Parts of the Sentence 11 English Grammar Review Parts of the Sentence A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. Every sentence can be divided into two parts – the subject and the predicate. Parts of the Sentence The simple subject tells who or what performs the action in a sentence. Ex: The slender Artic tern migrates remarkable distances. The simple predicate tells what the subject did or what happened to the subject. Ex: Many terns have flown from the Artic Circle to the Atlantic Circle and back again. Parts of the Sentence The complete subject includes the simple subject and all the words that modify it. Ex: The slender Artic tern migrates remarkable distances. The complete predicate includes all the words that tell what the subject did or what happened to the subject. Ex: Many terns have flown from the Artic Circle to the Antarctic Circle and back again. Now You Try Complete questions 1-8 on page 19 of your grammar workbook. Parts of the Sentence A compound subject consists of two or more subjects that share a verb. Ex: The cat and the dog fight over the pet toys. A compound verb consists of two or more verbs or verb phrases that share the same subject. Ex: The lights glimmer and ripple across the night sky. Parts of the Sentence A compound predicate consists of a compound verb and all the words that go with each verb. Ex: A magnetic storm in the upper atmosphere causes the lights and creates their eerie, shifting patterns. Now You Try Complete questions 1-7 on page 22 of your grammar workbook. Parts of the Sentence A declarative sentence states a fact, wish, intent, or feeling. Ex: Severe thunderstorms can cause some unusual droppings from the sky. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Ex: Have you heard of fish-falls in northern Australia? An imperative sentence gives a command, request, or direction. Ex: Read some firsthand reports from people about fish-falls. Parts of the Sentence An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feeling. Ex: How unnerving the thump of fish bodies must be! Inverted sentences are sentences in which the subject follows the verb or comes in the middle of a verb phrase. Ex: Have any botanists in your area encountered a cobra lily? Within its long, slippery leaves lies a death trap for careless bugs. Parts of the Sentence The words here and there almost never function as the subjects of sentences. In sentences that begin with these words, the subject usually follows all or part of the verb. Ex: There are several other carnivorous plants besides the cobra lily. Here are some examples: Venus flytraps, sundews, and bladderworts. Now You Try Complete questions 1-6 on page 25 of your grammar workbook. Parts of the Sentence A direct object is a noun or pronoun that tells who or what receives the action of the verb. Ex: Nothing can escape a black hole. Indirect objects are nouns or pronouns that tell to or for whom or what the action of the verb is done. Ex: The Hubble telescope showed scientists a huge black hole. Parts of the Sentence Indirect objects never follow prepositions. A phrase that begins with to or for is a prepositional phrase, not an indirect object. Ex: Pairs of orbiting stars gave the first clue to researchers. Pairs of orbiting starts gave researchers the first clue. Parts of the Sentence An objective complement is a noun or adjective that follows the direct object and identifies or describes it. Only certain verbs, and their synonyms, can be followed by objective complements. Ex: appoint, call, choose, consider, elect, find, keep, make, name, think Over 1,500 species of fish call the Great Barrier Reef home. Parts of the Sentence A subject complement follows a linking verb and identifies or describes the subject. Linking verbs include be, feel, seem, consider, smell, sound, and taste. A predicate nominative is a noun used as a subject complement. Ex: The Amazon is a wide river. A predicate adjective is an adjective used as a subject complement. Ex: In places, neither bank is visible. Now You Try Complete questions 1- 5 on page 29 of your grammar workbook.