Modern Construction and Refurbishment by benbenzhou


									Modern Construction
and Refurbishment

Solar construction has
right of way                    .
                                P 04

E-world energy & water:
experts enthusiastic about
local technologies              .
                                P 13

Energy contracting for Kalkar   .
                                P 20

03__ Editorial
04__ Solar construction has right of way
05__ Interview: Taking account of tenants‘ entitlements
07__ Almost a billion euro for the construction industry
07__ New further training module for building modernisation

08__    Focus on LEDs
08__    First ORC wood-fired co-generation plant
09__    Production of a hydrogen-rich gas
10 __   Using 700°C technology to create a more efficient power
11 __   Europe-wide energy assessment system
12 __   Partners of the European Hydrogen Community
12 __   Fuel cell developer CFCL coming to Heinsberg
12 __   NRW is involved
13 __   Experts enthusiastic about NRW energy technologies

                                                                          The Energy Region NRW presents fuel cells and the
                                                                          rest at the Hannover Messe

14 __   Tax relief for producing companies
14 __   Bakers bake more efficiently
15 __   National Allocation Plan for 2008 to 2012 is ready
16 __   Energy wood for the Bloemersheim Estate
17 __   Hydroelectric power from drinking water network
17 __   NRW‘s highest heat pump in operation
18 __   Bonn hotels go easy on energy consumption
19 __   Energy efficiency no longer just an empty phrase
19 __   New assistance programme launched
                                                                          North Rhine-Westphalia will be exhibiting at the Hannover Messe
                                                                          from 16 to 20 April 2007. In the Energy Hall 13 (Stand E 60) the
                                                                          State Government of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Energy-
                                                                          Agency.NRW are represented on an area of more than 500
                                                                          square metres by the „NRW Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Competence
                                                                          Network“ and the „Fuels of the Future Competence Network“. In
Magazine                                                                  addition around 20 other exhibitors are showing their products
20__ Energy contracting for Kalkar                                        and services on the stand.
20__ More efficient, quieter, compacter
21 __New Books for the specialist                                         The biggest thematic block is that of fuel cell and hydrogen tech-
21 __Old monument – new technology                                        nology. Another eye-catcher is the Ford Focus flexi-fuel with
22__ Balance sheet 2006                                                   bio-ethanol engine from the Ford Research Centre in Aachen.
22__ Federal Government funding for renewable energies                    Masterflex AG from Herten will present to the public for the
     now easier                                                           first time the series version of the Cargobike, powered by fuel
23__ Cabinet goes for efficiency, renewables and research                 cells and intended for inner city transport. Further information:
24__ In brief                                                   

2                                            innovation & energy 2_2007

                                                     Eckhard Uhlenberg,
                                                     Minister of the Environment and Conser-
                                                     vation, Agriculture and Consumer Protec-
                                                     tion of the State of NRW

                                                     Dear Readers,

                                                     The demand for energy, which is rising world-wide, the finite na-
                                                     ture of fossil resources and the general concern about the impact
                                                     on the climate demands a major change in the energy supply.
                                                     The use of biomass to generate energy and produce construction
                                                     materials in particular is steadily becoming more important.

                                                     The domestic raw material of wood plays a major role here as
                                                     a sustainable and CO2-neutral fuel. As a construction material
                                                     for residential and office buildings or in its energy-generating
                                                     form as wood pellet, wood is making great advances on the
                                                     North Rhine-Westphalian market. In 2003, for example, there
                                                     were only about 600 wood-pellet-fired heating systems in NRW.
                                                     Now there are more than 70,000 pellet-fired heating systems
                                                     installed in Germany, of which more than 7,000 in North Rhine-

Imprint                                              Building and heating with wood is not only environmentally
                                                     friendly, but also economical and convenient. In the energy gen-
                                                     eration domain the use of biomass has a particularly great po-
EnergyAgency.NRW                                     tential. According to current estimates, just under 3,000 systems
c/o Minstry of Economic Affairs and Energy of
the State of NRW                                     are operating in Germany, producing biogas from plants, food
Haroldstr. 4
40213 Düsseldorf (Germany)                           waste or biowaste. In NRW more than 640 projects based on
Edited by:
                                                     landfill, bio and sewage gas have been funded since 1988 to the
Dr. Joachim Frielingsdorf (v.i.S.d.P.), Thomas       tune of around 57 million euro. More and more consumers, as
Reisz, Uwe H. Burghardt, Sabine Michelatsch,
Oliver E. Weckbrodt                                  well as farmers and companies, are contributing to active climate
Kasinostr. 19-21                                     protection and the conservation of domestic resources.
42103 Wuppertal (Germany)
Phone:      0202/24552-26
Fax:        0202/24552-50
                                                     In NRW the future energy biomass is afforded expert support to
e-mail:       give it a permanent basis and to stabilise it as another prospec-
ISSN 1611-4094                                       tive source of income for rural areas. In addition many compa-
Views expressed in items which bear the              nies in North Rhine-Westphalia have recognised the innovative
author‘s name do not necessarily reflect those
of the publisher. Reproduction only with the         potential of new construction and heating technologies and have
publisher‘s permission.
                                                     positioned themselves successfully in the sector. Now we have to
Innovation & Energy has been printed on              carry on supporting this in order to ensure that the positive mar-
100%-recycled paper.
                                                     ket development continues.
Individual projects named in this magazine are
      assisted financially from the European
      Regional development Fund (ERDF).
                                                     I hope you get a lot of new and useful information from reading
Picture credits: (2 top, 5 top left, 7 bottom left,
                                                     this current magazine of EnergyAgency.NRW.
8 left, 10 background, 11 centre, 14, 15, 18 left,
19 bottom); Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd (12 bottom);
DaimlerChrysler AG (12 top left); Deutsche
Messe AG (2 bottom left, 2 bottom right, 23);
Kohl, Mathilde (22 centre); MUNLV NRW (3);
Solarpraxis AG (21 left); Stadt Bonn (18 right);
Stadt Gelsenkirchen (2 2nd from bottom left, 19
top); Stadtwerke Oerlinghausen (8 right); STEAG
                                                     Eckhard Uhlenberg
AG (10 graphic); Steinprinz, Sigurd (title, 4/5
bottom, 6 bottom); Voit, Klaus (13); Wuppertaler     Minister of the Environment and Conservation,
Stadtwerke (16 right); all other pictures: Ener-
gyAgency.NRW                                         Agriculture and Consumer Protection of the State of NRW

                                                                         innovation & energy 2_2007                              3
Focus                          NRW builds efficiently

        Solar construction has
        right of way
        Solar construction and improvement have now come to epitomise modern, sustainable, in other words

        primarily energy-aware living. Rising energy prices and climate change provide the current impetus for

        action to investors, architects, engineers and policy-makers, among others.

        A      nyone who is building or carrying out
               improvements in an energy-efficient
        way today will first check all the possibi-
                                                        ding to its declared mission in the spring of
                                                        2006 – to help ensure that the refurbish-
                                                        ment rate in the State was increased by 2
                                                                                                         ble to exploit potential savings of between
                                                                                                         50 and 80 per cent in economic terms.

        lities for utilising heating energy as cost-    per cent a year. This could mean, among          There are practical examples right across
        effectively and economically, in terms of       other things, that 50,000 jobs would be          the State: In Troisdorf the primary ener-
        resources, as possible. Often the aim is to     created anew or secured in NRW.                  gy requirement of a semidetached house
        be independent of fossil fuels. North Rhi-                                                       built in 1964 fell from 300 to less than 80
        ne-Westphalia has for some time been en-        Monumental challenge                             kilowatt hours per square metre and year
        deavouring to prepare the ground for a          The challenge appears monumental, how-           (kWh/m2a) after allround refurbishment.
        broad-based application of the now so-          ever: one third of the energy consumption        For around 90,000 euro the external walls
        phisticated knowledge and technologies          is accounted for by room heating and the         and roof area were given new insulation,
        available – for example with the project        provision of hot water – 90 per cent of this     as was the cellar ceiling, and in addition
        “50 Solar Housing Estates in NRW” or by         one third is consumed in NRW in buildings        the heating system was renewed. The new
        participating in the nationwide campaign        erected prior to 1978 (when the 1st Ther-        gas-condensing boiler for heating and for
        “Low-energy Standards for Existing Buil-        mal Insulation Ordinance came into force).       warming service water is now supported
        dings”. In the past year a further important    For North Rhine-Westphalia this means that       by a solar-thermal installation with a panel
        step forward was taken with the launching       around 6.3 million of the approximately 8.4      area of approximately 11 square metres.
        of a joint campaign with the State’s Eco-       million dwelling units (= 75 per cent) display   In Duisburg-Rheinhausen the energy sys-
        nomics Ministry entitled “My House Saves”.      a major need for energy refurbishment. In        tems of an old building from 1957 was
        “My House Saves” was intended – accor-          the buildings concerned it would be possi-       refurbished. The primary energy require-

4                              innovation & energy 2_2007
                                                                                         NRW builds efficiently                                          Focus

                                                                                         Interview with Uwe Neuhaus, Member of the Board of Erbbauverein
                                                                                         housing association, Cologne

                                                                                         »Taking account of
                                                                                                        tenants’ entitlements«

                                                                  Erbbauverein Köln has since 2000 al-            The fact that four of our properties have
                                                                  ready created solar housing estates in the      already been granted the status of solar
                                                                  Cologne districts of Riehl, Mülheim and         housing estate highlights very clearly the
                                                                  Deutz. This housing association is now          successful re-orientation of our building
                                                                  planning its fourth solar housing estate in     activity. The image enhancement this in-
                                                                  Friedrich-Karl-Strasse in Cologne-Niehl.        volves for our association should not be
                                                                  Here 143 dwellings will be built with a         underestimated. Today we present our-
ment fell from 281 to 88.2 kWh/m2a. Both                          residential area of 10,000 square me-           selves to the general public as a modern,
properties recently received the “Energy                          tres. The buildings will be built as three-     service-oriented and sustainable housing
Saver NRW” award, which is given to par-                          to five-storey structures. The plan includes    enterprise.
ticularly efficient buildings.                                    high-quality thermal insulation and wood
                                                                  chip heating, which will be backed up by        Growing number of empty dwell-
Within the framework of the “50 Solar                             solar-thermal panels and a gas-fi red           ings - for example, as a result
Housing Estates in NRW” project, Erb-                             peak boiler. In addition the solar panels       of de-urbanisation - is an acute
bauverein Köln refurbished an estate with                         will ensure 55 per cent of the hot water        problem for housing companies.
112 dwelling units dating from the 1920s                          supply. This is reason enough for “Innova-      Is the solar housing estate the
for around 13 million euro. The energy re-                        tion & Energy” to enquire of Uwe Neu-           right strategy in the competition
quirement (heating and hot water) fell from                       haus (Board Member of Erbbauverein              for tenants?
approximately 195 kWh/m2a to about 56                             Köln) what the motivation is for investing
kWh/m2a (see adjacent interview).                                 in solar housing estates.                       Today’s ever more intense competition
                                                                                                                  within the housing sector and the rising
Refurbishment rate to rise                                        Energy-efficient building and re-               expectation of the tenant, who is after all
In 2006 alone the refurbishment of about                          furbishment have for some time                  our customer, must be taken into account.
62,000 dwelling units State-wide was          The very latest     been seen as a “wall-flower” ac-                 Today the customer approaches the sub-
funded by Kreditanstalt für Wiederauf-        thing: The solar    tivity. So what motivates Erbbau-               ject of “residential living” more critically
                                              housing estate in   verein Köln to adopt unconven-                  than every before. This also includes the
continued on page 6 >>>                       Leverkusen          tional approaches and to build                  factors of energy consumption, energy
                                                                  and/or refurbish using solar                    costs and energy recovery. With our of-
                                                                  energy?                                         fering in the form of the “solar housing
                                                                                                                  estate”, we are reacting in just the right
                                                                  If you wish to guarantee your tenants good      way to these three factors. Empty resi-
                                                                  and safe living conditions permanently, you     dential properties are not a worry to us.
                                                                  will necessarily also have to tackle the de-
                                                                  velopment in energy costs and the avail- According to the tenants’ asso-
                                                                  ability of oil and gas as fuels.             ciation “Deutscher Mieterbund”,
                                                                                                               tenants are becoming increas-
                                                                  Solar energy is domestic energy. It is in- ingly price-conscious. Isn’t that
                                                                  exhaustible and is available locally free an argument against living in a
                                                                  of charge.                                   solar housing estate?

