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Gloucestershire

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									     Gloucestershire
 Early Years Development
and Childcare Partnership




Audit 2002/03


          Conducted by
  Research and Monitoring Unit,
 Education Planning Department,
 Gloucestershire County Council.




                                               Moira Pratt
                                  Senior Research Officer
                              Research & Monitoring Unit
                                       Tel. 01452-425328
                Email: moira.pratt@gloucestershire.gov.uk
Contents                                                        Page

                    Introduction                                    i

                    Background                                     ii

                 Executive summary                                iii

               Demographic Information
1.    Population                                                   1
2.    Age Structure                                                2
3.    Future Changes                                               3
4.    Social Deprivation                                           3
5.    Pockets of Deprivation                                       4
6.    Ethnicity                                                    5
7.    Unemployment                                                 5
8.    Future Housing                                               5
9.    Children with Special Needs or Disabilities                  6
10.   Lone Parent Families                                         7
11.   Children in Traveller Families in Gloucestershire            8
12.   Children by Ethnic Minority Groups in Gloucestershire        9
13.   Refugees and Asylum Seekers                                  9
Economic Content
1.    Rural Gloucestershire                                       10
2.    Employment in Rural Areas                                   10
3.    Economic Activity Rates                                     10
4.    Educational Attainment and Training of adults               11
5.    Local employment profile                                    12
6.    Employment in Ethnic Minority Groups                        12

Existing Childcare Services
      Maps showing distribution of childcare in each district
1.    Childminders                                                13
2.    Childcare                                                   13
3.    Childminder Places in Gloucestershire                       14
4.    Childcare Place in Gloucestershire                          14
5.    Childcare Provision on School Sites                         16
6.    Childcare 8-14                                              16
7.    Costs                                                       17
8.    Early Education-take up of Nursery Education Grant          18
9.    Childminder Networks                                        19
10.   Local Education Provision                                   20
People working in Childcare and early Education
                             Childminding Staff
1.    Number of paid Childminders by Age                          21
2.    Distribution of Part-time and Full-time Childminders              21
3.    Childminders broken down by Job Role                              21
4.    Number of paid Childminders by Ethnicity                          22
5.    Qualifications                                                    22
6.    Childminders with Disabilities                                    23
7.    Current vacancies with Childminders                               23
      Childcare Staff (Excluding Childminders)
8.    Number of paid childcare workers by age                           24
9.    Number of Paid Childcare Workers by Ethnic Background             25
10.   Training levels of staff (including childminders)                 26
11    Qualifications against ethnic background                          27
12.   Number of childcare workers by gender                             27
13.   Childcare paid staff turnover                                     28
14.   Childcare workers with disabilities                               29
15.   Current Childcare Vacancies                                       29
16.   Special educational needs co-ordinators                           30
17.   Quality Assurance                                                 30




      Appendices
A     1 The Key                                                           1
      2 New deal plus                                                     2
      3 Pockets of disadvantage in Gloucestershire – a map                3
B     Children in need by ward                                          1-2
      Children in need by ward and age                                  3-5
C     Childcare places available for children aged 0-5                  1-5
      Childminder places                                                  6
D     1 Full list of qualifications held showing level and frequency.   1-4
      2 Staff qualifications against ethnic background                    5
E     Reasons for leaving                                               1-6
F     Samples of the forms used in the local census July 2002
                                  Introduction

In May 1998 the government introduced the National Childcare Strategy to increase
the provision of quality childcare and early education and support parents in the care
of their children.

 In Gloucestershire we began by undertaking a local Audit of Childcare Provision and
Need which covered information about parents and children, current childcare and
early education services and employment and employers in the county. We then
produced an Early Years Development and Childcare Implementation Plan showing
how we proposed to expand childcare, early education and family support in the
county.

Since 1998, local audits have been carried out in a number of different formats,
prescribed by the DfES. Last year the DfES required all data to be contained within
the partnership’s Implementation Plan and we were not asked to return a separate
audit for 2002-03. However, as much of the information needed for the Plan mirrored
what was previously reported in the audit, we felt that it would be useful to report
generally on the current childcare issues under some of the previous audit headings.

This audit report will be available on Gloucestershire County Council’s website. Data
in the report is intended for use by individuals and organisations involved directly and
indirectly in childcare and early education. It is important that the information in this
report is taken and understood in context. This means using it as part of the whole
report, and not removing individual pieces of information for other purposes. If you do
need further information, please ask the Education Research and Monitoring Unit,
who carried out the Audit.


Moira Pratt
Senior research Officer
Research & Monitoring Unit
Education Department
Gloucestershire County Council
Shire Hall
Gloucester
GL1 2TP

Tel. 01452-425328
Background
The local childcare audit has been carried out by the Lead Audit Officer, based in the
Research and Monitoring Unit of the Education Department, on behalf of the Early
Years Development and Childcare Partnership (EYDCP)

The Lead Audit Officer reports to the EYDCP’s executive group and meets regularly
with the audit task group. The task group consists of representatives from many
organisations with an interest in children’s services, both from the point of view of the
children oand the adult workforce.

The Families’ and Children’s Information Service (FACS) holds data on all registered
childcare providers in the county (on a database known as ChIS). ChIS is updated
with very basic information that is passed on electronically from Ofsted. Any
additional informationor permissions have to be sought directly from the providers
themselves. This is normally done by FACS who send their own additional form to
any new registrations. This way they are able to meet the needs of parents who
make enquiries. However, the information required for the Implementation Plan and
Audit is much more detailed and we need to supplement the ChIS database with
additional data.

Last year the EYDCP decided to conduct a complete census of childcare provision
for children aged 0-8 in the county. The intention was to use the FACS form as a
basis for the census , with additional questions to meet the needs of the audit. The
census was sent out in July 2002 to all registered and active providers in the county
on the ChIS database. It was pre-populated t with as much information as possible
from the database. This way we could double check all the data held on ChIS and
supplement it with other data for the audit.

The response rate to the census was good on the whole and we were able to
address a number of anomalies that became apparent. We were also alerted to a
number of providers who were in fact no longer active, but who had not informed
Ofsted. However, the quality of the data was disappointing in parts.

The whole exercise has offered an opportunity to examine information at a breadth
and depth that has never previously been possible within the time and resources
available. We have learnt a great deal and identified many issues relating to the data.
We have had to understand the registration process fully and how that impinges on
the way the data is held. We have also had to find ways to link additional information
to the ChIS database. Many EYDCPs have been struggling to find a way round
these problems and Opportunity Links, who designed ChIS, have now modified the
database to provide special additional audit categories and fields.

We will carry out another census during the 2003 summer term Consultation is under
way to make sure we produce a much simpler census form and we hope to begin the
process earlier than last year, in the hope that most forms will be returned by the
summer holiday.

We are also developing further consultation with parents, employers and children in
order to inform future planning within the EYDCP.
                              Executive Summary
                              Demographic information

    The population of Gloucestershire has
     increased by 4.7% between 1991 and
                2001.(Page 1)
Young people under 15 represent 18.5% of the county’s population, against a
national figure of 18.9%. (Page 2)

Between 1999 and 2004, Gloucestershire’s population is expected to grow by a
further 1.75%. The birth rate is expected to fall gradually, with young people under 15
representing 17.9% of the population by 2004. (Page 3)

Gloucester district has a higher proportion of lone parents (6.5%) than the national
average (5.9%). The proportion in Cheltenham (5.5%), while below the national
average, is above the South West regional average (4.7%). (Page 8)


 Over 60% of the county population live in
 rural communities. Of the 146 wards, 120
        (82%) are defined as rural.
 Unemployment reached its lowest point
 for decades during 2001, to a low of 2.1%.
Unemployment in rural parts of the county
is generally lower than in non-rural areas,
 particularly so for males. However, some
  rural wards have unemployment rates
   more than double the county average.
                  (Page 10)
In the county as a whole, the economic activity rate (85%) is higher than average.
Employment as a whole has increased significantly during the 1990s, though much of
this growth has been in part-time employment among women. Economic forecasts
suggest that a trend towards part-time employment will continue, and by 2010, it is
expected that around 35% of all employees will be working part-time. (Page 11)

