Table of Cases (PDF)

					                    Table of Cases
                             References are to paragraphs
                      Principal cases are indicated by bold type

A (Children) (Conjoined Twins: Surgical         Alford v Magee (1952) .... 4.1.2C, 6.1.3
  Separation), Re [2001] .... 13.3.5            Allcorp Cleaning Services Pty Ltd v
A-G (NSW) v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd              Fairweather (unreported, NSW CA, 29
  (1952) .... 2.7.25                              June 1998, BC9804739) .... 3.4.10
—v— [1955] .... 16.1.3, 16.3.1                  Allen v Flood [1898] .... 14.1.26C
A-G v Gas Light and Coke Co (1877) ....         —v Gulf Oil Refining Ltd [1981] .... 14.1.8,
  14.3.13C                                        14.3.10, 14.3.15
—v Prince [1998] .... 10.2.11                   —v Roughley (1955) .... 12.3.4C
—v PYA Quarries Ltd [1957] .... 15.3.1          Allied Maples Group Ltd v Simmons &
A-G’s Reference (No 6 of 1980) [1981]             Simmons [1995] .... 5.1.8, 5.1.9
  .... 13.2.9                                   Allsop v Allsop (1860) .... 7.2.1C
Abalos v Australian Postal Commission           Alma v Nakir [1966] .... 14.1.22
  (1990) .... 3.1.13, 3.3.11, 4.1.16            Altmann v Dunning [1995] .... 8.2.14
Abela v Giew (1965) .... 10.2.4                 Amatek Ltd v Googoorewon Pty Ltd (1993)
Abdullah v Newton (1998) .... 6.2.30              .... 12.5.7
ACC v Curtis [1994] .... 7.12.9                 American Express Co v British Airways
—v Haynes [1992] .... 1.4.27                      Board [1983] .... 1.4.28
Adams v Kennedy (2000) .... 8.1.6, 8.1.14,      Ammerlaan v Distillers Co (Biochemicals)
  12.1.3, 13.5.6, 17.3.12, 17.3.25                Ltd (1992) .... 7.2.16
Adamson v Jarvis (1827) .... 18.1.7             AMP General Insurance Ltd v Roads &
—v Motor Vehicle Insurance Trust (1957)           Traffic Authority of NSW (2001) .... 9.2.6
  .... 1.3.22, 3.2.14C, 11.6.2C                 Ancell v McDermott [1993] .... 2.7.23,
Adelaide Chemical & Fertilizer Co Ltd v           2.7.24, 7.7.4
  Carlyle (1940) .... 7.3.10, 17.5.8C           Anchor Products Ltd v Hedges (1966)
Admiralty Commissioners v SS Amerika              .... 3.4.7C
  (Owners) [1917] .... 9.2.1                    Anderson (WB) & Sons Ltd v Rhodes
Agar v Hyde [2000] .... 2.6.11C, 3.2.40,          (Liverpool) Ltd [1967] .... 16.2.7
  6.3.1                                         Anderson v Enfield City Corp (1983)
Aird v Grantham (unreported, WA FC, 7             .... 2.6.5
  April 1998, BC9804928) .... 15.2.19           —v Mackellar County Council (1968) ....
Airedale NHS Trust v Bland [1993] ....            10.2.6C, 10.2.24
  13.2.17                                       Andreas v Selfridge & Co Ltd [1937]
Al-Kandari v J R Brown & Co [1988]                .... 14.1.10C
  .... 2.7.16                                   —v— [1938] .... 14.1.13
Alagic v Callbar Pty Ltd [2000] .... 7.5.9      Andrews v Armitt [1971] .... 6.2.42C
Albert v Lavin [1982] .... 13.5.4               —v Grand & Toy Alberta Ltd [1978] ....
Albrighton v Royal Prince Alfred Hospital         8.2.15
  [1980] .... 3.2.21C, 7.9.1, 17.2.7, 17.5.14   —v SC Lohse & Co (1986) .... 4.1.27
Alchin v Commissioner for Railways (1935)       Anglo-Algerian Steamship Co Ltd v The
  .... 2.4.3                                      Houlder Line Ltd [1908] .... 16.3.1
Alcoa Minerals of Jamaica Inc v Broderick       Annetts v Australian Stations Pty Ltd (2000)
  [2000] .... 8.3.9                               .... 1.4.1, 2.1.2, 2.4.2, 2.5.13, 7.2.5,
Alexandrou v Oxford [1993] .... 2.7.23            7.11.5

                                            xxxi
xxxii                          Torts: Cases and Commentary

Anns v Merton London Borough Council            Australian Consolidated Press Ltd v Uren
  [1978] .... 2.2.13, 2.2.15, 2.2.16, 2.2.20,    (1966) .... 8.1.4, 8.1.6, 8.1.11
  2.2.26, 2.7.28, 2.7.29, 5.3.20, 7.7.15C       —v— [1969] .... 8.1.4
Anon (1704) .... 10.1.2                         Australian Education Union (formerly Sait
Ansett Transport Industries (Operations) Pty     Inc) v Grieve [2000] .... 8.3.9
  Ltd v New South Wales (1998) .... 2.7.24,     Australian Iron & Steel Ltd v Krstevski
  7.7.4                                          (1973) .... 3.1.34, 3.1.37
Anthanasopoulos v Moseley (2001) ....           —v Ryan (1957) .... 10.2.36
  8.3.11                                        Australian Mutual Provident Society v
Anthoness v Bland Shire Council [1960]           Chaplin (1978) .... 17.2.1
  .... 8.3.6                                    Australian National Airways Ltd v Phillips
Antonow v Leane (1989) .... 6.2.31               [1953] .... 11.3.18C
APQ v Commonwealth Serum Laboratories           Australian Safeway Stores Pty Ltd v Zaluzna
  [1999] .... 5.1.4, 7.11.8                      (1987) .... 2.3.1, 2.3.5C, 7.1.4, 7.5.4C,
Ardern v Ritchies Stores Pty Ltd [2001] ....     7.5.15, 17.5.17
  7.5.6                                         Australian Soccer Pools Pty Ltd v Gair
Arenson v Arenson [1977] .... 2.7.17             (1989) .... 6.3.29
Armagas Ltd v Mundogas SA [1986]                AWA Ltd v Daniels (1992) .... 10.2.40
  .... 17.3.17
Armstrong v Strain [1952] .... 17.4.4           B v Attorney-General [1999] .... 2.2.26
Arndt v Smith [1997] .... 7.9.4                 —v Croydon Health Authority [1995] ....
Arnold v Teno [1978] .... 7.7.20                  13.3.7
Arpad (The) [1934] .... 8.2.19                  Backwell v AAA [1997] .... 8.1.6, 8.1.15
Arthur (JS) Hall & Co (a Firm) v Simons         Baddeley v Earl Granville (1887) .... 6.3.6C
  [2000] .... 2.7.14, 2.7.17                    Badger (BIT) Pty Ltd v Cunich [1997] ....
Arthur Robinson (Grafton) Pty Ltd v Carter        6.3.29
  (1968) .... 8.2.7, 8.2.11C, 8.2.27            Baggermaatschappij Boz & Kalis BV v
Arthur v Anker [1997] .... 12.5.8                 Australian Shipping Commission (1980)
Ashby v White (1703) .... 16.2.3                  .... 2.5.7, 3.1.25
Ashcraft Persian Trading Co Pty Ltd v           Bagnall v Schmidt (1980) .... 3.4.13
  Ashrafinia [2002] .... 7.5.13                 Bain v Altoft [1967] .... 13.2.9
Ashcroft v Mersey Health Authority [1983]       Baker v Australian Asbestos Insulation Pty
  .... 7.9.15                                     Ltd [1984] .... 4.1.27
Ashdown v Samuel Williams & Sons Ltd            —v Bolton (1808) .... 1.4.10, 9.2.1
  [1957] .... 6.3.26                            —v E Longhurst & Sons Ltd [1932] ....
Assaf v Kostrevski [1999] .... 2.3.12             3.3.7C
Astley v Austrust Ltd (1999) .... 1.4.26,       —v Snell [1908] .... 15.2.22
  6.1.3, 6.2.3S, 16.2.15, 16.2.35, 17.5.2C      —v Willoughby [1969] .... 4.2.12C
Atkinson v Newcastle Waterworks Co              —v— [1970] .... 4.2.12C, 4.2.13C, 4.2.14,
  (1877) .... 10.2.8C                             4.2.15, 4.2.16, 4.3.18
Atlas Tiles Ltd v Briers (1978) .... 8.2.17     Bakker v Joppich (1980) .... 18.2.6
Attrill v Richmond River Shire Council          Baldwin (EM) & Son Pty Ltd v Plane [1999]
  (1995) .... 14.3.14                             .... 1.4.27, 4.1.11
Austin v Bonney [1999] .... 2.3.12              Baldwin v Casella (1872) .... 15.2.17C
Austral Pacific Group Ltd v Airservices         Bale v Seltsam Pty Ltd (unreported,
  Australia (2000) .... 18.2.10                   CA(Qld), 1996, BC9604013) .... 2.4.4,
Australia Racing Drivers Club Ltd v Metcalf       2.5.9C, 5.5.12
  (1961) .... 6.3.10                            Ball v Consolidated Rutile Ltd [1991] ....
Australian Aluminium Co Ltd v Goulding            15.3.2
  [1964–5] .... 4.1.21                          —v Ray (1873) .... 14.1.17C
Australian Broadcasting Corporation v           Ballard v Tomlinson (1885) .... 14.4.1C
  Lenah Game Meats Pty Ltd [2001] ....          Balmain New Ferry Co Ltd v Robertson
  1.4.3, 1.4.12, 12.2.17, 14.1.23                 (1906) .... 11.5.11C, 11.5.13
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                       Table of Cases                                 xxxiii

Bamford v Turnley (1862) .... 14.1.16,          Bell-Booth Group Ltd v A-G [1989]
  14.1.18, 14.4.1C                                .... 16.2.19
Bank of New Zealand v Greenwood [1984]          Bendal Pty Ltd v Mirvac Project Pty Ltd
  .... 14.1.3C                                    (1991) .... 12.2.4, 12.4.4, 12.5.4
Bankstown Foundry Pty Ltd v Braistina           Bendix Mintex Pty Ltd v Barnes (1997) ....
  (1986) .... 2.3.5C, 3.1.35, 7.8.5, 7.8.6        4.1.14, 4.1.27
Bannerman v Mills (1987) .... 7.2.19            Benham v Gambling [1941] .... 8.2.57C,
Banovic v Perkovic (1982) .... 6.2.13,            8.2.59
  6.3.3C, 6.3.18                                Benjamin v Currie [1958] .... 9.2.10
Banque Bruxelles SA v Eagle Star [1997] ....    Bennett v Dopke [1973] .... 13.4.4
  4.1.5, 4.1.13                                 —v Minister of Community Welfare (1992)
Bardsley v Batemans Bay Bowling Club Ltd          .... 4.1.8, 4.1.14, 4.3.7
  (unreported, NSW CA, 25 November              —v Tugwell [1971] .... 6.3.3C, 6.3.25
  1996, BC9605609) .... 1.1.29, 7.5.8           Benning v Wong (1969) .... 2.7.7, 14.3.15,
Barisic v Devenport [1978] .... 6.2.25,           15.1.1
  18.2.13, 18.2.17                              Bentley v Furlan [1999] .... 1.3.20
Barker v R (1983) .... 12.2.15C, 12.2.18,       Bernina (The) (1888) .... 6.2.48
  12.2.19                                       Bernstein (Baron) v Skyviews & General Ltd
—v Wingo (1972) .... 5.2.4C                       [1978] .... 12.4.1C
Barnes v Culpan (1993) .... 6.2.10              Berryman v Joslyn (2001) .... 7.12.12
Barrett v Enfield London Borough Council        Besozzi v Harris (1858) .... 15.2.17C
  [1999] .... 2.7.21, 3.2.26, 7.7.17
                                                Best v Samuel Fox & Co Ltd [1952]
Barry v Peers (unreported, NSW CA,
                                                  .... 1.4.23, 16.3.1
  Reynolds J, 31 Janaury 1979) .... 1.2.21
                                                Beste v Brand [1971] .... 8.2.39
Barton v Armstrong [1969] .... 11.4.9C,
                                                Betts v Whittingslowe (1945) .... 10.2.32
  11.4.10
Bartonshill Coal Co v McGuire (1858)            Bienke v Minister for Primary Industries and
  .... 17.4.2C                                    Energy (1996) .... 2.7.28
Bassett v Host [1982] .... 3.4.5                Billy Higgs & Sons Ltd v Baddeley [1950]
Bathurst CC v Saban (No 2) (1986) ....            .... 3.2.17
  14.1.22                                       Birch v Council of Central West Country
Battersby v Tottman (1984) .... 7.9.7             District (1969) .... 7.7.2
—v— (1985) .... 3.2.21C, 7.9.7                  —v Thomas [1972] .... 6.3.25, 6.3.26
Bawden v Saint (1988) .... 18.2.6               Bird v Jones (1845) .... 11.5.3C, 11.5.8,
Baxter v Obacelo Pty Ltd (2001) .... 18.1.6,      11.5.11C
  18.2.5                                        Biscoe v Great Eastern Railway Co (1873)
—v Woolcombers Ltd (1963) .... 3.2.11             .... 14.3.15
Bazley v Curry [1999] .... 17.1.1, 17.2.2C,     Bitumen & Oil Refineries (Australia) Ltd v
  17.3.1, 17.3.18C, 17.4.1                        Commissioner for Government Transport
Beals v Hayward [1960] .... 11.3.5, 11.3.6C       (1955) .... 18.2.6, 18.2.7
Beard v London General Omnibus Co               Blacker v Lake & Elliot Ltd (1912)
  [1900] .... 17.3.5                              .... 2.2.7C
Beasley v Marshall (1977) .... 6.2.43, 6.2.44   —v Waters (1928) .... 11.3.6C, 11.3.21
Beaudesert Shire Council v Smith (1966) ....    Blackler v McElhone (1913) .... 6.2.48
  16.1.10, 16.4.1, 16.4.2C                      Blackstock v Foster [1958] .... 4.1.21
Beavis v Apthorpe (1962) .... 5.4.4, 5.5.2,     Blake v Beech (1876) .... 13.5.9C
  5.5.10                                        Bliss v Hall (1838) .... 14.3.2C
—v— [1963] .... 5.4.3                           Blomme v Sutton (1989) .... 1.4.10
Beck v Mercantile Mutual Insurance Co           Blue Circle Industries Plc v Ministry of
  [1961] .... 6.3.23                              Defence [1999] .... 5.1.6
Behrens v Bertram Mills Circus Ltd [1957]       Blundell v Musgrave (1956) .... 8.2.25C,
  .... 15.2.3C, 15.2.11, 15.2.22                  8.2.26
Bell v Pitt [1956] .... 14.3.17C                Blunn v Cleaver (1993) .... 1.1.14
                                 References are to paragraphs
xxxiv                           Torts: Cases and Commentary

Blyth v Birmingham Waterworks Co (1856)          Brambles Constructions Pty Ltd v Helmers
  .... 3.1.2, 5.3.2C                               (1966) .... 18.2.2, 18.2.9
Bolam v Friern Hospital Management               Brancato v Australian Telecommunications
  Committee [1957] .... 3.2.21C, 3.2.25,           Commission (1986) .... 10.2.36
  3.2.26, 7.9.6                                  Brand v Barton (unreported, NSW CA, 18
Boland v Yates Property Corporation Pty            July 1997, BC9703114) .... 7.2.2, 7.3.8
  Ltd (1999) .... 2.7.13                         Breavington v Godleman (1988) .... 1.1.20,
Bolitho v City and Hackney Health                  1.3.19
  Authority [1998] .... 3.2.26                   Breen v Williams (1996) .... 13.2.15
Bolton Gems Pty Ltd v Gregoire [1996] ....       Bresatz v Przibilla (1962) .... 8.2.40
  18.1.11                                        Brewer v Incorporated Nominal Defendant
Bolton v Stone [1951] .... 2.5.3C, 2.5.7,          [1980] .... 1.3.15, 1.3.23
  3.1.9, 3.1.11C, 3.1.17C, 3.1.19, 3.1.21,       Bridlington Relay Ltd v Yorkshire Electricity
  3.1.22, 3.1.36, 3.1.54, 5.3.10C, 5.3.15C,        Board [1965] .... 14.1.3C
  7.7.2, 7.7.29, 14.3.2C                         Briggs v James Hardie & Co Pty Ltd (1989)
Bone v Seal [1975] .... 14.1.3C, 14.5.3            .... 4.1.27
Bonette v Woolworths Ltd (1937)                  Bright v Sampson & Duncan Enterprises Pty
  .... 17.3.16                                     Ltd (1985) .... 1.1.29, 6.3.26
Bonnington Castings Ltd v Wardlaw [1956]         Brinsmead v Harrison (1872) .... 18.1.1,
  .... 10.2.31C                                    18.2.1
Boral Resources (Queensland) Pty Ltd v           Brisbane South Regional Health Authority v
  Pyke [1992] .... 18.1.10                         Taylor (1996) .... 5.2.4C
Boral Resources (Vic) Pty Ltd v Robak            British Columbia Electric Railway Co Ltd v
  Engineering and Construction Pty Ltd             Gentile [1914] .... 9.2.8
  [1999] .... 18.1.4                             British Coal Respiratory Disease Litigation
Borland v Makauskas [2000] .... 7.5.7              (unreported, QBD, Turner J, 23 January
Bottrill v A (unreported, NZ CA, 13 June           1998) .... 5.1.2
  2001) .... 8.1.13                              British Fame (Owners) v Macgregor
Bourchier        v    Victorian     Railways       (Owners) [1943] .... 6.2.19C
  Commissioners [1910] .... 14.3.14              British      Westinghouse        Electric   &
Bourhill (or Hay) v Young [1943] .... 2.5.6,       Manufacturing Co Ltd v Underground
  2.5.14, 2.5.15, 5.3.2C, 5.4.7, 5.5.2, 7.2.4,     Electric Railways Co of London Ltd
  7.11.2                                           [1912] .... 8.3.8
Bourke v Butterfield & Lewis Ltd (1926)          Brkovic v JO Clough & Son Pty Ltd (1983)
  .... 6.2.40                                      .... 7.2.3
Bouronicos v Nylex Corp Ltd [1975]               Broadhurst v Millman [1975] .... 3.3.4
  .... 10.2.26                                   —v— [1976] .... 3.3.4, 6.2.22
Bowater v Rowley Regis Corporation               Brocker v Roscoe Transport Pty Ltd (1985)
  [1944] .... 6.3.8                                .... 4.3.18
Bowen v Paramount Builders (Hamilton)            Broderick Motors Pty Ltd v Rothe (1986) ....
  Ltd [1977] .... 1.1.27, 2.6.9                    14.1.22
Boyd v SGIO [1978] .... 5.4.9                    Brodie v Singleton Shire Council (2001) ....
Boyle v Kodak Ltd [1969] .... 10.1.6,              1.1.15, 2.2.15, 2.7.29, 7.1.1, 7.1.3, 7.1.4,
  10.2.36                                          7.5.10, 7.6.6, 7.6.9, 7.6.12C, 10.1.6,
Bradburn v Great Western Railway Co                10.2.9, 15.3.3
  (1874) .... 8.2.49                             Broken Hill City Council v Tiziani (1997) ....
Bradbury v Henshall (1987) .... 6.2.34             8.3.12, 14.5.3
Bradford Corp v Pickles [1895] .... 1.4.21,      Brooke v Bool [1928] .... 18.1.2
  14.1.22, 14.1.26C                              —v Grimpel [1987] .... 8.1.6
Bradshaw v McEwans Pty Ltd (unreported,          Broom v Morgan [1953] .... 17.4.2C, 17.4.6
  27 April 1951) .... 3.4.2C                     Broome v Cassell & Co Ltd [1972] .... 8.1.4,
Brady v Girvan Bros Pty Ltd (1986) .... 3.4.9      8.1.7C
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                       Table of Cases                                    xxxv

