DVD VERSION: The Facts Behind the Stories 1 – Roe v. Wade On January around the world that provide or Europe, magicians advised women 22, 1973, the United States even mention abortion, even in to wear the testicles of a weasel on Supreme Court struck down cases of rape. their thighs or hang its amputated criminal abortion laws in the state foot around their necks. As of Texas, holding that the right to 4 – ‘You’re On Your Own’ recently as the 1990s, teens in decide whether to have a child is a The anti-abortion movement has Australia have used candy bar fundamental right guaranteed by launched a many-faceted campaign wrappers as condoms. In 1916, the U.S. Constitution. The 7-2 ranging from protests, to hit-lists, Margaret Sanger opened the first decision in Roe v. Wade, which to false promises to pregnant birth control clinic in America and recognized a right to privacy, women. The Christian Right seeks was an early proponent of the would have an immediate and to enforce its religious perspective diaphragm. In 1965, the U.S. profound effect on the lives of through government regulation of Supreme Court, in Griswold v. American women. Abortion is one women‟s access to healthcare. Connecticut, finally rolled back of the most common and safest state and local laws that had procedures for women in the U.S. outlawed the use of contraception. 5 - She Said – Before 1973 Today, advocates and women At current rates, about one in three Estimates of the number of illegal American women will have had an continue to fight for contraceptives abortions in the 1950s and 1960s to be covered under prescription abortion by the time she reaches ranged from 200,000 to 1.2 million age 45. health insurance plans. per year in the US. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2 – My Good Friend Roe estimates that in 1972 alone, 8 – Kathy Najimy Most U.S. Supreme Court decisions 130,000 women obtained illegal or religious institutions are pro- subsequent to Roe v. Wade opened self-induced procedures. To choice, according to the Religious the door to an increasing number provide safety, some doctors and Coalition for Reproductive Choice, of restrictions on women‟s access women began to help other women an interfaith network of more than to abortion including 24-hour despite laws against abortion. 40 prominent religious groups. waiting periods, state-mandated Women in countries around the Nearly eight in ten U.S. women information designed to discourage world where abortion is illegal, obtaining an abortion report a abortion, parental notification laws such as Chile, still face arrest and religious affiliation (43% for young women and funding can go to jail for seeking an Protestant, 27% Catholic and 8% prohibitions for low-income abortion. other.) Although the Catholic women. In 2005, state legislatures Church is against abortion and considered 614 anti-choice birth control, only 25% of measures. 6 – Approximating Mother Catholics believe that church Approximately one in five leaders should have the final say adolescents has engaged in sexual 3 – A Father’s Story on abortion. intercourse before his or her When abortion was first legalized fifteenth birthday. Annually, in 1973, federal funds were 280,000 teens under 18 become 9 – What I Said In 2003, available to low-income women Congress passed and President pregnant in the U.S.; 87% of these seeking medically necessary Bush signed into law the "Partial- pregnancies are unintended. abortions. But four years later, Birth Abortion Ban Act," the first Representative Henry Hyde federal law banning abortion. sponsored a bill that eliminated 7 - Remembering – Despite having rejected a nearly federal funding for abortion except Reproductive freedom is an issue identical law in 2000, in April when necessary to save the with which women have struggled 2007 the U.S. Supreme Court woman's life. Since 1993, the throughout the ages. Centuries upheld the law and declared that amendment has permitted some ago, Chinese women drank lead Congress can ban an abortion Medicaid funding for cases of rape and mercury to control fertility, procedure and subject a doctor to and incest. A global gag rule which often resulted in sterility or arrest. The court permitted the law denies any U.S. aid to programs death. During the Middle Ages in to stand even if the procedure were http://www.wordsofchoice.org necessary to preserve a woman‟s It is sometimes referred to as the SOURCES health. The votes of the two „morning-after pill‟ but can be 1 – Center for Reproductive Rights, “Roe v. Wade and the Right to Privacy” justices appointed by President used for more than 72 hours after http://www.reproductiverights.org/pdf/roep Bush - John Roberts and Samuel unprotected sex or contraceptive rivacy.pdf; Alan Guttmacher Institute, Alito - swung