SUMMER 2009 - FuelsFix.com
ISSUE OF THE FIX
Blender Pumps • Propane Partners • Biodiesel Myths: BUSTED
Raleigh One of the First for Project Get Ready
Alt Fuels Training Comes to Alabama
TSE Coming to Rowan County
We Googled “Clean Cities” - Where Did Your Coalition Turn Up?
Pipeline B5: What are the Pros and Cons?
BY CRYSTELLE MARKEY AND JIM COKER
4 CleanFUEL USA continues to develop technically advanced
engine and fueling systems and Metro Lawn provides solutions to
the pollution caused by lawn and garden equipment.
The ethanol industry is
seeking to do the same Pipeline B5
thing the petroleum BY RANDY JENNINGS, AL CHRISTOPHER, TOMMY HUNT,
industry has been doing
for years to help provide
6 STEVE RILEY, AND MARK MAUSS
The Fix asks the southeastern Actors for Change how they feel
retailers a pathway for about increasing movement of biodiesel through pipelines.
Clean Cities Connections
BY OUR SOUTHEASTERN ALT FUEL PARTNERS
8 Meet the supporters of the Southeastern Fuels Fix!
Raleigh One of the First for Project Get Ready
BY KATHY BOYER
THE FIX EDITORS 9 Rocky Mountain Institute invites Raleigh as one of ﬁrst three cities
in nation to prepare for the introduction of plug-ins.
East Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition
email@example.com Keepin’ it Sunny in Florida
Chelsea Jenkins BY BILL YOUNG
Virginia Clean Cities
10 Florida is working on an electric vehicle initiative and is charging
NEVs with PV power systems.
THE FIX DESIGNERS
Jacob Krekorian, www.krekura.com
National FFV Awareness Campaign
Jonathan Overly, Chelsea Jenkins BY BURL HAIGWOOD
FuelsFix.com 12 FFV Club of America helps after press, tent, ribbons and VIP
speakers are gone.
The Southeastern Fuels Fix is published
Clean Cities 15th Anniversary
quarterly and produced by the U.S. DOE
Clean Cities Program coalitions in the
southeastern United States.
BY STEVEN RICHARDSON
Advertising information may be obtained 13 Our southeastern fearless leader discusses the March 4 event
that celebrated 15 years of Clean Cities successes.
by contacting either of the editors. All
advertising revenue goes to coalitions
to help maintain activities focused on
putting alternative fuel and efﬁcient
Clean Cities Supported by ICF International
transportation technologies on the streets
BY STACY NOBLET
in the southeastern U.S.
14 If you don’t already know about ICF, you need to know.
Opportunity Meets Preparation
BY CHELSEA JENKINS
New opportunities and challenges have positioned Virginia
Clean Cities and stakeholders well.
East Tennessee Peaks and Valleys
BY JONATHAN OVERLY
The Run for Clean Air, Biodiesel ups and downs, and an electric
boat is plying the waters of East Tennessee.
18 PERC’s propane road
shows provide a chance
TARC Adds HEV Buses to Fleet to “kick the tires”
BY MELISSA HOWELL
The Transit Authority of River City brings 12 hybrid electric transit
buses to Louisville.
Southeast Alt Fuels Matrix
BY SOUTHEAST COORDINATORS
Here lies our best information on public alternative fuel stations
across all nine states in our region.
Fleet Focus: Alliance AutoGas
BY HENRY BODIE OF BLOSSMAN GAS
Alliance AutoGas is working on turn-key platforms for ﬂeets.
20 Biodiesel Myths: Busted
SC Hosts Annual Hydrogen Conference
BY AMY LAWRENCE
Over 1,000 researchers, manufacturers, gov’t and business 21
leaders attended the annual hydrogen conference in Columbia.
TSE Project Coming to Rowan County
BY JASON WAGER & SARAH NIESS
Charlotte Metro area breaks ground on areas ﬁrst truck-stop
electriﬁcation project that will add 44 spaces.
AL’s National Training Center for Alt Fuels
BY MARK BENTLEY Thornton’s holds grand
Lawson State Community College is training techs how to install,
maintain and repair alternative fuel technologies.
25 opening of second E85
site in Kentucky, and has
PIX Pages 28
BY SOUTHEAST COORDINATORS
Take a look at what southeastern coordinators and their
stakeholders have been up to.
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 3
CleanFUEL USA On the Job
Contributed by Crystelle Markey, Sales & Marketing Coordinator
A visionary company since inception in 1993, CleanFUEL USA programs, CleanFUEL USA provides the “Total Alternative Fuel
is recognized by ﬂeet managers, fuel equipment manufacturers Solution” with superior economic and environmental advantages.
and distributors throughout the world for building safe and reliable
equipment that satisﬁes environmental regulations and U.S. Visit: http://cleanfuelusa.com.
dependence on foreign oil.
CleanFUEL USA’s most recent ventures include a partnership with
Conoco Phillips to increase propane infrastructure throughout the
United States. Atlanta will serve as the ﬁrst of many cities where
CleanFUEL USA will be opening up service centers for propane
vehicles as well as increasing fueling sites for alternative fuel
vehicles. CleanFUEL USA continues to engineer and develop
their Liquid Propane Injection (LPI) system for several upcoming
applications including the GM 6.0L engine and has also signed
an agreement to distribute Impco conversion kits as a propane
bi-fuel option. The Blue Bird Propane Vision school bus, equipped
with the LPI system, continues to be a popular option for school
Fleets across the US are encouraged by the increase in
alternative fuel offerings and CleanFUEL USA is working diligently
to play a key role in developing technologically advanced propane
engine and fueling systems. From fuel and refueling infrastructure
to station equipment, engine systems and ﬂeet management
Go Green. Save Green. Metro Lawn
Contributed by Jim Coker, Heritage Propane & Metro Lawn
Metro Lawn is a division of Heritage Propane, the nation’s Heritage Propane is working on a new Engine Fuels Program,
third largest propane company. Millions of Americans have and believes that in order for propane mowers to be accepted,
been using propane (Liquid Petroleum Gas/LPG) for over the consumer must have a cost effective product, a good expe-
100 years. Many today have propane grills on their back rience using the equip-
decks or patio’s for those nice evening grill outs. What many ment, and support from
people do not know is that propane is the third largest en- the manufacturer and
gine fuel in the world and in 1990 was added as an alterna- propane industry.
tive engine fuel by the Clean Air Act.
Metro Lawn will support
Metro Lawn wants to combat one of the nation’s largest pol- your efforts in conver-
luters, Lawn and Garden Equipment, which are estimated sions and new mowers
to produce up to 10 percent of the nation’s pollution. Some with our technical staff,
have estimated that one conventional lawn mower (3.5 hp) while supporting your
pollutes as much in an hour as 40 late model cars. To add to fuel needs. If you would
this problem, it is said that 17 million gallons are spilled each like to learn more, you can contact me at 865-850-2277 or go to
year from overﬁlling this equipment, which is more oil than www.gogreenmetrolawn.com
was spilled by the Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound off
the Alaskan coast.
I believe Abra- Our propane
SCUTTLEBUTT said, “I will workshop is
one day my paying off
GEFA has funded 34 public bio-
come.” I think as interest
fuel pumps in the last two years, many have been
and plans to fund even more. preparing for
Can you see that I’m smiling? some time, and vehicles is
Don Francis Atlanta now our chance
has come. It’s really
The Knoxville Electric Vehicle As- an extraordi-
nary time for ramping up.
sociation (KEVA) has started and us in the al- Amy Lawrence
an excited team is forming to ternative fuel South Carolina
collaborate on pushing EVs here. world, and I’m
excited to see I'd put my money on
Jonathan Overly East Tennessee
how our passion solar energy... I hope
and dedication we don't have to wait
We’ve got good biodiesel use in
unfolds on this 'til oil and coal run
our area, but we are going to
new road we out before we tackle
use our upcoming biodiesel work-
are fashioning. that.
shop to kick it into high gear. Chelsea Jenkins Thomas Edison, in
Bill Young Space Coast, FL Virginia conversation with
Henry Ford and
I’m over “stimulated.” March 1931
Mark Bentley Alabama
Georgia is turning trash into treasure. From pine trees or
landﬁll waste to ethanol, we are striving to meet our energy
needs in a renewable way.
Charise Stephens Middle Georgia
KY is targeting projects with stakeholders
based in Louisville but nationwide in scope -
If House Bill 906 passes ($2,000
UPS, Yum! Brands (KFC, Taco Bell, Long John
Silvers, Pizza Hut, A&W) and Whayne Power for any dedicated alt fuel ve-
Systems (Caterpillar, Thomas Built Buses)...
these projects can be replicated!
hicle), I’ll scream with joy!
