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Draft East Sussex Youth Crime Prevention Strategy

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					 East Sussex Youth
 Crime Prevention
Strategy 2009-2012


   Background
    Document
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



Contents
The need for a Youth Crime Prevention Strategy     Page 3

Local Profile                                      Page 6

Consultation on the Strategy                       Page 9

Key Aims, Objectives and Priorities                Page 16

Enforcement and Punishment                         Page 20

Non-negotiable Support and Challenge               Page 26

Better and Earlier Prevention                      Page 31

Links to other Plans and Strategies                Page 44

Monitoring and Review of the Strategy              Page 46

Acknowledgements                                   Page 47



Appendices
A. Data collected to inform the Youth Crime Prevention
   Strategy

B. Initial mapping of what we are currently doing to
   prevent youth crime and anti- social behaviour in East
   Sussex




                                                            2
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



Why do we need a Youth
Crime Prevention Strategy
in East Sussex?
The East Sussex Youth Crime Prevention Strategy has been
developed on a multi-agency basis with the following aims:

       To prevent children and young people from becoming involved
        in crime and anti-social behaviour
       To help change the behaviour of those young people who
        have offended
       To prevent young people from being victims of crime and
       To improve perceptions of anti-social behaviour and reassure
        the public

The strategy looks at children and young people between the ages
of 0-17 years old. In East Sussex children and young people in this
age group make up 20.5% of the population1.

Reducing the numbers of young people involved in crime is a key
priority locally; it has been identified as a target in the East Sussex
Local Area Agreement2 and the East Sussex Community Safety
Agreement3.

The multi-agency Children and Young People’s Trust is a partnership
that brings together those organisations working to improve the
support available to children and young people and their families in
East Sussex. The Children and Young People’s Plan (CYPP) sets out
shared objectives for improving outcomes for children and young
people in East Sussex.

Under the Every Child Matters outcome „Making a positive
contribution‟ one of the aims is to see „a reduction in the perception
of anti-social behaviour and reduced numbers of young people
receiving final warnings, reprimands or convictions‟.

The CYPP also outlines the importance of developing a holistic,
integrated approach to support for all children and young people,
including effective prevention and early intervention and the need to

1
  Source: Population Estimates Unit, Office for National Statistics; Crown Copyright.
2
  The East Sussex Local Area Agreement 2008-2011 include National Indicator 19, which refers to the
rate of proven re-offending by young offenders.
3
  The East Sussex Community Safety Agreement (April 2009- March 2010) includes the priorities: to
reduce anti-social behaviour and improve perceptions; and prevent youth crime.



                                                                                                  3
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


see „an interconnected system of services and support, focused on
prevention‟.

This Youth Crime Prevention Strategy supports a number of shared
objectives of the CYPP and will further develop our work to prevent
young people from being affected by crime and anti-social
behaviour.

A key driver in the way partners deliver this Youth Crime Prevention
Strategy is the concept of Think Family. The Government‟s Youth
Crime Action Plan acknowledges that a small number of families are
responsible for a disproportionate amount of the workload of many
different agencies. These families experience multiple problems and
need significant amounts of support.

The Think family concept highlights that by identifying the broader
needs of all family members, adults and children, adult services can
help ensure that children in the family are appropriately supported
and protected from falling into difficulty, sustaining the family unit
as a whole. This strategy identifies our current work and actions we
plan to take in the future around the Think Family agenda in order
to prevent young people from being affected by crime.


Prevention
One of the best and most cost-effective ways to reduce youth crime
is to prevent young people from getting into trouble in the first
place.

The Home Office estimated the cost of crime against individuals and
households at around £36bn in 2003/04 (Dubourg et al 2005).
Young people aged 10-16 years are thought to be responsible for a
total cost in the region of £6bn per year (including crime against
business and the public sector)4.

In 1996 the National Audit Office (National Audit Office, 1996,
Misspent Youth) estimated that the annual funding of services
directly involved with young offenders was around £1 billion. There
are also high long-term costs to young people committing crime
because we know that crime is associated with a range of poor
economic and social outcomes5.

Preventing youth crime can therefore reduce these economic and
social costs. We can achieve this by dealing with those problems

4
    The Government‟s Impact Assessment of the Youth Crime Action Plan, July 2008
5
    The Government‟s Impact Assessment of the Youth Crime Action Plan, July 2008].




                                                                                     4
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


that make it more likely young people will commit crime or anti-
social behaviour6.

Early Intervention
Where we are unsuccessful in preventing young people becoming
involved in crime there is local evidence which suggests that re-
offending rates are much lower for young people who are involved
in the early stages of the youth justice system (receiving a
reprimand, final warning or anti-social behaviour measures). This
adds further weight to the importance of early intervention work.


                                        Numbers in Cohort against % reoffending

                          350                                              100
                                                                           90
                          300
                                                                           80
      Numbers in cohort




                          250




                                                                                 % Reoffending
                                                                           70
                          200                                              60
                                                                           50
                          150                                              40
                          100                                              30
                                                                           20
                          50
                                                                           10
                           0                                               0
                                Pre-Court   First Tier Community Custody                         Numbers in cohort
                                                        Penalties
                                                                                                 % Reoffending


It is against this backdrop that partners have put together this
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy, which will contribute to
preventing children and young people in East Sussex from becoming
involved in criminal and anti-social behaviour.

There have been a number of significant reviews of service
provision taking place as this strategy has been developed,
including a strategic review of Youth Development Service work in
East Sussex and a new Youth Homelessness Strategy. Where
possible these have been appropriately referred to within the action
plan.

In developing the strategy, a scoping consultation and initial
mapping exercise were undertaken. This highlighted the valuable
contributions made by a range of partners and agencies in East
Sussex to the prevention of youth crime and anti-social behaviour
(see Appendix B). This strategy outlines our priorities for the

6
    Youth Justice Board http://www.yjb.gov.uk/en-gb/yjs/Prevention/



                                                                                                                     5
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


coming years, in order to further our work in a more co-ordinated
and consistent way.


Local Profile
The majority of young people do not engage in crime or anti-social
behaviour. In fact, the Government estimates that just 5% of young
people are responsible for over half of youth crime7. The great
majority of young people make a positive contribution to society.

Aiming High for Young People8 highlights that young people today
are faced with the challenge of growing up in a culture that has
widespread negative perceptions of youth.

Barnardo‟s, the national children‟s charity, highlights the fact that
most children are not troublesome. They attend school, take part in
activities and many volunteer in their communities. Despite this,
society has the perception that children are responsible for a
significant amount of anti-social behaviour and crime, and is
becoming increasingly intolerant9. Comparisons of the Local
Government User Satisfaction Survey results (Best Value
Performance Indicator Survey) between 2003/04 and 2006/07
shows perceptions of crime improving significantly except for
„teenagers hanging around on the street‟10.

This strategy acknowledges that only a small minority of young
people are involved in crime, but that it is important to help prevent
young people who are at risk of being involved. This is because of
the impact and damage crime and anti-social behaviour can have on
their lives (as we know crime is associated with a range of poor
economic and social outcomes) and on communities, because of the
consequences of crime11.

In East Sussex there was a reduction of over 6% in the number of
first-time entrants to the Youth Justice System between 2005/06
and 2007/08, which was in line with national trends (see table 1).
Provisional data for 2008/09 indicate that there has been a further
significant reduction in first-time entrants in East Sussex.




7
  Government Youth Crime Action Plan pg 4
8
  Department for Children Schools and Families: Aiming High for Young People: A Ten Year Strategy
for Positive Activities Implementation Plan (March 2008)
9
  www.barnardos.org.uk
10
   BVPI General Survey 2003-2004 / 2006-2007
11
   Government‟s Impact Assessment of the Youth Crime Action Plan pg 3



                                                                                                    6
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy




Table 1: Number of First Time Entrants                              to the Youth Justice
System
Year                Youth       Offending                            Youth Justice Board
                    Team data for East                               National Data
                    Sussex
2005/06   (Baseline 989                                              88579
Year)
2006/07             842                                              88873
2007/08             928                                              82674
2008/09             719(provisional data)                            Not yet available

In the 12 month period from September 2007 to August 200812;
40% of incidents of anti-social behaviour contained some reference
to young people. Youth related complaints were the largest
problem, though the data generally contains no specific information
on ages, so the term „youth‟ needs to be interpreted with care. It is
also important to note that the reasons for anti-social behaviour or
signal incidents13 being reported can vary, and anti-social behaviour
encompasses a wide variety of behaviour and can also be
dependant on people‟s perception of what is anti-social. More
information on anti-social behaviour in East Sussex can be found in
Appendix A- Section 3.

We have looked at the profile of all offences resulting in a
substantive outcome committed by young people in East Sussex by
District and Borough area (from Youth Offending Team data). This
highlighted that the peak age for offending in East Sussex is aged
15 (Appendix A- Section 1.2). The largest age group for first time
entrants to the criminal justice system was 15 years old in 05/06,
06/07 and 07/08, compared to 14 year olds in 04/05. The year

12
  Anti Social Behaviour (ASB) Incidents have been analysed over the last 24 months, comparing the
12 month period of September 2007 to August 2008 with the same 12 moths the previous year. The
analysis is based on two years of Sussex Police Incident data using NSIR (National Standard of
Incident Recording) codes. The data has been broken down into two 12 month periods: “Current 12
months” (September 2007 to August 2008) and “Previous 12 months” (September 2006 to August
2007).
13
   ASB incidents have been extracted based on Police definitions (Signal Incidents) and include the
following :
    Noise nuisance : including noise from Business/ Industry, Alarms, Pubs/Clubs and vehicles
    Physical disorder: Abandoned vehicles (not stolen not obstruction)
    Significant events: made up of non crime hate (Race, Religion, Sexual Orientation, Disability or
     Age Related.
    Street nuisance, made up of street drinking, substance misuse, begging, prostitution related
     activity and vehicle related nuisance / inappropriate use
    Social disorder which is made up of rowdy and/or nuisance behaviour such as general drunken
     behaviour, gatherings in public places, shouting and swearing, rowdy and noisy behaviour, litter,
     fly tipping, inappropriate use of fireworks and nuisance neighbours .



                                                                                                    7
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


2007/08 has seen 15 year olds enter the Youth Justice System in
greater numbers than in any previous year. A breakdown of first
time entrants by age and ward can be found in Appendix A, Section
2.2.

Data also shows young males commit a higher number of all the
total offences resulting in a substantive outcome compared to
young females in each district area in East Sussex (Appendix A-
Section 1.3). However 2007/08 saw the closest ratio of females to
males first time entrants over the past 4 years. The chart in
Appendix A, Section 2.3 shows how the increase in overall first time
entrants is related to the increase in female first time entrants. A
breakdown of data on the gender of first time entrants by ward
(2004-2008) can be found in Appendix A, Section 2.3.

The majority of the first time entrants to the youth justice system
are of white ethnicity, which would be expected given only 4.2% of
young people aged 10-17 years identified as Black and Minority
Ethnic in East Sussex in 200114 (Appendix A- Section 2.4).

We have looked at data on first time entrants to the criminal justice
system by ward level. Appendix A Section 2.1 shows Hollington and
Langney wards had the joint highest numbers of first time entrants
totalled over 4 years (1st April 2004 to 31st March 2008), followed
by Hampden Park and Devonshire. Hampden Park shows the
highest number of first time entrants for 2007/08. Eastbourne
wards form half of the top 10 wards.

Importantly, the data also shows that young people are at a higher
risk of being victimised for a number of types of crime compared to
the average population15. This finding is explored in more detail
under „non-negotiable support and challenge‟ within this strategy.

The recent East Sussex Strategic Assessment (November 2008)
looked at the potential impact of the economic downturn on crime
and disorder in East Sussex. It highlighted the potential impact the
recession may have on young people in terms of a possible increase
in the relative cost of entertainment. It also highlighted the
potential impact of any significant worsening of the economic
climate which could put charities at risk, including those reaching
out to young people. Both of these could lead to an increase in anti-
social behaviour or perceived anti-social behaviour. The impact of
the economic downturn on youth offending and anti-social
behaviour will continue to be an important area to monitor, and we


14
     Census 2001
15
     East Sussex Strategic Assessment November 2008



                                                                      8
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


will work pro-actively to prevent any increases in youth crime as a
result of any changing economic circumstances.




How have we consulted?
An important part of developing this strategy has been to ensure
that a wide range of partners and stakeholders were given the
opportunity to comment and express their views.

The Youth Crime Prevention Strategy has been produced as a result
of listening to both the views of young people, and the
organisations that work with them. A draft of the strategy was
produced and consulted on between January and March 2009 with
an extensive range of partner agencies and partnerships.

A total of nine focus groups were held with young people across
East Sussex in order to ask them why they think some young
people get involved in crime and anti-social behaviour, and what
they think we should do to try and prevent children and young
people from becoming involved in crime and anti-social behaviour.

The feedback from our consultation has been used to ensure that
the strategy reflects the views of a range of partners and young
people from across East Sussex.



What did young people
think?
The views of young people were sought in each district and borough
area to ensure the issues distinct to certain areas were offered the
opportunity to be highlighted. In total, we spoke to 52 young people
across the county.

The focus groups with young people have been extremely valuable
in developing the final strategy.

Whilst our findings cannot be generalised to include all young
people in the county these our some of the key themes identified in
this piece of work.




                                                                    9
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


How safe the young people felt - particularly in the
area the young people lived

There was a difference in whether young people felt safe dependant
upon where they lived.

Although the majority of young people felt safe where they lived
and for those who felt less safe, in many cases, they knew either
who to avoid or where not to go. Fewer young people in Eastbourne
said that they felt safe during the daytime and fewer in Hastings
during the daytime and evening.

One group said that seeing police cars around made them feel
nervous, that something must be happening for the police to be
there. Another group said they felt safer when there are more police
on the street. Another group said that sometimes when they played
„manhunt‟ they run away from the police. When we asked why they
said it was because of the possibility of getting into trouble, even
though they had not done anything wrong.


What other research has shown
Part of the Children and Young People‟s Plan (CYPP) 2008-2011
involved consultation with children and young people. The CYPP
consultation found that young people do feel relatively safe in East
Sussex if they are with their friends. Most of the reference to
personal safety related to how young people are viewed by the
wider community and how this can result in them feeling unsafe.

The Tellus3 Survey16 carried out in 2008, asked how safe they felt
from being hurt by other people.
The percentage who felt very or quiet safe was:
77% Around the local area
70% On public transport
91% Going to and from school
86% In school

The percentage who felt a bit or very unsafe was:

        22% Around the local area
        27% On public transport
        8% Going to and from school
        13% In school
16
  Ofsted, TellUs3 (2008) available at http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/Ofsted-home/Publications-and-
research/Browse-all-by/Documents-by-type/Equality-Impact-Assessments/Learning-and-Skills-
Directorate/Tellus-3-A-survey-of-the-views-of-children-and-young-people




                                                                                               10
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



How we have used these key findings:
In partnership we will:
    Continue to support the work we are doing with a range of
      partners to improve community safety in East Sussex and
      reassure the public.
    Provide young people and their parents with information
      about dangers and risks so that they can protect themselves
      from crime and feel safer.
    Include young people in future consultation about policing
      priorities in their area.
    Continue to find ways to engage with young people affected
      by crime to make sure they are involved in tackling youth
      crime and decision that affect them.

About the area where the young people lived

The young people involved in the group discussions indicated that
on the whole, they did like the areas where they lived.

In most groups the young people said that they liked living near to
their friends and especially if it was easy to see their friends outside
of school. It was difficult if they had to rely on buses, lifts or trains.

Transport provision for young people is considered an important
area for improvement.

What other research has shown
Part of the Children and Young People‟s Plan (CYPP) 2008-2011
involved consultation with children and young people. The CYPP
consultation found that the cost of transport was an issue for young
people. They recommended that there should be free travel for
under 18‟s.

The TellUs3 survey reported that 26% of respondents would like
better transport.

How we have used these key findings:
   The Strategy group has passed on the comments made about
    the importance of good transport to the Children and Young
    People‟s Trust, which has also identified that they would like
    to see „better access to activities by improving transport
    options‟ and is looking into this.
   Within the summary of results for young people we will
    provide a name and contact details of an officer within East
    Sussex Children‟s Services they can contact if they have ideas




                                                                       11
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


      on how we could improve transport and access for young
      people aged 14-19 years.




Their views on why some young people might
commit crime or anti-social behaviour
The reasons the young people identified might be categorised into
four broad areas:

   1. Things to do (They were bored; there is nothing else to do;
      the youth club is not open every night).
   2. Individual factors (They are not happy; the thrill of it; buzz;
      adrenaline; fun; exciting; sometimes it can turn into a habit/
      or it becomes an identity; there is a status attached;
      revenge).
   3. Society (an opportunity arises; do it to fit in – peer pressure;
      the media view young people that way so why should they
      behave differently).
   4. Parenting (parents may not be good role models, parents let
      young people out).

How we have used these key findings:
The Youth Crime Prevention Strategy looks at youth crime
prevention through the „triple track‟ approach of enforcement and
punishment, support and challenge and better and earlier
prevention. We feel that this approach incorporates the areas
identified by young people.

Things to do and places to go
Overwhelmingly, the young people felt that there was little to do in
the area they lived, regardless of whether they lived in a town like
Eastbourne or Hastings or a quieter town or rural area.

A majority of young people agreed that there needs to be more to
do and suggested this as a way to prevent some young people from
committing crime.

