Innovation

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					INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP
COVERAGE :

   • Defining Innovation
   • Types of Innovation
   • National Innovation System
   • Creating Innovative Environment
   • Managing Innovations
Defining Innovation
              Defining Innovation
Innovation comes from a Latin word INNOVATIO meaning
   to RENEW or CHANGE

“ New products, business processes and organic changes
   that create wealth or social welfare” – OECD

“ Fresh thinking that creates value”

“ Successful commercilaisation of a novel idea”
“ Application of knowledge in a novel way, promarily for
  economic benefit” – Economic Intelligence Unit
       IMPORTANCE OF INNOVATION
How important is innovation to your
organsiation’s long term success ?

•   Critically important : 47 %
•   Important : 40 %
•   Somewhat important : 12 %
•   Somewhat unimportant : 1 %
             ( EIU Survey – 2006)
    IMPORTANCE OF INNOVATION IN INDIA

•   17 % LARGE FIRMS RANK INNOVATION AS TOP STRATEGIC
    PRIORITY

•   75 % RANK INNOVATION AS THE TOP 3 PRIORITIES

•   81 % STRONGLY AGREE THAT INNOVATION HAS BECOME CRITICAL
    TO GROWTH AND COMPETITIVENESS

•   42% LARGE FIRMS AND 17 % OF SMEs HAVE INTRODUCED NEW TO
    THE WORLD INNOVATIONS
         ( Innovation in India – National knowledge Commission 2007)
         MISCONCEPTIONS
1. Creativity : It is the capabilities or act of
   conceiving something original or unusual
2. Innovation : It is the implementation of
   something new
3. Invention : It is the creation of something
   that has never been made before and is
   recognised as the product of some
   unique insight
              MISCONCEPTIONS
1.   Creativity – Ideas
     Invention – Novel ideas
     Innovation – Delivery of novel ideas
2. Every invention is innovation but every innovation is not invention
3. Invention is conversion of cash into ideas. Innovation is conversion of
     ideas into cash
4 Creativity is thinking new things. Innovation is doing new
  things.
5. Innovation is applied creativity
6.People are creative. Products or processes are innovative
7. Creativity is small component of innovation process
8.Innovation is 1 % inspiration and 99 % perspiration
                                          ( Thomas Edison)
               Defining Innovation
• “ INNOVATION IS DEFINED AS A PROCESS BY
  WHICH VARYING DEGREE OF MEASURABLE
  VALUE ENHANCEMENT IS PLANNED AND
  ACHIEVED , IN ANY COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY.
  THIS PROCESS MAY BE BREAKTHROUGH OR
  INCREMENTAL, AND IT MAY OCCUR
  SYSTEMATICALLY IN A COMPANY OR
  SPORADICALLY; IT MAY BE ACHIEVED BY :

•   INTRODUCING NEW OR IMPROVED GOODS OR SERVICES AND/OR
•   IMPLEMENTING NEW OR IMPROVED OPERATIONAL PROCESSES AND/OR
•   IMPLEMENTING NEW OR IMPROVED ORGANISATIONAL/MANAGERIAL
    PROCESSES

IN ORDER TO IMPROVE MARKET SHARE, COMPETITIVENESS AND
QUALITY, WHILE REDUCING COSTS
                                ( National Knowledge Commission)
           TYPES OF INNOVATIONS
• PRODUCT INNOVATION
    $3000 cars, $300 computers and $ 30 mobile phones
    Nano car, Chota kool refrigerator, Tata-Swach water purifier
• PROCESS INNOVATION
     Dell, Arvind care hospital
• INNOVATION IN BUSINESS MODELS
     Hindustan lever ( Shakti project)
• INCREAMENTAL OR BREAKTHROUGH INNOVATION
     PC, Cloud computing , Nepster


• REVERSE INNOVATION
       NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM
“THE NETWORK OF INSTITUTIONS IN THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE
 SECTORS WHOSE ACTIVITIES AND INTERACTIONS INITIATE,
 IMPORT, MODIFY AND DIFFUSE NEW TECHNOLOGIES (
  Freeman, 1987)

“ THE ELEMENTS AND REALTIONSHIPS WHICH INTERACT IN
   THE PRODUCTION, DIFFUSION AND USE OF NEW, AND
   ECONOMICALLY USEFUL, KNOWLEDGE AND ARE EITHER
   LOCATED WITHIN OR ROOTED INSIDE BORDERS OF A
   NATION STATE” ( Lundvall, 1992)

