The Record

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					       The Record

1. Background     Knowledge
 2. Text Analysis

   3. Exercises

     4. Questions   For Discussion
Background Knowledge

1. Schumann (舒曼): Robert Alexander
Schumann (1810-1856) was a major German
composer, music critic and leader of the
romantic movement. His compositions and
music journal greatly influenced the music of his
time. Though he wrote orchestral and chamber
music, he best expressed his ardent romanticism
in his piano works and songs. Most of the latter
were composed in 1840.

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Background Knowledge
2. Concerto: concerto is a musical composition for
one or more solo instruments supported by an
orchestra. The three-movement orchestral form was
elaborated by Bach(巴赫). Handel(汉德尔)added
the cadenza(装饰乐段)as a regular feature. Mozart
set the style for the modern concerto: the orchestra
announces an opening subject, then takes a
subordinate position when the solo instrument enters,
thus establishing the pattern of interchanges.
Beethoven added many novel touches to Mozart’s basic
form; others including Mendelssohn(门德尔松)and
Schumann have developed the concerto, using a wide
range of solo instruments.                    Return
Exercises


    1. True/False Questions
    2. Multiple-choice Questions
    3. Translation


                              Return
True/False Questions
1. Fred and the author were good friends
  because they had much in common.
2. It was the admiration for each other that held
   the friendship between Fred and the author
   together.
3. The author often tried to get Fred interested in
   music, but in vain.


                                           Answer
True/False Questions
1. Fred and the author were good friends
  because they had much in common. (F)
2. It was the admiration for each other that held
   the friendship between Fred and the author
   together.
3. The author often tried to get Fred interested in
   music, but in vain.


                                           Answer
True/False Questions
1. Fred and the author were good friends
  because they had much in common. (F)
2. It was the admiration for each other that held
   the friendship between Fred and the author
   together. (T)
3. The author often tried to get Fred interested in
   music, but in vain.


                                           Answer
True/False Questions
1. Fred and the author were good friends
  because they had much in common. (F)
2. It was the admiration for each other that held
   the friendship between Fred and the author
   together. (T)
3. The author often tried to get Fred interested in
   music, but in vain. (T)


                                           Next
True/False Questions
4. Fred was glad to get the record because he
   was getting interested in music.
5. Fred gave the author a copy of the little
   monkey, which he had bought in a shop.
6. The black monkey was made from the melted
   record.




                                      Answer
True/False Questions
4. Fred was glad to get the record because he
   was getting interested in music. (F)
5. Fred gave the author a copy of the little
   monkey, which he had bought in a shop.
6. The black monkey was made from the melted
   record.




                                      Answer
True/False Questions
4. Fred was glad to get the record because he
   was getting interested in music. (F)
5. Fred gave the author a copy of the little
   monkey, which he had bought in a shop. (F)
6. The black monkey was made from the melted
   record.




                                      Answer
True/False Questions
4. Fred was glad to get the record because he
   was getting interested in music. (F)
5. Fred gave the author a copy of the little
   monkey, which he had bought in a shop. (F)
6. The black monkey was made from the melted
   record. (T)




                                      Return
Multiple-choice Questions
1. What does the author say about Fred?
 A) He is easy to get along with.
 B) He is attractive.
 C) He is often busy.
 D) He is always helpful.




                                          Answer
Multiple-choice Questions
1. What does the author say about Fred? (D)
 A) He is easy to get along with.
 B) He is attractive.
 C) He is often busy.
 D) He is always helpful.




                                        Next
Multiple-choice Questions
2. Which of the following is true of Fred?
 A) He doesn’t like classical music.
 B) He doesn’t understand much music.
 C) He has no interest in music at all.
 D) He doesn’t have time for music.




                                             Answer
Multiple-choice Questions
2. Which of the following is true of Fred? (C)
 A) He doesn’t like classical music.
 B) He doesn’t understand much music.
 C) He has no interest in music at all.
 D) He doesn’t have time for music.




