Breeding Stocks by liaoqinmei

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									                               AGRICULTURE, FISHERY &
                                     FORESTRY
                                                           by

                                            Raymundo J. Talento
                                                  Director IV
                                   National Statistical Coordination Board

                            International Workshop on National Accounts

                                     Beijing Friendship Hotel, Beijing, China
                                                  June 8-10, 2009
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                                   Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                                   National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                       Outline of Presentation

                             I.          Scope and Coverage
                             II. Data Sources & Data Used
                             III. Data & Indicators
                             IV. Estimation Methodology
                             V. Some issues/concerns




International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                              Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                              National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                       Introduction

                      Why the need for economic
                      accounting in agriculture?
            a. Relative importance of the agricultural sector
               in most economies
            b. To monitor the trends of agriculture vis-à-vis
               the economic development;
            c. To determine the impact of various policy
               measures in agriculture development;

International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                       Introduction

                      Why the need for economic
                      accounting in agriculture?
              c. To assess the economic conditions of the
                  population dependent on agriculture; and
              d. To help policy-makers achieve optimum
                  results in the allocation of scarce natural
                  resources.


International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                       Introduction

                 What are major agriculture indicators
                   from national accounts which help
                   to monitor specific concern?
                 a. Value Added (production account)
                 b. Producer’s share of the income from gross
                    value added (generation of income account)



International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                       Introduction

                    c. Primary income accruing to agriculture
                       producers (allocation of primary income
                       account)
                    d. Type of output by type of end user (goods &
                       services account)
                    e. Capital formation and its sources of
                       financing



International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Scope and Coverage

                A. The scope and coverage of industries
                  are determined according to productive
                  economic activities. This is based on:
                a. The International Standard Industrial
                   Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC).
                b. In the Philippines, the Philippine Standard
                    Classification System (PSIC) w/c is in
                    consonance with the ISIC is adopted to classify
                    economic activities in the national accounts.
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Scope and Coverage
                 B. An Industry is defined as the set of all
                    productive units engaged primarily in the
                    same or similar kinds of productive
                    economic activity.

                 Productive Units can be:
                  a. enterprise/establishment (non-fin’l in the case
                   of agriculture)
                  b. Government Unit
                  c. Households
                 ______________________
                 (Other productive units are non-profit institutions)
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Scope and Coverage

                  B. Each player in an Industry may have
                    various form which relates to its:
                  -kind of ownership
                  -type of legal organization
                  -formal or informal




International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Scope and Coverage

                 C. For economic productive activities –
                   it is important that the word “activity”
                   is understood. So that . . .
                 An activity is a process or a combination
                   of actions that results in certain type
                   of goods or services.



International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Scope and Coverage
              Principal Activity – an activity of a producer
                     unit whose value added exceeds that of any
                     other activity carried out within the same unit.

              Secondary Activity - an activity carried out
                     within a single producer unit in addition to its
                     principal activity.

              Ancillary activity – undertaken to provide
                     support services for the principal &/or
                     secondary activities of the producer; not
                     intended for use outside the producer unit.
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                        In summary, the industries
                       covered under the agriculture,
                       fishery and forestry (ISIC) are
                       those which are engaged in the
                       following economic activities:



International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      A. AGRICULTURE



               covers the production of agricultural crops; the
                raising of livestock and poultry, including the
                production of milk and eggs; the provision of
                agricultural services on a fee or contract basis;
                and other agricultural activities, including
                horticulture and landscape gardening such as
                planting and care of lawns, flower gardens,
                shade and ornamental trees.
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      B. FISHERY




               covers commercial and municipal fishing,
                aquaculture, the gathering of marine products,
                such as seaweeds, seashells, sponges, pearls,
                oysters and other shellfish from oceans, seas,
                lakes, rivers, rice fields, and fish farms, and the
                provision of fishery services on a fee or contract
                basis.
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      C. FORESTRY



               covers logging operation, the gathering of minor
                    forestry products such as firewood, bamboo, and
                    rattan, and such other forestry activities as
                    marking and measuring of timber, planting and
                    conservation, as well as the clearing and
                    afforestation of timber tracts by logging and
                    forestry enterprises and the operation of forest
                    tree nurseries which are considered as own-
                    account capital formation.
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                       In the PSNA, we are covering ...

                                                           AGRICULTURE


            Agricultural                  Livestock and          Poultry and Egg           Agri Activities
               Crops                     Milk Production           Production              and Services

                Palay             Carabao                           Chicken                   Irrigation
               Corn              Cattle                             Duck                      Pesticides
                Coconut           Hog                               Chicken Eggs              Promoting
                Sugarcane        Goat                               Duck Eggs                  Growth
                                                                                              Horticulture
                Banana            Dairy
                                                                                             Own Acct Cap
               Other Crops- fruits, citrus,                                                      Form
               fiber, vegetables, etc.
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                       In the PSNA, we are covering ...