A study by Prism Research in 2000 showed that Gloucestershire had a higher
percentage of residents qualified to at least NVQ3 and NVQ4 equivalent levels than
the regional average. This same study showed that people living in urban areas in
the county are better qualified than those living in rural areas. (Page 12)
                             Existing childcare services

   There are approximately 49 childcare
 places available for every 100 children in
the county. Take up of available childcare
 places is estimated at 63.77%. The figure
    for take up of Childminder places is
        estimated at 68.9%. (Page 14)
The average cost of full day care is £23 per week. For childminders and out of
school care the average is £2.50 per hour. Sessional day care averages at £3.00 per
session. (Page 17)

The number of children claiming Nursery Education Grant has increased steadily and
the percentage claiming for 5 or more sessions was 57% in Autumn 2002.(Page 19)
                  People working in childcare and early education


  The majority (72.2%) of childminders are
    aged between 30 and 49, and 98.7% of
  those who gave their ethnicity are White
             British. (Page 21)
Only 21.4% of childminders in the census had a qualification at level 3 or above.
(Page 22)


 The childcare survey results showed that
  the 26 – 29 age group form the smallest
 section of the workforce. Also, according
  to this evidence, the sessional day care
sector is dominated by females aged 30 –
              49. (Page 24)

    97.6% of the childcare workforce, who
   took part in the survey, is White British.
                   (Page 25)

 It was expected that the percentage of
paid leaders with a qualification at level 3
 or above would be 35% by March 2003,
 (and 56% at level 2 or above). (Page 26)

The proportion of male childcare workers
    is small (4%). The relatively high
   percentage of men working in out of
school clubs and holiday schemes (10.7%)
       reflects the high number of
 temporary/casual staff taken on during
   school holidays. Many of these are
     students on vacation. (Page 27)
The overall position on childcare staff turnover is that more staff are joining than
leaving. Over 30% of those leaving were changing career. Out of school care shows
an influx of staff, but full day care appears to be losing staff overall. However, closer
investigation shows that many full day care staff move within the system and do not
leave childcare altogether. (Page 28)
 The quality of the data collected through
      the summer census 2002 was
    disappointing, mainly owing to the
  complexity of the forms. However, we
  have learnt a great deal in the process
   and intend to repeat the exercise in
     summer 2003, with considerable
   modification to the forms. The ChIS
   database has also been modified to
include audit information and this should
 make the data inputting/matching much
                   easier.
Demographic information

Population

Gloucestershire is a predominantly rural county divided by the M5 corridor and the
River Severn. It has twin urban centres, Gloucester (population 109,888 National
Census figures 2001) and Cheltenham (population 110,025) surrounded by a
network of market towns and small, often isolated, villages. It is bounded by the
Cotswolds to the East and the Wye Valley to the West. The county borders Wales
(Monmouthshire) and Herefordshire to the West and North, Worcestershire,
Warwickshire and Oxfordshire to the North and East, and Swindon, Wiltshire and
South Gloucestershire to the East and South.

Although Gloucestershire must still be classified as a predominantly rural county, it is
not among the most sparsely populated areas of England and Wales. It has a
population density of around 2.1 persons per hectare (1999 figures) against the
national figure of 3.5. Of the six administrative districts into which the county is
divided, Cotswold has by far the lowest density of 0.71 person per hectare (among
the lowest 30 districts nationally), with the next lowest being the Forest of Dean at 1.4
persons per hectare.

Against a slightly more sophisticated indicator – the percentage of population living
more than 5 kilometres (roughly 3 miles) from a town of 2,500 – only 9% of the
county’s population falls within this definition of rurality. This pattern of population
distribution is important in terms of a community’s ability to sustain services in its own
right. Within the Education Department the 5 km threshold is important in terms of
eligibility for free school transport.

The Central Severn Vale is generally the most densely populated area of the county
with easier communications via road, rail and motorway. Communications and levels
of public transport are correspondingly more problematic in the more rural and hilly
parts of the Forest, Cotswold and Stroud.

Gloucestershire has six districts and 142 wards. In all districts the population has
grown in recent years. Overall, Gloucestershire’s population has grown by 25 300 or
4.7% between 1991 and 2001.


                       Population Change in Gloucestershire
                             1991 - 2001 (thousands)

                                                             Actual         Percentage
                            1991              2001
                                                             Change          Change
 Cheltenham                 108.1            110.0              1.9              1.8
 Cotswold                    75.1            80.4               5.3              7.0
 Forest of Dean              75.9            80.0               4.1              5.4
 Gloucester                 104.7            109.9              5.2              5.0
 Stroud                     104.4            107.9              3.5              3.4
 Tewkesbury                  71.1            76.4               5.3              7.4
 County                      539.3             564.6        25.3               4.7
Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Age structure

In the 2001 National Census, young people under 15 represented 18.5% of the
county’s population, against a national figure of 18.9%. The proportion of these
young people was highest in Gloucester (20.6%) and lowest in the Cheltenham
(17.1%).

                                                                   Sub total
                      All            0-4        5-9    10-14                   Percentage
                                                                    (0-14)

 Cheltenham         110,025      5,963         6,000   6,865        18,828         17.11

 Cotswold           80,379       4,391         4,778   4,883        14,052         17.48

 Forest of Dean     79,974       4,571         4,925   5,220        14,716         18.40

 Gloucester         109,888      7,175         7,645   7,811        22,631         20.59

 Stroud             107,899      6,095         6,868   7,306        20,269         18.79

 Tewkesbury         76,394       4,263         4,562   5,064        13,889         18.18


 Gloucestershire    564,559     32,458     34,778      37,149      104,385         18.49

Source: National census 2001

Further breakdown of these figures into single year groups is not yet possible. We
await the release of more detailed data following the National Census. However, we
can look at the child population in Gloucestershire as reflected in the school
population. The child population is on average between 6200 and 7100 per year
group. The primary school numbers are believed to have peaked in 1999 and are
expected to fall steadily for the next ten years.
                                                                   Primary School County Pupil Totals

                                              48000

                           Number of pupils   46000

                                              44000

                                              42000

                                              40000

                                              38000
                                                         1991

                                                                    1992

                                                                                  1993

                                                                                                1994

                                                                                                         1995

                                                                                                                1996

                                                                                                                       1997

                                                                                                                                 1998

                                                                                                                                               1999

                                                                                                                                                             2000

                                                                                                                                                                       2001

                                                                                                                                                                               2002
                                                                                                                   Year


                         Source: Research & Monitoring Unit - Annual School census



On the other hand, secondary pupil numbers are expected to peak in around 2005/6.
They have shown a steady rise over recent years, as seen below:



                                        Secondary School County Pupil Numbers (10 - 15 yrs)

                         40000
      Number of pupils




                         30000

                         20000

                         10000

                                              0
                                                  1991


                                                            1992


                                                                           1993


                                                                                         1994


                                                                                                       1995


                                                                                                                1996


                                                                                                                          1997


                                                                                                                                        1998


                                                                                                                                                      1999


                                                                                                                                                                    2000


                                                                                                                                                                              2001


                                                                                                                                                                                      2002




                                                                                                                   Year

    Source: Research & Monitoring Unit - Annual School census

Future changes

Between 1999 and 2004, Gloucestershire’s population is expected to grow by a
further 10,000 (1.75%) to 572,000. The birth rate (in 2000,10.7 per 1000 of the total
population) is expected to fall gradually, with young people under 15 representing
17.9% of the population by 2004.1



1
 Based on ONS 1996 Sub National projections. So this figure could in fact be lower once the new
Census figures are processed.
Some parts of the County are growing at a faster rate than others, and will
continue to do so. The populations of Stroud, Tewkesbury and Cotswold
Districts are projected to grow by a further 8 to 12% by 2016, while that of
Cheltenham may decline slightly.