                                                                  In addition the use of solar energy helps       Quite the contrary. When renting out new
                                                                  provide sustainable protection for our          properties and when new tenants move
                                                                  environment, which we consider a high-          into new housing for the first time, we are
                                                                  ly motivating objective. With the solar         very successful with our slogan “Building
                                                                  energy already used in many ways in our         with the sun”. The extremely favourable
                                                                  homes we – and therefore our tenants as         energy costs for heating and hot water
                                                                  well – are making an active contribution        lower the running costs and hence the
                                                                  to climate protection.                          “second rent”. Affordable rents combined
                                                                                                                  with high quality of residential living give
                                                                                                                  us a clear competitive edge.

                                                                                   innovation & energy 2_2007                                               5
Focus                                           NRW builds efficiently

>>> continued from page 5                       erage by means of solar-thermal panels          gy standards.” For example with a passive
                                                must be at least 60 per cent) and the pow-      house it is possible in addition to undercut
bau (KfW). Following this success the State     er domain (at least 1 kWp photovoltaics         the EnEv specifications by more than 60
Government intends to raise the refurbish-      must be installed per dwelling unit). A solar   per cent. The passive house is currently the
ment rate in the medium term to 3 per           estate consisting of new houses should ful-     non plus ultra in terms of energy economy
cent. “The aim here is to utilise refurbish-    fil at least two of the three requirements.     because, among other things, it makes do
ment measures that are being planned            To date there are 41 sites for solar housing    without conventional heating thanks to the
anyway to implement energy-saving mea-          estates in NRW – 17 projects have been          excellent insulation.
sures. In energy-efficient and solar build-     completed, 14 are under construction and
ing – as well in refurbishment – tried and      10 are at the planning stage. Solar hous-       Everyday suitability
tested methods are applied again in prac-                                                       demonstrated
tice. Insulation measures and the renewal                                                       The more rigorous the requirements con-
of heating systems are the classic refur-                                                       cerning energy efficiency, the greater the
bishment approaches. In energy-efficient                                                        challenges regarding planning and imple-
buildings ventilation is growing in impor-                                                      mentation. Passive house have proven their
tance. It makes sense to use ventilation sys-                                                   everyday suitability since the 1990s in the
tems which involve heat recovery”, claims                                                       residential domain. But the passive house
Dirk Mobers of the EnergyAgency.NRW.                                                            standard is also possible in office buildings
Such systems are assisted with funds from                                                       and with other uses. In 2003, for example,
the new programme                  Leverkusen goes for the sun                     the first old people’s home in passive house
                                                                                                design was built in Mönchengladbach-
Solar housing estate acts as an                 ing estates are not invariably new housing      Neuwerk. For the owner the low energy
example                                         projects and can just as well involve refur-    costs were crucial. From the point of view
“Solar housing estates combine measures         bished old buildings.                           of the residents, the high living standard is
taken in the area of energy conservation,                                                       a definite plus for the passive house design.
efficiency and renewable energies in new        The non plus ultra in energy terms              In terms of the figures the energy require-
construction projects and existing build-       In the case of new buildings the obliga-        ment for room heating is only 4.1 kWh per
ings”, says Andreas Gries, responsible          tions regarding energy supply is laid down      square metre and year. The welfare orga-
among other things at the EnergyAgency.         in the German Energy Conservation Or-           nisation Caritas in Rheydt is now planning
NRW for the project “50 Solar Housing           dinance (EnEV). According to Mobers: “A         a further old people’s nursing home to pas-
Estates in NRW”. Requirements which a           certain degree of energy efficiency in new      sive house standard as part of the “50 Solar
solar housing estate has to fulfil concern      buildings is practically decreed by the leg-    Housing Estates in NRW” project. Construc-
structural thermal insulation (3-litre house    islative powers, but in terms of economic       tion due to commence: June 2007. Further
or passive house in the case of new build-      and ecological considerations it certainly      information:
ings), provision of hot water (the solar cov-   makes sense to achieve higher-level ener-       and

6                                               innovation & energy 2_2007
                                                                                             NRW builds efficiently                                   Focus

„My House Saves“ joint campaign after one year:

Almost a billion euro for the
construction industry
T   he goal set in the spring of 2006 was
    ambitious: the aim was to motivate as
many property owners in NRW to refur-
                                              behalf of the NRW Economic Affairs Min-
                                              istry. 137,000 visitors to www.mein-haus-
                                    , 4,000 enquiries received by the
                                                                                             ment market. Further information can be
                                                                                             obtained from the EnergyAgency.NRW,
                                                                                             phone 01803/190000 (9 ct/min. from the
bish the energy system of their buildings     building refurbishment hotline of the Ener-    German fixed network) or on the Internet:
and in this way to make sure that NRW         gyAgency.NRW, 21 events with more than
would benefit from as much as possible of     2,000 people taking part, 600 “Energy
the funds made available by the Federal       Saver NRW” stickers, trade fair presenta-
Government via the Kreditanstalt für Wie-     tions, energy consultations, seminars, 150
deraufbau (KfW).                              thermography campaigns in NRW leave
                                              no room for doubt. In 2006 more than
The interim balance sheet that the NRW        4,400 building checks were conducted by
Economic Affairs Minister Christa Thoben      the craftsmen trained at the EnergyAgen-
and KfW Board Member Ingrid Matthäus-         cy.NRW in collaboration with the West-
Maier were able to put to the press togeth-   deutscher Handwerkskammertag (West
er with Franz-Josef Knieps MdL (Westdeut-     German Chamber of Crafts Council).
scher Handwerkskammertag), Dr. Chris-
tian Schramm, Vice-President of the NW        A further 350 detailed consultations were
Chamber of Architects and Ingo Apel,          provided by engineers and architects in sin-
Vice-President of Haus und Grund NRW          gle-family or two-family houses in collabo-
in the spring of 2007 was impressive.         ration with the Chamber of Architects and
                                              Engineers. On average an energy build-
More than 19,000 applications                 ing check triggers investments amounting       New further training module
After the first year the balance sheet        to 7,500 euro, and so this instrument alone
drawn up for the energy system refurbish-     gave rise in the past year to investments of   on building modernisation
ment of buildings under “My House Saves”      around 16 million euro in the area of ener-
gives a positive picture. NRW-wide around
19,200 loan applications totalling 986 mil-
lion euro were approved by KfW for the
                                              gy-related building modernisation.

                                             To be continued
                                                                                             T   he EnergyAgency.NRW has extended its continuing training
                                                                                                 programme: With the module “Energy modernisation – an
                                                                                             economic study from the point of view of the housing industry”
funding of living space modernisation and    “The campaign will be continued. In 2007        the EnergyAgency.NRW is addressing housing planners and de-
building refurbishment. “These are invest-   the refurbishment of the building stock will    cision-makers who wish to learn about the relationships between
ments which will benefit the domestic con-   again be assisted by public funds”, says        refurbishment measures, energy savings
struction industry and crafts”, claimed the  Markus Feldmann. The KfW has expand-            and economic efficiency.
Minister. More than one fifth of the loans   ed its programme: since the beginning of
nationwide since February 2006 by KfW        2007 there have also been grants from           The programme of talks “Build-
within the framework of the CO2 build-       which in particular those benefit who at-       ing modernisation – energy-
ing refurbishment programme went to          tain the new construction requirements          efficient and financable” is
NRW. In all, this means that the energy      of the EnEV with their refurbishment, or        aimed at house owners who
system refurbishment of more than 61,900     even fall below them by 30 per cent. Resi-      want to refurbish their own
dwelling units was assisted with low-inter-  dential buildings which fall below the re-      homes. A typical refur-
est Federal loans, more than in any other    quirements by more than 50 per cent will        bishment is illustrat-
Federal State.                               be entitled to special assistance within the    ed by the example
                                             framework of a model project in collab-         of a single-fami-
Continuous training works                    oration with the German Energy Agency           ly house. Both the
15 associations and institutions combined (dena). Local authorities have also been           energy balance
their consultancy, continuous training and entitled since the beginning of the year to       sheet and the costs
information services - with a correspond- receive funds to refurbish schools.                and financing possibili-
ing effect. “Together we are stronger”, said                                                 ties via the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau are the subjects of
Markus Feldmann, Project Manager of The State Government believes that the                   this series of talks. Both programmes can be downloaded by the
“My House Saves” at the EnergyAgency. refurbishment of building energy systems               speakers of the EnergyAgency.NRW in the domain “Service for
NRW, which coordinates the campaign on will have a positive impact on the employ-            Speakers” at

                                                                                      innovation & energy 2_2007                                          7

Focus on LEDs                                                              First ORC wood-fired
                                                                           co-generation plant
L   EDs are coming through more and more as an alternative to
    conventional lamps. They are already used in traffic lights,
display panels, torches and cars. In general lighting LED techno-
logy is also advancing apace. The rising lighting efficiency, the
increasing availability of components and the favourable ener-
gy balance sheet as compared to conventional luminaires mean
                                                                            T   he ORC wood-fired co-generation plant (Organic Rankine
                                                                                Cycle) of Stadtwerke Oerlinghausen is the first of its kind ope-
                                                                            rated by municipal utilities in NRW. It was prompted in February
that LEDs are also forging ahead in the domain of interior and              2004 when the Energieagentur Lippe GmbH drew up feasibility
exterior lighting.                                                          study and arrived at the conclusion that combined heat and po-
                                                                            wer generation using the ORC process presented excellent op-
In North Rhine-Westphalia a large number of companies and                   portunities for economic success.
research facilities are concerned with technical developments in
the field of LEDs. In order to exploit the existing expertise more          The plant is operated by the newly established operating com-
effectively, the LED Competence Network of the EnergyAgen-                  pany Betreibergesellschaft Holzheizkraftwerk Oerlinghausen
cy.NRW is co-ordinating the activities of the participating part-
ners from industry and science in, among other things, research,
public relations and expertise. This is being done, for example, in
regular Network meetings. At the 16th Network meeting at the
end of February, held at the higher education college of South
Westphalia in Hagen, the focus was on such subjects as “Appli-
cation-related fundamentals for product developments with LED”
and “LED technology in cars”.