Melissa Howell Kentucky Kathy Boyer Triangle (NC)
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 5
Pipeline B5: Moving
to Greater Use of
and Blending of
of the Terminal
target blends. Downstream blenders will need
The Fix posed the following question to some to look for information on their Product Transfer
of our partners and southeastern Actors for Documents for an indication of biodiesel content,
and may need to speciﬁcally ask their suppliers
Change with regard to greater movement for a conﬁrmation of any biodiesel in the fuel.
of biodiesel in U.S. pipelines: “What are the Alternatively, there are numerous rapid ﬁeld test
instruments available that marketers may wish
pros and cons of such action, considering the to purchase to verify the presence of biodiesel in
southeast?” Here’s what we received. their base fuel prior to blending.
For biodiesel growth as a whole, I feel that
the pros are more important than the cons
on this issue, and the daily use of biodiesel in
conventional diesel fuel will strengthen the industry.
The recent demonstration of a
successful delivery of a B5 biodiesel
blend batch on Plantation Pipeline
represents a tremendous leap forward I have ambivalent feelings about the
for the mainstream commercialization consequences of pipeline distribution
of biodiesel. As we all know, our of biodiesel. On the one hand,
distribution system is based upon biodiesel can better compete on a
fungible pipeline deliveries, and the price and quality basis with petroleum
potential for success of any fuel will equivalents if producers and
be enhanced if that fuel ﬁnds a place distributors are able to use the same
in this system. well-developed distribution network
Randy Jennings available to petroleum producers and
Biofuels Adminis- Since the 2008 revision of ASTM D distributors. Fuel distributors are more
trator, Tennessee 975 incorporated up to ﬁve percent likely to promote biodiesel blends if
Department of biodiesel, B5 is by deﬁnition diesel Al Christopher they can obtain them from the same
Agriculture fuel. The United States consumes Director, Division terminals where they load petroleum
Nashville, TN about 40 billion gallons of diesel fuel of Energy, Virginia fuels and at very close to the same
each year. In 2007, we consumed Dept. of Mines, price. Terminal access to biodiesel is
about 450 million gallons of biodiesel. Minerals and Energy more likely to become widespread if
If B5 could move forward as the default diesel fuel Richmond, VA it can be shipped by pipeline, which
formulation, the same way that E10 is moving forward for probably will result in more injection
gasoline, the consumption for biodiesel as B5 alone would blending, which solves one of the tougher quality issues
grow to 2 billion gallons per year – quite an increase from and costs for distributors of biodiesel blends.
where we are today. Current U.S. production capacity for
biodiesel is about 2.69 billion gallons per year, so I’m sure But is the volume of biodiesel usage great enough to
that our producers are very excited about this step forward. justify pipeline distribution in more than a handful of
markets? The answer now, I think, is no. It is possible that
What are the negatives of both pipeline distribution and the answer will continue to be—or possibly should be—no
B5 and lower injections at the rack? Potential blenders for quite some time to come. One of the potential beneﬁts
downstream will need to be aware that the diesel fuel of biodiesel production is that it can be accomplished on a
that they plan to use for blending may already contain sustainable (distributed production) scale, avoiding great
biodiesel, and that will need to be accounted for as they transport distances for raw materials and distribution of
calculate the amount of biodiesel to use to reach their co-products and improving the fuel’s energy balance.
Pipeline distribution could have the downside of disrupting not affect the engine performance or warranty.
markets now served by small producers. One might say 6. Biodiesel mixed at the reﬁnery and transported via
that is an acceptable price to pay if large-scale economies pipeline would attain a greater level of blending than the
of scale ever are to be reached. But is it desirable or even traditional splash-drop method used at times by local fuel
possible to commoditize biodiesel on anything near the distributors.
scale of petroleum? 7. In the future, the reﬁneries and B100 manufacturers
could develop a pipeline system that could link the many
small B100 distillers around the country with the regional
reﬁneries. In essence it would be a reverse pipeline to the
I have to say I am excited that ﬁve fuel reﬁneries. This would eliminate the need to transport
percent of the ULSD product in Kinder the B100 via conventional trucking methods.
Morgan pipelines has the chance to 8. Regional reﬁnery blending would stabilize the production
be produced by the American farmer levels of smaller B100 manufacturers whose local markets
and not by an Arab in a desert or ﬂuctuate greatly.
bought from a nationally owned oil 9. An efﬁcient and reliable supply of “pipelined” B5 could be
company run by a dictator who hates legislated as a required fuel for certain areas of the country.
America. The ability to ship B5 on You cannot legislate its use if there is not a consolidated
Kinder Morgan will make this blend and constant supply.
commercially viable immediately IF 10. Overall, a stable and central market for B100 should
Tommy Hunt the price of the base stock remains bring down the price of biofuels while encouraging the
CEO & President, commercially competitive compared to startup of new bioreﬁneries.
Calloway Oil Co. petroleum diesel.
I am disappointed as a distributor
since the product I buy will already be The Kinder Morgan announcement
blended and I will lose the RINS value. The Southeast will of moving biodiesel through the
have the advantage of cheaper freight by using this blend pipeline is great news for the biodiesel
in the pipeline, which should increase ﬂeet acceptance and industry. It is validation that the fuel is
decrease air pollution. It is also bound to help our foreign proven for mainstream use. Pipeline
trade deﬁcit. Any producer of biodiesel along the pipeline transportation is a natural step for
who is close to a breakout terminal has to be excited about biodiesel helping to reduce our
the opportunity it gives him to market his products all dependence on foreign oil and build
the way to the East Coast. It is a good move for both the national energy security. The move,
biodiesel industry and the motoring public in my opinion. however, brings political and practical
challenges. Several states are
deliberating legislation to effectively
Mark Mauss ban blending of biodiesel outside the
Here are my unordered thoughts on CEO & President, terminal, which would concentrate the
the issue of B5 in the pipelines. SunsOil, LLC power and, therefore, the proﬁts, with
1. Will provide a centralized B100 bulk Athens, TN the majors. Enactment of such a law
storage facility at the reﬁnery. This would clearly stand against functioning
alone would reduce the uncertainty free markets, against the interests of
of the biodiesel market for the the American people and against national energy security.
manufacturers and serve as a reliable Pipeline movement also raises a practical question
one-stop-shop for B100 product sales. of blending biodiesel with pipeline “diesel.” Typically,
2. Facilitate the widespread use of distributors can sell up to B5 without special labeling, and
biodiesel. In parts of the country with blends coming through the pipeline are expected to be
nonattainment or other air pollution B5 or lower. So it is essential that terminals identify the
issues, B5 could be distributed as the biodiesel blend and the properties of the original B100 to
Steve Riley normal summer blend, similar to E10 ensure proper handling and use downstream. Otherwise
Fleet Manager, gasoline. distributors may unknowingly further blend and sell B10
City of Atlanta 3. Reduces transportation and with unknown properties. Let’s applaud pipeline movement
distribution costs incurred by the of biodiesel while working to ensure the informed use and
biodiesel manufacturer. availability of high-quality fuel outside the terminals.
4. B5 has been found to be completely reliable in the
southeast (no cold ﬂow problems when properly blended).
5. B5 is endorsed by most (if not all) major vehicle
manufacturers (such as Ford) as a viable fuel mix that will
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 7
CLEAN CITIES CONNECTIONS
“Our Project Partners... Your Project Partners”
Renewable and clean,
www.gogreenmetrolawn.com Biodiesel is one of the
nation’s most promising
Real Propane less greenhouse
fuel alternatives and is
Fuel Solutions. helping to reduce
We’ll provide a
FUEL PROGRAM on foreign oil. more
to help you go green en ine performance
and save green.
Find out more at
Here’s how. Metro Lawn: www.biodiesel.org
1. has local suppliers.
2. provides special tanks which
help (a) control your cost and (b)
lower your maintenance costs.
Propane is the number
3. will provide fuel YOUR way. one alternative engine
4. provides technical support for; fuel in the world. Find out
propane safety training, why at propane.com.
fuel system support and
support on conversion.
Do you have a FlexFuel Vehicle?
The natural Like a springtime breeze
resource bringing fresh purified air
for ethanol clean fuels flow anew
The Renewable Fuels Association a diversity
is the leading resource for ethanol
information. It’s just natural to of cleaner, greener fuels are
call our experts ﬁrst if you need
We need your help. authoritative answers about renew- blossoming nearby
able fuels. Call (202) 289-3835, or
winds of change blowing
in a southeasterly way
to rain clean fuels in
National FlexFuel Vehicle
Renewable Fuels Association
What you can do for
One Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 820
yourself… and your country. Washington, DC 20001
RALEIGH ONE OF THE FIRST FOR PROJECT GET READY
central north carolina
po box 12276, research triangle park nc 27709
firstname.lastname@example.org - 919-558-9400
The City of Raleigh has been invited by the Rocky Mountain • Several cities are taking aggressive and excellent action
Institute (RMI) to be one of the ﬁrst three cities in the nation to implement plug-ins, but their approaches and lessons
to participate in Project Get Ready – a national effort to learned aren’t coordinated.
prepare markets for the introduction of plug-in electric and
hybrid-electric vehicles (plug-ins). RMI and the City will be These problems can be overcome if cities/regions become
joined by Advanced Energy, Progress Energy and from ecosystems that welcome plug-ins. To create such an
various business, state, university and civic leaders in ecosystem, incentives need to be implemented ranging
developing a Raleigh Plug-In Readiness Charter, which will from ﬁnancial incentives, “luxuries”, advertising, job training,
include: education, service, and more.