The southern fringes of Cotswold District
  in particular (e.g. Cirencester, Fairford,
    Lechlade) are subject to population
 'pressure' as demand for housing in this
    area spills over from neighbouring
Swindon and possibly even Oxford. Stroud
   District is subject to pressure on the
southwest fringes of Gloucester City, and
  also in the south of the District from the
     Bristol area along the M5 corridor.
 Pressure in Tewkesbury District is likely
    to be felt in the Green Belt between
Gloucester and Cheltenham, as well as in
     the Tewkesbury/Ashchurch area.
Social deprivation

There is considerable variation between the six districts, with Cotswold and Stroud in
the lowest quartile (i.e. the least deprived). More detailed analysis reveals pockets of
deprivation in Gloucester and Cheltenham, but also in Tewkesbury and the Forest of
Dean.

Using the ‘Index of Multiple Deprivation’ (IMD), which is a combination of deprivation
indicators, including Income, Child Poverty and Education, it is possible to rank the
8414 Wards in the country according to their level of deprivation. This ranking
shows that nine wards in Gloucestershire rate very low:
                                                                 Rank of Index of
                                          Index of Multiple
     Ward Name             District                                  Multiple
                                          Deprivation Score
                                                                  Deprivation *
  Barton             Gloucester                 51.29                   518
  Westgate           Gloucester                 46.70                   718
  Matson             Gloucester                 41.31                 1033
  St. Mark's         Cheltenham                 36.75                 1369
  Eastgate           Gloucester                 36.15                 1407
  Hesters Way        Cheltenham                 33.32                 1646
  Prior's Park       Tewkesbury                 32.09                 1768
  Cinderford         Forest of Dean             32.02                 1775
             * The lower the ranking, the greater the level of deprivation.

As a result of the National Childcare Strategy, resources were made available to
support the development of a wide range of services for families and children. The
areas which had been targeted for various new initiatives or additional resource
investment had been the top six wards listed above, which fall within the top 20% of
the DETR Index of Multiple Deprivation. In January 2002, the EYDCP presented a
paper to the Cabinet of Gloucestershire County Council regarding the nomination of
‘pockets of disadvantage’. The paper told of an increasing awareness of ‘pockets’ of
deprivation in the Country, usually smaller than an electoral Ward. The DfES
charged all EYDCPs with formally identifying those ‘pockets’, by listing the precise
postcodes of those small areas of the population. Once these areas were accepted
they would benefit from additional resources and become a priority for early years
and childcare service development.


Pockets of deprivation

Local knowledge has identified a number of ‘pockets of deprivation’ across the
County, located in 45 different wards.

In mid 1999 there were 13328 children (under 16) living in these pockets of
deprivation – just over one-in-eight (12.7%) of the County’s children. One-in-ten of
the County’s under 5s at mid 1999 (3145 out of 32845; 9.5%) were living within a
‘pocket of deprivation’. These pockets contain 9.6% of the County’s total population.

      Number of children (under 16 - mid 1999) Number of pockets
                     less than 20                          27
                        20 to 49                           37
                        50 to 99                           30
                      100 to 249                           34
                      250 to 499                           15
                     500 or more                            4


There is some considerable variation in the size of the identified pockets, as the table
above shows.
The Childcare Development Officers are currently identifying the problem of premises
which do not fall within identified pockets but are serving the needs of children living
in those pockets, e.g school premises.


                           Children under 16    Total children   % of under 16s in
             District
                            living in pockets     under 16            pockets

        Cheltenham                 2410            18297               13.1
        Cotswold                   1150            14276               8.1
        Forest of Dean             2611            14771               17.7
        Gloucester                 3409            23082               14.8
        Stroud                     2354            20742               11.3
        Tewkesbury                 1394            14039               9.9
        COUNTY                     13328           105207              12.7

Ethnicity

Overall, 1.8% of the population were from a minority ethnic background (1991
Census), although this figure rose to 3% amongst those aged 0-15. The ethnic
proportion of the population varies considerably between districts, from 8.7% of 0-15
year olds in Gloucester to 0.7% in the Forest of Dean. Around 69% of those from a
minority ethnic background were from the Black Caribbean, Black African, Black
Other or Indian ethnic groups.

Unemployment

Gloucestershire continues to experience low levels of unemployment by comparison
with national figures. The unemployment rate in May 2002 was 2.2% against 3.1%
for Great Britain as a whole.

Future housing

The County Council formally adopted the Second Review of the County Structure
Plan in November 1999. This confirmed that provision is made for 50,000 new
dwellings between 1991 and 2011, with approximately 30,000 anticipated between
1st Jan 2000 and mid 2011 (including recent completions, existing local plan
commitments and windfalls).


The size of the county has made data collection complex. Some very detailed figures
are available by ward, and have been gathered for the Audit. These have largely
been reduced to District figures for the published work, but are available as individual
ward figures from the Education Research and Monitoring Team who conducted the
Audit2. The tables containing them are too large to print, but are useful where
available for planning purposes.




2
    Moira Pratt Tel.01452-425328
Adult population
    by gender
    by household type and
    by numbers and ages of children




      The ONS will release this information
    based upon the 2001Census just as soon
     as it has been compiled. We will insert
    these details as they become available.
Children with special needs or disabilities

The Children Act (1989) requires every Social Services Department to hold and
maintain a register of children within its area who have disabilities.               In
Gloucestershire, this register is known as The Key, and is currently managed by
GUiDE Information Service.        The Key allows Social Services, the Education
Department and local Health Services to obtain statistics for the following purposes:

   To have a clear view of the future need for services and plan accordingly
   To publicise and target new and existing services to the greatest area of need
   To have access to children and young people with disabilities and their families
    and be able to consult with them in the planning and monitoring of services.
   To see whether the services supplied actually meet the child’s/young persons
    needs.

The following summary was taken from the register in February 2003:

        Voluntary registration of children by district

                                             Number of children
                        District                on register
                  Cheltenham                         107
                  Cotswolds                          74
                  Forest of Dean                     108
                  Gloucester                         170
                Stroud                            133
                Tewkesbury                         82
                Total                             674
        Note: One child was not included because no address was provided.
           Voluntary registration of children by age
                                            Number of children
                          Age                  on register
                           0-1                      9
                             2                      9
                             3                      16
                             4                      20
                          5 – 10                   215
                          11 - 15                  249
                          16 - 19                  156
                          Total                     674

Further information about The Key can be seen in Appendix A.

In addition, the Department of Health requires all Social Services Departments to
complete a bi-annual Children In Need Census. The figures show the results of the
Gloucestershire Census which was held in October 2001, and represent all children
considered to be children in need by Gloucestershire Social Services, including
children on the Child Protection Register, children looked after, and children
supported in their families or independently.


The following tables give a breakdown of the information gathered by ward and age.

             The 20 wards with the highest number of Children in Need

                              Number of                                 Number of
           Ward               Children In            Ward               Children In
                                Need                                      Need
Eastgate                         101        Cinderford                      57
Pittville                         76        Bream                           54
Westgate                          74        Linden                          47
Barton                            72        St.Peter's                      47
Cirencester Abbey                 70        Lydney                          42
Matson                            69        Coleford                        36
Barnwood                          68        St.Mark's                       35
Hesters Way                       68        Brockworth Glebe                34
Central                           61        St.Paul's                       31
Tewkesbury Prior's Park           60        Kingsholm                       28
Source: Social services’ Children in Need census Oct 2001
                    Children in Need (of additional support) by age

   Age as at 24        No. of children and young people           % in each age Group
   October 2001       known to Social Services during the
                        Census week (17-24 Oct 2001)
         0                            100                                  5%
         1                             83                                  4%
         2                            109                                  5%
         3                            110                                  5%
         4                            101                                  5%
         5                            103                                  5%
         6                             94                                  4%
         7                            113                                  5%
         8                            114                                  5%
         9                            105                                  5%
        10                            110                                  5%
        11                            121                                  6%
        12                            121                                  6%
        13                            150                                  7%
        14                            137                                  7%
        15                            143                                  7%
        16                            136                                  6%
        17                             83                                  4%
  Aged over 18                         64                                  3%
 Total Number of
                                       2097                               100%
 Children in Need
Source: Social services’ Children in Need census Oct 2001

More extensive tables are available in the Appendix B, giving a ward by age detailed
breakdown.