There were numerous ideas about things that could be introduced
including:
    More youth clubs – set up with pool tables, television,
      computer games and music facilities
    The youth clubs should be open every night – not just once or
      twice a week as is the case now


                                                                    12
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


      The youth clubs should be run by young people too, not just
       adults
      Youth groups need to be age appropriate and split
       accordingly, otherwise young people will not use them
      A place to do graffiti
      Places to go to and do nothing, just hang around with their
       friends.
      Some young people disagreed about the need for more young
       clubs and suggested that other activities such as bowling
       should be available in their own rural location.
      Some suggested an area to use motor bikes
      A number of young people (mostly boys) suggested they
       football would keep them occupied and that they would like to
       see more organised games against local teams arranged.
      Let young people be aware of clubs already running
      Later and more frequent buses made available
      „Free running‟ centres in play areas so young people can do it
       safely

What other research has shown
Part of the Children and Young People‟s Plan (CYPP) 2008-2011
involved consultation with children and young people. The CYPP
consultation found that many young people referred to the fact
there was a need for greater availability of sporting opportunities.
In particular young people with disabilities identified being healthy
was important to them and that more opportunities to play sport
and undertake outdoor activities are a key priority for them.

The CYPP consultation found that young people had commented
that there was not enough to do in East Sussex; however, when this
comment is unpicked the issue seemed to relate to how
opportunities are publicised and where they can be accessed.

Young people have helped develop a directory of positive activities
and information, advice and guidance on specialist services for
young people. The information is available online through the
Children‟s Trust Express website. This may help young people find
things to do that they were not aware of.

In 2007, nearly 2,500 young people told us their three top issues
through a questionnaire attached to the Big Vote. They identified
the three top issues for them as:
1. Places to go
2. Drugs
3. Stopping smoking




                                                                    13
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


(The Big Vote is a county-wide election in which young people
choose which of their peers will make up the 12 members of the
East Sussex Youth Cabinet.)

The TellUs3 survey reported that 47% of respondents wanted better
activities for children and young people.

How we have used these key findings:
In partnership we will:
    Aim to provide activities at times and places which are
      convenient to young people.
    Identify where detached youth services should seek out and
      engage young people who are at risk of getting involved in
      anti-social or criminal behaviour.

We will share the finding from this research about what young
people would like to do with the Youth Development Service and the
East Sussex Youth Cabinet.


The Punishment
A few groups discussed the possibility of making punishments
harsher when people commit crimes.

In some groups there was a general sense that punishments were
not harsh enough in many cases and that there was no clear
„prevention‟ message to young people because of this.

A clear message was that strong prevention messages should be
delivered to young people.

Examples of types of prevention message were given as spending a
day in prison or a DVD showing what prison is like, being
embarrassed because of the crime or having to say sorry to the
victim.

How we have used these key findings:
In partnership we will develop ways to provide stronger prevention
messages to young people showing the reality of the criminal
pathway.

Drugs and Alcohol

In the majority of groups there was a discussion about the
availability of drugs and alcohol.




                                                                   14
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


In relation to drugs some groups commented that they sometimes
come across needles and other drug paraphernalia on the beach,
and sometimes near to residential property.

In relation to alcohol, each group discussed the ease of obtaining
alcohol: whether from parents, older brothers and sisters, shops or
other teenagers.

Most groups discussed alcohol prevention messages and the
majority of individuals agreed that such messages needed to be
delivered earlier than now and in a more realistic way with hard
hitting facts about the risks involved.

What other research has shown
The Health Related Behaviour Survey 2007 surveyed 3906 aged 14-
15 in East Sussex. It was reported that during the seven days prior
to the survey 458 (12%) said that they got someone else to buy
alcohol for them. Only 75 students (2%) bought alcohol from an off-
licence.

The Health Related Behaviour Survey 2007 found that 599 students
(15%) reported drinking outside in a public place.

How we have used these key findings:
The developing East Sussex Alcohol Strategy identifies the need to
deliver earlier alcohol prevention messages about harm to young
people.

What would you do if you were in charge?
The groups were asked what they would do if they were in charge.
Some of the ideas presented by the young people were:
   More things for young people to do
   More projects / youth centres
   To get youth workers to talk and explore where to go with
     young people
   More CCTV – so people get caught
   Reducing the opportunities e.g. getting hold of alcohol
   More police
   Bring in punishment for parents – who give their children
     alcohol underage and who have then committed a crime/ got
     in trouble
   Campaign targeting parents – showing the need for
     responsibility
   Influence young people to be themselves
   Catch young people committing crime at a younger age, it
     would stop them doing it again



                                                                   15
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


     Show young people the results of actions/ more education
      around the effects of crime
     Increase police and young people interaction/ get young
      people involved by working with the police i.e. work
      experience
     Sort out bullying
     More people to talk to
     To find out what the underlying causes of young people
      committing crime are

What other research has shown
The TellUs3 survey asked young people how much were their views
listened to in making decisions about the local area. 58% of young
people answered not much/not at all. Only 24% answered great
deal/fair amount.

How we have used these key findings:
We discussed these ideas with the strategy group and felt that the
key themes identified by young people in this question (e.g.
punishment and things to do) are covered in the other questions.



Our Aims and Objectives
The Government‟s Youth Crime Action Plan (July 2008) details
actions the Government will take to tackle youth crime. It sets out a
„triple track‟ approach of enforcement and punishment, non-
negotiable support and challenge, and better and earlier prevention.
These cross-cutting themes cover the entire spectrum of youth
crime – from early identification and prevention at root level, right
through to tackling and addressing unacceptable behaviour,
enforcement, justice, custody and resettlement.

Our Youth Crime Prevention Strategy for East Sussex has taken the
„triple track‟ approach and developed this into a deliverable action
plan for partners across East Sussex.

The overall aim of this strategy is for partner agencies to work
together to help prevent children and young people from becoming
involved in crime and anti-social behaviour, to help change the
behaviour of those young people who have offended, to prevent
young people from being victims of crime and to improve
perceptions of anti-social behaviour and reassure the public.

The aims of the East Sussex Youth Crime Prevention Strategy
reflect the key aims of the Government‟s Youth Crime Action Plan
which are:


                                                                  16
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


          To reduce the number of young people entering the criminal
           justice system for the first time by preventing youth offending
          To reduce re-offending by young people
          To build public confidence, supporting victims and making
           children and young people safer; and
          To ensure that young people in the youth justice system
           achieve the five Every Child Matters outcomes to give them
           the best chance to turn their lives around17.

We have taken the actions set out in the Government‟s Youth Crime
Action Plan to tackle youth crime under the „triple track‟ approach
and assessed these against what we already know locally about
young people and crime, and the work that we are already doing.
As a result we have identified 34 priorities in this first Youth Crime
Prevention Strategy for East Sussex. These are set out in this
strategy under the „triple track‟ themes of: enforcement and
punishment; support and challenge; and better and earlier
prevention.

Anti-Social Behaviour
This Youth Crime Prevention Strategy seeks to prevent not only
young people‟s involvement in crime but also anti-social behaviour.

Anti-social behaviour is defined in the Crime and Disorder Act 1998
as „…a manner that caused or was likely to cause harassment,
alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same
household...‟

In October 2008 the Government Office for the South East (GOSE)
undertook an anti-social behaviour gap analysis questionnaire in
order to understand better the needs of partners in preventing and
tackling anti-social behaviour and improving associated perceptions.

This analysis has shown that there is a lot of work taking place to
help reduce anti-social behaviour in East Sussex. The analysis has
identified some potential areas for improved partnership work; in
particular we would like to explore methods to strengthen the way
the Safer Communities Partnership shares best practice and
provides peer support through information sharing. This will form
the basis for actions taken forward in 2009/10 through the
development of an East Sussex Anti-Social Behaviour Forum.

Every Child Matters Outcomes
A number of the priorities we have identified under the „triple track‟
themes support and contribute to the key priorities identified in the


17
     Youth Crime Action Plan, 2008, para 2.6



                                                                       17
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


Children and Young Person‟s Plan (CYPP) under the five Every Child
Matters Outcomes.

Some of those which link to the Youth Crime Prevention Strategy
include:

Being Healthy:
   Better emotional wellbeing and mental health for all children
     and young people
   Reduction in risky behaviour by young people; fewer teenage
     conceptions

Staying Safe:
   Children and young people safe from bullying and
     discrimination
   Children and young people safe from being victims of crime.

Enjoying and achieving:
   Better play facilities for children, particularly in deprived areas
   All children and young people achieving their potential at
     school and experiencing a broad, simulating
     curriculum/activities both at school and beyond
   Reduction in persistent absence
   Reduce the numbers of children and young people excluded
     from school (permanently or fixed term)

Making a positive contribution:
   Increase the number of children and young people
     participating in positive activities including volunteering
   Reduce perception of anti-social behaviour and reduce the
     number of young people receiving final warnings, reprimands
     or convictions.
   An improved perception of children and young people by other
     in their community, including between different groups of
     people
   Better access to activities by improving transport options

Equality Impact Assessment
In delivering this Youth Crime Prevention Strategy partners are
committed to providing services that are fair and accessible and
equality is central to the work we do.

We have undertaken an equality impact assessment which looked at
the potential positive and negative impacts that the Youth Crime
Prevention Strategy and the actions within it may have on different
groups of people. Through this process we identified actions we




                                                                    18
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


need to take in delivering this strategy in order to address any
issues faced by particular groups of young people. These include:

     To collect equality monitoring data where possible to inform
      future equality impact assessments
     Future consultation and engagement activity should seek to
      use mechanisms which allow the views of young people from
      different groups to be heard
     Where possible actions/ priorities should be tailored to the
      needs of the individual, taking into account their needs and
      circumstances, and offering facilities and services that are
      appropriate and take account of cultural difference.
     Key staff delivering the priorities within the action plan will be
      required, where relevant, to take part in equality training.




                                                                      19
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy




Enforcement and
Punishment
The Government’s Youth Crime Action Plan sets out:

Enforcement and Punishment
          Targeted enforcement
          New sentencing framework
          Support for those coming to the end of their sentencing
          Continuing to ensure custody for the most persistent serious and violent
           young offenders
          Opportunities for communities to have a say in sentencing and punishment
           young people receive

What we know locally:

Re-offending
The greatest challenge locally is to change the trajectory of re-
offending amongst persistent and prolific young offenders. This is
the reason why proven re-offending by young offenders is the one
youth justice indicator to be included in the East Sussex Local Area
Agreement 200818.

In terms of breaking the cycle of offending our data shows:

There continues to be a small but significant minority of young
people (approx 11%) who are not in suitable accommodation at the
end of YOT intervention19.

More data on re-offending and sentencing in East Sussex can be
found in Appendix A, Section 4.




     What Young People told us: The majority of young people we
     spoke to felt that there should be stronger prevention messages
     to young people showing the reality of the criminal pathway




18
     Youth Justice Planning Tool 2008/09 - England
19
     East Sussex Youth Offending Team data



                                                                                20
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


What we are doing:

Neighbourhood Policing Teams
There are Neighbourhood Policing Teams across East Sussex which
aim to make communities feel safe and secure by engaging with
them and reducing crime and anti-social behaviour in their area.

Neighbourhood Policing Teams, in partnership with Crime and
Disorder Reduction Partnerships across East Sussex provide a highly
visible presence in some areas to deal with local crime and anti-
social behaviour problems through:

        Highly visible patrols to combat vandalism, under age
         drinking and anti social behaviour
        Friday and Saturday night patrol of town centres in some
         areas for anti-social behaviour
        Early morning patrols in some areas before school time to
         monitor school children in town centres
        School bus monitoring: In some areas the school PCSO
         take the school buses and monitor behaviour, dealing with
         incidents on the bus or while young people are waiting for
         buses
        Specific operations when emerging issues are identified via
         the local Joint Action Groups (see below) or community
         engagement.

Operation Blitz in Eastbourne

In Partnership with the Eastbourne Crime Reduction Partnership,
Sussex Police run Operation Blitz. Operation Blitz is a Police scheme
aimed at reducing antisocial behaviour involving young people and
forming strong links with the communities who suffer from this form
of behaviour.

A dedicated team of police officers and police community support
officers use a van equipped with CCTV to travel to hot spot problem
areas and conduct foot patrol interacting with the young people.

The names are taken of any young people behaving in an antisocial
way or drinking alcohol. Letters are sent to parents of these young
people. These letters progress from an initial warning, second
warning of action and a third letter in which they are invited to
attend a meeting with the Police to receive an Acceptable Behaviour
Contract (ABC) which will lay out conditions to address their
behaviour. If a young person does not improve under an ABC then
the Police will take additional action, which can include measures




                                                                  21
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


involving housing agencies, Anti Social Behaviour Orders and
parenting orders.


Members of the general public are recruited to join this scheme to
assist in tackling young people involved in anti-social behaviour.
Once they are a member they receive an automated message by
phone or e-mail giving details of when the next operation will take
place. Members are also given a mobile phone number which they
can use to get into direct contact with the officers on the streets.
They can use this number to direct officers to any problems in their
area. A weekly update is sent to all members informing them of
actions and successes.

The scheme has been running successfully since November 2006
significantly reducing the amount of anti social behaviour on the
streets of Eastbourne. In 2008 over 5000 containers (bottles of
spirits, wine, alcopops and beer) of alcohol were seized from
minors. Over 900 first warning letters were sent home to parents
and guardians and over 600 calls were taken from members of the
general public.

A Premium Service within the Criminal Justice System

Within East Sussex prolific young offenders and young people who
are prolific and priority offenders should receive a premium service
throughout the criminal justice journey. „Premium‟ could take a
number of forms:
    Faster processing –dealing with offenders quickly in order to
      accelerate positive rehabilitative interventions.
    Prioritisation of resources –to provide preferential access to
      programmes or deploy specialist staff.
    Enhance Quality Standards –for example covering more
      supervisory contact with offenders or enhanced decision
      making processes.
    Increased multi-agency collaboration –the engagement and
      active participation of a number of partners.


Parenting Early Intervention Programme (PEIP)
Local authorities are being provided with funding for Think Family in
2009-10. In East Sussex funding has been agreed in 2009/10 for a
Parenting Early Intervention Programme (PEIP).

The PEIP aims to improve parenting skills through increasing the
delivery of evidence-based parenting programmes to parents of
children and young people (aged 8-13 years old) at risk of negative



                                                                   22
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


outcomes. The programme provides resources to train a range of
local practitioners to deliver the programmes shown to make the
most difference to children with behavioural problems and likely to
be responsible for anti-social behaviour.

Families attend training in a variety of settings (schools, community
settings, behavioural clinics etc) which helps them adopt effective
parenting practices and ensure they receive an earlier, more
effective, co-ordinated package of support based on their needs and
those of their child. The Department for Children Schools and
Families expects an established PEIP to intervene with a minimum
of 150-200 parents per local area per year.


Activity Within Local Areas
 A pilot programme of Restorative Justice in schools aims to
  develop and embed the use of restorative justice practice within
  a core group of schools in Eastbourne, Hailsham, Crowborough,
  Newhaven, Bexhill and Rye.

   Hastings Police Station has a Restorative Justice Co-ordinator
    who runs a crime diversion scheme across the town.

   The local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs)
    and the East Sussex Youth Offending Team (YOT) share
    responsibility for running local inter-agency forums to agree joint
    targeted interventions to deter children and young people,
    considered most at risk of offending, from being involved in
    criminal activities. Across the five District and Boroughs all have
    at least one „Prevent and Deter‟ group in place. All Youth
    Offending Teams are required to report quarterly on the Deter
    cohort.

   Joint Action Groups are multi-agency groups of local Crime and
    Disorder Reduction Partnerships which address crime and
    disorder issues that have been identified through the analysis of
    intelligence and statistical information provided by partner
    agencies.

   A crime diversion scheme in Hastings involves prison visits for
    teenagers who have committed a crime for the first time and
    aims to help young people who have offended.

Work of the Youth Offending Team
 A Senior Practitioner (Challenge and Support) is based 2 days
  per week at Hastings Police Station. This will help tackle young
  people‟s offending at the point of arrest.



                                                                      23
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


      A Youth Offending Reparation Co-ordinator was appointed in
       September 2008 to raise the profile of reparation and develop
       this area of work. This will provide more opportunities for local
       communities to have a say on what reparation work they would
       like young people to undertake.

      In 2008/09 25% of young people who were given a final warning
       by police were offered an intervention programme by the Youth
       Offending Team.

      In 2008/09 74% of victims who were referred to the Youth
       Offending Team were offered the opportunity to participate in
       restorative justice.

      Feedback between Courts and the Youth Offending Team is
       provided at twice yearly panel meetings and through open
       evenings for magistrates.

      The Youth Offending Team contributes to the training of new
       youth panel magistrates with input from ex-offenders on how
       courts can better engage young people.

      Youth Offending Team staff routinely attend pre-court meetings
       with the Crown Prosecution Service and Court staff.

      The Youth Offending Team consult young offenders on the
       effectiveness of the intervention that they receive through the
       Asset and Onset process and this is used to refine and improve
       the service which is offered to young offenders.

      The Youth Offending Team has a service user group which has
       been established to discuss and provide feedback on key issues.



What we will do:
Priorities                                               Rationale20
 EP1: Strengthen our partnership                            YCAP 1.18: Strengthen approach to
                                                             identifying and targeting prolific young
 approach to identifying and targeting
                                                             offenders.
 young offenders in order to prevent
 offending or anti-social behaviour and                     In East Sussex: We want to reduce re-
 stop young offenders from becoming                          offending by preventing young people from
                                                             becoming prolific offenders.
 prolific offenders, through local Prevent
 and Deter groups.                                          ESCC Scrutiny Review of the Youth
                                                             Offending Team, May 2007 set out
                                                             recommendations to strengthen the role
                                                             that the County Council and its partners
                                                             play in preventing youth crime.


20
     „YCAP‟ refers to the Government‟s Youth Crime Action Plan 2008



                                                                                                    24
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy

EP2: Investigate and implement ways of         Identified as a issue to investigate locally
improving support for young people after
their sentence has come to an end
EP3: Investigate the benefits of            In East Sussex: We have pilot programmes of
                                            restorative justice in schools and there is a need
expanding restorative justice in schools
                                            to evaluate the success of these pilots and see if
                                            it should be expanded.

                                            Restorative justice in schools aims to reduce
                                            bullying and victimisation, manage conflict and
                                            improve attendance in schools; research
                                            evidence supports restorative justice in schools
                                            as a particularly promising approach to
                                            improving behaviour and attendance.