Brown v GJ Coles & Co Ltd (1985) ....           Bus v Sydney County Council (1989) ....
  13.5.6                                          2.6.7, 3.1.25, 3.3.9, 3.3.10, 6.2.36
—v Kendall (1850) .... 1.1.33, 1.2.6            Butler v Modrak (1983) .... 17.1.4, 17.1.5
—v Petranker (1991) .... 6.3.26                 Bybrook Barn Garden Centre Ltd v Kent
—v Rolls-Royce Ltd [1960] .... 3.1.58             County Council [2001] .... 14.2.10,
—v Target Australia Pty Ltd (1984)                14.2.11
  .... 3.4.10                                   Byrne v Australian Airlines Ltd (1995) ....
—v Willington [2001] .... 5.1.7                   10.1.6, 10.1.8, 10.2.8C
Browning v War Office [1963] .... 8.2.44        —v Kinematograph Renters Society Ltd
Brunner v Williams (1975) .... 12.2.5C            [1958] .... 12.2.15C, 12.2.18
Bryan v Maloney (1995) .... 16.2.22C,           Byrnes v Groote Eylandt Mining Co Pty Ltd
  16.3.8C, 16.3.10                                (1990) .... 1.1.20
BT Australia Ltd v Raine & Horne Pty Ltd        Bywell Castle (The) (1879) .... 6.2.28, 6.2.29
  [1983] .... 16.2.14
Buckle v Bayswater Road Board (1936) ....       Cabassi v Vila (1940) .... 1.4.15C, 2.7.12C
  7.1.4, 7.6.11, 7.6.12C                        Cadoks Pty Ltd v Wallace Westley & Vigar
Buckley and Toronto Transportation Co v          Pty Ltd (2000) .... 16.2.34
  Smith Transport Ltd [1946] .... 3.2.14C       Caledonian Collieries Ltd v Speirs (1957) ....
Buckman (HC) & Son Pty Ltd v Flanagan            2.4.3, 2.5.2, 3.1.9, 3.1.32C, 3.1.47,
  (1974) .... 10.2.36                            7.6.3C, 7.7.2
Buckpitt v Oates [1968] .... 6.3.25             Calin v Greater Union Organisation Pty Ltd
Budden v BP Oil Ltd (The Times, 9 May            (1991) .... 3.3.12, 7.5.9, 17.5.17
  1980) .... 3.1.59                             Callow (FE) (Engineers) Ltd v Johnson
Bugge v Brown (1919) .... 17.2.2C, 17.3.2C,      [1971] .... 10.2.22
  17.5.2C                                       Caltex Oil (Australia) Pty Ltd v The Dredge
Bull v A-G (NSW) (1913) .... 10.2.12             ‘Willemstad’ (1976) .... 1.1.29, 2.7.3,
Bulli Coal Mining Co v Osborne [1899]            16.1.7, 16.2.10, 16.2.11, 16.2.22C,
  .... 12.4.7                                    16.3.1, 16.3.2, 16.3.4C
Bunyan v Jordan (1937) .... 7.2.1C, 7.11.7,     Calveley v Chief Constable of Merseyside
  11.6.1, 11.6.2C                                Police [1989] .... 5.1.4, 10.2.7
Burchett v Commissioner for Railways            Calvert v Stollznow [1982] .... 7.5.9
  [1958] .... 14.2.7                            Cambridge Water Co v Eastern Counties
Burdett v Abbot (1811) .... 13.5.9C              Leather plc [1994] .... 14.4.1C, 14.4.2,
Burford v Allen (1993) .... 8.2.12, 8.2.14       15.1.2
Burke v Forbes SC (1987) .... 16.2.14           Cameron v Commissioner for Railways
Burley v Trewartha (1976) .... 9.2.19            [1964] .... 7.7.14
Burmah Oil Co (Burmah Trading) Ltd v            Campbell v Jewell [1970] .... 2.5.16
  Lord Advocate [1965] .... 2.7.31              —v Samuels (1980) .... 11.4.6
Burnett v British Waterways Board [1973]        Campbelltown City Council v Mackay
  .... 6.3.28                                    (1989) .... 7.11.8, 8.3.12
Burnicle v Cutelli [1982] .... 8.2.31, 8.2.33   Campbelltown Golf Club v Winton
Burnie Port Authority v General Jones Pty        (unreported, NSW CA, 23 June 1998,
  Ltd (1994) .... 2.2.12, 2.2.17, 2.2.18,        BC9802601) .... 14.5.5
  2.7.7, 3.1.30, 7.1.4, 7.3.10, 15.1.2,         Canadian National Railway Co v Norsk
  15.1.3, 17.5.2C, 17.5.8C, 17.5.9               Pacific Steamship Co Ltd [1992] .... 16.1.8
Burns v Edman [1970] .... 7.12.13               Canberra Furniture Manufacturing Pty Ltd
—v Lipman (1975) .... 3.2.4                      v White (1999) .... 2.6.10
Burton v Davies [1953] .... 11.5.4              Candler v Crane, Christmas & Co [1951] ....
—v Islington Health Authority [1993]             16.2.3, 16.2.4C, 16.2.7, 16.2.11, 16.2.27
  .... 7.2.15                                   Candlewood Navigation Corporation Ltd v
—v Winters [1993] .... 12.2.4, 12.5.4,           Mitsui OSK Lines Ltd [1986] .... 16.3.2,
  12.5.6, 14.5.1                                 16.3.3
                                 References are to paragraphs
xxxvi                         Torts: Cases and Commentary

Canterbury Bankstown Rugby League              Cayzer, Irvine & Co v Carron Co (1884)
 Football Club Ltd v Rogers (1993) ....          .... 6.2.1
 4.3.18, 8.1.14, 13.2.7, 17.3.14               CBC of Sydney Ltd v R H Brown & Co
Canterbury v Spence (1972) .... 3.2.21C          (1972) .... 16.2.1
Caparo Industries Plc v Dickman [1990] ....    Cekan v Haines (1990) .... 3.1.39, 3.1.55,
 2.2.19, 2.2.20, 2.2.21, 2.2.22, 2.2.24C,        3.2.7, 7.6.9
 2.3.1, 16.2.11, 16.2.25, 16.2.27              Century Insurance Co Ltd v Northern
Capital and Counties plc v Hampshire             Ireland Road Transport Board [1942] ....
 County Council [1997] .... 7.6.6                17.2.10, 17.3.7
Capital Motors Ltd v Beecham [1975]            CES v Superclinics (Australia) Pty Ltd
 .... 16.2.15                                    (1995) .... 2.7.4, 4.1.7, 5.1.7, 7.2.18
Carmarthenshire CC v Lewis [1955] ....         Chadwick v Bridge (1951) .... 1.4.27, 1.4.28
 7.7.29, 7.7.30                                Chambers v Jobling (1986) .... 3.3.3
Carnegie v Victoria (unreported, Vic PC, 14    Chan Yee Kin v Minister for Immigration
 September 1989) .... 11.5.1                     (1991) .... 10.2.7
Carrier v Bonham [2001] .... 1.3.22, 3.2.15,   Chan v Mills (1995) .... 8.2.14
 11.6.2C                                       Chaplin v Dunstan Ltd [1938] .... 17.3.9
Carroll v Andrew Barclay & Sons Ltd            Chapman v Hearse (1961) .... 2.5.1, 2.5.3C,
 [1948] .... 10.2.25C                            2.6.5, 3.1.10, 4.1.2C, 4.3.3, 4.3.15,
—v Lewitzke (1991) .... 6.2.10                   4.3.19, 4.3.21, 5.3.4, 5.3.14, 5.5.2,
—v Purcell (1961) .... 9.2.11C, 9.2.19           5.5.5C, 7.10.4, 9.2.5C, 18.2.14C
Carslogie (The); Carslogie Steamship Co Ltd    —v Honig [1963] .... 1.4.20, 1.4.21
 v Royal Norwegian Government [1952]           —v Luminin Pty Ltd (No 5) [2001] ....
 .... 4.2.2C, 4.2.9                              16.4.4
Carstairs v Taylor (1871) .... 14.3.7C
                                               Chappel v Hart (1998) .... 2.7.22, 4.1.1,
Cartledge v E Jopling & Sons Ltd [1963] ....     4.1.6, 4.1.13, 4.1.16, 4.1.17, 4.1.21,
 5.2.2, 5.2.5, 5.2.6, 11.3.15                    4.3.18, 5.1.7, 7.9.1
Cartwright v McLaine & Long Pty Ltd
                                               Chargeurs Reunis Compagnie Francaise de
 (1979) .... 15.3.4C
                                                 Navigation a Vapeur v English &
Cashmere Pacific Ltd v New Zealand Dairy         American Shipping Co (1921) .... 16.3.1
 Board [1996] .... 10.2.11
                                               Chasemore v Richards (1859) .... 1.4.21
Casley v Commonwealth (1980) .... 11.5.14
                                               Chatterton v Gerson [1981] .... 3.2.21C,
Cassidy v Ministry of Health [1951] ....
                                                 13.2.11, 13.2.13, 13.2.14
 17.2.6, 17.4.6, 17.5.14, 17.5.20
                                               Cherry v Borsman (1991) .... 7.2.19
Castellan v Electric Power Transmission Pty
 Ltd (1967) .... 5.3.19                        Chester v Waverley Municipal Council
Castellain v Preston (1883) .... 8.2.49          (1939) .... 2.5.13, 2.5.14, 2.7.6, 5.4.7,
                                                 7.2.4, 7.10.4, 7.11.2
Castle v St Augustine’s Links Ltd (1922)
 .... 15.3.5                                   Chicco v City of Woodville (1989) .... 3.1.25
Castlereagh Motels Ltd v Davies-Roe (1966)     Chin v Venning (1975) .... 11.3.18C
 .... 10.2.7                                   Chomentowski v Red Garter Restaurant Ltd
Caswell v Powell Duffryn Associated              (1970) .... 4.1.2C, 4.3.8, 4.3.9, 7.7.12
 Collieries Ltd [1940] .... 6.2.38, 6.2.39,    Chordas v Bryant (Wellington) Pty Ltd
 6.2.40, 10.2.38                                 (1988) .... 10.2.7
Caterson v Commissioner for Railways           Christiansen v Gilday (1948) .... 7.12.2
 (NSW) (1973) .... 2.5.7, 4.1.2C, 4.3.12,      Christie v Davey [1893] .... 14.1.26C,
 6.2.27C                                         14.1.29
Cattle v Stockton Waterworks Co (1875) ....    —v Leachinsky [1947] .... 11.5.17C, 13.5.6
 16.1.3, 16.3.1                                Christopher v Motor Vessel ‘Fiji Gas’ (1993)
Cavalier v Pope [1906] .... 2.3.2, 2.3.3,        .... 16.3.2
 2.3.4, 2.3.5C, 2.3.12, 7.5.17, 7.5.18         Christopherson v Bare (1848) .... 13.2.1
Cavanagh v Ulster Weaving Co Ltd [1960]        Chrysler Australia Ltd v Skrypek (1975)
 .... 3.1.58                                     .... 4.1.23
                                References are to paragraphs
                                         Table of Cases                               xxxvii

Chugg v Pacific Dunlop Ltd (1990) ....            Colonial Mutual Life Assurance Society Ltd
  10.2.30                                          v Macdonald 1931 .... 17.5.3, 17.5.4
Church of Scientology Inc v Transmedia            —v Producers and Citizens Cooperative
  Productions Pty Ltd (1987) .... 12.2.16          Insurance Co of Australia Ltd (1931) ....
Cianciarulo v HP Products Pty Ltd [1959]           17.2.2C, 17.3.4, 17.5.1, 17.5.2C, 17.5.3,
  .... 6.3.20                                      17.5.4
Cirjak v Todd (1977) .... 6.2.43                  Comcare v Fielder [2001] .... 1.3.8
City of Brimbank v Halilovic (2000) ....          Commercial Union Assurance Co of NZ Ltd
  1.2.10                                           v Lamont [1989] .... 11.5.26
City of Kamloops v Nielsen [1984] ....            Commissioner for Government Transport v
  2.2.14                                           Adamcik (1961) .... 4.1.21
City of Richmond v Scantelbury [1991] ....        Commissioner for Railways (NSW) v
  14.2.10, 14.5.2                                  Anderson (1961) .... 3.2.32C, 7.5.4C
Clarey v Principal and Council of the             Commissioner for Railways v Halley (1978)
  Women’s College (1953) .... 14.1.17C             .... 3.2.13, 3.2.36
Clarke v Holmes (1862) .... 6.1.2                 —v Ruprecht (1979) .... 3.2.13, 6.2.37C,
Clay v A J Crump & Sons Ltd [1964]                 6.2.38
  .... 16.2.11                                    Commissioner of Railways (WA) v Stewart
Clearlite Holdings Ltd v Auckland City             (1936) .... 5.1.1, 5.2.1
  Corporation [1976] .... 14.4.5                  Commonwealth Life Assurance Society Ltd
Clegg v Dearden (1848) .... 12.2.4                 v Brain (1935) .... 11.5.25
Clements v Bagot’s Executor and Trustee Co        Commonwealth Trading Bank of Australia v
  Ltd (1981) .... 7.5.19                           Sydney Wide Stores Pty Ltd (1981)
                                                   .... 4.3.8
Clifford v Charles H Challen & Son Ltd
  [1951] .... 3.3.7C                              Commonwealth v Amann Aviation Pty Ltd
                                                   (1991) .... 5.1.8
Clippens Oil Co Ltd v Edinburgh & District
                                                  —v Blackwell (1987) .... 8.2.36
  Water Trustees [1907] .... 5.4.8
                                                  —v Connell (1986) .... 2.7.26, 17.3.15,
Close v Steel Co of Wales Ltd [1962]
                                                   17.3.21, 17.4.5
  .... 10.2.22
                                                  —v Eland (1992) .... 2.7.28
Clough v Bussan [1990] .... 7.7.4
                                                  —v Graves (1996) .... 13.5.5
Clowser v Chaplin [1981] .... 13.5.9C
                                                  —v Introvigne (1982) .... 1.2.10, 2.5.7,
CLT v Connon (2000) .... 2.2.22, 2.2.23            3.1.15, 3.1.25, 3.2.4, 17.5.8C, 17.5.11,
Club Italia (Geelong) Inc v Ritchie [2001] ....    17.5.12, 17.5.15, 17.5.16
  7.5.13                                          —v Jenner (1989) .... 2.7.27
Coase v Pigou .... 14.3.3                         —v McLean (1996) .... 5.4.3, 5.5.5C
Coates v GIO of NSW (1995) .... 7.11.7,           —v Murray (1988) .... 8.1.6, 14.5.3
  7.11.9                                          —v Verwayen (1990) .... 2.7.27
Coco v R (1994) .... 12.2.12, 13.5.11             —v Winter (1993) .... 7.12.7
Coggs v Bernard (1703) .... 2.1.6                 Compafina Bank v ANZ Banking Group Ltd
Cohen v City of Perth (2000) .... 14.5.8           (1984) .... 16.2.1
Cole v Turner (1704) .... 11.3.7C, 11.4.2C        Compania Financiera ‘Soleada’ SA v
Coles-Smith v Smith [1965] .... 12.3.3             Hamoor Tanker Corporation Inc [1981]
Colet v R [1981] .... 13.5.9C                      .... 4.3.4
Collett v Hutchins [1964] .... 7.7.14             Concrete Constructions (NSW) Pty Ltd v
Collins v Charles Marshall Pty Ltd (1955)          Builders Labourers’ Federation (1988)
  .... 10.2.8C                                     .... 12.3.3
—v Wilcock [1984] .... 11.4.2C, 11.4.3,           —v Nelson (1990) .... 1.3.7, 16.1.12
  11.4.4, 13.5.1                                  Condon v Basi [1985] .... 3.2.39
Coloca v BP Australia Ltd [1992] .... 8.1.15      Connair v Austin (unreported, Tas FC, 31
Colonel Clints Bargain Stores Pty Ltd (t/a         August 1988, BC8800050) .... 13.4.5
  Clints Crazy Bargains) v Molero (1996)          Connell v Commonwealth [1979] .... 2.7.26
  .... 7.8.8                                      —v Odlum [1993] .... 2.2.14
                                  References are to paragraphs
xxxviii                         Torts: Cases and Commentary

Conway v George Wimpey & Co Ltd [1951]           —v Young (1998) .... 2.5.11, 5.5.12
  .... 17.4.2C, 17.4.8                           Cubillo v Commonwealth (No 2) (2000) ....
—v O’Brien (1940) .... 3.1.5, 3.1.6                10.2.11, 11.5.1, 17.3.23
Cook and Secretary, DSS, Re (1992)               —v— (2001) .... 2.7.22, 10.2.11, 11.3.11,
  .... 1.2.12                                      11.4.15, 11.5.20, 17.3.23
Cook v Cook (1986) .... 2.2.16, 2.2.18,          Cuckmere Brick Co Ltd v Mutual Finance
  2.7.9C, 3.1.48, 3.2.8, 3.2.19, 3.2.32C,          Ltd [1971] .... 16.2.20
  6.3.1, 6.3.11, 6.3.24, 7.5.4C, 7.12.5          Cuckow v Polyester Reinforced Products Pty
—v Forbes (1867) .... 14.1.13                      Ltd (1970) .... 5.3.19, 7.3.11
—v Lewis [1951] .... 4.1.26, 4.1.27, 4.2.8       Cullen v Trappell (1980) .... 8.2.17, 8.2.34
—v Saroukas (1989) .... 8.1.6                    Cunard v Antifyre Ltd [1933] .... 14.1.3C
Cooper v Hobart 2001 .... 2.2.26, 16.3.15        Cunningham v Harrison [1973] .... 8.2.25C
—v Laidler [1903] .... 12.4.4                    Curmi v McLennan [1994] .... 7.7.27
Corbett v Pallas (1995) .... 14.3.17C, 14.5.2    Curran v Young (1965) .... 6.2.1, 6.2.50
Cordas v Peerless Transport (1941) ....          Cusack v Heath [1950] .... 8.3.10
  6.2.30                                         —v Stayt (2000) .... 6.2.30
Cortis v Baker [1968] .... 6.2.29
                                                 Cutler v United Dairies (London) Ltd [1933]
Costello v Chief Constable of Northumbria          .... 4.3.14
  Police [1999] .... 2.7.23
                                                 —v Wandsworth Stadium Ltd [1949] ....
Cottee v Franklins Self-serve Pty Ltd [1997]
                                                   10.2.2C, 10.2.10
  .... 7.3.2, 7.5.6
                                                 Cutts v O’Neil (1998) .... 3.1.25
Cotterill v Starkey (1839) .... 11.3.18C
                                                 Czarnikow (C) Ltd v Koufos [1969]
Cotton v Commissioner for Road Transport
                                                   .... 2.5.7
  & Tramways (1942) .... 6.2.42C
Coultas         v     Victorian       Railways
  Commissioners (1886) .... 7.11.1, 7.11.2       Da Costa v Australian Iron & Steel Pty Ltd
Council of the Municipality of Waverley v         (1978) .... 3.1.35, 3.1.37
  Bloom (1999) .... 3.1.21, 4.1.15, 7.7.4        —v Cockburn Salvage & Trading Pty Ltd
Council of the Municipality of Woollahra v        (1970) .... 3.2.4, 6.2.24, 7.8.3, 7.8.6
  Sved (1996) .... 16.3.9                        Daborn v Bath Tramways Motor Co Ltd
Courtney v Medtel Pty Ltd 2001 .... 7.4.7         [1946] .... 1.5.1, 3.1.44
Coward v Baddeley (1859) .... 11.4.2C            Dairy Farmers Co-operative Ltd v Azar
Cowell v Corrective Services Commission           (1990) .... 10.2.22
  (NSW) (1988) .... 11.3.24, 11.5.14, 17.4.5     Dalton v Angus (1881) .... 14.2.1C
—v Madden (1990) .... 7.7.11                     Danby v Beardsley (1880) .... 11.5.24
—v— (1991) .... 7.7.11                           Daniels v Thompson [1998] .... 8.1.11,
—v Rosehill Racecourse Co Ltd (1937) ....         8.1.13
  1.4.25, 12.2.2, 12.5.5                         Dann v Hamilton [1939] .... 6.3.22C
Cowland v Telkesi [2000] .... 9.2.19             Dansey v Richardson (1854) .... 17.4.2C
CPR v Lockhart [1942] .... 17.3.4                Darcy v Nominal Defendant (1985)
Creerdon v Measey Investments Pty Ltd             .... 7.7.14
  (1988) .... 17.5.6                             Darker v Chief Constable of West Midlands
Crimmins v Stevedoring Industry Finance           Police [2001] .... 1.4.17
  Committee (1999) .... 2.2.21, 2.5.7,           Darling Island Stevedoring & Lighterage Co
  2.6.11C, 2.6.18, 2.7.29, 2.7.30, 7.6.2,         Ltd v Long (1957) .... 1.4.27, 10.2.5,
  7.6.3C                                          10.2.8C, 10.2.15C, 17.2.2C, 17.4.2C,
Crisp v Blake (1992) .... 5.2.7                   17.4.9
Croke v Wiseman [1981] .... 8.2.6                Darlington Futures Ltd v Delco Australia
Crook v Derbyshire Stone Ltd [1956]               Ltd (1986) .... 6.3.26
  .... 17.3.9                                    Davey v Harrow Corporation [1958]
Crossley v Rawlinson [1981] .... 7.10.6           .... 14.2.10
Cruttendon v Brenock [1949] .... 15.2.12         Davidson v Chief Constable of North Wales
CSR Ltd v Wren (1997) .... 3.2.8, 4.1.27          [1994] .... 11.5.20
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                        Table of Cases                                  xxxix

