausmf           u zkef;jzifhar;jref;onfh ]CNG ,mOf      p&dwueusrIenf;yg;ojzifh tHemcydk
                                                                                            f k f                            k          ,mOf0,fa&mif;wpfOD;u rSwfcsufjyKajymMum;onf/
oufwrf;twGif; tusKH;0ifaeaom                 a[mif;rsm;twGuf wifoi;vmaom
                                                                     G f             &NyD; ,mOfarmif;twGuvnf; ydusef  f        k                 ]]rkefwdkif;arTovdk ajAmif;qefaew,f/ tJ'gxl;jcm;csufyJ}} [k
armfawmf,mOfoHk;obm0"mwfaiGU                 ,mOf o pf r sm;ud k CNG jyef v nf       aMumif;? ,if;aMumifh topfoi;vm         G f         vuf&Sdum;aps;uGuftajctaeudk ¤if;uajymqdkonf/
(CNG) ajymif;Ny;,mOfrsm;udk ,mOfopf
                D                            ajymif;vJay;&ef vkyfaqmifay;zG,f&Sd     aom ,mOfrsm;udk CNG jyefvnf                                 armfawmf,mOfaps;rsm;onf tusbufodkYom qufvufOD;wnf
        G f              kd f
wifoi;vmNyD;aemufyi; CNG jyef                r&Sd}qdkonfudk 0efBuD;u ,if;odkYajz     ajymif;cGifh&ygu tiSm;,mOfvkyfief;                                                             kH
                                                                                                                                        aeaomfvnf; taMumif;wpfpwpf&maMumifh tenf;i,fjyefwufEiaMumif;?                                    kd f
                                                                                                                                                              kH              k               S
                                                                                                                                        taMumif; wpfpwpf&mqdonfrm ,mOfa[mif;rsm; jyeftyfrnftpDtpOf                                     h
vnfajymif;vJcGifhudk vwfwavm                 Mum;jcif;jzpfonf/                       rsm;twGuftqifajyaMumif;? rlv
                                                                                                                                        acsmarGUrI? wdusa&&mrI&Sd r&Sd? arQmfrSef;xm;onfhtwdkif; jzpf rjzpfudk
                                Yk
rqH;k jzwf&ao;aMumif; &xm;ydaqmifa&;                 ]]tckavmavmq,fawmh ,mOf         CNG ,mOfa[mif;rsm;twGuf CNG
                                                                                                                                        qdkvdkaMumif; armfawmf,mOf0,fa&mif;tawGUtBuHK ESpf 30 &Sd touf
0ef B uD ; Xme jynf a xmif p k 0 ef B uD ;   a[mif; tpm;xdk;,mOfopfwifoGif;                                             k
                                                                                     jyefajymif;cGihf pOf;pm;ay;apvdaMumif;             58 ESpt&G,f 0,fa&mif;wpfO;u um;aps;uGu\tem*wfukd oH;oyf
                                                                                                                                                  f                                      D                         f                            k
OD;atmifrif;u ajymMum;onf/                   zdkYyJ vkyfaqmifaew,f/ CNG jyef                               kd f S f
                                                                                     CNG tiSm;,mOfyi&irsm;uqdonf/         k             ajymMum;onf/
        aejynfawmf&d S trSwf (1)vQyppff      ajymif;ay;rvm;qdkwmawmh tck                              k f H G
                                                                                             jrefrmEdiiwif CNG ajymif;vJ                         ,mOfta[mif;rsm; jyeftyfonfh pufwifbmv 19 &ufaeYrpwif                                         S
    f         D
pGr;tm;0efBu;Xmetpnf; ta0;cef;r              rpOf;pm;&ao;bl;}} [k 0efBuD;u           wyfqifcGifhudk 2005 ckESpfu pwif                                              h
                                                                                                                                        í jzpfay:vmrnftaetxm;udk 0,fa&mif;trsm;pkapmifMh unfaeouJoYkd                                h             h
wGif pufwifbmv 17 &ufaeYu usi;f y            qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/                       vkyfaqmifcJhNyD; CNG ajymif;vJcGifh                                 Gf               k f                   f
                                                                                                                                        ,mOfwifoi;rnfh ud,pm;vS,rsm;\ vufurf;aMumfjimrsm;wGif azmfjy
                  kd f        f kH
aom ynm&yfqi&m tvky½aqG;aEG;yGJ                                        k
                                                     ,mOfa[mif;tpm;xd;,mOfopf        &yfqdkif;vdkufonfh 2009 ckESpftxd                                                                                J
                                                                                                                                        xm;onfh ,mOfaps;EIe;f rsm;onf um;yGpm;wef;udk odoomom½ducwfvsuf               d             k f
                       J
3^2011 ü aqG;aEG;yGwufa&muf vm               wifoGif;cGifhtpDtpOfwGif yg0ifaom       ,mOftpD;a& 26ç000 ausmfudk CNG                     &SdaMumif; [Hom0wD,mOf0,fa&mif;aps;uGufxHrSpHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
aom &xm;ydYkaqmifa&;0efBuD;ESih f The                            S
                                             tiSm;,mOftrsm;pkrm CNG ,mOfrsm;         ajymif;vJwyfqifay;cJonf/       h
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                               LOCAL                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7




                           kd f UJ     D           l       H
]a':vmwufvhkd wjcm;aps;awGvuwufwtcg tJ''Pfujdk ynfoawGt&ifc&r,f}”
&efukefpD;yGm;a&;wuúodkvf tNidrf;pm;ygarmu©csKyf OD;armfoef;ESifU awGYqkHjcif;
     f
omvGeaZmif;xuf
       ar&duefjynfaxmifpk Oa&myor*¾EkdifiHrsm;wGifjzpfay:aeaom aiGaMu;ESifhb@ma&;qkdif&m tusyftwnf;rsm;aMumifh urÇmhpD;yGm;a&; usqif;vsuf&SdNyD; a':vm? ,l½kdaiGaMu;
  t    wefzdk;rsm; usqif;jcif;? pawmh&S,f,maps;uGufrsm;wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHvkdolenf;jcif;ESifh &S,f,mwefzdk;rsm;usqif;jcif;rsm;BuKHawGUum urÇmhpD;yGm;a&; ododomomaES;auG;aeonf/
&v'ftjzpf urÇmha&Taps;uGufwGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolrsm;NyD; a&Taps;rsm; wpf[kefxkd;wufcJhonf/ EkdifiHwumwGif a':vmwefzdk;rsm;uscJhNyD; oufqkdif&mEkdifiHrsm;\aiGaMu;rsm;wefzdk;
wufvmcJhonf/ a':vmwefzdk;wufjcif;\aemufqufwGJjzpfay:vmaom tajctaersm;ESifhywfoufNyD; &efukefpD;yGm;a&;wuúodkvf tNidrf;pm;ygarmu©csKyfOD;armfoef;ESifh The Voice
Weekly u awG U qk H a r;jref ; xm;onf r sm;ud k jyef v nf a zmf j ytyf y gonf /


Voice          : ykdYukefvkyfief;awGjyef            w,f/ 'guvnf; a':vmwefzdk;            aps;EI e f ; awG v d k u f N yD ; ruscJ h b l ; /   oefzdkY aiGaps;udk qGJrwifbJeJY wjcm;
&S i f o ef a pcsif w J h &nf & G , f c suf e J Y   wufatmifvkyfvkdufwJh enf;vrf;        a':vmwefzdk;wufvmwJhtcsdefrSm                                               a&mr&S
                                                                                                                                             enf;vrf;awGa&mr&Sdbl;vm;/
a':vmwefzdk;udk qGJwifygw,f/                        wpfckaygh/ ukd,hfusyfaiGwefzdk;wuf   ukefaps;EIef;awGu wufvmw,f/                         UMT               : ydkYukefawG jyef&SifoefzdkY
tckqkd&if a':vmwefzdk;uvnf;                         wmudk a&&SnfMumMumrcHEkdifawmhvdkY   a':vmwufoavmuf ukefaps;EIef;                        vkyfEkdifwJh wjcm;enf;vrf;awGvnf;
wufvmNyD; wpfa':vmudk 890                           vkyfvdkufwmrsKd;/ tcka':vmaps;           k f        dk f
                                                                                         vduwufEiw,f/ oGi;uketwGuf         f f               &Sdygw,f/ Oyrm-ydkYukefudk tcGefr
avmufxdudk wufaeygw,f/ tJ'D                         wufawmh a&Taps;wufr,f/ pufokH;       ukd,fhaiGtrsm;BuD; okH;&r,f/                        aumufwJhtjyif ykdYukefydkYwJholudk
tay: tjrifokH;oyfcsufav; odcsif                     qD a ps;awG v nf ; wuf v mr,f /      Voice         : yd k Y uk e f vk y f i ef ; awG     Refund jyefay;wmwkdY vkyfvkdY&Ekdif
ygw,f/                                              'gawGudk rlwnfNyD;awmh wjcm; ukef          f
                                                                                         wGuajc ukdufzdkY a':vmaps;u 900                     ygw,f/ 'guvnf; Option wpfck
UMT            : um;a[mif;awGvJay;                  aps;EIef;awGvnf; wufEkdifw,f/        eJY 1000 Mum;&Sd&r,fqkdNyD; ajymqkd                                             kd
                                                                                                                                             aygh/ a':vmwefz;udk qGrwifbvyf         J          J k
wmaMumifh a':vmwefzkd;wufvm                         a':vmwefzdk;uswkef;uawmh ukef        Muw,f/ ydkYukefvkyfief;awG jyef&Sif                 vkdY&EkdifwJhenf;vrf;awG &Sdygw,f/
                                                                                                                                             ydkYukefwufvmatmif rufvkH;ay;wJh
                                                                                                                                             enf;vrf;awGaygh/

     bPfrsm; EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJaumifwm                                                                                                         Voice             : a':vmwefzdk;wufvm
                                                                                                                                             avav b,f v d k t usKd ; quf a wG
                                                                                                                                             qufjzpfrvJ/ a':vmwefzdk;wuf
     zGifUcGifU&rnfUowif;aMumifU a':vmaps;jyefus                                                                                             NyDjzpfwJhtwGuf ykdYukefawG yk d Y E k d i f
                                                                                                                                             awmhrvm;cifAs/
     &efukef? pufwifbm 22                                                                                                                    UMT               : a':vmwufvdkY wjcm;                                         xd
                                                                                                                                                                                                     aiG ckepf&matmufxdusoGm;wkef;u
            jrefrmEkdifiHawmfA[kdbPfu bPfajcmufckudk EkdifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,fa&mif;cscGifhvdkifpifrsm;xkwfay;awmh                                                kd f
                                                                                                                                             aps;awGvuwufwtcg tJ''Pfudk        hJ       D            ydkYukeform;awG vkH;0rykdYEkdifawmh
    rnfjzpf&m tqkdygowif;aMumifh jynfwGif;aps;uGufwGif ½kwfw&ufxkd;wufoGm;aom tar&duefa':vm                                                  jynfolawGt&ifcH&r,f? aps;upm;                                      H                  kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ygbl;? &I;Muw,fvYkdqygw,f/ olwYkd
    aps;jyefvnfusqif;oGm;aMumif; aps;uGuftwGif;rS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                          wJh pD;yGm;a&;orm;awGeJY a':vmykdif                     rvkyfEkdifvdkY&Sd&if jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;
            ]]bPfajcmufckudka':vm0,fa&mif; Money Changer vdkifpifay;awmhr,fhowif;aMumifh a':vm                                               qkdifwJh vkyfief;&SifBuD;awG csufcsif;                  &yfwefYoGm;Edkifygovm;q&m/
    aps;jyefat;w,f/ b,fvyprsK;eJY EkiijH cm;aiG0,fa&mif;vkyr,fqwm rodayr,faps;uGuxuSupply wpfck
                               kd Hk H d d f                  f     dk           h             f J dk                                        tjrwfxGufw,f/ a':vmwefzdk;                              UMT          : pD ; yG m ;a&;oabmt&
    xyfw;kd vmwmaygh/ a':vmaps; jyefusom;wmu ukeonfawG? pD;yGm;a&;orm;awG aps;upm;wm&,f? e,fpyfu
                                             G       f                                                                                                  kd                  f f
                                                                                                                                             wufNyDqwmeJY csucsi;BuD; ydYkueawG              kf      New Investor awG xyfay:rSmaygh/
    a':vmawGaps;uGufxJ0ifvmwm&,faMumifhyg/ jynfwGif;rSmuvnf;0,ftm;wufw,fqkdayrJh aps;uGufrSm                                                 trsm;BuD;wifykdYEkdifrSmawmh r[kwf                      olrvkyfawmhbl;qkdwmeJY pD;yGm;a&;
          f                         l                                     H
    ypön;jywfatmifxd rjzpfb;/taMumif;t&if;upkNH yD;jzpfwm}}[kausmufwwm;NrdKUe,frS EkiijH cm; aiG0,fa&mif;
                                                                                           d f                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                             ygbl;/ tcsdetawmfMumrS ykYd Eivm;?           dk f       &yfoGm;rSmawmh r[kwfbl;/ t"du
    aiGvJ'kdifwpfOD;u &Sif;jyonf/                                                                                                                  dk f
                                                                                                                                             rydYkEivm;qkwmodrm/ aps;awGwuf
                                                                                                                                                                 d           S                            f                    f D
                                                                                                                                                                                                     vky&rSmu aps;uGup;yGm;a&;pepfukd
            pufwifbmv 20 &ufaeYu tar&duefwpfa':vmvQif 890 usyf txdxkd;wufoGm;cJhNyD; a&Taps;                                                 wJhtwGuf vlawG tcuftcJjzpfEkdif                         yDjyifatmifvkyfzdkY? vdktyfwJh Oya'
    onf usyfckepfodef;ckepfaomif;ausmf aps;aygufcJh&mrS pufwifbmv 22 &ufaeYwGif tar&duefwpfa':vm                                             w,f/ txl;ojzifh tajccHvwef;pm;           l              jyKjyifjy|mef;wmawGvkyfay;zkdY/ 'gu
    820 usyftxdaps;jyefvnfusqif;cJhonf/                                                                                                      awG/ ukeaps;EIe;wufvmoavmuf
                                                                                                                                                           f           f                                     f      f d f dk f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                     a&&SntwGu/ NyKiqirrsm;vmatmif
            pufwifbmv 22 &ufaeYwGifFEC wpf,lepfvQif jrefrmaiG 800 0ef;usifESifhykdYukef&aiG tar&duef                                         vlawG0ifaiGw;dk rvmwJtwGuf pm;0wf    h                  vkyfay;zdkY / aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&; pepf
    wpfa':vm 835 usyfaps;&Sdonf/                                                                                                             aea&; cufcJEkdifw,f/                                    yDjyifzdkYta&;BuD;w,f/
                                                                                                                                             Voice                       a':vmud
                                                                                                                                                               : wpfa':vmudk jrefrm                                    omvGefaZmif;xuf
 The
       8
   VOICE            LOCAL                                                                                                                                      Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




tmqD,H&JwyfzGJY jrefrm&Jar ac:,l                                                                                                     VOICE OF THE WEEK
                                                                                                                                            k f H       f
                                                                                                                                       EdiitwGi;rSmvnf; wwftm;oa&GUawmh vkyay;w,fqayr,fh     f        kd
&efukef? pufwifbm 19                                                                                                            csKd;azmufrIawG&SdaeEdkifw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYrodEdkifbl;/ OyrmtaeeJY
                                                                                                                                                          S d f JG                    hf
                                                                                                                                jrefrmjynfe,fpyfrm wkuyawGjzpfvYkd vlYtcGita&;csKd;azmufc& w,f      H
  2         012 ckESpf tmqD,H&JwyfzGJU (ASEANAPOL) nDvmcHudk tdrf&Siftjzpf vufcHusif;yrnfh jrefrmEdkifiwGif
            EdkifiHwumtqifhrD&Jarrsm; ac:,laeaMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f &JwyfzGJUpcef;
                                                aeaMumif
                                                                                                                     HwG
                                                                                                                                qdkwm Mum;ae&w,f/ uRefawmfwdkY 'gudkrodEdkifbl;/
                                                                                                                                       wdkifMum;rI&Sdvmw,fqdk&ifawmh? cdkifrmwJhwdkifMum;rI&Sdvm
xHrSod&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                           kd                f                        h
                                                                                                                                w,fq&ifawmh uReawmfwYkdtaeeJY pdppfNyD;wJtcgrSm wu,fazmufzsuf
          k f H               h
        EdiiwumtqifrD &JwyfzUJG odYk                                                                                                          d      kd                  k f
                                                                                                                                aewm &Sw,fq&if jyKjyifzYkdwifjyEdiygw,f/ bmvdYkvqawmh taumif   J kd
                  kd     d
0ifa&mufvaom trsK;orD;rsm;onf                                                                                                   txnfazmfwmu tpdk;&ydkif;yJjzpfr,fav/ uRefawmfwdkY vkyfvdkYr&bl;/
jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHom; touf                                                                                                'gav;udk em;vnfzdkYvdkygw,f/ tpdk;&om tmPm&Sdwmav/
23 ESpfatmuf tajccHynmtxuf                                                                                                              pufwifbmv 15 &ufaeYxkwf ay:jyLvmowif;*sme,fyg
wef;atmif tdrfaxmifr&Sdol (tysKd)                                                                                                               ]vlYtcGifhta&; aumfr&SifOuú| tNidrf;pm;oHtrwfBuD;
ESifh aq;tqifh ]u} &Sd&rnfjzpfNyD;                                                                                                                           OD;0if;jrESifh awGUqHkjcif;} rS aumufEkwfcsuf
t&yftjrifh ig;ay av;vufr&S&rnf        d
jzpfaMumif; ,if;pcef;wm0ef&Sdolu                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                      ]]"mwfykH t,fvbrfukd vufaqmiftjzpf&wm tifrwefMunfE;p&m         l
The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                aumif;ygw,f/ or®wBuD;udkvnf; aus;Zl;vnf;wifygw,f}} [k
                                                                                                                                a':atmifqef;pkMunfu ajymonf/
                f          kf
        ]]uGeysLwmwdYk? EdiijH cm;bmom                                                                                                awmfvSefa&;umvu ysOf;rem;NrdKUü AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;acwfu
pum;awG wwfxm;&if ydktqifajy                                                                                                    aexdkifcJhonfhtdrftm; rlvtwdkif;jyefvnfrGrf;rHjyifqifxm;onfudk
w,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                                                                           "mwfyHkrSwfwrf; ½dkufí ,if;"mwfyHkt,fvfbrfudk EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;
        tmqD,H&JwyfzGJUodkY 0ifa&muf          Photo by welovekimchi.com                                                         OD;odef;pdefu a':atmifqef;pkMunftm; trSwfw&tjzpf ay;tyfcJhjcif;
vQif xrf;aqmif&rnfhwm0efrsm;rSm                                                                                                 vnf;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
rl;,pfaq;0g;? w&m;r0iful;oef; vlukeful;rIawG? w½kwf? xdkif; pwm                                      H
                                                                                         ausmufwwm;NrdKUe,f &JwyfzUJG                 ]]ysOf;rem;NrdKUutdrfudk &efukefNrdKUu AdkvfcsKyfaetdrfvdk trSwfw&
a&mif;0,frI? tMurf;zufrI? rIcif; awGudk tmqD,HEdkifiH&JwyfzGJUawGeJY xH vma&mufpHkprf;aom touf 25                               jywdkufvkyfay;r,fvdkYxifygw,f}} [k ,if;owif;&if;jrpfuqdkonf/
qdkif&mudpö&yfrsm;wGif tjyeftvSef cswqufNy;vkyui&r,f}} [k tqifrD ESpfcefY trsKd;orD;wpfOD;u ]]touf
                                               d f       D f kd f                 h                                                                                    pufwifbmv 15 &ufaeYxkwf
yl;aygif;ulnDaqmif&GufrI? pD;yGm;a&; tmqD,trsK;orD;&Jarrsm; vkyaqmif 23 ESpfatmuf uefYowfxm;w,f/
                                                     H d                     f                                                            &efukefwdkif;rfowif;*sme,fyg ]EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;\
qdkif&mjypfrIrsm;? bPfvdrfvnfrIESifh &rnfhtcsufrsm;udk ausmufwHwm; 'gayrJh uGefysLwmwdkY? EdkifiHjcm;                                                trSwfw&vufaqmifudk a':atmifqef;pkMunf
ta<u;0,fuwftwkjyKvyr?I uGeysL NrdKUe,f&dS touf 45 ESpcefY&dS &JwyfzUJG bmompum;wdYkwwfuRr;&if touf
                                kf      f                               f                                    f                                         auseyftm;&[kqdk} owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
wmjypfrI? w&m;r0ifc&D;oGm; pm&Guf wm0efcHwpfOD;uqdkonf/                             uefYowfcsufudk n§dEdIif;cGifh&Sdw,fvdkY
pmwrf;twkjyKvkyfrI? EdkifiHjzwfausmf               jrefrmEdkifiH&JwyfzGJUonf 1954 ajymw,f}} [k qdkonf/                                  carmufu NLD &JU wHqdyfr[kwfbl;qdkwm rSefw,f/ 'gayrJh
                                                Sf G
vd r f v nf r I p onf w d k Y jzpf a Mumif ; ckEpwif tjynfjynfqi&m &JtzGUJ csKyf
                                                                     kd f                     k          HJ
                                                                                         tqdygtmqD,&wyfzUJG twGuf               bmajymajym b,folrSjiif;vdkYr&wmu jynfolvlxkawmfawmfrsm;rsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                          h
                                                                                                                                NLD udk carmufygwD carmufygwDvYkd ac:cJwm ESpeYJcsaeygNyD/ tJ'awmh    f D                 D
jrefrmEdkifiH&JwyfzGJUxHrS pHkprf;od&Sd& (ICPO) odYk 0ifa&mufcNhJ yD; 1998 ckEpf trsKd ; orD ; &J a rrsm;ud k tywf p Of
                                                                                S                                               carmufudk NLD eJYa&mNyD;awmh jrifr,fqdkvdkY&Sd&if 'gu xl;qef;wJh
onf/                                                                                       G
                                             arv 25 &ufaeYwGif b½lEdkif;EdkifiH ac:,lom;rnfjzpfNyD; tao;pdwo&dS       f d       udpr[kwygbl;/ 'D[mudjk rifw,fqwm odvYkd &&ifvnf; odwtwdi;
                                                                                                                                     ö        f                               kd                dS                      hJ k f
                                                                                     k
        ]]txl;wm0efxrf;aqmif&rSm/ 'g½kqvrfNrdKUwGif ASEANAPOL vdygu zke;f -371049? 371054 wkYoYkd                       d       qifjcifoifhwmaygh/
                                                                                          G f kH k f
t&nftcsif;jynfhzdkYvdkw,f/ Oyrm- (tmqD,&wyfzUJG ) odYk 0ifa&mufchJ onf/ qufo,pprf;Edirnfjzpfonf/
                                                      HJ                                                                                tpfreJY NLD udk cGJvdkYr&bl;vdkY jrifygw,f/ bmjzpfvdkYvJqdkawmh
                                                                                                                                wcsKdUuawmh NLD xuf tpfruyJ ydkNyD;BuD;us,fovdk 'Dvdkr[kwfbl;?
                                                                                                                                NLD aMumifhvnf; 'Dvdktajctaea&mufvmwmyg/ tJ'Dawmh t&ifu
                                                                                                                                                                k f H
                                                                                                                                vnf; ajymzl;ygw,f/ Ediia&;orm;wpfa,muf[m Ediia&;ygwDxuf                   k f H
       rEåav;wGif e0rwef; ausmif;olaysmufqHk;                                                                                   udk,fu BuD;us,fvmw,fvdkY xifvmNyDqdkvdkY&Sd&if tifrweftEÅ&m,f
                                                                                                                                                    D kd kd f H
                                                                                                                                rsm;ygw,f/ tJ'vEiia&;orm;udk owdomxm;ayawmh/ aemifus&if
       rEÅav;? pufwifbm 20                                                                                                      tmPm&Sifjzpfvmvdrfhr,f/ tJ'Dawmh NLD xufydkNyD;awmh BuD;jrwf
                                                                                                                                w,fvdkY rrudk rr rjrifbl;/ rreJY NLD [m wpfyifwnf; cGJr&ygbl;/
                 vlukeful;rItrsm;qHk;jzpfyGm;&m w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHESifh teD;qHk; NrdKUawmfwpfcjk zpfaom rEÅav;NrKdUawmf    NLD aMumifhvnf; 'Dvdkta&;ygwJh EdkifiHa&;ae&m a&mufvmwmyg/
       csrf;at;ompHNrdKUe,frS touf 16 ESpft&G,f e0rwef;ausmif;olwpfOD; ESpfywfausmfMum aysmufqHk;aeojzifh                               oifykef;acsw,fqdkwmu t&ifwkef;uudpöawGudk bmrSrjzpfcJh
       csrf;at;ompHNrdKUe,f trSwf (8) &JwyfzGJUpcef;odkY wdkifMum;xm;aMumif; ,if;ausmif;ol\zcifjzpfol OD;0if;ausmf              ovdk ae&r,fqdkwmu tJ'gawmh b,fvdkrSrjzpfEdkifbl;/ ordkif;qdkwm
       u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                           awmh &SdrSmyJ/ aemufNyD;awmh ordkif;rSefuefrI&SdzdkYqdkwmu wdkif;jynf&JU
                 rEÅav; t.x.u (12)wGif wufa&mufaeol ,if;ausmif;olrSm pufwifbmv 4 &ufaeYu aysmufqHk;                                               f
                                                                                                                                tem*wftwGuvnf; ta&;BuD;w,f/ uvJpm;acsw,fqwmusawmh           h                      kd
       oGm;NyD; aysmufqHk;onfh&uftwGif;u &&SdcJhaomoufaorsm;t& wpfpHkwpfOD;u pnf;½Hk;ac:aqmifxm;onf[k                                  k        f
                                                                                                                                rr vH;0pdwr0ifpm;bl;/ tJ'gvnf;tm;ray;bl;/ uvJpm;acsw,fqwm               h                   kd
       ,lqaMumif; OD;0if;ausmfuajymqkdonf/                                                                                                  h d f                     f
                                                                                                                                aumif;wJpw"mwfvnf; r[kwbl;/ tjyKoabmaqmifwJhpdwf"mwf
                 aysmufq;Hk oGm;onf&ufrpwifNyD; rEÅav;NrdKUtESYHwwfEiorQ &SmazGaevsu&&m ,if;ausmif;olEihf twef;wl
                                      h      S                            kd f             f dS                     S           vnf;r[kwfbl;vdkYxifw,f/ tjzpftysufawGtwdkif; aoaocsmcsm
                                                                                                                                ordkif; rSwfwrf;t& vkyfcsifwm/ 'guwpfrsKd;/ 'guawmh wdkif;jynf
       ausmif;om;wpfOD;u pufwifbmv 6 &ufaeY nae 5 em&D wGif 77 vrf;ESifh 78 vrf;Mum; 32 vrf;&Sd                                                                         k f H         kd f H k f H
                                                                                                                                wpfjynftwGuf ta&;ygw,f/ EdiiwpfEii&UJ Ediio?l Ediiom;awG&UJ                     k f H
       *&dwfa0gvfyvmZmü trsKd;orD;wpfOD;ESifhtwl awGU&SdcJhaMumif; today;cJhojzifh yvmZmvHkNcHKa&;uifr&m                        pdwfaeoabmxm; tusifhoDveJY olwdkY&JUtay:rSm olwdkY,HkMunfrI
                                  hJ
       rSwfwrf;wGif&SmazGcaMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/                                                                       qdkwmu udk,fhEdkifiH&JUordkif;eJY trsm;BuD;qdkifw,f/ tJ'gaMumifh ordkif;
                 vlaysmufonfhjzpfpOfrsm;wGif trsm;tm;jzifh a,musfm;aemufvdkufajy;jcif;? tdrfrSpdwfqdk;um aqGrsKd;                        f                                          f
                                                                                                                                tcsutvufawGukd aocsmatmifvYkd vkyw,fqwmu tJ'grsK;uawmh             kd                 d
       tdrfodkY xGufoGm;jcif;rsKd;omrsm;jym;NyD; ,ckjzpf&yfonf xl;jcm;jzpfpOfwpfckjzpfaMumif;? vlukeful;cH&jcif;                vkyf oifhwJhtvkyfyg/ 'geJY uvJhpm;acswmeJYrwlygbl;/ tJ'gaMumifh
       ESifh jynfhwefqmtjzpf a&mif;pm;tjrwfxkwfcH&onfhjzpfpOfrsm;\ &mcdkifEIef;awmfawmfrsm;rsm;wGif um,uH&Sif                   'geJYywfouf vdkY &Sif;jyay;wm/ rrwdkYaxmufcHwm[m tcsuftvuf
       udk pnf;½Hk;odrf;oGif;jcif;rsm;aMumifhjzpfaMumif; rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; vlukeful;rIwm;qD;ESdrfeif;a&;txl;tzGJU                                      H                       kd           h
                                                                                                                                awGukd &SmzdYk axmufcwmyg? b,foYl urS uvJpm;acszdYk ? ½H;wifppfaq;zdYk        k
       rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u oHk;oyfonf/                                                                                         tJ'grsKd;udpöudk ajymaewmr[kwfygbl;/
                 ]]pDpDwDADrSmMunfhyHkt&ab;rSm trsKd;orD;wpfOD;eJY? olu uRefawmfwdkYtodxJu r[kwfbl;/ orD;uvnf;                                                                pufwifbmv 16 &ufaeYxkwf
       tdruxGuom;wJypr[kwb;/ tusÐtopf? zdeyftopfeYJ orD;rsufEmuvnf; pdwnpfwyrawGU&bl;}} [k
             f            f G h kH H       f l                                   S               f          hJ kH                          vQyfwpfjywfowif;*sme,fyg ]a':atmifqef;pkMunfESifh
       zcifjzpfol OD;0if;ausmfuqdkonf/                                                                                                                                      awGUqHkjcif;} rS aumufEkwfcsuf
                        k                            kf     f S hf D    h        f kf
                 tqdygyvmZmrSm ausmif;olaexdi&m tdrEie;ouJoYkd zciftvkyvy&mae&mteD;wGivnf;wnf&onf/        f                dS
                 rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;wGif vlukeful;cH&jcif;rS umuG,f&eftwGuf todynmay;jcif;rsm;udk aqmif&Guf                           ]]ppfrSefwJhjyKjyifajymif;vJrIawG jyKvkyfr,f? trsKd;om;&ifMum;
       aeqJjzpfaomfvnf; touft&G,fra&G; pnf;½Hk;jcif;cHEdkif&ojzifh ynmay;vkyfief;rsm;udk tzGJUtpnf;wdkif;u                                     kf        kd     k                   f
                                                                                                                                apha&;udk jyKvyr,fqwhJ tpd;&opf&UJ uwdtmrcHcsuawGukd EdiiwumkfH
                                                                                                                                todkif;t0dkif;xJu awmfawmfrsm;rsm;u r,HkrMunfjzpfaewkef;ygyJ/
                             kd                k f l                 f
       tav;ay;&efvtyfaMumif; vlueu;rIwm;qD;umuG,a&;txl;tzGUJ rS txufygwm0ef&ol u ajymMum;onf/        dS                         tJ'Dr,HkMunfolawG rSm;w,fvdkY oufaojyzdkY tpdk;&ydkif;u wm0ef&Sdol
                                                                                            dS S
                 ]]a&TvDyGJpm;awGuwpfqifh w½kwfudka&mif;pm;wmawG&Sdaeawmh vuf&rm rEÅav;NrdKUay:u qif;&Jom;                                  f       kd f G f h
                                                                                                                                awGukd uReawmfwuwe;cJygw,f[k oHtrwfBuD; rpfcs,vu qdonf/f f      k
       &yfuGufawGudkyJ t"duxm; ynmay;ae&w,f/ ausmif;qdkvdkY t.x.u (14) wpfckyJ ynmay;zl;ao;w,f/                                                                       pufwifbmv 16 &ufaeYxkwf
       uRefawmfwdkYudk zdwf&ifawmh vma[majymay;ygw,f}} [k ¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/                                                  jrefrmwdkif;rfowif;*sme,fyg ]r,HkMunfolrsm;\tjrifwGif
                 &efukefNrdKUawmf '*HkNrdKUopf (awmifydkif;)NrdKUe,f? (104) &yfuGufrS owårwef;ausmif;olwpfOD;onf                        rSm;aMumif;oufaojy&ef tpdk;&udk rpfcs,fvfwdkufwGef;}
       touf 30 t&G,f trsKd;orD;wpfOD;\ vSnfhjzm;ac:aqmifcH&rIaMumifh &efuif;NrdKUe,f&Sd tdrfwpftdrfwGif                                                                    owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
       tdrfazmftjzpfESifh vdIifNrdKUe,f&Sd txnfcsKyfpuf½HkwpfckwGif tvkyform;tjzpf 17vtMum tvkyvyuicNhJ yD;rS     f k f kd f
                   f
       aetdrodkY jyefa&mufcJhaomjzpf&yf Mo*kwfvtwGif;u jzpfyGm;cJhonf/                                                               þu@wGif aumufEkwfazmfjyxm;aom taMumif;t&mrsm;onf
                 ]]tckxd bmtaMumif;rS rxl;ao;bl;/ bJOtp &Smr&ovdkjzpfaeNyD/ 'DorD;wpfa,mufwnf;&Sdwmyg/                          oufqdkif&mrD'D,m odkYr[kwf pma&;olrsm;\ tmabmfomjzpfNyD;
               © l              f       kd f f                         hf                      l
       'ku[orQ uReawmfyJ cHvucsiw,f/ 'DvBkd uD;jzpfvmvdrr,fvYkd rawG;awmrdb;}} [k zcifjzpfol OD;0if;ausmfu                      The Voice Weekly t,f ' D w mtzG J U taeES i f h oabmwl j cif ; rwl j cif ;
                      J
       rsuf&nf0vsuf &ifzGifhonf/                                                                                                udk udk,fpm;rjyKbJ taygif;vu©Pmjzpfap? tEkwfvu©Pmjzpfap
                 ,if;jzpf&yfudk csrf;at;ompHNrdKUe,f trSwf (8) &JwyfzGJUpcef;ü vlaysmufwdkifcsuftrSwf(6) jzifh                                                                    y&d
                                                                                                                                xl;jcm;aom toGifwpfckaqmifaeygu pmzwfy&dowfrsm; owdjyKrd
          k f f G hf
       wdicsuzixm;aMumif; ,if;pcef;xHrSod&onf/                                                                                  apvdkí jyefvnfudk;um;azmfjyjcif; jzpfygonf/
 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011


                                                                                      MOTORING
                                                                                                                                                      LOCAL                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                         The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9



                News in Brief                                                       jrefrmrDeDqvGef;&rnfqkdum aiGvdrf&efBudK;yrf;
awmifukd&D;,m;½kyf&SifyJGawmfusif;yrnf                                              &efukef? pufwifbm 22
&efukef? pufwifbm 16
        ukd&D;,m;or®wEdkifiHrS vma&mufusif;yaom ukd&D;,m;½kyf&SifyJGawmfukd
                                                                                            fa       ps;ES fh      ;Xmexk f                                  mrD D vGe k 0ef
                                                                                    aps; uGu,ygufarnf[ikq0efBuDvlav;ODwukaps;uGmdr[csufBuD;rm;cJhIawomckjrefrvykediqf;twGf;iudjzpfyBuD;cJ;XmexHr;S
                                                                                         0,f lcGifh&          dkum       ; d aiGv f&efBudK;yrf;cJhr pf ,ck                  f;      Gm haMumif
               G             dk
jrefrmEkdifiHwif atmufwbmv 21 &ufaeYrS 24 &ufaeYtxd usi;yjyKvkyrnf f          f     um,uH&SiftcsdKUxHrSod&onf/
jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHqkdif&m ukd&D;,m;or®wEkdifiH oH½kH;xHrS od&Sd&onf/                  ,if;okdY vdrfvnf&efBudK;yrf;                 aMumif;? um,uH&Sifrsm;u um;            rsm;udk trSwf (2) pufrI0efBuD;Xme
              d f S f GJ          f       f
        tqkyg½ky&iyawmfudk ESppOfusi;yjyKvkyc&m ,cktcg ig;Budrajrmuf&dS
                                                   f hJ                  f          cJholonf jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&; OD;ykdifvDrd               vufcH&&SdrSom aiGxkwfay;Ekdifrnf       u avQmufvTmac:,lonfhpepfjzifh
NyDjzpfaMumif;? ukd&D;,m;½kyf&SifyJGawmftrsKd;tpm;rSm Sports jzpfNyD; ½kyf&Sifum;   wuf x d y f w ef ; yk * ¾ d K vf r sm;? jref r m      jzpfaMumif; jyefvnfajymqkdvdkufcsdef   a&mif;csay;aejcif;jzpfNyD; 0,f,lcGifh
av;um;jyornfjzpfí ½kyf&Sifum;rsm;rSm Forever the moment (Handball),                 tpkd;&jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;ESifh                     wGif ,if;vdrfvnf&efBudK;yrf;olrSm      vufrSwf&&Sdygu jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;
A Bare foot Dream (Soccer), Bronze medalists (weight lifting)? like a Virgin        &if;ESD;NyD; vuf&SdwGifvnf; ,if;                      ¤if;wkdYukd qufvufqufoG,fjcif;         bPfwGif aiGay;oGif;&rnfjzpfum
(wrestling) wkdYukd atmufwkdbmv 21 &ufrS 24 &ufaeYtwGif; Junction
                                                                                    uk r Ü P D w G i f t vk y f v k y f u d k i f a eol      d                    S
                                                                                                                                          r&SawmhaMumif; um,uH&if touf           &efukefNrdKUawmf urÇmat;bk&m;vrf;
                                                                                    wpf O D ; jzpf a Mumif ; ? xk d t csd e f u           40 cefY&Sd um;0,fa&mif;wpfOD;u                           d
                                                                                                                                                                                 &Sd 0efBu;D Xmeykif armfawmf,mOfta&mif;
Maw Tin &Sd ½kyf&Sif½kHwGif jyornfjzpfaMumif;? zGifhyJGtcrf;tem;okdY rnfolrqkd
                                                                                    aps;uGufaygufaps; usyfodef;190                        ajymMum;onf/                           jycef ; ES i f h rEå a v;ta&mif ; jycef ;
tcrJhwufa&mufEkdifNyD; ,if;yJGawmfukd Shwe Taung Development Co.,Ltd.                     dS                   D
                                                                                    cefY&aom jrefrmrDeqvGe;ukd 0efBuD;   f                               D    f
                                                                                                                                                jrefrmrDeqvGe;armfawmf,mOf       wkdYwGif xkwf,l&rnfjzpfonf/
ESifh City Mart Co.,Ltd. wkdY yl;aygif;pDpOfjcif;jzpfaMumif; ,if;XmexHrS od&Sd&                                f
                                                                                    Xmeaygufaps; usy55 ode;jzifh 0,f       f
onf/                                                                                ,l&&SdEdkif&efaqmif&Gufay;rnf[kqdk
                                                                                    um Mo*kwfvyxrywfrS pwifí                                 TELECOMMUNICATION
b0\pGefhpm;cef;rsm;ESifUtawGYtBuHKrsm;a[majym                                       vdrfvnf&ef BudK;yrf;aecJhaMumif;
&efukef? pufwifbm 3
          &efukefNrdKUawmf&Sd PARKROYAL [kdw,fü b0\pGefYpm;cef;rsm;ESifh
                                                                                                    SfSfD
                                                                                    um,uH&iEpO;u The Voice weekly
                                                                                    okdYajymqkdonf/
                                                                                                                                            zkef;trsKd;tpm;tm;vHk;twGuf
tawGUtBuHKrsm;udk tajccHí acgif;aqmifydkif;ae&mwGif &yfwnfae&olrsm;                                  kd   dk f
                                                                                             ]]'Dv0,fEiatmif vlBuD;vuf
odoifhodxkdufonfrsm;udk a[majymonfh tpDtpOfwpf&yf pufwifbmv
3 &ufaeYu usif;ycJhaMumif; ,if;yGJpDpOfonfh RV! Centre xHrSod&onf/
                                                                                    rSwfxkd;ay;zdkY ESpfq,fhig;odef;eJY olY
                                                                                    ukd ig;odef;ay;&r,f/ pkpkaygif; &Spf
                                                                                                                                            BudKwifaiGjznfUuwf jyifqifqJ
                                                                                    q,fhig;odef;ay;&r,fqkdNyD; tBudrf                       &efukef? pufwifbm 22
                      G          h h k    S                      Ü D   f
          ,if;aeYwif a[majymcJonfy*Kd¾ vfrm Dare to Dream ukrP\tkycsKyfrI           Budrfpnf;½kH;w,f}}[k ¤if;wkdYteuf
'g½duwm rpöwm Khoo Swee Chiow jzpfaMumif;? ¤if;u ¤if;\b0oufwrf;
     k f                                                                                                                                                   k f H G      k      dS       k kd f k f
                                                                                                                                                   jrefrmEdiiwif toH;jyKvsuf&onfh rdbi;vfze;trsKd;tpm;tm;
                                                                                    wpfOD;jzpfol touf 45 ESpft&G,f&Sd
wpfavQmuf onf;xdwf&ifzdkpGefYpm;cJh&aom pGefYpm;cef;rsm;ESifh ,if;wdkYrS                                                                       k                   h                           h kH      k
                                                                                                                                            vH;ukd BudKwifaiGjznfuwfpepfoYkd ajymif;vJusifo;&ef vdtyfonfpuf    h
                                                                                    oabFmt&m&SdwpfOD;u &Sif;jyonf/
wpfqihf oifcef;pmESihf b0tawGUtBuHKrsm;&cJytaMumif;ukd a[majymcJaMumif;?
                                             h kH                    h                       jrefrmrDeDqvGef;udk avQmuf                                                             G f             f   k kd f
                                                                                                                                            rsm;rSm,lxm;qJjzpfaMumif; jrefrmhqufo,a&;vkyief; rdbi;vf XmerS
RV! Center \ Exective Level Diploma &&Sdolrsm;udkvnf; 'Dyvdkrm                      xm;p&mrvdkbJ txufvlBuD;wpfOD;                           tif*sifeD,mcsKyf OD;aZmfrif;OD;u The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                    uvufrwx;ay;½kjH zif&&Srnfqum
                                                                                                 S f kd              h d            kd             ]]atmufwdkbmawmh ajymif;vdkY r&Edkifao;ygbl;/ wefzdk;enf;
rsm;ay;tyfcJh aMumif;ESifh Teamwork , Leadership tp&Sdonfh Exective Level
                                                                                    pufwifbm 19 &ufaeYwGif um;                              zkef;awGeJYrS wpfNydKifwnf;avmufjzpfrSmyg}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
rS yk*dK¾ vfrsm;udk &nfpl;aom Message Presentation yGJi,fukdvnf; ,if;aeYwGif                                                                          f k J l                                f        f
                                                                                                                                                   zke;oH;pGotrsm;pku wpfv wpfBudrf zke;bDvwef;pDaqmifp&m
Mr Khoo u wifqufcjhJ cif;jzpfaMumif; RV! \ wm0ef&dS yk*K¾ va':cifNidr;tdpH
                                                             d f         f          xkwf&ef tqifoifhjzpfaeaMumif;
                                                                                    taMumif;Mum;cJhNyD; vufrSwfxkd;                              k                   h     kd            k
                                                                                                                                            rvdaomBudKwifaiGjznfuwfuajymif;vJapvdaMumif; ajymqdMk uonf/
xHrSod&onf/                                                                                       f         f
                                                                                    aMu; usy25 ode;ukd ueOD;awmif;cHchJ
    10
    VOICE
  The

                       BANKING                                                                                                                                                                        Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




oGif;ukefvkdifpif bPfpm&if;axmufcHcsufrvdkbJ avQmufEkdif
&efukef? pufwifbm 19

oGif; pufewifkybefmv i19sm; oGaeYf;rukwifíkdifvGifwvQmufGmxm;&mwGifcf GibPfpkufNyDjzpfaMumifc;HcpDsufm;a&;ESifh ulrvdkb;J
      uk fv fi ;&S fr
                         &uf Sp
                               i efv p a
                                                   fvyfp aqmif&Gu fhjyKvd
                                                                             m&if;axmuf
                                                                                                   ;yG             ;oef
                                                                                                                        (Credit)                aemufqHk;vufusef Import Right
                                                                                                                                                wefz;rS vufusefazmfay;jcif;? CMP
                                                                                                                                                    kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            jcif;? Revolving Fund &aiGtwGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            oufqi&m taxmuftxm;rsm; rSef
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;0if;jrihfu ajymMum;onf/                                                                            vufcpm;&aiGtwGuf oufqkdif&m                                                 rrSef pdppfjcif;wkdYudk pdppfaqmif&Guf
         aejynfawmf pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul; rS tdwyw[ac:onfh axmufccsuf aom bPf p mtk y f v uf u sef E S i f h
                                                    f d f k                  H                                                                  taxmuftxm;rsm; rSef rrSef pdppf                                             ay;aevsuf&Sdonf/
oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme½Hk;ü rvdk[k qdkvdkjcif;&Sd r&Sd &Sif;&Sif;vif; aemufqHk;aiGvufuseftajctaewdkY
pufwifbmv 18 &ufaeYu owif; vif;rod&ao;ouJhodkY oufqkdif&m wGif oGif;ukefwifoGif;cGifh&Sd r&Sd pdppf
axmufrsm;ESifhawGUqHkpOf xdkokdYajym XmecGJrsm;udk ñTefMum;rI&Sdr&Sd rod& &ef r vd k t yf a wmh o nf t aetxm;
qdkvkdufjcif;jzpfonf/ CMP (Cut- ao;aMumif; trnfrazmfvdkol oGif; [kwf r[kwqonfurl &Si;&Si;vif;     f kd   kd f f
                                                                                                                                                armfawmf,mOfoGif;cGifU&NyD;olrsm;
ting , Making , Packing) txnfcsKyf            ukefvkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u ajymMum; vif;rod&ao;aMumif; oGif;ukef?
vkyief;rsm;udvnf;oGi;f ukevipifrvdbJ onf/
     f         k             f dk f
pm&if;rSwfpepfjzifh wifoGif;apjcif;
                                          k
                                                    ,if;okYd oGi;ukepepfajymif;vJ ajymMum;onf/
                                                                f f
                                                                                        k f k f                D
                                                                                  ydYkuevyief;&SiBf uD;wpfO;u oH;oyf
                                                                                                                  k
                                                                                                                                                aehcsif;NyD;bPfpm&if; zGifUay;rnf
uJhodkY ajzavQmhrIrsm; aqmif&GufcJhNyD; vkdufjcif;onf e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;                    ukefoG,fa&;ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;                          &efukef? pufwifbm 19
                                                                                                 f f k f
jzpfaMumif; OD;0if;jrihfu xyfavmif; ESifhygoufqkdifjcif;&Sd r&Sd e,fpyfukef Xmeu oGi;ukevyief;XmetaeESihf
ajymMum;onf/                                  oG,a&;OD;pD;Xmeudk ar;jref;&m rl0g' oGi;ukevipif avQmufxm;rItay:
                                                  f                                    f f dk f                                                                0efBuD;Xmersm;yl;aygif;aqmif                                 tjcm;yk * ¾ v d u qk d i f & m taxmuf
         xdkodkYjy|mef;vkdufjcif;aMumifh a&;&mrsm;ESioufqionfh ñTeMf um; oGif;ukefvkdifpifavQmufxm;onfh
                                                             hf   dk f                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                &Guonfh um;a[mif;tyfNyD; um;opf                                             txm;wkYd jzifh bPfpm&if; vma&muf
oGi;ukevipifavQmuf&mwGif jrefrmh a&;rSL;wpfO;u rMumcif tao;pdwf pm&Gupmwrf;rsm; jynfppmyg0ifjcif;
       f f dk f                                            D                               f               h kH G                                        dk f
                                                                                                                                                vJEionfh tpDtpOfrS armfawmf,mOf                                             zGifhEkdifNyD; ueOD;oGif;aiG FEC 100
EkdifiHjcm;ukefoG,frI bPf (MFTB) xkwjf yefay;oGm;rnf[ajymMum;onf/ &Sd r&Sd 0ifaiGtaxmuftxm;rsm;udk
                                                                       k                                                                        wifoGif;cGifh ygrpf&&SdNyD;olrsm;udk aeY                                    vdktyfrnfjzpfaMumif; MFTB bPf
odkYr[kwf jrefrmh&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIESifh ul;                                                       k f
                                                    oGif;ukefvkdifpifavQmufonhf pdppfjcif;? ydYk ue&aiGtaxmuftxm;                                    f
                                                                                                                                                csi;NyD; bPfpm&if;zGivpay;rnfjzpf      hf S f                               pm&if;zGiay;onfXmerS vufaxmuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           hf         h
oef;a&mif;0,fa&;bPf (MICB) wdYk tcg ydYk ue&aiGtaxmuftxm; jzpf jzpfonfh bPfpmtkyfvufusefESifh
                                                       k f                                                                                                                    dk f
                                                                                                                                                aMumif; jrefrmhEiijH cm;ukeo,rbPf                f G fI                     refae*smu qkdonf/
                                                                                                                                                (MFTB) \ oGi;ukeqi&mXmerS            f f dk f                                        bPfpm&if;zGifhNyD;vQif tjcm;
                                                                                                                                                vufaxmuftaxGaxGrefae*smu                                                    vdktyfonfh taxmuftxm;rsm;jzifh

   bPfpm&if;&Sdolom EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,fcGifU&rnf                                                                                               pufwifbmv 19 &ufaeYwif The Voice
                                                                                                                                                                     hf
                                                                                                                                                Weekly ESiawGUqHkpOfajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                               armfawmf,mOfwifoGif;cGifh&&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                                  G                         pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0efBuD;XmewGif ygrpfavQmufxm;&
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rnfjzpfonf/
&efukef? pufwifbm 20                                                                                                                                          k f kd f
                                                                                                                                                NyD; ud,wium;wifoi;rnforsm;                    G f h l                               jynfwGif; jynfy&SdjrefrmEkdifiH
          Ediiom;wdi; vG,upm EdiiH
             k f H            k f       f l G k f     ygojzifh A[dkbPfu w&m;0ifowf               uarÇmZbPfESifh or0g,rbPf                       twGuf oD;oefYñeMf um;csufrsm;r&Sd  T                                        om;rsm;rS EkiijH cm;aiGaMu;yHre&&Sae
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d f               k S f d
jcm;aiGaMu;vJvS,fEdkif&ef rMumrD                      rSwfxm;onfh aiGvJvS,fEIef;&SdrSom          bPfajcmufcku &&SdcJhjcif;jzpfonf/              ao;aomfvnf; ,if;uJoYkd aeYcsi;NyD;           h                   f          olrsm;ukd tcGefaqmifxm;vQif yHkrSef
taumiftxnfazmfawmhrnfh w&m;0if                        tqifajypGm vkyfudkifEdkifrnfjzpf                                kd f        f G f I
                                                                                                          jrefrmhEiijH cm;ukeo,rbPf                             G f
                                                                                                                                                aqmif&uay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u                                          twkdif;bPfpm&if;zGifhvSpfay;rnf[k
aiGvXme (Money Changer) rsm;wGif
        J                                             aMumif; bPfynm&SifwpfOD;uqdk               wGifvnf; yHkrSefbPfvkyfaqmifcsuf               xyfrajymqkonf/ ]]vdtyfwmawGp&if
                                                                                                                                                            H           d                k                           kH     MFTB bPfpm&if;zGifhay;onfhXme
jref r mEd k i f i H o m;rsm; Ed k i f i H j cm;aiG   onf/                                       rsm;taejzifh tar&duefa':vm? ,l½kd                                          f
                                                                                                                                                vmwmeJYaeYcsi;NyD; aqmif&uay;r,f}}                  G f                     rS vufaxmufrefae*smu qkdonf/
vJvS,frnfqdkygu bPfpm&if;&Sd                                  ,if;odkYvkyfaqmif&ef cGifhjyKcJh   aiGaMu;ESihf pifumyla':vmrsm;udom        k     [k ¤if;uqdonf/            k                                                                         D    HS I S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     jrefrm&if;ES;jr§KyfErEifh ul;oef;
olrsm;om vJvS,fcGifh&&Sdrnfjzpf                       aomfvnf; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif w&m;0if         bPfpm&if;zGifhay;vsuf&SdaMumif;                               pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;                                a&mif;0,fa&;bPf (MICB) uvnf;
aMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHawmf A[dkbPf                     aiGvJEIef;tjzpf wpfa':vm ajcmuf            ,if;bPf\ bPfpm&if;zGiay;onfh        hf
                                                                                                 XmerS wm0ef&Sdoluqdkonf/                       0,fa&;0efBuD;Xmeu xkwfay;onfh                                                    f kH S hf l kd f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rSwywifEivu,wivma&mufavQmuf
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD; u pufwifbmv                          aomif;usyfEIef;tm; zsufodrf;&efvdk                                                        armfawmf,mOfygrpfwGif aiG&SdaMumif;                                         xm;vQif aeYcsif;NyD; bPfpm&if;zGifh
20 &ufaeYwGif The Voice Weekly                        tyfjcif;? w&m;0ifaiGvJEIef;owf                      vwfwavmwGif EdkifiHjcm;aiG
                                                                                                        S                  k k f
                                                                                                 vJv,jf cif;udk tpd;&ydibPfrsm;jzpf             jyNyD;rSom ypönf;rSmonfh LC (Letter                                                                      df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ay;rnf[k ,if;bPf EkiijH cm;aiGaMu;
odkY ajymMum; onf/                                                   k        S d f d
                                                      rSwNf yD; A[dbPfrxe;n§ay;jcif;wdYk                                                        of Credit) ESifh ypönf;a&mufNyD;rS aiG                                                            H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            XmerS wm0efca':wifEUJG &Du pufwif
          jrefrmEdkifiHwGif EdkifiHom;rsm;            vdktyfaeao;aMumif; bPftodkif;                                 kd f
                                                                                                 onfh jrefrmhEiijH cm;ukeo,rbPf  f G f I
                                                      t0dkif;u axmufjyajymqdkonf/                (MFTB) ? jrefrmh&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIESifh       acsonfh TT [laom enf;vrf;ESprsKd;                                  f        bmv 20 &ufaeYwGif jyefvnfajz
EdkifiHjcm;aiGudkifaqmifcGifhudk Oya'
                                                              EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJXme (Money         ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;bPf (MICB)                  &Sd&m pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,f                                      Mum;onf/
t& uef Y owf x m;onf h t wG u f
w&m;r0ifaiGrnf;rsm; bPfwGif                                            hf S f G hf
                                                      Changer) zGivpciukd jynfaxmifpk            ESifh jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;bPf (MEB)               a&;0efBuD;Xmeu xkway;vkuaom                f            d f                          bPfvkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;t&
                     J S
vma&mufvv,jf cif;rjyKEdi&ef EdiiH        k f k f                                        kf Dd
                                                               kfH
                                                      jrefrmEdiiawmf pD;yGm;a&;OD;ydivrwuf                    f kd f G hf
                                                                                                 wdYk u vkyyici&xm;NyD; 2003 ckEpf          S   ygrpftay:rlwnfí MFTB u aqmif&uf                                         G   bPfpm&if;zGifhvSpfNyD;olrsm;taeESifh
jcm;om;rsm;taeESifh EdkifiHul;vuf                     ydkif jr0wDbPf? jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;          bPfrsm;tusyftwnf; rwdkifrDu                    ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u quf                                                           S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rl owfrwxm;onfh aiGyrmPtvHk
rSwjf yívnf;aumif; jrefrmEdiiom;            k f H     aumfydka&;&Sif; ukrÜPDvDrdwufydkif              ¾
                                                                                                 yk*vdubPfrsm;wGif vkyfydkifcGifh &&Sd                         S f
                                                                                                                                                vuf&i;jyonf/ bPfpm&if;zGivpf                                   hf S         tavmufr&Sygu tjcm;bPfpm&if;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d
rsm;taeESifh EdkifiHjcm;aiGbPfpm&if;                                                  I
                                                      tif;0bPf? jrefrmhpufrvufrIzUHG NzKd ;a&;   cJhzl;onf/                                            h l
                                                                                                                                                rnforsm;onf um;a[mif;tyfExm;                                HS              wpfckESifh aiGpm&if;vTJajymif; (Ac-
&Sdonfh taxmuftxm;jyívnf;                             bPf? jrefrmhta&SUwdi;bPf (MOB)?
                                                                                   kf                                                           onfh taxmuftxm;tygt0if                                                      count Transfer) Ekdifonf/
aumif; vJvS,f&rnfjzpfaMumif;
¤if;uqdkonf/
          ]]vrf;ab;u a':vm0,fvm
NyD; 'DrSmvmvJvdkYawmh b,f&rvJ}}
[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
          &efukefNrdKUawmf odrfjzLvrf;&Sd
                                                           a&TtaygifcHaiGacs;pepf A[kdbPfpwifcGifUjyKrnf
EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJXmewGif oufwrf;&ifh                        &efukef? pufwifbm 20
                      k
bPfajcmufcukd w&m;0ifaiGvv,f                    J S                                                                                                                                            d f H
                                                                  jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd rnfonfhbPfürqkd vmrnfhatmufwkdbmvqef;rSpwifí a&TtaygifcHNyD; aiGacs;,lEkdifNyDjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkiiawmfA[kdbPf
Xme (Money Changer) zGifhvSpfcGifh                         rS 'kwd,Ouú|OD;aeat;u pufwifbmv 20 &ufaeYwGif The Voice Weekly okdY twnfjyKajymMum;onf/
jyKrnfjzpfNyD; ,if;bPfrsm;teuf                                    tqkdygpepfwGif pdefxnfrsm;ESifh &wemrsm;ryg0ifbJ a&TESifha&Txnfypönf;? a&Tacsmif;rsm;tusKH;0ifNyD; aiGacs;&mwGif umvaygufaps;\ 75
                   k
bPfwpfcuOD;aqmifum atmufwkd                                &mckdifEIef;xufrausmf&ef A[kdbPfu owfrSwfxm;onf/
bmvqef;wGif taumiftxnfazmf                                                                                                                                           d
                                                                  ,if;vkyfykdifcGifhESifhywfoufonfhw&m;0ifnTefMum;pmrsmukd pufwifbmvtwGi;f u bPfrsm;okYd ay;ykYxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif; OD;aeat;uqkdonf/
rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf
                                                                                                f        d k f dk f G                                                                                f
                                                                  bPfrsm;jyefvnfwnfNidrvmojzifh xkoYdkvyyicijhf yefvnfay;jcif;jzpfNyD; ,cifua&Trsm;jzifh aps;upm;jcif;aMumifh bPfrsm;tusytwnf;rsm;ESihf
ajymMum;onf/
          ]]vmrnfh&ufydkif;twGif; cGifhjyK                 &ifqkdif&ojzifh qkdif;iHhxm;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
                         dS
            k f
csufxway;zdYk &w,f}} [k txufyg                                                            ¾ d                                 f   f        kd            f     S f l     d        h
                                                                  vwfwavmwGif yk*vubPfrsm;u &mjzwfynm&Si(ypön;wefz;tuJjzwfaps;EIe;owfrwo)rsm;ESihf vktyfonfpufypön;rsm; &SmazGaeMuNyD;      f
A[dkbPfwm0ef&Sdoluqdkonf/                                                                                                                GJ I d f          h S             d
                                                           atmufwkdbmvqef;wGif ,if;pepfpwifrnf[k or0g,rbPf pDrHcefYcr'g½kuwm OD;azjrifEihf uarÇmZbPf 'kw,Ouú| OD;oef;vGif wkdYu The Voice
          ,if;odkYvJvS,f&mwGifvnf;                         Weekly ESifh awGUqkHpOfajymMum;onf/
tar&duefa':vm? ,l½dkaiGaMu;ESifh                                  a&Ttaygifxm;NyD; aiGacs;olrsm;ay;&rnfhtwkd;EIef;rSm tjcm;aiGacs;,lonfhtwkd;EIef;rsm;ESifhwef;wl wpfESpf 15 &mckdifEIef;jzpfNyD; umvwkd
pifumyla':vmrsm;om vJvS,fEdkif                             acs;aiGtaejzifh wpfESpftwGif;om acs;EkdifrnfjzpfaMumif; bPftokdif;t0kdif;xHrS od&onf/
rnfjzpfonf/                                                       a&TtaygifcHaiGacs;rnfholrsm;twGuf bPfpm&if;r&Sdolrsm;ukd bPfpm&if;zGifhay;rnfjzpfonf/
          w&m;0ifaiGvv,Ee;rowf    J S f I f                       b@ma&;ESifh tcGef0efBuD;Xmeatmuf&Sd jrefrmhtao;pm;acs;aiGvkyfief;u a&Txnftaygifypönf;rsm;ukd wpfvtwkd;EIef; 3 &mckdifEIef;ESifh aiG
rSwEiao;onftwGuf jyifyayguf
      f kd f                h                              acs;ay;vsuf&SdNyD; ,ckbPfrsm;wGifrl wpfvtwkd;EIef;rSm 1 'or 25 &mckdifEIef;om usoifhrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;aiGacs;vkyfief;rsm;xHrS od&onf/
aps;jzifh vGwfvyfpGm vJvS,fEdkifrnf                                                         d f     f                               dk f               H
                                                                  ,cifu ra&TUajymif;Ekiaomypön;rsm;om taygifxm;acs;,lEi&mrS a&TtaygifcpepfoYdk wpfqifh jyefwufvmojzifh aemifwif EkiiwumuJoYdk G d f H  h
jzpfaomfvnf; rwnfNidronfh aiGvJ       f                    ,kHMunfrItajccHNyD; aiGacs;Ekdifonfh Credit pepftxd zHUG NzKd ;wk;d wufvmEkdifrnfjzpfaMumif; urÇmhbPf\tBuHay;jzpfolOD;aZmfEkdifu pufwifbmv 21
vS,fEIef;udk xdef;ausmif;&ef A[dk                          &ufaeYwGif The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/
bPf\ tcef;u@rSm rsm;pGmta&;
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011


EXPORT / IMPORT
                                                                                                                                                                                  LOCAL                                                               The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               11




ajryJqD jynfywifydkh&efpDpOf
owif;aqmif;yg; - MuLMuLoif; (rkd;ajr)
                                                           ;&SifBuD rsm;onf                                                                                     pDpOfvsuf&SdaMumif;? ,if;EdkifiHrsm;\                            jynfyodkY wifydkYcGifhrjyKaom
      wG f;&S                              uf                                    odkY
 jynf &efiBudd Kaps;uGufeifmrnf& ajryJ; qDpukevkykdifif;efa'oBuD;;rsm;onf jynfpyufvESkyrfif;qD;&SEiSifrfh ajryJqS D pHwifrfy;od&mifonfdi/f
                wifjyifq aeaMumif &ef fw                            tajcpkduf qD            ef            sm;xHr kp &Sd&
                                                                                                                             dkYa ;csEk
                                                                                                                                                                ajryJqEihf ESr;qDaps;uGuaygufaps;
                                                                                                                                                                            D S f
                                                                                                                                                                onf vuf&Sd jynfwGif;aps;uGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                        f                usefypönf;rsm;udkvnf; jynfwGif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f kd         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aps;uGuvtyfcsursm;ay: rlwnfí
                                                                                                               ]]*syefudkydkYEkdif&if usefwJhEdkifiH            aygufaps;xuf ig;qcefYyr&&SaMumif;    kd kd d                               f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tcgtm;avsmpm jyifqifajymif;vJcihf              G
                                                                                                                      H S
                                                                                                       awGvufcrmyJ/ *syefukd wifyYkdzYdkq&if    dk                                       D
                                                                                                                                                                {&m0wDajryJqpuf vkyief;&SiO;cifp;dkf          fD         jyKoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESifh
                                                                                                       xkyfykd;rIwHqdyfutp tukefvHk;udk                         u ajymMum;onf/                                           ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme\
                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                       *syefpmeJY vkyay;&r,f/ aemuf "mwk                                            dS
                                                                                                                                                                          vuf&tajctaewGif jynfwi;                   Gf   pufwifbmv 1 &ufaeYpyg xkwjf yef   JG
                                                                                                       "mwf<uif;yg&if vHk;0vufrcHvdkY                           aps;uGufü pm;oHk;qDzlvHkrI&Sdaejcif;                     csufrsm;t& od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                                       usef;rma&;axmufcHcsufawGvnf;&Sd                          ESifh yJrsKd;pHktygt0if v,f,mxGuf                                vuf & S d j ynf w G i f ; aps;uG u f ü
                                                                                                       aezdYkta&;BuD;w,f}} [k tqdyg jynfyk                      ukefoD;ESHrsm; aps;usqif;aeonfh                                   D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ajryJqa&mif;tm;xuf0ufcefYusqif;
                                                                                                       odkY qDwifydkY&ef jyifqifvsuf&Sdonfh                     twGufaMumifh pdkufysKd;awmifolrsm;                       vsuf&SdNyD; aps;uGuftwGif;&Sd pm;oHk;
                                                                                                                    k f             d
                                                                                                       qDpufvyief;&Sif trsK;om;wpfO;u         D                 tusKd;jzpfxe;ap&eftwGuf qDxuf
                                                                                                                                                                                 G f                              G                                    D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         oltrsm;pkonf ajryJqaygufaps;EIe;                 f
                                                                                                       qkdonf/                                                  oD;ESHESifh pm;oHk;qDrsm;udk jynfyodkY                   xuf0ufeD;yg;cefY oufomaom
                                                                                                                        k d f H
                                                                                                               tqdyg EkiiwumtodtrSwf                            wifydkYcGifhjyKvkdufjcif;jzpfaMumif;?                    ESrf;qDESifh pm;tkef;qDrsm;udk 0,f,l
                                                                                                       jyK usef;rma&;axmufcHcsufrsm;ESifh                                              G f D H
                                                                                                                                                                ,if;odYk qDxuo;ESrsm;udk jynfyodYk                       oHk;pGJrIjyKvsuf&SdaMumif;? ajryJqD
                                                                                                               dS kH J
                                                                                                       vuf&o;pGaeonfh qDpufrsm;tqifh                                     dG
                                                                                                                                                                wifyYkcijhf yKvuaomfvnf; jynfwi;ü
                                                                                                                                                                                  dk f                           Gf            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         wpfyóm aygufaps;rSm 3800 usyrS               f
   "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                                                                                  hf            kd
                                                                                                       jr§iwif&efvtyfjcif;aMumifh vmrnfh                        qDxGufoD;ESHrsm; wkd;csJUpkdufysKd;Ekdif                 4000 usyfESifh ESrf;qDwpfydómvQif
                                                                                                                  S f k f kd f         G f
                                                                                                       2012 ckEpf ESpueyi;cefYwirS jynfy                               h
                                                                                                                                                                onfajrae&mrsm;pGm&SaeonftwGuf    d          h            2600 usyf? pm;tkef;qDwpfydóm
                kfS d
         ]]&efuerm&SwhJ qDpufBuD; av;                  tqkdyg qDpufvkyfief;rsm;taeESifh                odkY ajryJqDESifh ESrf;qDwifydkYEkdifrnfh                jynfwGif;qDaps;uGufudk xdckdufrIr&Sd                     vQif 1700 usyfausmfcefYjzifh a&mif;
ig;ckavmufu yJqDudk Export vkyf                        vuf&Sd&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHxm;aom yrmP              taetxm;&SdNyD; ajryJqD? ESrf;qD?                         EkdifaMumif; &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;                        csvsuf&SdaMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'o
zkdYBudK;pm;aew,f}} [k &efukefwkdif;                   xuf qDpufvkyfief;wpfckvQif usyf                 t"dupm;oHk;aom *syef? xkdif0rf?                                                     I k f
                                                                                                                                                                a&TjynfompufrZetajcpkuf qDpuf             d                          k               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BuD; pm;oH;olaps;uGutwGi;rS pHprf;   f k
                     h      k f
a'oBuD;bk&ifaemifuepnfaps;uGuf                         oef;wpfaxmifcefYxyfrH&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH          awmifudk&D;,m;ESifh w½kwfjynfolY                         vkyfief;&Sif touf 50 t&G,ftrsKd;                         od&Sd&onf/
twGif;&Sd pm;oHk;qDrsKd;pHk a&mif;0,f                  vkyfukdif&rnfh taetxm;&SdaMumif;                or®wEkdifiHaps;uGufrsm;odkY wifydkY&ef                   om;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                  MuLMuLoif; (rdk;ajr)
a&;vkyfief;&Sif touf 50 t&G,f&Sd                       &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; tajcpdkuf {&m              BANK
trsKd;om;wpfOD;uqkdonf/                                0wD ajryJqDpufvkyfief;&SifOD;cifpdk;
         q,fpkESpf wpfckrQjynfywifydkY
cGifhydwfxm;cJhaom ESrf;eD? ESrf;ndK ESifh
     f             h
ESr;qDukd NyD;cJonhf Mo*kwvtwGi;f       f
                                                       uajymMum;onf/
                                                               ]]tck Export twGuvtyfr,fh
                                                       Certificate eJY ypön;xkyy;rIyi;twGuf
                                                                              f f kd kd f
                                                                                         f kd          tm&SEkdifiHtcsKdYwGif jrefrmbPfcGJzGifU&efavUvm
                                                                                                       &efukef? pufwifbm 21
u pwif wifydkYcGifhjyKNyD;aemuf ,ck                    vdktyfxm;wmav;awGvkyfaew,f/                                         f
                                                                                                               jrefrmvkyom;rsm;pGm oGm;a&muf                    rIbPf (MFTB) wdYk rS wm0ef&orsm;         dS l            ,H k M unf p d w f c s&rI t m;enf ; onf h
pufwifbmv yxrywfwGifajryJ                                d f H
                                                       Ekiiwumudk &ifaygifwef;Ekiatmif     d f         vkyuiaeMuonfh tm&SEiirsm;jzpf
                                                                                                             f kd f                       dk f H                oG m ;a&muf a vh v mqJ j zpf a Mumif ;                   twGuf ,ckuJhodkY EkdifiHjcm;bPfcGJ
              D kd      H         G  d
ESihf ajryJquygxyfrwifyYkdcijhf yKvkuf                 BudK;pm;ae&w,f}}[k &efukefwkdif;                aom xkdif;? rav;&Sm;? pifumylESifh                       ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                            G f     hf S f G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         rsm; jynfwi;ü zGivpciray;onfh
NyDjzpfaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;                                    k
                                                       a'oBuD;tajcpduf aiGoZifrif; ajryJ               udk&D;,m;wdkYwGif jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd EkdifiH                                       hf S f
                                                                                                                                                                         ,if;odYk zGivp&ef&nf&,jf cif; G                 tajctaewGif jrefrmbPfrsm; EkdifiH
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme\ pufwif                         qDpufvkyfief;&Sif OD;atmifa&Tu                                      f kd f G hf dS
                                                                                                       jcm;aiGaMu;vkyyici&onfh Ediiyif             k f H kd     rSm EkdifiHjcm;ütvkyfvkyfudkifaeMu                       jcm;ü bPfcGJoGm;zGifh&ef pDpOfjcif;rSm
bmv 1 &ufaeY xkwfjyefcsufrsm;                          ajymMum;onf/                                               kH
                                                                                                       bPfo;ck\ bPfcrsm;zGivpEi&ef  JG      hf S f dk f                              f
                                                                                                                                                                onfh jrefrmvkyom;rsm;aiGv&mwGif       JT                 aumif;rGefonfh arQmfvifhcsufjzpf
t&od&Sd&onf/                                                                     G f
                                                               vuf&dS jynfwi;&Sd qDpuf vkyf            oGm;a&mufavhvmaeaMumif; jrefrm                           [Gef'D (w&m;r0ifaiGvTJpepf) xuf                                           h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aMumif; urÇmbPftBuHay; OD;aZmfEif      dk
         ,if;odkY qDxGufoD;ESHrsm;ESifh                ief;rsm;wGif toHk;jyKvsuf&Sdaom                   dfH
                                                                                                       EkiiawmfA[dbPfrS wm0ef&owpfO;
                                                                                                                      k                       dS l          D   ykdrdktqifajyNyD; w&m;0ifjzpfvmap                        u oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/
pm;oHk;qDtcsKdUudk wifydkYcGifhjyKvkduf                pufypönf;ESifhxkyfydk;rI pepfvdktyf             u pufwifbmv 21 &ufaeYwGif                                &ef jrefrmvkyfom;trsm;pk&Sdonhf                                      f D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 [Ge'rsm;ESihf ,SONf ydKif&rnfjzpf
NyD;aemuf vuf&SdjynfwGif;pm;oHk;ol                           f
                                                       csursm;aMumifh jynfyaps;uGursm;odYk    f        twnfjyKajymMum;onf/                                      tqdygav;Ekiiwif bPfcrsm; zGivpf
                                                                                                                                                                       k          dfH G           JG        hf S         aom ,if;bPffrsm;onf aiGaMu;
aps;uGufü emrnf&ajryJqDoefYvkyf                                   dk           d
                                                       qDwifyYkd Eijf cif;r&Sao;bJ tqdygqD      k              ]]avhvmrIawGaqmif&uaeqJ          G f             Ekdif&efavhvmjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u                      0efaqmifrIay;onfh pD;yGm;a&;tzGJU
                          k
ief;rsm;jzpfaom &efue?f a&T? {&m0wD?                   pufvkyfief;BuD;rsm;onf EkdifiHwum                                  G hf dk f
                                                                                                       yg/ b,fawmhziEir,frodao;bl;?                             qkdonf/                                                  tpnf;taeESifhom vkyfaqmifoifh
aiGoZifrif;ESifh Global ponfh ajryJ                    todtrSwfjyK usef;rma&;axmufcH                   vrf;aMumif;av;awmh jzpfvmNyD}} [k                                 EkdifiHjcm;&Sd jrefrmEkdifiHom;rsm;             NyD; tpdk;&\,EÅ&m;wpfcktaeESifh
qDpufvkyfief;&Sifrsm;onf jynfy                         csuf vufrSwfrsm;&&Sd&ef BudK;pm;                ¤if;uqkdonf/                                             jynfwGif;odkYaiGvTJ&mwGif [Gef'Dpepf                     vkyfudkifrnfqdkygu jynfy&Sd jrefrm
aps;uGufrsm;odkY ajryJqDESifh ESrf;qD                  aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif; jynfyodkY                       ,if;EkdifiHrsm;odkY bPfcGJrsm;                   ukdom tm;xm;ae&ojzifh EkdifiHawmf                        EkdifiHom;rsm;u bPfESifhaiGvTJ&rnf
rsm;udk wifydkYEkdif&ef pDpOfaqmif&Guf                 qDwifykdY&ef jyifqifvsuf&Sdonfh                               G hf S f dk f
                                                                                                       oGm;a&mufzivpEi&ef jrefrmhp;yGm;               D         bufrS tcGefaiGrsm;qHk;½IH;aeouJhodkY                     udk pkd;&GHUEkdifaMumif; OD;aZmfEdkifu
vsuf&SdaMumif;? jynfypm;oHk;ol aps;                                         f
                                                       touf 50 ausmt&G,qpufvyief;    f D          kf   a&;bPf (MEB) ? jrefrmh&if;ESD;jr§Kyf                     aiGvTJaeonfholrsm;bufwGifvnf;                            qkdonf/
uGufvufcHEkdifonfh t&nftaoG;rD                         &Sif trsKd;om;wpfOD;u ajymMum;                  ESHrIESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;bPf
qDrsm;udk wifydkYEkdif&eftwGufqkdvQif                  onf/                                            (MICB) ESifh jrefrmhEkdifiHjcm;ukefoG,f                        MARKET
EXPORT / IMPORT



jrefrmqm; ykodrfqdyfurf;rS tmz&duodkh                                                                                                                                 pufoHk;qD aps;jyefwuf
                                                                                                                                                                      &efukef? pufwifbm 22
                                                                                                                                                                                       f S d f                    S f I I f
                                                                                                                                                                             jrefrmusyaiGEihf EkiijH cm;aiGaMu;vJv,rEe; jyefvnfusqif;
yxrOD;qHk;tBudrfwifydkY&ef pDpOf                                                                                                                                      vmjcif;aMumifh 'DZ,faps;EIef; ,ck&ufykdif;twGif; wpfyDygvQif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Gf
                                                                                                                                                                      usyfwpfaomif;cefYaps;jrifhvmaMumif; &efukefNrdKUawmfwi;&Sd 'DZ,f
                                                                                                                                                                      vufv?D vufum;a&mif;0,fa&;vkyfief;rsm;xHrS od&onf/
&efukef? pufwifbm 21
                                                                                                                                                                             jrefrmaiGaps;rmpOfu usqif;cJhaom 'DZ,fonf ,ckv
          jref r mEd k i f i H \ qm;t"d u                       tmz&d u wd k u f t aemuf y d k i f ;   {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh rGefjynf                              'kwd,tywfwGif wpfyDygvQif usyf 157ç000 0ef;usifrS wwd,
xkwfvkyf&m ykodrfa'orS tmz&du                          Edkif*sD;&D;,m;EkdifiHodkY wifydkYjzpfygu       e,f w d k Y rS qm;t"d u xG u f & S d N yD ;                              G                f              h           h
                                                                                                                                                                      tywfwif 167ç000 usytxd jyefvnfjrifwufvmcJaMumif; vufum;
wdkuftaemufydkif; Edkif*sD;&D;,m;EdkifiH               jrefrmhordkif;wGif ykodrfqdyfurf;rS                    k          ¾ d
                                                                                                       tpd;&ESihf yk*vuESp&yfaygif; ESppOf
                                                                                                                                    f                f                                             Ü DSfk              f
                                                                                                                                                                      'DZ,fa&mif;0,fjzefYjzL;a&;ukrPEpcu wnDwnGwwnf; ajymMum;onf/
odkU qm;wefcsdef 6000cefUwifydkYEdkif                  yxrOD;qkH;wefcsdeftajrmuftjrm;                             d
                                                                                                       wefcsef 68000 ausmf xGu&aMumif;      f dS                             pufokH;qDta&mif;qkdifrsm;wGif a&mif;csaeaom 'DZ,fvufvD
&eftwGuf {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;                           wifyYkd jcif;jzpfaMumif; vyGwma'ocH å           qm;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/                             aps;rSm wpf*gvefvQif ,cif 3300 usyf 0ef;usifrS pufwifbmv
        k           h                 d
tpd;&\yHy;k d rItpDtpOfjzifh ykorNfrKdUawmf            qm;vkyief;&SiwpfO;D u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                  f     f                                           qm;aps;tajymif;tvJjzpfygu                         22 &ufaeY wGif 3500 0ef;usifokdYvnf;aumif;? tjrifhum;rsm;wGif
             k
tajcpduf tPÖ0g{&mukrPu ndEi;f     Ü D             Id            bk&ifaemifhyGJ½Hk uHhaumfvrf;&Sd       qm;vkyfief;udkwnfrSDí vkdufyg                                              H                    d f S
                                                                                                                                                                      t"dutok;jyKaom atmufwe;qDrm ,cif wpf*gvef 3500 usyfrS
                  G f     f dS
aqmif&uvsu&aMumif; ,if;ukrPD                  Ü        a&xGufypönf;wifydkYol vkyfief;&Sif              ajymif ; vJ E d k i f r nf h puf r I v k y f i ef ;            3650 okdYvnf;aumif; toD;oD;a&muf&SdvmcJhaMumif; &efukefNrdKU
     hf D                       f
ESie;pyfaom qm;vkyief;&SiBf uD;rsm;                    wpfOD;u jrefrmEdkifiHqm; aps;uGuf               tajrmuftjrm;&SdaMumif;ESifh ukdvkdeD                           wGif;&Sd pufokH;qDta&mif;qkdifrsm;xHrS od&onf/
xHrS od&Sd&onf/                                        onf *syefqlemrDaemufydkif; w&kwf                acwfu qm;Oya'a&;qGJonftxd                                             "mwfqDjyifyaygufaps; tenf;i,fomjrifhwufaeNyD; ,cif
                      k
          tqdyg tPÖ0g{&mukrPonf         Ü D            jynfolYor®wEdkifiHrS qm;tajrmuf                 ta&;ygcJ h a Mumif ; jref r mEd k i f i H \                                             f        f
                                                                                                                                                                      wpf*g vef 3700 usy0ef;usirS pufwifbmv 22 &ufaeYwGif 3900
Edkif*sD;&D;,m;EdkifiHodkY jrefrmqm;                                   lI
                                                       tjrm; 0,f,raMumifh wpfyómvQif     d             t"du ig;yd? ig;ajcmufvkyfief;? ig;?                                                                               d
                                                                                                                                                                      usyfokdY wufvmaMumif; &efukefjrdKUawmftajcpkuf jyifypufo;qD  Hk
               kd f
wifyYkdEia&;twGuf 0,f,rnfh ukrPD   l            Ü      usyf200 ausmftxd jrifhwufcJYzl;NyD;             yk p G e f t at;cH v k y f i ef ; rsm;twG u f                  ta&mif;qkdifwpfckxHrS od&onf/ tar&duefa':vmwefzkd;onf
                        kd f
ESihf pmcsKyfcsKyfEi&efBudK;yrf;vsu&NdS yD; f          ,cktcg usyf 100 0ef;usifcefYjzifh               qm;onf vGefpGmta&;ygaMumif;                                    pufwifbmvqef;ykdif;u wpfa':vm 700 0ef;usif&Sd&mrS ,ckv20
rMumrD pmcsKyftNyD;owf csKyfqdkEdkif                   aps;Nidrfvsuf&SdaMumif; The Voice               pD ; yG m ;a&;vk y f i ef ; &S i f w pf O D ; u                &ufaeYwGif tar&duefa':vm jrefrmaiG 890 usyftxdjrifhwuf
zG , f & S d a Mumif ; vnf ; ¤if ; wd k Y xH r S       Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/                        okH;oyfajymMum;onf/                                            cJhonf/
owif;&&Sdonf/                                                   jrefrmEdkifiHwGif &cdkifjynfe,f?                                 Associated News
    12
  The
     VOICE            BUSINESS                                                                                                                                                                       Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011



a&Taps; ckepfodef;ckepfaomif;ausmf                                                                                                                                      pm;aomufukef
     f
omvGeaZmif;xuf                                                                                                                                                        pOf      trnf               17 . 9 . 2011                     21 . 9 . 2011 +^-
                                                                                                                                                                      1/       yJqD                  3700                               3700
            a[mif;rsm;udk ,mOfopfrsm;ESifh pwifvJvS,fcGifhjyKvdkuf&m jynfwGif;aps;uGufwGif tar&duefa':vm
 ,mOf       0,f v d k t m;rsm;jym;vmcJ h N yD ; a':vmwef z d k ; xl ; uJ j rif h w uf r I E S i f h t wl a&T w pf u syf o m; ck e pf o d e f ;
                                                                                                                                                                      2/
                                                                                                                                                                      3/
                                                                                                                                                                               pm;tkef;qD
                                                                                                                                                                               tmvl;
                                                                                                                                                                                                      1730
                                                                                                                                                                                                  320 - 450
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1755
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    250 - 460
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  +
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  -
ckepfaomif;ausmfa&muf&SdoGm;onfukdawGU&onf/                                                                                                                           4/       &Srf;MuufoGefNzL   800 - 1350                        800 - 1300 -
                                                                                                     20 &ufaeYaps;uGutajctaeudk a&T   f                               5/       MuLukwfMuufoGefjzL 975 -1025                         1000 - 1050 +
                                                                                                     ukefonfwpfOD;u &Sif;jyonf/                                       6/       MuufoGefeD          540 - 840                          560 - 860 +
                                                                                                                jrefrmEkdifiHawmfA[kdbPfrS                            7/       0g;c,fri½kwf&Snf   3300- 3500                        3300 - 3400 -
                                                                                                     xkwfa0xm;aom FEC aiGaMu;rSm                                      8/       oMum;              1200 - 1280                       1200 - 1280
                                                                                                     vnf; tar&duefa':vm wefz;dk wufrI                                 9/       anmifOD;aq;xef;       840                                860       +
                                                                                                     ESifhtwl vkdufygwefzdk;wufvsuf                                   10/      refusnf;           2500 - 3000                       2700 - 3200 +
                                                                                                                                 l
                                                                                                     &SNd yD; FEC wpf,epfvQif jrefrmusyaiG                     f
                                                                                                     850 0ef;usixd aps;wufvsu&onf
                                                                                                                          f                              f dS         11/      *ZD,mqef           16500-17300                       16500-17300
                                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                     [k aps;uGutwGi;rS pkprf;od&&onf/f H          dS                  12/      *awmifysHqef       27000-30000                       27000-30000
                                                                                                                ]]FEC u aps;wuf a yr,f h                              13/      *ay:qef;qef        30000-36000                        30000-36000
                                                                                                                 H hJ l
                                                                                                     vufcwoenf;aew,f/ tifwmeuf                                        14       a&Tbkday:qef;      38000-39500                       38000-39500
                                                                                                                      I
                                                                                                     0efaqmifray;wJh ukrPawGeYJ [kw,f    Ü D                 d        wpfydóm^ wpftdwf* tcsdefESifhvdkufí aps;EIef;ajymif;vJEdkifygonf/
                                                                                                     awGu FEC vkH;0vufrcHawmhbl;
                                                                                                     qdNk yD; pmydYk taMumif;Mum;wmawGvyf                        k
                                                                                                     w,f}}[k FEC ESifha':vm 0,fa&mif;
                                                                                                     aiGvJ'kdif wpfOD;uqkdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                       wpfywftwGif;a&Taps;
                                                                                                                ykdYukef&aiG tar&duefa':vm                                                    tu,f'rDtacgufa&T
    "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                                                                          rSmvnf; wefzkd;vdkufvHjrifhwuf                                     &uf p J G                                                              15yJ&nf
                                                                                                     vsuf&SdNyD; ,mOfa[mif;ukd ,mOfopf                                                        zGifhaps; ydwfaps;
         tar&duefa':vmwefzdk;onf aiGvJ'kdifu qkdonf/                                                           S f           G f k l
                                                                                                     vJv,wifoi;vdorsm;onf ydYkuef                                 k       19.9.2011           740ç000     748ç500                              702ç000
pufwifbmv 19 &ufaeYrwkdifrDu                               rnfoYdyifqapumrl tar&duef &aiGwefz;dk 0,f,&rnfjzpfaomaMumifh
                                                                  k dk                                                             l                                      20.9.2011           772ç000     768ç500                              725ç000
wpf a ':vmvQif 780 ES i f h 790 a':vmwef z d k ; wuf v mjcif ; onf 0,ftm;wufaeonf[k aps;uGuf owif;
                                                                                                                                                                          21.9.2011           768ç500     768ç500                              720ç800
tMum;wGifom twuftusjzpfay: jynfwGif; a&Taps;EIef;rsm;udk jyefvnf tcsuftvufrsm;t& od&Sd&onf/
cJhaomfvnf; pufwifbmv 19 &uf jrifhwufapcJhaMumif;? urÇmhaps;uGuf                                                ]]EkdifiHjcm;aiGpm&if; Account                            22.9.2011           755ç000     750ç000                              708ç000
aeYrSpwifNyD; wjznf;jznf;wefzdk; wGif a&Taps;jyefvnfusqif;aevifh topfziNhf yD;wJoawGu Earning 0,f                  G        h l                                       Source / / &ef u k e f w d k i f ; a'oBuD ; a&T v k y f i ef ; &S i f r sm;toif ; ?
wufvmcJhaMumif;? pufwifbmv upm; jynfwGif;a&Taps;rSmrl a':vm xnfhzdkYvdkawmh Earning aps;u xyf                                                                         atmiform"da&Tqdkif/ (aeYpOftcseEitrQ aps;EIe;tajymif;tvJ&Eiygonf/)
                                                                                                                                                                                          (aeY             d f S hf            f                   dS dk f
19 &ufaeYwGif tar&duef wpfa': wefz;wufaeonftwGuf w&dy&yf wufr,f/ 'DaeY Earning wpfa':vm
                                                        dk              h           f d
vmvQif 820 usyf0ef;usif? pufwif jrifhwufaeonfukd awGU&onf/                                           udk 880 aps;&Sdw,f}} [k pufwifbm
bmv 20 &ufaeYwGif tar&duef                                 ]]a&Taps;wufwmu a':vm v 20 &ufaeY aps;uGuftajctae
wpf a ':vmvQif 885 usyf t xd wefz;vduwufvYkdt"duyg}}” [k a&T
                                                      kd k f                                                      k f
                                                                                                     udk ykYdue&aiG 0,fa&mif;tusK;aqmif              d
                                                                                                                                                                      wpfywftwGif;armfawmf,mOfaps;EIef;
wefzdk;xkd;wufoGm;cJhonf/                      ukefonfwpfOD;uqdkonf/                                 wpfOD;u &Sif;jyonf/                                              (21-7-2011) ac:aps;
         ]]um;udpöaMumifh aps;uGuf                         urÇmha&Taps;EIef;onf a&Twpf                          yk*¾vdubPfrsm;udk EkdifiHjcm;
Shock jzpfwmaygh/ 0,ftm;awGwuf                 atmifp tar&duefa':vm 1ç900 aiGa&mif;0,fcGifhrsm; csay;rnfqdk                                                                                                                       aps;EIef;
vmwm/ Shock jzpfatmifrvkyfoifh ausmfcefYrS 1ç770 ESifh 1ç808 Mum; aom owif;rsm;xGuay: vsuf&NdS yD;                                         f                                    ,mOftrsKd;tpm;                     tu©&m                          rSwfcsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (usyfodef;)
bl;}}”[k &efuewuúovf abm*aA' txdjyefvnfusqif;vsu&aomfvnf; bPfrsm;u zGivprnfh aiGvpifwm
                 kf       kd                                                 f dS                                              hf S f                  J
Xme tNidrf;pm;XmerSL; ygarmu© jynfwGif;a&Taps;EIef;rSmrl wpf[kef rsm;u aps;uGufvdktyfcsufudk jznfh                                                                     Suzuki Wagon R+                               2*    130
a'gufwmarmifarmifp;d k u ajymMum;onf/ xkd;jrifhwufvsuf&Sdonf/                                        qnf;ay;EkdifvQif jrefrmhaiGaMu;aps;                               Surf KZN - 130 (95)                           4*    500
EkdifiHjcm;aiGvJ'kdifwpfOD;url aiGaMu;                     ]]tacgufa&Twpfusyfom;udk uGufyg&m'kdif;opfwpfck jzpfay:Ekdif                                                Suzuki R-                                     2*    100
aps;uGufwGif trSefwu,fta&mif; 770ç000 ausmftxdaps;wufw,f/ aMumif;&efuep;yGm;a&; toki;t0ki;                                kfD                    df df                 Saloon Mark II 94       ("mwfqD)              4*    320
t0,frjzpfbJ a':vmukixm;olrsm; a':vmaps;wufav a&Taps;wuf u okH;oyfMuonf/
                               d f                                                                                                                                     Limited AE - 100      ("mwfqD) (94)           1*    300
u a':vmwefz;k d wufap&ef &nf&,csuf avjzpfom;rSmyg}}” [k pufwifbmv
                                   G f                         G                                                               omvGefaZmif;xuf                         Honda 2007                                    4*    480
jzifh aps;uGufukd upm;aeaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                       Jaguar 2004 (t*Fvef? jyifopf)                 4*    750
&Sif;jyonf/
         ]]wcsKdUaiGvJ'kdifawGu 0,fol                                           EkdifiHwumukefpnfaps;EIef;                                                             aAmuf0ufpf*Gef (*smreD 2004)                  3* 450(atmuf)
  d                     d
&S&ifawmif a':vmr&Sawmhb;l / a':vm a&eHpdrf;                                                                                                                           Corona Van 90 ('DZ,f)                        1u     125
                                                                     - 1 bbl            tar&duefa':vm                                   107.930
vufusefr&Sdbl; qkdwmrsKd;eJU aps;ukd "mwfaiGU                        - 1 MMBtu tar&duefa':vm                                                 3.699                     Sunny Super Saloon 87                       v^o^t 110
    J          d       kf
qGwifwmrsK;awGvyw,f/ aps;uGuf "mwfaiGU&nf - 1 MT                                        tar&duefa':vm                                   909.500                        Corolla Van 86/87                             9c    230
0,ftm;ursm;w,f qkayr,fh a':vmd                                                                                                                                         Toyota SE Saloon 86/87                        1c    180
                                               oMum;                 - 1 lb                             qifh                              25.180
vufusefjywfavmufwJh txdawmh                                                                                                                                                                                         9u     180
                                               yJykyf                - 1 Ton            tar&duefa':vm                                   336.700                        CE 96 (90)
rjzpfao;bl;/ a':vmaps;xyfwufvm
rvm;qkdNyD; udkifxm;Muw,f/ wcsKdU ajymif;                            - 1 bu                             qifh                            667.000                        Toyota CE 106       (Aifaumuf)                4*  3000
uvnf; aiGykdaiGvQHav;eJY a':vm *sKH (CBT)                            - 1 bu                             qifh                            647.000
                                                                                                                                                                      ,mOf\tajctaetay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;ajymif;vJEdkifygonf/
jyef0,fukdifxm;wmrsKd;vkyfMuw,f/ *sKH(KCB)                           - 1 bu                             qifh                            744.750
taMumif;t&if;awGu wpfckwnf; aMu;eD                                   - 1 lb                             qifh                            357.350                       rsufESmzHk; - jrefrmtmqD,HOuú|jzpfa&;rS tquf
aMumifhawmhr[kwfbl;}}[k” tqkdyg                                                                                             Source : Bloomberg
                                                                                                                                                                                                   k G
                                                                                                                                                                      awGUqkH ar;jref;rIwpfcwif ajymMum;           2014 ckESpf jrefrmEdkifiHtajctaeu
                                                                                                                                                                      xm; onf/                                        d dk                  h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ykrta&;ygaMumif; NyD;cJaom Zlviv           dk f
                                 EkdifiHwumaiGaMu;aygufaps; (22-9-2011)                                                                                                       jrefrmtmqD,HOuú|jzpfa&;ukd
                                                                                                                                                                      2011ckESpf Ekd0ifbmwGif tif'kdeD;&Sm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   u usif;yonfh tmqD,Ha'owGif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tpnf;ta0;wGif The Voice Weekly
                              0.7                 65?
                                               0.65 MopaM                      95?
   tar&duef 1 a':vm= ,l½dk 0.7 ? NAdwdoQaygif 0.65? MopaM w;vsa':vm 0.95? w½kwf,Grf 6.39?          39?                                                                EdkifiH bmvDuRef;wGif usif;yrnfh             ukd ajymqkdcJhzl;onf/
   *syef,ef; 76.39? tdEd´,½lyD; 49.19? b*Fvm;a'h&Sfwmum 75.00? awmif u d k & D ; ,m;0rf 1179.85?
             76.39?              49.19?                         75.00?
   pifumyla':vm 1.2? rav;&Sm;&if;*pf 3.15? tif'dkeD;&Sm;½lyD; 9023.75 ? xdkif;bwf 30.72? zdvpfydkifyDqdk                                                              ta&SUtm&S xdyfoD;tpnf;ta0;wGif                       jrefrmEkdifiHonf 1997 ckESpf
   43.82?               20800?                        7.8                  30.40?
   43.82? AD,uferfa'gif 20800? a[mifaumifa':vm 7.8? xkdif0rfa':vm 30.40? umwm&Dt,f 3.64?         3.64
                                                                                                   64?                                                                tmqD,Hacgif;aqmifrsm;u qkH;jzwf              wG i f tmqD , H t zG J U 0if E k d i f i H j zpf
                   3.67               3.75
   ,lattD;'Dtm[rf 3.67? aqmf'D&D,,f 3.75                                                                                                                              rnfjzpfonf/                                  vmNyD; 2005 ckESpfwGif tvSnfhus
                        a&T 1 usyfom;              =       tar&duefa':vm 943.25                                                                                               tif'kdeD;&Sm;EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;   tmqD,H Ouú|jzpfa&;ukd tvSnausmf         hf
                        aiG 1 usyfom;              =       tar&duefa':vm 20.685                                                                                       url jrefrmu Ouú|tjzpfwm0ef,l                   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   cJonf/
                        yvufwDerf 1usyfom;         =       tar&duefa':vm 941.867                                                                                                           kfH
                                                                                                                                                                      &ef vuf&dS jrefrmEdiitajctaexuf
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                 EDUCATION                                                                                                      VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      13