EP4: Take action to tackle the lack of         YCAP 5.15: Ensure suitable accommodation
                                                for all young offenders leaving custody.
suitable and stable accommodation for
those transferring to the community            In East Sussex: YOT data still shows a
following a custodial sentence                  significant minority of young people who are
                                                not in suitable accommodation at the end of
                                                YOT intervention.
EP5: Increase to 80% the level of active       YCAP 5.7: Improve education and training
                                                for young people
engagement by young people in suitable
full-time education, training or               In East Sussex: YOT Chief Officers‟ Group
employment at the end of their Youth            set an overall target of 80% for full-time
Offending Team intervention, particularly       engagement in suitable ETE, to be achieved
                                                by March 2009.
amongst those of statutory school-age
EP6: Give the public the chance to             YCAP 4.7: Give the public the chance to
                                                identify what reparation work they would
identify what reparation work they would
                                                like young people on community sentences
like young people on community                  to carry out.
sentences to carry out and tell the            In East Sussex: The level of victim
community when this has taken place             satisfaction recorded by the YOT is
                                                consistently high but it is recognised that
                                                there is more work to do to engender
                                                increased public confidence in the youth
                                                justice system.
EP7: Continue to publicise the benefits        YCAP 4.8: Increase the visibility of
                                                community sentences.
and success of other forms of community
punishment, so that local people have
more opportunity to see that action is
being taken to tackle youth offending
EP8: Monitor the benefits of the Youth         YCAP 1.15: Base a YOT worker in the police
                                                station
Offending Team (YOT) Challenge and
                                               In East Sussex a new YOT post is currently
Support Officer being based in Hastings         working 2 days per week in Hastings Police
Police Station to see if a YOT officer          Station. We would wish to review the
should be based in Eastbourne Police            benefits of this and investigate where
                                                funding could be sought to extend, if
Station.
                                                appropriate.




                                                                                        25
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy




Non-negotiable Support and
Challenge

The Government’s Youth Crime Action Plan sets out:

Non-negotiable support and challenge
        Non-negotiable intervention to families at greatest risk of serious
         offending
        Improve the support offered to young people and parents to deal with
         problems
        Supporting young people who are victims of crime
        Listen to the view of young people, to ensure that they can contribute to
         developing solutions

What we know locally:

Young People as victims of crime
The East Sussex Safer Communities Partnership Strategic
Intelligence Assessment (Nov 2008) identified that young people
(defined in this analysis as persons aged 10 to 17) are at a higher
risk of being victimised for a number of types of crime than the
average population.

Young people aged 10-17 years comprise 10% of the total East
Sussex population (Census 2001). Young people make up 46% of
all victims of sexual assault, 40% of all victims of racism, 30% of all
victims of robbery, 28% of all victims of public place violent crime
(PPVC) and 21% of all victims of violence against the person21. This
tells us that in East Sussex young people are at a proportionate
higher risk of being a victim for these crime types, compared to the
average population.

The most common individual offences that are committed on young
people are assault occasioning actual bodily harm (26%), followed
by common assault and battery (22%), theft (13%) and theft of a
cycle (8%).

The number of victims aged between 10 to 17 is skewed towards
those at the older end of the age range. 16 and 17 year olds
comprise nearly half of all cases (45%).



21
  Offences included in these figures are only those where a victim‟s age was included, therefore this is
not the rate for all crimes.



                                                                                                    26
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


Most offences committed on young people involve offenders of a
similar age. 52% of offences involving a young victim were caused
by an offender identified as a young person (10 to 17 years old).
This proportion is higher for PPVC (57%), theft (64%) and robbery
(79%).


Young People’s Perception of Safety
The Big Vote 2006, Health Related Behaviour Survey 2007 and
Tellus3 Survey 2008 all highlight young people‟s views over their
safety.

In the Health Related Behaviour Survey 2007, 23% of young people
felt that their safety was very poor, or poor when going out after
dark. When asked whether the students had been a victim of
violence or aggression in their area 15% said that they had. The
results can be seen in Appendix A, Section 5.

The Tellus3 Survey22 carried out in 2008, asked how safe they felt
from being hurt by other people.
The percentage who felt very or quiet safe was:
77% Around the local area
70% On public transport
91% Going to and from school
86% In school

The percentage who felt a bit or very unsafe was:
22% Around the local area
27% On public transport
8% Going to and from school
13% In school

These results clearly set out that young people‟s fear of crime and
experience as victims is an area to target further work.

We found in our focus groups with young people from across East
Sussex that there was a difference in whether young people felt
safe dependant upon where they lived. Although the majority of
young people felt safe where they lived and for those who felt less
safe, in many cases, they knew either who to avoid or where not to
go. Fewer young people in Eastbourne said that they felt safe during
the daytime and fewer in Hastings during the daytime and evening.


22
  Ofsted, TellUs3 (2008) available at http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/Ofsted-home/Publications-and-
research/Browse-all-by/Documents-by-type/Equality-Impact-Assessments/Learning-and-Skills-
Directorate/Tellus-3-A-survey-of-the-views-of-children-and-young-people




                                                                                               27
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


Part of the Children and Young People‟s Plan (CYPP) 2008-2011
involved consultation with children and young people. The CYPP
consultation found that young people do feel relatively safe in East
Sussex if they are with their friends. Most of the reference to
personal safety related to how young people are viewed by the
wider community and how this can result in them feeling unsafe.

Youth Offending Team- Supporting victims of crime
98% of victims who provided feedback stated that they were
satisfied with their contact with the East Sussex Youth Offending
Team.


What we are doing:

The Challenge and Support project in Hastings aims to stop
anti-social behaviour by young people from escalating.

The project brings together a number of partners to address the
needs of young people through the development of Individual
Support Orders and early intervention work. The project targets
young people aged between 10 -18 living in Hastings and St
Leonards who are coming to notice for anti-social behaviour,
focusing on recipients of Acceptable Behaviour Agreements and
Anti Social Behaviour Orders.

The project is designed to ensure that a co-ordinated approach is
taken to the delivery of support alongside the use of anti-social
behaviour tools and powers on young people. The Project should
ensure that an enforcement measure is not used without the
consideration of appropriate support. Individual Support Orders will
run alongside every anti-social behaviour order application.

Various parenting support programmes will be offered to all parents
/ carers of young people involved in the project. A particular focus
will be the early identification of children and young people who are
at risk of poor engagement at school or becoming not in
employment, education or training (NEET).

Intervention for families at greatest risk of offending:
    Parenting Contracts were introduced in 2007 as a bridge
     between Parenting Orders and voluntary agreements.
    In East Sussex 12.3% of all Youth Offending Team
     interventions have had a formal parenting intervention
     attached.
    A Family Intervention Project in Hastings has been established
     to work with families living in Hastings and St Leonards who



                                                                   28
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


       are persistently perpetrating anti-social behaviour and who
       are at risk of losing their homes or of other significant
       enforcement action.
      The East Sussex Mentoring Service commissioned by the YOT
       and Safer Communities Team matches young people with a
       volunteer mentor who acts as a positive role model for the
       young person.
      Mediation services are available to young people and families.

Support for children, young people and parents
   East Sussex Children and Young People‟s Trust Family Support
    Strategy, launched in June 2007 details the family support
    available across the county in terms of: information, advice
    and guidance; parenting support; specialist support; kinship
    and extended family support; learning support and family
    learning; and economic well-being support. It also highlights
    the priority areas for development and improvement in these
    areas.
   Eastbourne North East and North St Leonards are Trailblazer
    areas for Working Well - Working Together. One of the areas
    they are focusing on is parenting support and they have taken
    action to increase effective signposting of parents by staff,
    and facilitate parents knowing where to get help.
   Children‟s Centres offer all families with children under five a
    range of services, information and support in their local
    community.

Help and support for young people who are victims of crime:
   Victim Support is a charity for anyone affected by crime,
     including children and young people.
   East Sussex Youth Offending Team (YOT) has an experienced
     Victim Liaison Officer who is trained in victim awareness and
     counselling. The officer is able to explain the criminal justice
     process such as sentences and how the courts work, together
     with practical help and advice, and assess the risks of being
     re-affected by crime.
   YOT Victim-Offender Mediation - A trained facilitator can bring
     together the offender and victim to discuss what happened.
     The young person and their victim are given an opportunity to
     talk about the events surrounding the crime and how it has
     affected their lives. Sometimes a plan is agreed to address
     the harm caused by the crime. Often both parties are able to
     gain a greater sense of closure simply through the process of
     talking with one another.
   All contact by the YOT with victims of youth crime under the
     age of 18 is made via the parent/carer unless the young
     person is known to live independently.



                                                                   29
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



Information for young people and parents
    A „Think Safety‟ information booklet was produced using
     information from the Suzy Lamplugh Trust, which aims to
     raise awareness of the importance of personal safety and to
     help young people avoid violence and to live safer, more
     confident lives.
    East Sussex County Council is currently developing a young
     persons website which will include information and advice
     targeted to young people.
    Police Neighbourhood Schools officers work with young people
     and parents to educate them on a range of personal safety
     and crime prevention issues.
    Youth Offending Team Staff will provide information about
     dangers and risks in appropriate cases to reduce the risk of
     offending.

What we will do:


 Priorities                                               Rationale23
 SC1: Investigate the reasons why young                   Further analysis of the data regarding
 people are at a higher risk of being a                   young people as victims of crime
 victim of certain types of crime and                     should be undertaken to help identify
 identify ways to help tackle the issues.                 possible ways to help tackle the issues
                                                          in partnership.
 SC2: Ensure that all parents who would                   YCAP 2.18: Increase the take-up of
 benefit from parenting support are offered               parenting support.
 it (when a child is at risk of offending, has
 offended or receives an anti-social                      In East Sussex: the YOT Parenting
 behaviour order).                                        Service is working at full capacity;
                                                          additional funding would be required
                                                          to make parenting support more
                                                          widely available as part of YOT
                                                          prevention work. The Government‟s
                                                          Youth Crime Action Plan has allocated
                                                          monies to East Sussex for Parenting
                                                          Early Intervention Programme funding
                                                          2009/10 and 2010/11.
 SC3: Identify ways to increase intensive                 YCAP 2.12: Increase the reach of
 family intervention across East Sussex.                  intensive family intervention

                                                          Through resources identified in the
                                                          Government‟s Youth Crime Action Plan
                                                          we will investigate ways to increase
                                                          intensive family intervention in a way
                                                          most appropriate for East Sussex.
 SC4: Neighbourhood policing teams to                     YCAP 3.10: Be responsive and
 include young people in their                            accountable to young people and the
 consultations about policing priorities.                 wider community.


23
     „YCAP‟ refers to the Government‟s Youth Crime Action Plan 2008



                                                                                           30
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy

                                             YCAP supports the development of
                                             better relationships between young
                                             people and the police so that young
                                             people are more likely to report crime
                                             and provide information to solve
                                             crimes.

                                             The key findings from the consultation
                                             with young people supported this
                                             priority.
Youth Offending Team (YOT) and Crime         YCAP3.10: Be responsive and
and Disorder Reduction Partnerships          accountable to young people and the
(CDRPs) to continue to develop ways to       wider community.
engage effectively with young people
affected by crime.                           YCAP supports the development of
                                             better relationships between young
                                             people and the police so that young
                                             people are more likely to report crime
                                             and provide information to solve
                                             crimes.

                                             The key findings from the consultation
                                             with young people supported this
                                             priority.
Consult young offenders on key youth         Within future consultation with young
crime prevention issues.                     people we will discuss issues around
                                             the highest average Asset and Onset
                                             scores identified in district and
                                             borough areas in order to help inform
                                             future prevention and intervention
                                             work.
Involve parents and carers in the            This is in line with the developing
development of youth crime prevention        ESCC Children‟s Services Participation
work.                                        Strategy for Parents and Carers.
Investigate the impact and current service   Identified as an areas to investigate
provision for children and families of       further through the consultation
offenders in custody.                        process.

Ensure Anti-Social Behaviour Orders          This was identified through the
(ASBOs) link punishment with behaviour       consultation process as area to
related interventions, parenting             investigate.
contracts/orders and fines.




                                                                               31
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy




Better and Earlier
Prevention
The Government’s Youth Crime Action Plan sets out:

Better and earlier prevention
          Address root causes of crime in a targeted and individual way
          Spotting problems early and identifying young people early on and
           intervening to stop them getting out of control

What causes a young person to become involved in crime
and anti-social behaviour?
Studies24 have identified a number of risk factors which can help us
identify children and young people who are most at risk of
becoming involved in crime. These include: poor parental discipline;
low income and poor housing; low achievement at school; bullying;
truancy; friendship with peers involved in drug and alcohol misuse;
and social exclusion (a detailed list of risk factors can be found in
Appendix A Section 6).

It is important to emphasise that the existence of many of these
risk factors does not predict offending as the main outcome. Under
the Every Child Matters agenda however, we would wish to seek to
address these risk factors in order to reduce the risk of offending by
improving outcomes for children and young people. This highlights
the strong links between the wider Children‟s Services agenda and
the multi-agency prevention strategy.

A number of protective factors have also been identified which can
help prevent children and young people from becoming involved in
criminal and anti-social behaviour. In addition these can help us to
explain why some children can be exposed to the risk factors
described above, yet do not grow up to behave anti-socially, or
commit criminal offences. Protective factors include having a stable
and affectionate relationship with parents, high intelligence, and
having a positive disposition (a detailed list of protective factors can
be found in Appendix A, Section 6)

Accepting the importance of these risk and protective factors can
help us to identify the action we should take to address the
underlying causes of crime and anti-social behaviour, as well as
challenging the behaviour itself.


24
     Risk and Protective Factors, Youth Justice Board for England and Wales 2005



                                                                                   32
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


What we know locally:

     What young people told us: Some young people we spoke to
     explained why they thought some young people commit crime or
     anti-social behaviour. The reasons young people identified can be
     categorised into 4 broad areas:
         1. Things to do
         2. Individual factors
         3. Society factors
         4. Parenting



We have looked at the Youth Offending Team‟s Asset assessment
scores25. The Asset assessment identifies the factors which are
subjectively26 seen as contributing to a young person's offending.
We looked at the most recent Asset score for young people in East
Sussex in the year 2007/08.

Looking at the average Asset assessment scores, young people
living out of the area, or where the district is unknown came out
with a much higher average score than any other area. The likely
reason for this is that any young person serving a custodial
sentence will be placed out of East Sussex, often at some distance
from their home area. These young people tend to score higher on
an Asset assessment than lower level offenders.


The Asset category „Thinking and Behaviour‟ saw the highest on
average score for risk of re-offending for young people involved in
the criminal justice system in East Sussex.

This category covers issues such as: lack of understanding of
consequences of actions; impulsiveness; need for excitement;
giving in easily to pressure from others; inappropriate social and
communication skills. It could also include display of types of
behaviour such as: destruction of property; aggression towards
others; sexually inappropriate behaviour; attempts to manipulate/
control others.

The second highest average score in Asset was for „Lifestyle‟. We
will use consultation with young people to help identify future work
we can take to tackle the issues associated with these risk factors.

25
   Asset provides a common, structured framework for assessment of all young people involved in the
criminal justice system. It is a standard assessment of the factors contributing to a young person's
offending.
26
   Asset and Onset assessments are undertaken by trained practitioners following guidance material.
However by the nature of this assessment, it is subjective.



                                                                                                 33
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


The second highest category for each district and borough:
Unknown/ Out of Area               Family and Personal Relationships
Wealden                            Family and Personal Relationships/
                                   Lifestyle
Eastbourne                         Lifestyle
Hastings                           Lifestyle
Rother                             Lifestyle
Lewes                              Lifestyle
(More detail can be found at Appendix A, Section 7)


Onset is a referral and assessment framework similar to Asset which
is used by the Youth Offending Team to provide information which
might be helpful in selecting appropriate interventions for those
young people at risk of offending who are identified as needing
early intervention.

We have looked at the Youth Offending Team‟s most recent average
Onset scores by district and boroughs for 2007/08.

The highest average Onset scores for each district and borough
were:
Wealden                            Substance use
Eastbourne                         Substance use
Hastings                           Physical health
Rother                             Family and Personal Relationship
Lewes                              Family and Personal Relationship
(More detail can be found at Appendix A, Section 8):

Again, we will use consultation with young people to help identify
future work to tackle the issues associated with the highest average
Onset score for each district and borough area.

What we are doing to address root causes of crime
Appendix B seeks to map local services which tackle the known risk
factors associated with youth crime and anti-social behaviour. An
important area of partnership work will be to complete a more
detailed mapping exercise in future. The mapping will help us to
ensure that we prevent children and young people from being
involved in crime and anti-social behaviour by addressing the
potential risk factors effectively. We will also use this mapping to
signpost prevention services for partners (e.g. Prevent and Deter
groups) and promote good practice and information sharing.


As detailed in Appendix B and throughout this document, we have a
range of




                                                                        34
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


         Universal services with a strong focus on prevention, such as
          Sure Start and Children‟s Centres, housing services, Housing
          Associations, housing inter-related support services.
         Locally based, targeted services which focus on prevention
          and intervention, such as Family Outreach, Connexions,
          Family & Youth Support Services
         Highly specialised, often county-wide, integrated services with
          those with the most complex needs, such as the Youth
          Offending Team, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service,
          services for disabled children, substance misuse service and
          intensive family support.

     What young people told us: The majority of young people we
     spoke to felt that there was little to do in the area they lived and
     the majority agreed that there needs to be more to do and
     suggested this is a way to prevent some young people from
     committing crime.

