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					Student number- 11468958


                   Lauren Thornton’s Bush Intermediate Assessment




Introduction
The first year Outdoor Recreation class was taken for their intermediate 5 day hike through
the Mt Lawson National park. This report will cover all the skills the students need to learn
to safely hike from one end of the park to another. Mt Lawson National park “was declared
in 1987 to provide opportunities for recreation and education in a natural environment
preserve natural ecosystems and protect sites of geological and historical importance.
Located in the north-eastern part of the state, approximately 65 kilometres north-east from
Wodonga, the park encompasses an area of 1,3150 hectare, and includes the Bungil
Reference area”.




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        Student number- 11468958


        Risk Analysis form
Risk Analysis
 Prob          Incident Preventio                    Severity                      Treatment                        Risk Level
                             n
  80%     Falling over   Taking it                      1              Apply first aid to any wounds.                   6
                       slowly and                                              Check for pain.
                        carefully.
  75%      Scratches       Cover                        1              Apply first aid to any wounds.                   5
                         exposed                                     Judge the severity of the scratch, if
                        skin with                                        stitches needed evacuate.
                       appropriat
                       e clothing.
   5%    Dehydration Always be                          2             Sit down and rest. Sipping small                  4
                         drinking                                     mouthfuls of water. Monitor. If
                       water and                                          severe enough evacuate.
                          have it
                        available.
   3%        Allergic     Have a                        2             Get them evacuated as soon as                     2
            Reaction    medicatio                                               possible.
                          n form
                       completed
                          before
                       leaving for
                        the hike.
                           Check
                         student
                            has
                        medicatio
                         n before
                         leaving.
  10%       Sunburn     Carry and                       1                  Monitor. Apply First Aid.                    4
             blisters   regularly
                        apply sun
                          cream.
   2%      Snake bite      Wear                         3               Bandage, splint, immobilize.                    2
                          proper                                            Monitor. Evacuate.
                          shoes,
                          gaiters,
                          and be
                          careful
                       where you
                            are
                         walking.
    Probability         Severity                                                            Risk Level (Prob+Sev)
1. Very Unlikely (<1%)   1. Treated on Site (First     VL (Very Low) = 2     H (High) = 5
                         Aid Kit)
2. Unlikely (1-10%)      2. Evacuated (Hospital,       L (Low) = 3           VH (Very High) = 6

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                        Home)
3. Maybe (10-50%)       3. Life Threatening   M (Med) = 4
                        (Death)




       Emergency Contacts



  Instructor/ Guide                                         UFC Channel 12
  On-call person                                            Steve Arrows ( TAFE)
  Participant details                                       Next of Kin/ Medical forms/ Contact numbers
  Closest Emergency Numbers                                 Tallangatta Hospital- 6640 3546 Police- 6754
                                                            6090 Ranger-6009 4647
  General Emergency Services                                Fire/ ambulance/ police- 112




       Evacuation or Early Points!

       Day 1- Firebrace Track
       Day 2- Koetong Creek Track/ Mt Lawson Track
       Day 3/ 4- Thologolong Track
       Day 4- Flaggy Creek Track/ Murray valley Highway




       Water Collection Points!

       Day 1- Koetong Creek
       Day 2- Koetong Creek/ Mt Lawson
       Day 3/4- Flaggy Creek
       Day 5- Flaggy Creek




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The Load

Gear                  Toiletries

Sleeping bag          Sun cream
Mat                   Tooth paste
Pack                  Wipes
Head torch            Contacts
Poo pack              Toothbrush
First Aid kit         Deodorant
Compass               Lip balm
Map
Gas
Trangia
Tent
Dry Bag