Lone parent families

A recent report on the Rural Economy of Gloucestershire (May 2002), produced by
GLMIU, stated that the number of lone parent families has increased significantly in
recent years. The National Council for One Parent Families estimates that a quarter
of all families are ‘lone parent’ families. They face a number of issues including
financial problems, and lack of skills. With regard to employment, there are a
number of reasons why many lone parents are not ‘economically active’. The report
sites ‘lack of accessibility to childcare facilities as a major issue, affecting those living
in rural areas in particular.

Britain has the highest rate of teenage births in Europe. The proportion of teenage
parents not in education, employment or training was 69% in 2000, a drop of 15%
since 1997.
                               No. of lone parent    Lone parent households as
                                  households           a % of all households*

   Cheltenham                         2585                      5.50%

   Cotswold                           1155                      3.30%

   Forest of Dean                     1024                      3.20%

   Gloucester                         2925                      6.50%

   Stroud                             1800                      4.00%

   Tewkesbury                         1054                      3.40%


   Gloucestershire                   10620                      4.50%

   South West                        97572                      4.70%

   England                          1223837                     5.90%
 Source: ONS 2001 (* only includes households with dependent children)

With the proportion of lone parent households in England standing at 5.9%,
Gloucestershire’s proportion appears relatively low (4.5%). However, within
the county we can see that Gloucester District (6.5%) has a higher proportion
than the national average and Cheltenham (5.5%), while below the national
average, is above the South West regional average.

Further information will be made available as soon as the new census analysis is
released.

Children in Traveller families in Gloucestershire

 Number of traveller children of compulsory school age                    394

                                                               Primary             260
 Pupils who had their education supported by the
                                                              Secondary             46
 Traveller Education Service
                                                               Special               2

 Traveller children 0-5                                                   53
 Traveller children 0-4 in under 5’s provision                            38
                                                               Primary             323
 Traveller children – school enrolments                       Secondary             69
                                                               Special               2
Source: Traveller Education Service, February 2003


Last year, 21% of primary children and 29%
of secondary children travelled for part of
the school year. In the Primary sector, 19
  schools (7.5%) had children travelling
during the year. Clearly this has a greater
  impact for some schools than others,
  depending on the number of Traveller
             children on roll.

Children by ethnic minority groups in Gloucestershire


      This year new Ethnicity codes were
    introduced in the national census. To
   bring educational data in line with this,
the same categories were also introduced
  to schools administration systems. The
  Annual School Census, which took place
 in January 2003, was the first opportunity
  to see these new codes in practice. The
    following breakdown is dependent on
correct postcodes being recorded against
 pupils. There are a number of pupils who
     are not counted here because their
     postcode was incorrect or has been
  recently introduced (on a new estate for
  example) and is not included in the lists
                available.
Note: Schools are only required to collect information for children of compulsory
school age, i.e. 5 – 15 year olds.

                           Total            Total number of
                                                                     Total number of
                       ‘Refused’ or         children from an
      District                                                       children on roll
                      ‘Not obtained’         ethnic minority
                                                                      (aged 5 – 15)
                                              background
Cheltenham                  1171           683      (5.8%)                11789

Cotswold                    817            334      (3.7%)                 8975

Forest of Dean              1342           199      (1.9%)                10301

Gloucester                  1281           1977     (12.1%)               16342

Stroud                      599            572      (4.0%)                14268

Tewkesbury                  1587           670      (6.8%)                 9864

      Totals                6797           4435     (6.2%)                71539



Refugees and asylum seekers

The County Council Asylum Seekers Team are currently supporting approximately
30 families (March 2003), under the Interim Regulations. They are also involved with
a small number of families through NASS or Refugee Action. Within these families
there are 77 children aged 17 or under. The team also supports a number of
unaccompanied children aged 16/17 plus. There are other families in Gloucester
who have’ Leave to remain’ in this country, but the team does not have figures for
these.

The majority of the refugees and asylum seekers are housed in the Barton and
Tredworth area, although there are a number scattered around Linden, Hardwick and
White City.

A new company is now providing accommodation in Gloucester, under a contract
with the Home Office. There is no clear indication whether this will be for families,
single people or a mixture of both. The Local Authority is also negotiating a contract
to provide further accommodation, which they hope will cater for families on the
whole.
Economic Context
Rural Gloucestershire

Much of the information about rural Gloucestershire is taken from the GLMIU report
on the health of the rural3 economy of the county (on behalf of the Countryside
Agency),’The Rural Economy of Gloucestershire’, May 2002. There are significant
urban centres based on Gloucester and Cheltenham, but over 60% of the population
live in rural communities. Of the 146 wards, 120 (82%) are defined as rural.

The population of the rural areas of the county has the following characteristics:
 A higher proportion over retirement age
 A higher proportion between 50-64
 A lower proportion of the younger age groups, 0-14 and 15-29

The rural population is ageing. The proportion of young adults , aged 15 to 29, has
fallen from 19.2% to 15.8% between 1991 and 2000. On the otherhand, the 50 to 64
year olds have increased from 16.5% to 19.7%.

The county’s population is forecast to grow through the next decade, to 584,000 by
2011. This represents growth of 3.9% from 1999, which is the lowest rate of growth
of all counties within the South West. Within Gloucestershire, the forecast rise in
population is expected to be biggest in the Gloucester, Stroud and Tewkesbury
districts, largely reflecting housing allocations in the county’s Structure Plan.

Employment in rural areas

Within Gloucestershire, there are more businesses per head of population in rural
areas compared to non-rural areas. Micro-businesses i.e. those employing 1 – 10
employees dominate the rural economy accounting for a significantly higher
proportion of business stock than non-rural areas. However, we know that significant
parts of rural Gloucestershire are dependent on a small number of large employers
for their employment and as such are potentially vulnerable to any restructuring these
employees choose to undertake.

Employment growth through the 1990s has generally been strong, with only Dursley,
Cinderford and Churchdown experiencing a net decline in overall employment levels.
A number of market towns are over-dependent on manufacturing employment, most
notably Dursley and Wotton-under-Edge, which both have more than 50% of their
employment in the sector. This concentration is well above the county average,
suggesting that economic problems will persist in the future.


 Unemployment reached its lowest point
 for decades during 2001, to a low of 2.1%.
Unemployment in rural parts of the county
3
 This report uses the same definition of a ‘rural ward’ as that developed by Chandola et al and adopted
by the Countryside Agency.
is generally lower than in non-rural areas,
  particularly so for males. At ward level,
 there are several areas of relatively high
  unemployment. Some rural wards have
  unemployment rates more than double
            the county average.
Economic activity rates

Economic activity rates provide a measure of the proportion of the population who
are active or potentially active members of the labour market. A low activity rate
indicates a high proportion of people who are unavailable for work or training.


                                   Economically active       Economic activity rate
                                       population           (persons of working age)
Rural Gloucestershire                    184 000                     85.5%
Non-rural Gloucestershire                117 000                     83.5%
Gloucestershire                          302 000                      85%
South West                              2 436 000                    82.4%
Great Britain                          24 579 000                    79.5%
Source: Labour Force Survey, Autumn 2001


This gives a clear indication that in Gloucestershire as a whole, the economic activity
rate is higher than average. This may disguise areas of lower economic activity rate
in pockets across the county.

Forecast changes in economic activity indicate that the trends of recent years will
continue, with growth in overall activity driven by increased female participation.
Economic activity is expected to increase among females in all age groups except
ages 16 – 19, where a higher proportion are likely to remain in full-time education.

Average earnings tend to be higher in non-rural areas, and the data available
suggests that earnings are significantly lower in the Cotswold and Forest of Dean
areas.
The relationship between full-time and part-time work has changed in recent years.
While employment as a whole has increased significantly during the 1990s, much of
this growth has been in part-time employment among women as their level of
participation in the labour market has increased.
     Full and part-time employed by gender in Gloucestershire, 1991-2000.

