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					General Fund Enterprise Business System

         Army Day Workshops

     Financial Information Management
                 27 May 2009
                General Fund Enterprise Business System

             Provide decision support information to sustain
                  Army warfighting capability
             Provide analytic data and tools to support
                  Institutional Adaptation
             Reduce the cost of business operations
             Improve accountability and stewardship

            Enable decision-makers across the Army to–
              Better capitalize on the resources we have
              Better determine and justify the resources we need
9/22/2011                                                           2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Where We Are and …
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Where We Are Going

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      GFEBS Solution
                                                                                                                                   Current Situation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Implements a single web-based system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Standardizes processes Armywide
  Involves maintaining many systems
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Implements standard data structures
  Requires many costly interfaces
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Records transactions in real-time and
  Requires entering data in several systems
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               provides real-time access to data
  Inhibits efficient sharing of data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Integrates financial and non-financial/
  Impedes producing comprehensive and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         performance data from functional areas
    accurate decision data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Applies commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS)
  Hinders responding timely to questions                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
  Requires time-consuming and costly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Applies DOD Standard Financial Information
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Structure (SFIS) line of accounting and Real
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Property Inventory Requirements (RPIR)
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9/22/2011                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              As of 20 May 2009
                                 VCSA Memorandum
                                To Army Commanders

    “We need integrated
   enterprise-wide data for
     informed decisions.
                                                      GFEBS will impact … every
  GFEBS integrates financial,                        organization in your command
  real property and cost data                          that prepares a budget or
    with related output and                          manages funds to accomplish
     performance data …                                       their mission.

                                                     I ask that you and your leaders
                                                        embrace the initiative and
                                                     allocate “can-do” individuals to
                                                                 serve ….”

9/22/2011                                                                           4
                  General Fund Enterprise Business System
                          Active Army                    Army Reserve
                                        National Guard


                                                   Reports &

 GFEBS will process
a million transactions
     a day and …
                                                               … provide essential data
                                                                to transform the Army
                                                                   to a cost culture
9/22/2011                                                                                                 5
                                                                                          As of 20 May 2009
                How Does GFEBS Affect You?

       Data
       Analysis and Decision-making
       Processes
       Workforce
                                         Success requires gaining organization
       Deployment                            to fit their pieces together

                      This is not business as usual!
               GFEBS will transform financial management
            as well as management practices in most functions
9/22/2011                                                                        6
                             GFEBS Changes Data
                                Including …

       • DOD Standard Financial Information Structure (SFIS)
            – DFAS 37 – 100 ERP Guidance
       • Data conversion and cleansing
            – From legacy systems to master data, e.g., UIC, real property and
              vender information
            – From GFEBS to legacy systems, e.g., new LOA in Defense
              Civilian Personnel System (DCPS)
       • Creating new types of master data, e.g., --
            – Funds Centers for formal funds distribution
            – Cost Centers for informal funds distribution

                  A single source for common data – i.e., identical data –
                     entered once and shared across the “enterprise”
9/22/2011                                                                                    7
                                                                             As of 11 May 2009
  GFEBS – ARMY COMPTROLLER COURSE                                                        7
                                GFEBS Integrates Data
                                From Across The Army

   Generating Institutional Forces                           Operating Forces

                                                and Train
                                                the Force
                                          TDA               TOE

  ... provide and sustain                Command            Corps
  dominant land forces
                                          Subordinate       Division          … conduct prompt
                                             level                            and sustained combat
                                            Subordinate       Brigade
                                               level                          operations on land
                     Services                 Subordinate
                         &                       level              Company
       Materiel    Infrastructure

                             Includes performance and output data
                                  from across the “enterprise”
9/22/2011                                                                                                 8
                                                                                          As of 11 May 2009
  GFEBS – ARMY COMPTROLLER COURSE                                                                     8
                                      GFEBS Data Enable
                                   Many Different Analytic Views
                                                     By Use
                                HQDA                                                 By Funding
                Army                                             Missions
              TOE & TDA
                                                          Functions    Activities
                                   Army Service                                     Appropriations
            Army Commands                               Services            Tasks
                                Component Commands
                                                                                    Budget Activities
                                                          Systems       Training
        Corps         Corps     Sub-cmd       Sub-cmd                                Budget Activity Gps
                                                                                      Sub-Activity Gps
                                Army Force Generation Model– ARFORGEN
 Division      Division            Three operational readiness cycles                Projects
     Brigade          Brigade                           READY/      AVAILABLE
                                       Pool              Force                      Expenses-Disbursements
                                                          Pool         Pool

               Flexible and responsive to enterprise and local decision-makers
                     by integrating financial, cost and related output data
9/22/2011                                                                                                         9
  GFEBS – ARMY COMPTROLLER COURSE                                                                    As of 8 May 09
                How Does GFEBS Affect You?