                                           Next
Multiple-choice Questions
3. When they sat together, listening to the record,
   Fred was thinking of        .
 A) his own business
 B) his friend’s explanation of music
 C) the little black statue of monkey on the shelf
 D) getting a record


                                           Answer
Multiple-choice Questions
3. When they sat together, listening to the record,
   Fred was thinking of C .
 A) his own business
 B) his friend’s explanation of music
 C) the little black statue of monkey on the shelf
 D) getting a record


                                           Next
Multiple-choice Questions
4. Fred’s eyes had lit up because    .
 A) he had a new idea of making use of the
  record
 B) he enjoyed the music very much
 C) he wanted to take the record with him
 D) he was eager to listen to the record once
  more

                                         Answer
Multiple-choice Questions
4. Fred’s eyes had lit up because   A .
 A) he had a new idea of making use of the
  record
 B) he enjoyed the music very much
 C) he wanted to take the record with him
 D) he was eager to listen to the record once
  more

                                          Next
Multiple-choice Questions
5. In answering the author’s question “Did you
   enjoy it”, Fred said “Oh, yes … yes.” He
   meant       .
 A) he enjoyed the music
 B) he liked the record
 C) he enjoyed the tea
 D) he liked the tea things

                                       Answer
Multiple-choice Questions
5. In answering the author’s question “Did you
   enjoy it”, Fred said “Oh, yes … yes.” He
   meant B .
 A) he enjoyed the music
 B) he liked the record
 C) he enjoyed the tea
 D) he liked the tea things

                                       Next
Multiple-choice Questions
6. Seeing the little present, the author was        .
 A) ashamed
 B) excited
 C) angry
 D) confused




                                               Answer
Multiple-choice Questions
6. Seeing the little present, the author was     D   .
 A) ashamed
 B) excited
 C) angry
 D) confused




                                               Return
Translation


1. I have a big collection of records.




                                         Answer
Translation


1. I have a big collection of records.
  我收藏有大量的唱片。




                                         Next
Translation


2. I did not want Fred to listen to my remarkable
   version of it.




                                          Answer
Translation


2. I did not want Fred to listen to my remarkable
   version of it.
  我并不是叫弗莱德听我的卓越的演唱。




                                          Next
Translation


3. His eyes had lit up in a curious way.




                                           Answer
Translation


3. His eyes had lit up in a curious way.
  他好奇似地两眼充满了兴奋的神采。




                                           Next
Translation


4. I don’t know what came over me.




                                     Answer
Translation


4. I don’t know what came over me.
  我不知道是什么驱使我。




                                     Next
Translation


5. Fred answered with a big smile all over his
   face.




                                       Answer
Translation



5. Fred answered with a big smile all over his
   face.
  弗莱德满脸堆笑地答道。




                                       Return
Questions for Discussion


1) What kind of man is the author?
2) How do you think the author felt when
  he was given the “present”?
3) Give your comment on the friendship
  between Fred and the author.
  Express your view on friendship.
                                     Return
Text Analysis



                 The Record
   People differ greatly in their characters and
interests. Is it possible for people with entirely
different characters and backgrounds to become
great friends? Read the story and find the answer.
Text Analysis
   Fred Ames and I haven’t much in common. I
sometimes wonder why we are friends at all. Perhaps it
is Fred’s skill as a craftsman that I find so attractive.
He’s always busy making things. Everything he makes
is so perfect that I sometimes feel a bit jealous of him.
If I happen to mention that one of my books is so old
and torn that I shall have to throw it away, Fred takes
it home with him and returns it a few days later
beautifully bound. If I knock over a vase and it is
broken into a thousand pieces, Fred puts it together
again in such a way that only an expert would see the
difference.
Text Analysis


   My trouble is that I’m one of those hopelessly
impractical and incurably lazy people. Outside
my work at the office (which is dull enough, God
knows), the only thing that interests me is
listening to classical music. I have a big
collection of records and all day long the only
thing I can think about is when I am going to get
home to listen to a new concerto.
Text Analysis


    I’ve often tried to get Fred interested in music. When I’m in
the mood and would like to find someone to talk to (which isn’t
often, by the way), I always have Fred with me. I spend hours
pointing out the beauties of a certain piece. I look at him as he’s
gazing at that little black statue of monkey I keep on the shelf
and wonder if he’s heard anything at all. When I look into those
big, blue, expressionless eyes of his, I realize that he hasn’t been
listening to a word I’ve said. “I’d love to make a copy of that
some day,” he says and makes a sign that he is referring to the
statue.
Text Analysis
   One Saturday afternoon I came home from
work even earlier than usual. Getting home
from work is one of the few things I’m good at.
It’s certainly the only time I ever hurry. But this
day I left the office in an even greater hurry
than usual. I had just bought a new recording of
Schumann’s piano concerto and I could hardly
wait to listen to it.
Text Analysis