“ A SET OF INSTITUIONS WHOSE INTERACTIONS DETERMINE
   THE INNOVATIVE PERFORMANCE OF NATIONAL FIRMS”
   (Nelson, 1993)
        NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM

“ THE NATIONAL INSTITUIONS , THEIR INCENTIVE STRUCTURE
   AND THEIR COMPETENCIES, THAT DETERMINE THE RATE
   AND DIRECTION OF TECHNOLOGICAL LEARNING ( OR THE
   VOLUME AND COMPOSITION OF CHANGE GENERATING
   ACTIVITIES) IN A COUNTRY “ (Patel and Pavitt 1994)

“ THAT SET OF DISTINCT INSTITUIONS WHICH JOINTLY AND
   INDIVIDUALLY CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT AND
   DIFFUSION OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND WHICH PROVIDES
   THE FRAMEWORK WITHIN WHICH GOVERNMENTS FORM AND
   IMPLEMENT POLICIES TO INFLUENCE THE INNOVATION
   PROCESS. AS SUCH IT IS A SYASTEM OF INTERCONNECTED
   INSTITUIONS TO CREATE, STORE AND TRANSFER OF
   KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ARTEFACTS WHICH DEFINE NEW
   TECHNOLOGIES “ ( Metcalfe,1995)
 COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM

     • POLICY FRAMEWORK
     • GOVT. AND PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANISATIONS
     • EDUCATIONAL AND R & D INSTITUTIONS
     • MAJOR SCHEMES OF CENTRAL
       GOVERNMENTS
     • IN HOUSE R & D IN PRIVATE INDUSTRY
     • S&T IN NGOs

THE INNOVATION ECOSYATEM IS A COMPLEX ENVIRONMENT
THAT REQUIRES THE COORDINATED FUNCTIONING OF A
NUMBER OF DIVERSE FACTORS IN ORDER TO FUNCTION
EFFECTIVELY
S&T System In India
COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM

(A) POLICY FRAMEWORK

THERE IS NO INNOVATION POLICY

THERE IS “SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY POLICY FRAMED IN
2003 RECOGNISING “THE CHANGING COONTEXT OF
SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE”.

IT PUT GREATER EMPHASIS ON INNOVATIONS TO
SOLVE NATIONAL PROBLEMS ON SUSTAINABLE BASIS
    COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM

(A) POLICY FRAMEWORK
1. NATIONAL INNOVATION COUNCIL (NIC)

• NIC WAS CONSTITUTED BY THE PM TO DISCUSS,
  ANALYSE AND HELP IMPLEMENT STRATEGIES FOR
  INCLUSIVE INNOVATION IN INDIA AND PREPARE A
  ROADMAP FOR INNOVATION 2010 -20

• IT IS A FIRST STEP IN CREATING A CROSSCUTTING
  SYSTEM WHICH WILL PROVIDE MUTUALLY
  REINFORCING POLICIES, RECOMMENDATIONS AND
  METHODOLOGIES TO IMPLEMENT AND BOOST
  INNOVATION PERFORMANCE IN THE COUNTRY
COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM
(A) POLICY FRAMEWORK
TASKS OF NIC:

(1) Formulating a Roadmap for Innovation for 2010-2020

(2) Creating   a framework for

•         Evolving an Indian model of innovation, with focus on inclusive growth
•          Delineating policy initiatives within the Government, required to spur innovation
•         Developing and championing innovation attitudes and approaches
•          Creating appropriate eco-systems and environment to foster inclusive
          innovation
•          Exploring new strategies and alternatives for innovations and collaborations
•          Identifying way s and means to s c a le and sustain innovations
•          Encouraging Central and State Governments to innovate
•          Encouraging universities and R&D institutions to innovate
•          Facilitating innovations by SMEs
•         Encouraging all important sectors of the economy to innovate
•          Encouraging innovation in public service delivery
•          Encouraging multi-disciplinary and globally competitive approaches for innovation
 COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM
(B) PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANISATIONS
NATIONAL INNOVATION FOUNDATION (NIF)

• NIF STARTED BY GoI IN 2000 WITH A CORPUS OF Rs 200
  MILLION

• IT IS AN AUTONOMUS BODY UNDER THE DEPARTMENT OF
  SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, GoI

• ITs MAIN GOAL IS TO PROVIDE INSTITUIONAL SUPPORT IN
  SCOUTING, SPAWNING, SUSTAINING AND SCALING UP
  GRASSROOTS GREEN INNOVATIONS AND HELPING THEIR
  TRANSTITION TO SELF SUPPORTING ACTIVITIES
    COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM
(B) PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANISATIONS
NATIONAL INNOVATION FOUNDATION (NIF)
•   To help India become an innovative and creative society and a global leader in
    sustainable technologies by scouting, spawning and sustaining grassroots
    innovations

•   To ensure evolution and diffusion of green grassroots innovation in a selective, time-
    bound and mission oriented basis so as to meet the socio-economic and
    environmental needs of our society

•   To provide institutional support in scouting, spawning, sustaining and scaling up
    grassroots green innovations as well as outstanding traditional knowledge and
    helping their transition to self supporting activities.