At the present time work is in progress, among other things, on
increasing the power of LEDs. The large manufacturers indicate

                                                                            GmbH. The heat customers and the land are provided by the
                                                                            municipal utilities (Stadtwerke) and the wood and logistics are
                                                                            supplied by a municipal gardening and landscaping concern. The
                                                                            capital of the private-public-partnership model was acquired by a
                                                                            private financial investor. Energieagentur Lippe GmbH provided
                                                                            the technical expertise to ensure that the idea of an innovative
                                                                            and functioning power generation from wood could become a
                                                                            reality quickly and affordably.

                                                                            The starting signal for implementation for the project was given in
a realistic power of 40 to 45 lm/W in the case of series prod-              July 2004, and since December 2005 the power from wood has
ucts. The users of LEDs (the automotive and aircraft technology             been feed into the grid. Within the first twelve operating months
sectors) also expect power ratings of 40 lm/W. At a conference              more than 3.9 million kWh electricity from sustainable raw mate-
organised by Haus der Technik and the EnergyAgency.NRW in                   rials was fed in. The basis for economic efficiency is the German
March there were new features relating to innovations. Experts              Renewable Energies Act (EEG). ORC stands for a thermodynamic
are confident of major improvements in the near future in the               cyclic process. With ORC technology it is already possible to gen-
problem area of “efficiency” in particular. To date only low cur-           erate power at substantially lower temperatures than are needed
rent ratings of approx. 150 mA are efficient. But a new develop-            for steam turbines. The technology works in a similar way to the
ment from Phillips is intended to guarantee efficiency at higher            classic water-steam process, but instead of water it used an or-
current ratings as early as this spring.                                    ganic working medium. Because this has more favourable evap-
                                                                            oration characteristics, it can be used at lower temperature and
Experts also anticipate greater safety on the roads due to the              lower pressure to drive a turbine.
use of LEDs. In many applications the switching speeds are im-
portant. The latest LEDs react within 25 ns, and so, for example,           This installation needs approx. 170 m³ wood chips per day. Since
in braking operations the rear vehicle gains an additional reac-            only wood from a medium distance can be used economically,
tion time of approx. 0.5 sec.                                               the wood industry in the region will experience additional val-
                                                                            ue added of around 500,000 euro annually. Further information
Further information from: Sabine Michelatsch, phone 0211/896-               from: Cornelia Reuther, phone 0211/4566-671, e-mail reuther@
4610, e-mail                     or

8                                             innovation & energy 2_2007

Production of a
hydrogen-rich gas
Development of resource-conserving technologies to reduce energy sources and rising prices

T   he Chair of Energy and Environmental Process Engineering
    at the University of Siegen is located in the most densely fo-
rested region in Germany. The use and conversion of biomasses
                                                                      active substances, to improve the gas quality. The hydrogen-rich
                                                                      gas produced in small, decentralised plants can then be used,
                                                                      for example in a gas engine to generate power and heat, after
has along tradition here in the operation of charcoal kilns, a tra-   hydrogen separation as a decentralised source of hydrogen or
dition stretching back to the fifth century. The great age of char-   simply as a substitute for natural gas.
coal kilns began with the development of industrial iron produc-
tion in the Siegerland and Sauerland regions. In this wood was        In the IPV pilot plant it has already been possible to successfully
converted to substantially higher-calorific-value charcoal in a       produce a hydrogen-rich gas with
smouldering process.
                                                                 ■ residual forest wood or
Given the foreseeable exhaustible nature of oil and natural gas    used wood
and climate change, wood and other biomasses, as well as bio- ■ prepared industrial and household waste
genic residual fuels, can be used today as alternative raw ma-     (Trockenstabilat®)
terials to generate energy. Gasification processes provide con- ■ and substitute fuels from car recycling
siderable efficiency benefits as compared, for example, to con-    (shredder light fraction from the VW SiCon
ventional combustion with a water/steam circuit, especially with   process®)

                                                                      The ReEnvision project based on this process is being conducted
                                                                      jointly with SiCon GmbH, Edelstahlwerke Südwestfalen GmbH
                                                                      and Küttner GmbH & Co. KG, who are concerned with indus-
                                                                      trial plant engineering. As a first step it involves an upscaling
                                                                      of the pilot plant for a 5 MW plant, which is being erected at
                                                                      Edelstahlwerke. With the IPV process the biomasses or residual
                                                                      materials mentioned are used as a fuel. The product gas arising
                                                                      replaces natural gas as is used in burners to operate ladle fur-
                                                                      naces. It is therefore possible in the first stage to use assumed
                                                                      waste disposal residues as an economical and ecological substi-
                                                                      tute for fossil fuels.

the small plant sizes which are relevant for the decentralised ex-    In the second stage a 20 MW plant is to be erected based on the
ploitation of biomasses. The IPV process® (Integrated Pyrolysis       knowledge gained. It will also be operated with shredder resi-
and Combustion) developed at the Chair of Energy and Envi-            dues, substitute fuels and biomasses. The product gas arising will
ronmental Process Engineering is a highly promising approach          partly continue to be used to operated ladle furnaces. The third
in this respect.                                                      stage involves in addition the recovery of hydrogen via pressure
                                                                      change adsorption from the product gas. The hydrogen will then
The IPV process is based on the basic principle of the spatial sep-   be used in metallurgical processes and to operate a hydrogen
aration of pyrolysis and the generation of the energy needed          filling station. In addition to the substitution of the natural gas it
for it. After the biomass has been fed into a shaft reactor, the      is forecast that 3,400 cars with an annual kilometre performance
drying and pyrolysis of the biomass takes place through contact       of 15,000 km will be fuelled with hydrogen.
with hot ash from a combustion fluidised bed. While the pyrolysis
gas released is leaving the shaft reactor, it has to pass through Further information from: Dr. Frank Köster, phone 0209/167-
the hot layer of fluidised bed ash with the addition of steam. The 2811, e-mail
pyrolysis coke is extracted together with the fluidised bed ash
and it is conveyed into the combustion fluidised bed. The fluid-
ised bed ash is heated through the combustion of the pyrolysis
coke. The IPV process offers the possibility of adding catalytically

                                                               innovation & energy 2_2007                                                 9

Using 700°C technology to create
a more efficient power plant
             N     RW is working on more efficient and
                   lower-emission power plants: the
             “Pre-Engineering Study” of a highly effici-
                                                                 medium-term power plant renewal phase,
                                                                 i.e. from about 2015 to 2020, the success-
                                                                 ful conclusion of the project could ensure
                                                                                                                 The Pre-Engineering Study is being con-
                                                                                                                 ducted in three project stages:
                                                                                                                 1. Planning of a 700°C demonstration
             ent power plant with a live steam tempe-            that the European CO2 reduction targets            plant fired by hard coal (capacity ap-
             rature of 700°C (NRW Power Plant 700)               will be met with efficient and economically        prox. 500 MW)
             represents the first stage in the construc-         sustainable power plant solutions. 700°C        2. Transfer of the technical and eco-
             tion of a low-emission power plant, to be           technology involves a reduction of the spe-        nomic knowledge to a commercial
             erected after the technical and econo-              cific CO2 emissions per MWh generated of           700°C hard coal plant (capacity ap-
             mic feasibility have                                around 25 per cent as compared to power            prox. 1000 MW)
             been confirmed.                                     plants currently in operation (average effi-    3. Transfer of the technical and eco-
                                                                 ciency 38 per cent). Thanks to the propor-         nomic knowledge to a commercial
                                                                 tional reduction of the fuel mass flow used        700°C brown coal plant (capacity ap-
                                                                 it will also be possible to partly compensate      prox. 1000 MW)
                                                                 for rising fuel prices.
                                                                                                                 The “Pre-Engineering Study NRW-PP700”
                                                                      In the long term, i.e. in the new con-     ties in directly with the COMTES700 exper-
                                                                      struction period after 2020, the crea-     imental plant erected with funds from the
                                                                      tion and safe operation of a power         European Commission. COMTES700 is the
                                                                     plant with 700°C technology will be an      world’s first experimental plant for the pro-
                                                                    essential prerequisite for scrubbing CO2     duction of live steam with a temperature of
                                                                 out of the flue gases in economic terms and     700°C. The experimental plant has been in
                             The project is on an interna-       for accommodating it in suitable deposito-      operation in Gelsenkirchen-Scholven since
             tional scale. To date ten European energy           ries. Current fossil-fired power plants are     July 2005. Both projects are being co-or-
             supply utilities have joined together with          not suitable for operation with a CO2 flue      dinated by VGB Power Tech. The principles
             the aim of developing this sustainable Eu-          gas scrubber. The reduction in efficiency       for the realisation of this innovative project
             ropean power generation concept based               of about 12 percentage points (reduction        were developed in the “NRW Power Plant
             on fossil fuels and to finance it jointly. In ad-   form 38 to 26 per cent) due to CO2 flue         Technology Competence Network” of the
             dition the project is being co-funded from          gas scrubbing would mean that the fuel          EnergyAgency.NRW. A long version of this
             the programme and the Euro-             mass flow fed to the power plant would          paper can be found at www.energieagen-
             pean Regional Development Fund (ERDF).              have to be increased by about 46 per cent
                                                                 with the same level of power generation.
             The continuing technological develop-                                                               Further information from: thomeczek@
             ment of fossil-fired power plants with an                                                  and b.kuhnert@
             increase in efficiency ratings to around 50                                               
             per cent through the increase in live steam
             temperature to 700°C (inlet temperature
             of the steam in the steam turbine)
             is to the fore in this project. In the