       Data
       Analysis and Decision-making
       Processes
       Workforce
                                         Success requires gaining organization
       Deployment                            to fit their pieces together

                      This is not business as usual!
               GFEBS will transform financial management
            as well as management practices in most functions
9/22/2011                                                                        10
                            GFEBS Data Provide
                           Opportunity For Analysis

      Many Types of Analysis                 Most Decision Processes
   • Comparative, e.g. --                  • Planning, Programming and
      – What did the NTC rotation cost?         Budget Formulation
   • Trend, e.g. --                        • Current management
      – What are property maintenance          practices
        trends Army-wide and at xyz?
                                           • Functional, non-financial
   • Predictive, e.g. --                       processes
      – What are the costs for fielding
        another heavy BCT?                 • Funds control
   • Functional, e.g. --                   • Financial business operations
      – What are the full costs for
        „Growing The Army‟?

                  Valid data and analytic tools enable analyses,
                          skilled analysts are essential                     11
                   New Cost Management Capabilities
                 For Operational And Resource Managers

                   Managing business operations efficiently & effectively
            Through accurate measurement and understanding of the "full cost"
              Of an organization's business processes, products and services
                      In order to provide the best value to customers


                  Managers                 Measurement

                                              Cost         Cost
                           Planning        Management     Analysis
9/22/2011                                                                                12
                                                                          As of 20 May 2009
                         Cost Management Capabilities
                                  Enable …
    Brigade data may be for:                          X
    • specific brigade                 X                           X
    • average Bde in command
    • average Bde across Army                     Heavy

                            X         Light           X        Stryker    X
                         SUST                      BDE                   SUST
                                                      FCS              ARFORGEN data may be for:
  Functional data may be for:       Force Generation                   • specific pool, e.g., Ready
  • total cost for school            $ for Reset                       • specific function in pool
                                     $ for Ready /Train                • average Bde in pool
  • total cost for course            $ for Available
  • specific costs of
        interest          Training (Ind)            Training (Unit)
                                $ / Student Tng Day         $ / Mile
                                $ / Course Day              $ / Flying Hour
                                                            $ / Weapon System

             Base Support                     Personnel                   Equipment
             $ / Service                      Military - $ / Soldier      $ / Brigade - New
             $ / Brigade                      Civilian - $ / FTE          $ / Brigade - Conversion
             $ / Installation                 Contractor - $ / FTE        Ratio: Spt $ / Brigade $

                                       Flexible and responsive
9/22/2011                            to Army information needs                                                13
                                                                                               As of 20 May 2009
                How Does GFEBS Affect You?

       Data
       Analysis and Decision-making
       Processes
       Workforce
                                         Success requires gaining organization
       Deployment                            to fit their pieces together

                      This is not business as usual!
               GFEBS will transform financial management
            as well as management practices in most functions
9/22/2011                                                                        14
                                    New Processes
                           Apply Consistently Across the Army

    1       Enter transaction, e.g.,
            create Purchase Request

        Active           Army                Army
        Army         National Guard         Reserve

            2   Use specific function       3   Simultaneously available
                                                to share with all related
                 Funds Management &             records
                  Budget Formulation                                                            4a
                       Spending Chain
                                                                            4   Imports data from
                          Property, Plant                                           other systems:
                           & Equipment
                         Cost Management                                            Personnel