     The Department for Children, Schools and Families reports that
     sixty-six percent of young people told the Time to Talk
     consultation that more activities would do most to keep them out
     of trouble
27



Positive Activities
   Following the strategic review of the Youth Development
      Service (YDS), the YDS will work directly with young people
      providing a range of stimulating and engaging activities,
      trusted adults with whom young people can relate, and a
      broad programme of personal development and support. The
      Service will provide both preventative support, and support
      for young people who may already be experiencing difficulties
      and aims to reach out to young people who may need the
      support of the Service but find it difficult to access it. The YDS
      will make a direct contribution to the provision of the Youth
      Offer through a number of activities, including detached work,
      designed proactively to seek out and engage young people
      who are not well engaged at school or in other activities.
      Particular priority, in the future, will be given to reaching out
      to young people who are at risk of getting involved in anti-
      social or criminal behaviour in line with this Youth Crime
      Prevention Strategy.




27

http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/localauthorities/_documents/content/2304090003_open%20email%20letter.pdf


                                                                                           35
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


     The Government‟s (Department for Children, Schools and
      Families) Aiming High for Young People focuses on young
      people‟s participation in positive activities, responding to
      evidence which demonstrated the impact of participation on
      young people‟s outcomes. Evidence shows that participation in
      high quality activities helps young people: improve attitudes
      to, and engagement with, school; build social and
      communication skills; avoid taking risks such as
      experimenting with drugs or being involved in anti-social
      behaviour or crime; improve their self-confidence and self-
      esteem; and overall be more resilient to challenges and set
      backs.

     Young people have helped develop a directory of positive
      activities and information, advice and guidance on specialist
      services for young people. The information is available online
      through the Children‟s Trust Express website. Reports can be
      run by Local Partnership for Children areas to provide
      directories for local areas.

     The Youth Opportunity and Capital Funds provide discrete
      revenue and capital budgets for young people to control and
      decide how money should be spent on positive activities and
      youth facilities in their area. Funded activities must support
      the five Every Child Matters outcomes, benefit the local
      community and offer good value for money. Aiming High for
      Young People announced the continuation of the two Funds
      until at least 2011 and expansion of the Youth Opportunity
      Fund in the most deprived areas. In East Sussex this has
      funded over £1 million of positive activities over the past 2
      years.

     Extended Schools: Schools offering access to extended
      services make a range of extra activities available to pupils,
      their families and the wider community. The activities include
      study support, sport and music clubs, childcare and access to
      targeted and specialist services. They often take place out of
      school hours and do not necessarily take place on the school
      grounds or involve teachers. As of July 2008 there are 143
      schools (74% of the total number of schools) offering
      extended services in East Sussex.

     The East Sussex Local Area Agreement target includes
      National Indicator 110 - Young people‟s participation in
      positive activities.




                                                                   36
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


What we are doing to spot problems early and identify young
people early and intervening to stop them getting out of
control

 Intensive Intervention Project

 The overall aim of the service is to provide intensive support and
 put interventions into place for young people aged between 10
 and 19 with complex needs and/or displaying challenging
 behaviour, particularly anti-social behaviour and offending. The
 young people should be living in either Eastbourne or Hastings.

 The project aims to:
     address some of the root causes of the young person‟s
       behaviour and offending patterns,
     help to build family responsibilities and relationships,
     see a reduction in offending and re-offending,
     prevent homelessness,
     increase participation into employment, education or
       training as well as participation in community, leisure, art
       and sport activities.

 In order to be considered as an acceptable referral, the young
 person needs to have been assessed using the Common
 Assessment Framework (CAF) or for a CAF to be undertaken.

 A referral form is used as an initial assessment into whether a
 young person is appropriate for the programme.

 If a young person is accepted onto the programme then they
 must agree to sign a contract which shows that they are willing to
 engage with the non negotiable support, interventions and
 sanctions.

 Sanctions may include removing gym passes or travel cards, and
 can extend to the young person receiving an Acceptable
 Behaviour Contract or Anti-Social Behaviour Order. Engaging
 with the project will also count towards contact time as specified
 in court orders including Intensive Supervision Surveillance
 Programmes if this is applicable to the young person.




Strategic Approach
    The East Sussex Children and Young People‟s Plan 2008-2011
     highlights the need to ensure services and support are truly


                                                                      37
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


       joined up and act at all times in a preventative way, and that
       bringing the operation of locally based, targeted services ever
       closer together in an integrated way is a long-term
       evolutionary project.

      East Sussex has implemented a targeted Family and Youth
       Support Service. The aim is to identify vulnerable young
       people early, provide support to stop problems from
       escalating and ensure young people receive joined-up
       effective support and challenge through multi-agency teams,
       and use of the Common Assessment Framework and
       Children‟s Index.

      East Sussex is in the process of rolling out the Comprehensive
       Assessment Framework (CAF). The CAF is a key part of
       delivering frontline services that are integrated and focused
       around the needs of children and young people. It is a
       standardised approach to conducting an assessment of a
       child's additional needs and deciding how those needs should
       be met.

      Two trailblazer initiatives, based in Eastbourne North East and
       North St Leonards, aim to support families with children aged
       0-11 who live in the most vulnerable communities. The focus
       is on helping children‟s services in these two areas to work
       together more effectively.

Partnership Working
   The Youth Offending Team includes two clinical psychologists
     seconded by the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service
     (CAMHS) who are able to identify young people with mental
     health needs at an early stage. Young offenders may have
     mental health issues which is one of the risk factors identified
     by the Youth Justice Board (Appendix A, Section 6).

      Every school already has a named police contact as proposed
       in the Government‟s Youth Crime Action Plan. All schools
       have a Neighbourhood Schools Officer delivering the Inspire
       education programme and working with schools to keep
       young people safe and reduce crime and anti-social
       behaviour. Additionally some schools have a Safer Schools
       Partnership officer (PC or PCSO) working with schools and
       partners, focusing on early intervention to reduce crime and
       anti-social behaviour in and around a school. The
       development of localised, multi-agency partnerships ensures
       issues are addressed more effectively with an increased
       likelihood of longer term benefits.



                                                                    38
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Local Prevent and Deter groups in each district and borough
      discuss young people committing anti-social behaviour and
      those at risk of offending and seek to identify joint prevention
      activity.

     Permanent exclusion from school is an automatic trigger for a
      Common Assessment Framework assessment.

     The Supporting People programme will be commissioning
      services that help to underpin the aims of the Crime
      Reduction Partnerships, the Youth Justice Plan and the Drug
      and Alcohol Action Team Strategy (DAAT) by offering timely
      housing-related support to people who may cause, or be
      affected by, anti-social behaviour or crime in neighbourhoods.


Projects and Services

     East Sussex has an Alcohol Arrest Referral pilot scheme. The
      Alcohol Arrest Referral pilot makes provision, in suitable
      cases, for young people arrested for alcohol-related offences
      to receive targeted responses that aim to address levels of
      drinking and prevent further offending or anti-social
      behaviour. The scheme aims to reduce offending rates where
      alcohol has been a contributory cause. This pilot in East
      Sussex will investigate the benefits of referring young people
      who have committed alcohol-related offences to targeted
      interventions.

     East Sussex Fire and Rescue Service deliver the LIFE
      programme (Local Intervention Fire Education). This is a one
      week programme addressing: citizenship and respecting
      difference; communication skills; taking responsibility for
      consequences of actions; team participation; confidence
      building; living a healthy; safer lifestyle.

     Family Group Conferencing lets families meet together and
      begin to plan how to improve the situation if they are having
      real difficulties coping. This intervention can help to improve
      the situation and prevent difficulties from being really serious.

     The School Improvement Service has developed guidance to
      help schools support children with special needs to move
      schools or up to the next stage of school.




                                                                    39
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


     The East Sussex Family Support Strategy has a goal to
      develop a strategic and joined up approach to the design and
      delivery of parenting support services. They commission
      programmes that are evidence based and provide different
      levels of support from early intervention and prevention
      services through to directed parenting programmes requiring
      enforcement measures. Also the use of age appropriate
      programmes using: Solihull, Incredible Years, S.T.O.P and
      Triple P approaches.

     The Family Outreach Service aims to „reach out‟ to improve
      engagement with the most excluded families and to offer
      services to the most isolated families or those with special
      needs who may be unwilling or unable to visit a Children‟s
      Centre. The outreach service provides locally based and easily
      accessible services and includes home visiting and group work
      and drop-ins.

     Family Resource Centres take referrals from Duty, Family
      Support and Disability Teams and work with services such as
      the Safeguarding With Intensive Family Treatment, Adult
      Mental Health Services, Adult Learning Disability Services, and
      jointly run groups with CRI and Children‟s Centres. A number
      of services are offered and this includes, assessments,
      interventions, community family support, witness support
      service and group work.

     The Safeguard With Intensive Family Treatment (SWIFT)
      service provides a specialist substance misuse and / or mental
      health treatment provision for families who normally reside in
      East Sussex or are registered with a GP in East Sussex. The
      philosophy of the service is based upon the principle that
      parental substance misuse and / or mental health can impact
      upon children and may cause a range of adverse effects
      socially, emotionally, psychologically and physically. Reduction
      of the negative impact of parental substance misuse and /or
      mental health on children within the Safeguarding arena is
      seen as a priority. This is achieved via appropriate
      intervention plans encouraging reduction of parental
      substance misuse, addressing mental health needs, increasing
      positive parenting and working with the family to increase
      resilience and protective factors for the children and young
      people.

     Absence from school is associated with anti-social behaviour
      and youth crime. All schools have measures in place to
      provide support to young people who have poor attendance.



                                                                   40
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


           The schools can also refer the young person to the Education
           Welfare Service (EWS). EWS provides specialist help and
           support to improve attendance and behaviour of a young
           person when they are at school. Each school has an Education
           Welfare Officer (EWO) who can offer support with problems
           about attending school regularly.

          The Pastoral Support Programme (PSP) is school-based
           intervention to help individual pupils manage their behaviour.
           The PSP will involve other agencies where appropriate, such
           as the reintegration/behaviour support lead professional or
           the education welfare officer. All schools can offer a PSP to
           help prevent the exclusion of young people.

          The Behavioural Support Service can provide support to the
           young person to acquire new skills and strategies to meet his
           or her needs and to modify behaviour and support to the
           school in terms of behaviour management strategies.


What we will do:

 Priorities                                                   Rationale28
 Complete a detailed mapping (including                       This has been identified locally as a
 resource mapping) of local services which                    key action to help identify gaps or
 tackle the known risk and protective factors                 duplications across the county and
 associated with youth crime and anti-social                  help prioritisation of resources.
 behaviour.
 Reduce the level of alcohol consumed by                      Identified as risk factor in a young
 young people.                                                person getting involved in crime or
                                                              anti-social behaviour.

                                                              Through the East Sussex Alcohol
                                                              Strategy we would like to see
                                                              alcohol prevention messages to
                                                              young people delivered earlier. The
                                                              findings from the consultation with
                                                              young people supports this action.
 Reduce levels of substance misuse by young                   Identified as risk factor in a young
 people.                                                      person getting involved in crime or
                                                              anti-social behaviour
 Reduce the numbers of young people not in                    This has been identified as a
 education, employment or training (NEETs) to                 priority in the East Sussex Local
 5.4% by November 2010- January 2011 93                       Area Agreement.
 month average) from a baseline of 8% in
 2006/07.
 Take action to reduce homelessness of young                  Identified as a risk factor in a
 people through the new East Sussex Youth                     young person getting involved in
 Homelessness Strategy                                        crime or anti-social behaviour
 Sustain the reduction in the number of                       Locally the proportion of Looked

28
     „YCAP‟ refers to the Government‟s Youth Crime Action Plan 2008



                                                                                             41
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy

 Looked After Children who offend.               After Children who offend has
                                                 fallen from 10% in 2006/0729 to
                                                 6.2% in 2007/0830 and we would
                                                 wish to sustain this reduction31.
 Work with partners to help ensure a             YCAP highlights the fundamental
 consistent approach to assessment, early        importance of providing services to
 identification and targeted support across      young people and their families
 East Sussex.                                    which have a consistent approach
                                                 to assessment, early identification
                                                 and targeted support.
 Work with the Children‟s Trust to embed a       In East Sussex: this will help
 common approach to sharing information          services become more effective in
 about individual children, young people and     both preventing youth offending
 families so as to improve the support they      and other poor outcomes for young
 receive.                                        people.
 Aim to provide activities at times and places   YCAP 4.13: Ensure that more
 which are convenient to young people.           youth centres stay open late at
                                                 weekends and evenings,
                                                 particularly on Fridays and
                                                 Saturdays when young people say
                                                 they need access the most.

                                                 Our findings from the consultation
                                                 with young people supported this
                                                 priority.
 Identify where detached youth services          In East Sussex: this would help
 should seek out and engage young people         targeted prevention and
 who are at risk of getting involved in anti-    intervention work in the areas that
 social or criminal behaviour.                   need it most.

                                                 Youth Taskforce Action Plan 2008
                                                 includes the action to make sure
                                                 that positive activities quickly
                                                 reach the most vulnerable young
                                                 people in the most deprived areas.

                                                 Our findings from the consultation
                                                 with young people supported this
                                                 priority.
 Provide young people and parents with           YCAP 3.9: Provide young people
 information about dangers and risks so that     and parents with information about
 they can protect themselves from crime and      dangers and risks.
 feel safer.
                                                 Local data highlights young
                                                 people‟s fear of crime and
                                                 experience as victims is an area to
                                                 target further work.

                                                 Our findings from the consultation
                                                 with young people supported this
                                                 priority.



29
     1st October 2006 to 30th September 2007
30
     1st October 2007 to 30th September 2008
31
     Data from Youth Offending Team Youth Offending Information System.


                                                                               42
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy

Reduce the negative public perception of         Aiming High for Young People: One
young people by celebrating the                  of the objectives is to rebalance
achievements of the majority.                    the public narrative about young
                                                 people by counteracting the
                                                 unrelenting negative perception of
                                                 young people by celebrating the
                                                 achievements of the majority.

                                                 In East Sussex: we will seek to
                                                 build on our communications work
                                                 and continue to promote positive
                                                 images of young people.
Identify ways to invest in third sector          YCAP 2.19: Invest in the capacity
capacity to reduce crime and improve             of the third sector to reduce youth
outcomes for young people.                       crime.

                                                 This will be considered in line with
                                                 the East Sussex Compact, which is
                                                 an official agreement between
                                                 statutory and voluntary
                                                 organisations and community
                                                 groups to work together with
                                                 common and shared principles.
Continue to monitor and implement emerging       In East Sussex we will continue to
evidence of best practice from national          monitor best practice emerging
agencies in youth crime prevention.              from the Government‟s Youth
                                                 Crime Prevention Strategy.
Monitor the impact of the economic downturn      Identified as an issue to monitor.
on youth offending and work pro-actively to
prevent any increases in youth offending and
anti-social behaviour, as a result of changing
economic circumstances.
Develop stronger prevention messages to          This was include as a priority
young people showing the reality of the          following the consultation with
criminal pathway                                 young people.
Investigate how positive activities link into    This was identified through the
Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABCs),           consultation process as area to
Acceptable Behaviour Agreements (ABAs)           investigate.
and Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)
and how we monitor, evaluate and report on
these options.




Links to other Plans and
Strategies
There are many national and local strategies which can be seen to
link to or support the East Sussex Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


                                                                                43
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


and these are detailed below. An important part of taking forward
this multi-agency Youth Crime Prevention Strategy will be to ensure
that the appropriate links to other action plans are monitored where
they cover the youth crime prevention agenda and embed the key
actions of this strategy into the local Children and Young People‟s
Plan and Safer Communities Agreement.

Every Child Matters                  The Youth Crime Prevention Strategy aims to ensure that
                                     all young people achieve the five Every Child Matters
                                     Outcomes.
Department for Children Schools      One of the expectations of the Government‟s Children‟s
and Families: Children‟s Plan-       Plan is that Children‟s Trusts will have in place by 2010
Building Brighter Futures            consistent high quality arrangements to provide early
                                     identification and early intervention for all children and
                                     young people who need additional support. This is key
                                     aim of this Youth Crime Prevention Strategy for East
                                     Sussex.
East Sussex Children and Young       One of the cross cutting themes is to ensure services and
People‟s Plan 2008-2011              support is truly joined up and act at all times in a
                                     preventative way. The Children and Young People‟s Plan
                                     suggests that bringing the operation of locally based,
                                     targeted services ever closer together in an integrated
                                     way is a long-term evolutionary project. This is a key aim
                                     of this Youth Crime Prevention Strategy for East Sussex
                                     and is reflected in the action plan.
Youth Taskforce Action Plan          The Action Plan supports:
                                             the continuing drive to address the causes of
                                              anti-social behaviour
                                             the Aiming High for Disabled Children Strategy
                                             the delivery of Public Service Agreement (PSA)
                                              14 - 'Increase the number of children and young
                                              people on the path to success'.
Department for Children Schools      The Staying Safe Action Plan covers three main areas:
and Families: Staying Safe Action            universal safeguarding, involving work to keep all
Plan                                          children and young people safe and to create
                                              safe environments for them
                                             targeted safeguarding to reduce the risks of harm
                                              for vulnerable groups of children and young
                                              people and
                                             responsive safeguarding, involving responding
                                              effectively when children are harmed
HM Government: Drugs: Protecting     The Ten-Year Drug Strategy (2008-2018) aims to restrict
Families and Communities Action      the supply of illegal drugs and reduce the demand for
Plan 2008-2011                       them. It focuses on protecting families and strengthening
                                     communities.

