Official Newsletter of the 116th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, Co. B
VoL. X. – No. 1] PENNSYLVANIA, MAY, 1863 [SINGLE COPIES SIX CENTS
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1863, by Sullivan et-al in the Clerk‘s Office for the Far Western District of Pennsylvania
May 2005 them. Finally, in Exodus 14:9 Pharaoh's
SAVING THE FORT army and chariots overtook them at the
Joe and Holly Sullivan Editors HOSKINS, PHIL camp and they were closing in for the kill.
SHERIDAN HOUSE Because there was no escape, there
appeared to be no other option for the
ADMINISTRATION children of Israel and the situation
Dr. Dave Brauner has indicated that he definitely looked hopeless.
IN THE FIELD would like to take any interested parties on
Capt. Steve Stowell a field trip to see the Fort Yamhill, Phil The point being, sometimes life is exactly
Sheridan house that is being restored at like that, when one may be in "a place of
Fort Yamhill. Dr. Brauner hopes to do encampment." First, in situations like this
BEHIND THE DESK this towards the end of May. Please it may appear that the Lord is not around
Chairman, Kevin Burton contact Joe Sullivan via email at but the Lord is around and He definitely
e d i t o r @116pvi.org if you are knew that the children of Israel were
interested. We hope to have more details encamped and Pharaoh's army was
ON THE HOME FRONT at our first meeting on May16th at 6PM, at
Civilian Advocate, Holly Sullivan coming. Actually, it is likely that the Lord
John Baker‘s office. allowed it to happen so that the people
would have a dependency on Him instead
Official Web Site of 116 PVI of themselves. "A place of encampment"
http://www.116pvi.org is usually a place of inconveniency and it
From our Chaplain: can be life threatening especially when the
enemy is coming against you and there are
UPCOMING EVENTS no options or it appears to be no escape
Greetings to all! First I wanted to thank
AND MEETINGS everyone for their support and welcoming
from it. A place of encampment can be a
lack of money and financial stress,
me as a participant and Chaplain of our economic burdens and personal struggles,
May 14, 2005. School of the Soldier and
unit at my first reenactment battle event at family crises, health issues in the family,
School of the Company - at Fort
McIver. It is appreciated and I am truly emotional and physical trauma, and much
Vancouver, starts 1PM
blessed! more. A place of encampment can happen
May16th, 2005. Fort Hoskins Phil Sheridan’s to anyone regardless of age, race, gender,
In the book of Exodus 14:2 of the Old
House Meeting 6:00PM . John Baker’s office, ethnicity, social economic status, married
Testament Scriptures, Moses led the
2339 State Street, Salem or single, whether one is a city dweller or
children of Israel out of Egypt, but they living in rural areas. When one is in this
May16th, 2005. Board meeting 6:30PM . John had not crossed the Red Sea yet. They had situation, some times they may react just
Baker’s office, 2339 State Street, Salem encamped between Midol and the sea, like the children of Israel did in Exodus
before Pihahiroth and over against 14:10. The scriptures says that "they were
Baalzephon, which meant that they were
May 20th, 2005. LaPine School sore afraid." Their soreness represents that
trapped against the Red Sea from the back they were wounded and their being afraid
Presentation. Contact Stu Johnson for
side, next to the wilderness on another represents fear, stress, and anxiety. Fear is
side, and land or a desert on even another one of the main weapons that the enemy
side. They were completely boxed in from
May 30th, 2005 Memorial Day ceremony uses against people.
three sides, or cornered in within three Fear is the imagination, thought or belief
at City View Cemetery in Salem Oregon
sides, and Pharaoh was coming in from the that something terrible or bad is going to
front side, which was the only open side. happen soon. Consequently, the children
**For more information and for a full
Therefore, there was absolutely no way out of Israel cried out to the Lord but it is very
calendar of events please visit our web
and Pharaoh and his six hundred chariots, good to know exactly who you are crying
page at http://www.116pvi.org/ and
and all the chariots of Egypt with their out to for help!
follow the events link.