9/22/2011                                                                                                   15
                                                                                             As of 20 May 2009
                              GFEBS Business Processes
                                 Illustrative Changes
   Process Area                                   Process Change Highlights
 Funds                Real-time or near-real-time visibility of funds status.
 Management           Institution of hard stops for funds control and restrictions on the ability to over-
                       obligate funds.
 Reimbursables        Reduction in number of intra-Army reimbursable billing and payment
                       transactions for Economy Act orders.
                      Proper timing of the recognition of receivables.
 Spending Chain       Automated funds check for purchase requisitions; check of obligation against
                       commitment for purchase orders.
 Property, Plant &    Improved visibility of real property with a full audit trail of real property
 Equipment             transactions and changes.
                      Integrated asset valuation and depreciation for Resource Managers.
                      Improved, standardized, and integrated process for planning and performing
                       maintenance on real property and equipment.
 Cost                 Ability to perform detailed cost planning, allocations, reporting and analysis
 Management            resulting from integration of accounting, budget, and cost information into one
 Financials           Transition from legacy accounting data elements to US Standard General Ledger.
                      Transition from making corrections using Journal Vouchers to making
                       corrections using the source documents.
9/22/2011             Increased automation of the period-end and year-end closing processes.         16
                 Business Process Crosswalks

       Demonstrate relationship between current “as is” and future
        GFEBS “to be” business processes

       Begin the transfer of knowledge needed to support transformation

       Assist managers in assigning GFEBS roles to end users

       Enable managers and GFEBS Team to identify major site
        readiness gaps and “showstoppers” well in advance of go-live

       Assist managers in identifying and staging site resources to
        support deployment and transformation

       Shorten post-deployment productivity dip
9/22/2011                                                                  17
                How Does GFEBS Affect You?

       Data
       Analysis and Decision-making
       Processes
       Workforce
                                         Success requires gaining organization
       Deployment                            to fit their pieces together

                      This is not business as usual!
               GFEBS will transform financial management
            as well as management practices in most functions
9/22/2011                                                                        18
                                     GFEBS User Roles
                                Flow From Business Processes

            GFEBS Business Processes                         GFEBS User Roles

     Prepare Purchase Requisition (PR)                       Purchase Requisition

            Enter PR
                           Send PR
                                           PR as    =
             system        approval       needed

     Review Budget Execution                                   BI Budget Reporter

              Generate     Execute       Execute
             reports on
                          w/ plan info
                                         on AFP
              and cost                   changes

                               Users performing these roles can be in
9/22/2011                          many different organizations                                    19
                                                                                    As of 20 May 2009
                                                 GFEBS Includes
                                                 Many User Roles
                                                          ACOM HQs                Installations

                                                   HQDA     Partial
                                                          Funds Distro     IMCOM
            Process Area            # of Roles               Only          Garrison         Mission    DFAS
      Financial Management
                                       22           8          1              2                   2     17
      Funds Management                 10           9          6              5                   5     2
      Reimbursables                    18           2          2              5                   5     16
      Spending Chain                   19           0          0              9                   9     14
      Cost Management                  18           15         5             12                   12    6
      Real Property                     8           4          0              6                   0     0
      Equipment & Assets                4           4          0              1                   1     1

      Plant Maintenance                16           1          1             16                   0     0

      Project Systems                  11           2          1              9                   9     2

                      Total Roles      124          45        16             65                   43    58

                                                             • GFEBS user roles are subject to change
9/22/2011                                                                                                     20
                                                             • About 54% of roles are new
                          Gaining Organization
                      Assign Roles To Its Workforce

   Most organizations perform some roles, e.g. --
        » Spending Chain: Purchase Requisition Processor, Purchase Requisition
          Approver, Goods Receipt Processor, and Invoice Processor
        » Cost Management: Cost Driver Collector, Cost Plan Maintainer, BI
          Managerial Reporter, ECC Managerial Reporter
   Resource Management offices perform certain roles, e.g. –
        » Funds Distribution, Billings, Reimbursables, Depreciating Assets
        » Managing Civilian Payroll and “closing the books”
   DFAS, HQDA and Command HQ perform many centralized roles
   Note: No organization performs all 124 roles; and all organizations
         must ensure separation of duties when assigning roles

              Supervisors must assign roles timely and correctly
                       for successful implementation
9/22/2011                                                                         21
  GFEBS – ARMY COMPTROLLER COURSE                                            21
                How Does GFEBS Affect You?