Home Office: Violent Crime Action    This action plan sets out what the government, together
Plan                                 with police and local agencies, will do over the next three
                                     years to cut homicide, knife crime, gun- and gang-
                                     related crime and sexual and domestic violence.
Department for Children Schools      The proportion of teenagers who drink regularly is falling.
and Families: Youth Alcohol Action   But those who do drink are drinking a lot more – and
Plan                                 many young people start drinking from a very young
                                     age. The action plan sets out what the Government will
                                     do to address drinking by young people.
East Sussex Alcohol Strategy         The East Sussex Alcohol Strategy is being reviewed and
                                     will have a focus on young people and alcohol. The
                                     Government‟s Youth Alcohol Strategy will form the basis
                                     of an action plan.
Pride of Place a Sustainable         Key tasks under the theme of children and young people




                                                                                       44
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy

Community Strategy for East          have been identified as:
Sussex                                       Provide positive activities for children and young
                                              people and to increase opportunities for children
                                              and young people to be involved and participate
                                              in decisions which affect them and their
                                              communities
                                             Tackle youth homelessness, and provide better
                                              housing and housing related support for young
                                              people
                                             Protect children and young people from harm
East Sussex Local Area Agreement     The East Sussex Local Area Agreement 2008-2011
2008-2011                            includes National Indicator 19 which has been agreed as
                                     a priority for the local area by partners and refers to the
                                     rate of proven re-offending by young offenders.
East Sussex Community Safety         The East Sussex Community Safety Agreement 2009-10
Agreement                            includes the priorities: to reduce anti-social behaviour
                                     and improve perceptions, and preventing youth crime.
East Sussex Review of Youth          The revised strategic direction of the East Sussex Youth
Development Service                  Development Service (YDS) 2009-10 highlights the link
                                     between the service and the East Sussex Youth Crime
                                     Prevention Strategy. The YDS will seek out and engage
                                     with young people who are not well engaged in school
                                     and other activities. Priority will be given to reaching out
                                     young people who are at risk of getting involved in anti-
                                     social or criminal behaviour.
East Sussex Youth Homelessness       This strategy is designed to ensure that the well being
Strategy                             and life chances of young people are not impaired
                                     through homelessness or the experience of insecure
                                     housing. Youth offenders aged 16-21 years are one of
                                     the groups of young people covered by the strategy.
East Sussex Family Support           The overarching aim of the strategy is to develop
Strategy                             comprehensive family support services.           This will be
                                     achieved by prioritising action for improvement and
                                     development in the following six cross cutting strands:
                                             Information, advice and guidance
                                             Parenting support
                                             Specialist support where child and parent profiles
                                              indicate increased vulnerability and risk and poor
                                              outcomes (to dovetail with specialist strategies)
                                             Kinship and extended family support
                                             Learning support and family learning
                                             Community support through extended services,
                                              developing community capacity, graduated play
                                              and     childcare   offer,    promoting    economic
                                              wellbeing
East Sussex Supporting People Five   The Supporting People programme will commission
Year Strategy                        services that help to underpin the aims of the
                                     Crime Reduction Partnerships, the Youth Justice
                                     Plan and the Drug and Alcohol Action Team
                                     Strategy (DAAT) by offering timely housing-related
                                     support to people who may cause, or be affected
                                     by,     anti-social   behaviour    or     crime   in
                                     neighbourhoods.”
Hastings and St Leonards             This strategy recognises that homelessness is
Homelessness Strategy 2008           linked to crime. Action 27 seeks to tackle
                                     homelessness in the Borough by working with
                                     Supporting People and the Probation Services to
                                     identify gaps in service for housing related support
                                     for offenders.
Hastings Community Cohesion          The Hastings Community Cohesion Action Plan highlights
Action Plan                          that improving community cohesion means addressing




                                                                                         45
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy

                             the social and economic well being of all members of our
                             community, particularly those living in the poorer
                             neighbourhoods, and promoting equal access to services
                             and improved life chances for all.




Monitoring and Review of
the Strategy
The multi-agency Youth Crime Prevention Strategy Group will guide
the implementation of this strategy and action plan. The strategy
group is chaired by the Head of Youth Offending Service and the
Safer Communities Manager for East Sussex who will report to the
Youth Offending Team Chief Officers Group and the East Sussex
Safer Communities Steering Group.


Progress in meeting the aims of this strategy will be monitored
against a number of national performance indicators and other
measures as set out in the table below:




                                                                            46
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


Objectives              Key measures of success                  Related indicators
To prevent children       Reduction in the number of first         NI 87: Secondary school persistent
and young people           time entrants to the Youth                absence rate
from       becoming        Justice System aged 10–17 (NI            NI 110: Young people‟s participation
involved in crime          111).                                     in positive activities.
and       anti-social                                               NI 114: Rate of permanent exclusions
behaviour                  Reduction in the number of               from school.
                            incidents of Anti-Social                NI 115: Substance misuse by young
                            Behaviour by children and                people.
                            young people reported to the            NI 117: 16 to 18 year olds who are
                            police.                                  not in education, employment or
                                                                     training.
                                                                    Number of young people engaging in
                                                                     the „Challenge and Support‟ project in
                                                                     Hastings.
To help change the         Reduction in the rate of proven         Number of „Individual Support Orders‟
behaviour of those          re-offending by young                    issued.
young people who            offenders (NI 19).                      Compliance with ABAs/ABCs/ASBOs.
have offended                                                       NI 43: Young people within the Youth
                                                                     Justice System receiving a conviction
                                                                     in court who are sentenced to
                                                                     custody
                                                                    NI 44: Ethnic composition of
                                                                     offenders on Youth Justice System
                                                                     disposals
                                                                    NI 45: Young offenders‟ engagement
                                                                     in suitable education, training and
                                                                     employment
                                                                    NI 46: Young offenders‟ access to
                                                                     suitable accommodation
                                                                    NI 110: Young people‟s participation
                                                                     in positive activities.
                                                                    NI 114: Rate of permanent exclusions
                                                                     from school.
                                                                    NI 115: Substance misuse by young
                                                                     people.
                                                                    NI 117: 16 to 18 year olds who are
                                                                     not in education, employment or
                                                                     training.
To prevent young            Reduction in the number of
people from being            young people aged between 10
victims of crime             and 17 who are victims of
                             crime.
To improve              Improve public perceptions
perceptions of anti-    measured through the following
social behaviour and    national performance indicators
reassure the public     (NIs):

                           NI 17: Perceptions of anti-
                            social behaviour.

                           NI 21: Dealing with local
                            concerns about anti-social
                            behaviour and crime issues by
                            the local council and police.

                           NI 22: Perceptions of parents
                            taking responsibility for the
                            behaviour of their children in
                            the area.

                           NI 23: Perceptions that people
                            in the area treat one another
                            with respect and consideration.

                           NI 27: Understanding of local
                            concerns     about     anti-social
                            behaviour and crime issues by
                            the local council and police.




                                                                                                    47
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


The key to the success of the first Youth Crime Prevention Strategy
is for partner agencies to work together effectively to ensure young
people and their parents/ carers receive the joined up support and
challenge they need to turn their lives around.

The progress of actions contained within the action plan will be
reported on an exception basis to the strategy group. The action
plan will be reviewed on an annual basis.


Acknowledgements
We would like to thank the members of the Youth Crime Prevention
Strategy Group who collectively worked on the development of the
strategy. The group includes representation from:

     East Sussex Children‟s Services
     East Sussex Fire and Rescue Service
     East Sussex Safer Communities Team
     East Sussex Youth Offending Team
     Sussex Police
     Local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships

We would also like to thank all partners who responded to the
consultation of the draft strategy.

We would like to say a special thank you to the groups of young
people who volunteered to give up their time to speak with us in
focus groups. Their contributions have been extremely valuable in
developing the final strategy.




                                                                    48
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy




Appendix A
Data collected to inform the Youth Crime Prevention Strategy

1. Profile of offences committed by young people in East
Sussex (from East Sussex Youth Offending Team data)

1.2 The peak age for offending in East Sussex can be seen to
be aged 15 years (Youth Offending Team data based on all
offences resulting in a substantive outcome).
                 Offences by Age and District 07/08

 160
 140
                                                       Unknown/Out of Area
 120
                                                       Eastbourne
 100
                                                       Hastings
  80
                                                       Lewes
  60
                                                       Rother
  40
                                                       Wealden
  20
   0
       10   11    12     13   14    15    16      17



1.3 Young males can be seen to commit a higher number of
the total offences compared to young females in each district
area (Youth Offending Team data based on all offences
resulting in a substantive outcome).
              Offences by Gender and District 07/08

 400
 350
                                                       Unknown/Out of Area
 300
                                                       Eastbourne
 250
                                                       Hastings
 200
                                                       Lewes
 150
                                                       Rother
 100
                                                       Wealden
  50
   0
            Total Male             Total Female




                                                                             49
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


2. First Time Entrants by Ward32
This looks at First Time Entrants (FTE) for the period 1st April 2004
to 31st March 2008. The updated 2007/08 data was taken from
Youth Offending Information System (YOIS) on 17th October 2008.

YOIS had records of 954 FTE for 2008. Of these, 901 have valid
East Sussex postcodes for their last known address. As this report
looks at FTE by ward it has been necessary to exclude the cases
without a postcode as they cannot be matched to a ward.

The table below shows the total numbers of FTE on YOIS for each
financial year and the percentage that have been included for each
of those years.

        Year               FTE in YOIS       Valid Postcode   % Included
        04/05                  887                 827         93.24%
        05/06                 1009                 935         92.67%
        06/07                  859                 810         94.30%
        07/08                  954                 901         94.44%

2.1 Numbers of FTE
Numbers of FTE rose in 07/08 having fallen in 06/07. They are still
below the totals of FTE of 05/06 though.

Hollington and Langney had the joint highest number of FTE totalled
over 4 years with 125, followed by Hampden Park and Devonshire
with 121.

Total Numbers of FTE over 4 years
     DISTRICT       Total                  WARD
Hastings             125     Hollington
Eastbourne           125     Langney
Eastbourne           121     Hampden Park
Eastbourne           121     Devonshire
Eastbourne           104     Old Town (Eastbourne)
Rother               89      Sidley
Hastings             86      Castle
Eastbourne           85      St Anthonys
Hastings             84      Gensing




32
     Youth Offending Team Data analysis


                                                                           50
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


Top 10 Wards for FTE 07/08
   DISTRICT          Total                       WARD
Eastbourne               39 Hampden Park
Eastbourne               36 Langney
Hastings                 35 Hollington
Eastbourne               30 St Anthonys
Eastbourne               29 Devonshire
Wealden                  24 Hailsham East
Hastings                 22 Central St Leonard
Lewes                    22 Newhaven Meeching
Eastbourne               22 Old Town (Eastbourne)
Wealden                  21 Uckfield


Hampden Park shows the highest number of FTE for 07/08.
Eastbourne wards form half of the top 10 wards.


2.2 FTE by age
The chart below shows the young person‟s age at the time of their
first disposal. Five young people had turned 18 in 07/08 by the
time their first disposal was received so they have not been included
in the chart.


                                  FTE across all wards by age

   250




   200




   150




   100




    50




     0
           10   11           12      13          14         15    16    17

  04/05    9    36           77      110         156        147   146   144
  05/06    19   27           72      114         177        204   179   141
  06/07    11   29           67      100         149        171   142   140
  07/08    17   36           66      105         150        221   161   140
                                           Age




07/08 has seen 15 year olds enter the youth justice system in
greater numbers than in any previous year.

Only the 12 year olds saw a fall in FTE against 06/07, and that was
only by one.



                                                                              51
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


Below are the ten wards with the highest number of FTE in 07/08
broken down by age.


                                     Top Ten Wards 07/08 Split by Age

 15

 10

  5

  0        Central St
                        Devonshire    Hailsham East   Hampden Park   Hollington    Langney
                                                                                             New haven     Old Tow n
                                                                                                                        St Anthonys   Uckfield
            Leonard                                                                           Meeching   (Eastbourne)

      10       1            0               1              1             0            1          1            0             0            0
      11       1            0               1              1             2            4          1            0             1            2
      12       1            0               3              2             4            3          0            0             2            1
      13       4            2               1              4             5            4          3            1             9            3
      14       1            4               7              10            5           13          4            5             5            3
      15       5           11               7              8             8            4         10            6             5            7
      16       6            6               3              9             7            3          1            5             4            4
      17       2            6               1              4             4            4          2            4             4            1




Langney saw a far higher number of 14 year old FTE than any other
age group in that ward.



2.3 FTE by Gender
Four year breakdown by Gender
  Gender                 04/05              05/06               06/07             07/08
Female                    259                315                 241               343
Male                      628                694                 618               611
Female %                 29.2%              31.2%               28.1%             36.0%
Male %                   70.8%              68.8%               71.9%             64.0%

07/08 saw the closest ratio of females to males over the past 4
years. The chart below shows how the increase in overall FTE is
related to the increase in female FTE. Numbers of male FTE
actually dropped slightly in 07/08 against 06/07.




                                                                                                                                                 52
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


                                                                                                                         Gender against Totals

                       1000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Totals
                            500                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Female
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Male
                                     0
                                                                    04/05                                                                          05/06                                                             06/07                                                                        07/08
                   Totals                                                              827                                                             935                                                           810                                                                                          901
                   Female                                                              259                                                             315                                                           241                                                                                          343
                   Male                                                                628                                                             694                                                           618                                                                                          611




                                                                    Top 30 Wards for Male FTE based on 4 year total

              35
              30
              25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              04/05
 No. of FTE




              20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              05/06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              06/07
              15                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              07/08

              10
              5
              0
                                                                                                                                                   Hampden Park
                                                                                                                                   Hailsham East




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Peacehaven North
                                     Central




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Old Hastings




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Tressell
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ore
                            Castle




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Rye
                                                                                                                         Gensing




                                                                                                                                                                               Hollington




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Uckfield
                                                                                                            Devonshire




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Wishing Tree
                                               Central St Leonard




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Old Town (Eastbourne)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        St Michaels
                    Baird




                                                                                                                                                                  Heathfield




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Seaford North
                                                                                        Crowborough North




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Newhaven Meeching
                                                                    Crowborough East




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sidley
                                                                                                                                                                                            Langney




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           West St Leonards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Lewes Castle




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          St Anthonys
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Lewes Bridge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Newhaven Valley




Half of the top 30 wards for male FTE saw a drop in 07/08. Castle
saw a drop of 17 young people from 24 in 06/07 to 7 in 07/08.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               53
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


                                              Top 30 Wards for Female FTE based on 4 year total

              20

              15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              04/05
 No. of FTE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              05/06
              10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              06/07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              07/08



               5

               0
                                                                                                                                                                                    Hampden Park
                                                                                                                                               Hailsham East




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Maze Hill
                                                                                                                          Hailsham Central A
                                                                    Central




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Tressell
                                                           Castle




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ore

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Rye
                                                                                                                Gensing




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Hollington




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Uckfield
                                              Braybrooke




                                                                                                   Devonshire
                                                                              Central St Leonard




                                                                                                                                                               Hailsham South And




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Old Town (Rother)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Old Town (Eastbourne)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       St Michaels
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Silverhill
                             Baird

                                     Battle




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Seaford North
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Newhaven Meeching




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sidley
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Langney




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           West St Leonards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Lewes Castle




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         St Anthonys
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Newhaven Valley
                   Ashdown




Only eight of the top 30 wards for female FTE saw a drop in
numbers against the numbers in 06/07. St Anthony‟s and Seaford
North saw a substantial increase for 07/08. Once again Hollington
had the highest number of female FTE.

2.4 Ethnicity

Ethnicity details are provided to the Youth Offending Team by the
Police. There has been a drop off in the numbers of unknown
ethnicity for FTE with only 4.4% unknown in 2007/08

Ethnicity totals for the past four years
EthnicityGroup                                                                                                                                                 04/05                                                      05/06                                                            06/07                                                       07/08
Asian or Asian British                                                                                                                                             2                                                          4                                                                5                                                           2
Black or Black British                                                                                                                                            14                                                          9                                                                9                                                           4
Chinese or Other Ethnic
Group                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                      3                                                                                       3                                    3
Mixed                                                                                                                                                                                    17                                                      9                                                                                      14                                   15
Unknown                                                                                                                                                                                  34                                                    103                                                                                      77                                   40
White                                                                                                                                                                                   760                                                    807                                                                                     702                                  837

Ethnicity percentages for the past four years
EthnicityGroup                                                                                                                                                 04/05                                                            05/06                                                                              06/07                                                07/08
Asian or Asian British                                                                                                                                          0.24%                                                            0.43%                                                                              0.62%                                                0.22%
Black or Black British                                                                                                                                          1.69%                                                            0.96%                                                                              1.11%                                                0.44%
Chinese or Other Ethnic
Group                                                                                                                                                           0.00%                                                            0.32%                                                                              0.37%                                                0.33%
Mixed                                                                                                                                                           2.06%                                                            0.96%                                                                              1.73%                                                1.66%
Unknown                                                                                                                                                         4.11%                                                           11.02%                                                                              9.51%                                                4.44%
White                                                                                                                                                          91.90%                                                           86.31%                                                                             86.67%                                               92.90%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               54
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


The two tables above clearly demonstrate that, as you would expect
in East Sussex, white young people form the vast majority of FTE.
The numbers of young people in each of the minority ethnic
categories have dropped in 07/08 whilst the numbers of white FTE
have increased. This could be due to the greater numbers of young
people having their ethnicity recorded as being white young people.

3. Young people and anti-social behaviour
It is important to note that the reasons for anti-social
behaviour/signal incidents being reported can vary33. Anti-social
behaviour encompasses a wide variety of behaviour and can also be
dependant on people‟s perception of what is anti-social. Youth
related complaints are the largest problem, though the data
generally contains no specific information on ages, so the term
youth needs to be interpreted with care.

40% (10,125 in total) of analysed incidents in the 12 month period
from September 2007 to August 200834 contained some reference
to young people. Youth related incidents were most frequent in
terms of volume in Hastings and Eastbourne. As a proportion of all
anti-social behaviour /signal incidents in each area, Lewes and
Wealden showed a greater level. The lower proportions in Hastings
and Eastbourne may be seen as a consequence of a greater variety
of Anti-Social Behaviour in these areas and perhaps a lower
tolerance level in more rural areas.


4. Sentencing

        In 2007/08 there were significant reductions in the use of
         youth custodial remands and sentences compared to
         2006/0735.