]t*FvefrSm ausmif;om;ADZmeJhywfoufwJUOya'awG cPcPajymif;aewm
oH½Hk;0efxrf;awGu tukefrodawmU rSm;ajzrdrSmpdk;wm jzpfEdkifw,f}
            rmvli,frsm; jynfyü ynmoif,la&;wGif t*Fvefynma&;udk pdwf0ifpm;rIrsm; ,cifuxufrsm;vmonfudkawGY&onf/odkYaomf t*FvefEdkifiHwGif ynma&;Oya'rsm; rMumcP
 jref       ajymif
            ajymif;vJaejcif;aMumifh jrefrmausmif;om;rsm; epfemqHk;&IH;rIrsm; &Sdaeonf/ xdkYtwl NyD;cJhonfh vydkif;uvnf; t*FvefEdkifiHwGif rNidrfoufrIrsm;jzpfyGm;cJhNyD; jrefrmEdkifiHrS ausmif;wuf&ef                                      &ef
jyifqifolrsm;twGuf ADZmtcuftcJrsm; BuHKawGUcJh&onfhtwGuf t*Fvefynma&;ESifhywfoufí ynmoGm;a&mufoif,lvdkaom ausmif;olausmif;om;rsm;twGuf vuf&Sdtajctaeudk
od&Sdap&ef ausmif;ynmoifMum;p&dwfwpf0ufudk ynmoifqktjzpfay;rnf[kqkdum jrefrmEkdifiHwGif aps;uGufpwif&SmazGvmol New College Manchester rS pD;yGm;a&;ygarmu©wpfOD;jzpfol
John Ormerod ES i f h The Voice Weekly wk d Y awG Y q H k a r;jref ; csuf r sm;ud k azmf j ytyf y gonf /
Voice: New College Manchester u                  taeeJY ynmoifqay;wmyg/    k                                                             avQmuf&ifawmh tjiif;cH&rSmaygh/ u aiGaMu;jynfhpHkrSyJ wufvdkY&w,f
            paumf v mud
ausmif ; paumf vmud k 50 &mcd k i f Voice: t*Fvefynma&;eJY ywfouf                                                                        uRefawmfwdkYausmif;uawmh ADZm&zdkY qdkwJhoabmvm;/
     f                                    D
EIe;ay;r,fvYkd odxm;ygw,f/ vlO;a& &if ADZmjyomemu ESpwi;vdvdk Mum;               f kd f k                                                                                   f               d
                                                                                                                                         awmhaocsmw,f/ uReawmfwYkausmif; JO: [kwfygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYu
b,favmufeJU b,fvdkyHkpH ay;r,f odae&ygw,f/ tck New College                                                                                                                         f k
                                                                                                                                         udk tifwmeufuae csuvyNf yD;Munfh ausmif;om;awGukd Full Scholar ay;r,f
qdkwmudk odyg&ap/                                Manchester u b,f a vmufxdd                     x                                        vdkY&w,f/ Website vdyfpmuawmh qd&if ausmif;om;awGu ausmif;rwuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                      k
JO: vlO;a& av;q,f uefYowfxm;
          D                                      tmrcHcsufay;rSmvJ/                                                                      www.newcollegemanchester. com yg/                                        f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   awmhbJ tvkyvywmawG&vYkd yg/         dS
ygw,f/ wpfESpfausmif;wufp&dwf JO: tJ'gu [kwygw,f/ 'Djyóem              f                                                                              H            k
                                                                                                                                         Voice: zGUNzdK;wd;wufNyD;wJh *syefwdYkvkd            wd   Voice: aemuf q H k ; wpf c k a r;csif y g
tar&duefa':vm &Spfaxmifusr,fh rSm ESpfrsdK;&Sdygw,f/ UK Border                                                                             kfH              k                 kd f awG   H
                                                                                                                                         EdiirsKd ;rSmqd&if zGUH NzdK;qJEiiawGtay: w,f/ t*FvefrSm ynmvmoifr,fh
                   k f I f
[mudk 50 &mcdiEe; avQmhay;rSm jzpf Agency uae t*FvefEdkifiHrSm tod                                                                       ynma&;ulnDrIwpf&yftaeeJY Pub- jrefrmausmif;om;awGtwGuf ADZm
                  kf       f         f kd
ygw,f/ aexdirI ukeusp&dwuawmh trSwfjyKxm;wJhausmif;jzpfzdkY vkdyg                                                                        lic Policy vdkbmom&yfrsdK;udk wpfESpf                     &zdkYeJU ,lauudk acsmarGUpGm a&muf&Sd
                                kd f
ausmif;om;awGu wwfEi&ygr,f/ w,f/ EdkifiHjcm;ausmif;om;vufcH                                                                              vlokH;axmifavmuf oifEdkifatmif zdkU b,fvdkjyifqifoifhygovJ/
Voice: jref r mausmif ; om;awG u d k             vdkY&wJhausmif;eJY vufcHvdkYr&wJh                                                       paumfvmawGay;aew,f/ t*Fvefvkd JO: uRef a wmf w d kY ausmif ; taeeJY
                 m&S fay;wm
ckrS paumfvm&Spay;wm bmaMumifh ausmif;qdkNyD;&Sdygw,f/ ausmif;om;                                                                        EdkifiHrsdK;ua&m ay;wm&Sdvm;/ New ajymr,fq&if ausmif;om;jyifqifxm;    kd
ygvJ/                                            taeeJ Y uvnf ; vd k t yf c suf a wG                                                     College Manchester tygt0ifaygh/                           &rSmu Point aygif; 40 &Sdygw,f/
JO: jrefrmausmif;ol? ausmif;om;awG               jynfhpaezdYk vdtyfygw,f/ IELTS eJY ywfoufNyD; pHkprf;ar;jref;wmud k JO: tJ'gawmh uRefawmfrodao; Point 30 uawmh ausmif;udk 0ifci&zdUk
                                                       kH        k                                                                  wmud                                                                                                  G hf
[m UK rSm ynmvmoifMuwmrsm; TOEFL trSwfawG&SdzdkY? HLT vdk ajzMum;rSm r[kwfbl;vdkY aMunm ygbl;/ ckvdkrufaqhay;wJhtwGuf Serial Factal awGvygw,f/ b,f
                                                                                                                                  aMunm                                                                                      kd
vmw,f/ NyD;awmh jrefrmawG u pmar;yGajzxm;zdYk vdygw,f/ EdiijH cm; xm;ygw,f/ tJ'g b,fvdktae aus;Zl;wifygw,f/
                                                           J                 k               kf                                                                                                    avmuf j yif q if & r,f q d k w mwd kY ud k
                                                                                   H       h
t*Fvdyfpmt&nftaoG;tod ausmif;om;awG vufcvYkd&wJausmif; t xm;aMumifh jzpfEdkifw,fqdkwm Voice: [kwu/ 'gqd&if ynmoifqkk ausmif;uvkyfw,f/ ausmif;om;              f hJ      k                      q
(Knowledge) aumif;w,f/ wcsKdU                    uae CAS vdYk ac:wJh Confirmation oHk;oyfay;Edkifrvm;/                                   ydkif; qufodcsifygw,f/ tpydkif;rSm bufuawmh ausmif;rSm olYudk,fol
jrefrmausmif;om;awGqdk t*Fvdyfpm Letter ay;zdYk avQmufxm;&if ADZm r& JO: tJ'gu uRefawmfwdkYEkdifiHrSm ajymxm;wm ta,mufav;q,f Manage vkyNf yD; pmoifEizYkd? ausmif;                       a v;q,f                                  kd f
udk wpfqifhNyD;wpfqifh avhvmxm; Edip&mtaMumif; r&Sygbl;/uReawmf ADZmeJYywfoufwhJ Oya'(Rule) awG qdkwm b,fvdkpHEIef;awGeJY a&G;cs,f wufzYdk ? aiGaMu;tvHtavmuf&zYdk eYJ
                                                   k f                         d              f                                                                                                                                 k           dS
wmudk uRefawmf IELTS eJY TOEFL wdYkausmif;uawmh EdiijH cm; ausmif;om; u cPcPajymif ; aewmaMumif h rSmvJqdkwm odyg&ap/
                                                                         kf                                                                                                                        olY&JUynmt&nftcsif;&,fu Point
   k           J                                          H kd
wdYvkd pmar;yGawGuwpfqifh od&w,f/ vufcvY&wJh ausmif;jzpfvYkd ausmif;om; oH½;u Staff awGu tukerodawmh JO: uRefawmfwUkd Criteria (pHEIef;)udk 10 aygh/ tJ'gawGtwGuf pepfwus
                                                                                                        Hk                    f
                                  h
'gaMumifh t&nftaoG;jynf0wJh jrefrm bufu vdtyfcsuawG jynfp&if ADZm rSm;ajzrdrSmpdk;wmaMumifh jzpfEdkifyg rD&ifawmh ay;rSmyg/ uRefawmfwdkY jyifqifzdkYvdkygw,f/ avmavmeJY
                                                               k         f              h kH
                                              kd
ausmif;om;awGukd UK u wuúovf twGuf tmrcHEiygw,f/                   kd f                                                                                                          k
                                                                                                  w,f/ Oya'pnf;rsOf;awGu tcsdefeJY ay;rSmu usL&Sif Fees udyJ paumfvm vkyNf yD; wu,fvtyfcsuawG rjyEdif              h kd              f         k
                                            k f                      aet
Bu;D awGukd wufa&muf oifMum;EdizYkd Voice: vuf&Sdtaetxm;rSm jrefrm trQ ajymif;vJaewmaMumifyg/                                   h        ay;rSmrdYk ausmif;om;bufu aiGaMu; wJhtcg tcuftcJ jzpfEdkifygw,f/
                                                                                                                                           d k
uRefawmfwdkY aumvdyfu aygif;ul; EdkifiHqdkif&m NAd w d e foH½Hk;u ADZmeJY Voice: [k w f u J h / tJ ' D O ya'pnf ; &SzYkd vdtyfygw,f/ 'gayrJh uRefawmf IELTS 5.5? Bank Account jyEdkifzYdk ?
                                                                                 oH
                                                                                                                                                          f                    S
                                                                                                  rsOf;awG tajymif;tvJrsm;wJtwGuff wdYkaumvdyu t*Fvefrm aps;touf ynmt&nftcsif; axmufcHcsufawG
                                                                                                                                   h u
                                                                                                                                                  k                  kd                          k
                                                                                                  jrefrmausmif;om;awG ausmif;quf omqH;eJY wuúovBf uD;awGukd ul;Edif udk wpfcgwnf; jynfpatmif BudKvkyf                       h kH
                                k f
                              ud,a&;tusO;f                                                        wufvdkYr&wmrsdK; xdcdkufrIawG&Sdae zdkYuawmh aocsmw,f/ Online rSm xm;oifhygw,f/ British Council
   trnf                      - Mr. John Ormerod                                                   ygw,f/ tJ'DvdkrsdK;rjzpfatmif New Check Out vkyMf unfvYkd &ygw,f/       h                        rSmvnf; UK ynma&;eYJywfoufNyD;
                                                                                                  College Manchester udk b,fvdk          Voice: 'gqd k omref a usmif ; om;                           k k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   pHprf;Ediygw,f/
   touf                      - 42 ESpf?                                                                                                  vmvd
                                                                                                                                         vmvdYkr&bl;aygh/ vmr,fausmif;om;           h         om;             at;ausmhckdif? rif;xufpH
   ynmt&nftcsif; - pD;yGm;a&;r[mbJGU?                                                             pDpOfxm;ygovJ/
                                                                                                  JO: uRefawmfwYkd ausmif;rSmoifr,fh
   vkyfudkifcJhaom
                               University of Central Lancashire (UCLAN)
                             - Wigan & Leigh College wGif                                         q&mawG&JU Level awGu tJ'Dvdk              Scholarship Info
   wm0efrsm;                  enf;jy? vufaxmufuxdu? uxduwm0efrsm;udk                              jyóemrjzpfatmif t&nftaoG;                       NAdwdefrSm&SdwJh University of &Si;jy&rSmyg/ tGevi;uae avQmuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                        f               f kd f
                              10ESpausmf tqifqifwm0efxrf;aqmifc?hJ
                                       f             h h                                          ydkif;tqifhrDatmif pDrHxm;ygw,f/ Westminster u r[mbGUJ 'D*&DtwGuf &r,fh Program jzpfvdkY Edk0ifbmv 1
   vuf&Sdwm0ef               - pD;yGm;a&;ynmXmeygarmu©                                            ausmif;udvnf; Oya'eJYtnD vkyxm; ynmoif q k a y;r,f h t pD t pOf y g/ &ufaeY aemufqHk;xm;avQmuf&rSm
                                                                                                              k                      f
                               (New College Manchester)                                           ygw,f/ Visa Approval List rSm zGHUNzdK;qJEdkifiHawGu ausmif;om;awG yg/ tao;pdwov&ifawmh http://                   f d kd
   ae&yfvdyfpm               - Murray House, 85 Piccadilly,                                       Munf&if uReawmfwYkdausmif;ygwmudk avQmufxm;EdkifNyD; udk,fhwdkif;jynf&JU www.westminster.ac.uk/study/fees-
                                                                                                           h        f
                               Manchester, M12DA                                                  awGUEdkifrSmyg/ ausmif;awGtrsm;BuD; zGHUNzdK;rItpDtpOfudk udk,fub,f and-funding/scholarships/january-
                               Phone: +44(0) 161 2334290                                          &SwtxJrmrS ADZm&Ediwpm&if;xJrm tcef;u@uae yg0ifzdkY&nf&G,f 2012/westminster-international-
                                                                                                    d hJ        S      k f hJ          S
                                                                                                  (VAL) rSm rygwJh ausmif;i,fawGyg       w,f/ udk,fwufr,fhbmom&yfudk scholarships rSm 0ifMunfhvdkY &yg
                                                                                                                                                        h
                                                                                                  w,f/ tJ'vausmif;awGuae ADZm bmaMumifavQmufw,fqwm aocsm w,f/
                                                                                                                  D kd                                                                kd
                   News in Brief
                                                                                                        Education Note
tar&duefaumvdyfrsm; avQmufxm;Ekdif
&efukef? pufwifbm 7
        tar&duefjynfaxmifpk Foothill ESihf Deanza College wdYk wif Bussiness,
                                                                G                                      ausmif;om;rsm;ESifU bmom&yfa&G;cs,frI
Science, Arts paom       bmom&yfrsm;udk Zefe0g&Dv ausmif;0ifcGifhwGifwuf                                                dk f                                 d S hf h f
                                                                                                                 wuúovausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;onf rdrEioifavsmaom bmom&yfrsm;xuf *kP&aom bmom&yf  f dS
a&mufEkdif&ef pwifavQmufxm;EkdifNyDjzpfaMumif; &efukefNrdKU Grace Education                            rsm;ukd a&G;cs,fMuygovm;? *kPf&Sdaom bmom&yfrsm;jzpfonfh Oya'? pD;yGm;a&;ESifh aq;ynmuJhokdY aom
Service (GES) wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                           bmom&yfrsm;ukd a&G;cs,jf cif;xuf rdrdykdí ESpfoufaom tvkyftukdifvrf;aMumif;&Ekdifrnfhbmom&yfukd
        tqkdyg College rsm;wGif 2ESpfwufa&mufNyD;ygu Associate Degree                                  a&G;cs,foifhygovm; okdYr[kwf trSwfjrifhaombmom&yfrsm;ukd a&G;cs,foifhygovm; okdYr[kwf rdrdykdí
&&SdrnfjzpfaMumif;? Engineer bmom&yfrsm;udk wuúokdvfwGifaemufxyfoHk;                                   pdwf0ifpm;aom bmom&yfukd a&G;cs,foifhygovm;/
ESpfwufa&mufygu Engineer bGJUudk&&SdrnfjzpfaMumif;? 0ifcGifhvkdtyfcsufrSm                                        University Admissions Centre rS Kim Piano u odyÜHbmom&yfukd avhvm&ef oifhavsmfonfh
TOEFL - 500 (PBT) odkYr[kwf IELTS Band 6 &&Sdxm;&rnfjzpfaMumif;                                                                                            dk f G         h                h
                                                                                                       ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;onf olwYdk\ wuúov0ifcihf trSwjf rifaevQif Oya'uJoYdkaom bmom&yfrsm;ukd
ajymMum;onf/ tao;pdwfod&Sdvdkygu GES zkef; - 372357 odkY qufoG,f                                       ajymif;vJ,Ml uonf[k qkdonf/
pHkprf;ar;jref;Ekdifrnf jzpfonf/                                                                                 tcsKdUaomrdbrsm;onf rdrd om;orD;rsm;\ trSefwu,fpdwf0ifpm;rIESifh t&nftcsif;udk vspfvsL½INyD;
Human Resources Management                                       oifwef;zGifUrnf                            f dS                             l        f
                                                                                                       *kP&aom bmom&yfrsm;ukd oif,&ef wGe;tm;ay;Muonf/ tcsKUd aom ausmif;om;rsm;onf rdr\a&G;cs,rI
                                                                                                                                   G
                                                                                                       twGuf vrf;wpf0ufwif aemifw&Muonf/ tcsKUd aom ausmif;om;rsm;url aq;ynmESihf Oya'ynm&yfrsm;uk0ifci&
                                                                                                                                                                                                        d
                                                                                                                                                                                                              d G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
    k
&efue?f pufwifbm 14                                                                                                     dd f              Æ
                                                                                                       aomfvnf; rdrpw0ifpm;aom 0dZmESihf odybmom&yfrsm;ukom a&G;cs,Mf uonf/ tb,faMumifqaomf xkausmif;om;
                                                                                                                                                 HÜ                d                   h      h dk        d
         vlYpGrf;tm;t&if;tjrpfpDrHcefYcGJrI vkyfief;cGifvufawGUtoHk;csoifwef;                          rsm;onf rdrdpdwf0ifpm;rIukd OD;pm;ay;rSom rdrdb0atmifjrifrnf[k ,kHMunfaomaMumifh jzpfygonf/
jzpfaom Advanced Certificate in Human Resources Management oifwef;udk                                            Sydney Boys txufwef;ausmif;rS HSC Ancient Greek course ukd xdyfqkH;rS atmifjrifcJhaom ausmif;
pufwifbmv 25 &ufaeYwGif pwifzGifhvSpfrnfjzpfaMumif; Ever-up HR                                         om;wpfOD;onfol\ wuúokdvf0ifcGifhtrSwfrsm; tvGefjrifhaeapumrl oltvGefpdwf0ifpm;aom General
Institute wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/ oifwef;umvrSm ig;ywfMum                                                                dk
                                                                                                       Science bmom&yfuom wufa&muf&eftwGuf University of Sydney wGif pm&if;oGif;cJhonf/
    h                    f d dS dk l
jrifrnfjzpfNyD; tao;pdwo&vorsm; Ever-up HR Institute tcef;trSwf (402)                                                                                                d      G            I d                f
                                                                                                                 xkYdaMumifh ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;taejzifh rdr\ tem*wfwif atmifjrifr&&S&eftwGuf rSeuefonfh
                  k f          f             k        f
MGW Tower Advatmifausmvrf;? &efueNf rdKU? zke;-256523? 09-73175137                                        H
                                                                                                       qk;jzwfcsufcs&ef tvGefta&;BuD;ygonf/                                                  Edu Link Australia
wkdYokdY qufoG,fpHkprf;ar;jref;EkdifaMumif; ¤if;xHrS od&onf/
    14
    VOICE
  The

                     EDUCATION                                                                                                                                Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




                                                                                                                                                   News in Brief
ausmif;jyifyrlvwef;ynma&; 48 NrKdYe,fü                                                                                             EkdifiHwumynma&;twGuf 0efaqmifrIay;rnf
wkd;jr§ifUaqmif&Gufvsuf&Sd[kqkd                                                                                                        k
                                                                                                                                   &efue?f pufwifbm 11
                                                                                                                                               d f H    k G                   d l
                                                                                                                                             EkiiwumodYom;a&mufynmoifMum;vkorsm;twGuf ynma&;0efaqmifrI
                                                                                                                                   rsm;ESifhtwl oifwef;rsm;ydkYcsoifMum;rnfjzpfaMumif; Excel Education Cen-
&efukef? pufwifbm 8                                                                                                                tre wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                             tqkdygausmif;udk Mo*kwfvrS pwifzGifhvSpfcJhNyD; IELTS , Pre - IGCSE,
    a&;0efBuD;XmeESi uk or*¾ av;rsm;&ef kHa
ynm ynma&;tpDtpOfhf ukvwkd;jr§iuqmif&GufvysufiG&tzGJU 2011 ckESpfwGdiylf ;NrKdUe,fíaygif; 48jyifNrKdyUe,ftxd;
                       d       fha              Sd&m
                                                                 wk Y aygif; ausmif;
                                                                       (UNICEF)                       rlvwef
                                                                                                                                   IGCSE (GCE 'O' Level) , GCE 'A' Level twGuf bmom&yfrsm;udk oifMum;ydYk
                                                                                                                                   csay;rnfjzpfaMumif;ESifh ynmoifoGm;a&mufrnfholrsm;udk vdktyfaom tBuH
aqmif&Guf vsuf&SdaMumif; vlwkdif;twGuf ynma&;EkdifiHtqifhn§dEdIif;a&;rSL; OD;wifnKdu pufwifbmv 3                                   ÓPfrsm;ay;jcif; tygt0iftjcm;0efaqmifrIrsm;udk tcrJh aqmif&Gufay;rnf
&ufaeYu &efukefNrKdU ukefonfBuD;rsm;[kdw,fwGif usif;yjyKvkyfaom ausmif;jyify rlvwef;ynma&; tvSLaiG                                 jzpfaMumif;? oifwef;wGif yxrOD;qHk;ausmif;tyfESHol 10 OD;tm; Laptop
                                                                                                                                           k                                                dk f
                                                                                                                                   10 vH;udk Promotion tjzpfay;rnfjzpfaMumif;? wuúov0ifwef;wGif *kPx;         f l
ay;tyfyGJü ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                            &&SdcJholrsm;udkvnf; wpfbmomwufa&mufvQif 5&mckdifEIef;avQmhcsay;rnf
                                                                                  ,lcGifh&&Sdjcif;jzpfaMumif;? rlvwef;             jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
                                                                                  atmufqifhESihf txufqifhrsm;ukd                                      f d dS kd l
                                                                                                                                             tao;pdwo&vorsm;onf tcef; (309)? MGW Tower ? Akvatmifausmf
                                                                                                                                                                                                    d f
                                                                                  ynmoifEpf 2 ESpowfrwNf yD; wpfEpf
                                                                                                  S     f         S          S     vrf;? AdkvfwaxmifNrdKUe,f zkef; - 376763? 09-43111514 okdY qufoG,f
                                                                                  vQif oDwif;ywf 40 pm oifMum;                     pHkprf;Ekdifrnfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                               Sf H
                                                                                  aMumif;? ynmoifEptqk;wGif 0ifaiG
                                                                                  wk;vkyief;ESifh vlra&;vkyief;rsm;ukd
                                                                                      d f                   I       f              pifumyl KHEA rSwpfqifU tar&duwuúodkvf
                                                                                  vnf; oifMum;ay;aMumif;? 2011-
                                                                                  12 ynmoifESpfwGif tvSL&SiftzGJU                  wufa&mufEdkif
                                                                                  10zGUJ ESifh yl;aygif;í yef;awmif;? tkwf             k
                                                                                                                                   &efue?f pufwifbm 13
                                                                                  zkd? a&Tjynfom? ajrmufOuúvmy?                            pifumylEdkifiH&Sd Kaplan Higher Education Academy rSwpfqifh tar&d
                                                                                  wGHaw;? wkdufBuD;? 'v? awmifBuD;?                uefjynfaxmifpk&Sd wuúodkvfrsm;wGif 'kwd,ESpfodkY wdkuf½dkufwufa&mufEdkif
                                                                                  awmifil? anmifav;yif? atmifvH?                   &eftwGuf ausmif;avQmufvTmrsm;udk pufwifbmv 2 &ufaeYrS pwifí
                                                                                  vufywef;? Nrdw?f armfvNrKdi?f yef;w
                                                                                           H                                       pufwifbmvukeftxd avQmufxm;EdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; AT & S ynma&;
                                                                                                                                   0efaqmifrIwm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                  aemf? a&Munf? "EkjzLNrKdUe,fESihf ae                     tqdkyg Kaplan ausmif;\ Diploma in General Studies (US Pathway
                                                                                  jynfawmfaumifpD &SpNf rKdUe,fppaygif;  k k       Program) bmom&yfudk pifumylEdkifiHwGif ckepfvwufa&muf&rnfjzpfNyD;
                                                                                  25 NrKdUe,fü aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdNyD;                tar&duefjynfaxmifpk&Sd Baylor University, Marist, Northeastern Univer-
                                                                                  ,ckESpfwGif NrKdUe,faygif; 48 NrKdUe,f           sity, Stevens Institute of Technology ponfhwuúodkvfrsm;\ 'kwd,ESpfodkY
                                                                                              d               G f
                                                                                  txd wk;csJUaqmif&uvsuf&aMumif;      dS           wufa&mufEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif;? ausmif;zGifhcsdefrSm atmufwdkbmvjzpfaMumif;?
                                                                                  ¤if;u ajymMum;onf/                                            G hf kd         S
                                                                                                                                   ausmif;0ifcivtyfcsufrm GCE 'A' Level ESinrQaom ynma&;rSwwrf;ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                                  hf D              f
       tqkdygausmif;jyify rlvwef; 10 ESpfrS 14ESpftwGif; oufi,fu                          ,if;ausmif;jyify rlvwef;                 twl IELTS 5.5 &&Sdxm;&rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
ynma&;tpDtpOfonf taMumif; av;rsm;ukd 'kwd,tBudrf ynmoif ynma&;tpDtpOfukd 2000 jynfhESpf                                                    ausmif;avQmufxm;vdkolrsm;onf AT & S taqmif (5) tcef; (4)
trsK;rsK;aMumifh ausmif;raezl;olrsm;? tcG i f h t vrf ; rsm; &&S d a pjcif ; jzpf Zefe0g&DvwGif A[ef;NrKdUe,f&dS trsK;
     d d                                                                                                                       d   jrefrmtifzdkwufcf? vIdifNrdKUe,f zkef;-652288? 521125 odkY qufoG,fpHkprf;
ausmif;aecJaomfvnf; rlvwef;rNyD; aMumif;? ,if;okYd rlvwef;NyD;qk;ygu orD;oufarG;oifwef;ausmif;ü pwif
            h                                                            H                                                         EdkifaMumif; od&Sd&onf/
qkH;rDausmif;xGufcJh&olrsm;? touf tv,fwef;tqihoYdk wufa&mufoif prf;oyfoifMum;cJonf/
                                                           f                                              h                        General Management Course for Entrepreneurs
                                                                                                                                   oifwef;zGifUrnf
Kaplan MBA ynmoifqkaqG;aEG;rnf                                                                                                     &efukef? pufwifbm 15
                                                                                                                                             k f D            kd f            f
                                                                                                                                         &efuep;yGm;a&;wuúov&dS pD;yGm;a&;pGr;aqmifrI ynmzGUH NzdK;rIoifwef;
&efukef? pufwifbmv 17                                                                                                              Xme (MIEDC) rS General Management Course for Entrepreneurs oifwef;udk
                                                                                                                                   pufwifbmv 29 &ufaeYwGif pwifzGifhvSpfrnfjzpfaMumif; tqkdygoifwef;
                 kd f H
       pifumylEii&dS Kaplan ausmif;         wef;atmifjrifNyD;olrsm;twGuf wuf            wdkuf½dkufwufa&mufEdkifrnfh tcGifh         wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
\ ynma&;aqG;aEG;yGJESifh Murdoch            a&muf o if h a om bmom&yf r sm;             ta&;rsm;taMumif ; ud k Kaplan                    tqkdygoifwef;udk &efukefpD;yGm;a&;wuúodkvfrS q&m? q&mrrsm;ESifh
University \ MBA ynmoifqk                   taMumif;? MBA pD;yGm;a&;r[mbGJU             ausmif;\ Country Manager jzpf                 d´               D
                                                                                                                                   tdE,rS ygarmu© wpfO;wkYdyg0ifoifMum;rnfjzpfaMumif;? oifwef;udk pufwif
&EdkifrnfhtcGifhtvrf;rsm;taMumif;           ESifh Murdoch University (Austra-           aom Mr.James Kong udk,fwdkif               bmv 29 &ufaeYrS atmufwdkbmv 6 &ufaeYtxd zGifhvSpfoifMum;rnfjzpf
aqG;aEG;yGukd atmufwbmv 1 &ufaeY
          J             kd                  lia) okdY wufa&mufvdkolrsm;twGuf            vma&mufaqG;aEG;rnfjzpfaMumif;              aMumif;? oifwef;aMu;rSm usyfoHk;aomif;usoifhrnfjzpfaMumif;ESifh zkef;
eH e uf 10 em&D r S 12 em&D t xd            ynmoifqkpifumyla':vm 3000                   ¤if;uajymMum;onf/                                                              G f kH d f
                                                                                                                                   522875? 522876? 660659 odYkqufo,pprf;EkiaMumif; ¤if;xHro&onf/S d
PARKROYAL Hotel ü usif ; y                  &&SdEdkifrnfhtcGifhta&;rsm;taMumif;                          J
                                                                                                aqG;aEG;yGoYkd Unique Life Edu-
rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;yJppOfol ULEC
                           G D              aqG;aEG;rnfjzpfaMumif;? ABE, LCCI,          cation Centre (ULEC) ? zkef;-09-
                                                                                                                                   pifumyl Global Diploma avQmufxm;Ekdif
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/              CAT, NCC Diploma &&Sdxm;olrsm;                                      G f
                                                                                        5135115 odYk qufo,í wufa&muf               &efukef? pufwifbm 17
       aqG;aEG;yGJwGif wuúodkvf0if          twGuf Bachelor aemufqHk;ESpfodkY            EdkifaMumif; ¤if;xHrS od&Sd&onf/                    pifumylEkdifiH Kaplan ausmif;rS pD;yGm;a&;qkdif&m EkdifiHwumtodtrSwf
                                                                                                                                                                            dk f
                                                                                                                                   jyKbJUG ESihf Diploma bmom&yfrsm; &,lEi&m Global Diploma ukd pufwifbmv
                                                                                                                                   15 &ufaeYrS pwifavQmufxm;EkdifrnfjzpfaMumif; ULEC wm0ef&owpfO;u      dS l   D
                                                                                                                                   ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                            Global Diploma wGif wufa&mufEkdifaom bmom&yfrSm Diploma in
                                                                                                                                   Commerce jzpfNyD; Business Administration, Financial Management, Hos-
         jrefrma&SYaersm;avQmufxm;EdkifonfU nDvmcHzdwfac:                                                                          pitality & Tourism Management paom txl;jyKbmom&yfrsm;ukd a&G;cs,fEkdif
                                                                                                                                   rnfjzpfaMumif;? bmom&yfoifMum;csdefumvrS &SpfvMumjrifhrnfjzpfaMumif;?
        &efukef? pufwifbm 10                                                                                                                      hf d f              dk
                                                                                                                                   ausmif;zGicseumvrSm atmufwbmvESihf 'DZifbmvjzpfNyD; 0ifcivtyfcsuf   G hf dk
                                                                                                                                   rSm IELTS 5.5 &&Sdxm;&ef vkdtyfum IELTS trSwfr&Sdygu Kaplan rS ppfaq;
               tm&S-ypdzdwfa'owGif; EdkifiHrsm;wGifaexdkifonfh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;qdkif&ma&SUaersm;jzifh zGJUpnf;                                                                 d dk f
                                                                                                                                   aom English Placement test ukd ULEC wGif ajzqkEiaMumif; ¤if;u ajymMum;onf/
        xm;aom tjynfjynfqdkif&mtoif;wpfckjzpfonfh The Inter-Pacific Bar Association (IPBA) u ¤if;wdkY\                                      tao;pdwfod&Sdvkdygu? ULEC ? ½kH;trSwf (62)? C? tif;vsm;vrf;?
                                                 k f H                   k                 k f     f
        nDvmcHwufa&muf&ef jrefrmtygt0if EdiitcsKUd udk ynmoifqtjzpf avQmufxm;Edi&ef zdwac:xm;aMumif;                               A[ef;NrdKUe,f? zkef;-09-5135115 okdY qufoG,fpkHrf;Ekdifrnfjzpfonf/
        ,if;toif; Website ESifh Oya'ynm&Sif OD;jrifhvGifxHrS od&onf/
               tdE´d,EdkifiHNrdKUawmf e,l;a'vDwGif 2012 ckESpf azazmf0g&Dv 29 &ufrS rwfv 3 &ufaeYtxd usif;y                        tvkyfvkyf&if;oif,lEdkifonfU [dkw,fpDrHcefhcGJrIwufEdkif
        rnfh ,if;toif;\ (22) BudrfajrmufESpfywfvnftpnf;ta0;ESifh nDvmcHudkwufa&mufEdkif&ef avQmufvTm                               &efukef? pufwifbm 9
        rsm; zdwfac:jcif;jzpfNyD; atmufwdkbmv 31 &ufrwdkifrD avQmufxm;EdkifrnfjzpfaMumif;? jrefrm? AD,uferf?                              rav;&Sm;EdkifiH&Sd UCSI University wGif vpmtygt0if tvkyfvkyf&if;
        vmtdk? uarÇm'D;,m;? rGef*dkvD;,m;EdkifiHwkdYESifh ypdzdwfuRef;pka'orsm;rS a&SUaersm;avQmufxm;EdkifaMumif;?                 oif,lEdkifonfh Diploma in Hotel Management (A Work Based Learning
        avQmufxm;olrm touf 35 ESpfxufrausmbJ vkyief;cGitawGUtBuKH ig;ESp&o?l t*Fvybmompum;ajymESihf
                          S                            f     f      f               f dS       d f                                 Approach) oifwef;ac:,laeaMumif;ESifh pufwifbmvukeftxd aemufqHk;
        ta&;oGufvufaumif;rGefoljzpf&ef ponfjzifh vdktyfcsufrsm;udk tqdkygtoif; Website http://ipba.org                                           k f                                          dS l
                                                                                                                                   avQmufxm;EdiaMumif; Jenko Group of Educare Services wm0ef&owpfO;u  D
        wGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                                         ajymMum;onf/
               ,if;odkYaom tpDtpOfrsKd;udk ,cifuvnf; jrefrma&SUaetcsKdU wufa&mufcJhzl;onfudk IPBA wGif                                    ,if;oifwef;udk UCSI ESifh oabmwlnDxm;onfh Mu,fig;yGifhtqifh&Sd
                                                                                                                                   [dkw,frsm;ü tvkyfvkyf&if; wpfNydKifwnf;oif,lEdkifaMumif;? tao;pdwf
        azmfjyxm;csuft& od&onf/                                                                                                    od&Sdvdkygu Jenko Group of Educare Services trSwf (459-bD)? tcef;
                                                                 hf               k
               jrefrmvli,fa&SUaersm;taeESifh ,if;odYkaomtcGitvrf;rsm;udk toH;csavQmufxm;oifhaMumif; IPBA                           (3-'D)? wuúodkvf&dyfomvrf;opf? A[ef;NrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU? zkef;-09-
        toif;0ifwpfOD;jzpfol OD;jrifhvGifu rSwfcsufjyKajymMum;onf/                                                                 5062891 odkY qufoG,far;jref;EdkifaMumif; ,if;0efaqmifrIvkyfief;xH
                                                                                                                                   pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                         ENVIRONMENT                                                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 15




ewfrawmif aq;zuf0ifopfcGrsm; okawoejyKxdef;odrf;
&efukef? pufwifbm 16

csif; jynfe,fEüSpZDf Zefe;0g&DsKdvrSJrpsm;<u,fky0fa&m ewfrsuf&SdaMumif; ;ewfrawmiftrsKd;iom;O,smOftkycGrsKda;pd&;rSfLr;½Hk;rSitkaq;zuf0ifL;oODpf;wifsKdjrpdwursm;tm; okawoejyKxdkY eajymMum;onfr/Hudef;udk
      2011 ck
                     0rsKd pHkr ;uG
                                        wifv qmifv
                                                           awmiftrsKd om;O,smOftwG f;&Sd &Sm;yg;opf
                                                                                                     fcsKyf
                                                                                                                w sm;ES fh
                                                                                                                                yfcsKyfa&;rS
                                                                                                                                                 cGr ;pd f
                                                                                                                                                           k;                od
                                                                                                                                                                                     f;odrf;onfh pD
                                                                                                                                                                                    The Voice Weekly

              k H d f
         tqdygpDrue;onf oH;ESpprH   k f D                    jrefrmEdkifiHü tyiftrsKd;tpm;       jcif;wdYk aMumifh rsK;quf ysuoO;rnfh
                                                                                                                      d       f k f                      G kd f                  f
                                                                                                                                                  opfc½i;rsm;udk pkaqmif;xkw,jl cif;              umuG , f w m;qD ; Ed k i f a &;twG u f
udef;jzpfNyD; ewfrawmif&Sd &Sm;yg;                  wpfaomif;ausmfudk rSwfwrf;wifEdkif                        S         kd
                                                                                                 tEÅ&m,fEihf &ifqiBf uHKawGUvsu&&m  f dS          cGirjyKbJ rsK;yGm;pduysK;xkwvyjf cif;
                                                                                                                                                     hf         d     k f d    f k                opfawmOD;pD;Xmeu aqmif&uvsuf   G f
tyif r sKd ; pd w f r sm; avh v ma&;ES i f h        NyD; opfcGrsKd;pdwfpkpkaygif;rSm 841         a'ocHrsm;tm; obm0awmwGif;                        jzifh a&&SnfwGif rsKd;wHk;rItEÅ&m,frS           &SdaMumif; ajymMum;onf/
aq;zuf0ifopfcGrsKd;rsm; okawoe                      rsKd;&Sdum ,if;opfcGrsKd;&if;rsm;onf
jyKvkyfjcif;pDrHudef;jzpfaMumif;? ,if;
pDrHudef;udk *syeftjynfjynfqdkif&m
                                                               k f H     f        d
                                                    jrefrmEdiitwGi;&Sd yef;refrsK;&if;rsm;
                                                    teuf rsKd;pdwftrsm;qHk;rsKd;&if;rsm;         tif;av;uefywf0ef;usif
yl ; aygif ; aqmif & G u f a &;at*sif p D ?         jzpfaMumif; opfawmOD;pD;Xme\
rmuDEdk ½ku©aA'O,smOfwdkYESifh opf
awmOD;pD;XmewdkYyl;aygif; aqmif&Guf
                                                    pm&if;rsm;t& od&Sd&onf/
                                                             yxrtBudrftrsKd;om; vTwf             obm0opfawm{u 100 xyfrHpdkufysKd;rnf
jcif;jzpfaMumif;? 2013 ckESpfwGif pDrH              awmf'kwd,yHkrSeftpnf;ta0; 17                 &efukef? pufwifbm 16
      f              k
ude;umvNyD;qH;rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,ck                   &ufajrmufaeYwGif obm0ywf0ef;                                     df
                                                                                                        tif;av;uefpr;vef;pdjk ynfa&;
tcg a'otwGif; opfcGrsKd;pdwfrsm;                              d f f
                                                    usifxe;odr;a&;ESihf opfawma&;&m              ESifh a&a0a&vJa'orsm; xdef;odrf;
avhvmaumuf,qtajctaeom&Sdl J                         0ef B uD ; Xme jynf a xmif p k 0 ef B uD ;   a&;twGuf tif;av;uefteD; a&a0
ao;aMumif;? pDrHudef;wGif wpfoQL;                   OD;0if;xGef;u ewfrawmiftrsKd;om;             a&vJa'orsm;ü obm0opfawm
rsKd;yGm;enf;jzifh opfcGrsKd;yGm;pdkufysKd;         O,smOfwGif opfcGrsKd;pdwf 109 rsKd;udk       {u 100 udk 2012 ckESpf rdk;&moD
rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/                    rSwfwrf;wifxm;aMumif;? ,if;wdkY              umvwGif opfawmOD;pD;XmeESitwl  hf
                 H d
         ,if;pDrue;f onf 'kw,tBurfd       d         teuf tzd;wefaq;zuf0if opfcrsK;
                                                                     k                    G d                  f         H kd f
                                                                                                 xl;azmifa';&Si;u xyfrpuysKd;oGm;
                            H d f
ajrmufjzpfNyD; yxrpDrue;rSm 2006                    pdwf 17 rsKd;udk azmfxkwfawGU&SdcJh          rnfjzpfaMumif; xl;azmifa';&Sif;
ckESpfrS 2009 ckESpftxd tyifrsKd;pdwf                                  f      G
                                                    aMumif;? csi;jynfe,fwif &Sm;yg;opfcG              f I k f
                                                                                                 tkycsKyfr'g½duwm OD;&Jrif;OD;u The
rsm; avhvm&SmazGa&;vkyfaqmifcJh                     rsKd;pdwfrsm;udk awmwGif;rS xkwf,l           Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/                                pkaqmif;jcif;? w&m;r0ifa&mif;cs                     opfawmrsm; w&m;r0ifckwf


   aMu;eDxkwfvkyfrnfU vufyHawmif;awmifwGif                                                                                                        xGifrD;½dIUjcif;? a&TUajymif;awmif,m
                                                                                                                                                  pdkufysKd;jcif;wdkYaMumifh opfawmrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                         ]]rlvu ckwwmvGeawmh awm
                                                                                                                                                                                                             G             D G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  aysmufom;wmaygh/ tJ'uuvyfjzpf
                                                                                                                                                  ysufpD;enf;yg;vmaom tif;av;                     aewJhae&mawGrSm jyefjyKpk jyefpkduf
   &Sm;yg;orifrsm;usufpm;                                                                                                                         ueftwGif;ESifhteD;wpf0dkuf&Sd a&a0
                                                                                                                                                  a&vJa'orsm;wGif pdrf;vef;ap&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ay;wmaygh}} [k &Sr;jynfe,fawmifyi;
                                                                                                                                                                                                  opfawmOD;pD;Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dk f

&efukef? pufwifbm 9                                                                                                                               twGuf obm0opfawm{u 200                          OD;0if;armifu ajymMum;onf/
          ppfukdi;wki;a'oBu; rk&mc½kif
                 f df               D HG d                 orifrsm;onf wpftkyfvQif                       jrefrmXmae orifrsK;d pdwjf zpfonhf       udk pdkufysKd;oGm;&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif;?                 tif;av;uefteD;wpf0uwif  kd f G
qm;vif;BuD;NrKdUteD;&Sd aMu;eDw;azmf          l     10 aumifrS taumif 20cefY&SdNyD; ig;          a&Torif (ELD'S DEER) rSm rsKd;wkH;               yxr{u 100 ud k 2011 ck E S p f                  tifwdkif;awm? tNrJpdrf;awm? awmif
      f kf
xkwvy&ef vsmxm;onfvufyawmif;    h           H       tkyfpkcefY aexkdifusufpm;vsuf&Sd             rnf h t EÅ & m,f u k d &if q k d i f a e&NyD ;   ZGefvwGif pwifpdkufysKd;cJhaMumif;?             ay:a&maESmawm? xif;½SL;awmrsm;
awmifwGif &Sm;yg;wd&pämefpm&if;0if                  aMumif; ykxkd;omaus;&Gm&Sd aus;&Gm           csyoif;ab;rJawm? a&Tpufawmf ab;rJh
                                                                                                      f            h                              ,ckobm0opfawm{u 100 udk                         aygufa&mufum tif;av;uef a&a0
orifrsm;aexkiusupm;vsu&aMumif;
                 df f                  f dS         om;rsm;xHrS od&onf/                          awmwkdYwGif t"duawGU&Sd&aMumif;?                 2012 ckESpf rdk;&moDumvwGif xyfrH               a&vJ{&d,m\ 35 &mcdkifEIef;onf
ykxkd;omaus;&Gm&Sd a&TqHyif vrf;                           ]]naebufq&if uRefawmfwYdk
                                                                         dk                                  d
                                                                                                 ,ckawGU&S&aom orifrsm;rSm a&Torif                pd k u f y sKd ; oG m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ?    opfawmzHk;vTrf;NyD; 33 'or 8
wH w m; q&mawmf OD ; a0yk v ’ u                     qDudk tpmvmawmif;wwfMuw,f}}                     d
                                                                                                 rsK;[kwf r[kwf oGm;a&muf avhvmrS                 tif;av;uef\ywf0ef;usif xde;odr;      f f        &mcdkifEIef;onf pdkufysKd;ajrESifh 28
rdefYMum;onf/                                       [k vufyHawmif;awmifajcwGif a&T               om cGjJ cm;EkirnfjzpfaMumif; obm0
                                                                                                               d f                                umuG , f E d k i f & ef t wG u f obm0                        k f I f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  'or 8 &mcdiEe;udk tjcm;ajrtjzpf
          ,if;vufyHawmif;awmifay:                   qHyifvrf;wHwm;twGuf ajrwl;ay;                xdef;odrf;a&;ynm&SifwpfOD;uqkd                   opf a wmrsm;ud k pd k u f y sKd ; jcif ; jzpf        k        f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                  toH;jyKvsu&aMumif; opfawmOD;pD;
wGif aexkdifusufpm;aom orifi,f                      aeaom touf 30 ESpt&G,f ajrwl;
                                                                            f                    onf/                                             aMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/                       Xme\pm&if;rsm;t& od&Sd&onf/
                  Hk dk f S f
rsm;ukd "mwfy½urwwrf;,l&ef jyif                     pufarmif;ESifol uk d a Zmf a qG O D ; u
qifxm;NyD; vlae&Gmrsm;? vlaetdrf                        d              f
                                                    qkonf/ csif;wGi;jrpftaemufbuf
rsm;teD; orifrsm;vma&mufonftcg
zrf;qD;owfjzwfcH&rnfh tEÅ&m,f
vnf;&SdaMumif; q&mawmfu xyf
                                                h   urf;&Sd qm;vif;BuD;NrKdUwGif awmif
                                                    33 vkH;&SdNyD; vufyHawmif;awmifrSm
                                                    tjrihfqkH;jzpfí tjrifhay 1050 cefY
                                                                                                     {&m0wDjrpf"mwfykHrSwfwrf;pmtkyf
avmif;rdefYMum;onf/

wJh ok;tky?f qdwtyawGeYJ a&mNyD; yg
        d
          ]]wpfcgwav vTwausmif;xm;
                        f k f
                                  f
                                                    &SdaMumif;? aMu;pifawmif? pHy,f
                                                    awmifrsm;uJoYdkaMu;eDowåKxGu&Eif
                                                                   h
                                                    onfh awmifwpfckvnf;jzpfaMumif;
                                                                                     f dS dk         yxrqkH;tBudrf xkwfa0rnf
vmwwfw,f}}[k q&mawmfu orif                          oufawmf 78 ESpt&G,f zkv0ifawmif
                                                                     f        d f                    &efukef? pufwifbm 16
rsm; vlrsm;ESifh ,Ofyg;yku&i;jyonf/
                              H dk S f              q&mawmf OD;okreu rdeYf Mum;onf/                                    d f H                                                          Hk
                                                                                                             jrefrmEkii\ t"dujrpfBuD;jzpfaom {&m0wDjrpf\ obm0tvS"mwfyrsm;ukd ½kuu;í pkpnf;xm;onfhd f l
                                                                                                     Save Ayeyarwaddy                trnf&Sd "mwfykHrSwfwrf;pmtkyfukd pufwifbmv 22 &ufaeYrSpwifí xkwfa0jzefY
pdrf;a&mifpdk       Activities tyif                  200 ausmfpkdufysKd;                             csdoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; Green Heart Environment Network rS OD;pkd;0if;Nidrf;u pufwifbmv 16 &ufaeYü
                                                                                                           k                    Hk dk f        Sf
                                                                                                     &efueNf rKUd awmf a&T*wi&dS awmf0ifEi;qDcef;rwGif jyKvkyfaom tcrf;tem;ü ajymMum;onf/
&efukef? pufwifbm 16                                                                                               d              f G                                dk f l
                                                                                                             tqkygpmtkywif {&m0wDjrpfaMumif; wpfavQmuf½uu;xm;aom {&m0wDjrpf\ tvSty obm0½Icif;
                                  d f f          f
       obm0ywf0ef;usifxe;odr;a&;vkyief;rsm;udk aqmif&uvsuf&aom     G f     dS                        rsm;ESifh jrpfaMumif;wpfavQmufwif aexkiaomwki;&if;om;rsm;\ obm0"avh"mwfyrsm;yg0ifNy;D &Sm;yg;wd&pämef
                                                                                                                                             G        d f     d f                             Hk
rEÅav;pdrf;a&mifpkd Activities u tvif;wef;y&[dwtoif;ESifhtwl                                         rsm;ESihf {&m0wDjrpfukd Ncdrf;ajcmufaeaom tEÅ&m,fponfh "mwfykH 300 eD;yg; yg0ifaMumif; ,if;pmtkyfukd
ppfudkif;wkdif;a'oBuD; bkwvifNrdKUe,f ulawmf&GmwGif pufwifbmv 19                                     pufwifbmv 22 &ufaeYrS 24 &ufaeYtxd a,mrif;BuD;vrf;&Sd Gallery 65 wGif usif;yrnfh Save Ayeyarwaddy
&ufaeYu t&dyf&yif 200 ausmfpdkufysKd;cJhaMumif; pdrf;a&mifpdk Activities tzGJUrS                                                                                       G      f S J      Hk            G
                                                                                                     tEkynmjyyGJwGif pwifa&mif;csrnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;jyyGJwif pmtkyEifh jyyG"mwfyrsm;ukd a&mif;csom;rnfjzpfNyD;
twGif;a&;rSL; OD;armifarmifOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                                       JS d                                             f d            f                  G
                                                                                                     jyyGr&&Saom tvSLaiGrsm;ukd obm0ywf0ef;usixe;f odr;f a&;vkyief;rsm;wGif tok;H jyKom;rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;pmtkyf
       bkwvifNrdKUe,f ulawmf&GmwGif pdefyef;? r,fZvD? ukuúKd paom t&dyf&                                             S f                k f         G f           S         f d f
                                                                                                     ukd 2009 ckEprS pwifxwa0&ef &nf&,xm;NyD; ,ckromxkwa0EkicjhJ cif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u ajymMum;onf/
                     k f h                     kd f J                    d
tyifBuD;rsKd;rsm; pduysKd;cJaMumif;? opfyifpuysKd;yGtjyif ,if;aus;&Gm&Sa'ocH                                 ]]'Dpmtkyu trSww&taeeJYxwwmyg/ {&m0wDjrpftaMumif;pmtkyu jrefrmjynf&UJ yxrOD;qk;xGuf
                                                                                                                         f               f        k f                               f                       H
                                     d f f
rsm;tm; obm0ywf0ef;usifxe;odr;a&; todynmay;a[majymyGyg usif;y          J                             wJh pmtkyfjzpfrSmyg}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/
cJhaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                                                      fS
                                                                                                             ,if;pmtkyEifh ywfoufí jrefrmiSuf0goem&Siftoif; Ouú|OD;pkd;nGefYuvnf; ]]{&m0wDjrpfukd avhvm
       pdrf;a&mifpkd Activities udk 2010 jynfhESpf arv 5 &ufaeYwGif pwif                             a&;oGm;&wJh &nf&G,fcsufu {&m0wDjrpfqkHpDrHudef;NyD;oGm;&if 'grsKd;jrif&yghrvm;qkdNyD;vkyfcJhwm/ 'Dpmtkyfu
zGJUpnf;cJhNyD; opfyifpkdufysKd;jcif;? xdef;odrf;jcif;ESifh vlrIy&[dwvkyfief;rsm;                    acR;eJYa&;wJhpmtkyfyg}}[k ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
     f
vkyaqmifvsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;tzGJUxHrSod&onf/
    16
    VOICE
  The


                        EMPLOYMENT                                                                                                                               Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




UAE                   &Sd yvwfpwpfpuf½Hkwpfckodkh 0efaqmifcoHk;odef;jzifU oGm;a&mufvkyfudkifEdkifrnf[kqdk
&efukef? pufwifbmv 17
                  tv,f                                                                                                                                                             ay;½H
            a&S U tv,fydkif;a'o tm&yfapmfbGm;rsm;jynfaxmifpk UAE EdkifiH 'lbdkif;NrdKU&Sd yvwfpwpfpuf½Hk vkyfief;wGif vkyfudkifvdkolrsm;onf at*sifpD0efaqmifctjzpf usyfaiGoHk;odef;ay;½H k j zif h
  t         tcsdeftenf;i,ftwGif; oGm;a&muf vkyfudkifEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f tajcpdkufjynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&; at*sifpDwpfckrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
           ]]'Dyvwfpwpfpuf½Hktvkyfu                                                                                                             k     kd f
                                                                                                                                        tqdyg'lbi;NrdKU&Sd yvwfpwpf                             k f H             kH k f
                                                                                                                                                                                         UAE Edii&dS ,if;puf½vyief;
Direct Demand              &xm;wmrdkYvdkYyg/                                                                                   puf½HkwGif oGm;a&mufvkyfudkifrnfqdk              rsm;udk at*sifpD0efaqmifc usyfaiG
[dkbufu at*sifpD0efaqmifc ay;                                                                                                  vQif tcsdeftm;jzifh wpfvcGJESpfvcefY             oHk;odef;jzifh ac:,lEdkifjcif;rSm tvkyf
p&mrvdkwJhtwGuf oHk;odef;eJY ykdYay;                                                                                           Mumapmif h q d k i f ; &rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ?    &SifrS tvkyform;ac:,l&eftwGuf
Edkifwmyg}} [k ¤if;u 0efaqmifc                                                                                                 tvkyfvkyfudkifcGifh 2 ESpfoufwrf;                                               kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                0efaqmifcay;xm;vQif jzpfEiaMumif;
                 S hf
oufomrIEiywfoufí&Si;jyonf/            f                                                                                        jzifh vkyfudkif&rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;             ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f yef;qdk;wef;
           ta&SUtv,fydkif;EdkifiHrsm;jzpf                                                                                      vkyfief;wGif oGm;a&mufvkyfudkifvdk               vrf;&Sd tvm;wl jynfytvkyftudkif
aom UAE ? umwm? ul0w?f bm&de;   d                f                                                                             aom tvkyform;rsm;rSm tajccH                      &S m azG a &;at*sif p D r S tk y f c sKyf r I
          d h kd f H d kd
tp&SonfEiirsm;&S[w,f0efaqmif                                                                                                   vpmwpfvvQif aep&dwftygt0if                            k f           D
                                                                                                                                                                                'g½duwmwpfO;u ajymMum;onf/
rIvkyfief;? pm;aomufqdkifvkyfief;?                                                                                             ted r f h q H k ; UAE 'D t m[rf 900                       ]]tvk y f & S i f u at*sif p D u d k
ta&mif;pifwm? puf½Hkvkyfief;rsm;                                                                                               0ef;usif (tar&duefa':vm 300                      tvkyform;ac:zdkY 0efaqmifca&m?
wGif oGm;a&mufvkyfudkifrnfqdkygu                                                                                               0ef;usif) &&SdEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif;?               tvkyform;vmzdkYtwGuf av,mOf
     f
vkyief;ay:rlwnfí at*sip0efaqmifc  fD                                                                                           wpf&ufvQif &Spfem&Dvkyfudkif&rnf                          S f
                                                                                                                                                                                vufrwa&m tukeay;xm;wJtwGuf f        h
       hf         f         f
tedrq;kH usyig;ode;0ef;usi&aMumif;   f dS                                                                                      jzpfNyD; wpfywfvQif wpf&ufem;cGifh               'Daps;eJYac:EdkifwmjzpfrSmyg/ oHk;odef;
,if;EdkifiHrsm;udk 0efaqmifrIay;ae                                                                                             &&SdEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkyg jynfy             qd k w mu 'D u tvk y f o rm;qD u
onfh jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;                                                                                                 tvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDxHrS                 0efaqmifctaeeJY xyfawmif;wmjzpf
at*sifpDrsm;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                                             pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                rSmyg}} [k ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
           'lbdkif;NrdKU&Sd yvwfpwpfpuf½Hk
vkyfief;wGif taxGaxGtvkyform;                                         f
                                                     taxGaxGtvkyorm;tjzpf oGm;a&muf          olwpfOD;u qdkonf/
tjzpf oGm;a&mufvkyfudkif&rnfjzpf                     vkyfudkif&rnfqdkaomfvnf; t*Fvdyf                    df
                                                                                                   ]]t*Fvypum;uawmh enf;enf;
NyD; ,if;tvkyukd oGm;a&mufvyuif
                        f
vdkolrsm;taeESifh av,mOfvufrSwf
                                          k f kd     bmompum;tenf;i,fajymqdwwf&ef
                                                         k
                                                                                  k
                                                                                  f
                                                     vdtyfaMumif;? touft&G,tm;jzifh
                                                                                             yg;yg;ajymwwf&r,f/ vHk;0rajym
                                                                                             wwfolqdk&ifawmh oifwef;ay;wm
                                                                                                                                                 f kf
                                                                                                                               puf,Eå&m;uRr;f usivyom;ay:xu&ef
                                                                                                                                                             G f
                      D
tygt0iftNy;tpD; at*sip0efaqmif    fD                 18 ESpfrS 35 ESpftwGif;&Sdolrsm;udk     &Sdw,f/ oifwef;aMu;u ESpfaomif;
cusyfaiGoHk;odef;om ay;&rnfjzpf
aMumif;? ,if;yvwfpwpfpuf½HkwGif
                                                     ac:,lrnfjzpfaMumif; ausmufwwm; H
                                                     NrdKUe,f&Sd tqdkygat*sifpDrS wm0ef&Sd
                                                                                             ay;&r,f}} [k ¤if;uqufvufajym
                                                                                             Mum;onf/
                                                                                                                               jynfwGif;wGif oifwef;zGifUrnf
                                                                                                                                   k
                                                                                                                               &efue?f pufwifbm 14
                                                                                                                                         jynfwGif;&Sd tBuD;pm;pDrHudef;                                         H
                                                                                                                                                                                oifwef;ausmif;xHrS pkprf;od&&onf/       dS

        udk&D;,m; KLT pmar;yGJxl;cRefatmifjrifaom                                                                              vkyfief;rsm;wGif vkdtyfvsuf&Sdaom
                                                                                                                               [kduf'a&mvpfpuf,EÅ&m;uRrf;usif
                                                                                                                               vkyom;rsm;? ,EÅ&m;armif;ESiolrsm;
                                                                                                                                     f                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                           jynfwi;&Sd tpk;&yg0ifvyuif
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Gf           d
                                                                                                                                                                                onfh pDrHudef;BuD;rsm;rSm EkdifiHjcm;ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                                zufpyfvkyfief;rsm;jzpfum w½kwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k f dk

                                                                                                                               ay:xGufvmap&ef jynfwGif;wGif                     jynfolYor®wEkdifiHwGif t"du&if;ESD;
                 f                f            H k
        jrefrmvkyom;rsm; uRr;f usipmar;yGJ xyfrajzqd&rnf                                                                       yxrqkH; oifwef;zGirnfjzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                             hf
                                                                                                                               r&rf;ukef;NrKdUe,f&Sd Hydraulic Exca-
                                                                                                                                                                                jr§KyfESHMuNyD; cefYrSef;ajc 11 ckcefY&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                aMumif; ,if;oifwef;ausmif;xHrS
        &efukef? pufwifbmv 17                                                                                                  vator (HE) Group oifwef;ausmif;rS                od&onf/
               tm&SpD;yGm;a&;tiftm;BuD;EdkifiHjzpfaom awmifudk&D;,m;EdkifiHwGif EPS (Employment Permit System)                 oifwef;rSL;csKyf OD;oef;aqGu The                            tBuD;pm;pDrHudef;vkyfief;rsm;
        oGm;a&muftvkyfvkyfEdkif&ef rjzpfrae ajzqdk&onfh udk&D;,m;bmompum; t&nftcsif;ppfpmar;yGJ (KLT)                          Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/                   qkdonfrSm vrf;azmufvkyfa&;pDrH
        udk xl;cRepm atmifjrifxm;aom jrefrmvli,frsm;onf uRr;usipmar;yGJ xyfrajzqd&rnfjzpfNyD; tqdygpmar;yGJ
                      f G                                          f f              H    k                  k                            ]][kuf'a&mvpfqeYJ [ku'a&m
                                                                                                                                             d                    D d f         ude;? ausmufr;aoG;ESifh rki;vkyief;?
                                                                                                                                                                                      f               D           d f f
        atmifjrifygu tvkyf&&ef OD;pm;ay;pm&if;oGif;cH&rnfjzpfaMumif; awmifudk&D;,m; tvkyform;0efBuD;Xme?                       vpfzdtm;ukd okH;NyD; armif;&wJh enf;                          S
                                                                                                                                                                                aMu;eDEih f "mwfowåKw;l azmfa&;vkyief;?       f
        vlYpGrf;tm;t&if;tjrpfzGHUNzdK;rIXmerS ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf Mr.Lim Kyung Sik u ajymMum;onf/                                         H
                                                                                                                               ynmok; puf,EÅ&m;rsK; armif;wmukd d               tBuD;pm;taqmufttkH aqmufvyf                       k
               jrefrmEdkifiHwGif KLT pmar;yGJxl;cRefpGmatmifjrifxm;aom jrefrmvli,frsm;udk uRrf;usifpmar;yGJ                    oifay;rSmyg}}[k ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/                a&;pDrHudef;rsm;? a&umwm? qnf
        vma&mufppfaq;&ef a&muf&SdvmpOf jynfwGif;owif;rD'D,mrsm;udk txufygtwdkif; ajymMum;vdkufjcif;                                      ,cifu puf,EÅ&m;armif;qkif          d   wrHpDrHudef;rsm; ponfwkdYjzpfMuNyD;
        jzpfonf/                                                                                                               &m vkyfief;rsm;wGif vkyfukdifolrsm;              ,if;vkyfief;rsm;wGif puf,EÅ&m;
               ,cifu jrefrmEdkifiHrSvkyfom;rsm; udk&D;,m;odkYac:,lcJh&mwGif KLT pmar;yGJatmifjrifNyD;onfESifh tvkyf            onf taxGaxGvkyfom;b0rS vkyf                      uRrf;usifvkyfom;rsm; vkdtyfvsuf
        &Sifrsm;xH tvkyform;udk,fa&; tusOf;ay;ydkYNyD; tvkyf&SifBudKufESpfoufonfESifh udk&D;,m;odkYac:,lcJhaMumif;?            oufMumvmNyD;aemuf puf,EÅ&m;                      &Sdonf/
        ,cktcgwGif xl;cRefpGmjzifh udk&D;,m;bmompum;t&nftcsif;ppfpmar;yGJ (KLT) atmifjrifxm;olrsm;udk                          BuD;rsm;ukd armif;ESifcGifh&Muum puf                        ]],EÅ&m;pufu ajrwl;ajrn§d?
        uRrf;usifpmar;yGJajzcdkif;aMumif;? uRrf;usifpmar;yGJajzqdkaompepfudk ,refESpfuwnf;u pwifusifhoHk;cJh                              f f
                                                                                                                               \xde;odr;jcif;? jyKjyifjcif;? tpD&ifcH           taqmufttkH NzKdzsufjcif;awG vkyf
        jcif;jzpfNyD; uRrf;usifpmar;yGJatmifjrifolrsm;udk tvkyf&Sifu ydkrdkOD;pm;ay;ac:,laMumif;? tvkyf&Sifrsm;                pmwifjcif;qkdif&mrsm;ukd ruRrf;usif              aqmifwmyg}}[k HE puf,EÅ&m;
        twGufvnf; uRrf;usifpmar;yGJatmifjrifxm;aom tvkyform;rsm;u vkyfief;cGifwGif ydkrdktqifajyonf                            MuaMumif;? ,cktcgrS puf,EÅ&m;                    armif;oifwef;ausmif;rS puf,EÅ&m;
        udk awGU&aMumif; Mr. Lim Kyung Sik u &Sif;jyonf/                                                                                                  d f H H S
                                                                                                                               rsm;\ enf;ynmqki&mykprm ajymif;                  armif; ynm&Siftjzpf 0ifa&muf
                              J S
               ]]KLT pmar;yGrm trSwrsm;wJoawGukd uRrf;usifpmar;yGajzcdi;w,f/ uRrf;usifpmar;yGajz&wJtwGuf
                                       f        h l                       J k f                       J       h                vJvmNyD; pmawGUvufawGU ykdifykdifEkdif           vkyfukdifvkdonfh touf 31ESpfcefY&Sd
                                                         f S f          f
        xl;cRefwJholawGu yxrOD;pm;ay;taeeJY tvky&iawGeYJ rdwqufay;w,f/ tvkyf&SifoHk;OD;eJY rdwfqufay;                          Ekdif tokH;csEkdifrS vkyfief;cGifrsm;wGif        oifwef;wufaeol trsKd;om;wpfO;                       D
        wmjzpfwtwGuf olwYkdu omref½;½d;pmar;yGatmifxm;wJoawGxuf tvkytuditcGitvrf; ydrsm;ygw,f}}
                   hJ                      kd k        J          h l              f k f      hf         k                             f
                                                                                                                               us,vmrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u quf                    u qkdonf/
        [k ¤if;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                  vuf&Sif;jyonf/                                              ,if;oifwef;ausmif;wGif ,EÅ&m;
               jrefrmEdkifiHwGif uRrf;usifpmar;yGJudk yxrOD;qHk;tBudrftjzpf pwifppfaq;cJhjcif;jzpfNyD; ESpfpOfESpfwdkif;                 puf,EÅ&m;,mOfarmif;rsm;onf             armif;ynm&yfrsm;ukd avhvmoif
        ppfaq;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,ckpufwifbmv 16 &ufrS 22 &ufaeYtxd ppfaq;vsuf&Sdonfh uRrf;usif                               vkyfief;cGif pDrHudef;ykdif;wGif vkyfief;        ,lEkdifrnfjzpfNyD; tedrfhqkH;wuúokdvf
        pmar;yGJwGif KLT pmar;yGJatmifrSwf 188 ESifh 200 tMum;&Sdaom xl;cRefolrsm;udk ajzqdkapjcif;jzpfaMumif;?                           hSf d             f dk f
                                                                                                                               NyD;rnfEptvkuf vkyui&NyD; tenf;                  0if w ef ; atmif r sm;ES i h f B.Tech
        uRrf;usifpmar;yGJatmifrSwfrSm 240 jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/                                                  qkH; wpfESpfcGJrS tjrifhqkH;ig;ESpftxd           odkYr[kwf B.E rwufa&mufEicorsm;      dk f hJ l
               ]]uRrf;usifpmar;yGJ ESpfwkdif;vkyfoGm;r,f/ KLT pmar;yGJatmifwJh trSwfpm&if;eJY atmifcsufudkMunhf                                k f dk f
                                                                                                                               0ifa&mufvyui&um tcsKUd ukrPrsm;          Ü D     wufa&mufEkdifaMumif; pkHprf;od&Sd&
        NyD;awmh ajzqdkcGifhjyKr,fhtrSwfu uGmjcm;Ekdifygw,f}} [k Mr.Lim Kyung Sik u ajymqdkonf/                                wGif pmcsKyfcsKyfqkd vkyfukdif&aMumif;           onf/
               uRrf;usifpmar;yGJajzqdkaeol yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;rS touf 21 ESpft&G,f pkd;rif;cspfurl KLT pmar;yGJ                 &efukefNrKdU&Sd pDrHudef;vkyfief;ukrÜPD                     pDrHudef;vkyfief;cGifrsm;wGif
        xl;cRefatmifjrifolrsm; uRrf;usifpmar;yGJajzqdkjcif;jzifh tvkyf&&ef OD;pm;ay;pm&if;wGifxnfhoGif;rnfhtay:                tcsKdUxHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/                     puf,EÅ&m;armif;uRrf;usifvkyfom;
        BudKqdkaMumif; oHk;oyfajymqkdonf/                                                                                                oifwef;NyD;qkH;ygu &&Sdvm                                      S f
                                                                                                                                                                                rsm;onf owfrwxm;aom vkyief;                     f
               ]]0rf;omygw,f/ xl;cRefwJholawGtwGuf tcGifhtvrf;ydk&Sdawmh xl;cRefatmifBudK;pm;Mur,fholrsm;                      aom puf,EÅ&m;qkdif&m todtrSwf                        f                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                cGitEÅ&m,fuif;&Si;atmif umuG,f
        vmwmaygh/ pmar;yGJajzqdkatmifjrifwJholu axmifcsD&Sdaeawmh udk,hftvSnhf b,fawmha&mufrvJapmifh&if;                       jyKvufrSwfjzihf jynfwGif;ukrÜPDrsm;              aom0wfpkHukd 0wfqifvkyfukdif&NyD;
        pdwfarmae&w,f}} [k ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                                        wGif tvkyf0ifrnfqkdvQif tajccH                   tu,fí vkyfief;cGif xdckduf'Pf&m
               jrefrmEkdifiHonf EPS pepfjzifh awmifudk&D;,m;EkdifiHodkY jrefrmtvkyform;rsm;apvTwf&ef 2008 ckESpf               vpm okH;odef;ESihftxuf tenf;qkH;                                   dk f h k Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                                &vQif oufqionfurPu wm0ef
        Ekd0ifbmvwGif jrefrmtpdk;&ESifh udk&D;,m;tpdk;&wkdYtMum; em;vnfrIpmcRefvTmwpf&yfa&;xkd;NyD; tvkyform;                  &&SdEkdifaMumif;? jynfyEkdifiHrsm;wGif           ,l & aMumif ; puf , EÅ & m;armif ;
        apvTwfrIrsm; pwifcJhjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                            f dk f dk          d D
                                                                                                                               vkyuivvQif uk&;,m;? rav;&Sm;?                              f d
                                                                                                                                                                                tvkytukijf zifh toufarG;0rf;ausmif;
                                                                                                                               pifumyl? xkdif;EkdifiHrsm;ESihf csdwfquf         jyKonh f vk y f o uf ES p f 2 0cef Y &S d
                                                                                                                               aqmif&Gufay;rnfjzpfaMumif; H.E                   OD;rsKd;oufxGef;u qkdonf/
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                 BUSINESS                                                                               The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                17




tmqD,HpD;yGm;a&;todkuft0ef;twGuf jrefrmjyifqif
&efukef? pufwifbm 16
                                                                                                        awmh
               qD,H pD;yGm;a&;todkuft0ef; (AEC) onf vmrnfh 2015 wGifpwifawmhrnfjzpf&m tmqD,HEkdifiHrsm;twGif; zGHUNzdK;rIaemufusaomEkdifiHrsm;teuf wpfEkdifiHjzpfonfh jrefrmEkdifiHonf
 tm                                                     d om;pD                                                  I0ef
               vnf; pwifjyifqifaeaMumif; trsK;om;pDrHudef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufr0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;atmifEkdifOD;u jynfaxmifpkor®w jrefrmEkdifiHawmf ukefonfrsm;ESifh
                                                                                                                                                                                         axmif                                    rsm;ES
pufrIvufrIvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;csKyf (UMFCCI) wGifusif;yonfh tcrf;tem;wpfckü xkwfazmfajymMum;onf/
          ,if;okYd jyifqif&mwGif ajr,m aejynfawmfü usi;yonfh pD;yGm;a&; qHk; &rnfhEkdifiH[k od&Sd&onf/
                                                                             f                                                                                                                            d f I f
                                                                                                                                                          tmqD,H 10 EkdifiHonf vlOD;a& 574 94 &mckiEe; ESihf zuf&itxnfvyf  S f           k
                           d f              D                    J G       h G
ESihf ywfoufonfh EkiijH cm;&if;ES;jr§Kyf aqG;aEG;yGwif xnfoi;f ajym Mum;onf/                                                                                                                                            dfIf
                                                                                                                   ta&S U awmif t m&S E k d i f i H r sm; oef;&SdNyD; 10 EkdifiH aps;uGufwpfck[k ief;rsm;wGif 145 &mckiEe;txd odod
ESHrIESifhywfoufívnf;aumif;? EkdifiH                           vmrnfh 2014 ckEpwif jrefrm toif; tmqD,onf 1967 ckEpwif r[mAsL[mcsrSwfaqmif&Gufvsuf&Sd omom tusKd;tjrwf&rnf[k urÇmh
                                                                                       S f G                                H                      Sf G
wumaiGaMu;vJv,rqi&mrsm;udk EkdifiHonf tmqD,HtvSnfhusOuú| tzGJU0if ajcmufEkdifiHjzifh pwifzGJUpnf; onf/ jrefrmEkdifiHtaejzifh 2015 pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sifrsm;u rSef;qxm;
                          S f I dk f
vnf;aumif; tpdk;&u jyifqifaeNyD; tjzpfwm0ef,l&ef&SdaeNyD; tmqD,H cJhNyD; jrefrmEkdifiHonf 1997 ckESpf tmqD , H p D ; yG m ;a&;tod k u f t 0ef ; Muonf/
tmqD,H pD;yGm;a&;tokduft0ef; pD;yGm;a&;tokduft0ef;pwifrnfh ZlvkdifvwGif tzGJU0ifjzpfvmcJhonf/ pwifygu txnfcsKyfvkyfief;wGif                                                                                           Associated News
            f                       G f
twGutav;ay;aqmif&uaeaMumif; 2015 onf jrefrmEkdifiH\ toGiful;
¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/                              ajymif ; rI u mv 'k w d , ouf w rf ;
          ]]EkdifiHawmfbufu trsm;BuD; jzpfaMumif;? xdYk twl tcGitvrf;ESihf
aqmif&uaeygw,f/ 'Dupudk tcseeYJ pd e f a c:rI r sm;pG m &S d a Mumif ; vnf ;
              G f                    dö          df
wpfajy;nDaqmif&GufzdkY vdkygw,f}} aejynfawmfü wifoi;f onfh a'gufwm             G
                                                                                          hf
                                                                                                  ucsifwGif vrf;ydwfí w½kwfukefypönf;rsm; aps;jrifU
[kvnf; OD;atmifEdkifOD;u qdkonf/ aZmfO;\ pmwrf;wGif azmfjyyg&Sonf/ uefydkufwD;? pufwifbm 10
                                                           D                                        d
                    HD
          tmqD,p;yGm;a&;todut0ef;       k f                             HD
                                                               tmqD,p;yGm;a&; tokut0ef;         d f                ucsif j ynf e ,f t wG i f ; &S d               ]]uefydkufwD;rSm w½kwfjynf q'Hk;qdkwm awmifawG Mum;xJrSm
                                                                                 k f H            f
onf Oa&myor*¾NyD;vQif tBuD;rm; onf tmqD,H 10 EdiitwGi; wpfck w½kwf-uefydkufwD;e,fpyf*dwfwGif bufudk wifoGif;&wJhukefypönf;u azmufxm;wmaMumifh awmifNydK&if
    k                                         dk f                                f S            f k f
qH;aom pD;yGm;a&;aygif;pnf;rIqi&m wnf;aom aps;uGuEihf xkwvya&; jrpfBuD;em;rS ukefonfBuD;rsm;\ bmrSr&Sdbl;/ w½kwfjynfbufuae vrf;ay:rSm ausmufawG? &THUawG?
                                                             dk f I dS
tm;xkwfcsufjzpfaMumif;ESifh topf NydKifqir&aom pD;yGm;a&;a'o? wef; ukewif,mOfBuD; tpD;a& 100 ausmf uef y d k u f w D ; buf u d k yef ; oD ; ? EGHawGeJY AGufepfwm vlwpf&yfeD;yg;
                                                                                                               f
ay:xGufvmaom w½kwfESifh tdE´d, wlnDrQaom pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;rI? urÇmh cefYrSm pufwifbmv 10 &ufaeYu MuufoGefjzL? tcsKdrIefY? t&ufeJY &Sw,f/ tckavmavmq,f uefyuw;D                                   d                                kd f
NyD;vQif aps;uGufEkdifiHrsm;ESifh tNydKif pD;yGm;a&;pepfodkY aygif;ul;jcif;wkdYyg uefydkufwD;ESifh q'Hk;tMum; rdk;&Gm bD,m? tdrfoHk;ypönf;rsKd;pHk wifoGif; e,fpyf*dwfrSm um;tpD;a& wpf&m
jzpf N yD ; quf w d k u f j zpf a y:cJ h a om 0ifNyD; urÇmhbPfpD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif oGef;rIrsm;í awmifNydKNyD; vrf;rsm; w,f / wm0ef & S d o l a wG u vnf ; ausmfavmuf&Sdw,f/ w½kwfjynfxJ
                                                                                             kH       f
1997? 2008? 2011 pD;yGm;ysufuyf ywfx&D\ 2011 aemufq;wGucsuf ysufpD;oGm;ojzifh vrf;aMumydwfqdkY ukefypönf;awGukd pepfwusppfaq; a&mufaewJh ukefwif,mOfawGvnf;
                             H dk f
rsm;udk aygif;pnf;í ckcEi&efjzpfaMumif; rIrsm;t& jrefrmEkdifiHonf tmqD,H um jrpfBuD;em;&Sd w½kwfukefypönf; NyD;rS usoifhwJhtcGefukd avQmhayghay; w½kwjf ynfbufxurcdi;f vdYk awmfao;                                  G f k
                                                                       d f
jrefrmpD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif a'gufwm pD;yGm;a&;tokut0ef;pwifygu xdk rsm; aps;EIe;tenf;i,fjrifwufom; vkYd ukeonfawGvnf; tqifajywmrdYk w,f a jym&rS m / tJ ' D v d k uk e f p nf
                                                                                                                      f                 h              G           f
                                                    G
aZmfOD;u Mo*kwfv 19 &ufaeYwif tokduf t0ef;rS tusKd;pD;yGm;trsm; aMumif; oufqdkif&mxHrS od&onf/ uk e f w if , mOf a wG r sm;vmw,f / pD ; qif ; rI a wG &yf w ef Y a eMuawmh
                                                                                                                                                          ,mOfawGudk pepfwusppfaq;NyD; jrpfBuD;em;rSm&SdwJh ukefypönf;awG

  Facebook                                oHk;í           MAI ta&mif;jr§ifU
                                                                                                                                                          wpf&ufrSm ,mOfig;pD;yJ xGufcGifhjyK aps;enf;enf;jrifaew,f}} [k rd;k n§i;f NrKd U
                                                                                                                                                          awmh ukefpnfpD;qif;rIaES;auG;wJh atmif o ajy&yfuGufae ukefonf
                                                                                                                                                                                                       D
                                                                                                                                                          tjyif rd;&GmoGe;rIrsm;vdYk uefyuw; wpfO;u qdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                     k      f               kd f D              k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   h