1. How different stakeholders will work together, Project Get Ready will:
2. Major milestones in several content areas, and
3. Identiﬁcation of next steps and who will lead them. • Create a dynamic “menu” of strategic actions that city and
regional leaders can enact to be a plug-in pioneer, based
Over 50 energy, state agency, municipal, and private on input from technical advisers and cities already engaged
industry partners joined together in an initial facilitated in implementing plug-ins. In this menu, RMI will analyze
conversation on Thursday, February 19th. Partners heard the “business case” for each action from the perspective of
from the Rocky Mountain Institute, Raleigh City Manager several key stakeholders (city gov’t, employers, consumers,
Julian Prosser, Progress Energy’s Mike Waters, and etc.)
Advanced Energy’s Jeff Barghout • Provide a web database of all
on national efforts in this initiative, national (and some international)
and the status of production plug-in readiness activities (LINK).
plans by major automotive • Work one-on-one with at least
manufacturers. Partners began to 5 cities on creating their coalitions
identify strategic actions we can and charters.
take to be a plug-in pioneer. • Convene at least 20 cities as well
as technical players regularly to
What is Project Get Ready? discuss their lessons learned and
best practices, and report these
Bringing electriﬁed vehicles, conversations on our website and
advanced net-zero buildings, materials. Some of our partner
and a smart renewable grid cities will have their own plans
together in innovative ways to underway, others will be starting
provide clean, cheap, and secure from the ground up.
mobility and electricity: that is the • Provide a benchmark that will
vision of integrated, electriﬁed transportation. Project Get allow cities/regions to “prove” that they are ready for mass
Ready is an initiative coordinated by RMI with the goal adoption of plug-ins, and have taken meaningful steps to
of accelerating the arrival of plug-in vehicles by helping support this critical green technology (this may take the
communities get ready. form of a seal of approval or certiﬁcation like the LEED
system that gauges readiness).
Project Get Ready solves four problems simultaneously: • Document the progress made by participant cities in
order to help quantify future demand and make it more
• Regional leaders often ask, “how do I become a leader” transparent to industry (how much, where, and what type of
and we don’t have a great answer; support to expect) for plug-ins.
• OEMs are nervous that consumers won’t adopt plug- • Provide helpful background and educational material on
ins because the cars will be too strange (have early-stage plug-in readiness.
snafus), have high costs, and infrastructure won’t be in
• Infrastructure is expensive. Who will pay?
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 9
KEEPIN’ IT SUNNY IN FLORIDA
florida - space coast
1679 clearlake road, cocoa fl 32922-5703
email@example.com - 321-638-1443
Florida Battery Beach Burnout Electric Vehicle Initiative team will visit many schools during their
Competition among cars and drivers has excited people since cars 6-week trek to Tallahassee to meet state representatives. You
hit the road. NASCAR isn’t the only car event, as shown in Florida can follow their daily activities through their blog at http:eviblog.
on February 21st and 22nd. The Florida Electric Auto Association ﬂoridaeaa.org. They have attended the FLAEAA Battery Beach
(FLEAA) hosted the 4th Annual “Battery Beach Burnout”, an Burnout (EV race and event), Indian River Community College and
electric drive vehicle competition, in Jupiter, FL at Florida Atlantic Palm Beach Community College in their converted Toyota Prius
University. The event consisted of multiple competitions involving plug-in hybrid using a Hymotion kit.
electric vehicles (EV), hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) and plug-in
hybrids (PHEV), including an auto-cross, scooter-cross, vehicle
performance tests, Electrathon and a Show & Shine event.
This premier annual electric vehicle event in the Southeast was
free to the public. The purpose of Battery Beach Burnout was
to raise public and media awareness of the current state of
electric and hybrid vehicles and to educate people about ‘green’
alternative fuel vehicles. The event showcased and promoted
alternative energy technologies to power vehicles of the future to
solve our transportation, energy and air quality problems.
The FLEAA had approximately 80 vehicles participating and on
display throughout the weekend. Vehicles ranged from a beautiful
1920 Milburn Electric to the stylish new Tesla Roadster, from
modern show-room hybrids to A123/Hymotion converted Prius to
FPL’s Plug-in Hybrid Aerial Bucket trucks, and electric scooters to
For the results of the event, go to the FLEAA Website:
What a Sunny Idea
The sunshine state is using its most abundant resources to
power electric vehicles: the sun. The city of Eustis is installing a
photovoltaic (PV) power system to charge neighborhood electric
vehicles (NEV). The utility grid-tied PV system developed by
Rublab of Eustis has three charging station terminals for the
vehicles to plug into. Progress Energy will distribute the energy
back to the grid when the sun is shining and supply the energy
needed to charge vehicles plugged into the system any time
of the day as needed. The solar panels are being developed
by Advanced Solar Products of Lake Mary. This Florida project
sounds like a Rube Goldberg idea, but that is not only how Rublab
got its name it makes sense as locals drive their NEVs between
Mount Dora, Travares and Eustis each day, as oil cost rise like the
sun each morning.
A Florida Electric Vehicle Initiative
Fran and Ron Fahs started the Electric Vehicle Initiative as an
educational outreach program with the Florida Electric Auto
Association to make automotive students aware of electric drive
technologies. The Automotive Service Excellence Program (ASE)
provided training at many Florida Community Colleges. The
Contributed by Robert White, Renewable Fuels Association
What if fuel retailers could offer drivers more choices at to be produced, distributed and sold. Blender pumps not
the pump without adding expense? What if one of those only offer choices today, but provide retailers a pathway for
choices was an alternative fuel, like E30 or E85? These growth into the future. We are conﬁdent that the maximum
are the questions America’s ethanol producers are asking level for non-ﬂex-fuel vehicles will increase at some point
petroleum marketers and fuel retailers across the country. above 10% ethanol. We also believe that more consumers
will want a blend between E10 and E85, like what we have
The concept here is simple and one that has been used seen in the Midwest already. Blender pumps are a safe and
by the petroleum industry for years: blender pumps. The economical solution to both issues.
petroleum industry has successfully used blender pumps to
combine regular unleaded with premium gasoline at a 50/50 Gas stations of today will give way to refueling stations in
ratio to create a mid-grade product without the need for a the future, providing consumers the choice at the pump they
third storage tank. The ethanol industry is simply seeking to deserve. Ethanol blender pumps are not only beginning
do the same. that transition, but also offer a way for retailers to capitalize
on the growing demand and production of renewable
By blending denatured ethanol (or E85 – 85% ethanol, 15% alternatives to petroleum.
gasoline) and regular unleaded, a fuel retailer could then
offer regular unleaded, E10 (10% ethanol, 90% gasoline) Robert White is the Director of Market Development for
and E85 for ﬂex-fuel vehicles (FFVs) designed to use this the Renewable Fuels Association, the national trade
higher ethanol blend. In addition, retailers would also be association for America’s ethanol industry. Follow his
eligible for the blender tax credit otherwise known as the activities via twitter at www.twitter.com/fuelinggood .
Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit, which puts them in
control of that federal funding (a positive for them versus
The blender pump image below is from a Zarco 66 station in Ottawa, Kansas. Note
someone else controlling the blending and the credit). If the clearly displayed “Flex Fuel Vehicles Only” text, as well as the price differences.
those incentives weren’t
enough, instead of
having a stand alone
E85 dispenser that only
a certain percentage of
customers can use, these
dispensers have a product
for everyone and every
engine type. If you need
fuel for your lawn mower
or your ﬂex-fuel vehicle,
you are set. If prices are
such that you feel like you
can afford E30 in your
FFV at the moment but not
E85 (if ethanol prices are
temporarily high), then you
have that option. With no
blender pump, you do not
have that option.
