Parts of the Sentence by alicejenny

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									Parts of the Sentence
         11 English
      Grammar Review
           Parts of the Sentence
   A sentence is a group of words that expresses a
    complete thought. Every sentence can be
    divided into two parts – the subject and the
    predicate.
           Parts of the Sentence
   The simple subject tells who or what performs
    the action in a sentence. Ex: The slender Artic
    tern migrates remarkable distances.
   The simple predicate tells what the subject did
    or what happened to the subject. Ex: Many terns
    have flown from the Artic Circle to the Atlantic
    Circle and back again.
           Parts of the Sentence
   The complete subject includes the simple
    subject and all the words that modify it. Ex: The
    slender Artic tern migrates remarkable distances.
   The complete predicate includes all the words
    that tell what the subject did or what happened
    to the subject. Ex: Many terns have flown from
    the Artic Circle to the Antarctic Circle and back
    again.
                Now You Try
   Complete questions 1-8 on page 19 of your
    grammar workbook.
           Parts of the Sentence
   A compound subject consists of two or more
    subjects that share a verb. Ex: The cat and the
    dog fight over the pet toys.
   A compound verb consists of two or more
    verbs or verb phrases that share the same
    subject. Ex: The lights glimmer and ripple across
    the night sky.
            Parts of the Sentence
    A compound predicate consists of a compound
    verb and all the words that go with each verb.
    Ex: A magnetic storm in the upper atmosphere
    causes the lights and creates their eerie, shifting
    patterns.
                Now You Try
   Complete questions 1-7 on page 22 of your
    grammar workbook.
            Parts of the Sentence
   A declarative sentence states a fact, wish, intent,
    or feeling. Ex: Severe thunderstorms can cause
    some unusual droppings from the sky.
   An interrogative sentence asks a question. Ex:
    Have you heard of fish-falls in northern
    Australia?
   An imperative sentence gives a command,
    request, or direction. Ex: Read some firsthand
    reports from people about fish-falls.
            Parts of the Sentence
   An exclamatory sentence expresses strong
    feeling. Ex: How unnerving the thump of fish
    bodies must be!
   Inverted sentences are sentences in which the
    subject follows the verb or comes in the middle
    of a verb phrase. Ex: Have any botanists in your
    area encountered a cobra lily? Within its long,
    slippery leaves lies a death trap for careless bugs.
           Parts of the Sentence
   The words here and there almost never function
    as the subjects of sentences. In sentences that
    begin with these words, the subject usually
    follows all or part of the verb. Ex: There are
    several other carnivorous plants besides the
    cobra lily. Here are some examples: Venus
    flytraps, sundews, and bladderworts.
                Now You Try
   Complete questions 1-6 on page 25 of your
    grammar workbook.
           Parts of the Sentence
   A direct object is a noun or pronoun that tells
    who or what receives the action of the verb. Ex:
    Nothing can escape a black hole.
   Indirect objects are nouns or pronouns that tell
    to or for whom or what the action of the verb is
    done. Ex: The Hubble telescope showed
    scientists a huge black hole.
           Parts of the Sentence
   Indirect objects never follow prepositions. A
    phrase that begins with to or for is a
    prepositional phrase, not an indirect object. Ex:
    Pairs of orbiting stars gave the first clue to
    researchers. Pairs of orbiting starts gave
    researchers the first clue.
         Parts of the Sentence
An objective complement is a noun or adjective
 that follows the direct object and identifies or
 describes it. Only certain verbs, and their
 synonyms, can be followed by objective
 complements. Ex: appoint, call, choose,
 consider, elect, find, keep, make, name, think
Over 1,500 species of fish call the Great Barrier
 Reef home.
           Parts of the Sentence
   A subject complement follows a linking verb
    and identifies or describes the subject. Linking
    verbs include be, feel, seem, consider, smell,
    sound, and taste.
   A predicate nominative is a noun used as a
    subject complement. Ex: The Amazon is a wide
    river.
   A predicate adjective is an adjective used as a
    subject complement. Ex: In places, neither bank
    is visible.
                Now You Try
   Complete questions 1- 5 on page 29 of your
    grammar workbook.

								
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