&efukef? pufwifbm 16                                                                                                                                      eJY q'Hk;tMum; awmifawGNydK? vrf;              ,ck t cg w½k w f y pö n f ; rsm;
                                                                                                         cJhaom jrefrmtjynfjynfqkdif&m av aMumawG ydwfqdkYaevdkY ,mOfay:u jrpfBuD;em;wGif aps;jrifhwufaeaom
                                                                                                         aMumif;onf,cktcg vuf&dS Airbus
                                                                                                                                                          yef;oD;awGeJY MuufoGefjzLawGu ykyf aMumifh rEÅav;ü w½kwfypönf;rsm;
                                                                                                                                  d
                                                                                                         A -320 av,mOftrsK;tpm; av;pif;
                                                                                                         jzifh &efukefrS befaumuf? pifumyl? ukefvdkY qHk;½HI;rI&Sdw,f}} [k jrpfBuD; aps;aygonfhtwGuf aumvif;NrdKUrS
                                                                                                         uGmvmvrfyl? uGrfusKd;? qD,rf&d? em;at;apwD&yfuGufrS ukefonf ukefonfBuD;rsm;? t0,fawmfrsm;rSm
                                                                                                         *g,mNrdKUwkdYoYkd wku½utoGm;tjyef trsKd;orD;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/ tcsKd r I e f Y ud k trsm;qH k ; 0,f , l í
                                                                                                                               d f kd f
                                                                                                         ajy;qGJvsuf&Sdonfhtjyif EkdifiHwum                       ]]uefydkufwD;eJY q'Hk;Mum;rSm w½kwfrkefYrsKd;pHk? yef;oD;? "mwfbl;?
                                                                                                         c&D;pOfwpf&yfjzpfaom befaumuf awmifNydKwmu ESpfwdkif;ygyJ/ awmif t&ufrsKd;pHkbD,m? aAsmuftdk;rsKd;pHkwdkY
                                                                                                         ESifh pifumylwdkYtMum; toGm;tjyef NydK&ifvnf; cPygyJ/ w½kwfjynfeJY udk aumvif;odkY wifoGif;vsuf&Sd
                                                                                                                                                              k f                  kd
                                                                                                         c&D;pOfukd ,refEprpwifajy;qGvsuf vdiZmbufu bufz;awG tultnD aMumif; oufqdkif&mxHrS od&onf/
                                                                                                                              SfS                J
                                                                                                         &Sdonf/                Associated News           ay;vdYk tqifajywmaygh/ uefyuw;? kd f D                             pdkif;vlrif;



                                                                                                    atmufaps;jzifU ausmufpdrf;jyefvIyf
                                                                                                    &efukef? pufwifbmv 17
         wnfaxmifrIoufwrf; 18                   vnf; a':at;r&omu &Si;jyonf/    f                          w½kwfukefonfrsm; trsm;qHk;pdwf0ifpm;&m ausmufpdrf;aps;uGuf av;vcefYat;pufae&mrS w½kwf
           h
ESpjf ynfvmcJNh yDjzpfaom jrefrmtjynf                  tjynfjynfqkdif&m jrefrmhav                              J
                                                                                                    vrkefYpm;yGtNyD; pufwifbmv wwd,ywfwGif atmufaps;ausmufrsm; ta&mif;t0,fjzpfum aps;uGufvIyf
jynfqkdif&m avaMumif;vkdif; MAI                 aMumif; MAI onf ,ckvmrnfh                                                   k
                                                                                                    vmaMumif; rEÅav;tajcpduf ausmufrsufukefonfrsm;u wnDwñGwfwnf; ajymqdkMuonf/
onf NyD;cJhonfh Mo*kwfvrS pwif                  atmufwbmvyGivif;&moDwif c&D;
                                                            dk         hf         G                       ]]w½kwfrSm ausmufrsufjyyGJawG&Sdawmh t&nfausmufa&m? tom;ausmufyg atmufaMu;eJYyJjzpfw,f/
um tifwmeuf vlrIa&;uGef&ufoHk;                  pOfrsm; wdk;csJUysHoef;&eftwGuf Air-                ausmufawGu aps;awmfawmfusaew,f}} [k rEÅav;ausmuf0dkif;rS 0,fa&mif;vkyfouf 10 ESpfausmf&Sdaom
í ta&mif;jr§ifhwifvsuf&SdaMumif;                bus A-321 av,mOftopfwpfpif;                         touf 40 ausmft&G,f trsKd;om;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
tqdygavaMumif;vki; aps;uGuXme
       k                       df       f       xyfrH 0,f,vuNf yD; tqkygav,mOf
                                                               l dk          d                                   dS                    f
                                                                                                          vuf&ausmufrsufaps;uGuonf t&ifaygufaps;rsm;ESihf Edi;,SOygu aps;xuf0ufavsmhusaomfvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                I f f
rS refae*sm a':at;r&omu The                     jzifh &efukef? qD,rf&d? zEGrf;yifNrdKUwkdY          aps;uGufrat;bJ ta&mif;t0,fjzpfaeaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/                   odkY wkd;csJUajy;qGJoGm;&ef&SdaMumif;                     a&TvDausmufrsufaps;uGuf tajcpdkufukefonfrsm;uvnf; t0,f&yfem;xm;Muonfh vrkefYpm;yGJ
         Facebook tifwmeufvlrIa&;               tqdkygavaMumif;xHrSod&onf/                          umvtNyD;wGif rEÅav;ausmuf0dkif;odkY qif;0,fMuonfhtwGuf a&TvDaps;uGufwGif ta&mif;t0,frjzpf
uGef&ufwGif tywfpOf aomMumaeY                          jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd avaMumif;vkdif;                                                    k               f         d
                                                                                                    aMumif; touf 30 t&G,f a&TvDtajcpduf 0,fa&mif;ukeonf OD;rsK;rif;uqdkonf/
wki;f avaMumif;vki;f ESiywfoufonfh
   d                        d hf                rsm;teuf jrefrmtjynfjynfqkdif&m                           ]]rEÅav;aps;xuf ay;aps;avQmhawmh ta&mif;t0,frjzpfbl;}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
trSe ftrSm;ar;cGef;rsm;udk Facebook             avaMumif;vkdif;onf Facebook                               rEÅav;ausmufrsufaps;uGufwGif atmufaps;rsm;jzifh ta&mif;t0,fjzpfaeaomfvnf; wefzdk;jrifh
rS wpfqifhrSefuefpGmajzqdkEkdifygu              enf;ynmqkdif&m tultnDrsm;jzifh                                                                f k f                k f h
                                                                                                    ausmufrsm;rSm aps;usqif;aeaMumif;? w½kwueonfrsm; t0,frvduonftwGuf aps;uGurm ,ciftwdi;f S            k f
                      S f S f
av,mOfvufrwEpapmif tywfpOf                      aps;uGuta&mif;jr§iwifvsu&aom
                                                          f               fh     f dS                                          dS    f                       f
                                                                                                    at;pufaeqJjzpfNyD; vuf&w½kw0,fvuftzGUJ rsm;wGif ukeonfBuD;rsm;ygonftwGuf ta&mif;t0,fjzpf&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                h
csD ; jr§ i h f v suf & S d a Mumif ; ¤if ; u   jrefrmEkdifiH\ yxrqHk;avaMumif;                     arQmfvifhxm;aMumif; 84 vrf;ü ausmufrsufyGJ½HkzGifhxm;onfh touf 50 t&G,f trsKd;om;wpfOD;uqdkonf/
qufvuf ajymMum;onf/                             vki;jzpfNyD; ,ckEpO;yki;u urÇmausmf
                                                   df               SfD df                                ]]rEÅav;rSm odef;oHk;axmifausmf aps;ac:xm;wJhausmuf a&mif;zdkY yGJ½Hktyfxm;wm oHk;v&SdNyD/ a&mif;
         ]]oHk;ywfavmuf&SdoGm;ygNyD/            Online ta&mif ; pepf j zpf o nf h                   rxGufao;bl;}} [k zm;uefYNrdKUrS touf 48 ESpft&G,f 0,fa&mif;wpfOD;uqdkonf/
uaeYavaMumif;vkdif;eJYywfoufNyD;                *,fvDvD,dkESifhyl;aygif;um ta&mif;                        vuf&Sdausmufrsufaps;uGufonf w½kwf0,fvufukefonfrsm;udkom tm;udk;ae&NyD; w½kwfjynfolY
odcsifwmawGvnf; ajzay;ygw,f/                    jr§ifhwifcJhonf/                                    or®wEdkifiHwGif ausmufpdrf;ESifhywfoufumtcGefudk wkd;jr§ifhxm;qJjzpfonf/
vufrSwfawmhra&mif;ygbl;}} [k                                        Sf
                                                       1997 ckEpupwifwnfaxmif
    18
  The
     VOICE
TOURISM
                          LOCAL                                                                                                                                                                    Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




                                                                                                                                                                                       News in Brief
[kdw,fESifUc&D; "mwfykHNyKdifyGJ odef; 300 eD;yg;qkay;rnf                                                                                                             q,fpkESpftwGif; yxrtBudrf vm;½Id;ukefpnfjyyJGusif;y
&efukef? pufwifbm 16
                    [kdw,fESifh c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyfief;0efBuD;Xme\ ig;Budrfajrmuf "mwfykHNyKdifyGJukd a&mifpOfxGef;y                                                        k
                                                                                                                                                                      &efue?f pufwifbm 13
 tpkd;&             jref r mh t vS t rnf j zih f usif ; yrnf j zpf & m ,cif x uf y k d r k d r sm;jym;aom pk p kaygif;qkaMu;aiG usyf   aygif                                jrefrmEkdifiH pD;yGm;a&;NrdKUawmfrsm;teuf &Srf;jynfe,f vm;½Id;NrdKUwGif
                                                                                                                                                                      q,fpkESpftwGif; yxrqkH;tBudrftjzpf vm;½Id;ukefpnfjyyJG 2011 ukd pufwif
odef;aygif; 270 ausmf csD;jr§ifhay;oGm;&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif; pufwifbmv 16 &ufaeYwGif aejynfawmf&Sd [kdw,fESihf                                 awmf                     bmvtwGif; usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif; SMART Business Group wm0ef&Sdol
            ;jr§                                                 a':cif
c&D;oGm;jr§ifhwifa&;Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL; a':cifoef;0if;u The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/                                                                            wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                            S d
          ,if;"mwfykHNyKdifyGJwGif ,SOfNyKdif jynfawmfEihf [kw,fEifh c&D;oGm;vm od&onf/          S                                                                               d       f       G          G f
                                                                                                                                                                            tqkygukepnfjyyJudk jynfwi;jynfyukepnfjyyJBG uD;rsm;tm; pDpOfaqmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
&rnfacgif;pOfu@ok;ck cGjJ cm;xm;NyD; a&;nTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme &efukefwkdif;
        h                                 H                                                                                 ,if;"mwfykHNyKdifyGJ qk&"mwfykH           &Gufvsuf&Sdaom SMART Business Group u OD;pD;í 2011 ckESpf pufwif
qkrsm;rSm taumif;qkH;qktwGuf a'oBuD;½kH;cGJ &efukefNrKdU okdYr[kwf rsm;ukd Ekd0ifbmv 27 &ufaeYrS 29                                                                   bmv 21 &ufrS 25 &ufaeYtxd usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;tzJGUrS wm0ef
usyf 25 ode;pD ok;qkEifh yxrqk usyf rEÅav;wki;a'oBuD;½k;cGJ rEÅav;NrKdU &ufaeYtxd yk*a'owGif usif;yrnfh
                    f H S                                                d f                         H                                     H                          &SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                               H Hk
okH;odef;pD 27 qk? 'kwd,qk usyf okYd r[kwf yk*½;cGJ yk*NH rKdUodYk pmwkurS (28)Budrajrmuf r[mrJacgifc&D;oGm;  d f                  f                                        ,if;jyyJwif tDvufx&Geepfypön;rsm;tygt0if vlo;ukeypön;rsKd;pk?H
                                                                                                                                                                                     G G                  f      f               Hk f       f
ESpoe;? wwd,qk usyfwpfoe;ESifh wpfqifh ykYday;EkiaMumif; ,if;XmexH vkyfief;qkdif&m tpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif
      f d f                                            d f                           d f                                                                              jynfwGif;jynfywuúokdvfausmif;rsm;? aq;0g;rsm;? pma&;ud&d,mrsm;? tykd
ESpfodrfhqkrsm; yg0ifaMumif; ¤if;u rS od&onf/                                                                       qkay;tyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; pkHprf;                arwåmvufaqmifrsm;? uHprf;rJrsm;jzifh jyoa&mif;csrnfhtjyif Super Star
qufvufajymMum;onf/                                                 NyKdifyGJ0ifolwpfOD;onf acgif; od&Sd&onf/                                                          Model Agency u azsmfajza&;tpDtpOfrsm;jzifhvnf; tcrJhazsmfajzjyooGm;
          ,if;"mwfykHNyKdifyGJwGif ,SOfNyKdif pOf w pf c k p D ? u@wpf c k p D t wG u f                                     ]]t&ifwe;u zkeuef&mZDa'o
                                                                                                                                          kf             f            rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
&rnfh u@okH;ckrSm 1/ ½kd;&myGJawmf 12"_18" ("mwfykHtom;) t&G,fykH vkc&D;pOfrsK; oGm;EkizYdtwGuf Xmeqkif
wkdYETJaysmfu@ (jrefrmh½kd;&m 12v rsm;ukd ta&twGuf uefYowfrxm; &mawGqu cGijfh yKcsuawmif;&w,f/
                                                                                                                      d
                                                                                                                                 D
                                                                                                                                     d       dfk
                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                  d   r*Fvmcef;0ifypönf;rsm;jyyGJusif;yrnf
                                                                                                                                                                      &efukef? pufwifbm 9
                                                                             H           Hk
&moDyGJawmfrsm;)? 2/ obm0tvS aomfvnf; ykwpfyvQif acgif;pOfwpf "mwfyynm&Siu Freelance qkawmh                                   Hk         f                   d
                                                                                                                                                                            r*FvmarmifESHrsm;twGuf r*Fvm0wfpHkjyyGJudk pufwifbmv 29 &ufaeY
                        d            k                                              k k
½Ir0u@ ([kw,fZef 11 ckrS obm0 ckc?k u@wpfcctwGuom NyKdiqif oGm;vkYd&w,f/ ol½uvmwJ"mwfyudk              f       f dk                               dk f     h   Hk     wGif &efukefNrdKU urf;em;[dkw,fü ]pdwful;tdyfrufxJu r*Fvm0wfpHkjyyGJ}
tvSty"mwfyrsm;)? 3/ xl;jcm;qef; cGifh&SdaMumif;? rl&if;zkdifukd CD (ykHBuD; ckvkdNyKdifyGJrSm oufqkdif&mu vlBuD;
                            Hk                                                                                                                                        trnfjzifh wifqufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; yGJpDpOfol oQifaerif; (Excellent
opfzGifhvSpfazmfxkwfu@wkdYjzpfNyD; csJUEkdifaom tqifh&Sd&rnf) zkdifwpfyg awGodoGm;awmh c&D;oGm;vkyfief;                                                               Models Agency) u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
eHygwfokH;u@wGif acgif;pOfav;rsK; wnf;wifjy&rnfjzpfum Photoshop twGuf taxmuftuljzpfwmaygh}} [k
                                                           d                                                                                                                tqdkygjyyGJwGif emrnfBuD;'DZdkifemrsm;\ 0wfpHk'DZdkif;jyyGJ? jrefrm? w½kwf?
cGjJ cm;xm;um &Sm;yg;wdrjf rKyfaeaom jzihf jyKjyifxm;aomykHrsm;ukd a&G;cs,f vkyfoufig;ESpf&Sd touf 27 ESpf                                                               d´                                          JG    S
                                                                                                                                                                      tdE,ESihf Europe Bridal Show ? oDwif;uRwfyawmfEihf wefaqmifwiyawmf           kd f JG
                                                                          f                 d            S
jrefrmyGJawmfESihf wkdif;&if;om;½kd;&m rnfr[kwaMumif; [kw,fEihf c&D;oGm; t&G,f *smrefbmom c&D;oGm;{nhfvrf;                                                            *kPfjyKtpDtpOf? Wedding Show rsm;ESifhtwl emrnfausmfaw;oH&Sif? ½kyf&Sif
"avhrsm;? c&D;pOfa'owpfcktjzpf vma&;nTeMf um;rIO;D pD;Xme &efuewi; nTef OD;ausmfol&u qkdonf/               k f dk f                                                   o½kyfaqmifrsm;ESifh Excellent Models Agency rS armf',fvf 50 OD;ausmfyg0if
          k f             J                 dk f
azmfxw&ef qGaqmifEiajct&Sq;kH ESifh a'oBuD;\ wm0ef&olwpfOD;u qkd
                                                   d                                          dS                            c&D;pOfa'otopfrsm; azmfxwf         k      wifqufrnfjzpfaMumif;ESifh qdkifcef; 40 ausmfjzifh r*Fvmcef;0ifypönf; rsm;
vlodenf;aom c&D;pOfa'owpfck? onf/                                                                                       S                      JG
                                                                                                                    &efEifh 12 v&moDyawmfrsm; jyefvnf                 jyornfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
azmfa&GysLiSm jynfjrefrm? xl;jcm;pkvif                   H              f JG                       f                         k f
                                                                   NyKdiy0ifpnf;rsO;pnf;urf;rsm; azmfxw&ef &nf&G,fusif;yjcif;jzpf                                           tqkdygjyyJGtwGuf tcrJhvufrSwfrsm;ukd Excellent Models Agency
                               G f l                 f
jrefrmjynfwpfci[í ,SONf yKdi&rnf ESihf tao;pdwftcsuftvufrsm;ukd onfhtwGuf NyKdifyGJ0if"mwfykHrsm;ukd                                                                                    k f l dk f                G G d
                                                                                                                                                                      wGif vma&mufxw,EiaMumif;ESihf ¤if;jyyJwif rdrwYdk r*Fvm0wfpEihf cef;0if Hk S
                      d            S                                                   f
jzpfaMumif; [kw,fEifh c&D;oGm;vma&; aejynfawmf? zke;-067-406131ESifh 0efBuD;Xme\ vufurf;aMumfjimrsm;?                                                                 ypönf;rsm;ukd jyovkdygu at*sifpDokdY qufoG,fpkHprf;EkdifaMumif; yGJpDpOfol
vkyfief;0efBuD;XmexHrS od&onf/                                &efukef? zkef;-01-240027? 01- jyu©'defrsm;wGifom tokH;jyKrnfjzpf                                        oQifaerif;u qkdonf/
               f JG                    Hk        d
          NyKdiy0if"mwfyrsm;ukd Ek0ifbm 254153 ESihf Online pmrsufESmrsm;rS aMumif; c&D;oGm;vkyief;zGUH NzK;d wk;d wufa&;                    f
                                                           Hk
v 11 &ufaeY nae 3 em&Daemufq; avhvmvkdvQif www.tourism-myan aumfrwDOuú| a'gufwm atmifjrwfausmf                                                                        ½kyf^oHzefwD;xkwfvkyfrIrD'D,moifwef;                     MCPA       zGifUvSpfrnf
xm;í [kdw,fESihfc&D;oGm;vma&; mar.org, www.myanmartourism.org u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                          &efukef? pufwifbm 9
vkyfief;0efBuD;Xme ½kH;trSwf 33? ae wkdYwGif 0ifa&mufavhvmEkdifaMumif;                                                                                                      jrefrmEkdifiHuGefysLwm ynm&Siftoif; (MCPA) u OD;aqmifí ½kyf^oH
                                                                                                                                                                      zefwD;xkwfvkyfrI oifwef;udk 'kwd,tBudrftjzpf atmufwkdbmv 10 &uf
        ENTERTAINMENT
                                                                                                                                                                      aeYwGif Myanmar Info-Tech ü pwifzGifhvSpfoifMum;rnfjzpfaMumif; MCPA
                                                                                                                                                                      rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/

        'lbkdif;wGif yxrqkH;jrefrm*DwyGJ usif;yrnf                                                                                                                          oifwef;umvrSm atmufwdkbmv 10 &ufrS Ekd0ifbmv 11 &uf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k f            kd
                                                                                                                                                                      aeYtxdjzpfaMumif;? oifwef;wGif OD;0PÖausmf? 'g½duwmrif;xifuuBkd uD;ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                      aw;a&;aemifaemifwdkYu ykdYcsrnfjzpfaMumif;? oifwef;om;OD;a&udk uefYowf
        &efukef? pufwifbm 15                                                                                                                                          xm;NyD; oifwef;aMu; usyfwpfodef;av;aomif;jzpfaMumif;? tao;pdwf
                        dfH
              jrefrmEkii&dS pmoifausmif;wpfckjyKjyifwnfaqmuf&mwGif vSL'gef;&eftvkdYiSm tm&yfapmfbGm;rsm;jynf                                                          od&Sdvdkolrsm;onf jrefrmEkdifiH uGefysLwmynm&Siftoif;½Hk;cef; taqmif (4)?
                                                            J      k f
        axmifpkEkdifiH (,lattD;)ü yxrqkH;jrefrm*DwyGwpfcusi;y&ef ,lattD;EkdifiH 'lbkdif;a&mufjrefrmrsm;u pDpOf                                                        tcef; (4) zkef; 652276 odkY atmufwdkbmv 7 &ufaeYaemufqHk;xm;í
                              l    D
        aeaMumif; pDpOfowpfO;u The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                     pm&if;ay;oGif;EkdifaMumif; MCPA ½Hk;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
                            dfH            D f         d f                   d hf k f k S fh dk
              ,lattD;Ekiia&muf wpfO;csi;aexkiaomjrefrmrsm;? uk,typEiu,jf zpfaeaom jrefrmqki&mtoif;                          d f
        tzGJUrsm; wwfEkdiforQpkpnf;í jrefrmEkdifiHrSvkdtyfaeaom vlrIa&;uGufvyfrsm;ukd jznfhqnf;vSL'gef;Mu&ef                                                          MRS          qkdifopfajymif;a&TYjcif;txdrf;trSwf uHprf;ay;rnf
        twGuf taumiftxnfazmfjcif;jzpfaMumif;vnf; tqkdygtpDpOfjzpfajrmufa&;pDpOfol uEÅm&0óvlrI
                                                                                                                                                                      &efukef? pufwifbm 13
        a&SUaqmiftoif; (,lattD;)rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                         f            d f                      d f
                                                                                                                                                                             tDvufx&Geepfta&mif;qkiwpfcjk zpfonfh MRS qki\ae&mopfajymif;
                            J                 Sf                               dk d f dk f d f               dk
                ,if;*DwyGoYdk jrefrmaw;oH&irsm;jzpf onfh R Zmenf? aZmfyi?f 0ki;pkcioe;wkYdu oDqwifquf rnfjzpfNyD;                                                                  f         f
                                                                                                                                                                      a&TUjcif;txdr;trSwtjzpf pufwifbmv 17 &ufrS 24 &ufaeYtxd usyfwpf
        *DwyGJukd vmrnfhatmufwkdbmv 29 &ufaeYwGif 'lbkdif;ü usif;y&ef&SdaMumif;? &&Sdvmrnfh tusKd;tjrwfukd                                                                 f               l l                                     Hk f
                                                                                                                                                                      ode;txuf 0,f,orsm;twGuf uHprf;rJtpDtpOfrsm;ESihf usyfo;ode;txuf
               S f                     h            df                     d                          d
        vufrwa&mif;tm;tay:Munfí vSL'gef;Ekirnfh aiGyrmPESifh vktyfaeaom ausmif;ukq;Hk jzwf&rnfjzpfonftwGuf                          h
                                                                                                                                                                      twGuf 0,f,lolrsm;twGuf tcrJhjyKjyifrIuJhokdY 0efaqmifrIay;rnfh tpDtpOf
                                                                         G
        vSL'gef;rnfhae&m twdtusukd atmufwkdbmvv,fcefYwif aMunmay;EkirnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf d f
                                                                                                                                                                      rsm;pDpOfxm;aMumif; ,if;qkdifxHrS od&onf/
        ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                             tqkdygqkdifae&mopfukd trSwf (131)? 31 vrf;? 76_77 Mum;
                           dfH
              ,lattD;Ekii\ pnf;urf;Oya'rsm;t& yGJwpfyGJpDpOf&ef w&m;0ifcGifh jyKcsuf,l&jcif;ESihf ae&miSm;&rf;jcif;                                                   csrf;at;ompHNrdKUe,fokdY ajymif;a&TzGifhvSpfxm;jcif;jzpfonf/
        wkdYtwGuf axmufcHay;rnfholrsm;ukd &SmazG&NyD; p&dwfpuBuD;jrihfjcif;tyg0if tcuftcJrsm;pGm&SaMumif;?                      d
        wpfOD;wpfa,mufwnf;u aqmif&Gufí rjzpfEkdifaMumif; 'lbkdif;a&muf jrefrmwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                     Ocean Supercenter          rsm;wGif                      Celebrity
              'lbkdif;NrKdUESihf tbl'gbDNrKdUwkdYtjyif tjcm;NrKdUrsm;ü jrefrmvlrsKd;a&TUajymif;vkyfom;rsm; wjznf;jznf;wkd;
                                                                                      vmvsuf&NdS yD; wpfEiiv;wGif aomif;
                                                                                                                dk f H Hk                                             Look Alike NydKifyGJusif;yrnf
                                                                                      *Pef;ausmf yrmP&Sdonf[k 'lbkdif;                                                &efukef? pufwifbmv 17
                                                                                      a&muf jrefrmrsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/                                                           Celebrity Look Alike NydKifyGJrsm;udk atmufwdkbmv 1 &ufESifh 2
                                                                                                                   I
                                                                                                uEÅm&0óvlra&SUaqmif toif;                                             &ufaeYwdkYwGif North Point Center ü jyKvkyfrnfjzpfNyD; atmufwdkbmv 8
                                                                                      onf vGefcJhaom 2009 ckESpfu &efukef                                             &ufaeYESifh 15 &ufaeYwdkYwGif Ocean Supercenter (Pazundaung) wGif usif;y
                                                                                      Nrd K Uawmf w pf z uf urf;&Sd 'vNrKdUwGif                                                 f G                                            dS l
                                                                                                                                                                      jyKvkyom;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if; Supercenter rS wm0ef&owpfO;u ajymMum; D
                                                                                                   Hk
                                                                                      aomufo;a&jywfvyfpOfu vnf;aumif;?                                                onf/
                                                                                            fS
                                                                                      ½ky&if o½kyfaqmifausmfolOD;aqmifonfh                                                      tqdkygNydKifyGJudk pdwfyg0ifpm;olrsm;onf touf 14 ESpfESifhtxuf&Sd
                                                                                      ema&;ulnDrItoif;\ tcrJha q;cef ;                                                       kd                    T
                                                                                                                                                                      &efvtyfNyD; avQmufvmrsm;udk Ocean Supercenter rsm;\ Customer Counter
                                                                                      twGuf vnf;aumif; vSL'gef;cJNh y; ,ckEpf     D      S                            rsm;ü tcrJh&,lí pufwifbmv 27 &ufaeY aemufqHk;xm;avQmufxm;&ef
                                                                                                f
                                                                                      twGi; yxrqkH; jrefrmpmaya[majymyGJ                                                  k                          JG G          d l      f          f
                                                                                                                                                                      vdtyfaMumif;? ,if;NydKifywif yxrqk&&Soukd usyaiGig;ode;ESihf vufaqmif
                                                                                          d
                                                                                      ukvnf; OD;aqmifusif;ycJonfh 'lbi;   h           dk f                            rsm;csD;jr§ifhrnfjzpfNyD; 'kwd,qk&&Sdoludk usyfaiGoHk;odef;ESifh vufaqmifrsm;?
                                                                                                         I
                                                                                      a&muf jrefrmvlra&;toif;tzGUJ jzpfonf/                                           wwd,qk&&Sdoludk usyfaiGESpfodef;ESifh vufaqmifrsm; csD;jr§ifhoGm;rnfjzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                               f d dS kd      f
                                                                                                                                                                      aMumif;? tao;pdwo&vygu zke; - 09-73031507 odYk qufo,ar;jref;         G f
                                                                                                                                    Associated News                   pHkprf;EdkifaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                          CRIME/FIRE                                                                                                  The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 19




a&T*Hkwdkif[dkw,fNcHpnf;½dk; [dkw,fOuú|ajz½Sif;
&efukef? pufwifbm 8

jynf buff;&Sd vlot;vrfUwGukid fyNcHg0ifc;Jh½kom a&Tr*ItHkwdkif[dkw,f taemuff
     wGi *sme,f csKd
                 Gm ;
                                           a
                                    pnf d; um&H ay: taemufa&T*Hkwdki
                                                                                                                                                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                                                   tqdygvrf;rS a&T*wivrf;ay:odkY 10
                                                                                                                                                                                   rdepfcefYom vrf;avQmufxu&aomf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           kH kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     G f
 aeolrsm;\ wifjywdkifMum;csufESihf ywfoufí a&T*Hkwdkif[dkw,fOuú|                                                                                                                   vnf; ,cktcg at;csrf;om,mvrf;
 OD;oufvGifu w&m;0ifum&Hjcif;jzpfaMumif; &Sif;vif;ajymMum;vdkufonf/
   ;ouf                                                                                                                                                                            rS rdepf 20 cefU wpfywfBu;oGm;&ojzifh           D
        ,ckv 7 &ufaeY rGef;vGJ 3 ESpfrsm;u BudK;pm;cJhaomfvnf; rif;rJh                                                                                                             tcuftcJrsm;&SdaBumif; today;
         df           k f kd f
em&DtcsecefYu &efuewi;a'oBuD; p½dkufqefpGm NcHpnf;½dk;um&Hjcif;ukd                                                                                                                 wifjyxm;onf[k jynfwGif;*sme,f
A[ef;NrdKUe,f a&T*Hkwdkifvrf; trSwf aESmif,ucojzifh ,ckwwd,tBudrf
                                                h S f hJ                                                                                                                           ESpfapmifwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
273 ½Sd Hotel Shwe Gone Daing wGif jzpfaomaemufqHk;cGifhjyKcsuf&onfh                                                                                                                                                   f I S hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                     vrf;ydwrEiywfoufí Oya'
                                              d f G k
¤if;u rD'D,mrsm;ac:,lum txuf tcsewif xdoUkd aESmif,urrsm;&Srnf  h S f I d                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                   ynm&SiwpfO;u wpfqufwnf; 12    D
ygtwdkif; ½Sif;vif;ajzMum;cJhjcif;jzpf udk pdk;&drfaomaMumifh oufqdkif&m                                                                                                           ESpfausmf trsm;jynfoloGm;vmonfh
onf/                                   Nrd K Ue,f ? &yf u G u f t mPmyd k i ftzJGU                                                                                                 vrf;ukd EkdifiHawmfpDrHudef;rsm;rSvJGí
        ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;&mwGif tpnf;rsm;? taemufydkif;c½kdifpnfyif                                                                                                                              D
                                                                                                                                                                                   wpfO;wpfa,muf\ oabmxm;jzifh
,if;odkYwdkifMum;aom aexdkifolrsm; om,ma&;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESihf 2011                                                                                                                ydwfqkdYazsmufy,fí r&aMumif; okH;
onf A[ef;NrdKUe,fomoemhe,fajr ckESpf Zlvdkifv 23 &uf aeY eHeuf                                            f
                                                                                             xyfavmif;½Si;jyonf/                       (406 A- 3 A) udk ,cifydkifqdkifol           oyfajymMum;rIukd ,if;*sme,fwkdY
twGif;½Sd usL;ausmfaexdkifolrsm;jzpf 10 em&DtcsdefwGif w&m;0ifwdkif;wm                                G f               k H kd
                                                                                                 &yfuuaeolrsm;twGuf a&T*wif            OD;armifarmifjrifhvufxufu ,if;              wGif qufvufazmfjyonf/
jyD; NcHpnf;½kd;um&H&ef ,cifa&SUydkif; NyD; NcHpnf;½kd;um&HcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;                                        f
                                                                                             [dkw,ftaemufbuf&dS ajruGutrSwf            ajruGuf\ ajr 10 ayukd vrf;oGm;                                ]]Oya't& b,fvkd&Sdvnf;vkdY
                                                                                                                                       vrf;vmrsm; tqifajyap&ef ,cif                rodbl;/ 'gayrJh 'g[m vrf;r[kwf
                                                                                                                                       &.,.ursm;xH pmcsKyfjzifh ay;tyfcJh          bl;/ b,forvnf; cGijhfyKrxm;bl;/ lS
                                                                                                                                       aMumif;? pufwifbmv 'kwd,ywf
     ½kyfjrifoHMum;jypuf rormenf;oHk;a&mif;cs                                                                                          xkwf jynfwGif;*sme,fESpfapmifwGif
                                                                                                                                       azmfjyxm;csuEihf ,if;aeYwif ¤if;\
                                                                                                                                                       f S                 G
                                                                                                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                   uReawmfwkdYtaeeJYvnf; oGm;cGifhay;
                                                                                                                                                                                   rxm;bl;/ pnfyifuvnf; cGifhjyK
                                                                                                                                                                                   rxm;bl ; }} [k OD ; ouf v G i f u
     &efukef? pufwifbm 9                                                                                                               ajymqdkcsufwdkYt& od&onf/                   jywfom;pGm ajymqkdonf/
                          D                                 k                   f        k f
              jrefrmhp;yGm;a&;A[dNk rKdUjzpfaom &efueNf rdKUawmf tDvufx&Geepfta&mif;qditcsKUd wGif ½kyjf rifoMH um;jypuf                      ]]uRefawmfu 'DajruGufrSm                                             d
                                                                                                                                                                                                     NcHpnf;½k;um&Hjcif;ESihf ywfouf
     (TV) udk      rormaomenf;rsm;oHk;um a&mif;csaeaMumif; 0,f,lcJholrsm;xHrSod&onf/                                                                 S
                                                                                                                                       b,folrr&SdvUkd 0,fxm;wm/ aemuf              í ¤if;wkdYtaejzifh vrf;jyefvnf
                                                        f
              NyD;cJhonfh Mo*kwfvukefydkif;twGi;u tif;pdeNf rdKUe,f aygufawm0&Sd tDvufx&Gefepfqdkifwpfqdkifonf                         'DajruGuf 0,fwkef;uvnf; vrf;                              H        hf
                                                                                                                                                                                   tok;jyKcGi&&ef Oya't& w&m;pGqdk                       J
     {&m0wDwdkif;a'oMuD; av;rsufESmNrdKUe,frS &efukefNrdKUodkY vma&mufaps;0,foltm; Nippon trSwwqyf                          f H d      twG u f 10ayay;cJ h w ,f q d k w m          oG m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ? ,if ; tjyif
     TV udk aps;EIef;ESpfqjzifh a&mif;csvdkufaMumif; udk,fwdkifBuHKawGUcJhol OD;0if;cdkifpdk;u The Voice Weekly odkY                   vnf; rodbl;/ 'gawmif &yfuGuf                OD;oufvGifajymqkdouJhokdY ¤if;wkdY
               f
     Mo*kwv 30 &ufaeYu ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                    vlBuD;awGu pmcsKyfeJUjyvdkYodwm/            onf usL;ausmfrsm;r[kwfaMumif;?
                  k kd f G f     l hJ                                             f H d f S
              xdqiwi0,f,caom Nippon trSwfwHqdyf 21" TV (CRT) trSwwqyrm aps;uGutwGi;yHreayguf                    f     f k S f          uRefawmfawmif rdwåL,lxm;w,f?                OD;ykdif trSwf (60) ajr{&d,mtwGif;
     aps; 75ç000 usyfom&Sdaomfvnf; aygufawm0&Sd Electronic Centre wpfcku 145ç000 usyfjzifh a&mif;cs                                                                k f hJ l h
                                                                                                                                       'gayrJh 'g[m a&SUu ydiwoay;cJwm?            aexkdifvsuf&Sdaom tdrfaxmifpkrsm;
     ay;cJhaMumif;? av;rsufESmNrdKUodkY jyefa&mufonfhtcsdefwGif ,if;½kyfjrifoHMum;pufrSm aps;ESpfqjzifh a&mif;cs                            D              f
                                                                                                                                       tJ'twGuf uReawmf rodbl;}} [k                ES i f h r[mpnf o moemh & d y f o mü
     vdkufaMumif;od&Sdum &efukefodkYvma&mufí jyefvnfajz&Sif;&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/                                        ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                          k f
                                                                                                                                                                                   a0,sm0pövyief;twGuf 1975 ckEpf                            S
                               S             k f kd                        S                 h
              av;rsufEmNrdKUrS OD;0if;cdip;u ]]uRefawmfwYkd av;rsufEmuae jyefvm&wJvrf;p&dw[m wDAuya&mif;    f          D kd kd                tqdkygvrf; wwd,tBudrfNcH             uyif tusKd;jyKaqmif&Gufvmonfh
     vkdufwJhaps;EIef;xufawmifruygbl;/ uRefawmfhvdk aemufvlawGjzpfrSmpdk;vdkYajymwmyg}} [k qdkonf/                                            d                 hf
                                                                                                                                       pnf;½k;um&Hjcif;ESiywfowfNyD; ,if;          tdrfaxmifpkrdom;rsm;yifjzpfaMumif;
              ,if;udpö&yfrsm;ESifhywfoufí tqdkyg Electronic Centre odkY qufoG,far;jref;cJh&mwGif ¤if;wdkYqdkifrS                          k
                                                                                                                                       [dw,ftaemufbuf&&yfuuaeol       dS     G f             d                       D
                                                                                                                                                                                   &yfr&yfzwpfO;jzpfol OD;cifarmifneYf                     G
     a&mif;csay;aom Nippon trSwfwHqdyf TV onf w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHxkwfrsm;r[kwfbJ xdkif;EdkifiHrS                                   99 OD;u pmwifxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif;?            u ajymMum;onf/
         k f kd f           Gf                      f d                 H f
     wdu½uwifoi;a&mif;csaom ypön;trsK;tpm;rsm;jzpfNyD; ok;ESpumvtwGi; wpfpwpfccsKUd ,Gi;cJygu vufcrJh
                                                                                     f         kH     k           f h                  ¤if ; wd k U taeES i f h ,ciftoHk;jyK&m
     jyefvnf jyifqifEdkifonfh tmrcHjzifh a&mif;csjcif;jzpfaMumif; jyefvnfajzMum;onf/
                        ö
              ]]'Dudp0,foludk jyefajz&Sif;ay;NyD;ygNyD}} [k ta&mif;qdkifrS pm&if;udkif0efxrf;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
              ¤if;wdkY0,f,lcJhaomqdkifodkY jyefvnfoGm;a&mufajz&Sif;&mwGif tqifhjrifh EVD topfwpfvHk;udk tcrJh
     ay;rnf[k ueOD;tpwGif ajymqdkaomfvnf; EVD \ aps;EIef;udkod&SdaMumif; ajymqdkvdkufaomtcg 2004
     ckEpxwf Panasonic LCD 20" (TH 20 LA20) wpfv;udk tpm;xd; jyefvnfvv,ay;cJaMumif; OD;0if;cdip;u
          S f k                                                     kH        k        J S f h                               k f kd
                                                                                                                                         tif;pdefwGif tdrfoHk;vHk;rD;avmif
                                                                                                                                       &efukef? pufwifbm 17
     The Voice Weekly odkY &Sif;jyonf/
              tDvufx&Gefepfypönf;rsm;udk aps;wifa&mif;csjcif;rsm;onf tif;pdefNrdKUe,fwGifomru &efukefNrdKU                                      &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; tif;pdef                  f d
                                                                                                                                                                                   40 t&G,trsK;om;wpfO;u qkonf/ D        d
     v,fwGifa&mif;csaeaom emrnfBuD; ta&mif;qdkifrsm;wGifvnf; tvm;wljyóemrsm; rMumcPjzpfyGm;vsuf                                                                            G f
                                                                                                                                       NrdKUe,f NrdKUopf (*) &yfuu&dS aetdrf              aetdrfrD;avmifrIjzpfay:aom
     &SdaMumif; tDvufx&Gefepfta&mif;aps;uGuftwGif;rS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                 wpfv;Hk wGif pufwifbmv 13 &ufaeY            aMumifh tdrfaxmifpk ckepfpk? vlOD;a&
              NyD;cJhonfh ESpfqef;ydkif;uvnf; &efukefNrdKUv,f&Sd emrnfBuD; tDvufx&Gefepfta&mif;jycef;wGif oBuFef                       eHeuf 6 em&D 46 rdepfu a&cJaowåm            32 OD;rSm tdk;rJhtdrfrJhjzpfcJhNyD; tif;pdef
     umv 50 &mcdkifEIef; txl;aps;avQmha&mif;csyGJü udk,fwdkifpdwfBudKuf½kyfjrifoHMum;jypufudk a&G;cs,f0,f,lcJh                         twGuf wyfqifxm;onfh Safe Guard              NrdKUe,f ipOfvrf; aZ,smoD&d"r®m½Hk
                                                               kd f
     aomfvnf; wpfywfcefYtMumwGif 0,f,jl zwfyi;abmufcsmwGif ay;xm;onfhvdyfpmtwdkif; qdkifta&mif;0ef                                     tylvGefuJ&mrS pwifí rD;avmif&m              ü u,fq,fa&;pcef;zGifhvSpfxm;
     xrf;rsm;vma&mufum wefz;enf;onfh tjcm;½kyjf rifoMH um;jypufjzifh ]ta&mif;rSm;onf} [kqum vma&muf
                                          kd                                                                       kd                  tdrfoHk;vHk;qHk;½IH;cJhaMumif; tqkdyg       aMumif; tqkdyg &yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;
                                                                                   l
     vJvS,foGm;cJhaMumif;? ¤if;wdkYvma&mufvJvS,faepOf udk,fwdkif0,f,xm;onfh tdr&itrsKd;om;r&Sonfh       f S f                  d       tif;pdefNrdKUe,f rD;owfwyfzGJUxHrS          ½Hk;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
     tcsdefwGifjzpfaeNyD; tmrcHuwfjym;wGifvnf; tcsuftvufrsm; ajymif;vJa&;om;oGm;aMumif; tif;pdeNf rdKUe,f                              pHkprf;od&onf/                                     ,if ; rD ; avmif r I u d k rD ; owf
     wGif aexkdifoltouf 42 ESpft&G,f udkoef;aX;u ¤if;\udk,fawGUtjzpftysufudk&Sif;jyonf/                                                         tqkdyg rD;avmifrIrSm NrdKUopf      ,mOf 22 pD;? tkyfcsKyfrI,mOf ESpfpD;?
              ,if;ta&mif;qdkifrSvma&muf vJvS,foGm;aom ½kyfjrifoHMum;jypufrSm aq;rsm;uGufaeonfhtjyif                                                G
                                                                                                                                       (*) &yfuu?f &mausmf 1 vrf;? trSwf                   D
                                                                                                                                                                                   oaE¨r;owfwyfzUJG 0if 104 OD;? t&ef
     ½kyjf rifoMH um;zefom;jyifrm apmif;aeonftwGuf ta&mif;qdicef;odYk oGm;a&muf&i;vif;cJaomfvnf; ¤if;wdYk
                                      S                   h               k f                     S f         h                                              f kd f dk f
                                                                                                                                       3? c? OD;tke;f NrKd iyiqionfh tvsm;20?      rD;owfwyfzUJG 0if 97 OD;jzihf Nid§r;owf f
     pdwfBudKuf0,f,lcJhaom ½kyfjrifoHMum;pufarmf',fvftwdkif;r&awmhbJ tdrfrSmvma&mufvJvS,fxm;onfh                                                              f kd
                                                                                                                                       teH 25 ay oGyr;? ysOaxmif ysOcif; f     f   cJhaMumif; &ef u k e f w d k i f ; a'oBuD ;
     armf',fvftwdkif;om vJvS,fcGifh&&SdcJhaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                       aetdrrS pwifí rdepf 20 Mum rD;avmif         rD;owfOD;pD;Xme\ xkwfjyefcsuf
                                                     h        f S      G h
              ]]uRefawmf t&ifa&G;0,fxm;wJpufeYJ tdrrmvmvJom;wJpufu (usyf) ig;aomif;aps;uGmw,f/ qdiu                              k f            h               d
                                                                                                                                       uRrf;cJ&m teD;&Stvsm; ay 20? teH            t& od&onf/
     aps;enf;wmeJYrSm;a&mif;w,fqdkwJh tcsuftvufuvGJaew,f}} [k OD;oef;aX;uqdkonf/                                                       25 ay&Sd RC oGyfrdk;ysOfaxmifae tdrf               tqkdygrD;avmifrIaMumifh a':
              tDvufx&Gefepfypönf;rsm;udk 0,f,lrnfqdkygu ukefypönf;trSwf wHqdyf? xkwfvkyfonfhckESpf? ypönf;                             oHk;vHk;ESifh tvsm;ay 20? teH 25            Or®mvGifukd (y) 1813^2011 yk'fr
     t&nftaoG;? aps;EIef;wdkYudk BudKwifod&Sdem;vnf&ef avhvmxm;oifhaMumif; ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f&Sd tDvuf                                              d
                                                                                                                                       ay RC wkuf tenf;i,f rD;avmifí               285 jzifh tif;pdef &JwyfzGJUpcef;wGif
     x&Gefepfta&mif;qdkifwpfck\ touf 42 ESpft&G,f&Sd refae*smwpfOD;u tBuHay;ajymMum;onf/                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                       usyf 26 ode;zkd;cefY qkH;½IH;cJhaMumif;     trIzGifhta&;,lxm;aMumif; tqdkyg
                                                                                                                                       tqdkygvrf;wGifaexkdifol touf                &Jpcef;xHrSod&onf/
    20
    VOICE
  The




 INSTITUTIONAL
                    MANDALAY                                                                                                                                                 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




vrf;jzwfoef;cydkaumufonfU rwÅ&m*dwf 'PfaiGig;odef;½dkuf
rEÅav;? pufwifbm 15
             NyHK;yGJawmfumvtwGif; armfawmf,mOfrsm;ukd owfrSwfvrf;jzwfoef;cxufydkí aumufcHcJhaom rwå&mtxGuf*dwfudk rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD tcGefXmeu
awmif NyHK;yGq;í umvtwGusyfig;odef;,mOf½rdkufcJhad Mumifr;Swfv;rfXmexHoS efodcxufy/dkí aumufcHcJhaom rwå&mtxGuf*dwfudk rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD tcGefXmeu
      ppfa
             Jawmf
                   'PfaMu;
                           if; armfawmf
                                        wyf
                                            sm;uk owf
                                                           ,if
                                                                  ;jzwf ;
                                                                       r &onf
       tqdkygrwå&mtxGuf*dwfrS                   csufrSefuefojzifh 'PfaiGig;odef;                          kd f          k f l
                                                                                                   0efwivnf; *½krpdub;vdYk ½di;½di; k f k f   ppfaq;í owfrSwfEIef;xuf ydkrdk                ,m,Dydwfyifjcif;rsm;jzifh ta&;,l
awmifNyHK;yGJvm,mOfrsm;tm; owf                       f    kd f
                                                usywyf½ucjhJ cif;jzpfaMumif; wm0ef                 pdkif;pdkif;ajymygw,f/ tJ'gaMumifh         aumufcHonfh*dwfrsm;udk 'PfaiG                 aqmif&GufcJhonf/
rSwfvrf;jzwfEIef;xuf ydkrdkaumufcH              &SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                          wdkif;a'oBuD; 0efBuD;csKyfeJY NrdKUawmf    ½dkufjcif;? jzwfoef;caumufcHcGifh                                   cspfOD;udkudk
aejcif;udk jynfolY'Drdkua&pDygwD                       ]]uRefawmfwdkYygwDu acgif;                  0efBuD;qDudk wdkifMum;cJhwmyg}} [k
                                                                                                                                              HEALTH
acgif;aqmif a'gufwmoef;xdkufOD;                 aqmifydkif;awG *&dwf,mOfvdkif;u                    jynfolY'Drdkua&pDygwDrS a'gufwm
u rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; 0efBuD;csKyf              vdkif;um;eJY awmifNyHK;yGJoGm;Muw,f                            k fD
                                                                                                   oef;xduO;u ajymMum;onf/
OD;&JjrifEihf NrdKUawmf0ef OD;zke;aZmf[ef
         h S                     f
wdkYxH wdkifMum;cJh&m rEÅav;NrdKUawmf
                                                Asm/ tJ'D*dwfu vrf;jzwfc 150 yJ
                                                aumuf&rSmudk 500 aumufw,f/
                                                                                                            rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&
                                                                                                   onf vGefcJhaom vrsm;twGif;u
                                                                                                                                              trsKd;om;aoG;vSLbPf (rEåav;)
pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD tcGef                      uRefawmfwdkYuar;awmh vdkif;um;rdkY                 vnf; rEÅav;NrdKUtxGufwGif&Sdaom

 BUSINESS
               f
Xmeu uGi;qif;ppfaq;í wkiMf um;     d            vdkYaumufwm? rauseyfvdkY NrdKUawmf                 vrf;aMu;aumufcHonfh*dwfrsm;udk                  S
                                                                                                                                              wpfEpf aoG;,lepf 7000 tcrJxway;
                                                                                                                                                                        U k f
                                                                                                                                              rEÅav;? pufwifbm 7
rEåav;ukefwifBuD;MuyfrIaumfrwD rD;aoG;xkwfvkyfief;                                                                                                  trsK;d om;aoG;vSLbPf (rEÅav;)
                                                                                                                                              u aiGaMu;rwwfEdkifaom aoG;oGif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f H G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                            usyf 3000 rSm aoG;tdwcz;kd ESitaxGaxG
                                                                                                                                                                                            twGufjzpfaMumif;? aiGaMu;csKdUwJh
tygt0if pD;yGm;a&;okH;ck vkyfukdifrnf                                                                                                         ukorIcH,lvdkolrsm;twGuf wpfESpf
                                                                                                                                              vQif aoG ; ,l e pf 7000 tcrJ h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         h
                                                                                                                                                                                            ygu usyf 3000 om usoifaMumif;? vH;k 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                      kd f       h k f
                                                                                                                                                                                            rwwfEiygu tcrJxway;aMumif;?
rEÅav;? pufwifbm 16                                                                                                                           xkwfay;aeaMumif; trsKd;om;aoG;                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                            trsK;om;aoG;vSLbPf (rEÅav;)onf
                 d f
       rEÅav;wki;a'oBuD; ukewif      f          wkYdjzpfaMumif; ,if;aumfrwDxrS od&dS       H       tqkdygaumfrwDatmufwGif wkdif;              vSLbPf (rEÅav;) wm0efcHq&m0ef                 &&SdaomaoG;rsm;udk xdcdkuf'Pf&m&
,mOfBuD;MuyfrIaumfrwDu rD;aoG;                  &onf/                                              twGif;ukd;NrdKUe,fü ukefwif,mOf            BuD; a'gufwmcifpdef0if;u The                  vlemrsm;? tonf;? tqkwf? ESvHk;
      f k f
xkwvyief;tygt0if pD;yGm;a&;vkyf                         ]]rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;tpkd;&                2779 pD;&SdaMumif;? wkdif;twGif;           Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                cGJpdwfrI vlemrsm;? aoG;ESifhywfouf
ief;okH;ckukd vkyfukdif&ef tpDtpOf&Sd           tzJUG ukd wifjyxm;ygw,f/ cGijhf yKNyD;&if          ausmufqnf? rwå&mNrKdUe,fwkdYryg0if               aiGaMu;wwfEdkifygu p&dwfrQ              aom a&m*ga0'emcHpm;&NyD; aoG;oGi;    f
aMumif ; tqk d y gaumf r wD O uú |              aqmif & G u f o G m ;zk d Y &S d y gw,f } } [k     bJ rEÅav; ckepfNrdKUe,fü ukefwif           ay;pepftjzpf usyf 5000 usoifh                        k
                                                                                                                                                                                            rI vdtyfaom vlemrsm;udk aoG;oGi;rI f
OD;oef;atmifu pufwifbmv 15                      ¤if;uqkdonf/                                       ,mOf 2676 pD ; &S d a Mumif ; ,if ;        aMumif;? ,if; usyf 5000 wGif usyf             rsm; aqmif&Gufay;aeaMumif; ,if;
             G       f
&ufaeYwif jyKvkyaom rEÅav;wki;           d f                   h
                                                        ,if;uJoYdk aqmif&uí &&Svm   G f        d   aumfrwDxHrS od&Sd&onf/                                             D
                                                                                                                                              2000 rSm tonf;a&mifby;kd ? pDy;kd ppfcESihf   bPfxHrS od&Sd&onf/
                             k f
a'oBuD;armfawmf,mOfvyief;aygif;                 onfh tusKd;tjrwfrsm;rSm ukefwif
  H d f f                  S
pkxe;odr;a&;aumfrwDEihf jynfwi;           G f   ,mOfBuD;rsm;ay:wGif tusKd;ouf                           MARKET

owif;rD'D,mrsm; yxrqkH;awGUqkHyJG               a&mufaprnfjzpfNyD; ukefwif,mOf
ü ajymMum;onf/
       rEÅav;wki;a'oBuD; ukewif
                 d f                 f
                                                           I
                                                BuD;MuyfraumfrwDoYdk ay;oGi;&onfh
                                                xdef;odrf;cEIef;xm;rsm;ukdvnf; &m
                                                                                        f               oufwrf;&ifU csufyvufum; aps;oHk;qwuf
,mOfBuD;MuyfraumfrwDu aqmif&uf
               I                       G        ckiEe;avQmcsaumufcEiz,&aMumif;
                                                  dfIf       h               H dk f G f dS              rEÅav;? pufwifbm 16
vkyfukdifrnfh vkyfief;okH;ckrSm &wem            OD;oef;atmifuqkdonf/                                           jrefrmEdkifiHwpf0ef;vHk;&Sd
NzdK;pufokH;qDa&mif;0,fa&;vkyfief;?                                d f
                                                        rEÅav;wki;a'oBuD; ukewif             f                               k
                                                                                                        oufwrf;&ifh um;tdum;a[mif;
                                                                                                        rsm;udk y,fzsufNyD; um;wif
         d             f Hk k f
&wempk;rD;aoG;awmihpuf½vyief;ESihf              ,mOfBuD;MuyfrIaumfrwDukd 2010                           oGif;cGifhjyKum um;opfrsm;ESifh
           d
&wemrk;um;a&aq;qDvuvyief;     dk f k f          jynfhESpf Zefe0g&DvwGif zJGUpnf;cJhNyD;                 tpm;xdk;rnf[k owif; xGuf
 INSTITUTIONAL
                                                                                                        ay:vmNyD;aemuf rEÅav;NrdKU
                                                                                                        armfawmf,mOfa[mif;aps;uGuf

  rEåav;wGif vkdif;um;rsm;ukd                                                                           twGif;&Sd csufyvufum;tdkBuD;
                                                                                                                      f k           h
                                                                                                        rsm;\ aps;EIe;oH;qcefY jrifwuf
                                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                        oGm;aMumif; csuyvufarmfawmf
                                                                                                        ,mOfydkif&SifwpfOD;u ajymMum;
  acsmrqJGawmU[kqkd                                                                                     onf/
                                                                                                                                       k
                                                                                                               ,if;um;Bu;D rsm;rSm tqdyg
rEÅav;? pufwifbm 16                                                                                     owif;rsm; w&m;0ifxGufay:
        rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; armf                &ygr,f/ ,mOfyi&iawGbufuvnf;
                                                                       dk f S f                         vmNyD; aemuf ,cifu usyf 15
awmf,mOfvkyfief;aygif;pkHxdef;odrf;             vufcygw,f}} [k r.x.o (ta0;ajy;)
                                                       H                                                odef;? 20 odef;omaygufaps;&Sd
a&;aumfrwD(r.xo)atmufwGif                       aumfrwD0ifESifh ,mOfykdif&SifwpfOD;u                    aomfvnf; ,cktcg (pufwifbm
                                                                                                        v 14 &ufaeYtxd jzpfcaom     hJ
2011 ckESpf ZGefv 16 &ufaeYrSpí                 jznfhpGufajymMum;onf/                                           f
                                                                                                        aps;EIe;t&) usyfodef; 60 txd
acsmum;pepf yaysmufoGm;NyDjzpf                         ]]r.x.o&JU vkyfief;pOfawG                        ta&mif;t0,fjzpfcJhaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
                  df         D
aMumif; rEÅav;wki;a'oMu; r.x.o                  twGuf uRefawmfwkdY armfawmf,mOf                                tqdkygum;ta[mif;aps;uGufwGif csufyvufum;BuD;rsm;omru zefrfrvD,mum;rsm;tygt0if
(ta0;ajy;) Ouú| OD;oef;xGef;u                                 H      h
                                                awG tok;jyKwJtcg uReawmfwYdkuyJ    f                    um;tdk um;a[mif;tcsKdUvnf; ta&mif;t0,fjzpfaeaMumif; aps;uGuftwGif;rS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
ajymMum;onf/                                    qDpkduf? vlpkdufeJY vkdufygay;&w,f/                            aumuf,lxm;aom pm&if;rsm;t& rEÅav;NrdKUwGif; ajy;qGJaeaom c&D;onfwifum;rsm;teuf ESpf
                         H
        ]]acsmum;vkYd rok;&awmhygbl;/                D                   dk d
                                                tJ'twGuf qDz;ukvnf; wpf*gvef                            40 ausmf um;tdkum;a[mif;tpD; 200 cefY&SdaMumif; rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; armfawmf,mOfvkyfief;aygif;pHk
vkyfief;,mOfvkdY ajymif;vJac:yg                 2500 usyfeYJ ESp*gvefz;yJ &Si;ay;yg
                                                                           f    dk   f                  xdef; odrf;a&;aumfrwD (r.x.o-NrdKUwGif;) Ouú| OD;odef;vdIifu ajymMum;onf/
w,f/ acwfpepfeYJrukunwtwGuf
                       d f D hJ                 w,f/ usewhJ tjyifu0,f&wJh qDz;?
                                                                f                           dk                 rEÅav; r.x.o (NrdKUwGif;) tpnf;ta0;cef;rü pufwifbmv 15 &ufaeYu owif;rD'D,mrsm;ESifh
yg}} [k ¤if;uqkdonf/                            '½kdifbmzkd;? py,f,mc? pm;p&dwf?                        yxrqHk;tBudrfawGUqHkyGJwGif ¤if;u,if;uJhodkY ajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/
        ]]acsmum;qkwm ,mOfyi&iu
                     d          dk f S f        aomufp&dwf wpfaeYwmepfemrIawG                                  ]]uRefawmfwdkY rEÅav;NrdKUwGif c&D;onfwif,mOfvdkif;tjzpf ajy;qGJaewJh trSwf 6 vdkif;rSm csufyvuf
ukd,fhpD;yGm;ukd r&Sm&bJeJY tom;                ukd jyefvnfpuxway;wmrsKd;r&Syg
                                                                  dk f k f             d                um;BuD; 45 pD;&Sdygw,f/ wcsKdUvnf; ta&mif;t0,fjzpfaewm awGU&ygw,f}} [k trSwf 6 ,mOfvdkif;
vGwfvkdufNyD; ulnDay;&wm/ qDay;                 bl;/ uReawmfwYdkudk bm0efaqmifrIrS
                                                            f                                           Ouú|OD;[efuqdkonf/
                                                                                                               rEÅav;NrdKUwGif; c&D;onfwifarmfawmf,mOfvdkif;rsm;teuf csufyvufum;BuD;rsm;rSm tdka[mif;
wm&Sd? qDray;wmvnf;&Sdw,f/ tck                                                f
                                                ray;ygbl;}}[k *&dwarmfawmf,mOfvi;f       dk             oufwrf;&ifhí y,fzsuf&rnfqdkyguvnf; ,if;um;BuD;rsm;udk rSDcdkpD;eif;ae&aom c&D;onfrsm;twGuf
'Dacsmum;pepfu yaysmufoavmuf                             dk f S f
                                                rS ,mOfyi&iwpfO;D jzpfol OD;atmifjr0if;                 tcuftcJrjzpfap&ef r.x.o (NrdKUwGif;) u tqifajyatmif pDpOfay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; rEÅav; r.x.o
&SdygNyD/ vkyfief;,mOfvkdY ajymif;ac:           uajymMum; (owif;azmfjyNyD; The                          (NrdKUwGif;) aumfrwD0ifwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
            H G l
w,f/ ok;pJou wef&mwefaMu;ay;                    Voice Weekly Vol.7, No.37) onf/
BOOK
     BUYING GUIDE
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




   Vol.7 / No.41                                                                                                                 VOICE
                                                                                                                               The




                                                                                                                twk d i f ; twmwpf c k a vmuf t xd                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                   tcef;rsm;udk rsu&nfawmufawmuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                          September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The




                                                                                                                                                                                                                trSmpmwGif þfaqmif;yg;rsm;udk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 21




yxrurÇmodkh 'kwd,wpfacguf                                                                                       *kPf,l0ifhMuGm;cGifh&Sdonf/ odkYaomf
                                                                                                                tjcm;EdkifiHrsm;udkrl txifao; ESdrfcs
                                                                                                                          H
                                                                                                                qufqzYkd rvd/ xdtcsufukd tmqD,H
                                                                                                                                  k k
                                                                                                                                                                   usonftxd cHpm;a&;om;xm;onf
                                                                                                                                                                        d
                                                                                                                                                                   qkaom tcsufwpfcsuf awGU&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                   olajymxm;onfEinrnD zwfMunfh
                                                                                                                                                                                             S hf D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                owif;orm;wpfOD;\tjrifrS wwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Edkifoa&GU tpGJuif;uif; taESmiftzGJY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                vGwfvGwf ½IjrifokH;oyfa&;om;xm;
    f
ausmA[de;f                                                                                                      owif;orm;taeESihf pifumyltpd;&       k             MuzdkYvdkonf/ pifumyltrsKd;om;aeY            jcif;jzpfaMumif;? olYb0wGif olcH,l
             tm&S\ EdkifiHa&;okcrdefwpfOD;                                                                      \ tpDtpOfzdwfMum;rIjzifh pifumyl                   usif;yonfhjrifuGif;udk jc,frIef;jy&m         usifhokH;onfrSm ½dk;om;ajzmifhrwfrI
[k trsm;uvufcxm;Muol? qdyurf;   H                           f                                                          d
                                                                                                                trsK;om;aeYtcrf;tem; wufa&muf                                            d
                                                                                                                                                                   wGif pifumyltrsK;om;tvHukd aumif;            omvQifjzpfaMumif;? rnfolYudkrqdk?
NrKd Ui,fuav;wpfcukd urÇmhtodtrSwf    k                                                                             hf h
                                                                                                                cGi&cJol owif;pmq&m ausmA[de;   f      f                         G
                                                                                                                                                                   uifxufwif &[wf,mOfrsm;jzifh 0JysH                      h       ö
                                                                                                                                                                                                                rnfonfta&;udprqd?k rnfoYltwGuf
jyK EkdifiHopfwpfcktjzpf arG;zGm;                                                                               u olYc&D;pOftwGif; odjrifcJhorQ                        d f         h
                                                                                                                                                                   cswqjJG yonfae&mta&muf pmzwfol               rqd?k rnfonftcsde?f rnfonfae&m   h
oefYpifay;cJhol pifumylEdkifiHESifh                                                                             rSwfwrf;wifxm;onf/ olYtawG;                        rsm;vnf; pma&;olae&mwGif a&muf                    f      k       h I kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                wGirqkd ½d;om;ajzmifrwfruom ESv;kH
pifumylom;wdYk\ acgif;udizcifBuD;                    k f                                                        olYtjrifjzpfaomfvnf; pmzwforsm;    l               aeygu pma&;oluJhokdYyif cHpm;&Edkif          oGif;aMumif;? olYaqmif;yg;rsm;udk
vDur,;u olYEiiukd wwd,urÇm
        G f l                 kd f H                                                                                        hf kd f D
                                                                                                                [',ESiuunp&mrsm;zG,&onf/      f dS                 onf/ rsuf&nfusEdkifonf/                      vnf; pmzwfy&dowfxH ½k;om;ajzmifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         d
EdkifiHwpfcktqifhrS yxrurÇmEdkifiH                                                                                       txl ; owd x m;oif h o nf r S m                      owif;pmq&mrsm;? owif;              rwfpGm tyfESHaMumif; a&;xm;onf/
tqifoYkd ydYaqmifay;cJonf[qonf/
            h k                           h            k kd                                                     pifumylodkY rdrdom;orD;udk ausmif;                 orm;rsm;? rD'D,morm;rsm;twGuf                zwfMunfhvQif ol rnfrQ½dk;ajzmifh
þtaMumif; oludk,fwdkifa&;om;                                                                                    ydkYxm;vkdufrS aeYcsif;ncsif; vl&m0if              tajccHtusqkH;ESifh ta&;tBuD;qkH;                                        k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                aMumif;odrnf/ xdYk twl EdiitwGuf
xm;onfh From Third World to First                                                                               oGm;rwwf txifa&mufaeol jrefrm                              k           h                d
                                                                                                                                                                   rSm ½d;om;ajzmifrwfrjI zpfonf/ yk*K¾ vf      ta&;BuD;onfh pwkw¬r@KdifwGif
]wwd,urÇmrS yxrurÇmodYk} pmtkyf                                                                                 rdbrsm; qifjcifowdxm;oifhp&m                       pGJ? tzGJYtpnf;pGJ? vlrsKd;pGJ? t,l0g'pGJ    &Sdae&rnfh owif;pmq&mwdkYtwGuf
uvnf; urÇmausmfonf/ xdYk aMumifh                                                                                                        k
                                                                                                                tcsufrsm;jzpfonf/ xdtcsufrsm;udk                   rnfrQ&Sdapumrl ½dk;om;ajzmifhrwfrI&Sd        b,ft&mu ta&;tBuD;qkH;? tNrJ
oluifyGef;wyfxm;onfh yxrurÇm                                                                                    vnf; owif;orm;jzpfonfhtwGuf                                  k       f
                                                                                                                                                                   vQif xdtcsursm; tvG,wuljyKjyif   f           vufudkifjyK&rnfht&m jzpfrnfudk
udk tpGJjyKum pma&;ol ausmfA[def;                                                                               olYaqmif;yg;rsm;wGif axmufjya0zef                  Edkifonf/ r½dk;ajzmifholjzpfvQifum;          &SmazGMunfhMuapvdkonf/
u ]yxrurÇmodkY 'kwd,wpfacguf}                                                                                   rI? owday;tBuHjyKrItcsKdUudkvnf;                   rdk;ysHatmifawmfaeapumrl oufqdkif                   ynmOD;aoQmifpmtkyfwdkufu
[laomtrnfjzifh þpmapmifwGif                                                                                     awGY&onf/                                          &mvlYtzGYJtpnf;twGuf 'kuay;oljzpf  ©         xkwfa0NyD; a&mif;aps; usyf 2500
a&;om;cJhonfh c&D;oGm;aqmif;yg;                                      xkwfp&m jypf'Pfrsm;&SdaomEdkifiH?                   pma&;oltrSmpmwGif tcsKdU                  zkdY &mEIef;rsm;onf/ ausmfA[def;\            owfrSwfxm;onf/
rsm;udk pkpnf;xkwa0xm;aom pmtkyf   f                                 yGJcNrdK;NrdK;jrufjruf&vQif rnfonfh
jzpfonf/
             pifumylonf ,aeYjrefrmvlrsKd;?
                                                                     t&mrqdk Mum;cH0,f,lay;Edkifonfh
                                                                     yGJpm;rsm;&SdaeaomEkdifiH? csrf;omol?
                                                                                                                                        New Books
              k f H
jrefrmEdiiom; ode;cs&aeaom EkiiH        f D dS                 d f   ynmwwfolrSeforQ wHcg;r&Sd"m;r&Sd
wpfckjzpfonfhtjyif aiGaMu;twef                                       tpGrf;ukefzGifhay;xm;aomEdkifiH? csrf;     ck'´uedum,f "r®y'\ "r®&orsm;
toifhwwfEdkifol jrefrmrdbrsm;\                                       om<u,f0a&;om t"duoabmxm;                          d
                                                                                                                OD;0rfxe?f wefzdk; - 4000
om;orD;rsm;udk ausmif;wufapvdk                                       vmjcif;? rdrdwdk;wufBuD;yGm;zdkYt"du
aomae&mvnf;jzpfaeonf/ xdYktjyif                                                                     H Gf f
                                                                     oabmxm;vmjcif;ESihf ykoi;tkycsKyf                    "r®y'ygVdawmftaeeJYyjJ zpfjzpf?          t"dyÜm,fb,fvdk&Sdw,f? vufawGU
A[dkcsKyfudkifaompepfjzifh EdkifiHzGHUNzdK;                          pDrHcefYcGJrIykHpHrsm;aMumifh rdrdtwGuf                         d
                                                                                                                "r®y'ygVdawmfeó,taeeJYyjJzpfjzpf?                          kd h kH d f
                                                                                                                                                                   b,fvusifo;vkuem&w,fqwm               kd
      k
wd;wufatmif pGr;aqmifEiaomEkiiH     f             kd f          df   omodol? rdrdwdkYxufedrfhyg;olrsm;udk       "r®y'0w¬KawmfawGtaeeJYyJjzpfjzpf                   awGudk t"duxm;NyD; *gxmwpfck
wpfcvnf; jzpfonf/ xdYkaemuf urÇmY
          k                                                          cGJjcm;qufqHwwfol? EdkifiHtwGif;&Sd        "r®y'qkdif&mavmuD? avmukwå&m                       csif;pDudk rlv*gxmawmf? jrefrmjyef
                      f H
toefYt&Si;qk;? pnf;urf;t&Sq;NrdKU                         d Hk         kf
                                                                     EdiijH cm;om;rsm;udk rdrwYkdtvkytudif
                                                                                                  d       f k   usifhpOfeJYtawG;tjrifawGtaeeJY                     t"dyÜm,f*gxmawmfjzpfay:vmyHk
awmf? urÇmay:wGif vmbftpm;rI                                         tcGitvrf;rsm;tm; vma&mufv,l
                                                                             hf                             k   yJ j zpf j zpf wpf p k w pf p nf ; wnf ; eJ Y      (Zmwfvrf;? 0w¬K) ? "r®&o (*gxmrS
tuif;pifqkH;EdkifiHtenf;i,fteuf                                      aeolrsm;tjzpf ½Ijrifvmol rsKd;quf                       h kH kH          I dk f
                                                                                                                jynhjf ynfppavhvmzwf½Eir,fh pmtkyf                 xk w f , l & &S d o nf h &ocH p m;csuf ) ?
                kd f
u wpfEii?H vlxo,f,yYkdaqmifa&;    k            l                     opfEdkifiHom;rsm; arG;xkwfay;ae                                        f
                                                                                                                jzpfygw,fvYkd 'Dpmtky&UJ aemufausm                 vufawGUusifhoHk;vkdufem&eftcsuf
pepf taumif;qkH;NrdKUawmf? tpp                                                  dfH
                                                                     aomEkiitjzpf tjcm;wpfzufu ½Ijrif           zHk;rSm azmfjyxm;ygw,f/ ]"r®y'\                    qdkNyD; tydkif; ig;ykdif;cGJNyD;wifjyxm;
t&m&m vkNH cHKpdwcs&rIt&Sq;NrdKUawmf
                            f                    d Hk                p&mrsm;&SaeaomEkiivnf;jzpfonf/
                                                                                    d       d f H               "r®&orsm;} vdYk trnfay;xm;wJ'pm      h D           wmyg/ ,r*0*f? "dwå0*f? Amv0*f?
ponfponfjzifh emrnfaumif;rsm;                                                   þEdkifiHonf tmqD,Htodkuf              f JS
                                                                                                                tkyxrm rlv*gxm? jrefrmjyef t"dym,f    Ü                                h
                                                                                                                                                                   t&[EÅ0*f pwJ0*f 26 ck&UJ atmufrSm
vnf; xGufaeaomEkdifiHjzpfonf/                                        t0ef;wGif pD;yGm;a&;ESifh "etiftm;         0w¬KZmwfvrf;? ouf0ifcpm;p&m&o     H                rS pu©Kygvrax&f0w¬K? a'0'wå
                                                                                                                eJY usifo;vkuemzG,tcsuftvuf
                                                                                                                           h kH d f       f                        0w¬K? omrm0wD0w¬K oD&drm0w¬K?                6 wGJ? usD;oJav;xyfq&mawmfBuD;
tjcm;wpfzufwivnf; Ediia&;t&G f                      k f H                             k f H
                                                                     t&a&m Ediiom;wdYk\ tqiftwef;       h
                                                                                                                awGudk wpfae&mwnf;rSm zwf½IEkdif                   udoma*gwrD0w¬K? 0domcg0w¬K? t*kF             &JU Zdew¬yumoeDusrf;? q&mBuD;
        f            I d Hk k f
vGwvyfrr&Sq;Edii?H Budr'PfuoYkd                      f          hJ   t&yg eHygwfwpfae&mwGif&Sdaeaom
vlYtcGifhta&;ESifhywfoufí ar;cGef;                                                                              vdrhfr,fvdkY arQmfvifhxm;aMumif; pm                vdrmvr ax&f 0w¬K pwJh0w¬K yk'f               OD;pHatmif&UJ "r®y'0w¬KawmfBuD; pwJh
                                                                     aMumifh ola&mufaeaomae&mtay:
                                                                                                                a&;olu qkdxm;ygw,f/ "r®y'                          a&aygif; 300 ausmf yg0ifygw,f/               pma&;ol r D S j irf ; jyKxm;wJ h pmtk y f
                                                                                                                *gxmawmfawGudk jrwfpGmbk&m;u                       pmrsufEm 566 rsufEmyg0ifygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                             S               S                  pm&if;udkvnf; pmtkyf&JU aemufqHk;
       SELF- HELP
                                                                                                                b,foYludk taMumif;jyKNyD;a[mw,f?                           f
                                                                                                                                                                   rif;uGe;q&mawmfBuD;&JU r[mAk'0if        ¨    pmrsufESmrSmazmfjyxm;ygw,f/

      pnf;rsOf;vkdufem oifUb0rSm                                                                                vkyfief;i,fwpfckudk &SifoefatmifpOf;pm;jcif;ESifU tjcm;aqmif;yg;rsm;
      The Rules of Life                                                                                         rif;atmifrif;? wefzdk; - 2000
                                                                                                                          pD;yGm;a&;eJY uif;uGmvdkYr&ol                                                                           h kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ajyvnfapr,fvtyfcsuawG? vrf;ñTef f
      Leave a little space of yourself each day                                                                 wkdif;twGuf oifhawmfr,fhpmtkyfjzpf                                                              csufawGvnf; yg0ifwmawGU&rSmyg/
                                                                                                                ygvdrhfr,f/ pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifawG                                                           ]pD;yGm;a&;aqmif;yg;awGzwfNyD; 'gawG
               U   f kd f kd f d f    f
      aehpOfoiftwGuu,yitcsetenf;i,fcsexm;yg                                                                                   k hf        f
                                                                                                                taeeJY ud,&UJ vkyief;u BuD;onfjzpf                                                              vufawGUvkyfvdkYr&ao;[k nnf;ae
      Richard Templar                                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                ap? i,fonfjzpfap vkyief;wpfc&ioef            kSf                                                olawGvnf;&Sdonf/ vufawGUvkyf
                                                                                                                                     kd k f h
                                                                                                                atmif b,fvvyoifw,f? ta&mif;                                                                     EkdifwmawGjrifjyefawmhvnf; vkyf
                                       dk
      jrESi;f qD (Mra Hninzi) bmomjyefqonf                                                                      ryg;atmif b,fvdkvkyfoifhw,fqdk                                                                  rMunhfao;bJ 'gawGodNyD;om;ygyJ
            I find time spent doing nothing really important and as soon as                                     wJh tBuHjyKcsufawG wpfyHkwpfyifyg                                                               [k xifwwfMujyefonf/ 'gqdkvQif
      I complicate it, it loses something. If I add a cup of coffee to my                                       0ifw,f/ 'ghtjyif pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;                                                             rdrdudk,frdrd t&nftcsif;wkd;wuf
      solitude, then it's a coffee break and not a space just for me. If I listen                               vkyfudkifaeolawG? tckrS pD;yGm;a&;                                                              atmif tcsdefay;avhvmcJhNyD;NyDvm;/
      to music, then it's a music break. If I have a companion with me and                                              f          k k
                                                                                                                vkyief;wpfccpwifvyuizYkd wmpl     k f kd f                                                                       df        D kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                avhvmzdYk tcseay;cJNh yND yqvQif ta&mif;
      I chat, then it's a social occasion. If I read the papers, then I have
      moved away entirely from the concept of a little space for me. Keep                                       aeolawG? pD;yGm;a&;eJYqufpyfwJhudpö                                                             ynmud k a &m avh v mcJ h N yD ; NyD v m;/
      it simple. Keep it bare. Keep it pure.                                                                    &yfawGukd od&Sdxm;vkdolawGtwGuf                                                                                                   hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                aemufwpfqifh aMumfjimESicif;usi;f rIawG
                          f G
            oD;oefYtcsdewif bmrSrvkybxm;jcif;onf trSeyifta&;BuD;
                                          f J                   f                                               tokH;wnfhEkdifr,fh pD;yGm;a&;eJYouf                                                             udka&m tcsdefay;avhvmcJhNyD;NyDvm;/
                                                          ö
      aMumif; uRefawmfcHpm;rdonf/ xdktcsdefudk tjcm;udprsm;jzifh ½IyfaxG;                                       qkdifwJh emrnfausmftjzpftysufawG                                                                    H JG I kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                pDrcefYcruvnf; avhvmcJNh yD;NyDvm;.
                  d f                kd    h                k d
      apygu tcse\oD;oefYwefz;avsmenf;oGm;onf/ xdqwNf idrcsewif     f d f G                                      jzpfwhJ a&eHaps;EIe;usqif;rIEihf urÇmh
                                                                                                                                            f              S       aqmif;yg;u om;orD;ylqm'Pfudk                 . .} pwJh pmom;rsKd;awGudk ydkaeNrJ?
      aumfzDwpfcGufaomufygu aumfzDaomufcsdefjzpfoGm;rnf? oD;oefY                                                pD;yGm;a&;tajctae? tNrJ q&mBuD;                           h dk f dk f G f d
                                                                                                                                                                   BuhHBuHciEipr;r&SwhJ rdbawGtwGuf             usm;aeNrJyJ aumif;wmvm;qdkwJh
      tcsdefr[kwfawmhyg/ oDcsif;em;axmifvQif *DwtcsdefjzpfoGm;rnf/                                              vkyfvkdYr&onfh ,ltufpfa':vm?                       toHk;wnfhvdrhfr,f/                                                        hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                aqmif;yg;rSm zwf&vdrr,f/ t½I;udk          H
      tazmfwpfOD;&SdNyD; xdkolESifh pum;ajymvQif vlrIa&;tcsdefjzpfoGm;rnf/                                      urÇmhbPf G 20 ESifh qif;&JrGJawrI                          uav;awGudk aiGaMu;eJYywf             xdef;csKyjf cif;? tajymif;tvJEi&Dquf S hf
      owif;pmzwfvQifrl udk,fydkiftcsdefqdkonfh owfrSwfcsufrS a&GUvsm;                                             H J
                                                                                                                EGxu vloef; 90 povdk aqmif;yg;                     oufvdkY rSefrSefuefuefvrf;jyapEkdif          &Sif;? a&T\ta&;ygrI ? EkdifiHESifha<u;
      oGm;NyDjzpfonf/ xdkYaMumifh oD;oefYtcsdefav;udk ½dk;pif;pGmxm;yg/                                         awGudkvnf; A[kow&zG,f zwf&yg  k                    a&;twGuf rdbjzpfolawGrSm wm0ef               NrD? GDP ESifh GPI wdkY\uGJjym;aom
      Avmxm;yg/ pifMu,fpGmxm;yg/                                                                                     fh
                                                                                                                vdrr,f/ 'DpmtkyfxJu uav;rsm;                       tjynf h t 0&S d a Mumif ; qd k x m;wJ h                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                tjrif? vdaiGaygif;jcif;\ aumif;usKd;
                                                                                                                aiGaMu;taMumif;em;vnfapzdkYqdkwJh                  aqmif;yg;yg/ 'DtaMumif;t&mukd                pwJh aqmif;yg; 40 yg0ifw,f/
    22
  The




BOOK
     VOICE
                      BUYING GUIDE                                                                                                                                                      Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




r*Fvmarmifr,fawG toHk;0ifr,fU                                                           The Wedding Guide
                      S
           'D0guRwfrm r*Fvmaqmifr,f                                                             rSwfwrf;wifzdkYvdktyfwJh "mwfyHkeJY                                 k kd f      f G f
                                                                                                                                                jyifqifxm;zdYk vdtyfEir,fh tdrwi;                         ygw,f/
      k l
qdoawGtwGuf r*FvmyGwpfyrm vdk    J     JG S                                                     AD'D,dk½dkuful;olrsm;? r*Fvmaqmif               tvSqifvkyfief;? aqmufvkyfa&;                                    owif;tcsutvufaqmif;yg;f
        kd f hJ
tyfEiwowif;tcsutvufawGukd    f                                                                  tNyD; ysm;&nfqrf;c&D;twGuf udk,f                vkyief;? wducef;ESihf uGe'kd ta&mif;
                                                                                                                                                    f        k f             f                            qefqeftawGU&enf;NyD; aMumfjimrsm;
  h kd        kf
yHy;ay;Edir,fh Wedding Guide pmtkyf                                                                          hJ
                                                                                                oGm;csifwae&mudk tptqH;pDpOfay;       k         ukrÜPDawG? ajr,mtvSjyKjyifjcif;                           wmawG U &vd k Y aqmif ; yg;qef q ef
yg/                                                                                             r,f h c &D ; oG m ;vk y f i ef ; awG ? jynf y   vkyfief;awGyg yg0ifygw,f/                                 vrf ; ñT e f r I u d k vd k c sif o l a wG x uf
                          hJ
           r*Fvmaqmifwtcg vktyfEif    d dk                                                      ysm;&nfqrf;c&D;taMumif;awGyg                           'D p mtk y f u d k 3500 usyf e J Y                 aMumfjimxJu owif;tcsuftvuf
                    k
wJh taumif;qH; r*Fvm&ufjrwf&uf                                                                  azmfjyyg&Sdygw,f/                               tif;0pmtkyfwdkuf? pmayavmueJY                                      kd l
                                                                                                                                                                                                          &Smr,fqoawGtwGuyNkd yD; oifawmf f          h
aumif ; awG u d k q&mpH Z mPD b d k u                                                                   r*FvmraqmifESif;cif BudKwif             eD;pyf&mpmtkyfqdkifawGrSm 0,f,lEdkif                      ygvdrfhr,f/
wGufcsufay;xm;wmrsKd;? wifrdk;vGif                                                              PRODUCT
&JU pdwfBudKufzdwfpm 'DZdkif;a&G;cs,frI
ESifh zdwfMum;jcif;? r*Fvm0wfpHk
twG u f a&S m if & r,f h ta&mif e J Y
tBuH j yKcsuf ? r*F v mta&mif
                                                                                                vdk&maygif;Ekdifr,fU CORNELL Steamer
a&G;cs,frI? vufxyfr*FvmyGJ t0if                                                                         tom;aygif;awG? aygufpDawG
txGuf tcrf;tem; tao;pdwf?                                                                                       h             k
                                                                                                eJY wjcm;toifpm;zufxy?f aumfjyefY
r*Fvmrdwuyfvr;jc,fryptaMumif;
                 f    df       I kH H                                                           awGudk udk,hftdrfrSmyJ pdwfwkdif;us
awGyg cyfpHkpHkzwf½I&rSmyg/                                                                     aygif;pm;vkdolawGtwGuf Steamer
           'gh t jyif r*F v myG J t wG u f                                                                  k                          df
                                                                                                CS- 202 qdwh J a&aEG;aiGUeJYaygif;ay;Ekir,fh
vdktyfwJhaA'ifq&m? zdwfpmuwf?                         [dkw,fr*FvmyGJrSm auR;arG ; r,f h         ypönf;av;udk ñTefay;csifygw,f/
r*Fvm0wfpHkzefwD;olrsm;? r*Fvm                        tpm;taomufawG? {nfhcH auR;arG;            'Daygif;pufav;utqifhoHk;qifhyg
0wfpHk? ydk;xnfqdkif? tvSzefwD;&Sif?                  ypön;f tiSm;qdiawGuvnf; qufo,f
                                                                    kf     kd             G     0ifwmrdkY cyfrsm;rsm;udk wpfcgwnf;
             J D
r*FvmyGppOfo?l vuf0wf&wemqdif               k         &r,fhvdyfpm? zkef;eHygwfawGeJY azmfjy                   l
                                                                                                aygif;csifoawGygtqifajyaprSmyg/
eJY vuf0wf&wemtiSm;qdkifrsm;?                         ay;xm;wmaMumif h zk e f ; eJ Y quf        oHacs;rwufatmif Stainless Steel
yef;tvSqifvkyfief;? tvSjyifqdkif?                     oG,fNyD; BudKar;xm;vdkYvnf;&rSmyg/                  f
                                                                                                eJY jyKvkyxm;NyD; ig;oavmufaygif;?
    k
[dw,feYJ cef;raqmifrsm;? pm;aomufqi?f       kd               r*FvmyGJrwdkifcifeJY r*FvmyGJudk   Muufaygif;&nf? tom;aygif;awGuyg           kd
PRODUCT




   jrefrmpmvufuGufeJh aygUyg;wJU                                                  Netbook                        av;wpfck                       El;tdatmifaygif;EkdifwJhtjyif qefudk
                                                                                                                                                yg wpf c k c k e J Y x nh f N yD ; aygif ; Ek d i f y g
                                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                w,fvYkd 'Dypön;wifoi;jzefYcsoawG G f      d l
                                                                                                                                                                                                          aps;EIef;u 42000 usyf jzpfygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                          'D a ygif ; puf a v;uk d pd w f 0 if p m;
                                                                                                                                                                                                          vdkY0,f,lcsif&ifjzpfjzpf udk,fhtwGuf
                                                      auG;auG; ayghayghyg;yg;BudKufolawG        povdkvufaqmifay;rSmjzpfw,fvdkY                  u qkdygw,f/                                                      f          kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                          trSewu,fvtyf rvdtyf tm;omk
                                                      twGufyg/                                  qdkw,f/ vwfwavm aps;EIef;u                             'ghtjyif aygif;pufav;udkzGifh                      csuf tm;enf;csufudk ar;jref;csif&if
                                                            'D Netbook av;uao;w,fvYkd           tar&duefa':vm 303 owfrwxm;        S f                                d
                                                                                                                                                xm;&if; tylcsef 105 C. a&mufvmvdYk                        yJ j zpf j zpf CORNELL SALES &
                                                      qkdvkduf&ayr,fh Screen u 11.6"            NyD; trSwf -143? 46 vrf;? tay:?                                          k
                                                                                                                                                rD;rsm;vm&if tvdtavsmufywxm;             d f              MARKETING CENTRE trS w f
                                                      LED Backlight Screen yg/ puf&JU             k f
                                                                                                AdvwaxmifNrdKUe,fu? Micro Com-                  ay;r,fh pepfvnf;yg0ifygw,f/                               48? vomvrf;? vomNrKd Ue,f? &efuef       k
                                                               d f
                                                      tav;cseuawmh 1.5 Kg omav;rSm              puter rS m 0,f v d k Y & rS m yg/ www.          Steamer CS - 202 ypö n f ; av;u                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                          zke; 09-73033088? 09-73033033
                                                      yg/ 'gayrJh Laptop wpfvHk;rSm&Sdxdkuf     micromyanmar.com rSmvnf; tao;                   CORNELL trS w f w H q d y f j zpf N yD ;                  ukd qufoG,fEkdifygvdrfhr,f/
                                                                              k
                                                      wJh Function awGvnf;pHwmawGU&rSm          pdwf0ifMunhfvdkY&ygw,f/                                   dk f H
                                                                                                                                                pifumylEiiuae wifoi;wmjzpfNyD;       Gf
                                                      yg/ Hasee trS w f w H q d y f E-210
                                                                                                 PROMOTION
                                                      armf',fvfjzpfNyD; Intel Atom D 525
                                                      1.8 GHz CPU ? Intel GMA 3150
                                                      Graphics, 1 GB DDR3 ? HDD 320
                                                      GB SATA, Card Reader , Wireless
                                                                                                  xkdif;tpm;tpmawG 0,fEkdifr,fUae&m
                                                      LAN, Web Cam povdkawGyg0if                      'Taste of Thailand Food
                                                      wmyg/ USB Port ESpfck yg0ifwJh 'D         Fastival' vkdY trnfay;xm;wJh xkdif;
     jrefrmpmvufuGufeJY Note-                         Netbook u 6 Cell 5200m Ah@li-             tpm;tpmrsKd;pkHukd wpfpkwpfpnf;
                          f
book udjk refrmjynfaps;uGuxJ pwif                     ion bufx&DtrsKd; tpm;yg/                  wnf; a&mif;ay;r,fh tpDtpOfukd
rdwfqufxm;wJh Hasee uae xyf                                'D Netbook udk wpfESpftmrcH          &efukefeJY rEÅav;u City Mart qkdif
xkwfvkdufwJh Netbook wpfrsKd;yg/                      oufwrf;ay;xm;NyD; 0,f,lolawG              cGJawGrSm jyKvkyfrSmyg/ Sampling
                  J         h
tifwmeufo;Hk zkYdyt"du xm;wJtjyif                     udkvnf; Hasee trSwfwHqdyf½dkufESdyf       Counter awGrSm xkdif;½kd;&m&ompkH
     G              G f
b,fom;oGm; ,lom;csivYkd ao;ao;                        xm;wJh xD;? Notepad ? Keychain            tpm;tpmawGudk jrnf;prf;0,f,Eifl dk
PRODUCT