                                                       Non-
                     Rural      Rural        %                   Non-rural      %
                                                       rural
                     1991       2000       change                  2000       change
                                                       1991
Male full-time      58 100      62 200      7.0%      38 400       38 900      1.2%
Female full-time    27 200      32 200     18.1%      23 700       23 500      -0.8%
Total full-time     85 400      94 300     10.5%      62 100       62 400      0.5%
Male part-time       4 900      10 500     113.8%      3 700       7 700      106.0%
Female part-time    23 200      36 200     55.5%      18 700       26 100      39.2%
Total part-time     28 100      46 600     65.7%      22 400       33 800      50.2%
Grand total          113 500 141 000          24.2%        84 500    96 100    13.7%
Source: Census of Employment 1991, Annual Business Inquiry 2000 (based on wards)
Figures are rounded to nearest 100 and do not include self-employed.


Economic forecasts suggest that a trend towards part-time employment will continue,
and by 2010, it is expected that around 35% of all employees will be working part-
time.


Educational attainment and training of adults


 A major study of qualifications and skills
    issues in the county was carried out
     towards the end of 2000, by Prism
    Research. The main purposes of the
    research were to measure local and
       regional progress towards the
  Government’s National Learning Targets
  for Adults, to understand education and
 training processes and to gather data for
             strategic planning.
In 2000, Gloucestershire had a higher percentage of residents qualified to at least
NVQ3 and NVQ4 equivalent levels than the regional average. Also, ALT1 (Adult
Learning Target 1) and ALT2 had been reached and exceeded, some 18 months
before target date.
This same study showed that people living in urban areas in the county are better
qualified than those living in rural areas.

Compared to the regional average, people in Gloucestershire tend to be more highly
qualified. However, there is also a slightly higher proportion of people in the county
with no qualifications at all compared to the regional average.

We await more up to date information with regard to the level of qualifications held by
the adult population from the national census.

Local employment profile


‘Employment by sector’ data was required
  as part of the audit in 2002. It has been
      included again simply to give a
                comparison.
                                                       Number Employed
            Type of Employment                       1999                2001

    Agriculture and Fishing, Energy and water
                                                     55167              46700
                and manufacturing

                  Construction                       9415               12700

       Distribution, hotels and restaurants          59116              63100

         Transport and communications                9057                9500

       Banking, finance and insurance, etc           42782              43900

   Public administration, education and health       54239              53600

                 Other services                      10312              10200


                      Total                         240088              239700

 Source:ONS Annual business inquiry employee analysis, 2001
Employment in ethnic minority groups

A report by the Institute for Employment Research (IER) in 1998
demonstrated that people from ethnic minority backgrounds face
considerable labour market disadvantage. Estimates suggest that the ethnic
minority population of Gloucestershire was 12,300 in 1999 (less than 2% of
the population). We await the release of the latest National Census figures.
Existing childcare services

During the last year, work has been undertaken to establish the pattern of childcare
provision around the county. Each childcare provider in the region must register with
Ofsted before they can operate. Their details are held on the Children’s Information
Service (ChIS) database which is maintained by the Families and Children’s
Information Service (FACS). In July 2002, all current childcare providers were asked
to complete a census form. This form was pre-populated in part with information held
on ChIS. The intention was to make sure that the data being held was as up-to-date
as possible.

730 childminders and 575 childcare settings received a census form during July
2002. The returns were very slow and we are still receiving the odd stray form in
February 2003!

Many missed the initial deadline of mid-August and it was a very lengthy process
chasing missing forms, but nonetheless worthwhile.

This whole exercise has been very useful in identifying inaccuracies in the data held
and enabled us to amend some of those within our control.


Childminders

We identified 730 childminders on the database and forms were posted out to each
one. As a result, we were able to amend 510 records. This 69.9% return was
extremely good.

Out of those 510 returns, 93 childminders indicated that they had actually ceased
childminding. They have now being contacted directly and asked to inform OFSTED
of their current position so that we could update our records.

The 730 childminders accounted for 2839 members of staff on the database. As a
result of this census we have discovered that details of additional people were being
held unnecessarily. This was a throwback to the transfer of data from the old REGIS
system. On that old system, the names of all children and adults living at a
childminder’s address had to be recorded. When the data was transferred, all these
names were transferred as ‘staff’. Consequently, as a result of this census we have
identified 1001 people who were incorrectly listed as ‘staff’.

We also managed to identify a number of duplicate records. Somehow some
providers were appearing more than once on the system. This has now been
rectified to some extent.

In view of the problems highlighted here, it would have been helpful to have had an
even better proportion of returns. We are sure that the same issues are reflected in
the remaining records but short of contacting the childminders individually, there is
little that can be done.
Childcare

All other 575 childcare providers were similarly targeted and as a result 334 records
have been amended (58.1%). Only two providers indicated that they had ceased or
been suspended.

The 575 settings accounted for 6533 staff, and we were able to check and update
4366 records. As a result of the census, 1568 staff have been deleted from the
system.

Childminder places in Gloucestershire

Forms were returned by 508 out of 729 childminders. The figures from those returns
were used to estimate the current position across the whole county with regard to
childminding places.

The table below gives a summary of the take up of childminding places.

                             No. of         Registered     Estimated actual
          District                                                             % take up
                         childminders         Places         places taken

 Cheltenham                   107              568               392             69.0
 Cotswold                      73              377               250             66.3
 Forest of Dean                77              391               262             67.0
 Gloucester                   145              756               483             63.9
 Stroud                       121              635               486             76.5
 Tewkesbury                   112              598               417             69.7

          TOTAL               635              3325             2290             68.9



Childcare places in Gloucestershire

The census resulted in 334 out of 525 forms being returned from non-childminders.
Combining the results from these returns with the information held on ChIS for other
providers, an estimate was made of the number of places available to the 0-5 year
olds in the county. (A detailed analysis can be found in the Appendix C).

Below is a summary of the findings:


                        Estimated Population Maximum registered Available Places per
          District
                             0-5 years*           places           100 children

 Cheltenham                      7081                    3985                 56.28

 Cotswold                        5257                    2289                 43.54

 Forest of Dean                  5499                    2019                 36.72

 Gloucester                      8655                    4312                 49.82
         Stroud                            7384                  3472                 46.02

         Tewkesbury                        5155                  2971                 57.63

         County total                     39031                 19048                 48.80
       * Source: Glos County Council Environment Dept.


       Each provider was asked to give an indication of the number of places filled during
       census week. This is always a difficult question to answer because of the nature of
       childcare. Many children only attend a few sessions each week and so one ‘place’
       can be occupied by many children in effect. Nevertheless it has been possible to
       approximate the take up of available places.


       The following table summarises the data from the returned census forms only.


                                     Maximum registerd      Actual number of
                  District                                                           % take up
                                          places              places taken

       Cheltenham                          1916                  1270                  66.28
       Cotswold                            1091                   730                  66.91
       Forest of Dean                      1340                   780                  58.21
       Gloucester                          2615                  1622                  62.03
       Stroud                              1937                  1315                  67.89
       Tewkesbury                          1557                   951                  61.08
       County total                       10456                  6668                  63.77


       In November 2002, further analysis of the ChIS database was made, taking into
       account only those providers who featured in the census. Any new providers who
       registered after the census date will not be included in the following tables. You may
       also see evidence of double counting in some cases, where a single provider is
       registered for more than one type of care and they appear under more than one
       heading.

       The following table gives an indication of all places available in each district. In some
       cases, ‘registered places’ is not the same as ‘places available’, as some settings are
       judged capable of accommodating more children than they actually want to take. At
       present there is no way of recording the latter.


                    Maximum Places available in Gloucestershire, Summer 2002

                       Childminders         Full Day Care         Out of school     Sessional day care

                             No. of              No. of              No. of              No. of
                   No.of               No.of               No.of               No.of
DistrictCouncil            registered          registered          registered          registered
                  settings            settings            settings            settings
                             places              places              places              places

Cheltenham           114       572         39       1413         36       1747        33           856
Cotswold         79    390   29   1299   23   870    36   795

Forest of Dean   84    394   24   849    14   420    50   1109

Gloucester       151   762   41   1868   34   1522   32   750

Stroud           120   606   31   1184   20   954    60   1290

Tewkesbury       117   592   29   1104   17   456    33   791




          Out of School provision includes before
             and after school clubs and holiday
           playschemes. It is difficult to give an
         accurate picture of this type of provision
             in the County. Some Out of School
          provision is not listed as such at all. For
         example, one After School Club was listed
            under a Full Day Care (Day Nursery)
          setting, which makes it difficult to give a
         definitive picture of available care. There
         will be some double counting as a result.