As the country works
toward the requirements
of the Renewable Fuels
Standard - 36 billion
gallons of renewable fuel
use annually by 2022 -
more ethanol will need
S U M M E R F II X 2 0 0 9 |
SUMMER F X 2009 | 11
FLEXFUEL VEHICLE CLUB OF AMERICA LAUNCHES NATIONAL
FFV AWARENESS CAMPAIGN
Burl Haigwood, President, FlexFuel Vehicle Club of America
The FlexFuel Vehicle Club of America was The FlexFuel Vehicle Club’s national FFV
created to implement a national Flexible Fuel awareness program will work with the
Vehicle (FFV) Awareness campaign and build automobile dealership network and other
a national database of FFVs owners and community leaders to increase FFV awareness
alternative fuel enthusiasts to support biofuel (and by default energy security and ethanol/E85/
stakeholder organizations. The Club’s mission biofuel) to the public. This two pronged portfolio
will compliment and accelerate the existing approach to branding (e.g., the gasoline retailer
efforts of other stakeholders trying to increase + fuel in combination with the vehicle owner +
ethanol demand through the sale of higher automobile dealer network) will take advantage
volume blends of ethanol. Increasing the ethanol of the existing and caring connection that FFV
blend level above 10 volume percent is critical owners have with their cars and the trusted
to 1st generation biofuel plants so they can business relationship they have with their local
avoid hitting the E10 blend wall and be forced automobile dealership/maker.
into “pit row” early for running out of market. The
mission of the Club is also necessary to pave The Club, through its outreach project entitled
the way for the rest of the race to 2nd generation “E-Powerment”, can help after the technical
biofuel projects. The Club’s mission has been support and investment have been made in
supported by the Clean Fuels Foundation, the developing new E85 refueling infrastructure
Ethanol Across America education campaign, by other stakeholders. The Club will work with
FFV makers, and other biofuel stakeholders. local Clean Cities coordinators and local civic
organizations to execute a series of speciﬁc
The FlexFuel Vehicle Club effort will directly and periodic outreach programs aimed at the
support state/federal government and Governor, state energy ofﬁces, Department of
environmental community goals to increase Motor Vehicles, inspection stations, auto service
the utilization of E85 in FFVs and expand the centers, and new and used auto dealerships.
education and outreach focus from ﬂeets to
the public. The Club is designed to help local As a free or fee membership organization, the
Clean Cities coordinators, gasoline retailers, FlexFuel Vehicle Club will corral and harness
ethanol suppliers, and FFV makers meet the power that seven million FFV owners and
national renewable fuel standard goals. Most the millions of future FFV owners can represent.
important is to complete the life cycle of The core message of the Club will be to validate
refueling infrastructure development through and evangelize the proven fundamental
residual education and outreach after the new principles that FFV ownership and E85 use
station grand opening. “With the exception of the have on stimulating the economy, improving the
amazing work that is being done by in Minnesota environment, enhancing energy security, and
by the American Lung Association of the Upper directly empowering the consumer to have an
Midwest, the vast majority of infrastructure impact on their personal and their community’s
development and high blend ethanol marketing health and economic well being. Lowering the
effort end after the station’s opening. After the price of gasoline and crude oil, reducing oil
press, the tent, guest speakers, and ribbons imports, and creating 500,000 jobs are much
have gone, we want the Flexible Fuel Vehicle more popular and widely accepted noble causes
Club [decal] to carry on,” said Club president when compared to just environmentalism. Tired
Burl Haigwood. of just complaining about your oil addiction?
JOIN THE CLUB! www.ﬂexiblefuelvehicleclub.
The tactical execution of the FlexFuel Vehicle org.
Club mission is to decal FFVs, E85 and blender
pump dispensers, gasoline retailer store doors,
auto dealer showrooms, and service center
doors and use the Club website to coral and
nurture brand loyalty. Currently, ethanol and E85
branding and education/outreach efforts are
targeted to the gasoline retailer and messaging
is focused on the fuel. FFV decal branding will
compliment those efforts but target the FFV
owner and then the FFV seller for messaging
CLEAN CITIES 15TH ANNIVERSARY
southeast DOE program leader
po box 880, morgantown wv 26507-0880
firstname.lastname@example.org - 304-285-4185
On March 4, 2009, coordinators, past and present program 12 Five-Star Schools
staff, industry and government stakeholders gathered in • Philadelphia: Dennis Winters of Greater Philadelphia
Washington to celebrate Clean Cities’ 15th anniversary. Clean Cities (GPCC) and GPCC chairman William
Hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at DOE Flemming of PECO Fleet Services
headquarters, this special event lauded the program’s • Delaware: Emily Kuiken of the State of Delaware
accomplishments since its 1993 inception, as well as the Governor’s Ofﬁce
people who helped contribute to its success. • Las Vegas: Jim Brandmueller, ﬁrst chairman for Las
Vegas Regional Clean Cities and coordinator of the
After a formal welcome by National Clean Cities Director Eastern Sierra Regional coalition
Dennis Smith and Co-Director Linda Bluestein, MotorWeek • Washington, D.C.: George Nichols and Leah Boggs of
host John Davis presented a special video montage Metropolitan Washington Alternative Fuels Clean Cities
highlighting 15 years of signiﬁcant Clean Cities moments, Partnership, Michael Carter and Ron Flowers of the
events, and media coverage. Following the video, a panel Washington Department of Public Works (WDPW), and
of current and former Clean Cities staff members discussed George Hawkins and Sabrina Williams of the District
the program’s progression. Panel members included: Department of the Environment (DDE)
• Dennis Smith, Also during this
national Clean segment, DDE,
Cities director MARTA, PECO, and
• Linda Bluestein, WDPW received
national Clean Lifetime Partnership
Cities co-director Awards for being
• Michael Scarpino, original Clean Cities
regional Clean stakeholders, and Jeff
Cities project Rader received an
manager for the Award of Recognition
Northeast region for his service as
• Tom Gross, the ﬁrst Clean Cities
deputy assistant secretary for EERE’s Ofﬁce of coordinator and for his leadership in helping to establish the
Transportation Technologies, 1992-2002 Clean Cities program.
• Shelley Launey, Clean Cities director, 1992-1994, In addition, Dennis Smith presented the following awards to
1999-2005 Clean Cities staff members.
• Tommy Foltz, Clean Cities co-director, 1993-1997
• Marcy Rood Werpy, Clean Cities deputy director, 1995- • David Rogers received a Leadership Award for 15
2008 years of outstanding vision, dedication, and exceptional
• Ernie Oakes, regional Clean Cities project manager leadership.
retired, 1996-2008 • Wendy Dafoe of the National Renewable Energy
Laboratory received a Lifetime Achievement Award
The two-hour event also included an awards ceremony for 15 years of outstanding service to the Clean Cities
that was hosted by Associate Under Secretary of program.
Energy Richard Moorer, which recognized the following • Mike Scarpino of the National Energy Technology
representatives from Clean Cities’ ﬁrst six coalitions: Laboratory received a Lifetime Achievement Award for
12 years of outstanding leadership, creative thinking,
• Atlanta: Dwight Ferrell of Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid and devotion to the Clean Cities program.
Transit Authority (MARTA); Clean Cities Atlanta (CCA) • Barb. Wolfe of New West Technologies received
chairwoman Patsy Brownson of Cox Enterprises; a Lifetime Achievement Award for nine years of
and CCA’s ﬁrst coordinator Jeff Rader, county outstanding service for to the Clean Cities program.
commissioner of Dekalb County, Georgia
• Denver: Natalia Swalnick of Denver Metro Clean Cities
(DMCC) and DMCC chairman John Gonzales of Adams
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 13
CLEAN CITIES SUPPORTED BY ICF INTERNATIONAL
9300 lee highway, fairfax, va 22031
email@example.com - 703-934-3309
Many readers, particularly those in and around the Beltway, coordinators, utility employees, and state and federal
may be familiar with the name ICF International (ICF). The employees from transportation, energy, and environmental
company has worked on a vast array of energy, climate departments.
change, transportation, social programs, and homeland
security projects for government and private clients for Historically, ICF has assisted with updating the light-,
more than 40 years. What readers may not know is our medium-, and heavy-duty vehicle databases, tracking and
connection to Clean Cities. Since 1997, ICF has supported supporting industry events, maintaining an industry contacts
Clean Cities by working with the National Renewable database, coordinating and managing the National Clean
Energy Laboratory to provide technical expertise, program Cities Conference & Exposition, developing the Clean Cities
support, and research capabilities toward the advancement Handbook, and writing the Biofuels News and Alternative
of alternative fuels, advanced vehicles, and petroleum Fuels News publications (predecessor to Clean Cities Now).
ICF is widely regarded as the leading ﬁrm in the U.S. for its
ICF has operated the Clean Cities Technical Response analysis of fuel economy technology issues. In 2007, ICF
Service for the past four years, which involves responding acquired Energy and Environmental Analysis (EEA), Inc.,
to inquiries and requests related to the Clean Cities which enhanced our capabilities in the areas of natural gas,
portfolio items of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, fuel efﬁciency technology and regulatory standards, vehicle
fuel economy, and idle reduction. emissions, biofuel production, and
These inquiries and requests come modeling.
from Clean Cities Coordinators
and stakeholders, legislators, ICF’s extensive experience in the
ﬂeet managers, industry contacts, alternative fuels and advanced
and consumers. Previously, we vehicles arena makes us a
operated and managed the National valuable resource for Clean Cities
Alternative Fuels and Clean Cities stakeholders and other industry
Hotlines, which were precursors to players. Our technology expertise,
the Technical Response Service. knowledge of the applicable state
and federal laws and incentives,
ICF is responsible for the and demonstrated program
maintenance of the Alternative implementation experience
Fuels & Advanced Vehicles Data contribute to high-quality products
Center (AFDC) fueling stations and services that help Clean Cities
database, which populates meet its program objectives. ICF
the online Alternative Fueling looks forward to supporting the
Station Locator. Fuel types included in this database are expected growth of Clean Cities as the alternative fuels and
compressed and liqueﬁed natural gas, E85, liqueﬁed advanced vehicles industry continues its expansion through
petroleum gas (propane), biodiesel blends of at least 20% the decades to come.