Key Pad                               BuD;wJU           Handset
                                                                                                                                                ygvdrfhr,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                          &JU wm0ef&Sdolu ajymygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   pufwifbm 15 &ufuae 28
                                                                                                                                                                                                          &ufaeYtxd 'DtpDtpOfudk jyKvyrmyg/    kfS
           vli,fawGBudKufESpfoufr,fh                                                                                                                    xkdif;½kd;&mpm;aomufukefawG                                 kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                          ajreDue; City Mart eJY a&TawmifMum;
ta&mifav;awG&UJ qGaqmifreYJ twl    J         I                                                                                                  vwfqwfwJhopfoD;awGpwJh trsKd;                                                         d f JG S
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Marketplace rEÅav;qkicawGrmawmh
ud k & D ; ,m;'D Z d k i f ; eJ Y xk w f x m;w,f                                                                                                tpm;aygif ; 170 ausmf wpf p k                                                       S
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Promotion Area awGrm oD;oefYaumif
vdkYqdkwJh GSM Handset yg/ acguf                                                                                                                wpfpnf;wnf; a&mif;csay;rSmjzpf                            wmawGeJY a&mif;ay;rSmjzpfw,f/
     f k H
zke;yHpav;jzpfNyD; zuf&iususeYJ vy   S f          S                                                                                             w,fvYdk qw,f/ xki;Ekii&UJ emrnf
                                                                                                                                                             dk           d f d f H                                     S
                                                                                                                                                                                                          'D&ufawGrm usyEpaomif;zk; 0,f,l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f S f           d
                f l
wmudk BudKuoawGtwGuf tqifajy                                                                                                                                    f H d f
                                                                                                                                                ausmf trSwwqyvuf&mawGjzpfwhJ                              olwkdif;twGuf City Mart eJY wjcm;
yg vdrhfr,f/ 'Dzkef;u Senior. Phone                                                                                                             yJEkdY&nf? Ice Coffee? [if;cwftESpf?                      vkyfief;awGu yl;aygif;pDpOfxm;wJh
trsKd ; tpm;jzpf N yD ; uif r &m 2.0                                                                                                            wkH,rf;[if;csKd? yifv,fa&n§d? *s,f                        uHprf;rJtpDtpOfvnf;&Sw,f/ uHx;d          l
Megapixels yg0ifygw,f/                                                                                                                          vDaygif'grIefY? MuufOacsmif;? 0ufO                        olpm&if;ukd atmufwkdbmv 5 &uf
           "mwfrD;av;yg0ifwmawGUwJh                                                                                                             acsmif;? aumfzD? ysm;&nfpwJh pm;                                 S              d f JG S
                                                                                                                                                                                                          aeYrm City Mart qkicawGrm aMumfjim
tjyif MP 4, MP3 , FM awGomru                                                                                                                                k f
                                                                                                                                                aomufueawGtjyif xki;Ekiixuf     d f d f H G               ay;xm;ygvdrhfr,f/ 'DuHxl;olu
bJ toHzrf;,lEiryg toH;jyKEkir,fh
                        dk f I            k d f                                                                                                                         D
                                                                                                                                                emewfoD;? vkH*rfo;? e*g;armufo;?            D             Bangkok Airways &JU Yangon-Ban-
   f
zke;yg/ ta&mif'Zi;tjyma&mifeYJ teD
                          D dk f                                                                                                                         G f
                                                                                                                                                taphvwrmvumoD;? refusnf;oD;                               gkok-Yangon vufrSwfESpfapmifukd
a&mifuvnf; qJaqmifray;Ekiovdk
                           G             I d f                                                  taemf&xmvrf;? 39 vrf;eJY vrf;                   pwJh opfoD;eJY pm;aomufzG,f trsKd;                             d          df
                                                                                                                                                                                                          &&SrSmyg/ xki;tpm;tpmawG 0,f&if;
Key Pad BuD;BuD;ygwmaMumifh cvkwf                     uxkwxm;wJh 'D TWZ trSwwqyf
                                                             f                       f H d      40 xd y f u pif x &,f w m0grS m                 tr,faygif;rsm;pGmukd txl;aps;EIef;                        xki;Ekiiom; vufrwuyg &Ekiwm
                                                                                                                                                                                                               df dfH G            S f dk       df
ao;awGukd tm;r&wwfwhJ vlBuD;awG                                         f
                                                      Handset &JUaps;EIe;u usyajcmufaomif;cGJ
                                                                                f               zGixm;wJh jrefrmhtvSta&mif;pifwm
                                                                                                   hf                                           awG? vufaqmif ay;wJtpDtpOfawG h                           rkdY xkdif; pmBuKdufolawGtwGuf nTef
vnf;tBudKufawGUrSmyg/ xki;EkiiH             d f d f            f              H
                                                      0ef;usiyg/ ausmufwwm;NrdKUe,f?            rSm 0,f,lEkdifygw,f/                            eJY a&mif;ay;rSmjzpfw,fvYdk City Mart                     ay;&jcif;yg/
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                    POLITICS                                                                                           The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                23



v,f,majrykdifqkdifcGifUESifU &yfuGuftkyfcsKyfrIOya'Murf;rsm; twnfjyK
&efukef? pufwifbm 23
                    bm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;aqmif&Gufolrsm;? owif;rD'D,mrsm;ESifh EkdifiHa&;orm;tcsKdU\pnf;½kH;vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;aMumifh {&m0wDjrpfqkHta&; pdwfyg0ifpm;rIjrifhwufaecsdefwGif
   o                                                D
                    jrefrmEkdifiHvlO;a&\ 70 &mckdifEIef;cefY&Sdaom aus;vufaejynfolrsm;tay:ü tusKd;oufa&mufrIBuD;rm;pGmjzpfay:apEkdifaom v,f,majrOya'Murf;ESifh&yfuGuf^aus;&GmtkyfcsKyfa&;
                                                                                                                               sm;tay:
                                                                                                                                    ay:ü                                 rm;pG
                                                                                                                             E
Oya'Murf;rsm;ukd jynfolYvTwfawmfwGif pufwifbmv 16 &ufaeYESSi f h 20 &uf a eY w k d Y ü tBudwfte,faqG;aEG;rIrsm;jzifhtwnfjyKcJhaMumif; jynfolYvTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;xH
qufoG,far;jref;csuft& od&Sd&onf/
                                   k d
            jynfaxmifptpk;&tzJUG uk,pm;                             d f                                                                                                        ,modrf;qnf;rnfqkdvQif aumfrwD 0,f,rnfor&ScaMumif;? ,ckOya'          l h l d hJ
jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk                                                                                                                                                tqif h q if h w if j yNyD ; or® w u Murf;t& v,f,majrvTajymif;a&mif;                          J
0efBuD;uwifoGif;aom &yfuGuf                                                                                                                                                    wm0efay;tyfjcif;cHoluom odrf; cs&mwGif vkyfomukdifomykd&Sdvmrnf
okYd r[kwf aus;&Gmtkypk tkycsKyfa&;           f                f                                                                                                               qnf;cGifh&SdrnfjzpfaMumif;? txl; [k ,lqaMumif; vyGwåmNrdKUe,f
Oya'Murf;ukd pufwifbmv 14 &uf                                                                                                                                                  ojzifh ,if;Oya'Murf;wGif v,f,m avQmfacsmif;aus;&GmrS v,form;
ESihf 16 &ufaeYwkdYwif tusdwte,f           G                     f                                                                                                             ajr aygifESHcGifhvnf;yg&SdNyD; txl;jyK OD;pdefjrifhu ajymqkdonf/
                    h
aqG;aEG;cJ&m a&G;cs,fcu,pm;vS,f                 H dk f                                                                                                                         ukrÜPDrsm;taejzifh ,ckOya'Murf;                                    Oya'rlMurf;t& ukrÜPDrsm;
rsm;omru wyfrawmf om;uk,pm;                                        d f                                                                                                         rxGufcifuwnf;u aiGxkwfacs;cJh v,fajrodrf;ygu v,form;rsm;
          f
vS,rsm;yg 0ifa&mufaqG;aEG;cJMh uNyD;                                                                                                                                           MuaMumif;? t"durSm v,form; tumtuG , f & vmEk d i f a omf v nf ;
wyfrawmfom;ukd,f pm;vS,fwpfOD;                                                                                                                                                 rsm;ES i f h ,k H M unf r I w nf a qmuf enf;Oya'rsm;a&;qJ&efvtyfaeao;                  G        dk
u Oya'Murf;tyk'f 38 tyk'cGJ (*)     d                         d f                   "mwf y H k -AS                                                                             EkdifrIyifjzpfaMumif;? aiGxkwfacs; aMumif; Oya'a&;&muRrf;usifol
wG i f azmf j yxm;aom &yf ^ uG u f                                                                                                                                             ay;ae½kHoufouf aiGxkwfacs;ay; wpfOD;u okH;oyfonf/
                                                                                        f                                  ©
aus;&Gm tkyfpktkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;rsm;ukd uGuu MunfnKd av;pm;NyD; odum awmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;u tqdkjyKrI cGifh&½kHjzifh v,f,mu@ zHGUNzdK;a&;                                                                                                            2003 ckESpf wm0efauspyg;
tcGe?f tc w&m;0ifaumufccijhfyK rnfh orm"d&Sdoljzpfjcif;? oufqkdif&m&yf aygif; 30 ausmfjzifh rJcGJqHk;jzwf twGuvtyfonfpufrv,f ,mokYd pepfudk y,fzsuNf yD;aemuf v,form;
                                                          HG                                                                                                                            f dk             h      I
pmyk d ' f t m; y,f z suf & ef tqk d uGufaus;&GmtkyfpkwGif wpfquf twnfjyKcJh&m ,if;Oya'Murf;t& oGm;&efrjzpfEkdifaMumif; v,form; twGuf t"duvkdtyfaeonfh Oya'
              G f                                       k                                             H        f   d f
wifoi;cJhNyD; jynfaxmifp0efBuD;u wnf;tenf;qk; 10 ESpaexkivsuf v,f,majrvkyfykdifcGifhtm; tiSm;cs rsm;ESifh tjyeftvSef,kHMunfrI wnf Murf;wpf&yft&yfbuftpk;&opfwuf                                                                                                                d
oabmrwlojzifh rJcJGqkH;jzwfcJh&m &SdNyD; wm0efxrf;aqmifcsdefü ouf xm;jcif;? vJvS,fjcif;? aygifESHjcif; aqmuf E k d i f a &;onf yk d t a&;BuD ; vmNyD;aemuf ay:aygufvmjcif;vnf;
                                                                                   df           G f G          df    h
uefYuurwpfrom&Scojzifh wyfrawmf qki&m&yfuuwif aexki&rnfojl zpf &&Sdrnfjzpfaomfvnf; rdrdESpfouf aMumif; ,ckOya'Murf;aMumifh v,f jzpfonf/
            G f J J d hJ
            d f              f                            H                                       h
om;uk,pm;vS,u axmufcrJ 370jzifh &rnf ponftcsursm; yg0ifaMumif; aom oD;ESuvwvyfpm pkuysKd;cGihf orm;rsm;ESifh ,kHMunfrIykd&Ekdifrnf[k
                                                                                                          f                                H dk G f             G d f                                                                                           S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2007 ckEpf pufwifbmvaESmif;
tjywftowf jziftEki&&ScaMumif; &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;rS a&G;cs,fwif &&Sdrnfr[kwfaMumif; trsKd;om; jrefrmEkdifiH qefpyg;vkyfief;toif; ykdif;wGif a':atmifqef;pkMunfESifh
                                      h d f d hJ
vTwawmftpnf; ta0;okYdwufa&muf ajr§mufcH&aom jynfolYvTwfawmf 'Drkdua&pDtiftm;pkrS jynfolYvTwf Ouú| OD;cspfckdifu okH;oyfajymMum; vk y f i ef ; rsm; yl ; wG J a qmif & G u f & ef
        f
                                                                                   d f
aeoltBuD;wef;owif;axmufwpfO; uk,pm;vS,wpfO;u ajymqkdonf/ awmfukd,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;u ajym onf/
                                                                             D                      f   D                                                                                                                              qufqHa&;0efBuD;udk cefYtyfcJhjcif;?
u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                         df
                                                                                          tvm;wljynfaxmifpBk uUH ckia&; Mum;onf/                                                       v,f,mpkdufysKd;a&;ESifh qnf 2010 a&G;aumufyJGtNyD; wpfywf
            jynfoYlvwawmfu twnfjyK ESihf zHUG NzdK;a&;ygwDrS taxGaxGtwGi;
                            T f                                                                                              f        ajr,maumfrwDukd wifjyNyD;rS ajrmif;0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD;a[mif; tMumwGif BudKwifrJudpöESifh rJrorI
cJhaom ,if;Oya'Murf;wGif &yfuGuf a&;rSL; OD;aX;OD;wifoGif;onfh 2011 om v,form;rsm;tcsif;csif; vuf jynfoYvwawmfu,pm;vS,O;D aX;OD;u rsm; tm½kHpl;pkdurI avsmusom;ap&ef                   l T f           dk f         f                                             f       h          G
                                                                                                                                             dk f G hf dS
aus;&GmtkyfpktkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;twGuf ck E S p f v,f , majrOya'Murf ; uk d vTJ a&mif;csyici&rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if; awmifolv,form;rsm;tusKd;ukd a':atmifqef;pkMunftm; aetdrf
owfrSwfaom t&nftcsif;rsm;ü pufwifbmv 19? 20 &ufwkdYwGif Oya'rlMurf;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                          umuG,fapmifha&Smufay:EkdifwJh tm; tus,csKyfrS vTway;jcif; ponfwYdk   f               f
pm;0wfaea&;zlvkHrI&Sdoljzpfjcif;? &yf jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;tygt0if vTwf                                                                  tpkd;&rS vkdtyfcsuft& ajr xm;avmufwJhtajctaeukd &&Sdvm ,ciftpkd;&u aqmif&GufcJhaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                               NyD[k uRefawmfhtaeeJY ,kHMunfyg jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;jzpfpOfrsm;ukd okH;oyf

   f                kf
vQyppfpufb;D rsm; vdipifavQmufxm;a&;Oya'xkwjf yefrnf                                                                                                                           w,f}} [k The Voice Weekly okdY aeolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                               rSwfcsufjyKajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                       ,cifu v,f,ma&mif;0,frI jrpfqkHpDrHudef;ukd ta&;rBuD;bl;vkdY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ]]xm;0,fa&eufqyurf;pDrue;f ?          H d
aejynfawmf? pufwifbm 17
                                                                                                                                                                               jyKvkyf&mwGif oufqkdif&m &yfuGuf? ajymwmr[kwygbl;/ wpfbufwnf;                  f
             qdkifu,fpD;eif;cGifhydwfyifxm;                                                                                     twGif; xyfrH0ifa&mufjcif;r&Sdawmh aus;&GmtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;ukd todouf ukd tm½kHa&mufae&if wjcm;ta&;
NyD;aemufydkif; vQyfppfpufbD;pD;eif;rI                                                                                          bJ tjcm;trsKd;tpm; vQyfppfpufbD; aoxm;í vTJajymif;jcif;trnfcHum BuD;wJhbufawGrSm vGwfoGm;Ekdifyg
rsm;vmaom &efukefNrdKUawmftyg                                                                                                   rsm;om aps;uGuftwGif; a&mif;cs a&mif;0,favh&NdS y;D xkuoYdk t½Iyt&Si; w,f}}[k jynfaxmifpvwawmfu,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                           d hJ          f f                                            k T f             dk
t0if jrefrmEdiiwpf0ef;wGif vQyfppf
                        k f H                                                                                                   vsuf&SdaMumif; awGU&onf/                       ruif;onfh v,fajrukd ,kHMunfpGm pm;vS,wpfO;u ajymMum;onf/               f     D
               D
pufb;rsm; ,mOfvipifavQmufxm;             kd f
pD;eif;&ef Oya'wpf&yfxkwfjyefa&;
pwif v k y f a qmif a eNyD j zpf a Mumif ;
&xm;ydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD;Xme jynf
axmifpk0efBuD;OD;atmifrif;u The
                                                                                                                          jrpfqHkpDrHudef; vTwfawmf\tqHk;tjzwf&,lrnf
Voice Weekly tygt0if rD',mtcsKU                             D                  d                                                    aejynfawmf? pufwifbm 17
ESio;jcm;awGUqHpOf ajymMum;onf/
     hf D                      k                                                                                                                          l l k         k f I                      f
                                                                                                                                          jynfovxtMum; pd;&drrrsm;? tjiif;yGm;zG,rsm;jzpfay:aeaom jrpfqprue;tygt0if tjcm;vQyfppf       kH D H d f
             ]]vQyfppfpufbD;awGudk Oya'                                                                                             pDrHudef;rsm;udk jynfolu a&G;cs,fxm;aom jynfolYudk,fpm;vS,frsm;jzifhzGJUpnf;xm;onfh vTwfawmftoD;oD;
wpf&yfxkwfjyefNyD; vdkifpifxkwfay;                                                "mwfyHk-rdk;ausmfvGif                                                               f                              k
                                                                                                                                    ay:aygufaeNyDjzpf&m vTwawmf\oabmxm;? tqH;tjzwftwdi; qufvufaqmif&uom;rnfjzpfaMumif;k f                               G f G
oGm;rSmyg/ vQyfppfpufbD;awGu                                                                                                        trSwf(1)vQyfppfpGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;OD;aZmfrif;u ajymMum;onf/
qdkifu,favmufeD;eD; t&Sdef&Sdw,f/ jypfrIusL;vGefygu zrf;qD;ta&;                                                                           EdkifiHawmf\tcsKyftjcmtmPmrSm jynfolvlxkxHrS qif;oufonf[k zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif azmfjy
wpfem&D 35 rdkifavmuf armif;vdkY& ,l&ef vG,fulaMumif; jynfaxmifpk                                                                                                                            J JG                 d
                                                                                                                                    xm;aMumif;? oabmrwlonfrsm;? oabmxm;uGvonfrsm;&Sygu oufqi&macgif;aqmifrsm;u Resonable          kd f
awmh jypfrusL;vGe&if vdipifeygwf 0efBuD;uqdkonf/
                      I                f              k f H                                                                                                                                                             usus vufcHatmif&Sif;jyygvQif vufcH&
r&Sdawmh zrf;zdkYrvG,fbl;}} [k jynf                                                       ,mOfaMumydwfqdkYrIrsm;aMumifh                                                                                                      h d ö kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        rnfupqygu jynfovxu vufcom;         l l k                  H G
axmifpk0efBuD;u qufvuf&Sif;jy &efukefNrdKUawmftwGif; qdkifu,fpD;                                                                                                                                                        rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;aMumifh ,ckjrpfqupö                    kH d
onf/                                                                             eif;cGifhudkrl jyefvnfcGifhjyKoGm;rnf                                                                                                  udk tqifajy&ef n§dEdIif;tajz&Smum toifh
             u.n.e (ukef;vrf;ydkYaqmif r[kwaMumif; 0efBuD;u xyfavmif;                     f                                                                                                                             jrwfqHk;enf;vrf;udk a&G;cs,faqmif&Gufap
a&;ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme)u ,mOftEÅ ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                                           vdkaMumif; trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;
&m,fuif;&Sif;a&;? vlrsm;? ,mOfrsm;                                                        &efukefNrdKUawmfwGif qdkifu,f                                                                                                                      kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vS,f a':cif0i;Munfu oHk;oyfajymMum;
tEÅ&m,fuif;pGm oGm;vmEdkifa&; pD;eif;cGifhudk 2002 ckESpfrS pwifum                                                                                                                                                      onf/
t"duOD;wnvkyfaqmifae&mwGif ydwfyifwm;jrpfcJhNyD; qdkifu,fuJhodkY                                                                                                                                                               ]]taumif;qHk;uawmh vTwfawmf
vQyfppfpufb;rsm;rSmvnf; t&Sejf zifh yHkoP²mefwlxkwfvkyfxm;aom vQyf
                         D                                           d                                                                                                                                                  tqHk;tjzwf&,laqmif&GufEdkifr,fqdk&if
armif;ESiygu ,mOfwurI jzpfEiNf yD; ppfpufbD;rsm;udk 2007ckESpf0ef;usif
                  f                              kd f                  kd                                                                                                                                               'Drdkua&pDenf;vrf;wusjzpfoGm;r,f? ydk
vrf;oGm;vrf;vmrsm;udk wdkufrdvQif rS pwifum trSwf (1)pufrI0efBuD;                                                                                                                                                       aumif;ygw,f}} [k jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,f
touftEÅ&m,f&Eiojzifh ,ckuoYkd Xmeu xkwvycNhJ yD; usyajcmufoe;
                                 dS kd f                                  hJ                     f kf            f        df                                                                                            pm;vS,f OD;apmodef;atmif (zvHk-pa0:'Drdk
                                                                                                                                      Photo by KMS(Super King)
vdkifpif eHygwfxkwfay;&efpDpOfjcif; 0ef;usijfzifh aps;uGuftwGif; vlBudKuf                                                                                                                                               u&ufwpfygwD)u qdkonf/
jzpfaMumif;? vdkifpifeHygwf&Sdojzifh rsm;cJaomfvnf; aemufyi;f wGif aps;uGuf           h                     kd
    24
    VOICE
  The

                      POLITICS                                                                                                                                            Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




pufrIvkyfief;zGYH NzdK;wdk;wufa&;aumfrwDOuú| jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;OD;pdk;odef;\tBuHjyKcsuf
aejynfawmf? pufwifbm 17
              jynfawmfwGif pufwifbmv 17 &ufaeYüusif;yjyKvkyfaom {&m0wDjrpfqHka&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef;qdkif&maqG;aEG;yGJwGif jrefrmEdkifiHpufrIvkyfief;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;aumfrwDOuú|
                                                  mv
  ae          OD;pdk;odef;u tBuHjyKcsufwpf&yfxkwfjyefvdkufonf/ tqdkygtBuHjyKcsuftjynfhtpHkrSm atmufygtwdkif;jzpfonf/
                   I kd f                      kd
         ]]pufrEiiH wnfaqmufzYkdqwhJ ajr§mufxm;wJh EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;? avQmuf jrpfzsm;cH&mrS yifv,f0txd xm;NyD; awGU&SdwmawGudk vdktyf&if tjyKoabmeJY trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;
&nf&G,fcsufudku EdkifiHawmfBuD; or®wBuD;u wm0efay;tyfxm;wJh a'orsm;udk ysufpD;oGm;r,fhta&; xyfrppfaq;zdYoifrmyg/ 'gu Ediiawmf twGuf a0zefokH;oyfoifhygw,f/
                                                                                                                                      H        k hS               kfH
acwf r D z d k Y ? a'otwG i f ; Ed k i f i H a wG tpdk;&tzGJU0ifawG? jynfe,f^wdkif; pdk;&drfylyefMuwJhudp?ö 'gvnf;aumif; twGuf wu,fujkd yifvYkdr&wJupvYkd
                                                                                                                                                     h            h d ö               2/ qnf? wrHawG wnfaqmuf
                             f                    D
tMum;rSm aemufusrusezYkd? vlwpfO; a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJU0ifawG? ¤if;wdkY wJup?ö ylyef&r,fupygyJ/
                                                                                        h d             h d ö                   cH,lygw,f/ tdrfaxmifjyK? bk&m; ae&m a&G;cs,fwmu wpfae&m wpf
   f                                  I h
csi;0ifaiGw;dk wufapzdYk? qif;&JravQmcs tygt0if vlwef;pm;tvTm toD;oD;                                                                                   k f
                                                                                             ,ck aqG;aEG;oGm;wJhudpöawG wnf? aq;rif&nfpwx;dk qdk wmxuf orwfwnf;rSr[kwwmbJ/ ae&m 1?                  f
                                         l                             G f G   G f
apzdYk ? aus;vufNrdKUjyaejynfoawG&UJ u pkaygif;nDñwpm aqmif&uay; tay:u aumufEkwfazmfxkwfcsuf ydygw,f/                            k                                                             h dS
                                                                                                                                                                           2? 3? 4 ponfjzif&wmrdYk &SwhJ Over-    d
                       hf
vlaerIb0jr§iwifzYkd awGygyJ/                                          f l                    d hJ D k
                                                     aejcif;vdYk rSw,ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh awG&&ScygNy/ vHavmufcsirvavmuf f S kH               kf             d hJ   f H d
                                                                                                                                        wdiyifjcif;r&Swtvky(pDrue;f ) all Plan txJu vQyppf"mwftm;yrmP
                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                  h Hk          h kH S                    fD
         tcsKyfqdk&&if jynfolawG&JU wpfzufuvQyfppfawG&r,f? 0ifaiG rSmyg/ jynfpcsifrS jynfprmyg/ tcsdef [m ysup;wwfw,f/ rsm;rsm;wdiyif twlw&Edir,f?h jynforsm;vnf;vufcHkf                  l kf        l
                               G f kd                                        ö          k
aumif;&maumif;usK;d aqmif&uzYtwGuf awG&r,f? aumif;wJhudpygyJ/ wpf qdwmvnf; ygygvdrr,f/ tcsdeEihf &if atmifjrifEiw,f/ tm;vH;0di;0ef; Edir,fh arc^rvdcjrpfawG&UJ txuf
                                                                                                             hf             f S                 kd f             k kf        k f
          l               f                    kd                  kd
jynfou a&G;cs,xm;wJh jynfoYlu,f zufu wefz;xm;wJh obm0ywf0ef; twl qef ; opf w J h e nf ; ynmawG wdiyifaqG;aEG;EdirS tusK;rsm;rsm;&Edif bufyi;ae&majymif;a&TUwnfaqmuf
                                                                                                                                   kf                kf       d          k              kd f
            f                                f
pm;vS,awG? ¤if;wdUk u a&G;cs,wif usifudpö? trd{&m0wDjrpfBuD;wpf ajymif;vJw;kd wufaewmrdYk ,cifqef;ppf w,f/                                                                                              kd
                                                                                                                                                                           jcif;[mvnf; om;a&Tt;xrf;wmrsm;
                                                                                                                                        Environmental Impact Access                kd f
                                                                                                                                                                           jzpfEirvm;vdYk tBuHjyKcsifygw,f/

    &yfuGufaus;&GmtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;Oya'Murf;wGif                                                                                 (EIA), Social Impact Access (SIA),
                                                                                                                                Riverine Ecosystem, Psychology
                                                                                                                                Mental Impact, Security & Power
                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                      uRefawmf b,fvytBuHjyKjyK
                                                                                                                                                                                                G          h
                                                                                                                                                                           uReawmfwUkd ,ckom;aewJvrf;aMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                           u Government of the People, By
                                                                                                                                                                                                             kd J



    {nfUpm&if; tcaMu;aiGr,l&ef OD;odef;ñGefhwifoGif;                                                                                 Issue, Ethnic Unity, Strategic Envi-
                                                                                                                                     ronmental Access, Payment for En-
                                                                                                                                     vironmental Services, Payment for
                                                                                                                                                                                          the People, For the People, By the
                                                                                                                                                                                                          l d         l
                                                                                                                                                                                          Law ygyJ/ jynfoYtusK;? jynfou a&G;
                                                                                                                                                                                          aumufwifajr§mufxm;wmrdYk jynfoYl
aejynfawmf? pufwifbm 15                                                                                                              Social Services. azmfjyygtcsufrsm;                         d      f
                                                                                                                                                                                          tusK; OD;xdyyefqif&udk &rSmyg/ 'gu
                                                                                         vlxk,HkMunfrI&&SdEdkifNyD; EdkifiHudkzdwf                                     G f
                                                                                                                                     tm;vH;k udk pOf;pm;oif?h aqmif&uoif?h                Confession ygyJ v d k Y cH , l y gw,f /
                                                                                         ac:aeonfh jyóemtcsKdUudk ausmf              Muyf rwfoifhygw,f/ Upstream/                         uRefawmftygt0if uRefawmfwdkUu
                                                                                                kf             f
                                                                                         vTm;Edirnf[k OD;ode;ñGeYfuqdonf/  k         Downstream rSm EdkifiHawmftwGuf                      NrJwm r[kwfygbl;/ tdkjcif;w&m;?
                                                                                                          Gf       h
                                                                                                ¤if;wifoi;onfpmom;rsm;ESihf                       d
                                                                                                                                     tEÅ&m,f &Sr&S?d Upstream/Downstream                                                JT kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                          aojcif; w&m;udk ra&SmifvEiygbl;/
                                                                                         ywfoufí vomNrKd Ue,frS jynfoYvwf    l T                             f kd f
                                                                                                                                     rSm obm0ywf0ef;usiqi&mtEÅ&m,f&dS                     ,ck &mxl;? &mcH? tmP? tcGifh
                                                                                                   kd f
                                                                                         awmfu,pm;vS,f OD;Munfjrifh wpfO;        D   r&SwYkd ukd t"duqef;ppfzYkd vygw,f/
                                                                                                                                         d                          kd                    tmPmawGtm;vH;u ud,yir[kwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                            k        k f kd f
                                                                                         omaxmufcHrI&SdonfudkawGU&onf/                       'Dawmh pufrIvkyfief;zGHUNzdK;wdk;            ygbl ; / a&yGu f y rmcPwmygyJ /
                                                                                                &yfuGufOya'Murf;udk jynfxJ           wufa&;aumfrwDOuú|taeeJY tBuH                         jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmf
                                                                                         a&;0efBuD;Xmeu Mo*kwfv 29 &uf               jyKvdkwmu b,fbufudkrStjypf                           BuD;eJU om;pOf ajr;qufaom jynfol
                                                                                              G         f
                                                                                         aeYwif vTwawmfoYkwifoi;cJjh cif;jzpf
                                                                                                             d       Gf                             k f H
                                                                                                                                     rwifbJ EdiiawmftusKd;iSm? jynfoUl                    jynfom;awGuom xm0&wnf&Sd
                                                                                         aMumif;? ,if;Oya'Murf;udk aqG;aEG;                            k
                                                                                                                                     tusKd;iSm vdtyfwhJ -                                 ae&rSmyg/ 'Dudp?ö 'D Issue aMumifh
                                                                                         pm&if;ay;xm;onfh vTwfawmfudk,f                      1/ EIA, ISIA, etc., jyef Re-                 pnf;vHk;nDñGwfrItm; csnfheJYroGm;
                                                                                                     f           d
                                                                                         pm;vS,aygif; 64 OD;&Sonf[k vTwf             view vkyfoifhygw,f/ NyD;&if csjy                     apoif h y gaMumif ; wif j ytBuH j yK
  "mwf y H k -AS                                                                         awmfOuú|\ tqdkt&od&onf/                     Transparency aygh / ynm&S i f a wG                   tyfygw,f/

           aejynfawmfü usif;yaeonfh
jynf o l Y vT w f a wmf t pnf ; ta0;ü
jynfxa&;0efBu;Xmeu wifoi;onfh
           J       D               Gf
                                            jynfolrsm;udk 0efxkyf0efydk;jzpfap
                                            ojzifh {nfpm&if;wkivQif tcaMu;aiG
                                                        h        df
                                            r,l&efESifh {nfhpm&if;ppfonfhtcg
                                                                                         uav;oli,frsm;udk ppfom;tjzpf toHk;jyKcJUjcif;r&Sd[kqdk
&yfuGuf odkYr[kwf aus;&GmtkyfcsKyf          jypfrIqdkif&m Oya'jy|ef;csufvdkufem          &efukef ? pufwifbm 22
                            h
a&;rSL;Oya'Murf;wGif {nfpm&if;wdif      k   jcif;r&SdbJ om;ysKd? orD;ysKdrsm;\ jcif              vGwfvyfa&;BudK;yrf;rItwGuf          twGif;&Sd t&m&Sdppfonfrsm;tm;                        ESifh umuG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme jynf
Mum;vQif tcaMu;aiGr,l&efEihf enf;S                    J kd
                                            axmifxu0ifNyD; {nfpm&if;ppfonfh
                                                                    h                    pwifzGJUpnf;cJhonfhtcsdefrSpí qE´                     f
                                                                                                                                     t&G,ra&mufao;ol uav;oli,f                            axmifpk0efBuD;wdkY awGUqHk&mwGif
                      fS
Oya'jy|mef;csuEihf ppfaq;&ef[onfh     l     udpö&yftygt0if tmPmjyonfh                    tavsmuf ppfrIxrf;olrsm;udkom                            I
                                                                                                                                     rsm; ppfrxrf;jcif;rS umuG,wm;qD;f                    pkaqmif;olwpfOD;csif;pD\ trSm;ESifh
                     h G f
pmom;rsm;xnfoi;&ef oCFe;uRe;        f f          ö
                                            udp&yfrsm;yg&Sdojzifh {nfhpm&if;trI          vufccNhJ yD; t&G,ra&mufol uav;
                                                                                                  H          f                              hf                   k
                                                                                                                                     a&;ESiywfoufí awGUqHajymMum;&m                       0ifa&mufvmolrsm;\ qE´oabm
Nrd K Ue,f vT w f a wmf udk,fpm;vS,f        rsm;udkvnf; udk,fwdkifvdkufyg&cJh            oli,frsm;udk ppfom;tjzpf toHk;jyK                                k f
                                                                                                                                     ü txufygtwdi; ajymMum;jcif;jzpf                      xm;aMumifh uav;ppfom;tcsKdU&Sdae
OD;odef;ñGefYu pufwifbmv 14                        h         h
                                            onftwGuf {nfpm&if;ESiywfoufí hf              cJhjcif;r&dSaMumif; umuG,fa&;0efBuD;        NyD; vkyfenf;pepfrSm;,Gif;rIrsm;&Sdvm                jcif;omjzpfygaMumif;? 2011 ckESpf
&ufaeYwGif wifoGif;cJhonf/                  jyif q if c suf wif o G i f ; &jcif ; jzpf   Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; 'kwd,                yguvnf; wm0ef&Sdolrsm;udk xd                               kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                          Zlvivtxd uav;oli,fppaygif;     k k
              h          hf
           {nfpm&if;ESiywfoufítjrwf         aMumif;? ,if;wifjycsufukd taumif             AdvcsKyfBuD;vSrif;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                          k f                                        a&mufaomjypf'Pfrsm; csrSwta&;     f                  2317 OD;udk rdb&yfxH jyefvnf
        fI             f
xkwrrsm;&SNd y;D usyaiG&m*Pef;rS axmif      txnfazmfEdkifvQif 'Drdkua&pDtoGif                    pufwifbmv 20 &ufaeYwGif             ,lvsuf&Sdum tkyfxdef;olrsm;xH                        apvTwfay;cJhNyD; 597 OD;udk jyefvnf
*Pef;txday;&ojzifh csKdUwJhonfh             ul;ajymif;rIudpö&yfrsm;wGif jynfol           taemufydkif;wdkif;ppfXmecsKyf e,fajr        jyefvnfvTJajymif;ay;vsuf&SdaMumif;                   EkwfxGufcGifhjyKcJhaMumif;? 1990 jynfh
                                                                                                                                     ¤if;uqdonf/ k                                            f          S        kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                          ESprS 2011 ckEpf Zlvivtxd t&m&Sd
                                                                                                                                                    k f H          f
                                                                                                                                            jrefrmEdiioYkd Mo*kwvaemuf                    11 OD;ESifh tjcm;tqifh 124 OD;ukd
                                                                                                                                     qHk;ywftwGif; vma&mufcJhaom                          t"r®jyKusifhrIrsm;jzifh ta&;,lcJh
              f                hl T f         G
        ig;vkyief;Oya'opf jynfovwawmfohkd wifoi;f rnf                                                                                jrefrmEdkifiHvlYtcGifhta&;tajctae
                                                                                                                                     qdkif&m txl;tpDt&ifcHpm wifoGif;
                                                                                                                                                                                          aMumif; Mo*kwfv 26 &ufaeYxkwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                D
                                                                                                                                                                                          EdkifiHydkif owif;rD',mrsm;wGif azmf
        &efukef? pufwifbm 15                                                                                                                                  kd
                                                                                                                                     ol rpöwmaomrwfta[;uifwm;em;                          jyxm;onf/
                 jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiH ig;vkyfief;Oya'udk acwfESifhtnD jyifqifa&;qGJxm;NyD; a&SUaecsKyf½Hk;odkY
        wifjyxm;um rMumrD jynfoYlvwawmfoYkd wifoi;tqH;tjzwfc,l rnfjzpfaMumif; arG;jrLa&;ESihf a&vkyief;0efBu;
                                              T f
        Xme ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;Xme ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;cifudkav;u pufwifbmv 13 &ufaeYwGif ajymMum;onf/
                                 k                    J
                 wyfrawmftpd;& vufxufu a&;qGxm;aom vuf&ig;vkyief; Oya'onf ESpaygif; 20 oufwrf;&SNd yD;
                                                         Gf      k
                                                                       dS
                                                                          H
                                                                                f            f
                                                                                                          f          D
                                                                                                                                     jynfckdifNzdK;ygwD pnf;½kH;a&;qif;
                  S hf k f D                      f                               f                              f
        acwfEirudunawmhojzifh ig;vkyief;OD;pD;XmerS ñTeMf um;a&;rSL;rsm;? tNidr;pm;ñTeMf um;a&;rSL;rsm;? ig;vkyief;                  EGm;xkd;BuD;? pufwifbm 7
                       f    f                                                 G           hJ
        tzGUJ rS vkyief;&Sirsm; yg0ifaomtzGUJ u pufwifbmv 12 &ufaeYwif aqG;aEG;jyifqifcaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf                                                                                       H                    k f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                          pnf;½k;a[majymyJjG yKvycaMumif; ,if;
        &Si;jyonf/
            f                                                                                                                                                                   dk
                                                                                                                                              EGm;xk;d Bu;D NrKUd e,fjynfciNfzKd;ygwDu
                                                                                                                                     2010 a&G;aumufywif t½I;ESihf &ifqif
                                                                                                                                                                  GJ G        H      dk            HS d
                                                                                                                                                                                          ygwDxro&onf/
                 ]]ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;Xmeu a&SUaecsKyfudk wifjyxm;w,fqdkayr,fh tckvTwfawmfawmh rDr,frxifbl;/                                                                                        tdrfajc 60 ausmf&Sdaom ,if;
        aemufvTwfawmfawmhaocsmw,f}} [k jrefrmEdkifiHig;vkyfief;tzGJUcsKyf\ 'kwd,Ouú|wpfOD;jzpfol OD;ESif;OD;u                          h                d
                                                                                                                                     cJaom EGm;xk;BuD;NrdKUe,f qku;kH aus;&Gm    H
                                                    J          f                                k k
        twnfjyKajymMum;onf/ topfa&;qGxm;aom ig;vkyief;Oya'rlMurf;wGif jynfaxmifptpd;&tqifh vkyuici?hf       f kd f G                 ukd NrdKUe,ftvkyftrIaqmif OD;pkd;jrifh                                   dk
                                                                                                                                                                                          aus;&GmwGif jynfciNf zdK;ygwDu uk,f   d
           k f                        f kd f G hf            f d§ Id f      J                  k f H
        wdi;a'oBuD;tqifh vkyyicirsm;udk tjyeftvSenEi;a&;qGxm;aMumif; jrefrmEdiiig;vkyief;tzGUJ csKyfrS
                                                                                                     f                               e,fajrwm0efcH OD;ukuxuf tzJUG u     d dk                       f                  hf hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                          pm;vS,o;Hk OD;pvk;H ½I;H edrcí 2015 ckEpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S
        'kwd,Ouú| OD;[efxGef;u &Sif;jyonf/                                                                                                    f                        G
                                                                                                                                     Mo*kwv 24&ufaeYwif bke;f Bu;D ausmif;                twGuf uGi;f qif;pnf;½k;H jcif;jzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                     ü ausmif;cJGaus;&GmvlxkESifhawGUqkHí                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                          NrdKUe,ftvkytrIaqmifuqkonf/        d
                                                25
Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                            VOICE
                                          The
 26 THE VOICE WEEKLY
  26
                                                                                                                                                           Vol.7 / No.41 - September 26 - October 2 , 2011




                                     HEALTH
   VOICE
 The
                                                                                                                                                                            Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




tem*wfurÇmhaehopfrsm;odkh yxrajcvSrf; odkhr[kwf HIV/AIDS
umuG,faq;azmfxkwfEdkifrnfU y#dypönf;opf 17 rsdK;udk pwifawGY &Sdjcif;
qufydkifvif;cefh(aq;-2)
                                              D                hJ
                                       &JUaEGO;&moDa&mufwtxd atmifjrif                  Yk         f f kH k
                                                                                 IAVI) wd&UJ 14 ESpausmv;vH; okawoe          'Dypönf;awGuae HIV ydk; umuG,f                                     aMumif ; ? ¤if ; wd k Y t aeES i f h t"d u
HIV Adkif;&yfpfumuG,faq;               a&;t&dyfta,mif rjrifEdkifao;yg                  f
                                                                                 vkyief;udk MudK;pm;yrf;pm; vkyaqmiff        aq;jzpfvmatmif azmfpyfEdkifr,fvdkY                                               I S f kd k f l kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                atmifjrifrrwwif pduxEicjhJ yDjzpf
                                       bl;/ jzpfajrmufrvmwJh aq;vuf              jcif;&JUtoD;tyGifhawG[m tckawmh             awGU&Sd&wJhtwGuf arQmfvifhcsufawG                                  aomfvnf; aemufq;rSwwipuxlkH f kd f kd f
r[mAsL[m                               awGUprf;oyfrIawGMum; arQmfvifhcsuf        pwif yGifhvef;vmcJhygjyD/ taMumif;          ouf0if&SifoefvmcJhjyD jzpfygw,f/                                     k f        k J           S
                                                                                                                                                                                                Edia&;u ydcufconfrm odomaMumif;?
      1997 ckESpf aEGOD;&moD/ tJ'D     awG t&mxifrvmayr,fh Ediiwum     kfH       t&if ; uawmh HIV Ad k i f ; &yf p f u d k      k                 f kd
                                                                                                                             'Doawoe&JUtao;pdwuawmh ,ckv                                                           h l
                                                                                                                                                                                                xdYktwGuf urÇmvom;rsm;u rMumcif
tcsdefwkef;u tar&duefor®wjzpf          tzGJYtpnf;rsm;uawmh qufvuf                wd k u f z suf EdkifpGrf;&SdwJh y#dypönf;                      S        f
                                                                                                                             xkwf Nature *sme,frm tus,w0ifh                                     csufcsif;umuG,faq;&awmhrnf[k
wJh bDvfuvifwefu AIDS ac: ckcH         tm;ay;axmufyHhcJhygw,f/                   (Antibodies) topf 17 ckudk olwdkY           azmfjyxm;ygw,f/                                                             h
                                                                                                                                                                                                arQmfvifwMuD; jzpfraeapvdaMumif;?   k
tm;usqif;rI ul;pufa&m*gMu;D twGuf                             h d
                                              'Dvkd tm;ay;cJ&usK;eyfw,fvYkd      2011 Mo*kwfvv,fydkif;u pwif                                                                                          kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                jzpfEifajc&SdjyD; a&SUqufEdkifaomvrf;
wu,ftpGrf;xufwJh umuG,faq;                k                 f
                                       qd&rSmygyJ/ pc&yfpa[mif;0gh'f okaw        awGU&ScvYkdygyJ/
                                                                                         d hJ                                umuG,faq;qDodkhvrf;aMumif;opf                                                          dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                aMumif;udk awGY&xm;jyDjzpf aomaMumifh
wpfck q,fpkESpfwpfcktwGif; azmf        oetzGUJ (Scripps Howard Research                   tJ'txJu wcsKd Uaomy#dypön;
                                                                                              D                          f                                k
                                                                                                                                             a&m*gyd;wpfctwGuf umuG,f
                                                                                                                                                                  k                                        kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                atmifjrifEirnfjzpfaMumif; okawoD
       kd f
aqmifEia&;pDrue;udk pwifapcJyg
                  H d f          h     Institute) eJY tjynfjynfqi&m ckctm;
                                                                  kd f       H   awG[m a&S;,cifurÇmwpf0ef;rSm                aq;qdkwm jyifyua&m*gydk; 0if                                       rsm;u ajymjycJhMuygw,f/
                                       usqif;rIu;pufa&m*gumuG,aq;
                                                      l                    f     prf;oyfawGY&corQaom y#dypön;rsm;
                                                                                                 dS hJ                f      a&mufvmwmeJY rSwfrdod&SdjyD; wdkuf
w,f/ a':vmoef;aygif;rsm;pGm tukef
            D f HS hJ
tuscH &if;ES;jr§KyEcwhJ tJ'oawoe
                             D k       ay:aygufa&; vIyf&Sm;rItzGJU (Inter-       tm;vHk;xuf q,fqavmufawmif                   cdkufacsrIef;ypfEdkifatmif ckcHtm;pepf                             tem*wfurÇmhaehopfrsm;qDodkh
                                                                                                                             (Immune System) udk avhusiay;jcif;                    hf                                                     kf G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     qufvufvyom;&r,fhokawoe
[m 14 ESpfjynfhajrmufom;wJh 2011
                           G           national AIDS Vaccine Initiative,           k kd f
                                                                                 ydrtpGr;xufwmudk awGU&S&ygw,f/  d
                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                             ukd vkyay;ygw,f/ oufqi&ma&m*g                kd f                  rsm;twGuf rdkufuú½dkaqmhzfolaX;
                                                                                                                                                               kf d k
                                                                                                                             ydk;&JU a&m*gray;EdiwhJ rsK;½d;ADZqdif&m                     k                  fd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                bDv*w&UJ ZmwdjzpfwhJ qD,ufw,fvf
                                                                                                                                                        d
                                                                                                                             t&mrsm;yg&Sygw,f/ HIV yd;uawmh                    k                jrdKUtajcpdkuf Theraclone Sciences
                           JOKE OF THE WEEK                                                                                  0ufoufa&m*gyd;? ydv,taMumao      k k D kd                                      Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                                                ukrPeYJ qefz&efppöujkd rdKU tajcpduf                                                      k
                                                                                                                             a&m*gydk;awGuJhodkY tjcm;aoma&m*g                                  Monogram Biosciences Inc. wdYkuae
                                                   cHpm;csuf                                                                                                   l l
                                                                                                                             ydk;rsm;eJYrwl wpfrx;jyD; olY&UJ rsK;½d;ADZ                d k     axmufyHhay;oGm;rSm jzpfw,fvdkY
         ppfat;umvtwGi;ujzpfonf/ ½dar;eD;,m;Ekiiom;wpfO;vrf; avQmufvm&if; pdwxwif ,HMk unfcpm;
                             f               k     d f H      D                         f J G         H                      yHkpHajymif;vJuGJjym;oGm;jcif; (Muta-                              owif;wpfy'rm zwfvu&ygw,f/      k f S                      kd f
                                                                                                                             tion) udk cPcPvkyfwwfvGef;wm                                       (umuG,aq;omru ukoEdiwaq; f                                                k f hJ
              h df
 ae&onftwki; atmf[pfvu\/         kd f
         ]]uRefawmfwdkYqDrSm pm;p&mawGr&Sdbl;/ a&aumif;a&oefYr&Sdbl;/                                                        aMumifh ¤if;twGuf umuG,aq;azmf                   f                 yg ay:aygufvmzdkY ynm&SifawGu
 toHk;taqmifypönf;aumif;awGr&Sdbl;AsKdU}}                                                                                                       J
                                                                                                                             zdYk cufcwmjzpfygw,f/ ,cifoawoe                     k              arQmfvifhvkyfaqmifaeMuygw,f)
         xdatmfoudk ½dar;eD;,m;axmufvr;a&;wyfzUJG 0ifrsm;Mum;aomf atmfoukd zrf;qD;xde;odr;onf/ xdYk aemuf
            k      H k                    S f                             l          f f                                     &v'frsm;t& Adkif;&yfpf&JU tjyifbuf                                                      aemufq;ay: okawoe&JUy#d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   kH
 vHkNcHKa&;wpfae&mwGif EkdifihH*kPfoa&udzsufonf[aompGcsufjzifh xk;Budw½uEuf ñSO;yef;onf/ xdYk aemuf
                                           k         l     J          d     f kd f S  f                                          kf
                                                                                                                             ydi;u y½dwe;wpfc[m ¤if;udk wduf
                                                                                                                                                      k df          k                       k   ypön; 17 rsKd;uae xGuay:vmr,fh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f                                         f
 atmfolukd wpfOD;wnf;csefxm;&pfNyD; xGufoGm;Mu\/ ñSOf;yef;cH&olonf 0rf;enf;pGm awG;awmcHpm;rd[efjzifh                                 f
                                                                                                                             xkwzYkd t"duypfrwae&mjzpfaMumif;   S f                             HIV/AIDS umuG,faq;[m 2015
 acwå NidrfoufaeNyD;aemuf cHpm;csufudk rxdef;csKyfEkdifawmhojzifh oHukefatmf\/                                                          dS D
                                                                                                                             awGY&cjhJ y; jzpfayr,fh umuG,aq;xkwf           f                   ckESpfuae 2030 jynfhESpfrsm;twGif;
         ]]tr,fav; .../ uReawmfwYkdqrm usnqefawmifr&Sawmhygvm;Asm/ MunhMf uygOD;}}
                               f      DS       f         d                                          YMO
                                                                                                                               kf
                                                                                                                             Ediavmuf atmifaocsmaygufwucuf                            kd f kd   urÇmwpfvTm; topful;pufcH&r,fh
                                                                                                                             acsrIef;Edkifr,fhtydkif;udk twdtus                                 oltm;vHk;&JU 30 &mckdifEIef;avmuf
                                                                                                                             r&SmawGY ao;ygbl;/                                                 jzpfwhJ 5 'or 6 oef;avmufuawmh                                                 kd
                                        tajym . . . tqdk (12)                                                                                tckawmh urÇmwpf0ef;u HIV                           tumuG,fay;Edkifr,fvdkY IAVI u
 vkyfief;&Sif    / /      uRefawmfwYkd &UJ pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;BuD;udk ydNk yD;atmifjrif wd;wufBuD;yGm;atmifvyaewm
                                                         f                              k                 k f                ydk;&SdjyD;om; vlaygif;rsm;pGm&JUaoG;                              cefYrSef;xm;ygw,f/ 'guawmh arQmf
                          trsm;twGufyg/                                                                                      erlemawGukd avhvmjcif;tm;jzifh awGY                                vifh&nfrSef;csuf qdkygawmh/
 owif;axmuf / /           'gqd&if bmjzpfvYkd trsm;ydiurPtjzpftoGirajymif; vJ&wmvJ/
                              k                        k f k Ü D               f                                             &SdcJhwmjzpfygw,f/ obm0tm;jzifh                                                         vuf&SdrSmawmh urÇmMuD;[m
                                                                                                                             HIV ydk; udk,fxJa&mufaeayr,fh ESpf                                 AIDS a&m*gaMumifh tawmfav;udk
 vkyfief;&Sif / /         vltrsm;BuD;csrf;omukef&if uRefawmhfudkolaX;BuD; vdkY ac:wJhol enf;oGm;rSmpkd;vkdYyg/
                                                                                                                             twefMumwJhtxd jyefwdkufcdkufzdkY                                                                 f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                txdemvsu&ygw,f/ aeYwi;f aeYwi;f                                    kd                       kd
 uav;            / /       pm;r,f/ tdyfr,f/ aysmfr,f/ yg;r,f/ upm;r,f/                                                       wduswJh y#dypönf;[m vltrsm;pkrSm                                   urÇmay:rSm vl 7000 ausmf HIV ydk;
 vli,f           / /       pm;r,f/ aysmfr,f/ yg;r,f/ BudK;pm;r,f/                                                            rxGufbJ tenf;pkrSmom xGufwm                                        ul;pufcHae&aMumif; od&ygw,f/
                                                                                                                                          dS hJ
                                                                                                                             awGY&c&ygw,f/ tJ'vawG&UJ aoG;xJ          D l                       ('g[m tawmfrsm;wJEe;qdwm odEif                         hIf k                                   kd
 cifyGef;        / /                         f      f h             f d f
                           ]]aumif;wm? rSewm? vkyoifwmawGukd tcsderqki;bJ tjrefqHk;vkyfMu&r,f/ pdwf                                                 k       J
                                                                                                                             rSm HIV yd; rsKd ;uGaygif;rsm;pGmudk aoG;                          ygw,f) tmz&duEdiiawGtygt0if                      k f H
                          apwemawGu wu,fhudk ½dk;om;rSefuefae&r,f/ w&m;ojzifh &yfwnfvIyf&Sm;&r,f/                                   f
                                                                                                                             wGi;yrmPenf;enf;eJYwif xda&muf                                     qif;&JvdkY? zGHYjzdK;rIaemufusaevdkY um
                          NyD;awmh ...}}                                                                                     pGm wdkufzsufEdkifwJhy#dypönf; 17 rsKd;                                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                uG,a&;awG xdxa&mufa&mufrvkyf                d
 ZeD;            / /       ]]armif ... armif/ bmawGa,mifaewmvJarmif&,f/ pdwnpfwmyJ/
                                                                           f                                                 udk &SmawGUcJhygw,f/                                                  k f hJ kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                EdiwEiiawGrm topfu;pufrEe;          S                            l                  I I f
                           aumif;aumif;tdyfprf;yg}}                                                                          vlemav;OD;xHrS&aom                                                 jrifhrm;qJjzpfjyD; xda&mufpGm r&yf
                                                                                                                                                                                                wefYEdkifao;ygbl;/ HIV udsefpmoifh
 q&mr            /   /     uav;wkdYbmvJ/                                                                                     y#dypönf; opfrsm;rSonf                                             jzpfaewJh 'Dvlom;awGtwGuf wpf
 uav;rsm;        /   /     tem*wfom;aumif;? orD;aumif; &wemawGyg/                                                                                          G k f
                                                                                                                                     'gawGukd us,jf yefYpm wduzsuf                              urÇmvHk;u vlom;awGu wwfpGrf;
 q&mr            /   /     'gqkd&if bmvkyfrvJ/                                                                                 k f             f
                                                                                                                             Ediaomy#dypön;topfrsm; (bNAbs)                                     oavmuf ulnaz;roifvygjyD/ um           D                     h S
 uav;rsm;        /   /     pmBudK;pm;&ygr,f q&mr/                                                                            vdkY trnfay;xm;ygw,f/ 'Dypönf;                                                  f              k
                                                                                                                                                                                                uG,aq; odYr[kwf ukoaq;awGawmh
 q&mr            /   /     bmtcuftcJ&SdovJ/                                                                                  awG[m okawoerSm prf;oyfcJhorQ                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                xGuvmygjyD qdayr,fh wefz;u a&T          k                                   kd
 uav;rsm;        /   /     vG,ftdwfawGu t&rf;udkBuD;ae? av;aeygw,f                                                           vlemaygif;rsm;pGmxJu av;OD;qDrmyJ      S                           eJYquf0,frjS zpfr,fq&ifawmh wd;k wuf                kd
                           q&mr/ t&yfykykav;awGjzpfawmhr,fq&mr/                                               YMO            xl;jcm;pGm awGY&wm jzpfygw,f/                                      xl;jcm;vmzdYkrvG,b;vdYkjrifygw,f/             f l
                                                                                                                             ]]'DvlemawG&JUaoG;xJrSm pGrf;&nfjrifh                                        k
                                                                                                                                                                                                'Doawoeuae&&Svmr,fh umuG,f                        d
                                                                                                                             y#dypönf;awG ygaejyD; Adkif;&yfpfawG                               aq;udk zGHYjzdK;jyD;EdkifiHawGeYJ urÇmhtzGJY
                                                      'D*&D                                                                                          kd f
                                                                                                                             trsm;MuD;udk owfypfEiwm awGU&yg                                    tpnf;awG&UJ pkaygif;tiftm;eJY qd;&Gm;                                             k
       qkdAD,ufacwfujzpfonf/ &ifjyifeDwGif wyfpkwpfpk ppfa&;jyavhusifhaeonf/ wyfpktwGif;&Sd wyfzGJU0if                                                      J
                                                                                                                             w,f}}vdYk ,ckavhvmrI&UJ wGzufoaw     k                             edrusq;Hk ae&mawGrm (aygifreYfwpfv;
                                                                                                                                                                                                       hf                                      S                      k                           kH
 wpfOD; trl;vGefaeonfukd wyfpkrSL;awGUaomf a'goxGufNyD; ac:ar;\/                                                             oDwpfOD;jzpfol Scripps Howard Re-                                  aps;avmuf rayg&ifawmif) tcsKom                                                       d
       ]]qm*sD/ rif;[mawmfawmhudkcufwJhaumifyJ/ bmjzpfvdkY 'Davmufawmif aomuf&wmvJ/ rif;om                                   search Institute rS a'gufwmauwDa*s                                      k                 kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                qH; vlwi;wwfEir,fh ukeusp&dwf             kd f                          f
 raomufbl;qkd&if rif;AdkvfBuD;jzpfEkdifw,fuG/ em;vnfvm;}}                                                                    a'g&ufpfu ajymjycJhygw,f/                                                       k k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                eJY xd;Ediatmif pDpOfay;Edir,fq&if                             k f                     kd
       ]]wyfpkrSL;BuD;&,f/ uRefawmfu a&csdefudkufNyDqdkwmeJY udk,fhudk,fudk,f AdkvfcsKyfBuD;vdkYxifaewJhaumifyg/                     'D&v'ftcsuftvufawGudk                                      aemifrsKd;qufawG vufxufrSm yef;
 [if; ...[if; ... [if;/ AkdvfBuD;avmufuawmh bmvkyf&rSmvJvdkY}}                                                                   k         k f
                                                                                                                             oH;jyD; HIV Adi;&yfpf ul;puf0ifa&muf                               awGtjynfhyGifhaewJhurÇmMuD;udk awGU
       ath .../                                                                                           YMO                rIjzpfvm&if umuG,fay;EdkifwJh um                                   &Edkifr,f xifygw,f/
                                                                                                                             uG,aq;jzpfvmzdYk toH;jyKEdirmjzpf
                                                                                                                                   f                      k k f S                                                      qufydkifvif;cefY(aq;-2)
 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011


 RESTAURANT
                                                                               BUYING GUIDE                                                                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       27




*syefpm;zkdrSL;vuf&mokH;aqmifEkdifr,fU                                                       Kawaii
                                                                                                             f          f l
                                                                                             *syefpmBudKuvYdk pm;csioawGtwGuf            pm;yJ G c k H a v;awG csxm;wmrsKd ; vk d                           H
                                                                                                                                                                                         ukeMf urf;awG tok;jyKxm;wJh ig;uif
                                                                                             qkdifav;wpfqkdifukd nTefay;r,f/             tjyiftqifuvnf; pdwful;aumif;                    povkd tr,faygif; 50 eD;yg;&Sdyg
                                                                                                         d            dk f
                                                                                             Kawaii qkwhJ 'D*syefqiav;u *syef            aumif;eJYqkdawmh qkdifxJ0ifvkdufwm              w,f/ aps;EIef;uawmh usyf 1500
                                                                                             vlrsKd;pm;zkdrSL;ukd,fwkdif jyifqifcsuf     eJY *syefupm;aomufqkdifxJa&muf                  upvkdY 15000 txd&SdNyD; atmf'g
                                                                                             jyKwfwJhtjyif *syefpwkdiftppftrSef                          d H  d f S
                                                                                                                                         oGm;ovkcpm;&Ekirmyg/ tpm;tpm                                  H
                                                                                                                                                                                         vnf; vufcwmrkYd renf;vGe; rrsm;f
                                                                                             ukd csufjyKwfay;rSmygwJh/ qkdiftae          awGu *syefacgufqJG? ql&SD? *syef                     f          f
                                                                                                                                                                                         vGe;wJh aps;EIe;ay;NyD; pm;&wJh 'D*syef
                                                                                             txm;uvnf; us,f0ef;NyD; oyf&yf               ql&SDpkH? q&SdrdvkdYac:wJh ig;tpdrf;ukd         qkdifav;ukd awmf0ifyvmZm? ajrnD
                                                                                                    S H            df JS
                                                                                             oefY&i;f ½komru qkixrm *syef0g;yif          t&om&Sd&Sd jyifqifxm;wJh Sashimi                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                         xyf? zke;-01-8600066 rSm oGm;NyD;
                                                                                             av;awG pkdufxm;wmrsKd;? *syefpwkdif         Combination ? *syefu wifoGif;wJh                jrnf;prf;vkdY&ygw,f/
                                                                                             PRODUCT




      tdE,tpm;tpm? w½kwtpm;
          d´
tpm? uk&;,m;tpm;tpm pwJh EkiiH
        d D
                              f
                                  d f
                                                                                             AD'D,dkwkduf½dkuf ½dkuful;Ekdifr,fUuifr&m
wumtpm;taomufawGeJY tuRrf;                                                                                                S k
                                                                                                   enf;ynmacwfBuD;xJrm ud,f
w0if&SdvSwJh jrefrmhvQmu *syefpm                                                             ydkifuifr&mwpfvHk;&Sdoifhw,fvdkY
awGeJYvnf; rpdrf;vSygbl;/ toifh                                                              ,lqolawGtwGuf "mwfyHktaysmf
pm;aomufEiwhJ uk&;,m;tpm;tpm
             dk f  d D                                                                       wrf;½dkuful;wJholyJjzpfjzpf? owif;
awG aps;uGuxJ tvG,wul awGUjrif
                f      f                                                                     orm;awG e J Y wjcm;vk d t yf o l a wG
ae&ayr,fh *syefpma&mif;cswJqiu
                             h dk f                                                                  f          D dk       d f kd
                                                                                             twGuyjJ zpfjzpf AD',uifr&m wku½uf
awmh xifoavmuf rrsm;vSwmrkdY                                                                 ½dkuful;EkdifwJh Nikon trSwfwHqdyf
*syefpmppfppfukd jrnf;prf;vkdolawG?                                                                                  f
                                                                                             uifr&mopfav;eJY rdwqufay;vkuf      d
PRODUCT




  xkdif;enf;ynmeJhxkwfwJU tm*g;tdwkHrkefh
                                                                                                                                         ygw,f/                                          AD'D,dkt&nftaoG;aumif;rGefw,f
                                                tm*g;u topfxyfxkwfvkdufwJh                   awmhrS tke;f oD;rIeYfeYJv;l Ny;D vdoavmuf
                                                                                                                                k                 'Duifr&mu armf',fvf Cool                        k dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                         vdYk qdEiygw,f/ 'Duifr&mu 32GB
                                                tdwreYfukd ñTeay;csiygw,f/ tvSL
                                                      kH k            f       f                       f
                                                                                             t&G,tpm;twki;ñSyNf yD; oH;aqmif
                                                                                                                  d f             k      Pix - L 120 jzpfNyD; LCD Screen u               txd xyfpkdufEkdifNyD; SD uwftoHk;
                                                r*FvmyGJawG? tcrf;tem;awG? udk,fh            Ekdifygvdrhfr,f/                            awmh okH;vufr&Sdygw,f/ uifr&m                        d f
                                                                                                                                                                                         jyKEkiygw,f/ uifr&mudk AA "mwfcJ
                                                tdrfrSmjyKvkyfwJh bkef;BuD;qGrf;uyfyGJ               tcsKd&nfrBudKufbJ tkef;EkdYvdk      &JUykH&dyft&nftaoG; Mega pixels                 av;vHk;xnfhoGif;NyD;toHk;jyK&rSm/
                                                        S
                                                awGrm vufpr;jycsiwoawGtwGuf
                                                                   Gf       f hJ l           [mrsKd;eJY vkyf&ifvnf;&ygw,f/               14.1 yg0ifNyD; rSefbDvl;uawmh 21                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   uifr&myJjzpfjzpf IT ypön;awG
                                                vnf; tcsKdyGJtjzpf jyifqifyHhydk;ay;         txky&UJ aemufausmrSm tñTe;wpfyg
                                                                                                    f                               f                   df
                                                                                                                                         qtxdcsUJ EkiwmaMumifh awmfawmfa0;               0,fr,fqkd&ifawmh tavmwBuD;
                                                Edkifygvdrfhr,f/                             wnf; ½dkufxm;wmawGU&rSmyg/ Bla-             wJh yHk&dyfawGudkyg qGJ,l½dkuful;EkdifrSm       r0,fbJ ypön;f &JUt&nftaoG;? tmrcH
                                                          xkdif;EkdifiHu ukefMurf;eJY enf;   zon ? pdefa*[m? Star Mart pwJhae&m          yg/ uifr&m&JU b,fbufjcrf;uyJ                          f dfI
                                                                                                                                                                                         csuay;EkirwYkdukd taotcsmar;jref;
                                                ynmudk &,lNyD;jrefrmEkdifiHrSmyJ xkwf        awGrSm cyfvG,fvG,f0,fvkdY&rSmyg/            jzpfjzpf? nmbufjcrf;uyJjzpfjzpf                            l
                                                                                                                                                                                         0,f,zYkd twGuf tBuHay;vkygw,f/ d
                                                vkyfxm;wmyg/ wpfxkyfudk 180                  aps;EIef;u usyf 400 yg/ xkwfvkyf            Zoom qG J z d k Y twG u f cvk w f E S p f c k   teDa&mifeJYteufa&mif&SdNyD; aps;EIef;
                                                *&rfyg0ifNyD; tJ'xrmyg0ifwhJ trIeYf
                                                                        D J S                wJh ukrÜPDeJYqufoG,fcsif&ifawmh                       hJ
                                                                                                                                         yg0ifwtjyif wjcm;uifr&mawG xuf                  uawmh usyfESpfodef;ajcmufaomif;
                                                udk oMum;? a&? tcsKd&nfeYJ qm;enf;           Mikko Food Marketing Co.,Ltd.                             f k               D
                                                                                                                                         xl;jcm;csuwpfcuawmh AD',dk uifr&m               0ef;usifeJY ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f?
                                                enf;xnhfNyD; jyKvkyf&ygw,f/ udk,fh                               f
                                                                                             trSwf 6-A ? OD;xGe;jrwfvrf;? wmarG             d f dk f kd f d f
                                                                                                                                         wku½u½uu;l EkiwhJ pepfyg0ifygw,f/               taemf&xmvrf;? 39 vrf;eJY vrf;
         jrefrmrkefYawGudk udk,hftdrfrSmyJ      pdwfxJ&SdwJhtwkdif;xnfhoHk;vkdufwJh          NrdKUe,f? &efukef zkef; - 548459?                    'ghtjyif HD movie tjynfhyg                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                         40 xdyu pifx&,fwm0grSm zGixm;       hf
vwfvwfqwfqwfoefYoefY&i;&Si;          S f f      tcsKd&nfav;&JU ta&mif? t&om                                          df
                                                                                             543718? 554863? vki;cGJ - 141?              0ifwmrdkY AD'D,kdt&nftaoG; 1280 x               wJh jrefrmhtvSta&mif;pifwmrSm 0,f,l
vk y f p m;csif w ,f q d k o l a wG t wG u f    twkdif; xGufvmrSmyg/ at;cJoGm;               151 wdYkukd qufo,vYd&ygw,f/
                                                                                                               G f k                     720 txd ½d k u f u l ; Ek d i f w maMumif h     Ekdifygw,f/




                                                The Voice Weekly    wGif tcef;qufazmfjycJUonfU
                                               owif;orm;wpfOD;\ pifumylc&D;oGm;aqmif;yg;rsm; pkpnf;rI

                                                yxrurÇmodkh 'kwd,wpfacguf
                                                                                                                                                                                                xGufNyD
                                                                                                 f
                                                                                             ausmA[de;f
                                                                                                                   '
   28
 The
    VOICE


 Vol.7 / No.41
                       NET N TECH                                                                    The
                                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                            Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




                                                                                                                                                                                     September 26 - October 2 , 2011




tGefvdkif;ay:u okw&wemodkuf
                 df
          t*Fvypmavhvmvdupm;aeol k f                                                                                                                           d f
                                                                                                                                            enf;ynm? t*Fvypm? ocsm? ordi;?   F      k f   twGuf qdkzG,f&mr&Sdawmhygbl;/
awGtwGuf urÇmausmf BBC &JU                                                                                                                  bmompum;? wpfudk,fa&zGHUNzdK;a&;?                      aemufqHk;ydwftaeeJY BBC
Learning English tpDtpOfudk zwf                                                                                                             pD;yGm;a&;? bmoma&;pojzifh pHkvif             Learning &JU aumif;uGufwpfckudk
rSwfavhvmzl;Mur,fxifygw,f/                                                                                                                  ayg<u,f0ovdk urÇmausmr',mBuD;   fDD                 f f                kd f S
                                                                                                                                                                                          ñTe;csiwmu 'Dqurm tifwmeuf
'g[m pOfqufrjywf oif,lavhvm                                                                                                                 wpfckjzpfwmrkdY oifaxmufultaeeJY              csKdUiJhav;vHwJhae&mu toHk;jyK&ol
jcif;udk &nfrSef;csufwpfcktjzpf xm;                                                                                                         vnf; pDpOfxm;&Sday;xm;wmawGu                  awGtwGuf avhvmp&moifcef;pm
&SwhJ BBC &JU tpDtpOfaumif;awGxu
  d                                    J                                                                                                                     D kd kd f
                                                                                                                                            t½ky?f toH? AD',ziawGeYJ jynfpvS     h kH     pmzdkif? toHzdkif pwmawGudk tvG,f
        k
wpfcyjJ zpfygw,f/ 'ghtjyif BBC rSm                                                                                                          ygw,f/                                        wul Download qGJcs&,lEdkifatmif
vlodenf;NyD; pdwf0ifpm;zG,faumif;                                                                                                                  taMumif;t&mwpf&yfukd urÇm              pDpOfay;xm;wmyJjzpfygw,f/
wJh tpDtpOfawGusef&Sdaeygao;                                                                                                                wpf 0 ef ; rS m vuf & S d j zpf a y:aewJ h             pd w f y g0if p m;ol a wG t wG u f
w,f/ 'gaMumifh pdwf0ifpm;zG,f tpD                                                                                                           owif;a&pD;eJYtwl vdkufygavhvm                 tcrJhavhvmEdkifwJh taMumif;t&m
tpOfaumif;wpfckudk vufrvGwf&                                                                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                            Ediwmuvnf; olY&UJ tm;omcsuwpf         f       &if;jrpfaygif;pHkudk 'A to Z' qkdNyD; pDpOf
avatmif BBC Website &JUvlod                                                                                                                 &yfjzpfygw,f/ 'ghtjyif BBC u                  ay;xm;wJh BBC Learning Website
enf;aeao;wJh u@wpfcukd 'Dwpfywfk                                                                                                            xkwfvTifhcJhwJh ESpfaygif;ckepfq,f            udk http://www.bbc.co.uk/learning/
rSm rdwfqufay;yg&ap/                                                                                                                        ausmfpmtpDtpOfawGudk jyefajymif;              rSm 0ifa&mufMunfh½IEdkifygw,f/
          oif,lavhvmjcif;vdkY cyf&Sif;                                                                                                      avhvmEdkifwmuvnf; NyD;jynfhpHkrI
&Sif; trnfay;xm;wJh BBC Learn-
ing [m tifwmeufay:rSm tcsdefudk
tusKd;&Sd&Sd toHk;csvdkolawG? acwfeJY
tnD urÇmudk&ifaygifwef;vdkolawG
twGuf pdwf0ifpm;p&mawGeJY jynfh
                                               Windows                        wufzdkh cyfMumMum apmifUp&mrvdkbl;vdkhqdkwJU                                                                       Netbook
ES u f a ewJ h a e&mwpf c k j zpf y gw,f /           Windows wufatmifapmifhzdkY      awG? ausmif;ol ausmif;om;awG                                                                         Rescue System     eJ Y Veriface vd k
bmjzpf v d k Y vJ q d k a wmh 'D a e&mrS m                     k
                                             tcsdeMf umMumrvdbJ 5 puúeYf twGi; f     taeeJY oGm;oGm;vmvm ayghaygh                                                                         vkyfaqmif csufawGudkvnf; oHk;Edkif
vlwdkif;tvG,fwul avhvmoif,l                  Email oHk;wm? tifwmeufoHk;wm            yg;yg; o,foGm;NyD; okH;vdkY&atmif                                                                    ygvdrfhr,f/ 6 Cell Li-ion bufx&D
EdkifwJh pdwf0ifpm;zG,ftaMumif;t&m                               f
                                             pwmawGudk tvG,wulvyaqmif  k f           ñTef&jcif;yg/                                                                                        trsKd;tpm;yJjzpfNyD; wpfESpftmrcH
aygif;pHk&JU tcrJh&if;jrpfawGudk pkpnf;      Edkifr,fh Quick Start Function udk            Lenovo trSwfwHqdyf S100                                                                        oufwrf;ay;xm;ygw,f/
ay;xm;vdkYygyJ/                              xnfhoGif;xm;wJh Netbook jzpfw,f         armf',fvfjzpfNyD; aps;uGufxJa&muf                                                                          tjzL? teD? tjym ta&mifo;Hk rsK;    d
          BBC Learning rSm avhvmEdkif        vdkY 'Dypönf;oGif;olawGu ñTef;qdk       wmrMumao;ygbl;/ tav;csdef 2.2                                                                        &SdwmrdkY Netbook udk ta&mifvSvS
      h
r,ftaMumif;t&mawGu tEkynm?                                                 f
                                             xm;wmyg/ c&D;oGm;rsm;wJh vkyief;&Sif    Lbs &SdNyD; 11.1" WXGA LED Dis-                                                                                  kf f          kd l
                                                                                                                                                                                          av;rS udicsiygw,fqoawGtwGuf
                                                                                     play yg/ Intel Atom TM N570 1.66                                                                                            hf
                                                                                                                                                                                          vnf; tqifajyygvdrr,f/ Lenovo
                                                                                     GHz, 1GB DDR3 5D RAM, 320                                                                                                  kf S
                                                                                                                                                                                          Authorised Dealer qdiawGrm 0,fvYkd

yHk&dyfawGudk tvkd&Sdovkd uGefhjrL;Edkifzdkh                                         GB SATA HDD ? LAN pwmawG
                                                                                     yg0ifNyD; Lenovo &JUygaeus Onekey
                                                                                                                                                                                                   hf         f
                                                                                                                                                                                          &ygvdrr,f/ aps;EIe;u usyEpoe;
                                                                                                                                                                                          ajcmufaomif;0ef;usif avmuf&Sdyg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f S f d f

                                                                                                                                                                                          w,f/



                                                                                        tifwmeufokH;&if; ykdufqH&Smr,f
                                                                                                 tifwmeufo;kH &if; tysi;vnf;     f                         h
                                                                                                                                            olu taumifwpfctwGuf wpfcudk
                                                                                                                                                              k            k                      f l G             d hf dk f H S
                                                                                                                                                                                          rS xkw,cijhf yKygw,f/ uk,Eiirm
                                                                                            d f H
                                                                                     ajy ykuqvnf;&Smcsiw,fq&ifawmhf           dk            wpfqifhEIef;eJY taumifhESpfq,fyGm;            tGefvkdif;bPfpepfr&SdvkdY xl;jcm;rSm
                                                                                                    d f       k
                                                                                     aMumfjimqkuwpfcudk nTe;vkuyg&          f d f           xm;&if ESpfa':vm aumfr&Sif ay;&               r[kwfbl;vkdYawmh rxifvkdufygeJY/
                                                                                     ap/ 'DqkdufrSm Register vkyfNyD;&if                    ygOD;r,f/ wpfywfqufwkdufMunfh                 tifwmeufay:uae tcaMu;aiGeJY
                                                                                                                    k f
                                                                                     aMumfjim 25ckudk wpfccsi;Munf&rSm/            h        &if 14 a':vmeJY 70qihf pkpkaygif;                J l            f J
                                                                                                                                                                                          qG,&r,fh aqmhz0awG? pmtkyawGeYJ  f
                                                                                     New Tab eJY aMumfjimawG tm;vkH;ukd                                                 df
                                                                                                                                            wpfvukd 63a':vmavmuf &Ekir,fh                 oDcsif;awGukd 'Du&Smxm;wJh ykdufqH
                                                                                               f        h
                                                                                     tNyKdiac:MunfvYdk &rSmawmhr[kwyg                   f   tcGifhta&;&Sdygw,f/ ta&;BuD;wm                awGeJY &Sif;ay;vkdY&rSmjzpfygw,f/
                                                                                                            k
                                                                                     bl;/ aMumfjimwpfcudk vki;aumif;&ifdf                   uawmh tGefvkdif;bPf taumif h                  atmufygvifhcfrSm oGm;NyD; Register
                                                                                     wpfpuúefYyJMumNyD; aMumfjimwpfckukd                    wpfck&Sd&ygr,f/ Alert Pay, PayPal             vkyfNyD;wmeJY 0ifMunfhvkdY &ygNyD/
                                                                                     a':vmwpfqifhEIef;ay;ygw,f/ 25                              d fSf
                                                                                                                                            BuKuEpouf&m bPftaumihwpfck  f                 http://bux.to/yg/
                                                                                     ckvkH;Munhf&ifawmh 34 qihfawmif                                  d f
                                                                                                                                            ukd ay;vkuyg/ a':vmig;q,fjynfh
                                                                                                                h k
                                                                                     ay;ygw,f/ taumifwpfc[m wpf&uf
                                                                                     ukd wpfBudrfyJ Munfh½IcGifh&Sdygw,f/
                                                                                                          f
                                                                                     'gayrJh taumihawGtrsm;Bu;D ukd bPf
                                                                                     pm&if;wpfckxJ xnfhay;xm;r,fqkd
                                                                                     &ifawmh taumifhzGifhxm;oavmuf
                 kH kd f
            "mwfy½u0goemygolawGtwGuf         EkdifOD;rSmjzpfNyD; rvdkcsifwmawGudk
                                                                                                 S dfS
                                                                                     0ifaiG&mEkirmjzpfygw,f/ tifwmeuf
udk,f½dkufxm;wJh "mwfyHkav;awGudk            zsufay;r,fh cJzsufuav;vnf; yg           wyfxm;NyD; wpfaeuketm;ae&ifawmh f
pdwfBudKufjyifqifEdkifr,fh Website           ygao;w,f/                               wpfaeYukd ckepfa':vmavmuftxd
jzpfygw,f/ aemufcH Background                        'gaMumifh½dkufxm;wJh "mwfyHk        d f S
                                                                                     &Ekirmjzpfygw,f/ tu,fí 'kw,                     d
                                  J
ajymif;csif&ifyJjzpfjzpf? "mwfyHkxukd                                        G
                                             awGukd xyfNyD;uGeYfjrL; wDxijf yifqif   taumifhukd zGifhwJhtcgrSm yxr
          f
t½kyuav;awG xyfxnhfcsif&ifyJ                 csifolawGtwGuf pdwf0ifpm;p&m            taumifhu Refer vkyfwJhtaMumif;
jzpfjzpf tvG,fwulvkyfEkdifrSmyg/             aumif;wJh 'D Website &JU vdyfpmu        jznhfay;r,fqkd&if 'kwd,vlMunhfwJh
'ghtjyif Fairy vdkYac:wJh ewforD;            www.pizap. com yg/ Start qdkwJh         twGuf yxrtaumihfu aumfr&Sif
tao;pm;av;awG 0ef;&HNyD; yef;                                             kH
                                             pmom;ay:vmwmeJY "mwfyukd jyifEif   dk   &OD;rSmjzpfygw,f/ taumifawG yGm;&if  h
        S                   S
vSvawG? vdyjf ymvSvawGeYJtvSqif              ygNyD/                                  yGm;xm;oavmuf uk,u aumfr&Sifd f
  d f D                  hJ
EkiO;rSmyg/ BudKufwta&mifudk jc,f                                                    &aeOD;yg/ aemufNyD; aeYwi; MunhwJh dk f          f
 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011