33
    ASB incidents have been extracted based on Police definitions (Signal Incidents) and include the
following :
    Noise nuisance : including noise from Business/ Industry, Alarms, Pubs/Clubs and vehicles
    Physical disorder: Abandoned vehicles (not stolen not obstruction)
    Significant events: made up of non crime hate (Race, Religion, Sexual Orientation, Disability or
     Age Related.
    Street nuisance, made up of street drinking, substance misuse, begging, prostitution related
     activity and vehicle related nuisance / inappropriate use
    Social disorder which is made up of rowdy and/or nuisance behaviour such as general drunken
     behaviour, gatherings in public places, shouting and swearing, rowdy and noisy behaviour, litter,
     fly tipping, inappropriate use of fireworks and nuisance neighbours .

34
   Anti Social Behaviour (ASB) Incidents have been analysed over the last 24 months, comparing the
12 month period of September 2007 to August 2008 with the same 12 moths the previous year. The
analysis is based on two years of Sussex Police Incident data using NSIR (National Standard of
Incident Recording) codes. The data has been broken down into two 12 month periods: “Current 12
months” (September 2007 to August 2008) and “Previous 12 months” (September 2006 to August
2007).
35
    Youth Justice Planning Tool 2008/09 - England



                                                                                                  55
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


          The use of custodial sentences fluctuated during the year
           2007/08, but at an overall 2.5% the outcome figure was lower
           than regional, national and family group comparators36.

          In 2007/08 the use of custodial remands at 8.4% was within
           the target figure of 9% or lower; this represented a fall of
           nearly 5 percentage points compared to the previous year 37.

5. Young People’s Perception of Safety
The Big Vote 2006 was a county-wide election in which young
people choose which of their peers will make up the 12 members of
the East Sussex Youth Cabinet and told us about their priorities.
Safety was ranked as the 4th priority area by secondary schools in
Lewes, Wealden and Eastbourne and as 3rd priority are in Bexhill
and Hastings38.

3908 young people (aged 14) participated in the Health Related
Behaviour Survey39 during 2007. All 27 mainstream secondary
schools took part and completed the questionnaire and 50%
male/female and 92% declared that they were white.

Of 3742 responses, 845 (23%) young people felt that their safety
was very poor or poor when going out after dark - broadly the same
for boys and girls. Of total responses for each area
      22% Eastbourne
      31% Hastings
      16% Lewes
      26% Rother
      21% Wealden
      Only 3% said the same about their safety in going out
       during the day

6% (230) felt that their safety at school was either poor or very
poor
     Of total responses for each area,
     5% Eastbourne
     8% Hastings
     4% Lewes
     12% Rother
     3% Wealden



36
     Youth Justice Planning Tool 2008/09 - England
37
     Youth Justice Planning Tool 2008/09 - England
38
     Big Vote 2006
39
  Electronic copies are available from www.healthyschools.gov.uk. and
www.safeineastsussex.org.uk




                                                                        56
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


Asked whether the students had been a victim of violence or
aggression in their area 15% said that they had. (18% boys, 13%
girls) Of the total responses for each area
       16% Eastbourne
       16% Hastings
       15% Lewes
       14% Rother
       16% Wealden

The Tellus3 Survey40 was a survey of children and young people
across England, asking their views about their local area. The
survey was carried out in 2008 and of the young people in East
Sussex who responded, 48% were female and 52% male. The
young people were from a selected sample of schools in the county,
31% were aged 8-11, 35% aged 12-13 and 35% aged 14-16.

The Survey asked how safe from being hurt by other people they
felt.

The percentage who felt very or quiet safe was:
77% Around the local area
70% On public transport
91% Going to and from school
86% In school


The percentage who felt a bit or very unsafe was:
22% Around the local area
27% On public transport
8% Going to and from school
13% In school


6. Risk and Protective Factors
Studies have identified a number of risk and protective factors
which could help prevent young people from becoming involved in
crime.




40
  Ofsted, TellUs3 (2008) available at http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/Ofsted-home/Publications-and-
research/Browse-all-by/Documents-by-type/Equality-Impact-Assessments/Learning-and-Skills-
Directorate/Tellus-3-A-survey-of-the-views-of-children-and-young-people



                                                                                               57
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


Risk Factors41:
Family                                              Community
        Poor parental supervision and discipline       Community disorganisation and neglect
        Family conflict                                Availability of drugs
        Family history of problem behaviour            Disadvantaged neighbourhood
        Parental involvement/ attitudes                High turnover and lack of neighbourhood
         condoning problem behaviour                     attachment
        Low income and poor housing

School                                              Individuals, friends and peers
      Low achievement, beginning at primary               Alienation and lack of social commitment
       school
      Aggressive behaviour, including bullying            Attitudes that condone problem
                                                            behaviour
        Lack of commitment, including truancy             Early involvement in problem behaviour
        School disorganisation                            Friendships with peers involved in crime
                                                            and drug misuse
                                                           Hyperactivity and impulsivity
                                                           Low intelligence and cognitive
                                                            impairment


Protective factors42:
Individual                                          Social bonding
       Female gender                                      Stable, warm, affectionate relationship
                                                            with one or both parents
        Resilient temperament                             Links with teachers and with other adults
                                                            and peers who hold positive attitudes,
                                                            and „model‟ positive social behaviour
        Sense of self-efficacy
        Positive, outgoing disposition
        High intelligence

Healthy Standards
      Prevailing attitudes across a community
      View of parents
      Promotion of healthy standards within
       school
      Opportunities for involvement, social and
       reasoning skills, recognition and due
       praise


7. Asset Data
The Youth Offending Team Asset assessment43 identifies the factors
which are subjectively44 seen as contributing to a young person's
offending.

The most recent average Asset assessment scores for young people
in East Sussex in the year 2007/08 showed young people living out
of the area, or where the district is unknown came out with a much
higher average score than any other area. The likely reason for this
is that any young person serving a custodial sentence will be placed
out of East Sussex, often at some distance from their home area.


41
   Risk and Protective Factors, Youth Justice Board for England and Wales 2005
42
   Risk and Protective Factors, Youth Justice Board for England and Wales 2005
43
   Asset provides a common, structured framework for assessment of all young people involved in the
criminal justice system. It is a standard assessment of the factors contributing to a young person's
offending.
44
   Asset and Onset assessments are undertaken by trained practitioners following guidance material.
However by nature, the assessment is subjective.



                                                                                                 58
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


These young people tend to score higher on an Asset assessment
than lower level offenders.

The Asset category „Thinking and Behaviour‟ saw the highest on
average score for risk of re-offending for young people involved in
the criminal justice system in East Sussex.
This category covers issues such as: lack of understanding of
consequences of actions; impulsiveness; need for excitement;
giving in easily to pressure from others; inappropriate social and
communication skills. It could also include display of types of
behaviour such as: destruction of property; aggression towards
others; sexually inappropriate behaviour; attempts to manipulate/
control others.

                                                     Most recent average asset score 07/08
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Unknown/Out
2.50                                                                                                                                                                                             of Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Eastbourne
2.00
1.50                                                                                                                                                                                             Hastings

1.00                                                                                                                                                                                             Lewes

0.50                                                                                                                                                                                             Rother

0.00                                                                                                                                                                                             Wealden




                                                                                                                                                                                 Motivation to
                                                  ETE-Further




                                                                                Lifestyle




                                                                                                                                                   Thinking and
                                                                                                                                   Self & Others
                                      Education




                                                                                            Substance
                                                                Neighbourhood




                                                                                                                                                                  Attitudes to
                                                                                                                   Mental Health
                                                                                                        Physical




                                                                                                                                   Perception of
       Arrangements



                      Relationships
                                      ETE-Stat




                                                                                                                                                                   Offending
                                                                                                                   Emotional &
                                                                                                         Health




                                                                                                                                                    Behaviour
                                                   Education
                       Family and
                        Personal




                                                                                                                                                                                   Change
                                                                                               Use
           Living




                                                                                                                                                                                                            59
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


The second highest average score in Asset was for „Lifestyle‟ for all
district and borough areas:
Area                          2nd Highest most recent average Asset
                              score 2007/08
Eastbourne                    Lifestyle
                                      Lack of age-appropriate friendships
Hastings                              Associating with predominantly pro-criminal
                                       peers
Rother                                Lack of non-criminal friends
                                      Participation in reckless activity
Lewes                                 Inadequate legitimate personal income

Wealden
Unknown/Out of Area           Family and Personal Relationships:
                                     Evidence of family members or carers with
Wealden                               whom the young person has been in contact
                                      over the last six months being involved in
                                      criminal activity
                                     Evidence of family members or carers with
                                      whom the young person has been in contact
                                      over the last six months being involved in heavy
                                      alcohol misuse
                                     Evidence of family members or carers with
                                      whom the young person has been in contact
                                      over the last six months being involved in drug
                                      or solvent misuse
                                     Significant adults fail to communicate with or
                                      show care/interest in the young person
                                     Experience of abuse
                                     Witnessing other violence in family context
                                     Significant bereavement or loss
                                     Difficulties with care of his/her own children



8. Onset Assessment:
Onset is a referral and assessment framework similar to Asset which
is used by the Youth Offending Team to provide information which
might be helpful in selecting appropriate interventions for those
young people at risk of offending who are identified as needing
early intervention.


We have looked at the Youth Offending Team‟s most recent average
Onset scores by district and boroughs for 2007/08.




                                                                                     60
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


Youth Offending Team’s most recent average Onset scores
by district and boroughs for 2007/08.

               Average Score for Most Recent Onsets by District
                                    07/08

       2.50

       2.00

                                                                  Eastbourne
       1.50                                                       Hastings
                                                                  Lewes
                                                                  Rother
       1.00                                                       Wealden



       0.50

       0.00

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                                                                             61
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy


The table below shows the category with the highest average Onset
score for each district and borough:
Area                              Highest average most recent Onset
                                  score 2007/08
      Eastbourne                 Substance Use
                                         Used substance in the past
      Wealden                           Methods of substance use that place the
                                          young person at particular risk
                                         Sees substance use as positive and/or
                                          essential to life
                                         Noticeably detrimental effect on
                                          education, relationships, daily
                                          functioning
      Hastings:                  Physical Health
                                         Health condition which significantly
                                          affects everyday life functioning
                                         Physical immaturity/delayed
                                          development
                                         Problems caused by not being registered
                                          with GP
                                         Lack of access to other appropriate
                                          health care services (e.g. dentist)
                                         Health put at risk through his/her own
                                          behaviour
      Lewes                      Family and Personal Relationships:
                                         Evidence of family members or carers
      Rother                             with whom the young person has been
                                          in contact over the last six months being
                                          involved in criminal activity
                                         Evidence of family members or carers
                                          with whom the young person has been
                                          in contact over the last six months being
                                          involved in heavy alcohol misuse
                                         Evidence of family members or carers
                                          with whom the young person has been
                                          in contact over the last six months being
                                          involved in drug or solvent misuse
                                         Significant adults fail to communicate
                                          with or show care/interest in the young
                                          person
                                         Experience of abuse
                                         Witnessing other violence in family
                                          context
                                         Significant bereavement or loss
                                         Difficulties with care of his/her own
                                          children




                                                                               62
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy




Appendix B
Initial Mapping Exercise

This initial mapping exercise focuses on universal, targeted and specialised services and projects across East
Sussex which specifically contribute to the prevention of youth crime and anti-social behaviour.



      Activity            Brief description                          Universal/          Risk factors    Age range     Area
                                                                     Targeted or         covered
                                                                     Specialised
                                                                     service
      14-19 strategy      The 14-19 strategy in East Sussex has      Universal           Education,      14-19 years   Across East
                          driven forward the development of a                            Employment                    Sussex
                          broader and more flexible curriculum,                          and Training
                          including commissioning of additional
                          alternative provision.
      Accommodation       CRI runs a range of accommodation          Targeted to young   Homeslessness   13-25 years   Hastings,
      support for young   support services for young people. In      people who are                                    Rother and
      people              Hastings and Eastbourne a more             homeless or                                       Eastbourne
                          comprehensive service is provided to       threated with
                          those aged 13-25, and aims to create       homelessness.
                          better links for those living in the
                          surrounding rural areas of Rother. The
                          main groups to benefit from this service
                          are young people who are homeless or
                          threatened with homelessness, and those
                          who would like advice about leaving
                          home or finding accommodation. These
                          young people are typically not engaged
                          in education, employment or training due




                                                                                                                                     63
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity               Brief description                          Universal/    Risk factors       Age range        Area
                                                                       Targeted or   covered
                                                                       Specialised
                                                                       service
                            to their circumstances.

     Action for Change      Action for Change provides a variety of    Targeted      A range of         16 – 19 years    Across East
                            services for young people focussing on                   issues                              Sussex
                            the age range 16 – 19 years old, working
                            with young people with a range of
                            particular problems.
     Alcohol Arrest         This pilot makes provision, in suitable    Targeted      Alcohol            Young people     Across East
     Referral Pilot         cases, for young people arrested for                                        under 18 years   Sussex
                            alcohol-related offences to receive                                         old
                            targeted responses that aim to address
                            levels of drinking and prevent further
                            offending or anti-social behaviour.
     Anti-Bullying team     The team is working to prevent bullying    Universal     Bullying           5-16 years       Across East
                            in schools and the wider community.                                                          Sussex
     ART                    Children and young people receive arson    Targeted      Arson              All ages         Across East
                            reduction messages through targeted                                                          Sussex
                            interventions identified by ART in the
                            crime reduction partnerships.
     Behaviour              Education provision and support for        Targeted      School exclusion   Primary and      Hastings and
     Improvement            pupils excluded from Hastings and St                                        Secondary        St Leonards
     Programme (Hastings    Leonards schools from the first day of                                      schools
     and St Leonards        exclusion.
     Excellence Cluster)
                            Hastings and St Leonards' Behaviour
                            Improvement Programme staff provide a
                            pro-active service to support schools in
                            the improvement of the behaviour,
                            attendance, learning, and, subsequently,
                            the raising of attainment, of young
                            people.
     Behavioural            Special schools make special educational   Specialised   Special            School age       Locations
     Emotional and Social   provision for pupils with statements of                  Educational                         across East
     Difficulties Special   special educational needs (SEN) whose                    Needs (SEN)                         Sussex
     Schools                needs cannot be fully met from within
                            mainstream provision.
     BLAZE                  Designed by East Sussex Fire and Rescue    Targeted                                          Hailsham




                                                                                                                                        64
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity                Brief description                            Universal/    Risk factors      Age range        Area
                                                                          Targeted or   covered
                                                                          Specialised
                                                                          service
                             Service to help tackle anti-social
                             behaviour based on a range of fitness
                             activities and key safety messages.
     Challenge and           The project is designed to ensure that a     Targeted      Ensure            10-18 years      Hastings and
     Support project         co-ordinated approach is taken to the                      appropriate                        St Leonards
                             delivery of support alongside the use of                   support
                             anti-social behaviour tools and powers on                  packages are in
                             young people. The project should ensure                    place for young
                             that an enforcement measure is not used                    people to
                             without the consideration of appropriate                   address their
                             support.                                                   needs and
                                                                                        strengths.
     Child Adolescent        Specialist CAMHS is a multidisciplinary      Specialised   Mental Health     0-18 years       Across East
     Mental Health Service   service, which provides assessment,                                                           Sussex
                             advice and interventions for children and
                             young people with complex, severe, or
                             persistent mental health problems.

                             The service aims to promote the
                             emotional, behavioural, social and mental
                             health of children, and young people,
                             working with their families or carers; and
                             to diagnose and treat mental disorders,
                             and work therapeutically with young
                             people experiencing complex, severe or
                             persistent mental health difficulties.
     Children‟s Centres      Children's Centres offer all families with   Universal     Family support    Families with    Across East
                             children under five a range of services,                                     children under   Sussex
                             information and support in their local                                       five
                             community.
     Coaching for A Safer    East Sussex Fire and Rescue Service in       Universal     Diversion/        5-16 years
     Community               partnership with Brighton and Hove                         positive
                             Albion Community coaches, deliver                          activities
                             football coaching exercises integrated
                             with fire and road safety messages.
     COPES 'Children’s       A local charity project, it covers many      Universal     Children’s                         Covers many
     Outreach and Parents    market towns and rural locations in East                   Outreach and                       market towns




                                                                                                                                          65
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity                 Brief description                              Universal/    Risk factors       Age range    Area
                                                                             Targeted or   covered
                                                                             Specialised
                                                                             service
     Extended Support         Sussex, including the most isolated ones,                    Parents Extended                and rural
     service'                 and can visit people where they live.                        Support service                 locations in
                                                                                                                           East Sussex
                              COPES works with schools and other
                              children‟s services, to work directly with
                              parents and children in their homes and
                              schools to help them sort things out.
                              Sometimes this means mediating
                              between parents, children and their class
                              teacher.

                              COPES is part of Action in Rural Sussex.
     CRI Intensive            Aims to extend the range of current            Targeted      Early                           Hastings and
     Intervention Project     provision for challenging young people in                    intervention                    Eastbourne
                              Hastings and Eastbourne.
     Cycle Proficiency        Supported by East Sussex County Council        Universal     Road Safety        9-11 years   Hastings
     training                 trainers, Neighbourhood Support Teams,
                              Schools and Police Community Support
                              Officers.
     Department for           While it is very rare for school children to   Targeted      Extremism or                    National
     Children Schools and     become involved in criminal extremist                        prejudiced
     Families has             activity, young people can be exposed to                     views
     published „Learning      extremism or prejudiced views including
     together to be safe: a   via the internet, from an early age. This
     toolkit to support       toolkit can help schools, working with
     schools in preventing    other local partners, families and
     violent extremism‟.      communities to support pupils who may
                              be vulnerable to violent extremism as
                              part of their wider safeguarding
                              responsibilities.
     Domestic Abuse           CRI provides information, support and          Targeted      Domestic Abuse     All ages     Across East
     Service                  practical help to women (e.g. safety                                                         Sussex
                              planning), men and children who are
                              living with domestic abuse issues.