•   To seek self reliance through competitive advantage of innovation based enterprises
    and/or application of "people generated sustainable technologies" at grassroots level

•   To build linkages between excellence in formal scientific systems and informal
    knowledge systems and create a knowledge network to link various stakeholders
    through application of information technology and other means

•   To promote wider social awareness, and possible applications, of the know-how
    generated as a result of these initiatives in commercial or social spheres and
    encourage its incorporation in educational curriculum, developmental policies and
    programs
                                    Key Public Institutions In R&D
                                                                                                        Government of
                                                                                                            India




                                                                                                Principal
                                                                                                Scientific
                                                                                              Adviser to GoI




                                                   Ministry of                                                                                                         Ministry of
                          Ministry of                                                Department of       Ministry of                       Ministry of                                  Ministry of
                                                   Information                                                           Ministry of                                    Human
                            Science                                Ministry of       Atomic Energy       Commerce                          Health and                                    Overseas
                                                   Technology                                                            Agriculture                                   Resource
                         & Technology                               Defence          R&D: $270MM         & Industry                       Family Welfare                               Indian Affairs
                                                  R&D: $20MM                                                                                                          Development
                                                                                           [ 9%]
                                                    [ 1%]



Department of                     Department of                                                         Department of   Department of
                                                                  Department of
  Scientific                        Science &     Department of                                           Industrial     Agricultural        ICMR          University
                                                                    Defence
and Industrial                     Technology      Information                                           Promotion &      Research         R&D: $30MM        Grants              IIT Council
                                                                   Research &
  Research                        R&D: $110MM      Technology                                               Policy       & Education            [ 1%]      Commission
                                                                  Development
                                        [ 4%]




             CSIR                                                             DRDO                                                  ICAR
          R&D: $230MM                                                       R&D: $720MM                                          R&D: $300MM                IIMs(?)
                 [ 8%]                                                            [ 25%]                                                [ 4%]




Department of
    Space                         Department of
R&D: $490MM                       Biotechnology
   [ 17%]




Department of
   Ocean
Development
COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL
     ECO- SYSTEM
(B) PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANISATIONS
NATIONAL RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (NRDC)
• Promote, through flexible funding schemes, the development of marketable
  technologies in close association with industry and National R&D
  institutions.
• Evaluate the technological merits and commercial potential of incipient or
  mature technologies by conducting techno-economic surveys; technology
  and business forecasts and investment appraisals.
• Protect intellectual property rights worldwide.
• Design and engineer manufacturing plants of commercial scale.
• Shape and manage technology contracts that are fair and equitable.
• Test - market products.
• Assist in obtaining certifications for products and their quality, where these
  are prerequisites for entering commerce.
 COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM

(B) PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANISATIONS
SMALL INDUSTRIES DEVELOPMENT BANK OF INDIA (SIDBI)
SIDBI PLAYING AN IMPOTANT ROLE IN ENCOURAGING
INNOVATION BY CREATING SIDBI VENTURE CAPITAL
   LTD.(SVCL)

It is a subsidiary of SIDBI set up in July,1999 presently managing
two venture capital funds, viz. the National Venture Fund for
Software and Information Technology Industry (NFSIT) and the
SME Growth Fund (SGF) for providing venture capital assistance
to knowledge based MSMEs, especially in the areas of auto
components, textiles, life sciences, clean technologies, retailing,
light engineering, information technology, services etc.
 COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM
(B) PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANISATIONS
TECHNOL0GY INFORMATION FORECASTING AND ASSESSMENT
COUNCIL ( TIFAC)

TIFAC IS AN AUTONOMOUS ORGANISATION SET UP IN 1988
UNDER DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, GoI

ITS MANDATE IS TO LOOK AHEAD IN TECHNOLOGIES, ASSESS
TECHNOLOGIES TRAJECTORIES AND SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY
INNOVATION BY NETWORK ACTIONS IN SELECT TECHNOLOGY
AREAS OF NATIONAL IMPORTANCE
COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM
(C)EDUCATIONAL AND R&D INSTITUIONS

