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					Teenage pregnancy

 A Level Media Studies
                      Shock teen
                      pregnancy           Teen
                      rates               pregnancy not
  Teenage                                 a new
  pregnancy on                            occurrence
  the rise in the
  UK                 Welsh government
                     sets out to reduce
                     teen pregnancies

Reality shows                             Pill trials could
glamorise teen                            cut teen
pregnancy           The twisted           pregnancy
                    ethics of
                    ‘teen mom’
Teen Pregnancy in the media
Young Mum‟s Mansion (2008)
Underage and Pregnant (2009)
Pregnancy: My big decision (2009)
Sarah Palin‟s teenage daughter – gave
birth in 2008.
Vicki Pollard…
           Class Divisions
The concept of social class influences the way in
which British society and power relations
operate in everyday situations.
This intense preoccupation with class in society
can be recognized in a range of contemporary
media portrayals which deal with the issue of
teenage pregnancy.
The association of social class with issues of
teenage motherhood is unmistakable.
The constructed 'chav' mum is stereotypical of
how working class girls cope with pregnancy.
   The „Chav‟ Phenomenon
During the last century, developments in
the terminology used to refer to the
working class have become increasingly
negative and unconstructive, meaning that
social class has become distinguished by
taste, and more importantly, a perceived
lack of taste.
    The „Chav‟ phenomenon
„Chav‟ is a derogatory yet constructed term
It has become a common idiom realigned with
stereotypical notions of the lower-class
It is a notion that is reinforced daily by both
tabloid headlines and broadsheet style inserts
The ease with which we accept this term and
connotations indicates the inherent power the
media has upon the representation and
construction of class in society.
The concerns surrounding teenage mothers
arguably stem from more deep-seated social
Jeremy Kyle
Frampton – Exploring Teenage Pregnancy
  and Media Representations of „Chavs‟

The Daily Mail – 2005 – “I didn‟t want this

Depicts the experiences of working class
teenage mother, Melissa, just days after
the birth of her son.
                           Melissa            We are distanced
                                              through lack of
                                              Christian names
               Caricatured behaviour

    “The nappy is on back to front. It is the grandmother who
    notices, comments loudly and rolls her eyes. Mother just
    gives one of her „what-does-it-matter‟ shrugs and can‟t
    quite decide whether to giggle or glare. Baby, mercifully,
    is only two days old, oblivious to everything. Long may it
    continue, for all their sakes.”

Invites the reader to                    Middle class reader can
gape voyeuristically                     indulge in a mingled
at the subjects on                       horror and fascination
display                                  of working class women
                                         She is framed as a bad
                                         mother and carefully
                                         inserted asides from the
                                         journalist illuminate the use
                                         of mockery as a form of
                                         class distinction

    “ „Melissa only does things she wants to do,‟ says
    Maureen. It soon emerges that there have been lots of
    things Melissa has not wanted to do. She proudly
    announces that she didn‟t attend antenatal classes
                                   She is characterised
                                   as a typically
Caricature continues throughout    obstinate and
the article to convey Melissa as   ungrateful ‘chav’
humorous yet despicable to a       teenager
middle class readership                         Vicki Pollard/Kevin
                                                the Teenager
  Use of dialect to
  construct working

   “Kody‟s second name is equally contentious. „It‟s Craig,
   after my son Craig, his uncle…‟ begins Maureen,
   breezily. „No it‟s not,‟ shouts Melissa. „It‟s Craig after
   Dwain‟s father Craig. It‟s got nothing to do with our
   Craig. It‟s me that chose it, so it‟s me that knows.”

Melissa’s voice
punctures Johnston’s    Our attention is
controlled and well-    drawn to her
constructed narrative   regionally classed
                                She is a spectacle –
                                unable to conform to
                                middle class ideals of

“She „might‟ go back to college. To do what? „Dunno.‟
When? „Dunno.‟ There is the same dismissive shake of
the head when I ask about her hopes for little Kody.”

                                   She is constantly
                                   subjected to the
She is positioned as a             intense scrutiny of
young mother unwilling             the middle class
to take responsibility             gaze
for her newborn son
Daily Mail – July 2008
“I had FOUR abortions by the time I was
The Guardian – September 2005
“The Stigma of being a Teenage Mum”
Print, read and annotate Frampton‟s article
from Wikispace.

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