10                                    innovation & energy 2_2007

Europe-wide energy
assessment system
I n times of climate change local authori-
  ties also endeavour to help reduce CO2.
At the same it is local authorities in parti-
                                              It is intended to create a link between
                                              a top-down and a growing bottom-up
                                              approach. By combining these two ap-
cular who have to be very cautious in the     proaches it is
budgetary policy. With this in mind and in    intended to
connection with the certification procedure   achieve the
“European Energy Award®”, known in            simplest pos-
short as eea, the “Balance” project rounds    sible determination of
off the existing package of measures to       municipal energy sav-
local authorities.                            ings and to unify this
                                              throughout Europe – combined with the gy Award®, are also participating in this
With the eea   ® certification local authori- identification of measures which promise project and are therefore able to contrib-

ties are given a control element which they the greatest cost-benefit effect.          ute their long-standing experience. Other
can already use today to check and as-                                                 local authorities currently interested are
sess the implementation                                                                                   the towns of Solingen,

of energy-efficient measures. Around 10         After a two-year project phase (to end        Bonn,
per cent of all local authorities in North      in 2007) it is planned to link up with the    Oberhausen
Rhine-Westphalia are already taking part        existing certification procedure of the Eu-   and Münster.
in this procedure.                              ropean Energy Awards®. In this way the
                                                European Energy Award is to be made           In March the test phase
At the beginning of 2005 trading in CO2 even more attractive for local authorities            began in the local author-
certificates was introduced. The discussion in North Rhine-Westphalia.                        ities concerned. Interested
was soon geared to the potential inclusion                                                    towns and municipalities can still register.
of local authorities. Since then the signifi- The results obtained within this project and    The B&SU is the body backing the Balance
cance of this system for assessing ener- those yielded by a determination of the              project, which is being funded by the Eu-
gy and CO2 reduction potentials has in- savings are to be incorporated in the test-           ropean Union within the framework of the
creased. This is where the Balance project ing of climate protection town partner-            Intelligent Energies programme.
comes in. It is aimed at easing the way for ships or voluntary agreements between
local authorities to lay the basis for partici- local authorities, industry and govern-       Further information from: Dr. Gabi
pation in European climate protection in- ment bodies.                                        Zink- Ehlert, B&SU GmbH, E-Mail
struments, such as the End Energy Efficien-                                          or via the hot-
cy and Energy Services Directive. The aim The idea for this project was the brain             line of the EnergyAgency.NRW on
of this project is the creation of a whole- child of representatives of local authori-        01803/190000 (9 ct/min from the Ger-
town energy and CO2 balance sheet sys- ties in North Rhine-Westphalia. The towns              man landline network) and on the Internet:
tem and the development of a set of in- of Wuppertal and Bielefeld, who as pio-     
struments for calculating measure-related neer towns had already experienced the
energy and CO2 savings.                         model phase to try out the European Ener-

                                                                innovation & energy 2_2007                                             11

     NRW is                                                      Partner of the European
       involved                                                  Hydrogen Community
                                                                 “NRW – Partner for the European Hy-           grammes worth 2.35 billion euro, of which
                                                                 drogen Community” – under this head-          at least 15 per cent is to be made avail-
                                                                 ing the Energy Region presented itself at     able to small and medium-sized enter-
                                                                 a podium event in the NRW representa-         prises (SMEs).
                                                                 tion in Brussels in January. “North Rhine-
                                                                 Westphalia will become actively involved      Minister Thoben and representatives of
                                                                 in the fuel cell and hydrogen technology      the National Strategy Council for Hydro-
                                                                 domain in particular with a wide range of     gen and Fuel Cells, the European Union
                                                                 project proposals”, Economic Affairs Min-     and companies from North Rhine-West-
                                                                 ister Christa Thoben announced to around      phalia presented objectives, content and
                                                                 70 participants. Since 1 January 2007 the     activities relating to the 7th research pro-

N    RW is participating in the Nati-
     onal Innovation Programme for
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technolo-
                                                                 7th EU Research Programme, due to run
                                                                 until 2013, came into force. The sub-area
                                                                 of “Energy” encompasses assistance pro-
                                                                                                               gramme. In the so-called Joint Technol-
                                                                                                               ogy Initiative (JTI) it is intended to inten-
                                                                                                               sify the implementation of demonstration
gy (NIP). Within the framework of a                                                                            projects as a matter of priority as from
meeting of the Federal States, NRW                                                                             2008.
presented its activities and concepts,
and in all more than 20 project pro-                                                                           NRW already participates in, among oth-
posals have to date been submit-                                                                               er things, the testing and demonstration
ted by companies and institutes and                                                                            of around 160 small vehicles with fuel
passed on.                                                                                                     cell systems in four European regions (EU
                                                                                                               project HYCHAIN-MINITRANS).
The NIP was announced in the spring

                                          Fuel cell developer CFCL
of 2006 by the Federal Government
and provides for the provision of ad-
ditional federal funds to the tune of

                                          coming to Heinsberg
500 million euro over the next ten
years. With this commitment the Fed-
eral Government wishes to under-
score its will to speed up the market
preparation of corresponding prod-
ucts. The programme encompasses fo-
                                          C     eramic Fuel Cells Ltd (CFCL) – a lea-
                                                ding Australian fuel cell developer
                                          – is planning to have manufactured and
                                                                                          The core assembly of these systems, the
                                                                                          stack, is to be manufactured by CFCL in
                                                                                          Heinsberg. The ceramic source material is
cussed research and development as        tested SOFC (Solid Oxide Fuel Cell) stacks      produced by CFCL in Wales and will be
well as the implementation of large-      in the Oberbruch Industrial Park in Heins-      supplied to Heinsberg. Various partners
scale demonstration projects. The         berg. The development and production            will take care of the integration of the
specific activities will be oriented on   is to create 200 jobs. The State of NRW         stack in the overall system, depending on
a development plan, the latest version    is assisting this project to the tune of 3.2    the specific application.
of which was presented to the plenary     million euro from funds of the Regional
session of the Strategy Council at the    Economic Assistance Programme. A total          In the first extension phase, CFCL
beginning of March. Since June 2006       of 115 million euro will be invested in the     intends to manufacture around
the Co-ordinating Group of the Strat-     project.                                        50,000 stacks annually in rent-
egy Council has been working togeth-                                                      ed buildings as from 2009. In
er with various expert groups on this     CFCL manufactures fuel cell systems of the      the second phase the figure
development plan.                         type SOFC for stationary energy supply          will be 150,000 units per year.
                                          systems. This high-temperature fuel cell        In the company’s Europe-wide
Industry has already declared its will-   converts various fuels such as natural gas,     search for a suitable location,
ingness to make its own contribution      propane, methane or biogas efficiently          NRW Economic Affairs Minis-
to the tune of 500 million euro. From     and with low emission levels into electric-     ter Thoben claims that NRW’s
NRW the companies Vaillant, Ford          ity and heat. The electrical efficiency is 50   high degree of competence
and E.ON Ruhrgas have also signed         per cent. Thanks to the heat utilisation the    in energy technology was a
this declaration. Further information     system’s overall efficiency rating rises to     crucial factor when it came to
from:          between 75 and 80 per cent.                     choosing the location of Heinsberg.

12                                        innovation & energy 2_2007

T   he seventh “E-world energy & wa-
    ter” in Essen was a great success. The
numbers of visitors rose once again – to
                                            the regenerative energy industry in NRW
                                            in 2005. Sales amounting to 4.2 billion
                                            euro were achieved there. “As against
                                                                                        both in numerous applications, at chairs in
                                                                                        the universities and scientific institutes and
                                                                                        in production and manufacture. Numer-
around 13,500 this time. The expert visi-   the previous year this represented an in-   ous groups of visitors therefore made for
tors came from 25 different countries, and  crease of 20 per cent. Excellent econom-    the NRW stand in Essen. These included           More than 400 ex-
the 420 exhibitors from 18 countries. Ne-   ic prospects then, especially in view of    guests from Belgium, Japan, South Korea,         hibitors filled the fair
therlands, the partner country, had a joint the rapidly growing world market”, said     Norway and the People’s Republic of Chi-         halls
stand and numerous Dutch energy ex-         NRW Economic Affairs Minister Christa
perts.                                      Thoben at the opening of the “E-world”
                                            and the 11th Expert Conference on Fu-
The new EnergyAgency.NRW also had its ture Energies.
trade fair debut at the “E-world”. The var-
ied range of topics handled by this State Dr. Frank-Michael Baumann, CEO of the
facility was presented on a 400 m2 stand: EnergyAgency.NRW said: “Our 11th Ex-
The NRW Power Plant Technology, NRW pert Conference on Future Energies was
Fuels of the Future and the NRW Fuel Cell the best attended yet with 900 partici-
and Hydrogen Competence Networks pants. The greatest interest among the
were represented, as was the “50 Solar three expert forums in the afternoon was
Housing Estates in NRW” project, which roused by the subject of energy-efficient
provided information on the use of solar construction.” In the two other forums the

Experts enthusiastic about
NRW energy technologies
energy to supply heat and power to build-
ings on a housing estate level.

In addition research facilities and higher
education colleges in the State presented
forward-looking research and develop-
ment projects. The highlights on the stand
included the engine for regenerative fuels
from BioNet Steinfurt GmbH, the heat ex-
changer model from Wallstein Ingenieur
GmbH in Recklinghausen and the ener-
gy-saving and innovative LED lamps from
the Solingen firm of Zweibrüder Opto- Environment Minister Eckhard Uhlenberg, Franz Rüschkamp, Prof. Dr.
electronics GmbH. In Hall 1 the Energy- Norbert Hüttenhölscher and Dr. Frank-Michael Baumann on the NRW
Agency. NRW was again flying the flag: stand (left to right)
on a joint stand with the heat supply fed-
eration Verband für Wärmelieferung and subjects were “solar-thermal power plants”
a number of contracting suppliers – at the and “biogenic fuels”.                                         Minister Christa Thoben opened the Trade Fair
NRW Contracting Point.                                                                                   and the 11th Expert Conference on Future
                                           Great interest shown in NRW                                   Energies
Expert conference with more                energy technologies
than 900 participants                      The high energy demand in the growth na, who are on the lookout for solutions
Germany industry is a world leader when markets - especially those of Asia -, the and efficient energy technologies for their
it comes to renewable energies. North growing dependence on oil and gas and energy supply system.
Rhine-Westphalia also profits from this. the costs this entails mean that a re-ori-
The current study of the IWR (Interna- entation is necessary towards efficient The next “E-world” will be held from 19
tional Economic Forum for Regenerative and renewable energy technologies. to 21 February 2008 in Essen. The part-
Energies in Münster) shows that there These technologies and the correspond- ner country will be Switzerland. Internet:
were 16,500 jobs in 300 companies of ing know-how are available in NRW -

                                                                                  innovation & energy 2_2007                                                    13

                       Tax relief for producing companies

                       T   he new Energy Tax Act (EnergieStG)
                           which has been in force since the
                       middle of 2006 – superseding the Oil Tax
                                                                       there is an additional tax relief, which may
                                                                       amount to as much as 95 per cent of the
                                                                       reduced electricity tax rate and, depend-
                                                                                                                    in the manufacture of glassware, ceram-
                                                                                                                    ic products, cement, burnt gypsum, lime-
                                                                                                                    stone bricks, pore concrete products, as-
                       Act – and the modified Electricity Tax Act      ing on the energy source, up to 52 per       phalt and mineral fertilisers or their source
                       (StromStG) contain reduced tax rates or         cent of the reduced energy tax rate.         products. Applications for relevant tax re-
                       tax benefits for the producing industry.                                                     ductions or exemptions must be submitted
                                                                       Alongside these tax reductions, the ener- to the competent main customs and ex-
                       In the experience of the EnergyAgen-            gy used for certain processes and proce- cise office.
                       cy.NRW many companies are not mak-              dures has been completely exempt from
                       ing use of these opportunities, however.        tax since 1 August 2006. In the electricity Further information from: Dipl.-Ing. Stefan
                       In the past year the consultants of the         domain this includes, for example, electrol-               Leuchten, phone 0203/306-
                       EnergyAgency.NRW helped companies               ysis, as well as melting, heat mainte-                       1263, e-mail leuchten@
                       obtain rebates of 1.6 million euro sim-         nance or stress relief in metal pro-               
                       ply by pointing out the possibilities of tax    duction and metal working.
                       benefits to these companies. In general all     The energy tax does not
                       producing companies are entitled to claim       apply to chemical reduc-
                       payment of a reduced electricity tax or         tion processes and in the
                       oil tax rate where their energy consump-        case of metal production
                       tion exceeds a specified minimum quantity.      and metal working. Fur-
                       For energy-intensive companies with high        ther tax exemptions apply
                       specific energy consumption per employee        for some thermal processes