Food            Snacks             Breakfast          Lunch           Dinner
Day 1           4 pieces of        N/A                Wraps,          Stir fry packet
                fruit,                                Alphalpha,      vegetable,
                5 muesli bars,                        Tuna,           Stir fry meat,
                5 chocolates                          Salami,         Stir fry sauce
                3 desert                              Capsicum,
                puddings.                             Cucumber,
                                                      Cheese,
                                                      Mayonnaise
Day 2                              Powdered milk,     As above        Kidney bean mix,
                                   Nutri-grain,                       Salami,
                                   Coffee satchel                     Rice,
                                                                      Broccoli
Day 3                              As above           As above        Sunrise curry pack

Day 4                              As above           As above        Cous cous,
                                                                      Nuts and sultanas,
                                                                      Salmon,
                                                                      Peas

Day 5                              As above           As above        N/A



Clothes              Core                      Mid                 Outer

                     1 thermal top             2 shirts            Waterproof jacket
Top                                            Jumper



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                         5 undies                 2 pants                   Waterproof pants
Bottom                   1 thermal pants
Feet                     5 pairs of socks                                   Boots



Reflection on items I packed
I needed to borrow a silk sleeping bag liner off a friend as I feel the cold easily. For the next
hike a will buy one. I brought a good amount of food for the trip. All of it was eaten by the
last day. All the items in my pack were necessary.




Leave No Trace

Rubbish- Our rubbish was carried with us in a rubbish bag in our packs. We scanned any area
that we stopped to eat at for any rubbish we may have dropped.

Campsite- When leaving our campsite the group thoroughly checked over where we had
camped and made sure we did not leave anything behind. Each time we asked ourselves “if
someone came here next week would they know we stayed here?” The answer was always
probably not.
The signs that we left were some ferns and grass that were squashed, we assumed they
would recuperate. The placement of some logs to sit on may have been a sign we were there
as well. The fire scar may still be obvious at that stage as well as the dirt and grass that we
covered it up with may not yet have recuperated.

Fireplace- We had a fire every night as the weather was cold enough to need one for
warmth. The fire was built in a small pit we dug in the ground. Every time we left the
campsite we covered the fire scar up with soil and the grass we dug up we then placed back
on top of the soil. This is done in order so we won’t leave any fire scar as the grass will have
opportunity to recuperate.

Poos and wees- When going to the toilet we stayed 50 metres away from water ways so as
not to pollute the water. A pit was dug in the ground and it was buried underground.

Bush bashing- During the hike we walked through wilderness areas off track. Many flora and
fauna were squashed in the process. This was taken into account and we discussed the
consequences of this as a group. We decided that the bush was so isolated that we were
walking through that it was unlikely to leave any permanent damage. No humans would use
our tracks but they might benefit local wildlife.




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Interpreting Weather

                          Temp./Cloud Cover                     Wind                        Forecast
Day 1                           15˚/Clear                     Slight NE                  Fine / Sunny
Day 2                           14˚/Clear                     Slight NE                  Fine / Sunny
Day 3                           15˚/Clear                      Slight N                  Fine / Sunny
Day 4                       13˚/Cirrus Cloud                  Med. NW                    Partly Cloudy
Day 5                      13˚/Nimbostratus                   Med. NW                     Showers and
                            causing showers                                              thunderstorm




Navigation techniques
Attack points   These are points that are on the way to where you’re going that use can use to get to first
                so you know you’re on the right way. I used this in my solo when I had to get to a certain
                point but I used river crossings as my attack points
Collecting      An example of a collecting feature that was used was the road that circled all the way
features        around the area I was doing my solo in. I knew if I saw the road I should stay on the inside
                of it.


Handrails       During the hike I handrailed a creek. I did this because I knew I was supposed to be
                following the creek but walking down close to the creek was too hard through all the
                thicker scrub.


Aiming-off      Gone are the days of carefully logging your position and course across a featureless
                landscape in order to arrive exactly at your destination. Instead, your walk can be made in
                much quicker time and with greater ease from the very outset by deliberately choosing the
                wrong bearing! Aiming-off involves studying the map in the vicinity of your destination and
                checking for handrails which, if followed, would lead close to your destination.


