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Oil Spills By: Kashish, Julia, and Anna Spring 2011 Center for Creative Learning SPLASH! Table of Contents • Introduction…3 • How the Oil Spill Happened?...4 • Cleaning the Oil Spill…5 • Respiratory Problems…6 • Affected Ecosystems…7,8,9 • The System...10 • How Could This Affect Us?...11 • Statistics…12 • Mentor…13 • Environmental Recommendations…14 • Conclusion…15 • Bibliography…16 Introduction • The Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill also known as the BP oil spill has affected many animals and people. This topic is important for other people to know about because we need to try to prevent these oil spills and know how we should clean it up. This Oil Spill killed 11 workers. Let’s see how it happened! How Did the Oil Spill Happened? • The oil spill happened because high pressure gas from a well caused a big jet of ocean water to hit an oil rig. The gas caught on fire and the rig exploded. • The BP Oil Spill started in April 20, 2010 and ended in July 15,2010. • This oil spill was located in the Gulf of Mexico. • 200 million gallons of oil had spilled in the Gulf of Mexico. The Oil Spill actually happening. Cleaning the Oil Spill • People have tried to clean up the oil spill before. • Tools they use to clean the Oil Spill are shovels and rakes along beaches. • Many people started getting respiratory problems (next page). • It is important and very difficult to clean up this tragic mess. People cleaning the Oil Spill. Respiratory Problems • People got respiratory problems because of the oil’s fumes. • Also, people had blood damage, nervous system, and kidney damage. Affected Ecosystem • Water - The water was covered in oil. Some plants rely on water, so some plants may have taken in oil. Also, the water may be hard to swim in since there is oil in the water. • Plants - One of the common plants is coral reefs. Another major effected plant is grass. Animals such as river otters, minks , turtles, and birds use this grass for food and shelter. Animals- Birds, fishes, and dolphins were all affected. Animals were covered by oil and not be able to fly/swim to get away from the oil spill. Sharks were other animals affected. Sharks take in a lot of water and the water had oil in it. The water went through the shark’s gills and eventually the oil got stuck in their gills. The sharks couldn’t breathe. Affected Ecosystem • Oil - Oil made plenty of things sick - not just plants and animals, but people who were cleaning the oil spill. An affected turtle The System • The ecosystem is a big system here. If a fish eats a sick plant then the fish will be poisoned. If a bird eats that fish, the bird will be sick . That is why we need to take care of our environments. How Could This Affect Us • Many people care about the animals. If they did not try to clean the oil spill, it would eventually start to affect the food chain. Statistics • Supervisors got paid $32 an hour and beach cleaners got $18 an hour. • BP wanted to have at least 1,600 workers in Florida, 1,500 in Mississippi, and 1,000 in Alabama. • Many animals who live in the Gulf of Mexico have been affected by the BP Oil Spill. Mentor • Mr. Marty Aubuchon has been working at MSD (Metropolitan St. Louis Sewer District) for 24 ½ years. Mr. Marty is a Sr. Civil Engineer and has attended Keller Graduate School of Management and University of MO Rolla now named Missouri S&T. Environmental Recommendations • We should all start to use as little gas as possible so other countries send us less oil/gas. • For the other countries who are sending us oil/gas, make sure that the containers that hold the oil/gas are tight and use extra packaging. Conclusion • We have learned a lot about the BP Oil Spill and we hope you have, too! Bibliography • http://earthjustice.org/features/preventing-more-bp-type-oil- disasters?gclid=CPPbntfrmagCFQprKgodTG-LEA April 13,2011. • Oil, United States, Discovery Kids, 2010. • http://www.nola.com/news/gulf-oil- spill/index.ssf/2011/04/a_year_after_the_oil_spill_gul.html May 4, 2011. • http://www.education.noaa.gov/Ocean_and_Coasts/Oil_Spill.html May 4, 2011. • http://www.habitat.noaa.gov/hldeepwaterhorizon.html April 13, 2011. • http://www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa.gov/oil-spill/ May 4, 2011. • http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/magazine/coral_spills/welcome.html . • http://blogs.thatpetplace.com/thatfishblog/2010/06/16/animals-affected-by-the-oil- spill-its-more-than-turtles-seabirds-and-dolphins/ . April 13,2011. • http://www.earthjustice.org April 20,2011. • http://www.hortmag.com April 20,2011. • http://money.cnn.com/2010/06/08/smallbusiness/bp_hiring_unemployed/index.ht m April 13, 2011. • http://www.offshoreinjuries.com/breathing-problems-bp-toxic-oil-fumes.shtml May 4, 2011. THANK YOU!!!! • Hope you enjoyed our PowerPoint!!!
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