captains, were hot on their trail to destroy
Moses had a response for them being "sore From the Civilian to Cpl. Sullivan, Editor@116PVI.org ,
afraid" and their cries, which is in Exodus along with the ancestors' name, rank (if
14:13: "Fear ye not, stand still," and Advocate: applicable), occupation, (if applicable),
Exodus 14:14, says "the Lord shall fight place of residence during the War,
for you, and ye shall hold your peace." relationship to you, and your name. Your
Most of us know what happened when the name does not have to be listed on the
children of Israel led by Moses crossed website.
through the Red Sea, when the waters were
divided, but let us look at Moses' words in This month we will examine the fashions,
his response and see the significance of the clothing, and deportment of civilian
sequence of it. First, he said "fear ye not." gentlemen during the War of the
To not have fear I must have faith. I Rebellion. There are, alas, far fewer
mentioned earlier that the enemy uses resources available for the Civil War
fear as a weapon against people. gentleman than there are for the ladies.
Therefore, to counter that fear I must have Even period photographs of gentlemen
faith in the Lord. The Lord sent the ten seem to be fewer and much farther
plagues on Egypt. Why? The Lord was between. We must content ourselves with
showing that his power was greater than a sigh of disappointment at the slim
the wisdom of Egypt and the Lord was pickings available and move on.
building faith in his people to trust only in First and foremost, the civilian
him. 1st Corinthians 2:5 says "your faith gentleman reenactor would be well
should not stand in the wisdom of men but advised to study as closely as possible
in the power of God." If one has faith in photographs of non-military men taken
the Lord than one can definitely stand still during the Civil War. As with the ladies,
in spite of the situation and circumstances achieving the look of a reenactor should
surrounding them. Also, Psalm 34:4 says not be the goal; our purpose, rather, is to
"I sought the Lord and he heard me and replicate as exactly as possible the true
delivered me from all my fears." To seek look and standards of the Civil War era.
Him I need faith to believe in Him and His Civilians of Pennsylvania, For your perusal, some period photographs
power. Faith enables one to stand still may be found at
because one knows that the Lord will fight Greetings! It was good to see so http://www.gentlemansemporium.com/186
the battle for them, which enable us to many of you braving the torrential floods 0-victorian-photo-gallery.php, and
hold our peace, which also is in Him. at McIver! I hope that everyone's canvas http://www.geocities.com/myrtleavenueclo
There is always the Lord's imminent safety has dried out by now! thiers/OPCivilWarMen.html . Again, the
and security even in "a place of I wish to call your attention to two author suggests that the gentleman
encampment." Important Announcements: reenactor should closely examine
photographs of his own Civil War-era
Your servant in the Lord! Announcement #1: There will be a gentlemen ancestors.
potluck for all interested members of the An article by "Fanny & Vera"
Daniel E. Hayes Jr. 116th PVI, both civilian and military, on directed at civilian reenactors
Chaplain of the 116th Pennsylvania the 116th Civilian Street at 6:00 p.m. on (http://www.shasta.com/suesgoodco/newci
Sunday, July 3rd, 1863, (during the vilians/gents/menswear.htm) notes that
Willamette Mission Reenactment). All men's fashions have not changed much
participants are asked to bring a dish or since the Civil War. The author wishes to
two to share and their own place settings take a small exception the statement.
and eating utensils. Civilians are While it is true that a well-dressed
encouraged to cook and bring extra food gentleman of 2005 might wear the same
for the benefit of the soldiers. A lyceum clothing components as his Civil War
will immediately follow dinner. Everyone counterpart, there was absolutely nothing
is urged to participate with a song, a poem, in the Civil War to compare to today's
a skit, a dance, or an exhibition of musical usual male attire of sloganed tee-shirt and
or oratorical prowess. (I would be grateful jeans slung loosely around the hips. In
for any help in the way of borrowing and fact, the author wishes to suggest that the
setting up tables, etc.!) only thing comparable to the fashions of
the men of 2005 would be the fashions of
Announcement #2: We have started the ladies of 2005, who also usually
"In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-
a page on the 116th PVI Website for the bedeck themselves with sloganed tee-shirts
countrymen, and not in mine, is the
display of photographs of Civil War-era and jeans slung loosely around the hips.