 MARKET
                                                                                                                   REGIONAL                                                                                          VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           29




aejynfawmf tdrf? NcH? ajraps;uGuf 0,fvufr&Sd Nidrfouf[kqdk
aejynfawmf? pufwifbm 12
              pdk;&½Hk;pdkuf&m aejynfawmfjzpfwnfNyD;aemufydkif; aejynfawmfa'o&Sd tdrf? NcH? ajr aps;uGufrsm;wGif tdrf? NcH? ajraps;rsm; wpf[kefxkd;jrifhwufí a&mif;vdktm;xuf 0,fvdktm;rsm;cJhaomfvnf ;          nf
 t            ,ckESpf Mo*kwfvrSpwifí 0,f,lrnfholr&SdbJ aps;uGuNidrfaeaMumif; aejynfawmf&Sd tdrf? NcH? ajr tusKd;aqmifvkyfief;vkyfukdifolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                 fNid
                                                       f G
          ,if;aps;uGuf&Sd&mae&mrsm;rSm uGuwif ta&mif;t0,faumif;aecJh                                                                                                   1500 aps;&Sdaew,f/ 'ud©PoD&dNrdKU
                                                     h
ysOf ; rem;Nrd K U aygif ; avmif ; (2) onftwGuf tdr?f Nc?H ajrta&mif;t0,f                                                                                              u ay 80 ywfvnfajruGuqdk ode;       f         f
        G                        G
&yfuu?f abm*0wD&yfuu?f &mZXmeD jyKvkyf&ef 0,fxm;olrsm;rSm 2011                                                                                                         400^500 &Sdaeovkd RC wpfxyf
vrf;rBuD; ab;0J,mwpfavQmuf? ckESpf Mo*kwfvqef;ykdif;rS p wif í                                                                                                         wkduf ay 80 ywfvnfqdk&if odef;
Owå&oD&dNrdKUuGufopf? 'u©dPoD&d ta&mif;rxGufawmhojzifh 0,fxm;                                                                                                          1000 eJY 2000 Mum; aps;uGuf&Sd
NrdKUuGufopf? ykAÁoD&dNrdKUuGufopf? onfh ajruGufrsm;udk aygifESHum aiG                                                                                                 w,f/ ysOf;rem;NrdKU &mZXmeDvrf;
okdufacsmif;? jynfpHatmif&yfuGuf? zvS,fNyD; oHk;ae&aMumif; ? ta&mif;                                                                                                   twGif;ydkif;ajruGuf ay 40_60 qdk
                                                               Gf       h
ZAÁ L oD & d N rd K U a&T M umyif & yf u G u f ? t0,frjzpfxe;onftwGuf ajruGuf                                                                                          &if odef; 350 ? odef; 500 txuf
oajyukef;&yfuGufwdkYjzpfonf/                              k   S f
                                                 aps;udowfrwíyifr&aMumif;? 0,f                                                                                         ykdif;uyJ&Sdw,f/ &mZXmeD vrf;rBuD;
          aejynfawmf tdrf? NcH? ajr aps; rnfholrsm;rSmvnf; ajruGufaps;rnf                                                                                              ab;wpfavQmufu ay 80_60
                                                                                                                                                                                    f          dk
                                                                                                                                                                       ajruGuqkd wpfxyfwu?f ESpxyfwuf   f        dk
                                                                                                                                                                       tay:rlwnfNyD; odef; 5000 eJY odef;
                  News in Brief                                                                                                                                                          d
                                                                                                                                                                       10ç000 Mum;rSm&Sw,f/ ysOf;rem;NrdKU
                                                                                                                                                                       aygif;avmif; (2) &yfuGufrSmqkd&if
                                                                                        odkYjzpfvmrnfudkrodonfhtwGuf 70? odef; 80 eJY ta&mif;t0,fjzpf ay 40_60 ajruGufukd vrf;tae
(249) Budrfajrmuf ydawmufacsmif;uxdefusif;yrnf                                                                                                 f
                                                                                        r0,f&JMuaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/ aew,f/ uGeu&pfvrf;ab; ar;wif txm;? taqmufttHay: rlwnfNyD;                    k
yvdyf? pufwifbm 7                                                                                 f         H               k      d
                                                                                        ]]ajruGuukd taygifc&ifawmifrS oH; qk&if tdrtyg ode; 250? ode; 300 od e f ; 350 uae od e f ; 100
                                                                                                                                            f         f      f
          yvdyfNrdKUol? NrdKUom;rsm; pkaygif;vSL'gef;aom oufwrf;&Snf ydawmuf csKd;wpfcsKd;? av;csKd;wpfcsKd;yJ ay; avmuf eJY ta&mif;t0,f jzpfae ausmf t xd & S d w ,f / ZAÁ L oD & d N rd K U
acsmif;uxdefudk ,ckESpfwGif (249) Budrfajrmuftjzpf usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif; w,f/ Owå&oD&Nd rdKUrSm ajruGuwefz; w,f/ wjcm;NrdKUe,fawGu ajruGuf a&TMumyif&yfuGufu ay 40_60
                                                                                                                   f         kd
ydawmufacsmif;uxdefusif;ya&;aumfrwDxHrS od&Sd&onf/                                      aygufaps;xuf usyfoe; 100 avQmh awGuawmh owfrSwfaps;awG &Sdae ajruGufqdk vrf;eJYtaqmufttHk
                                                                                                              d f
          yvdyfNrdKUü atmufwdkbmv 10 &uf (oDwif;uRwfvqef; 13 &uf) a&mif;wmawmif 0,fr,fholr&Sdbl;}} ayr,fh 0,fvufr&SvYkd ta&mif;t0,f taetxm;ay: rlwnfNyD; ode; 350?
                                                                                                                                                    d                                                         f
aeYwGif trsm;MunfndKzG,f cif;usif;jyornfjzpfNyD; atmufwdkbmv 13 [k aejynf a wmf td r f ? NcH ? ajr rjzpfbl;}} [k ¤if;u qkdonf/                                         450 uae odef; 1000 txufrSm
&ufaeY (oDwif;uRwf vjynfhausmf 1 &ufaeY) wGif ppfudkif;awmif½dk;? ta&mif;t0,fvyaeonhf tdr?f Nc?H ajr   kf                                  d f            H     G
                                                                                                                                       ]]okuacsmif;? jynfpatmifuuf &Sw,f/ oajyuke;f &yfuuu ajruGuf
                                                                                                                                                                        d                           G f
ydawmufacsmif;ü a&pufcsvL'gef;rnfjzpfaMumif; yvdyNf rdKUcHwpfO;u qkonf/ tusKd;aqmifwpfOD;u ajymqkdonf/ u ay 60 ywfvnf ajruGufawG aps;qd&if oajyuke;aps;teD;wpf0uf
                                     S                                         D    d                                                                                          k             f                  kd
          ,if;uxdeukd yvdyNf rdKUrS pkaygif;NyD; &yfe;? &yfa0; tvSL&Sirsm;u 1125
                          f                             D                      f               ]]tckvuf&Sdta&mif;t0,fjzpf uvnf; ykAÁoD&dNrdKUu tdrf? NcH? ajr ay 60 ywfvnfajruGufeJY taqmuf
ckESpf (tif;0acwf) rS pwifum ESpfpOfvSL'gef;vmjcif;jzpfaMumif;? yxrurÇm aewm ykAÁoD&dNrdKUopfwpfckyJ&Sdw,f/ aps;uGufeJY odyfruGmbl;/ Owå&oD&d ttkHay:rlwnfNyD; odef; 1500 eJY
ppf? 'kw,urÇmppfwYkd üvnf; tpOftvmrysufaqmif&uEicaMumif;ESihf ydí ay 40_60 ajruG u f w pf c k u d k NrdKUu ay 80 ywfvnf twGif;ydkif; txufrSm&Sdw,f}} [k aejynfawmf
            d                                                   G f kd f hJ           k
                                                                                                        f         f k f
xl;jcm;onfrSm 1151 ckESpfwGif ,if;acwfbdk;awmfbk&m;\ rdzk&m;ESifh uxdef (ajruGuftvGw) vrf;twGi;ydi;rSm ajruGuf RC wpfxyf (a&? rD;? tpHk) ykAo&Nd rdKU&Sd tdr?f NcH? ajr tusK;aqmif
                                                                                                                                                                           Á D                              d
              hJ                f G f I d hJ
vkyjGJ zpfcaomfvnf; ysuuurr&ScaMumif; rSwwrf;rsm;t& od&&onf/f               dS                                                                                               f kd f
                                                                                        35 odef;? odef; 40? tdrftyg odef; wkdufqdk&if odef; 1000 uae odef; vkyuiaeolwpfO;u&Si;jyonf/       D         f

zm;uefh ausmufwGif; 300 ausmf vkyfief;&yfem;                                            DEVELOPMENT


aumvif;? Mo*kwf 27
      jrefrmEkiiü ausmufpr;xGu&&ma'ojzpfaom ucsifjynfe,f zm;uefY
              d f H           d f   f dS
ausmufwGif;a'owGif tqufrjywf &GmoGef;aeaom rkd;aMumifh ausmufwGif;
                                                                                       0ef;odkwGif aus;vufzGHY NzdK;a&;ESifU
300 ausmfrSm vkyfief;&yfem;xm;&aMumif; a'ocHrsm;xHrS od&onf/
      zm;uef Y e ,f a jrwG i f puf , EÅ & m;rsm;uk d o k H ; í wl ; azmf M u&mwG i f
ajraumfpuf t&G,ftBuD;tao;ukdvkdufí puf,EÅ&m;wpfpD;vQif usyfodef;
                                                                                       qif;&JEGrf;yg;rIavQmUcsa&; usyfodef; 300 ausmfacs;
3000 rS 6000 txd&SdaMumif;? rkd;rsm;aomumvwGif awmifusacsmif;                          0ef;odk? pufwifbm 20
a&aMumifh wl;azmfa&;vkyfom;rsm;rSm usif;ydrnfh tEÅ&m,fqkd;ESifh rMumcP
&ifqkdifae&aMumif;? vkyfief;&yfem;xm;í vkyfom;rsm;rSm aexkdif&ma'o                              0ef;odkNrdKUe,fwGif aus;vuf           cyf c sKd a us;&G m rS ES D ; ^carmuf & uf                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                        aiG 5ç780ç000? pkpkaygif; pkduysK;d a&;
toD;oD;okdY jyefMuaMumif; ¤if;wkdYuqkdonf/                         a&Tvif;jynfhpk H    a'ozGHUNzdK;a&;ESifh qif;&JEGrf;yg;rI          vkyfief;&Sif 17 OD;tm; usyf 30ç000                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                        p&dwacs;aiG 8ç110ç000 usyfwdkYudk
                                                                                              h
                                                                                       avQmcsa&;twGuf ppfui;wdi;a'okd f k f           EIef;jzifh acs;aiG 510ç000? xdkYaemuf             acs;ay;cJhaMumif;? pufwifbmv 9
yk*Havmfu,ftqef&xm; vrf;acsmf                                                          BuD;&Sd aZ,smya'omazmifa';&Sif;u
                                                                                       pufwifbmv 6 &ufaeYwif NrdKUe,f     G
                                                                                                                                      ruúvufaus;&GmrS awmifol 17 OD;ukd
                                                                                                                                      82{utwGuf usyf 20ç000 EIef;jzifh
                                                                                                                                                                                        &ufaeYwGif a&a0jrifom awmifol
                                                                                                                                                                                        62 OD;ukd v,f{u 264 {utwGuf
EGm;xkd;BuD;? pufwifbm 7                                                               taxG a xG t k y f c sKyf a &;OD ; pD ; Xme     usyf 1ç640ç000? ajrmufvnfaus;&Gm                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                        usyf 20ç000 EIe;jzifh 5ç280ç000 usyf
         EGm;xkd;BuD;wGif pufwifbmv 1 &ufaeY eHeuf 10 em&D rdepf 20                    a'gif;jrL;acsmif;cef;rü wdkif;a'o              awmifol 70 OD;ukd v,f 829 {u                      acs;aiG xkwfay;cJhaMumif; oufqdkif
cefYu yk*HrS rEÅav;okdY xGufcGmvmaom trSwf (117) yk*Havmfu,ftqef                                   f        kd f
                                                                                       BuD;vTwawmfu,pm;vS,O;xderif;       fD f        twGuf usyf 20ç000 EIef;jzifh usyf                 &mxHrS od&onf/            pdkif;vlrif;
&xm;rSm EGm;xkd;BuD;NrdKUe,f EGm;xkd;BuD;ESifh 0ufvl;blwmMum; rkdifwkdif 395^6         rSwpfqifh vkyfief;tvdkufacs;aiG
                                                      D      J
ESihf 8 Mum;wGif rD;&xm;pufacgif; DD^1201 ESihf vlp;&xm;wGwpfwJG vrf;acsmf             rsm;ud k ay;tyf c J h a Mumif ; ,if ;
usrIjzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; oufqkdif&ma'ocHtmPmydkifrsm;xHrSod&Sd&onf/
         &xm;ay:yg c&D;onfESifh0efxrf;rsm;rSm xdcdkufrIr&SdbJ c&D;onf 150
ausmfudk armfawmf,mOfrsm;ESifh ajymif;a&TUay;cJh&aMumif;? yk*Htjref&xm;ESifh
                                                                                       azmifa';&Sif;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                                acgif;&GufAsyfxdk;aps;onf 70
                                                                                       OD;twGuf usyf 21 odef;? 0ufarG;jrL
                                                                                                                                          rauG;owif;rsm;
tjcm;&xm;rsm; n 11 em&DausmfrS qufvufajy;qGJEkdifcJhaMumif;? ,ckESpf                   ol 107 OD;twGuf usyf 160 'or                                           d f H         dk f     ú             I k f D H GJ
                                                                                                                                                     jrefrmEkiitv,fyi; yckuLNrdKU pufrZeprcefYca&;aumfrwDyif                   dk
  d               f     d                                 k f
rk;&moDtwGi; EGm;xk;BuD;NrKdUe,fü &xm;vrf;acsmfusrI oH;Budr&NdS yDjzpfaMumif;          5 odef;? tao;pm;ukefxkwfvkyfief;                   v,fxGef pufwpfvkH;? ajrxkd;pufwpfpD;ESifh vufwGef;xGefpufESpfpD;
oufqkdif&mxHrSod&onf/                                               aX;armif
                                                               oef;aX;armif            47 OD;twGuf usyf 14 'or 1 ode;?          f                                                  G           I k f S f
                                                                                                                                          wkYd udk pufwifbmv 3 &ufaeYwif pufrZe&i;vif;aqmifü aps;NydKif
                                                                                       v,f,mukefxkwftoif;av;oif;
aumvif;wGif bdef;rnf; 17 ydómausmfzrf;rd                                               twGuf 190 'or 2 ode; pkpaygif;  f k
                                                                                                                                          pepfjzifh a&mif;cscJhaMumif; ,if;avvHyJGxHrS od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                       h                   f
                                                                                                                                                     - rif;bl;NrdKU a&Tpufawmf ab;rJawmtwGi;&Sd uke;aea&aevdyf   f
aumvif;? pufwifbm 3                                                                    385 'or 8 od e f ; xk w f a y;cJ h                                                      d           f
                                                                                                                                          rsm;ukd pufwifbmv 'kw,ywftwGi; ywf0ef;usifxe;odr;a&;ESihf             d f f
            dk f d f
       ppfui;wki;a'oBuD; aumvif;&JwyfzGJUpcef;u wyfzGJU0ifrsm;onf                      aMumif; oufqdkif&mxHrS od&onf/                     opfawma&;&m0efBuD;Xme opfawmOD;pD;XmeESihf om;iSuxe;odr;a&;              f d f f
                                                   H d f
aumvif;- yifvnfbl; vrf;rBuD;ay:wGif yDetwxrf;íoGm;olukd owif;                                   ,if;tjyif 0ef;odkNrdKUe,fwGif             tzGJU (WCS) wkdYu okawoejyKoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqkdyg ab;rJh
               S          h      H d f         f
t& &yfwefY&mazGppfaq;cJ&m yDetwtwGi;rS <uyf<uyftwEihf xkwxm;aom
                                                           d fS    f                   pufwifbmv 7 &ufaeYu rif;uke;               f       awmtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;½kH;xHrS od&onf/
tav;csdef 17 ydóm 20 usyfom; bdef;rnf; 21 xkyfukd awGU&Sdzrf;qD;&rd                    aus;&GmrS ESD;^qefaum&ufvkyfief;                              - rauG;wkdif;a'oBuD; *efYa*gc½kdif xD;vif;NrdKUe,f xD;vif;-
aMumif; ,if;&Jpcef;xHrS od&onf/                                                             f kd f
                                                                                       vkyuiol 24 OD;ukd wpfO;vQif usyf D
       Mo*kwfv 16 &ufaeY eHeuf 4 em&D rdepf 40 cefYu aumvif;-                          30ç000 EIef;jzifh usyf 720ç000?                    *efYa*gum; vrf;rkdifwkdiftrSwf (114) teD;wGif ay 50 t&Snf&Sd
yifvnfbl; um;vrf;rBuD;\ a&Tbkef;yGifh vrf;qHkwGif aumvif;blwmbufrS                     tmrcHaus;&GmrS awmifol 64 OD;ukd                   wHwm;ajrxdef;eH&Hrsm; NydKusysufpD;cJh&NyD; av;aycefYedrfhuscJhojzifh
qif;vmaom rouFmzG,f&m vlpdrf;ESpfOD;rSm yDeHtdwfrsm; xrf;vmonfudk                      wpfOD;vQif usyf 20ç000 EIef;jzifh                               H                k f
                                                                                                                                          ,m,Dwwm;aqmufvyum oGm;vmvsuf&aMumif; oufqi&mxHrS           dS                 dk f
awGU&ojzifh &yfwefY ppfaq;&SmazG&mwpfOD;rSm xrf;vmaom yDeHtdwfudkcsí                   pkpkaygif;aiGusyf 6ç320ç000 usyf                   pkHprf;od&&onf/dS
     f                      f k                               h
xGuajy;oGm;um aMu;oGe;td;awmf&yf? tr&yl&NrdKUe,f? jrifol touf 32 ESpf                  pkpkaygif;acs;aiG 7ç040ç000 usyf                                     f                    f           G
                                                                                                                                                     - xde;csKyf"mwkypön;rsm; vrf;vJra&mufapa&;twGuf vkyief;                 f
udrl zrf;qD;&rdaMumif;? xGuajy;oGm;olrm aMu;oGe;td;awmf&yf tr&yl&NrKd Uae
  k                           f           S            f k                                              h
                                                                                       wdYkukd acs;ay;cJaMumif;? pufwifbmv                    § dI f
                                                                                                                                          ndEi; tpnf;ta0;wpf&yfudk o&ufc½kif atmifvNH rdKU UKT t&ufcsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                         d
apmrif;aemif touf 47 ESpf jzpfaMumif; trIxwjf yefcsut& od&onf/
                                                 k          f                          8 &ufaeYwGif rif;ukef;aus;&GmrS                    puf½kH&dyfom cef;rwGif pufwifbmv 2 &ufaeYu jyKvkyfcJh&m
       ,if;trIukd aumvif;&JwyfzUJG pcef;u r,(y) 6^2011 ? rl;,pf yk'r 15^16
                                                                     f                 ESD;^qefaum vkyfief;vkyfudkifol                    a'oqkdif&mtmPmykdifrsm; ESifh vkyfief;&SiftcsKdU wufa&mufcJhaMumif;
(u)^21 t& trIzGifhta&;,lí ½Hk;wifw&m;pGJqkdEkdifa&;twGuf ppfaq;ae                      ajcmuf O D ; uk d wpf O D ; vQif usyf              oufqkdif&mxHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/                                   oDwmaX;(rauG;)
                                   k        dS
aMumif; ,if; &JwyfzUJG pcef;xHrS pHprf;od&&onf/ udkudkndrf; (aumvif;)                  30ç000 EIef;jzifh usyf 180ç000?
    30
  The
     VOICE                  SOCIETY                                                                                                                                                              Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011



                         k f H G
          av;&Sm;Ediiwif 2010 pufwifbmvu
  r       usif ; yjyKvk y f c J h o nf h 0if a iG e nf ;
aus;vufa'orsm;twGuf wefzdk;enf;tdrf&m
'DZdkif;NydKifyGJwGif touf 16 ESpfrS touf 30
twGif;&Sd jrefrmvli,f 10 OD;0ifa&muf,SOfNydKif
  h                 f                   k
cJ&m 2011 ZGevwGif tzGUJ oH;zGUJ u yxr? 'kw,?                     d
wwd,qkrsm; &&SdcJhonf/
         tqdkygtzGJUoHk;zGJUrSm vli,fig;OD;yg0if
onfh S.A.M.A.T tzGUJ ? wpfO;wnf;,SONf ydKifol    D
              f D                h             k
tzGUJ ? ESpO;yg0ifonftzGUJ pkpaygif;tzGUJ ok;zGUJ yg            H
        S f hJ                     f JG
0if,ONf yKd icaMumif; NyKd iy0ifrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
                  f JG S
         xdNk ydKiyrm jrefrmtif*sie,mvli,frsm;\  fD
            k                 hf          d
yxrqH;aom tcGita&;&&Sonfh NyKd iyjJG zpfonf/             f
         yxrqk&&Sdol touf 25 ESpft&G,f
udkatmifrif;xl; u 2008 ckEpwif jrefrmEdiiH         S f G            k f
ü wdkufcwfcJhaom em*pfrkefwdkif;uJhodkY rkefwdkif;
rsKd; xyfrHjzpfyGm;vmygu aus;vufaejynfol
rsm;twGuf vHkNcHKNyD; udk,fydkifrkefwdkif;tum
tuG,ftaqmufttHk&Sdap&ef &nf&G,fí yg0if                                            tmqD,Hwefzdk;enf;tdrf&mNyKdifyGJ0if yxrqk& S.A.M.A.T tzGJU
,SOfNydKifcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; ajymMum;onf/
         NydKifyGJwGif owfrSwfpnf;urf;csufrsm;udk
    k f kd f d f
ud,wipw0ifpm;NyD; wefz;enf;tdr&mrsm;ESihf   kd             f
enf;ynmausmif;wufpOfumvwGif oifMum;cJh
onfrsm;udk jyefvnfowd&í ,SONf ydKifcaMumif;                  hJ
AdokumbGJU& touf 27 ESpft&G,f ra'0Du
qdkonf/
         tqdkygvli,frsm;onf Concept Design
of an Eco Friendly and Green Affordable
House for Low Income People acgif;pOfjzifh
          S                             JG
0ifa&muf,ONf ydKifcMhJ uNyD; ,if;NydKifyukd ASEAN
Academy of Engineering and Technology
(AAET) u BuD;rSL;usi;ycJjh cif;jzpfaMumif; yg0if
                          f                                                                                                                                                                                                                G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MunfMunfvif
       JG hJ                          f
NydKify0ifconfh touf 23 ESpt&G,f ryef;tdjzL         zL
u &Sif;jyonf/                                                                                            JG         l
                                                                          xm;aMumif; ,if;NydKify0ifNydKifowYkd u qdonf/          k      wpfcktxd umuG,fEdkif&ef ESifh aetdrfwnf                    oli,fcsif;rdwfaqGrsm;aMumifh tm;tifjzpfcJh
                k          JG              f d f f
         tqdygNydKifyukd ywf0ef;usixe;odr;a&;                                       tqkdygtdrf\ta&SUwGif 0g;ujyifjzifh                  aqmuf y gu uk e f u sp&d w f o uf o monf h                 ouJhodkY rdrdudk,fudk ,HkMunfrIydk&SdvmaMumif;
wGif Adokumwpfa,muftaejzifh rdrdwwfEdkif                                     J
                                                                          wGquf wnfaqmufxm;NyD; a&BuD;vmygu                                         H        f k f H
                                                                                                                                        tmqD,a'owGi;Ediirsm;&Sd tajccHvwef;pm;               l     ¤if;u oHk;oyfonf/
aombufrS yg0ifaqmif&GufEdkif&ef &nf&G,fí                                  tdrfwGif wGJuyfxm;onfh a&ujyifudkjzKwfí                       rdom;pkrsm; aqmufvkyfEdkifonfh ukefusp&dwf                           yxrqk&&Sdjcif;tay: tzGJU0ifjzpfol
0ifNydKifcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; oefvsifenf;ynm                                                        k kd f
                                                                          0g;azmiftjzpf toH;jyKEiaMumif;? tdr'Zi;wefz;dkf D kd f        jzpf&ef wefz;enf;tdr&m'DZi;udk t"du,SONf ydKif
                                                                                                                                                          kd      f       kd f                     udkatmifrif;xl; u oGm;a&muf,SOfNydKifpOfu
           kd f        k
wuúovrS AdoumbGUJ & touf 26 ESpt&G,f             f                        rSm tar&duefa':vm 3500 jzpfaMumif; yxrqk                        h                   S f hJ
                                                                                                                                        cJ&aMumif; yg0if,ONf ydKicol rqk&nfatmif u                 yif yxrqk&&Sd&ef arQmfvifhcJhNyD; ¤if;wdkY\
r0g0gvGif u qdkonf/                                                       &&SdcJhonfh S.A.M.A.T tzGJUrS udkatmifrif;xl;                 ajymonf/                                                   'DZdkif;rSm pdwful;,OfrqefbJ vufawGUb0
         NydKifyGJwGif rkefwdkif;? qlemrD'PfcHEdkif&ef                    u qdkonf/                                                              rnfonfhtvkyfrqdk tvkyfvkyf&mwGif                  qefpGm jyKvkyfxm;aomaMumifh ta&G;cH&jcif;
ESifh a&BuD;ygu tdrfudkazmifjzifhoGm;í&rnfh                                         tdrfwpftdrfwGif obm0ywf0ef;usifudk                  tcuftcJrsm;rSm tenf;ESifh trsm;BuHK&pNrJyif                jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u qdkonf/
'DZdkif;udkyg xnfhoGif;wnfaqmufcJhonf/                                    xdcdkufrI tenf;qHk;jzpf&efESifh obm0tEÅ&m,f                   jzpfonf/ tcsuftvufrsm; &SmazG&mwGif                                  yg0if,SOfNydKifaomEdkifiHrsm;wGif tcsKdU
tdrfudkywf0ef;usifxdcdkufrIavsmhenf;aom 0g;                                    kd
                                                                          cHEiNf yD; tmqD,H 0ifaiGenf;rdom;pkrsm; aexdi&ef         kf   tqifajy rIr&Sdjcif;? taumif;qHk;jzpfatmif                  'DZdkif;rsm; rSm pdwful;,Ofqefjcif;? vufawGU
jzifh? aps;rBuD;aomopfom;ESifh obm0rS                                                            h
                                                                          twGuf tkwjf zifwnfaqmufNyD; taqmufttHk                        aqmif&GufonfhMum;uyif pdwfauseyfrIr&Sd                     b0ESifh uif;uGmjcif;? wefzdk;enf;tdrf&mESifh
wpfqifh tvif;a&mif&&Sdap&ef av&[wfESifh                                   tm; av0ifavxGuf aumif;rGefap&ef jywif;                        jcif;rsm;? tcsuftvufokawoe vkyfaqmif                       rwlnDjcif;wdkY rsm;pGm awGU&aMumif; rav;&Sm;
                   G f        kH
aea&mifjcnfpr;tifo;í rD;xGe;Edi&ef aqmif  f k f                           aygufrsm;rsm;azmuf ay;xm;um trd;atmufem;    k                 &mwGif tm;enf;rIrsm;&SdcJhaMumif; oGm;a&muf                EdkifiHuGmvmvrfylNrdKU wGifusif;yonfh qkay;yGJ
&Gufxm;aMumif;? aetdrf'DZdkif;rwnfaqmufrD                                 wG i f av0if a vxG u f t ayguf i ,f r sm;jzif h               ,SOfNydKifoltzGJU0ifrsm;u ajymqdkonf/                      odkY wufa&mufcJhol ra'0Du ajymqdkonf/
                         f       f
uyif tao;pdwtcsutvufrsm;udk pepfwus                                       'DZdkif;qifwnfaqmufxm;aMumif;? vQyfppf                                 ]]tcuftcJawGu trsm;BuD;yJ/ wpfOD;eJY                                     k f H G          G
                                                                                                                                                                                                             rav;&Sm;Ediiwif qkom;a&muf,caom             l hJ
wGufcsufí tzGJU0ifig;OD;wdkifyifum xGufay:                                rD;&&Sd&eftwGuf qkdvmudk toHk;jyKí wyfqif                     wpfOD; yl;aygif;NyD; pkpkpnf;pnf; vkyfEdkifcJhvdkY                                           k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                   tawGUtBuHKtjzpf ,if;Edii\ ywf0ef;usifrm                          S
vmaom'DZdkif;jzpfonf/ aetdrftwGif;ydkif;wGif                              ay;xm;um tdrfwefzdk;rSm uefa':vm 4500                                                f T k f hJ
                                                                                                                                        tcuftcJawG ausmvm;Edicw,f}} [k S.A.M.A.T                   pdrf;vef;vsuf&SdNyD; ¤if;wdkYukd qkay;aom
tdyfcef;tm; uGefu&pfjzifh tcdkiftrm wnf                                   ESifh 5000 tMum;wGif ukefusrnfjzpfonf[k                       tzGUJ rS udkatmifrif;xl; u &Si;jyonf/  f                   wuúodkvf ygarmu©wpfOD;\aetdrfrSm tqifh
                                   f kd f k f
aqmufxm;NyD; a&BuD;í rkewi;wducwfygu                                      ra'0D u &Sif;jyonf/                                                    NydKifyGJumvrSm tcsdef&rIenf;í ay;xm;             twef;jrifhjrifhESifh a&ul;uef udk,fydkifum;&SdNyD;
usefaomtcef;rsm; vGifhxGufoGm;aomfvnf;                                              ]]'DZdkif;udk ½dk;&Sif;rIeJYtajccHNyD; t"du                h
                                                                                                                                        onftaMumif;t&mrsm;udk jynfp&efom t"du    h kH              ¤if;ynmESifh oihfavsmfaom taqmifta,mif
tqdkygtcef;rSm tcdkiftrmwnf&SdrnfjzpfNyD;                                 taxmuftyHhvdktyfcsufawGudk jznfhoGif;pOf;                                   h
                                                                                                                                        OD;pm;ay;cJaomaMumifh okawoerIyi; tm;enf;       kd f       rsm;&Sdonfudk jrifawGU&aMumif;? ,if;twGuf
a&wuf v mygu ysrf ; rQql e mrD j zpf y G m ;csd e f                       pm;&ygw,f/ NydKifyGJu owfrSwfay;xm;wJh                        oGm;aMumif; touf 25 ESpft&G,f r0g0gvGif                        d kd f H            kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   rdrEii&dS wuúovq&mrrsm;udvnf; xduoYkd       k            k hJ
a&wufaeaom a&tjrifh ukd;aytxuf zvyf                                       vdktyfcsufawG? pDrHudef;&JU tESpfcsKyfawGudk                  uqdkonf/                                                   jzpfapvdkaMumif; qkoGm;a&muf,lcJhol touf
jym;ay:wGif oHwef;rsm;jzifh cdkifcHhpGm wnf                               t"duOD;pm;ay;NyD; xnfhoGif;&ygw,f}} [k                                 wwd,qk& touf 27 ESpt&G,f ra'0D       f            25 ESpft&G,f AdokumbGJU& trsKd;orD;wpfOD;u
aqmufxm;aMumif;? avrkewi;wducwfygu  f kd f k f                            ,if;NydKifyGJwGif ESpfodrfhqk&&Sdonfh touf 25                 u wpfOD;wnf;qHk;jzwfNyD; wpfOD;wnf;pOf;pm;                 qdkonf/
avSum;rSwpfqifh ,if;tay:wGif oHvuf&ef;                                    ESpft&G,f r0g0gvGif uqdkonf/                                  &mwGif tm;omrIrsm;&SdouJhodkY tm;enf;rIrsm;                          EdkifiHwumrS vli,frsm;ESifh BudK;pm;rIrsm;
ukdudkifum aexdkifEdkifaMumif;? xdkoHvuf&ef;                                                   H            f k f H
                                                                                    tmqD,a'owGi; Ediirsm;wGif obm0                      vnf;&SdaMumif;? odkYaomf vdktyfcsufrsm;udkod&Sd            rSm ruGjJ ym;aomfvnf; rav;&Sm;Edii&dS vlwi;     k f H         kd f
rsm;rSm Foundation atmufajctxd wnfaqmuf                                   ab;tEÅ&m,f BuHKawGUvmygu twdkif;twm                           vmNyD; tcsuftvufrsm; ulnDay;cJhaom                         vdkvdkrSm urÇmausmf Branded ypönf;rsm; oHk;pGJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                     k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Edionfukd owdjyKrdaMumif; ra'0Duqdonf/                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                                             xdkuJhodkY tmqD,HwGif ,SOfNydKifcJhonfh
                                                                                                                                                                                                   &v'fay:wGif obm0ab;tEÅ&m,fESifhywf
                                                                          Quote for Youth                                                                                                          oufí AdokumtaMumif;rsm;? obm0ywf0ef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                   usifrysufpD;apbJ AdokumtaMumif;rsm;ESifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                   pGrf;tiftoHk;jyKrIrsm;udk vli,frsm;ESifh yl;aygif;
                  ]vli,fawG tm;ESifUrmef tvQHy,f<u,f0aom t&G,ftm;udk                                                                                                                                              G f G           dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                   í aqmif&uom;&ef qE´&aMumif; udatmifrif;xl;
                                                                                                                                                                                                   uqdkonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 k tmif

                         tpGrf;ukefoHk;í rmefudk yg;csyfwwf&rnf/}                                                                                                                                            ,if;NydKifyGJwGif wwd,qk&&SdcJhol ra'0D
                                                                                                                                                                                                   u ,if;NydKifyGJrSaeí vlvwfwef;pm;ESifh 0ifaiG
                                                                                                                                                                                                   enf; rdom;pkrsm;vufvSrf;rDaom vlaexdkifrI
               uRefawmf i,fi,fu q&mOD;odef;azjrifU a&;ay;cJUwJUpum;yg/                                                                                                                               k h                     kd f            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                   yHpjH rifrm;aom'DZi;rsm;udk Adoum ynm&SiEihf               f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                   tjcm;ynm&Sifrsm;yg 0dkif;0ef;pOf;pm;Edkif&ef
                                                                                                                                                                           udkwm                   arQmfvifhaMumif;? ¤if;taejzifh ,cifxuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                   wefzdk;enf;tdrf&mtay: ydkípdwf0ifpm;aMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                   ajymqdkonf/
 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                        SOCIETY                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                    The
                                                                                                                                                                                                           31



cef; rus,fwpfc22 ESpiftf; &Gvl f vli,fwpfcOefD;Y
     rSm touf
               ktwG
                            ,
                                 50 ausmf                                                                                                                                                    U
                                                                                                                                                              tcuftcJu y&dowfu w&m;cHvMkd unfwmyJ
                                                                                                                                                                      y&dowfu w&m;cHvMkdunfwmu uReawmfh          f
\ rsufvSnfhynmjyorIrsm;udk pdwf0ifwpm;                                                                                                                        wdkYtwGuf tcuftcJyJ/ igwdkYudk vSnfhpm;
          h I
Munf½aeMuonf/ ol\trlt&m? tajymtqdk?                                                                                                                           awmhr,fqdkwJhyHkpHrsKd;aygh/ rsufvSnfhqdkwm
                        h I                  T f I
tjyKtrlrsm;udMk unf½&if; tHMh orI? aysmf&irrsm;                                                                                                                                  f d S hf
                                                                                                                                                              vlawGukd rsupvnpm;NyD; azsmajzwJtEkynm    f    h
ESitwl jyuGuwpfcNk y;D wdi;f vufcyorsm; xGuay:
   hf             f
                    f S
                            k
vmonf/ rsuvnjhfyoolrm udvif;aP jzpfNyD;
                                S k
rsufvSnfhynmudk touf ckepfESpft&G,f
                                      kf H         f
                                                              rsuf                                                                                            wpfckygyJ/ ypönf;wpfckudk azsmufvdkuf&if
                                                                                                                                                              aysmufwJht&omyJay;csifwm/ b,frSmazsmuf
                                                                                                                                                              xm;w,fqdkwJh&oudk ay;csifwmr[kwfbl;/
uwnf;u pwifavhvmcJholjzpfonf/

                                                              vSnUf
                                                                                                                                                              rsufvSnfhynmu vSnfhpm;rI? vlwpfa,muf
                                 S hf
           i,fpOfuyif rsufvnynmudk ½kyjf rifoH                                                                                                                pdwfepfarsmzdkYtwGuf pdwfynm&,f? o½kyf
Mum;rS Munfh½Ioif,lcJhNyD; 0goemtavsmuf                                                                                                                       aqmifynmeJY odyÜHynmygtoHk;jyK&w,f/
BudK;pm;cJh&mrS ,cktcsdefwGif tcaMu;aiGjzifh                                                                                                                          2006 uaepNyD; yGJawGrSm ynmaMu;,l
jyocGifh&½Hkomru vlrIa&;vkyfief;rsm;yg vkyf
ud k i f a eol j zpf o nf / ol \ emrnf t &if ; rS m
aevif;armifarmifjzpfNyD; Mechanical Power
jzifh ausmif;NyD;xm;um ½lyaA'aemufqHk;ESpf
                                                               jzifU                                                                                          ygw,f/ e,fawGrSmvnf; vdkufjywm&Sdovdk
                                                                                                                                                              uk r Ü P D a wG r S m vnf ; iS m ;&if vd k u f j yw,f /
                                                                                                                                                              rsuvneYJ aMumfjim½dur,fq&ifvnf; vufcH
                                                                                                                                                                    f S hf                k f      kd
                                                                                                                                                              ay;aeygNyD/ 'ghtjyif 1996 ckESpfuwnf;u
wuúovf ausmif;om;wpfOD;vnf;jzpfonf/
              kd
           rsufvSnfhynmtay: wpdkufrwfrwf
avh v moif , l r I a Mumif h Zmwd N rd K Ujzpf a om
0ufvufNrdKUrSonf &efukefNrdKUwGif tajccsEdkif
                                                                f
                                                            aysmapol                                                                                          zGixm;wJh AMC y&[dwtzGUJ zGUJ NyD; uReawmfwYkd
                                                                                                                                                                 hf
                                                                                                                                                              ynmeJY bkef;awmfBuD;ynmoifausmif;? rdbrJh
                                                                                                                                                              ausmif;awGrSm azsmfajzay;ygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                               f



onftxd atmifjrifxif&m;vmaom udvif;aP
                              S            k                                                                                                                  rsufvSnfUynmwwfcsif&if
ESifh awGUqHkjzpfcJhonf/                                                                                                                                      rsufvSnfUtacGrsm;rsm;MunfU
                                                       u rsufvSnfhq&maygufpvdkY todtrSwfjyKNyD;
               kd             kf
wpfaeh wwfuwwf&r,f/ igvnf;jyEdi&r,f                                            l
                                                       vlawGu emrnfrac:awmhb;/ rsufvnq&m
                                                                                     S hf                 w,f/ tJ'rm uReawmfu 1 to 3 0ifawmh bm,l
                                                                                                                       DS     f                                         'Dynmwwfcsif&if rsufvSnfhyGJrsm;rsm;
                                                                                                          csifovJar;awmh tazhqDu bmrS rvdkcsifbl;?            Munfh&r,f/ yGJrMunfhEdkif&ifawmif tacGawG
qdkwJUpdwfjzpfvmw,f                                                 D      f S hf      hJ
                                                       yJac:w,f/ tJ'uae rsuvnq&m pjzpfcw,f/                                                                           h
                                                                                                                                                              Munf&r,f/ 'DvMkd unfNh yD;&if tjriftm;aumif;
       1996 ckESpf uRefawmfhtouf ckepfESpf                                                                pHknDyGJawmfrSm rsufvSnfhjycGifhyJ vdkcsifw,f/
                                                       q&mwpfa,mufu rsufvSnfU&JY tEkpdwfynm               tazu 'DwpfcgcGijhf yKr,f/ aemuf wpfcgr&bl;          NyD; udk,fESpfoufwJhq&mqDrSm csOf;uyfyg?
avmufu wDADrSm EdkifiHjcm;rsufvSnfhq&m
a';ApfaumhygzD;vf&UJ tpDtpOfuMkdunfNh y;D t&rf;
                                                       oifay;w,f                                          vdkY ajymw,f/ taruyJ t0wftpm;qifw,f/                                 hf
                                                                                                                                                              oifay;ygvdrr,f/ oifay;NyD;&ifawmh rsuvnhf   f S
                                                               2003 ckESpfrSm q&mwpfa,mufeJY awGU         taru rsufvSnfhtay:rSm tm;ay;wmvnf;                  q&mynm&Sifaumif;jzpfzdkY rsufvSnfhynm&JU
pdwf0ifpm;w,f/ 'gudkMunfhwJhtcsdefu e,frSm                                                                                                                    vQKdU0Sufcsufudk xdef;odrf;zdkYvdkygw,f/ 'gu
           k
aewmqdawmh wpfcgrSvnf; rMum;zl;? rjrifz;      l        w,f/ q&mu umwGef;0rf;wif? oluvnf;                           f l
                                                                                                          r[kwb;/ 'gayrJh em;vnfay;w,f/ aemufqHk;
                                                                S hf                   k f S
                                                       rsufvn0goemygw,f/ &efuerm rsufvnhf           S     y&dowfu taryJ/ uRefawmfrsufvSnfhjywdkif;                                       hf       kd
                                                                                                                                                              awmh 'DjyorItay:rSm vSnpm;rIqwm 0efcyg?       H
bl;/ olYtpDtpOfudkjrifawmh t&rf;tHhMow,f/                                                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                              0efrcH&ifawmifrS arSmatmifxm;wmvdYk rajymrd
ig wpfaeYwwfudkwwf&r,f? igvnf;jyEdkif&                 q&mawGeJY csdwfrdNyD; ynmawG&cJhw,f/ olu                  h           k D JG       S
                                                                                                          Munfay;w,f/ pHnyawmfaeYrm tazjrifvuf        kd
                                                       0ufvufom;qdkawmh 0ufvufudk a&mufwkef;              &w,f/ yxrawmh olrMunfhbl;/ bmjywwf                  zdkY ta&;BuD;ygw,f/
       kd hJ d
r,fqwpwjf zpfvmw,f/ b,fvvy&rvJqkd kd k f                                                                                                                                uRefawmfu 'DtvkyfrSmpdwfESpfxm;vdkY
wmawmh rodb;/ vduvy&if vloif&if wwf
                   l k f k f                           rsufvSnfh0goemygwJh uav;wpfa,muf&Sd                rSmvJaygh/ aemufydkif; y&dowfu vufckyf
                                                       w,fMum;awmh olYoli,fcsif;awGu vmac:                wajzmif;ajzmif;wD;awmh tazvnf;Munfw,f/    h                f S hf JG
                                                                                                                                                              rsuvnywpfck pifay:rSmjy&if usewmtukef  f
r,fhynmwpfckvdkY pdwfxJrSmcH,lvdkufw,f/                                                                                                                       arhypfvYkd&w,f/ bmyJjyóemjzpfjzpf pifay:rSm
       aumhyg;zD;vfu avylazmif;udkn§pf&if              w,f/ uRefawmfeJYawGUawmh bmawGwwfovJ               tJ'DrSm ighom;'Davmufawmif wwfaeygvm;
                                                       ar;w,f/ uRefawmfuvnf; udk,fwwfwm                   vdkY awG;rdNyD; uRefawmf pkNyD;0,fxm;wJhypönf;            f S              kd                kd
                                                                                                                                                              rsuvnjhfy&if wpfem&Dq&if wpfem&DarhvY&w,f/
toHjrnfwJhjyuGufudk wDADrSm oifay;cJhw,f/
'DjyuGufudkvdkufvkyf&if;uae wwfoGm;NyD;                tukefvkyfjyw,f/ e,frSm 'Dvdk0goemygwJh             awGygawGUawmh uRefawmf rsufvSnfhynmudk              ywf0ef;usifu vli,fawG
oli,fcsif;tdrf? &if;ESD;wJhaqGrsKd;awGtdrfudk                                dS d hf
                                                       uav;wpfa,muf&vrr,fvYkd xifrxm;bl;/                 t&rf;0goemygwm taz odoGm;w,f/                                uRefawmfu rsufvSnfhavmurSm&SdaevdkY
vdkufjyw,f/ udk,fhrSm wwfwmwpfckwnf;&Sd                q&mu olwwfxm;wmawG r>cif;rcsefbJ                   rdbjzpfapcsifwmvnf;vkyfw,f? udk,fvkyfcsif           'DavmuxJu vli,ftaMumif;yJodw,f/
                                                       oifay;w,f/ rsufvSnfheJYywfoufwJh tawG;                                                                       f S hf        f kd     f dS
                                                                                                                                                              rsuvnynm&SivtyfcsuawG&aeao;w,f/
awmh wpfcgvmvnf; 'gyJjyjyaewm aemuf
                                                       tac:'óe? ynmydkif;? vdktyfcsuf Action
                                                                                                          wmvnf;vkyfw,f                                                        df               f S hf
                                                                                                                                                              'gudk y&dowfoyrodao;bl;/ rsuvnynm&Sif
   k k                     d f kH
qH; ud,jf y&ifawmif wpftrv;a&SmifMuw,f/                                                                             pHknDyGJtNyD;rSm tazu rsufvSnfheJYywf
yxrawmh ud,jf y&if oabmusw,f/ aemufq;
                k                             kH       ydkif;qdkif&mawGyg oifay;w,f/ tJ'DrSm udk,fh                                                           tcsif;csif;yJodw,f/ vli,fawmfawmfrsm;rsm;
                                                       ud,u,f rsuvnq&mjzpfNyvYkd cH,vuw,f/
                                                           k f kd     f S hf         D       l kd f       oufNyD; wpfcawmif;qdci;w,f/ uRefawmfu
                                                                                                                              k         k kd f                u wcsKdUu ylylaEG;aEG;jrifwkef; oifcsifw,f/
em;NiD;w,f? awmfawmhqdkwmrsKd;jzpfvmawmh                                                                                                    f G S f
                                                                                                          qifqmwifNyD;jzefYzYkdr[kwbJ yJrwwrf;wifcsif
ighrm'DynmxyfwwfzYkd vdvmNyDvYkd cHpm;&w,f/
    S                    k                             rsufvSnfUqdkwm vufcsnf;yJjyvdkhr&bl;               vdkY tacG½dkufcsifw,fajymawmh NrdKUutvSL
                                                                                                                                                              ESpf&ufoHk;&uf tjrifMumoGm;awmh oifcsifwJh
       ig;oH;vH;tpDtpOfNyD;awmh pD;u&ufwpf
               k k                                           rsufvSnfhtwwfqdkwm wwf½HkeJY vuf                                                                      f H          h G
                                                                                                                                                              pdwcpm;rI avsmom;w,f/ wcsKUd usawmhvnf;
                                                                                                          r*FvmrSm ½dkufwJhq&mudkac:NyD; tdrfrSmyJ quf        t&rf;oifcsifMuwm&Sdw,f/
bl;0,f&if aumhygzD;vfjyoGm;wJh rsufvSnfh               csnf;yJ jyvdkYr&bl;? rsufvSnfhypönf;&SdrS jyvdkY   wifqifNyD;½dkufw,f/ 'DtacGuawmh rSwfwrf;
ypönf;wpfckvufaqmifay;w,f/ &wJhrkefYzdk;eJY            &wm/ rsufvSnfhypönf;awGvdkvmNyD/ udk,fu                                                                         b,ftvkyfrqdkatmifjrifcsif&if udk,f
                                                                                                          jzpfoGm;w,f/ tdrfrSm tvdkuftxdkufaeNyD;             vkyfwJh tvkyftay:apwemxm;zdkYvdkw,f/
aq;vdyfbl;awG0,fw,f/ udk,fursufvSnfh                   vnf; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rvkyfawmh 0ifaiGr&Sd            k f k f                 f        k
                                                                                                          ud,vycsifwm vkyw,f/ qd;vdYk ayvdYk tdrukd      f
ypönf;,l tpfudkawGudk aq;vdyfbl;awGay;                 bl;/ uav;yJ&ao;wm/ tdruay;wJh rkeYf z;udk
                                                                       dS          f               kd                                                         udk,fvkyfwJhtvkyfrSm aysmf&r,f/ 0goemygwJh
                                                                                                          qefYusifwmr[kwfbl;/ t&rf;0goemygvdkY                         f     k f             f G
                                                                                                                                                              tvkyukd wpdurwfrwfeYJ vkyom;&if aocsm
w,f/ tJvdkeJY jyuGufao;ao;av;awG 20?                                      J          df J
                                                       rpm;raomufbeYJpNk yD; aMumiftrxu rkeYfawGyJ                f S hf
                                                                                                          rsuvnynmudk vkyjf zpfwm/ i,fi,fu rdbu
30 avmuf pkrdw,f/                                      pm;w,f/ ESpfv? okH;vaeawmh pkbl;zGifh                                                                  aygufvlawG&JU todtrSwfjyKjcif;udk cH&r,f/
                                                                                                          pmBudK;pm;apcsifw,f/ rdbjzpfapcsifwmvnf;            udk,fhbufuvnf; vlawGudk apwemygygeJY
rsufvSnfUq&maygufp&JYzuf&Sif                           vuform;q&mac:NyD; rsufvSnfhypönf;pm;yGJ?                 f               k f k f f
                                                                                                          vkyay;w,f? ud,vycsiwmvnf; vkyw,f/         f
                                                       cHkav;? aowåmav;awG vkyfcdkif;NyD; ypönf;awG                                                           taumif;qHk;vkyfEdkifzdkYvdkygw,f/
           jyuGufawGpkNyD;awmh tazu q&m0efqdk                                                                       uRefawmfh&UJ jrifq&mu a';ApfaumhygzD;vf
awmh olY&JUaq;tdwfudk rsufvSnfhypönf;awG               zGufxm;w,f/                                        yJ/ oifq&mu q&m0rf;wif/ aemufNyD; jrefrm            tem*wftpDtpOf
xnfh &yfuGufxJqif;NyD; a';ApfaumhygzD;vf               ausmif;uyGJrSm 6 wef;upjywm                        jynfrSm xifay:ausmfMum;wJh rsufvSnfhq&m                             f
                                                                                                                                                                        uReawmfu rsufvSnfh0goemygwJoawG    h l
'DZdkif;vdkufvkyfwmaygh/ uav;qdkawmh jrifwm                               f            J
                                                              6 wef;ESpupNyD; ausmif;yGawG? &yfuuy?JG
                                                                                                G f       toD;oD;rSm udk,fhe,fbufudk bk&m;yGJ&SdvdkY                     f
                                                                                                                                                              udk uReawmf wwfxm;wmawG rQa0oGm;r,f/
udk vdkufvkyfwwfwJhtjrif&Sdawmh aumhygzD;vf            NrdKUe,fyGJawGrSm jyw,f/ ausmif;om;b0rSm           vm&ifjzpfjzpf? udk,fwdkifoGm;NyD; q&mawGqDu                 f S hf
                                                                                                                                                              rsuvnynmudk vlwumvufcvmatmifvyf            H          k
vdk tdrfrSmpwdkifyefvdkuf&Sm? tarhudk ukwftusÐ         q&mru pHnyawmfrmjyzdYk urf;vSr;f awmh tazu
                                                                   k D JG   S                             wwfEdkiforQ qnf;yl;w,f/ olwdkYqDu&wJh                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                              &if; wpfzufuae y&[dwvkyief;awG qufwuf            kd
        kd f         k f       S d
0,fci;? eufuwdiu e,frmr&Sawmh ydwuNkd zJ  f            rjycdkif;bl;/ tazu ausmif;tusKd;aqmiftzGJU         ynmu tvum;&wm&Sdovdk? wpfcgwpfcg                          f                    f kd f
                                                                                                                                                              vkyaer,f/ tcsdewi; rsufvnopfawGjyEdifS hf           k
NyD; t&SnfBuD;vkyf? udk;½dk;um;&m;eJY vufqGJ           rSmygawmh igu atmufuvmMunf&rSm? ighom;u
                                                                                         h                enf;ynmudk ydkufqHeJY ay;0,f&wmvnf;                                      D G f kd f          f
                                                                                                                                                              zdYk qef;opfwxiEizYkd&,f? ypön;awG pkaqmif;
tdwfudkifNyD; wpftdrfwufqif; trsKd;awGtdrf?            pifay:rSm q&mBuD;vkyfw,fqdkwmudk tazu                                             D
                                                                                                          &Sdw,f/ tckt&rf;acwfrvmw,f/ t&iforsm;        l                  D      HS I kd
                                                                                                                                                              zdYk &if;ES;jr§KyfErvtyfw,f/ 'Dv&vmzdYk twGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                    kd
oli,fcsif;tdrfawGvdkufjyNyD; jy&if;eJY i,fi,f          &Sufw,f/ rjycdkif;bl;/ uRefawmfu awmif;yef         EdkifiHuxGufwJh rsufvSnfhtacGu 'Dudka&mufzdkY       Professional yGJawGvufcHNyD; jyooGm;rSmyg/

uwnf;u vufydkif;qdkif&m tavhtusifh?                    vnf; r&bl;/ pdwfwdkNyD;½dkufw,f/ tJ'Dwkef;u        Mumw,f/ tck t&rf;jrefoGm;NyD/ oifay;wJh             ½kyfoHawGrSm jyoEdkifatmifvdkY pDpOfaeygw,f/
[efyefawGyg &oGm;w,f/ tJ'uae wpfNrdKUvH;
                                 D          k          tqifh 1 to 3 0if&if tazuBudKufwm 0,fay;                              f      kd
                                                                                                          tacG? pmtkyawGuvnf;MunfNh yD;avhvmw,f/                                                  MunfMunfvGif
 32 THE VOICE WEEKLY
  32
                                                                                                                                                                                                Vol.7 / No.41 - September 26 - October 2 , 2011




    PERSPECTIVE
    VOICE
  The
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




vTwfawmf touf0ifjcif;
aZ,sol
vTwf awmfonf wGirrrSdwfifrH\wmhdioHanfh wfÓPf
             jref mEki        Ek fi &;rS                         (Political        vTwfawmftouf0ifjyDavm
          Memory)f         da                         Institution (vkyfxkH;                                                          pjyKvmjyD
                                                                                                                                     p jyK
                                                                                                  vTwfawmftouf0ifpjyKvmjyDjzpfaMumif; atmufyg
vkyfenf;? pnf;rsOf;? tpOftvm? tzGJUtpnf;) jzpfovdk                                 tcsufrsm;u oufaojyaeonf/
                                                                                                    rsm;u
oabmw&m; (Concept) vnf;jzpfaomaMumifh ]vTwfawmf\                                                                                     f
                                                                                                  u/ yxrtMudrf vTwawmftpnf;ta0;wGif prf;w0g;0g;
                             f                 H
tcef;u@} yDjyifvm&ef yxrtMudrtpnf;ta0;wGif ]pvk;a&p}                               vkyfudkifae&onfudk awGY&jyD; vTwfawmftaejzifh tawGYtBuKH
  h             d      f           f
cJ&aomfvnf; 'kw,tBudrtpnf;ta0;wGirl pwif touf0ifp                                                                                T f
                                                                                   enf;yg;aMumif; jynfoYlvwawmfOuú| ol&OD;a&Tref;ud,wiu                                     k f kd f
jyKvmonfudk awGU&onf/                                                                   hf G hf                                h
                                                                                   yGiyivif;vif;ajymMum;cJaomfvnf; 'kw,tMudrf tpnf;ta0;                d
ta&;BuD;aywH                                                                               f                     df                        h
                                                                                   wGirl jyifqifcse&aomaMumifvnf;aumif;? pepftay: ,kMH unfrI
              vTwawmftaMumif; rajymrD or®wpepfEih f ygvDrefpepf taMumif;
                         f                              S                          wdk;wufvmaomaMumifhvnf;aumif; ar;cGef;rsm;? tqdkrsm; ydkrdk
udk tenf;i,fajym&efvonf/ ygvDrefpepf (Parliament System)
                                        dk                                         tm;aumif;vmcJhjyD; jrdKifjrdKifqdkifqdkif&SdcJhonf/
wGif vTwawmftrwfjzpfjyD;rS tpd;&tzGYJ0ifjzpfEionf/ xdYkaMumifh
                     f                         k                dk f                              c/ udk,fpm;vS,frsm; ar;jref;aom ar;cGef;rsm;? wifoGif;
                  J                 f
tpd;k &tzGY0ifonf vTwawmftrwfvnf;jzpfaeaomaMumifh tkycsKya&;           f f                             k                     kd f
                                                                                   aomtqdrsm;udk oufqi&m0efMuD;rsm;u jyefvnfajzMum;csuf
tmPmESifh Oya'jyKa&;tmPmwdkY aygif;xm;jcif; (Fusion of                             rsm;rSm ,cifu jynfolvlxk rod&SdcJhonfh? od&Sd&ef rarQmfvifhcJh
Power) jzpfonf/ ygvDrefpepf\ xif&m;aomOyrmrSm jAdweEiiH
                                                      S                 d f dk f   onfh taMumif;t&mrsm;? tcsuftvufrsm;jzpfaeonfhtwGuf
jzpfonf/                                                                                           l l k
                                                                                   jynfovxonfvnf; vTwawmfukd pdw0ifpm;rI txl;wd;wuf    f                 f                      k
              or®wpepf (Presidential System) wGifrl tpkd;&tzGJU0if                 vmcJhonf/ vTwfawmfonf EkdifiH\tajctaersm;udk qpfyi;                                                kd f
jzpf&ef vTwfawmftrwfjzpfzdkYrvdk/ vTwfawmftrwfjzpfaevQif                                                   dfH              fG
                                                                                   jyoonfh ]EkiitajcjyrdeYce;f i,f} (mini-State of the Unions) rsm;udk
vnf; tpd;&tzGYJ 0ifjzpfvQif vTwawmftrwftjzpfrS Ekwxu&
                       k                         f                    f G f        Mum;&onfhae&mjzpfvmonf/ vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;u
onf/ tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmESifh Oya'jyKa&;tmPmwdkYudk oD;oefY                           jynfolYxHrStoHudk tpdk;&xHodkY ta&mufydkYaomae&mjzpfonfh
ydkif;jcm;xm;jcif; (Separation of Power) jzpfonf/ tar&duef                                                  f
                                                                                   twGuf vTwawmf\tcef;u@wpfcjk zpfonfh jynfoYl aqG;aEG;yGJ                                                                    kd f        kd
                                                                                                                                                                                             tjynfjynfqi&m 'Drua&pDaeY (International Democracy Day)
jynfaxmifpkonf or®wpepf\ xif&Sm;aom Oyrmjzpfonf/                                   (Public Forum) ae&mudk &,lvmonf/                                                                          udk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif pmwrf;zwfyGJrsm;ESifh odkufodkuf
              jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;pepfopfonf or®wpepfbufodkYuJaom                                    */ jynfolYvTwfawmfwGif t"duygwDMuD;rS r[kwfonfh                                            jrdKufjrdKuf usif;yEkdifcJhonf/
pepfjzpfaomaMumifh ,ckpepf\toufrSm Oya'jyKa&;r@dKif                                    k f                              f
                                                                                   ud,pm;vS,f OD;ode;nGeYf u wifoi;aom ],kMH unfcsufaMumifh   G f                                                    q/ aumfrwDOuú|rsm;yg0ifonfh aumfrwDtcsKdU onf
udk,fpm;jyKvTwfawmfu tkyfcsKyfa&;r@dKif udk,fpm;jyK tpdk;&                                        f H
                                                                                   tusO;uscae&olrsm;} (Prisoners of Conscience) tm; vTway;                                          f        ynm&Sifrsm;? pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;? pdwfyg0ifpm;olrsm; ESifh
tzGJUESifh tjyeftvSef xdef;nd§oGm;a&; (Check and Balance)                          a&;tqdkudk wyfrawmfom;udk,fpm;vS,frsm;u axmufcHcJhjyD;                                                    awGUqkHum tMuHÓPfrsm;? ta&;udpörsm;udk tvGwfoabm
jzpfonf/ vGwfvyfa&;&jyD; jrefrmEkdifiH\ tcsdefumvtawmf                                       f                            d k
                                                                                   vTwawmfOuú|u xktqdukd oabmwlconf/ ygwDp?JG *dP;*P                hJ                        k f                                h JG        f               k
                                                                                                                                                                                             em;axmifonfyrsm;udk jyKvkyaejyD jzpfonf/ xdoYdkem;axmifjcif;
rsm;rsm;wG i f tk y f c sKyf a &;tmPm? Oya'jyKa&;tmPmES i f h                        J               f
                                                                                   pGr[kwbJ (Non-partisan) taMumif;t&mudk tajccHum (Issue-                                                                         f                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                             jzifh rl0g'csrSwa&;? Oya'jyKa&;? xde;ausmif;a&;wGif t"duus
w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmudk wpfaygif;wnf; usifhokH;cJhonfhtwGuf                            based) tvkyfvkyfMujcif;udk xkdjzpf&yfwGif awGU&onf/                                                       aom owif;tcsuftvuf (Information) udk &,lEkdifrnf/
xd k o d k Y u sif h o k H ; jcif ; onf tom;ust½d k ; pG J a e aomaMumifh                                f                   Sf              f f
                                                                                                  vTwawmfukd wpfEpwpfBudrusi;yvQif &jyD[k tajccHOya'                                                 touf0ifpjyKvmjyDjzpfaomfvnf; vTwfawmfonf ouf
vTwfawmftouf0ifvma&;onf pepfopf touf0if r0if                                                             S f
                                                                                   wGif owfrway;xm;aomaMumifh wpfEpvQif wpfMudromtjzpf            S f                     f                                             S      d kd f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                             wrf;tm;jzifh Eke,fvovdk rdru,wiukd wnfaqmufpumv?
qkH;jzwfEkdifonfh ta&;MuD;aywHwpfacsmif;jzpfonf/                                   oabmusif;yonfh wHqdyfwkH;xkvTwfawmf (Rubber-stamp                                                         tvkyfvkyf&if;oif,lumv (Learning by doing, on-the-job-
              qd&,vpfacwfwpfavQmufv;&Sd vTwawmfonf wpfygwD
                    kS f                           Hk     f                        Parliament) tjzpfodkY a&mufrnf[k pdk;&drfrIrsm;&SdcJhaomfvnf;                                             training) vnf;jzpfaeonf/ rl0g'e,fy,frsm;pGmudk vTwawmf    f
vTwfawmfjzpf½kHomru tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmukd udk,fpm;jyKonfh                            ESpfMudrfac:qdkcJhjyD jzpfonf/                                                                                k f        f
                                                                                                                                                                                             ud,pm;vS,rsm; jzefYMuufavhvmEkdifpGrf;? em;vnfEkdifpGrf;ay:
tpdk;&tzGJY\ qkH;jzwfcsufudk wHqdyfwkH;ESdyf twnfjyKay;&onfh                                                   f      Hk D
                                                                                                  i/ vTwawmfpntpnf;ta0;rSm tjrvvr&SEi/ vTwawmf             J kd dk d dk f         f                     f             f                    h
                                                                                                                                                                                             wGif vTwawmf\pGr;aqmif&nf rlwnfaeonftwGuf vTwawmf           f
ae&m (Rubber Stamp) rSom yg0ifcJhonf/ 1948-62 umv                                                                   f k f
                                                                                   wGif t"dutvkyvyonfrmaumfrwDrsm;jzpfjyD; apmifhMunfh   S                                                   udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ pGrf;aqmif&nf tyl w jyif ;jr§ifhwif&ef
twGi; vTwawmfrmvnf; ygvDrefpepfjzpfonftwGuf vTwawmf
            f              f     S                            h           f        Oya'jyK&ef rl0g'a&;&me,fy,ftvdkuf cGJjcm;xm;onf/ jrefrm                                                   txl;ta&;MuD;onf/
trwfEihf tpd;&tzGUJ 0ifwYkd wpfjydKifwnf;jzpfci&aecJaomaMumifh
                S            k                              G hf dS h              EkdifiH\ atmufvTwfawmfjzpfaom jynfolYvTwfawmfwGif                                                                 pepfopf\ toufjzpfonfh vTwfawmfwnf;[laom
tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmESifh Oya'jyKa&;tmPmtMum; tjyeftvSef                               aumfrwD 19 ck&SdjyD; txufvTwfawmfjzpfonfh trsdK;om;                                                       Institution opfudk a&avmif;aygif;oif ajrawmifajr§mufay;
xdef;ausmif;EkdifrI tm;enf;cJhonf/ ,ckpepfrSmrl or®wpepfjzpf                       vTwfawmfwGif aumfrwD 12 ck&Sdonf/ EkdifiHom;rsm;\ rlv                                                     EdkifrSom jrefrmEkdifiH &nf&G,favQmufvSrf;onfhyef;wkdifokdY
                               f      S
aomaMumifh vTwawmfEihf tpd;&tzGUJ onf oD;jcm;wnf&dS (Separate
                                             k                                                 hf                kd
                                                                                   tcGita&;? 'Drua&pDta&;ESifh vlYtcGifhta&;qkdif&m aumfrwD                                                  jrefjrefqefqef a&muf&Sdrnfjzpfonf/
Institutions) aeonfhtwGuf tjyeftvSef xdef;ausmif;Ekdiftm;                          qdkvQif xl;jcm;aom aumfrwDjzpfonf/
                                           k
aumif;onf/ odYk aomf xdoYkd oabmw&m;topfjzpfaomaMumifh                                            p/ ,cifu usif;yrnf[k tdyfrufyif rrufEkdifcJhonfh                                                                                                  aZ,sol
yif vTwfawmfonf topfpufpuf tzGJUtpnf;jzpfaecJhonf/

    touf0ifpjyKvmNyDjzpfaomfvnf;
    vTwfawmfonf oufwrf;tm;jzifU                                                                                                               u@wGif
                                                                                                                                          Learning English
    Eke,fvSovdk rdrdudk,fwdkifudk
    wnfaqmufpumv?                                                                                                    qufwkdufazmfjycJUaom tD'D,rfrsm; pkpnf;rI
    tvkyfvkyf&if;oif,lumv
    (Learning by doing,
    on-the-job-training)vnf;jzpfaeonf/
    rl0g'e,fy,frsm;pGmudk
    vTwawmfu,pm;vS,rsm;jzefhMuufavUvmEkdifpGrf;?
           f     kd f      f
                                                                                                                                                acwfopftD'D,rfrsm;
                               f
    em;vnfEkdifpGrf;ay:wGif vTwawmf\
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  xGufawmhrnf
    pGr;f aqmif&nf rlwnfaeonfUtwGuf
    vTwawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;\pGrf;aqmif&nf
             f                                                                                                                                             aZ,sol
    tylwjyif;jr§ifUwif&ef txl;ta&;BuD;onf/
 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                   PERSPECTIVE                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                          The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 33



r[mAsL[m (16)
STRATEGY
jyifyywf0ef;usifESifUywfoufaom tcsuftvuf&SmazGpkaqmif;jcif;
FACT GATHERING : EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
ausm0if; f
vlrIzGJYpnf;yHk
            rdrdwm0ef,ltvkyfvkyf&rnfh vlYtzGJUtpnf;ESifhywfouf
aom todynmA[kokwrsm;udk od&Sdem;vnfoabmaygufa&;
rSm r[mAsL[mpDrHcsufwpf&yftwGuf tvGefta&;BuD;aom
zufwmwpf&yfjzpfygonf/ trSefpifppf vlYtzGJUtpnf;twGif;
rSDwif;aexdkifMuoltm;vHk;rSm rJqE´&Sifrsm;omjzpfonf/
odkYtwGuf oufqdkif&mvlOD;a&twGif; vlrsKd;t&? bmoma&;
t&? vdift&? touftydkif;tjcm;t& aygif;pyfzGJUpnf;yHkESifh
                                   k      k       dS
a'otoD;oD;wGif ysUH ESYHaexdiMf uyHukd od&xm;zdYkvygonf/ xdrQ kd            k
ru rwlaomvlrItkyfpktoD;oD;\ EdkifiHa&;&yfwnfcsufrsm;?
arQmfvifhcsufrsm;? vdktyfcsufrsm;ESifh tjyKtrlrsm;udkvnf;
aumif;pGmem;vnfzdkYvdkygvdrfhrnf/ xdkYxuf þtcsuftvuf                            wdkifuGif;qif;pkaqmif;&SmazGzdkYvdkygonf/                              csufudk jznfhqnf;ay;EdkifvQif a,bk,stm;jzifh atmifjrifzdkY
rsm;rSm tcsdefESifhtrQ ajymif;vJaeonfjzpf&m tajymif;tvJrsm;                                                                                            &mEIef;rsm;onf[kqdkEdkifygonf/
udk rsufjcnfrjywfzdkYvnf; vdkygonf/                                             2/ tjyKtrlrsm;
            ]vlxk\tcsdefESifhtrQ ajymif;vJEdkifaom pdwfobm0udk                         r[mAsL[mpDrcsuwpf&yf csrwaqmif&u&mwGif vlx\
                                                                                                          H f              S f   G f             k           JY
                                                                                                                                                       vlhtzGtpnf;qdkif&mtajymif;tvJ
rwGufqEdkifvQif rarQmfvifhaom ½dkufcsufrsm;ESifh &ifqdkif&Edkif                                                kH S hf k
                                                                                a,bk,stajctaeudk od½EirvHavmufyg/ rwlaomtjyKtrl                                 wdkif;jynftrsm;pk&Sd vltzGJUtpnf;rsm;rSm tpOftNrJvdkyif
onf/ Oyrm-tpdk;&wpf&yftaeESifh oufqdkif&mvlxktwGif;                              k H                            k                     JG
                                                                                yHptrsKd;rsKd;udk odzYkd vnf;vdygonf/ a&G;aumufyumvjzpfvQif            ajymif;vJaeonfh tajctaewGifom&SdMuygonf/ wpfcgwpf&H
wnfwnfNidrfNidrf&SdaeonfudkMunfhNyD; jyóemr&Sdavmuf[k                                                JG      f         S f
                                                                                ,cifa&G;aumufytwGi; rJqE´&irsm;\tjyKtrlukd odxm;a&;                    wGif tajymif;tvJrSm aES;auG;av;vHonfjzpfí tvG,fwul
,lqum pm;aomufukefypönf;rsm;udk aps;wufvdkufonfqdkyg                            rSm ta&;BuD;aomtcef;u@rS yg0ifygonf/ rJqE´&Sifrsm;\                    owdrlrdEdkifp&m&Sdonf/ odkYESifhwdkif tcsKdUaom tajctaersm;?
pdkY/ tu,fí vlxk\ trsufa'gorsm;aygufuGJvQHusvmrnf                               tjyKtrlqdk&mwGif atmufygtcsufrsm; tusKH;0ifonf/                        txl;ojzifh awmfvSefa&;rsm;? ppfyGJrsm;tNyD;ESifh udkvdkeDpepfrS
qdvQif ukeaps;EIe;wufvmí jzpfay:vmEdionfh vlx\ pdwf
      k             f          f                          k f        k                 1/ ygwDtvdkuf rJuGJoGm;onfrsm;                                         f                             f
                                                                                                                                                       vGwajrmufumpumvrsm;wGirl tajymif;tvJrm tvGeyifjref      S     f
obm0udBk udKwifrwGuqEdiaomaMumifomjzpfayonf/ tae
                                 f k f                h                                2/ rJay;Muolrsm;\ wl½lcsuf                                      qefvSonf/ þtajctaeu oufqdkif&mvlxktwGufa&m?
txm;wpf&yfvHk;udk rSefrSefuefuefodjrifem;vnfNyD; jzpfwef&m                             3/ rJray;Muolrsm;\tjyKtrl                                       wnfqJEdkifiHa&;pepftwGufyg rao;i,fvSaom jyóemrsm;
tusK;qufrsm;udom BudKwifwuqEdiygu awmfveyeuefrI
          d                k           G f k f                   S f k f               4/ rJqE´e,f jyifyodYk ajymif;a&TUoGm;Muaom rJqE´&irsm;S f       ESifh &ifqdkif&aponf/ e,fy,ftoD;oD;ESifh tqifhtoD;oD;&Sd
vdk? qlyltHk<urIvdk jyóemBuD;rsm;udkyif a&Smif&Sm;Edkifp&m&Sdyg                        5/ ygwDtvdkuf rJay;Muolrsm;\tjyKtrl                             þodkYaom tajymif;tvJrsm;udk BudKwifodrSwfvufcHxm;
onf/}                                                                                  6/ ygwDpGJr&Sdaom rJqE´&Sifrsm;\tjyKtrl                         EdkifvQifrl ¤if;wdkYudk toHk;csEdkifp&m&Sdygonf/ tqdkygtajymif;
            þae&mwGif qmaA;awmfawmfrsm;rsm; (txl;ojzifh ta&                            7/ rJay;zdkYqHk;jzwfcsuftwGuf taMumif;&if;cHrsm;                tvJrsm;udk vdktyfovdk t&Sdefjr§ifhapzdkY odkYr[kwf t&Sdefxdef;
twGuuom OD;pm;ay;onfqmaA;rsm;) \ jzpfwef&m tm;enf;
               f kd                h                                                   ay:vpDwpf&yftaumiftxnfazmfaqmif&Gufa&;twGuf                     zdkYqdkonfrSmwuf<uaom vlrIay:vpDrsm;\ ynm&yfqkdif&m
csufudk owdcsyfzdkYvdkygvdrfhrnf/ þqmaA;trsKd;tpm;taeESifh                      r[mAsL[mcsrSwf&mwGif qufpyfaeaom tjyKtrlrsm;vnf;                                                k         f               kd
                                                                                                                                                       e,fy,fyif jzpfonf/ ydí us,us,jf yefYjyefYq&vQif þonfrm            S
tcdkiftrmvlrItkyfpkwpfck\ twdtusvdktyfcsufrsm;udk trSef                         &Sdao;onf/ ¤if;wdkYrSm -                                               r[mAsL [mpDrHcsuf ESifh udkifwG,fzdkYvdktyfaom wm0efwpf&yf
twdi;&&SzYkdrvG,ygacs/ þodYk jzpf&onfrm qmaA;u a&G;xkwf
        k f d                f                          S                              1/ EdkifiHa&;ESifhywfoufaom oabmxm;                             jzpfygonf/
vdkufaom vlOD;a&rSm ta&twGufomtav;xm;NyD; xl;jcm;rI                                    2/ ay:vpD t ajymif ; tvJ E S i f h y wf o uf N yD ; axmuf c H              k hJ                                            l
                                                                                                                                                                qdcyg vlYtzGUJ tpnf;tajymif;tvJrsm;\ wl½csufrsm;rSm
rsm;udk *½krjyKojzifh ydkif;jcm;odjrifzdkY rvG,favmufatmif                      odkYr[kwf uefYuGufvIyf&Sm;vmEdkifonfh ta&twGuf                         EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;twGuf tpOftvmxdef; uGefqmaA;wpfvrf;
wpfoa&mwnf;jzpfaeaomaMumifh jzpfEdkifygonf/ aemufxyf                                   3/ qE´jyyGJrsm;? oydwfrsm;? tMurf;zufrIrsm;jzpfEdkifajc                                                         S hf
                                                                                                                                                       aMumif;udk a&G;rnfavm? odYkwnf;r[kwf acwfEitwl &ifaygifwef;
jzpfEdkifajcwpfckrSm qmaA;uowfrSwfxm;aom ar;cGef;rsm;                           &Sd? r&Sd/                                                                          d                         k              d
                                                                                                                                                       aprnfh y½k*&ufppfvrf;aMumif;uda&G;rnfavmqkonfh &yfwnfrI
ud,wiu tay:,HusaeNy;D tcditrmvlrtyprsm;\ xl;jcm;csuf
     k f kd f                          kf            I kfk                             a,bk,sqdk&vQif þoHk;csufrSm y#dyu©taetxm;                       qdkif&m pOf;pm;csufrsm;twGuf tajccHrsm;vnf; jzpfygonf/
udk rxd;azmufEiaomaMumifvnf; jzpfEionf/ þodYkjzpfcvQif
             k        kd f           h         kd f                      hJ     wpfckwGif xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;&rnfh tjyKtrlrsm;yifjzpfygonf/                                                             D
                                                                                                                                                       rnfoYdk aom tajymif;tvJ odYk r[kwf acwfra&; vIy&m;rIjzpfapf S
tcdkiftrmvlrItkyfpkwpfckudkom csdefypfaom ]ypfrSwftkyfpk                        y#dyu©qdkonfrSm vlrsKd;a&;? bmoma&;? vlrIa&;? EdkifiHa&;tm;                      l S J l                 f d f
                                                                                                                                                       aygufoEihf uGorsm; ay:xGuvmEkionfjzpfí þodYk*½kwpkuf            d
qmaA;} ESifh csOf;uyfzdkYvdkygvdrfhrnf/ þqmaA;trsKd;tpm;wGif                    vHk;jzpfEdkifonf/                                                      a&G;cs,fMu&jcif;jzpfonf/ txl;ojzifh t&m&m urÇmvHk;
ta&twGufrSmt"dur[kwf/ udk,fpm;jyKEdkifrIt&nftaoG;udk                                                                                                   twdkif;twm oabmtxd wl½lcsuf&Sdaom rsufarSmuf owif;
t"dutm;jyKzdkYjzpfonf/
                                                                                3/ vdktyfcsufrsm;                                                      acwf w G i f bmomw&m;rsm;ES i f h wef z d k ; pepf r sm;rS m yd k í
                                                                                        ]vdktyfcsuf} qdkonfrSm wpfpHkwpfck vpf[maeaom                  urÇmywfvmovdk ydkívnf; aygif;pnf;vmonfh oabmrsm;
1/ vlOD;a&^rJqE´&Sifrsm;                                                        tajctaewpf&yfudkqdkvdkygonf/ rsm;aomtm;jzifh tqdkyg                    &Sdae&m r[mAsL[ma&G;cs,frItwGuf BuD;rm;aom e,fy,fBuD;
         yxrqHk;vkyf&rnfhtvkyfrSm vlYtzGJUtpnf;\ vlOD;a&                        vpf[maeonfukd avsmhyg;oufomap&ef OD;wnfaom vIy&m;            f S       wpfck xGufay:vmaeonf/ þe,fy,fBuD;xJrSmyif tcdkiftrm
taeESifh wdkif;jynftwGif; odkYr[kwf rJqE´e,ftwGif; rnfodkY                                                dS                  S
                                                                                rIrsm;ESihf qufpyfaeavh&onf/ þonfrm vHYIaqmfrI (wGe;tm;)   f           vlrItajymif;tvJrsm;ESifh ywfoufNyD; axmufcHrnf odkYr[kwf
rnfyHkysHUESHYaexdkifMuonfudk cGJjcm;owfrSwfEdkifzdkYjzpfonf/                   qdkif&m pdwfobm0yifjzpfav&m a&G;aumufyGJqdkif&m odkYr[kwf              uefYuGufrnfudk a&G;cs,fMu&onf/ ,aeY urÇmwGif tESHYtjym;
þae&mwGif aus;vufEihf NrdKUjyvlO;a&tcsKd;rSm txl;ta&;BuD;
                              S            D                                         I        k f
                                                                                vlra&;qdi&m tjyKtrlrsm;udk em;vnfoabmaygufapa&;wGif                    oabmaqmifvmaeaom tpGef;a&muftajccH0g'? vlrsKd;a&;
ayonf/ tcditrma'owpfctwGi; vltrsm;BuD;pkpnf;aexkif
                  k f                 k      f                       d          ta&;BuD;aomtcef;rS yg0ifayonf/ ]wGef;tm;qdkif&moDtdk&D}                bmoma&;ppfyGJrsm;ESifh wefzdk;rsm;NydKusrIwkdYrSm tqkdyg a&G;cs,f
MuonfjzpfapOD;? þa'otwGif; vlrsKd;t&? bmoma&;t&                                                         k                  kd S f
                                                                                (Drive Theory) u vdtyfcsufukd ,ckvEprsKd;cGjJ yonf/ tajccH
                                                                                                                                                       rIrsm;\ tusKd;qufjzpfygonf/
b,fvypjH zifh aexkiMf uonfukd cGjJ cm;od&zYkd vygonf/ Oyrm-
            kd kH        d                           dS kd                      vdktyfcsuf odkYr[kwf arG;&mygwGef;tm; (qmavmifrGwfodyfrI?
wl&mwl&m pkpnf;aexdkifMuoavm odkYr[kwf wpfoa&mwnf;                              touf&Sif&yfwnfvdkrI) ESifh 'kwd,vdktyfcsuf odkYr[kwf tuefY             1 - wefzdk;rsm;ajymif;vJjcif;
ysHUESHYaexdkifMuoavm odzdkYjzpfonf/ tu,fí a&G;aumufyGJ                         towfrJhwGef;tm; (jrwfEdk;rIqdkif&m? vlrIa&;qdkif&m? bmoma&;                    wefzdk;qdkif&mtajymif;tvJrsm;u vlrIa&;t& tom;us
r[mAsL[mtwGuf tcsuftvuf&SmazGrnfqdkvQif vlOD;a&                                 qdkif&m tusKd;pD;yGm;rsm;) wdkYjzpfonf/ ]rmpvdk} u vdktyfcsuf          NyD;jzpfaom EIef;pHrsm;? pnf;urf;rsm;ESifh bmoma&;? vlrIa&;qkdif
twGi; touftydi;tjcm;udk od&&efrm txl;ta&;BuD;ygonf/
         f            kf                dS S                                    tqifhrsm;udk ,ckvdkazmfjyonf/                                          &m "avhrsm;udk arSmufveajymif;vJap½HrQru wpfO;csif;qdi&m
                                                                                                                                                                                  S f             k        D      k f
         xdkrQru tvkyftudkif? ynmt&nftcsif;? rdom;pk tajc                               1/ b0&yfwnfa&;vdktyfcsuf (pm;? 0wf? aea&;)                     wefzdk;pepfrsm;ESifh pHrsm;udkyg tBuD;tus,fajymif;aponf/
taeESihf 0ifaiGtqifwYkduvnf; wwfEiorQ jynfjh ynfppkH od&zYkd
                           h kd                 kd f       h kH   dS                    2/ wefzdk;xm;rIqdkif&mvdktyfcsuf                                       Oyrmtm;jzifh - tcsKdUaom vlYtzGJUtpnf;rsm;wGif ,cif
vdygvdrr,f/ aumufc&&Saom tcsuftvufrsm;udk ppfxw&
    k          hf            H d                                k f                     3/ ydkifqdkifvdkrIqE´qdkif&m vdktyfcsuf                        u atmifjrifrI tñTef;tjzpf,lqcJhMuonfrsm; (pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;
rnfh ]pH} rSm a&SUwGifazmfjycJhNyD;ovdk qufpyfESD;ET,frI? t&G,f                         4/ vHkNcHKa&;vdktyfcsuf                                        wdk;wufrI? ukefxkwfpGrf;tm;jrifhrm;rI ponf) udkar;cGef;xkwf
tpm;? ta&;ygrIESifh ta&;BuD;rIwdkYyifjzpfonf/ tu,fíom                                   5/ pdwf"mwfa&;&m vdktyfcsufwdkYjzpfygonf/                      vmMuonf/ tqdkyg tñTef;a[mif;rsm; ae&mwGif vlrIa&;t&
tqdkyg ]pH} rsm;ESifh pdppfrIrvkyfEdkifygu tcsuftvufrsm;rSm                             EdkifiHa&;r[mAsL[mwpf&yftaeESifh vlxk\vdktyfcsufudk            w&m;rQwrI&Sd? r&Sd? obm0ywf0ef;usiftay:xdcdkufrI &Sd? r&Sd
azmif;yGyGjzpfaeNyD; vufawGUtoHk;0ifvdrfhrnfr[kwfygacs/                                 k f kd f                    k kd f
                                                                                azmfxwEi&ygrnf/ vlawGbmudvcsionfukd yxrqH;odxm;          k             paom tñTef;opffrsm;u ae&m,lvmMuonf/
         tcsKdUaomwdi;jynfrsm;wGif Ediiom;awmfawmfrsm;rsm;rSm
                      k f                 k f H                                 zdkYvdkonf/ txl;ojzifh a&G;aumufyGJr[mAsL[mtwGufqdkvQif                        tvm;wl qdk&S,fvpfEkdifiHrsm;rSm qdkvQifvnf; ,cif
taMumif;aMumif;aMumifh Edii&yfjcm;odYk w&m;r0ifa&mufaeonf
                                k f H                                           þtcsufrSm ydkíyifta&;BuD;onf/ rJay;onfhqHk;jzwfcsuf                    vTrf;rdk;wGifus,fcJhaom EkdifiHwum 0g'? EkdifiHawmfokdYr[kwf
rsKd;&SdEdkifygonf/ þodkYaom EdkifiHrsKd;jzpfvQif w&m;0ifpm&if;                 trsm;pkrSm rdrdwdkYvdktyfcsufudk auseyfatmif jznfhqnf;ay;Edkif         ygwDu OD;aqmifaom aoG;pnf;nDnGwfrI paom pHEIef;rsm;NydK
Z,m;rsm;udk trSefxif AsL[mcif;ygu rSm;ygvdrfhrnf/ txl;                          avrvm;qdkaom arQmfvifhcsuftay: tajccHMuaomaMumifh                      usvmNyD; qefYusifbuft,ltqrsm;jzpfaom *vdkb,f
ojzifh a&G;aumufyGJrJqG,fa&;ESifh &efyHkaiGaumufcHa&;wdkYwGif                   jzpfygonf/ tjcm;aom r[mAsL[m (Oyrm - ay:vpDtaumif                      vkdufaZ;&Sif; wpfOD;csif;vGwfvyfcGifhpaom pHEIef;opfrsm;u
þtrSm;rsKd;BuHK&avh&Sdonf/ odkYtwGuf tcsuftvufpkaqmif;                                                            f
                                                                                txnfazmfa&;r[mAsL[m) wGivnf; vlxvtyfcsurm ta&;    k kd f S             wjznf;jznf;ae&m,lvmMuonf/
&mwGif toifh&SdNyD; pm&if;Z,m;rsm;udk rsufpdrSdwfr,HkbJ udk,f                   BuD;onfomjzpfonf/ rdrdwdkYcsrSwfrnfh ay:vpDu vlxkvdktyf                                                             pmrsufESm 34 od k Y
    34
  The
     VOICE              PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                        Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




ae0ifnudk ul;jzwfcJUonfU tefu,fvfqrfESifU jrefrm
aeoefarmif
          tar&duefjynfaxmifpk\ jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&m tqifhtjrifh                                   rl0g'tajymif;tvJBuD;wpfckjzpfonf/
qHk; txl;udk,fpm;vS,f rpöwm'J&pfrpfcsJvf\ pufwifbmv                                                            tar&duefjynfaxmifpk&Sd &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHvdkonfh ukrÜPDrsm;
twGif; 5 &ufMum jrefrmjynfc&D;pOfonf 23 ESpfMum at;puf                                            uvnf; 0g&Sifwefudk rl0g'ajymif;ay;&ef awmif;qdkaeMuonf/
                  h                f kd f H
wif;rmcJonfh ESpEiiqufqa&;twGuf BuD;rm;aom tajymif; H                                                                    f k                  h
                                                                                                  2011 twGi; wdawmif;vSonfumvü jrefrmEdii\tajymif;tvJ              kfH
tvJBuD;wpfcjk zpfcNhJ yD; tar&duefjynfaxmifp\ jrefrmjynfqi&m             k                 kd f   rsm;onf jyifyurÇmtm; t½l;vkyf&ef [efjyvkyfaqmifaejcif;[k
                               f
rl0g'rsm; tvkyrjzpfc?hJ ratmifjrifconfukd oufaoxlconf/      hJ                          hJ        tiftm;pktcsKdUu a0zefrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhNyD; tar&duefwdkY\rl0g'
          txl;udk,fpm;vS,fonf jrefrmEdkifiH\ ta&;ygaom                                                                         f
                                                                                                  rajymif;vJbJ ydwqYkdta&;,lrI qufvufxm;&S&ef awmif;qdae               d          k
Stakeholders rsm;ESifh awGUqHkcJhNyD; jrefrmEdkifiHü 2011 rwfv                                                             k         I                       d l
                                                                                                  Muonf/ tqdyga0zefrrsm;ESihf oHo,&SowYkd vH;k 0rSm;,Gi;f aMumif;
            kd f                        I
aemufyi; ajymif;vJrrsm;udk avhvmcJonf/ t&yfbuftzGUJ tpnf; h                                       jrefrmESifh tar&dueftpdk;&wdkY tcdkiftrm oufaojy&awmhrnf
rsm; EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;ESifhvnf; awGUqHkcJhNyD;aemuf tar&duef                                     jzpfonf/ tajctae tcsdeftcgvdkuf ajymif;vJaeaom? a&GUae
taeESifh jrefrmEdkifiHtm; rnfonfhay:vpDjzifh csOf;uyf&rnfqdk                                                                                    k f H
                                                                                                  aomtcif;tusif;BuD; jrefrmEdiiü ay:aygufaeonfukd tar&d
                      f
onfukd &Si;vif;pGmem;vnfom;onf/ 'J&pfrpfcsJvonf jrefrmG                          f                uefjynfaxmifpktygt0if urÇmhEdkifiHrsm;u trSefwu,fyif
        k                k f kd f d
tpd;&ESihf wdu½uxawGUqufqa&;rlukd qkyuiNf yD; vma&muf   H                  f kd                                 H
                                                                                                  vufcum todtrSwjf yKNyD; t&m&m aemufaMumif;jyefroGm;a&;
  h                     k f H
cJ&m jrefrmEdiionf tajymif;tvJwpfcqD a&GUaeaMumif; odjrif        k                                twGufom wGef;ay;csifMuonfomjzpfonf/
vufcHcJhonf/                                                                                                   0g&Sifwefu t"duvdkvm;aeaom trsKd;om;jyefvnf&if
          Two-level Game ay:vpDt& ppfreonftajymif;tvJukd           S f h                          Mum;apha&;jzpfpOf ay:aygufvmap&ef ,HMk unfcsuaMumifh tusO;f us     f
rjrifawGU&rcsif; ydwfqdkY'PfcwfrIrsm;udk qufvufxm;&SdoGm;                                         cHae&olrsm;udk jcGif;csufr&Sd vTwfay;a&;wdkYonf ESpfzufMum;
               kd                             d
OD;rnfqonfh oabmxm;&Saeao;aomfvnf; tar&duef-jrefrm                                                         f J                              h
                                                                                                  vdycwnf;vnf;jzpfaeonftajctaersm;udk ausmfvm;oGm;Edif                        T          k
            H                             k
qufqa&;\ yxrqH;ajcvSr;udk pwifconfh txufvwawmf    f                 hJ                 T f               h                                               J f
                                                                                                  rnfta&;jzpfonf/ rpöwm'J&pfrpfcsvonf jrefrmjynfukd ydwqYkd                         f
                     d f                        f
trwf qDewwm*sif0ufbu tar&dueftrsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;                                               ta&;,lxm;onfukd qufvufaxmufcaeaomfvnf; jrefrmudk             H
[k or®wtdkbm;rm;u ,lqygvQif jrefrmEdkifiHrS ydkYukefrsm;udk                                       txD;usefxm;jcif;ESifh ydwfqdkYtjypfay;jcif;onf ppfrSefaom
wm;jrpfxm;onfh Oya'tm; or®wtrdefYjzifh y,fzsufEdkifonf?                                           tajymif;tvJudk aqmifMuOf;Edkifrnfr[kwf[k ,HkMunfolvnf;
jrefrmjynfqdkif&m rl0g'rsm;udk tcsdeftcgvdkufNyD; ajymif;vJoGm;                                   jzpfonf/
                              k hJ          f kd f H
&rnf[k ajymqdconf/ ESpEiiqufqa&;wGif avjynfavnif;              H                                               pufwifbmvonf jrefrm-tar&duefqufqa&;twGuf                    H
           k f
rsm; wducwfvmaeNyD[k avhvmolrsm;u owdxm;apmifMh unfh                                              a&SUodkYajcvSrf;wpfck vSrf;vdkufjcif;jzpfNyD; twdwfu at;puf
aeMuonf/                                                                                                            h            H
                                                                                                  wif;rmcJaom qufqa&;udk z,f&m;vduonfh ordi;0ifumv      S k f             k f
          jrefrmjynfc&D;pOf tqHk;owfwGif 'J&pfrpfcsJvfu jrefrm                                                        hJ           f
                                                                                                  wpfck jzpfconf/ 0g&Siwef\ rl0g'tajymif;tvJrsm; qufwuf                               kd
    k f H           S f
Ediiü ppfreaomtajymif;tvJrsm; jzpfay:vmap&ef wduwe;                                   k f G f     jzpfay:vmap&ef vmrnfhvrsm;twGif; jrefrmEdkifiHü vlwdkif;
cJhNyD; oHo,&Sdaeolrsm; rSm;,Gif;aeaMumif; oufaojy&ef?                                                 k                                              f
                                                                                                  vdvm;aeaomjzpfpOfrsm; tHMh ozG,aumif;avmufatmif ay:vm
tajymif;tvJrsm;udk aemufaMumif;rjyefbJ a&SUwd;vkyaqmif&ef                       k f               zdkY apmifhMunfh&rnfjzpfonf/ tb,fhaMumifhqdkaomf or®wBuD;                                                kd f S
                                                                                                                                                                                             onf arSmifruvaom n&SnBf uD;udk jzwfoef;cJNh yD;rS awGUBuHK&jcif;
ajymcJhonf/                                                                                       OD;odef;pdefu pdwf0rf;uGJrIrsm; csKyfNidrf;NyD; oabmxm;rwlonf                                               f                   hf             k
                                                                                                                                                                                             jzpfonf/ ydwxm;aomwHcg;rsm;udk zGi&awmhrnf/ xdtajctae
          vufqkyfvufudkifjyEdkifonfh ajymif;vJrIrsm; awGU&ygu                                     rsm;udk z,f&Sm;um yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufonfhenf;udk ,HkMunfpGm                                                      f kd          f      S
                                                                                                                                                                                             onf tjyeftvSevtyfaeaom 0g&SiwefEijhf refrmtMum; aumif;
tar&duefjynfaxmifpkonf csufcsif;wkHYjyefoGm;rnf[k txl;                                                       f kd f                     f
                                                                                                  qkwuixm;aMumif; vky&yfrsm;jzifh wpfqifcsi; oufaojyonfh         h f                         rGeaomqufqa&;twGuf a&cHajrcHjzpfovdk 'Dru&ufwuaZ;&Si;
                                                                                                                                                                                                f               H                        kd        kd f     f
udk,fpm;vS,fu qdkonf/ ,if;rSm tjiif;yGm;zG,f&mjzpfaeaom                                                                      k        G f f T f G kd
                                                                                                  tcg oef; 60 vH; nDnwaysm&ipm 'Drua&pDyef;wdiukd avQmuf                 kf                                         G                           S kd
                                                                                                                                                                                             jzpfpOf jrefrmjynfwif pepfusus ajcukwNf rJvmap&efEihf 'Drua&pD
pD;yGm;a&;? ukefoG,fa&; 'PfcwfydwfqdkYxm;onfh tar&duefwdkY                                        vSrf;zdkY jrefrmonf oEdé|mefcsxm;aMumif; wpfurÇmvHk;udk                                    ,Ofaus;rI &SifoefBuD;xGm;a&;twGufvnf; r&Sdrjzpf vdktyf
\ ta&;,lrIrsm;udk z,f&Sm;ay;oGm;rnfqdkonfh urf;vSrf;csuf                                          oufao xljcif;jzpfrnfjzpfonf/                                                               aomaMumifhjzpfonf/
jzpfonf/ ,if;onf tar&duefjynfaxmifp\ jrefrmEdiiqi&m                    k           k f H kd f                                             f D
                                                                                                               jrefrmtwGuf t½kPO; a&mufvmcJNh yDjzpfonf/ xdt½kPf                k                                                            aeoefarmif

pmrsuf E S m 33 r[mAsL[m (16) rS tquf                                                                                                d     df k
                                                                                                         wpfNydKifeufwnf;rSmyif ]trsK;om;Ekii}H qdaom taumuf                                                        kd           dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     þokYd aom wefz;tajymif;tvJqi&m jzpfpOfrsm;ESihf ywf
      þtwkdif;yif tcsKdUaom vlYtzGJUtpnf;rsm;wGif qdkvQif                                         t,lrsm; tiftm;csnfheJYvmNyD; ykdíao;i,fusOf;ajrmif;onfh                                    oufonfh todynm tcsuftvufrsm;udk tcsdefrD&&SdEkdifa&;rSm
vnf; vlrIvIyf&Sm;rIrsm;jzifh zGJUpnf;yHka[mif;rsm; udkNzdKcsvmMu                                  rsKd;wlpk pdwftcHrsm;? jyefvnftm;opfvmonfh EdkifiHrsm;vnf;                                   d f H              k
                                                                                                                                                                                             Ekiia&;pepfwpf&yf yHazmf&mwGif aomfvnf;aumif;? r[mAsL[m
onf/ trsKd;orD;xkudk,fwkdifu tpOftvm r[mzdk0g'udk qefY                                              d              f      k   S
                                                                                                  &Sonf/ þwGiajymvdonfrm tajymif;tvJqonfwif a&SUwd;
                                                                                                                                                 dk   G    k                                     H               k f     f
                                                                                                                                                                                             pDrcsuf wpf&yfazmfxw&mwGiaomfvnf;aumif; ta&;BuD;aom
usifNyD; vlYtzGJUtpnf;&Sd rdrdwdkY\ tqifhae&mudk xlaxmifvm                                        oGm;onfrsm;&Sdovkd aemufjyefqkwfoGm;onfh jzpfpOfrsm;vnf;                                   tcef;u@rS yg0ifygonf/
Muaom £w¬d,0g'Drsm;\ vIyf&Sm;rIrsKd;jzpfonf/                                                      &Sdaeonfh tcsufjzpfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                             2 - zGJYpnf;yHkrsm;ajymif;vJjcif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                     qkdcJhNyD;aom wefzkd;tajymif;tvJrsm;rSm vlYtzGJUtpnf;
                                            CARTOON OF THE WEEK                                                                                                                              qkdif&m EIef;pHrsm; pnf;urf;pnf;rsOf;rsm;ajymif;vJ&mrS xGufay:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                             vmMuaomfvnf; zGUJ pnf;yHtajymif;tvJrsm;onfum; rsm;aom
                                                                                                                                                                                             tm;jzifh pD;yGm;a&; tajymif;tvJrsm;\ tusKd;qufjzpfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                             pdkufysKd;a&;rS pufrIvlYtzGJUtpnf;odkY ajymif;vJoGm;onfrsm; 0ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                             aqmifrI pD;yGm;a&;? owif;tcsutvufA[djk yK pD;yGm;a&; ponf
                                                                                                                                                                                             rsm;odkY OD;wnfajymif;vJoGm;onfrsm;rSm zGJUpnf;yHktajymif;tvJ
                                                                                                                                                                                             rsm;\ t&if;cHtaMumif;w&m;rsm;jzpfMuygonf/ þtajymif;
                                                                                                                                                                                             tvJrsm;rSm a'owpfckwGif tvkyftudkif trsm;tjym;qHk;½IH;
                                                                                                                                                                                             oGm;onfrsm;? tjcm;a'owpfckwGif tvkyftudkifopfrsm;ay:
                                                                                                                                                                                             xGufvmonfrsm;ESifh qufpyfjzpfay:avh&Sdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                     urÇmvHk;twkdif;twm,SOfNydKifrI? jynfwGif;xkwf ukefrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                             urÇmhaps;uGufwGif 0ifrwkd;Ekdifawmhjcif; ponfhtaMumif;w&m;
                                                                                                                                                                                             rsm;onfvnf; zGJUpnf;yHktajymif;tvJrsm;udk tpysKd;rD;xkd;ay;
                                                                                                                                                                                             Ekdifygonf/ þtwGufxif&Sm;aom Oyrmrsm;rSm csnfxnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                   f                         f k f h k f
                                                                                                                                                                                             vkyief;? armfawmfum; xkwvyonfvyief;ESihf oHrPdvyief;       k f
                                                                                                                                                                                             wdkYjzpfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         k dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     þodYkaom zGUJ pnf;yHqi&m tajymif;tvJrsm;udk r[mAsL[m
                                                                                                                                                                                             ajrmuf wkHYjyefEdkifzdkY tvGefta&;BuD;onf/ tvkyftudkifrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                 k H                                         k d f
                                                                                                                                                                                             qH;½I;rIrsm;onfh a'orsm;wGif tjcm; tpm;xd;Ekirnfh xkwvyf     f k
                                                                                                                                                                                             a&;vkyfief;rsm;udk wnfaqmufay;Ekdif&ef r[mAsL[musus BudK
                                                                                                                                                                                             wifpDrHxm;&rnfjzpfonf/ þodkYvufOD;rI&Sd&Sd aqmif&GufEkdif&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                             zGJUpnf;yHkqkdif&m tajymif;tvJESifh ywfoufaom tcsuftvuf
                                                                                                                                                                                             rsm;udk BudKwif&,lxm;zdkYvkdygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ausmf0if;
                                                                                                                                                                                                             pmñTef; - Political Strategies (Peter Schroder)
    Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                     PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                         The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         35



