MAN AND SOCIETY
„You cannot feed the hungry on statistics“
The table of Contest:
1. Define society
2. The law and punishments
3. The process of trial
4. Women and their status
5. Family in society
6. Social classes in GB – the upper, middle and lower class
7. Ethics – definition, why do we need it in society?
8. Etiquette – definition and when does it come to the forefront?
9. Etiquette - Social rules – Taboos in GB
10. Greeting etiquette
11. Table etiquette
Humans from the very
beginning, were not able to
live on their own and so
started to form a bigger
Society – an organized group
created its system of laws
and accepted behaviour
which make a possibility for
people to live together.
The Law and the punishments
In society people should behave
according these laws. If anybody does
not, they are a danger to society and
they can be locked up or punished.
Most people support the idea that
the punishment should fit the crime
which means that a person should be
punished very severely for a serious
crime but less severely for a lesser
The process of trail
During the trial, lawyers question
witnesses to discover the truth.
Witnesses take an oath to tell the
truth, the whole truth and nothing
but the truth by putting their right
hand on a Bible.
•Some crimes are not so serious such as stealing, shoplifting.
•But others threaten human life – robbery, mugging (prepad),
kidnapping, hijack (krádež lietadla), murder, manslaughter (
The status of women
The most serious problems of women are:
not very positive positions in workplace and salary
unemployment among women is higher
a lot of female children don´t go to school
abusing in families are more on women
Less women politician, managers, etc.
WOMEN IN ENGLAND
have more independence and responsibility than in
some other cultures. It is ok for women to eat alone
in a restaurant, to wander around on their own, to
Family in society
plays an important role:
Family helps us to know the right from wrong, good
from evil. It teaches children how to solve problems
in life, how to become an independent person and
care about others.
Children learn the social rules from their parents.
Family is the place where social behaviour is formed.
If parents speak rudely, children will imitate their
„models“. If parents have only TV dinners, children
will not know how to behave at the table.
Small things such as talking to people with respect,
listening to them and showing emphaty, should be
normal in every family.
Classes in our society -GB
British society is divided into 3 main
The upper class
The middle class
The lower/working class
This is known as the class system and
most people know which class they
belong to and are able to recognize
others by the way they speak, their
clothes, their interests and the type
of food they eat.
•However, many people don´t like this class system. Because they are people who are
poor but because of their family background, education, political opinions do not
consider themselves as working class. Wealth does not mean that you belong to the
upper-class society because social class is not only about money, but also about
behaviour and attitudes
The upper class
People own several homes
Studied at Eton or other public schools
Work as judges, company directors,
Eat caviar, drink expensive champagne
Spend their free time going to opera, ballet
Play polo, go horse riding
Spend their holidays in Orient countries, the
Carribean islands or go cruising
Support the Conservative party
The middle class
People live in semi-detached or
Studied at a grammar school and at
an university such as Cambridge,
Their jobs are teachers, bank
Hobbies – they like skiing, playing
tennis, sailing, cricket, golf
eat health food
Spend their holidays by walking in
Cornwall or Devon, summer
holidays in France or Tuscany
The working class
People finished comprehensive schools,
Work as shop assistants, miners,
Live in council houses
Eat fish and chips, bangers (klobása)
and mash (pučené zemiaky), chinese
and Indian food, especially takeaways
Play football, darts (šípky), bingo,
Take package holidays
Spend their free time watching soap
operas, drinking in pubs
Vote for Labourists or Conservatives
What is Ethics and why do we need it?
Is a study of moral rules,
norms and manners
It analysys what is right what
It should give us real and
practical guide to our lives
Is known as a protocol that describes
formal rules and traditions of behaviour in
a certain society and culture. It includes
the ways in which people communicate
with each other and respect each other.
Modern etiquette teaches us to greet
people with respect, offer hospitality to
guests, wear clothing (formal, casual,..),
appropriate for certain occasions, join the
conversations without dominating them.
It also describes how to behave in specific
situations. It teaches us to offer a chair,
help those who need it, eat neatly and
quietly, not to play load music or make
noise and arrive in time when visiting
It comes to the forefront when
planning birthday parties,
wedding, business meetings and
many other situations regarding
correct behaviour when inviting
guests to such a traditional event.
Etiquette has been changing over
the years and some other new
behaviour may become acceptable
while other aspects will remain
According to some people,
etiquette is a limitation of
freedom of personal expression.
Others think that the same moral
code, shared by all, makes life
easier because many unless
misunderstandings, can be
NETIQUETTE – rules of writing
e-mails or rules for participating
in online forums.
