Teen pregnancy by xiangpeng

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									Teen pregnancy
Mike Lorine
Jalisa Banks
Does abstinence only
prevent teen pregnancies
   No evidence shows that the programs
    are effective.
   The programs in this country shows
    only short term success.
   Programs do not talk about using
    contrepceptives.
Funding the programs

   Federal and state abstinence
    promotion policies neglect to define
   Federal government will provide about
    $140 million to fund abstinence only
    education programs.
   The programs are misleading and
    giving false information
   Texas receives $4.5 million a year for
    abstinence which is more than any
    other state in the U.S.
   The number one state with teenage
    births.
   2 out of the 13 federally funded
    programs provided students with
    accurate medical information
   In December 2004, the U.S. House of
    Representatives' Committee on Government Reform
    led by Rep. Henry A. Waxman released a report
    showing that 80 percent of the most popular
    federally funded abstinence-only education
    programs use curricula that distort information
    about the effectiveness of contraceptives,
    misrepresent the risks of abortion, blur religion and
    science, treat stereotypes about girls and boys as
    scientific fact, and contain basic scientific errors.
Sex Education
   Obama administration created funding for programs
    that are proven to reduce teen pregnancy.
   Researcher Douglas Kirby for the National
    Campaign to End Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy
    examined studies of prevention programs which
    had a strong experimental design and used
    appropriate analysis. Two-thirds of the 48
    comprehensive sex ed programs studied had
    positive effects.
   40 percent delayed sexual initiation,
    reduced the number of sexual
    partners, or increased condom or
    contraceptive use.
   30 percent reduced the frequency of
    sex, including a return to abstinence.
   60 percent reduced unprotected sex.
   Advocates for youth undertook
    reviews of existing programs to make
    a list of effective programs
   26 effective programs were identified.
    23 were sex education programs
    which were effective and 3 were early
    childhood interventions.
   Fourteen programs demonstrated a statistically
    significant delay in the timing of first sex.
   13 programs showed statistically significant declines
    in teen pregnancy, HIV, or other STIs [sexually
    transmitted infections].
   14 programs helped sexually active youth to
    increase their use of condoms.
   9 programs demonstrated success at increasing use
    of contraception other than condoms.
   13 programs showed reductions in the number of
    sex partners and/or increased monogamy among
    program participants.
   10 programs helped sexually active youth to reduce
    the incidence of unprotected sex.

								
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