• AS PER GOVT’s DIRECTORY OF R & D INSTITUIONS
  (2006), THERE WERE 3960 R& D INSTITUIONS IN
  THE COUNTRY INCLUDING IN-HOUSE R&D
  FACILITIES IN PRIVATE SECTOR

• TATA INSTITUTE OF FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH

• IITs, IIMs, IIS

• THE ENERGY AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE (TERI)
COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM
(C)EDUCATIONAL AND R&D INSTITUIONS
THE COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL
  RESEARCH (CSIR)

• IT IS PREMIER R& D ORGANISATION IN INDIA CONSTITUTED
  IN 1942 BY THEN CENTRAL LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
• IT AIMS TO PROVIDE INDUSTRIAL COMPETITIVENESS,
  SOCIAL WELFARE,STRONG S & T BASE FOR STRATEGIC
  SECTORS AND ADVANCEMENT OF FUNDAMENTAL
  KNOWLEDGE
• IT IS ONE OF THE LARGEST PUBLIC FUNDED R & D
  ORGANISATIONS OF THE WORLD HAVING 37 LABORATORIES
  IN THE COUNTRY
    COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM

(D ))MAJOR SCHEMES OF GOVERNMENT
1.   NEW MILLENNIUM TECHNOLOGY LEADERSHIP INITIATIVE
     (NMITLI)
•    ITS OBJECTIVE TO CATALYZE INNOVATION CENTRED
     SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS AS A
     VEHICLE TO ATTAIN FOR INDIAN INDUSTRY A GLOBAL
     LEADERSHIP POSITION

•    IT IS ONE OF THE LARGEST PUBLIC PRIVATE
     PARTNERSHIP EFFORT WITHIN R&D DOMAIN IN THE
     COUNTRY

•    BOTH PUSH AND PULL TYPES OF PROJECTS ARE ELIGIBLE
     FOR ASSISTANCE
  COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO-
           SYSTEM
MAJOR SCHEMES OF GOVERNMENT
1. NEW MILLENNIUM TECHNOLOGY LEADERSHIP
   INITIATIVE (NMITLI)
•  NATIONALLY EVOLVED PROJECTS (PUSH TYPE)
   AND INDUSTRY ORIGINATED PROJECTS (PULL
   TYPE) ARE ELIGIBLE FOR ASSISTNCE
•  GRANTS TO PUBLIC SECTOR INSTITUIONS AND
   SOFT LOAN @3% TO INDUSTRIAL PARTNERS
•  IN 8 YEARS 60 PROJECTS ASSISTED INVOLVING
   85 INDUSTRY PARTNERS AND 280 GROUPS FROM
   DIFFERENT INSTITUTIONS
    COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM

MAJOR SCHEMES OF GOVERNMENT
2. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION
PROGRAME (TDDP) OF DEPARTMENT OF SCIENTIFIC &
INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH, GoI

•   ITS OBJECTIVE IS DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF
    INNOVATIVE NEED-BASED TECHNOLOGIES FOR MAKING
    INDUSTRY COMPETITIVE, AND STRENGTHEING THE INTERFACE
    BETWEEN INDUSTRY, R& D ESTABLISHMENTS
    AND ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS

•   ASSISTANCE AVAILABLE FOR DEVELOPING NEW OR IMPROVED
    PRODUCT & PROCESSES
    COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO-
             SYSTEM
( D) MAJOR SCHEMES OF GOVERNMENT
2. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION
PROGRAME (TDDP) OF DEPARTMENT OF SCIENTIFIC &
INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH, GoI

•   ASSISATNCE IS GIVEN AS GRANT BEING 50% OF THE
    PROJECT COST

•   SINCE 1992, ABOUT 200 PROJETS AVAILED THE
    ASSISTANCE HAVING PROJECT COST OF Rs 250 Cr IN
    DIVERSE FIELDS
    COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM

MAJOR SCHEMES OF GOVERNMENT

3. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ENTREPRENEURS PARK (STEP)

•    SCIENCE PARKS AIM TO HELP IN CREATING AN
     ATMOSPHERE FOR INNOVATION AND
     ENTREPRENEURSHIP; FOR ACTIVE INTERACTION
     BETWEEN ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS AND INDUSTRIES FOR
     SHARING IDEAS, KNOWLEDGE, EXPERIENCE AND
     FACILITIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF
     NEwTECHNOLOGIES AND THEIR RAPID TRANSFER TO THE
     END USER