            In the course of the registration and
             inspection process, the number of
             children present on the day of the
         inspection is checked. However this only
             gives a snapshot view. There is no
           requirement for providers to keep us
     informed as to their changing roll
   numbers. For this reason, a question
 relating to the number of children being
 cared for was included in the Census of
  July 2002. It was a difficult question to
  answer, as the numbers are made up of
part time and full time children. Numbers
    vary from one day to the next. Some
    children are attending a number of
different settings, so again there is a risk
       of double counting, and so on.
   Nevertheless, we were able to use the
census returns to estimate the take up of
            available places for
         0 – 8 year olds as follows:
                     Total number of      Number of places
                                                                % take up based on
 Daycare Type      registered places in   currently filled in
                                                                    responses
                    survey responses         responses

 Childminder              2164                  1501                   69.4

 Full Daycare             4803                  3888                   80.9

 Out of School            2398                  1061                   44.2
 Sessional
                          3421                  2790                   81.6
 Daycare


Childcare provision on school sites

This table gives a breakdown of registered providers who operate on a school site.
                                            On School   Not On School
           Type of setting
                                            Premises      Premises

           Creche                               0              1

           Full Daycare                        39             135

           Out of School                       62              55

           Sessional Daycare                   79             165
         November 2002

           Total number of maintained
           schools in the local authority
                                               308



Childcare 8 – 14


It has proven almost impossible to gather
 information on settings based solely on
 care for this age group because there is
 no requirement for them to register with
  OFSTED. Therefore only a small number
       appear on the ChIS database.
Collection of information about take-up of places this year will need to be carried out
far more systematically. We plan to address how the data is stored and to look
carefully at how questions are worded in the next census to get the most usable data
back. There were a number of problems with misinterpretation of questions, even
though the questionnaire had been piloted previously. A task group is to be set up to
assist in the design of this year’s form.
Costs

The ChIS database holds information about costs and this was supplemented by
additional information from those providers who completed the census forms.
The following table gives a breakdown of the information on ChIS (November 2002):


Costs across partnership area as a whole
Full Day Care
                                                                Highest    Average (Mode)       No. of
                                               Lowest price      price          price         provider

Before/After school sessions                      £2.00          £11.00             N/A          12

Per day                                           £8.00          £31.50        £23.00           105

Per hour                                          £1.10          £4.00          £2.50            42

Per half day                                      £3.00          £16.28       £10 & £13          37

Per session                                       £0.35          £18.00        £14.00            90

Per week                                          £70.00        £153.00      £95 & £110          65



Childminders
                                                                Highest    Average (Mode)       No. of
                                               Lowest price      price          price         provider

Before/After school sessions                      £2.50          £10.00             N/A           5

Per hour                                          £1.50          £7.00          £2.50           490

Per week                                          £60.00        £150.00        £100.00           75



Sessional Day Care
                                                                Highest    Average (Mode)       No. of
                                               Lowest price      price          price         provider

Per session                                       £0.30          £8.00          £3.00           179



Out of School Care
                                                                Highest    Average (Mode)       No. of
                                               Lowest price      price          price         provider

Before/After school sessions                      £1.00          £6.50          £5.00            27

Per day                                           £1.70          £30.00   £10, £10.50 & £14      46
Per hour               £1.50   £3.50    £2.50   19

Per session/half day   £0.70   £16.00   1.75    46
Early education – take up of Nursery Education Grant

In Gloucestershire, all children may start school in the September of the academic
year in which they are 5. So we have a number of 4 year olds who are accessing
Foundation Stage education within a school setting.


Nursery Education Grant (NEG) is available
   to all three year olds from the second
    term after their third birthday. Some
providers are able to claim the grant from
the first term after a child’s third birthday,
 if they are within certain disadvantaged
 areas of the county. (Approximately 60%
      of providers are in this position.)

 NEG is also available to all four year olds
   in the county from the term after their
  fourth birthday. However, all children in
  the county can opt to start school in the
 September immediately after their fourth
 birthday. So in the autumn term very few
      need to claim NEG and in fact, it is
 predominantly independent schools who
   claim grant for 4 year olds at this time.
  The LEA collects the figures required by
 the DfES for three year olds and four year
 olds in pre-school education. These are
 detailed below for the six terms between
      Summer 2001 and Spring 2003.
                                      Pattern of Take up of NEG by three year olds in Gloucestershire

                                                                   Number of Sessions
Term                                          1           2           3           4          5          5+         Total

Summer 2001                                  114        635         923           851      1866        138         4527

Autumn 2001                                   24        211         645           622      1923        178         3603

Spring 2002                                   60        310         767           868      2059        395         4459

Summer 2002                                   80        606         879           879      1616        575         4635

Autumn 2002                                   47        333         860           843      2131        639         4853

Spring 2003                                   74        500         830           967      1929        628         4928




                               6000


                               5000
  Total numb er of claimants




                               4000


                               3000


                               2000


                               1000


                                 0
                                       Summer 2001   Autumn 2001    Spring 2002   Summer 2002 Autumn 2002    Spring 2003




This indicates a steady increase in the uptake of places by three year olds. This may
be due to a general increased awareness of the availability of free places. The
number of children claiming 5 or more sessions has ranged from 44% in Summer
2001 to 57% in Autumn 2002. The availability of places during the year is a direct
result of the policy in Gloucestershire to have only one intake into reception each
September. Hence most places become vacant at the start of the Autumn term.



                                  Pattern of Take up of NEG by four year olds in Gloucestershire

                                                                  Number of sessions
Term                                           1           2          3           4            5         5+         Total

Summer 2001                                   46         190         525         671          2265      219         3916

Autumn 2001                                    0           6          6          11           256       179          458

Spring 2002                                   21          79         256         365          1370      278         2369

Summer 2002                                   27         129         427         657          2002      601         3843

Autumn 2002                                    0           5          7           2           209       170          393
Spring 2003                                   18          93         255         411          1175      444         2396



                               4500

                               4000
   Total Number of claimants




                               3500

                               3000

                               2500

                               2000

                               1500

                               1000

                               500

                                 0
                                      Summer 2001   Autumn 2001   Spring 2002   Summer 2002    Autumn 2002    Spring 2003


This chart shows the total number of 4 year olds claiming NEG each term. This
pattern is not surprising, as almost all 4 year olds start school in the Autumn term and
would therefore not need a pre-school place unless the parents choose deferred
entry for their child. The majority of claimants come from the independent schools.



Childminder networks

Currently there is one network accredited and approved to offer nursery education
and therefore the parents are eligible to apply for grant. This currently involves six
parents accessing NEG through this type of provision. Two other networks are
currently going through the process to become accredited and approved. Next year’s
audit should reflect an increase.
Local education provision

A small number of three year olds attend nursery classes in county primary schools.
Robinswood and Whaddon Schools both take children aged from 3 – 11.
Severnbanks School no longer run a separate nursery class within the school.

Number of three year olds in part-time education provided in Robinswood and
                              Whaddon Schools

                                                        Academic Year
    School                2000/01                            2001/02                       2002/03
                     Sept              Jan          Sept               Jan         Sept            Jan
 Robinswood           *                52               52             52          52                52
  Whaddon            33                36               28             26          23                22
Source: Annual School Census, Research & Monitoring Unit

There are a number of pre-school children who are accessing education in Special
Schools in the county. Until very recently, we have not been able to identify the part-
time pupils specifically by age in these schools. Therefore the only historic
breakdown available at the moment is for full-time pupils.


