Never give in never never never

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					Never give in, never,
   never, never
    Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
Angry Churchill
www.winstonchurchill.org
• Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill grew
  up as the son of a British noble. He
  attended private school from age of seven,
  and entered Harrow in 1888. He was not
  impressed with his education. Later he
  entered Sandhurst Royal Military College
  in 1893 after three attempts to pass the
  entrance test. He joined the army in 1895.
• He was elected to the House of Commons
  (下议院)as a Conservative in 1900. Then
  he joined the Liberal Party and became the
  President of the Board of Trade (贸易大
  臣)in 1904.He served as Under Secretary
  of State for the Colonies(殖民部次官)
  from 1906 to 1908.He served in the
  military in France during World War I. He
  was Secretary of State for War(陆军大
  臣) from 1918 to 1921 and Chancellor of
  the Exchequer(财政大臣) from 1924 to
  1929.When World War II broke out, he
  was nominated as First Lord Of Admiralty
  (海军大臣).
• He was Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945
  and from 1951 to 1955, and his widely
  regarded as Britain’s greatest 20th-
  century statesman. Besides this, he is also
  a prolific historical writer, and his most
  famous works are The World Crisis, My
  early Life, Marlborough, The Second
  World War, and A History of the English-
  speaking People. He was knighted for his
  great contribution to Britain and was
  awarded Nobel Prize for Literature in
  1953 for his The Second World War.
      The Art of Public
          Speaking
• Types of speeches: Speaking to
  inform/persuade/ on special occasions/in
  small groups
• Elements of public speaking: Speaker /
  Message/ Channel/ Listener / Feedback/
  Interference/ situation
• Methods: Reading from manuscript/
  Reciting from memory/ Speaking
  impromptu/ Speaking extemporaneously
       Text structure
• Part 1 (para 1) opening remarks in
  which Churchill summarized the great
  events that had happened in the
  world with Great Britain in particular
  and then talked about the purpose of
  his visit---to encourage the whole
  nation to fight against the Nazis.
       Text structure
• Part II (para2-5) it is the body of
  the speech in which he analyzed the
  world situation and how other
  countries looked at Britain and then
  called on the Britain people not to
  give in.
       Text structure
• Part III( para6-8) It is the closing
  remarks in which, by changing a word
  in the additional verse of the school
  song, he expressed his conviction
  that this nation was determined to
  fight for the victory of this great
  war.
        Paragraph one
• What was Churchill’s intention of singing
  some of their song?
  http://www.harrowschool.org.uk/html
• Forty years on
• Not less we praise in darker days/ The
  leader of our nation/ And Churchill’s name
  shall win acclaim / From each new
  generation/ For you have power in danger’s
  hour/ Our freedom to defend, Sir!/Though
  long the fight we know that right/ Will
  triumph in the end, Sir!
Harrow school
• At the initial stage of the Second
  World War, Great Britain was
  fighting in isolation against Nazi
  Fascist. Some British people doubted
  whether their nation could win the
  war with their own efforts. Churchill
  wanted to convey the conviction of
  the government to the British people
  through these songs and encourage
  them not to give in.
        Language points
•   Catastrophic:
•   catastrophic hypothesis
•   灾变说
•   A potentially catastrophic situation
•   可能引发严重灾难的形势
• A catastrophic illness.
• 一场灾难性的疾病
• A decisive or catastrophic conflict.
• 决定性的或大规模的战争
• Be certain that you are not underinsured
  against catastrophic illness.
• 一定要为大病办理充足的保险
• Menace: threat(en)
vi.
Two men menaced him with weapons
  and forced him to give up his money.
menace with one's fist clenched.
• n.
He spoke with menace in his voice.
A careless driver is a menace to all
  road users.
military menace
lull :break calm hush intermission lapse
 letup pause quiet recess respite rest
             silence stillness