•    THE MAJOR OBJECTIVES OF STEP ARE TO FORGE
     LINKAGES AMONG ACADEMIC AND R&D INSTITUTIONS ON
     ONE HAND AND THE INDUSTRY ON THE OTHER AND ALSO
     PROMOTE INNOVATIVE ENTERPRISEs THROUGH S&T
     PERSONS
      COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO-
               SYSTEM
3. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ENTREPRENEURS PARK (STEP)

FUNDING PATTERN :
    HOST INSTITUTION ( IN CASE OF PRIVATE INSTITUION – MINIMUM
     CONTRIBUTION 20 % OF THE PROJECT COST)
     GRANT FROM DST
     INTERNAL REVENUE GENERATION



FUND IS AVAILABLE FOR LAND, BUILDING AND TO MEET RECURRING
COST FOR 5 YEARS

TOTAL COST OF PROJECT SHOULD NOT EXCEED Rs 500 LAKH
      COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO-
               SYSTEM
4. TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS INCUBATORS (TBI)

FACILITIES BEING PROVIDED BY TBI
•   Market survey/ marketing assistance,
•   Business planning and training,
•   Organising management/ technical assistance,
•   Assistance in obtaining statutory approvals,
•   Information dissemination on product ideas/technologies,
•   Syndicating finances,
•   Arranging legal and IPR services,
•   Using facilities of the Host Institute (HI) at nominal charges,
•   Work space for a limited period
•   Common facilities of TBI such as communication, conference,
•   computers.
      COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO-
               SYSTEM
4. TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS INCUBATORS (TBI)

FUNDING PATTERN :
    HOST INSTITUTION ( IN CASE OF PRIVATE INSTITUION – MINIMUM
     CONTRIBUTION 20 % OF THE PROJECT COST)
     GRANT FROM DST
     INTERNAL REVENUE GENERATION

FUND IS AVAILABLE FOR LAND, BUILDING AND TO MEET RECURRING
COST FOR 5 YEARS

TOTAL COST OF RPOJECT SHOULD NOT EXCEED Rs 500 LAKH
 COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM

5. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT BOARD ( TDB)

• TBD WAS CONSTITUTED IN 1996 AS PER THE PROVISIONS OF
  TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT BOARD ACT,1995
• ITS MANDATE TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL ASSIATNCE TO
  INDUSTRAL CONCERNS FOR DEVELOPMENT AND
  COMMERCIAL APPLICATION OF INDIGENOUS TECHNOLGIES
  OR ADAPTING IMPORTED TECHNOLOGY FOR WIDER
  APPLICATION
• ASSIATNCE AVAILABLE IN FORM OF LOAN OR EQUITY
  AND/OR IN
  EXCEPTIONAL CASES GRANT
• ASSIATNCE IS PROVIDED TO 50% OF THE PROJECT COST
  AND BEARS 5 %
  SIMPLE RATE OF INTEREST
    COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM
6. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAMME OF TIFAC – SIDBI

•   UNDER THIS PROGRAMME A REVOLVING FUND OF Rs 30 Cr
    WAS CREATED ON 1 NOV,2010 FOR FACILITATING
    DEVELOPMENT , DEMONSTRATION AND
    COMMERCIALISATION OF TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION
    PROJECTS FOR MSMEs

• MSMESs CAN GET ASSISTANCE UPTO 80% OF TOTAL COST
  OF PROJECT SUBJECT TO CEILING OF Rs 1 Cr

• ANNUAL RATE OF INTEREST NOT TO EXCEED 5 %
COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL ECO- SYSTEM
( E) S & T IN NGO SECTOR

1.SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH AND INITIATIVES FOR
   SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES AND INSTITUIONS (SRISTI),
   AHMEDABAD
2. GUJRAT GRASSROOTS INNOVATIONS AUGUMENTATION
   NETWORK (GIAN), AHMEDABAD
3. SUSTAINABLE –AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONEMTNT
   VOLUNTARY ACTION ( SEVA)
4. RURAL INNOVATIONS NETWORK (RIN)
5. FRLHT: Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions
                 CHALLENGES

