The murder Frolow K. A. Elements of a murder are the following: 1) action aimed at killing a person; 2) death of the victim; 3) a causal link between the action and the death of the victim. Corpus delicti is the body of evidence that constitute the offence; the objective proof that a crime has been committed. In Russian law enforcement tradition it should have 4 elements – object / subject of a crime, objective / subjective aspect of a crime. For example, the victim is the object and the criminal is the subject. The circumstances of the crime, the mental state of the criminal refer to objective and subjective aspect respectively. There may be many reasons for murdering people. Mental Problems: Most of the time, the killers suffer from psychotic or mental illnesses. They usually have no control over themselves and suffer from anxiety and depression. Childhood Problems: Killers may have rough backgrounds. They could have brought up hatred in their hearts and evil in their brains. Also, indifference and shyness as well as no sense of belonging have been found to be other problems. Bad Parenting: It has been statistically proven that most murderers have had a cruel past in which their parents were divorced, faced drug problems, abused their children or left the family, which may have lead to psychological problems in the child’s mind, that would soon lead to something more serious. If a child is brought up by parents who do not devote their time towards their children and show care and affection, the children will most probably turn out to lead cruel lives in hatred, which might lead to murder and other terrifying crimes. Self-Esteem: Other reasons may include lack of self-esteem and love for life. A numerous amount of murderers suffer from depression and anxiety. Types of murders are listed in Article 105 of the Criminal Code of RF: •themurder without aggravating or mitigating circumstances specified in the law (part 1, art. 105), •murder with aggravating circumstances (part 2 of art. 105); •murder with extenuating circumstances: killing a newborn child (article 106) a murder committed in the heat of passion (article 107) murder committed in defense or to apprehend a criminal (article 108). Murder is "punishable by imprisonment for a term of six to fifteen years.“ or if there are aggravating circumstances "shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of eight to twenty years or death penalty or life imprisonment." In view of the fact that the Russian Federation introduced a moratorium on capital punishment, death penalty is substituted by life imprisonment. According to statistical data, 23% of murders are committed with extreme cruelty. Thank you for your attention. End.
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