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					Name: ARIEL KUSHMARO                                               Date (October, 2002)


CURRICULUM VITAE AND LIST OF PUBLICATIONS


     • Personal Details
            Name: Ariel Kushmaro
            Date and place of birth: Israel 18/01/1962
            Regular military service: 10/1981-4/1996 , Major in the reserves.


            Address and telephone number at work: Dept of Biotechnology
            Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer
            Sheva, 84105, Israel. Tel. 972-8-6479024 / Fax 972-8-6472983/
            e-mail: arielkus@bgumail.bgu.ac.il


            Address and telephone number at home: Dekel 19, Nir-Zvi, Israel.
            Tel/Fax: 972-8-9226156


     • Education
            B.Sc. Biology, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 1990.


            M.Sc. (Cum Laude) in Microbiology. Department of Molecular
            Microbiology and Biotechnology, Tel Aviv University, 1992.
            Supervisors: Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Tel Aviv
            University, Israel
            Name of advisors: Prof. E. Rosenberg and Prof. E. Z. Ron
            Title of thesis: Application of bacteria & fertilizer F-1 for treatment of
            petroleum contaminated beach sand on the Israeli Mediterranean coast.


            Ph.D. (Cum Laude), Departments of Zoology and Microbiology, Tel Aviv
            University, Israel, 1999.
            Name of advisors: Prof. Y. Loya and Prof. E. Rosenberg
            Title of thesis: Interactions between corals and their associated bacteria.




     • Employment History (in reverse chronological order, including sabbatical leave)
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                   page 2


            1990-1992:     Teaching Assistant, Department of Molecular
            Microbiology and Biotechnology, Tel Aviv University:
            General Microbiology- course.


            1993-1997: Teaching Assistant, Department of Zoology,Tel Aviv
            University:
            1. Invertebrates- an advanced course.
            2. Biology and Ecology of Coral Reefs.

            Postdoctoral Fellow, (1999-2000), Kuvin Center for the Study of Infectious
            and tropical Diseases, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.

            Postdoctoral Fellow, (2000-2001) Harvard University, Department of

            Organismic and Evolutionary Biology.

            Summer 2002: Visitor scientist at Harvard (Department of Population and
            International Health Harvard School of Public Health) and Northeastern
            (Department of Biology) universities.


            2001- Lecturer at the Dept of Biotechnology Engineering, Faculty of
            Engineering Sciences, Ben Gurion University.


     • Professional Activities (in reverse chronological order)
            (a) Positions in academic administration


            (b) Professional functions outside universities/institutions


            (c) Significant professional consulting


            d) Editor or member of editorial board of scientific or professional journal
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                      page 3




               (f) Membership in professional/scientific societies
                       Israel Society for Microbiology
                       Israel Society for Zoology
                       International Society for Coral Reef
                       American Society for microbiology
                       Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology


• Educational activities


               (a) Courses taught
                       General Microbiology for Biotechnology (369-1-3041).
                       Microbiology laboratory for Biotechnology (369-1-1004).


               (b) Research students
               1.      Name of student: O. Levanon
                       Degree: M.Sc. in Environmental Engineering
                       Subject: "Characterization of microorganisms in Activated Sludge
                       plant to improve performance"
                       Remarks: In progress, jointly supervised with A. Brenner
                        (Program of Environmental Engineering).

              2.       Name of student: M. Harel
                       Degree: M.Sc. in Biology
                       Subject: Coral Microbiology
                       Remarks: In progress.

              3.       Name of student: N. Kuperman
                       Degree: M.Sc. in Biology
                       Subject: Coral Microbiology
                       Remarks: In progress.

       • Awards, Citations, Honors, Fellowships
               (a) Honors, Citation Awards (including during studies)

               1996    Weizmann Institute of Science, August 1996. Katzir Travel
                       scholarship for International conference.

               1996    Costa award for an outstanding lecture (Annual Meeting of The
                       Zoological Society of Israel).

               1998    The Ashner Prize from the Israeli Society of Microbiology.
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                      page 4


               1998    The SICB award for an outstanding lecture (Annual Meeting of The
                       Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology , USA).

               (b) Fellowships:
               1999-2001 Fulbright Ecology Postdoctoral Fellowship for a Post-doc at
               Harvard University (50,000$ US).


               Summer 2002: Visitor scientist at Harvard (Department of Population and
               International Health Harvard School of Public Health) and Northeastern
               (Department of Biology) universities (Fulbright Fellowship).


       • Scientific Publications
(a) Authored books


(b) Editorship of collective volumes


(c) Chapters in collective volumes - Conference proceedings, Festschrifte, etc.


