The differing nature of civil and criminal law

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					The differing nature of civil
            and criminal law
               Year 12 citizenship
Title: Criminal and Civil Law

By the end of the lesson you will be able

 Explain the key differences between
 criminal and civil law.
 Sort the cards into two     Criminal   Civil Law
  lines under the headings    Law

 1: Civil Law
 2: Criminal Law

 Once you have sorted
  them and it has been
  checked put the
  information into a table.
  Celebrity headlines Civil or Criminal Law?
Katie Price and Peter Andre win        Paris Hilton Drink Driving conviction
damages over 'bad parents' claim

Jade Goody distraught over
                                           J-Lo sues baby carriage company
Jack Tweed jail sentence.

                             McCartney's ex-wife
                             awarded almost $50 million
Four teams – decide on team names
 Team 1: A case of ear                       You will get 2 points for a
  today gone tomorrow.                         first correct answer, and 1
                                               point for a second correct
 Team 2: Bungling Burglar                     answer.
  in a box.

 Team 3: Boxer suffers
  brain damage.

 Team 4: Students sue
I need two volunteers
 Civil law:

 Most cases are dealt with in the County Court.
 The person who starts the case is known as the claimant.
 The person against whom the action is taken is known as the defendant.

 The claimant sues the defendant who will be found either ‘liable’ or ‘not liable.’

 Proof that the claimant has to prove is that on the balance of probabilities, (in
  other words that there is a 51% probability that) the defendant was in the
  wrong or liable.

 If he is found liable, the defendant is considered to be in the wrong and will
  usually have to pay damages usually a sum of money which acts as compensation.

 Important or more serious civil cases are held in the High Court. It deals with
  disputes involving large contracts and large claims for damages, usually in excess
  of £50,000.

 Almost all civil cases are held before a judge.
I need five volunteers
 Criminal law

 All criminal cases are dealt with initially in the Magistrates’ Courts.

 97% of all (these) criminal cases are dealt with completely in the
  Magistrates’ Courts.

 Remaining 3% are transferred to the Crown Court.

 These usually involve more serious crimes like murder and rape.

 In a criminal case, the standard of proof that the prosecutor has to
  prove is that it is beyond all reasonable doubt (in other words that it is
  99% certain) that the defendant committed the crime.

 Cases in the Magistrates’ Court, are usually heard by a panel of three
  magistrates, whilst cases in the Crown Court are heard in front of a
  judge and jury.
  In your teams – each person needs to fill In
  the gaps the first team who thinks they have it
  right can try it on the bored – any mistakes will
  pass it over!! 1 point for every correct word.
   Criminal cases and civil cases are dealt with in                   Courts. Criminal
   cases are dealt with in the       Court and the                    Courts whilst
   civil cases are heard in the        Court and the                     Court.
   Criminal cases are regarded as crimes against the state and the
                       is responsible for conducting the case. Civil cases
   are started by        the or business who is making the claim.
   A defendant in a criminal case is either found        or        , whilst
   a defendant in a civil case is found       or     . The standard of
   proof in a criminal case has to be proved beyond all
   whilst in a civil case it is                          .

magistrates   guilty   not liable   on the balance of probabilities   county      person
liable    different      high       crown     crown prosecution service        not guilty
          reasonable doubt
And finally – as a class

Civil law, criminal law or both????

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