Davie v New Merton Board Mills Ltd               Director General of the Department of
  [1959] .... 1.1.26, 7.8.4, 17.5.11               Community Services v ‘BB’ [1999] ....
Davies v Bennison (1927) .... 12.4.5               13.3.9
—v Mann (1842) .... 6.2.1                        Distillers Co (Biochemicals) Ltd v
—v Powell Duffryn Associated Collieries            Thompson [1971] .... 7.2.16
  Ltd [1942] .... 9.2.11C, 9.2.12                Distillers Co Bio-Chemicals (Aust) Pty Ltd v
—v Swan Motor Co (Swansea) Ltd [1949]              Ajax Insurance Co Ltd (1974) .... 7.2.16
  .... 6.2.8C                                    Dixon v Western Australia [1974] .... 7.7.12
—v Taylor [1974] .... 9.2.15                     Dobson (Litigation Guardian of) v Dobson
Davis and Secretary, Dept of Family and            [1999] .... 1.1.28, 2.2.14, 7.2.13
  Community Services, Re (1998) .... 1.2.12      Dodd Properties (Kent) Ltd v Canterbury
Davis Contractors Ltd v Fareham Urban              CC [1980] .... 8.3.6, 8.3.9
  District Council [1956] .... 7.5.8             Doe v Bridges .... 10.2.2C
Davis v Johnson [1979] .... 7.2.14               Domachuk v Feiner (unreported, NSW CA,
—v Lisle [1936] .... 13.5.9C                       28 November 1996, BC9606851) ....
—v Pearce Parking Station Pty Ltd (1954)           14.1.11
  .... 6.3.26                                    Donellan v Watson (1990) .... 2.7.15, 2.7.16
—v Radcliffe [1990] .... 16.3.15                 Donnelly v Amalgamated Television Services
Dawkins v Robinson (1986) .... 6.2.10              Pty Ltd (1998) .... 12.2.17, 12.2.18
Dawson v Chrysler Corp (1980) .... 3.1.60        —v Joyce [1974] .... 8.2.25C
Day v Trans-World Airlines Inc (1975) ....       Donoghue (or M’Alister) v Stevenson [1932]
  1.1.34, 1.1.35                                   .... 2.1.1, 2.1.6, 2.2.6, 2.2.7C, 2.2.9,
De Freitas v O’Brien [1995] .... 3.2.23            2.2.12, 2.2.13, 2.2.15, 2.2.16, 2.2.24C,
                                                   2.2.26, 2.3.3, 2.5.1, 2.6.1, 2.6.2C,
De Jager v Payneham & Magill Lodges Hall
                                                   2.6.11C, 3.1.2, 3.1.22, 3.1.50, 3.1.54,
  Inc (1984) .... 14.2.4
                                                   3.2.25, 5.1.4, 5.2.1, 5.3.1, 5.3.2C,
De Sales v Ingrilli (2000) .... 9.2.17, 9.2.21
                                                   5.3.15C, 7.1.2, 7.2.9, 7.3.2, 7.3.3, 7.3.4,
Deatons Pty Ltd v Flew (1949) .... 17.3.10C,       7.3.10, 7.3.11, 7.5.4C, 7.7.1, 16.2.3,
  17.3.21, 17.3.25                                 16.2.4C, 16.2.10, 16.2.11, 16.2.22C,
Dehn v A-G [1988] .... 13.3.12                     16.3.4C
Delaware Mansions Ltd v Westminster City         Donselaar v Donselaar [1982] .... 8.1.13
  Council [2001] .... 14.2.10, 14.5.2            Dorman v Horscroft (1980) .... 15.2.18,
Delphin v Savolainen (1989) .... 3.3.10            15.2.21
Demarco v Ungaro (1979) .... 2.7.12C             Dorset Yacht Co Ltd v Home Office [1969]
Deepcliffe Pty Ltd v Council of the City of        .... 2.7.5, 5.5.2
  Gold Coast [2001] .... 16.4.4                  —v— [1970] .... 2.2.2, 2.2.11, 2.2.13,
Dering v Uris [1964] .... 8.1.2                    2.2.24C, 2.6.13, 2.6.14, 2.7.5, 2.7.28,
Derrick v Cheung (2001) .... 3.2.28, 6.2.35,       7.1.5, 7.7.1, 7.7.23
  6.2.45                                         Doughty v Turner Manufacturing Co Ltd
Derry v Peek (1889) .... 2.2.4, 2.2.5, 2.7.6,      [1964] .... 5.3.17, 5.5.2, 5.5.10
  16.1.7, 16.2.2, 16.2.3, 16.2.4C                Doundoulakis v Antony Sdrinis & Co
Devries v Australian National Railways             [1989] .... 5.2.7
  Commission (1993) .... 3.3.11                  Doval v Anka Builders Pty Ltd (1992)
Deyong v Shenburn [1946] .... 7.8.9                .... 10.2.28
Di Battista v Motton [1971] .... 9.2.15          Downs v Secker (1989) .... 1.4.28
Dickinson v Motor Vehicle Insurance Trust        Downsview Nominees Ltd v First City
  (1987) .... 1.3.15                               Corporation Ltd [1993] .... 16.1.5,
—v Waters Ltd (1931) .... 11.5.19C, 11.5.23        16.2.20
Dillingham Constructions Pty Ltd v Steel         Downunder Rock Café Pty Ltd v Roberts
  Mains Pty Ltd (1975) .... 4.2.17, 18.2.14C       (1998) .... 7.5.7
Dillon v Gange (1941) .... 17.5.7                Dowsing v Goodwin (1997) .... 3.2.17
Dimond v Lovell [2000] .... 1.1.23, 1.1.30,      Doyle v Olby (Ironmongers) Ltd [1969]
  8.3.11                                           .... 16.2.33
                                 References are to paragraphs
xl                              Torts: Cases and Commentary

DPP v Smith [1961] .... 12.2.11                  Elsee, Ex parte (1830) .... 2.7.12C
Drakos v Woolworths (SA) Ltd (1991)              Elston v Dore (1982) .... 1.4.22C, 14.1.22,
 .... 3.4.10                                       14.1.27, 14.3.22
Drotem Pty Ltd v Manning [2000] .... 7.5.7       Elwes v Brigg Gas Co (1886) .... 12.4.7
Dubai Aluminium Co Ltd v Salaam [2001]           Emcorp Pty Ltd v Australian Broadcasting
 .... 17.1.4                                       Corporation [1988] .... 12.2.16
Dugan v Mirror Newspapers Ltd (1978)             Encev v Encev (unreported, Vic SC, 24
 .... 2.7.6                                        November 1997) .... 5.5.5C
Duke Group Ltd (in liq) v Pilmer (1999) ....     Enever v R (1906) .... 17.3.23
 16.2.28                                         Entick v Carrington (1765) .... 12.1.2,
Dulhunty v JB Young Ltd (1975) .... 3.4.10         12.2.5C, 13.5.9C
Dulieu v White & Sons [1901] .... 5.4.1          Environment Agency (formerly National
Dunning v Altmann [1991] .... 18.2.6               Rivers Authority) v Empress Car Co
Dupuis v New Regina Trading Co Ltd                 (Abertillery) Ltd [1999] .... 4.1.1
 [1943] .... 7.10.4                              Esanda Finance Corporation Ltd v Peat
Dutton v Bognor Regis Urban District               Marwick Hungerfords (Reg) (1997) ....
 Council [1972] .... 16.3.8C                       1.1.26, 1.5.15, 2.7.3, 2.7.17, 7.6.3C,
Duyvelshaff v Cathcart & Ritchie Ltd               16.1.8, 16.2.25, 16.2.26, 16.2.27, 16.2.28,
 (1973) .... 10.2.33                               16.3.4C
Dwan v Farquhar [1988] .... 3.1.47               Esso Petroleum Co Ltd v Hall Russell & Co
Dwyer v Roderick (The Times, 12 November           Ltd [1989] .... 17.3.23
 1983 (CA)) .... 3.2.28                          —v Mardon [1976] .... 16.2.15
Dymond v Pearce [1972] .... 15.3.6               —v       Southport    Corporation      [1956]
                                                   .... 17.4.9
E v Australian Red Cross Society (1991) ....     Evans (F S) & Sons Pty Ltd v Delaney
  3.1.10, 3.1.40C, 3.1.47, 3.1.48, 3.1.54,         (1985) .... 5.3.5
  3.2.21C, 3.2.22, 7.9.1, 7.9.16                 Evans v Balog [1976] .... 8.3.4, 8.3.6, 8.3.7,
Easson v London & North Eastern Ry Co              8.3.11, 14.5.3
  [1944] .... 3.3.7C
                                                 —v London Hospital Medical College
East Suffolk Rivers Catchment Board v Kent         [1981] .... 1.4.17
  [1941] .... 4.1.25
                                                 Evenden v Manning SC (1929) .... 4.3.14
Eather v Jones [1974] .... 15.2.16
                                                 Everet v Williams (1725) .... 7.12.3
—v— (1975) .... 15.2.15, 15.2.16
Eatts v Dawson (1990) .... 11.5.18               Everitt v Martin [1953] .... 11.1.6
Eccles v Bourque [1975] .... 13.5.9C
Edwards v Blue Mountains CC (1961) ....          F, Re (Mental Patient: Sterilisation) [1990]
  5.3.5                                             .... 11.4.2C, 11.4.3, 13.3.3
—v Law Society of Upper Canada 2001 ....         —v— (1983) .... 3.2.21C, 3.2.25, 7.9.5,
  16.3.15                                           7.9.7
—v Noble (1971) .... 3.2.4                       Fabre v Arenales (1992) .... 7.12.12
—v Olsen [2000] .... 16.4.4                      Fagan v Metropolitan Police Commissioner
—v Railway Executive [1952] .... 12.2.5C,           [1969] .... 11.4.7
  12.2.11                                        FAI General Insurance Co Ltd v Lucre
—v West Herts Group Management                      (2000) .... 7.11.13
  Committee [1957] .... 7.8.9                    —v A R Griffiths & Sons Pty Ltd (1997) ....
Elfah Pty Ltd v Sabbadini (1994) .... 17.5.7        18.1.11
Elliot v Bickerstaff (1999) .... 3.4.15          Fangrove Pty Ltd v TOD Group Holdings
Elliott Steam Tug Co Ltd v The Shipping             Pty Ltd [1999] .... 16.3.11, 16.3.12
  Controller [1922] .... 16.3.1                  Fardell v Potts .... 3.2.2
Elliott v Barns (1951) .... 11.3.18C             Fardon v Harcourt-Rivington [1932]
—v Seymour (No 2) [2000] .... 16.4.4                .... 5.3.10C
Ellis v Wallsend District Hospital (1989) ....   Farr v Butters Bros & Co [1932] .... 2.6.1
  1.1.18, 17.2.6, 17.2.7, 17.5.14                Farrington v Thomson [1959] .... 12.2.15C
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                       Table of Cases                                      xli

Fatur v IC Formwork Services Pty Ltd            Foster v Warblington Urban District Council
  (2000) .... 10.2.27                             [1906] .... 14.1.3C
Faulkner v Keffalinos (1970) .... 4.1.2C,       Foti v Banque Nationale de Paris (1989)
  4.2.15, 4.2.16, 4.3.18                          .... 16.2.16
Fazio v Commonwealth [1970] .... 4.3.17         Foufoulas v FG Strang Pty Ltd (1970) ....
FCT v Barrett (1973) .... 17.2.1                  3.1.25, 3.1.58
Feiner v Domachuk (1994) .... 14.1.11,          Fowler v Lanning [1959] .... 11.1.9, 11.3.2,
  14.5.3                                          11.3.4,     11.3.5,    11.3.6C,     11.3.7C,
Femcare Ltd v Bright (2000) .... 7.4.5            11.3.18C, 11.3.20, 11.3.21, 11.3.25
Fennell v Robson Excavations Pty Ltd            Francis v Cockrell (1870) .... 1.1.36
  [1977] .... 14.2.1C, 14.4.4                   Francome v Mirror Group Newspapers Ltd
Ferguson v Hamilton Civic Hospitals (1983)        [1984] .... 12.2.15C
  .... 7.9.16                                   Franklin v South Eastern Railway Co (1858)
—v— (1985) .... 7.9.16                            .... 9.2.11C
Ferroggiaro v Bowline (1957) .... 4.3.21        Franklins Self Serve Pty Ltd v Wyber (1999)
Fiala v Cechmanek (2001) .... 3.2.16              .... 4.2.17, 18.2.18
Filburn v People’s Palace & Aquarium Co         Fraser v Booth (1950) .... 14.1.28, 14.1.30
  Ltd (1890) .... 15.2.3C                       —v Vitkus (1989) .... 3.4.14
Finbow v Domino .... 6.2.42C                    Freeborn v Thomas [1975] .... 6.2.8C
Finesky Holdings Pty Ltd v Minister for         Freeman v Home Office (No 2) [1984] ....
  Transport (WA) [2001] .... 12.3.2               13.2.2, 13.2.16
                                                Freese v Collins [1948] .... 8.3.6
Fire & All Risks Insurance Co Ltd v Powell
  [1966] .... 18.1.8                            French Knit Sales Pty Ltd v N Gold & Sons
                                                  Pty Ltd [1972] .... 16.3.1
Fischer v Stuart (1979) .... 15.2.7
                                                Froom v Butcher [1976] .... 6.2.8C, 6.2.18
Fisher v Harrods Ltd [1966] .... 7.3.11
                                                Frost v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire
—v Smithson (1978) .... 9.2.13                    [1999] .... 6.3.9, 7.10.7, 7.11.4
Fitch v Hyde-Cates [1980] .... 9.1.5            Fry v Jenkins [1955] .... 1.3.8
—v— (1982) .... 8.2.18, 9.1.5
Fitzgerald v ED & AD Cooke Bourne               Gala v Preston (1991) .... 2.2.16, 2.2.18,
  (Farms) Ltd [1964] .... 15.2.10C               2.5.9C, 2.7.1, 2.7.9C, 3.2.36, 7.12.3,
—v Lane [1989] .... 18.2.13                      7.12.4C, 7.12.6, 7.12.7, 7.12.8, 7.12.11
—v Penn (1954) .... 4.1.2C                      Galashiels Gas Co Ltd v O’Donnell [1949]
Fleissig v Teamfox Pty Ltd [2001] .... 6.3.25    .... 10.2.25C
Fleming v Securities Commission [1995] ....     Galea v Gillingham [1987] .... 15.2.1
  16.3.15                                       Gallo v Dawson (1988) .... 1.4.19
Fletcher v Autocar & Transporters Ltd           Gammell v Wilson [1982] .... 8.2.18, 9.1.5
  [1968] .... 8.2.11C                           Gamser v Nominal Defendant (1977)
—v Rylands (1866) .... 11.3.4, 11.3.18C,         .... 8.2.13
  15.1.2                                        Gardiner v Victoria [1999] .... 10.1.6
—v Toppers Drinks Pty Ltd [1981] ....           Gartner v Kidman (1962) .... 1.4.22C,
  3.4.12, 7.3.7                                  14.3.17C, 14.3.20
Flint v Lovell [1935] .... 8.2.57C              Gates v City Mutual Life Assurance Society
Florida Hotels Pty Ltd v Mayo (1965)             Ltd (1986) .... 16.2.34
  .... 18.1.8                                   Gaunt v Fynney (1872) .... 14.1.26C
Fontaine v British Columbia (Official           Gavalas v Singh [2001] .... 5.1.7
  Administrator) [1998] .... 3.4.7C             Gayler & Pope Ltd v B Davis & Sons Ltd
Fontin v Katapodis (1962) .... 8.1.7C,           [1924] .... 11.3.18C
  8.1.16, 13.4.1C                               Geddis v Proprietors of Bann Reservoir
Footner v Broken Hill Associated Smelters        (1878) .... 14.3.15
  Pty Ltd (1983) .... 5.1.3                     Geelong Harbour Trust Commissioners v
Forbes v Olympic General Products (Qld)          Gibbs Bright & Co (1970) .... 1.1.35
  Pty Ltd (1989) .... 2.6.5, 7.3.11             —v— [1974] .... 1.1.24
                                 References are to paragraphs
xlii                           Torts: Cases and Commentary

Genders v GIO of NSW (1959) .... 9.1.7          Goldman v Hargrave [1967] .... 3.2.7,
General Cleaning Contractors Ltd v               7.7.8C, 14.2.11, 14.3.2C, 14.4.1C
  Christmas [1953] .... 3.1.35                  Goodwin v Nominal Defendant (1979)
General Engineering Services Ltd v Kingston      .... 3.4.5
  & St Andrew Corporation [1988] ....           Gorringe v Transport Commission (Tas)
  17.3.7                                         (1950) .... 7.1.4, 7.6.10, 7.6.12C
General Motors-Holden’s Pty Ltd v               Gorris v Scott (1874) .... 10.2.23
  Moularas (1964) .... 8.2.40                   Gorton v Commonwealth [1992] .... 5.2.7
Gent-Diver v Neville [1953] .... 6.3.23         Goss v Nicholas [1960] .... 13.4.4, 13.4.5
George Wimpey & Co Ltd v BOAC [1955]            Gould v Vaggelas (1985) .... 16.2.2, 16.2.29,
  .... 18.2.9                                    16.2.33
George v Dowling (1992) .... 7.12.12            Gover v South Australia (1985) .... 3.2.21C,
—v Rockett (1990) .... 12.2.12                   5.3.12
—v Skivington (1869) .... 2.2.7C                Government of Papua New Guinea v Moini
Geyer v Downs (1977) .... 7.7.13                 [1978] .... 4.3.12
Ghantous v Hawkesbury City Council ....         Govett v Radnidge (1802) .... 2.2.1
  7.6.12C                                       Graham Barclay Oysters Pty Ltd v Ryan
Giannarelli v Wraith (1988) .... 1.4.19,         (2000) .... 7.3.7, 7.3.11, 7.4.1
  2.7.1, 2.7.12C, 3.2.29, 7.6.12C               Graham v Baker (1961) .... 8.2.11C, 8.2.16,
Gibbons v Duffell (1932) .... 1.4.17             8.2.25C, 8.2.29, 8.2.48
—v Pepper (1695) .... 11.3.18C, 11.3.25         —v KD Morris & Sons Pty Ltd [1974] ....
Gibson v Parkes Distrist Hospital (1991) ....    12.4.3, 12.4.4
  1.4.30                                        —v Peat (1801) .... 12.3.3
Gifford v Dent [1926] .... 12.4.1C              —v Royal National Agricultural &
—v Strang Patrick Stevedoring Pty Ltd            Industrial Association of Queensland
  [2001] .... 7.11.5                             [1989] .... 6.3.26
Gillespie v Elliott [1987] .... 5.2.7           Grand Central Car Park Pty Ltd v Tivoli
Gillick v West Norfolk AHA [1986] ....           Freeholders [1969] .... 10.2.7
  13.2.23, 13.2.24, 13.2.25                     Grant v Australian Knitting Mills Ltd [1936]
Gimson v Victorian Workcover Authority           .... 2.2.10, 2.6.9, 7.3.4, 7.3.5, 7.5.6,
  [1995] .... 1.4.30                             16.2.4C
GIO of NSW v Johnson [1981] .... 8.2.20         —v Sun Shipping Co Ltd [1948] .... 2.6.2C,
—v— (1982) .... 8.2.20                           6.2.36
—v Rosniak (1992) .... 8.2.36                   Grasso v Love [1980] .... 14.5.6
Giumelli v Johnston (1989) .... 3.2.40          Gray v Barr [1971] .... 18.1.8
—v— (1991) .... 13.2.6                          —v Kosciusko Thredbo Pty Ltd t/as
Glanville v Sutton & Co Ltd [1928]               Kosciusko Thredbo Resort (unreported,
  .... 15.2.15                                   NSW        CA,    30     September    1998,
Glanzer v Shepard (1922) .... 16.2.27            BC9805298) .... 3.1.21
Glasgow Corp v Muir [1943] .... 3.2.3,          —v Motor Accident Commission (1998) ....
  6.2.8C                                         1.3.20, 8.1.11, 8.1.15, 11.3.15
—v Taylor [1922] .... 7.2.7C                    Great Central Railway Co v Bates [1921] ....
Glavonjic v Foster [1979] .... 5.4.9             12.2.5C, 13.5.9C
Glendale Chemical Products Pty Ltd v            Greatorex v Greatorex [2000] .... 7.11.13
  Australian Competition and Consumer           Green v McKay (unreported, NSW CA,
  Commission (1998) .... 7.3.7, 7.3.11,          24 April 1991, BC9102075) .... 8.2.53
  7.3.16                                        —v Perry (1955) .... 3.1.24, 3.1.25
Glenmont Investments Pty Ltd v O’Loughlin       Gregory v Caltex Oil Pty Ltd (1994) ....
  (No 2) [2000] .... 8.3.1C                      1.2.10
Godden v Metropolitan Meat Industry             —v Portsmouth City Council [2000] ....
  Board [1972] .... 4.2.15                       11.5.28
Gold v Essex County Council [1942]              Grey v Simpson (unreported, NSW CA,
  .... 17.2.6                                    3 April 1978) .... 4.3.13
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                       Table of Cases                                     xliii