Bakers bake more efficiently
R   ising energy prices mean major addi-
    tional costs, especially in energy-inten-
sive operations. These costs cannot always
                                                The generation of vapours consumes 15
                                                to 30 per cent of the total energy for the
                                                baking process. If there is no fixed meter-
                                                                                              ple, about 30 to 40 per cent of the ener-
                                                                                              gy used in the baking process can be re-
                                                                                              covered. With the utilisation of waste heat
be passed on to the customer. This also         ing device available for the vapour quan-     from the cooling installations this figure
applies to the “corner baker””.                 tity, the quantity is determined on the basis can be 3 to 4 times the electrical energy
                                                of the baker’s experience. Determination      used for cooling. The prerequisite for eco-
The bakery trade is greatly affected by         and specification of the optimum steam-       nomic efficiency of heat recovery, how-
higher energy prices, especially since it in-   ing time often makes it possible to achieve   ever, is the utilisation of the waste heat. In
volves high energy consumption for bak-         considerable savings and will lead to even    particular processes with a high hot water
ing ovens and for cooling intermediate          product quality.                              requirement, such as bread tray washing
products. Possible ways of reducing ener-                                                     installations and rinsing machines, are suit-
gy costs in bakeries are a consistent im-       The maintenance and control of refrigera- able for waste heat utilisation.
provement in user behaviour, measures to        tion installations is also an important fac-
optimise energy consumption and the use         tor. By cleaning the condensers and setting To improve energy efficiency the Energy-
of existing waste heat potential. For exam-     an optimum cooling chamber temperature Agency.NRW has initiated the energy ef-
ple, the optimum utilisation of the baking      it is possible to lower power consumption ficiency campaign for bakeries in collabo-
area, utilisation of residual heat, precise     by the refrigerating units. In the case of ration with the guilds and associations. The
timing of switching on and timely charging      the cooling and freezer chambers the heat campaign, which is also a component part
of the oven are measures which cost noth-                         input should be minimised of the energy efficiency offensive “NRW
ing, but which can con-                                              by ensuring short open- Saves Energy”, promotes the identification
siderably cut ener-                                                   ing times for the doors of energy saving and cost reduction po-
gy consumption.                                                       and tight doorframe tentials by means of specialist articles in
                                                                       seals. Use of the journals, Internet presentations and local
                                                                         waste heat from the initial consultations.
                                                                          baking ovens or
                                                                           refrigerating com- Further information from: Dipl.-Ing. Jörg
                                                                           pressors provides Buschmann, phone 0203/306-1261 or
                                                                          a very great ener-
                                                                         gy and cost saving
                                                                        potential. For exam-

14                                              innovation & energy 2_2007

National Allocation Plan for
2008 to 2012 is ready
E    missions trading involves the drawing
     up of so-called allocation plans for the
individual EU member states. These esta-
                                             the European Commission demanded the soon as the deliberations in the Bundestag
                                             following central adjustments of the Fed- and Bundesrat (upper and lower houses of
                                             eral Government:                           parliament) have been concluded. Accord-
blish what emission budgets are available                                               ingly it is also intended to change the ap-
for the individual sectors (energy indus-    1. The emissions budget for the period     plication deadline in the Greenhouse Gas
try, industry in general, transport, house-       2008-2012 may not exceed 453.1        Emissions Trading Act (TEHG). The TEHG
holds etc.) in order to attain the EU’s cli-      million tonnes.                       obliges companies taking part in emis-
mate protection targets within the frame-    2. For reasons of competition a spe-       sions trading to submit an allocation ap-
work of the Kyoto Protocol (-8 per cent by        cial allocation for new or replace-   plication for the next period (2008-2012)
2012). The Allocation Plans of the member         ment plants may not extend beyond     by 31 March 2007 at the latest. Given the
states must be submitted to the European          the allocation period (2008-2012).    lack of a statutory basis, however, this is
                                                  This means that the long-term alloca- hardly possible. As an alternative it is in-
                                                  tion rules envisaged to date by the   tended to base a new deadline provision
                                                  Federal Government, which were to     in ZuG 2012. After this companies would
                                                  provide additional incentives for new have to submit their applications for al-
                                                  plants, cannot be implemented in this location within three months of the com-
                                                  form.                                 ing into force of the Allocations Ordinance
                                                                                        2012. Any claim for allocation beyond this
                                             After intensive negotiations the Federal deadline is, however, excluded.
                                             Government basically agreed to the de-
                                             mands at the beginning of February 2007 Further information from: Michael Müller,
                                             and will essentially make two modifica- phone 0211/837-2294, e-mail m.mueller@
Commission and approved by it. On 30 tions to NAP II.                         
June 2006 the Federal Government sub-
mitted its National Allocation Plan on sche- 1. The total quantity of certificates
dule to the European Commission for the           for plants subject to mandato-
period 2008-2012 (NAP II). In it, it applied      ry emissions trading will be re-
for a total emission budget of 482 million        duced as required.
tonnes of CO2 per year. This means an an- 2. The allocation of the cer-
nual reduction of 15 million tonnes for the       tificates to new, replace-
sectors of energy and industry which are          ment and existing plants in
covered by emissions trading.                     the energy industry will go
                                                  over to a benchmark sys-
On 29 November 2006 the European                  tem.
Commission published its decision on ten
Allocation Plans of member states, includ- In addition the top limit for the use
ing that of Germany. The Commission of certificates from international
cut the total quantities in all the Alloca- climate protection projects (JI and
tion Plans. Even in the run-up, the Ger- CDM) will be raised from 12 to 20
man Federal Environment Ministry had per cent.
corrected the total budget submitted to
the European Commission to 465 million Changed application
tonnes per year. According to the Ministry deadlines
this was due to an improved data situation The Federal Government has no-
and consideration of the emission figures tified the European Commission of
for 2005 for the companies with obliga- the amended draft of NAP II. It is
tions under the emissions trading arrange- being implemented nationally in the
ment. Accordingly the companies emitted legislation relating to the Allocation
4.3 per cent less CO2 than was approved Act 2012 (ZuG 2012) and the Allo-
in the Allocation Plan for 2005 to 2007. In cation Ordinance, which is to come
its decision on the German Allocation Plan, into force in the summer of 2007 as

                                                             innovation & energy 2_2007                                           15

Energy wood for the
Bloemersheim Estate
B   loemersheim Castle and Estate near
    Neukirchen-Vluyn has converted its
heat supply to wood chips. The total in-
                                              residual wood yield which can be used to
                                              generate energy completely covers this
vestment for heat generation and dis-
tribution amounted to approx. 121,000         A heat production price of approx. 13
euro. The project was funded by means         euro per Sm³ was taken as a reference
of a low-interest loan from the KfW pro-      figure for calculation purposes, and so
gramme “Modernising Living Space”.            the total fuel costs will amount to approx.
                                              5,000 euro per year. By way of compari-
Focus on heating systems                      son there are fuel costs of approx. 17,000
The castle has been in the hands of the       euro per year with a fuel oil price of ap-
von der Leyen family since 1802. The          prox. 50 cent per litre. The resulting price
heat supply for the castle and the serv-      advantage for wood chips can thus be
ice buildings was previously supplied by      given as approx. 12,000 euro per year.
four conventional heating boilers pow-
ered by fuel oil. Since two heating boiler    In the automatic wood firing system with
systems had to be shut down because of        an installed nominal thermal output of
their high exhaust gas losses, the Ener-      250 kW, alongside wood chips pellets and
gyAgency.NRW conducted an econom-             peat can also be used flexibly and without
ic efficiency estimation for various heat-    problem as a fuel. The firing of the boiling
                                              system is controlled by an SPS control sys-
                                              tem. The burner is equipped with a moving
                                              grate and water cooling. The water is then
                                              heated using of the existing fuel oil boilers.
                                              The heating boiler’s output reserves mean
                                              that in future it will be possible to connect
                                              other building complexes to the heat sup-
                                              ply system as planned.

                                              Intermediate storage facility
                                              The wood chip bunker set up at ground
                                                                                               A     t the start of the calendar winter the
                                                                                                     Winterberg Hochsauerland bobsleigh
                                                                                               track, located at a height of around 750
                                              level borders is adjacent to the heating         meters above seal level, showed itself in
ing systems as part of an initial consul-     boiler room. The bunker has a storage            its new, specially tailored raiments. Around
tation.                                       capacity of approximately 45 Sm3 wood            30 years after it was dedicated in 1977,
                                              chips. The chips are then conveyed by            the starting area was completely rede-
Despite the substantially higher invest-      means of a spring tine discharge facility        signed. To supply heat a geothermal heat
ment costs – including the construction of    and conveyor screw into the combustion           pump is used. The heat is “transported”
a local heating network – the owner de-       chamber of the heating boiler. The vast es-      through 12 boreholes from a depth of 140
cided to install a wood chip firing system.   tate provides intermediate wood chip stor-       metres. The total investment of the new
The reasons for this decision include the     age space, which can then be fed into the        start house building was approx. 3.1 mil-
calculated fuel costs, which will decline     bunker from above using a front loader.          lion euro.
every year.                                   The wood chips have a moisture content
                                              of about 25 to 30 per cent.                      The most important new feature prior
Wood from own forest                                                                           to the launching of the bobsleigh and
management                                    Further information from: Dipl.-Ing. Tho-        sledge season was the newly construct-
In order to replace the previous consump- mas Gentzow, phone 0203/306-1264, e-                 ed start area, which included a complete
tion of 34,000 litres of fuel oil per year by mail               roofing over of the ski depository areas.
wood chips, an annual fuel yield of ap-                                                        The new building complex with changing
proximately 400 Sm³ (bulk metre) must                                                          booths and rooms for coaches and offi-
be estimated, depending on the moisture                                                        cials represents a forward-looking solu-
content of the fuel. The estate’s forestry                                                     tion. Alongside the aesthetic standards