(d) Refereed articles and refereed letters in scientific journals - running numbers

1.     Eugene Rosenberg, Rachel Legmann, Ariel Kushmaro, Ran Taube, Ellik Adler &
       Eliora Z. Ron.1992. Petroleum bioremediation - a multiphase problem.
       Biodegradation 3: 337-350.
       Impact factor = 1.11 (72 / 124)

2.     Eugene Rosenberg, Rachel Legmann, Ariel Kushmaro, Ellik Adler, Haim Abir &
       Eliora Z. Ron. 1996. Oil bioremediation using insoluble nitrogen source. Journal of
       Biotechnology, Vol. 51, pp.273-278.
       Impact factor = 1.458 (39 / 124)

3.     A. Kushmaro, Y. Loya, M. Fine and E. Rosenberg. 1996. Bacterial infection and
       coral bleaching. Nature:, 380: 396.
       Impact factor = 25.81

4.     A. Kushmaro, E. Rosenberg, M. Fine and Y. Loya.1997. Bleaching of the coral
       Oculina patagonica by Vibrio AK-1. Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 147,
       pp. 159-165.
       Impact factor = 1.928 (8 / 70)
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                    page 5



5.    A. Kushmaro, G. Henning, D. K. Hofmann and Y.Benayahu . 1997.
      Metamorphosis of Heteroxenia fuscescens planulae (Cnidaria: Octocorallia) is
      inhibited by crude oil: A novel short term toxicity bioassay. Marine environmental
      research, Vol. 43. No. 4, pp. 295-302.
      Impact factor = 1.423 (30 / 70)

6.    A. Kushmaro, E. Rosenberg, M. Fine, Y. Ben Haim and Y. Loya .1998. Effect of
      temperature on bleaching of the coral Oculina patagonica by Vibrio AK-1. Marine
      Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 171, pp. 131-137.
      Impact factor = 1.928 (8 / 70)

7.     A. Toren, L. Landau, A. Kushmaro, Y. Loya and E. Rosenberg. 1998. Effect of
       temperature on the adhesion of Vibrio AK-1 to Oculina patagonica and coral
       bleaching. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 64: 1379-1384.
      Impact factor = 3.389 (11 / 124)

8.    D. Kelman, A. Kushmaro, Y. Loya, Y. Kashman and Y. Benayahu. 1998.
      Antimicrobial activity of Red Sea soft coral Pareythropodium fulvum fulvum:
      reproductive and developmental considerations. Marine Ecology Progress Series
      169: 87-95.
      Impact factor = 1.928 (8 / 70)

9.    E. Rosenberg, A. Kushmaro, Y. Ben-Haim, A. Toren, E. Banin , M. Fine and Y.
      Loya. 1999. The effect of temperature on bacterial bleaching of corals.
      Microbiology and Infectious Disease, ASM pp. 242-254.

10.   Yael Ben-Haim, Ehud Banim, Ariel Kushmaro, Yossi Loya and Eugene
      Rosenberg. 1999. Inhibition of photosynthesis and bleaching of zooxanthellae by
      the coral pathogen Vibrio shiloi. Environmental Microbiology Vol. 1 (3): 223-230.
       Impact factor = 2.74 (11 / 79)

11.   E. Banin, T. Israely, A. Kushmaro, Y. Loya, E. Orr and E. Rosenberg. 2000.
      Penetration of coral-bleaching bacterium Vibrio shiloi into Oculina patagonica.
      Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 66(7): 3031-3036.
      Impact factor = 3.389 (11 / 124)

12.   A. Kushmaro, E. Banin, Y. Loya, E. Stackebrandt, and E. Rosenberg .2001.
      Vibrio shiloi sp. nov., the causative agent of bleaching of the coral Oculina
      patagonica. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2001 51: 1383-1388.
      Impact factor = 2.675 (12 / 79)
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                           page 6




(e)         Published scientific reports and technical papers
      1. Brenner, A., A. Abeliovich, A. Kushmaro, and O. Levanon, (2001),
         “Characterization of microorganisms in Activated Sludge systems”, Annual Report,
         Submitted to Mekorot - Israel Water Works.

      2. Abeliovich, A., A. Brenner, A. Kushmaro, and I. Mukmanov, (2002),
         “Development of an anaerobic-aerobic process for the biodegradfation of
         tetrabromobisphenol-A manufacturing wastes”, Final Report , Submitted to the
         USA-Israel Science and Technology Foundation.