             {&m0wDjrpfESifh ywfoufí odoifhodxdkufaom tcsuftvufrsm; od&SdEdkifMuap&ef Eco Dev tkyfcsKyfrI'g½dkufwm OD;0if;rsKd;olu ¤if;yg0ifaqmuf&GufcJhzl;aom trsKd;om;tqifh
         ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;pDrHudef;BuD; oHk;ck\ tawGUtBuHKrsm;tay: tajccHuma&;om;xm;csufrsm;udk azmfjyvdkufygonf/


jrpfqHkqef;ppfcsuf
0if;rsKd;ol
                                 dS
1/ pD;yGm;a&;t& wu,faum tusK;d &Srmvm;/
                                                                                                                                                                           Photo by KMS (Super King)
                  uRefawmf&oavmuf tcsuftvuft&awmh jrefrmEdkifiH
taeeJY rwnf&S,f,m 15 &mcdkifEIef;eJY xyfaqmif;xnfh0ifEdkifwJh
10 &mcdkifEIef;&S,f,mtay:u &EdkifwJhtusKd;tjrwfcGJa0rI&,f?
                   G                           kfIf
0ifaiGcef 30 &mcdiEe;u t"dutusK;tjrwftjzpfawGU&ygw,f/                                                 d
toHk;jyKa&cGefeJY xkwfvkyfvQyfppfcGefawG oD;jcm;& r&qdkwm
            f
r&Si;ygbl;/ (Royality 8% ay;xm;wmeJY ay;p&mrvdkawmhbl;
                          S f kd f kH
vdYk owfrwvuy&w,f) 'Dawmh jrwfrS oabmwlxm;wJh tusK;                                                                                                               d
tjrwf&r,faygh/ urÇmay:rSm aqmufcJhwJhqnfBuD;awG[m
arQmfrSef;xm;oavmuf pD;yGm;a&;wGufajcrudkufwmudk awGU&yg
w,f/ trsm;pk&JU Economic Rate of Return wpfenf;tm;jzifh
pD;yGm;a&;t& jyef&csuf? t&yftac: aiGwdk;udkufrI[m tNrJwrf;
enf;aewwfygw,f/ t"duuawmh vQyfppfarQmfrSef;xm;
                                                f kd f
oavmuf rxkwEivYkdygyJ/ Oyrm- tD*spEiiu tufp0rfqnf                                                                    f kd f H                    f
- 10ç000 **¾g0yf wu,f&awmh 7161? b&mZD;Ediiu tDwiyl                                                                                    k f H                 kd f
qnf- 79ç000 **¾g0yf wu,f&awmh 63ç839? *gemEdkifiHu
tufudkqGrfbdkqnf - 5400 **¾g0yf wu,f&awmh 3597/
                  tdrfeD;csif; xdkif;EdkifiHrSm Munfh&if tBuD;qHk;qnf 25 ck[m
                         S f S f
1991 ckEprm rSe;xm;wmxuf wpf0ufyJ vQyppf"mwftm;xkwf                                                                            f
vkyfEdkifwmawGU&w,f/ urÇmhbPftultnDeJYaqmufNyD;
atmifjrifygw,fqwhJ yufre;qnfq&if pD;yGm;a&;jyef&csu[m   kd                    G f                        kd                                                f
wpfESpf 12 &mcdkifEIef;rSef; xm;ayr,fh vufawGUrSm 5 &mcdkifEIef;
avmufyJ&ygw,f/ jrpfqHkqnfu pD;yGm;a&;jyef&csuf 9 'or
                  kfIf f
5 &mcdiEe;rSe;xm;wmawGU&Ny; wGuxm;wJtwdi; 22ç600 **¾g0yf                        D                  f                  h kf
          f                               h
vQyppf tjynft0xGu&ifawmifrS ESr;csuuuzYkd atmufazmfjyyg         f                                       f f kd f                                                      (*) EdkifiHwum qHk;½HI;epfemrI tmrcHukefusp&dwfaum                                                                            kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     w,fqwm owdcsyfapcsifygw,f/
tcsufawG tay: rlwnfaeao;w,f/                                                                                                                                          xnfhwGuf&JUvm;/                                                                                                             wu,fawmh w½kwEiiom; ynm&SiawG[m tifrwefukd           f kd f H                                   f
(u) cefYrSef;ukefusp&dwfeJYavmufatmif aqmufEdkifyghrvm;/
                         rS                                                                                                                                                     qnf&UJ tajccHtaqmuftODomru qnfaMumifh qH;½H;epfem                               k I                  awmfygw,f/ txl;ojzifh ocsFm? tif*sifeD,mbmom&yfawGrSm
                  jrpfqHkqnfudk tar&duefa':vm 4 'or 6 bDvD,H                                                                                                            kf          ID                            f
                                                                                                                                                                      EdiwhJ vlrp;yGm;a&; avsmaMu;aiGtmrcH? p&dwawGaum xnfwuf                    f                    h G                       h                     kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     urÇmtawmfq;vdYkawmif ajymvdYk&ygw,f/ jrpfqqnfvkd BuD;rm;                                                             kH
ukefr,fvdkY rSef;xm;wmawGU&ygw,f/ urÇmhqnfBuD;awG[m                                                                                                                                                           kÜ D
                                                                                                                                                                      &JUvm;/ b,ftmrcHurPurS vufcrm r[kwygbl;/ vufc&if                 HS             f                     H        wJhqnfBuD;awG aqmufwJhtcg rdk;av0oudef;*Pef; tcsuf
                                k
tNrJwrf;vdvkd ydNk yD;aqmufvyp&dwueusavh&ygw,f/ urÇmh                               k f              f k f                          dS                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                      vnf; p&dwuao;rSmr[kwb;/ 'gqd&if pD;yGm;a&; wGuajcudurI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f l         k                        f         k f                                                        d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tvufawG wdwususeJY jynfjh ynfppvygw,f/ jzpfEi&if ESpf                                 h kH kH kd                                     kd f
bPftultnDeYJ aqmufwhJ qnf 70 [m cefYre;ukeusp&dwf                                                                                  S f f                                         kd
                                                                                                                                                                      b,fvajymif;oGm;rvJ pOf;pm;p&mygyJ/                                                                                                                          k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     50 avmufpm &EdirS pkaqmif;EdiwhJ qnfa&yrmPudk eD;eD;pyfpyf                   k f
                                       k f I f
xuf 27 &mcdiEe;ydNk yD; ukeuswmudk awGU&ygw,f/ w½kwawG                    f                                                                              f            (C) qnfudka&m pepfwus xdef;rSmaocsm&JUvm;/                                                                     cefYre;Edirmjzpfw,f/ qnfaqmufwae&m eJYteD;qH; rd;av0o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               S f k f S                                                                        hJ                                    k k
         f l
*kP,0<hH um;wJh o&D;a*gh*spf urÇmtBuD;qH; qnfBuD;[m 8 'or                                      h                   k                                                            qnfxdef;odrf;rI? pDrHcefYcGJrI nHhzsif;&if vQyfppf"mwftm;                                            pcef;u jrpfBuD;em;jzpfNyD; udef;*Pef;tcsuftvufawG twef
                       D
35 bDv,H a':vmcefYre;ukeusp&dwuae pkpaygif; 27 'or                  S f f                                   f                    k                                    xkwvyrI usqif;oGm;rSmyg/ txl;ojzifh a&a0a&vJ a'oawG
                                                                                                                                                                             f k f                                                                                                                h k f                        hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     toif&Ediygvdrr,f/ qnfawGaqmufr,fae&meJY jrpfBuD;em;&JU                                                     h
                    D H
2 bDv,a':vm oH;qausmyro;pGueusc&ygw,f/ 'gawmif             k                   f kd kd kH J k f hJ                                                                    pepfwusprcefYcNJG yD; Eke;0ifa&mufrI wwfEioavmuf enf;atmif
                                                                                                                                                                                     DH                        f                            kd f                                                                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     obm00ef;usi?f rd;av0ou tawmftoifh uGjJ ym;jcm;em;rI&ae                                                                                        dS
EdkifiHa&;t& ½kyfysufqif;ysufjzpfvGef;vdkY pm&if;azsmufwJh                                                                                                            aqmif&GufoGm;zdkY vdkygw,f/ qnfaqmufzYkd aiGo;oavmuf                               kH                          ygao;w,f/ 'Dawmhw½kwjf ynfxu teD;qH;rd;av0opcef;awG                                 J                          k k
       f
ukeusp&dwawG&w,fvYkd pGypc&ygw,f/    f           dS                                  f JG H                                                                           qnfxdef;zdkYus&if toHk;p&dwfcGJa0csay;zdkY vufwGefYMuygw,f/                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     uae ude;*Pef;tcsutvufawG aygif;pyfNyD; wGucsuf cefYre;      f                                                                  f                     Sf
                  BudKwifrjrifawGUEdkif? rrSef;qEdkifao;wJh blrdaA'ajrjyif                                                                                            jrefrmEdkifiHrSm a&a0a&vJxdef;odrf;a&;[m opfawmOD;pD; Xme                                                                        hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     &ygvdrr,f/ 'Dtwdi;yJ ta&;tBuD;qH;jzpfwhJ jrpfa&pD;qif;rIk f                                          k
taetxm;awGaMumifh aqmufvkyfa&;pdefac:rIawG &ifqkdif&NyD;                                                                                                              &JUwm0efyg/ qnfawGom wd;aqmufayr,fh a&a0a&vJ xde;odr;k                                         f f                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ude;*Pef;tcsuf tvufawGukd yrmPpl;prf;umv (owif;pm
ydkNyD;ukefus&wmyg/ jrpfqHkqnf[m ivsifjywfa&GUaMumeJYeD;wJh                                                                                                                                f          k kd
                                                                                                                                                                      a&; bwf*su[m ydrcsay;wmr&Sb;/ opfawmOD;pD;Xme&JU XmecGJ    d l                                                        S                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     xJrm 2 ESpvYkd azmfjyxm;ygw,f) u&wJh tcsutvufawGay:                                                                     f
                              df
twGuf 'Dpeac:rIukd rvGraoGawGU&rSmyg/ &if;ES;jrK§ yErI pDrue;Bu;  J                                                           D f HS H d f D                          av;wpfcktaeeJY 'DavmufBuD;av;wJhwm0efBuD;udk vltm;?                                                            rlwnfNy; wGucsucefYre;&ygvdrr,f/ 'Due;*Pef;tcsutvuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          D          f f Sf                                         hf                       df                              f
                S                                     f
awGrm 0ifaiG? xGuaiG tajymif;tvJay:rlwnfNyD; tusKd;tjrwf                                                                                                                                                         h G
                                                                                                                                                                      enf;ynmtiftm;csKdUwJpmeJY rEdi0efxrf;aqmifae&wmyg/       k f                                                   awG&UJ rSeuefr?I ,HMk unfpwcs&rI? jynfpr?I wGucsufenf;uduf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f                                         d f                              h kH                    f                      k
                           kH                       f f
ajymif;vJyukd wGucsu&um qH;½H;EdiajceJY pGeYfpm;&rIukd wGucsuf                             k I kf                                                    f                                                     hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                qnfaqmufwp&dwom wd;oH;aewm/ qnfxe;odr;a&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f           k k                      d f f                           I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     nDrawG[m qnfa&& r&? vQyppf tjynfxwEif rEdi?f jrpfxa&                       f                           h k f kd k                              J
&ygw,f (Sensitivity Analysis)/ a,bk,stm;jzifh 0ifaiG? xGuaiG                                                                                                   f      p&dwfuwdk;wufrIr&Sdygbl;/ &v'fuawmh qnfajrmif;awG                                                                                                  T f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     b,favmufvwrvJqwtcsuawGukd jy|mef;ygw,f/ 'Davmuf               kd hJ               f
twuftus 10 &mcdkifEIef; ywf0ef;usifavmufrSm tvkyfjzpf                                                                                                                      f                                                  k k f I
                                                                                                                                                                      Eke;ydYk cswmrsm;NyD; qnfa&toH;jyKEdir[m rSe;csuf&UJ wpf0ufyJ                f                                 BuD;rm;wJhwGufcsufrIawGudk tjyefjyeftvSefvSefppfaq;zdkYvdkyg
rjzpfrSef;qMu&wmygyJ/ 27 &mcdkifEIef;avmuftxd ydkNyD;ukefus                                                                                                             d                                                    f f
                                                                                                                                                                      &Sygawmhw,f/ jyef&aiGeYJ xde;odr;p&dwf rrQwrI[m zGUH NzdK;qJEiiH                                        kd f   w,f/ w½kwurPwpfcuwGuNf yD; w½kwurPwpfcu jyef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f k Ü D                              k                                           f k Ü D                   k
wmawmifrS pD;yGm;a&;tusKd;tjrwf 9 'or 5 &mcdkifEIef;&Edkif                                                                                                                                        H JG I J
                                                                                                                                                                      rSmawGUae&wJh pDrcefYcrtvGawGygyJ/ tdE,Ediiu jynfe,f qnf            d´ k f H                                   ppfaq;wmxuf ,HkMunfpdwfcs&wJh EdkifiHwumtzGJUwpfzGJUudk
                                  kd
ao;w,fq&if wpfccawmh rSm;aewmaocsmygw,f/ Price Elas-         kk                                                                                                       pDrHtkyfcsKyfa&;bkwftzGJUtrsm;pk[m 'DtcsufeJY a'0gvDcHMu&                                                      iSm;&rf;NyD; ppfaq;axmufjywmu ydkNyD;obm0usygw,f/
                                                     k kf
ticity oabmt& ydueuswi; vQyppfwpf,epfaps;EIe;udk qGwif                      kd f                 f                        l                  f         J                                     f kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                      wmyg/ w½kwEii&UJ qnfprcefYcrI b,favmufaumif;vJqwm   D H JG                                         kd          enf;ynmydkif;a&m? pD;yGm;a&;wGufajcudkufrIawGaum jyefvnf
NyD; a&mif;vdkY&rSmr[kwfygbl;/ a&TvDjrpfrSm vuf&Sdaqmufxm;                                                                                                                               k                           k f H
                                                                                                                                                                      avhvmzdYk vdovdk jrefrmEdiiu b,favmufwe;tm;ay;EdirvJ                           G f            k f                                                      l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ppfaq;NyD;jynfoawG ,HMk unfpwcs&rI&atmif xkwjf yeftoday;                      d f
    h
wJqnfu a&mif;wJh vQyfppf"mwftm;aps;EIe;u aps;BuD;aeawmh                                                                     f                                                                                                                                                             h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     oifygw,f/ w½kwEiibufu vufcEiwtzGUJ jzpfzYkdvnf; vdygf kd f H                                    H kd f hJ                                          k
                                                                                                                                                                      qdkwm qef;ppf&r,fhtcsufyg/
xifoavmuf w½kwjf ynfxrm ra&mif;&bl;vkYd od&ygw,f/ pGr;f tif              JS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     w,f/ ukeusp&dwuawmh rsm;rSmtrSeygyJ/ 'gayrJh 'g[mukeoifh                                      f                                             f
u &Sm;yg;ukefqdkawmh wpfcsdefrSmawmh a&mif;&rSmaygh/ 'gayrJh                                                                                                          2/ ,HvhkyNkH y;D ]0} uGutyfrmvm;/
                                                                                                                                                                          k d                 f S                                                                                       h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     wJp&dwjf zpfNyD; &efyaiG&mzdYk rcufavmufygbl;/       kH S
0ifaiGtcsdefZ,m; tajymif;tvJu pD;yGm;a&;t& tusKd;tjrwf                                                                                                                        rMumao;cifu w½kwfEdkifiHrSm jzpfyGm;cJhwJh tjref&xm;                                                                jynfwGif;u tpdk;&Xme? jynfwGif;tpdk;&r[kwfwJh tzGJU
  k H
yHpawGukd ajymif;vJaprSmyg/                                                                                                                                              k f kd f I                f            H JG I
                                                                                                                                                                      wducur[m w½kwenf;ynmeJY pDrcefYcr&UJ ,HMk unfpwcs&rIukd          d f                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tpnf;? ynm&SitzGUJ awG[mvnf; b,favmufyJ vGwvyfw,f                                                                                  f
(c) rSef;xm;wJhtcsdeftwdkif; NyD;atmifaqmufEdkifyghrvm;/                                                                                                                      f     f                    hf
                                                                                                                                                                      ar;cGe;xkwp&mygyJ/ tusiysujf cpm;rIukd azmfxwNf yD; ta&;,l  k                                                  ajymajym olwdkY&JUtjrifawG wifjywJhae&mrSm tuefYtowfawG?
                              h
                  urÇmbPfu avhvmwJqnfBuD; 49 ck[m rlvrSe;xm;wJh                       h                                                            f                                        f          k f
                                                                                                                                                                      oGm;r,fvYkd w½kwtmPmydiawG ajymoGm;wm owdjyKp&mygyJ/                                                           axmufxm;&r,fhtcsufawG&Sdaeawmh r,kwfrvGef? rrSefrrSm;?
tcsexuf ysr;rQtm;jzifh 14 vaemufusNy;rS aqmufvYkNd y;ygw,f/
       df                               f                                                                        D                             D                      'DavmufEdkifiHawmfu *kPf,ltav;xm;&wJh pDrHudef;BuD;awmif                                                       abmifxJrSmyJ vnfaer,fxifw,f/ temodrS aq;&SdrSmqdkawmh
              h
urÇmbPfu bmaxmufjyvJqawmh 'Dvkd aemufuswtwGuf 0ifaiG                                    kd                                               hJ                                                                 kfH S
                                                                                                                                                                      rS tjzpfq;dk awGBuHK&&if wjcm;EdiiawGrm aqmif&uwprue;awG G f hJ D H d f                                        &J&J0Hh0HhwifjyEdkifrSom taMumif;&if; azmfxkwfNyD; aq;ukovdkY&
enf;apovdk ta<u;ydyapygw,f/ wpfEpaemufus&if tom;wif          kd                                               Sf                                                                              kd
                                                                                                                                                                      rSm tm;enf;r,fqwm odomygw,f/ tdr&iEiiu pepfwus   f S f kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ygr,f/ 'gaMumifh Mum;tzGUJ tpnf;wpfck wu,fvtyfygw,f/                                                                        kd
0ifaiG oH;yHwpfyepfemNyD; 2 ESpaemuf us&ifwpf0ufepfemygw,f/
                      k k                   kH                                    f                                                                                   xde;odr;aqmif&urr&S&if ydq;ygvdrr,f/ &J&ma&tm;vQyfppf
                                                                                                                                                                            f f            G f I d k kd             hf          G
ucsijf ynfe,f vufeufuif vIy&m;rIawG rNy;D qH;k Edioa&GU qnfBu;D       kd                    fS                                   kf                                   zGizYkdvyawmh w½kwu ydYkvuwa&tm;wmbdif puftopfBuD;u
                                                                                                                                                                          hf k f                 f   kd f hJ                k                                                                                                                                                           qufvufazmfjyygrnf
tcsdefrD NyD;pD;Edkifyghrvm;qdkwm pOf;pm;p&mygyJ/                                                                                                                                     kd f                        h        k f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                      oHacs;awGuuaevdYk "mwftm;tjynfray;EdicwhJ jzpf&yfawG&dS                                                                                                                                                                                          0if;rsKd;ol
  The
     36
     VOICE                PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                                         Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




ukd,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;rsm;cifAsm
a&eHomcifarmifaxG;
                     axG;wkdYu vTwfawmfxJra&mufzl;bJeJY vTwfawmfxJrSm rdefYcGef;ajymwJhavaygufeJY a&;vkdufawmh pmzwfolawG awmfawmf uoduatmufjzpfoGm;vdrfhr,fxifw,f/ pdwfr&Sdyg
    zkd;             eJY cifAsm/ zkd;axG;uvnf; vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,fBuD;awGukd 'DpmxJuwpfqifh r&Jw&J? EGm;a&SUxGefusL; tJtJa,mifvkdY bkef;BuD;ukd pmcsMunfhwmyg/
              zkd;axG;u vTwfawmfqkd odyftxifBuD;wm/ vTwfawmfxJ jynf&UJ jynfoawG 'Dwpfcgawmh &wemykquwmyJ/ or®wvpm    l                                          H dk f
awmf½kHwef½kHvl b,fwufcGifh&yghrvJ? crf;em;vkdufwJhtaqmuf awmif tjynfhr,lbJ avQmh,lr,fhor®w? jynfolukd Disscount
                  D             f dk f hJ
ttkH? Bu;us,vuwtjyiftqif? t&yfpum;eJYajym&&if wu,f jyefay;r,fhor®wBuD; jrefrmhorkdif;rSm wpfa,mufyJ&Sdw,f/
ukd abmif0ifwJh vTwfawmfBuD;yg/ tmqD,HvTwfawmfNydKifyJGvkyf or®wBuD;&JU Clean Government rdeYfce;ukem;axmifNyD; zk;axG;wkYd                              Gf d                                      d
&ifawmif AkdvfpJGrSm aocsmw,f/ ukd,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;awG jynfolawG 0rf;omvGef;vkdY MuufoD;awmifxrdw,f/ 'Davmuf
                         d f Hk                                        Hk         d f
uvnf; wkuytusÐom;om;em;em;a&mifpawGeYJ ? wki;&if;om; awmifaumif;wJh tpkd;&tzJGUukdawmif tm;tm;,m;,m;&yfuGuf
              dk             d            Hk                   d
awGqvnf; ½k;&m0wfpudk jrwfjrwfE;kd Ek;0wfqifNyD; oyfoyf&yf&yf xJrSm tremyajymcsifao;w,f/ vlawGuawmh BuHzefavQmuf
vSvSyyeJY acgif;aygif;ukd,fpDeJY awmfawmftqifhjrifhwmyJ/ ajymaerSmygyJ/ trsm;aumif;pm;a&;vkyf&wmqkdawmh vlajym
vTwfawmfusif;yykHukd wDADawGxJrSmMunfh&if; yDwdawGjzpfaeMu vGwfatmif ae&wm b,fvG,frvJAsm/
wm zkd;axG;wkdY omrefjynfolawGtm;vkH;ygyJ/ jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;                                             'DvkdpdwfESvkH;aumif;&SdNyD; trSefw&m;ukd odEkdifpGrf;&SdwJh
wpfacwfajymif;vJNyDqkdNyD; tcsif;csif;vufwkdYajym&wmvnf; or®w BuD;a&G;cs,fxm;wJhtpkd;&tzJGUxJrSm jynfolawGukdcspfwJh?
tarmygyJ/ ajymif;vJwmawmh wu,fajymif;vJoGm;NyDAs/ t&if jynfol awGudk csr;omapcsiw?hJ qE´eYJoumukd xde;csKyfEipr;&Sd           f               f                  d ©                       f         dk f G f
        f                           D dk        S     d f H                   d
wke;uqkd b,f'va&;&JrmvJ? Ekiia&;pmayqkwm wapäyjHk yifeYJ wJh 0efBuD;awGyJygr,fqkdwm zkd;axG;uawmh aA'ifrar;bJeJYod
                      f dk
onf;xdw&ifz0w¬Kvdk aMumufaMumufvefYvefYeYJ a&;&zwf&wm/ w,f/
                     G f                          G f
]]ckawmhvwvyfNyD? ckawmhvwvyfNyD}} qkwhJ acwfa[mif;oDcsi;            d                  f                tpkd;&tzJGUvnf; ajymif;oGm;NyD;? pepfvnf;ajymif;oGm;NyD/
     d                         d dk f f                            f      G hf
ukyJ atmfNyD;qkvucsiw,f/ pmayvGwvyfciuawmh &pjyKae wpfa,mufa,muf r[kwfwmvkyfMunfhygvm;? *sme,f awGu
ygNyD/ tJ'DvGwfvyfa&;av;rqkH;½IH;atmif 0kdif;0ef;xdef;odrf; vufykdufMunfhaerSm r[kwfbl;/ a&;cGifh&wkef;rSm uavmif
zkdYawmhvkdygw,f/ *sme,fawGqkd&if Celebrity emrnfBuD;awG&JU pGrf;0kdif;NyD;jyMurSm aocsmw,f/
taMumif;yJ wpfqdwfukd wpftdwfvkyfa&;ae&muae wkdif;jynf                                                   jrefrmvlrsKd;eJY jrefrmEkdifiHukd EkdifiHwumtv,frSm *kPf
aumif;pm;a&;twGuf a&;om;cGifh&cJhMuNyD/ oJuEÅm&xJu odu©mwufatmifvkyfr,fh tpkd;&wpf&yfawmh jrefrmhajrrSmay:
ukvm;tkwfvkd tckawmh em;&Gufwpfzuf wJxJ0ifcGifh&NyDaygh/ xGuvmcJNh yD/ t&ifwe;uqkd EkiijH cm;oGm;&if jrefrmvkYd rajym&J qD vSrf;rSmyg? vdyfpmeJY ta&mufykdYay;yghr,f/
                                                                                                       f                            k f              d f
wjznf;jznf;csi; wpfu,v; wJx0ifcia&mufatmif uReawmf oavmufy/ urÇmrSm vmbfay;vmbf,l wwd,trsm;qk;wki;
                                  f          dk f Hk      J G hf                      f                          J                                                                                      H d f                      zkd;axG;avhvmrdoavmuf jrefrmhorkdif;rSm
wkYd r',mawG BuKd ;pm;Mu&ygr,f/ vTwawmftopfeYJ tpk;d &tzJUG opf jynf? pD;yGm;a&;vkyf&ef 'kwd,tcuftcJqkH;wkdif;jynf? zHGUNzdK;rI
          D D                                               f                                                                                                                                                                      jrefrmjynftwGuf ukd,fusKd;pGefY? tepfemcH? ÓPftajrmf
&JU apwemqkvnf; rrSm;bl;ayghAsm/ vTwawmfxu taMumif;awG tenf;qkH;wkdif;jynfqkdNyD; emrnfqkd;eJYausmfMum;cJhwmawGukd tjrif&?dS &J&ifjh ywfom;? acgif;aqmifyo? t*wduif;? Ekiiwum
                           d                                     f          J                                                                                                                                                                                                       D                          d f H
ukd ckvkdrdrdoabmxm;tjrifeJY a&;om;wifjycGifh&zkdYqkdwm 'Dtpkd;&vufxufrSm tpGrf;ukefacszsufypf&r,f/                                                                                                                                      f          d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        t&nftcsi;rDwhJ Ekiia&;acgif;aqmifwpfa,mufy&w,f/ tJ'g                          J dS
t&ifu tdyfrufawmif rrufzl;cJhygbl;/                                                                      uk,pm;vS,awmfBu;D rsm;cifAsm? tcka&G;cs,c&wJh uk,pm;vS,f AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef;yJ/ zkd;axG;uvnf; pma&;q&mvkyfcsifawmh
                                                                                                           d f                  f                                           fH                 d f
              uk,pm;vS,Bf uD;rsm;cifAsm; uk,pm;vS,awmfBuD;awGudk awmfawGxrm usdusdwufcsrf;omwJh olaX;BuD; awGygvm awmh pdwful;,Ofwwfw,f/ zkd;axG;pdwful;xJrSm AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef;
                    d f                                       d f               f                              J S
vTwfawmftrwfvkdYawmh rac:csifygbl;cifAsm/ pum;vkH;tokH; wkdif;jynftwGufawmh aemufausmvkHw,fAsm/ a*gyucefY&if taMumif; xGuforQpmtkyfawGukd0,fr,f? vTwfawmfukd,fpm;
tEIef;uvnf; ta&;BuD;w,f? zkd;axG;wkdYomrefjynfolawGu csr;omolawGudk cefYovkayghAsm? olaX;bJUG &uk,pm;vS,awmfBuD; vS,ftm;vkH;ukd wpfpkHpD arwåmvufaqmifay;r,fayghav/ tJ'D
                                                                                                   f                                      d                            d f                       f
vnf; owdxm;oifhwmaygh/ ynwfoGm;&m"mwfoufyg? ya' awGygvmawmh ukd,fpD;yGm;&Sm&wkef;u awGUcJhwJh tcuftcJawG? pmtkyawGzwfNyD; pmtkyawGxu pmaMumif;wpfaMumif;jzpfjzpf?                                                                  f                            f           J
o&mZfpdwf"mwfeJY bk&ifpepfawG awmfMumjyefNyD; acgif;axmif zdEyrawG? aMumif;usKd;rnDwhJ Oya'awGudk uk,vufeYJ z,f&m; ukd,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;awG&JU tawG;xJ0ifoGm;&if wkdif;jynf
                                                                                                 dS f I                                                                  d hf                                     S
vmOD;r,f/ oufqkdif&m&yfuGuf aus;&GmNrdKUe,fawGukd ukd,fpm; EkdifcGifh&wmaygh/ ukd,fcsif;pmw&m;a&SUxm;NyD; ukd,fvnf; twGuf taygif;vu©PmaqmifNyDayghAsm/ olrS wkdif;jynfukd
jyKwJh ukd,fpm;vS,fqkdwJh pum;u toifhawmfqkH;yJ/ ukd,fha'o rBudKufwJh? trsm;vnf;rBudKufwJh tcsufawGukd jyKjyifEkdifwm wu,fcspfwmAs/ r,kH&if olYtaMumif; pmtkyfpmwrf;tm;vkH;
&JU vlrI'ku©taygif;awG? tqifrajyrIawG? zdESdyfn§Of;qJrIawGu ayghAsm/ EkdifiHwumrSmawmh EkdifiHa&;vkyfr,fqkd&if ukd,fykdif zwfMunfhAsm/ twk,lp&mtenf;qkH; wpfcsufawmhawGUr,f/
jynfolukd,fpm; ajz&Sif;ay;r,fh? &yfwnfay;r,fh? jynfola&SUu pD;yGm;a&;awG tm;vkH;&yfypfvkduf&wm/ tJ'Dvkdrvkyf&if ukd,fh tdrrm taysmfwrf;rkeYf vypm;&ifawmif rkeYf vyenf;pmtkyzwf&                                               f S                                k f                           k f                    f
rm; rm;rwfrwf&yfwnfr,fh ukd,fusKd;pGefY ol&Jaumif;awGaygh/ ukrP?D uk,p;yGm;a&;vkyief;awGtwGuf tcGitvrf;awG zefw; ao;wm/ wki;jynfwpfjynfv;wk;wufatmifu,fwifr,fh pGr;
                                                                                                     Ü       d hf D                         f                             hf                                          D                    d f                            Hk d                                               f
w&m;0if vpmtjyif bmukdrS rarQmfukd;wJh? a&mifh&JEkdifwJholawG ,lMurSmav/                                                                                                                                                aqmif r ,f h o l a wG q k d a wmh trsm;BuD ; pmzwf z k d Y v k d y gw,f /
ayghAsm/                                                                                                 t*wdvupm;rIudk avQmwuvYdkr&bl;/ wki;jynfzUGH NzdK;wkd; Ediiwum vTwawmfu,pm;vS,awG bmvkyMf uovJqwmvnf;
                                                                                                                         dk f                     h G f                              df                                   k f H                  f           dk f               f                           dk
              or®wBuD;uvnf; wpfacwfrSmwpfa,mufyJAs/ jrefrm wufa&;twGuf tBuD;rm;qk;twm;tqD;yJ/ qDwiuaygufae avhvm zkdYvkdygw,f/ vTwfawmfxJrSm bmvkyfcJhovJvkdY tdrfjyef
                                                                                                                                                H                                       dk f D
                                                                                          wJum;? qDvurrSewum;eJY c&D;a0;oGm;vkYd r&ovkygyJ/ wki; a&mufvYdk om;orD;awG0i;ar;cJ&if tJ,m;uGe;av;eJY ikwwwf
                                                                                               h                   dk f f hJ                                                                 d                  d f                                                dk f       h                   f                      f k
       ukd,fpm;vS,fBuD;rsm;cifAsm;                                                        jynf&JU b@maiGaMu;awG a&mufoifhwJhae&mra&muf? ra&muf ikuaewmayghvYdk oGm;Nzav;eJY jyefajym&&if wu,fredyb;ayghAsm/              d f                               J                                               f l
       ukd,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;awGukd                                                         oifhwJh ae&ma&mufukef&if tm&SrSm tqif;&JqkH;wkdif;jynfjzpfNyD;                                                                           ukd,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;rsm;cifAsm ...
       vTwfawmftrwfvkdhawmU rac:csifygbl;cifAsm/                                          ukd,fhom;orD;awG wkdif;wpfyg;rSm uRefcHckdif;wJhb0awG a&muf                                                                              zkd;axG;wkdYwpfawGvnf; vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,fjzpfcsif
                                                                                          ukefwm? rdbraumif; om;orD;acgif;vkdY qkd&awmhrSmaygh/                                                                         wmyJ/ 'gayrJh ukd,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;awGavmufawmh t&nf
       pum;vkH;tokH;tEIef;uvnf; ta&;BuD;w,f?                                                             jrefrmvlrsKd;awGukd tvkyfMurf;orm;awG? tdrfazmfawGvkd tcsif;r&Sdawmh vTwfawmfukd ta0;uMunfhNyD; ukd,fjzpfcsifwm
       zkd;axG;wkdhomrefjynfolawGuvnf;                                                    EkdifiHwumykH&dyfrSm xif[yfaewmukd ukd,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;rsm; av;awG *sme,fuwpfqifhajym&wm em;vnfcGifhvTwfay;yg/
       owdxm;oifUwmaygU/ ynwfoGm;&m"mwfoufyg?                                             uk,pr;ÓPfpr;&Soavmuf acszsuay;apvkygw,f/ vGecwhJ EkdifiHa&;vkyfw,fqkdwm trsm;aumif;usKd;aqmif&GufwmrkdY
                                                                                              d f G f                      G f d                          f                  d                             f hJ
       ya'o&mZfpdwf"mwfeJh bk&ifpepfawG                                                   ESpf 50 avmufu uRefawmfwkdYu EkdifiHjcm;om;tvkyform;awG ukd,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;awG jrefrmEkdifiHtusKd;ukd qxufwrf;ykd;
                                                                                          ukd ckdif;cJhwm jyefvnfwrf;wrdygw,f/ tBuHwl&if aemufvl o,fykd;EkdifygapvkdY qkawmif;ay;vkdufygw,f/ ukd,fpm;vS,f
       awmfMumjyefNyD; acgif;axmifvmOD;r,f/                                               aumif;w,fwJh/ tpkd;&opfvufxufrSm pD;yGm;a&;awGzHGUNzdK;NyD; awmfBuD;rsm;vufxufrSm jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;owfykHtrSm;awGukd
       oufqkdif&m&yfuGuf aus;&GmNrdKYe,fawGukd                                            pifumyl? rav;&Sm;? 'lbkdif;wkdYukd ausmfwufNyD; urÇmhtjrifhqkH; &yfwef;u&yfNyD; tmqD,H&JU aemufqkH;pD;yGm;a&; 'kdifEkdaqmwpf
       ukd,fpm;jyKwJh ukd,fpm;vS,fqkdwJU                                                  taqmufttkHawG jrefrmjynfrSmay:xGef;vmapcsifw,f? EkdifiH aumif arG;zGm;Mu&atmifvm;Asm/ zkd;axG;wkdYu EkdifiHa&;rvkyf
       pum;u toifUawmfqkH;yJ/                                                             wumeJY NydKifqizYdkq&ifawmh uk,pm;vS,awmfBuD;awG t*Fvyf csifygbl;/ vkyc&ifvnf; twkutcHygwDyvycsiw,f/ 0efBuD;
                                                                                                                       dk f dk                     d f               f                                              d                          f hJ                       d f                 J k f f
                                                                                          pmeJY pum;ukd wpfzufurf;cwf wwfajrmufzYdkvygw,f/ pD;yGm; vnf; rvkyfcsifygbl;/ uHodyfaumif;vGef;vkdY vkyfjzpfcJh&ifvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                  dk
       ukd,fha'o&JYvlrI'ku©taygif;awG?                                                    a&;tcGifhtvrf;awG EkdifiHcsif;zvS,fwJhtcg wpfzufvlu t*wdvkdufpm;rI wkdufzsufa&;0efBuD;yJ jzpfcsifw,f/
       tqifrajyrIawG? zdESdyfn§Of;qJrIawGu                                                bmajymvkdY ajymrSef;rod&if? ay;um;ay;\ r&jzpfr,f? pum;                                                                                     d                                  d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   zk;axG;uvnf; aygifcsew½kwum;awG Munfwmrsm;oGm;     f                 h
       jynfolukd,fpm; ajz&Sif;ay;r,fU?                                                    r<u,f0awmh aqG;aEG;yJawGrm ab;xkici;rSm use;aoyJ/ b,f NyDvm;rod/ uk,pm;vS,awmfBuD;rsm; zk;axG;rSm;wm&S&ifvnf;
                                                                                                                                        G       S           d f dk f                 d f                                                        d f                   f                    d                    d
                                                                                          tzJGUtpnf;rSmyJ0if0if ynmr&J&ifh&if yJGv,frwifhEkdifbJ ab; cGivwygcifAsm? Ekiia&;orm;qkwm pdw&nonf;cHEipr;&S&                      hf T f                  d f H                        d          f S f                dk f G f d
       &yfwnfay;r,fU? jynfola&SYu
                                                                                          tpGefrSm ukwfacsmif;acsmif;eJY aeNyD;jyefcJh&r,f/ ukd,fpm;vS,f w,fvYdk ocifatmifqef;&JU pum;wpfce;ukd jyefvnfMum;a,mif                                                                        Gf
       rm;rm;rwfrwf&yfwnfrJU ukd,fusKd;pGefh                                              awmfBuD;rsm;cifAsm? Ekiia&;vkyr,fq&ifawmh uk,t&ifvyz; ae&if;eJY . . ./
                                                                                                                                  d f H            f         dk                       d f                   k f l
       ol&Jaumif;awGaygh/ w&m;0ifvpmtjyif                                                 wJvawGxu Ekiiudk wu,fcspNf yD; t&nftcsi;&SwhJ jynfwi;
                                                                                              h l               J d f H                                                             f d                          G f               'Drkdua&pDEkdifiHawmfopfBuD;rS
       bmukdrSrarQmfukd;wJU? a&mifU&JEkdifwJUolawGaygUAsm/                                jynfyEkdifiHa&;acgif;aqmifawG taMumif;&EkdiforQ avhvmzkdYvkd                                                                                                                                     omrefjynfolzkd;axG;
                                                                                          ygw,f/ uk,pm;vS,awmfBuD;rsm; tcuftcJ&&ifvnf; zk;axG;
                                                                                                                 d f                 f                                         dS                        d                                                                               a&eHomcifarmifaxG;
   Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                               SPECIAL REPORT                                                                                                                                                               The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       37




0da&m"d {&m0wD
jrESif;at;? atmifbdkbdk&Sdef
   jref rmEkdiyfisdK;a&;Ekdikifif;ESzpffh,Ofaus;rIpwwifkdiafrG;H\m;&mae&m[kvnf;aumif;ftvluD;a&aomufyfjrpfHk;[kkvnf;aumif;qdokMuaom ;jrefrmh;tvlOD;a&oG27aMum ;ausmfrSDcdkajrpfMuD;[kvnfD;;aumif&m?
        pd k u f
                    H\ord i ,Of                                 zG
                                                                            ;ajrrsm;twG
                                                                                         ? O a&txlx q a'orsm;udk jzwf ef;pD;qif vmjyD
                                  H j a om rd r d d k Y E i pd k u f y sd K ;ajrrsm;twG u "d                [                                ouf a ;
                                                                                                                                                          oef
                                                                                                                                                              {&m0wD
                                                                                                                                                                           eonf
                                                                                                                                                                                  pwif p qif ;
                                                                                                                                                                                                ;

arcESifhrvdcjrpfay:wGif vwfwavmay:aygufvmaom jrpfqHka&tm;vQyfppf pDrHudef;rsm;ESifhywfoufum jrefrmwdkYwGif udef;atmif;aeonfh 0da&m"dtjrifrsm;Edk;xvmcJhjyDjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                            l
                                                                                                                  jrpfaMumif;rsm;onf jynforsm;\             k f
                                                                                                                                                     OD;pd;ode;u aejynfawmfü pufwif                             vkyoifaom pDrue;jzpfaomfvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        f h                       H d f                   d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ekiiawmfor®w tMuHay; a'gufwm
         U kH    kd
rjy;D jynfpao;[kqaom EIA                                                                            ,HkMunfrIjzpfjyD; tvGeftuRHoHk;pGJrI             bmv 17&ufaeYwGifusif;yaom                                               kH D H d f hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                jrpfqprue;ESiywfoufí obm0                               OD;jrifhuvnf; ,if;pDrHudef;onf
             ,if;jrpfqprue;udk qufvyf     kH D H d f                                           k    tcGitvrf;rsm;udcirjyKyg[k wmwrH
                                                                                                               hf                 k G hf             {&m0wDjrpf0Srf;a& tm;vQyfppfpDrH                           ywf0ef;usifoufa&mufrIESifh ab;                          jrefrmEkdifiHtay: xdcdkufrIrsm;pGm&Sd
rnfqdkyguvnf; EkdifiHwumMoZm                                                                        wnfaqmufa&;qdi&m tMuHjyKcsuf      k f                      f
                                                                                                                                                     ude;rsm;aMumifh {&m0wDjrpfEihf obm0         S              tEÅ&m,f&SdrI tajymrsm;vmaom                             aeí jyefvnfoHk;oyfoifhaMumif;
anmif;onfhtzGJUtpnf;rsm;? Oyrm-                                                                              f
                                                                                                    wGia&;om;xm;csuft&od&onf/                                            f
                                                                                                                                                     ywf0ef;usitay:oufa&mufrtvkyf                   I                                     kH D H d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                aMumifh jrpfqprue;udk ywf0ef;usif                                    f d f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ywf0ef;usixe;odr;a&;ynm&Sirsm;  f
ta&SYawmiftm&Sa'orsm;wGif jrpf                                                                                    EIA wGif EdkYwdkufowå0grsm;?          H               J G
                                                                                                                                                     ½kaqG;aEG;yGwif ajymMum;onf/                               xdcur&vQif xdcurtenf;qH;jzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     kd f I dS                      kd f I          k   u ajymqdMk uonf/
                      H df
acsmif;pDrue;rsm;ESiywfoufí MoZm                     hf                                                    f
                                                                                                    iSursm;? tif;qufrsm;(yd;rTm;)? wGm;   k                                     k f H
                                                                                                                                                                   ]]'gu EdiitwGuf wu,fukd                h     atmif tEÅ&m,f&SdrIESihfywfoufum
BuD;rm;vSonfh rJacgifuoYktzGYJtpnf;                               hJ d                              oGm;owå0grsm;ESihf uke;f aea&aeowå0g             jyifvdkY r&wJh udpövdkYcH,lygw,f/                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                vH;0tEÅ&m,fr&Syg[k tmrcHEiaom   d              dk f     jyefvnfo;kH oyfrnfqaomjrpfqkH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           kd
           k
rsm;udac:um okawoersm;jyefvnf                                                                                           hf
                                                                                                    rsm;? a&ESioufqiaomowå0grsm;    kd f             tdraxmifjyKbk&m;wnf? aq;rif&nf
                                                                                                                                                             f                                                  tqifjh zpfom;atmif Oyrm-wmwrH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        G                                           jrpfqprue;tygt0if a&tm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kH D H d f
vkyfudkifapum obm0ywf0ef;usif                                                                       ESihf a&aeowå0grsm;? tyifrsm;? tajccH            pkwx;qdwmxufyygw,f/ wdiyif
                                                                                                                                                                 f kd k                  kd           k f       wnfaqmufrIyHkpHajymif;vJjcif;? wrH                      vQyfppfpDrHudef;rsm;udk &nfnTef;um
tjyif tjcm;pD;yGm;a&; xdcuapEkionfh                                 kd f d f                                               fS kf
                                                                                                    ywf0ef;usiEihf qdi&mavhvmcsursm;?         f      jcif;r&SwhJ tvkyprue;[m ysufp;
                                                                                                                                                                     d              f D H d f               D              h         hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                tjrifukd edrcsí a&odavSmifravQmcs       k     I h       arc? rvdc txufyi;ae&mrsm;wGif       kd f
              f
tcsursm;? a'ocHwi;&if;om;rsm;ESihf                       kd f                                       owå0gESihf qdkifaoma*[pepfavh                    zdkY vG,fygw,f/ rsm;rsm;wdkifyif&if                        wnfaqmufjcif;? wrHae&majymif;                           ajymif;a&TYwnfaqmufjcif;jzifh vQyppf                     f
jrefrmvlYtzGYJ tpnf;udk xdcuapEkif                                              kd f d              vmjcif;? tyifEiqiaom a*[pepf
                                                                                                                              S hf kd f                                    dk f
                                                                                                                                                     ydatmifjrifEiw,f}}[k OD;pd;ode;u
                                                                                                                                                       k                                           k f          a&TUjyD; wnfaqmufjcif;rsm;? 'DZkdif;                    "mwf t m;yrmPwl n D p G m &&S d j yD ;
onfh Economic ESifhSocial Impact                                                                    avhvmjcif;? awm½kdif;wd&pämefrsm;                qdonf/
                                                                                                                                                          k                                                     udpEihf ywf0ef;usifuprsm; qef;ppf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ö S                                d ö           jynfolrsm;vufcHEkdifrnfh enf;vrf;
Assessment (SIA) rsm;udk xyfrjH yKvyf                                                           k   w&m;r0if a&mif;0,fazmufum;jcif;                                ,if;pDrue;f jyKvyrnfae&monf
                                                                                                                                                                             H d            kf h                avh v mcsd e f w G i f pD r H u d e f ; tm;&yf          rsm;udk jyefvnfpOf;pm;oHk;oyf&ef
oif h a Mumif ; pD ; yG m ;a&;ynm&S i f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 jynfaxmifpk0efMuD; OD;pdk;odef;u
a'gufwmOD;jrifu ajymMum;onf/           h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k f G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        wduwe;cJjh cif;udk trSw(1) vQyppf        f             f
             ywf0ef;usixcuravhvma&;          f d kd f I                                                                                                                                                                                                                 pGrf;tm;0efMuD;Xme jynf a xmif p k
(EIA) twGuf ZD0rsK;pHrsKd ;uGEihf obm0          d k JS                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0efMuD; OD;aZmfrif;u ,if;tMuHjyKcsuf
                  f d
0ef;usixe;f odr;f a&;toif;(BANCA)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       udk jyefvnfvufcH pOf;pm;oGm;rnfjzpf
onf w½kwynm&Sirsm;ESitwl jrpf  f                           f                 fh                                                                                                                                                                                         aMumif; ajymMum;onf/
BuD;em;txuf {&m0wDjrpf0r;a&tm;                                                  Sf                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jynfaxmifp0efMuD;OD;aZmfrif;u
vQyfppfzGHYNzdK;rIpDrHudef; ywf0ef;usif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tMuHjyKcsuf? aqG;aEG;csufrsm;udk
tay: oufa&mufrIudk 2009 ckESpf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vufcHpOf;pm;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
Zefe0g&DvrSpum ig;vwdkifjyKvkyfcJh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ajymqdonf/   k
aMumif;? BANCA tzGUJ 0ifrsm;twGuf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh
MudKwifjyifqifcsef ESpywfcefYom&&Sjd yD; d f                                                                                                                                                                                                                            opfawma&;&m0efMuD;Xmeuvnf;
avhvma&;aqmif&Guf&ef jrpfMuD;em;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ¤if;wdkYwGifwm0ef&SdaeonfhtwGuf
odkY 2009 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv 3&ufaeY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ,ckjrpfqHkpDrHudef;ESifh ywfoufonf
wGif a&muf&SdcJhaMumif;? tcsdefvHk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rsm;ud k rS e f r S e f u ef u ef t uJ j zwf
                     I d
avmufrr&Sojzifh rSwwrf;a[mif;rsm;                             f                                                                                                                                                                                                             k              G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        qH;jzwfom;rnfjzpfaMumif;? aocsm
tm; pkaqmif;cser&&SawmhbJ &nfne;   df d                                                        Tf                                                                                                                                                                       pGmavhvmqef;ppfjyD;rS awGU&S&rI tay:         d
         f
pmtkyrsm;ESihf ,m,D&uzsiwrsm;? tdy&m             G f f J                                     f                                                                                                                                                                          trS e f u d k t rS e f t wd k i f ; ? t&S d u d k
                   f
rsm;? uGi;qif;ypön;pHrsm;udom 0,f,l           f k                        k                            Photo by KMS(Super King)                                                                                                                                          t&Sdtwdkif; EdkifiHawmfor®wMuD;xH
                        h
pkaqmif;cJ&aMumif; BANCA tzGYOuú|                                                     J                                                                                                                                                                                 wifjyoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;odkY
a'gufwmxifvuajymMum;onf/           S                                                                   k f
                                                                                                    qdi&mavhvmjcif; ponfbmom&yf h                    EdkifiH\t"dua&a0a&vJa'owpfck                               qdkif;xm;jcif;jyKrnfr[kwfaMumif;                                       G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        aqmif&u&mwGivnf; rnfonfurQ   f                             kd
                              df kf
             ]]tcsetwdi;twm&JUuefYowf                                                               10ckukd avhvmcJonf/ h                                         h
                                                                                                                                                     jzpfonftjyif urÇmMuD;\a*[aA'                               trSw(1) vQyppfprf;tm;0efMuD;Xme
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f        f G                                 iJhn§mrnfr[kwfaMumif;? rsufESm
       f
csuaMumifh 'DEIA ujyD;jynfpw,fvYkd                                             h kH                             k
                                                                                                             odYaomf vlra&;qdi&moufa&muf
                                                                                                                          I kf                       xde;odr;apmifa&Smufa&;qufpyfa'o
                                                                                                                                                              f f          h                                    0efMuD;OD;aZmfrif;u ajymMum;onf/                        vdkufjcif;? tcGifhta&;ay;jcif; r&SdbJ
r,lqEkdifygbl;/ 'DtzGJYBuD;twGuf                                                                    rItajctaersm;udk avhvmaqmif&uf    G              wpfcjk zpfaMumif; obm0ywf0ef;usif                                     ucsijf ynfe,fonf tiftm;Mu;D                         f               G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vkyaqmifom;rnfjzpfaMumif;,if;Xme
                       d f
avhvmcseu ckepfv&S&rSmyg/ 'gayrJh                               d                                          d
                                                                                                    rI r&Sao;aMumif; a'gufwmxifvu     S              xdef;odrf;a&;vkyfief;rsm; wpdkuf                           EkdifiH ESpfckMum;wGifwnf&Sdaejcif;wdkY                 jynfaxmifpk0efMuD; OD;0if;xGef;u
                f
w½kwynm&SiawG&UJ tcsderay;EkirI      f                                     f              d f       axmufjyonf/                                      rwfrwf vkyuiaeol OD;jrifaZmfu
                                                                                                                                                                        f kd f              h                   aMumifh aemifwpfcsdefwGif EkdifiHa&;                    puf w if b mv 17 &uf a eYwG i f
aMumifh ig;veJY uefYowfvdkuf&yg                                                                                                                      puf w if b mv 11 &uf a eYwG i f                            yg0gvGefqGJonfhbufodkYa&mufvm                           uwdjyK ajymqdonf/          k
w,f}}[k a'gufwmxifvSu EIA                                                                                                  fd
                                                                                                    jrpfMu;D twGuf pd;k &drpwf                       &efukefNrKdU r*Fvm'HkjrdKYe,fü usif;y                      EdkifaMumif; obm0ywf0ef;usifESifh                                   {&m0wDjrpftxufyi; jrpfqkH      kd f
tay: ¤if;tjrifuajymqkonf/                         kd                   d                                     ,if;pDrHudef;ESifh ywfoufí              jyKvkyfonfhSave The Ayeyarwady                             EkdifiHwum a&;&mavhvmqef;ppfol                                H d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        pDrue;rsm;\ teD;ywf0ef;usia'o                     f
             ,if;tjyif ¤if;wdkYonf jrefrm                                                                     k d dI f
                                                                                                    tm;vH;n§Ei;aqmif&uoifaMumif;?   G f h                           J G
                                                                                                                                                     a[majymyGwif ajymMum;onf/                                  wpfO;u qdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         D        k                                     rsm;wGif aexdkifMuolrsm;rSm ]]ao&if
tpd;k &ESih f csKyqxm;aomoabmwlncsuf
                            f kd                                                        D           wpfzufu MunfrnfqvQif a&tm;h       kd                        w½kwEihf jrefrmEdiitaejzifh
                                                                                                                                                                       f S            k f H                                {&m0wDjrpfatmufydkif;a'o                     awmif 'Dae&mrSmyJacgif;cscsifw,f}}
pmcsKyfudk ravhvm&bJ aqmif&Guf                                                                      vQyf p pf p D r H u d e f ; aMumif h vQyf p pf   obm0 ywf0ef;usifqi&mxdcurI    kd f       kd f              wpf a vQmuf Ek d i f i H a wmf t wG u f                 [kajymqdMk uaMumif; EIA okawoe
&jcif;jzpfjyD; ¤if;wdkYwGif rDSjirf;p&m                                                             pGrf;tm;ESifh 0ifaiGrsm;&rnf? tjcm;              rsm;udk trSefwu,fylyefí a&&Snf                             tEÅ&m,f&Sd r&Sd? obm0ywf0ef;usif                                 kf                    hJ l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jyKvy&mwGif yg0ifcowpfO;D u qdonf/              k
Myanmar Environment Law r&SdbJ                                                                                                    h
                                                                                                    wpfzufrjS yefMunfvQif jrefrmjynfol               zGHYjzdK;wdk;wufrIrsm;udk &nf&Gnfonf                       qdi&m tEÅ&m,f&dS r&Sd wdYk ukd t"du
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k f                                                    k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        xda'ocHrsm;enf;wl {&m0wDjrpfMuD;
avhvmrdorQ A[kokwrsm;jzifho m                                                                                                   h
                                                                                                    rsm;wefz;kd xm;onfobm0ywf0ef;usif                                    h
                                                                                                                                                     qdygu ,if;uJoYk d Mu;D rm;vSonfh pDrue;f
                                                                                                                                                          k                                     H d             qef;ppf&efvdkaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH                      ud k cspf j rwf E k d ; ol jref r mjynf o l
a&;om;jyKp&jcif;jzpfaMumif; BANCA
                            k                                                                             kd f I d
                                                                                                    xdcurupjö zpfaMumif;? trd{&m0wD                                   kf
                                                                                                                                                     udk aqmufvy&efroifaMumif; obm0
                                                                                                                                                                                 h                              &if;ES;jr§yEraumfr&SiOuúX OD;pd;ode;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        D f HS I           f      k f                   jynfom;rsm;wGifvnf; pdk;xifhpdwf
tzGJY\pmwrf;wGif twdtvif;a&;                                                                        jrpfMuD;wpfavQmuf jrpfzsm;cH&mrS                 ywf0ef;usixe;odr;a&;vkyfief;rsm;
                                                                                                                                                                     f df f                                     u ajymMum;onf/                                          rsm;jzpfay:aeonf/ 0da&m"dtjrif?
om;xm;onf/                                                                                          yifv,f0xd a'orsm;udk ysup; rnfh        fD        vkyfudkifvsuf&Sdol OD;jrifhaZmfu ajym                                 {&m0wD j rpf q H k a 'owG i f                0da&m"dtawG;rsm;ESihf ¤if;wdYk oufqi&m              kd f
                                 k
             ]]EIA qdwm 'Dvyief;Mu;D vkyae                   kf                            f        ta&;jzpfí pd;&dryyef&jcif;jzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                       k fl                          Mum;onf/                                                   wnfaqmufvsuf&Sdaom jrpfqHkpDrH                          tcef;u@rSaeum tm;ulaeMu
oa&GU vkyae&r,fvyief; pOfyg}} [k
                          f                    h k f                                                jrefrmEkdifiH&if;ESSD;jr§yfESHrI aumfr&Sif                  {&m0wDa&tm;vQyppfprue;  f D H d f               ude;udk jyefvnfo;oyfí tpd;&ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f                 kH         k                    onfudkvnf; awGYjrifae&onf/
touf60ausmft&G,f ywf0ef;usif                                                                                        f
                                                                                                    Ouú|trSw(1)ESihf trSw(2) pufrI       f           onf EkdifiHawmfvQyfppf"mwftm;                              jynfoltMum; taumif;qHk;n§dEdIif;
xde;odr;a&;ynm&SiwpfO;uqdonf/
      f f                                               f D                         k               0ef B uD ; Xme jynf a xmif p k 0 ef B uD ;                                                                                                                                      jrESif;at;? atmifbdkbdk&Sdef
                                                                                                                                                            k                  I
                                                                                                                                                     wd;wufa&;ESihf pufrzUHG NzdK;a&;twGuf                      tajz&SmMu&ef wdkufwGef;xm;jyD;
  38 THE VOICE WEEKLY
   38
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Vol.7 / No.41 - September 26 - October 2 , 2011




                     INTERVIEW
   The
      VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




  h                         k             U              S f kd f UJ
]oltqkwBf u;D uyGaew,f? wpfcv;kH a&mifaewJtcgusawmU "mwfre½uwtcg
uifqmuray:b;l }
A[dk&fpnfaq;½HkrSwm0ef&Sdol a'gufwmMuifxGef;ESifUawGYqHkjcif;
ZmvDausmf
              ukefNrdKY vrf;rawmfNrdKUe,f&Sd A[dk&fpnfaq;½HkwGif wufa&mufaq;ukocH,lpOf OD;oef;xGef; tif*sifeD,mBuD;(Nidrf;)(jynfwGif;a&aMumif;ydkYaqmifa&;) touf 82 ESpf qHk;yg;oGm;cJhjcif;ESifh
  &ef         ywfoufí vlem&Sifrdom;pku aq;½Hk\vlemt"duapmifha&SmufrIayghavsmhjcif;aMumifh vlemtoufrqHk;½HI;oifhbJ qHk;½HI;cJh&onf[laomtjrifudk The Voice Weekly odkY qufoG,f
ajymMum;vmcJh&m The Voice Weekly rS rD'D,mwm0efwpf&yft& tqdkygaq;½HkBuD;odkYqufoG,far;jref;cJh&mwGif aq;½HkbufrSvufcHawGUqHk&efajymMum;rIt& pufwifbmv 6 &ufaeY wG i f
aq;½Hk\wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh oGm;a&mufawGUqHkcJhygonf/
        ,if;aeYwGif tqdkygaq;½HkbufrS wm0ef&Sdolig;OD;wufa&mufNyD; aq;½Hkrsm;twGufxkwfjyefxm;onfhusifh0wft& vlemESifhywfoufonfwdkYudk ajymjycGifhr&Sdjcif;aMumifh tifwmAsL;
vkyfjcif;r[kwfaMumif;? aq;½Hkrsm;ESifh rD'D,mrsm;Mum; em;vnfrIvGJrSm;jcif;wpf&yfrjzpfap&eftwGufjzpfaMumif; aq;½HkrSwm0ef&Sdol a'gufwmMuifxGef;u &Sif;jycJhonf/ aq;½HkbufrS
wufa&mufvmolig;OD;ESifhrdwfqufay;cJhNyD;aemuf vlem&Sif\ajymqdkxm;rIrsm;ESifhywfoufí ¤if;wdkYaq;½Hk\oabmxm;udk ajymjyrIrsm;udk azmfjyxm;jcif;jzpfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k
                                                                                                                                                                                     wmawG bmawG vdtyfwmawGxyf tay:rSm Fair rjzpfb;vdYk ,lqw,f/                                       l
                                                                                                                                                                                         f                                            GJ S
                                                                                                                                                                                     vkyw,f/ 9&ufaeY 6em&DcrmyJ Car- 'gaMumifh HDU xJudkydkYay;vdkufyg
                                                                                                                                                                                     diologist u xyfvmMunfwtcserm                h hJ d f S                      D J S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  w,f/ tJ'xrmpufu&,mydpw,f?                  d d k kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                     vlemtajctaeuqd;ygw,f/ olY&UJ atmufq*siyuvi;awGbmawG a&m                    D f kd f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                     tajctaeu ICU udk ajymif;zdkYoifh aemuf N yD ; awmh t cef ; vnf ; uef Y
                                                                                                                                                                                     ygw,fvdkY xyfNyD;awmh ajymoGm;yg xm;w,f(vduumESi)? ckwifo;vH;                  k f                   hf             kH k
                                                                                                                                                                                     ao;w,f/ vlemtajctaeu ICU awmh&w,f/ tjyifbufu vlemawG                   dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                               h
                                                                                                                                                                                     üxm;vQif oifygonfqNkdy;D twdtus eJYra&mbl;/ ydYkay;vduNf yD;awmh olwYkdeYJ                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                     olwdkYudkESvHk;a&m*gq&m0efBuD;u ay 30 ausmfavmufa0;wJhae&mrSm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DS
                                                                                                                                                                                     xyfNyD;awmh nTeMf um;oGm;w,f/tJ'rm atmufqD*sifydkufvdkif;av; jyifp&m
                                                                                                                                                                                     o l w d k Y u b m a j y m v J q d k a w m h &Sdw,f/ tJ'DXmeudkvnf; taMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                     wdkifyifygOD;r,fwJhqdkNyD;awmh bmrS Mum;NyD;om;/ XmevlawGuvnf; &Si;                                         kd              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S
                                                                                                                                                                                     taMumif;rMum;bl;/ tJ'D 9 &ufaeYrm vif;a&;vkyfaew,f/ olwdkYudkvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  kd
                                                                                                                                                                                     8em&Davmufusawmh olwYubmajym a&TUzdkYajymxm;NyD;om;/ olwdkYudktod
                                                                                                                                                "mwfyHk- rdk;ausmfvGif               vJqdkawmh ICU rajymif;csifbl;wJh/ ay;wJhtcsdefrSm OD;oef;xGef;&JUtrsKd;
                                                                                                                                                                                     olwYkdbmhaMumifh rajymif;csivqwm orD;&Sw,f/        f J kd            d
                                                              f
        vlememrnfu OD;oef;xGe;yg/ ESv;aoG;aMumqd;k qd;k 0g;0g;usO;f w,f? tJ'DrSmuwnf;u Cardiologist u rajymbl;/ uRefawmfwYkd rwwrf;rSwf
                                                                           kH                                                                                                                                                  S f                                         k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          aemufwpfcu a&TUwJtcsderm                  h      f S
touf82 ESpf/ uRefawmfwdkYqDudk &ifbwfemw,f? aoG;aMumrBuD; olYudk today;NyD;om;jzpfygw,f/ &meJY aocsma&;xm;ygw,f/                                                                                                                                  olwYkd ajymovdk atmufq*sifyuBf uD;            D kd
    d kf
uk;vydi;(2010)? 8 &ufaeY n 7 em&D usOf;w,f ESvHk;aoG;aMumrBuD;aygh Check xJrm jrefrmvdua&;xm;ygw,f/                                             S                 k kd                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                            'Dae&mrSmjzwfNyD;ajymcsiwmu jzKwfNyD; a&TUwmr[kwygbl;/ atmuf                                f
          S
55rdepfrm pNyD;wufygw,f/ pjzpfwhJ Asm/ b,fbufaoG;vTwcef; aumif;                                                   f                          k                                   h
                                                                                                                                          qdawmh tJ'gudk today;cJyg Emergency qdwmu uRefawmfwYkd qD*sifqvif'gav;eJY a&TUNyD;awmh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 k
                                            S
tcsdefu olu touf½Lusyfw,f? aumif;tvkyfvkyfrvkyfawmhbl;/ w,f/ tJ'gNyD;wJhtcsdefrSm vlemu qDrm vlemud,m,DvufcwXmeyg/ atmufqD*sifydkufvdkif;&SdwJhae&mudk                                   S               k                           H hJ
                                                                                                                                               k h
&ifbwfatmifhw,f? acsmif;qdk;&if aemufwpfcku uRefawmfwdkY tJ'D acsmif;qd;wJtcgrSm aoG;ygwJtwGuf vlema&mufvmwJhtcsdefrSm aq;½Hk oGm;NyD; yduvi;f rSma&mufawmh yduvif;        h                                                                                   k f kd                                 k f kd
aoG;ygw,f? vSJtdyfvdkYr&bl;qdkwJh tcsef olYaoG;udk azmufMunfvuwhJ aMumifh 9 &ufaeYrSm olu Check wufwJhvrf;u ESpfvrf;&Sdygw,f/ wyfwmyg/ ckwifvdkufwGef;NyD; a&TU
                                                                              d                                      h kd f
vu©©PmawGeJYvmw,f/ olU&JUt&if tcg aoG;csKwufaew,f/ aemufyi; Physician eJY jycsiygw,fvYkd Request wpfvrf;u OPD u q&m0efBuD; wm/ uRefawmfwdkYu olwdkYtwGuf
                                                                                          d                                 kd f                                f
                        k
Heart history udar;Munfwtcgus                 h hJ                    "mwf r S e f t ajzxG u f v mwJ h t cgrS m vkyfygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY pDpOfay; u MunfhNyD;awmh aq;½HkwufzdkYoifh Safe jzpfatmif tJ'tcef;xJukd apwem                                                    D
                                                                                                     f S
awmh olYrSm ESvHk;aoG;aMumusOf;wJh nmbuftqkwrm a&0ifaeygw,f w,f? vmMunfw,f/ vmMunfawmh w,f? cJpwzYoifw,f? aumif;aumif; eJY a&TUay;wm/ a&TUay;NyD;tJ'Dtcef; h                   h                 G d f kd h
vu©Pm&Sdw,f? t&ifu Cardiologist wJ/ a&awGjynfaew,f/                      h                        h                                  D df
                                                                                                                                 tJ'tcse&UJ Check x-rays u nmbuf rGefrGefeJYwufoGm;wmuwpfvrf;/ xJrSmqufNyD; Treatment ay;w,f/
wpfa,mufeJYjyzl;w,fqdkwJh History                                                   'g yxrOD;qH;olYa&m*gaygh/ 82 rSm a&awG&aewJtwGuaMumifh olu aq;½Hka&mufvmw,f? ta&;ay: [dbuf ay 30 ausmavmufumwJae&m
                                                                                                         k                                        dS h                   f                                                                          k                          f                    G h
                                                                                                                                                    S
ygvmw,f/ tJ'D Cardiologist eJYol ESpf? aq;jyif;vdyfjyif;jyif;xefxef jrefrmjynfrm acsmif;qd;k aoG;yg tqkwf a&mufvmw,f? ta&;ay:rSm ta&; rSm atmufq*siyuvi;jyifw,f/                                                                                                   D f kd f kd f
elco awG bmawG½ucw,f/ tJ'g      kd f hJ                               aomufw,f? 'Dvu©Pm? 'Dtajctae xJa&0ifaew,fqdk&if tjzpftrsm; ay:ukorIay;NyD;vdYk oufomoGm;&if                                                                                         aemuf10&ufaeYrSm ckeuvdk
                                      d f                kH
uvnf; olub,ftcserS ESv;aoG; awGeYJ ESv;Hk aoG;aMumusO;wmudvnf; qHk;u TB yJ/ uRefawmfwdkYq&m0ef twGi;vlemcef;xJom;w,f? rouf a&TUw,f/ ra&TUcifrSm uRefawmfwdkY&JU
                                                                                                              f        k                                                                    f                          G
                          kd                                       hJ
aMumusOf;w,fqwmudk pNyD;odcvJ uReawmfwYkdqrm ud;k vydi;f rSmjyw,f/ awGudk aq;ausmif;wufuwnf;u om&if Emergency xJrmyJ HDU (Hight MO eJY MOIC qdk olwYkd ukd xyfajym
                                                                                f                DS             k                                                                                                        S
    k           h                                 kd f
qdawmh NyD;cJwhJ 2010 ZlvivurS 6vydi;rSmrSow,fqawmh ol'MD um; q&m0efawGuajymwmyJ jrefrmjynf Dependency Unit) qdwm&Sd w,f/ w,f/ uRefawmfwdkY atmufqD*sif
                                                                                  k f          d           kd                                                                                                                k
pNyD;odw,f/ aemuf History wpfck xJrSm b,fvdkaevJqdkwm tMurf; rSm tzsm;&Sdw,fqdk&if tjzpftrsm; apmif h a &S m uf w J h a e&mrS m vnf ; yduvi;vkyp&m&Sygw,f/ ICU a&TU                                                                                k f kd f f                d
u Heavy Smoker aq;vdyft&rf; zsif; ajymjywmyg/                                                                                                            f          f              k
                                                                                                                                 qHk;u wGKd uzKGd u?f iSuzsm;/ acsmif;qd; ypön;f ud&,mydpw,f? tJ'ua&TUw,f/ zdkY q&m0efBuD;u ajymxm;ygw,f?
                                                                                                                                                                                                    d k kH                      D kd
aomufw,f/ tJ'gu uReawmfwY&wJh             f                     kd                  tJ'Dawmh uRefawmfwdkYu 'D aoG;yg&if TB ? 'gt&ifuwnf;u aemuf w pf c k u ICU udk a&TUw,f? a&TUygajymw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSm olY&JU
tcsuftvufawGyg/                                                       Cardiologist udk taMumif;Mum; w,f?                              hJ
                                                                                                                                 oifcwm/ 'g understood yJ/ q&mawG txl;Muyfrwf a ygh ? tJ ' D t cef ; ud k om;orD;awGu ra&TUzdkY? a&TUwkef;jzpf
            D                 f                       DS                                                                                              hJ
        tJ'awmh uReawmfwYkdqrm&Sd wJh vmMunf h w ,f / ECG rS m vnf ; vnf; oifcw,f/ jrefrmjynfrm tjzpf a&TUw,f/ uReawmfwYkd&UJ Emergency ysufvmwJjh yóemudk wm0ef,rvm;        S                               f                                                                                         l
                             f f
Cardiologist eJY csucsi;yJjyay; w,f/                                  ESvHk;aoG;aMumusOf;wJh vu©Pm trsm;qHk;udk t&if,lvdkufyg/ tJ'D u 'Dvyom;w,f/                                              kd J G                                             wJh/ a&TUvdkY vrf;rSmwpfckckjzpfvm&if
                  kd kd                                                 k k
NyD;awmh olYuvtyfwhJ ECG awG? X- qd;qd;&Gm;&Gm;awGUw,f/ tJ'tcserm tcsderm olY&UJ tqkwu a&awGjynfh                   D d f S              f S                           f                             d
                                                                                                                                                                                            olwYku q&m0efBuD;&JUnTeMf um; wm0ef,lrvm;vdkYar;ygw,f/ vlem
rays awG vdktyfwmawG ppfw ,f /                                        uwnf;u Cardiologist u olYudk aew,f? a&awG&aew,f? acsmif;qd; csuft& ICU oGm;oifw,fvYkd ajym &JUtajctaeu 'Davmufjzpfaewm
                                                                                                                                                             dS                    k                                       h
      k                                                     k                         k f
aq;½Hwufwufcsif; olYa&m*gpHprf;rI &Si;f jyvduygw,f/ vlemtouft&G,f aoG;ygqdk&if 'g TB vdkYyJ q&m0ef NyD;NyD/ olwYkduroGm;csib;vdYk jiif;wJh wJh? HDU udkcifAsm;wdkYa&TUNyD;NyDwJh/                                          f l
        h                           S               f                                       kH
tjynftpHk r&ao;cifrm uReawmfwYkd BuD;aeNyD? ESv;aoG;aMum t&rf;usOf; trsm;pku 'Dvdk,lqvdkufrSmyJvdkY tcgusawmh uRefawmfwdkYu'Dvlem a&TUwke;f u uReawmfwYutodray;bl;wJ/                                                                                                f             kd kd                       h
                                  h             f
prf;oyfppfaq;vdYk&wJtcsuawG t& aew,f/ tqdYk &ivzYkd vw,f? vlem uRefawmfxifw,f/                      S f J kd                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                     BuD;udk twGi;vlemcef;xJuom;ydYk zYkd                kd G             tJ'DawmhuRefawmfwdkY&JUAMS
olYa&m*gudk owfrSwfvdkY&wmu tajctaepdk;&drf&w,fqdkNyD;awmh                                                                                Treatment pay;w,f/ ydk;arG;                qdkwmvnf; roifhawmfbl;/ vlem                                                        pmrsufESm 40 od k Y
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                               INTERVIEW                                                                                                                     The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       39