Etiquette - Social
Different social rules are followed at home, at work, at school, in
business. The social rules of hosting guests, dinig, clothing, etc. Are
specific for different cultures. What is appropriate in one culture, can
be totally unacceptable in another culture (e.g. a European country
vs. A Muslim country).
Some rules are the same all around the world. E.g. it is very
important to be polite and use magic words such as „Thank you“,
„Please“, „Sorry“ or when somebody invites us for a visit, we should
come in time. We should bring a small present to the host e.g.
flowers, chocolate or a bottle of wine.
Manners/social rules are Important
DOs and DON'TS (Taboos) in England
•In England people like to form orderly queues (standing in
line) and wait patiently for their turn and not push in front.
•Do take your hat off when you go indoors (men only)
It is impolite for men to wear hats indoors especially in
•Do say "Excuse Me":
If someone is blocking your way and you would like them
to move, say excuse me and they will move out of your
•Do Pay as you Go:
Pay for drinks as you order them in pubs and other types
•Do say "Please" and "Thank you":
It is very good manners to say "please" and "thank you". It
is considered rude if you don't. You will notice in England
that we say 'thank you' a lot.
•Do cover your Mouth:
When yawning or coughing always cover
your mouth with your hand.
•Do Shake Hands:
When you are first introduced to
someone, shake their right hand with your
own right hand.
•Do say sorry:
If you accidentally bump into someone,
say 'sorry'. They probably will too, even if
it was your fault! This is a habit and can
be seen as very amusing by an 'outsider'.
A smiling face is a welcoming face.
•Do Drive on the left side of the road
Find out more about driving
•Do open doors for other people
Men and women both hold open the door
for each other. It depends on who goes
through the door first.
•Do not speak with your mouth full of food
•Do not greet people with a kiss:
We only kiss people who are close friends
•Do not talk loudly in public
•Do not ask a lady her age
It is considered impolite to ask a lady her age
•Do not burb (mľaskať) when you eat
•Do not burp in public
You may feel better by burping loudly after eating or drinking, but other
people will not! If you can not stop a burp from bursting out, then cover your
mouth with your hand and say 'excuse me' afterwards.
•Do not pass wind in public
Now how can we say this politely? Let's say that you want to pass wind. What
do you do? Go somewhere private and let it out. If you accidentally pass wind
in company say 'pardon me'.
•Do not ask personal or intimate questions
We like our privacy. Please do not ask questions such as "How much money
do you earn?" "How much do you weigh?" or "Why aren't you married?".
GREETING ETIQUETTE IN BRITAIN
How to Greet someone in Britain/SR:
A handshake is the most common form of greeting among the English
and British people and happens when you are introduced to somebody
It is only when you meet friends, whom you haven't seen for a long time,
that you would kiss the cheek of the opposite sex. In Britain one kiss is
generally enough. Typical for women.
Hugging is only for friends.
Names we may call you
You may be called by many different 'affectionate' names, according
to which part of the Britain you are visiting. Do not be offended, this is
quite normal. For example, you may be called dear, dearie, flower,
love, chick, chuck, me duck, me duckie, mate, guv, son, ma'am,
madam, miss, sir, or treacle, according to your sex, age and location.
•How do you do? – How do you do?
The usual formal greeting is a 'How do you do?' and a firm handshake, but
with a lighter touch between men and women. ‘How do you do?’ is a greeting
not a question and the correct response is to repeat ‘How do you do?' You
say this when shaking hands with someone.
•'How are you?' is a question and the most common and polite response is
"I am fine thank you and you?"
•Nice to meet you – Nice to meet you too
•Pleased to meet you – Pleased to meet you too.
•Good Morning / Good Afternoon / Good Evening
•Hi or hello
•Morning / Afternoon / Evening ( We drop the word 'Good' in
•How's you? - Fine thanks. You?
•thank you / thanks / cheers
•We sometime say 'cheers' instead of thank you. You may hear
'cheers' said instead of 'good bye', what we are really saying is
'thanks and bye'.
The food etiquette include some rules:
Do no talk when you eat
It is impolite to ask for more food.
The tea should be poured from a teapot after a minute or two,
it has been made.
Soup and main dish shoul be eaten quietly.
Hand should never be used for eating.
If there are several pieces of cutlery (príbor), use forks, knives
and spoons on the outside first.
Social classes in SR
How do young people behave in society today?
A new classmate is coming to your school. Explain him/her
the rules and duties that must be obeyed at school. He/she
doe not agree with some of them. Say some arguments why
they have to be obeyed.