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Industrial Revolution

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					The Industrial Revolution
   Population Growth

    1800 – 5,300,000 people
    1830 – 12,900,000 people
                                         Immigration
    1860 – 31,500,000 people
                                            1821-1825 – 41,000 people
                                            1826-1830 – 103,000 people
                                            1831-1835 – 253,000 people
                                            1836-1840 – 347,000 people


    Sources of Immigration – 1820-1840

           Irish – 43%
           German – 27%
           English – 18%
           Other Northern European – 11%
The Industrial Revolution
     Urbanization

Industrial Centers - Textiles

     New York
     Chicago
     Detroit
     Milwaukee


                                Strained Resources and Services

                                  Fresh Water

                                  Sewage

                                  Police and Fire Departments
  The Industrial Revolution
          Nativism

Native American Party – 1837-1854

       The Know-Nothings
       The American Party



                                        The “Alien Menace”
                                             Labor – Lower Wages

                                             Declining “American” Culture

                                    Efforts to Limit Immigrant Influence
                                        Restrictive Naturalization Laws
                                        Literacy Tests for Voting

                                         Restrictions on Catholics
                         Primary Source Exercise

  What economic and political consequences do you see represented in
  these two images of the early and later-developed mechanical reaper?




1850s                                1830s
     The Industrial Revolution

Unions!
   Commonwealth vs. Hunt – 1842
   National Trade Unions



Changing Face of Labor
Women
 Unskilled               Lowell System
   “Cult of Domesticity”
Immigrants
   Low Wages
Free Blacks
   Racism
Artisans
   Deskilling of Labor
 The Industrial Revolution
Patterns of Industrial Society

    Class Distinctions                Changing Role of Women
         Inequality of Wealth               “Cult of Domesticity”
         Urban Poor                            Separate Spheres
                                            Seneca Falls
     Social Mobility
                                               Elizabeth Canty Stanton
           Migratory Labor
           Economic Ladder
              The “Self-Made Man”

      The Growing Middle Class
            Household Inventions
                Cast Iron Stove
            Changing Industrial Families
                Decline of Family Economy
                Falling Birth Rates

				
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posted:9/23/2011
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