(B20), and electricity. The database includes stations
available to the public as well as private access stations Web sites mentioned above include:
to provide an accurate picture of the nation’s alternative • Alternative Fuels & Advanced Vehicles Data Center -
fueling infrastructure. www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/
• Alternative Fueling Stations -
ICF also updates the AFDC database of state and www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/fuels/stations.html
federal incentives and laws that apply to alternative • State & Federal Incentives & Laws -
fuel consumers, ﬂeet managers, advanced vehicle www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/incentives_laws.html
manufacturers, alternative fuel producers, and infrastructure • Clean Cities Now -
developers. Each year, we are responsible for researching http://www.afdc.energy.gov/cleancities/ccn/
and summarizing enacted state and federal legislation,
conﬁrming public and private incentive program details,
and corresponding with contacts such as Clean Cities
OPPORTUNITY MEETS PREPARATION
1059 angler lane, virginia beach, va 23451
firstname.lastname@example.org - 757-256-8528
To say we have been busy would be an understatement. Virginia Virginia Diesel Emission Reduction Initiative
Clean Cities and stakeholders have been working excitedly and Clean Cities and stakeholders have been awarded $1 million
doggedly since February to chase the multitude of opportunities provided under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of
that have seemingly been raining down mostly as a result of the 2009 National Clean Diesel Funding Assistance Program. The
Recovery Act. Many of us in Clean Cities disappeared into a cave award is the largest award granted to Virginia Clean Cities and
and wrote grant proposals for four months straight. But now we stakeholders to date to assist in reducing petroleum consumption
are beginning to relish in the pleasure (or displeasure) of our hard and air pollution.
work and are beginning to learn of the results. Luckily, Virginia
Clean Cities was positioned quite well to assist stakeholders in Hampton Roads Transit (HRT) will receive funding to retroﬁt 35
navigating the rivers of funding, and were able to come out alive transit buses with continuously regenerating technology diesel
and ahead. Since we have so many exciting projects underway, particulate ﬁlter technology. Chesterﬁeld County will replace a
we ﬁgured we’d provide a brief summary of some of our current diesel refuse hauler early with a new hybrid version for use in
top focus items. Some of these programs are sourced from a senior citizens neighborhood. Spotsylvania Public Schools
Recovery Act funding, while others are ongoing projects that might will replace 4 school buses ahead of schedule with Blue Bird
be of interest. Propane Vision school buses, which already meet the 2010
emissions standards. The City of Chesapeake will accelerate
Biodiesel 301: Soy Biodiesel and Our Changing Alt Fuels the replacement of 10 refuse haulers and replace with vehicles
Landscape meeting the 2007 and 2010 emissions standards.
Virginia Clean Cities teamed with the East Tennessee Clean
Fuels Coalition on a United Soybean Board/Soybean Checkoff The Virginia Diesel Emission Reduction Initiative will improve air
request for applications for the Soy Biodiesel Communications quality by reducing NOx by 7.14 tons, particulate matter by 7.36
Reimbursement Program. We were awarded $11,070 to conduct tons PM, hydrocarbons by 5.52 tons, and carbon monoxide by
workshops in Virginia and Tennessee, and host one webinar. 65.45 tons annually.
Here’s the skinny on the workshops:
Green Operators (GO) Program
Virginia Workshop The Green Operators (GO) program
Tuesday, August 25, 2009 provides rebates to retroﬁt older vehicles
8:30 a.m. – 2:30 p.m. with more emission-efﬁcient engines
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality and recognizes partners for setting and
629 East Main Street, Richmond, VA achieving goals for reducing air pollution
Register and agenda at http://www.hrccc.org/main/?page_id=7 and greenhouse gases associated with
the transport of goods.
Wednesday, August 26, 2009 Program partners include the Virginia Port Authority, the Virginia
Register and download agenda at www.ETCleanFuels.org Department of Environmental Quality, The EPA, the Mid-Atlantic
Regional Air Quality Management Association, and Virginia Clean
Webinar Cities. To ﬁnd out more about the program, visit http://www.
Tuesday, September 22, 2009 portofvirginia.com/corporate/environment/go-program.aspx.
1 pm EST
Please check www.hrccc.org for updates and registration info.
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 15
OPPORTUNITY MEETS PREPARATION, CONT.
1059 angler lane, virginia beach, va 23451
email@example.com - 757-256-8528
Hydrogen Education for Decision Makers Project Virginia Electric Drive Road Show
The goal of this two-year project is to increase a targeted Virginia Clean Cities is hosting an electric drive road show on
audience’s understanding of hydrogen and fuel cells, including Wednesday, August 19, 2009 in Poquoson, Virginia. The event will
early market applications, and to provide speciﬁc examples begin at 11:30 a.m. with lunch and a panel of speakers, and then
of actions that the targeted audience – state and local feature a ride-n-drive event with hybrids, electric vehicles, and
government leaders – can take to support the development and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Speakers range from Jim Francfort
use of hydrogen and fuel cell technology leading to a better of Idaho National Labs who will discuss the research they are
understanding of the community beneﬁts that can result. doing on plug-in hybrid batteries and John Aker of Aker Wade who
will discuss fast charging infrastructure and the exciting pilot being
In-person workshops are being conducted by technical experts launched in Charlottesville.
and professional educators over the two years, which ends
September 2010, in Virginia, Maryland and DC. To ﬁnd out more
about the hydrogen workshop series, download past workshop There are many more exiting projects underway and opportunities
curriculum, or learn about upcoming workshops, visit our website. on the table, so check out our website at www.hrccc.org or email
us at firstname.lastname@example.org to ﬁnd out more.
Virginia Clean Diesel Campaign
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 provides
$88 million in new funding to support clean diesel grant and loan
Bob Dineen (RFA), RDML
programs administered by states and the District of Columbia. Robert Bianchi (Navy),
The Recovery Act Funding for the State Clean Diesel Grant Congressman Glenn Nye
Program provided the Commonwealth of Virginia with $1.73 million (VA-001), CAPT Markham
Rich, Todd Garner (Protec)
to help reduce diesel emissions and maximize job creation and
take part in ribbon cutting
preservation. Virginia Clean Cities assisted eligible stakeholders ceremony at Oceana Navy
with successful applications to the state for propane school Exchange on March 13,
buses, idle reduction devices, new vehicles, and a biodiesel grant 2009. This E85 station is the
ﬁrst public station in Hampton
program that will buy down the cost of biodiesel for public ﬂeets.
E85 Infrastructure Project
The goal of this project is to make E85 publicly available in up
to 12 locations in Virginia, Maryland, and DC by providing grant Lieutenant Governor Bill Bol-
ling pumps the ﬁrst gallon of
funds to station owners to help defray the cost of conversion.
E85 from the new Charlottes-
ville STOP IN that opened on
To-date, eight E85 stations have been opened in VA-MD-DC. January 5, 2009. The station
Virginia Clean Cities helped organized two recent grand opening was the ﬁrst public retail E85
station in Virginia, and also
events in Charlottesville and Virginia Beach:
sells biodiesel. Virginia Clean
Cities worked with the media
STOP IN on a radio remote and gave
1220 Seminole Rd, Charlottesville, VA 22901 away $300 of free fuel!
The MotorWeek crew
Navy Exchange Oceana interviewing Patrick Serfass,
1449 Tomcat Blvd, Virginia Beach, VA 23460 Communications Director of
(757) 425-4281 NHA, at the National Hydro-
gen Conference and Expo
Hrs: 24/7 in Columbia, SC. Virginia
Clean Cities and MotorWeek
Funding is still available to retailers interested in making E85 wrapped up ﬁlming and just
available to the public. completed the ﬁrst “hydro-
gen update” video, that is
available for viewing on our
... “clean cities”, “clean fuels”, and “clean cities, fuels” to see which coalition’s Websites from all over the country landed in the top
20 results. We repeated the test on several computers, and although the results varied somewhat, it was quite clear which coalitions
(seen below) are ranking higher in searches, at least the ones using these terms. We realized that Google may have been aﬀecting
the results on one of our computers (due to the chance of frequent use of the terms ‘clean,’ ‘cities,’ and ‘fuels’), thus we used a com-
puter in our oﬃce that had likely not been “tainted” with frequent searching for those words. [ --- = not a coalition related result]
“clean cities” “clean fuels” “clean cities, fuels”
1. --- 1. --- 1. ---
2. --- 2. --- 2. ---
3. --- 3. --- 3. Tucson
4. --- 4. Alabama 4. Centralina
5. Utah 5. Kentucky 5. Kentucky
6. --- 6. Palmetto State 6. Utah
7. Austin 7. Utah 7. Chicago
8. Tulsa 8. Ohio 8. Puget Sound
9. Oklahoma 9. --- 9. Puget Sound
10. Triangle (NC) 10. Centralina 10. Oklahoma
11. Wisconsin 11. Ohio 11. Ann Arbor
12. Chicago 12. --- 12. Dallas-Fort Worth
13. Puget Sound 13. --- 13. Wisconsin
14. Greater Lansing 14. --- 14. ---
15. Greater Philadelphia 15. --- 15. South Shore (IN)
16. South Shore (IN) 16. Southern Louisiana 16. Louisiana (both coalitions)
17. --- 17. --- 17. ---
18. Virginia 18. --- 18. Columbia-Willamette
19. Columbia-Willamette 19. --- 19. SCAG (SoCal)
20. Space Coast 20. --- 20. Virginia
S U M M E R F II X 2 0 0 9 ||
SUMMER F X 2009 17
EAST TENNESSEE PEAKS AND VALLEYS
311 conference center bldg, knoxville tn 37996-4134
email@example.com - 865-974-3625
The Run for Clean Air Chattanooga, Kingsport, Sevierville, Gatlinburg, Johnson City
Our largest annual event is called the Run for Clean Air and and Jonesborough. Others with that “this is a good thing”
is a 5k run/walk that’s held in April each year. The 2009 event attitude include Knoxville Utilities Board and B&W Y-12. Kudos
drew over 500 registered attendees. It is a combination of a to them all for keeping with it!
fundraiser for us and an air quality awareness event held to
bring attention to what can be done at the local level to reduce Electric Boat Quietly Traveling East TN Waters
pollution in our air. ETCFC members and activists Ted Buel, Christian Cain and
Mike Whedbee pooled their talents and resources to build
Each year we draw upon a a highly efﬁcient solar electric drive system for a small boat
bevy of area sponsors to help last spring. Christened the “Green Tek 1,” the boat utilizes
us put on the event and now “off the shelf” components and 3 deep-cycle marine batteries
raise over $20,000 annually to power an aluminum runabout for up to 6 hours between
for our local work. Since charges. Three BP solar panels keep the system charged, and
we are about transportation a standard 36-volt golf cart charger will bring fully discharged
fuels, we typically showcase batteries back up to peak power overnight.
on the order of 15-20
alternative fuel vehicles in “So far, we have never used up a full charge in one outing,”
addition to doing a number of says Buel. “ We usually get at least two trips totaling 15 to 20
other things at the event. Our miles between charges.”
“Hybrid Ride-n-Drive” usually
brings 4-8 hybrids to the Work has already begun on “Green Tek 2” where Buel says they
event from local dealers and hope to double the power. Look for the larger solar boat to begin
works to put butts in seats testing on a nearby lake this summer.
so people actually get behind the wheel and try it out, listen to
it, and learn about what hybrids are. (Honestly, with all of the
hype and press surrounding hybrids over the last 10 years, you
wouldn’t believe how many people don’t even know the basics
of how a hybrid operates!) We always have a band, plenty of
food, door prizes and other awards like beautiful, large Jim Gray
prints, booths that discuss local air quality, massages for all our
entrants, and of course great t-shirts! You can even take our
local air quality quiz online to bone-up on your East Tennessee
air pollution knowledge!
This year’s Run was the best ever with almost 500 registered
participants. With the partnerships we assembled, we believe
we are continuing to further our impact! For pictures or to learn
more about the event, visit http://www.RunforCleanAir.org.
Local Biodiesel Ups and Downs
In our coalition, we have quite a few alt-fuel ﬂeet users spread
throughout East Tennessee. It can be hard keeping up with
them all, as well as getting timely data. But it is always
refreshing to hear good news while bad news seems to be
everywhere. That starts with the economy right now for both the
biofuels, which is not attractive at least in our part of the U.S.
But through our annual reporting, I’m ﬁnding out who has stuck
with some of their biodiesel usage (the most used alt fuel in
East Tennessee right now) during the hard times.
This has to start with one of our industry partners, Eastman.
So far at least, the economic downturn has not hit them hard
enough to dislodge them from their commitment to using
Top - Whebee shows off the inner workings of the Green Tek 1. Bottom - Cain
biodiesel year-round. In addition, several of our regional cities loaded his family into Green Tek 1 and accompanied the canoe paddlers on the
have stuck with their usage of biodiesel, and that includes “Paddle for Clean Water” last October on Ft. Loudon Lake.
TARC ADDS HEV BUSES TO FLEET
The Transit Authority of River City (TARC) took delivery of three additional hybrid
electric transit buses in June to bring their hybrid ﬂeet to 12 operating in Louisville.
“These vehicles have proven to be an excellent investment. They get better fuel
melissa howell little maintenance
kentucky and provide a quieter
po box 5174
lexington ky 40255
firstname.lastname@example.org ride for TARC’s
502-452-9152 customers,” said
www.kentuckycleanfuels.org Executive Director
Barry Baker of TARC.
An additional ten
hybrid buses have
under the economic
sent to Washington.
If awarded, the ﬂeet
will total 22 hybrid
- PUBLIC ALT FUELS STATIONS IN THE SOUTHEAST
State \ Fuel B20 B-other2 CNG E85 H2 LNG LPG Total
Alabama 33 3
3 (+1) 14 (+8) 0 0 159 (*) 216
Florida 15 (+3) 0 17 20 (+18) 2 0 49 103
Georgia 28 1 19 32 (+8) 0 0 39 119
Kentucky 0 (-1) 6 0 8 (+2) 0 0 16 30
Mississippi 5 0 0 1 0 0 36 42
North Carolina 24 (-8) 4
17 (-1) 4
9 11 (-1) 0 0 50 102
South Carolina 9 (+3) 28 (+24) 1 68 2 0 27 135
SC - H2 Tennessee 33 (+5) 6 0 24 (-6+4) 0 0 53 116
TN - E85 + B20
Virginia 21 19 (+1) 4 (-1) 3 (+1) 1 0 21 69
Totals 168 84 53 182 5 0 450 933
NOTES FOR THE SUMMER ‘09 MATRIX:
1. This is a listing of public stations only! It is our best effort to quarterly aggregate accurate information on public alt fuel stations in our states.
Changes from quarter to quarter are noted in parentheses. The data was compiled using information directly from Clean Cities coordinators
and their working partners in each state, and the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) Website at www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/. The partners
who helped us with some of the numbers include: GA - Jennifer Wilson, Georgia Energy Innovations Center; TN - Linda Tidwell, Tennessee
Department of Transportation. In some cases, the number provided is just the AFDC number because we do not have any more accurate
2. “B-other” is public stations for any blend other than B20, and that includes lower and higher blends.
3. Uncertain of split between B20 and B-other in Alabama. This is a best guesstimate.
4. NC has three stations that sell B20 and at least one other blend; they are counted in both columns.
* Fix had number wrong in previous issue.
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 19
Alliance AutoGas Cleans Up Fleets, Expands Network
Contributed by Henry Bodie, VP Business Development, Blossman Gas Inc.
With major taxi ﬂeets already operating on propane AutoGas in integrated chain of what Alliance calls “clean ﬂeet conversion and
Detroit, Denver and Washington, D.C., Alliance AutoGas is deep fueling.”
into the ﬁrst phase of rolling out an innovative turnkey platform for
transforming ﬂeets of conventional gasoline cars and trucks into From that moment forward, each Hybrid ﬂeet is then hooked into
clean alternative fuel hybrids. a far-reaching network of AutoGas delivery, with a fuel supply
guaranteed by Blossman Gas’ more than half century of tradition
Launched in early 2009, Alliance AutoGas is a partnership that providing uninterrupted fuel supply from the Mississippi Gulf to
builds on the deep engine expertise and extensive fuel delivery Northern Virginia.
network of its founding partners, Blossman Gas and American
Alternative Fuel. Asheville, NC’s Blossman is the nation’s largest Beneﬁts are immediate and signiﬁcant. “A ﬂeet working with
independent propane marketer. American Alternative Fuel, of Alliance is not only receiving a powerful Hybrid engine system,”
Albany, NY, is the North American distributor of the Prins VSI says Henry Bodie, Vice President of Business Development for
hybrid engine system utilized by Alliance, which is EPA Certiﬁed Alliance. “These ﬂeets get ongoing support, and guaranteed
for a range of common ﬂeet vehicles. AutoGas fuel supply. With that come signiﬁcant greenhouse gas
emissions reductions and some serious cost reductions linked to
When a ﬂeet, public or private, makes the decision to convert from a switch from conventional gasoline to less expensive propane
conventional gasoline to propane Hybrid systems, technicians AutoGas. 10 million vehicles worldwide run on propane AutoGas,
certiﬁed by Alliance come to ﬂeet headquarters and facilitate and it’s the only domestically produced alternative fuel that is here
conversion of gasoline engines to the Alliance AutoGas alternative now, and totally viable, now.”
fuel platform. Alliance also installs a fueling station at that
ﬂeet’s home base. Drivers and mechanics receive training from For more about Alliance AutoGas: www.allianceautogas.com
Alliance on safety, performance and maintenance. It’s a vertically
Our fleet customers make a
commitment to achieve: eA Au
- Lower fuel costs ut
- Lower emissions oG
- Less dependence on foreign oil
- Without sacrificing power
- Without sacrificing performance
When Alliance AutoGas converts vehicles
into AutoGas Hybrids, we use Certified
Technicians working in Certified Conversion
Centers. That means our fleet customers receive:
- The highest quality equipment
- Installed by th best technicians
- With tight quality & process control
Each of our fleet customers is:
- Displacing thousands of gallons
of gasoline with propane AutoGas,
- Using a fuel that is 90% produced in the U.S.
