The differing nature of civil
and criminal law
Year 12 citizenship
Title: Criminal and Civil Law
By the end of the lesson you will be able
Explain the key differences between
criminal and civil law.
Sort the cards into two Criminal Civil Law
lines under the headings Law
1: Civil Law
2: Criminal Law
Once you have sorted
them and it has been
checked put the
information into a table.
Celebrity headlines Civil or Criminal Law?
Katie Price and Peter Andre win Paris Hilton Drink Driving conviction
damages over 'bad parents' claim
Jade Goody distraught over
J-Lo sues baby carriage company
Jack Tweed jail sentence.
awarded almost $50 million
Four teams – decide on team names
Team 1: A case of ear You will get 2 points for a
today gone tomorrow. first correct answer, and 1
point for a second correct
Team 2: Bungling Burglar answer.
in a box.
Team 3: Boxer suffers
Team 4: Students sue
I need two volunteers
Most cases are dealt with in the County Court.
The person who starts the case is known as the claimant.
The person against whom the action is taken is known as the defendant.
The claimant sues the defendant who will be found either ‘liable’ or ‘not liable.’
Proof that the claimant has to prove is that on the balance of probabilities, (in
other words that there is a 51% probability that) the defendant was in the
wrong or liable.
If he is found liable, the defendant is considered to be in the wrong and will
usually have to pay damages usually a sum of money which acts as compensation.
Important or more serious civil cases are held in the High Court. It deals with
disputes involving large contracts and large claims for damages, usually in excess
Almost all civil cases are held before a judge.
I need five volunteers
All criminal cases are dealt with initially in the Magistrates’ Courts.
97% of all (these) criminal cases are dealt with completely in the
Remaining 3% are transferred to the Crown Court.
These usually involve more serious crimes like murder and rape.
In a criminal case, the standard of proof that the prosecutor has to
prove is that it is beyond all reasonable doubt (in other words that it is
99% certain) that the defendant committed the crime.
Cases in the Magistrates’ Court, are usually heard by a panel of three
magistrates, whilst cases in the Crown Court are heard in front of a
judge and jury.
In your teams – each person needs to fill In
the gaps the first team who thinks they have it
right can try it on the bored – any mistakes will
pass it over!! 1 point for every correct word.
Criminal cases and civil cases are dealt with in Courts. Criminal
cases are dealt with in the Court and the Courts whilst
civil cases are heard in the Court and the Court.
Criminal cases are regarded as crimes against the state and the
is responsible for conducting the case. Civil cases
are started by the or business who is making the claim.
A defendant in a criminal case is either found or , whilst
a defendant in a civil case is found or . The standard of
proof in a criminal case has to be proved beyond all
whilst in a civil case it is .
magistrates guilty not liable on the balance of probabilities county person
liable different high crown crown prosecution service not guilty
And finally – as a class
Civil law, criminal law or both????