momentous issue of civil war. The Government
ancestors or relatives, both military and The strain upon the aesthetic sensibilities
will not assail you. You can have no conflict
civilian, Union or Confederate, of of those with an artistic temperament
without being yourselves the aggressors. You
have no oath registered in heaven to destroy the members of our group. The reason for this forced to live in the modern world aside,
Government, while I shall have the most is twofold: first, to promote our connection Fanny & Vera have done their usual very
solemn one to 'preserve, protect, and defend with those we are striving to honor in our good job, and their short article is well
it'." Lincoln's First Inaugural Address, March 4, reenacting, and secondly, to provide a worth reading. (The author also wishes to
1861. collection of photographs for study for direct gentlemen with the interest to read
those in our club who may interested in Fanny and Vera's articles on Gentlemen's
replicating the semblance of our Civil War Shirts
counterparts. Photographs may be emailed http://www.shasta.com/suesgoodco/newciv
ilians/gents/menshirts.htm which includes http://www.lahacal.org/gentleman/deportm
instructions for transforming a modern ent.html , are included herein. The author
SI KLEGG: HIS
men's shirt into a fair replica of a Civil wishes to state that from her observations TRANSFORMATION
War gentlemen's shirt, (something the the soldiers and male civilians of the
author of this piece would not recommend NCWC do very well in this regard. (The
FROM A RAW RECRUIT
unless a gentleman was truly in a bind and only time, in fact, which the author can TO A VETERAN
would either have to use a modern shirt or recollect unpleasantness associated with
attend a reenactment in his undershirt), Men's Etiquette was at a reenactment in by John McElroy
and their article on Coats, Jackets, and California, when a woman in a men‘s
Vests uniform and fake mustache tipped her hat CHAPTER 13
http://www.shasta.com/suesgoodco/newciv at the author's little girls and said, in a
ilians/gents/menshirts.htm. voice as low and gruff as she could make SI ―STRAGGLED‖— AND THE
Before leaving the subject of the it, "Good day, little ladies! My, you look OTHER BOYS MADE IT MIGHTY
similarities and dissimilarities in the dress like a bouquet of pretty flowers this fine
LIVELY FOR HIM.
of our forefathers and ourselves, it should morning!" We are certain the woman's
be pointed out that gentlemen (and intention was well-meant, but it had the
soldiers) of the Civil War usually wore the unhandy effect of unsettling the "little
waistband of their trousers up at their ladies", who were quite repulsed and spent ONE day while Buell was chasing
waist. In the author's opinion, nothing so the rest of the reenactment begging their Bragg, two or three weeks after leaving
spoils the look of an otherwise perfect mother to take circuitous routes around the Louisville, the army was pushing forward
Civil War outfit, civilian or military, than reenactment so as to completely avoid any
at a gait that made the cavalry ahead trot
to see the waistband hanging about the possible repeat of verbal exchange with the
wearers hips. Most slovenly! young woman.) half the time to keep out of the way of the
The very best articles concerning Gentlemen wishing to know where infantry. The extraordinary speed that day
gentlemen's clothing may be found on The to purchase ready-made Civil War era was due to the fact that there were no
Gentleman's Page, clothing are encouraged to try the Men's rebels in sight. Half a dozen ragged
http://www.lahacal.org/gentleman/attire.ht Department at Timeless Stitches troopers with shotguns, a mile away,
ml . On this site the reader will find http://www.tstitches.com/index.html?dum
would have caused the whole army to halt,
presented not only much useful my=HOME . For gentlemen with sewing
information, but also period photographs ability or tailors, patterns may be had from form line-of-battle, and stay there the rest
illustrating gentlemen's dress in the 1860's. either Timeless Stitches or Past Patterns at of the day.