- Fueling their vehicles right at the home base
- Using a cleaner, less expensive alternative to
SOUTH CAROLINA HOSTS NAT’L HYDROGEN CONFERENCE
1201 senate street, 408 wade hampton bldg, columbia sc 29201
email@example.com - 803-737-8032
Columbia, South Carolina hosted the National Hydrogen
Conference and Expo from March 30-April 3, 2009.
This event attracted more than 1,000 researchers,
manufacturers, and government and business leaders.
Speakers at the conference included ofﬁcials from the U.S.
DOE, Ofﬁce of Naval Research, and Honda among others.
During the conference, the Palmetto State Clean Fuels
Coalition (PSCFC) sponsored an informational booth and
contributed to the Ride and Drive event featuring the Honda
Clarity and hydrogen-powered Segways.
The conference yielded more than a dozen direct leads
to companies interested in working with and within South
Carolina. According to the director of the South Carolina
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance, Dr. Shannon Baxter-
Clemmons, “South Carolina has a dynamic hydrogen
community and the knowledge necessary to be a leader
in the hydrogen economy.” She also argues “hydrogen
and fuel cells are a strategic investment in South Carolina
to create jobs in the short term and provide a structure for
green growth in future years.”
As part of the weeklong hydrogen festivities, the PSCFC
joined others from around the state in celebrating the
grand openings of South Carolina’s ﬁrst two hydrogen
refueling stations located in Columbia and Aiken, which
connect along US Interstate 20 to form the “South Carolina
Hydrogen Freeway.” This will connect two major hydrogen
research hubs of the state, the University of South Carolina
and the Savannah River National Laboratory.
During the next year, Columbia will host a hydrogen hybrid
bus that will be used and tested on routes for the University
of South Carolina and the Central Midlands Transit
Authority. For more information about the South Carolina
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance, please visit their Website
Top - Speaker of the House Bobby Harrell (left) and Columbia’s Mayer Bob Coble
(right) dedicate the South Carolina Hydrogen Freeway, which will link South Caro-
lina’s ﬁrst two hydrogen stations in Columbia and Aiken. Middle - The Hydrogen
Hybrid Bus, available for ride-n-drive at the conference, is a dual drive electric bus
that is powered by rechargeable batteries and hydrogen fuel cells and will be hosted
by the city of Columbia for the next year.
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 21
Propane Road Shows a Chance to
“Kick the Tires”
Contributed by Brian Feehan, Vice President of the
Propane Education & Research Council
A full lineup of propane-powered vehicles are touring the For more on propane-powered equipment in general, log
country in Propane Road Shows sponsored by the Propane on to www.thirdthursday.net and sign up for a free PERC-
Education & Research Council (PERC). To date, Propane sponsored webinars held the third Thursday of every month
Road Shows have been held in Alabama, California, at 11:00 am EST.
Georgia, Maryland, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia.
Locations planned for later this summer include Missouri
and North Carolina.
Each road show offers details about propane-powered
on- and off-road vehicles from leading manufacturers,
then moves outside so show-goers can see and drive the
featured cars, trucks, school buses, mowers, and forklifts.
Planning this sort of touring event involves many moving
parts and requires ﬂexibility to coordinate manufacturer
involvement. To negotiate the process most effectively,
the PERC team is working closely with Clean Cities
coordinators, state propane trade association personnel,
and local chapters of the National Fleet Management
To learn more about Propane Road Shows, contact Greg
Zilberfarb, education and outreach contractor for PERC at
firstname.lastname@example.org or 703-779-4890.
America’s Clean Cities coalitions.
Building Local Partnerships that put
Clean Transportation to Work!
TSE PROJECT COMING TO ROWAN COUNTY
jason wager & sarah niess
greater charlotte area
po box 35008, charlotte nc 28235
email@example.com - 704-372-2416
This spring the Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition The collaborative project will improve local air quality
(CCFC) joined CabAire LLC, its technology partner, and be a model project to replicate across the state
and a gathering of local ofﬁcials and staff to mark the and beyond.
groundbreaking for the Charlotte Metro region’s ﬁrst
truck stop electriﬁcation project. The 44-space project For more information about our Centralina Clean
will be constructed at the Derrick Travel Center off Fuels Coalition contact firstname.lastname@example.org or
of Exit 71 on I-85 in Salisbury, NC. The travel center visit www.4cleanfuels.com.
is owned and operated by the Worsley Operating
Below - An overhead shot of the truck stop site along I-85. Bottom - Jim Bianco,
President and CEO of CabAire LLC, demonstrates the window unit that truckers will
The groundbreaking ceremony marked the end of use for heat, AC, electricity, cable and internet.
a multi-year process to develop the project.
Centralina Council of Governments, which
houses CCFC, received funding from both
EPA and the Congestion Mitigation Air Quality
Improvement Program for the project in 2004.
After several delays, CCFC selected CabAire
as its technology provider in early 2008 after a
competitive bid process.
CabAire will be installing 22 modular towers
that will each be able to serve two trucks,
saving valuable space. Truckers will be able to
easily access a window unit to obtain HVAC,
electricity, cable and internet for an hourly fee.
Sensor equipment on the towers will be able to
detect whether a parked truck has shut off its
engine or is continuing to idle.
Truck engine idling contributes to air pollution
while wasting a signiﬁcant amount of diesel
fuel and money. Over a billion gallons of
diesel fuel is consumed annually by truck and
locomotive engine idling. Annually, 11 million
tons of carbon dioxide, 200,000 tons of oxides
of nitrogen, and 5,000 tons of particulate
matter are emitted from these vehicles.
Projects that reduce truck idling, such as truck
stop electriﬁcation, can have signiﬁcant air
CCFC expects the project to be completed in
the fall of 2009. The ﬁnal project will provide
44 electriﬁed truck stop spaces on a major
corridor through the Charlotte Metro region.
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 23
Biodiesel Myths: BUSTED
Contributed by the Jenna Higgins of the National Biodiesel Board
The television show Mythbusters on the Discovery Channel takes commonly Myth: No objective biodiesel fuel standard exists.
held beliefs and puts them to the test of real science. Some hold up and Fact: The biodiesel industry has been active in setting quality standards for
are conﬁrmed by the facts, some are ranked just plausible, but many are biodiesel for more than 15 years. ASTM speciﬁcations exist for diesel fuel and
BUSTED. If only more citizens would take the time to learn the facts, and biodiesel fuel blends from 6 to 20 percent (B6 – B20 (D7467-09)), biodiesel
not be persuaded by the myths…especially in the case of biodiesel! Though blends up to B5 to be used for on- and off-road diesel applications (D975-08a),
the show has yet to feature biodiesel myths, when they are held up to real and home heating and boiler applications (D396-08b). ASTM approved the
science, they fall cleanly in the BUSTED category. Here are some of the original speciﬁcation for pure B100 (D6751) in December 2001. These ASTM
most common biodiesel myths featured in a new document published by the speciﬁcations apply regardless of the fat or plant oil used to make the fuel.
National Biodiesel Board. Copies of speciﬁcations are available from ASTM at www.astm.org.