                              Therapeutic Service for Children:
                              CRI has also developed, sustained and




                                                                                                                                          66
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity                Brief description                             Universal/            Risk factors       Age range      Area
                                                                           Targeted or           covered
                                                                           Specialised
                                                                           service
                             expanded a therapeutic service for
                             children and young people who have
                             been victims or witnesses of domestic
                             abuse. This service was initially
                             established by CRI in Hastings and has
                             been expanded across East Sussex with
                             three-year Lottery funding and an
                             additional investment by East Sussex
                             County Council Children‟s Services.

                             Children and their non-abusing parent or
                             care giver are offered up to 12 individual
                             sessions in which play and art therapy
                             are used to encourage children to
                             express their feelings. Older children or
                             young people may choose to talk and
                             work creatively on their feelings.
     Early morning patrols   PCSO‟s and PC‟s monitor school children       Targeted              Prevent anti-      Mainly 10-13   Hailsham
     before school time      in town centres and in front of schools                             social behaviour   and some 14    Town Centre
     „Op Costa‟              before school starts to prevent anti-social                                            years          and Battle
                             behaviour including smoking.                                                                          Road
     East Sussex             Provides a network of personal advisors       Universal: Personal   Information,       16-19 years    Across East
     Connexions Service      employed by: VTE; CRI; and East Sussex        Advisors provide      Advice and                        Sussex
                             County Council.                               support for each      Guidance
                                                                           secondary school.     service for
                             The service provides information, advice,                           vulnerable
                             guidance and support to 13-19 year olds       Targeted: CRI         young people
                             to ensure young people remain in              support vulnerable
                             education or go into employment and           young people aged
                             training.                                     16-25
     Eastbourne Crime        The Eastbourne Crime Reduction                Targeted              Anti-social                       Eastbourne
     Reduction               Partnership‟s Anti-Social Behaviour group                           behaviour
     Partnership: Anti-      is working hard to reduce the number of
     Social Behaviour        young people who become victims of
     Group                   crime.

                             The group agreed that a targeted




                                                                                                                                                 67
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity            Brief description                            Universal/    Risk factors    Age range     Area
                                                                      Targeted or   covered
                                                                      Specialised
                                                                      service
                         campaign against mobile phone crime
                         aimed specifically at young people would
                         be a real benefit. For more details, visit
                         the Immobilise website.

                          The Eastbourne Crime Reduction
                         Partnership provides funding to the local
                         Police to increase the number of Officers
                         on duty at times when anti-social
                         behaviour is at its highest.
     Eastbourne Youth    The Eastbourne Crime Reduction               Targeted      Positive/                     Eastbourne
     Radio               Partnership continues to support the                       diversion
                         Eastbourne Youth Radio project with                        activities
                         grants. The next event is in November
                         2008.
     Education Welfare   Provides strategic support to schools to     Universal     Raise school    5 – 16        Across East
     Service (EWS)       encourage increased attendance of                          achievement,    (compulsory   Sussex
                         compulsory school age pupils. The                          promoting and   school age
                         service aims to remind parents / carers                    reinforcing     pupils)
                         of their legal responsibilities toward                     school
                         ensuring their child‟s attendance at                       attendance
                         school is regular and punctual through
                         the use of formal attendance panels.
                         They help identify factors that prevent
                         children and young people from obtaining
                         the fullest benefit from their education.
                         Children missing education are referred
                         to the EWS for appropriate action. The
                         service also deals with child employment,
                         entertainment licences and a whole range
                         of preventative initiatives working with
                         schools to promote good attendance thus
                         raising achievement.
     Extended school     Extended schools work with local             Universal     Positive
     provision           organisations, including other schools, to                 activities
                         provide access to a range of extra
                         services to children, young people and




                                                                                                                                68
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity              Brief description                            Universal/            Risk factors        Age range       Area
                                                                        Targeted or           covered
                                                                        Specialised
                                                                        service
                           the local community.

                           As of July 2008 there are 143 schools
                           offering extended services in East Sussex
     Family Group          Family Group conferencing enables            Specialist            Family              The family      Across East
     Conferencing          families to meet together and begin to                                                                 Sussex
                           plan how to improve the situation if they
                           are having difficulties coping. This
                           intervention can help to improve the
                           situation and prevent difficulties from
                           being really serious.
     Family Intervention   The Intensive Family Intervention Project    Specialised service   Help for families   All ages        Hastings and
     project in Hastings   has been established to work with                                  to address the                      St Leonards
                           families, living in Hastings and St.                               causes of their
                           Leonards, who are persistently                                     behaviour,
                           perpetrating anti-social behaviour and                             alongside
                           are at risk of losing their homes or of                            supervision,
                           other significant enforcement action.                              support and
                                                                                              enforcement
                           The project uses a „twin-track‟ approach,                          tools
                           which includes providing help for families
                           to address the causes of their behaviour,
                           alongside supervision, support and
                           enforcement tools to provide them with
                           incentives to change. The success of the
                           interventions is dependent on a multi
                           agency approach, to ensure all the
                           necessary services work together to
                           provide a co-ordinated response.
     Family Nurse          The Family Nurse Partnership (FNP) is a      Specialist            Healthier           First time,     Hastings and
     Partnerships in       joint Department of Health/Department                              lifestyles.         young parents   Rother
     Hastings and Rother   for Children, Schools and Families project
                           that is testing a model of intensive,                              Improve
                           nurse-led home visiting for vulnerable,                            parenting skills.
                           first time, young parents. FNP nurses
                           visit parents from early pregnancy until
                           the child is two years old, building a




                                                                                                                                                 69
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity              Brief description                           Universal/    Risk factors   Age range     Area
                                                                       Targeted or   covered
                                                                       Specialised
                                                                       service
                           close, supportive relationship with the
                           whole family and guiding mothers to
                           adopt healthier lifestyles, improve their
                           parenting skills, and become self-
                           sufficient.
     Family Outreach       The Family Outreach service aims to         Targeted      Family         The family    Across East
     Workers               „reach out‟ to improve engagement with                                                 Sussex
                           the most excluded families and to offer
                           services to the most isolated families or
                           those with special needs who may be
                           unwilling or unable to visit a Children‟s
                           Centre. The outreach service provides
                           locally based and easily accessible
                           services and include home visiting and
                           group work and drop-ins.
     Fire Setters          East Sussex Fire and Rescue Service         Targeted      Intervention   5-16 years
     Intervention Scheme   deliver intervention sessions to young
                           firesetters in their homes
     Gifted and Talented   The Gifted and Talented Strand co-          Targeted      Education      Primary and   Hastings and
     (Hastings and St      ordinator works closley with primary and                                 Secondary     St Leonards
     Leonards Excellence   secondary schools to facilitate the                                      schools
     Cluster)              sharing of good practice throughout the
                           Cluster.
     Hastings- Crime       Initiative to divert children from          Targeted      Restortaive    10-16 years   Hastings and
     diversion scheme      offending. Culminates in a prison visit                   principles                   Rother
     Head-On               East Sussex Fire and Rescue Service in      Targeted      Road traffic   15-21 years   Uckfield and
                           partnership with Sussex Police and                        offending                    Bexhill
                           Ambulance Service. Delivered by trained                   behaviour
                           operational personnel addressing the
                           consequences of road traffic offending
                           behaviour amongst young people.
     Healthy Schools       The National Healthy Schools Programme      Universal     Healthy        All ages      Across East
     initiative            supports the links between health,                        Lifestyles                   Sussex
                           behaviour and achievement; it is about
                           creating healthy and happy children and
                           young people, who do better in learning
                           and in life.




                                                                                                                                 70
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity              Brief description                           Universal/    Risk factors      Age range          Area
                                                                       Targeted or   covered
                                                                       Specialised
                                                                       service
     Home-Start – family   Home-Start is a registered UK charity,      Targeted      Family support    Support is         Wealden,
     help and support      and a partner organisation with East                                        provided the       Lewes,
                           Sussex County Council. They receive                                         for whole          Newhaven,
                           funding from the Council and other                                          family unit but    Hastings,
                           organisations.                                                              there must be      Bexhill.
                                                                                                       one child in the
                           Home-Start volunteers visit people in                                       family under
                           their own home. They are all parents and                                    the age of 5
                           have special training before being                                          years.
                           matched with a family. Their support is
                           free and confidential. They can help with
                           a whole variety of problems, and enlist
                           the support of other local services or
                           resources.
     Inclusion support     This service contributes to supporting      Specialised   Education                            Across East
     service               children and young people with Special                    support                              Sussex
                           and Additional Educational Needs within
                           educational settings.
     Inclusive Learning    The service works with children, young      Targeted      Preventing        5-13 years         Hastings and
     Tutors                people and their parents/ carers. The aim                 children from     (schools years     St Leonards
     (Hastings and St      of the service is to support children at                  becoming          1-8)               including Rye
     Leonards Excellence   risk of disengagement with education,                     disengaged with                      college.
     Cluster)              and in particular support their                           education
                           attendance, achievement and behaviour.                    supports them
                           All referals to the service are from                      to remain in
                           schools                                                   school and have
                                                                                     a more positive
                                                                                     engagement
                                                                                     with their
                                                                                     community.
     Integrated Family     Following the Every Child Matters plans     Targeted      Targeted family   0-11 years         Across East
     and Youth Support     ESCC is working to improve the futures                    and youth         11-19 years        Sussex
     Teams                 of children by integrating youth services                 support
                           and family services to support and
                           provide for their needs.
     Joint Action Groups   These multi agency groups of local Crime    Specialised   JAGS operate to                      Across East
                           and Disorder Reduction Partnerships                       decide                               Sussex




                                                                                                                                          71
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity              Brief description                              Universal/    Risk factors         Age range     Area
                                                                          Targeted or   covered
                                                                          Specialised
                                                                          service
                           address crime and disorder issues that                       priorities, agree
                           have been identified through the analysis                    action plans,
                           of intelligence and statistical information                  allocate
                           provided by all partner agencies.                            resources and
                                                                                        ensure there is
                                                                                        a co-ordinated
                                                                                        response to
                                                                                        issues
                                                                                        highlighted at
                                                                                        the JAG
     KITES                 KITES provides up-to-date information          Universal     Signposts            All ages      Across East
                           and advice on all childcare facilities,                      information,                       Sussex
                           parenting and family support, and                            advice and
                           services for children throughout East                        guidance
                           Sussex.
     Learning and          The Learning and Teaching associate            Targeted      Raise                Primary and   Hastings and
     Teaching Team         leaders work closly with primary and                         educational          Secondary     St Leonards
     (Hastings and St      secondary schools to facilitate the                          attainment           strands
     Leonards Excellence   sharing of good practice to support
     Cluster)              schools in the improvement of the
                           learning, and the raising of attainment,
                           of young people.
     LIFE programme        Delivered by East Sussex Fire and              Targeted      Citizenship and      13-19 years
     (Local Intervention   Rescue. One week programme                                   respecting
     Fire Education)       addressing; citizenship and respecting                       difference,
                           difference, communication skills, taking                     communication
                           responsibility for consequences of                           skills, taking
                           actions, team participation, confidence                      responsibility
                           building, living a healthy, safer lifestyle.                 for
                           Course run at fire stations using LIFE                       consequences of
                           trained firefighters.                                        actions, team
                                                                                        participation,
                                                                                        confidence
                                                                                        building, living a
                                                                                        healthy, safer
                                                                                        lifestyle
     Local Action Teams    Multi-agency meetings to discuss a             Targeted      Local issues                       All districts




                                                                                                                                           72
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity                Brief description                            Universal/    Risk factors     Age range         Area
                                                                          Targeted or   covered
                                                                          Specialised
                                                                          service
                             localised issue with a designated budget
     Looked After Children   The Education Support Team (TEST) give       Specialist                                       Across East
     service                 underachieving children extra support to                                                      Sussex
                             help raise their self esteem, improve
                             their social skills and build confidence.
                             This helps children and young people in
                             care to achieve their best academically.

                             TEST arrange out of school activities for
                             young people throughout the year.
     Mediation               Mediation + provides:                        Specialist    Family support   All ages          Eastbourne,
                                    Time 2 Talk mediation service                                                         Lewes,
                                     (covering Eastbourne, Wealden                                       Peer              Wealden.
                                     and Lewes areas) it is available                                    mediation:
                                     to young people and families                                        Primary Yr4+,
                                     who are experiencing                                                Secondary
                                     relationship difficulties and                                       Yr9+.
                                     communication breakdown.

                                     Peer Mediation Training for
                                      primary and secondary schools -
                                      teams of pupils are trained to be
                                      peer mediators



     Mediation               Hastings and Rother Mediation                Specialist    Family support   Intergeneration   Hastings and
                             service including Time2Talk                                                 up to 18.         Rother
                             Intergenerational Mediation
                                                                                                         Community
                             Early intervention in family breakdown                                      mediation –any
                             can help prevent homelessness. An                                           age.
                             improvement in relationships may lessen
                             the risk of young people being involved in                                  Peer mediation
                             crime and anti-social behaviour. Peer                                       –school age.
                             Mediation in Schools project addresses
                             bullying and victimisation, helps manage




                                                                                                                                          73
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     Activity                Brief description                           Universal/    Risk factors      Age range        Area
                                                                         Targeted or   covered
                                                                         Specialised
                                                                         service
                             conflict and improve attendance and
                             behaviour in schools.

     Mediation               Sussex Family Mediation provides            Specialist    Family support    6/7 yrs plus     East Sussex
                             Family Focus support to couples, families                                   with parental    (based in
                             and young people.                                                           consent but      Brighton)
                                                                                                         this would
                             This included Brief Solution Focuses                                        depend on
                             Therapy and Family Mediation.                                               suitability of
                                                                                                         the mediation.
     Mediation               Brighton and Hove Independent                                                                Lewes district
                             Mediation Service offers an
                             independent option for dealing with
                             neighbourhood conflict, which may result
                             from, or lead to, acts of abuse, nuisance
                             or breach of the peace, in the Lewes
                             District area.
     Mentoring               The aim of the East Sussex Mentoring        Specialist    Family support    All ages         Across East
                             Service is to prevent children and young                                                     Sussex
                             people from offending and reoffending
                             and promote positive life opportunities
                             for young people.
     Missing Persons         The missing person meeting chaired by       Targeted      Missing persons   All ages         Across East
                             Sussex Police addresses young persistent                                                     Sussex
                             missing persons many of whom commit
                             crime/ anti-social behaviour while they
                             are missing. Interventions are put in
                             place to deter their behaviour.
     Mobile health clinics   Agencies attending various wards            Targeted      Health            10-17 years      Bexhill
                             offering health advice to youths.
     Myplace funding         The myplace programme, funded by the
                             Department for Children, Schools and
                             Families (DCSF), and delivered by the Big
                             Lottery Fund, will be making available
                             grants of between one and five million
                             pounds. These grants will support
                             projects across England that are working




                                                                                                                                           74
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity           Brief description                           Universal/           Risk factors      Age range       Area
                                                                    Targeted or          covered
                                                                    Specialised
                                                                    service
                        to create safe places for young people to
                        go, where they can get involved in a wide
                        range of exciting activities and get
                        information and advice from people they
                        trust.
     Neighbourhood      Neighbourhood Policing is provided by       Targeted             Aim to make                       Across East
     Policing Teams     teams of Police Officers and Police                              communities                       Sussex
                        Community Support Officers (PCSOs),                              feel safe and
                        often together with Special Constables,                          secure by
                        local authority wardens, volunteers and                          reducing crime
                        partners.                                                        and anti-social
                                                                                         behaviour in
                        It aims to provide people who live or                            their area
                        work in a neighbourhood with:

                        • Access - to local policing services
                        through a named point of contact

                        • Influence - over policing priorities in
                        their neighbourhood

                        • Interventions - joint action with
                        partners & the public

                        • Answers - sustainable solutions &
                        feedback on what is being done
     Neighbourhood      In addition to the aims and activities of   Universal to every                     Primary – key   Across East
     Schools Officers   the Safer School Partnership Officers,      primary and                            stage two and   Sussex.
                        Neighbourhood School Officers (NST)         secondary school                       Secondary
                        deliver the Inspire package which is the                                           schools
                        Sussex Police Education Programme
                        aimed at preventing young people from
                        becoming victims or offenders of crime.
                        Inspire has been written in line with
                        Every Child Matters Outcomes. Where
                        there is not a Safer School Partnership
                        Officer (SSPO), NSOs also support




                                                                                                                                         75
Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity                Brief description                             Universal/    Risk factors    Age range        Area
                                                                           Targeted or   covered
                                                                           Specialised
                                                                           service
                             schools with the investigation of low level
                             school based crime.
     Operation Abstain       Neighbourhood School Team (NST)               Targeted      Underage        Under 18 years   Hastings
                             operation to combat youth underage                          drinking                         District
                             drinking. NST staff working on late shifts
                             district wide to target areas where this
                             and anti-social behaviour activity occurs
     Operation Blitz         Targeted patrols and intervention with        Targeted      Aim to tackle   14-20 years      Eastbourne
                             anti-social behaviour and alcohol                           anti-social
                                                                                         behaviour and
                                                                                         underage
                                                                                         drinking
     Operation Glenfiddich   Targeting licensed premises who serve         Targeted      Underage        Under 18 years   Rother
     and Bowmor              youths alcohol. This prevents underage                      drinking                         district
                             drinking
     Operation Marble        Friday and Saturday nights patrol of          Targeted      Aim to tackle   Early evening    Wealden and
                             PCSO‟s and PC‟s to target town centres                      anti-social     10-13 years      mostly
                             for anti-social behaviour. Underage                         behaviour and   and 14-17        Uckfield,
                             drinkers have either letters home/taken                     underage        years later      Crowborough,
                             home/parents called to collect.                             drinking        evening. After   Hailsham and
                                                                                                         10pm up to 25    Heathfield
                                                                                                         years.           town centres.