    I had already played the record twice over when Fred came
in. Perhaps because of the effect the music had on me, I was
more than usually pleased to see him. I started talking excitedly
about the record: how perfect it was, how marvellous; how he
just had to listen to it. He said nothing and after he had sat down,
he asked me where the little black monkey had got to. I
answered that the cleaner had knocked it off the shelf and I had
thrown it away. “What a pity,” Fred exclaimed.
Text Analysis
  After I had put the record on, I left the living-
room to make some tea. I gave Fred strict
instructions to listen to the music as I was sure he
would like it.
   It took me some time to get the tea ready, and
when I returned with a tray, the second movement
had just begun. I immediately started singing
loudly and did not stop till the movement had come
to an end. Then I remembered that I wanted Fred
to listen to the concerto, not to my remarkable
version of it, so I kept quiet.
Text Analysis
  Later, when I took the tea things out, I could not
help thinking that there had been a different
expression on Fred’s face this time. His eyes had lit
up in a curious way. He looked as if he had just
discovered something. Once he even smiled to
himself. He had been listening!
  I got back to the living-room to find Fred holding
the record in his hands. It was so strange to see
such a delicate object in his big, rough hands that
for a moment I felt like telling him to be careful.
But I was too pleased with myself to do that.
Text Analysis
   “Did you enjoy it?” I asked eagerly.
   “Oh, yes … yes.” he answered vaguely.
    I don’t know what came over me, but at that
moment I said, “Well, you can have it.”
    Fred was astonished. “What, the record? No,
I couldn’t,” he answered, “You’ve only just …”
   “Go on, take it!” I insisted.
   “Well, thanks very much. I will.”
Text Analysis



  A few days later Fred arrived with a little box
under his arm. He gave it to me smiling as soon as
he came in. “A little present,” he said.
  When I opened it, I was astonished to find an
exact copy of the little monkey which my cleaner
had broken.
Text Analysis
  “Did you make this, Fred?” I couldn’t believe it
and asked.
  “Yes,” answered Fred simply with a big smile all
over his face.
  “But however did you manage it?” I asked.
  “Oh, it was quite easy really,” Fred answered. “I
got the idea from a magazine. You just melt down
an old record and then you can mould it into any
shape you like.”
            Simplified from Essay and Letter Writing, ed., L.G. Alexander, Longman, 1965.
                                                                 Approximately 850 words.

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Words to Know


record [5rekC:d]
n. 唱片;录制品
=something that records; a disk designed to be
played on a phonograph
e.g. The doctor keeps a record of all the serious
illnesses in the village.
这个医生保存了这个村庄所有严重疾病的记录。


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Words to Know


craftsman [ 5krB:ftsmEn ]
n. 手艺人,工匠
=a man who practices a craft with great skill
e.g. It took the craftsman 30 years to make this
work of art.
这个匠人花了三十年来制作这件艺术品。



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Words to Know


attractive [E5trAktIv]
adj. 有吸引力的
=having the power to attract
e.g. I found the little town very attractive.
我觉得这个小镇很有吸引力。



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Words to Know


jealous [5dVelEs]
adj. 嫉妒的
=resentful or bitter in rivalry; envious
e.g. I was jealous of Sarah when she got her new
bicycle.
萨拉有了一辆新的自行车,我很羡慕她。



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Words to Know

vase [vB:z]
n. 花瓶


=an open container, as of glass or porcelain, used
for holding flowers or for ornamentation
e.g. The little boy was punished by his mother
for breaking that valuable vase.
小男孩因为打碎了值钱的花瓶而被他妈妈惩罚。

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Words to Know


expert [5eksp\:t]
n. 专家;高手
=a person with a high degree of skill in or
knowledge of a certain subject
e.g. Sara is an expert in cookery.
莎拉是个烹调方面的专家



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Words to Know

classical [5klAsIkl]
adj. 古典的
=of or relating to European music during the
latter half of the 18th and the early 19th
centuries
e.g. Both Bach and Beethoven wrote classical
music.
巴赫与贝多芬谱写的都是古典音乐。