16                                            innovation & energy 2_2007

Hydroelectric power from
the drinking water network
A    t the Herbringhausen Dam power is
     generated from drinking water. Be-
fore the untreated water passes into the
                                               hausen waterworks. The water arriving
                                               there from the Kerspe Dam reservoir has
                                               travelled 20 kilometres and flows at a
                                                                                               This has also been acknowledged by the
                                                                                               European climate Alliance, which awarded
                                                                                               the town of Wuppertal the “Climate Star”
waterworks, it initially drives the genera-    pressure of around 7 bar. The new tur-          for the climate-friendly turbines.
tors of two turbines and thus generates        bine reduces this pressure initially to 3 bar
electrical energy. The municipal utility       and then uses it to generate electricity. Ac-   Power from the hydroelectric plants is eli-
Wuppertaler Stadtwerke (WSW) intends           cording to WSW figures this means that          gible for an allowance under the Renew-
to exploit the energy which flows as hy-       annually between 8.8 and 11.5 million cu-       able Energies Act (EEG) within the frame-
draulic potential through the drinking wa-     bic metres of water can be used to pro-         work of water resources management.
ter network at other dams as well. The         duce 840,000 kWh of electrical energy.          This also applies with respect to hydroe-
idea came from the in-house suggestions        Around 200 households can cover there           lectric plants at dams whose primary pur-
system.                                        power needs with this.                          pose is the production of drinking or ser-
                                                                                               vice water. The electrical energy generat-
With three turbines WSW launched the           The turbines at the Kerspe Dam (twice 68.5      ed there is regarded as a byproduct. Of
utilisation of hydroelectric power in the      kW capacity) operates at the sluice. Here       the total of 82 dams in NRW just under
drinking water system. Two of them –the        the pressure of the excess water flowing        40 are currently used to generate hydro-
Kerspe Dam and the Herbringhausen              through the drain at the foot of the dam is     electric power.
Dam – were completed in 2004 and               converted into electrical energy. “And this
2006. A third is currently under construc-     is done with absolutely no harm to the en-      Further information: Stefan Prott, Of-
tion. The largest turbine with a nominal       vironment, without any CO2 emissions or         fice for Hydroelectric Power of the Ener-
output of 203 kW was installed by WSW          other forms of pollution”, stresses Hermann     gyAgency.NRW, phone 02945/989189,
in the raw water inflow to the Herbring-       Bucks, who manages the project for WSW.         e-mail

NRW’s highest heat pump
in operation
applied, it was mainly the framework pa-       The gas in compressed in a compressor                                                                       ste
rameters for the heat supply which trans-      and thus warmed up. The warmed gas                                                                          Er
formed the project into a real challenge.      transfers its heat in the condenser to the                                                                  ca
On the one hand the heat supply was to         heating water to heat the building or to
be forward-looking and at the same time        prepare drinking water.
economical. The decision taken was for a
geothermal heat pump. A geological ap-         The brine/water heat pump used has a
praisal recommended a minimum drilling         nominal thermal capacity of approx. 82
depth of 120 metres. In order to ensure        kW. To make the heat pump more effi-
the supply of heat at the “cap” even in        cient a low-temperature heating system
very cold conditions, the borehole was fi-     is used (underfloor heating). In the sanita-
nally drilled to a depth of 140 metres. Im-    tion and changing rooms ceiling radiator
plementation of the project was support-       panels are used.
ed by the company Viessmann.
                                               The investment was assisted by the Fed-
To generate heat, it is extracted from the     eral Ministry (50 per cent sports funding)
ground at the bobsleigh house through          and the State of North Rhine-Westphalia
twelve boreholes at a low temperature          (30 per cent). The investment costs for
level (extraction rate approx. 40 watt/me-     the heat pump installation with borehole
tre) and it is used to evaporate a (climati-   and probe amounted to approx. 130,000
cally friendly) “agent” which boils at low     euro.
temperature. The previously liquid agent
leaves the evaporator in gaseous form.

                                                                                        innovation & energy 2_2007                                   17

Bonn hotels go easy on
energy consumption
T    en Bonn hotels and conference organisers are optimising
     their energy consumption rates in the context of the project
“Sustainable Bonn – The Conference Venue that Saves Energy”.
                                                                        lus for many cases of sustainable development – has as its ob-
                                                                        jective qualification in the conference sector as well as a venue
                                                                        where sustainability is lived and put into practice. That is why the
Sustainability is a major topic in the location marketing of the “Fe-   City of Bonn, in collaboration with T&C GmbH, has launched an
deral City” of Bonn. Mayor Bärbel Dieckmann: “13 organisations          initiative which offers companies the opportunity to gear their
in the United Nations are working on the new UN Campus, not             actions more to the goals of global sustainable development. In
only geographically speaking but also thematically under one            this project one initial step involved giving Bonn hoteliers and
roof: UNO in Bonn – for sustainable development worldwide.
In addition there are Federal Ministries, development services,         The Hotel Königshof right on the Rhine
scientific institutions and 150 non-governmental organisations,
 most of whom are also of international alignment and commit-
   ted to sustainability.” In the past few years Bonn has become
    systematically a conference venue which forges ahead both
      in ideas and practical action with sustainability.

         Visit from energy consultant
          Within this project the ten hotels were also visited by an
            engineer from the EnergyAgency.NRW. Their energy
                consumption levels were subjected to close scru-
                 tiny. “In some hotels it was possible in a short
                    time to achieve an appreciable reduction of
                      energy consumption by taking low-invest-
                        ment measures”, according to Dipl.-Ing.
                         Rainer van Loon.

                          In the Hotel Aigner, a 3-star hotel with
                          42 rooms in Bonn Old City, for exam-
                          ple the heating pumps were optimised.
                         The annual savings of 600 euro can be
                         set against the cost of around 2,000 euro
                          for electronically controlled pumps.
                            Larger projects, such as the installation
                             of a unit-type co-generation plant,
                               are at the planning stage or are al-
                                ready being implemented in other        The Sebastianushof relies on low-energy lamps for its lighting

                                    Sustainable                         conference organisers the chance to take a close and detailed
                                     development                        look at all environmental and development aspects within their
                                      “Sustainable Bonn” is a           organisation and to initiate changes.
                                       project of the City of Bonn
                                        and of Tourismus & Con-         Savings through sustainable action
                                          gress GmbH Region             With financial support from the Federal Ministry of Economic
                                           Bonn/ Rhein- Sieg/           Co-operation and with the help of, among others, the Ener-
                                             Ahrweiler (T&C).           gyAgency.NRW, practice-based measures were drawn up and
                                               Bonn – the UN            implemented. In addition to a more focussed awareness of, for
                                                City in which fu-       example, the significance of fair trading for development, the
                                                  ture themes are       participants were partly also able to achieve savings through
                                                    advanced and        more sustainable trade. Since August 2006 they have received
                                                     which pro-         assistance for such things as improving corporate environmen-
                                                      vides stimu-      tal protection.

18                                             innovation & energy 2_2007

Energy efficiency no longer
just an empty phrase
A    nyone hoping to find someone prepared to talk about ener-
     gy efficiency in Gelsenkirchen Neustadt will most likely have
drawn a blank up to now. This quarter in the centre of Gelsenkir-
                                                                       in the two last heating periods the running
                                                                       costs fell by 1.43 euro/m2 and the heating
                                                                       costs by 0,76 Euro/m2. This means savings
chen consists of nine residential blocks with 69 dwelling units from   of 131.40 euro per year for a 60 m2 flat.
the 1970s and is considered an urban district urgently in need of
renewal. The “Neustadt Running Costs Strategy” (BeKoKon) pro-          But not only the tenants profit from great-
moted energy efficiency in this district from 2004 to the end of       er energy efficiency in their quarter. Since
2006. After the conclusion of the project the balance sheet was        the introduction of the new system for un-
positive. Energy consumption fell and energy efficiency is no lon-     employment benefit known as Hartz IV,
ger just an empty phrase.                                              the local authorities have been obliged
                                                                       more and more to bear the heating costs for low-income fami-         Street party for more
Behind the Neustadt running costs strategy is a pilot project of the   lies. In 2006 this amounted nationwide to around 2.7 billion euro,   energy efficiency
EnergyAgency.NRW, the Environment Department of the Town               of which 1.9 billion euro came from the local authority funds. In
of Gelsenkirchen, the housing company THS and the welfare or-          view of this towns and municipalities are not only involved in im-
ganisation Arbeiterwohlfahrt (AWO). The project partners have          proving living and housing conditions, but they also have a con-
used technical, commercial and tenant-related approaches to cut        crete financial interest in the subject of energy efficiency.
energy consumption. Once the heating systems had been techni-
cally evaluated and optimised, the project participants conducted      The expertise gained from the BeKoKon project is to be made
a commercial audit of the running costs. But modern technology         available to interested local authorities and housing companies.
and commercial skill can only succeed if the tenants go along with     The EnergyAgency.NRW is currently drawing up, together with
the idea. They were comprehensively involved in the project. With-     the project partners, a detailed documentation of the project.

               New assistance programme launched
              With “” NRW intends to forge ahead with renewable energies and energy conservation. With this programme
             for rational energy use, regenerative energies and energy conservation, the NRW Economic Affairs Ministry supports the
            energy-related development and demonstration of newly developed technologies, the market launch of such technologies
            and energy strategies.

             The guidelines to the market launch are adapted continuously to fit the statutory and energy industry framework pa-
            rameters. To boost competition, the conditions for assistance are invariably designed in such a way that the self-sufficient economic
           efficiency of the plant technologies assisted (photovoltaic, solar, bioenergy and hydroelectric plants and the construction of high-ef-
          ficiency, low-energy houses (passive houses) as well as ventilation systems with heat recovery) is vigorously encouraged. In this way it
         has been possible over the past few years to reduce the average assistance rate from nearly 30 per cent (1994) to 15 per cent (2006)
         and to bring to a successful end the assistance for six technologies (including condensing gas boilers, wind energy plants and heat pump
        plants). The State Government is relying especially on multipliers, such as schools and associations, in the promotion of solar energy. In
        addition the State now also assists the connection of houses to local and district heating networks in the case of end customers.