                                                           FISHERY


             Commercial                                                          Aquaculture and
                                                       Municipal Fishing
               Fishing                                                           Marine Products

                Using                                         Using                          marine
              Boats of 3                                     Boats of                        prods in
              gross tons                                   less than 3                         lakes
               & more                                       gross tons                        rivers,
                                                                                              ponds

International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                       In the PSNA, we are covering ...

                                                           FORESTRY



                 Logging                                   Afforestation        Gathering of Minor
                                                                                Forestry Products




International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Sources of Data

                      1. Censuses of Agriculture & Fishery
                      2. Production Surveys (for Crops, Livestock,
                         Poultry, Fishery, Forestry)
                      3. Cost of Production Surveys
                      4. Administratve-based data
                      5. Special studies conducted by concerned
                         institutions



International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                     II. Sources of Data (PSNA)
                        A. Agricultural Crops

               1. Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
                  a. Rice & Corn Production Survey (RCS)
                  b. Palay & Corn Stock Survey (PCSS)
                  c. Quarterly/Semestral Reporting of
                      Other Crops Production Statistics
                  d. Farm Price Survey (FPS)
               2. Sugar Regulatory Administration
               3. Philippine Coconut Authority
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Sources of Data (PSNA)
                          B. Livestock & Poultry

                      1. Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
                         a. Survey of Commercial Livestock /
                            Poultry Farms
                         b. Survey of Backyard Livestock /
                            Poultry Farms
                         c. Survey of Animals Slaughtered in
                            Abattoirs
                         d. Farm Price Survey (FPS)
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Sources of Data (PSNA)
                          C. Agricultural Activities & Services

                  1. National Irrigation Administration
                  2. Fertilizer & Pesticides Authority
                  3. National Statistics Office




International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Sources of Data (PSNA)
                          D. Fishery

                  1. Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
                     a. Survey of Commercial Fishing
                     b. Survey of Municipal Fishing
                     c. Survey of Aquacuture Farms
                  2. Bureau of Fishery and Aquatic Resources



International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      II. Sources of Data (PSNA)
                          E. Forestry

                  1. Forest Management Bureau
                  2. National Statistics Office
                      - Monthly Survey of Wholesale Prices




International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      III. Data and Indicators
                     Agriculture and Fishery

                    volume & value in production of agricultural
                          crops, livestock, poultry
                  inventory of livestock and poultry
                  slaughtered animals on farms and non-farms
                    prices received by farmers for agricultural crops,
                                 livestock and poultry
                    auction prices of livestock and poultry

International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      III. Data and Indicators
                     Agriculture and Fishery

                    volume/value of production of commercial &
                        municipal fishing, aquaculture, and other
                        fishery products.

                  Cost of production studies on specific crops &
                 fishery products




International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      III. Data and Indicators
                     Forestry

                      log production by specie
                      volume of minor forest products
                      cost of production studies on logging
                                   operations
                      domestic prices of other forest products
                     wholesale price of logs by class



International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      III. Data and Indicators
                     Agricultural Services

                      area irrigated
                     Irrigation fees
                     Production/importation of fertilizers,
                     pesticides
                     Agri services rendered by gov’t agencies




International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      IV. Estimation Methodology
                     At current prices:
                     a. Direct Approach
                            GVA = GO – II
                     b. Use of GVARs
                            GVA = Qty x Price x GVAR
                                     = Value x GVAR
                            (GVAR is the ratio of GVA to output; based on recent
                            survey)
                     c. Volume/Value Extrapolation
                               GVA = previous GVA level x growth rates of
                                      the volume/value production
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                                  Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                                  National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      IV. Estimation Methodology
                     Estimation methodologies for deriving GVA at
                     constant prices:

                                         Deflation
                                                •Double
                                                •Single
                                         Quantity Revaluation
                                         Extrapolation (Volume change
                                         indicator)
                                         CVM (chain volume measure)
International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                                 Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                                 National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                      V. Some Issues/Concerns
                     1. On data
                        -unavailability, treatment of missing data
                     2. Updating of parameters used
                        -some parameters are based on studies
                        intermittently conducted
                     3. Valuation of output (acctg. for losses &
                        damages)
                     4. Survey instrument
                     5. Resources devoted for agricultural statistics


International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009
                                   THANK YOU


International Workshop “From Data to Accounts: Measuring
                                                           Republic of the Philippines
Production in National Accounting”. – Beijing
                                                           National Statistical Coordination Board
Dir. Raymundo J. Talento 8-10 Jun 2009

								
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