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Scotland is one of the four nations which form the United Kingdom (the other
three are England, Wales and Northern Ireland). It forms the northern part
of the island of Great Britain.
Scotland is 31,510 sq. miles in area; it is 274 miles long from North to South
and varies in breadth between 24 and 154 miles.
The official language is English, although Gaelic is spoken, primarily in the
North and West of Scotland. The Scots language (which has many
similarities to English, but also draws on French and Gaelic) is also spoken.
Whereas Gaelic is the language of the Highlands & Islands, Scots is the
language of the Lowlands.
• The national flower is the thistle, although the heather which covers
significant moorland areas is also closely associated with the country,
providing peat for the fire and, along with lichens, dyes for tartan.
One of the most famous cities of Scotland is
its capital Edinburgh .
There are many interesting places to visit in
this unique city such as:
Lady Stair's Close, Lawnmarket, Royal
Situated in Lady Stair's House, built in 1622, the Writers'
Museum is dedicated to the lives and work of Scotland's great
literary figures, in particular Robert Burns (1759 - 1796), Sir
Walter Scott (1771 - 1832) and Robert Louis Stevenson (1850
- 1894). The rich collection of portraits, manuscripts and
personal exhibits include Burns' writing desk, Scott's
chessboard, dining table and the printing press on which his
Waverley novels were produced. The Stevenson collection is
the most significant in the United Kingdom. Other prominent
Scottish writers, including contemporary authors, are
featured in the museum's programme of temporary
The courtyard immediately outside The Writers' Museum has
been designated as Makers' Court. Here you can find
inscriptions commemorating famous Scottish writers, from
the 14th century to the present.
The Museum of Edinburgh
The Museum of Edinburgh is home to important collections
relating to the history of Edinburgh, from prehistoric times to
the present day. If you know the story of ' Greyfriars Bobby ',
you will be thrilled to see his collar and feeding bowl, and the
original plaster model for the bronze statue in Candlemaker
One of the museum's great treasures is the National Covenant,
signed by Scotland's presbyterian leaders in 1638, while the
collections of Scottish pottery and items relating to Field
Marshal Earl Haig are of national importance.
The museum also features Edinburgh silver and glass, and a
colourful collection of shop signs. The home of The Museum of
Edinburgh is picturesque Huntly House, which faces on to the
Canongate and dates from the 16th century. It was extended in
the 17th and 18th centuries, and has been home to a wide
variety of owners and tenants, ranging from aristocrats to
merchants and working people. Robert Chambers, a Victorian
antiquarian, called Huntly House the ' speaking house ' because
of the Latin inscriptions on its facade.
The Museum of Edinburgh regularly mounts temporary
exhibitions drawn from the local history and decorative art
On the death of Sir Walter Scott in 1832, the
great and good of the city came together to
agree on a fitting monument to this
outstanding Scottish literary figure.
In 1836, an architectural competition was
launched, inviting designs for an appropriate
memorial. Two years later, the trustees
approved the design submitted by George
Meikle Kemp, and construction began in 1840,
after permission was obtained from
Parliament to build in Princes Street Gardens.
Since the monument opened in August 1846,
millions of people have climbed the 200 foot
structure to admire its commanding views of
the city centre, and to obtain a closer look at
the statuettes of characters from Scott's
Perched high on Calton Hill, at the
cast end of the city centre, is the
monument to Admiral Lord Nelson's
victory, and death, at the battle of
Trafalgar, on 21 October 1805. The
upturned telescope was designed by
the architect Robert Burn, and built
between 1807 and 1815. In 1852, a
large time ball was introduced,
which is lowered as the one o'clock
gun is fired from Edinburgh castle
If you reach the top, you will have a
wonderful view of the Firth of Forth
and of the Moorfoot hills.
But the most important attractions are the
games held in Scotland every year ....
Over the summer months, Aberdeen and
Grampian Highlands have a packed
calendar of traditional Highland Games.
Scottish Highland Games are a series of
events where people gather to watch
athletes from throughout Scotland toss the
caber, throw the hammer, and take part in
many other traditional games.
Colourful, exciting, competitive, memorable,
world famous - just a few of the words that
sum up the fun of Scottish Highland
Games. From the skill and agility of the
heavies, the colourful and proud massed
pipebands, and the traditional flair of the
highland dancers, this is a historic
spectacle not to be missed.
Information on the Scottish
Throughout the summer season
14 Scottish Highland Games
take part in Aberdeen and
Grampian Highlands – from
the Cornhill Highland Games in
June to Scotland’s biggest and
most prestigious Scottish
Highland Games event, the
Braemar Gathering in
September, you’re sure to find
a Highland Game to attend
during your visit to this part of
The Lonach Gathering is a truly unique event - nowhere else will you see the march of
the Clansmen. The Men of Lonach, in full highland dress, armed with pikes and
Lochaber battleaxes, march around the arena.
This is a friendly and warm gathering of the clansmen and friends, whose enthusiasm
and unparalleled genius make the games an outstanding success.
The grand finale of the Games season, the Braemar Gathering, is the biggest and most
prestigious Scottish Highland Games event. Queen Elizabeth II is Patron of the
Braemar Gathering, which not only attracts a great crowd but also enjoys annual
attendance from the Royal Family. Steeped in tradition, the Highland Games date
back more than 1000 years when locals showcased their men’s physical prowess.
In short, everywhere you go in Scotland there
are always wonders to visit. You will be
surprised by their particularities!
Created by: Samantha Musumeci