Griffin v Coles Myer Ltd [1922] .... 3.4.10     Halliday v Nevill (1984) .... 12.1.2, 12.2.5C,
Griffiths v Commonwealth (1983) .... 4.2.16      12.2.11, 12.2.15C, 13.5.2, 13.5.5, 13.5.8,
—v Haines [1984] .... 17.3.23                    13.5.9C
—v Kerkemeyer (1977) .... 1.1.29, 8.2.9,        Hambrook v Stokes Brothers [1925] ....
 8.2.25C, 8.2.26, 8.2.27, 8.2.29, 8.2.30,        2.5.13
 8.2.31, 8.3.11                                 Hamer-Mathew v Gulabrai (No 2) (1995)
—v Peter Conway Ltd [1939] .... 7.2.1C           .... 8.1.6
—v Wood (1994) .... 6.2.44                      Hamilton v Nuroof (WA) Pty Ltd (1956) ....
Griffiths (AR) & Sons Pty Ltd v Richards         3.1.35, 3.1.58, 6.1.4, 7.8.2C
 (1996) .... 18.1.11                            —v Papakura District Council [2000] ....
Grincelis v House (2000) .... 8.2.26, 8.2.29,    14.4.4
 8.2.30                                         Hampic Pty Ltd v Adams (1999) .... 18.2.17
Grljak v Trivan Pty Ltd (in liq) (1994) ....    Hamstra (Guardian ad litem of) v British
 18.2.18                                         Columbia Rugby Union [1997] .... 1.1.29
—v— (unreported, NSW CA, 19 April               Hancock v Wallace (2001) .... 7.11.5
 1996, BC9601317) .... 18.2.18                  Haniotis v Dimitriou [1983] .... 12.5.5
Grollo v Palmer (1995) .... 12.2.12             Hanly v Berlin [1975] .... 6.2.12
Gronow v SGIO (Qld) [1980] .... 9.1.7           Hansen v Gloucester Developments Pty Ltd
Groom v Crocker [1939] .... 1.1.24, 3.1.4,       [1992] .... 8.3.7
 18.2.12                                        Harbeson v Parke-Davis Inc (1983) ....
—v Selby [2001] .... 7.2.18                      7.2.19
Groves v Commonwealth (1982) .... 2.7.26,       Harbutt’s ‘Plasticine’ Ltd v Wayne Tank &
 2.7.27                                          Pump Co Ltd [1970] .... 8.3.8
—v Lord Wimborne [1898] .... 10.2.8C,           Hardie v St Vincent’s Hospital Toowoomba
 10.2.10                                         Ltd [2000] .... 10.1.5
Gryc v Dayton-Hudson Corp (1980)                Harding v Lithgow Corp (1937) .... 9.2.8
 .... 3.1.59                                    Hargrave v Goldman (1963) .... 2.1.4,
GS v News Ltd (1998) .... 10.2.13, 16.2.19       2.2.11, 7.7.1, 7.7.7C, 14.2.2, 14.2.8C,
Gunn v Wallsend Slipway and Engineering          14.3.18
 Co (unreported, QBD, Waterhouse J,             Harper v G N Haden & Sons Ltd [1933]
 7 November 1988) .... 2.5.11                    .... 15.3.6
—v— [1989] .... 2.5.11                          —v Gray & Walker [1985] .... 18.2.8
Gwydir v Peck [1983] .... 9.2.21                Harris v Associated Portland Cement
                                                 Manufacturers Ltd [1938] .... 3.3.7C
H v R [1996] .... 13.2.2                        —v Commercial Minerals Ltd (1996) ....
—v Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children         8.2.46, 8.2.49
 (1990) .... 3.1.47, 5.5.12                     —v Wyre Forest Council [1988] .... 6.3.28
Haber v Walker [1963] .... 4.1.4, 4.1.12,       Harrison v British Railways Board [1981]
 4.3.5, 4.3.11, 4.3.16, 4.3.18, 9.2.5C           .... 7.10.4
Hackshaw v Shaw (1984) .... 7.5.2, 7.5.4C,      —v Michelin Tyre Co Ltd [1985] .... 17.3.8
 7.12.1, 11.3.20, 12.5.5, 13.4.4                —v National Coal Board [1951] .... 10.2.17
Haddon v Lynch [1911] .... 14.1.12              —v Vincent [1982] .... 3.2.39
Hahn v Conley (1971) .... 7.7.14                Hart v Herron (1980) .... 8.1.12, 13.2.3
Haileybury College v Emanuelli [1983] ....      —v Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Co
 5.3.5, 5.3.11                                   (1869) .... 3.1.47
Haines v Bendall (1991) .... 1.3.8              Hartley v Mayoh & Co [1954] .... 10.2.21
—v Rytmeister (1986) .... 7.7.30                Harvey v R G O’Dell Ltd [1958] .... 17.3.9
Halabi v Westpac Banking Corporation            Hatzimanolis v ANI Corporation Ltd (1992)
 (1989) .... 1.4.29                              .... 1.3.2, 1.3.4
Haley v London Electricity Board [1965] ....    Havelberg v Brown [1905] .... 7.7.8C
 3.2.19, 7.2.2, 7.2.7C, 7.2.8                   Havenaar v Havenaar [1982] .... 4.3.13
Hall v Fonceca [1983] .... 11.4.2C              Haversham Grange (The) [1905] .... 4.2.2C,
—v Whatmore [1961] .... 17.4.5                   4.2.9
                                 References are to paragraphs
xliv                          Torts: Cases and Commentary

Hawkins v Clayton (1986) .... 16.2.18          Hiap Lee (Cheong Leong and Sons)
—v— (1988) .... 2.7.12C, 2.7.17, 5.2.7,         Bricklayers Ltd v Weng Lok Mining Co
 11.3.15, 16.1.5, 16.2.11, 16.2.18,             Ltd [1974] .... 14.4.5
 16.2.22C                                      Hicks v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire
Haynes v G Harwood & Son [1935] ....            Police [1992] .... 5.1.5
 2.1.6, 4.3.15, 4.3.17, 6.3.9, 7.10.2C         —v Roberts (1977) .... 3.3.2
Hayward v Georges Ltd [1966] .... 17.3.14      Higgins v William Inglis & Sons Pty Ltd
Healing Sales Pty Ltd v Inglis Electrix Pty     [1978] .... 15.2.16, 15.2.17C, 15.2.19,
 Ltd (1968) .... 8.1.6, 12.2.19                 15.2.20
                                               Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire
Heap v Ind Coope and Allsopp Ltd [1940]
                                                [1989] .... 2.2.24C, 2.6.14, 2.6.16, 2.7.23
 .... 15.3.4C
                                               —v Commissioner for Main Roads (1989)
Heaven v Pender (1883) .... 2.2.2, 2.2.5,       .... 7.6.12C
 2.2.6, 2.2.7C, 2.2.12, 2.2.24C, 7.5.4C
                                               Hill (t/a RF Hill & Associates) v Van Erp
Hedley Byrne & Co Ltd v Heller & Partners       (1997) .... 2.2.18, 2.7.17, 7.1.1, 7.1.4,
 Ltd [1964] .... 2.2.13, 2.2.19, 2.7.5,         7.5.12C, 16.1.5, 16.1.8, 16.2.22C,
 2.7.12C, 3.2.32C, 16.1.7, 16.2.4C,             16.2.28, 16.3.2, 16.3.4C, 17.5.2C
 16.2.7, 16.2.10, 16.2.15, 16.2.19,            Hillman v Black (1996) .... 2.2.22, 2.2.23,
 16.2.22C, 16.2.27                              2.2.24C, 2.2.25
Heil v Rankin [2001] .... 8.2.12, 8.2.53       Hillyer v Governors of St Bartholomew’s
—v Suncoast Fitness [2000] .... 10.1.5          Hospital [1909] .... 17.2.6
Heilbut, Symons & Co v Buckleton [1913]        Hilton v Thomas Burton (Rhodes) Ltd
 .... 16.1.4                                    [1961] .... 17.3.9
Helco Pty Ltd v O’Haire (1991) .... 16.2.17    —v Wallace (1988) .... 3.2.40
Henderson v Henry E Jenkins & Sons             Hinz v Berry [1970] .... 7.11.7
 [1970] .... 3.4.8                             Hird v Gibson [1974] .... 5.5.5C
—v Merrett Syndicates Ltd [1995] ....          Hoad v Scone Motors Pty Ltd [1977]
 1.4.26, 2.2.19, 16.1.5, 16.2.10, 16.2.15,      .... 8.3.8
 16.2.20                                       Hobbs v Marlowe [1978] .... 1.1.23, 8.3.10
—v Public Transport Commission of NSW          Hodge & Sons v Anglo-American Oil Co
 (1981) .... 3.3.2                              (1922) .... 2.2.7C
Henry Kendall & Sons v William Lillico &       Hodges v Frost (1984) .... 8.2.28, 8.2.33
 Sons [1969] .... 3.1.1                        Hoebergen v Koppens [1974] .... 13.4.6
Henry v Thompson [1989] .... 8.1.6, 8.1.14,    Hoffmueller v Commonwealth (1981) ....
 18.1.2                                         4.1.8
Henson v Board of Management of the            Hogan v AG Wright Pty Ltd [1963] ....
 Perth Hospital (1939) .... 17.2.6              12.2.1, 12.5.1C
                                               —v Bentinck Collieries [1949] .... 18.2.14C
Henville v Walker (2001) .... 16.2.2,
                                               —v Gill (1992) .... 7.7.27, 11.3.26
 16.2.29, 16.2.33
                                               —v Koala Dundee Pty Ltd (1988) .... 1.4.25
Henwood v Municipal Tramways Trust (SA)
                                               Hoinville-Wiggins v Connelly (1999) ....
 (1938) .... 7.12.1, 7.12.2, 7.12.4C, 7.12.6
                                                7.11.3
Herbert v Harold Shaw Ltd [1959]               Holbeck Hall Hotel Ltd v Scarborough
 .... 10.2.21                                   Borough Council [2000] .... 7.7.9, 14.2.11
Hercules Managements Ltd v Ernst &             Holland v Tarlinton (1989) .... 7.12.11
 Young [1997] .... 16.2.27                     Hollebone v Greenwood (1968) .... 9.2.18
Herd v Weardale Steel Coke & Coal Co           Hollis v Dow Corning Corp [1995] .... 7.9.4
 [1915] .... 11.5.12C, 11.5.13                 —v Vabu Pty Ltd [2001] .... 1.3.22, 17.1.1,
Herring v Boyle (1834) .... 11.5.17C            17.2.2C
Herrington v British Railways Board [1972]     Holloway v McFeeters (1956) .... 3.4.2C
 .... 3.2.7, 7.5.19, 7.7.10                    Hollywood Silver Fox Farm Ltd v Emmett
Heydon v NRMA Ltd (2000) .... 3.2.8,            [1936] .... 14.1.26C
 16.2.17                                       Holmes v Mather (1875) .... 11.3.18C
                                References are to paragraphs
                                    Table of Cases                                     xlv

—v Wilson (1839) .... 12.2.4                 Ikonomos v Lesiuk (1973) .... 7.7.21
Holodook v Spencer (1974) .... 7.7.19        Ilievska-Dieva v SGIO Insurance Ltd [2000]
Honeywill & Stein Ltd v Larkin Bros             .... 1.4.30
 (London’s Commercial Photographers)         Ilkiw v Samuels [1963] .... 17.3.4, 17.3.5,
 Ltd [1934] .... 17.5.21                        17.3.15, 17.4.8
Horan v Ferguson [1995] .... 11.4.3          Illiopoulos v Victorian Railways Board
Horkin v North Melbourne Football Club          (1981) .... 3.2.13, 6.2.4, 6.2.32
 Social Club [1983] .... 6.2.1, 12.5.5,      Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd v Shatwell
 13.4.4, 13.4.6, 17.4.9                         [1965] .... 6.2.21, 6.3.3C, 6.3.6C, 6.3.20,
Horsley v MacLaren; The Ogopogo [1972]          7.8.1, 7.12.10, 10.2.17, 10.2.41
 .... 7.7.12, 7.10.4                         Imperial Gas Light and Coke Co v
Host v Bassett (1983) .... 3.4.5                Broadbent (1859) .... 14.3.2C
How v Jones [1953] .... 14.2.8C              Indermaur v Dames (1866) .... 7.5.4C
Howard v Hamilton (1996) .... 6.3.16         Ingham v Eames [1955] .... 7.3.8
—v Jarvis (1958) .... 7.7.12                 Inland Revenue Commissioners v Goldblatt
—v Loney [1956] .... 7.7.22                     [1972] .... 10.2.7
—v Queensland [2001] .... 10.2.17            Insurance Commissioner v Joyce (1948) ....
Howarth v Adey [1996] .... 3.2.25               3.2.32C, 3.2.38, 6.3.3C, 6.3.11, 6.3.12C,
Howe v Rayner (1990) .... 6.3.18                6.3.18, 6.3.22C
Hribar v Wells (1995) .... 4.3.18            Interchase Corporation Ltd v CAN 010 087
Hughes v Hunters Hill Municipality Council      573 Pty Ltd [2001] .... 16.2.27, 18.1.11
 (1992) .... 7.6.12C, 7.6.13                 International Harvester Co of Australia Pty
—v Lord Advocate [1963] .... 5.3.10C,           Ltd v Carrigan’s Hazeldene Pastoral Co
 5.3.15C, 5.3.16, 5.3.17, 5.4.1, 5.5.3,         (1958) .... 17.5.2C
 5.5.10                                      Invercargill City Council v Hamlin [1996]
—v National Union of Mineworkers [1991]         .... 5.2.5
 .... 2.7.23                                 Inverell Municipal Council v Pennington
—v Percival (1883) .... 17.5.8C                 (1993) .... 1.1.29, 3.3.11, 7.5.11
Humberstone v Northern Timber Mills          Iqbal v London Transport Executive (1973)
 (1949) .... 17.2.2C                            .... 17.3.5
Humphries v Poljak [1992] .... 1.3.14        Ira S Bushey & Sons, Inc v United States
Hunt v Severs [1994] .... 1.1.28, 7.2.19,       (1968) .... 17.2.2C
 8.2.25C, 8.2.26, 8.2.28
                                             Irvin v Whitrod (No 2) [1978] .... 17.3.23
Hunter Area Health Service v Marchlewski
                                             Italiano v Barbaro (1993) .... 6.3.2, 7.12.4C
 [2000] .... 5.4.4
Hunter v Canary Wharf Ltd [1997] ....
 5.1.6, 14.1.3C, 14.1.4, 14.1.6, 14.1.22,    J (LA) v J(H) and J(J) (1993) .... 11.4.16
 14.5.3, 15.3.3                              Jackson v Harrison (1978) .... 2.7.9C,
Hurley v Dyke [1979] .... 2.6.7, 7.3.11         2.7.10, 7.12.4C
Husher v Husher (1999) .... 8.2.20           Jacobi v Griffiths [1999] .... 17.3.20
Hussain v New Taplow Paper Mills Ltd         Jacobs v Varley (1976) .... 8.2.37, 9.2.13
 [1987] .... 8.2.49                          Jacques v Matthews [1961] .... 4.3.20
—v— [1988] .... 8.2.49                       Jaenke v Hinton (1995) .... 3.1.25, 7.5.7
Hutchins v Maughan [1947] .... 11.1.4,       Jaensch v Coffey (1984) .... 2.1.1, 2.2.16,
 11.2.1C                                        2.2.18, 2.5.9C, 2.5.14, 2.7.7, 2.7.9C,
Hutt v Piggott Wood & Baker (unreported,        7.7.1, 7.11.8, 7.11.13, 8.2.50, 11.6.2C
 Tas SC, Crawford J, 28 May 1993,            James Hardie & Co Pty Ltd v Roberts
 BC9300052) .... 1.3.32                         (1999) .... 8.2.18
Hymowitz v Eli Lilly (1989) .... 4.1.19      —v Seltsam Pty Ltd (1998) .... 18.2.1,
                                                18.2.9
I & J Foods Pty Ltd v Bergzam Pty Ltd        James v British General Insurance Co Ltd
  (1997) .... 18.2.18                           [1927] .... 18.1.8
Ibottson v Peat (1865) .... 14.1.26C         —v Wellington CC [1972] .... 15.2.20
                              References are to paragraphs
xlvi                          Torts: Cases and Commentary

Jane Doe v Metropolitan Toronto                Kakouris v Gibbs Burge & Co Pty Ltd
  (Municipality) Commissioners of Police         [1970] .... 6.2.38
  (1990) .... 2.6.16, 4.3.8                    Karabotsos v Plastex Industries Pty Ltd
Jane, Re (1988) .... 13.2.27                     [1981] .... 5.4.9
Jansen v Dewhurst [1969] .... 8.3.5            Kars v Kars (1996) .... 1.1.28, 7.2.19,
Jeffrey v Honig [1999] .... 14.1.14              8.2.25C, 8.2.33, 9.2.10
Jeffries v Fisher [1985] .... 6.3.11           Katsilis v BHP Co Ltd (1978) .... 3.4.6,
Jenal v Milner (1994) .... 11.1.6                6.1.4, 7.8.4
Jennings v Hannan (No 2) (1969) .... 17.5.6    Kavanagh v Akhtar (1998) .... 4.3.11, 5.4.3,
Job Edwards Ltd v Birmingham Navigations         5.5.5C
  [1924] .... 7.7.8C, 14.2.8C                  —v Commonwealth (1960) .... 1.3.3
Jobling v Associated Dairies Ltd [1982] ....   —v Gudge (1844) .... 13.2.3
  4.2.13C, 4.2.14, 4.2.15, 4.2.16, 7.8.1,      Kay v ITW Ltd [1968] .... 17.3.5
  8.2.40                                       Kaye v Robertson [1991] .... 12.3.6
Jockel v Jockel (1963) .... 7.12.4C            Kebewar Pty Ltd v Harkin (1987) ....
Joel v Morison (1834) .... 17.3.8                10.2.24
John Lewis & Co Ltd v Tims [1952] ....         Keeble v Hickeringill (1706) .... 14.1.26C
  11.1.5, 13.5.6                               Keefe v Marks (1989) .... 2.7.15
John Pfeiffer Pty Ltd v Canny (1981) ....      Keeffe v McLean-Carr (1993) .... 15.1.3
  4.1.13, 10.2.34
                                               Kelly v Bega Valley County Council
—v Rogerson (2000) .... 1.1.20, 1.3.19           (unreported, 13 September 1982, NSW
John Summers & Sons Ltd v Frost [1955] ....      CA) .... 3.2.11, 6.2.42C
  10.2.26
                                               —v Lend Lease Retail Pty Ltd (1993)
Johnson Tiles Pty Ltd v Esso Australia Ltd
                                                 .... 3.4.11
  [2001] .... 7.4.9
                                               Kelsen v Imperial Tobacco Co (of Great
—v— (No 2) [2001] .... 7.4.9
                                                 Britain and Ireland) Ltd [1957] .... 12.3.1,
Johnson v Department of Community
                                                 12.4.1C, 12.4.3, 12.4.4
  Services (2000) .... 10.2.11
                                               Kennaway v Thompson [1981] .... 14.5.7
—v Johnson (unreported, NSW CA, 24 July
  1991, BC9101576) .... 1.1.27                 Kennedy v De Trafford [1897] .... 17.5.2C
—v Perez (1988) .... 5.1.8, 16.2.15            Kenny & Good Pty Ltd v MGICA (1992)
Johnstone v Woolmer (1977) .... 3.1.46           Ltd (1999) .... 16.2.31
Jolley v Sutton London Borough Council         Kent v Griffiths [2001] .... 7.6.6
  [2000] .... 2.4.1, 5.3.15C                   —v Scattini [1961] .... 6.3.22C
Jones v Bartlett [2000] .... 2.3.5C, 2.7.3,    Kenyon v Hart (1865) .... 12.4.5
  3.1.13, 7.5.17, 17.5.18                      Keppel Bus Co Ltd v Sa’ad bin Ahmad
—v Boyce (1816) .... 6.2.27C, 6.2.28             [1974] .... 17.3.13
—v Dunkel (1959) .... 3.4.5                    Khorasandjian v Bush [1993] .... 11.4.14,
—v Gleeson [1966] .... 8.2.49                    11.6.2C, 11.6.4, 14.1.3C, 14.1.7
—v Great Western Railway Co (1930)             Kickett v SGIC (1997) .... 6.3.16, 7.12.12
  .... 3.4.2C                                  Kiddle v City Business Properties Ltd [1942]
—v Hyde (1989) .... 3.3.11                       .... 14.3.7C, 14.3.8
—v Manchester Corp [1952] .... 3.2.36          Kidman v Page [1959] .... 14.2.2
—v Schiffmann (1971) .... 9.2.17               Kilgannon v Sharpe Bros Pty Ltd (1986) ....
—v Staveley Iron & Chemical Co Ltd               3.4.12, 3.4.15
  [1955] .... 17.4.8                           King v Hoare (1844) .... 18.1.5
—v Stones [1999] .... 12.1.3, 12.2.1           —v Phillips [1953] .... 5.3.2C, 5.5.3
Johnston v Frazer (1990) .... 3.2.39           Kings Cross Rent-a-Car Pty Ltd v Patty
Jull v Wilson & Horton [1968] .... 2.6.9,        (1986) .... 17.5.7
  2.6.10, 7.3.11                               Kingshott v Goodyear Tyre & Rubber Co
                                                 Australia Ltd (No 2) (1987) .... 3.1.34,
K v Minister for Youth and Community             10.2.30
 Services [1982] .... 13.2.25                  Kirth v Tyrrell [1971] .... 17.1.5
                                References are to paragraphs
                                        Table of Cases                                    xlvii