]ta&;ay:ukoaqmifudk eH&HjyKjyifaq;okwfr,fqdk&ifvnf; vlemawGudk
   U    UJ                             Y                         G f   kd
oifawmfwtcef;udk ae&mBuKd wifajymif;a&TwmrsK;d vkyNf y;D rSaqmif&u&r,fqwmudk
aq;½Hkuq&m0efawG rodvdkhvm;}
OD;ausmfvif;xGef;ESifU awGYqHkjcif;
ZmvDausmf
              ukefNrdKU&Sd emrnfBuD;yk*¾vduaq;½Hkwpfckjzpfaom A[dk&fpnftxl;ukaq;½HkwGif OD;oef;xGef;(tNidrf;pm;tif*sifeD,mrSL;BuD;) toufrqHk;½HI;oifhbJ qHk;½HI;cJh&onfqdkaom tjrif&S d
   &ef        onfh qHk;yg;cJhol\rdom;pk0ifrsm;udk,fpm; ¤if;\om;OD;ausmfvif;xGef;\ ajymjycsufrsm;udk azmfjyjcif;jzpfygonf/
Voice         : b,f w k e f ; uaq; ½kHuaq;½kH &ufupNyD; wDbaq; AKuri T-4 udk vmMunfhw,f/ a&m*groufomvdkY csifw,fvdkYajymvdkY oluyJ 'kwd, ajymif ; a&T U ay;ygvd k Y taqmif e H & H
                                                                               D
pNyD
pNyD; wufjzpfygovJ/                                   wpfcgaomuf&if av;vH;EIe;eJY pwduf &if b wf e J Y tqk w f u d k "mwf r S e f aq;½Htyqwoukd zke;qufac: NyD; aq;okwfwmawGvkyfNyD;awmhrS xyf
                                                                                             k f          k                                                                          k k f kd hJ l                     f
UKLT : 2010 pufwifbmv 8                                                                                                          kd f kd T
                                                      cdkif;ygw,f/ tJ'Daq;aomufwJhaeY wpfapmifxyf½uzYneMf um;vdYk aeYv,f awGUqHnEi;ay;ygw,f/                                           k d§ Id f                                                     ajymcJhygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk wm0efus
&uff (Ak'[;) aeYnae6em&Drmpwuf upNyD; vlemu aqmufwnf&mr& 2 em&D avmmufrm vlemtarmazmuf
          ¨ l                                S                                                                                          S                                             'kwd,aq;½HktkyfqdkwJholu q&m? q&mrawG&JU pdwfvdkufrmefyg
ygw,f/ pufwifbmv 16 &ufaeY ausm^&ifnyNf yD; ylw,f? armw,f? aewJ h M um;uyJ vl e m&J U ck w if r S m taxGaxGjyKjyifxe;odr;a&;vkyief; racsriHajymqdqufqyawGeYJ ywfouf
                                                                          §                                                                                                                               d f f                           f                          k         H kH
n 11 em&D 10 rdepfrSm qHk;w,f/                        aq;oGif;ydkufwef;vef;BuD;eJYcP? uRefawmfu aemufuxdef;udkifxm; awGudkaqmif&GufwJhtcgrSm aq;½Hk vdkY uReawmftpfr (a':pyg,foef;) u                                                                         f h
Voice         : t&ifua&mtJ'D aq;½Hk                   cPxxdiw,f? zkwvu?f zkwvuf ay;NyD; cJ&mcJqpf½uc&w,f/ "mwfref &JUvdktyfcsufeJYtnD tcgtm;avsmf aq;½H k & J U Managing Director
                                                                      kf                f kd          f kd                                kd f hJ                       S
rSmwufzl;vm;/                                                                                                                                      H
                                                      eJY cP? cP tarmazmufvmvdkY Xmeu tul0efxrf; ok;av;a,muf pGmwpfvufpwnf; vkyoifonfrsm; (b@ma&;'g½duwm) OD;Muifxe; udk                                                 f h                                           k f                 Gf
UKLT : rwufzl;ygbl;/                                  a'gufwm a':&wemausmfudkajymjy ygvmwmawGYayr,fh vmrudkifay; udvyaqmifavh&NdS yD; tckvkd vlem&Sif oGm;awGUNyD;ajymcJygw,f/k k f                                                                                          h
Voice         : aq;½Hkwuf&wm bm                       awmh aq;jyif;vdYkqNkd yD; a&Tbom vrf; ygbl ; / "mwf r S e f ½ d k u f w J h t csd e f r S m awG e J Y wm0ef u sq&m0ef a wG u d k
                                                                                                   kH                                                                                                                                                     (1) 'Daq;½Hku vlemudk txl;
a&m*gaMumifhvJ/                                       qif ; b&m;om;aq;qd k i f u ae wjcm;tcef;udk a&SmifxGufoGm;Mu BudKwiftoday;NyD; aqmif&GufcJhwm Muyfrwfuoay;aewJh ESv;txl;uk                                                                                 k                    kH
UKLT                    f k kf
              : rESpuud;vydi; 8 &uf                   (Forecox- Trac) udk ajymif;0,fcdkif;                  wmawGUygw,f/                                                  rsKd;r&Sdayr,fh olwdkYaq;½HkrSm eH&HjyK q&m0efBuD; OD;wifvwfeYJ a'gufwm
aeY nae 6 em&DavmufrSm taz NyD; wduzYkd neMf um;ygw,f/ 'gayrJh Voice : tcef ; ajymif ; &wmu jyif a q;ok w f w mawG vk y f a ewJ h a':&wemausmf(tqkwfESifh&ifacgif;
                                                                 k f T
touf½SLr0? &ifbwfatmifhvdkY? 6 vnf; &ifylNrJylaeNyD; EIwfcrf;awG 'D&ufMum;xJrSmyJvm;/                                                                                     twGuf taqmifwGif;rSm&SdwJh vlem aq;ynmq&m0ef) wdYk quae vlem                                              D
                                                                                                                                                 S
&ufaeYavmufuvnf; A[dk&fpnfrSm wkefNyD; yg;pyfrSmygtemawG ayguf UKLT : txJrm"mwfre½uae awGukd tcef; (taqmif) ajymif;ay; eJYywfoufNyD; today;ar;jref; pHprf;S f kd f                                                                                                                            k
a'gufwma':&wemausmfeJYjyxm; vmvdkY b,ftpmrSrpm;EdkifawmhbJ vd k Y tarutjyif x G u f & yf a pmif h zdYk csufcsif;today;ajymMum;wJtcg NyD;rS q&m0efBuD;awG&JU cGifhjyKcsufudk                                                           h
awmh tJ'DrSmrsm;&Sdrvm;vdkY zkef;vSrf; a&yJ c PcPawmif ; aomuf a e& aewkef;rSm 'Dta&;ay:ukoaqmif vlem&Sitrsm;pku tvduwod a&TU awmif;cHNyD;awmhrS ckwif^ taqmif                          f                                     k f
qufawmh q&m0efBuD; a'gufwm w,f/ yg;pyfutemu ydkjyif;vm uyJvmNyD; 'Dtaqmif&UJ wpfzufjcrf; ajymif;ay;zdkY odwwfem;vnfrI&SdcJh a&TUajymif;wmudkvkyfcJhwmvm;/ (2)
                                                                                 k kH             k l                f                       S f
wifvwfvnf;&Sdaew,f/ 'DudkyJ w,f/ ausmwpfcv;rD;vdyaeovdk rSmvkyaewJh oefY&i;a&;eJY aq;okwf w,fvYkd tazhtajctaeudk rsufjrif ta&;ay:ukoaqmifrSm eH&HjyKjyif
ac:vmvdkufygqdkwmeJY wifjzpfoGm; cHpm;&w,fvdkYajymvdkY uRefawmfu wmawGuNyD;awmhrSmrdkYvdkY tazhudk ud,awGUr[kwbJ olv&mqJajymygw,f/ aq;okwfrnfq&if tJ'D taqmifrm              k f                  f                kd G                                                   kd                      S
w,f/ a'gufwmwifvwfuvnf; wm0efusq&m0ef OD;rsKd;jrifhudk oGm; wifxm;wJhtjcrf;udk aq;okwfr,f?                                                                                                                     f                  d
                                                                                                                                                                                      'gaMumifh uReawmfwYku tckvkd aq;uk o rI c H , l a ewJ h vl e mawG
tazjyaeus q&m0efBuD;ygyJ/                             ajymNyD; tultnDawmif;awmh ckwif jyifawmhr,fwJh/ 'gaMumifh aq;oif t a q m i f w G i f ; e H & H j y K j y i f a q ; tm;vHk;twGuf b,fvdkBudKwif pDpOf
             D k f               f
         tJ'rwdicif ESp&ufavmufu em;vmMunf h a y;w,f / NyD ; awmh emeHYawGaMumifh vlemtouf&SLusyf ok w f w maMumif h jzpf a y:vmr,f h aqmif&Gufay;rIawG jyKvkyfay;cJhyg
                                                                                                                    d kd f                                   k
A[dk&fpnfrSmyJ txl;ukq&m0efBuD; ausmyl & if t&uf y sH 0 ,f ? *G r f ; ud k wmrsK;jzpfEivYkd wpf&ufukd oH;aomif; aemufqufwq;usKd;awGukd vufcH ovJ/ (3) b,fq&m0efurS vlem&Sd                          GJ kd
(&if a cgif ; aq;ynm) a'guf w m qGwfNyD;ausmudkyGwfay;NyD; ,yfcwf cJay;&wJh tay:xyfu txl;Muyfrwf Edkifr,fhol&Sdovdk vuf&Sdvlemtajc wJh tcef;rSmeH&HjyKjyifaq;okwfcGifh
                                                                                                             G
                       f h                      f                                                                                    k               f J kd f
a':&wemausmeYJjycJwhJ aq;rSwwrf; ay;vdkufayghvdkYajymw,f/ tJ'Dvdk ukoaqmifukd ud,hf p&dweYu,ajymif; taeydq;vmaerIeYJ tJ'aeYreufyi; udkay;rSmr[kwfaMumif;eJY wu,fvdkY                  k kd                                  D                   kd f
                                                              f
udkjyNyD; aq;½Hkuwpfqifh a'gufwm vkyay;awmhvnf;roufomygbl;/ ay;zdkYvmajymw,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm upNyD; oefY&Sif;a&;eJY eH&Haq;okwf &SdcJhw,fqdk&if b,fq&m0ef&JUcGifhjyK
a':&wemausmukd zke;quftaMumif; aemufreufrSm aq;½Hkuwpfqifh taqmif w pf 0 uf a vmuf t xd u vkywmawGuaexGuvmwJh qlnoH csufeJYvkyfwmvJ/ (4) ta&;ay:
                     f         f                                                                                                                                                f                                    f                        H
Mum;cJ h y gw,f / aemuf w pf a eY a'gufwmOD;wifvwfudk taMumif; aq;okwNf yD;aeNyD/                                                                                         awG? vlomrefawGawmif touf½LzdYk ukoaqmifudk eH&HjyKjyifaq;okwf        S
reufrSm q&mrudk,fwdkifvmw,f/ Mum;cJhygw,f/ n 8 em&DavmufrSm Voice : tJ ' D a wmh tpf u d k w d k Y cufcwhJ aq;oifemeHYawGaMumifh pufeUJ r,fq&ifvnf; vlemawGukd oifawmf            J                                                                        kd                              h
vlemudMk unfNh yD;ppfaq;w,f? tqkwf a&mufvmygw,f/                                                            bufua&m bmrSrar;jref;bl;vm;/ ½SL&wJhta&;ay:aq; (VENTOLIN) cP? wJhtcef;udkae&m BudKwif ajymif;a&TU
eJY &ifbwfudk "mwfrSef½dkufppfaq; Voice : aemufawmha&m/                                                     UKLT : ESpfBudrfpvHk; jzpfpOfrSm                              cPawmif ; ½S L &wmud k wm0ef u s wmrsKd;vkyfNyD;rSom aqmif&Guf&r,f
zdkY&,f? vlemqDuae ovdyf,lNyD; UKLT : aq;½HkrSm uRefawmfwdkY vlemeJY vlem&Sifrdom;pk0ifawGudk q&m0ef u d k pH k p rf ; ar;jref ; Ed k i f w J h qdkwmudkaq;½Hku q&m0efawG rod
vrf;rawmfNrdKUe,f? a&Tawmifwef; wuf a ewJ h ta&;ay:taqmif & J U BudKwiftaMumif;Mum;wmrsKd;r&SdcJh taMumif;eJY yxrwpfBudrf 10 &uf vdkYvm;/ (tJ'DtaqmifrSm wm0efus
                                                                                               D kd
vrf;u yg&rD"mwfcJGcef;udk aeYwdkif; wpfzufjcrf;rSm atmufq*sifyujf yif bl;/ aemufNyD; taqmifwpf0uf aeY reufydkif;uvnf; rdom;pkudk q&m0efawG&SdaeygvsufeJY eH&HjyKjyif
ydkYNyD; ovdyfppf,lzdkYeJY aeYpOfwdkuf& vdkY? eH&Haq;uGmvdkY aq;½Hk0efxrf; avmuf u d k aq;ok w f N yD ; awmh r S ? BudKwiftodray;bJeYJ atmufq*sif aq;okwfwmudkvkyfcJhygw,f) (5)                                                             D
r,fhaq;0g;awGeJY "mwfpmawGudk awGuoefY&Sif;a&;vkyfMu? tcef;eH&H uRefawmfwYkd vkd omrmefvawGawmif ydujf zKwfNyD; ckwifvuajymif;cJwe; atmufq*siyutultnDeYJ touf&LS
                                                                                                                                                        l                  k                                     kd f                h k f                     D f kd f
nTeMf um;NyD; jyefom;w,f/G                                                                                             S
                                                      awG u d k aq;ok w f w mawG v k y f M u touf&L&cufavmufwhJ aq;eHYawG u vlempdwfvIyf&Sm;tarmazmufNyD; ae&wJhvlemudkqdk;&Gm;wJh okwfaq;
Voice         : aq;½Hrwufcif A[d&pnf
                           k                   k f nf w,f/ qlnHoHawGeJY aq;eHYawGrTef vdIifaerS tarmazmufaewJh &ifbwf touf tEÅ&m,fp;&dr&wJtajctae oif e meH Y a wG ? npf n rf ; wJ h a vud k               kd f h
                                                                                                                                       S f kd f
rSm a'gufwm a':&wemausmfeJY vmvdkY vlemu atmufqD*sifydkuf eJYtqkwf "mwfre½uwmudawmifrS udk a&mufc&NyD; 0efaqmifp&dwawG &SL&aprIawG[m txl;ukaq;½Hwpf½kH     k                                   hJ                                       f                                                k
jyjzpfNyD;rSa&mufwmaygh/                              wef ; vef ; eJ Y u d k y J touf ½ S L &wm cJ&mcJqpf½dkufae&wmudk jrifae&JU vnf; ydueuscJ&wmawGukd ajymjy taeeJY vHk;0rvkyfoifhwJhvkyf&yfjzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                          k k f h
UKLT          : aq;½HkrwufcifESpf&uf                  rG e f ; usyf v mvd k Y q d k N yD ; cP? cP om;eJY ckvdkajymif;cdkif;awmh zcif&Sd wJhtcg 'kaq;½Hktkyfu aiGay;vdkY wJhtaMumif;? (6) ,cif 10 &ufaeY
avmuftvduaygh/ tJ'rm wpfywfpm uke;xaevdYk pufeYJ ½L&wJh ta&;ay: olcsi;f ud,csi;f pmNy;D aq;qufrokwf toufu,fvYkd r&bl;/ tarmazmuf reuf y d k i f ; (y-Bud r f ) vl e mud k
               k                   DS                          f                      S                                  k f
aq;ay;vdkufNyD; wpfywfjynfh&if ½SLaq; (VENTOLIN) cP? cP zdkY arwåm&yfccw,f/                                                     H hJ                                      pOfu ta&;ay:ukorIaMumifhom atmuf q D * sif y d k u f j zKwf N yD ; ck w if
           h            k f
jyefvmcJzYkd ajymvduw,f/ tJ'D aq; awmif;½SLae&w,f/ tBudrfta&                                                         tJ'rm wm0efusq&m0efqwhJ vlemu ckcsdefxd touf&Sifvsuf&Sd vdkufa&TUvdkufvdkY vlempdwfvIyf&Sm;
                                                                                                                          D S                                        kd
aomufNyD; aemufwpf&ufrmyJ a&m*g twGufudk A[dk&fpnfaq;½Hku rSwf olu olYtaeeJY ukoa&;ydkif;rSm aewmvdkY racsriH ajymqdkqufqH tarmazmufNyD; toufqHk;&awmh
                                         S
u tJvjkd zpfNy; aq;½Hwifvu& wmyJ/ wrf;awGawmif;NyD;Munfh&if twd wm0ef,laqmif&Guf&NyD; jyKjyifxdef; wJhtjyif eH&HjyKjyifaq;okwfaewkef; rvdkjzpfcJhwm? (7) 13-9-2010
                 D           k        kd f
Voice         : aq;&H k a &muf N yD ; wJ h            tusodEiygw,f/ kd f                                    odr;a&;vkyief;awGu aq;½HtycsKyf aq;oifemeHYawGaMumifh touf&SL wevFmaeY ta&;ay:aqmifpNyD;eH&H
                                                                                                                 f            f                                k k f
aemufydkif;udk qufajymjyygOD;/                        Voice              : jyxm;wJhq&m0ef BuD ;             rIydkif;qdkif&m pDrHcefYcJGolawGeJYom MuyfwmjzpfEdkifvdkY ta&;ay:vlem jyifaq;okwfwJhaemufydkif;rSm vlem
UKLT : tazacsmif;qd;wJtcgrSm            k h           awGu bmrSrvkyfay;vdkYvm;/                             oufqdkifw,fvdkY ajymwmeJY eH&Haq; aqmifuae aq;½Htay:xyfrm&SwhJ tajctaeydq;vmNyD; a0'emcHpm;rIykd k                      S d                            k kd
aoG;penf;enf;awGU&vdYkqNkd y; a'gufwm UKLT : tJ'aeYreufyi;rSm (13- okwfwmeJYywfoufNyD; wm0ef&SdwJh txl ; Muyf r wf u k o cef ; ud k ud k , f h jyif; xefvmwJtaMumif;? (8)'kw,
                                           D                                 D                  kd f                                                                                                                                                                    h                       d
                   f
a':&wemausmu pufwifbmv 30 9-2010) a'gufwma':&wemausmf aq;½HktBuD;tuJeJY awGUqHkar;jref; p&dweYJ u,f ESp&uf? ok;&ufavmuf                                                             f kd               f                  H                                                  pmrsufESm 40 od k Y
    40
  The
     VOICE             INTERVIEW
pmrsufESm 38 A[dk&fpnfaq;½HkrSwm0ef&Sdol a'gufwmMuifxGe; rStquf                               f                     &if b,fvdk Procedure eJYoGm;vJvdkY                      r,ftaMumif;ajymw,f/ ICU Treat-
                                                                                                                                                                                   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         r,fvdkYajymNyD;NyD/ rajymbJeJY vkyfygh
u HDU udka&TUwJhtcsdefrSm olYZeD; a&&Sdaew,f? olYtqkwfBuD;uyGae                                                     ar;w,f/ tJ'gav;awGajz&Si;ay;yg               f          ment          tukef wpfjym;rS ukefusp&m                                                      k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         rvm;/ 'D[mtm;vH;udk NyD;cJwEpaygh          h hJ S f
udktoday;NyD;om;/ 'Dvlem&JUtajc w,f? wpfckvHk;a&mifaewJhtcgus                                                       vdkYajymw,f/ aemuf 'kvufaxmuf                           rvdaMumif;ajymvduw,f/ tJ'tcg
                                                                                                                                                                                 k                         k f               hD                               kf J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         b,faeYuwdivawmhrodb;l uReawmf                    f
taeu t&rf;pdk;&drf&vdkY ICU a&TUzdYk awmh "mwfre½uwtcg uifqmu      S f kd f hJ                                                  k kf
                                                                                                                    aq;½Htyu racsriHqufqygw,fvdkY           H               q&m0efBuD;u a&TUvdkYr&bl;vdkYajym                            wdkYudk wdkif;^usef;u ac:w,f/'D
q&m0efBuD;uvnf;ajymNyD;NyD? a&TUyg ray:bl;/ ay:vmwmeJY tJ'DaeYrSmyJ                                                          D S f k
                                                                                                                    tJ'Epcajymw,f/                                                              hJ
                                                                                                                                                                            oGm;w,fw/ 'gaMumifh uRefawmfwYkd                             taxmuftxm;awG tukefvHk;eJY
qdkawmh a&TUvdkYwpfckckjzpf&if wm0ef Chack Physician uTB Treatment                                                                                      k S
                                                                                                                                 uRefawmfwYkd aq;½HrmjyifzYkd vyf       k   udk,fhp&dwfeJYudk,f tukefvkyfay;vdkY                         ESvHk;txl;ukq&m0efBuD;? tqkwf
,lrvm;? vlemtajctae'Davmuf awG&yfyg? CA jzpfaew,fqdkwmjzpf                                                          &if 'a&azmufr,f? wlxkr,fqdk&if                          &w,f/ q&m0efBuD;qDu Premission                               txl ; uk q &m0ef B uD ; ? uRef a wmf ?
qdk;aewm cifAsm;wdkY bmjzpfvdkYa&TU& vmw,f/ 13 &ufaeYrmyJ q&m0efBuD;                       S                        ab;ywf0ef;usif tay:atmuftcef;                           awmh cifAsm;awmif;ay;vdYk ajymvduf                     k                            h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         olwYkdeYJ awGUwJvufaxmufaq;½Htyf                   k k
wmvJ v d k Y ajymw,f / tJ ' D a wmh uajymw,f vlemtajctaet&rf;                                                       udk oGm;NyD;cGifhawmif;w,f/ t&ifqHk;                    w,f/ olUorD;vnf;ausauseyfeyfeYJ                              tukefvHk;a&m? pm&Gufpmwrf;tukef
uRefawmfwYkd &UJ AMS uvnf; uRef qd;w,f/ ckeu ajymzdYkusecwm ESv;
                                                    k                                            f hJ    kH         Ward xJu q&mrukd aumif;&JUvm;?                          jyefom;w,f/ G                                                vHk; a&moGm;NyD;awmh wdkif;^usef; rSm
awmfwdkYvmawGUwJhtcsdefrSm cifAsm; uvnf; ESv;n§ptm;u 50 atmuf         kH f                                          wlxkwm? 'a&azmufwmcHEdkif&JUvm;                                       aemufaeY Management tpnf;                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ajz&Si;NyD;ygNyD/
wdkYapmifhcdkif;xm;wm uav;av; a&mufaew,f (yHref 80^100) tJ'D                      k S                                                 kd
                                                                                                                    ar;NyD; olwYu&ygw,fvYajymrS vlem     kd                 ta0;rSm 'gudkwifjywJhtcgusawmh                                          "mwfrSefqdkwmuvnf; ray;
ESpfa,muf? tbdk;BuD;&JUajr;awGudk tajctaersKd;u tcsdefra&G;aoqHk;                                                                 hf
                                                                                                                    udk cGiawmif;NyD;rSvyw,f/ tBuD; k f                     ckeuajymwJhtwdkif;yJ BudKwifajym                             bl;vdkYajymwmr[kwfbl;/ olwdkYqif;
apmifhcdkif;xm;wm/ vlemta&;BuD; Ediw,fvYkd ajymxm;w,f/
                                                  k f                                                               pm;jyifr,fqdk&if XmeBuD;udkydwfNyD;                     w,f/ olYZeD;&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh olU                              wJhtcsdefrSmay;vdkufrSmaygh/ aq;
                         D k
w,f? ta&;wBu;qH;jzwf&r,f? a&TUzdYk                      ESv;kH n§ptm;uvnf;tJ'avmuf
                                                                        f                              D            awmhvkyfw,f/ 'guRefawmfwdkYvkyf                         om;orD;awGr&Sb;/ aemufa&TUygvdYk
                                                                                                                                                                                                       d l                               rokwfbl;/ atmufqD*sifydkufvdkif;
twGuf uRefawmfwdkYu 9 &ufaeY tajctaeqd;k aew,f/ tqkwrmvnf;                                            fS            aeus/ cifAsm;ajymw,fqdk&if ae&m                                       h d f
                                                                                                                                                                            ajymwJtcseusawmh olwYkduaiGaMu;                              av; uRefawmfwYkd wyfw,f/ tJ'rm                      D S
uwnf;u ajymxm;w,f/ trSeu uifqm&Saew,f/ vlem&JUoabmxm;
                                               f           d                                                        udkpHkprf;ay;r,f? taxmuftxm;                                              dS hJ
                                                                                                                                                                            tcuftcJ&wtaMumif; yGiyivif;              hf G hf             enf;enf;xdoGm;wJhtwGuf rJoGm;wJh
awmh tJ'gudk tjrefq;Hk qH;jzwfEif r,fh uvnf; a&TU&if wpfccjkzpf&if b,fol
                                 k          kd                                           k                            k f kH
                                                                                                                    cdivw,f? olwYkd taMumif;rMum;bJ                         vif;rajymbJeJY ra&TUcsifbl;yJajym                            [mav;awG&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dae&mrSm
vl B uD ; &S d o if h w maygh ? bmjzpf v d k Y wm0ef,rvJqawmh q&m0efBuD;u
                                                             l               kd                                     vkyfw,fqdk&if vdktyfwJhta&;,lrI                         w,f/ uRefawmfwYkd u vkyay;r,f?         f                     rIdav;enf;enf;&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dae&m
                             h kd f
rsm;uav;awGeYJ apmifci;&wmvJvYkd ra&TUygeJY vH;0ra&TUoifb;qdNk yD;awmh
                                                                 k                           h l                    awGvkyfay;yghr,fvdkYajymvdkufyg                         q&m0efBuD;u Move rvky&bl;vdYk              f                 udraq;av;enf;enf;rIww,f'gyJ/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             k dI                                 f
ol u ajymvd k u f w ,f / tJ ' D [ mud k Subjection ay;oGm;w,f/ uRefawmf                                             w,f/ uRefawmftJ'DtcsdefrSm bmrS                         ajymwJhtcgusawmh uRefawmfwdkY                                tJ'gay 30ausmufavmufumw,f/                   G
olwdkYudk&JGUNyD;ajymygw,f? racsriH wdYkrm rSwwrf;awG&ygw,f/ tJ'D 13
                                                      S        f                      dS                            rodbl;/                                                                         kf
                                                                                                                                                                            bmrsm; xyfvyay;oifygvJ/ wpfcyJ     h                     k   uRefawmfwdkY&JUq&m0efawG? Nurse
ajymygw,fvYkdjzpfw,f/                            &uf a eY n 7 em&D c J G a vmuf r S m                                            aemuf uRefawmfu vlem&JU                             f
                                                                                                                                                                            uReawmf Stress vkyNf yD;ajymcsiwm u          f                          kd f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         awGxiwae&mu olwYkd xufawmif
      tJ'DawmhHDU rS m yJ x m;NyD ; olUrdom;pkxu wpfa,mufu Man-     J                                                                         D
                                                                                                                    tajctaetJ'vjkd zpfw,fq&if ICU             kd            a&S U rS m vnf ; jzpf y suf a ewJ h t jzpf                     k D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         yde;w,f/ uRefawmfwYkd &UJ NurseawG?
awmh vdtyfwhJ Treatment ay;w,f/ agement eJYawGUcsifvdkYvdkYajymw,f/
           k                                                                                                        ajymif;oifhw,f/ bmvdkYrajymif;vJ/                       tysuf (xdktcsdefu tjcm;aq;½Hk                                q&m0efawGurcHEiwteHY awG&whJ  kd f hJ                dS
13&ufaeYrm Rechack x-ray ½duyg vdYk olYorD;a&mufvmNyD; aq;½HkrSm jyif
                S                       k f                                                                         ICU twG u f Train vk y f x m;wJ h                       tcsdKUwGifvnf; jyóemrsm;jzpfNyD;                             ae&mrSmolwYkdaeEdiyghrvm;/k f
Chack Physician u Order ay;vdkY                  qifwmolwYkd utodray;bl;? olwYkd
                                                                          kd                                                               dS hJ
                                                                                                                    0efxrf;awG&wtaMumif;awG&i;jyyg                 Sf       rMumao;csd e f ) awG 'D a vmuf j zpf                                            f               kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    trSeawmh olwYu olwYkdwm0ef
½dkufw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY Treatment tazudk todray;bJa&TUw,f? a&TUvdYk                                                  w,f/ tJ'DcgusrS vwfwavmrSm                                         h dfS
                                                                                                                                                                            aewJtcserm uReawmfwYkdu 'Dv[mf                      kd       &SdwmudkyGifhyGifhvif;vif;rajymwJh
awGt& olUxJu a&awGavsmhoGm; a&m*gtajctaeydq;dk vmygw,fqNkd y;                   k                          D                  f          f
                                                                                                                    ukeusp&dweYJywfoufNyD; tcuftcJ                          rsKd;vmjzpfawmh uRefawmfwdkYu 'D                             twGufaMumifh uRefawmfwdkYeJY em;
                       G                  S
w,f/ avsmhom;awmh txJrm CA ajymw,f/ tJ'gudk ajz&Si;ay;ygvdYk                                       f                udk ajymjyw,f/ uRefawmfu pdwryl                   f     jyóemwufEdkifw,fqdkwmodvdkY                                  vnfrvNJG yD;jyóemyd&om;wmyg/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      I                    k dS G
 d
&Saewmay:vmw,f/ a&SUydi;uawmh ajymw,f/ aq;½HkrSmjyifqifwmvkyf
                                    k f                                                                                                        k hf   f kd
                                                                                                                    zdYk eYJ ICU udk ud,p&dweYJu,f a&TUay;                                       k hf
                                                                                                                                                                            ICU udk ud,p&dweYJ ud,vyay;      f   k f k f                                                        ZmvDausmf

pmrsufESm 39 OD;ausmfvif;xGef;ESifhawGUqHkjcif; rStquf                                                                      S f
                                                                                                                    "mwfreukd xkway;ygw,f/     f                            jyefoGm;ygw,f/ tJ'DaeYwpfaeYvHk;                             Voice                : ac:ppf w J h t csd e f r S m
            k k
aq;½HtyBf uD;&JU racsriH rdrv&mqJG           d kd        taeajymjyNyD;awmif;cJvYkd "mwfccef; h           GJ                 tJ'"mwfreu,Nl yD; a'gufwm
                                                                                                                                D             S f kd                                         k d hH
                                                                                                                                                                            a0'emudrcsrqHcpm;&NyD; n 11 em&D                             bmawGt"duxm;ar;vJ/
wJh wpfzufowfajymqdkqufqHrIeJY                           ovdyftajzpm&Gufudk&cJhygw,f/                               a':&wemausmfudk zkef;qufawmh                            10 rdepfrm uG,veygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                              S               f G f                      UKLT : uReawmf&,f? wdixm;   f                  k f
wm0ef u sq&m0ef ? q&mrrsm;&J U                           tJ'Dpm&GufrSm wDbDydk;r&Sdbl;vdkYod&                       S.S.C a&T * H k w d k i f t xl ; uk a q;½H k r S m      Voice                 : usef ; rma&;0ef B uD ;               wJholav;a,muf&,fudkac:w,f/
vlemt"duuko apmifha&Smuf&ef                              vd k Y ta&;ay:ukoaqmifrSm&SdwJh                            a&mufaew,fqdkvdkY tJ'Dudkvdkuf                          Xmeud k wd k i f x m;w,f q d k w meJ Y                       NyD ; awmh ' gav;awG u d k y J jyef N yD ;
wm0ef,lwJhtydkif;rSm ayghayghqq                          wm0efusq&m0efawGudk "mwfcJGcef;                            oGm;NyD; "mwfrSefudkjyNyD;awmh a&m*g                    ywfouf NyD; ajymjyay;yg/                                     awmhar;wmygyJ/ uRefawmfwdkYudk
pDrHaqmif&GufrIawGudk wdkifMum;cJhNyD;                   tajzpm&GufudkoGm;jyw,f/ tJ'D                               tajctaeud k ar;jref ; ygw,f /                           UKLT : uRefawmfu b,folU                                                       S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         8&ufaeYrmac:ppfw,f/ A[d&pnfukd             k f
vlemudkvma&muf Munfh½IpHkprf;Edkif                       pm&Gufudk olwdkYuawmif;MunfhNyD;                           a'gufwma':&wemausmu t&ifu              f                udkrS tjypfvkyfNyD;ajymaewmr[kwf                                                S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         9 &ufaeYrmac:ppfw,fvYkdajymw,f/
      h
wJtaMumif;vnf; wifjycJygw,f/            h                        f
                                                         odr;xm;w,f/                                                ½dkuful;xm;wJh"mwfrSefawGeJYtck½dkuf                    bl;/ 'g[m wu,fjzpfysufoGm;                                   &ufcsif;rwlbl;/ uRefawmfwdkYudk
             'g½d k u f w m OD ; Muif x G e f ; u                            k f h d f S
                                                                   aq;wdur,ftcserm olemjyK                          ul;xm;wJh"mwfrSefawGudk aocsm                           w,f / 'D t jzpf t ysuf a y:rS m                              ppfwmuwpf&uf? olwdkYudkppfwmu
                           d f f
taxGaxGjyKjyifxe;odr;a&;vkyief;                      f   q&mrwpfOD;vmNyD; t&ifu0,f                                  MunfNh yD;ppfaq;ay;ygw,f/ NyD;awmh                      uRefawmfwdkYtaeeJY taumif;qHk;                               wpf&uf &ufcsif;rwlb;qdawmh tJ'D   l k
             kd k f hJ
awGuvywtcg tJ'uptvH;pHukd       D d ö k k                           h         k J
                                                         xm;wJaq;udyawmif;vdYk "mwfccef;                   GJ                 f
                                                                                                                    tqkwuifqmvdYk ajymygw,f/ tJ'D                           oifcef;pm,l&r,f/ rSm;wJou 0efcs             h l              taMumif;awGuRefawmfwdkYrodbl;/
wm0ef,lwJh'g½dkufwm oD;oefY&SdwJh                        tajzuwDbDydk;r&SdaMumif;awGU&vdkY                          tcsdefupNyD; wDbDaq;wdkufwmudk                          awmif;yef&r,f/ b,forS a&m*gudk            l                  9 &ufaeYrSm ajypmjzwfydkif;awG?
taMumif;eJY jyKjyifxdef;odrf;&mrSm                       a'gufwma':&wemausmf 'grSr[kwf                                   hJ
                                                                                                                    &yfcygw,f/                                              aoaocsmcsmrppfbl;/ rppfwJhtjyif                              "mwfreawG vdcsiw,fqvYkd uReawmf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sf              k f        kd            f
tcef ; &S d vl e meJ Y vl e m&S i f a wG & J U           wm0efusq&m0efudk ar;ay;zdkYajymcJh                                 15-9-2010 (Ak'¨[l;) aeYrSm                      wDbDaq;udkwifw,f/ aemufwDbD                                  naeydkif;oyfoyfoGm; ydkYw,f/ pae?
oabmwl c G i f h j yKcsuf & ,l N yD ; rS o m             ygw,f/ watmifhMumwJhtcg tJ'D                               enf;enf;xlxlaxmifaxmif&Sdvm                             r&Sdbl;qdkwJh "mwfcJGcef;tajzvnf;                                            H G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         we*FaEGcom;w,f/wevFmaeY reuf
b,f t csd e f r S m jyKjyif r ,f q d k w J h             olemjyKq&mrjyefvmNyD; tazh&JU                              ayr,fh n 8 em&DausmavmufupNyD;   f                      xGuvma&m uifqmqdNk yD;vkyw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                  f                                         f                                   D JS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         xifw,f tJ'xrm ygwJh (wdiMf um;pm)       k
taMumif;ESpfOD; ESpfzuftoday;NyD;                                     f S d hJ
                                                         tqkwrm&Swa&m*g[m wDba&m*g                     D                            f G
                                                                                                                    0rf;av;Budrom;w,f/ n 12 em&DcGJ                         a&m*gudkwdwdusus &SmazGqef;ppf                               wlESpfa,mufav olwdkYudkawGUcsif
vkyfaMumif;? tckeH&HjyKjyifaq;okwf                                       h
                                                         jzpfayr,fvnf; tjcm;aomtwlae                                avmufusawmh nae 6 em&DrSm                               jcif;r&SdbJeJYaq;ukw,f? aq;½HkrSm&Sd                                    kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         w,fqvYkd uRefawmfom;ydYk w,f/   G
wJhtaMumif; udkoltcsdefrDrod&SdcJhwJh                    jyKpkapmifha&SmufaewJh rdom;pk0if                          aomuf&r,fhaq;eJY n 10 em&DrSm                              h
                                                                                                                                                                            wJtxl;ukq&m0efBuD;awGeYJ wm0ef                                       olwYkdajymwmayghaemf yxrqH;                k
taMumif;eJY tckvjkd zpfom;wJtwGuf   G h                  awGukd rul;pufEiwwba&m*grsKd;kd f hJ D D                   aomuf&r,fhaq;awGudk raomuf&                             us q&m0ef? q&mrawG? 0efxrf;awG                               OPD rSmwifw,f? ckwifeHygwfawmh
                   f
vnf; pdwraumif;jzpfwtaMumif;/        hJ                  omjzpfvdkY tJ'DwDbDydk;udk awGYonf                         ao;vdYk nwm0efusoemjyKq&mr&JU      l                    &JU vlemt"du ukoapmifha&SmufzdkY                             rodawmhbl;/ eHygwf 2 udk a&TUwJh
wu,fvdkY eH&HjyKjyifaq;okwfwmudk                         jzpfap? rawGYonfjzpfap aq;quf                              tul t nD e J Y tJ ' D a q;ES p f r sKd ; ud k           wm0ef,lwJhtydkif;rSm rqifrjcif                               tcsd e f r S m atmuf q D * sif y d k u f j zKwf
qufvkyfjzpfvdkY vlemtxl;Muyfrwf                             k f
                                                         wdu&r,fvYkd vmajymygw,f/                                                         k
                                                                                                                    aygif;pyftrIeYfvyNf y;D Glucern tm[m&                   wm0efrJh jyKrlaqmif&GufcJhwmawG                              NyD;awmha&TUvm;? rjzKwfbJa&TUvm;
                     k
ukocef;uda&TUay;&w,fq&ifvnf;              kd                       'gaMumifh tazh&JUa&m*gtrSef                      jznfhpGufrIefYeJYa&mazsmfNyD; vlemudk                   twGuf uRefawmfwYkd 2010 atmuf                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         qdwmodcsifvYkd ac:ar;wmyg/
tck ta&;ay:aqmifEIef;xm;twdkif;                          udkodcsifvdkY tJ'DaeYv,fu½dkuful;                             k f
                                                                                                                    wduygw,f/                                               wdkbmv 10 &ufaeYrSm usef;rma&;                                       tck uRefawmfwdkY w&m;0if
        J              H
eJYyaumufcay;NyD; okwaq;eHY aysmuff                      xm;cJhwJh"mwfrSefudkawmif;wJhtcg                                   aq;wdkufNyD;vdkY n 1 em&DcJG                                            k
                                                                                                                                                                            0efBuD;Xme? ½H;trSw(4)? aejynfawmf    f                                    k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         vnf;wdiNf yD;oGm;NyD/ usef;rma&;OD;pD;
    h                    D
wJtxd tJ'tcef;rSm xm; ay;r,fvYkd                         aq;½Hkuxkwfray;bl;/ taMumif;                               avmufupNyD; tarmazmufvmw,f?                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                            udk wdiMf um;cJygw,f/     h                                  Xmeuvnf; uRefawmfwdkYrdom;pkudk
          h
ajymcJw,f/ 'gayrJh rvkyf ay;cJb;/                 h l    trsKd;rsKd;jyw,f/ 'gaMumifh uRefawmf                       tay:atmufaoG;aygifcsdef wjznf;                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                      ESpvausmtMum 8-12-2010f                            ac:ppf N yD ; oG m ;NyD / (16-8-2011
Voice                : ovdyfppfwJhqDudk                  wdYk u vlem&JUa&m*gudk trSetwdi;           f k f           jznf ; usvmw,f / reuf y d k i f ; rS m                  rSm vlawGUac:,lppfaq;cJh ygw,f/                              aeYwGif wpfESpfjynfh) tJ'Davmuf
udk,fhbmomoGm;awmif;wmvm;/                                     S           d f D k kd f S
                                                         odrom tcseruEirm? aq;½HwifwhJ               k              a'gufwmOD;wifvwfeJY a'gufwm                             &efukefwdkif;usef;rma&;OD;pD; Xmeu                                                    h k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         vnf;rMumoifb;l vdYxifwmaMumifh yg/
UKLT : yg&rD " mwf c G J c ef ; ud k                     aeYupNyD; vlemtajctaeu wdk;                                                        f
                                                                                                                    a':&wemausmukd aq;½Huzke;quf         k   f                                          d G
                                                                                                                                                                            a'gufwmoD&E,?f a'gufwm eDe0g?                        D               aq;½Hk&JUvlemtay:qufqHrI
ovdyfawGaeYpOfydkYNyD;ppfcJhwmeJYywf                                            f
                                                         wufaumif;rGevmjcif;r&SbJ tdrrm         d             f S   taMumif;Mum;vdkY (16-9-2010)                            a'gufwmyywdkYuac:NyD; ppfw,f/                                udktrSeftwdkif; jzpfapcsifwmygyJ/
oufvYkd tajzodcsifvYkd uRefawmftpf                 h     &SdpOfutajctaexuf a&m*gu                                   aemufwpfaeY Mumoyaw;aeY reuf                            'gayrJh uReawmfwYvyNf y;D wJh tcseusrS
                                                                                                                                                                                                f              kd k           df                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         bmrSjyef&zdYk r[kwygbl;/ ud,trSm;         k hf
udk (OD;xdefvif;)u yg&rD"mwfcJGcef;                                               k kd kd
                                                         wpfaeYwpfaeY ydyq;vmwJtaMumif;           h                 rSmESpfOD;pvHk;vmMunfhw,f/ aemuf                        vTwfawmfawGbmawG tajymif;                                        k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ud,wm0ef,ay;zdYk ygyJ/   l
u "mwfcJGcef;q&m0efukd vlemtajc                          tacswifajymqdkawmhrS aq;½Hku                               qHk; Treatment udk nTefMum;ay;NyD;                                dS G
                                                                                                                                                                            tvJ&om;awmh rodb;ayghaemf/              l                                                          ZmvDausmf
 Vol.7 / No.41 - September 26 - October 2 , 2011                                                                                                                     THE VOICE WEEKLY 41
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  41




FOREIGN AFFAIRS
 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The




'Drdkua&pDajymif;vJusifUoHk;&ef w½kwf0efBuD;csKyfwdkufwGef;
ab*sif;? pufwifbm 18
                  ½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHtaejzifh vuf&dSusifhoHk;aeaom tjynfht0tmPmxdef;csKyfrIpepfudk rjzpfraeajymif;vJNyD; ydkrdk'Drdkua&pDenf;vrf;usrnfhpepfrsm;udk rdwfqufusifhoHk;oGm;
  w               &rnfjzpfonf[k 0efBuD;csKyf0rfusm;aygifu pufwifbmv 15 &ufaeYwGif wdkufwGef;ajymqdkaMumif; BBC owif;Xmeu a&;om;azmfjyonf/
             w½kwfEdkifiH 'gvif;pD;wD;ü                                                                                                           d                       f f k kd
                                                                                                                               NyD; yg0g&Satmif tpGr;uketm½Hpuf csKyf&mxl;rS tNidr;pm;,lawmhrnfjzpf            f
     f                kf
usi;yjyKvyaom urÇmp;yGm;a&; zd&rf   hD      k                                                                                                   ö
                                                                                                                               aewJhudpudkvnf; ajymif;vJypf&yg &m tNidrf;pm;r,lcifumvtwGif;
pD;yGm;a&;acgif;aqmifrsm; awGUqHk                                                                                              r,f}} [k ¤if;uqdonf/                  k                     jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;ESifhywfoufonfh
                  J G
aqG;aEG;yGwif rpöwm0rfusm;aygifu                                                                                                            ]]tJ'gaMumifh uGejf rLepfygwDeYJ vkyfudkifaqmif&GufEdkifrIrsm;udk xkwf
txufygtwdkif; ajymqdkjcif;jzpf                                                                                                       kf                 kf f
                                                                                                                               wdi;jynftycsKya&;pepfukd rjzpf rae azmfjyo&ef BuKd ;yrf;aejcif;jzpfonf [k
onf/ vmrnfhwpfESpfausmfcefYwGif                                                                                                                                   G
                                                                                                                               jyKjyifajymif;vJom;&rSmjzpfygw,f}} [k ,lq&onf/ xdkYtwl aemifumv
0efBuD;csKyf&mxl;rS tNidrf;pm;,lawmh                                                                                           ¤if;uqkdonf/ aus;&GmaumfrwD wGif xGuay:vmrnfh w½kwrsK;quf              f                        f d
rnfjzpfonfh rpöwm0rfusm;aygif                                                                                                  rsm;\tkyfcsKyfa&;wGif 'Drdkua&pD opfacgif;aqmifrsm;taeESifh ajymif;
onf jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;vdktyfcsuf                                                                                                          f                            k          hf           I
                                                                                                                               toGioP²mefrsm; wd;csUJ usio;Hk oGm; vJrrsm;jyKvyom;&efwe;f tm;ay;rIrsm;  kf G       G
rsm;ESifhywfoufNyD; vwfwavmv                                                                                                   a&;udkvnf; rpöwm0rfusm;aygifu jyKvkyaejcif;vnf;jzpfEiz,&onf/       f                  kd f G f dS
rsm;wGif tBudrfaygif;rsm;pGm xkwf                                                                                              axmufjyajymqdonf/                k                          odkYaomf ¤if;onf vuf&SduGefjrLepf
azmfajymqdxm;onf/   k                                                                                                                                                       l
                                                                                                                                            ]]wu,fvYkd jynfoawGtaeeJY ygwD\aygvpfAsL½dktzGJUrS acgif;
             odYk aomf ¤if;\ jyKjyifajymif;vJ                                                                                                             k                           f kd
                                                                                                                               aus;&Gmwpfcukd aumif;pGmtkycsKyfEif aqmifBuD;rsm;avmuf vkyyicir&S[k                       f kd f G hf d
a&;qdkif&m oHk;oyfajymqdkcsufrsm;udk                                                                                  BBC      r,f? NrdKUwpfNrdKUudk aumif;aumif; ,HkMunf&ay&m jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;
w½kwfEdkifiHydkifrD'D,mrsm;ü tenf;                                                                                             tkyfcsKyfEdkifr,fqdkcJh&if olwdkYtaeeJY twG u f tcG i f h t vrf ; rsm;vnf ;
i,frQom xnfoi;azmfjycJonfjzpf ajymif ; vJ r I r sm;jyKvk y f & ef vd k t yf uGefjrLepfygwDtwGuf vGefpGmta&; EdiiwpfEiiuvnf; aumif;pGm pDrH tenf;i,fom&Srnfjzpfonf/ uGejf rL
                             h G f       h                                                                                       k f H              kd f H kd                                                d
                                                                        k h
&m w½kwEiiom;tawmfrsm;rsm;rSm aMumif; rMumcPqdouJoYkd xkwf BuD;aom tvkyfwpfckjzpfaMumif; cefYcom;Edirmjzpfygw,f}} [k ¤if;u epfygwDonfvnf; vwfwavmv
                   f kd f H                                                                                                             JG G k f S
tqdygudpEiywfoufí rsm;pGmod&dS azmfajymqdkvmcJhonf/ rpöwm0rfu ¤if;uqdkxm;onf/
           k          ö S hf                                                                                                       k                         kd                        f G
                                                                                                                               qdonf/ rnfoYyifjzpfap w½kwuejf rL rsm;twGif; ajrmuftmz&duEdkifiHrsm;
xm;jcif;r&SdMuay/ w½kwfEdkifiHwGif xdkodkYajymqdk&mwGif w½kwfjynfEdkifiH                        ]]uGefjrLepfygwD[m tpdk;&udk epfygwDwi; 'Drua&pDusipOfrsm; udk wGif jzpfay:aeaom tmPm&Sifpepf
                                                                                                                                                      G f kd                  hf
uG e f j rLepf y gwD o nf q,f p k E S p f a&;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;tcef;u@wdkYü ud k , f p m;rjyKbl ; qd k w J h t csuf u d k vufawGUusus ydrusifo;oGm; &ef tqHk;owfa&; ykefuefvIyf&Sm;rIrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                    k kd h kH
ajcmufcwmumvrQ t[efYtwm;pd; vGefpGmta&;ygonfhyk*¾dKvfrsm;udk ay:vGifatmif rjzpfraevkyfaqmif vdtyfaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum; onf/ w½kwfjynfodkY ul;pufa&muf&Sdvm
               k                                  k                                                                                  k
                                                        k
pOf;rQr&SdbJ tmPmudk aumif;rGefpGm ajymqdcjhJ cif;omjzpfonf/                                &ygr,f/ tmPmudkt<uif;rJh&,l                     rpö w m0rf u sm;aygif o nf rnfudk aMumuf&GHUxdwfvefYvsuf
xlaxmifEdkifcJhonf/ tpdk;&tzGJU?                           f G                    S k f
                                                      w½kwuejf rLepfygwDEihf wdi; xm;wJh oabmw&m;udk ajymif;vJypf vmrnfh wpfEpausmfcefYwif 0efBuD; &Sonf/   S f                  G           d
w&m;½H;awmf? ppfwyfEihf rD',mwdYk udk jynftkyfcsKyfa&;pepf jyKjyifajymif;vJ
             k                     S D
yxrOD;pm;ay;tqifhwGifxm;&SdcJh a&;onf ta&;wBu;vkyaqmif& rnfh

                                              f G
                                                                    D f
jcif;jzifh uGefjrLepfygwDrSm pdefac:cH& v k y f i e f ; p O f r s m ; j z p f a M u m i f ;
rIr&SbJ w½kwjf ynfukd aumif;rGepm 0efBuD;csKyf0rfusm;aygifu pD;yGm;a&;
       d
                                                                                                  tmz*efNidrf;csrf;a&;aumifpDacgif;aqmif vkyfBuHcH&
qufvuftkyfcsKyfEdkifcJhonf/ odkYyg acgif ; aqmif r sm;ud k ajymqd k x m; ubl;? pufwifbm 20
aomfvnf; NyD;cJonfh 2010 jynfEpf aMumif; od&onf/ zGUJ pnf;tkycsKyfykH
                              h            h S                                     f                      dk f f f
                                                                                                tmz*efEiiNH idr;csr;a&;aumifpD
cefYrpí uGejf rLepfygwDwif tqifh 3 tajccHOya'ESifh Oya'pnf;rsOf;pnf; acgif;aqmif Bur hanuddin Rabbani
         S                             G
ae&mü&Sdol rpöwm0rfusm;aygifu urf ; rsm; wpf o m;wnf ; jzpf & ef udk wmvDbef taocHAHk;cGJorm;u
                                                    f kd f    G
w½kwfEdkifiHudk EdkifiHa&;t& jyKjyif vkyuiaqmif&ujf cif;onf tmPm& AH;azmufcí owfjzwfcaMumif; CNN
                                                                                             k     JG            hJ



                        IS
       &moDOwkazmufjyefrEiUf obm0ab;'Pfowif;rsm;
                              kd f kd f k f G hf                              f I f   I kd H h
             - wdbufu,yitycsKyfci&a'oonf [dr0EÅmivsivycwfrucpm;cJ&&m ckepfO;aoqH;NyD; 136 OD;     D        k
                  d G                       f    k f
     'Pf&m&&Som;aMumif; w½kwtmPmydirsm;u owif;xkwjf yefonf/ wdbufa'oaevlwpfaomif;ud;axmif                       k
     cefY aetdrfrsm;udk pGefYcGmwdrf;a&SmifcJh&aMumif; tpdk;&rD'D,mqif[Gmua&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/ ivsif'Pf
     aMumifh aetdrfaygif;av;axmifhig;&mcefYqdk;&Gm;pGm xdckdufysufpD;cJh&onf/
             - w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiH pDcRrfjynfe,fwGif jrpfa&BuD;vmojzifh a&vQHrIrsm;jzpfyGm;cJh&m 25 OD;aoqHk;                                                                                                                  CNN
     xm;NyD; 14 OD;aysmufqHk;aeonf[k a'otmPmydkifrsm;u qkdonf/ pDcRrfa'oudk jzwfoef;pD;qif;aeaom
     Qujiang jrpf\ jrpfa&onf pdk;&drfa&rSwfxuf ckepfrDwmcefYtxd wufcJhaMumif; owif;rsm;t&od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                            owif;wGiazmfjyxm;onf/                          ¤if;onf vuf&Sd tmz*efor®w um
                                                                                                                                                     Rabbani onf tmz*efEkdifiH               df                   d f
                                                                                                                                                                                           Zki;\ t"dutwkutcHygwDjzpfaom
             f          f                              h d dk f hJ
     aetdraygif;&Spaomif;ausmf a&BuD;rIaMumifxcuc&NyD; tar&duefa':vm 2 'or 1 bDv,z;qH;½I;epfemcJh    D H dk k H
     onf[k w½kwftmPmydkifrsm;u xkwfjyefonf/                                                                                                 or®wa[mif;jzpfNyD; vuf&wif tm  dS G            United National Front ygwDacgif;
             - jyif;tm; 6 'or 9 tqifh&Sd ajrivsifBuD;wpfck [dr0EÅmawmifwef;rsm;wGif jzpfyGm;cJh&m tdE´d,?                                                f            D
                                                                                                                                            z*efNidr;csrf;a&;aumifpukd OD;aqmif            aqmifvnf; jzpfonf/
     eDaygESihf w½kwEiiwbufa'orsm;wGif pkpaygif; 81 OD;aoqH;cJ&NyD; tqkyga'oodYk tultnDay;a&;ypön;
                       f dk f H d                       k                       k h           d                       f                     aeoljzpfonf/ Rabbani ESifhwmvD                          Rabbani aoqH;rIukd wki;jynf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k             d f
                           J       f dS                              D      I            f dS
     rsm;ay;ydYk &efcufcvsu&ojzifh avaMumif;rSaeí ulnay;ydYk rrsm;jyKvsu&onf/ odYk aomf tcsKUd aomivsi'Pf         f                                   kd f      f            f f
                                                                                                                                            befu,pm;vS,tzGUJ wdYk Nidr;csr;a&;             twGuf aMuuGz,&m qH;½I;rItjzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                             J G f             k H
     cHcJh&onfh &yf&Gmrsm;rSm jyifyurÇmESifh tqufjywfvsuf&SdaeaomaMumifh u,fq,fa&;wyfzGJU0ifrsm; ra&muf                                                              f G
                                                                                                                                            aqG;aEG;yGJ usif;yaecsdewif taocH              or®wumZkdif;u rSwfcsufjyKajym
     vmcifaoqHk;olrsm; ta&twGuf wufvmrnfudk pdk;&drfrIrsm;&Sdaeonf/                                                                           k J                 dS
                                                                                                                                            AH;cGorm;a&muf&vmjcif;jzpfaMumif;              Mum;oGm;onf/
             - qlemrDESifh ivsif'Pfjyif;xefpGmcHxm;&aom *syefEkdifiH zlul&SD;rm;jynfe,fodkY tiftm;jyif;aom                                                    S          k
                                                                                                                                            tmz*efaxmufvr;f a&;todi;f t0di;f u  k                             dk f H G
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tmz*efEiiwif jzpfym;vsuf       G
     wkdifzGef;rkefwkdif;wpf&yf 0ifa&mufwkdufcwfjyef&m jyif;tm;wpfem&DvQif rkdif 130 EIef;txd jyif;xefcJhonf/                               ajymMum;onf/ ,if;taocHA;kH azmufcJG            &Sdaom aomif;usef;rIrsm;ukd ESdrfeif;
     ,ck owif;a&; aepOf pufwifbmv 22 &ufaeYtxdaoqH;ol av;OD;&Som;NyD[k *syef rd;av0o at*sifpu
                                                                          k             d G     k                   D                       rIaMumifh Rabbani \ t"du tBuHay;               oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;ESihf tmz*efacgif;
     xkwfjyefay;xm;onf/ tqdkyga'owGif ivsif'PfcHxm;&aom "mwfa&mifjcnfpdrfhaeonfh EsLuvD;,m;                                                 yk*Kd¾ vf Masoom Stanikzai tygt0if             aqmifrsm;udk umuG,fay;oGm;rnf
     "mwfaygif;zdkrsm;twGuf pdk;&drfrIrsm;vnf;&Sdaeonf/                                                                                     tjcm;vlav;OD; 'Pf&m&&SdcJhaMumif;                                            dk f H l
                                                                                                                                                                                           jzpfaMumif; tar&duefEiiy;wGJ ppfO;                D
             - pufwifbmv yxrywfukefwGifjzpfyGm;cJhaom ygupöwefa&ab;aMumifh vlaygif; 300 ausmfaoqHk;                                         tmz*ef&JXmeajyma&;qdkcGifh&Sdolu                      f       dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                           pD;csKya&wyfAvcsKyMf uD; Mike Mullen
     cJ&NyD; vl ckepfoef;cefYrm rkwoer;dk 'Pfukd jyif;xefpmqufvufcpm;ae&qJjzpfonf/ &moDOwktajctaeaMumifh
       h                            S      f kf                G                 H                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                            rSwcsujf yKajymMum;onf/                        u ajymMum;oGm;onf/
                                                                                                                                                     Rabbani onf tmz*efacgif;                       ,cktcgwGif wmvDbefwYkd u
                                                     f             f kd f           h
     ab;tEÅ&m,fwYHk jyefa&;u,fq,fa&;vkyief;rsm;vkyui&mwGif aESmifaES;rIrsm;BuHK&vsuf&onf[k u,fq,f dS
     a&;vkyfom;rsm;uqkdonf/ 'ku©onftrsm;rSm &du©m? a&? trdk;tumESifhusef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIr&bJ                                            aqmifrsm;Mum;wGif jyefvnfpnf;vH;      k        ppfa&;r[mAsL[mrsm; ajymif;vJvm
     jzpfae&NyD; ygupöwefavwyfu a0[ifrSwpfqifhtultnDay;a&;ypönf;rsm;ay;ydkYBudK;pm;vsuf&Sdonf/                                              nDnGwfa&;twGuf ta&;ygaom                       NyD; t"duacgif;aqmifrsm;udk vkuvH             d f
                                                                                                                                            acgif;aqmifwpfa,mufjzpfonf/                    vkyBf uHowfjzwfvsuf&onf/        dS
  The
     42
      VOICE                 FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                               Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




ukvokdh ygvufpwdkif;EdkifiHtwnfjyKa&; tqdkrwifcif BudKwifn§dEdIif;&ef tpöa&;urf;vSrf;
a*s½kqvif? pufwifbm 21

    yg    vufpwdkif;u ukvor*¾wGif tcsKyftjcmtmPmydkifEdkifiHwpfEdkifiHtjzpftzGJU0ifyg0ifcGifh&&Sda&;tqdk wifoGif;rnfhtpDtpOfudk pDpOfvsuf&SdNyD;
          ,if;tpDtpOfudkvnf; EdkifiHwumaxmufcHrIjrifhwufaepOfwGif tpöa&;u tqdkygudpöESifhywfoufí ygvufpwdkif;ESifhwif BudKn§dEdIif;
aqG;aEG;yGJjyKvkyf&efurf;vSrf;vdkufaMumif; BBC owif;wpf&yfü azmfjyxm;onf/
                                                          k S                                     hJ                   k f H
      ygvuf p wd k i f ; acgif ; aqmif tar&duefjynfaxmifpEihf tpöa&;wdYk ratmifjrifbJ &yfwefYc&onf/ *gZm ay;&ef Ediiwumudk ygvufpwdi;                k f
                                                                                                     k    S
rmrG w f t bwf p f u vnf ; tpö a &; u ygvufpwdkif;\tqdkygtpDtpOf urf;ajr§mifa'o ta&SUa*s½qvifEihf uawmif;qdaejcif;jzpfonf/     k
                                                 G      G f     f dS
0efBuD;csKyfaewefnm[kESifh awGUqHk udk jyif;xefpmuefYuuvsu&onf/ taemufbufurf;tp&Sdonfh 1967                                        k     kfH
                                                                                                                   ygvufpwdi;f \ Edii&yfwnfrukd    I
                                                                                        S f
vdkygaomfvnf; ukvüta&;qdkjcif; ygvufpwdkif;ESifh tpöa&;wdkY xdyf u owfrway;xm;aom eyfpyfrsOf; rpöwmbefuDrGef;u todtrSwfjyK
                                        k    f                J
udk tm;pdkufí a&SUwdk;aqmif&Guf&ef wduNf idr;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGonf vGef twdkif; ygvufpwdkif;udk tpöa&;\ ay;NyD ; ygu vH k N cH K a&;aumif p D \
om qE´&SdaMumif; ajymzl;onf/ cJ h o nf h wpf E S p f c ef Y uwnf ; u tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiHtjzpf todtrSwfjyK axmuf c H r I u d k ,l & rnf j zpf o nf /
                                                                                                             tqd k y gtqif h w G i f tar&d u ef u

     armfpDwkef;\ajr;u armfpDwkef;tawG;tac: oifMum;                                                                         kd
                                                                                                             ¤if;\ ADwtmPmudtoH;jyKrnf[kk k
                                                                                                             ajymMum;xm;zl;onf/ ]]ygvufpwdkif;
                                                                                                                      k f            f
                                                                                                             tmPmydiukd uReawmfajymcsiwmu        f
ab*sif;? pufwifbm 21                                                                                                             S k f kd f
                                                                                                             e,l;a,mufrm wdu½uaqG;aEG;Mu
                                                                                    dk f H    df H Gf f G
                                                                         jynfoYlEiia&;twkiyifcuez&ihwif zdkYjzpfygw,f/ 'grS a*s½kqvifeJY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BBC
                                                                         vnf; udk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;jzpfonf/ &mrmvm&fwdkYrSm qufNyD;n§dEdIif;Edkif
                                                                                 Max Xinyu \ tbdk;jzpfol     r,f}} [k tpöa&;0efBuD;csKyf aewef                                                                                            k I f d f  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         wGif ta&;qdrukd ½kyor;apvdaom
                                                                                D k f
                                                                         armfpwe;onf w½kwjf ynfoYl or®w nm[ku ajymMum;vduonf/          k f                                                                                     h l                  ö d§ Id f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aMumif[íjzpfonf/ ,if;udpnEi;
                                                                         EkdifiHudk 1949 ckESpfwGif wnfaxmif       tpöa&;ESihf ygvufpwdi;ta&;k f                                                                         &eftwGuf tar&duefor®wbm&uf
                                                                         cJhonfh acgif;aqmifwpfOD;jzpfouJh apmifMh unfavhvmolrsm; a0zefonf
                                                                                                                          h                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tdbm;rm;u ,if;acgif;aqmifrsm; ESihf
                                                                         odkY EkdifiHa&;tawG;tac:orm;wpf rSm aewefnm[k\ urf;vSrf;csuf                                                                                           k d§ Id f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         awGUqHnEi;rnf[k tdrjf zLawmf u
                                                                         a,mufvnf;jzpfonf/                   onf ygvufpwdkif;\ ukvor*¾                                                                                   owif;xkwfjyefxm;onf/
                                                                                                              AFP

      w½kwacgif;aqmifBu;D armfpwe;f
            f
\ ajr;jzpfol Mao Xinyu onf
                               D k                                                 kd f
                                                                     Guangzhou wuúov&dS ausmif;om;
                                                                                         d f kd f
                                                                     65 a,mufukd tcseyi;oifMum;oGm;
                                                                                                                                a'ocHrsm;\zdtm;aMumifU w½kwfnpfnrf;puf½Hkydwf&
tbdk;jzpfol\ tawG;tac:rsm;udk                                        rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ,if ; wuú o d k v f                ab*sif;? pufwifbm 20
                    kd f G
Guangzhou wuúovwif oifMum;                                           Website wGifazmfjyxm;onf/ Mao                                 ywf0ef;usifnpfnrf;rI jzpfym;    G     vkdufaoMu&m a'ocHrsm;u puf½Hk                   ajymMum;onf/ &moDOwkurk;tvGef d
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; AFP owif;Xme                                      Xinyu u rdrd\ rdom;pkaemufcHu                                 kd f
                                                                                                                            rnfup;dk &draomaMumifh a'ocHrsm; \           udk0dkif;í oHk;&ufwm qE´jycJhMujcif;            rsm;aomaMumifh azmfjyygjrpfa&xJ
ua&;om;azmfjyonf/                                                    pmoifMum;rIwGif taxmuftuljyK                           uef Y uG u f q E´ j yrI r sm;quf w k d u f   jzpfonf/ ZDusefjynfe,ftwGif;&Sd                 "mwktnpftaMu;rsm;0ifa&mufrI
      Mao Xinyu onfvuf&SdwGif                                                        f h
                                                                     oGm;rnf[k arQmvifaMumif; rSwcsuf f                     BuHKvkduf&aom qdkvmjym;xkwfvkyf              aom ,if;puf½HktwGif;okdY qE´jyol                jzpfyGm;cJh&jcif;[k ¤if;u taMumif;
w½kwfjynfolYvGwfajrmufa&; wyfr                                       jyKajymMum;onf/ w½kwfjynfolY                           onfh w½kwfpuf½Hkwpf½Hkudk w½kwf              rsm;u csKd;zsuf0ifa&mufrIrsm;jyKvkyf                   f h               Sf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         jycsuay;cJonf/ oefY&i;a&;vkyief;f
        k f           h dS       d f
awmfü AdvcsKyftqif&ojl zpfNyD; EkiiH                                      f
                                                                     vTwajrmufa&;wyfrawmfwif AkvcsKyf
                                                                                                  G d f                              d f f d f kd f
                                                                                                                            ta&SUyki;wGiywvu&aMumif; BBC                                      f d f
                                                                                                                                                                         Mu&m t"du½kP; ESreif;a&;&Jrsm;u                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         rsm;vnf; vkyaqmifaeNyDjzpfaMumif;
a&; tBuHay;tjzpfygwm0ef,lxm;                                         tqifh&Sdol Mao Xinyu onf w½kwf                         owif;wpf&yfuazmfjyonf/                       yif vma&mufvlpkcGJcJh&onf/ puf½Hk               ¤if;uqkdonf/ puf½HkaMumifh teD;
                            k
oljzpfaMumif;? ¤if;onf tbd;jzpfol                                    jynfolY uGef*&ufudk EkdifiHa&;qkdif&m                               kH
                                                                                                                                   puf½wnfNyD;aemuf teD;tem;             teD;tem;jrpf&Sda&udk "mwfcGJprf;oyf             ywf0ef;usifjynfolrsm; aoG;uifqm
armfpDwkef;\ tawG;tac:rsm;udk                                        tBuH Ó Pf r sm;ay;&aom w½k w f                         jrpftwGif;&Sdig;rsm; tpkvdkuftNyHK           cJh&m zvltdk½dkuf"mwf tvGefjrifhrm;             ESifh tjcm;uifqmrsm;jzpfaeonf[k
                                                                                                                                                                                f          f h
                                                                                                                                                                         vsu&NdS yD; tqdyoifaeonf[w½kwf        k                          G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tifwmeufwif aumvm[vvTiol          hf

ygvufpwkdif;EkdifiHopftodtrSwfjyKa&;urÇmtESHhaxmufcH                                                                                                                     t&m&SBd uD;rsm;u twnfjyKxm;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                  tqkygpuf½ukd tmPm ydiu
                                                                                                                                                                                      d         kH
                                                                                                                                                                         ydwfodrf;ay;vkdufaomtcg a'ocH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         wpfOD;udk &Ju zrf;qD;xm;aMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         vnf; ,if;owif;t& od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              k        d             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tpd;&t&m&Srsm;u a'owGi;odYk qif;
*gZmpD;wD;? pufwifbm 20                                                                                                                                                  jynfolrsm;u atmifyGJcHcJhMuaMumif;              um a'ocHrsm;ESifhñSdEdIif;vsuf&Sd
         ukvor*¾u ygvufpwki;f a'o               d                    1967 e,fpyfrsOf;twkdif; ygvuf                          pwkdif;onf ukvor*¾wGif avhvm                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                         BBC \ w½kwowif;axmufuqkd                        aMumif; tpkd;&tmabmf China Daily
        dfH
udk EkiitjzpftodtrSwjf yKa&;tqduk d                          k            d f
                                                                     pwki;-tpöa&;e,fpyftjzpfowfrwf                      S                           G hf h
                                                                                                                            oltjzpfom wufa&mufci&cJonf/                  onf/ ]]puf½Hkudk yxrOD;qHk;tqifh                owif ; pmu a&;om;azmf j yxm;
ygvufpwki;f ESih f ¤if;udaxmufcorsm;u
                d               k            H l                     um ygvufpwkdif;EkdifiHtjzpf tod                               ]]uReawmfwYk[m uReawmfwYk&UJ
                                                                                                                                            f   d     f       d          ydwfay;oihfw,fvdkY vlrIa&;t&                    onf/ ,ckjzpf&yft& w½kwfjynfol
ukvor*¾wGif tqdkjyKjcif;twGuf                                        trSwjf yKay;&ef vdvm;aejcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                k                           tcGifhta&;twkdif; ygvufpwkdif;udk            wm0ef , l z d k Y uRef a wmf w d k Y cH p m;&   rsm;\ obm0ywf0ef;usifqkdif&m
axmufcoifh roifukd BBC owif;Xme
            H           h                                                     tar&d u ef j ynf a xmif p k E S i f h                   h
                                                                                                                            tjynft0todtrSwfjyKa&;twGuf                   ygw,f/ jyifqifrIjyKwJh pDrHcsufawG              tav;xm;rI a&csejf rifwufvmonf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d h
u Ekiiaygif; 19EkiirS ,if;rD',m\
        dfH                 dfH                   D                  tpöa&;wdYk u ygvufpwki;Ekiiopf         d f d f H                   k G               d
                                                                                                                            ta&;qdom;rSmyg}}[k ygvufpwki;f or®w          vnf;vkyfrSmyg}} [k puf½HkajymcGifh&             [kqdkEkdifaMumif; avhvmolrsm;u
y&dowfrsm;xH ppfwrf;aumuf,c&m                           l hJ         ay:vma&;onf wku½uñEi;aqG;    d f kd f dS Id f          rmrGwtbwfpuajymMum;cJonf/
                                                                                                                                    f         f         h                t&m&Sd aomrwfpfusifu BBC udk                    oH;oyfMuonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k
ajzMum;Muoltrsm;pku ¤if;wdY\ tpd;k &       k                                          d f
                                                                     aEG;rSom &EkirnfjzpfaMumif; twd
rsm;taejzifh ukvor*¾wif rJc&mü         G             JG              tvif;qdkxm;Muonf/ BBC tif
axmufcay;MuapvdaMumif; ajzMum;
cJMh uonf/
              H                   k

         tjrifukd wifjyol 49 &mckiEe;               dfIf
                                                                     wmeufpmrsufEmrS ppfwrf;aumufchJ
                                                                                              S
                                                                     &m rGwqvifEiirsm;u axmufcH rI
                                                                              f            dk f H
                                                                     tjrif h r m;qH k ; jzpf N yD ; tar&d u ef
                                                                                                                                                             h d
                                                                                                                                aemfa0tMurf;zuform;ukd oD;oefxe;f odr;f &eftrdecs
                                                                                                                                                                               hf
u axmufccMhJ uNyD; 21 &mckiEe;u
                  H                           d f I f                jynfaxmifpkESifh w½kwfrSpmzwfol                            abmfpvkd? pufwifbm 19
¤if;wdkYtpdk;&rsm;taejzifh ukvwGif                                   rsm;uvnf; trsm;pkaxmufcHcJhMu                                     aemfa0EkdifiHü vlaygif; 77 OD;ukd owfjzwfcJhol vuf,mtpGef;a&muftMurf;zuform; Anders Behring
     JG                     H J
rJcygu axmufcray;Mu&ef tvd&dS                                  k     onf/ axmufcHrItenf;qHk;EkdifiHrSm                          Breivik ukd   ESpfvxyfrHí oD;oefYxdef;odrf;xm;&ef w&m;½kH;u trdefYcsrSwfcJhaMumif; BBC owif;Xmeu
Muonf/ ygvufpwkdif;u ukv                                             tdE´d,EkdifiHjzpfNyD; 32 &mckdifEIef;u                     azmfjyxm;onf/
or*¾tzGJU0ifEkdifiHjzpfa&;ukvudk                                     axmufcHrIjyKcJhNyD; 25 &mckdifEIef;u                              vuf,mtpGef;a&muftMurf;zuform; Breivik \ ZlvkdifvtwGif; aemfa0NrKdUawmf abmfpvkdü um;AkH;
ta&;qdkrnfjzpfaomfvnf; tar&d                                         qefYusiMf uonf/ tD*sponf ygvuf     f                       azmufcGJjcif;ESifh Utoeya uRef;ay:&Sd vli,fpcef;ukd wkdufckdufcJhrIrsm;aMumifh vlaygif; 77 OD; aoqkH;cJh&onf/
                          k
uef jynfaxmifpu ADwtmPmjzifh        kd                                    df dfH
                                                                     pwki;Ekiitopfukd tBudKqq;Hk jzpf NyD;     kd               ,if;wkdufckdufrIrsm;rSm aemfa0EkdifiHtwGif;okdY rGwfqvif0g'ESifh EkdifiHpkH,Ofaus;rI0g'rsm; 0ifa&mufjcif;rS
y,fcsrnf[k jyefvnfwkHYjyefxm;                                        ppfwrf;ajzMum;ol 90 &mcdkifEIef;                           umuG,f&efjyKvkyf&jcif;jzpfaMumif; Breivik u umuG,fajymMum;oGm;onf/
                    hJ
onf/ ,ckuoYdk BudK;yrf;rIonf Nidr;                               f   ausmfu ygvufpwki;a'oudk ukv   d f                                 ,if;ukd atmufwbmv 17 txd oD;oefYxe;odr;xm;&efEihf Ek0ifbmv 14 &ufaeYtxd jyify{nfonf
                                                                                                                                                           dk                      d f f            S d                                  h
csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGJudk xdcdkufrnf                                                         d f
                                                                     todtrSwjf yKEkiijH zpfapcsiMf uonf/                        rsm;ESihf awGUqkciray;&ef aemfa0w&m;½H;u trdeYf csrSwxm;onf/ tjcm;aomtMurf;zufrrsm;ESihf qufouf
                                                                                                                                                H G hf                    k             f                                     I            G
r[kwfaMumif; aocsmapvdkaMumif;                                       Nidrf;csrf;pGmtwl,SOfwGJaexkdifa&;                              h                 d f                                f f                    f hJ
                                                                                                                                rnftEÅ&m,fudk pk;&dr&aomaMumifh Breivik ukd oD;jcm;xde;odr;&ef trdeYf csrSwc&jcif;jzpfaMumif; w&m;olBuD;
  dfH
Ekiiwum\ ta&SUtv,fyi;qkif &m             kd f d                      twGuf tpöa&;ESihf ygvufpwki;wdYk               d f         Anne Margrethe Lund u ajymMum;onf/
oHtrwfBuD; wdebvJu BBC udk
                       k D                                           q,fpkESpf ESpfpkcefYñSdEdIif;&efBudK;yrf;                         Brevik u ZlvkdifowfjzwfrIrsm;ukd 0efcHajymMum;oGm;aomfvnf; &mZ0wfrIqkdif&m w&m;pGJqkdrIrsm;ukdrl
ajymMum;onf / *gZmurf ; ajrmif                                             h
                                                                     aecJaomfvnf; oabmwlnrI tcsKd;                D             jiif;y,fajymMum;oGm;onf/
a'o? ta&SUa*s½kqvif tygt0if                                                        kH
                                                                     tauGUwpfpwpf&mr&&Scay/ ygvuf      d hJ
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                        FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       43



ivsifvIyfrnfudk BudKwifowday;&ef ysufuGufcJUaom tDwvDodyÜHynm&Sifrsm; ½Hk;wifcH&
a&mr? pufwifbm 20
      cJho h 2 pfu
 vGef tqHnft½HEStvGetDwvDhodknffih HaajrivsifBuD;ESifhyKUawmfufíowdftauGDvmwGiuGuyfcGmJha;cJhaomtysuftpDdy;ÜH
          k; I;     frsm;cJ
                            E i wmifay:a'oNrd
                                                         wfo
                                                             t,fv
                                                                      y;&efysuf
                                                                                f jzpf
                                                                                          om tDwmvsHo
ynm&SifajcmufOD;udk w&m;½Hk;wifppfaq;aeNyDjzpfaMumif; Daily Telegraph owif;pmu a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/
             k k
       tqdyg½H;wifppfaq;rIukd odyHÜ olrsm;udk tjypfwifví xkoYkdw&m;pGJ trsK;om;blr½yaA'ESihf rD;awmifaA'
                                                            kd d              d      d l
ynme,f y ,f u uefYuGufMuNyD; qdkjcif;r[kwfbJ aoqHk;cJh&olrsm; tifpwDusKOuú|? a&mrNrdKUawmftajc
          f              h df If
ajrivsiwpfck rnfonftcsevyrnf? twGuf wpfpwpfcawmh jyefvyrjSzpfrnf pkuf trsKd;om;ajrivsifXmerS 'g½duf
                                                   kH k          kf         d                         k
rnf r Qjyif ; xef r nf u d k twd t us [laomoabmjzifhom w&m;pGJcJhMu wm *lvD,dkq,fAm*DESifh *sDEkdtm
cefYrSef;&efrjzpfEdkifaMumif; wHkYjyef jcif;jzpfaMumif; rD'D,mrsm;udk ajym wuúovrS ½lyaA'ygarmu© uavmf
                                                                                kd f
                        G h
ajymqdMk uonf/ jzpfym;cJaomivsif Mum;Muonf/ w&m;pGJ ½Hk;wifcH&ol 'D , d k t D A m ponf h ynm&S i f r sm;
                    k h
BuD;aMumifh aoqH;cJ&ol 309 OD;\ rsm;wGif tDwvDü vlodrsm;xif&Sm; yg0ifMuonf/ ¤if;wdkYudk rjynfhpHk
usef&pfolaqGrsKd;rsm;u uRrf;usif aom blrd½lyynm&Sif tefZdkabmhpfcsD? aom? vufawGUrjzpfaom owif;

rdef;rvsmppfrIxrf;rsm;tm; uefhowfxm;onfUrl0g'                                                                                                                                                                                                             AP

                                                                                                                                                               tcsuftvufrsm;ay;cJhaomaMumifh                    k f l k                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Edib;qdwm uRefawmfwYkd oygw,f/
or®wtdkbm;rm;½kyfodrf;                                                                                                                                         epfemcJh&onf[k ivsif'PfcHcJh&ol
                                                                                                                                                               rsm;u w&m;pGJqdkxm;jcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                              'gayrJh uRefawmfwdkY[m tcsdefra&G;
                                                                                                                                                                                                              aygufuGJEdkifwJhAHk;ay:rSm wufaeae
0g&Sifwef? pufwifbm 21                                                                                                                                                      G             S hf
                                                                                                                                                               vuf&jdS zpfym;aeaomtrIEiywfoufí                w,fqdkwmrsKd;avmufawmh today;
             'Don't ask, Don't tell' [kemrnf           u csrSwfcJhjcif;jzpfum tqdkygOya'                  wm0efxrf;aqmifzdkY&m olwdkYb,fol                     od y Ü H y nm&yf e ,f y ,f r S ynm&Sif         oifhwmayghAsm}} [k ivsifwGif orD;
BuD;aom tar&duefppfwyftwGi;f rl0g'                     udk zsufor;&eftwGuf 2010 wGif
                                                                        d f                               b,f0gqdwm nmaep&mrvdawmhyg
                                                                                                                    k                   k                      5000 cefYu tDwvDor®w a*smf*sD                  ESifh ZeD;qHk;½HI;xm;onfh touf 48
                              f
wpfcjk zpfonfh rde;rvsmESihf vdiwl                 f   tar&duefue*&ufvwawmfu rJcJG
                                                                            G f          T f                              k
                                                                                                          bl;}} [k or®wtdbm;rm;u ajymMum;                      ,dkemydkvDwmEdkxH pmay;ydkYxm;ao;              ESpt&G,fq&m0efwpfO;D jzpfonfha'gufwm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
        f J
csi;pGruforsm;tm; ppfrxrf;jcif;tm;
                  l                    I               cJhMujcif;jzpfonf/ tqdkygrl0g'udk                  onf / Oya'y,f z suf N yD ; aemuf                     onf/ tqdkygjzpf&yfESifhywfoufí                 AifqifhZdkApfwdk&DeDu ajymMum;onf/
uefYowfonfhrl0g'udk rdef;rvsm                          ,cifu Don't ask, Don't tell , Don't                tar&duefwyfzGJU0iftcsKdUonf ¤if;                     tar&d u ef o d y Ü H t oif ; uvnf ;            ¤if ; onf                  ajrivsif
tcGifhta&;awmif;qdkolrsm;u tpOf                        pursue (rar;eJY? rajymeJY? rvkdufeJY)                       I Gf
                                                                                                          wdYk\vlrue&uftifwmeufpmrsuEm    fS                   ½Iwfcsvdkufonf/ ]]odyÜHynm&yfudk                                 k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              umvaESmif;ydi;wGif tmZmenf 309
wpduuefYuuaecJ&m vuf&dS or®w
         k f         G f h                             [k trnfay;xm;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/                                         f kd f d f
                                                                                                          rsm;ü ¤if;wdYk\ vdiyi;qki&m tajc                     w&m;½Hk;wifw,fqdkwm rjzpfoifh                  OD;[k trnf&onfhtzGJUudk xlaxmif
bm;&ufctbm;rm;u ,if;Oya'udk
                f kd                                   &DywfbvDuefrsm;\ uefYuucsursm;          G f f      taersm;udk ajymif;vJwifjcif;rsm;                     ygbl;}}[k ygarmu© uavmf'D,dktDAm               xm;oljzpfonf/ tu,fí ynm&Sif
y,fzsufay;vkdufNyDjzpfaMumif; tar                      Mum;rS or®wtdkbm;rm;u tqdkyg                       jyKvkyfvmonf[k owif;rsm;u                            \ a&SUaeuajymMum;onf/ ]]b,fol                  rsm; trI½HI;ygu axmif'Pf 15 ESpf
&duefowif;pmrsm;u tus,fw0ifh                           rl0g'udk zsufor;ay;cJjh cif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                 d f                          k
                                                                                                          qdonf/                                               rS ivsifvIyfr,fhtcsdefudk BudKrajym            txd uscH&Edkifonf/
a&;om;azmfjyvsu&onf/            f dS                   ,cifay:vpDa[mif;vufxufwGif
             wyfrawmfumuG,a&;OD;pD;csKyf
vnf;jzpfol tdkbm;rm;\ ajzavsmh
            d f I
ay;vkuraMumifh ,cktcg rde;rvsm
                                         f

                                               f
                                                       rdef;rvsmppfom;rsm;onf ¤if;wdkY
                                                       rdef;rvsmrsm;jzpfaMumif; vlodcHí
                                                       r&aom tajctaejzifh wyfxJwGif
                                                                                                               t*Fvdyfpum;ajymaom wmZHuav;wpfOD;
rsm;onf ppfwyftwGi;odYk 0if&mwGif
                            f
¤if;wdYk\ b0trSeudk xdecse&efrvd?k
                                     f
                                           f f
                                                       aeMu&onf/
                                                                            S
                                                                  ]],aeYrpNy;D tm;vH;k aom trs;dK om;?
                                                                                                               *smreDawmtkyftwGif;rSxGufay:
pH k p rf ; aq;cH & ef rvd k b J 0if c G i f h &       trsKd;orD;awG[m olwYdk uk,owYdk            d f l   bmvif? pufwifbm 20
awmhrnfjzpfonf/ Oya'zsufay;                            rnf o k d Y owf r S w f o nf jzpf a p                     *smreD E d k i f i H a wmtk y f x J w G i f
vdkufonfh aeYtxdrf;trSwftjzpf                          wk d i f ; jynf w m0ef u d k ,l e D a zmif ;              k S f
                                                                                                          q,fpEp0ufcefY usivnfaecJaom    f        h
      f                hf
rde;rvsmtcGita&;awmif;qdorsm;                  k l     wlnDpGmeJY xrf;aqmifEdkifMuygNyD}} [k              q,fausmfouf awmwGif;om;av;
u pka0;umatmifyGJcHvsuf&SdaMumif;                                     D              d f
                                                       yl;wGJ ppfO;pD;csKyf AkvcsKyBf uD; rkurvefd fl          D
                                                                                                          wpfO; bmvifNrdKUay:odYk a&muf&vm           dS
vnf; Newyork Times owif;pm u                           u aMunmvkuonf/          d f                        um urÇmay:wGif ¤if;wpfOD;wnf;
a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/ tqkdyg                                                                   f
                                                                  ]]'DuaeYupNy;D rsK;d csptar&duef        &Sdonf[k xifcJhrdaMumif; t*Fvdyf
Don't ask, Don't tell rl0g'udk 1993                                           D hJ l D
                                                       awG[m wlnw,eazmif;awG0wfNyD;                                                        kI
                                                                                                          bmomjzifh ¤if;\ajymqdrudk uk;d um;í
wGif or®wbDvuvifwefvufxuf f                            olwdkY cspfwJhEdkifiHtwGuf wkdif;jynf              Independent owif;pmu a&;om;
                                                                                                                                                                 Independent

                                                                                                                                                               azmfjyxm;onf/                                  t0wftpm;awGvnf; oefY&Sif;ae
      2035 wGif urÇmhavmifpmoHk;pGJrI 53&mcdkifEIef;                                                                                                                                   S hf
                                                                                                                                                                       ,cifu zcifEitwl awmtkyf
                                                                                                                                                               xJwiaecJjh cif;jzpfaMumif;? zcifao
                                                                                                                                                                     G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              w,f? eHapmfaewmrsKd;vnf; r[kwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              bl;/ 'gayrJh ol b,folvJqdkwm
                                                                                                                                                                  k
                                                                                                                                                               qH;oGm;aomtcgrS rnfoYkd vy&udif      k f k     olvHk;0udkrodwm&Sifh}} [k *smref
      wufvmrnf                                                                                                                                                 &rnfrSef;rodygaomaMumifh tul
                                                                                                                                                               tnD&Sm&ef oGm;vm&if; vlMum;xJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                              0efxrf;trsKd;orD;wpfO;uqdonf/     D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       zcif o nf awmtk y f x J w G i f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k

      [lpwef? pufwifbm 21                                                                                                                                      jyefa&mufvmjcif;jzpfaMumif; tqdyg        k     opfyifay:rS jyKwfusaoqHk;pOfu
             tar&duefjynfaxmifpkpGrf;tifqdkif&m owif;tcsuftvufXme (EIA) \ wdi;wmwGucsufrrsm;t&                       k f            f       I                  q,fausmouft&G,a,musm;uav;
                                                                                                                                                                            f        f            f           oH v d k u f t d r f a jr§ m if w pf c k a y;cJ h u m
                                          k J I kd                                     Sf G
      urÇmBuD;\ avmifpmoH;pGrvtyfcsufonf ouú&mZf 2035 ckEpwif 53 &mcdiEe;f wufvmrnfjzpfaMumif; UPI         kfI                                                 i,fu t*Fvdyfpum;a&vnfpGmjzifh                                       l
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ajrmuft&yfp;pl;odYk oGm;oifaMumif;         h
      owif;wpf&yfu azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                                                               ajymjyNyD; *smrefpum;udkrl wpfvHk;p            rSmcJhí xGufcGmvmcJhNyD; oDwif;ywf
                             kd f H            k
             zGUH NzKd;qJEiirsm;\ wd;wufvmaom pD;yGm;a&;rsm;aMumifh urÇmBuD;wGif pGr;tifvtyfcsujf rifwufvm&      f       kd               h                    ESpfvHk;pomwwfaMumif; rD'D,mrsm;               ESpfywfcefYtMumwGif bmvifNrdKUodkY
                                                   k f H           f        kd f
      jcif;jzpfaMumif; EIA \ 2011 EdiiwumpGr;tifqi&moabmxm;tjrifxwjf yefcsufacgif;pOfjzifh azmfjyxm;   k                                                       u a&;om;azmfjyMuonf/ ]]urÇm                    a&mufvmjcif;jzpfaMumif; tqdkyg
                           h        kSf               f                k
      onf/ vmrnfq,fpEprsm;twGi; jyefvnftoH;jyKí &Ediaom pGr;tift&if;tjrpfvyief;rsm; zGUH NzdK;vmrnf[k
                                                                                   kf       f                         kf                                       ay:rSm om;wpfa,mufwnf;&Sdwm                    emrnf r &S d a om aumif a v;uqd k
      cefYrSef;xm;aomfvnf; ½kyf<uif;avmifpmudk t"dupGrf;tift&if;tjrpftjzpf qufvuftoHk;jyK&rnfom                                                                vm;? om;b,folrSef;vJrodbl;?                    onf/ zcifu olYudk Ray a&;[kac:
      jzpfaMumif; tqdkygtifpwDusKuaxmufjyxm;onf/ avmifpmvdktyfcsuftwGuf ½kyf<uif;avmifpm (a&eH?                                                                                               k f
                                                                                                                                                               vkyMf uygOD;}} [k tmPmydirsm;qDukd             aMumif;? odkYaomf rdom;pkemrnfudkrl
                                                          k                                 f k f J
      obm0"mwfaiGU) wdYkukd t"dutoH;jyK&rnfjzpfum ,if;wdYkukd xkwvyo;Hk pGrI qufvufjrifwufvmrnfjzpfNyD;                       h                                a&mufvmpOf tqdkygawmwGif;om;                   rodaMumif; *smreDtmPmydkifrsm;udk
                               h             k          f            kfIf
      2035 wGif urÇmavmifpmvdtyfcsu\ 78 &mcdiEe;txd ae&m,lxm;qJjzpfrnf[vnf; wGucsua[mude;xkwf                  k                f f           f                av;u ajymMum;NyD; t*Fvdyfpum;                  ¤if;uqdkonf/ touf 17 ESpfeD;yg;
                                                                                          k
      vdkufonf/ 2008 ckESpfrS 2035 ckESpftwGif; obm0"mwfaiGUtoH;jyKEIe;onf ,cifumvrsm;uxuf odompGmf                                                                   k f
                                                                                                                                                               ajymEdiaomtrsKd;orD;0efxrf;wpfO;           D   &SdNyD[kcefYrSef;&aom q,fausmfouf
                             k                                  k         h
      wufvmrnf[vnf; ,if;pmwrf;uqdonf/ urÇmobm0"mwfaiGUxkw,o;pGronf 2008 ckEprpí ESppOf              f l kH J I                        S f S     f                                           f
                                                                                                                                                               u ]]raMumufygeJY? pdwat;at;xm;}}               *smrefa&muf wmZHuav;udk rnfol
                           kfI                              dS S f               D H k
      1 'or 6 &mcdiEe;f wufvmcJNh y;D vuf&EppOf 111 x&Dv,uAay oH;k pGae&mrS ouú&mZf 2035 wGif 169 x&Dv,H
                                                                                              J                                                   D                           k hJ
                                                                                                                                                               [k ajymqdc&aMumif; rsufjrifouf                 rnf 0 g[k o d & S d a p&ef *smref & J u
                        dS            k
      ukAaytxd&vmrnf[vnf; owday;xm;onf/ EIA onf tar&dueftpd;&\pGr;tifqi&mokawoetzGUJ                     k         f        kd f                                          D
                                                                                                                                                               aowpfO;uqdonf/      k                          Oa&mywpfcGifaMunmcsufxkwfxm;
                                        f            h D k                                      k
      tpnf;wpfcjk zpfNyD; vGwvyfonftrStcduif;aom pm&if;Z,m;rsm;oH;oyfcsursm;jzifh xkwjf yefjcif;jzpfonf/     f                                                         ]]uav;Munfh&wm tdrfajcrJh              aMumif; bmviftmPmydkifrsm;uqdk
                                                                                                                                                               av;yH k v nf ; rayguf b l ; &S i f h ?         onf/
     44
   The
      VOICE              FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                         Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




