ASSIGNMENT NO# 1 SCOPE OF I.T. IN PAKISTAN PRESENTED TO: SIR SAMI PRESENTED BY: MUHAMMAD FARRUKH MUHAMMAD BASIT KHER MUHAMMAD In todays electronic age, the role of IT is becoming increasingly significant across all areas of our business. Quite simply we need the best systems, innovative technical solutions and people developing them to stay ahead. In today’s fast changing and uncertain business env- ironment, information has become a strategic resource, critical to integrate and optimize all other resources. It is a source / enabler for strategic advantage in some industries while it is a strategic business necessity in others. Increasingly, organizations, which lack capability to strategically utilize information, are risking their prosperity, growth and survival. Investments in information management are double edged. There are many failure stories resulting in disasters, while quite a few organizations have reaped enormous benefits and value creation from the same. Consequently, managing information is now more a business issue than technical. Business managers cannot delegate critical information management decisions to “techies”. Most of the strategic IT initiatives have more business content and less technical content. Further, IT outsourcing, Grid Computing, Web Services and information pervasiveness are also pointing towards increased responsibility of business managers towards information management. Managing information and associated resources is increasingly becoming an essential requirement for effective business managers, whether they like it or not. Pakistan is one of the few, fortunate countries in the world, rich in natural resources, with plenty of human talent and creativity complementing this wealth, waiting to be discovered. Once the available human potential is put into practice, the country will be well on its way to success and prosperity. The only and perhaps the toughest adversary blocking a bright future for the country, is the immensely low rate of literacy. Since the inception of Pakistan, education has always been given a backseat by successive governments. The present educational scenario in Pakistan is, however improving and not as disappointing as it is portrayed. The word IT is being used like a cure-all mantra, a charm, a symbol of worldly prowess, an indication that one has arrived, an emotional feel-good, an educational cutting- edge, and much more. It is surreptitiously sprinkled in talks to impress, win respect and an argument. Like all other countries, Pakistan has not remained immune to the ongoing IT revolution in the world. Ask any high school student in Pakistan that what his future plans are and the chances are that an overwhelming majority will say that it will go into IT, whatever that means. The trend, however, is an ample proof that IT is seen as the in thing without which the dreams of prosperity could no more come true, and for a genuine reason. IT has left no niche of human life untouched today be it industry, trade, publishing, accounting, graphics, advertisement, movie-making, or otherwise routine office work. The increasing demand for IT related exposure and experience for jobs of all descriptions as visible from the 'Help Wanted' advertisements in the national dailies have made even the least discerning job seekers to realize that upgrading their computer skills is a must to get even a half decent job. Not for nothing the word IT has become an unending refrain to ensure a job placement today, a situation which will become a must in the near future. This realization has resulted in the massive demand for the IT education in the country which is clear from the mushrooming of institutions in every nook and corner of the urban centers in Pakistan. These IT institutions offer an array of certificates, diplomas and degree courses. Basically the IT institutions in Pakistan can be divided into three primary classes — the government institutions, private institutions with foreign affiliations, and the totally locally owned and operated institutions. The IT phenomenon has taken Pakistan like a storm, which poses many questions about the quality of IT education, imparted by these institutions and its relevance to the local job market. The basic question is, are we producing enough IT professionals to meet the demand and secondly, and more importantly — what is the quality of work force that we are producing? Apart from all the above advocacies of IT education in Pakistan, it would not be wrong to say that the IT institu- tions of Pakistan have also created some confusion in the market. What is IT? Is it computers and computers only? No, indeed not. Rather it would be more correct to say that the word IT – Information Technology, has actually been transformed into IM – Information Management with the passage of time. The market as well as the IT institutions of Pakistan needs to realize that, either they are producing business managers or they are producing computer workers. Today’s dynamic era demands an amalgamation of both and that would not be a business manager or a computer professional but that would be an Information Manager. E-Database Technology :- E-Database Technology Web Services is a privately funded hosting company aiming to facilitate businessmen. It provides unmatched facilities, technical expertise, and customer support for business' mission-critical Web applications. Through the data center, any company can have immediate access to one of the most rigorously engineered IP networks in the world, coupled with the reliability, scalability, and security. E- Database Technology's Data Center allows its costumers to concentrate on the content and applications for your Web business - not on the details of managing data center facilities, network connectivity, and