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									      Army Energy
       Overview

Association of Defense Communities
            18 July 2011




         Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                  1
                       Army Energy in Perspective
• The Army has both Installation & Operational Energy
  requirements
• The Army is largest facility energy consumer in the Federal
  Government – 79.1 trillion Btu/$1.2B (FY10)
• The Army spent more than $2.5 billion on fuel purchases in
  FY10, a 64%increase in Afghanistan from FY09
• DoD expects a $400 million increase in fuel costs in                                           Fort Carson Photovoltaic Array

  Afghanistan for FY11

EXTERNAL VIEW: “Pay attention: When the U.S. Army desegregated, the country really desegregated; when the Army goes
green, the country could really go green.” – Thomas Friedman, 2009
WHITE HOUSE VIEW: “Now, there are costs associated with this transition. And there are some who believe that we can’t
afford to pay those costs right now. I say we can’t afford not to change how we produce and use energy – because in the
long-term costs to our economy, our national security and our environment are far greater. “ – President Obama, June 2010
ARMY VIEW: “To remain operationally relevant and viable, the Army must reduce its dependency on energy, increase energy
efficiency, and implement renewable and alternate sources of energy.” – SA/CSA Testimony, House Armed Services
Committee, March 2011
OPERATIONAL VIEW: “High fuel use imposes risks to the mission and to each of us. In fact, nearly 80% of ground supply
movements are composed of fuel and we have lost many lives delivering fuel to bases around Afghanistan. Moreover, moving
and protecting this energy diverts forces away from combat operations. A force that makes better use of fuel will have
increased agility, improved resilience against disruption“ – General David Petraeus, June 2011
                                               Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                        2
                    U.S. Army Energy Consumption, 2009

     United States                           Federal Government                             Department of Defense

                                                                                                                                   Army
                                                                                                                                   21%


                                 Federal                                            DoD                       FY10 Highlights
                                                                                                              - $2.5+B Operational Energy
                                 Gov 1%                                             80%                       Costs
                                                                                                              - $1.2 B Facility Energy Costs
                                                                                                              - +64% fuel costs in Afghanistan -
                                                                                                              not counting cost to deliver and
                                                                                                              secure
                                                                                                              - +$400 million increase in fuel
                                                                                                              costs expected in FY11 across
                                                                                                              DoD in Afghanistan

                                                                     25%
                       35%                                                                                           42%
        65%                                             75%                                          58%


   Facilities                                    U.S. = 94,578 Trillion Btu                      DoD = 880 Trillion Btu
   Vehicles & Equipment                          Fed Gov = 1,096 Trillion Btu                    U.S. Army = 190 Trillion Btu
    (Tactical and Non-tactical)
Sources: Energy Information Agency, 2009 Annual Energy Review; Agency Annual Energy Management Data Reports submitted to DOE's Federal Energy
Management Program (Preliminary FY 2009)
                                                     Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                                         3
                              Army Energy Consumption

               Army Energy Requirements are Driven by Mission Requirements




                                                    Army Force Moves

                                                                                156
                                From                                            2 34
        Past                    Theatre
                                                                                                               Current
                                                                                                      •Expanding/closing bases
•Units deployed
                                                                                                      •Bringing soldiers home
•Based Overseas                                                                         From
                                                                                        Europe        •Additional training for the
•Predictable Training
                                                                                                      Guard and Reserve
Rotations
                                                                                                      •+ 200,000 on installations

Sources: Defense Science Board. More Fight – Less Fuel (February 2008); Department of the Army FY07 Annual Energy Management
Report (December 2007)
                                                 Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                               4
                            Army Energy Program

● Change the Culture: Every Soldier a Power Manager
– Senior Energy and Sustainability Council (SESC)/Senior Energy
  Executive (SEE)
– Energy and Sustainability must be a consideration in all Army activities
– System wide approach for designing base camps to capture efficiencies
● Drive Efficiency Across the Enterprise
– Technology/policies will reduce energy footprint
– Leverage public private financing to accelerate efficiency projects
– Implement technologies to significantly reduce energy footprint in the field.
● Build Resilience through Renewable/Alternative Energy
– Diversify sources of energy to allow for continued operations during energy
  disruptions
– Attract private investment to develop large scale renewable energy projects
– Provide flexibility and resiliency by developing alternatives and adaptable
  capabilities
● Science and Technology
–   Army’s future efforts depend on Science and Technology investments
                                       Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                5
                    Every Soldier a Power Manager



• Army mock billing for Brigade Combat Teams at
  Fort Hood
   •   Allows better tracking of energy costs
   •   Increases awareness
   •   Fosters competition, “Behavior Modification”

• Tactical Fuels Manager Defense
  •    Army enterprise system capable of tracking fuel
       requirements, inventory and consumption to the retail
       level.
  •    Define consumption to the lowest level; desired to
       individual tactical and non-tactical equipment




                                    Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                             6
            Drive Efficiency Across the Enterprise


• Sustainable Design & Development Policy – Policy update
  addresses the Army approach to the design and development of
  efficient military construction projects and major renovations by
  incorporating guidance in ASHRAE 189.1 as the baseline standard.