Kizbeau Pty Ltd v WG & B Pty Ltd (1995)          Lange       v     Australian     Broadcasting
  .... 16.2.2                                      Corporation (1997) .... 1.4.6
Kliendienst v A Kliendienst and Sons [1959]      Lanphier v Phipos (1838) .... 2.7.12C
  .... 17.4.6                                    Lansdown v WTH Pty Ltd (1990) .... 17.5.7
Klug v Motor Accidents Insurance Board           Lanzer v Codemo [2001] .... 7.3.11
  (1991) .... 7.11.13                            Latter v Braddell (1881) .... 13.2.15
Knapp v Railway Executive [1949]                 Launchbury v Morgans [1971] .... 1.1.27
  .... 10.2.21                                   —v— [1973] .... 17.5.2C
Knightley v Johns [1982] .... 4.3.21, 7.10.6     Lawrie v Meggitt (1974) .... 18.2.14C
Kocis v SE Dickens Pty Ltd [1998] .... 3.4.10    Laws v Florinplace Ltd [1981] .... 14.1.22
Kolizos v Australian National Railways           Le Lievre v Gould [1893] .... 2.2.5, 2.2.6,
  Commission (1980) .... 3.1.59                    2.2.7C, 2.2.12, 2.2.24C, 7.7.1, 16.2.3,
Kondis v State Transport Authority (1984)          16.2.4C
  .... 6.1.4, 7.8.4, 17.2.9, 17.5.2C, 17.5.8C,   League Against Cruel Sports Ltd v Scott
  17.5.10, 17.5.11, 17.5.12                        [1986] .... 11.3.8, 11.5.22, 12.2.1
Konskier v B Goodman Ltd [1928]                  Leahy v Beaumont (1981) .... 3.2.17
  .... 12.2.3C                                   Leakey v National Trust for Places of
Koop v Bebb (1951) .... 1.4.10                     Historic Interest or Natural Beauty [1980]
Kosky v Trustees of the Sisters of Charity         .... 7.7.9, 14.2.11, 14.4.1C
  [1982] .... 5.1.3, 7.2.12                      Leame v Bray (1803) .... 11.2.1C, 11.3.7C,
Kouris v Prospectors Motel Pty Ltd (1978)          11.3.18C
  .... 3.4.6                                     Leask Timber & Hardware Pty Ltd v
Koursk (The) [1924] .... 18.1.1                    Thorne (1961) .... 10.2.34
Kraemers v A-G (Tas) [1966] .... 14.3.17C,       Lee Transport Co Ltd v Watson (1940)
  14.3.18, 14.3.19, 14.4.4                         .... 1.2.14C
Krakowski v Eurolynx Properties Ltd (1995)       Lee v McClellan (1995) .... 7.12.13
  .... 16.2.2                                    Leeds Industrial Co-operative Society Ltd v
Krangle v Brisco (2000) .... 7.2.19                Slack [1924] .... 12.2.4, 14.5.4
Kretschmer v Queensland (1989) .... 3.1.25       Leigh & Sillivan Ltd v Aliakmon Shipping
Kruber v Grzesiak [1963] .... 11.3.5, 11.3.9,      Co Ltd [1986] .... 7.2.11
  11.3.10                                        Lemmon v Webb [1894] .... 12.4.1C
Kuddus v Chief Constable of Leicestershire       —v— [1895] .... 14.5.1
  Constabulary [2001] .... 8.1.4, 16.4.6         Lempke v Dagenais (1988) .... 16.3.8C
Kyogle Shire Council v Francis (1988)            Lenah Game Meats Pty Ltd v Australian
  .... 16.2.34                                     Broadcasting Corporation [1999] ....
                                                   12.2.17
L (A Child) v Reading Borough Council            Lenfield, Re (1993) .... 13.2.7
  [2001] .... 2.2.25                             Leonard v Smith (1992) .... 18.2.17
L v Commonwealth (1976) .... 2.7.29,             Lepore v New South Wales (2001) ....
  7.7.12                                           17.3.21, 17.5.16
Lackersteen v Jones (1988) .... 8.1.14,          Leschke v Jeffs [1955] .... 4.2.15
  17.3.25                                        Lester-Travers v City of Frankston [1970] ....
Laird v Mossenson (1990) .... 2.7.15               14.3.13C
Lake v Taggart (1978) .... 15.2.4                Letang v Cooper [1965] .... 11.2.3, 11.3.2,
Lamb v Camden London Borough Council               11.3.7C, 11.3.9, 11.3.10, 11.3.17,
  [1981] .... 4.3.4, 4.3.10                        11.3.18C, 11.3.20, 11.5.22
—v Cotogno (1987) .... 1.3.20, 8.1.6,            Levi v Colgate-Palmolive Pty Ltd (1941) ....
  8.1.7C, 18.1.8                                   7.2.1C, 7.2.8, 7.2.14, 7.3.1, 7.3.2, 7.3.8
Lambert v Lastoplex Chemicals Co Ltd             Liesbosch, Dredger v SS Edison (Owners);
  [1972] .... 2.6.7                                The Edison [1933] .... 4.3.2, 5.3.2C,
—v Lewis [1982] .... 7.3.6, 7.3.11, 16.2.13        5.4.8, 8.3.1C
—v Roberts (1980) .... 12.2.5C                   Liftronic Pty Ltd v Unver (2001) .... 6.2.23,
Lane v Holloway [1968] .... 8.1.16, 13.2.9         6.2.41, 7.8.6
                                 References are to paragraphs
xlviii                          Torts: Cases and Commentary

Lilley v Alpine Resorts Commission (1998)        Lonrho Ltd v Shell Petroleum Co Ltd (No 2)
  .... 3.1.21, 4.1.15                              [1982] .... 10.2.10
Lim v Camden & Islington Area Health             Lopez v Star World Enterprises Pty Ltd
  Authority [1979] .... 8.2.6                      [1999] .... 7.4.2C
—v— [1980] .... 8.2.4, 8.2.6, 8.2.60             Lothian v Rickards (1911) .... 4.3.7, 4.3.8
Limpus v London General Omnibus Co               Louis v Commonwealth (1986) .... 11.5.9
  (1862) .... 17.3.4, 17.4.8                     Low v Foss [1845] .... 3.2.31
Lincoln Hunt Australia Pty Ltd v Willesee        Lowns v Woods (1996) .... 3.2.25, 7.6.6,
  (1986) .... 12.2.15C, 12.2.17, 12.5.4            7.9.9C, 7.9.13
Lindeman Ltd v Colvin (1946) .... 4.3.18         Lumley v Gye (1853) .... 16.4.2C
Linsell v Robson [1976] .... 8.2.54              Luxton v Vines (1952) .... 3.4.4
Linsley v Petrie [1998] .... 6.2.14              Lynch v Knight (1861) .... 5.5.5C
Lipman v Clendinnen (1932) .... 7.5.1,           —v Lynch (by her Tutor Lynch) (1991) ....
  12.2.5C, 12.2.15C                                1.1.28, 7.2.10C, 7.2.13, 8.2.25C
Lippiatt v South Gloucestershire Council         —v Scheininger (2000) .... 7.2.12
  [2000] .... 14.2.4
Lippl v Haines (1989) .... 13.5.9C               M v AJ (1989) .... 12.2.10
Lisle v Brice (2001) .... 1.1.21, 9.2.6          M (H) v M (K) [1992] .... 5.2.5
Lister v Hesley Hall Ltd [2001] .... 17.3.21,    M (K) v M (H) (1992) .... 11.3.12, 11.3.15,
  17.4.8                                          11.4.16
—v— [2002] .... 17.3.19, 17.3.22                 McCahill v New York Transport Co (1911)
—v Romford Ice & Cold Storage Co Ltd              .... 5.4.5
  [1957] .... 1.1.27, 18.1.8, 18.1.9, 18.1.10,   McCall v Abelesz [1976] .... 11.6.4
  18.1.11                                        McCallion v Dodd [1966] .... 18.2.12
Little v Law Institute of Victoria (No 3)        McCann v Parsons (1954) .... 8.1.7C
  [1990] .... 11.5.29                            McCarty v Pheasant Run Inc (1987) ....
Livingstone v Rawyards Coal Co (1880) ....        3.1.6
  1.2.14C, 8.2.23                                McClelland v Symons [1951] .... 11.4.5
LJP Investments Pty Ltd v Howard Chia            McClure v Commonwealth [1999] ....
  Investments Pty Ltd (1989) .... 12.2.4,         17.3.8
  12.4.4, 12.5.4                                 McCorquodale v Shell Oil Co of Australia
—v— (1990) .... 12.4.4, 12.5.4                    Ltd (1932) .... 12.2.15C
Lloyd, Ex parte (unreported, 5 November          McCoy v Watson (1976) .... 5.4.5
  1822) .... 2.7.12C                             McCurry v Lamb (1992) .... 1.3.4
—v Citicorp Australia Ltd (1986)                 McDermid v Nash Dredging & Reclamation
  .... 16.2.16                                    Co Ltd [1987] .... 17.5.20
—v DPP [1992] .... 12.5.8                        McDonald v Coles Myer Ltd (1995) ....
—v Grace Smith & Co [1912] .... 17.3.10C,         11.5.23
  17.3.18C, 17.3.22                              —v Commonwealth (1945) .... 17.2.8,
Lloyds Bank Ltd v Savory & Co [1933]              17.2.9, 17.2.10
  .... 3.1.57                                    —v New South Wales [1999] .... 17.3.14
Lochgelly Iron & Coal Co Ltd v M’Mullen          Maceachern v Pukekohe Borough [1965]
  [1934] .... 10.2.18                             .... 10.2.7
Loffo v Giang (1990) .... 5.5.11                 McFarlane v Tayside Health Board [2000]
London County Council v Cattermoles               .... 2.2.19, 4.1.7, 7.2.18
  (Garages) Ltd [1953] .... 17.3.6               McGeown v Northern Ireland Housing
London Drugs Ltd v Kuehne & Nagel                 Executive [1995] .... 7.5.3
  International Ltd [1992] .... 6.3.29,          McGhee v National Coal Board [1972] ....
  17.3.18C, 18.1.9                                4.1.17, 4.1.18
London Passenger Transport Board v Upson         McGrath v Chief Constable of the Royal
  [1949] .... 6.2.35                              Ulster Constabulary [2001] .... 13.5.3
Long v Darling Island Stevedoring &              —v Fairfield Municipal Council (1985) ....
  Lighterage Co Ltd [1956] .... 10.2.15C          18.1.10
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                      Table of Cases                                    xlix

McHale v Watson (1964) .... 11.3.2, 11.3.5,    Malec v JC Hutton Pty Ltd (1990) .... 5.4.6,
 11.3.6C, 11.3.18C                              8.2.40, 8.2.41, 8.2.42, 8.3.1C
—v— (1966) .... 3.2.10C, 3.2.15, 5.4.9,        Malette v Shulman (1990) .... 13.2.17
 6.2.42C, 6.2.43                               Mallinson v Scottish Australian Investment
MacIndoe v Parbery (1994) .... 16.2.17          Co Ltd (1920) .... 10.2.7, 10.2.8C
MacIntosh v Lobel (1993) .... 12.3.5, 12.5.5   Malone v Laskey [1907] .... 14.1.3C
McKay v Essex Area Health Authority            —v Metropolitan Police Commissioner
 [1982] .... 7.2.19                             [1979] .... 1.4.13
McKellar       v     Container      Terminal   Maloney v Commissioner of Railways
 Management Services Ltd (1999) ....            (1978) .... 3.1.38, 3.1.40C, 3.1.56
 17.1.5                                        Manchester Airport Plc v Dutton [2000] ....
McKew v Holland and Hannen and Cubitts          12.3.3
 (Scotland) Ltd [1969] .... 4.1.2C, 4.3.15,    Manchester Corporation v Farnworth
 4.3.20, 18.2.14C                               [1930] .... 14.3.13C, 14.3.15, 14.3.18
McKiernan v Manhire (1977) .... 4.3.18         Manguard Packaging Ltd v Hilton Haulage
McKinnon Industries Ltd v Walker [1951]         Ltd [1990] .... 5.5.13
 .... 14.1.25                                  Mann v Ellbourn (1974) .... 8.2.16
McKinnon v Burtatowski [1969] .... 7.7.5       —v O’Neill (1997) .... 1.4.17
McKone v Wood (1831) .... 15.2.16              Manser v Spry (1994) .... 8.2.46, 8.2.49
McLaren v Bradstreet (1969) .... 5.4.4         Mansfield v Weetabix Ltd [1998] .... 3.2.16
McLean v Tedman (1984) .... 3.2.13,            Manwelland Pty Ltd v Dames & Moore Pty
 6.2.37C, 7.8.1, 7.8.6                          Ltd [2001] .... 16.2.30, 16.2.34
                                               Mapling v Jones (1865) .... 14.1.20C
Macleay Pty Ltd v Moore (1991) .... 6.3.26
                                               Marc Rich & Co AG v Bishop Rock Marine
McLoughlin v O’Brian [1983] .... 2.5.6
                                                Co Ltd ‘The Nicholas H’ [1996] ....
McMullin v ICI Australia Operations Pty         1.1.30, 2.2.19, 16.2.12
 Ltd (1997) .... 7.4.1
                                               March v E & MH Stramare Pty Ltd (1991)
M’Naghten rules .... 3.2.14C                    .... 2.6.6, 2.7.6, 3.1.25, 4.1.2C, 4.2.7,
McNamara v Duncan (1971) .... 3.2.40,           4.3.1, 4.3.3, 4.3.4, 4.3.6, 4.3.8, 4.3.18,
 13.2.5C                                        4.3.20, 5.5.5C, 6.2.1, 6.2.15C, 6.2.35
McPhail v Persons Unknown [1973]               Margaret (The) (1881) .... 6.2.8C
 .... 13.3.11                                  Margarine Union GmbH v Cambay Prince
Macpherson v Beath (1975) .... 11.4.11,         Steamship Co Ltd [1969] .... 16.3.1
 11.4.12                                       Marion’s case see Secretary Dept of Health
MacPherson v Brown (1975) .... 11.4.9C,         and Community Services v JWB
 11.4.12                                       Marks v GIO Australia Holdings Ltd (1998)
—v Buick Motor Co (1916) .... 2.2.7C,           .... 16.2.34
 2.2.9                                         Marshall v Curry [1933] .... 13.3.3
McPherson v Whitfield [1996] .... 6.3.16,      —v Gotham Co Ltd [1954] .... 10.2.29
 6.3.18, 6.3.20                                —v Osmond [1982] .... 3.1.46, 7.12.10
McQuire v Western Morning News Co Ltd          —v— [1983] .... 3.1.46, 7.12.10
 [1903] .... 3.2.1                             —v Whittaker’s Building Supply Co (1963)
McRae v Stevens (1996) .... 2.7.15              .... 17.2.2C
McWilliams v Sir William Arrol & Co Ltd        Marsland v Andjelic (1993) .... 8.2.40
 [1962] .... 10.2.33                           Martin v Isbard (1946) .... 18.2.14C
Maguire v Union Steamship Co of NZ             —v Thorn Lighting Industries Pty Ltd
 (1920) .... 1.3.1                              [1978] .... 7.3.7
Maher-Smith v Gaw [1969] .... 3.3.1,           —v Watson [1994] .... 11.5.27
 3.4.13, 3.4.14, 4.1.27                        —v— [1996] .... 11.5.27
Mahony v J Kruschich (Demolitions) Pty Ltd     Martindale v Burrows [1997] .... 5.1.3, 5.2.5
 (1985) .... 4.1.2C, 4.3.22, 5.5.5C, 8.1.1,    Martin’s Camera Corner Pty Ltd v Hotel
 16.2.30, 18.2.14C                              Mayfair [1976] .... 14.3.8
Maitland v Raisbeck [1944] .... 15.3.6         Mason v Clarke [1955] .... 12.3.2
                                References are to paragraphs
l                               Torts: Cases and Commentary

—v Mason [1997] .... 11.3.9, 11.3.10             Middleton v Melbourne Tramway &
Massey-Harris-Ferguson (Manufacturing)            Omnibus Co Ltd (1913) .... 4.2.17
 Ltd v Piper [1956] .... 10.2.21                 —v State of Western Australia (1992)
Master Builders’ Association, Ex parte            .... 17.3.24
 [1971] .... 1.3.8                               Miletic v Capital Territory Health
Masterwood Pty Ltd v Far North                    Commission (1995) .... 3.1.25, 3.1.27
 Queensland Electricity Board (1997) ....        Milkovits v Federal Capital Press of
 3.1.39                                           Australia Pty Ltd (1972) .... 6.2.47
—v— (No 2) [2000] .... 10.2.23                   Millar v Candy (1981) .... 8.3.11
Mathieson v Workers’ Compensation Board          Miller v Jackson [1977] .... 3.1.23, 14.3.2C,
 (Qld) [1990] .... 1.4.28                         14.5.7
Mattioli v Parker (No 2) [1973] .... 6.2.12      —v McKeon (1905) .... 7.6.12C
Mauro Taxi Services Pty Ltd v Israport           —v Royal Derwent Hospital Board of
 (Sales) Pty Ltd (1990) .... 17.5.7               Management (1992) .... 3.1.29
May v Transport Accident Commission              Mills v Baitis [1968] .... 7.12.13
 [1989] .... 1.3.15                              Minchillo v Ford Motor Co of Australia
Mayfair Ltd v Pears [1987] .... 12.2.1,           [1995] .... 16.3.14
 12.5.2                                          Minister Administering the Environmental
Meadows v Ferguson [1961] .... 7.12.13            Planning and Assessment Act 1979 v San
Mediana (The) [1900] .... 8.3.11                  Sebastian Pty Ltd [1983] .... 2.5.1, 16.2.11
Medlin v State Government Insurance              Mint v Good [1951] .... 15.3.4C
 Commission (1995) .... 4.1.8, 4.1.9,            Mitchell v Tsiros (No 2) [1982] .... 15.3.6
 4.3.11, 8.2.16, 16.2.29                         Mobilio v Balliotis [1998] .... 1.3.14
Medved v Dunlop Olympic Ltd (1990)               Modbury Triangle Shopping Centre Pty Ltd
 .... 10.2.14                                     v Anzil (2000) .... 1.3.7, 2.1.4, 2.3.1,
—v— (1991) .... 10.2.14                           2.3.11, 2.6.17, 3.1.7, 4.1.14, 4.3.4, 4.3.8,
Meering v Grahame-White Aviation Co Ltd           7.5.12C, 7.5.13, 7.7.6, 7.7.12, 7.7.23
 (1919) .... 11.5.17C                            Mogul Steamship Co Ltd v McGregor, Gow
Melchior v Cattanach [2001] .... 4.1.7,           & Co (1889) .... 1.4.11
 7.2.18                                          —v— [1892] .... 1.4.11
Membery v Great Western Ry Co (1889)             Moll v Butler (1985) .... 1.4.19
 .... 6.3.6C                                     Montana Hotels Pty Ltd v Fasson (1986)
Mendola v Warren (1993) .... 6.3.18               .... 14.2.6, 14.2.13, 15.3.7
Mercer v Commissioner for Road Transport         —v— [1987] .... 14.2.6, 14.2.13, 15.3.7
 & Tramways (NSW) (1936) .... 3.1.54,            Montreal Tramways v Leveille [1933] ....
 3.1.57                                           7.2.10C
Merest v Harvey (1814) .... 8.1.7C               Montreal v Montreal Locomotive Works
Merlin v British Nuclear Fuels Plc [1990] ....    [1947] .... 17.2.5
 5.1.6                                           Moon v Towers (1860) .... 7.7.24C
Merryweather v Nixan (1799) .... 18.1.7          Moore v Fox [1956] .... 3.4.8
Mersey Docks & Harbour Board v Coggins           —v Lambeth County Court Registrar (No 2)
 & Griffiths (Liverpool) Ltd [1947]               [1970] .... 11.3.23
 .... 17.2.9                                     Moran v McMahon (1985) .... 8.2.53
Metal Roofing & Cladding Pty Ltd v Eire          Morawski v State Rail Authority (NSW)
 Pty Ltd (1999) .... 16.3.3, 16.3.5               (1988) .... 7.5.9
Metro-North Commuter Railroad Co v               Morgan v Khyatt [1964] .... 14.2.10
 Buckley (1997) .... 5.1.5                       —v Lake Macquarie CC (unreported, NSW
Metropolitan District Asylum Commrs v             CA, 2 September 1993) .... 14.1.19
 Hill (1881) .... 14.3.13C                       —v Pearson (1979) .... 3.1.46
Metropolitan Gas Co v Melbourne                  —v Sherton Pty Ltd (1999) .... 3.1.25
 Corporation (1924) .... 3.1.3                   —v Tame (2000) .... 1.4.1, 5.4.3, 7.2.5,
Midalco Pty Ltd v Rabenalt [1989] .... 8.1.6,     7.11.5
 8.1.15                                          —v— (2001) .... 1.4.1, 5.4.3
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                       Table of Cases                                      li

Morison v Peck (1992) .... 7.3.5                Murdoch v Glacier Metal Co Ltd [1998] ....
Morris v Beardmore [1981] .... 12.2.5C,          14.1.13
 13.5.9C                                        Murphy v Brown (1985) .... 8.3.5
—v C W Martin & Sons Ltd [1966] ....            —v Culhane [1977] .... 8.1.16, 13.2.9,
 7.7.12, 17.3.22, 17.4.1, 17.4.6, 17.5.16,       13.4.6
 17.5.19                                        —v Furka (2000) .... 6.2.35
—v Ford Motor Co Ltd [1973] .... 1.1.27,        Murray v Harringay Arena Ltd [1951]
 18.1.11                                         .... 6.3.10
—v Marsden [1952] .... 11.3.25
                                                —v McMurchy [1949] .... 7.9.3, 11.3.23,
—v Murray [1991] .... 6.3.16                     13.2.13, 13.3.3, 13.3.4
—v West Hartlepool Steam Navigation Co
                                                —v Ministry of Defence [1988] ....
 Ltd [1956] .... 3.1.58, 7.8.2C
                                                 11.5.17C, 13.5.1, 13.5.6
Morton v William Dixon Ltd [1909] ....
 3.1.58, 7.8.2C                                 Musca v Astle Corporation Pty Ltd (1988)
Motherwell v Motherwell (1976) ....              .... 8.1.6
 14.1.3C                                        Mutual Life & Citizens’ Assurance Co Ltd v
Motor Accidents Board v Haines (1995) ....       Evatt (1967) .... 16.2.6, 16.2.7, 16.2.8,
 1.3.18                                          16.2.9, 16.2.10, 16.2.13, 16.2.14, 16.2.15
Mounsey v Orange Grove Bricks Pty Ltd           —v— (1968) .... 16.2.6, 16.2.7, 16.2.8,
 (1996) .... 2.4.2                               16.2.9, 16.2.10, 16.2.13, 16.2.14, 16.2.15
Mount Isa Mines Ltd v Bates [1972–3] ....       —v— [1971] .... 3.2.21C, 16.2.6, 16.2.7,
 4.3.9                                           16.2.8, 16.2.9, 16.2.10, 16.2.13, 16.2.14,
—v Pusey (1970) .... 2.5.1, 2.7.7, 3.2.8,        16.2.15
 5.5.1, 5.5.2, 5.5.10, 7.2.8, 7.10.7, 7.11.3,   Mye v Peters (1967) .... 6.2.42C
 7.11.4, 7.11.7, 7.11.9, 7.11.10, 7.11.11       Myer Stores Ltd v Soo [1991] .... 11.5.1,
Mountain Cattlemen’s Association of Vic          11.5.20, 11.5.21, 11.5.23
 Inc v Barron [1998] .... 3.1.21
Mouse’s case (1609) .... 13.3.10C, 13.3.12      Nada v Knight (1990) .... 7.7.12
Moylan v Nutrasweet Co [2000] .... 7.4.8        Nader v Urban Transit Authority of NSW
Mulcahy v Hydro-Electric Commission              (1985) .... 4.1.8, 4.2.6, 5.4.3, 5.4.4,
 (1998) .... 10.2.7, 10.2.17                     5.5.5C, 5.5.9, 5.5.10, 8.2.19
—v Ministry of Defence [1996] .... 2.7.25       Nafte v CES (unreported, S91/1996, 11/12
Mullen v Barr & Co [1929] .... 2.2.7C            September 1996) .... 2.7.4
Muller v Lalic [2000] .... 7.7.27               Nagle v Rottnest Island Authority (1993) ....
Mummery v Irvings Pty Ltd (1956) ....            1.2.10, 2.5.7, 2.5.9C, 3.1.16, 3.1.21,
 10.2.20C, 10.2.22                               7.6.2
Munday v Gill (1930) .... 13.5.9C
                                                —v— (unreported, WA FC, 27 March 1996,
Mundy (by his Tutor Mundy) v GIO (NSW)           BC9601050) .... 1.2.10
 (unreported, NSW SC, Spender AJ, 5 June
                                                Nalder v Commissioner for Railways [1983]
 1995, BC9504763) .... 1.2.17
                                                 .... 10.2.7, 14.3.14
Municipal Tramways Trust v Ashby [1951]
 .... 6.2.32                                    Nathan v Vos [1970] .... 18.2.13
Munnings v Australian Government                National Australia Bank v Hokit Pty Ltd
 Solicitor (1994) .... 5.1.1                     (1996) .... 16.1.5
—v Barrett [1987] .... 12.2.11                  National Coal Board v England [1954]
Munro v Southern Dairies Ltd [1955] ....         .... 10.2.17
 14.1.10C, 14.5.4                               —v JE Evans & Co (Cardiff) Ltd [1951] ....
Munsey v Webb .... 2.5.12                        11.3.6C, 11.3.18C
Munster v Lamb (1883) .... 2.7.12C              National Insurance Co of New Zealand Ltd
Muoio v MacGillivray [1964] .... 4.2.14,         v Espagne (1961) .... 4.1.2C, 8.2.45,
 4.2.15                                          8.2.46, 8.2.49
Murcia Holdings Pty Ltd v City of Nedlands      Naxakis v Western General Hospital (1999)
 (1999) .... 16.4.4                              .... 3.2.22, 3.2.25, 3.3.12, 5.1.7, 7.9.6
                                 References are to paragraphs
lii                           Torts: Cases and Commentary