    Number of full-time pre-school children attending LEA Special Schools


    Year             1999/2000                     2000/01                   2001/02               2002/03

     Age         2          3          4       2        3      4        2      3       4       2          3   4
 Number of
               12    33    64     3     7   70      17    20                           59     10      23      37
  children
Source: Annual School Census , Research & Monitoring Unit


    Number of part-time pre-school children attending LEA Special Schools
                                in Jan 2003

             Age                           1        2              3           4             Total
    Number of part-time
                             2        11       32      18                                     63
          children
   Source: Annual School Census for DfES, Research & Monitoring Unit


        Number of 4 year olds in full-time education in reception classes

                     Year (January)                 Number of pupils
                                1999                          6557
                                2000                          6322
                                2001                          6116
                         2002                    6266
                       2003                 6135
            Source: Annual School Census, Research & Monitoring Unit

People working in childcare and early education
Details gathered through the Early Years census last summer represent a proportion
of staff working in childcare. Extrapolating from these figures has proved problematic
as there are indications that information held on the ChIS database about those
providers who did not respond may well contain a number of ‘staff’ who are in fact
children, and some duplications of both staff and settings.


Childminding staff

Number of paid childminders by age

Out of 427 paid childminders and assistants, 11 gave no age at all and 42 actually
refused to give their age.

The remainder were distributed as follows:

                                       No. of
                     Age                                Percentage
                                   childminders
                   16 – 19               3                 0.8
                   20 - 25              12                 3.2
                   26 – 29              17                 4.5
                   30 - 39              144                38.5
                   40 - 49              126                33.7
                    50+                 72                 19.3
                    Total                374



Distribution of part-time and full-time childminders




                                                         Not
                       Female Male                            Total
                                                        given
          Part-
                             78              5            0           83
          time
          Full-             340              3            1          344
         time
         Total          418                8     1    427

         This is not in any way surprising.
Childminders broken down by job role




                                                      Gender
                          Female               Male     not
                                                       given
Childminder                  710               9         1
 Assistant                    59               48        0
                             769               57        1
Number of paid childminders by ethnicity




              Ethnic       No. of
            background childminders
               White          367
               British      (85.9%)
               Indian    1     (0.2%)
                Black
                         1     (0.2%)
             Caribbean
           Other        3       (0.7%)
           Blank        8       (1.9%)
                               47
         Refused
                            (11.0%)
           Total            427


We know that a great deal of work is going
 on in the county this year to encourage
some of the ethnic minority communities
  to get involved in setting up childcare
provision. This has been very successful,
 but is not reflected in the figures above.
     This is because a number of new
providers would not have been picked up
in last year’s census, others have chosen
 to not to give their ethnicity and others
 have failed to return the form at all. It is
hoped that next year’s data collection will
reflect the excellent work that is going on
       in the county to increase the
representation of ethnic minority groups.
Qualifications

The table contained in the census form was correctly completed by 323 childminders.
They were found to have the following levels of qualifications:

                Qualification            No. of
                                                         Percentage
                   Level             childminders
                       0                  226               70.0

                       2                   31                 9.6

                       3                   56               17.3

                       4                   10                 3.1

                     Total                323


This represents the fact that historically childminders were not required to hold
qualifications. However, this is rapidly changing since the responsibility for
registration and inspection moved over to Ofsted. All new childminders now have to
attend specific training courses. The settings whose staff are found to be not suitably
qualified when inspected have an action raised against them and they have to
acquire a suitable qualification by the next inspection. This is detailed in their action
report. Many are waiting for the APEL scheme, which credits them for the many
years working in the childcare field, even though they have no formal qualifications.
(APEL is the accreditation of prior experiential learning based on evidence of
learning that has been achieved through experience. A portfolio of work is usually
presented as evidence.)




Childminders with disabilities



    Out of 427 staff, 3 females and 3 males
     indicated that they had a disability.

Current vacancies with childminders


 This particular section of the census was
 difficult to summarise. The quality of the
  data was poor. Many providers simply
 ticked all the boxes, thereby not giving a
clear indication of how many spaces they
     would like to fill. There was some
  ambiguity with the question itself, with
insufficient clarity about how to show the
  difference between part-time and full-
   time vacancies. Some childminders
 showed a full-time vacancy twice – once
under full-time and again as two part-time
    places. So we are aware of possible
              double counting.
      Vacancies   Frequency (Full-time)   Frequency (part-time)
         1                 31                      37
         2                 20                      42
         3                 23                      24
         4                 10                      25
         5                 6                       3
         6                 1                       4
         7                 1                       0
         8                 0                       1
         9                 0                       1
         15                0                       1
                           92                     138




  With responses from 417 childminders,
  this equates to approximately one full-
time vacancy for every five childminders,
and one part-time vacancy for every three
childminders. What is interesting is that
although many of these childminders are
  not operating at capacity, they do not
    consider that they have space for
    additional children in their care.
Childcare staff (excluding Childminders)


Number of paid childcare workers by age


    Over 40% of the staff records in the
   census had no information recorded
against the age field. For some this was a
    deliberate refusal, for others it was
completed by someone who did not know
 the exact age of their staff and chose to
              leave it blank.
 The results showed that the 26 – 29 age
  group form the smallest section of the
     workforce. Also, according to this
evidence, the sessional day care sector is
   dominated by females aged 30 –49.

 We need to consider why the response to
      this particular question was so
   disappointing. As it was, we asked the
person-in-charge to complete one form on
behalf of all staff. It may be better in future
to issue individual forms for each member
 of staff to avoid intrusion of privacy, or to
  simply offer age bands that people may
  tick. Individual forms could cause a
  significant increase in the amount of
paperwork involved in the survey and may
result in a poorer return. All these things
have to be considered on balance before
        we decide the way forward.
                                                            Type of care
                                                             Out Of      Sessional Day
                                     Full Day Care
                                                            School           Care
                   Age                F              M      F     M        F         M                  Total    %
                  16 – 19             80             5      12       3              4               0    104    4.99
                  20 - 25            213             4      17       2              12              0    248    11.89
                  26 – 29             73             1      2        0              19              0    95     4.55
                  30 - 39            152             2      26       2              112             0    294    14.09
                  40 - 49            155             1      10       0              107             0    273    13.09
                   50+               110             5      15       1              25              0    156    7.48
                   Blank             172             5      24       0              32              0    233    11.17
                  Refused            198             4     139       42             298             2    683    32.74
                   Total             1153            27    245       50             609             2   2086

                                               Paid childcare workers by age
                  250
                                                                                          Full Day Care
                  200                                                                     Out Of School
Number of staff




                                                                                          Sessional Day Care
                  150


                  100


                   50


                   0
                           16 – 19         20 - 25        26 – 29         30 - 39         40 - 49       50+
                                                                    Age
We are interested in the number of childcare staff who are aged 50 or over, in light of
the New Deal 50 plus initiative which is currently available. New Deal 50 plus
guarantees a take home wage of at least £180 a week (over £9,300 a year) for their
first year of work, if a person goes into full-time employed work. ((See Appendix A
for further details.




          Number of paid childcare workers by ethnic background



     As a result of the local census, a
breakdown of ethnicity was possible. This
 analysis was hampered in the same way
as the childminder data by a reluctance to
  provide this information on the survey
                   forms.

   A summary can be seen in the following
                  table:

                                      Full             Out of             Sessional
Ethnicity                           Daycare     %      School       %      Daycare         %

Blank/incomplete                       44      3.73      17        5.74       12          1.96

Refused                               140     11.86      167      56.42       170         27.78

White British                         967     81.95      109      36.82       425         69.44

White Irish                            0       0.00       0        0.00        2          0.33

White other                            13      1.10       1        0.34        2          0.33

White & Black Caribbean                2       0.17       1        0.34        0          0.00

White & Black African                  1       0.08       0        0.00        0          0.00

White & Asian                          1       0.08       0        0.00        0          0.00

Indian                                 6       0.51       0        0.00        1          0.16

Pakistani                              0       0.00       1        0.34        0          0.00
Bangladeshi                              1      0.08       0        0.00         0         0.00

Black Caribbean (incl British)           1      0.08       0        0.00         0         0.00

African (incl British)                   1      0.08       0        0.00         0         0.00

Other Black background (incl British)    1      0.08       0        0.00         0         0.00

Any other background                     2      0.17       0        0.00         0         0.00

                                        1180              296                   612




 This reflects the predominance of White
      British ethnicity in the childcare
workforce. The intention is to monitor this
     in the future to ensure that ethnic
minority groups are properly represented
  in the workforce. However, this will be
 made increasingly difficult if we cannot
    persuade childcare workers of the
 benefits of supplying this information to
                      us.

