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					     Interoperable 5.9GHz DSRC
                  to
Enable New Public Safety Applications

           Presented to GRSC
            Ottawa, Canada
              April 29, 2003

                  Paul Manuel
                 Mark IV IVHS
              Mississauga, Ontario
                    What is DSRC?

• Dedicated Short Range Communications
• Message Exchanges between Moving Vehicles and
  “beacons” at the roadside
     –   Vehicles moving up to highway speeds
     –   High Quality of Service – 99.995% delivery
     –   10 to 150 feet range (today)
     –   Vehicle positioning is a by-product of the communication
• Today, most NA DSRC systems operate in the non-
  multilaterated LMS allocation: 909.75MHz through
  921.75MHz. A few backscatter systems operate at other
  frequencies in the 902-928 MHz band.
• There is a major US initiative to create standards and
  regulatory framework for DSRC at 5.9GHz

22 September 2011              TSACC / CCCNT
                    Why DSRC?
• DSRC is an enabling
  technology for Intelligent
  Transportation Systems (ITS).

• ITS Technology can provide a
  solution to increase vehicle
  throughput without increasing
  roadway capacity as much as
  would otherwise be necessary.




                                           E-ZPasstm Deployment on Peace Bridge, Courtesy: Veridian




22 September 2011          TSACC / CCCNT
                    Five Worldwide
     Transportation Trends Fuel
     Demand for ITS and Mobile
      Communication Services



22 September 2011       TSACC / CCCNT
                    Worldwide Trends
• Increased Vehicle Miles of Travel (VMT) –
  Led by Commercial Vehicles
• Limited Road Capacity Enhancements
• Increasing Congestion
• Lengthening Commutes
• Limited Government Funds



22 September 2011        TSACC / CCCNT
   US Example – Since 1990….
• VMT has Grown 38 Percent
• Traffic Delays in Urban Areas Have
  Increased 41 Percent
• Average Urban Driver Spends 62 Hours
  Stuck in Traffic Each Year
• Average Time Spent Commuting has
  Increased 14 Percent Nationwide

22 September 2011   TSACC / CCCNT
              Inevitable Result….?
• North American motorist demand for,
  and willingness to pay for, in vehicle
  ITS and communications technology
  will continue to grow.

• What level and features are yet to be
  determined.
22 September 2011    TSACC / CCCNT
  US DSRC Deployment Today
• Electronic Toll Collection Delivers in Excess of
  3.4 Billion Transactions Annually
• More Than 1.5 Million Trucks Electronically
  Comply at Weigh Stations Each Month
• E-ZPass Plus at Albany Airport Processes
  Payment Three Times Faster Than Manned
  Booths.
• McDonald’s Pilot Test Showed 30 Percent
  Increase in the Dollar Value of Each Transaction

22 September 2011   TSACC / CCCNT
        Example: E-ZPass Today
• Twenty one agencies in nine states
     – New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania,
       Massachusetts, Maryland, Delaware, Maine, New
       Hampshire, West Virginia
•   10,000,000+ E-ZPass transponders
•   3 Billion E-ZPass toll transactions annually
•   $4 Billion in annually toll revenues
•   Equipment contractually committed to 99.99%
    accuracy

22 September 2011       TSACC / CCCNT
MORE…Emerging Application
     Deployment
•   HazMat Tracking in Wake of 9-11
•   Platooning of vehicles
•   Vehicle to Roadside
•   Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V)
•   Packet Hopping Internet Potential
•   Dynamic Infrastructure Relying on V2V


22 September 2011   TSACC / CCCNT
                    And...mCommerce
• Fast Food Drive-Thru
• Parking
• Other Cashless Transaction Applications




22 September 2011        TSACC / CCCNT
              What That Means for
                Transponders
• Additional Memory – Separate Pages for
  All Applications, Especially Government
  vs. Private
• Faster Communication Speeds to
  Transmit Additional Data
• Enhanced Security, Especially Financial
  Services
• Onboard Integration
22 September 2011    TSACC / CCCNT
  “Chicken and Egg” Scenario

• No Known “Killer Application” to Drive
  Deployment of New 5.9 GHz Technology
    – No Tags = No Roadside Infrastructure
    – No Roadside Infrastructure = No Tags
    – No Applications or Potential Integration with
      Other Roadside Devices
• Standards and regulations are being
  developed anyway.