the vote to the anti- failure as a safe and effective way “http://www.agi- abortion side. The only woman on to help prevent pregnancy. EC is a usa.org/media/presskits/2005/06/28/abortio noverview.html “ Abortion Overview. the Supreme Court, Justice Ruth higher dosage of the same 2 – NARAL Who Decides? Bader Ginsburg, called the hormones found in daily birth http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/choice- decision “alarming” and said it control pills. EC is not the same action-center/in_your_state/who-decides puts women‟s health at risk. The thing as Mifeprex or RU-486, 3 – Center for Reproductive Rights, “Portrait of Injustice” decision also opens the door for which is sometimes called the http://www.reproductiverights.org/pub_fac states to pass more laws that abortion pill. EC helps to prevent _portrait.html inhibit women‟s access to pregnancy while Mifeprex/RU-486 4-“Women” Theocracy Watch, abortion. (when taken in combination with http://www.theocracywatch.org/women2.ht m; „Roe-Be-Gone Effort focuses on Fetal another pill) terminates an early Personhood,‟ Kim 10 – SCHIPS On Their pregnancy. Mifeprex/RU486 is Gandy.http://www.now.org/news/note/1213 Shoulders Efforts to restrict currently available in the U.S. 06.html through some doctors and clinics. 5 – AGI, “Lessons from Before Roe: Will reproductive rights come in many Past Be Prologue” guises. In 2002, Health and EC can be prescribed by a http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/ib_5- Human Services Secretary Tommy physician, and pharmacists in 6 03.html Thompson issued a new regulation states are permitted to sell EC 6 –The National Campaign To Prevent directly to women without a Teen Pregnancy; www.teenpregnancy.org. allowing states to use the State (http://www.guttmacher.org/presentations/T Children's Health Insurance prescription. On August 24, 2006, CUPI_slides.ppt, September 2006) Program (SCHIP) to provide after years of stalling, the Food 7 – Planned Parenthood, “A History of healthcare coverage for “unborn and Drug Administration declared Contraceptive Methods” that EC can be sold over-the- http://www.plannedparenthood.org/library/ children.” The regulation allows birthcontrol/020709_bchistory.html coverage for children “from counter to American women over Margaret Sanger Papers Project conception” up to age 19. This is the age of 18. Women under 18 http://www.nyu.edu/projects/sanger one of the many unseen ways that must still get a prescription from a 8 – Religious Coalition for Reproductive doctor, except in 8 states that have Choice, http://www.rcrc.org opponents of choice grant a fetus "'Get "In the Know': 20 Questions About greater rights and legal status than broader access from a pharmacist. Pregnancy, Contraception and a woman. In October 2007, when Abortion,"http://www.guttmacher.org/in- Congress passed a new SCHIPS 13 – ‘blessed’ Reproductive the-know; Facts Tell the Story: Catholics andChoice,"http://www.catholicsforchoice. measure that increased the funding rights include the decision to bear org/topics/reform/documents/2006catholics and changed the language to cover children or not, use contraceptives andchoice.pdf “pregnant women,” President Bush and have an abortion if one 9 –“Court‟s Abortion Ruling Undercuts chooses. On April 25, 2004, more Roe” by Allison Stevens and Alison vetoed it. Bowen, Women‟s eNews, April 19, 2007 than one million people of every http://www.womensenews.org/article.cfm/d age, gender, race, religion and 11 – To Hell and Back-Emily yn/aid/3139 sexuality marched on Washington 10 – U.S. Department of Health and Human Lyons Almost one in four clinics DC, in the largest demonstration of Services. “States May Provide SCHIP throughout the country is targeted support for reproductive rights in Coverage for Prenatal Care: New Rule to with the most severe forms of anti- Expand Health Care Coverage for Babies, history. Mothers” abortion violence, including http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2002pres/2 blockades, invasions, bombings, 0020927a.html; RHReality Check, arsons, gunfire, and physical www.rhrealitycheck.org/blog/ assaults. In 2005, after an 2007/10/08/schip-just-the-beginning 11 - Feminist Majority Foundation, “2002 extensive manhunt, Eric Rudolph - Prepared by Suzanne Grossman National Clinic Violence Survey Report” pled guilty to the bombing that http://www.feminist.org/research/cvsurveys injured Emily Lyons, as well as the /clinic_survey2002.pdf Lyons: bombing at the Olympics in http://www.crimelibrary.com/terrorists_spie s/terrorists/eric_rudolph/5.html Atlanta and of a gay night club. 12 – Back Up Your Birth Control, http://www.backupyourbirthcontrol.org www.wordsofchoice.org 12 – Taco Bell Emergency contraception – or EC for short – is a back-up method of birth control.