      (f)          Unrefereed professional articles and publications


      (g)          Classified articles and reports


            • Lectures and Presentations at Meetings and Invited Seminars not
            Followed by Published Proceedings


                   (a)     Invited plenary lectures at conferences/meetings


                   (b)     Presentation of papers at conferences/meetings
                           (oral or poster)

            A. Kushmaro, G. Henning, Y. Benayahu, D.K. Hofmann, and E. Rosenberg. 1994.
            Settlement and metamorphosis of planulae of Heteroxenia fuscescens are inhibited
            by crude oil: A novel short-term toxicity bioassay. Isr. J. Zoology.Vol. 40, no.1.
            p.102

            A. Kushmaro. The bacterial flora of Aplysia californica gut. 1995.
            Isr. J. Zoology.Vol. 41, no.1, pp. 96

            A. Kushmaro, Y. Loya, M. Fine and E. Rosenberg.1996. The role of bacterial
            infection in coral bleaching. Annual meeting of the Israel society for microbiology,
            February, 1996, Jerusalem. pp. 31

            A. Kushmaro, Y. Loya, M. Fine and E. Rosenberg. 1996. The role of bacterial
            infection in coral bleaching. 8th International Congress of Bacteriology and Applied
            Microbiology, Jerusalem, Israel, August 1996. pp. 26.

            A. Kushmaro, E. Rosenberg, M. Fine and Y. Loya.1996. The role of temperature
            on bacterial bleaching of corals. 8th International Coral Reef Symposium, Panama,
            1996. pp. 111
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                    page 7


     E. Rosenberg, A. Kushmaro, M. Fine and Y. Loya. 1996. Bacterial infection and
     coral bleaching. International conference on Microbial Ecology and Infectious
     Disease. NIH, Maryland, USA.July 1996. pp. 12

     A. Kushmaro, Y. Loya, M. Fine and E. Rosenberg. 1997. The effect of seawater
     temperature on bacterial bleaching of the stony coral Oculina patagonica .Annual
     meeting of the Israel society for microbiolog. April 1997. pp. 13

     A. Kushmaro. 1997. The role of seawater temperature on bacterial bleaching of the
     stony coral Oculina patagonica . Isr. J. Zoology.Vol. 43, no.1, pp.108-109

     A. Kushmaro, E. Rosenberg, M. Fine and Y. Loya.1997. Coral bleaching: The
     influence of bacterial infection and seawater temperature change in the
     Mediterranean sea. The first international conference "application of
     micropaleontology in environmental sciences". Tel-Aviv. June 1997. pp. 76

     A. Kushmaro, M. Fine, A. Toren, L. Landau, Y. Ben Haim, E. Rosenberg and Y.
     Loya.1998.      Bleaching in stony corals: The role of bacteria. Annual meeting of
     the Israel society for Zoology. Isr. J. Zoology.Vol. 44, pp. 81

     A. Kushmaro, E. Rosenberg, M. Fine and Y. Loya.1997. Coral bleaching: The
     influence of bacterial infection and seawater temperature change in the
     Mediterranean sea. The Third International Conference on the Mediterranean
     Coastal Environment, Nov. 11-14,1997. Malta.

     A. Kushmaro, M. Fine, A. Toren*, L. Landau*, Y. Ben Haim, E. Rosenberg and Y.
     Loya.1998. The role of temperature in bacterial bleaching of corals. American
     Zoologist, Vol. 37, No. 5, pp-13A.

     E. Rosenberg, A. Kushmaro, Y. Ben-Haim, A. Toren, E. Banin , M. Fine and Y.
     Loya.1998. The effect of temperature on bacterial bleaching of corals. Conference
     on Microbial Ecology and Infectious Disease. 31/3-3/4,1998. Ma'ale
     Hachamisha,Israel.

     A. Kushmaro. The role of bacteria in Bleaching of stony corals. The Multi-
     disciplinarity 2020, Jerusalem, Israel. 6-7 May 1998.

     A. Kushmaro, M. Fine, A. Toren*, L. Landau*, Y. Ben Haim, E. Rosenberg and
     Y. Loya.1998. Bleaching in stony corals: The role of bacteria. CARESS' 98,
     Weizmann Instittute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. May 1998. pp. 28.

      A. Toren, A. Kushmaro, Y. Loya and E. Rosenberg. 1998. The role of
     temperature in bacterial bleaching of corals. The sixth annual meeting of the inst.
     for biotechnology, Tel-Aviv univ. June 4-6,1998, Nof-Ginosar, Israel. pp. 17.

     Y. Ben-Haim, E. Banin , A. Kushmaro, Y. Loya and E. Rosenberg.1998. Effect of
     extracellular products of V. shiloi on Oculina patagonica algae. The sixth annual
     meeting of the inst. for biotechnology, Tel-Aviv Univ. June 4-6,1998, Nof-
     Ginosar, Israel. pp. 15.
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                   page 8


     A. Kushmaro, M. Fine, A. Toren, L. Landau, Y. Ben Haim, E. Rosenberg and Y.
     Loya.1998. The effect of temperature on "bacterial-induced bleaching". European
     meeting of the ISRS, September 1998, Perpignan, France.

     A. Kushmaro, E. Rosenberg and Y. Loya.1999. Species-specific properties of the
     coral mucus microbial communities. The 7th international conference of The Israel
     Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences. Jerusalem, Israel.