• Utilization of Efficient Lighting Policy – The Army will phase
  out purchases of incandescent light bulbs

• Building Efficiency Tax Deduction Policy – Policy will assist
  Army contractors to validate and obtain tax incentives and deduction
  for costs of installing certain energy efficient systems in government
  buildings

• Holistic Review – The Army is currently developing additional
  policies to drive energy efficiency across the enterprise that it expects
  to announce six later this year.



                                   Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                            7
       Build Resilience Through Renewable Energy


   Large Scale Renewable Energy Development
• Last month, the Huntsville Center Corps of Engineers
  released a Sources Sought request for Renewable and
  Alternative Energy Power Production for Army
  Installations.
  • Estimated value is $5 billion ($5B).
  • Developers will re-coup their capital investment through the                          Fort Carson, CO
    sale of green energy to the Army and excess energy back to
    the Grid.
  • Individual project awards are anticipated to range from $50
    million to $900 million each, to be repaid over time typically
    20 years, but no more than 30 years.
• Part of a comprehensive renewable energy strategy
  • Process improvements
  • Clarified legal opinions
  • Inter-service/Inter-agency cooperation                                                 Sea Girt, NJ



                                  Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                            8
                   Army Power and Energy

                              Army Power and Energy
                             Every Soldier An Energy Manager


          Basing                         Soldier                              Vehicles

Installation   Contingency                                              Tactical           Non Tactical

                                                                                     Air

                                                                                    Land




                                 OPERATIONAL ENERGY

                                  NET ZERO STRATEGY

                               Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                          9
                                                                   Net Zero
                                                                                        A Net Zero ENERGY Installation is an
                                                                                         installation that produces as much energy
                                                                                         on site as it uses, over the course of a year.

                                                                                        A Net Zero WATER Installation limits the
                                                                                         consumption of freshwater resources and
                                                                                         returns water back to the same watershed
                                                                                         so not to deplete the groundwater and
                                                                                         surface water resources of that region in
                                                                                         quantity or quality.
Energy                 Water               Waste                     Integrated
                                                                                        A Net Zero WASTE Installation is an
Fort Detrick, MD       Aberdeen Proving    Fort Detrick, MD          Fort Bliss, TX
                                                                                         installation that reduces, reuses, and
                       Ground, MD                                                        recovers waste streams, converting them to
                                                                                         resource values with zero landfill.
Fort Hunter Liggett,   Camp Rilea, OR      Fort Hood, TX             Fort Carson, CO
CA

Kwajalein Atoll, RMI   Fort Buchanan, PR   Fort Hunter Liggett,                         A Net ZERO INSTALLATION is one which
                                           CA
                                                                                         applies an integrated approach to
Parks Reserve          Fort Riley, KS      Fort Polk, LA             State-Wide
Forces TA, CA                                                                            management of energy, water, and waste to
                                                                                         capture and commercialize the resource
Sierra Army Depot,     JB Lewis-McChord,   JB Lewis-McChord,         OR ARNG
CA                     WA                  WA                                            value and/or enhance the ecological
West Point, NY         Tobyhanna Army      USAG Grafenwoehr,                             productivity of land, water, and air.
                       Depot, PA           Germany

                                                                  Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                                           10
                                           Facility Energy
• The Army has a collection of foundation documents

• Army Energy Security Implementation Strategy (AESIS)
    •   The AESIS articulates the Army’s vision, mission, and goals for achieving
        greater energy security and ensuring energy is a key consideration in all
        Army activities.
    •   The AESIS encompasses all aspects of the Army’s energy consumption
        and utilization, including installations, weapon systems, and operations.

•   IMCOM Campaign Plan
    •   Objective - Create energy and water efficient installations by holding users
        accountable, modernizing facilities, installing new technologies, and
        leveraging partnerships that will provide Senior Commanders an increased
        level of energy and water security leading to sustainable and resilient
        infrastructure and mission assurance.

• Army Sustainability Campaign Plan
    •   Institutionalize sustainability in Army doctrine, policy, training, operations,
        and acquisition
    •   Move from individual initiatives to enterprise-wide synchronization across
        multiple lines of operations


                                             Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                      11
                       Operational Energy
• Existing Operational Energy Documents

  • OSD Operational Energy Strategy

  • USFOR-A Operational Energy Policy for
    Afghanistan

  • Power and Energy Strategy White Paper

  • Tactical Fuel and Energy Implementation Plan
    (TFEIP)

  • Contingency Basing Policy

• Operational Energy Documents in Development

  • Operational Energy Initial Capabilities Document

  • Army Operational Energy Campaign Plan
                            Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                     12
                                           Soldier Power
•   Expeditionary Soldier Power is the energy and associated
    systems, information, and processes required for a dismounted
    Soldier.
      •   Key enabler for operations, essential for patrols and required for
          Soldier sustainment.
      •   Alternative energy capabilities and interoperability builds flexibility
          and resilience.