                                         Return
Words to Know


concerto [kEn5tFE:tEu]
n. 协奏曲
=a composition for an orchestra and one or more
solo instruments, typically in three movements
e.g. The young pianist played the concerto with
perfect skills.
年轻的钢琴家以完美的技巧演奏了协奏曲。


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Phrases and Expressions
mood [mu:d]
n. 情绪,(精神)状态
=state of mind or spirits
The beautiful sunny morning put me in a happy
mood.
阳光明媚的早晨使我心情愉快。

 be in the mood 情绪好
e.g. I’m not in the mood of shopping.
我没心情逛街。
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Words to Know

particular
adj. 特指的;特殊的
=of, belonging to, or associated with a specific
person, group, thing, or category; not general or
universal
e.g. She has a particular preference for Chinese
art.
她对中国艺术有特别的爱好。


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Words to Know


gaze [^eIz]
vi. (出神地)盯着看
=to look steadily, intently, and with fixed
attention
e.g. The child gazed at the toys in the shop
window.
孩子眼睛盯着商店橱窗里的玩具。


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Words to Know

statue[5stAtju:]
n. 雕像,塑像
=a three-dimensional form or likeness sculpted,
modeled, carved, or cast in material such as
stone, clay, wood, or bronze
e.g. The Statue of Liberty was presented to the
United States of America in the nineteenth
century by the people of France.
自由神雕像是法国人民在19世纪送合美国的。

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Words to Know


marvellous[5mB:vElEs]
adj. 了不起的;奇特的,非凡的
=astonishing; wonderful
e.g. He had had the most marvellous experience.
他有过非凡的经历。



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Words to Know


strict[strIkt]
adj. 严格的,准确的
=exacting in enforcement, observance, or
requirement; stringent
e.g. Any student in this school has to obey strict
rules.
这所学校的任何学生都必须遵守严格的校规。


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Words to Know


instruction[In5strQkFEn]
n. 指示
=an authoritative direction to be obeyed; an
order
e.g. The girl had instructions to be home by
midnight.
这个女孩被要求午夜前必须回家。


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Words to Know


version[5vE:FEn]
n. (对同一曲子的独特的)唱法;描述;版本
=a description or an account from one point of
view, especially as opposed to another
e.g. I have heard two versions of the accident.
我已经听到关于这个事故的两种说法了。



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Words to Know


delicate[5delIkEt]
adj. 精致的
=pleasing to the senses, especially in a subtle way
e.g. The tourist bought a delicate piece of
embroidery.
游客买了一件精致的刺绣品。



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Words to Know


vaguely[5veI^lI]
adv. 含糊地
=not clearly expressed; inexplicit
e.g. I felt vaguely uneasy.
我模模糊糊地感到不容易。



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Words to Know


melt (down) [melt]
vi. & vt. 熔化
=to be changed from a solid to a liquid state by
application of heat or pressure or both
e.g. Iron will melt down when it is made very hot.
当铁烧得很热时就会熔化的。



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Words to Know


mould[mEuld]
vt. 把…塑造成
=make sth in a mould from some material
e.g. The artist is moulding a head in clay.
艺术家正用粘土塑造一个头。



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Words to Know


impractical [Im5prAktIk(E)l] adj.
1)=unwise to implement or maintain in practice 不切实
际的
e.g. It’s simply an impractical plan.
这只是个不实际的计划。
2)=impracticable 不能实行的
e.g. Refloating the sunken ship proved impractical
because of the great expense.
打捞沉船由于费用巨大而不能实行的。

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Words to Know


collection [kE5lekF(E)n] n.
1)=the act or process of collecting 收集
2)=a group of objects or works to be seen,
studied, or kept together 收藏品;收集物
e.g. The old man has a large collection of stamps.
这位老人有大量的邮票收藏。



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Words to Know
exact [I^5zAkt]
1) adj.正确无误的
= strictly and completely in accord with fact; not
deviating from truth or reality
e.g. The exact date of the event has escaped me.
我记不起这起事件的确切日期了。
2) vt. 强迫;强求;强要
= to force the payment or yielding of; extort
e.g. He exacted obedience from the children.
他强迫孩子们服从他。
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Phrases and Expressions


God knows:
an expression of emphasis. Here it means even
God would agree with my viewpoint.