       Data
       Analysis and Decision-making
       Processes
       Workforce
                                         Success requires gaining organization
       Deployment                            to fit their pieces together

                      This is not business as usual!
               GFEBS will transform financial management
            as well as management practices in most functions
9/22/2011                                                                        22
                               GFEBS Deployment Schedule
             FY2009                               FY2010                             FY2011                                   FY2012
 1      2         3        4       1             2    3         4        1       2           3        4         1       2          3


R1.2     R1.3 Replace R1.4: Replace SOMARDS and continue replacing STANFINS
Go Live,    STANFINS
IMCOM Ft Jackson
  Wave 1*                 Wave 2*     Wave 3*               Wave 7 * Oct
              Apr                           SE       Apr   WR          Oct
        SE            IOT&E                                                                 NE (BRAC)
       Training                        Training            Training    Wave 4*                    Training       Wave 8*
              Mini-                                                      NE       Jan                                   Jan
              deployments        Oct        Jan
                      Training   Training                                         Wave 5*                                (all others)
                                                                         PAC & EUR          Apr
  *Each Wave in each Release:
                              Sites in each Wave:                             Training
  • Involves about 15 sites                                                                Wave 6*
  • Updates all preceding Waves
                                                                                        NG & AR       Jul
  • Includes DFAS

 Site             Pre-Deployment Activities                “Go Live”             Post-Deployment
                           450 days                                                  90-180 days
9/22/2011                                                                                                                                    23
                                                                                                                              As of 20 May 2009
                  Deployment Communications Strategy
   Month    Month     Month     Month     Month    Month     Month    Month     Month    Month     Month     Month    Month    Month     Month     Month Month +
    - 15     - 14      - 13      - 12      - 11     - 10      -9       -8        -7       -6        -5        -4       -3       -2        -1        +1     2
   Exec. POC                    Site Visit           CMD Network                                       CDs


 Executive Planning Session
                                                    CMD Network
 Purpose: Provide gaining organizations
                                                    Purpose: Provide a forum to assist gaining organization POCs with information on progress;
 leadership with overview and introduction to
                                                    information on implementation such as: how to reduce change resistance through employee
 site responsibilities.
                                                    involvement, how to promote/advocate bottom up dialogue, etc.; and to gather information on
 Activities: review the OPORD and provide           site-readiness activities such as role mapping and data conversion.
 Memorandum of Agreement (MOA)
                                                    Activities: Monthly calls to provide updates, forum for Q & A; channel for distributing information

 POC Kickoff
 Purpose: Kick-off CMD Network and provide POCs with
                                                                               Change Discussion Workshop for Supervisors
 training and tools to disseminate information to their                        Purpose: Prepare supervisors to conduct functional change and new roles
 organizations, address questions and organize resources.                      discussions with their subordinates/end users.
 Activities: Train Change Management Points of Contact for                     Activities: At the end of the workshop, Army supervisors will be able to
 each gaining organization                                                     explain their role as a supervisor in regard to the change discussions,
                                                                               understand the change discussion process, prepare for change discussions
 Site Visit and Supervisors Workshop                                           with end users, and conduct change discussions
 Purpose: Introduce leaders and managers to GFEBS goals,
 implications to their organizations, events and timelines, their              Change Discussions with End Users
 responsibilities and to train them on role mapping.
                                                                               Purpose: Prepare end users for changes that will come with
 Activities: General Session, functional breakouts and Role-to-User            GFEBS, to explain their new roles and to direct their actions
 Mapping Workshop                                                              regarding required training courses and certification.

    Legend:            Deployment Starts                   CMD Network Call              Power User Training              Power User Call            Go Live
9/22/2011                                                                                                                                                      24
                                         Power Users
       Your command‟s primary functional expert on GFEBS business
             Orchestrate business process and sustainment support before, during and after
              GFEBS deployment
             Key member of the command‟s Change Management Team (CMD)
       Responsibilities:
             Assist in crosswalk discussions from the „as is‟ to the „to be‟ processes
             Assist with training, data cleansing and conversion efforts for your command
             Help to shape the end-to-end processes for their organizations and future sites
             Answering questions, addressing concerns during pre and post go-live deployment
             Support continuous improvement in GFEBS training
       Training and development is a shared responsibility
             GFEBS Program will conduct two formal five-day sessions
             Power Users must complete the GFEBS core Computer Based Training (CBT) courses
              and the functional CBT courses within their respective business areas
             Sites to determine additional training opportunities, e.g. scheduled visits with site
              personnel from previously deployed sites

                 The Army’s GFEBS Subject Matter Experts (SMEs)
9/22/2011                                                                                             25

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