Comprehension Connections Bridges to Strategic Reading

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					Comprehension Connections:
Bridges to Strategic Reading




     Presentation By: Christa Danner
       Professional Study Plan 2009
       STRATEGIES
•Metacognition
•Using Schema
•Inferring
•Questioning
•Determining Importance
•Visualizing
•Synthesizing
     Metacognition

Reading
   is
Thinking
  Good readers read and think
       at the same time.
Metacognition

  I think I can
   think about
    thinking!
      Do you
understand what
      I said?
  It’s all about
metacognition –
 what’s going on           Lyrics from
   in my head      “Reading Strategy Songs”
                   Miles and Tanny McGregor
       Metacognition p. 11 - 27
                                    Wordless Books:
 Concrete Experience:
                                    The Red Book by Barbara
  The Reading Salad                   Lehman




When Books and Brains Collide
                             Thinking   The Thought Bubble
                             about my   (aka How to Get
                             thinking     Inside Your
                                        Teacher’s Head)



                                        Color Cards (level of understanding)


   Text + Thinking = Real Reading
Thinking
             Metacognitio
about our
thinking          n
               THINKING
                   STEMS
            •I’m thinking…
            •I’m noticing…
            •I’m wondering…
            •I’m seeing…
            •I’m feeling…
            Using Schema
Good readers use what they
already know to better
understand and enjoy the story.
Good readers preview a text and think about
what they know about a topic before reading.
Good readers activate, build and revise their
schema while reading.
Good readers make connections (text-to-self,
text-to-text, and text-to-world) while reading.
  Schema

Schema, schema
Schema, schema
 What I know
 Watch it grow
  I can make
  Connections
  Meaningful
  connections
  Text to self
                       Lyrics from
  Text to text   “Reading Strategy Songs”
 Text to world   Miles and Tanny McGregor
                        Schema p. 28 - 45
  Concrete Experience:                       Wordless Books
                                                by Mercer Mayer
    The Schema Roller




Artist:
Norman Rockwell: Enduring                          Circles of Connections
Connections                                         •“Rachel Delevoryas,”
                                                       Randy Stonehill
                                                   •“You’ve Got a Friend,”
                                                      Randy Newman
                                                        •“Popular,”
    A Day in the
Life of a Girl (1952)              A Day in the      Kristin Chenoweth
                        Surprise
                                   Life of a Boy
                         (1956)
                                      (1951)
   Making
 connections
using our prior
                  Schema
  knowledge

               THINKING STEMS
              •That reminds me of…
              •I’m remembering…
              •I have a connection
               to…
              •I have schema for…
              •I can relate to…
                Inferring
Good readers use their schema and the
clues in the book to draw conclusions
and make their own interpretations.
Good readers make predictions about text and
confirm or reject them as they read on.
Good readers determine meanings of unknown
words by using their schema, paying attention to
the picture clues, re-reading and talking to
others.
     Inferring
     Do I infer?
The answer’s “yes”
    I infer when
     I read text
   When I infer,
it’s a smart guess
   When I infer,
my thinking is best
    I infer what
   happens next
    I infer when              Lyrics from
                      “Reading Strategy Songs”
     I read text      Miles and Tanny McGregor
                     Inferring p. 46 - 59
  Concrete Experience:                    Wordless Books by Istvan
                                           Banyai
    Shoe/Garbage




Artist:
Horace Pippin: Inferring from                  Listen Between the Lines
the Heart                                        •“Cat’s in the Cradle,”
                                                    Harry Chapin
                                                     •“Day Is Gone,”
                     Domino                       Peter, Paul, and Mary
                     Players
   Christmas         (1943)                         •“The Best Gift,”
Morning, Breakfast
                               The Wash             Barbra Streisand
     (1945)
                                (1942)
 schema +
                Inferring
evidence =
 inference        THINKING
                    STEMS
             •My guess is…
             •Maybe…
             •Perhaps…
             •It could be that…
             •This could mean…
             •I predict…
             Questioning
 Good readers ask questions before,
 during and after reading.
Good readers ask questions to clarify
meaning, wonder about text yet to
be read, focus their attention, and
locate specific answers.
Good readers understand that many
interesting questions may not be
answered directly in the text.
Good readers understand that asking questions
helps deepen understanding.
 Questioning
Asking questions
  when I read
  when I read
  when I read
Asking questions
  when I read
     before,
    during,
   and after.