Nazir v Hertz of Australia Pty Ltd             Norberg v Wynrib [1992] .... 13.2.15
 (unreported, DC NSW, Thorley J, 15 June       Norris v Blake (No 2) (1997) .... 8.2.12,
 1979) .... 1.2.21                              8.2.19, 8.2.42, 8.3.2
Neill v Fallon (1995) .... 6.3.26, 6.3.27      Northern Sandblasting Pty Ltd v Harris
—v NSW Fresh Food & Ice Pty Ltd (1963)          (1997) .... 1.1.17, 1.1.27, 2.3.4, 2.3.5C,
 .... 3.1.34, 3.1.37                            17.2.2C, 17.2.4, 17.5.18
Nelson v John Lysaght (Aust) Ltd (1975)        Northern Territory of Australia v Mengel
 .... 3.1.47                                    (1995) .... 10.1.6, 11.6.2C, 16.1.1,
—v Krusen (1984) .... 7.2.19                    16.1.10, 16.4.2C
Nesterczuk v Mortimore (1965) .... 3.4.12,     Norton Australasia Ltd v Streets Ice Cream
 3.4.13, 3.4.14, 4.1.27                         Pty Ltd (1968) .... 2.6.7
Nettleship v Weston [1971] .... 1.1.27,        Norwich City Council v Harvey [1989]
 3.1.48, 3.2.32C                                .... 6.3.29
New South Wales v Jeffery (2000) ....          Nova Mink Ltd v Trans Canada Airlines
 17.3.14                                        [1951] .... 7.2.6
—v Kennelly [2001] .... 1.3.9, 18.2.18         NSW Insurance Ministerial Corp v Myers
—v— (No 2) [2001] .... 1.3.9, 18.2.18           (1995) .... 4.3.13
—v Seedsman [2000] .... 7.11.8                 —v Willis (1995) .... 9.2.14
—v Watton [1999] .... 2.3.13                   Nunan v Southern Railway Co [1924] ....
New Zealand Guardian Trust Co Ltd v             9.2.9
 Brooks [1995] .... 17.4.5                     Nykredit Mortgage Bank plc v Edward
Newcastle Entertainment Security Pty Ltd v      Erdman Group Ltd (No 2) [1998] ....
 Simpson (1999) .... 7.5.9                      5.2.7, 16.2.31
Newington v Windeyer (1985) .... 12.3.4C
Nguyen v Nguyen (1990) .... 8.2.25C,           O’Brien v McKean (1968) .... 8.2.34
 9.2.13                                        Oceanic Crest Shipping Co v Pilbara
Nicholls v F Austin (Leyton) Ltd [1946] ....    Harbour Services Pty Ltd (1986) ....
 10.2.20C, 10.2.22                              17.2.11, 17.3.23
Nichols v Marsland (1875) .... 15.2.23         O’Connell v Jackson [1972] .... 6.2.8C,
Nicholson v Avon [1991] .... 12.2.13            6.2.12
—v Nicholson (1994) .... 6.2.10                O’Connor v Commissioner for Government
Nickells v Melbourne Corp (1938)                Transport (1954) .... 7.8.6, 7.8.7
 .... 11.3.18C                                 —v South Australia (1976) .... 3.3.10
Nicol v Allyacht Spars Pty Ltd (1987)          —v SP Bray Ltd (1937) .... 10.1.6, 10.1.9,
 .... 10.2.36                                   10.2.8C
Nikolaou v Papasavas, Phillips & Co [1988]     O’Donnell v Reichard [1975] .... 4.1.22
 .... 5.1.8                                    O’Dwyer v Leo Buring Pty Ltd [1966] ....
Nilon v Bezzina [1988] .... 4.2.16              3.1.51C, 7.3.2, 7.3.3
Nimmo v Alexander Cowan & Sons Ltd             Ogwo v Taylor [1988] .... 6.3.9, 6.3.24,
 [1968] .... 10.2.30                            7.5.10, 7.10.6
Nixon v Philip Morris (Australia) Ltd          Okehampton (The) [1913] .... 16.3.1
 (1999) .... 5.2.5, 8.1.10                     Oldham v Lawson (No 1) [1976] ....
NMFM Property Pty Ltd v Citibank Ltd            14.1.3C, 14.1.5, 14.5.3
 (No 10) (2000) .... 18.1.8                    Oliver v Birmingham & Midland Motors
Nocton v Lord Ashburton [1914] .... 16.2.3      Omnibus Co Ltd [1933] .... 6.2.48
Nominal Defendant (Qld) v Taylor (1982)        Orange v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire
 .... 1.1.20                                    Police [2002] .... 7.7.12
Nominal Defendant v Saunders (1988) ....       Ordukaya v Hicks [2000] .... 7.5.7
 6.3.18                                        O’Rourke v Camden London Borough
Non-Marine Underwriters, Lloyd’s of             Council [1998] .... 10.2.11
 London v Scalera [2000] .... 13.2.4           —v Schacht [1976] .... 7.7.4
Nor-Video Services Ltd v Ontario Hydro         Osborne v Burnie Fire Brigade Board [1959]
 (1978) .... 14.1.3C                            .... 10.2.7
                                References are to paragraphs
                                      Table of Cases                                      liii

—v Chocqueel [1896] .... 15.2.25               Paris v Stepney Borough Council [1951] ....
—v Kelly (1993) .... 1.2.10, 1.2.20              3.1.9, 3.1.26C, 3.2.8, 7.2.3, 7.7.12, 7.8.1,
—v— (1999) .... 1.2.10                           7.8.2C
—v— (2001) .... 1.2.10                         Park v Peach [1967] .... 1.3.2, 17.3.9
O’Shea v Permanent Trustee Co of NSW Ltd       Parker v Commonwealth (1965) ....
 [1971] .... 6.3.3C, 6.3.20                      9.2.11C, 17.4.6
Osman v Ferguson [1993] .... 2.7.23            —v SE Railway Co (1877) .... 6.3.26,
—v UK (1999) .... 2.7.19, 2.7.21, 2.7.23         11.5.11C
O’Sullivan v Lunnon (1986) .... 11.6.2C        —v South Australian Housing Trust (1986)
Ousley v R (1997) .... 12.2.12                   .... 2.3.3
Ouwens v Ace Builders Pty Ltd (1989)           Parkinson v St James and Seacroft University
 .... 16.2.17                                    Hospital NHS Trust [2001] .... 7.2.18
Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd v Miller            Paron v Fry (No 1) [1990] .... 10.2.19
 Steamship Co Pty Ltd; Wagon Mound             Parramatta City Council v Lutz (1988) ....
 (No 2) [1967] .... 1.1.24, 1.4.22C , 2.5.1,     7.6.7, 8.3.7
 2.5.7, 3.1.17C, 5.3.7, 5.3.8, 5.3.10C,        Parry v Cleaver [1970] .... 8.2.49
 5.3.13,     5.3.14,    5.3.15C,    14.2.1C,   Parsons v Partridge (1992) .... 11.3.10
 14.3.2C, 14.3.19, 14.4.1C, 14.4.4, 14.4.5,    Partridge v Chick (1951) .... 9.1.7
 15.3.6                                        Pask v Owen [1987] .... 10.2.7
—v Morts Dock & Engineering Co Ltd;            Pasley v Freeman (1789) .... 16.2.1, 16.2.3
 Wagon Mound (No 1) [1961] .... 1.1.24,        Pasmore v Oswaldtwistle Urban District
 3.1.22, 5.3.1, 5.3.2C, 5.3.7, 5.3.9,            Council [1898] .... 10.2.2C
 5.3.10C, 5.3.13, 5.3.14, 5.3.15C, 5.4.1,      Pastras v Commonwealth [1967] .... 4.2.17
 5.4.2C, 5.4.4, 5.5.3, 5.5.5C, 5.5.10,         Patel v WH Smith (Eziot) Ltd [1987]
 7.11.10, 9.2.5C, 12.5.1C, 12.5.2, 14.4.1C       .... 12.2.4
Owners Strata Plan No 13218 v Woollahra        Patterson v McGinlay (1991) .... 3.1.46
 Municipal Council [2002] .... 14.2.10,        Peabody Fund v Sir Lindsay Parkinson Ltd
 14.2.13                                         [1985] .... 2.3.1
                                               Peake v Steriline Manufacturing Pty Ltd
P v P (1994) .... 13.2.28, 13.2.29, 13.2.32      (1987) .... 7.3.9, 7.8.4
P Q v Australian Red Cross Society [1992]      Pearce v Hallett [1969] .... 8.1.6, 13.4.3,
  .... 1.1.29, 3.2.7                             13.4.4
Pacific Associates Inc v Baxter [1990] ....    Peek v Derry (1887) .... 16.1.4
  16.2.15                                      Pennant Hills Restaurants Pty Ltd v Barrell
Paff v Speed (1961) .... 8.2.9                   Insurances Pty Ltd (1981) .... 8.2.34
Page v Smith [1994] .... 7.11.10               Pennington v Norris (1956) .... 6.2.19C
—v— [1996] .... 5.4.3, 7.11.10, 7.11.11        Penton v Brown (1664) .... 13.5.9C
Pallante v Stadiums Pty Ltd (No 1) [1976]      Percy v Central Financial Services Pty Ltd
  .... 13.2.8                                    [2001] .... 10.1.5
Palmer Bruyn & Parker Pty Ltd v Parsons        Perera v Vandiyar [1953] .... 11.6.4
  (2001) .... 16.2.33                          Performance Cars Ltd v Abraham [1962] ....
Palsgraf v Long Island RR Co (1928)              4.2.2C, 4.2.12C
  .... 2.5.12, 2.5.15                          Perre v Apand Pty Ltd (1999) .... 1.1.26,
Pamment v Pawelski (1949) .... 1.2.14C           2.2.15, 2.2.21, 2.2.26, 7.1.2, 7.6.3C,
Pantalone v Alaouie (1989) .... 8.3.7,           16.1.6, 16.1.8, 16.3.3, 16.3.4C
  10.2.19, 14.1.19, 14.5.3                     Perry v Clissold [1907] .... 12.3.4C
Papadimitropoulos v R (1957) .... 13.2.12      Petrou v Hatzigeorgiou (1991) ....17.3.21
Papallo v Kume (unreported, SC (NSW),          Phelps v Hillingdon London Borough
  Woodward J, 4 February 1981) .... 1.2.21       Council [2000] .... 3.2.26
Papatonakis v Aust Telecommunications          Philco Radio & Television Corp of GB Ltd v
  Commission (1985) .... 3.2.1, 3.2.30,          J Spurling Ltd [1949] .... 4.3.17
  7.5.4C                                       Philip Morris (Australia) Ltd v Nixon
Paramasivam v Flynn (1998) .... 13.2.15          (2000) .... 5.2.5, 6.3.4, 7.4.7
                                References are to paragraphs
liv                             Torts: Cases and Commentary

Philip Morris Ltd v Ainley [1975] .... 1.4.27    Practice Note No 104 .... 7.9.19
Philips v William Whiteley Ltd [1938]            Prast v Town of Cottesloe (2000) .... 3.1.21,
  .... 3.2.33                                      7.7.4
Phillips v Britannia Hygienic Laundry Co         Pratt v Connolly (1994) .... 17.5.6
  [1923] .... 10.2.2C                            —v Young (1952) .... 14.1.28
—v EW Lundberg & Son (1968) .... 7.3.2           Prentice v Mercantile House Pty Ltd (1991)
—v London & South Western Railway Co               .... 12.1.3
  (1879) .... 4.2.13C                            Preston v Dowell (1987) .... 3.2.35, 7.12.8
Phillis v Daly (1988) .... 3.1.7, 3.1.15,        —v Gala [1990] .... 6.3.17
  3.1.25                                         —v Star City Pty Ltd [1999] .... 10.2.7
Phoenix Society Inc v Cavenagh (1996) ....       Pride of Derby and Derbyshire Angling
  17.3.3                                           Association Ltd v British Celanese Ltd
Pibworth v Bevan M Roberts Pty Ltd                 [1952] .... 14.2.14
  (unreported, SA FC, 15 April 1994,             —v— [1953] .... 14.2.14
  BC9400589) .... 7.3.11                         Priestley v Fowler (1837) .... 6.1.4
Pickering v Rudd (1815) .... 12.4.1C, 12.4.5
                                                 Prior v New South Wales (unreported, NSW
Pickett v British Rail Engineering Ltd [1980]      CA, 23 October 1998, BC9805599) ....
  .... 8.2.18, 9.2.8                               17.3.12
Piening v Wanless (1968) .... 7.12.4C
                                                 Pritchard v Racecage Pty Ltd (1997) ....
Pilmer v Duke Group Ltd (in liq) (2001) ....       1.3.19, 6.3.27, 16.1.12
  13.2.15, 16.2.28
                                                 Procanik v Cillo (1984) .... 7.2.19
Pinecot Pty Ltd v Anti-Discrimination
                                                 Proctor v Jetway Aviation [1982] .... 1.4.28
  Commissioner [2001] .... 1.4.25, 17.3.21
                                                 —v— [1984] .... 1.4.28
Pirelli General Cable Works Ltd v Oscar
  Faber & Partners [1983] .... 5.2.6             Progress and Properties Ltd v Craft (1976)
Piro v W Foster & Co Ltd (1943) .... 6.2.40,       .... 2.7.9C, 7.12.4C, 10.2.17
  10.2.38, 10.2.40                               Proprietors Strata Plan No 13391 v Abate
Pitsiavas v John Lysaght (Aust) Pty Ltd            (unreported, NSW CA, 27 March 1996,
  [1962] .... 7.2.3                                BC9600790) .... 14.2.11
Pitt Son & Badgery Ltd v Proulefco SA            Proprietors Strata Plan No 14198 v Cowell
  (1984) .... 4.3.8, 7.7.12                        (1989) .... 14.2.10, 14.2.14, 14.3.5,
Pitts v Hunt [1990] .... 6.3.17                    14.5.2
Planet Fisheries Pty Ltd v La Rosa (1968) ....   Proudman v Allen [1954] .... 13.3.13
  8.2.11C, 8.2.53                                Provender Millers (Winchester) Ltd v
Platt v Nutt (1988) .... 11.3.21, 11.6.2C          Southampton CC [1940] .... 14.3.15
Plenty v Dillon (1991) .... 12.2.12, 13.2.3,     Pryer v GIO (NSW) (1989) .... 3.4.13
  13.5.2, 13.5.9C                                Public Transport Commission (NSW) v
Podmore v Aquatours Pty Ltd [1984]                 Perry (1977) .... 7.5.4C
  .... 3.1.59                                    Public Trustee v Sutherland SC (1992) ....
Podrebersek v Australian Iron & Steel Pty          4.1.15, 5.1.9
  Ltd (1985) .... 6.2.15C, 6.2.23                Pullen v Gutteridge, Haskins & Davey Pty
Poland v John Parr & Sons [1927]                   Ltd [1993] .... 5.2.6, 16.2.15
  .... 17.3.16                                   Punjab National Bank v De Boinville [1992]
Polemis and Furness, Withy & Co Ltd, Re            .... 16.2.20
  (The Ship Thrasyvoulos) [1921] .... 5.3.1,     Puntoriero      v    Water     Administration
  5.3.2C, 5.3.4, 5.3.7, 5.5.3, 9.2.5C              Ministerial Corporation (1999) .... 7.7.11
Police v Greaves [1964] .... 11.4.8C             Purcell v Watson (1979) .... 6.2.24, 6.2.35
Polkinghorne v Holland (1934) .... 17.1.4        Purkess v Crittenden (1965) .... 4.2.17
Pollock v Volpato [1973] .... 8.1.6              Pyrenees Shire Council v Day [1997] ....
Polsue & Alfieri Ltd v Rushmer [1907] ....         7.6.7, 7.6.9
  14.1.11                                        —v— (1998) .... 1.1.27, 2.2.21, 2.7.30,
Posthuma v Campbell (1984) .... 7.7.15C,           3.1.3, 7.6.3C, 7.6.7, 7.6.9, 10.1.6,
  15.2.26                                          16.3.4C
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                       Table of Cases                                      lv

Qantas Airways Ltd v Cameron (1996) ....        —v Secretary of State for Transport; Ex
 7.4.7                                            parte Factortame Ltd (No 7) [2001] ....
Quach v Huntof Pty Ltd [2000] .... 1.1.23         1.4.27
Qualcast (Wolverhampton) Ltd v Haynes           —v Simpson (1717) .... 13.5.9C
 [1959] .... 3.3.7C, 4.1.14, 7.8.1              Rabbit v Roberts (1996) .... 1.1.17, 7.7.14
Quarman v Burnett (1840) .... 1.1.36,           Radcliffe v Ribble Motor Services Ltd
 17.3.2C                                          [1939] .... 6.1.4
Queensland Stations Pty Ltd v Federal           Radford v Ward (1990) .... 3.2.38, 6.3.11
 Commissioner of Taxation (1945) ....           Radovanovic v MVIT [1980] .... 3.4.13
 17.2.1                                         Rae v BHP Co Ltd (1957) .... 3.1.25, 3.2.2
Queensland v Nolan [2001] .... 13.3.5           Raimondo v South Australia (1979) ....
Quigley v Commonwealth (1981) .... 4.1.14         1.1.2, 3.1.37, 7.8.7
Quilty v Bellambi Coal Co Pty Ltd (1966)        Rajski v Powell (1987) .... 1.4.19
 .... 10.2.21                                   Rambarran        v   Gurrucharran      [1970]
Quinn v Burch Bros (Builders) Ltd [1966] ....     .... 17.5.6
 4.3.17                                         Ramsay v Pigram (1968) .... 17.4.6, 17.5.5
—v Government Insurance Office of NSW           Rands v McNeil [1955] .... 15.2.17C,
 [1961] .... 8.1.7C                               15.2.20
Qumsieh        v      Guardianship      and     Ranieri v Ranieri (1973) .... 6.3.24
 Administration Board (1998) .... 13.2.22       Rawlings v Till (1837) .... 11.4.2C
                                                Readhead v Midland Railway Co (1869) ....
R v Bournewoood Community and Mental              1.1.34, 1.1.35, 1.1.36
  Health NHS Trust; Ex parte L [999] ....       Redding v Lee (1983) .... 8.2.46
  13.3.3                                        Rees v Darlington Memorial Hospital NHS
—v Brown [1994] .... 13.2.9                       Trust [2002] .... 7.2.18
—v Chief Constable of Devon and                 —v Sinclair [1974] .... 2.7.12C
  Cornwall; Ex parte Central Electricity        Reeves v Commissioner of Police of the
  Generating Board [1982] .... 12.5.5             Metropolis [2000] .... 2.7.23, 4.3.9,
—v Committee of the Lords of the Judicial         4.3.16, 7.7.12, 9.2.6
  Committee of the Privy Council acting for     Reffell v Surrey County Council [1964]
  the Visitor of the University of London;        .... 10.2.7
  Ex parte Vijayatunga [1988] .... 2.7.18       Reibl v Hughes [1980] .... 7.9.3, 7.9.4,
—v Deputy Governor of Parkhurst Prison;           13.2.11
  Ex parte Hague [1992] .... 10.2.5,            —v— (1981) .... 3.2.21C
  10.2.8C, 10.2.10, 11.5.7                      Reid v Rush & Tompkins Group plc [1989]
—v Dudley & Stephens (1884) .... 13.3.10C         .... 3.1.36, 7.8.9
—v Everingham (1949) .... 11.4.5                Reidy v Trustees of the Christian Brothers
—v Garrett (1988) .... 11.5.6                     (1995) .... 11.3.11, 11.4.15
—v Governor of Brockhill Prison; Ex parte       Reindel v James Hardie & Co Pty Ltd
  Evans (No 2) [2001] .... 11.3.24, 11.5.14       [1994] .... 8.1.15
—v Industrial Appeals Court; Ex parte           Rentokil Pty Ltd v Channon (1990)
  Frieze [1963] .... 18.1.10                      .... 16.2.34
—v Ireland [1998] .... 11.4.10                  Retsas v Commonwealth (1975) .... 3.1.36,
—v Knight (1988) .... 11.4.10                     3.1.37
—v Macquarie (1875) .... 11.5.4                 Revill v Newbery [1996] .... 7.12.1
—v Marsden (1868) .... 12.2.5C                  Reynolds v Clarke (1726) .... 11.2.2
—v Miller [1983] .... 7.7.5, 11.4.7             —v— (1795) .... 11.3.7C, 11.3.18C
—v Mobilio [1991] .... 13.2.12                  —v Katoomba RSL All Services Club Ltd
—v Nicholas (2000) .... 12.2.12                   (2001) .... 16.3.6
—v Phillips (1971) .... 11.4.9C                 Rich v Queensland (2001) .... 17.3.21,
—v Pratt (1855) .... 12.2.15C                     17.5.16, 17.5.19
—v Saskatchewan Wheat Pool [1983]               Richards v Victoria (State of) [1969] ....
  .... 10.1.12                                    3.2.5, 5.3.18, 5.5.3, 7.7.13
                                 References are to paragraphs
lvi                             Torts: Cases and Commentary