God knows 上天作证
e.g. God knows I work really hard.
上天作证我工作得的确努力。


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Phrases and Expressions



all day long (or all day) 从早到晚,整天
e.g. He had to work all day long to support his
family.
他得整天工作来养活他的全家。




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Phrases and Expressions



be good at 擅长于
e.g. The salesman is very good at persuade
others.
这个推销员非常善于说服他人。




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Phrases and Expressions



tea things 茶具
e.g. That set of tea things is very precious.
那套茶具非常珍贵。




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Phrases and Expressions



can not help (doing) 禁不住(做…)
e.g. She couldn’t help crying when she heard
that news.
她听到那个消息禁不住哭了。




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Phrases and Expressions



feel like (doing) 想要
e.g. I felt like going for a walk.
我想去散步。




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Phrases and Expressions


came over me:
(figurative 比喻的) took hold of me

come over 抓住
e.g. A sudden fear came over me and I began
trembling.
我突然感到一阵恐惧而开始颤抖。


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Phrases and Expressions


the second movement:
the second division of the concerto 第二乐章

movement: one division of a symphony, concerto,
or other long selection of music



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Phrases and Expressions



lit up:
or lighted up, meaning: become bright with
eagerness




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Sentence Explanation



Fred Ames and I haven’t much in common:
Fred Ames and I are quite different in interests
and personality.




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Sentence Explanation



Everything he makes is so perfect that I
sometimes feel a bit jealous of him.
他做的每一样东西都是那么完美无缺,有时我
不禁感到有些妒忌。




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Sentence Explanation



Getting home from work is one of the few things
I’m good at.
我没什么本事,光知道下班往家跑。




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Sentence Explanation

But this day I left the office in an even greater hurry. I
had just bought a new recording of Schumann’s piano
concerto and I could hardly wait to listen to it.
但是这一天我比平时跑的还快,我刚买了一张舒曼钢
琴协奏曲的新唱片,迫不及待地要赶回家去听。

a new recording of Schumann’s:
舒曼作品的新录制唱片



                                                   Return
Sentence Explanation

Then I remembered that I wanted Fred to listen to the
concerto, not to my remarkable version of it, so I kept
quiet.
然后我忽然想起我是要让弗莱德听那段协奏曲本身而
不是让他听我动听的演唱,于是闭上了嘴。

not to my remarkable version of it:
not to my way of singing, good as it may be



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Sentence Explanation

It was so strange to see such a delicate object in
his big, rough hands that for a moment I felt like
telling him to be careful.
看着他那双粗糙的大手抚摸着这么一张精巧的
唱片,我真想告诉他小心一点,别弄坏了唱片。

I felt like telling him:
I wanted to tell him


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Sentence Explanation



I don’t know what came over me, but at that
moment I said, “Well, you can have it.”
我不知怎么会心血来潮,竟然对他说:“我把
这张唱片送给你了。”




                                      Return
Phrases and Expressions




of a certain piece:
of a certain piece of music




                              Return
Phrases and Expressions




with a big smile all over his face:
smiling broadly.




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Questions




What held their friendship together?




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Questions



Are you interested in classical music?
Can you name some great composers
and their works?



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Questions




What was Fred thinking about?




                                Return
Questions




What was the misunderstanding
between them?




                                Return
Questions




What did Fred mean?



                      Return
Questions



Can you expect such an ending? How
many examples of foreshadowing(伏
笔)can you find in the text to justify
your answer?


                                 Return
Sentence Explanation

“But however did you manage it?” I asked.
“你究竟是怎么做到的?”我问道。

“疑问词 + ever”形式中,ever跟疑问词连用,可以加
强问句的语气,表示“究竟”、“到底”,但是在一
般情况下,特别是在正式文体中,ever跟疑问词分开
写:
e.g. When ever did I make such a promise?
我究竟是什么时候许下这样的诺言的?


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Sentence Explanation


 “I got the idea from a magazine. You just melt
down an old gramophone record and then you
can mould it into any shape you like.”
“我是从一本杂志上得到启发的。只要把一张旧
唱片熔化掉,然后就能用模子把它做成你想要
的任何形状的东西。”



                                         Return

				
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