Pacing          This technique was used in my solo when I walked too far and hit the road. This happened


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Student number- 11468958

                  because my attack points were 2 creek crossings and I had crossed 6 creeks, this confused
                  me to where I was on the map and resulted in me walking too far. When i studied the map i
                  realised the creek I was mean to be at was 200meters from the road. I paced 200meters
                  and found the correct creek.


Contained area    During our solo hikes the area we were walking in was a contained area as it had a
                  road all the way around it.


Contouring        During our first solo my partner and I discussed wether we should follow a bearing or
                  contour along the side of the mountain to our attack point. We decided to follow a bearing
                  and ended up walking down very far and up very far along a difficult track. In retrospect we
                  should have walked on the easier track and contoured the side of the hill.
Rough             When reaching the road that led up to Mt Lawson we used rough navigation as we just
Navigation        followed the road to camp.



Walking on        I personally did this most of the time as it made me feel more secure as to the fact that I
bearing           am walking in the exact direction.
landmark

Following a       On my solo I followed a creek (linear feature ) from one attack point to the next.
linear feature
Landmarks

Backbearing       I used a back bearing when I walked past an earlier bearing and felt disorientated. I took a
                  bearing back to the last point I remembered and orientated myself again.
Orientating the   Whenever I looked at my map I orientated it with the direction of the land so to be able to
map               see where I am more effectively and efficiently.

Thumbing the      Holding the map with your thumb sitting on the location your at helps me when I want to
map               quickly glance where I am. Instead of trying to find yourself on the map again.

Detour an         Occasionally when walking I would come across a large fallen tree, rocks, or a pit in the
obstacle          ground. When doing this I counted my steps it took walking to the side around it and when
                  past I recounted those steps in reverse to take me back to the correct bearing.
Naismith's        I used Naismith's every time I set out to walk from one point to the next. It was used to
Rule              calculate the distance I had to walk, how far up and down and how long it would take.

Resection         I did a resection on the second day from two knolls to check that I was at 2.3.




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                                     Hiking Route Plan Card
Group Leader: Rooey Davis     Number in Party: 17                    Date: 31/8 – 4/9
             Student number- 11468958
    Title of Hike: Bush         Map Used and Scale: Lawson             Magnetic Declination: 12˚
       Intermediate             8325-1-1 Homeflat 8326-1-1
                                     Route Plan Card
  Stage     Grid  Compass Stage Altitude            Surface   Stage ETA                 Notes
 Leaving    Ref   Bearing Dist. Gain/Loss                     Time 24HR
  From                     km                                  Hrs
Corryong   363075   257    3.4 240 35               Thick      5.5  1630
Highway                                             scrub
Koetong    386959     38       5.2    360   47      Thick     8.4    1830
  Creek                                             scrub
  Camp                                              /road
    Mt     375859     17       4.5    150 450       Thick     5.2    1630
 Lawson                                             scrub
 Carpark
   Tine    439586     386      6.4    660 354 Road/trail      5.8    1515
  Mine
 Murray    383846
  Valley
   Hwy
 Overall                       24                             32.4
  Total




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Route Card
(5 days, water sources – refill, camp sites, check points)




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Risk anaysis
about 12 hazards, probability 1-3, seriousness 1-3, how to prevent, how to treat.
(specific to mt Lawson hike, not general knowledge eg. Wear sunscreen, aerogaurd, dehydrate)
    - Talk about off track bush walking!!
Human
    - Inadequate amount of food
    - Low fitness
    - Low skills
    - Poor preparation, eg, pack too heavy
    - Not stretching, wearing sunscreen, appropriate clothes
    - Medical issues, eg. Asthma

Environmental
   - Weather
   - Holes
   - Cliffs
   - Waterways
   - Think scrub
   - Fire
   - Snakes and other animals
   - Falling limbs

Equipment
   - Poor footwear
   - No wet weather gear or warm clothing
   - Poor quality tent, sleeping bag, backpack
   - Inadequate clothing – no pants, gators for scrub.




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)




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posted:9/22/2011
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