•   Soldiers of the 1-16th Infantry Battalion, recently deployed to
    central Afghanistan, prepared to use a suite of advanced soldier
    power capabilities such as power management devices, fuel cells,
    and renewable energy alternatives that will help to reduce the volume
    and weight of their load.
      •   Soldier Power Manager (SPM) - state-of-the-art, lightweight,
          portable power management system.
      •   Rucksack Enhanced Portable Power System - state of the art
          lightweight, portable solar power system
      •   300 Watt Fuel Cell operates on packaged propane canisters. Two
          8oz. fuel cans will last up to 4 hours.
      •   1KW JP8 Generator - allows the war-fighter to leverage the existing
          logistics infrastructure while providing a light weight, man-portable
          power solution.
                                           Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                    13
                  Energy Savings in Base Camps

          Integrated Base Camp Design Results in 30-60% Savings

• Energy Awareness on consumption and efficiencies
    • Energy-informed decision making – Culture Change
    • Improved energy measurement and tracking – Tactical Fuels Manager              >20%
      Defense
    • Improved energy distribution and grid power management Minigrids                         Smart and Green
                                                                                               Energy for Base
    • Systems Integration Lab at Fort Devens, MA                                                Camps (SAGE)
• Improved Efficiency
    • Energy efficient generators
    • Shower water reuse systems
                                                            20-30%
    • Energy Efficient Shelters
                                                                           Advanced Mobile Medium Power Sources
                                                                                         (AMMPS)
• Integrate Renewable Energy
    •   Solar
    •   Waste to Energy
                                    10-15%

                                                             Solar Water
                                                                                                  Tent Insulation
                                                              Heating
                                     Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                    14
                     Fuel Savings in USFOR-A
                 (Planned and Completed Projects)

• Currently generators typically operate well                                             Example
  under capacity.                                                        Demand = 20 kW                    Demand = 12 kW

                                                            60 kW                             60 kW
                                                            Gen                                Gen
                                                                                                            Bldg
• Conversion to a minigrids reduces the
                                                                          Bldg
                                                                           1                                 2

  number of generators needed, substantially
  reducing fuel usage, and results in less                 100 kW Gen                         35 kW
                                                                                               Gen          Bldg
  maintenance and fewer outages                                           Bldg
                                                                           3                                 4


                                                                         Demand = 20 kW                   Demand = 15 kW
• 249th Engineer Battalion (Prime Power) and
  the Philadelphia District of the USACE efforts                          Demand = 20 kW
                                                                                              100 kW
                                                                                               Gen
                                                                                                            Demand = 12 kW

  to improve energy efficiency in theater:
                                                                           Bldg                              Bldg
                                                                            1                                 2

    •   22 projects completed with 17 more planned
    •   Will result in the removal of more than1400
        generators                                                         Bldg               Main           Bldg
                                                                                           Distribution
    •   Fuel savings of more than 32 million gallons                        3
                                                                                              Panel
                                                                                                              4


        ($229 million)                                                    Demand = 20 kW                   Demand = 15 kW

    •   Removing 6578 fuel trucks from the road
                                     Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                    15
                                     Vehicle Power
Vehicle Power Initiatives
                                                                                                      Data Collection
                                                                                                                                          Full Automation

•   TARDEC – DOE Partnership                                                                                                             Integrate Automatic
                                                                                                                                        Data Collection (ADC)
                                                                                                                                         and Automatic T ank
                                                                                                                                                                     GCSS-A               BCS3


•
                                                                                                                                        Gauging (ATG) into one

    Tactical Fuels Manager Defense                                                     DA Form 3643     Daily Activity Report
                                                                                                                                                 site
                                                                                                                                                                               Data Feed


                                                                                                                                                                                    IDE

•   Improved Turbine Engine Program                                                             Manual Feed

                                                                                                                                         Automated Feed
                                                                                                                                                                 Future Data Feed

                                                                                                                                                                            Data Storage

•   Vehicle-to Grid (SPIDERS)
•   Smart-Charging Micro Grids                                                                                                                   Data Transfer            Enterprise Server
                                                                                                                                                                          Army Data Center
                                                                                                                                                 Connectivity
•   Low Speed Electric Vehicles                                                                                            Data Input
                                                                                                                                                    LAN
                                                                                                                                                    VSAT
                                                                                                                                                                           Farfield (ADCF)




•   Hybrid Electric Vehicles                  Improved Turbine Engine                  Software loaded
                                                                                       and database built
                                                                                                                                                                      Query Data
                                                                                                                                                                      Automated Reports



•   Alternative Fuel Vehicles                        Program                                                             Unit Laptop




                                                                                       System Name = TFMD (Tactical
Army Non-Tactical Vehicle Fleet                                                           Fuels Manager Defense )
•   80,670 Non-Tactical Vehicles
•   40% of fleet (31,913 NTVs) alternative fuel/hybrid electric vehicles
•   927 low speed electric vehicles




                                                                                      Ft. Dix Soldiers and Civilians turn in a
                                                Vehicle connected microgrid to
                                                                                      fossil fuel vehicle for a hybrid vehicle
                                                   provide assured power
       Low Speed Electric Vehicles                                                          from GSA representatives
                                          Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment)
                                                                                                                                                                                    16

								
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