Links may be followed from this site for http://www.pastpatterns.com/1850.html . The tanned veterans didn‘t mind the
information on frock suits, sack suits, (Timeless Stitches has a pattern for marching. They stretched their legs and
morning suits, the colorful vests and large, removable men's cuffs and collars - went swinging along with a happy-go-
bright ties of the era, evening wear, and removable collars being the norm in the
informal clothing. The photographs 1860's - for that added touch of period lucky air, always ready for anything that
included with this last are especially correctness.) The author is certain that might turn up. But it was rough on the new
interesting. there are many more fine companies which troops, just from home. It taxed their
http://www.lahacal.org/gentleman/informa supply these items, but lists herein those locomotive powers to the utmost limit.
l.html with which she has had the most success The boys of the 200th Ind. started out
A checklist of men's civilian and satisfaction.
bravely. Their fresh, clean faces, new
clothing may be had at The above sites and articles will all
http://home.earthlink.net/~gchristen/Mens be printed and available for those without uniforms, and shiny accouterments
1.html . This site includes a very nice a way to access the links. contrasted strongly with those of the
article, also, and an ambrotype of some In hope that the Union will not be weather-beaten soldiers of ‗61. You could
gentlemen dressed in 1860's attire. permanently torn asunder, I remain tell a ―tenderfoot‖ as far as you could see
One area in which all of us could him.
use improvement is that of hairstyles. The Your most humble servant,
They trudged along in fair shape for an
clothes may be right, but modern hair can Mrs. Joseph T. Sullivan
spoil the impression. A good article on (―Molly‖ Sullivan) hour or two. Before starting in the morning
1860's gentlemen's hair is found at strict orders had been read to the regiment
http://www.citizenscompanion.com/. (For forbidding straggling, for any reason,
ladies reading this article, the author under the most terrifying pains and
promises to go into details of women's hair penalties.
styles of the 1860's at a later date.)
―Them fellers that‘s been in the service
No matter where the amateur historian longer'n we have think they‘re smart,‖ said
seeks information on the attire of Si Klegg, as he and Shorty plodded on,
gentlemen during the Civil War, the Wanted to buy: used .58 both already a little blown. ―We‘ll show
subject of Gentlemen's Behavior and Caliber, 3 band musket. ‗em that we can hoof it jast as fast as they
Deportment comes up. We have no clear Rich Lindvall, (541)929-4681 or
email@example.com can, and jest as fur in a day
idea as to why this should be, but because
etiquette seems to go hand-in-glove with ―Seems to me we‘re git‘n over the
clothing for the well-bred (or even ground purty lively to-day,‖ replied
working class) man, links back to The Shorty, who was in a grumbling‘ mood.
Gentleman's Page: Behavior ―Wonder if the Gin‘ral thinks we‘re
http://www.lahacal.org/gentleman/behavio hosses! I‘m a little short o‘ wind, and these
r.html and Deportment
pesky gunboats are scrapin‘ the bark off‘n ―Better not, Si‖ said the Orderly; ―ye Si threw aside his traps, took off his
my feet; but I‘ll keep up or bust.‖ know it‘s agin orders, and the rear-guard shoes and stockings, and bathed his feet
Though the spirit of these young ‗ll punch ye with their bay‘net‘s if they with water from his canteen. He ate a
patriots was willing, the flesh was weak. It catch ye stragglin‘.‖ couple of hardtack, and in the course of
wasn‘t long till Si began to limp. Now and But Si concluded that if he must die for half an hour began to feel more like Si
then a groan escaped his lips as a fresh his country it would be sweeter to do so by Klegg. He geared himself up, shouldered
blister ―broke.‖ But Si clinched his teeth, having a bayonet inserted in his vitals, and his gun, and started to ―ketch up.‖
humped his back to ease his shoulders then it would be all over with at once, than
from the weight of his knapsack, screwed to walk himself to death.
up his courage, and tramped on over the So he gradually fell back till be reached
stony pike. He thought the breathing spells the tail of the company. Watching his
were very short and a long way apart. opportunity, he left the ranks, crept into a
Si‘s knapsack had experienced the clump of bushes, and lay down, feeling as
universal shrinkage, as told in a previous if he had been run through a grist-mill.
chapter of our hero‘s martial career. He Soon the rear-guard of the 200th came
still had, however, a good many things that along, with fixed bayonets, driving before
he thought he couldn‘t spare, but which he them like a flock of frightened sheep a
found later he could very well get along motley crowd of limping, groaning men,
without. gathered up by the roadside.