Myth: Biodiesel contributes to global climate change and increased Myth: Biodiesel does not perform as well as diesel.
greenhouse gas emissions. Fact: One of the major advantages of biodiesel is the fact that it can be used
Fact: U.S. biodiesel is a green, sustainable part of the solution. It reduces in most existing engines and fuel injection equipment in blends up to 20
lifecycle carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, by 78 percent compared percent with little impact to operating performance. Biodiesel has a higher
to petroleum diesel. A 2008 USDA/University of Idaho study shows for cetane number than U.S. diesel fuel. In more than 50 million miles of in-ﬁeld
every unit of fossil energy needed to create biodiesel, 4.5 units of energy demonstrations, B20 showed similar fuel consumption, horsepower, torque,
are returned. New cropland is not needed to grow materials for biodiesel, and haulage rates as conventional diesel fuel. Biodiesel also has superior
because soybeans are not grown for fuel, and there is a surplus of soybean lubricity, and it has the highest BTU content of any alternative fuel (falling in
oil on the market. Advances in technology enable us to grow more using the the range between #1 and #2 diesel fuel).
same acres of land. The National Biodiesel Board and its members support
sustainable production of biodiesel. There is no scientiﬁc basis for assigning Myth: Biodiesel use voids manufacturers’ engine warranties.
any signiﬁcant responsibility for rainforest destruction to U.S. biodiesel, and Fact: All major U.S. automakers and engine manufacturers accept the use
the vast majority of U.S. biodiesel is made from homegrown resources. of up to at least B5, and many major engine companies have stated formally
that the use of high quality biodiesel blends up to B20 will not void their parts
Myth: Biodiesel contributes to rising food prices. and workmanship warranties. For a listing of speciﬁc statements from the
Fact: Produced from a wide variety of renewable resources, including plant engine companies, please visit the National Biodiesel Board Web site at www.
oils, fats and even recycled restaurant grease, biodiesel is the most diversiﬁed biodiesel.org/resources/oems.
fuel on the planet. And soybean-based biodiesel has a positive impact on
the world’s food supply. Processing soybeans for biodiesel uses only the oil, Myth: Biodiesel has fuel quality problems.
leaving 80 percent of the bean for protein-rich soybean meal. By creating Fact: A study released in 2008 by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory
a market for soybean oil (a co-product of soybean meal), we increase the (NREL) shows the biodiesel industry has substantially met national fuel
availability of protein-rich meal for human and livestock consumption. This quality standards. The study demonstrated that plants certiﬁed under BQ-
has a positive impact on the food supply. From an economic standpoint, the 9000 consistently hit the mark. BQ-9000 is a voluntary fuel quality assurance
increased meal supply results in a more cost-effective food and feed source. program that couples the foundations of universally accepted quality
management systems with the product speciﬁcation (ASTM D6751). The
Myth: Biodiesel doesn’t work in cold weather. program covers storage, sampling, testing, blending, shipping, distribution
Fact: Properly managed, high quality biodiesel blends are used successfully and fuel management practices. Biodiesel production facilities certiﬁed as
in the coldest of climates. Biodiesel will gel in very cold temperatures, just as producers under the program cover nearly 80 percent of the U.S. biodiesel
common #2 diesel does. Although pure biodiesel has a higher cloud point than market volume.
#2 diesel fuel, typical blends of 20 percent biodiesel are managed with similar
management techniques as #2 diesel. Blends of 5 percent biodiesel and less Myth: Biodiesel does not have sufﬁcient shelf life.
have virtually no impact on cold weather operability. See www.biodiesel.org/ Fact: The current industry recommendation is that biodiesel be used within
cold for a cold weather guide. six months, or reanalyzed after six months to ensure the fuel meets ASTM
speciﬁcations. Most fuel today is used up long before six months, and
Myth: Biodiesel is an experimental fuel and has not been thoroughly tested. many petroleum companies do not recommend storing petroleum diesel for
Fact: Biodiesel is one of the most thoroughly tested alternative fuels on the more than six months. A longer shelf life is possible depending on the fuel
market. A number of independent studies – performed by the U.S. Department composition and the use of storage-enhancing additives.
of Energy, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Stanadyne Corp. (the largest
diesel fuel injection equipment manufacturer in the U.S.), Lovelace Respiratory For copies of the brochure Biodiesel Myths: Busted, send an email to
Research Institute, and Southwest Research Institute – have shown that email@example.com or call 800-841-5849. It is also available online at
biodiesel performs similar to petroleum diesel with greater beneﬁts to the www.biodieselsustainability.com.
environment and human health.
LAWSON STATE OFFERS FIRST ALT FUELS TRAINING IN AL
2131 data office dr, suite 240, birmingham al 35244
firstname.lastname@example.org - 205-402-2755
As the nation drives toward greater alternative fuels use, identify the best alternative fuel for the speciﬁc application.
demand for technicians familiar with the new transportation
technologies is increasing. Lawson State Community The Alabama Center for Automotive Excellence at Lawson
College’s Alabama Center for Automotive Excellence has State’s Bessemer campus offers students an associate
passed a milestone in meeting this need. degree in automotive technology, which allows them to
specialize in GM, Ford, or Toyota technology. The Center
“The College has worked diligently to bring the leading also has excellent auto body/collision repair and medium/
transportation technology to Alabama,” said Perry Ward, heavy truck technology programs. The College leads the
President of Lawson State Community College. “The southeast in transportation programs. For more information
National Alternative Fuels Training Center (NAFTC) and the about alternative fuel classes or other automotive
Snap-on Diagnostic Training Center are two of our newest educational opportunities, contact Tommy Hobbs, 205-929-
training opportunities at the Alabama Center for Automotive 3521.
Excellence,” added Dr. Ward.
Headquartered out of West Virginia University, the
NAFTC is the only nationwide training organization
for alternative fuel vehicle and advanced technology
vehicle training in the United States. By qualifying for
membership, Lawson State becomes one of only 38
National Training Centers and the only one in Alabama.
As a National Training Center, Lawson State will
provide classes and workshops covering a wide array
of topics such as biodiesel, ethanol, hybrids, hydrogen,
fuel cells, natural gas (CNG cylinder inspection, LNG,
and light- and heavy-duty vehicles), battery-powered
electric vehicles, and propane. Courses on emissions
testing and alternative fuel vehicle
applications for forklift and material
handling will also be available. This
new technology is especially relevant to
automotive technicians, employers, ﬂeet
operators, public interest groups, and
“We congratulate Lawson State on this
historic occasion,” says Mark Bentley,
Executive Director of the Alabama
Clean Fuels Coalition (ACFC). “Training
the individuals that will install, maintain,
and repair alternative fuel technologies
is another important step toward the
wide-spread viability and sustainability
of an emerging alternative fuels industry
The ACFC serves as the principal
coordinating point for clean, alternative
fuel vehicle activities in Alabama. The
coalition helps public and private entities
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 25
Pix from the North Carolina combined coalitions “Drive
Clean & Green Across North Carolina tour.”
Top left - Former U.S. Ambassador to Denmark James
Cain gives the thumbs up to E85 while sitting in an E85
Chrysler Town & Country from Novozymes. Below that is a
full picture of the Caravan.
Above - A 2009 GM Bucket Truck with an electric lift. The
truck is dedicated CNG, but the lift is plug-in capable and
the vehicle has additional on-board batteries to power
the lift ﬁrst during typical operation. One of Baker’s three
conversion facilities is in North Carolina in Youngsville, in
the Raleigh-Durham area.
Bottom left - Thomas Built Buses has developed a hybrid
technology for school buses in High Point, North Carolina,
and is testing them there.
Below - A Lotus Exige 270E Trifuel that was in re-
engineered to operate on any of three fuels (methanol,
ethanol or gasoline). It was on its way to NCCAR for some
Top 3: Sweetwater Valley Oil’s grand opening on May 22 of their
E85 and B20 public pumps in Athens, Tennessee. Above - owner
Scott Shankle and police chief give the thumbs up to E85. Right -
Mark Mauss, the producer of the biodiesel being used in the B20,
posed with his family during the grand opening. Top - The line await-
ing reduced-price fuel!
Bottom 2: Below - Almost 500 runners and walkers hit the road
for the 6th annual Run for Clean Air in Knoxville. 20 AFVs were on
display spanning the ﬁve main fuels, and a prize was awarded to the
individual who racked up the most learning about AFVs!
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 27
Thorntons held a Grand Opening on April 23 for their second E85 site in Kentucky, this one just off Interstate I-64 in Louisville
(see how close to the interstate!). This site and Thorntons ﬁrst Kentucky site (located off I-65 and part of that Biofuels Corridor
Project) have interstate signage! A ﬁrst for Kentucky. As of yet, all other retailers have chosen not to advertise E85 on their
At right: The team at ICF that supports Clean Cities
and provides alternative fuel and advanced vehicle
technology deployment assistance. Left to right:
Jackie Stepan, who manages the team, and Emily
Fraser, Stacy Noblet, Alexis Castrovinci, and Sheri
Below: Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition (Asheville,
NC) stakeholders test out several electric vehicles after
their June meeting. A new stakeholder—BioWheels
of Asheville—attended our 6/29/09 coalition meeting
and brought an electric bike and electric scooter that
stakeholders were able to test ride. Twenty to forty mile
range depending on 1 or 2 batteries.
SUMMER FIX 2009 | 29