SWARNJAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOJANA SGSY

Document Sample
SWARNJAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOJANA SGSY Powered By Docstoc
					   Meeting for exploring
avenues of assistance from
       World Bank
         24.10.2008
        POVERTY ESTIMATES
    Planning Commission’s Estimates (2004)
•   Population below the poverty line (BPL) All-India 30.17
    crore (27.5 %)
•   Rural BPL Population 22.1 crore (28.3% of rural poor).

    World Bank Estimates
•   2003 :$ 1-a- day international standard - About 35.7
    crore (34.7 %), people living below the poverty line.
•   2005 :<$1.25 per day level - 45.6 crore people (42
    percent of total population).
•   2005: <$ 2 per day level -82.8 crore people (75.6
    percent population),
    ADB estimate
•   62.2 crore persons below poverty line at $1.35 a day.
Geographical Concentration of Rural Poor in Select
States (Source: Planning Commission. Figures in the parenthesis denote
               percentages of all-India rural poor. )

               Name of the State         1973-74        1983-84    1993-94     2004-05
                                         In lakhs       In lakhs   In lakhs    In lakhs

 1.   Uttar Pradesh & Uttarakhand        449.99         448.03        496.17   500.11
                                         (17.2)         (17.7)        (20.3)   (22.6)
 2.   Bihar & Jharkhand                  336.52         417.70        450.86   439.91
                                         (12.9)         (16.5)        (18.4)   (19.9)
 3.   Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh      231.21         215.48        216.19   247.25
                                          (8.8)          (8.6)         (8.8)   (11.2)
 4.   West Bengal                        257.96         268.60        209.90   173.22
                                          (9.9)         (10.6)         (8.6)    (7.8)
 5.   Maharashtra                        210.84         193.75        193.33   171.13
                                          (8.1)          (7.6)         (7.9)    (7.7)
 6.   Orissa                             142.24         164.65        140.90   151.75
                                          (5.4)          (6.5)         (5.7)    (6.7)
      Sub Total:                         1628.76        1708.21      1707.35   1683.27
                                          (62.3)         (67.7)       (69.9)   (76.19)
      Grand Total: All India             2612.90        2519.57      2440.31   2209.24
Geographical Concentration of Rural Poor in
Select States

• Rural poor in India are highly concentrated in some
  States i.e. Uttar Pradesh including Uttarakhand, Bihar
  including Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh including
  Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, and Orissa.
• The poor from these States together accounts for nearly
  77% of the total rural poor in 2004-05 compared to
  62.3% in 1973-74
• Percentage of rural poor in these States increased
  over the period
• Need to accord priority to these pockets under poverty
  alleviation programmes
Proposed Strategy of Ministry of RD for
Poverty Eradication
• Need for multidimensional comprehensive
    integrated approach.
•   Concerted efforts for productive & remunerative
    work.
•   Provision for Social & economic infrastructure
•   Social Security network to mitigate risk
•   Dedicated institutional network
•   Social Mobilization & participation
•   Availability of adequate funds
    Proposed Restructuring of SGSY

• Bottom Up approach through Social Mobilization &
    participation
•   Bring one member of each rural BPL household to
    SHG fold by forming additional 28 lakh SHGs ( 280
    lakh HH)
•   28 lakh SHGs to be taken up to micro-enterprise level
    through
     Credit linked training by RSETIs
     Federating the SHGs at various levels
     Strengthening of Marketing Infrastructure

• Dedicated implementation machinery
• Skill development and placement
       Financial Implication under Proposed Restructuring
       of SGSY
• Universalization of SHGs: More than 28 lakh additional SHGs to be formed
     - Est. investment - Rs. 12,500 cr. in 11th Plan
•   Capacity building & skill development – Rs 6000 cr. each in 11th & 12th
    Plans
•   Economic assistance for 28 lakh SHGs – Rs 15000 cr. each in 11th & 12th
    Plans.
•   Skill development with placement for 100 lakh rural BPL youth – est.
    investment – Rs 7500 Cr. each in 11th & 12th Plans.
•   Infrastructure development- Rs 7000 cr. in 11th Plan & Rs 4000 Cr. in 12th
    Plan.
•   Marketing activities- Rs 5000 cr. in 11th Plan & Rs. 3000 crore in 12th Plan
•   Setting up 500 RSETIs. Est. investment - Rs. 500 crore in 11th Plan
•   Total Fund requirement- Rs 100,000 crore ( Rs 60,000 crore in
    11th Plan & Rs 40,000 Crore in 12th Plan)
•   Funds available with the Ministry under SGSY for four years of 11th Plan
    Rs 16000 Cr.
•   Additional Funds required during 11th Plan Rs 44000 Cr.
•   Funds required for poverty concentration States during 11th Plan
    Rs. 33440 Cr.
      Rural Livelihood projects run by WB
• Andhra Pradesh Rural Poverty Reduction Project (276.09
    million US $)
•   Chattisgarh Rural Poverty Reduction Project (276.09
    million US $)
•   Tamilnadu Empowerment and Poverty Reduction Project
    (159 million US $)
•   Bihar Rural Livelihood Project (73 million US $)

Other programmes
• HP Mid Himalayan Watershed Development project(75
  million US $)
• Karnataka Watershed Development project(107.06
  million US $)
• Uttrakhand Decentralized Watershed Development
  project(89.35 million US $)
           Points for Discussion
• WB and States to share experiences and lessons
    learnt from earlier projects and assessment of
    future requirements
•   Under World bank India Country Strategy for
    2009-12, share of livelihood projects in total IDA
    loan of US $4.6 billion available for India
•   Mechanism of convergence among the
    programmes run by the World Bank Central
    Government, State Government & other agencies
    enabling optimum benefits
•   Up scaling of WB project in various States
•   Institutional arrangements after the completion
    of WB projects
Thank You
POVERTY ERADICATION IN INDIA BY
2015
• Keeping in view the magnitude of the poverty and efforts
    required to alleviate, Ministry prepared a Strategy paper entitled”
    POVERTY ERADICATION IN INDIA BY 2015” RURAL
    HOUSEHOLD CENTERED POVERTY REDUCTION” .
•   About 22 crore rural BPL (4.42 crore HH) population is below
    poverty line as per Planning Commission estimates.
•   Strategies for eradicating poverty by 2015 has been identified in the
    paper.
•   Mission Mode approach is required for some of the programmes
    (NREGA,SGSY,IGNOAPS) of the Ministry for poverty eradication
    by 2015.
•   Vision of MoRD and World Bank are apparently complementary
    for ensuring poverty alleviation.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:9/22/2011
language:English
pages:11