                         f kd                  UJ
tDvpftvTmrSmarG;zGm;? rkewi;f Mum;rSmaq;om;wifcol
barmifnKd
                         cJ h w J h & uf o wå y wf t wG i f ; u oG m ;cJ h w J h t ar&d u ef ' k w d , or® w *sKd ; bpf ' if & J U w½k w f j ynf c &D ; rS m
   NyD;                  w½kwf'kwd,or®w &SDusif;zifeJY ig;BudrfavmufawGUqHkcJhygw,f/ tar&duefbufu t&m&SdawGuawmh                                                  buf
w½kwf'kwd,or®w&JU EdkifiHa&; tjrifawGeJY udk,f&nfudk,faoG;awGudk olwdkY&Sm;&Sm;yg;yg; tuJcwfavhvmcGifh&vdrfhr,fvdkY
                                                                        d
,lqxm;wmyg/ 'DwpfBudrf 'kw,or®wESpfOD;&JUawGUqHkyGJrSm 0g&Sifwef&JUb@ma&;tusyftwnf;jyóemawGeJY w½kwf(wkdifay)udk
tar&duefrSvuf eufa&mif;cscJhwJhudpöawG[m aqG;aEG;yGJ&JUA[dkcsufjzpfvmvdrfhr,fvdkY ,lqcJhMuygw,f/
            touf 50 ESpt&G,&NdS yDjzpf wJh or®wawGjzpfwJh t,fvf*dk;vfwdkY? cyfxefxefyJ wHYk jyefajymqdcw,f/
                                                  f       f                                                                                                                 k hJ          ygbl;/ 'gqdk
&SD usif;zif[m or®w[lusifawmif 'pfacsewYkdvnf; w½kwjf ynfukd vmzl;                         D                                                         ]EdkifiHwumpD;yGm;a&;tusyf &if w½kwjf ynf
tem;,loGm;wJhtcsdef 2013 ckESpf ygw,f/ olwdkYwkef;uawmh w½kwf twnf;umvBuD;twGif;rSm w½kwf tay: wjcm;
avmufrm w½kwjf ynfuejf rLepfygwD bufutqifwy*Kd¾vawGeYJ ab*si;f NrKd U jynf[m 1 'or 3 bDvD,HrQaom bmrsm; ajym
                     S                                 G                                          h lk f
&JU tBuD;tuJjzpfvmzdYk aocsmaewJh rSmyJ yHkrSefawGUqHkrIawG avmufom jynfolawGudk 0vifatmifauR;arG; p&m&Sygao;                                                                                          d
yk*Kd¾ vfjzpfygw,f/ ol[mtcktBudrf &SdcJhygw,f/ 'DpDcRrfc&D;pOfrSm &SDeJY Edicw,f/ 'g[mvnf; uRefawmfwYkd ovJ } vd k Y                      k f hJ
rSm tar&duef'w,or®wtygt0if bpf'ifwYkdEpO;taeeJY w½kwEiiom; &JU vlom;rsKd;EG,fawGtay: tBuD; qdkcJhw,f/
                                   k d                                                         SfD                    f kd f H
tBuD;wef;t&m&SBd u;D awGeYJ vufcawGU awGeJY twlwuG awGUqHkcGifh&MuNyD; rm;qHk;ulnDrIBuD;jzpfaewm r[kwf ,ck *sKd ;
                                                                          H
qHcayr,fh 'Dvdk'kwd,or®w&mxl; tjyKoabmaqmifwqufqrawGukd ygvm;} vdkY ajymcJhw,f/ ]wcsKdUaom bpf'ifeJY
    k hJ                                                                                                  hJ            H I
taetxm;rsK;eJY tBuD;wef;{nfonf tav;xm;azmfjycJMh uw,f/
                                 d                                   h                                                                             kd hJ kd f H
                                                                                                                                         &efvwEiiwcsKdU[m w½kwjf ynfukd awGUqHNk y;                          D
                               H
rsm;udk vufcawGUqHwm wpfcgrSrvkyf             k                                           rpöwm&SDusif;zif[m vGefcJhwJh vufñKdS ;xd;½kuvGvYdk bmrSrvkywwf EdkifiHjcm;
                                                                                                                                                            k H J                 f
                                                                                     f
zl;ao;ygbl;/ vltawmfr sm;rsm;u 2ESpavmufu ruúquukd c&D;xGuf Mubl;/ yxrtcsutaeeJY ajymvdwm a&;ay:             D kd                                                  f                 k
olYtaMumif;udk w&m;0ifxwjf yefwhJ zl;ygw,f/ yHretm;jzifawmh rpöwm u w½kwfjynf[m b,fEdkifiHudkrS vpDudk
                                                            k                                    k S f          h
&mxl;tqifqifuvGvYkd odyrodMu &SD[m wjcm;w½kwfacgif;aqmifawG awmfvea&;awG wifyYkd wmrvkyb;/ ajymqdk
                              h h J                                f                                                                                  S f                           f l
ao;ygbl;/ 0Duv0ufbqurmawmh vdkyJ vlxka&SUrSm owdeJYaeavh&Sdyg 'kw,taeeJY w½kwjf ynf[mqif;&JrJG &mrS m
                                    D d               f kd f S                                                                                 d
ol[m a[mvd0k'fu½dkufwJh 'kwd, w,f/ 'gayrJh ruúquc&D;rSmawmh awrIeYJ tiwfab;awGuvnf; rwif a w m h              D kd                                                       kd
                                                                                             D kfH                  k        k
urÇmppfeJYywfoufwJh ½kyf&SifawGudk rpöwm&S[mEdiiwum todi;f t0di;f u ydYk b;/ wwd,tcsutaeeJY cifAsm;wdYk vuf & S d o r® w [l u sif a wmif & J U   l                   f                                                                                                       d                       f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tcsef uolY&UJ xl;cReraMumifh w½kwf
awmhtawmfBudKufw,fvYkdqw,f/                                     kd                                     kH              h f
                                                                                  w½kwjf ynftay: pkyvmaewJarQmvifh EdkifiHawGem;rSm vmNyD;awmhvnf; ay:vpDawGeJY uGJjym;rI&Sdwm rawGU                                                                                                           k k f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    acgif;aqmifawG ½H;pduwusKH;eef[if                    kd
            ]]'Dc&D;pOf&JU t"dutaMumif; tm;xm;rIawGeYJ awmif;qdrawGtay: ½IyaxG; qlnwjhJ yóemawG rzefw; &ygbl;/     kI                        f                  H                       D                                                                           udkoGm;NyD; ygwDacgif;aqmif [l
                   k
&if;wpfcuawmh w½kwjfynf&UJ tem*wf                                                                                                                                                                         rpöwm&SD[m ,Ofaus;rIawmf                                                              k G hf h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a,mufyef;eJY awGUqHci&cJw,f/ 'g[m
acgif;aqmifjzpfvmr,fh yk*¾dKvfeJY                                                                                                                                                                   f               k f
                                                                                                                                                                                          vSea&;rwdirD olYzcif ygwDu xkwf                                           olYb0twGuf pwifemrnfausmf
             f
oduRr;zkYd eYJ ¤if;eJYMum;rSm qufqa&;                                         H                                                                                                           y,fjcif; rcH&rDtcsdeftxd ygwD                                             Mum;zdkY jzpfvmcJhwmygyJ/ aemufyi;f               kd
                       l
wpf&yfxaxmifEizYkd jzpfygw,f}} vdYk    kd f                                                                                                                                                                    T
                                                                                                                                                                                          txufvmtodi;t0di;rSm BuD;jyif;           k f k f                                                f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ol[m uke;wGi;ydkif;jynfe,fjzpfwJh
*sKd;bpf'if&JU trsKd;om;vHkNcHKa&;                                                                                                                                                        cJholjzpfygw,f/ ,Ofaus;rIawmf                                             &Sef;pD;jynfe,frSm wm0efcHjzpfvm
tBuHay;t&m&Sd tifodkeDbvifuif                                                                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                          vSea&;umvtwGi;rSmawmh olu,f                       f               kd      w,f/
u owif;pmuGefz&ifhrSm ajymcJhyg                                                                                                                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                                                          wdif aus;vufa'oawGrm cufcuf                           S                               1999 ck E S p f M o*k w f v xJ r S m
w,f / *sKd ; bpf ' if u d k , f ü uawmh                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                          cJcJ ½ke;uefvy&m;cJ&w,f/ aemuf       I f S h                              ol[m awmifydkif; urf;½dk;wef;jynf
w½kwjf ynfukd qDewwmb0eJY 1979           d f                                                                                                                                                 k                       kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                          qH; wuúovwufzYdkawmif cufcuf                                              e,f ? zl ; usif h r S m jynf e ,f t qif h
rSmwpfBudrfeJY 2001 ckESpfrSmwpfBudrf                                                                                                                                                     cJcJBudK;yrf;cJh&NyD; tcktjrifq;Hk tqifh                h                 t&m&S d a wG t*wd v d k u f p m;rI e J Y
a&mufz;ygw,f/  l                                                                                                                                                                          udk a&mufvmcJhwmjzpfygw,f/ tJ'D                                                              k         f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    wpfNrdKUvH; txkwc&tNyD; tJ'jD ynf
            'Dwpfacguf pDcRrfc&D;pOfu                                                                                                                                                     tcsdefumv tjzpftysufawG[m                                                 e,frSm ol tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;jzpfvm
awmh ygwDtaeeJY &S&UJ tcef;u@udk                D                                                                                                                                                                f S J
                                                                                                                                                                                          olwYkd&UJ pdwrm pGxifaecJwmjzpfw,f                  h                     cJhw,f/ 2007 ckESpfrSmawmh &Sef[dkif;
jr§ifhwifvdkvdkY wrifpDpOfvdkufyHk&yg                                                                                                                                                     vdkY rpöwm&SDtygt0if wjcm;aom                                             ygwDaumfrwDtBuD;tuJ csefvsef,k
w,f/ t&ifu tar&duef'kwd,                                                                                                                                                         AP           k
                                                                                                                                                                                          xdacwfumvu ta&;,lccMhJ u&wJh                              H               tBuD;tus,f tusifhysufjcpm;rIeJY
                                                                                                                                                                                          ygwDacgif;aqmifom;orD;awGtay:                                             zrf;qD;cHcJh&NyD; 'Dae&m[m rpöwm&SD
                                                                                                                                                                                          a0zefavhvmolrsm;uajymw,f/                                                 twGuf jzpfvmcJhygw,f/ 'DESpfxJ
         &ufpGJrSwfwrf;                                                                                                                                                                               G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                          rpöwm&SD[m olY&JUta&;ygwJh
                                                                                                                                                                                          rdeYf ce;wpfcukd Zlvivv,favmuf
                                                                                                                                                                                          u wdAufrmpajymcJygw,f/  S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k                kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    rSmyJ ol[m w½kwfuGefjrLepfygwD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ay:vpfAsL½dk&JU tNrJwrf;tzGJU0if jzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    vmcJhw,f/
         pufwifbm 19 ? wevFm - ,DrifEkdifiHNrdKUawmfwGif aoewform;rsm;ESifh t,fvfau'gvufajzmifhaoewf
                                                                                                                                                                                                          'DpDcRrfjynfe,ftaemufjcrf;                                            rpöwm&SDusif;zif&JU ZeD;zkefvd
         orm;rsm;u wkdufcdkufvsuf&Sdjcif;aMumifh ,DrifEkdifiHwGif jynfwGif;ppfjzpfyGm;rnfudk 0efBuD;csKyfu pdk;&drfvsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                          a'oawG[m ,Ofaus;rIawmfvea&;                                   S f                f               k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ,Gr[m tqdawmfwpfO;jzpfNyD; e*du      D          k
         &Sdonf/ ,DrifEkdifiHwGif azazmf0g&DvrSpwifí jzpfyGm;vsuf&Sdaom rNidrfroufjzpfrIrsm;aMumifh vlaygif;
                                                                                                                                                                                          umvtwGi;u rpöwm&SD ]aus;vuf    f                                                          kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    olYxufyemrnfBuD;olwpfO;jzpfw,f/          D
         200 ausmfaoqHk;cJhNyD; 1ç000 ausmf 'Pf&m&&SdcJhaMumif; Amnesty International tzGJU\ pm&if;rsm;t&
                                                                                                                                                                                          qif;wJhvli,f} wpfa,muftaeeJY                                              aemufydkif; rpöwm&SD&JU &mxl;awGBuD;
         od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                          vIyf&Sm;cJh&mae&mawGjzpfw,f/ tJ'D                                         BuD;vmwmaMumifh ygwDu olrudk
         - rav;&Sm;EkdifiHü EkdifiHa&;ESifh'Drkdua&pDa&;qkdif&m jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm;rnf[k 0efBuD;csKyf Datuk
                                                                                                                                                                                          a'obHktzGJUawG&JU wm0efcHau'g                                             cyfvQKdvQKdomaezdkY wdkufwGef;cJhwm
         Seri Najib Tun Razak u xkwfjyefaMunmoGm;onf/ ¤if;0efBuD;csKyfonf tapmydkif;umvrsm;uvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                          wpfa,mufjzpfcw,f/                        hJ                               vd k Y q d k y gw,f / Ed k i f i H a wmf r *¾ Z if ;
         pD;yGm;a&;qkdif&m jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;udk jyKvkyfcJholjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kd D
                                                                                                                                                                                                          aemufyi;f &S[m &Si;f 0Smwuúovf                       kd   wpfapmifu olrudk 2007 ckEpxJ awGU          Sf
         pufwifbm 20 ? t*Fg- *syef0efBuD;csKyfopf Ekd'gonf tar&duefor®w tdkbm;rm;ESifhawGUqHkaqG;aEG;&efESifh
                                                                                                                                                                                          rSm "mwktif*sifeD,mbmom&yfudk                                                 k                h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    qHar;jref;cJ&mrSm ]ol[m tvGeawmf              f
                                                              D
         ukvor*¾ taxGaxGnvmcHwufa&muf&ef e,l;a,mufNrdKUokYd t*FgaeYwif xGucmoGm;cJonf/ ,ck&;pOfonf                                G         f G              h         D
                                                                                                                                                                                          oif , l c J h w ,f / 'D w uú o d k v f [ m                                olyg/ tvkyBf uKd ;pm;w,f/ NcdK;NcHacRwm
         *syef0efBuD;csKyfopf\ yxrqHk;tar&duc&D;pOfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                          w½kwftDvpfawG&JUwuúodkvfjzpfNyD;                                          wwfw,f/ atmufajceJY xdawGUavh
         - xkdif;ESifh uarÇm'D;,m;ESpfEkdifiHtjiif;yGm;vsuf&Sdaom Preach Vihear bk&m;ausmif;teD;&Sd xkdif;ppfwyfudk
                                                                                                                                                                                          or®w[lusiawmifvnf; 'Dwuúovf      f                                   kd     d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    &Sojl zpfw,f} vdYk ajymygw,f/ ]tdrf rSm
         ajymif;a&TUrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhaomfvnf; ,if;bk&m;ausmif;teD;rS qkwfcGmoGm;rnfr[kwfaMumif; xkdif;umuG,fa&;
                                                                                                                                                                                          xGufygyJ/ aemufNyD;awmh &SD[m                                             jyefa&mufvmNyDqdk&if olYudk acgif;
         0efBuD; Yutthasak Sasiprapa uajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                          'D&Sif0SmwuúodkvfrSmyJ rmhufpf0g'                                         aqmifwpfa,muftaeeJY r,lqbJ
         pufwifbm 21 ? Ak'¨[l; - *syefxdyfwef;ppfvufeufypönf;rsm;xkwfvkyfonfh rpfqlbD&SD tBuD;pm;pufrI
                                                                                                                                                                                          oabmw&m;a&;qdi&m a'gufwmbGUJ                 kf                           cifyGef;wpfa,muftaeeJYom ,lq
                 f                   Ü DS df                           d f dk f I      hJ
         vkyief;ukrPrm qkibmwkucurrsm;cHc&aMumif; od&onf/ ,if;ukrP\ 'H;ys?H a&ikyoabFmESihf EsLuvD;,m;                         Ü D k                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                                                                                          &&SchJ w,f/ olY&JUtaz[m ,cifu                                             aMumif;? oluvnf; olrudk EdkifiH
         puf½Hkqkdif&mowif;tcsuftvufrsm;udk ypfrSwfxm;í wkdufckdufjcif;cHcJh&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                          jyK jyifa&;0g'D 'kwd,0efBuD;csKyfeJY                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ausmftEkynm&Siwpfa,muf taeeJY
         - tar&duefor®w tdkbm;rm;u tpdk;&qefYusifa&;qE´jyaeolrsm;udk tMurf;zufESdrfeif;rIaMumifh qD;&D;,m;
                                                                                                                                                                                          ygvDref'kwd,Ouú| wm0ef,lcJhol                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    r[kwbJ ZeD;r,m;wpfO; taeeJYom          D
           d f H                            f                               I      f G
         Ekiitay: ydwqYkd ta&;,lrrsm; jyKvkyom;&ef ukvor*¾vNkH cHKa&;aumifpwif wkuwe;ajymMum;oGm;onf/                                  D G d f G f
                                                                                                                                                                                          jzpfygw,f/                                                                jrifaMumif; ajymygw,f/
         qD;&D;,m;EkdifiHwGif 2011 rwfvuwnf;u pwifíjzpfay:aeaom vlxkrNidrfroufrIrsm;aMumifh uav;
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1980 jynfEpavmufrm ol[m     hSf             S                                                    barmifnKd
                                                    l                                     k h
         100 tygt0ifvaygif; 2ç700 ausmfaoqH;cJ&aMumif; ukvor*¾vYl tcGita&; tzGUJ \ owif;xkwjf yefcsuf                               hf
                                                                                                                                                                                          a[;ayjynfe,fu NrdKUe,fwpfckrSm                                                              Ref : The Wall Street
         rsm;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                          ygwD O uú | wm0ef , l & w,f / tJ ' D                                                      Journal, Bangkok Post
   Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                 FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            45




ygvufpwkdif;EkdifiHawmfopfxlaxmifa&;tdyfrufrSonf . . .
   f
cRex;l [ef
      csd wpf gu Ek Hwum              dif;t0kdif;u
  wpf a&SeUfrwkd;c-aemufdirfiqkwfomtokajctaersm; ]urÇmBuD;\aoGfp;rwdwy:cJh&mrS &,ckpufwififpbm;ac:qkdjcif;cHwJh&Giaom ta&Swkdif;u yEkdkidif;a'oqDu tpöarS&;-ygvufHapwmfdiwy#dcyktjzpfSm
                                    t              umvMum&Sn Gmjzpfa
                                                                     faom'Pf m} [k
                                                                                      w mvta&muf f ygvufp
                                                                                                            c             Utv,f
                                                                                                                                            fiHwumtodt wfjyKEkdifi
                                                                                                                                                                    wk f; u©r
                                                                                                                                                                           pf
ukvor*¾xHokdYawmif;qkd&efBudK;yrf;rIjzifh pdwf0ifpm;p&maumif;qkH;taetxm;wpfckokdYa&muf&Svm&jyefygonf/ þokdYaomtaetxm;wGif ta&SUtv,fykdif;a&;&muRrf;usifolrsm;tMum;                                                 dvm&jyef
                                                 S                           d f
tjiif;yGm;aeonfrm ygvufpwki;taejzifh EkdifiHawmfwpfcktjzpf&yfwnfcGifh&&Sdoifh? roifhudpESifh &&Sdygu tpöa&;ESifhxm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnfaqmufoGm;Ekdifjcif; &Sd? r&Sd[laomudpörsm;yifjzpfonf/        ö
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ESifhvnf; y#dyu©rsm;ykdrkdjzpfay:vm
ygvufpwkdif;\zkd;uyfpf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ekionf/
                        h
            NyD;cJonfh arvtwGi;ygvuf                                 f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Nir;f csr;f a&;tvSr;f a0;?ra0;
pwkdif;tmPmykdiftzGJU(yDat)acgif;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ta&SUtv,fykdif;a&;&muRrf;
aqmifESifh ygvufpwkdif;vGwfajrmuf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  usifol tm&Gefa';Apfrlvmuawmh
a&;wyfzGJU(yDt,fvftkd)Ouú|jzpfol                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vuf&taetxm;wGif tpöa&;? ygvuf
rmrGwtbwfpu aqmif;yg;wpfy'f
               f                         f                                         k                                                                                                                                                                                                               pwkdif;ESifh tar&duefokH;OD;pvkH;
a&;om;onf/ olu tpöa&;ESifh a&SU                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tajctaersm;ydkrdkqkd;&Gm;vmatmif
avQmufaphpyfñEi;rIrsm;ESiywfouf            dS dI f                hf                                                                                                                                                                                                                               vkyfaqmifaeonf[k a0zefonf/
í ygvufpwkdif;oabmxm;udka&;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ygvufpwkdif;tmPmykdifwkdYu ukv
om;azmfjyonf/ ]]uREkywYdk ygvufp                            f f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   or*¾r&&SvmrnftusKd ;tjrwfrsm;ukd   h
wki;taejzifh wki;wpfyg;om;\ ppf
    d f                                      d f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tpGrf;ukefaMunmajymqkdvsuf&Sd&m
a&;t&e,fajrodrf;ykdufjcif;cHxm;&                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   [mrwfpfykdifeufwGifaexkdifvsuf&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   onfh ygvufpwki;jynforsm;tMum;      df                       l
aom ukvor*¾tzGJU0iftaejzifh aph                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tkHMuGrIrsm;ykdrkdjzpfay:atmifzefwD;
pyfñSdEIdif;rIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               aeovkdjzpfaMumif;? wpfzufwGif
onf/ zdESdyfESdrfeif;cH&olwpfOD;tjzpf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tpöa&;wkYduvnf; ukvor*¾q;kH jzwf
                   dS dI f
aphpyfñEi;oGm;rnfr[kw}f } [k rm                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    csufaMumifhjzpfvmrnfh Ncdrf;ajcmuf
rGwftbwfpfu qkdonf/ ol\o onf/ okYdaomf ,cktcgygvufpwki; xm;aom tusdK;pD;yGm;rsm;vufvwf cJaomfvnf; ESpzufpvk;u ysuuuf rIrsm;uktqrwefxwazmfajymqkae           df                                                                    T  h                       f             H             f G                        d                             k f                  d
abmxm;ukdMunfhvQif ukvor*¾t wkdYoabmxm;ajymif;vJoGm;NyD[kyif &zG,f&Sdonf/ ukvtzGJU0iftjzpf yg cJay&m tu,fí ygvufpwki;EkiiH aMumif; ¤if;uqkonf/ ]bmjzpfvm                                                                               h                                             d f d f                                              d
odtrSwfjyKEkdifiHawmfwpf&yfjzpf&ef qk&rnf/ jyóemukawG; yljcif;xuf vufpwkdif; todtrSwfjyKcH&ygu awmfomxGuay:vmygu *gZmonf r,fqwmukd apmifrMunfbJ qk;usKd ;
                                                                                                  d                                             d                                                                                                        f                                                     dk                              h               h     d
,ckpufwifbmvtwGif;ygvufp vkyief;pOfwpfcvyuijf cif;rS &&Svm vkHNcHKa&;aumifpD? EkdifiHwumw&m; [mrpfwkdYxdef;csKyf&m e,fajrtjzpf a&m? aumif;usKd ;ukyg tqrwefcsUJ um;
                                                                                                     f                             k k f dk               d                                                                                                                                                                             d
wkdif;wkdY\ BudK;yrf;csufonf tem rnfh &v'fyrpw0ifpm;vmyk&onf/ ½kH;awmfESifh EkdifiHwum&mZ0wfckH½kH; owfrSwfcHvm&zG,f&Sdonf/ t&Sif; ajymqk d a eMuw,f } [k a ';Apf u
                                                                                                                        dk dk d f                       H
*wfumv tpöa&;wkYd EiaphpyfñEi; EkdifiHawmftjzpf&yfwnfrSom EkdifiH tp&Sonfrsm;xHoYdk Oya'aMumif; t& vif ; qk H ; jzif h c ef Y r S e f ; ajymqk d & vQif axmufjyajymqkonf/ ukvor*¾u
                                                           S hf               dS dI f                                                                                            d                                                                                                                                                d
rIrsm;jyKvkyf&mü ¤if;wkdY\tqifhukd wumtoki;t0ki;rS oHwrefa&;tul trI z G i f h c G i f h a wmh & &S d r nf / ok d Y ukvuom todtrSwjf yKvkuygu jyKvkyfrnfhqkH;jzwfcsufu rnfonfh
                                                                                                                       df df                                                                                                                                                        d f
jr§iwifxm;vkaomaMumifjh zpfonf/ tnDrsm;&um rdrv&mukq,Eirnf aomfwpfzufwif ygvufpwki;jynf ygvuf p wk d i f ; Ek d i f i H a wmf t aejzif h &v'frsdK;ukdaqmifMuOf;aprnfjzpfap
      hf                           d                                                                                                  d dk d JG l dk f                                                G                       d f
            2003 ckEpwixuay:cJaom r[kwygavm/ aocsmonftcsufrm olwpf&yfv;ukd uk,pm;jyKxm;onfh taemufbufurf;a'o\ 40&mcdif umrl ta&SUtv,fyi;a'otwGuf
                                        S f G f G f h                                                       f                                       h        S                           Hk             d f                                                                                     k                                                    dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rkd;NydKrnfhtjzpfrsdK;awmh jzpfvmrnf
uGmwuftrnf& Nidrf;csrf;a&;vrf;jy ukvtzGJU0ifwpfOD;tjzpfwpfenf; yDt,fvftkd\ w&m;Oya'enf;vrf; EIef;rQom tkyfcsKyfrif;rlcGifh&&Sdrnf r[kway/ ,ckupwit"dutusyf                                                                                                                                                       f                          d ö G f
ajryk H ñ T e f M um;csuf t &qk d y gu wpfztodtrSwjf yKc&jcif;jzifh tpöa&; jzifh&yfwnfvIyf&Sm;rIy,fzsufcH&rnf jzpfonf/ ygvufpwki;wkYd awmif;qdk ½kuaeMuonfrm tpöa&;ESifh ygvuf
                                                                                                       Hk                                     H                                                                                                                          d f                         d f                            S
ygvufpwkdif;ukd oD;jcm;e,fedrdwf ESifhaphpyfñSdEIdif;rIrsm;ukdaemufqkH; jzpfonf/ xkdrQruao;yg/ ygvuf xm;onfh usefaeajra'orsm;jzpf pwkdif;wkdYtMum; y#dyu©tqkH;owf
owfrwrrsm;jzifh vGwvyfaomEkiiH tqifxjd yKvkyom;Ekirnfjzpfonf/ pwkdif;tmPmykdiftzGJU(yDtkd)rSmvnf; aom ta&SUa*s½lqvrfEihf *gZmtyg a&; oabmwlnDcsuf jzpfEkdifajc
              S f I                                          f                   d f                      h                      f G d f                                                                                                                                     S
awmfwpf&yfwnfaqmufcGifh[laom aqG;aEG;&mwGifvnf; tpöa&;ESifh taemufbufurf;a'oESihf *gZma'o t0if taemufbufurf;a'otcsdKU tvm;tvmr&S d j cif ; yif j zpf o nf /
a&G;cs,rwpf&yfay;xm;NyD;jzpfonf/ tqifhwlacgif;aqmifcsif;aqG;aEG; wkYwif yx0Dtaetxm;t&uefYowfrI \ 60 &mcdiEe;rSm tpöa&; okYdr[kwf okYd twGuaMumifh ukvor*¾tzGUJ 0if
                 f I                                                                                                                                                    d G                                                                          k f I f                                                            f
okdYaomf ygvufpwkdif;wkdYutqkdyg rIrsdK;&&SEirnfjzpfonf/                                                        d dk f                                                             h          dk f                hf
                                                                                                                                                                      rsm;jzif&ifqivm&vdrovkd ygvuf [mrpfwkdY\ xdef;csKyfjcif;cHvm& tjzpfowfrSwfcH&onfjzpfap? rcH&
                            d
enf;vrf;uka&G;cs,rygu Ekiiwnf                        f d               d f H                                                                                                 df
                                                                                                                                                                      pwki;a'ojyifywGif aexkiMf u&aom ygvdrrnf/        d                      hf                                                   onfjzpfap ygvufpwki;wkYdtaejzifh                       d f
aqmufa&;bufokdYOD;pm;ay;&onfh aumif;usdK;ESifh qkd;usdK;                                                                                                              'ku©onfrsm;onfvnf; EkdifiHwum                                                                                                tpö a &;ES i f h x d y f w k d u f & if q k d i f r nf h
                 k
tjzpfoYda&muf&om;um tpöa&;ESijhf zpf  dS G                                                                uk v tzG J U 0if E k d i f i H j zpf & ef tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ xde;csKyratmufü jzpfEkdifajc                f fI                                                                              csOf;uyfrIukd vlod&SifMum;xkwfazmf
aeaomjyóemrsm;xm0&rajz&Sif; ygvufpwkdif;wkdY\ BudK;yrf;rIwGif use&pfawmhrnfjzpfonf/ zmwmtzGUJ                                                                                f                                                                vwfwavm avhvmokH;oyf ygu *gZmtaemufbufurf;tyg
EkibjJ zpfom;rnfup;&draomaMumifh pdefac:rIrsm;jynfhESufíaeavonf/ ESifh [m;rwfpfwkdYtMum; nDnGwfa&; olynm&Sifrsm;url ukvtaxGaxG t0if tpöa&;ykdifeufwGif&Sdaeaom
  d f                     G                        dk dk f
EkdifiHawmfwnfaqmufrnfhudpöukd wpfzufwGiftusdK;tjrwfrsm;&&SdEkdif oabmwlncsufudk NyD;cJonfh {NyDv nDvmcHwGif ygvufpwkdif;taejzifh ¤if;wkYd jynforsm;\ vkNH cHKa&;xdcuf                          D                    h                                                                                                          l                                        dk
xyfcgwvJvvufa&SmifaecJjh cif;jzpf ovkd wpfzufwif yuwdvuf0,f& aemufqkH;xm;í jyKvkyf&efowfrSwf ukvtzGJU0ifEkdifiHwpfcktjzpftjynfh vmzG,fom&Sdonf/ odkYaomf ,ck
                               J                                                                                                    G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    t0r&&SdEkdifonhfwkdif tzGJU0ifr[kwf ygvufpwki;\ Ekiitjzpftodrwf                         d f               d f H                       S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aom EkdifiHtjzpfawmhtenf;qkH;&&Sd jyKcH&a&;BudK;yrf;csuonf tpöa&;ESihf                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ekdifvdrfhrnf[kcefYrSef;Muonf/ okdY ygvufpwki;wkYdEpO;pvk;\tusKd ;pD;                  df SfD H
        oufqif\c&D;pOfaMumifU xkdif;ESifUuarÇm'D;,m;                                                                                                                                                                                twGuaMumifh tpöa&;ESijhf yKvkyvm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               J                 d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    &rnfh aqG;aEG;yGrsm;wGif Ekiiwum MuOf;rnfjzpfaMumif; emrnfausmf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   yGm;omru ta&SUtv,fykdif;a'o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wpfckvkH;\ tusdK;pD;yGm;ukdygaqmif

        ESpfEkdifiHqufqHa&; jyefvnfaumif;rGef                                                                                                                                                                                               d f d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    toki;t0ki;rS oHwrefa&;tultnD EkdifiHjcm;a&;ay:vpDaqmif;yg;u
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    taxmuf t yH h t enf ; i,f r Qawmh axmufjyajymqkdonf/ okdYtwGuf
         zEGrf;yif? pufwifbm 17                                                                                                                                                                                                     &Ekdifonf/ vwfwavmumvwGif aMumifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;rIESifh
                        uarÇm'D;,m;acgif;aqmif[eqefu xki;0efBuD;csKya[mif;oufqifukd zEGr;yifNrdKUwGif vufcawGUqHcjhJ cif;
                                                                                       Gf                        df                         f                            f                                H              k                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tar&duefor®wtkbm;rm;tpk;& u ygvufpwki;f Ekiiawmfwnfaqmufa&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       d                                  d dfH
                                                                hf dk f d f
         aMumifh uarÇm'D;,m;ESixi;EkiiMH um;qufqa&;jyefvnfaEG;axG;vmonfh t&dyvu©Pmrsm;ay:xGuvm aMumif;        H                                                    f                                        f                                                                             d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ukvtzGUJ 0ifjzpf&ef ygvufpwki;\ vkyfief;pOfESpf&yfpvkH;ukd ta&SUt
         AP owif;Xmeu azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                 BudK;yrf;csuudk uefYuuvsu&dS onf/ v,fykdif;a'ouomru EkdifiHwum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f              G f f
                                                SfD                                          df
                        ¤if;wdYkEpO;onf uarÇm'D;,m;EkiiNH rdKUawmf zEGr;yif&uufbeuf½;Hk wGif awGUqHaqG;aEG;cJMh ujcif;jzpfaMumif;?f dS                d                        k                                                    tu,fí taxGaxGnDvmcHuom tokdif;t0kdif;utaxmuftyHhjyKoifh
                                 k
         ,ckawGUqHaqG;aEG;rIonf oufqif\nDrjzpfol vuf&xi;f 0efBu;D csKyf &if;vwfEihf [GeqefwYkd ukeo,a&;? e,ferwf               dS dk                             S         f                        f G f                  dd       tzGUJ 0ifr[kwaomEkiitqifjh zpfom onf [ k tar&d u ef ' k w d , vuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f       d f H
                              df                         f                fD                  G f
         a&;ESihf xki;tusO;om;ESpO;jyefvnfvwajrmufa&;wdYkEiywfoufí awGUqHaqG;aEG;NyD;onfaemufwif ay:ayguf                              S hf                    k                       h                      G                     owfrwvurnfqygu yDt,fvf axmufEkdifiHjcm;a&;tjzpfwm0ef,l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S f dk f             dk
                                                                                     d
         vmjcif;jzpfaMumif;owif;uqkonf/ oufqif\c&D;pOfrm Preah Vihor bk&m; ausmif;ykieuftjiif;yGm;rIrsm;?                                         S                                  d f                                            tkdwkdYtaejzifh EkdifiHwum&mZ0wf aqmif&GufcJhzl;ol a&mbwf'Deif;u
         xkdif;yifv,fauGUteD;&Sd a&eHvkyfuGuf tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;ESifh olvQKdtjzpfpGyfpGJí zrf;qD;cHxm;&vsuf&Sdaom                                                                                                                     ck½;rSwpfqifh tpöa&;ukw&m;pGqrI aqmif;yg;a&;om;onf/ rSeygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       H Hk                                    d            J dk                                                                 f
             d f d f H
         xki;Ekiiom; ESpfOD;ESifhywfoufonfhudpörsm;ESifhywfoufrIr&SdaMumif; [Gefqefu ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    rsm;jyKvkyfvmEkdifonf/ tpöa&;ukd tcsdefumv&SnfMumpGmjzpfay:cJh&
                                                                                                dk f
                        xkdif;EkdifiHESifh uarÇm'D;,m;ESpfEiiMH um; qufqHa&;rSm 2006 ckESpfwGif oufqifudk xkdif;ppfwyfu                                                                                                                                                                            onfh? tvGeftrif;ZmwfemcJh&onfh
         tmPmodr;NyD;cserpí qk;&Gm;vsu&onf/ oufqif\nDrjzpfol &if;vwf xki;a&G;aumufywif tEki&NyD;aemuf
                                     f dfS                              d               f dS                                                                       df                       JG G              df                    xd y g;ygu tusd K ;quf t m;jzif h tpöa&;-ygvufpwki;jyóemBuD; ukd                                             df
         ESpfEkdifiHMum;qufqHa&;jyefvnfaEG;axG;vmcJhonf/ ,if;vwfESifh [GefqefwdkYaqG;aEG;yGJtNyD;wGif tjiif;yGm;                                                                                                                                        Gf                                      df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tar&duefue*&ufu ygvufpwki; Munf h v Qif tod t rS w f j yKjcif ; cH &
         vsuf&Sdaome,fajr&SdwyfzGJU0ifrsm; yHkrSefawGUqHkoGm;&efESifh bk&m;ausmif;e,fajrtwGif;&Sd wyfzGJU0ifrsm;                                                                                                                                                                             H H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    okYday;aeaom tultnDrsm;ukd vk;vk; vkru vGepmt"dusconfae&mwGif       d I                f G                         hJ h
         qkwcmay;&ef ESpfzufoabmwlnDcJhMuonf/
                     f G                                                                                                                                                                                                            vsm;vsm;jzwfawmufvmrnf jzpf &Sconfrm jiif;í&rnfr[kway/           d hJ             S                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    onf/ tkdbm;rm;tkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJU                                                                                           cRefxl;[ef
  The
     46
     VOICE                   SPORT                                                                                                                                                                                                               Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




                                                                                                                                                                          English Premier League
                                                                                                                                                                          Prediction Match(6)
                                                                                                                                                                 ]tdrf&Siftoif;rsm; &v'faumif;rnfU yGJpOf}
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         armifom'if
                                                                                                                     refpD;wD;ESifhtJAmwef - yGJpOf(5)wGif wpfrSwfom&cJhonfhtwGuf ,ckyGJü EdkifrSwf&&ef refpD;wD;toif;om;rsm; wdkufppfzGifhupm;ayrnf/
                                                                   toif;vdkuf pkzGJUupm;yHkydkrdkaumif;rGefvmaom tJAmweftaeESifh refpD;wD;udk cHppfOD;pm;ay;AsL[mjzifhom &ifqdkifrnfr[kwf&m yGJaumif;rnf/ tJAmwef
                                                                   ta0;uGif;cHppf,dkifoGm;wwfjcif;aMumifh refpD;wD;omtEdkif&rnf[k,lqonf/ rxifrSwfbJ oGif;*dk;rsm;Edkifonf/
                                                                     tmqife,fESifhabmfvfwef - vuf&SdtcsdefwGif ESpfoif;pvHk;ajcpGrf;xufjrufaeonfudkawGU&\/ AefygpD? 0Jvfaumh? csmruf? *gAif[dkwdkY\wdkufppfwGJvHk;om
                                                                       wnfNidrfaernfqdkvQif abmfvfweftwGuf oa&&v'fom tjrifhqHk;jzpfrnf/ odkUaomf abmfvfwefonf uGif;v,fupm;uGuf tompD;&a&;twGuf
                                                                       cGeftm;oHk;upm;EdkifpGrf;&Sdae&m tmqife,ftvG,f wultEdkif&zG,fr&Sday/ yGJMurf;Edkifonf/ oGif;*dk;enf;rnf/
                                                                      cs,fqD;ESifhqGrfqD; - ref,ukd *d;jywfta&;edrxm;jcif;[m cs,q;twGi,ckypOfrmtEdi&a&; t"duzdtm;wpfcjk zpfaeonf/ qGrq;onf upm;uGuf aumif;aom
                                                                                                                                        l k                                     hf                                          f D                f JG S k f                                                f D
toif ; rsm;ud k                                                                                 l S                 d f            kd f G f d
                                                                     ajc&nfw,ONf ydKifxe;csKyfEipr;r&Sao;/ upm;orm; tiftm;pkzUJG rIEihf NydKiy0if                                                                                       S          f JG
pdw"mwfyaumif;aom tdr&itoif;u Set-piece rsm;&&Satmifyg zefw;BudK;yrf;rnfjzpf&m qGrq;ta&;edrom;rnf/
         f        kd                            f S f                                                             d                                 D                                                             f D                     hf G                                Soccer Weekly Fixtures
cs,fqD;jyif;xefaomaygufuGJtm;udk awGYjrif&rnfjzpfonf/ *dk;rsm;rnf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                24.9.2011 (paeaeY) MNL yJ G p Of (20)
                                                                   d f
vDAmyl;ESifh0kAf - a&SU-v,f-aemuf cswqufupm;yHyaumif;aeonfvAmyl;ü OD;pm;ay;yGxuupm;orm;tm;vH;yg0if   k kd                                 h D                                              J G f                                                 k              aejynfawmfESifh ZJGuyif                         nae 4;00 em&D
                                                                                f k f
vmayrnf/ 3;2;1;4 AsL[mjzifh vDAmyl;ajcukexwupm;rnfjzpf&m toif;vdupzUJG upm;yHuspvpfonf0Af taejzifh wefjyef                                            k fk                          k f                              hk                                         rauG;ESifh &u©yl&                               nae 4;00 em&D    TV
   d f                               k G f dS                                                 f             f
wkuppfAsL[mudk toH;csz,&onf/ vDAmyl;uGi;wGif 0kA&v'faumif;avhr&Sc/ oGi;*d;rsm;rnfyjJG zpfEiNf yD; tdr&iEirnf/                                                 d hJ          f k                          h           kd              f S f kd f                 OómESifh uarÇmZ                                 nae 4;00 em&D
e,l;umq,fESifhbvufbef; - tpOftvmNydKifbufrsm;jzpfcJhaomfvnf; vuf&SdtcsdefwGif bvufbef;toif;\                                                                                                                                                                                              y&D;rD;,m;vd*fyJGpOf (6)
ajcpGrf;wnfNidrfrItm;enf;aeqJjzpfonf/ uGif;v,fupm;uGufydkrdkaumif;rGefaom e,l;umq,fudk trSwfvdktyfae                                                                                                                                                            refpD;wD;ESifh tJAmwef                          nae 6;15 em&D    TV
                                         f                                        f
onfh bvufbef;u ydwqYkdupm;rnfr[kwí rxifrwbyaumif;Edionf/ awmifycppftm;enfaerIukd rjyifqifEif              S f J JG                           k f                                     H H                                                                 kd     tmqife,fESifh abmfvfwef                         n 8;30 em&D      TV
ao;aom bvufbef;u *dk;rjywfbJ ta&;edrfhoGm;rnf[kqdkcsifonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                      cs,fqD;ESifh qGrfqD;                            n 8;30 em&D      TV
                                                   f                                      f
0ufpfb&Grf;ESifhzlvf[rf - ESpoif;tMum; ajcpGr;uGm[csuusO;ajrmif;onf/ 0ufpb&Gr;onf tdrui;ajcpGr;xufjrufí           f f                                                   f f                                      f Gf             f                             vDAmyl;ESifh 0kAf                               n 8;30 em&D      TV
      f                                       f S f d f G hf d
zlv[rftoif;om;rsm; tdr&i\wkuppfziztm;ay;upm;jcif;ukd &ifqi&zG,&onf/ zlv[rfonf uGi;v,fupm;uGuf                                              kd f                 f dS                     f                                f                                     e,l;umq,fESifh bvufbef;                         n 8;30 em&D      TV
                          d                                           fSf
tompD;&a&;uktav;xm;rnfjzpf&m tdr&itoif;u jrefEe;f jrifwifupm;EkiromtEki&rnf/ oGi;f *k;d enf;? oa&yGjJ zpfonf/ I h                                dfS                        df                                                                                  0ufpfb&Grf;ESifh zlvf[rf                        n 8;30 em&D
0D*efESifhawmhwif[rfa[mhpyg;pf - 0D*efonf tdrui;ajcpGr;rmausmNyD; wkuppfziupm;avh&onf/ yGpOf(5)wGif   f G f                  f                                        d f G hf                                         dS             J                         0D*efESifh awmhwif[rfpyg;                       n 8;30 em&D      TV
                                   f             d f h
ajcrSejf yef&cJNh yD; ajcpGr;jytEki&cJí wuf<uaeaompyg;pftoif;onfvnf; ,ckyütEki&a&; wkuppfziupm;rnfrm                                                                      JG d f                                   d f G hf                                   S pwkwfpD;wD;ESifh ref,l                          n 11;00 em&D     TV
                            S f J S f                                                 J
aocsmí rxifrwb,ONf yKdirjI yif;xefaomyGudk ½Ipm;Mu&ayrnf/ *k;oGi;aocsmolrsm; ykryg0ifaeonfh pyg;pftoif;                                  d f                                                  d dk                                                                                     *smrefbGef'ufpfvD*gyJGpOf (7)
ta&;redrfhEkdif[k,lqonf/ oGif;*kd;rsm;Ekdifonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                 pwk*wfESifh [rf;bwf                             eHeuf 1;00 em&D TV
pwkwfpD;wD;ESifhref,l - pwkwfpD;wD;onf ¤if;\tdrfuGif;ü ref,lukd tcufBuKHapcJhavh&Sd\/ vuf&SdtcsdefwGifvnf;                                                                                                                                                      a&SmfuDESifh z½kdif;bwf                         n 8;00 em&D      TV
             fD                        d fkf                        H f
pwkwp;wD;\toif;vkuZezUJG upm;ykuspvspjf cif;u ref,udk pdwwi;usupm;uGuf ykrazmfEijf zpfapEkipr;&Saeonf/                l                f dk f                                          H                     dk                dfGf d                           rdefYZfESifh a'ghref                            n 8;00 em&D
                         l dk f                          d dk
okYd aomf ref,wuppfupm;ykH ykrxufjrufae&m tdr&itwGuf oa&&v'fomtjrifq;jzpfEionf/ yGMJ urf;Ekionf/       f S f                                                                       h Hk                    dk f                              d f                0kzfbwfESifh ukdifZmqavmhwef                    n 8;00 em&D      TV
usLyDwmESifhtufpwefADvm - usLyDtm\ajcpGr;wnfNidrry&vmonfuawGU&onf/ ADvm\ta0;uGi; cHppfupm;ykrm   f               f I dk dS                       dk                                                                          f                          HS      *vufbwfESifh Ek&ifbwf                           n 8;00 em&D      TV
       f               h                    d                    f             H d f D
pdwcs&onftaetxm;r&Sao;/ ESpoif;vk;wkuppfO;pm;ay;,SONf yKirnfqvQif wkuppfuRavh&onfh ADvmtoif; tEkif                                 df                  dk                d f                   H dS                                                         d   atmhpfbwfESifh [efEkdAm                         n 8;00 em&D
                df G             k l                                         dk f
&cGihf arS;rSeom;rnf[,qonf/ oa&yGjJ zpfEionf/ tjyeftvSe*;dk oGi;f MuzG,&\/ ADvmüupm;orm;tcsKUd 'Pf&m&aeonf/             f                                 f dS                                                                                                  bkdif,efjrL;epfESifh avAmulqif                  n 11;00 em&D     TV
aemfa0csfESifh qef;'g;vef; - aemfa0csfonf yGJpOf 5 upm;NyD;onftxd ajcpGrf;twuftus&SdaeqJ/ okdYaomf&v'f                                                                                                                                                                                       pD;&D;atyJGpOf (5)
                                           f k f                          dS
aumif;a&;twGuf ajcukexwupm;avh&onf/ qef;'g;vef;onf taomhupm;&vQif abmvk;ykiqirI ykr&&Saea&;                                                                                                                     H d f dk f d dk d                               bkdavmhnmESifh tifwmrDvef                       n 10;30 em&D     TV
enf;AsL[mukdtokH;jyKae&m tdrf&Siftaejzifh zdtm;ay;upm;aeEkdif&efcufcJzG,f&Sdonf/ aemfa0csfomtEkdif&vkdaZmBuD;                                                                                                                                                                              pydefvmvD*gyJGpOf (6)
aernfqkdvQif wefjyefwkdufppfupm;ykHxufjrufaom qef;'g;vef;u *kd;rjywfbJtEkdif&oGm;rnf[k cefYrSef;onf/                                                                                                                                                            qDADvmESifh AvefpD,m                            n 10;30 em&D     TV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                bDvfbmtkdESifh ADvm&D;&J                        n 10;30 em&D     TV
                                                                              Breaking News                                                                                                                                                                                               25-9-2011 (we*FaEG)
á ref,ltoif;onf wkdufppfqif&mwGif upm;orm;ckepfOD; toHk;jyKaeonfhAsL[mudk ajymif;vJusifhoHk;rnf                                                                                                                                                                 Southern ESifh &efukef                          nae 4;00 em&D    TV
r[kwf[k toif;enf;jytzJGUu owif;xkwfjyefonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                     {&m0wDESifh aZ,sma&Tajr                         nae 4;00 em&D
                                                      dS                                    f
á tifwmrDveftoif;\vuf&upm;[efukd csucsi;f ajymif;vJrnfr[kw[k enf;jyopf uavmf',m&meD,m&Du ajymonf/                                             f                                                      D                                                                                    y&D;rD;,m;vd*fyGJpOf (6)
á a&SmfuDtoif;enf;jy &ef;epfcfonf usef;rma&;taMumif;jycsufjzifh &mxl;rSEkwfxGufoGm;NyDjzpffonf/                                                                                                                                                                 usLyDtmESifh tufpwefADvm                        n 9;30 em&D      TV
                                k f GJ                        kd f d G f
á vDAmyl;twGuf Ediyrsm;qufwu&&S&efpr;aqmifay;Edirnf[k yJpOf(6)wGiO;aqmifyg0ifvmrnfh *s&wfu ajymonf/             kf                   G                           fD                                                                                                                    *smrefbGef'ufpfvD*g yGJpOf (7)
á atpDrDveftoif;y&dowfrsm;onf toif;EdkifyJGr&ao;onfhtwGuf toif;om;rsm;udk zdtm;ay;awmif;qdk                                                                                                                                                                     ukdvkH;ESifh [kdzif[drf;                        n 8;00 em&D      TV
wdkufwGef;jcif; jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0g'gb&DrifESifh [mombmvif                       n 10;00 em&D     TV
á &D;&Jruf'&pftoif;om;rsm;\ ½kyfydkif;qkdif&mBuHhcdkifrItm;enf;jcif;u toif;ukdtcuftcJBuHKaponf[k awmifyH                                                                                                                                                                                 tDwvDpD;&D;at yGJpOf (5)
cHppfrSL; rmq,fvdku 0efcHajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                           atpDrDvefESifh qDpDem                           eHeuf 1;15 em&D TV
á refpD;wD;toif;ü cHppfrSL; vdkudkwdka&;ESifh wdkufppfrSL;bmavmhw,fvDwdkYudk jyefvnfyJGxkwftoHk;jyKoGm;rnf[k                                                                                                                                                    emykdvDESifh zDtkd&ifwD;em;                     eHeuf 1;15 em&D
toif;enf;jy refcsDeDu owif;xkwfjyefonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                         csDa,AkdESifh *sDEkdtm                          nae 5;00 em&D    TV
                     f                                                              k
á tmqife,ftoif;enf;jy tmpif0if;*g;udom rdrwYkdvvm;ESpoufav;pm;aMumif;ESihf rdrwYkdonf wduppfO;pm;ay;d kd                         f                                                                     d                       k f D
upm;rIudkom qufvufjyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tmqife,fcHppfrSL; uD&ef*pfbJu qdkonf/                                                                                                                                                                               twåvEÅmESifh EkdAm&m                            n 7;30 em&D      TV
á csJvfqD;toif;onf bdkif,efjrL;epfrS wkdufppfrSL; rm&D,dk*dkrufZfudk aygif 34oef;jzifhac:,lí zmeef'dkawm&ufpf\                                                                                                                                                  upf*vD,m&DESifh tl'D;eD;pf                      n 7;30 em&D      TV
ae&mwGiftpm;xdk;&efpDpOfaeaMumif; Daily Sports rD'D,mu azmfjyonf/                                                                                                                                                                                               umwm;eD;,m;ESifh *sLAifwyfpf                    n 7;30 em&D      TV
á qef;'g;vef;toif;\ wkuppfO;pm;ay;upm;[efukd ajymif;vJrnfr[kwaMumif; toif;enf;jy pwdb½kpuqkonf/
                                                  d f D                                                                                                     f                                                                       f d                         vmZD,kdESifh ygvmrkd                            n 7;30 em&D      TV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                qDemESifh vufcsD                                n 7;30 em&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          pydefvmvD*g yGJpOf (6)
        'Pf&mxyfr&atmifupm;rnf[k *s&wfajymMum;                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &D;&Jruf'&pfESifh A,fvDumEkd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                bmpDvkdemESifh tufovufwDukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                rma,mhumESifh qkdpD'uf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                eHeuf 00;30 em&D TV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                eHeuf 2;30 em&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                nae 4;30 em&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 TV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 TV
           vADmyl;? pufwifbmv 22                                                                                                                                                                                                                                vDAefaw;ESifh tufpfyefndK                       nae 8;30 em&D    TV
                                                                                        f
                  vDAmyl;toif;twGuf jyefvnfajcpGr;jyupm;Ekirnf[,MHk unfxm;aomfvnf; rdronf'Pf&mrsm;xyfr&        d f             k                                                                   d                                                            *&efem'gESifh tkdqmqlem                         n 10;30 em&D     TV
           ap&efupm;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ajcmufvausmfMumabmvk;upm;jcif;rS tem;,laecJ&ol toif;acgif;aqmif                     H                                                                h                                                                               26-9-2011 (wevFmaeY) tDwvDpD;&D;atyJGpOf (5)
           pwDzif*s&wfu ½kdufwmowif;XmeokdY ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                        yg;rm;ESifh ½kd;rm;                             eHeuf 1;15 em&D TV
                  touf 31 ESpft&G,f&Sd uGif;v,fzefwD;&Sif *s&wftaejzifh umvif;zvm;yGJwGif aemufqkH; 15 rdepfü                                                                                                                                                                             pydefvmvD*g yGJpOf (6)
           yg0ifupm;cJhNyD;aemuf txufygtwkdif;ajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/ toif;enf;jyuefeD'Jvf*vpfcsfuvnf; *s&wf                                                                                                                                                      *D*RefESifh a&;qif;                             eHeuf 00;30 em&D TV
           tygt0if vDAmyl;toif;om;rsm;ukd'Pf&mtjyif;txefr&a&; xdef;odrf;upm;Mu&efxyfrHowday;vsuf&Sd                                                                                                                                                             Zm&m*kdZmESifh rmvm*g                           eHeuf 2;30 em&D  TV
           aMumif;? *s&wfjyefvnfajcpGrf;jyEkdifNyDjzpfí vDAmyl;toif;om;rsm;ESiy&dowfrsm;vnf; 0rf;ajrmufaeMu                                                        hf                                                                                                         27-9-2011 (t*FgaeY) y&D;rD;,m;vd*fyGJpOf (6)
           aMumif; The Telegraph owif;rD'D,mu azmfjyonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                        aemf0pfcsfESifh qef;'g;vef;                     eHeuf 1;30 em&D TV
                  rdrdonf vuf&SdabmvkH;&moDü vDAmyl;toif; AkdvfpGJatmifyGJcH&jcif;rsm; BuKHawGUEkdifonf[k ,kHMunfae                                                                                                                                                                       pydefvmvD*g yGJpOf (6)
           aMumif; *s&wfu xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                 *Dwmaz;ESifh bufwpf                             eHeuf 1;30 em&D TV
                                                47
Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                            VOICE
                                          The
  48
  VOICE
The
          Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                              SUPPLEMENT
                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     49
  Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                The                                                                                                                                                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The




  Vol.7 / No.41                                                                                               Weekly                                                                       Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




]yGifUvif;jrifomwJU ajymif;vJrIawG&Sd&if? vlhtcGifUta&;eJh w&m;rQwrI&Sd&if
jyefvmr,fUolawG trsm;BuD;&Sdw,f}
jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHtrsKd;om;nGefhaygif;tpkd;&(NCGUB)\ EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;a[mif;OD;yDwmvif;yifESifU awGYqHkjcif;
ausmfqef;rif;? atmifpdk;
                                                   f f                              d f H                 G             dk                       f                              d f H
                 iHawmfor®wBuD;OD;ode;pde\ jynfya&mufjrefrmEkiiom;rsm;ukd jynfawmfjyefcijhf yKrnfqaom aMunmcsutNyD; jynfya&mufjrefrmEkiiom;rsm; jynfawmfjyefvmaeMu&m tar&duefjynfaxmifpk
 Ekdif           wGif tajccsaexkdifNyD; jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHtrsKd;om;nGefYaygif;tpkd;&tzGJU\ EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;a[mif;tjzpfwm0ef,lcJhol? 1990 a&G;aumufyGJwGif ta&G;cs,fcHcJh&aom
vif;yifrif;om;BuD; \wDawmfpyfol OD;yDwmvif;yifuvnf; pufwifbmv 19 &ufaeYu jynfawmfjyefvmcJhonf/ ,if;aMumifh The Voice Weekly u OD;yDwmvif;yif\ jynfawmf0ifc&D;ESifh
jrefrmEkdifiHa&;tay: oabmxm;ukd awGUqkHar;jref;azmfjytyfygonf/
Voice                           mEk
                    : jrefrmEk d i f iH u d k jyefvm      jyefvmwJh tay:rSm [kdrSm usefcJhwJh                                                           udk odyg&ap/                                         bmrsm; ajymcsifvJqdkwm
&wJh b,fvd&nf&G,csuf? b,fvdk olawGu b,fvkdrsm;a0zefMuvJ/
                       k&nf fcsuf                                                                                                                       PTLP                           f G
                                                                                                                                                                        : xGuom;&wJtaMumif;  h               odyg&ap/
tquf t oG , f e J Y jyef v m&w,f PTLP : jynfya&mufaewJh                                                                                                 &if;u ½dk;½dk;av;yg/ a&G;aumufyGJ PTLP : wdi;f jynfaumif;zdYk twGuf      k
qdkwm yxrOD;qHk;ajymjyay;ygvm;/ ausmif;om;acgif;aqmifawGtygt0if                                                                                         enf;vrf;eJY tEdkif&wJhtzGJU t&ifppf udk,fwdkifyg0ifzdkYvdkygw,f/ a0zef
PTLP                : Ek d i f i H a wmf o r® w BuD ;     jrefrmEkdifiHom;trsm;pkeJY aqG;aEG;cJh                                                        tpd;&u tmPmvTajymif;jcif; rvkyf a&;vkyfw,fqdkwm a0zefNyD; jyKjyif&
                                                                                                                                                             k                          J
            f f
OD;ode;pdeeYJ a':atmifqef;pkMunfwYkd ygw,f/ yGivif;jrifomwJh ajymif;vJ      hf                                                                          wJhtwGufyg/                                          ygr,f / xd k i f M unf h r aeMuygeJ Y /
jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;eJY trsKd;om; rIawG&Sd&if? vlYtcGifhta&;eJY w&m;rQ                                                                               Voice           : 2008 tajccHOya'udk                 tjypfwifaeMu&if NyD;rSmr[kwygbl;/           f
&if M um;aph a &;twG u f yl ; aygif ; wrI&Sd&if jyefvmr,fholawG trsm;                                                                                                              hJ
                                                                                                                                                        tawmfukd a0zefcwmMum;&ygw,f/ Voice : jynf y rS m aecJ h w J h ES p f
aqmif&Gufr,fqdkwmudk axmufcHwJh BuD;&Sdw,f/                                                                                                             PTLP            : 2008 zGJUpnf;yHktajccH             20 ausmfumvtwGif;rSm owdjyK
taeeJY jyefvmwmyg/ pufwifbmv Voice : jynfya&mufaewJh                                                                                                    Oya'ygwcsKdUtcsufawG[m tawmf qif j cif r d w J h t aMumif ; t&m&S d & if
19 &ufaeYu jyefa&mufygw,f/ jref r mEd k i f i H o m;awG ,H k M unf                                                                                      av;aumif;ayr,fh ppfwyfu 25 ajymjyay;yg/
                      S d                              D
e,l;a,mufrm&SwhJ jrefrmoHtrwfBu; pdwfcspGm jyefvmzdkY tpdk;&taeeJY                                                                                      &mcdkifEIef; ,lwmudkawmh vufrcHEdkif PTLP : udk,fhwdkif;jynfr[kwf
OD;oef;aqGuaewpfqifh jyefvm bmawG vkyfay;zdkY vdktyfw,fvdkY                                                                                                         k f               k f        S
                                                                                                                                                        ygbl;/ EdiijH cm;wdi;jynfawGrmawmh wJh ae&mrSmae&wJhtwGuf wdkif;jynf
cGifhjyKzdkY pmwifvdkufwmyg/ oHk;&uf xifygovJ/                                                                                                          [ef'DuwfvdkYac:wJh tompD;,lwm udk vGr;ygw,f/ [drma&mufaeMuwJh    f             kS
avmufMumawmh OD;oef;aqGqDu PTLP : jywfom;wduswhJ Oya'                                                                                                   udk tdkemusKd;uef;awG? roefpGrf; vlawGuvnf; ud,tm;ud,u; r&Sd                 k hf         k f kd
taMumif;jyefw,f/ tbwifwJhpm awG? ñTeMf um;csuawG xkwjf yefay;zdYk                     f                                                                 awGudk ay;avh&Sdygw,f/ vufeuf MuwJtjyif wpfa,mufeYJ wpfa,muf h
udk EkdifiHawmfor®wBuD;u vufcH vdygw,f/ b,fvrf;aMumif;twdi;  k                                       k f                                                udkiftzGJUu tompD;,lw,fqdkwm av;pm;rIr&SdMubl;/ wpfa,mufu
BudKqdkwJhtaMumif;? befaumufudk oGm;&r,f? b,fvqufo,&r,fqwm                       kd           G f kd                                                    vHk;0rSm;aew,f/                                      vufurf;&if wpfa,mufu vduvuf                I f Id
a&mufwJhtcgrSmvnf; oH½Hk;0efxrf; rodwtwGuf Za0Z0gjzpfaeMuw,f/       hJ                                                                                  Voice           : jynf y rS m usef a ecJ h w J h       J             k
                                                                                                                                                                                                             vSvJ S BudKqd&ygr,f/ oHo,pdw&zYkd              f dS
awGu ulnDMuwJhtjyif 'Dudka&muf Voice : jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ a &;                                                                                        ol a wG e J Y jynf w G i f ; uvl a wG u d k rvdkygbl;/
awmhvnf; vwfwavmaexkdifzdkYudk vkyfief;pOf[m b,favmuftxd
tpdk;&u pDpOfay;xm;ygw,f/                                 Mumr,fvdkYxifygovJ/
Voice               : tjyifrSm ESpf 20 ausmf              PTLP             : 'D t aMumif ; t&mu
aecJhawmh tckjyefa&mufvmwJhtcsdef or®wBuD;OD;ode;f pdeeYJ a':atmifqef;
rSm bmawGajymif;vJom;NyvYk d xifygovJ/ pkMunf ESpfa,mufwnf; vkyfvdkYr&
PTLP
                                   G D
                    : t&ifueJYpm&if trsm;
                                                                                        f
                                                          bl;/ jrefrmEdkifiHom;tm;vHk; ,Hk,Hk
                                                                                                             a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk vufaqmifay;cJUonfU
BuD;wdk;wufvmygw,f/ EdkifiHa&; MunfMunfeJY yl;aygif;zdkYvdkw,f/
t& ajymif;vJrawG trsm;BuD;&Sw,f/ t&ifu jzpfcJhwJhudp&yfawGtay:rSm
Voice
                           I
                                     ,f vf
                    : t ef u , hf hvf taeeJY
                                                 d
                                                          emMunf;csufawG arhaysmufNyD; pepf
                                                                                            ö                a'gufwmoefh jrifUOD;pmtkyf tdE´d,wGifeHygwfwpfcsdwf
bmawGqufvkky f z d k Y pD p Of x m;vJ opfudk vlopfpdwfopfeJY vkyf&if
             q ufv                                                                                       &ef u k e f ? puf w if b m 23
qdkwm odyg&ap/                                            atmifjrifrSmyg/ vufydkufMunfhNyD;
PTLP                : toufBuD;vmNyDjzpfwJh                &yfaevdkYr&bl;/ vufawGUyg0ifrI                         jrefrmEkdifiHom; ESpfMudrfqufukvor*¾taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rI;csKyfOD;oefY\ajr;jzpfol orkdif;ynm&Sif
twGuf ygwDEiia&;qufrvkyawmh r&SdwJh a0zefa&;eJY wdkif;jynfu bmrS
                         dk f H                    f                                                     a'gufwmoefYjrifhOD; aemufqkH;a&;om;cJhNyD;a':atmifqef;pkMunftm; vufaqmifay;cJhonfh ‘Where China
bl;/ trsKd;om;&ifMum;apha&;eJY wkdif; wdk;wufvmrSmr[kwfygbl;/                                                                                                               f                  D
                                                                                                         and India meets: New Crossroads of Asia’ pmtkyonf ,ckowif;ywfwGif tdE´d,EkdifiH ta&mif;&qkH;pmtkyf
jynfwkd;wufa&;eJYqkdifwJhudpawGudk Voice : 1990 a&G ; aumuf y G J
                                               ö                                                         pm&if;wGif 0w¬Kr[kwfaompmtkyfrsm;(non-fiction list) wGif eHygwfwpf ae&m&&SaeaMumif; tdE,Ekiirvm           d                   d´ d f H S
yJvkyfawmhr,f/                                            tvGefumvuwnf;u jynfyudk                                                                     hD
                                                                                                         aomowif;rsm;ESihf a'gufwmoefYjrifO;ESifh cifrif&if;ESD;olrsm;xHrS od&onf/
Voice               : tef u ,f v f tck v d k              xGufcGmcJh&wJh t"dutaMumif;&if;                                  k       f                  f
                                                                                                                 tqdygpmtkyonf a'owGi;wGifa&m urÇmwGifyg tiftm;BuD;EkdifiHrsm;tjzpf wufvSrf;vmcJhNyD; ESpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                         dfH
                                                                                                         EkdifiHaygif;vlOD;a& oef; 2500 cefY&Sdonfh w½kwf? tdE´d,ESifh jrefrmEkiiwYkdtMum; yx0DEihf yx0DEiia&;                     S           dk f H
                                                                                                         tquftpyfwdkYudk c&D;oGm;pmay? ordkif;ESifh vuf&Sdtjzpftysufrsm;udk a&marTum a&;om;azmfjyxm;aom
                                  d f
                                uk,a&;tusO;f                                                             pmtkyfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                 a'gufwm oefYjrifhOD;\ rlv xGuf&SdjyD; pmtkyfrsm;rSm Making of Modern Burma ESifh ‘The River of
   trnf                               - OD ; yD w mvif ; yif ( OD ; yD w mvif ; yif r S m uaemif
                                                                                                         Lost Footsteps: A Personal History of Burma’?]The UN Secretariat : A Brief History wdkYjzpfjyD; jrefrmEkdifiH\
                                         rif;om;BuD;ESihf wDawmfpyfNyD;? uaemifrif;om;BuD;
                                         \om;vif;yifrif;om;Bu;D \jrpfawmfpyfojl zpfonf/                  ordkif;aMumif;udk rdrd\udk,fawGU b0tjzpftysufrsm;ESifh a&marTum &oajrmufpGma&;zGYJxm;aom okw
   rdbtrnf                            - OD;vif;yifxdyfwifvwf-a':cifcifodef;                              pmtkyfjzpfonfh ‘The River of Lost Footsteps’ onf a&mif;taumif;qHk; pm&if;0ifcJhovdk zwf&acsmarGYNyD;
   arG;ouú&mZf                        - 1941 ckESpf? atmufwkdbm 10                                                dfHS                         dfH             kf kf                       k
                                                                                                         jrefrmEkiiEih f ywfoufvQif Ekiiwum todi;t0di;wGif tm;ud;tm;xm; jyK&aom pmtkytjzpf owfrwcc&onf/                f              S f H hJ
   Ek d i f i H a &;                  - 1988 ta&;awmfykHwGif yg0ifcJh/                                                                kd                          kd f        G
                                                                                                                 [m;Awfwuúov?f uif;A&pfcsf wuúovwYkdwif ynmoifMum;cJNh yD; a'gufwmoefYjrifO;D onf jrefrmha&;&m                 h
   vIyf&Sm;rI                         - 1989 wGif trsKd;om;'Drkdua&pDtzGJUcsKyf?                               f f l             kfH               kf k f
                                                                                                         uRr;usiotjzpf Ediiwumtodi;t0di;wGif todtrSwjf yKcH&oljzpfNyD; 2009ckEpf pufwifbmwGif tar&duef           S
                                         21 OD; OD;aqmifaumfrwD0if (arNrKdU)                                                 f   kd f               H
                                                                                                         txuf vTwawmfEiijH cm; qufqa&;aumfrwDwGif jrefrmEdkifiHtaMumif; xGufqdkcJhonf/
                                      - 1990 a&G;aumufyGJwGif jyifOD;vGifNrKdUe,f                                a':atmifqef;pkMunfESifhrdom;pk csif;ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm cifrif&if;ESD;cJhaom a'gufwmoefYjrifhOD;onf
                                         rJqE´e,ftrSwf(2) rS 0ifa&muf,SOfNyKdiftEkdif&cJh/                                               S
                                                                                                         a':atmifqef;pkMunfEihf pufwifbm 9&ufaeYwGif awGYqkHcJhjyD; ol\ ,ckpmtkyfudkvnf; vufaqmifay;tyf
                                      - 1990 jynfhESpfaemufykdif;rSpí                                    cJhonf/
                                                                       k G
                                         tar&duefjynfaxmifpwif tajccsaexkdifcJhNyD;                                                        h D
                                                                                                                 a'gufwmoefYjrifO;onf ukvor*¾t&mxrf;tjzpfvnf;aumif;? [m;Awfwuúov?f pifumyl&dS Institute                    kd
                                         ]jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdiitrsK;om;nGeYaygif;tpk;d &tzGUJ }
                                                                kfH d                     f                                                              k f H                   kd f
                                                                                                         of South East Asian Studies ponfh Ediiwumwuúovrsm;wGif Fellow Ship rsm;&,lcNhJ yD; e,l;a,mufwi;rf?                                        kd f
                                         (NCGUB) wGif EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;tjzpf wm0ef                   0g&SifwefydkYpf? avmhZif;*svdZfwdkif;rf? tifwmae&Sife,f[,f&,fx&DAsL;ef? e,l;pwdwfrif;? wdkif;rfr*¾Zif;
                                         ,lcJhonf/                                                       wdkYwGifvnf; aqmif;yg;rsm;a&;om;aeoljzpfonf/
   B
   50
   VOICE
 The


                     SUPPLEMENT                                                                                                                              Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011




]rwfwl; 2002armf',fvfqkd&if a':vmwpfaomif;ay;wmawmif 0,fvdkhr&awmUygbl;}
Sakura Auto Auction Centre rS                                                     wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;ESifU awGYqHkjcif;
ausmfqef;rif;? atmifpdk;
                  opf\,mOfa[mif;tpm;xkd;vJvS,fwifoGif;cGifh rl0g'opfrSm jrefrmjynfolvlxktMum; jyif;xefpGm*,uf½kdufcwfcJhNyD; ,mOfopfwifoGif;a&;ESifhywfoufí vlxk\pdwf0ifpm;rI
 tpkd;&           jrif h r m;aeay&m jref r mEk d i f i H w G i f a&yef ; pm;aeaom *syef a rmf a wmf , mOf a ps;uG u f \ vuf & S d t ajctaetygt0if ,mOf w if o G i f ; rI t ajctaersm;uk d od & S d E k d i f a p&ef
armfawmf,mOfwifoGif; a&mif;csaeaom oufwrf;&ifhvkyfief;wpfckjzpfonfh Sakura Auto Auction Centre rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;ESifh awGUqkHar;jref;azmfjytyfygonf/
Voice           : vuf & S d u m;wif o G i f ;        Voice             : ygrpf&NyD; b,favmuf
rIeJY ywfoufNyD; tedrfhqkH;b,fvdk Mum&if um;&NyDvJ/                                                                 wifoGif;cGifUjyKonfU armfawmf,mOfaps;EIef;rsm;
um;rsdK;awG oGif;vdkY&w,fqkdwm Sakura : ygrpfavQmufNyD; wpfv
&Sif;jyygcifAs/                                      cGJ ESpfvqkd&if &ygNyD/ um;0,fr,f/                         pOf ,mOftrsKd;tpm;              Model Year      tjrif h q H k ;CIPwef z k d ;(USD)  rSwfcsuf
Sakura : &efueqyurf; ta&muf   kf df                  oabFmywfapmifhr,f/ oabFmwif                                                                (1995 ckESpfrS)  (&efukefta&mufaps;EIef;)
tedrq; (tar&duef a':vm) 3600 r,f/ oabFmuvnf; wpfvrSm wpf
        hf Hk
vdkYajymayr,fh wpfaxmifhig;&meJY pD;yJ&Sdygw,f/ oabFmrrD&if aemuf                                               1   Honda                       2002             5000.00
ESpfaxmifwefum;awGvnf; oGif; wpfvMumoGm;ygNyD/
vkdY&ygw,f/ cifAsm;oGif;r,fhum;u Voice                                 : 0efaqmifp&dwf b,f                      2   Mazda                       2002             5000.00
wpfaxmifeJY qkd&ifvnf;&ygw,f/ avmuf,lvJAs/                                                                      3   Mercedes (S-Classryg)       1997             5000.00
'gayrJh &efueta&muf b,fum;rS Sakura : 0efaqmifp&dwu ykao
                     k f                                                                       f H
wpfaxmifeJYr&bl;/                                    r&Sdygbl;/ um;oGif;wJhtaetxm;                              4   Mitsubishi                  2002             5000.00
           wkd,dkwmqvGef;qkd&if 2002 tay:rlwnfygw,f/ oGif;wJholu
armf',fvftxdoGif;vdkY&ygw,f/ olYykdufqHeJYol? olUEdkifiHjcm;aiGpm&if;                                           5   Nissan                      2002             5000.00                           Saloon /
vefc½kZmwkYd ? vufZyfwYdk? y&m'kwYdkudk ( Account) eJY 0,fr,fq&if 0efaqmif
                                              d                                         dk                                                                                                         Van/
awmh avQmufvdkYr&ygbl;/ 'gayrJh p&dwfr,lbl;/ a&mif; aps;rSm tjrwf                                               6   Subaru                      2003             5000.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Hitchback
qyfzf (Surf ) qkd&if 99 armf',fvf ygoGm;NyD/ uRefawmfwkdY tukefvkyf
                         d                       f
txd avQmufvYk&ygw,f/ bwfpum; ay;&r,fq&if tusKd ;aqmifc taeeJY            dk                                     7   Toyota                      2002             5000.00
    d                                              J
qk&ifvnf; a':vmwpfaomif;cGwef 5&mckdifEIef;jzpf&ifjzpfr,f/ q,f                                                  8   Volkswagen                  2003             5000.00
txd oGif;cGifhay;xm;ygw,f/                                 d f I f
                                                     &mckiEe;jzpf&ifjzpfr,f/ uReawmfwYdk        f
Voice           : *syef w pf y wf & pf u m;          avvHqNJG y;D om; um;awGxu a&G;0,f     J                    9   BMW                         1998             5000.00
aps;uGuf tajctaeudkvnf; &Sif; r,fq&ifawmh q,f&mckiEe;,lw,f/    dk                       dfIf
jyay;yg/                                             Voice             : um;0,f r ,f q k d & if                 10 Volvo                        1998             5000.00
Sakura            : (*syef a ps;uG u f r S m )       ygrpfay;½kHeJY&NyDvm;/
rwf w l ; 2002 armf ' ,f v f q k d & if Sakura : r&ygbl;/ ol bmum;                                              11 Audi                         1998             5000.00
a':vmwpf a omif ; ay;wmawmif 0,fr,fqkdwm qkH;jzwf&ygr,f/ 'D
0,fvdkYr&awmhygbl;/ 'Dvdkum;rsKd; rSm toifh&SdNyD;om;qkd&if 'DuaeyJ                                             12 Hyundai                      2004             5000.00
uvnf;*syefaps;uGufrSm 10pD;xuf a&mif;ay;vkdufyghr,f/                                                            13 Daewoo                       2004             5000.00
rydkbl;/ aps;uGuf0ifNyD; tjypftem Voice : vwfwavm um;aps;
tqmuif;wJh um;awG qkd&if vlawG uG u f t ajctaeaMumif h a':vm                                                    14 KIA                          2004             5000.00
                              f          h
u OD;OD;zsm;zsm;oGi; csiMf uwJtwGuf aps;ukd b,favmufxdoufa&muf
aps;ajrmufaewmyg/ aemufwpfv rI&Sdr,fvdkY xifygovJ/                                                              15 Chrysler Cherokee            1996             5000.00
avmufqkd&if 'Daps;u jyefusoGm;rSm Sakura : bPfrSm&SdwJh w&m;0if
yg/ tcku vk0,faeNyD; vkoGif;ae EdiijH cm;aiGawGuawmh aps;wufom;
                                                       k f                                                  G   16 Honda                        2000             5000.00
MuwJhtwGuf aps;rcsdrqHhjzpfaewm wmayghAsm/ vlBuD;awGuvnf; Earn-
yg/ aemufusrS at;at;aq;aq; ing (yk d Y uk e f & aiG ) aps;wuf                                                   17 Isuzu                        1996             5000.00
oGif;r,fqkd&if aps;aygaygeJY&rSmyg/ apcsifw,f/ wpfcsufckwf ESpfcsuf                                             18 Mercedes                     1996             5000.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                   wagon/
Voice           : *syefaps;uGufrSm                   jywfr[kwfbJ av;ig;csuf jywfap                                                                                                                 Pick Up
b,ftrsK;tpm; um;awG aps;ajrmuf w,f/ um;pkwfawGudkvnf; &Sif;?
              d                                                                                                 19 Mitsubishi                   2000             5000.00                           Double
oGm;vJ/                                              oH&nfBudKpuftwGuf ukefMurf;r&Sd                                                                                                               Cab/
Sakura : jrefrmEkdifiHukdoGif;wJh                    vdkY wpfwefukd EkdifiHjcm;aiG a':vm                        20 BMW                          1996             5000.00                           Micro Bus
Surf wkdY ? rwfcfwl;wkdU? yg*sJ½kd;wkdY/             okH;&m av;&m ay;0,f&wmvnf;                                                                                                                    (Under
tJ'gvnf; um;wki;awmhr[kwb;/ ajyvnf oGm;w,f/ NyD;awmh ,mOf
                             d f                f l                                                             21 Audi                         1996             5000.00                           15 Seater)
      f                               f
&S,um;awGayghAsm/ ypön;pkNH yD; um; tkd ,mOfa[mif;awG oufwrf;Nyef
uvnf; *&dwjf rif&r,f/ uDvvnf; wkd;MuwJh twGuf vkdifpifaMu;vnf;
                           h               kd                                                                   22  Volvo                       1996             5000.00
enf;r,f/ topfeD;yg;um;oefYae &? um;awG o G i f ; vmwJ h twG u f                                                 23 Nissan                       2000             5000.00
r,fqkd&if aps;jrifhNyD/ 0,fa&mif;awG taumufceaMu;vnf;& jzpfom;yg          G f                          G
u jynfwGif;aps;uGufrSm jyefwif w,f/                                                                             24 Suzuki                       2000             5000.00
a&mif;zkdY twGuf olwkdY0,fr,fh um; Voice : *syefrm&SwhJ uGuaysmuf                 S d             f
ukd acgif;acgufa&G;Muwm/ topfe;D yg; um;u aps;oufomw,fvYkd ajymMu                                               25 Toyota (Landcruiser          1999             5000.00
aumif;NyD; 'Pf&m'Pfcsuf r&Sd&if w,f/ tJ'Dvkdum;rsdK; bmaMumifh                                                      Luxes/Prado ryg)
a':vmwpfaomif; ausmf&ifausmf 'DrSm roGif;MuwmvJ/
yavhapqkdNyD; tqkH;ay;0,fMuwm/ Sakura : jrefrmEkdifiHrSmu um;                                                   26 Pick Up
aps;ajrmufw,f rajrmufbl;qkdwm wifoGif;cGifhygrpfudk ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm                                               ½kd;½kd; Pick Up/Extra Cap/ 2004             5000.00
um;tajctae ay:rSmrlwnfw,f/ ydwxm;wJtwGuf tpk;&eJYywfouf     f          h              d                             Space Cab, All Brand
a&Tig;vnf; tJ'Dtwkdif;jzpfaewm/ qufE,woawGyJ um;wifoi;cGihf       T f hJ l                          G f
*&dwfenf;r,f um;enf;enf;nHhae &Muwmyg/ olwkdYuvnf; aps;uGuf                                                     27 Light Truck                  2005             6500,00
&if a':vm 300avmufeJYvnf;&Edkif 0ifwJhum;awGyJ oGif;MuwJhtwGuf                                                      All Brand
                   S
wmyJ/ *syefrm avvHypfr,fh um;udk 'Dum;awGy&aewmyg/ tck uReawmf        J dS                           f
Online uaevnf; b,faps;&Sdw,f                                                 k f
                                                     wkYdukd tyfuepepfeYJ ay;vduNf yDq&if    k           dk
qkdwm MunfhvdkY&ygw,f/                               um;rsdK; pkH0ifvmawmhrSmyg/ a':vm                          28 Heavy Track                  2000             12000.00
                                                                                                                    All Brand
 Voice          : qmul & muk r Ü P D u k d           wpfaxmufeYJ 0,fvYkd&wJh um;udk 'Drm                      S
tyfukefpepfeJY vmtyfwJhol b,f ESpfaxmifhig;&meJY jyefa&mif;r,f/ &ef                                             29 Mini Bus, All Brand          2005             15000.00
avmuf&SdNyDvJ/                                       ukefqdyfurf;a&mufwJhtxd oabFm
Sakura : ygrpfay;NyD; um;oGif;                       wifcuvnf; tenf;qkH; tar&d                                  30 City Bus, All Brand          2005             15000.00
ckdif;wJholawGuawmh trsm;BuD;yJ/ uefa':vm 1500 avmufusr,f/                                                      31 Express, All Brand           2000             15000.00
                       H J
rEÅav;rSmqkd ½k;cGawmifziawmhr,f/   G hf                                    ausmfqef;rif;? atmifpdk;
                                                                                                                                                                                C/O:China Malaysiarsm;tygt0if
 Monday, September 26 - October 2 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                          SPORT                                                  The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          51




ok0PÖabmvHk;tm;upm;uGif; jrufcif;jyefpkdufrnf
&efukef? pufwifbm 22
                                    a&wif yD; qdk; d;0g;0g;ysuf aeonfh ok                                        f;ud
 vuf &Sdtaetxm;wGif rkd;;&GrSmpvQifjrufcif;Nrsm;jyefqkdkufNyD; jyKjyifprD;nfjzpfaMumif0;PÖabmvHdik;fitm;upm;uGiJUcsKyfk
     atmufwdkbmvqef í                               p                                   jrefrmEk HabmvHk;tzG
jyefMum;a&;wm0efcH OD;pdk;rdk;olu ajymMum;onf/
          k          k f
      tqdygabmvH;uGi;\ajrom; aMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/                                          [k oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,fwGif aexkdif
taetxm;rSm jyKjyif&rnfh tae                     k f kd            dfH
                                          ]]&efuevae&mrsK;d rSm Ekiiwum                        aom touf 35 ESpft&G,f&Sd jrefrmh
txm;odkY a&mufaeaMumif;? jynfy tqif h r D a bmvH k ; uG i f ; wpf u G i f ;                    ESifh xkdif;qDrD;zkdife,fyGJpOfokdY vm
ukrÜPDrsm;ESifh jyKjyif&efaqG;aEG;ae avmufawmh aumif;aumif;vdw,f}}  k                                       h I l
                                                                                               a&mufMunf½owpfO;u qkonf/D      d


jrefrmeyef;tzJGYcsKyfopf *sL'kdupm;orm;rsm;ukd tajccHNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                "mwfyHk- rdk;ausmfvGif
SEA Games ,SOfNydKifrnf                                                                                                                                        k
                                                                                                                                                 ok0PÖabmvH;uGi;f \ qk;d 0g;vS            f h         dk
                                                                                                                                                                                      usi;ycJonfuawGU&onf/
&efukef? pufwifbm 22                                                                                                                           h
                                                                                                                                        onftajctaeaMumifh abmvH;yGrsm;       k J              vma&muf , S O f N yd K if M uonf h
          topfzUGJ pnf;vkuonfh jrefrm
                            d f               NydKifrnfjzpfaMumif;? *sL'kdupm;enf;             Games     okdY apvTwf,SOfNydKifapNyD;              f
                                                                                                                                        udk uGi;jyKjyifrNI yD;&efapmifNh yD; tcsdef   toif;rsm;rS enf;jyrsm;u uGif;
eyef;tzJGUcsKyfopfonf jrefrmhvuf              ESifh eyef;upm;enf;rSm uGmjcm;jcif;                      d f H G     f
                                                                                               jrefrmEkiiwijf yKvkyrnfh 2013 SEA        aemufqkwfum usif;ycJhaMumif;                  tajctaeudka0zefcJh&mwGif vmtdk
a&G;pif*sL'kupm;orm;tjzpf a&G;cs,f
             d                                r&SaMumif;? enf;jy\ ajymjycsuft&
                                                    d                                          Games wGif atmifjrifrI&&Sdap&ef          pufwifbmv 21 &ufaeYwif usif;      G           enf;jyurl ]]yGJvufcH usif;yEkdifwJh
cH&jcif;r&Sdonfh *sL'kdorm;rsm;ukd            vmrnfq;*dr;wGif a&TwpfcEihf tjcm;
                                                        h D f              kS                  &nf&G,faMumif; ¤if;uxyfavmif;            ycJhonfh wwd,ae&mvkyGJESifh Adkvf                           d          f
                                                                                                                                                                                      taetxm;r&S&if rvkywm taumif;
tajccHNyD; tif'e;&Sm;Ekiiwif usi;
                    dk D     d f H G      f   qkwqyEpccefY&EkiaMumif; ¤if;u
                                                      H d f S f k    d f                       &Sif;jyonf/                                  JG      d
                                                                                                                                        vkyukd tcsef 2 em&DrQaemufqwum      k f         k                G h
                                                                                                                                                                                      qH;yJ}} [k a0zefom;cJonf/
                               f GJ
yrnfh SEA Games NyKdiyud k 0ifa&muf               d
                                              qkonf/
           f                        df
,SONf yKd irnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkiiH eyef;            vmrnf h SEA Games wG i f
tzJGUcsKyftwGif;a&;rSL; a'gufwm
atmifausmqef;uajym Mum;onf/
               f
                                              cg;ywf\atmufukd csKyfukdifcGifhr&Sd
                                              onfh Grecoroman ESihf vGwvyfpm  f    G
                                                                                                  tmqD,H,l-19 AkdvfvkyJG yJGNyD;csdef pHcsdefwifaemufus
                                                                                               &efukef? pufwifbm 22
          eyef;tzJGUcsKyftaejzifh topf        csKyf ukdifupm;cGifh&Sdonfh Free Style
jzpfonfhtwGufaMumifh upm;orm;                 upm; enf;ESpfrsKd;ukd 0dwfwef;ckepf                     tmqD,H,l-19 abmvkH;NydKif         yJG&yfwefYjcif;wkdYaMumifh yJGNyD;csdefrSm    awmif t m&S v l i ,f a bmvk H ; Nyd K if y J G
r&Sdao;aMumif;? ,if;twGufaMumifh              rsKd;pD 0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifoGm;rnfjzpf            yJGtjzpf pufwifbmv 21 &ufaeYu                                  l
                                                                                                                                        aemufwpf&ufu;onftxd pHcsewif         df       usif ; ya&;\ Ouú | vnf ; jzpf o l
jrefrmhvufa&G;pif *sL'kdupm;orm;              aMumif;? jrefrmEkdifiH\ yxrqkH;                  &efukefNrdKUawmf ok0PÖtm;upm;                        hJ
                                                                                                                                        aemufuscaMumif;awGU&onf/                      OD;aZmfaZmfu 0ifa&mufajz&Sif;ay;rI
ckepfOD;ukd a&G;cs,fum wl&uDvlrsKd;           eyef;upm;orm;rsm;ukd EkdifiHwum                  NydKifuGif;ü ,SOfNydKifupm;cJhonfh               ,if;NydKifyJGwGif wwd,ae&m            aMumifh qufvufupm;cJhaMumif;
                         hf
enf;jyjzifh avhusium 0ifa&muf,Of        S     tawGUtBuKH &ap&ef vmrnfh SEA                     AkdvfvkyJGwGif tcsdefajymif;jcif;ESihf        GJ
                                                                                                                                        vkytjzpf jrefrmESihf rav;&Sm;yJpOfudk
                                                                                                                                                                           G          oGm;a&mufMunfh½IcJholrsm;u wnD
                                                                                                                                        ,if;aeY nae 3 em&D 30 rdepfwGif                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                      wnGwwnf;ajymMum;onf/

                                               f dk
jrefrmabmvk;H toif;enf;jy aZ,sma&Tajrenf;jycsKyucefh                                                                                    usif;yrnfjzpfaomfvnf; rkd;onf;
                                                                                                                                        xefpGm &GmoGef;rIaMumifh uGif;tajc
                                                                                                                                                                                               ]]'DavmufaemufuswmrsKd; r&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                      cJhzl;ygbl;}} [k 0g&ifhuavmif&Sif
&efukef? pufwifbm 22                                                                                                                                   d               d f S f
                                                                                                                                        taerSm qk;0g;aeojzifh tcseEpem&D              OD;cifarmifaxG;u rSwfcsufjyKajym
                                                                                                      ]]jrefrmtoif;taMumif;rodwhJ       cefY aemufqkwfNyD; usif;ycJhaMumif;?          Mum;onf/
                                                                                               vlawGxufpm&ifawmh rqkd;bl;vkdY           ,if;aemuf AkdvfvkyJGtjzpf xkdif;ESifh                         d d f k GJ
                                                                                                                                                                                               tqkygAkvvyonf oef;acgif
                                                                                               ajym&ygw,f/ trsm;BuD;arQmfrSef;vkdY      AD,uferfwkdY yJGpOfwGif yxrykdif; 15          ,H 12 em&D 30 rdepfwGif NyD;qkH;cJhNyD;
                                                                                               awmh r&bl;aygh/ upm;orm;av;              rdepfta&mufü 'kdifvlBuD;\ qkH;jzwf               d                        D H
                                                                                                                                                                                      xki;f toif;u y,fe,fwtqk;tjzwf
                                                                                               awGtay:rSmvnf; rlwnfao;w,f}}             csufukd AD,uferfupm;orm;rsm;u                         d f
                                                                                                                                                                                      jzifh AkvpJGcJhNyD; AD,uferfu 'kwd,?
                                                                                               [k 0g&if h t m;upm;uavmif & S i f                         G dk
                                                                                                                                        rauseyfí yJuqufvufrupm;cJbJ             h     rav;&Sm;toif;u wwd,qkESifh
                                                                                               OD;cifarmifaxG;u &Sif;jyonf/             20 rdepfcefY &yfwefYcJhaMumif;? ta&SU                      S f H
                                                                                                                                                                                      toefY&i;qk;qkrsm; &&Sconf/ d hJ
                                                           "mwfyHk- rdk;ausmfvGif
         tif'e;&Sm;Ekiiwif usi;yrnfh
                dk D d f H G
                              df
ta&SUawmiftm&Stm;upm;NyKiyGJ (SEA
                                 f                      qm;bD;,m;vlrsKd; rDvefZDAm'D
                                              Ek d A pf v uf x uf ü jref r mabmvk H ;
                                                                                                   NrdKYe,fwdkif;wGif rDwmav;&majy;vrf;ygabmvHk;uGif;
Games) ü 0ifa&muf,ONf yKd irnfh jrefrm
                          S f
abmvk;H toif;enf;jytjzpf aZ,sma&Tajr
abmvk;H toif;enf;jycsKyf pwDAif[efqef
                                              toif;\&v'frSm qkd;0g;cJhNyD;aemuf
                                              ¤if ; uk d pmcsKyf z suf o d r f ; cJ h o nf /
                                              ,if;aemuf awmifukd&D;,m;vlrsKd;
                                                                                                   wnfaqmufrnf[kqdk
                                                                                                   &efukef? pufwifbm 21
ukd cefYtyfvkdufaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH         enf ; jytygt0if Ek d i f i H j cm;om;                       jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd NrdKUe,fwdkif;wGif rDwm 400 ajy;vrf;ygabmvHk;uGif;rsm; wnfaqmufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
           H
abmvk;tzJUG csKyf jyefMum;a&;wm0efcH          enf;jyrsm;cefYtyfrnf[k owif;                         tm;upm;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;wifhqef;u trsKd;om;v