                           Lyrics from
                   “Reading Strategy Songs”
                   Miles and Tanny McGregor
                Questioning p. 60 - 73
  Concrete Experience:                      Wordless Books:
   Questioning Rocks                        By David Wiesner
                           Who?   Why?
                                                         Sector 7
                     What?    ??     How?
                              ??
                          When? Where?
                               Do?          Tuesday                  Free Fall
                 Q=24-7
Artist:
                                                       Wonder-full Songs
Jan Vermeer: Questions Beneath
the Surface                                       •“Whose Garden Was This,”
                                                        Tom Paxton
                Chasing
                Vermeer                               •“Blowin’ in the Wind,”
                 (2005)                                     Bob Dylan
                                                      •“Y,” by Mark McGuinn
                                  A Girl
 Girl with a                      Asleep               •“The Living Years,”
Pearl Earring                     (1657)              Mike and the Mechanics
   (2001)
   Generate
  Questions
                     Questioning
Before, During,
  and After
 Reading 24/7!
                    THINKING STEMS
                  •I wonder…
                  •What if…
                  •Why…
                  •I don’t understand…
                  •It confuses me…
                  •How could…
 Determining Importance
Good readers think about what
information is important to remember.
They skim and scan books prior to reading and think about
what they know about a topic and what they might learn.
They use clues the author gives them like headings, bold
words, and captions to find important information.
They notice when their inner voice says, “WOW” or “Look
at this”, because it usually means they have learned
something new.
They look for signal words the author uses before
important information like “most important” or “in
conclusion”.
 Determining
 Importance

 I can read it all
    But I can’t
 remember it all
     I choose
what’s important
and single it out
    Determine
   Importance
   That’s what               Lyrics from
                     “Reading Strategy Songs”
    it’s about!      Miles and Tanny McGregor
Determining Importance p. 74 - 87
                        Wordless Book:
 Concrete Experience:
                        A Circle of Friends
   Purse/Just Add Water   by Giora Carmi


                                                     “Coat of Many
                                                     Colors” by Dolly
Artist:                                              Parton
Mary Cassatt: Make an Impression                    Listening for Importance
with Determining Importance                        •“Seasons of Love,” from Rent
              Breakfast in                         •“Takes a Little Time,” Amy
               Bed (1897)
                                                             Grant
                                                   •“Secret o’Life,” James Taylor
                                                     •“Ebony and Ivory,” Paul
The Child’s                  At the Opera (1877)   McCartney and Stevie Wonder
Bath (1893)
What matters
   most?       Determining
               Importance
        THINKING STEMS
   •What’s important here…
   •What matters to me…
   •One thing that we should
    notice…
   •I want to remember…
         Visualizing
Good readers use what they
already have stored in their
memories to visualize a story.
Images come from emotions and all five senses.
Creating images makes the text come alive,
makes the text personal or memorable to the
reader.
Helps a reader to better understand the text.
Visualizing
Make a picture
  in your head
  in your head
  in your head
Make a picture
  in your head
Use your senses.
  Like a movie
 when you read
 when you read
 when you read
  Like a movie
                           Lyrics from
 when you read     “Reading Strategy Songs”
A mental image.    Miles and Tanny McGregor
            Visualizing p. 88 - 101
                                    Wordless Books:
 Concrete Experience:
                                    Sidewalk Circus by Paul
  Visualizing Tubes                   Fleischman and Kevin
                                      Hawkes Carl the Dog
                                                  series by
                                                  Alexandra
                                                  Day
Artist:
                                                Mental Images Through
Dorothea Lange: True Vision                             Music

          “Alabama                              •“Old Friends/Bookends,”
                                    “New York
            Farm”                      City”    by Simon and Garfunkel
            (1938)                    (1952)      •Fantasia soundtrack

“Migran                                           •Peter and the Wolf,
                     “Riverbank
    t                                              Sergei Prokofiev
                     Gas Station”
Mother”                (1940)                   •“Grandma’s Featherbed,”
 (1936)
                                                     by John Denver
Create mental
   images       Visualizing
 USE YOUR
  SENSES
            THINKING STEMS
         •I’m picturing…
         •I can imagine…
         •I can feel…see…smell…
          taste…touch…hear
         •My mental images
          include…
       Synthesizing
Good readers monitor the meaning
and themes of a story, understanding
that their thinking changes as the
story unfolds.
Good readers retell what they have read as one
way to synthesize.
Good readers recommend and criticize books
they have read.
Good readers synthesize to create their own
interpretation.
   Synthesizing
     Synthesize
     Synthesize
     Take what
     You know
   And see it grow
  You put all your
 Thinking together,
       you see
  Your thinking is
      changing
 And that’s the key
   And this is the
queen of all strategies           Lyrics from
                          “Reading Strategy Songs”
  Just synthesize!        Miles and Tanny McGregor
           Synthesizing p. 103 - 112
  Concrete Experience:            Wordless Books:
   Nesting Dolls                  Owly series by Andy Runton




Artist:
I.M. Pei: Structures of Synthesis       Sing a Song of Synthesis
                                        •“There Was an Old Lady
                                          Who Swallowed a Fly”
                                       •“The Green Grass Grows All
                                                Around”
Rock and                 Louvre
                                       •“The House That Jack Built”
Roll Hall of
Fame                                    •“Windmills of Your Mind”
changing your
   thinking
                Synthesizing
along the way
              THINKING STEMS
           •Now I understand why…
           •I’m changing my mind
            about…
           •I used to think _____ but
            now I think…
           •My new thinking is…
           •I’m beginning to think…
                                  Schema
        Determining
        Importance


                      Synthesis
Questioning

              Inferring

      Visualizing

				
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posted:9/22/2011
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