• The researchers in R&D per million people in 2006:
  India (119), China (715), South Korea (3723), US
  (4628) and Japan (5300)
• R&D expenditure - 0.8 per cent of GDP
• Education , skill & infrastructure need new
  investments
• Need more productivity from the existing institutions
• Linkages between academia, research and industry
  need to be strengthened
                      CHALLENGES
• India Ranked 119 of 149 countries in the 2004 Science Citation
  Index
• India produces only 6,000 PhDs a year in science and 1,000 in
  engineering
• Less than 20 % of public support for R&D is for civilian applications
• Indian Institute of Technology was granted 3-6 patents a year
  compared with 64 for the Stanford and 102 for the Massachusetts
  Institute of Technology (McKinsey)
• According to WIPO statistics (2009) India was granted 7,539 patents
  while the equivalent number for Japan was 1,64,954, the US was
  1,57,283, the Republic of Korea was 1,23,705, and China was
  67,948
• In 2006, India had 119 researchers in R&D per million people, while
  China had 715, South Korea had 3723, US had 4628 and Japan
  had 5300
                    Global competitiveness: Innovation Capacity Components Index
                Innovation             Quality of      University-industry       Availability of       Utility patents           Public
                 Capacity              scientific          research               scientists &         (per million of        procurement
                  Index                research          collaboration             engineers               people)            of advanced
                                      institutions                                                                             technology
Country     Rank      Score      Rank        Score     Rank       Score      Rank         Score    Rank         Score     Rank       Score

Brazil
            27        4.0        43          5.13      50         3.6        57           4.4      58           0.5       84         3.4
China
            25        4.2        37          5.12      23         4.5        52           4.5      54           0.6       20         4.2
India
            35        3.8        27          5.1       45         3.6        3            5.7      57           0.5       88         3.4
Japan
            2         5.9        15          5.4       21         4.6        2            5.9      3            260       42         3.9
South
            9         5.3        14          5.5       12         5.1        19           5.1      7            131       2          5.1
Korea
United
            14        14.0       7           5.7       9          5.1        32           4.8      18           55        32         4.0
Kingdom
United
            6         5.5        1           6.3       1          5.8        6            5.5      1            262       4          4.9
States
Note: Rank refers to the economy’s global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for
utility patents, where the score shows the number of
patents per million people.
Source: WEF 2008.
      STATUS OF INNOVATION IN INDIA
As per Global Innovation Index rankings ( 2011) :

• India ranks 62 and its rank was 56 and 41 in 2010 and 2009

• Most innovative countries are Switzerland, Sweden, Singapore,
  Hongkong, Finland, Denmark, USA, Canada, Netherlands and UK

• India ranks after South Africa, Serbia, Oman, Argentina, Thailand

As per survey of Economic Intelligence Unit ( 2006)

• India ranks at 50 after Turkey, Jordan, Cuba, Bulgaria etc

• Finland, Denmark, USA, Switerzland, Sweden, Netherlands,
  Australia, Canada, Germany and France are at the top.
INNOVATION PENTAGON
                         ROAD AHEAD

•   Provide broader PLATFORM for Innovations everywhere to include:
     1. Products
     2. Services
     3. Organisations & Institutions
     4. Processes
     5. Research and Development
     6. Science & Technology
     7. Governance
     8. Social and Cultural
     9. Mindset
     10. National/ State/ Sectoral Councils
                           ROAD AHEAD

•   Encourage Innovations for INCLUSION aimed at the Bottom Of the
    Pyramid:
     1. Awareness
     2. Access
     3. Affordability
     4. Availability
     5. Scalability
     6. Sustainability
     7. Quality
     8. Pervasive Growth
     9. Innovations for/by the people
     10.Innovations for the BOP
                           ROAD AHEAD

•   Foster necessary ECO SYSTEM
     1. Incentives & Awards
     2. Innovation clusters at universities
     3. Innovative business clusters
     4. Innovation in MSMEs
     5. Organisational Autonomy & Flexibility
     6. Policies & Programmes
     7. New Institutions
     8. Risk/ Venture Capital
     9. IPR/ Patents
     10.Web & ICT as tools
                       ROAD AHEAD
•   Focus on DRIVERS
     1. Multidisciplinary
     2. Collaborative
     3. Disruptive
     4. Generational Change vs. Incremental Change
     5. Durable vs. Disposable
     6. Need vs. Demand
     7. Nature as Nurture
     8. Locally Relevant
     9. Globally Connected and Competitive
     10.Focus at the Edge
                      ROAD AHEAD
• Expand Space for Discourse on Innovation in the country by:
   1. Discussions
   2. Debates
   3. Seminars
   4. Conferences
   5. Best Practices
   6. Subversive Dialogue
   7. Irreverent Dialogue
   8. New Ideas
   9. Media
   10.Innovation Portal

				
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posted:9/23/2011
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