•      vt., vi.(into)
    The monotonous voice of the
    movement of the train lulled me to
    sleep.
    The wind lulled.
• Deceptive:
Appearances are deceptive.不可貌相。
address   :abode greeting home speech

• n. home address
• an address of welcome
• a man of pleasing address
• pay one's addresses to a lady
•   vt.
•   address a meeting
•   address the ball
•   How shall I address you?
•   If your friend did something wrong, you
    should always address a warning to him.
• I have the honor of introducing to you Mr.
  Smith, who will address you on his recent
  tour abroad.
• The letter was addressed to the wrong
  house.
• He addressed himself to the task of doing
  his homework.
• He addressed her with high compliment.
Liquidate: put an end to; abolish or kill
• The government made every effort
  to stabilize the economy by -ting the
  national debt.
• Hitler tried to liquidate the Jews in
  Germany.
Sponge
Vt.
• sponge the mud spots off the car
• sponge drink
Vi.
• sponge on one's friends
Flinch:cringe draw back recoil shrink
vi.
•    flinch from danger
n.
     gun flinch
Compliment:commend congratulate flatter
   praise
n.
• Your presence is a great compliment.
• A sincere compliment boosts one's morale.
• A free sample is enclosed with the
   compliments of the manufacturer.
Stern: austere exacting firm hard
  harsh severe strict stringent

•   a stern teacher
•   a stern taskmaster
   phrases& expressions
Para 1
1.Ups and downs :
A mixture of good things and bad things
Eg: Sitting beside the window, he recalled
  the ~ of his parenthood.
    The organization has experienced ~since
  it was founded in 1999.
2.the very great improvement:
the better armament of the British forces
  and assistance from the United States
3.position: situation at a particular time
Eg: It is time those companies relvealed
  more about their financial ~.
     The soccer team is going to be in a very
  difficult ~if nothing particular shows up.
4.the unmeasured menace of the enemy:
the immense or incalculable threat or
  danger of the enemy attack
5….there has been this long lull…:
There has been no progress of the war
  in such a long quiet period
           Para2-5
1. What is short and sharp and what is
   long and tough:
    difficulties and hardships of any
   kind, imminent or distant,
   temporary or long-lasting
2. Noble chance of war:
   impressive opportunities of war
3.throw our minds back to our meeting
  here ten months ago:
recollecting our meeting at Harrow
  School ten months ago
4.Apperances are often very deceptive:
  misleading
5.Meet with:
Experience; undergo
Eg: Attempts to find civilian volunteers
  have met with embarrassing failure.
    Efforts to put the Russian space
  programme into market have met
  with little success.
6…imagination makes things out far
 worse…:
What one imagines leads to be worse
 than reality…
make out: see or understand
7.Pray to be given that extra courage
  to carry this far-reaching imagination:
  wish to be equipped with excessive
  courage to accomplish or realize this
  effective and influential blueprint
8.convictions of honour and good sense:
  strong beliefs in honour and good
  judgement of duty and justice
9.Never yield to the apparently
  overwhelming might of the enemy:
  never give in or surrender to the
  seemingly strong enemy
10.our account was closed…:
   we were completely defeated by the
  enemy troops
11. Very different is the mood today.
   How other nations view Britain and how
  the British people think and feel about the
  war is quite different today from ten
  months ago.
12.Britain…had drawn a sponge across her
  slate.
   Britain … was completely wiped out.
13….our country stood in the gap.
  our country shouldered the responsibility
  in isolation
14….we have only to persevere to conquer.
  We have no choice but to hold on until
  victory comes.
               Para6-8
1.The extra verse written in my honour:
Not less we praise in darker days
The leader of our nation
And Churchill’s name shall win acclaim
From each new generation
For you have power in danger’s hour
Our freedom to defeat, Sir!
Though long the fight we know that right
Will triumph in the end, Sir!
2.Each of us according to our stations:
Each of us according to our social
  positions.

				
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posted:9/22/2011
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