Training levels of staff (including childminders)

The information from the census was used to estimate the training levels of staff in
the county. This particular part of the census resulted in disappointing data. It was
quite difficult to identify which staff were ‘leaders’ and what level should be attached
to some qualifications.

We asked for an indication of ‘job role’ for each member of staff. By leaving this as a
free text field, we left ourselves wide open to a whole assortment of job titles. It was
quite an exercise to sift through all of these and find some commonality between
them.
 We are addressing this problem before next year’s data collection exercise, when it
is hoped that there will be less ambiguity. We will simplify the job role issue by
offering only two main options: Leader or Assistant (with a chance to indicate ‘Other’
for those who feel they need to specify more detailed descriptions of their role).

We also asked for details of qualifications obtained and courses attended and found
that a good deal of irrelevant information was given.

Some follow up work will be done to clarify some of the issues and to fill some of the
gaps in our data.


The following table is an extract from a table in the EYDCP Plan 2003:

                                                                         Expected position
                               Category
                                                                            March 2003
Number of paid leaders in LEA/EYDCP area                                        1340

Paid leaders with a relevant level 3 or higher level qualification
                                                                                 475

Paid leaders with a relevant level 2 or higher level qualification
                                                                                 750

Number of paid staff (excluding leaders) in LEA/EYDCP area
                                                                                2,230
Paid staff (excluding leaders) with a relevant level 3 or higher level
qualification                                                                    770
Paid staff (excluding leaders) with a relevant level 2 or higher level
qualification                                                                   1,245
Percentage of paid leaders and staff with level 3 or higher level
qualification:                                                                  35%
Percentage of paid leaders and staff with level 2 or higher level
qualification:                                                                  56%

Number of voluntary staff in LEA/EYDCP area
                                                                                 346
Voluntary staff (excluding leaders) with a relevant level 3 (or higher
level) qualification                                                             157
Voluntary staff (excluding leaders) with a relevant level 2 (or higher
level) qualification                                                             217
Qualifications against ethnic background



The overall position in Gloucestershire is
     a childcare workforce which is
  predominantly white. This mirrors the
 position in the county’s population as a
whole. However, considerable efforts are
 being made to work with specific ethnic
    minority groups in order to set up
childcare provision which matches their
 needs. Some applications are currently
 being processed. This will hopefully be
      reflected in next year’s audit.

  Based upon the local census returns,
  there is evidence that approximately
     69.6% of White British staff hold a
   qualification at level 2 or above. The
 percentage is slightly higher for those
staff from an ethnic minority background
   (72.4%). However, this latter figure is
  based on only 76 staff whose ethnicity
 was given. The largest group within the
ethnic minorities is Indian staff. Of the 22
Indian staff, 9 have qualifications at levels
        2 and 3, and none at level 4.

A detailed table can be seen in Appendix D
where a breakdown within each category
                  is given.
Number of childcare workers by gender




                         Out of
        Full            school
             Sessional                             Family
        day             clubs &         Creches
              day care                            centres
        care            holiday
                       schemes
        899     592        585             84     164
Female
       (98%) (99%)        (89%)          (92%)   (99%)
         16       3         70                      2
 Male                                   7 (7.7%)
       (1.7%) (0.5%)     (10.7%)                 (1.2%)
          2       3          1
 Blank                                  0 (0%)      0
       (0.2%) (0.5%)     (0.2%)
Totals   917   598   656   91   166
  The relatively high percentage of men
working in out of school clubs and holiday
  schemes reflects the high number of
 temporary/casual staff taken on during
   school holidays. Many of these are
          students on vacation.
Childcare paid staff turnover

Providers were asked to indicate on their staff list which people had joined them
during the last year (i.e. between summer 2001 and summer 2002).

                       New staff joining during the last year


             DaycareType          New staff     Total staff   % new staff

             Full Daycare           149           1180           12.63

             Out of School           64            296           21.62

             Sessional Daycare       93            612           15.20

             Total                  306           2088           14.66

             Childminders            9             426           2.11



                        Staff who have left in the last year

                                    Staff who                 % staff who
              DaycareType                           Total
                                    have left                  have left

              Full Daycare             191           1180        16.19

              Out of School              23          296         7.77

              Sessional Daycare          74          612         12.09

              Total                    288           2088        13.79



Note:This does not include childminders, as any childminders who have ‘left’ would
no longer be listed as a childcare provider. Reference has already been made to the
93 childminders who indicated on the census form that they had in fact ceased.
What we do not know is when they actually ceased. They may not all fall within the
last year. In fact, they may show up in next year’s figures because they were asked
to officially inform Ofsted of their changed status after the census. So these closures
will slowly filter through.



The main point to raise here is the apparent difference between starters and leavers
in the full day care sector. On the surface, we appear to be losing more than we are
recruiting. However, when the statistics are examined closely, a considerable
number of staff left their full day care setting to take up a new job still within the area
of childcare.


The reasons for leaving were quite varied. They can be summarised as follows:

                               Reason for leaving                        %
             New job /Career change /Full time employment               31.40
             Family commitments /Had a baby                             11.60
             Stayed within childcare                                    9.90
             Moved away /Posting                                        9.90
             Not known                                                  7.85
             Temporary /Casual staff (e.g. bank staff, students, etc)   5.12
             Return to education                                        4.78
             Health / Personal reasons                                  4.10
             Retirement                                                 3.41
             Dismissed /Unsatisfactory /Made redundant                  3.07
             Better pay /better job                                     2.39
             To become LSW                                              1.71
             Other                                                      1.71
             Not interested in necessary training                       1.37
             Child moved on                                             1.02
             Fostering                                                  0.68




     A more detailed list can be seen in
   Appendix E, with a breakdown by type of
                     care.
Childcare workers with disabilities




  Only 8 people indicated that they had a
  disability across all sectors (excluding
               childminders).

Current childcare vacancies



  Providers were asked to indicate the
 number of vacancies at the time of the
census. The quality of the resulting data
was poor for a number of reasons already
 explained in the Childminder section.

             Vacancies   Frequency (Full-time)   Frequency (part-time)

                0                305                     255
                1                 31                      37
                2                 20                      42
                3                 23                      24
                4                 10                      25
                5                 6                       3
                6                 1                       4
                7                 1                       0
                8                 0                       1
                9                 0                       1
                15                0                       1

                                 397                     393
 With responses from 334 settings, this
equates to approximately 12 vacancies for
            every ten settings.


Special educational needs co-ordinators

The census asked who was the current SENCO within each setting. Unfortunately,
this was not completed in many cases. Seven providers indicated that they had two
SENCOs –three day nurseries, three playgroups and one family centre. Another 108
had one SENCO each.



                                                    Number of
                            Type of care
                                                     SENCOs

                       After School Clubs               4

                       Before School Clubs              1

                       Creche                           1

                       Day nursery                      30

                       Family (Support) Centre          6

                       Full Daycare                     1

                       Holiday Scheme                   1

                       Pre-School Playgroup             68

                       Private Nursery School           1

                       Sessional Daycare                9

                                Total                  122




Quality assurance

The partnership is working towards ensuring that providers have been accredited by
a quality assurance scheme.
This table summarises the current position and further information can be found in
the 2003 Plan.

                          Estimated        Estimated
                                                             Estimated number of
                         number of        number of
                                                            settings undertaking a
 Type of provision        registered        settings
                                                           QA scheme but not yet
                           settings,      accredited,
                                                           accredited, March 2003
                         March 2003       March 2003
Childminders                  746              34                      15

Full day care                 125               2                      47

Playgroups/ Crèches           250               0                      48

Out of school clubs           155              13                      13

All settings                 1,276             49                     123

								
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