        Boigas plants for combined heat and power generation are assisted if they have an electrical capacity of up to approx. 250 Kilowatt,
       since plants of this capacity class cannot yet be operated economically. At the same time such plants go very well with the framework pa-
      rameters of an average agricultural concern in NRW. Larger biogas plants are already economically efficient within the framework of the
     Renewable Energies Act (EEG). Passive house and ventilation systems with heat recovery are important in low-energy construction. They
     determine to a major degree the lower energy consumption aimed at in buildings. “” is the successor to the REN programme

                                                                                        innovation & energy 2_2007                                              19

Energy contracting for Kalkar
New technology makes it possible: cost-cutting and environmental protection hand in hand

                                              K     alkar on the Lower Rhine has transfer-
                                                    red the heat supply for its 28 proper-
                                              ties – including the town hall, schools, sports
                                                                                                companying information being provided
                                                                                                by the town of Kalkar regarding the ra-
                                                                                                tional use of energy, a total reduction of
                                              facilities, houses for fire brigade equipment,    as much as 20 per cent can be expected.
                                              museum and building yard – to the contrac-        The town of Kalkar will therefore not only
                                              tor Gelsenwasser AG for 15 years.                 be saving on investment and running costs,
                                                                                                but it will also be reducing CO2 emissions.
                                              The contractor has now been taking care
                                              of facilities since November 2006 whose           The initiator of the project in Kalkar was
                                              outputs range between 24 kW and as                the EnergyAgency.NRW. The Essen plan-
                                              much as 2.2 MW – a total thermal capac-           ning and consultancy company EST Ge-
                                              ity of around 5.4 MW. Gelsenwasser takes          sellschaft für Energiesystemtechnik mbH
                                              care of the necessary refurbishment of old-       has determined on the instruction of the
                                              er heating systems and is replacing these         town the most appropriate supply solution
                                              by equipment which is efficient (on aver-         economically and ecologically, and it has
                                              age 95% efficiency) and low-emission.             researched the basic situation, conducted
                                                                                                the innovation to tender and evaluated
                                               Energy requirement falls by                      the bids received.
                                               more than ten per cent
                                               After conclusion of the conversion work in Appropriate both economically
                                               the middle of 2007, the energy requirement and ecologically
                                               will fall by at least ten per cent. With ac- After a full one year’s planning and imple-
                                                                                            mentation, Kalkar commissioned the first
More efficient, quieter and compacter                                                       systems in the historic town hall in Novem-
                                                                                            ber 2006. Together with the municipal utili-

A    project group funded by the Solar NRW Working Group, which is backed by the ty (Stadtwerke) as the natural gas supplier,
     Innovation Ministry, has developed a compact unit for passive houses. The unit Kalkar is going for a modern and environ-
combines the functions of heating, ventilation with heat recovery and hot water pre- mentally friendly energy source and is thus
paration using solar energy. The project’s initiators are Ecofys, a consultancy company helping to protect the climate as well.
for renewable energies, energy efficiency and climate protection, together with the
Fachhochschule Köln (higher education institution) and Centrotec sustainable AG from The Stadtwerke also perform the functions
Brilon, which is acting as an industrial partner in the development of the unit.            of a standby service and are involved in
                                                                                            the operation of the systems. The boilers
With this compact unit the feed air and hot water are heated by gas from the mains or are maintained by local specialist compa-
a cylinder. The complete requirement for a 100 m2 passive house was easily covered nies on behalf of Gelsenwasser. With the
using only seven cylinders of 33 kg each. In terms of primary energy, the unit there- solar service water heating for the triple
fore turns out to be much more efficient than previous equipment solutions. With its sports hall in the school centre, there is a
compact dimensions the passive house unit needs only minimum space for installation. further reduction of the input of natural
Because of the ease of access, fast maintenance and servicing are possible. The unit gas of around 20,000 kWh per year.
can be extended without additional precautions to include a thermal solar installation
and a ground heat exchanger. It can also be used in low-energy houses. Prior to mar- Budget relief of 45,000 euro
ket launch, a prototype of the unit is currently undergoing a test phase in a passive per year
house near Cologne. The first results will be presented at the 11th International Passive With a future anticipated total annual
House Conference in Bregenz, Austria, on 13 and 14 April 2007.                              heat consumption of around 3,200 MWh,
                                                                                            there will be primary energy savings of
Passive houses use a ventilation system with heat recovery for heating purposes. In around 15 per cent from the erection and
addition they have excellent insulation and high-quality windows. This cuts the heat operation of the new system. Thanks to the
load to the point where no special heat dissipation system is needed even on the cold- implementation of the contracting project,
est days of the year. The house’s slight residual heating requirement is covered by re- not only will the municipal budget be re-
heating the supply air.                                                                     lieved to the tune of 45.000 euro per year,
                                                                                            but so will the environment by around 220
Further information from:                                           tonnes CO2.

20                                            innovation & energy 2_2007

                                                Old monument –
                                                new technology
What form of energy is safe?
The open questions of the future energy
supply are already being hotly debated
                                                A     nyone seeking to modernise the
                                                      energy system of an old building will
                                                dread the issue of monument conserva-
                                                                                                24 thickness (U value 0.18 W/m2K). Cel-
                                                                                                lulose not only has good properties for
                                                                                                winter heat insulation, but it also provides
in the present. But what is the right way       tion. What is valuable from a historical        excellent overheating protection in sum-
out of this jungle of For and Against? With     point of view may not be up to the re-          mer. The old windows have been replaced
“Safe Energy in the 21st Century”, the edi-     quirements of efficient building systems.       with heat insulation glazing with a U value
tor Jürgen Petermann provides an orien-         In the Wuppertal district of Luisenviertel      of 1.1 W/m2K with thermally separated
tation guide to the current debates. Com-       a multi-family house from the Wilhelmeni-       edge compound.
petent journalists and scientists give the      an period shows how listed buildings can
lay public an overview of the interactions      be conserved and combined with modern           Only the facade to the street had to re-
between the energy industry and politics,       civil engineering and in-building facilities.   main uninsulated from outside. It would be
the ecological and economic parameters          The firm of Kaufmann und Schacht Archi-         possible technically to remove old façade
or energy technology. The authors include       tekten (Wuppertal) were responsible for         elements, install insulation and restore the
Dr. Klaus Töpfer (former Federal Environ-       the planning.                                   original appearance. But the risk of dam-
ment Minister and Executive Director of                                                         aging the elements removed was consid-
the UN Environment Programme), Dr. Pe-          Site manager Werner Kuhr completed the          ered too high by the monument conser-
ter Hennicke, President of the Wupper-          building’s modernisation with its 650 m2        vationists. A possible alternative would be
tal Institute for Climate, the Environment      living area in December 2006. It meets          internal insulation, for example using cal-
and Energy, and Dr. Hans-Joachim Ziesing        the standards of an energy-optimised new        cium silicate panels, whose design has to
from the Deutsches Institut für Wirtschafts-    building and pleases both monument con-         be very carefully thought out to prevent
förderung.                                      servationists and energy experts. In No-        any structural damage occurring from
Jürgen Petermann (Ed.)                          vember 2005 Kuhr bought the building            condensation. The vaulted cap ceiling in
Sichere Energie im 21 . Jahrhundert
408 pages, 25 euro
ISBN (10): 3-455-09554-2
Hoffmann und Campe

BINE and the heat pump
“Heat pumps are especially suitable for
new energy-saving buildings.” that is why
the BINE Information Service has
extended and completely revised
its book “Wärmepumpen – Hei-                    as a long-term investment property. The         the basement was also insulated. To en-
zen mit Umweltenergie” (“Heat                   house is a listed building, the only excep-     sure that there was head clearance in the
Pumps – Heating with Environ-                   tion being the layout of the apartments.        basement, it was only possible to install
mental Energy”). In a tried and                 For the heart of the technical systems in       6 cm of insulation material (U value 0.44
tested form an overview is giv-                 the house, namely the heating system, pel-      W/m2K).
en of the advantages and tech-                  let heating was chosen. The modulating
nical possibilities of heat pump                8-35 kW system (efficiency up to 96 per         Furthermore a controlled ventilation
systems. What is practical is the               cent) is economically competitive – and the     guarantees minimum energy consump-
nature of the chapter on eco-                   tenants can expect relatively predictable       tion. The investor decided in favour of in-
nomic efficiency calculation, which acts as     ancillary costs with the fuel wood because      stalling a ventilation system with 90 per
a set of directions. The book is geared to      they are not dependent on the fluctuat-         cent heat recovery in the individual apart-
planners, architects, investors, students and   ing oil and gas market. The house own-          ments. This ensures that there is an opti-
interested lay persons.                         ers profited from funds provided by the         mum exchange of air. The ventilation sys-
BINE-Informationsdienst                         State of NRW.                                   tem with heat recovery was also eligible
F.-M. Baumann, H.-J. Laue, P. Müller                                                            for a grant from the State of NRW in the
Wärmepumpen - Heizen mit Umweltenergie          For the insulation of the rear wall and ga-     amount of 5,000 euro. In all the refur-
112 pages, 19.80 euro                           ble wall, Kuhr selected mineral wool with       bishment lowered the primary energy re-
ISBN (10): 3-934595-60-X                        a thickness of 14 cm (U value 0.25 W/           quirement in this building from 290 kWh/
Solarpraxis AG                                  m2K). The roof is insulated with cellulose in   m2a to 35 kWh/m2a.

                                                                 innovation & energy 2_2007                                              21

                     T   he EnergyAgency.NRW
                         and the NRW State Ini-
                                                    workshops, 14,330 employees made use of
                                                    the “E-Fit Action Week” programme. Expe-
                                                                                                    sector. The EnergyAgency.NRW continues
                                                                                                    to support the development and market
Balance sheet 2006
                     tiative on Future Energies,    rience shows that five to 15 per cent of the    launch of new technologies and process-
                     which were merged on 1 Ja-     electrical energy can be saved by sensitising   es in the energy sector: in 2007 the Ener-
                     nuary 2007 to form the En-     the workforces in administrative buildings.     gyAgency.NRW is focussing on the fields
                     ergyAgency.NRW, can look                                                       of “Energy Efficiency and Renewable Ener-
                     back on a successful 2006.     Networks                                        gies for Companies and Local Authorities”,
                     For example the target set     The number of partners in the Networks is       “Energy-efficient and Solar Construction”,
                     by the Economics Ministry to   steadily rising. In 2006 there were 3,300       “Innovative Power Plant and Grid Technol-
                     increase the proportion of     companies, 64 universities, more than 100       ogy”, “Biomass”, “Fuels and Drives of the
                     the energy supply accounted    institutes and 90 associations. 76 per cent     Future”, “Fuels and Hydrogen” as well as
                     for by heat pumps to 10 per    of the participating companies are small        “Photovoltaics”.
                     cent was achieved. Together    and medium-sized companies.
                     with Economic Affairs Mini-
                                             The “NRW Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Com-
                     ster Christa Thoben the di-                                                    A focal service of the EnergyAgency.NRW: Advice
                                             petence Network” is focussed on the initi-
                     rectors of the EnergyAgency.
                                             ation of co-operation projects. More than
                     NRW, Prof. Dr. Norbert Hüt-
                                             300 companies and research facilities are
                     tenhölscher und Dr. Frank-
                     Michael Baumann, presen-actively involved. To date around 74 mil-
                                             lion euro in funds has been spent by the
                     ted the following balance
                     sheet to the public:    State and the European Union for 64 fuel
                                             cell projects, with a total volume of around
              Consultancy                    121 million euro. Preparations for the hy-
              In the past year the engi- drogen conference to take place in 2010
              neers of the EnergyAgency. in Essen are in full swing.
              NRW dealt with more than
              23,000 consultancy ques- The “Photovoltaics Competence Field” has
              tions for industry and ad- dedicated itself not only to the subjects
              ministration nationwide (of
which 1,300 detailed project consultan-                                                              Federal Government
cies); 13,000 visitors were in the NRW
Energy Consultancy Van. In addition more                                                             funding for renewable
than 4,400 building and solar checks were
performed by craftsmen and 350 detailed                                                              energies now easier
consultancies by engineers and architects
in single- and multi-family houses. On av-
erage a building check triggers an invest-
ment of 7,500 euro, and so with this in-
                                                                                                     W        ith the market incentives programme 2007 investments
                                                                                                              in innovative technologies for renewable energies in the
                                                                                                     heat domain were assisted in the form of grants and low-in-
strument alone investments of around 16 Networks are of great importance for the initia-             terest loans. The basic subsidy is granted for solar panel instal-
million euro were initiated in the field of tion of co-operation projects                            lations to provide hot water (40 euro/m2, at least 275 euro per
building energy modernisation in the pre-                                                            installation), solar panel installations to back up heating systems
vious year. Since the building check was of PV production and system engineer-                       (70 euro/m2), pellet-fired boilers (24 euro/kW nominal thermal
established, more then 21,000 checks have ing, but more importantly to the subject                   capacity), wood-chip-fired installations (lump sum 500 euro per
led to investment amounting to more than of module technology. The “Photovoltaic                     installation) and firewood gasification boilers (lump sum 750
157 million euro.                            Module Technology” workshop has now                     euro per installation).
                                             developed into a meeting place for the
Further training                             industry: More than 300 experts from                    The application procedure for the basic assistance has been
Within the framework of the “Power Ef- the whole of Germany and neighbour-                           drastically simplified. The application is submitted together
ficiency” and “Construction and Energy” ing countries came together in Cologne in                    with evidence of use (invoice) only when the installation is
programmes the EnergyAgency.NRW of- November 2006.                                                   ready for operation. This makes the procedure public-friend-
fers a wide range of further training cours-                                                         ly and shortens the processing times. The application and in-
es. Alongside the seminar pool of around With its work the EnergyAgency.NRW will                     voicing are handled in a single step. Anyone who had already
60 event concepts for different target help increase the efficiency and hence the                    submitted an application for a grant in 2006 to the BAFA and
groups, in 2006 the EnergyAgency.NRW competitiveness of North Rhine-Westpha-                         was turned away because the budget had been used up,
conducted 2,600 in-house events such lian industry. At the present time 35 per                       can now resubmit the application. In such a case the grant
as workshops and coachings as follows: cent of the fuel consumption and around                       towards investment expenses will be based on the old fund-
10,000 experts and 9,000 end consumers 39 per cent of the power consumption in                       ing regulations of 12 June 2006. Further information from:
visited the seminars, 650 conferences and NRW is accounted for by the productive           