                                                                                                                          Bexhill and
                                                                                                                          Rye Town
                                                                                                                          Centres
     Operation Marble        Officers patrol Town Centre Red Routes        Targeted      Alcohol         All ages         Lewes town,
                             during the evening. This is designed to                                                      Peacehaven,
                             both deal with problems during the                                                           Newhaven
                             evening (seizing alcohol etc) and then on                                                    and Seaford
                             to the night time economy
     Operation Temptation    High visible patrols to combat vandalism,     Targeted      Under age       Under 18 years   Rye,
                             under age drinking and anti-social                          drinking and                     especially
                             behaviour                                                   anti-social                      targeted the
                                                                                         behaviour                        town centre.
     Parenting Support       The East Sussex Family Support Strategy       Targeted/     Family          Any age          Across East
                             has a strategic goal to develop a             Specialised                                    Sussex




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     Activity            Brief description                            Universal/    Risk factors        Age range    Area
                                                                      Targeted or   covered
                                                                      Specialised
                                                                      service
                         strategic and joined up approach to the
                         design and delivery of Parenting support
                         Services that takes account of parents‟
                         views and builds on interventions that
                         are proven to improve outcomes for
                         children. This includes the commissioning
                         of parenting programmes that are
                         evidenced based and provide different
                         levels of support from early intervention
                         and prevention services through to
                         directed parenting programmes requiring
                         enforcement measures. Also the use of
                         age appropriate programmes using:
                         Solihull, Incredible Years,
                         STOP parenting programme, and Triple P.

                         CRI service has delivered a combination
                         of practical, personal and therapeutic
                         support to parents, subject to a Parenting
                         Order, and more recently to those
                         accepting support voluntarily and those
                         who have signed contracts with the YOT.

     Parenting Support   The service works with families to break     Targeted      Preventing and      5-19 years   Hastings and
     Advisor             down the barriers to learning. The aim of                  lowering the                     St Leonards,
                         the service is to support children and                     risk factors back                including Rye
                         young people who are at risk of                            in the home                      College.
                         diengaging from the educational                            environment.
                         environment. The main focus of this                        Offering
                         support is offering intensive positive                     protective
                         parenting strategies to parents. This                      positive
                         support will enable opportunities for                      parenting
                         progressive, positive outcomes in areas                    strategies,
                         such as attendance, behaviour and                          advice amd
                         attainment within the school                               guidance.
                         environment.                                               Lowering lack of
                                                                                    engagement




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     Activity                 Brief description                             Universal/    Risk factors        Age range     Area
                                                                            Targeted or   covered
                                                                            Specialised
                                                                            service
                                                                                          within the
                                                                                          school
                                                                                          environment
                                                                                          through one to
                                                                                          one support.
     Prevent and Deter        Local interagency forums to agree joint       Targeted      n/a                 8-17 years    Across the
     groups                   prevention action to deter children and                                                       five district
                              young people most at risk of offending                                                        and boroughs
                              from being involved in criminal activities.                                                   all have at
                                                                                                                            least one
                                                                                                                            „prevent and
                                                                                                                            deter‟ group
                                                                                                                            in place.
     Primary and              Services aim to address behaviour of          Specialised   Schools             Primary and   East and
     Secondary Behaviour      difficult children in school.                               exclusion           Secondary     West areas of
     Support Services in                                                                                      schools       East Sussex
     East Sussex
     PULSE- A Healthy         A Healthy Living Centre Initiative offering   Targeted      Healthy lifestyle   16-25 years   Hastings and
     Living Centre            health related services to young people                                                       St Leonards
     initiative               aged 16-25 living in the Hastings and St
                              Leonard's area. The PULSE Partnership is
                              made up of around 15-20 service
                              providers working together to provide
                              information, advice and support around
                              sexual health, substance misuse, mental
                              health, general health promotion and
                              smoking cessation
     Re-integration and       Support schools/individual pupils and         Targeted      Social Inclusion    5-16 years    Across East
     behaviour support        their families to prevent exclusion from                                                      Sussex
                              school and/or to successfully reintegrate
                              into mainstream provision following a
                              permanent exclusion.
     Restorative Justice in   Aims to develop and embed the use if
     schools                  restorative principles with schools. The
                              aim is to reduce bullying and
                              victimisation, manage conflict and
                              improve attendance in schools.




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     Activity                Brief description                            Universal/    Risk factors      Age range     Area
                                                                          Targeted or   covered
                                                                          Specialised
                                                                          service
     Safe Drive Stay Alive   East Sussex Fire and Rescue deliver with     Universal     Road traffic      15-18 years   Across East
                             Sussex Police and Ambulance Service                        awareness                       Sussex
                             across the County using a roadshow type
                             event to share personal experience of
                             road traffic collisions.
     Safeguard With          The SWIFT service provides a specialist      Specialist    Substance         The family    Across East
     Intensive Family        substance misuse and / or mental health                    misuse and/ or                  Sussex
     Treatment (SWIFT)       treatment provision for families who                       mental health
                             normally reside in East Sussex or are                      treatment
                             registered with a GP in East Sussex. The
                             philosophy of the service is based upon
                             the principle that parental substance
                             misuse and / or mental health can impact
                             upon children and may cause a range of
                             adverse effects socially, emotionally,
                             psychologically and physically. Reduction
                             of the negative impact of parental
                             substance misuse and /or mental health
                             on children within the Safeguarding
                             arena is seen as a priority.
     Safer Schools           A Safer School Partnership is a              Targeted      PCSOs provide a                 In some
     Partnerships            collaborative approach between a school/                   high visibility                 schools
                             cluster of schools, police and other local                 patrolling and                  across East
                             agencies working towards the following                     reassurance.                    Sussex
                             aims:
                                                                                        Police officers
                                    To reduce the prevalence of                        address
                                     crime, anti-social behaviour and                   significant
                                     victimisation amongst young                        behavioural and
                                     people and to reduce the                           crime-related
                                     number of incidents and crimes                     issues in and
                                     in schools and their wider                         around a school
                                     communities.

                                    To provide a safe and secure
                                     school community which
                                     enhances the learning




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     Activity              Brief description                             Universal/    Risk factors      Age range     Area
                                                                         Targeted or   covered
                                                                         Specialised
                                                                         service
                                    environment.

                                   To engage young people,
                                    challenge unacceptable
                                    behaviour, and help them
                                    develop a respect for
                                    themselves and their
                                    community.

                                   To reduce truancy supporting
                                    aims that young people remain
                                    in education, actively learning,
                                    healthy and achieving their full
                                    potential.
     Safer Wealden         A meeting of various partners involved in     Targeted      Anti-social                     Wealden
     Partnership Anti-     tackling anti-social behaviour in Wealden                   behaviour
     Social Behaviour
     group
     Safety in Action      Multi agency event for youths in relation     Universal     Personal safety   10-11 years   Wealden
                           to personal safety issues and criminal                      issues
                           damage/ arson. Aims to build relationship                                                   Lewes
                           and understanding with emergency
                           services and deter young people from
                           dangerous activities.
     School Bus            The School PCSO‟s and if necessary            Targeted                        10-17 years   Wealden
     Monitoring            Neighbourhood Schools Officers (NSOs)                                                       secondary
                           or additional PCSO‟s take the school                                                        schools bus
                           buses and monitor behaviour dealing                                                         routes
                           with incidents on bus or while children
                           are waiting for buses.                                                                      Rother

                                                                                                                       Lewes
     Schools Fire Safety   Rolling 2 year programme of school visits     Universal     Fire safety       5-11 years    Across East
     Education             to all state primary schools delivering age                                                 Sussex
     Programme for         appropriate fire safety messages and
     primary schools       responsible citizenship
     Schools Fire Safety   Fire safety education, hoax call sessions,    Universal     Fire safety       11-16 years   Across East




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     Activity               Brief description                             Universal/    Risk factors      Age range     Area
                                                                          Targeted or   covered
                                                                          Specialised
                                                                          service
     Education              road safety and health and safety key                                                       Sussex
     Programme for          messages.
     secondary schools
     Special Educational    Once a child aged three to five years has     Specialised   Education                       Across East
     Needs provision        been identified as having special                           support                         Sussex
                            educational needs an individual
                            educational plan will be drawn up that
                            includes activities to help them learn and
                            progress.
     Sport and physical     One full time officer is helping to develop   Targeted      Positive          12-25 years   Eastbourne
     activity projects in   sport and physical activity projects                        activities for                  Borough.
     Eastbourne             targeted young people referred from                         young people
                            schools and the Youth Offending Team.                       providing
                            Development of leadership courses                           diversionary
                            including outdoor college network course                    activities for
                            in fishing and the environment and                          referred young
                            community sport leader programmme.                          people.
     Super Sleuth project   A project run during summer holidays to       Targeted      Information/      10-17 years   Hastings
                            engage with and encourage youth                             community
                            involvement and understanding of police                     engagement                      Rother
                            work.
     Supporting People      Housing is recognised as an important         Universal     Housing                         Across East
     Programme              risk factor in the strategy. The                                                            Sussex
                            Supporting People programme will
                            commission services that offer timely
                            housing-related support to people who
                            may cause, or be affected by, anti-social
                            behaviour or crime in neighbourhoods.
     Sure Start             This programme aims to improve                Targeted      Family support                  Across East
                            community health and well-being by                                                          Sussex
                            providing services such as childcare to
                            families in disadvantaged areas
     Teenage pregnancy      The service supports and advises              Targeted      Help to stay in                 Across East
     co-ordinator           pregnant teenager and school aged                           education.                      Sussex
                            mothers and their families. Working with                    Information
                            schools and other education providers to                    about other
                            enable young parents to continue and                        support, young




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Youth Crime Prevention Strategy



     Activity                Brief description                           Universal/    Risk factors      Age range        Area
                                                                         Targeted or   covered
                                                                         Specialised
                                                                         service
                             complete their education. The service                     parent groups,
                             also provides information about other                     housing welfare
                             support, young parent groups, housing                     benefits,
                             welfare benefits, childcare choices and                   childcare
                             funding for young parents.                                choices and
                                                                                       funding for
                                                                                       young parents.
     The Safer Hastings      The ASB Unit has been nominated for         Targeted      Anti-social       Over 10 years    Hastings and
     Partnership‟s ASB       Respect Action Area Status. This replaces                 behaviour         (parental        St Leonards
     Coordinator chairs      the Together Action Area Status awarded                                     advice letters
     meetings of the         by the Home Office in October 2004.                                         at earlier
     various partners                                                                                    ages).
     involved in tackling    The Youth Nuisance Register has
     anti-social behaviour   evolved. Youths stopped by Sussex Police
     (ASB) in Hastings &     are notified to the ASB Unit by way of
     St Leonards.            stop/search forms. Their parents are then
                             informed by letter that their child was
                             stopped and told of the unacceptable
                             behaviour that has taken place.

                             The Unit has undertaken to work very
                             closely with the Youth Offending Team
                             (YOT) and the Youth Development
                             Service to ensure that interventions are
                             put in place for perpetrators of ASB.
                             Referrals are made to East Sussex Fire &
                             Rescue Service‟s Life Project, the 121
                             Programme run by YDS and CRI‟s ASB
                             Family Support Project.

                             A photo file has been created for
                             members to peruse and, in order to raise
                             public awareness and to increase
                             reporting when an ASBO is breached, the
                             Unit now prints leaflets featuring the
                             photos and names of particular street
                             drinkers who have been given ASBOs.




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     Activity                Brief description                           Universal/     Risk factors      Age range         Area
                                                                         Targeted or    covered
                                                                         Specialised
                                                                         service
     Think Safety leaflet    Produced with information from the Suzy     Targeted       Personal safety   School ages       Across East
                             Lamplugh Trust and distributed to young                                                        Sussex
                             people via schools.
     Traveller and English   TEALS consists of two teams; the            Targeted       Inclusion in      Across all ages   Across East
     as an Additional        Traveller Education and the English as an                  education                           Sussex
     Language Service        Additional Language team. Both teams
     (TEALS)                 work to ensure inclusion and improved
                             achievement for those children supported
                             by the service The Service can give
                             advice and training on good practice. and
                             loan artefacts, books and curriculum
                             materials to schools.
                             Traveller Education Team supports the
                             educational entitlement of Traveller
                             pupils in East Sussex and consists of
                             peripatetic teachers, Traveller Welfare
                             Officers and pre school workers.
                             The EAL Team supports pupils in schools
                             whose first language is not English,
                             including refugees and asylum seekers,
                             and comprises peripatetic teachers and
                             Bilingual Support Officers (BSOs). BSOs
                             work with pupils in their home language.
                             Currently, BSOs can provide support in
                             Albanian, Arabic, Bengali, Cantonese,
                             Czech, Farsi, Kurdish, Mandarin, Polish,
                             Portuguese, Russian, Turkish and Urdu
     Traveller Service       Service provides site management of         Specialised                      All ages          Across East
                             authorised and unauthorised sites and                                                          Sussex
                             broadly based support services to the
                             whole family in line with the East Sussex
                             Traveller Strategy.
     Under 19‟s Substance    One-to-one support to under 19s who         Targeted and   Substance         Under 19 years    Across East
     Misuse Service          have drug and/or alcohol issues and also,   Specialist     misuse                              Sussex
                             if appropriate, to their carers. They
                             undertake home visits where appropriate
                             or see young people in environments




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     Activity               Brief description                           Universal/    Risk factors      Age range        Area
                                                                        Targeted or   covered
                                                                        Specialised
                                                                        service
                            such as their school or within other
                            children‟s services such as the Youth
                            Offending Team.

     Vulnerable young                                                   Targeted      Sexual            Under 18 years   East Sussex
     person‟s specialist                                                              exploitation,     and older for
     sexual health nurse                                                              teenage           care leavers
                                                                                      pregnancy
     Wealden Youth          A website for young people in Wealden.      Universal     Personal safety   10-12 years,     Internet
     Website W4Y.co.uk                                                                Information       13-15 years,     access
                                                                                                        and 16-19
                                                                                                        years.
     Young People‟s         Newly established group to develop          Targeted      Personal safety   All ages         Across East
     Alcohol and Personal   campaigns to raise awareness of alcohol                                                      Sussex
     Safety Resources       use and personal safety
     Group
     Young Person‟s         This service provided by CRI provides       Specialised   Homelessness,     16-25 years      Across East
     Tenancy Support        planned tenancy support to 16-25 year                     family                             Sussex
     Project                olds who have or are about to start their                 estrangement
                            own tenancy, either in the social or
                            private sector, and need help to sustain
                            it. The service is commissioned, financed
                            and monitored by ESCC Supporting
                            People and up to 33 young tenants can
                            be given one to one guidance and
                            practical help at any one time. Around 60
                            individual tenants use the service each
                            year. Nearly all these young people will
                            have experienced estrangement from
                            their families and been found to be
                            statutorily homeless by the local
                            authority.

     Youth Development       The core mission for the YDS (from April   Targeted      See core          The main focus   Across East
     Service (YDS)          2009) is to help ensure young people:                     mission           in on young      Sussex
     (following strategic           Are supported and motivated to                                     people 13 and
     review of the YDS).             develop    self   understanding,                                   over. Where




                                                                                                                                       84
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     Activity             Brief description                              Universal/    Risk factors     Age range         Area
                                                                         Targeted or   covered
                                                                         Specialised
                                                                         service
                                    resilience, emotional literacy                                      support is
                                    and the ability to create and                                       needed for
                                    maintain good relationships with                                    individual or
                                    others.                                                             groups of 11
                                   Are supported to make healthy                                       and 12 years
                                    lifestyle choices and to maintain                                   old, however,
                                    good     physical     and   mental                                  particularly
                                    health.                                                             through
                                   Are supported to access any                                         detached work
                                    specialist help they may need,                                      or individual
                                    where that „bridging‟ support is                                    support, then
                                    necessary.                                                          the Service can
                                   Develop the confidence needed                                       provide it.
                                    to make to best possible use of
                                    all opportunities open to them,
                                    within education, training and
                                    employment and in their leisure
                                    time.
                                   Develop into fully included,
                                    responsible       citizens    who
                                    contribute       positively     to
                                    community cohesion and safety,
                                    and have the power and
                                    motivation both to participate
                                    fully in developing services and
                                    to use democratic processes to
                                    promote changes they want to
                                    see in their communities.
     Youth engagement     New post starts autumn 2008.                   Targeted      Education        16-18 years       Hastings and
     post (Hastings       Coordinator works with young people not                                                         St Leonards
     college)             in education, employment or training.
     Youth Engagement     One full time officer providing outcomes       Targeted      Positive         8-25 years        Eastbourne
     work in Eastbourne   including the development of a youth                         activities for                     Borough.
                          website and youth forum which meets                          young people
                          four times a year. There are also                            providing
                          targeted sport and physical activity                         diversionary
                          sessions for all young people delivered                      activities for




                                                                                                                                         85
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     Activity              Brief description                          Universal/    Risk factors     Age range         Area
                                                                      Targeted or   covered
                                                                      Specialised
                                                                      service
                           through wards in conjunction with                        mainstream and
                           neighbourhood panels in Eastbourne.                      referred young
                                                                                    people.
     Youth Justice         Funded by Children‟s Fund undertaking      Targeted      Family           School years 6-   Across East
     Workers               targeted work with children in years 6-8                                  8.                Sussex
                           and their families in schools in
                           Eastbourne and Hastings.
     Youth Opportunity     Provide discrete revenue and capital       Targeted      Positive                           Across East
     and Capital funds     budgets for young people to control and                  activities                         Sussex
                           decide how money should be spent on
                           positive activities in their area.
     Youth Work in         The Eastbourne Crime Reduction             Targeted      Positive/                          Eastbourne
     Eastbourne            Partnership has provided funds for youth                 diversion
                           work in Eastbourne. The money has been                   activities
                           used for both capital projects at The
                           Archery and to provide additional youth
                           workers across the summer holidays.

     Youth Work in Lewes   The Lewes Crime Reduction Partnership      Targeted      Positive/                          Lewes
                           has provided funds for youth work in                     diversion
                           Lewes.                                                   activities
     Youthfield            Information website for young people in    Universal                                        Lewes district
                           Lewes district




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