Si lay very still, hoping to escape
By noon the 200th began to show signs discovery; but the keen eye of the officer
of going to pieces. The column stretched detected the blue heap among the bushes.
out longer and longer, like a piece of ―Bring that man out !― said he sternly to
India-rubber. The ranks looked thin and one of the guards.
ragged. Lame and foot-sore, with wo- Poor Si scarcely dare to breathe. He All this time the stream of troops—
begone faces, their bodies aching in every hoped the man would think he was dead, regiments, brigades and divisions—had
bone and tendon, and overcome with a and therefore no longer of any account. flowed on. Of course, soldiers who were
weariness that no one can realize unless he But the soldier began to prod him with his with their colors had the right of way, and
has ―been there,‖ the men dropped out one bayonet, ordering him to get up and move the stragglers were obliged to stumhle
by one and threw themselves into the on. along as best they could, over the logs and
fence-corners to rest. The officers stormed through the bushes at the sides of the roads
and drew their swords in vain. Nature— or skirt along the edges of the fields and
that is, the nature of a new soldier—could woods adjoining. It was this fact added to
endure no more. The ambulances were their exhausted and crippled condition that
filled to their utmost, but these would not made it almost impossible for stragglers to
hold a twentieth part of the crippled and overtake their regiments until they halted
suffering men. for the night. Even then it was often
―How‘re ye gittin‘ on, Shorty ?― said midnight before the last of the wayfarers,
Si, as he and his comrade still struggled weary and worn, dragged their aching
along. limbs into camp.
―Fair to middlin‘,‖ replied Shorty. ―I‘m Si started forward briskly, but soon
goin‘ to try and pull through !― found it was no easy matter to gain the
―I thought I could,‖ said Si, ―but I‘m mile or so that the 200th Ind. was now
‗bout played out! I am, fer a fact! I guess ahead of him. It was about all he could do
ef I rest a bit I‘ll be able to ketch up after a to keep up with the fast-moving column
while.‖ ―Look-a-here, pard,‖ said Si, "don't stab and avoid falling still further to the rear.
Si didn‘t know till he found out by me with that thing! I jest can‘t git along Presently the bugles sounded a halt for one
experience how hard it was to ―ketch up‖ any furder till I blow a little. You please of the hourly rests.
when a soldier once got behind on the lemme be, an‘ I‘ll do as much for you. ―Now,‖ said Si to himself, ―I‘ll have a
march. Si was too fat for a good roadster, P‘rhaps come time you‘ll get played out good chance to git along tor‘d the front.
but it didn‘t take a great while to work off and I‘ll be on the rear-guard. The Cap‘n ‗ll The soljers ‗ll all lie down in the fence
his surplus flesh. Shorty was tall and slim, tell me ter fotch ye ‗long, an‘ I‘ll jest let ye corners an‘ leave the road clear. Ill jest git
mostly bone—one of the sort that always rest, so I wi!l !‗ up an‘ dust !―
stood the marching best. This view of the case struck the guard The sound of the bugles had scarcely
Si crept up to the Orderly and told him with some force. Moved with compassion, died away when the pike was deserted, and
that he would have to stop and puff a while he turned away, leaving Si to enjoy his on either side, as far as the eye could
and give his blisters a rest. He‘d pull up rest. reach, the prostrate men that covered the
with Co. Q in an hour or so. ground mingled in a long fringe of blue.