security. The state-of-the-art data centers give flexibility to customers to administer and access data, delivering the performance, security, and scalability that a serious Web business requires. National Engineering Services Pakistan (Pvt) Limited (NESPAK):- National Engineering Services Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited (NESPAK) is Pakistan’s premier consultancy organization. Its international stature is well established and it enjoys the reputation of being one of the top engineering consultancy organizations in Asia and Africa and is ranked amongst the world’s top 200 consulting firms. NESPAK was established in 1973 as a private limited company by the Government of Pakistan. The objective of its creation was to create a pool of talented engineers, attain self-reliance in engineering consul- tancy and replace foreign consultants. NESPAK is registered with a number of international funding agencies such as IBRD, ADB, IDB, etc. To date NESPAK has undertaken 2421 projects out of which 2102 are domestic and 319 are overseas projects. Information Technology Pakistan:- Information Technology Pakistan Network holds full capabil- ities to provide Internet and Intranet solutions for Enterprise Networking. They provide assistance for individual domains for corporate / individual Internet servers under Top-level Pakistan “PK” and with out “PK” Domains. They also provide facilities to host static and Database websites for customers who cannot afford a dedicated server. The mission of the I.T. Pakistan team is to ensure that our customers are successful in building, deploying, and migrating to Information Technology needs. ITP offers various IT related services like, web development, web hosting, etc. Its website provides many IT related links. It also strives to facilitate computer users with their hardware and software related problems. The Pakistan Meteorological Department :- The Pakistan Meteorological Department is both a scientific and a service department. It is responsible for providing meteorological service throughout Pakistan to wide variety of interest and for numerous public activities and projects which require weather information. Apart from meteorology, the department is also concerned with Agro-meteorology, Hydrology, Astronomy and Astrophysics Seismology, Geomagnetism, etc. The Pakistan Meteorological Department website not only provides weather updates, but also provides forecast for farmers, flight aviation, marine navigation, etc. The website features flood, drought and cyclone updates. It also includes satellite and radar images for latest weather conditions. The Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) :- The Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) has been established under the Ministry of Natural Resources. Nature has blessed Pakistan with adequate surface and groundwater resources. However, rapid population growth and urbanization have placed immense stress on water resources of the country. The main objective of PCRWR is to monitor the water quality and to establish a permanent water quality-monitoring network in the country. The website features, publications, annual research reports, etc. It also presents a whole list of the basic water quality standard as prescribed by WHO. The PCRWR also provides financial and technical support to universities and research institutes for collaborative research. Pakistan Software Export Board (PSEB) :- Pakistan Software Export Board (PSEB) was founded in 1995 by the Government of Pakistan to facilitate the development of the local IT industry by extending all possible help to prospective foreign/domestic investors and software companies operating in Pakistan. The PESB website provides assistance in finding the right company, there is a comprehensive listing of all member IT companies. Over 900 companies are presently registered with PSEB, offering services from data entry to developing highly integrated software solutions. This website gives complete information about the major projects taking place in nationally the field of IT. It also gives information about various Software Technology Parks (STPs) setup locally. There is a Resource Material Center for students of IT containing reports, studies and research carried out on various aspects of the IT industry are available. There is also a discussion forum for posting queries and suggestions. Pakistan Physical Society (PPS):- The Pakistan Physical Society (PPS), a body of professional physicists, was launched in 1989. Its aims and objectives include among others, promotion of physics education and research, popularization and creation of wider awareness of physics and its role in technology and industry. Its activities include organizing symposia, seminars, workshops and conferences in physics. This upcoming official website contains its newsletter, constitution and list of members, a calendar of events and related links. A members' registration form is available online, together with relevant contact information. Inter-Islamic Network on Space Science and Technology:- Functioning under the umbrella of the OIC (Organisation of Islamic Conference) since 1987, the Inter-Islamic Network on Space Science and Technology is an inter-state, non-political and non-profit making agency. As an independent self governing institution, ISNET seeks to facilitate exchange of information and maintains dialogue on the developments in Space Science and Technologies, initiates joint projects of Research and Development, as well as renders consultancy services. Presently the network has ten member states and the site gives technical and scientific information about each of them. Furthermore the details of members, statutes of ISNET and related news are also provided with on the website.