Richardson v Pitt-Stanley [1995] .... 10.2.7,    Rookes v Barnard [1964] .... 8.1.4, 8.1.5,
  10.2.21                                         8.1.7C, 8.1.15
—v Rix (1989) .... 11.5.10                       Rootes v Shelton (1967) .... 3.2.40, 6.3.20
Rickards v Lothian [1913] .... 4.3.7             Rose v Abbey Orchard Property Investments
Ricketts v Laws (1988) .... 3.2.35                Pty Ltd (1987) .... 3.4.11
Riddell v Reid [1943] .... 10.2.25C              —v Ford [1937] .... 8.2.57C, 8.2.59
Rigby       v     Chief      Constable      of   —v Plenty [1976] .... 17.3.4, 17.3.5, 17.4.6,
  Northamptonshire [1985] .... 13.3.12            17.4.8
Rigg v Alietta [1982] .... 15.2.26               Rosecrance v Rosecrance (1995) .... 8.2.25C
Rinsdale Pty Ltd v Australian Broadcasting       —v— (1998) .... 8.2.14
  Corporation (1993) .... 12.2.16                Rosenberg v Percival (2001) .... 3.2.25,
River Wear Commissioners v Adamson                4.1.15, 4.1.16, 5.1.9, 7.9.1
  (1877) .... 1.1.35                             Rosenberger v Meanderham Pty Ltd
Rivtow Marine Ltd v Washington Iron               (unreported, Qld SC, Cullinane J, 7
  Works [1974] .... 16.3.12                       October 1995) .... 4.3.13
Rixon v Star City Pty Ltd [2001] .... 11.4.2C    Rosniak v GIO of NSW (1997) .... 8.2.36
Roads & Traffic Authority of NSW v               Ross v Associated Portland Cement
  Lolomanaia (2001) .... 8.2.29                   Manufacturers Ltd [1964] .... 10.2.36
—v Scroop (1998) .... 18.2.13                    —v Caunters [1980] .... 16.2.22C
                                                 Rowan v Attorney-General [1997] ....
Robbins v Jones (1863) .... 2.3.2
                                                  10.2.11
Roberts v Cashman [2000] .... 7.4.4
                                                 Rowe v McCartney [1976] .... 2.5.5, 3.1.12,
—v Chief Constable of the Cheshire                5.5.2, 5.5.4, 5.5.6, 5.5.7, 5.5.8, 5.5.10
  Constabulary [1999] .... 11.5.14
                                                 Rowell v Alexander Mackie College of
—v Ramsbottom [1980] .... 3.2.16                  Advanced Education (1988) .... 18.1.11
Robertson v Swincer (1989) .... 1.1.18,          Rowling v Takaro Properties Ltd [1988] ....
  7.7.15C                                         2.7.28, 16.3.15
Robins Dry Dock & Repair Co v Flint              Roy v Prior [1971] .... 1.4.17
  (1927) .... 16.3.1                             Rozsa v Samuels [1969] .... 11.4.8C, 13.4.4
Robinson v Balmain New Ferry Co [1910]           Ruddock v Vadarlis (2001) .... 11.5.8
  .... 11.5.12C                                  Russell v Jorgenson (1909) .... 6.2.48
—v Kilvert (1889) .... 14.1.24C, 14.1.28         —v Ridley (1997) .... 3.1.46
—v Post Office [1974] .... 5.4.3                 Rust v Needham (1974) .... 3.2.8
Robson v Hallett [1967] .... 12.2.5C,            Ryan v Fisher (1976) .... 3.1.5
  13.5.9C                                        —v New York Central RR Co (1866)
Roe v Doe .... 2.7.5                              .... 5.3.5
—v Minister of Health [1954] .... 2.4.2,         —v Victoria (City) [1999] .... 3.1.59,
  3.1.1, 3.1.47, 3.1.48, 3.4.15, 5.3.2C,          14.3.11, 14.3.12
  17.5.14                                        Rylands v Fletcher (1868) .... 1.1.36, 7.7.8C,
Rogers v Brambles Australia Ltd [1998] ....       14.4.1C, 14.4.4, 14.4.5, 15.1.1, 15.1.2,
  10.1.5                                          15.1.3, 17.5.2C, 17.5.8C, 17.5.9
—v Rawlings [1969] .... 18.2.12
—v Whitaker (1992) .... 3.1.57, 3.2.21C,         S, Re (Adult: Refusal of Treatment) [1993]
  3.2.25, 7.9.1, 7.9.3, 7.9.5, 7.9.6, 7.9.7,       .... 13.2.19
  7.9.8, 13.2.11, 13.2.13, 13.2.14               —v Distillers Co (Biochemicals) Ltd [1969]
Roggenkamp v Bennett (1950) .... 6.3.3C,           .... 7.2.16
  6.3.15, 6.3.18                                 —v G [1995] .... 11.3.13, 11.3.15
Roginsky v Richard-Merrell (1967) .... 8.1.9     —v McC [1972] .... 13.5.7
Romeo v Conservation Commission of the           —v W [1995] .... 11.4.16
  Northern Territory (1998) .... 3.1.7, 3.1.9,   —v Walsall Metropolitan BC [1985]
  3.1.17C, 3.1.54, 7.5.10, 7.6.2, 7.6.9,           .... 17.1.5
  7.6.12C, 7.7.6                                 Saccardo Constructions Pty Ltd v Gammon
Rondel v Worsley [1969] .... 2.7.12C, 2.7.14       (1991) .... 18.2.7
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                        Table of Cases                                       lvii

Saif Ali v Sydney Mitchell & Co [1980] ....      Scrase v Jarvis [2000] .... 7.7.12
  2.7.12C, 3.2.21C                               Sea-Land Services Inc v Gaudet (1974)
Saler v Klingbiel [1945] .... 13.4.4               .... 9.2.8
Samson v Aitchison [1912] .... 17.5.2C           Seale v Perry [1982] .... 2.7.3, 7.1.4, 7.2.14,
San Sebastian Pty Ltd v Minister                   16.2.22C
  Administering        the       Environmental   Searle v Wallbank [1947] .... 7.1.3, 7.7.29
  Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (1986)        Secretary, Department of Health and
  .... 2.7.12C, 7.5.4C, 16.2.10, 16.2.13,          Community Services v JWB (Marion’s
  16.2.14, 16.2.25                                 case) (1992) .... 11.4.3, 13.2.3, 13.2.9,
Sanders v Snell (1997) .... 8.1.6                  13.2.23, 13.2.27, 13.2.28, 13.2.29,
—v— (1998) .... 8.1.6, 16.4.3, 16.4.6              13.2.32
Sara v GIO of NSW (1969) .... 6.3.19             Secretary, Department of Immigration Local
Sattin v Nationwide News Pty Ltd (1996) ....       Government and Ethnic Affairs v Gek
  16.2.19                                          Bouy Mok (unreported, NSW SC, Powell
Savini v Australian Terazzo and Concrete           J, 30 September 1992, BC9201380)
  Co Pty Ltd [1959] .... 4.2.9, 14.2.14            .... 13.3.8
Scanlon v American Cigarette Co (Overseas)       Secretary, Department of Natural Resources
  Pty Ltd (No 1) [1987] .... 6.3.3C                and Energy v Harper (2000) .... 3.1.21,
—v— (No 2) [1987] .... 6.3.3C                      4.1.15
—v— (No 3) [1987] .... 6.3.3C, 6.3.5, 6.3.25     Secretary of State for the Home Department
Scarcella v Lettice [2001] .... 5.2.5              v Robb [1995] .... 13.3.6
Schellenberg v Tunnel Holdings Pty Ltd           Sedleigh-Denfield v O’Callaghan [1940] ....
  (2000) .... 3.4.7C, 3.4.12                       1.4.22C, 7.7.8C, 14.2.1C, 14.2.5C,
Schiliro v Peppercorn Child Care Centres           14.2.8C, 14.3.2C, 14.3.18, 14.4.1C,
  Pty Ltd (No 2) [2001] .... 10.1.5                15.3.4C
Schiller v Mulgrave Shire Council (1972) ....    Seidler v Luna Park Reserve Trust
  3.1.21                                           (unreported, NSW SC, Hodgson J, 21
Schlederer v The Ship ‘Red Fin’ [1979] ....        September 1995, BC9505507) .... 14.1.12
  1.1.35, 4.1.13                                 Sellars v Adelaide Petroleum NL (1994) ....
Schloendorff v Society of New York                 5.1.8, 8.3.1C
  Hospital (1914) .... 7.9.3
                                                 Seltsam Pty Ltd v McGuiness (2000) ....
Schneidas v Corrective Services Commission         4.1.11, 4.1.18
  (unreported, NSW SC, Lee J, 8April 1983,
                                                 Semayne’s case (1604) .... 12.1.3, 12.2.5C,
  BC8300004) .... 13.3.7
                                                   13.5.9C
Scholz v Standish [1961] .... 3.2.17
Schubert v Schubert Wagon Co (1929)              Seward v ‘Vera Cruz’ (1884) .... 9.2.5C
  .... 17.4.2C                                   Seymour v Greenwood (1861) .... 17.4.9
Schultz v Schmauser [2001] .... 10.1.5           Shaddock (L) & Associates Pty Ltd v
Schumann v Abbott [1961] .... 18.1.2               Parramatta City Council (No 1) (1981) ....
Schuster v Signorile (1987) .... 4.3.19            1.1.29, 7.6.12C, 16.2.8, 16.2.10, 16.2.13
Schutt Flying Academy (Australia) Pty Ltd v      Sharman v Evans (1977) .... 8.2.11C, 8.2.17,
  Mobil Oil Australia Ltd (2000) .... 7.4.5        8.2.18, 8.2.31, 8.2.33, 8.2.37, 8.2.40,
SCM (United Kingdom) Ltd v W J Whittall            8.2.56
  & Son Ltd [1971] .... 5.5.2                    Sharrod v London & North Western
Scott v Bowyer [1998] .... 8.2.32                  Railway Co (1849) .... 11.3.7C, 17.4.2C,
—v Davis (2000) .... 1.1.26, 1.4.1, 17.2.2C,       17.4.9
  17.2.4, 17.4.9, 17.5.2C                        Shaw Savill & Albion Co Ltd v
—v London & St Katherine Docks Co                  Commonwealth (1940) .... 2.7.25
  (1865) .... 3.4.10                             Shaw v Hackshaw [1983] .... 11.3.20,
—v Secretary, Dept of Social Security (2000)       12.5.5, 13.4.4
  .... 16.4.4                                    Shelfer v City of London Electric Lighting
—v Shepherd (1773) .... 11.2.1C, 11.2.2,           Co [1895] .... 12.4.4, 14.1.10C, 14.5.4
  11.6.2C                                        Shelley v Szelley [1971] .... 6.2.30
                                 References are to paragraphs
lviii                           Torts: Cases and Commentary

Sherman v Nymboida Collieries Pty Ltd            —v Greater Eastern Railway Co (1866)
   (1963) .... 10.2.35, 10.2.36                    .... 15.2.16
Shipard v Motor Accident Commission              —v Jenkins (1970) .... 2.7.9C, 7.12.6
   (1997) .... 7.11.13                           —v Leech Brain & Co Ltd [1962] .... 5.4.4
Shirt v Wyong Shire Council [1978] ....          —v Leurs (1945) .... 7.7.24C, 17.1.5
   2.5.1, 3.3.12                                 —v London & South Western Railway Co
Shoeys Pty Ltd v Allan (1991) .... 3.4.10,         (1870) .... 5.3.3
   3.4.11                                        —v Lord [1962] .... 3.2.17
Sibley v Kais (1967) .... 6.2.33C, 10.2.4        —v Stone (1647) .... 11.3.25
—v Milutinovic (1990) .... 3.2.40, 13.2.3        Smoker v London Fire & Civil Defence
Sidaway v Bethlem Royal Hospital [1984]            Authority [1991] .... 8.2.49
   .... 13.2.12, 13.2.13                         Smoldon v Whitworth (1997) .... 3.2.40
—v Governors of Bethlem Royal Hospital           Soblusky v Egan (1960) .... 1.1.20, 17.5.1,
   [1985] .... 3.2.21C                             17.5.2C
Simpson and Co v Thomson (1877)                  Societe Anonyme de Remorquage a Helice v
   .... 16.3.1                                     Bennetts [1911] .... 16.3.1
Simpson v Bannerman (1932) .... 15.2.26          Sorrell v Smith [1925] .... 1.4.15C
Sindell v Abbott Laboratories (1980) ....        South Australia v Johnson (1982)
   4.1.19                                          .... 16.2.33
Singh v Toong Fong Omnibus Co Ltd [1964]         —v Wilmot (1993) .... 3.1.21
   .... 8.2.55                                   South Australian Ambulance Inc v
Sirros v Moore [1975] .... 1.4.19                  Wahlheim (1948) .... 3.2.19, 6.2.34
Siwek v Lambourn [1964] .... 5.3.18, 5.4.4       South Australian Asset Management Corp v
                                                   York Montague Ltd [1997] .... 16.2.31
Skelton v Collins (1966) .... 8.2.6, 8.2.11C,
   8.2.18, 8.2.46, 8.2.57C                       South Australian Stevedoring Co Ltd v
                                                   Holbertson [1939] .... 18.2.14C
Skewes v Public Curator of Queensland
                                                 South Pacific Air Motive Pty Ltd v Magnus
   (unreported, 6 September 1954) ....
                                                   (1998) .... 1.3.21, 15.1.4
   4.1.2C, 4.1.12
                                                 South Pacific Manufacturing Co Ltd v NZ
Skuse v Commonwealth (1985) .... 2.6.15,
                                                   Security Consultants & Investigators Ltd
   2.7.28
                                                   [1992] .... 2.2.14, 2.2.26
Slater v Finning Ltd [1997] .... 3.1.1, 7.3.8    Southam v Smout [1964] .... 12.2.5C,
Sleigh (H C) Ltd v South Australia (1977) ....     13.5.9C
   2.7.7                                         Southern Portland Cement Ltd v Cooper
Sleiman v Franklin Food Stores Pty Ltd             (1973) .... 7.5.4C
   (1989) .... 3.4.9, 3.4.10                     —v— [1974] .... 3.2.7, 7.7.10
Slivak v Lurgi (Australia) Pty Ltd (2001) ....   Southport Corporation v Esso Petroleum Co
   1.1.26, 1.3.7, 2.6.8, 3.1.34, 10.1.7,           Ltd [1953] .... 13.3.12
   10.2.29, 10.2.30                              —v— [1954] .... 11.2.2
Sloan v Kirby (1979) .... 18.2.13                —v— [1956] .... 11.2.2, 13.3.12
Smaill v Buller District Council [1998] ....     Southwark London Borough Council v
   10.2.11                                         Tanner [2001] .... 14.1.18, 14.2.3
Smith New Court Securities Ltd v                 —v Williams [1971] .... 13.3.10C
   Scrimgeour Vickers (Asset Management)         Soutter v P & O Resorts Pty Ltd [1999] ....
   Ltd [1997] .... 16.2.33                         10.2.7
Smith v Austin Lifts Ltd [1959] .... 7.8.7       Sovar v Henry Lane Pty Ltd (1967)
—v Baker & Sons [1891] .... 6.3.6C, 6.3.7          .... 7.6.12C, 10.1.6, 10.2.8C, 10.2.9
—v BHP Co Ltd (1957) .... 3.1.25, 7.8.6          Spark v Whale Three Minute Car Wash
—v Blackburn [1974] .... 6.2.8C                    (Cremorne Junction) Pty Ltd (1970)
—v Cammell Laird & Co Ltd [1940]                   .... 12.3.4C
   .... 10.2.25C, 10.2.27                        Sparke v Osborne (1908) .... 14.2.11
—v Eric S Bush [1990] .... 1.1.27, 2.7.17,       Sparrow v Fairey Aviation Co Ltd [1962]
   16.2.14                                         .... 10.2.22
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                        Table of Cases                                    lix

Spartan Steel & Alloys Ltd v Martin & Co         Stubbs v NRMA Insurance Ltd (1997) ....
  (Contractors) Ltd [1973] .... 2.4.1              10.1.6
Speirs v Gorman [1966] .... 6.2.43               Sturch v Willmott [1997] .... 8.2.33
Spence v Biscotti (1999) .... 7.11.3             Sturges v Bridgman (1879) .... 14.1.11,
Spicer v Coppins (1991) .... 6.3.18                14.3.2C, 14.3.3, 14.3.5
—v Smee [1946] .... 15.3.4C                      Sullivan v Gordon (1999) .... 8.2.33
Spring v Guardian Assurance Plc [1995]           —v Moody (unreported, SA FC, 17 October
  .... 2.2.19, 16.2.19                             2000, BC200006292) .... 2.2.23
St George’s Healthcare NHS Trust v S             —v— [2001] .... 1.1.15, 1.4.23, 2.2.24C,
  [1999] .... 13.2.15, 13.2.20C                    2.3.1, 16.2.19
St Helen’s Smelting Co v Tipping (1865) ....     —v Sclanders (2000) .... 11.1.6
  14.1.3C, 14.1.8                                Summers v Tice (1948) .... 4.1.26
Stafford v Conti Commodity Services Ltd          Sunbolf v Alford (1838) .... 11.5.13
  [1981] .... 16.2.16                            Suncorp Insurance and Finance v Ploner
Stanley v Powell [1891] .... 11.3.1, 11.3.4,       [1991] .... 1.1.19
  11.3.6C, 11.3.18C                              Sungravure Pty Ltd v Meani (1964) ....
Stannus v Graham (1994) .... 7.5.7                 6.2.37C, 6.2.39
Stapley v Gypsum Mines Ltd [1953]                Sunrise Co Ltd v Ship ‘The Winnipeg’
  .... 6.2.21, 17.4.2C                             (1991) .... 4.2.9
State Government Insurance Commission v          Surtees v Royal Borough of Kingston upon
  Hitchcock (unreported, WA FC, 11 March           Thames [1992] .... 7.7.18
  1997, BC9700650) .... 6.3.16
                                                 Sutcliffe v Thackrah [1974] .... 2.7.17
—v Trigwell (1979) .... 2.7.7, 7.1.3, 7.1.4,
                                                 Sutherland Shire Council v Heyman (1985)
  7.6.12C
                                                   .... 2.1.2, 2.2.15, 2.2.16, 2.2.19, 2.7.1,
State Rail Authority of New South Wales v
                                                   2.7.7, 7.6.3C, 7.6.5, 7.6.6, 7.6.8, 7.7.1,
  Earthline Constructions Pty Ltd (in liq)
                                                   7.7.4, 16.1.6, 16.3.15
  (1999) .... 3.3.11
                                                 Svingos v Deacon Avenue Cartage &
Staveley Iron & Chemical Co Ltd v Jones
                                                   Storage Pty Ltd (1971) .... 12.5.2
  [1956] .... 17.4.2C, 17.4.6
Stephenson v Waite Tileman Ltd [1973] ....       Swales v Cox [1981] .... 13.5.9C
  5.3.6, 5.4.2C, 7.8.1                           Swan v Oborne [1967] .... 17.1.5
Stevedoring Industry Finance Committee v         —v South Australia (1994) .... 7.7.31
  Gibson (2000) .... 7.6.4                       —v Williams (Demolition) Pty Ltd (1987)
—v Henderson (for Estate of Crimmins)              .... 7.11.7, 9.2.1
  (2000) .... 7.6.4                              Swinney v Chief Constable of the
Stevens v Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd           Northumbria Police [1997] .... 2.7.23
  (1986) .... 2.2.17, 2.2.18, 17.2.2C, 17.2.5,   —v— (No 2) (The Times, 25 May 1999) ....
  17.2.6, 17.5.21                                  2.7.23
Stoakes v Brydges [1958] .... 14.1.30            Swinfen v Lord Chelmsford (1860)
Stocks v Baldwin (1996) .... 3.1.31, 6.2.31        .... 2.7.12C
Stokes v Russell (Tas SC, Serial No 2/1983       Sydney City Council v Dell’Oro (1974) ....
  unreported) .... 7.7.13                          2.6.7, 3.3.9
Stone v Bolton [1950] .... 15.3.5                Symes v Mahon [1922] .... 11.5.5C, 13.5.3
Stoneman v Lyons (1975) .... 10.2.7,             Symons Nominees Pty Ltd v Road & Traffic
  10.2.19, 12.4.7, 14.1.19, 17.4.6, 17.4.9,        Authority of NSW (1991) .... 14.3.14,
  17.5.20, 17.5.21                                 15.3.8
Storey v Ashton (1869) .... 17.3.8
Stormer v Ingram (1978) .... 15.2.8, 15.2.13     T, Re (Adult: Refusal of Treatment) [1993]
Stovin v Wise [1996] .... 1.1.30, 2.2.20,          .... 13.2.14, 13.2.17, 13.2.19
  2.7.22, 2.7.30, 7.6.3C, 7.6.6, 7.7.1, 7.7.3    Tai Hing Cotton Mill Ltd v Liu Chong Hing
Strang v Russell (1905) .... 12.2.15C              Bank Ltd [1986] .... 16.1.5
Stubbings v Webb [1993] .... 11.3.9,             Tai v Saxon (unreported, WA FC,
  11.3.10, 11.4.16                                 8 February 1996, BC9600521) .... 7.9.8
                                 References are to paragraphs
lx                             Torts: Cases and Commentary