Si got up into the road and started along ―Hep—hep—hep !― to the other, uncertain where to begin the
the lane between these lines of recumbent ―How‘d ye leave Mary Ann ?― assault.
soldiers. His gait was a little shaky, for the Si had never been under such a fire Instantly there was a loud clicking all
blisters on his feet began to give evidence before. He stood it as long as he could, and along the line. The Illinois soldiers, almost
of renewed activity. He trudged pluckily then he stopped. to a man, fixed their bayonets. Half of
along, limping some in spite of himself, ―Halt !― shouted a chorus of voices. them sprang to their feet, and all aimed
but on the whole making very good ―Shoulder —Arms !― ―Order—Arms !― their shining points at the poor young
headway. By this time Si‘s wrath was at the Hoosier patriot, filling the air with shouts
Pretty soon he struck a veteran boiling point. Casting around him a look of of derision.
regiment from Illinois, the members of defiance, he exclaimed: It was plain, even to Si in his inflamed
which were sitting and lying around in all ―You cowardly blaggards; I can jest state of mind, that the odds against him
the picturesque and indescribable postures lick any two of ye, an‘ I‘ll dare ye to come were too heavy.
which the old soldiers found gave them the on. If the 200th Ind. was here we‘d clean ―Unfix—Bay‘net !― came from half the
greatest comfort during a ―rest.‖ Then the out the hull pack of ye quickern ye can say regiment.
fun commenced—-that is, it was great scat!‖ Si concluded he had better get out of a
sport for the Sucker boys, though Si did This is where Si made a mistake. He bad scrape the best way he could. So he
not readily appreciate the humorous ought to have kept right on and said took off his bayonet and put it back in its
features of the scene. nothing. But Si had to find out all these place. He shouted words of defiance to his
―What rigiment is this ?― asked Si, things by experience, as the rest of the tormentors, but they could not be heard in
timidly. boys did. the din.
―Same old rijiment !― was the answer All the members of the regiment now ―Shoulder — - Arms !― ―Right — Face!
from half a dozen at once. A single glance took a hand in the game. They just got ―Right shoulder shift—Arms !―
told the swarthy veterans that the fresh- right up and yelled, discharging at Si a ―Forward—March !― These commands
looking youth who asked this conundrum volley of expletives and pointed remarks came in quick succession from the ranks
belonged to one of the new regiments, and that drove him to desperation. Instinctively amidst roars of laughter.
they immediately opened their batteries he brought up his gun. Si obeyed the orders and started off.
upon him ―Load in nine times—Load !― shouted a ―Left—-left—left !―
―Left—-left-- -left !― dozen of the Illinois tramps. ―Hayfoot—strawfoot !―
―Hayfoot — strawfoot! Hayfoot — If Si‘s gun had been loaded he would Forgetting his blisters, Si took the
strawfoot keeping time with Si‘s have shot somebody, regardless of double-quick, while the mob swung their
somewhat irregular steps. consequences. Thinking of his bayonet, he caps and howled with delight.
―Hello, there, you! Change step and jerked it quickly from its scabbard. Si didn‘t ―ketch up‖ with the 200 Ind.
you‘ll march easier !― until after it had gone into camp. Shorty
―Look at that ‗ere poor feller; the only had a quart of hot coffee waiting for him.
man left alive of his regiment! Great ―Shorty,‖ said Si, as they sat by the fire,
Cesar, how they must have suffered! Say, ―I‘m goin‘ to drop dead in my tracks
what rigiment did you b‘long to ?― before I‘ll fall out again.‖
―Paymaster‘s comm‘, boys, here‘s a "Why, what‘s the matter ?"
chap with a pay-roll round his neck !― Si ―Oh, nothin‘; only you jest try it,‖ said
had put on that morning the last of the Si. Had it not been for the ―fun‖ the
paper collars he had brought from home. soldiers had in the army to brighten their
―You‘d better shed that knapsack, or otherwise dark and cheerless lives, they
it‘ll be the death of ye!‖ ―Fix—-Bay‘net !― yelled the ragged would all have died. Si was a true type of
―I say, there, how‘s all the folks to veterans. those who had to suffer for the good of
home?‖ And he did, though it was more from others until they learned wisdom in the
―How d‘ye like it as far as you‘ve got, the promptings of his own hostile feelings school of experience.
any way?‖ than in obedience to the orders.
―Git some commissary and pour into ―Charge—Bay‘net !―
them gunboats !― Si had completely lost control of
―Second relief‘s come, boys; we can all himself in his overpowering rage. With
go home now.‖ blood in his eye, he came to a charge,
―Grab a root!‖ glancing fiercely from one side of the road