     E. Rosenberg, Y. Ben-Haim, E. Banin, A. Kushmaro, and Y. Loya.1999. Effect of
     environment on bacterial bleaching of corals. The 7th international conference of
     The Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences. Jerusalem,
     Israel.
     Kelman D., Kashman Y., Rosenberg E., Kushmaro A. and Loya Y. 1999.
     Antimicrobial activity of Red Sea corals. Second Euroconference on Marine Natural
     Products. Spain.




            (c) Presentations at informal international seminars and
                 workshops


            (d) Seminar presentations at universities and institutions
                    2000: Coral bleaching and bacterial infection. Harvard University


     • Patents
     Ariel Kushmaro and Shimona Geresh. Encapsulation method for isolating and
     culturing novel “uncultivable” microorganisms. Patent application no. 151660
     (September 2002),
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                     page 9




      • Research Grants


     1.      Granting Institute: ISF
             PI:    A. Kushmaro
             Subject: “Alternative feeding mechanism in corals: bacterial aggregate
             gardening”
             Period of grant: 4 years (started 2001)
             Total amount: $ 220,000

     2.      Granting Institute: Mekorot - National Water Works
             PI:            A. Brenner
             Co-investigators: Kushmaro A.
             Subject: "Characterization of microorganisms in Activated Sludge plants"
             Period of grant: 2 years (started 2001)
             Total amount: $ 40,000

     3.      Granting Institute: USA-Israel Science and Technology Foundation

             Co-investigators:      Abeliovich A., Kushmaro A., A. Brenner
             Subject: "Development of an anaerobic-aerobic process for the
             biodegradation of tetrabromobisphenol-A manufacturing wastes "
             Period of grant: 1 year (started 2001)
             Total amount:          $ 120,000



      • Synopsis of research, including reference to publications and grants           in
      above lists (Do not exceed three single-spaced pages.)


      Research activity includes investigation of the diversity, and distribution of
      microorganisms through approaches based on molecular (e.g. 16S rRNA analysis,
      FISH and DGGE) and novel culturing techniques. In addition the research work
      aimed to understand the structure and function of microbial communities and their
      dynamics with regard to the environment. Investigations usually include the
      isolation of bacteria and their study under defined conditions in the laboratory.
      Characterization of enrichment and pure cultures is often combined with the
      analysis of ribosomal nucleic acids. One project is the study of the anaerobic
      degradation of long-lived chemical pollutants such as hlogenaited compounds and
      microbial-ecology of wastewater.
             Furthermore we recently initiated new funded research project following
      observation of bacterial aggregates in the mucous and on the surface of a variety of
      reef corals. These aggregates are round bodies made up of unique coccoid bacterial
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                    page 10


     like bodies. The aggregates are dispersed on the coral surface in a patch like
     distribution, with the highest density in the area of the polyp mouth, suggesting that
     they are transported toward it. Moreover these bacterial aggregates are abundant in
     gastrodermis of regenerating tissues, areas that usually lack endosymbiotic algae
     that provide an important carbon and energy source for the coral. These preliminary
     results suggest the possibility that the corals utilize these aggregates as an
     alternative feeding mechanism and may possibly aid in survival following coral
     damage or bleaching episodes. In this research project we currently describing and
     identifying the bacteria forming the aggregates using microbial and molecular
     techniques.



     • Present Academic Activities
            1. Research in progress
            Subject: Alternative feeding mechanism in corals: bacterial aggregate
            gardening
            Other participants: Prof. Y. Loya
            Expected date of completion: 2006


            2. Books and articles to be published In preparation Submitted for
            publication

     Ariel Kushmaro, L. Lerner, V. Agmon, C. L. Greenblatt and J. Kopelowitz. 2002.
      Vibrio cholerae in Israel: Distribution and characterization of O1 and non-O1
      strains from human and environmental sources. Epidemiology and Infection
     (submitted).

     Ariel Kushmaro and Colleen M. Cavanaugh. 2002. Ribosomal RNA operon copy
     number in intracellular chemoautotrophic symbiotic bacteria. Applied and
     Environmental Microbiology (submitted).

     Awerbuch T.E., Kushmaro A. and Levins R. 2002. Mathematical model for West
     Nile Virus Transmission and conditions for disease outbreaks (In preparation).

     Ariel Kushmaro and Shimona Geresh. 2002. Encapsulation method for isolating
     and culturing novel “uncultivable” microorganisms. Patent application no. 151660
     (September 2002), and article in preparation.




     • Additional Information
Name: Ariel Kushmaro                page 11


           Professional Courses
           July 1992: Microbial Diversity, Marine Biological Laboratory,
           Woods Hole,Mass. USA.

				
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