Takhar v Animal Liberation SA Ltd [2000]        Three Rivers District Council v Governor
  .... 12.2.16                                    and Company of the Bank of England
Taouk v Bunt (1976) .... 3.3.1, 6.2.45            (No 3) [2000] .... 16.3.15
Tarry v Ashton (1876) .... 15.3.4C              —v— [2001] .... 16.3.15
Tasmania v Shaw [2001] .... 16.2.30             Thrussell v Handyside (1888) .... 6.3.6C
Tate & Lyle Industries Ltd v Greater LC         Thurston v Todd [1965] .... 1.2.14C, 8.2.10,
  [1983] .... 14.3.15                             8.2.12
Taupo BC v Birnie [1978] .... 5.3.20            —v— [1966] .... 1.2.15
Taylor Trustees of the Christian Brothers       Ticehurst v Skeen (1986) .... 2.7.24, 7.7.5
  (1994) .... 11.3.11, 11.4.15                  Tickle Industries Pty Ltd v Hann (1974)
Taylor Woodrow Property Co of Australia           .... 1.3.9
  Pty Ltd v Coles Myer Ltd [1999] ....          Tidman v Griffiths (1989) .... 7.7.21
  2.3.10                                        Tidy v Battman [1933] .... 3.3.7C
TC v New South Wales (1999) .... 2.7.20         Tinline v White Cross Insurance Association
—v— [2000] .... 2.7.20                            Ltd [1921] .... 18.1.8
TC (by his Tutor Sabatino) v New South          Tippett v Fraser (1999) .... 3.1.24
  Wales [2001] .... 2.7.20                      Tiufino v Warland (2000) .... 6.2.14
TCN Channel Nine Pty Ltd v Anning [2002]        TNT Management Pty Ltd v Brooks (1979)
  .... 8.1.14, 12.2.17, 12.5.2                    .... 3.4.13, 4.1.27
Teamay v Severin (1988) .... 14.1.22, 15.3.2    —v Brown (1996) .... 4.1.14
Tegel (AA) Pty Ltd v Madden (1985)              Tock v St John’s Metropolitan Area Board
  .... 9.2.18                                     [1989] .... 14.3.11, 14.3.12, 14.3.15
Tepko Pty Ltd v Water Board (2001) ....         Todorovic v Waller (1981) .... 1.2.18, 1.5.8,
  16.2.8, 16.2.9                                  3.1.37, 8.2.1, 8.2.5, 8.2.6, 8.2.34, 8.2.35,
                                                  8.2.36, 8.2.37, 9.2.21
Teubner v Humble (1963) .... 3.3.8, 8.2.2,
  8.2.6                                         Tooth & Co Ltd v Tillyer (1956) .... 17.4.6
                                                Torette House Pty Ltd v Berkman (1940) ....
Thake v Maurice [1986] .... 16.2.16
                                                  14.2.1C, 14.2.12C, 15.3.4C
Thatcher v Charles (1961) .... 1.2.14C
                                                Toumia v Evans (The Times, April 1999) ....
Theilemann v Commonwealth [1982]                  11.5.7
  .... 3.1.47
                                                Towart v Adler (1989) .... 7.7.18, 7.7.21
Thomas v British Railways Board [1976]          TP v United Kingdom (The Times, 31 May
  .... 10.2.7                                     2001) .... 2.7.19
Thomopolos v Blackburne (1989) .... 3.3.3       Tran v Lam (unreported, NSW SC, Badgery-
Thompson v Australian Capital Television          Parker J, 20 June 1997, BC9705945) ....
  Pty Ltd (1996) .... 18.1.1, 18.1.4, 18.1.5,     7.9.13
  18.1.6, 18.1.7                                Transport Accident Commission v Hoffman
—v Bankstown Corp (1953) .... 2.4.3, 2.5.2,       [1989] .... 1.3.15
  2.5.16, 3.1.32C                               —v Jewell [1995] .... 1.3.15
—v Gibson (1841) .... 14.2.1C                   —v Treloar [1992] .... 1.3.15
—v Henderson (1989) .... 17.5.4                 Transport Ministry v Payn [1977]
—v Johnson & Johnson Pty Ltd [1991] ....          .... 13.5.9C
  3.1.10, 7.3.1                                 Tremain v Pike [1969] .... 5.5.2
—v Mandla [1976] .... 9.2.10                    Trend Management Ltd v Borg (1996) ....
—v Thompson (1988) .... 10.1.7                    8.1.15
Thompson-Schwab v Costaki [1956]                Trevali Pty Ltd v Haddad (1989) .... 7.5.13
  .... 14.1.3C, 14.1.22                         Trident General Insurance Co Ltd v
Thorne v Doug Wade Consultants Pty Ltd            McNiece Bros Pty Ltd (1988) .... 1.1.19,
  [1985] .... 10.2.7                              16.1.4
—v University of London [1966] .... 2.7.18      Trim Joint District School v Kelly [1914] ....
Thorpe Nominees Pty Ltd v Henderson               1.3.20
  [1988] .... 16.2.30                           Trobridge v Hardy (1955) .... 11.5.2
                                 References are to paragraphs
                                      Table of Cases                                      lxi

Trott v WE Smith (Erectors) Ltd [1957] ....    Van Gervan v Fenton (1992) .... 8.2.25C,
  10.2.27                                        8.2.29, 8.2.32, 8.2.33
Trustees of the Roman Catholic Church for      Van Soest v Residual Health Management
  the Diocese of Bathurst v Koffman (1996)       Unit [2001] .... 5.1.5
  .... 7.7.13                                  Van Win Pty Ltd v Eleventh Mirantron Pty
Tubemakers of Australia Ltd v Fernandez          Ltd [1986] .... 5.2.7, 18.2.6
  (1976) .... 4.1.20                           Vandepitte v Preferred Accident Ins Co of
Tuberville v Savage (1669) .... 11.4.2C,         NY [1933] .... 1.1.19
  11.4.8C                                      Vaughan v Menlove (1837) .... 3.1.2,
Tucker v McCann [1948] .... 10.1.10,             3.2.10C, 6.2.8C
  10.2.3C                                      Veivers v Connolly [1995] .... 7.2.18
Turner v Royal Bank of Scotland plc            Venning v Chin (1974) .... 11.3.2, 11.3.4,
  (unreported, Eng CA, 24 March 1999) ....       11.3.18C, 11.3.22
  16.2.6                                       Versic v Connors [1969] .... 5.3.19, 9.2.6
—v South Australia (1982) .... 3.1.25, 7.8.4   Verwayen v Commonwealth (No 2) [1989]
Turpin v Sortini (1982) .... 7.2.19              .... 2.7.27
Twine v Bean’s Express Ltd (1946) ....         Vial v Housing Commission of NSW [1976]
  17.4.2C, 17.4.8                                .... 17.5.17
                                               Victoria Park Racing and Recreation
Ultramares Corporation v Touche, Niven &         Grounds Ltd v Taylor (1937) .... 1.4.12,
  Co (1931) .... 2.2.9, 16.1.3, 16.2.27          14.1.20C
Underhill v Sherwell (unreported, NSW CA,      Victoria v Bryar [1970] .... 7.7.13
  18 December 1997, BC9707083) ....            Victorian Council for Civil Liberties Inc v
  13.4.3                                         Minister       for      Immigration      and
Unilan Holdings Pty Ltd v Kerin (1993) ....      Multicultural Affairs (2001) .... 11.5.8
  17.1.5                                       Victorian Railways Comrs v Coultas (1888)
Union SS Co of NZ v Robin [1920] .... 9.2.9      .... 7.11.1, 7.11.2, 7.11.3, 11.6.1, 11.6.2C
United Australia Ltd v Barclays Bank Ltd       —v Speed (1928) .... 9.2.5C
  [1941] .... 1.4.1, 11.3.7C                   Videan v British Transport Commission
United States v Carroll Towing Co (1947)         [1963] .... 7.10.5
  .... 3.1.5, 3.1.7                            Vincent (R & W) Pty Ltd v Board of Fire
—v Gaubert (1991) .... 7.6.3C                    Commissioners of NSW [1977] .... 7.7.11
United Uranium NL v Fisher [1965]              Vincent v Peacock [1973] .... 14.2.2
  .... 6.2.30                                  Vine v London Borough of Waltham Forest
University of Newcastle v Chopra (1989)          [2000] .... 12.5.8
  .... 10.2.7                                  Visser v SA Housing Trust (1995) .... 3.1.25
Unsworth v Commissioner for Railways           Voli v Inglewood Shire Council (1963) ....
  (1958) .... 9.2.9                              2.3.3, 2.6.2C, 2.6.10, 3.2.20, 3.2.32C,
Upper Lake Shipping Ltd v St Lawrence            4.3.20, 7.5.4C, 7.5.9, 16.2.11, 16.2.22C,
  Cement Inc (1992) .... 8.3.8                   16.3.8C, 17.5.2C
Upson v London Passenger Transport Board       Volute (The) [1922] .... 4.3.21
  [1949] .... 10.2.17                          Vozza v Tooth & Co Ltd (1964) .... 3.1.33,
Urban Transport Authority (NSW) v                3.1.37, 7.8.5
  Hargreaves (1987) .... 3.1.38                Vyner v Waldenberg Bros Ltd [1946]
Uren v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd (1966) ....       .... 10.2.31C, 10.2.32
  8.1.4, 8.1.5, 8.1.6, 8.1.7C, 8.1.11
US Shipping Board v Laird Line Ltd [1924]      W v A-G [1999] .... 11.3.14
  .... 6.2.29                                  —v Essex County Council [2000] .... 2.2.25
Utah Construction Pty Ltd v Pataky [1966]      —v W [1999] .... 8.1.4, 8.1.11
  .... 10.2.5                                  W D & H O Wills (Aust) Ltd v State Rail
                                                Authority of NSW (1998) .... 7.7.12
Vabu Pty Ltd v FCT (1996) .... 17.2.2C         Wade v Victoria (State of) [1999] .... 16.2.19
                                References are to paragraphs
lxii                          Torts: Cases and Commentary

Wagner v International Ry Co (1921) ....      Webb v South Australia (1982) .... 2.5.7,
 7.10.3                                        3.1.25, 3.2.4
Waimond Pty Ltd v Byrne (1989) .... 16.2.17   Webster v Lampard (1993) .... 7.7.11
Walker v Geo H Medlicott & Son (a Firm)       —v McIntosh (1980) .... 11.5.2
 [1999] .... 16.2.24                          Weld-Blundell v Stephens [1920] .... 2.6.2C,
—v Noble (unreported, Qld FC, 8 June           5.3.2C
 1989) .... 3.2.33                            Welllington v Lake George Mines Pty Ltd
—v Waller (1986) .... 6.3.20                   [1962] .... 1.1.29
Walker-Flynn v Princeton Motors Pty Ltd       Wells v Cooper [1958] .... 3.2.30
 [1960] .... 5.4.9                            —v Wells [1999] .... 8.2.34
Wallaby Grip (BAE) Pty Ltd (in liq) v         Wels v McGrath (1973) .... 6.2.30
 Macleay Area Health Service (1998) ....      Wenck v Morris Woollen Mills (Ipswich) Pty
 4.1.11                                        Ltd [1974] .... 10.2.26
Wallace v Powell (2000) .... 15.3.1           West (H) & Son Ltd v Shephard [1964] ....
Walmsley v Humenick [1954] .... 11.3.5,        8.2.57C, 8.2.60
 11.3.6C                                      West v GIO of NSW (1981) .... 3.3.2, 3.4.5,
Walsh v Ervin [1952] .... 15.3.2               3.4.13
Walter v Selfe (1851) .... 14.1.9             Western Australia v Bond Corporation
Wandsworth Board of Works v United             Holdings Ltd (1991) .... 4.1.8
 Telephone Co Ltd (1884) .... 12.4.1C         —v Watson [1990] .... 3.2.6
Ward v James [1966] .... 2.4.2                Western Suburbs Hospital v Currie (1987)
                                               .... 3.1.7
—v McMaster [1988] .... 16.3.4C
                                              Weston v Great Boulder Gold Mines Ltd
—v TE Hopkins & Son Ltd [1959] ....
                                               (1964) .... 1.3.3, 1.3.20
 4.3.15
                                              —v Woodroffe (1985) .... 6.3.18, 7.12.8
—v Tesco Supermarkets Ltd [1976]
                                              Westripp v Baldock [1938] .... 12.2.1
 .... 3.4.10
                                              Westwood v Cordwell [1983] .... 8.3.8
Wardley Australia Ltd v Western Australia
                                              Wheeler v Baldwin (1934) .... 12.3.4C
 (1992) .... 1.4.1, 5.2.7
                                              —v New Merton Board Mills Ltd [1933] ....
Ware v Garston Haulage Co Ltd [1944]           6.3.6C, 10.2.41
 .... 15.3.6
                                              Whitaker v FCT (1998) .... 1.2.20, 3.2.24
Warner v Frost (2002) .... 17.1.5             White v Blackmore [1972] .... 6.3.26
Warren v Coombes (1979) .... 3.2.4, 3.3.11    —v Jones [1995] .... 16.2.10, 16.2.22C
—v King [1963] .... 1.2.14C                   —v Humphries (1984) .... 15.3.6
Waters v Commissioner of Police of the        Whitehouse v Jordan [1980] .... 7.9.16
 Metropolis [2000] .... 2.7.23                —v— [1981] .... 3.2.28
Watson v Cowen [1959] .... 12.2.1             Whitfeld v De Lauret & Co Ltd (1920)
—v Fram Reinforced Concrete Co                 .... 8.1.6
 (Scotland) Ltd [1960] .... 5.2.1             Wieben v Wain (1990) .... 3.4.14
—v George (1953) .... 2.3.5C                  —v— (1991) .... 3.4.14
Watt v Bretag (1982) .... 6.2.24              Wiech v Amato (1973) .... 6.2.44
—v Hertfordshire County Council [1954]        Wiffin v Kincard (1807) .... 11.4.2C
 .... 3.1.43                                  Wild v Eves [1970] .... 9.2.18
—v Rama [1972] .... 5.2.1, 7.2.9, 7.2.10C,    Wilkes v Wood (1763) .... 8.1.7C
 7.2.14, 7.2.15                               Wilkins v Jennings (1985) .... 17.1.5
Watts v Rake (1960) .... 4.2.17               Wilkinson v Downton [1897] .... 11.6.1,
Waugh v James K Allan Ltd [1964]               11.6.2C, 11.6.4
 .... 3.2.17                                  —v Joyceman [1985] .... 6.3.10, 6.3.20
—v Kippen (1986) .... 7.8.1, 10.2.12,         Wilks v Cheltenham Home Guard Motor
 10.2.30                                       Cycle & Light Car Club [1971] .... 3.2.39
—v Waugh (1950) .... 17.4.2C, 17.4.6          Willcox v Singh [1985] .... 3.2.28
Weaver v Ward (1616) .... 11.3.6C,            Williams v Holland (1833) .... 11.1.8,
 11.3.18C                                      11.3.7C
                               References are to paragraphs
                                    Table of Cases                                    lxiii

—v— [1964] .... 2.2.1, 11.3.22               Wringe v Cohen [1940] .... 15.3.4C, 15.3.7
—v Hursey (1959) .... 8.1.6                  Wuta-Ofei v Danquah [1961] .... 12.3.4C
—v McEwan [1952] .... 7.12.2                 Wynbergen v Hoyts Corporation Pty Ltd
—v Milotin (1957) .... 11.3.2, 11.3.3C,       (1997) .... 6.2.15C, 7.8.1
 11.3.6C, 11.3.10, 11.3.15, 11.3.18C         Wyngrove’s Executrix v Scottish Omnibuses
—v Minister, Aboriginal Land Rights Act       Ltd [1966] .... 3.1.56
 1983 (1994) .... 11.3.11, 11.5.1            Wynn v NSW Insurance Ministerial
—v— (1999) .... 7.7.17                        Corporation (1995) .... 8.2.17, 8.2.40
—v— (2000) .... 2.7.22, 10.2.11              Wyong Shire Council v Shirt (1980) ....
—v Port of Liverpool Stevedoring Co Ltd       2.5.1, 2.5.7, 3.1.5, 3.1.7, 3.1.10, 3.1.11C,
 [1956] .... 6.3.6C                           3.1.17C, 3.1.18, 3.1.21, 3.1.25, 3.2.25,
—v R (1986) .... 13.5.6                       7.5.7, 7.5.8, 7.5.11, 7.6.12C, 7.6.14,
Williamson v Commissioner for Railways        16.2.11
 [1960] .... 8.3.3
Willocks v Anderson (1971) .... 10.2.8C      X and Y (by her Tutor X) v Pal (1991) ....
Willoughby Municipal Council v Halstead       7.2.10C, 7.2.11, 7.2.12
 (1916) .... 14.5.3                          X (minors) v Bedfordshire County Council
Wilsher v Essex Area Health Authority         [1995] .... 2.2.19, 2.2.22, 2.7.19, 2.7.20,
 [1987] .... 3.2.36                           2.7.21, 2.7.22, 3.2.26, 7.6.3C, 10.1.8,
                                              10.2.8C, 10.2.10
—v— [1988] .... 3.2.36, 4.1.17, 7.9.1,
 7.9.15, 10.2.32                             XL Petroleum (NSW) Pty Ltd v Caltex Oil
Wilson v Horne (1999) .... 5.1.4, 5.2.5,      (Aust) Pty Ltd (1985) .... 1.1.29, 8.1.6,
 11.3.2, 11.3.15, 11.4.15, 11.6.3             8.1.7C , 16.3.2, 18.2.5, 18.2.11
—v Marshall [1982] .... 11.1.6               Yachuk v Oliver Blais Co Ltd [1949] ....
—v Peisley (1975) .... 5.4.6                   4.3.17, 6.2.42C
—v Pringle [1987] .... 11.4.2C               Yania v Bigan (1959) .... 1.6.7E
Wilsons & Clyde Coal Co Ltd v English        Yarmouth v France (1887) .... 6.3.6C
 [1938] .... 6.1.4, 7.8.4, 17.5.10           Yates v Jones (1990) .... 4.3.13
Winnipeg Condominium Corp No 36 v Bird       Ybarra v Spangard (1944) .... 3.4.15
 Construction Co [1995] .... 16.3.12         York Bros (Trading) Pty Ltd v Commissioner
Winter v Commonwealth (1992) .... 7.12.7       of Main Roads [1983] .... 14.3.15, 15.3.8
Winterbottom v Wright (1842) .... 2.2.7C,    Young v Edward Box & Co Ltd [1951]
 2.2.8, 2.2.9, 2.3.2, 2.3.3                    .... 17.4.8
Wintle v Conaust (Vic) Pty Ltd [1989]        —v Wheeler (1985) .... 14.2.10, 14.5.2
 .... 4.1.27                                 Yuen Kun Yeu v A-G (Hong Kong) [1988]
Withell v Lowe (1865) .... 6.1.2               .... 2.2.24C, 7.6.3C, 16.3.15
Wodrow v Commonwealth (1993) ....
 3.1.29, 7.2.3
                                             Z v United Kingdom (2001) .... 2.7.19
Wollongong City Council v Fregnan [1982]
 .... 16.2.11                                Zadow v Scanlon (1984) .... 7.7.11
Wood v Manley (1839) .... 13.2.3             Zalewski v Turcarolo (1994) .... 2.7.24
Woodley v Boyd [2001] .... 13.5.1            Zaluzna v Australian Safeway Stores Pty Ltd
—v Metropolitan District Ry Co (1877) ....     (unreported, Vic FC, 1 June 1989) ....
 6.3.6C                                        7.5.5, 7.5.18
Woods v Durable Suites Ltd [1953]            Zanker v Vartzokas (1988) .... 11.4.9C,
 .... 3.3.7C                                   11.4.10, 11.4.12, 11.5.4
Woolworths Ltd v Crotty (1942) .... 9.2.1,   Zavitsanos v Chippendale [1970] .... 4.3.16
 9.2.7                                       Zordan v Metropolitan (Perth) Passenger
Workman v Cowper [1961] .... 13.4.4            Transport Trust (1963) .... 9.2.11C
Wormald v Cole [1954] .... 12.5.1C, 15.2.1   Zuijs v Wirth Brothers Pty Ltd (1955) ....
—v Robertson (1992) .... 7.5.13                17.2.1, 17.2.2C
Worsfold v Howe [1980] .... 3.3.8            Zumeris v Testa [1972] .... 4.2.9, 4.2.15
Worth v Gilling (1866) .... 15.2.15          Zumpano v Montagnese [1997] .... 16.3.10,
Wright v Borzi [1979] .... 5.1.3               16.3.13
                              References are to paragraphs

				
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