22                                                  innovation & energy 2_2007

Cabinet goes for efficiency,
renewables and research
                                                                                            the State Government wishes to contrib-
                                                                                            ute to supply reliability and to climatic
                                                                                            and environmental protection by increas-
                                                                                            ing the proportion of renewable energies
                                                                                            in the energy mix. Furthermore it is in-
                                                                                            tended to exploit opportunities presented
                                                                                            by industrial policy for renewable ener-
                                                                                            gy technologies for the State’s high-ex-
                                                                                            port industry. The strategy encompasses
                                                                                            twelve individual measures which are to
                                                                                            be implemented by 2020 with the active
                                                                                            involvement of the Departments respon-
                                                                                            sible in the State Government. It is intend-
                                                                                            ed, for example, to increase the sales of
                                                                                            the regenerative energy industry to 15 bil-
                                                                                            lion euro by the year 2020, which means
                                                                                            that the number of jobs will be 40,000.

                                                                                            New guidelines laid down
                                                                                            In its “Energy Research in NRW” strate-
                                                                                            gy, the Innovation Ministry has laid down
                                                                                            the guidelines for research funding in the
                                                                                            energy sector. Energy research is one of

T   he NRW State Government intends to
    do more to conserve energy, to pro-
tect the climate, to enhance the status of
                                               “My House Saves” and the development
                                               of innovative and energy-efficient tech-
                                               nologies and processes. The EnergyA-
                                                                                            four areas where the State concentrates its
                                                                                            research funds. “North Rhine-Westphalia
                                                                                            if the No. 1 Energy Region – by 2015 we
renewable energies, to conduct energy re-      gency.NRW is responsible for giving con-     also want to make it the No. 1 Energy
search and to exploit biomass. The cabinet     crete advice to companies, craftsmen and     Research Region”, claims Innovation Min-
has resolved to adopt related approaches       home owners. It also supervises the net-     ister Prof. Dr. Andreas Pinkwart. The fo-
of the Economic Affairs, Environment and       works of companies and research and de-      cal points of the State Government’s re-
Innovation Ministry. In addition the cabinet   velopment in universities. The aims are to   search strategy are: low-CO2 power plant
has approved North Rhine-Westphalia’s          create jobs in the crafts and to increase    technology in the fossil, solar and nuclear
joining the “Montréal Declaration”. North      the competitiveness of North Rhine-West-     fields, nuclear fusion, fuel cells and hydro-
Rhine-Westphalia is thus becoming in-          phalian industry, which can become less      gen, photovoltaics, raw materials of the
volved in the international co-operation       sensitive to price rises through increased   future and storage systems. In addition
on climate protection in the regions. The      efficiency.                                  closer attention must be paid to applica-
aim of the programme adopted is: North                                                      tion-related basic research.
Rhine-Westphalia intends to implement      More and more renewables
quickly and consistently the specificationsAt the present time 35 per cent of the fuel      Biomass strategy
of the EU and the Federal Government.      consumption and 39 per cent of the pow-          One central contribution to the overall
By increasing energy efficiency it is inten-
                                           er consumption is accounted for by the           programme put forward is the strategy for
ded accordingly to lower primary energy    producing sector. There are also major op-       biomass utilisation drawn up by the En-
consumption by at least 20 per cent by     portunities in terms of employment policy        vironment Ministry. Environment Minister
the year 2020.                             in the refurbishment of existing buildings:      Eckhard Uhlenberg stressed that biomass
                                           every year around 1 per cent of the ex-          can be used much more as a domestic
“NRW Saves Energy”                         isting building stock in North Rhine-West-       and renewable energy source. The Minis-
With the energy efficiency offensive phalia is modernised, and only a third of              ter says that the State Government has set
“NRW Save Energy” the Economic Affairs these measures are intended to improve               itself the goal of doubling power and heat
Ministry would like to ensure optimisation the energy balance sheet.                        generation by the year 2010.
of production processes, energy conser-
vation in buildings through the campaign With the “Renewable Energies” strategy             Further information from:

                                                               innovation & energy 2_2007                                             23
                             In brief
                              12th Day
12th Day of Renewable Energies 2007 of Renewable Energies 2007                       Hofer Hochdrucktechnik (Mülheim/Ruhr), Gebr. Becker GmbH
This year’s Day of Renewable Energies is being held on 28 April.                     (Wuppertal), Gräbener Maschinentechnik GmbH (Siegen), GSR
Nationwide plant operators will again be presenting their envi-                      Ventiltechnik GmbH & Co. KG (Vlotho), IMI Norgren Buschjost
ronmentally friendly solar, biomass and hydroelectric plants to                      GmbH & Co. KG (Bad Oeynhausen), Voss Automotive GmbH
the public as part of an open day. Alongside solar installations,                    (Wipperfürth)
the use of biomass in the form of wood, vegetable oils and bio-
gas etc, as well as heat pumps will be on show.                           German solar factories all set for growth
                                                                                     German solar factories all set for growth
                                                                                     The German solar power industry is again set for growth. Ac-
What is new this year is the co-operation with the “Week of the                      cording to the latest surveys conducted by Bundesverbandes So-
Sun”, which is being organised by the Federal Association of the                     larwirtschaft e.V. (BSW), the producers of solar power installa-
Solar Industry for the first time from 28 April to 6 May for so-                     tions and their components experienced double-figure percent-
lar heating and power installations. Players from the field of so-                   age growth rates last year. This association is also anticipating
lar energy will be holding events in local areas on solar energy                     a substantial rise in sales figures for 2007. A continued upturn
- from open days at plant operators or in craft companies, to                        in exports will in particular help to achieve this. In all, accord-
talks, to information stands on solar exhibitions or school project                  ing to BSW figures around 50,000 people are now employed
days. Further information or registration at:                      in the German solar sector. The photovoltaic industry alone had
and                                                          a turnover of around 3.8 billion euro in the past year. Accord-
                                                                                     ing to the latest BSW statistics, in 2006 around 50 per cent more
Mine gas in Munich                                     Mine gas in Munich            solar panels were produced in 2006 than in the previous year.
From 23 to 29 April the NRW Mine Gas Initiative will be present                      In the past year solar panels with a capacity of 500 megawatt-
at the BAUMA in Munich (28th International Fair for Construc-                        peak (MWp) left the production lines of the ten German solar
tion Machinery, Construction Material Machines, Mining Machin-                       panel manufacturers.
ery, Construction Vehicles and Construction Equipment). Together
with the Saarland, NRW companies from the mining technology
and mine gas field will be demonstrating what they can do on              Fuels of the future NRW NRW
                                                                                     Fuels of the future
a joint stand. Companies from the field of mine gas utilisation                      Under the heading “Fuels of the Future in the Energy Research
will also be forming a “market-place” under the heading “Mine                        Region NRW”, the Ministry of Innovation, Science, Research and
Gas Germany”. On 24 April there will be a lecture forum with                         Technology (MIWFT) and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and
a theme block dedicated to “Mine gas” within the framework of                        Energy (MWME) are conducting a conference in the Bibliothèque
the Fair.                                                                            Solvay in Brussels on 13 June 2007, from 18:30 to 21:00 h. This
                                                                                     is taking place within the context of the Federal Government’s
NRW goes Texas                                           NRW goes Texas              events catalogue during Germany’s EU Council Presidency. The
Six companies from NRW and the Research Centre in Jülich pre-                        event is being organised by the Fuels of the Future Competence
sented themselves from 19 to 22 March on the joint stand of the                      Network of EnergyAgency.NRW. At the conference it is intended
NRW Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Competence Network at Hydro-                              to highlight perspectives for the energy supply of transport. The
gen Expo US in San Antonio, Texas. The fair takes place annu-                        hosts are the Vice Minister-President of the State of North Rhine-
ally together with the annual general meeting of the National                        Westphalia, Prof. Dr. Andreas Pinkwart, and Minister Christa
Hydrogen Association, NHA. This, alongside the Fuel Cell Semi-                       Thoben. Other speakers include Dr. Wolfgang Lüke, Research
nar, is one of the most significant events in the fuel cell sector                   Co-ordinator for Gas to Liquids at Shell Global Solutions, Prof.
on the American continent. The institute IWV 3 of the Research                       Dr.-Ing. Stefan Pischinger, FEV Motorentechnik GmbH, Aachen,
Centre in Jülich presented its development work in the field of                      and Prof. Dr.-Ing. Eckhard Weidner for the Fraunhofer UMSICHT
diesel reformation. Other companies from NRW were: Andreas                           Institute from Oberhausen.

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