22 September 2011      TSACC / CCCNT
          Where is DSRC Going?
• A new Frequency Band allocated by FCC
  for DSRC
     – Public Safety applications
          • Primary status
     – Private Applications being considered
•   75 MHz (5.850 - 5.925 GHz)
•   Multiple Channels
•   Vehicle to Vehicle capability
•   Extended Range and Data rates
22 September 2011            TSACC / CCCNT
                    Who & When?
• ASTM is creating a standard for DSRC to
  operate and has defined the Physical and Media
  Access layers of the standard.
• The rest of the standard is still evolving and may
  be substantially complete within 6 months.
• OEM Automotive industry is on board and
  supporting the standard development



22 September 2011      TSACC / CCCNT
                Regulatory Activity
• FCC 02-302
     – Nov 7, 2002 NPRM and Order
     – WT Docket No. 01-90
          • Amendment re 5.9GHz Band DSRC
     – ET Docket No. 98-95
          • Amendment of Part 2 and 90 to Allocate the 5.850
            – 5.925 GHz Band to the Mobile Service for DSRC
            of Intelligent Transportation Services



22 September 2011          TSACC / CCCNT
                 ASTM List of DSRC APPLICATIONS
                   PUBLIC SAFETY and PRIVATE
                PUBLIC SAFETY                                               PRIVATE
•   APPROACHING EMERGENCY VEHICLE (WARNING)            •     ACCESS CONTROL
    ASSISTANT (3)                                      •     DRIVE-THRU PAYMENT
•   EMERGENCY VEHICLE SIGNAL PREEMPTION                •     PARKING LOT PAYMENT
•   ROAD CONDITION WARNING                             •     DATA TRANSFER / INFO FUELING (A)
•   LOW BRIDGE WARNING
•   WORK ZONE WARNING                                         – ATIS DATA
•   IMMINENT COLLISION WARNING (D)                            – DIAGNOSTIC DATA
•   CURVE SPEED ASSISTANCE [ROLLOVER WARNING] (1)             – REPAIR-SERVICE RECORD
•   INFRASTRUCTURE BASED – STOP LIGHT ASSISTANT (2)           – VEHICLE COMPUTER PROGRAM UPDATES
•   INTERSECTION COLLISION WARNING/AVOIDANCE (4)              – MAP and MUSIC DATA UPDATES
•   HIGHWAY/RAIL [RAILROAD] COLLISION AVOIDANCE (10)          – VIDEO UPLOADS
•   COOPERATIVE COLLISION WARNING [V-V] (5)            •     DATA TRANSFER / CVO / TRUCK STOP
•   GREEN LIGHT - OPTIMAL SPEED ADVISORY (8)           •     ENHANCED ROUTE PLANNING and GUIDANCE (6)
•   COOPERATIVE VEHICLE SYSTEM – PLATOONING (9)        •     RENTAL CAR PROCESSING
•   COOPERATIVE ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL [ACC] (11)
•   VEHICLE BASED PROBE DATA COLLECTION (B)            •     UNIQUE CVO FLEET MANAGEMENT
•   INFRASTRUCTURE BASED PROBE DATA COLLECTION         •     DATA TRANSFER / TRANSIT VEHICLE (yard)
•   INFRASTRUCTURE BASED TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT –          •     TRANSIT VEHICLE REFUELING MANAGEMENT
    [DATA COLLECTED from] PROBES (7)                   •     LOCOMOTIVE FUEL MONITORING
•   TOLL COLLECTION                                    •     DATA TRANSFER / LOCOMOTIVE
•   TRAFFIC INFORMATION (C)
•   TRANSIT VEHICLE DATA TRANSFER (gate)
•   TRANSIT VEHICLE SIGNAL PRIORITY                         ATIS - Advanced Traveler Information Systems
•   EMERGENCY VEHICLE VIDEO RELAY                           CVO - Commercial Vehicle Operations
•   MAINLINE SCREENING                                      EV - Emergency Vehicles
•   BORDER CLEARANCE                                        IDB - ITS Data Bus
•   ON-BOARD SAFETY DATA TRANSFER                           THRU – Through
•   VEHICLE SAFETY INSPECTION                               V-V – Vehicle to Vehicle
                                                            (#) – Applications Submitted by GM/Ford/Chrysler
•   DRIVER’S DAILY LOG
                                                            (A- Z) – Applications Submitted by Daimler-Chrysler
     22 September 2011                      TSACC / CCCNT
     5.9GHz Public Safety Applications
         Identified in FCC NPRM
PROPOSED PUBLIC SAFETY                6. Vehicle to Vehicle                    12. Commercial Vehicle
                                                                                   Operations (CVO) Driver’s
1. Probe Data Collection                    a.     Vehicle Stopped or              Daily Log
                                                   Slowing Warning
2. Traffic Information                                                         13. Vehicle Safety Inspection
                                            b.     Vehicle-Vehicle Collision
3. Toll Collection                                 Avoidance                   14. Transit Vehicle Data Transfer
                                                                                   (gate and yard)
4. In-Vehicle Signing                       c.     Imminent Collision
                                                   Warning                     15. Transit Vehicle Signal Priority
     a. Work Zone Warning
                                      7.    Rollover Warning                   16. Emergency Vehicle Signal
    b. Highway/Rail Intersection                                                   Preemption
Warning                               8.    Low Bridge Warning
                                                                               17. Emergency Vehicle Video
     c.   Road Condition Warning      9.    Mainline Screening                     Relay

