HISTORY 101 Midterm Study Guide

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HISTORY 101 Midterm Study Guide Powered By Docstoc
					HISTORY 105-07 FINAL Study Guide                                                          Fall 2008

Scope of Final Exam: Chapters 8-15 textbook, plus assigned readings in the online class syllabus:
located at: http://faculty.citadel.edu/frank.karpiel/

Review Material: Make sure you have a basic familiarity of each of the OUTLINES/SLIDE
SHOWS #8-#15 linked to the online class syllabus, dating from OCTOBER 16 TO DECEMBER 4.
THE CONNECTIONS TABLES #8-#15 ARE ALSO IMPORTANT IN UNDERSTANDING THE
CONTENT OF THE TEXTBOOK CHAPTERS. You will not be able to understand the outlines
unless you have read the assigned readings in the textbook (Chapters 8 to 15) and online articles
marked with an *asterik.

( I) Essay Questions: FOUR OF THE SIX QUESTIONS BELOW WILL APPEAR. YOU WILL
CHOOSE ONE QUESTION TO ANSWER WITH A CLEAR & DETAILED ESSAY OF AT LEAST
ONE PAGE IN LENGTH.

1. How did the Islamic religion transform Arabian culture? What elements can you identify in Islam that aided in
the spread of the Islamic Empire across Eurasia from the seventh to the eighth centuries C.E.?

2. What were the essential elements needed for a world religion to be successful? How do Islam, Buddhism, and
Christianity fit the definition of world religions?

3. Why are the environmental histories of such varied regions as the Islamic world, China, Japan, and Mesoamerica
so important? Are such long-ago transformations relevant or meaningful today?

4. Why was the Indian Ocean so important for the spread of culture? How did trade connect peoples in Africa with
Eurasia?

5. What changes did Temujin bring to Mongol society? How did these changes enhance his control of the steppes
and the Mongol ability to expand? How were the Mongols able to hold on to this vast empire and to rule it?

6. How did geography and culture affect the development of imperial expansion in Eurasia during the fifteenth
century? Explore at least one specific example in Western Eurasia and one in Eastern Eurasia.

(II) MULTIPLE CHOICE/MATCHING/SHORT ANSWER SECTIONS: Know this basic information about
the following terms we have discussed/read about in class: Who the person is, What the term means if its not a
person, Why is this person/term important in world history? When do these events occur? Where is the location
the person/term is associated with?

CHAPTER EIGHT: POST IMPERIAL WORLDS> THE PROBLEMS OF EMPIRES
Teotihuacan                        Gupta India
Maya                               Kalidasa
Roman Empire Decline               Caste System
Nomads: Germanic peoples           Ethiopia
Huns, Xiongnu, Visigoth            Axum
Constantine                        Byzantium
Persia and Parthian Empires        Justinian
Marcus Aurelius                    Arabia
Stilicho                           Sharia
Parthian Shot                      Caliph
Han Dynasty                        Sunni
Sui, Tang Dynasties                Shia
Emperor Tang Taizong               Hagia Sophia
Empress Wu                                      Quran

CHAPTER NINE: RISE OF WORLD RELIGIONS
What is a World Religion/requirements            Buddhism in Tang China
Buddhism, Christianity, Islam as World Religions Bodhisattvas
Jihad                                            Dunhuang
Charlemagne                                      Xuanzang
Conversion of elites                             Prince Shotoku
Dar al-Islam                                     What does “Ascetic” mean?—connection to
Galla Placidia                                   Buddhism, Christianity
Jelling stone                                    Benedict of Nursia
Dome of the Rock                                 Samye Monastery
                                                 Kaaba

CHAPTER TEN: ENVIRONMENTAL FRONTIERS BEFORE 1000 C.E.
African geographical barriers           Mayan collapse
Bantu                                   Effects of military expansion: Africa, Asia
Senegambia                              Guadalquivir river, Spain/ Cordoba
Ghana                                   Food/Plants with Arabic/Persian origins
Gao                                     Mississippian cultures
Sahel                                   Cahokia
America before Columbus: 1491 article   Vikings, North Sea region
Pristine myth                           China’s economic growth
Andean civilization: where? When?       Grand Canal
Mesoamerican civilization: where, When? Land Reform of 737
Nazca lines                             Japanese expansion
Mayan bloodletting                      Emishi
cacao                                   Khmer kingdom
Dresden Codex                           Viet/Cham kingdoms
Settlement of Polynesia

CHAPTER 11: CONTENDING WITH ISOLATION
Arctic regional cultures                            Chola Kingdom
Thule Inuit                                         Maritime imperialism
Greenland                                           Ethiopian culture: Christian versus Islam influence
Scandinavian migration                              Crusades
Norseman                                            Pope Urban II
Southwest and Mississippian regional cultures       Volga River, Novgorad
Chaco Canyon                                        Minamoto clan
Pueblo Canyon                                       Holy Roman Empire
Mixtec                                              Abbot Suger
Angkor Wat                                          Cistercians


CHAPTER 12: NOMADIC FRONTIERS: ISLAM, BYZANTIUM AND CHINA 1000-1200
Steppeland                                         Basil II
Imam                                               Byzantium
Seljuk Turks                                       Constantinople
Crusader effects on Mideast                        Bulgars
Knights Templar                                    Slavs and Balkans
Al-Andalus                                         Uighur
Almoravids                                         Lament of Lady Qin
Ghana                                              Song Dynasty
Spain                                              Khitans and Liao
Berbers                                            Jurchens
Islam/Christian/Jewish culture in Cordoba          Chinese expansion
Sufis                                              Ibn Khaldun


CHAPTER 13: THE MONGOLS REMAKE THE WORLD
Mongol culture                          Kubilai Khan
Crane-catching                         Ilkhan Empire
Genghis Khan                           The Golden Horde
William of Rubruck                     Mamluks
Mongol economy/survival on the steppes Delhi Sultanate
Rabban Bar Sauma                       2 key Chinese inventions move west/1100-1200 CE
Marco Polo                             Kiev
The “Mongol Peace”                     Alexander Nevski

CHAPTER 14: REVENGE OF NATURE: PLAGUE, COLD, AND LIMITS OF DISASTER
Long, Medium, Short term climate processes   Effects of the plague on periphery:
Little Ice Age 1200s-1700s, effects          Java and Sumatra
Bubonic Plague—social and political effects  Delhi Sultanate
Plague: method of transmission               Ibn Tughluq
“Leveling” effect                            Ibn Battuta
Yunnan, China                                Mali Empire
Typhus, Influenza, smallpox, anthrax         Mansa Musa
Scapegoating Jewish, Muslim groups in Europe Zen Buddhism
Great Drowning                               Godaigo
Hohokam civilization                         New Zealand

CHAPTER 15: EXPANDING WORLDS: RECOVERY IN THE LATE 14 th and 15th CENTURIES
Ottoman Empire                                      China renewed: Ming dynasty
Timur the Lame                                      Peasant uprising of 1351
Fall of Constantinople                              Chu Yuanzhang
Ottoman’s system of rule                            Exam system
Russian Empire                                      Zheng He, voyages: when, where, how, why
Ivan III                                            Inca empire: rise, fall, problems
Ivan the Terrible                                   Aztec empire: expansion, problems
Russian expansion in 15th century: when, where, how Tenochtitlan
European expansion: exploration                     African empires: Mwene Mutapa, Ethiopia
Christopher Colubus                                 Mali, Songhay empires
                                                    Kingdom of the Kongo

				
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