5. Intersection Collision Avoidance   10.   Border Clearance                   18. Emergency Vehicle Approach
                                                                                   Warning
                                      11. On-Board Safety Data Transfer
                                                                               19. Transit Vehicle Refueling




  22 September 2011                              TSACC / CCCNT
          5.9GHz Non-Public Safety
       Applications Listed in FCC NPRM
PROPOSED NON-PUBLIC         5.   Data Transfer (IDB, J1708,       6.   Rental Car Processing
SAFETY                           J1939, PCI, etc)
                                                                  7.   Unique CVO Fleet
1.    Access Control             a.     Advanced Traveler              Management
                                        Information Systems
2.    Gas Payment                       (ATIS) Data               8.   CVO Truck Stop Data Transfer

3.    Drive-Thru Payment         b.     Vehicle Diagnostic Data   9.   Locomotive Fuel Monitoring

4.    Parking Lot Payment        c.     Repair-Service Record     10. Locomotive Data Transfer

                                 d.     Vehicle Computer
                                        Program Updates

                                 e.     Map and Music Data
                                        Updates




     22 September 2011                TSACC / CCCNT
             5.9GHz DSRC Tutorial




         http://www.leearmstrong.com/DSRC/DSRCHomeset.htm



22 September 2011          TSACC / CCCNT
         PROPOSED 5.9 GHz DSRC BAND PLAN
        with 10 MHz CHANNELS & POWER LIMITS
                                                       Shared Public Safety/Private                                        Dedicated Public Safety
                                                 Control   Med Rng Service Short Rng Service                              Veh-Veh       Intersections

  Power Limit                                                                                  44.8 dBm                                            40 dBm

  Power Limit                                                      33 dBm


   Power Limit                                                                                                                             23 dBm
                                                                                                                        Uplink

                                                                                                                    Downlink




                                                    Public              Public           Public                                Public         Public   Public Safety
                                                    Safety              Safety/          Safety/           Control             Safety/        Safety/  Intersections
                                                   Veh-Veh              Private          Private           Channel             Private        Private
                                                    Ch 172              Ch 174           Ch 176             Ch 178             Ch 180           Ch 182     Ch 184




                                                                                                                                   5.900




                                                                                                                                                                            5.925
                                                           5.860

                                                                    5.865

                                                                             5.870

                                                                                     5.875

                                                                                             5.880

                                                                                                        5.885

                                                                                                                5.890




                                                                                                                                           5.905

                                                                                                                                                    5.910




                                                                                                                                                                    5.920
                                         5.850

                                                   5.855




                                                                                                                           5.895
5.825




                                 5.845
        5.830

                 5.835




                                                                                                                                                            5.915
                         5.840




        22 September 2011                                                   TSACC / CCCNT
                                                                             Frequency (GHz)
                                                                                                     Canadian Special License Zones*
                            DSRC PERFORMANCE ENVELOPES
                   54
                        ~

                        ~
                   33

                   30                                Data Transfer and
                                                     Internet Access Services
                   27
                                                             Bluetooth
Data Rate (Mbps)




                   24
                                                                              5850 - 5925 MHz Band
                                                                              Performance Envelope
                                                                                        (Approximate)
                   21

                   18

                   12
                                                                                                                     Emergency Vehicle Services
                                                                     Safety Message Services
                    9

                    6                                                                                                                             Telematics (unlimited
                                                                                                                                                  range)
                   3                      Toll and Payment Services


                   0                     902 - 928 MHz Band Performance Envelope
                                         600

                                               800
                             200


                                   400




                                                                                                                      2600




                                                                                                                                                             3600
                                                      1000

                                                              1200

                                                                       1400

                                                                                1600

                                                                                       1800

                                                                                                2000

                                                                                                       2200

                                                                                                              2400




                                                                                                                             2800

                                                                                                                                    3000

                                                                                                                                           3200

                                                                                                                                                      3400
                        22 September 2011                                     TSACC / CCCNT
    0.5 Mbps                                                                       Range (ft)
• Transponders
   – 15M+ in North America – 902-928MHz
     12M+ Active, 3M Backscatter
   – 4M in Europe – CEN 5.8MHz (Backscatter)
   – 1M in Japan – 5.8MHz (Active TDMA)
   – The far east mirrors Japan
   – South America & Australia tend to use
     European CEN standards



22 September 2011   TSACC / CCCNT
END

				
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