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					                                          To Forgive
                                    By Hillel ben David (Greg Killian)


The first place we find ‘forgive’, we do not find          carried them into the Red Sea. Not a locust
repentance:                                                was left anywhere in Egypt.

  Bereshit (Genesis) 50:14-21 After burying             The Israelites sinned. Moses asked for forgiveness.
  his father, Joseph returned to Egypt,                 There was no repentance. HaShem punished.
  together with his brothers and all the others
  who had gone with him to bury his father.                Shemot (Exodus) 32:25-35 Moses saw that
  When Joseph's brothers saw that their father             the people were running wild and that
  was dead, they said, "What if Joseph holds a             Aaron had let them get out of control and so
  grudge against us and pays us back for all               become a laughingstock to their enemies. So
  the wrongs we did to him?" So they sent                  he stood at the entrance to the camp and
  word to Joseph, saying, "Your father left                said, "Whoever is for HaShem, come to me."
  these instructions before he died: 'This is              And all the Levites rallied to him. Then he
  what you are to say to Joseph: I ask you to              said to them, "This is what HaShem, the God
  forgive your brothers the sins and the                   of Israel, says: 'Each man strap a sword to
  wrongs they committed in treating you so                 his side. Go back and forth through the
  badly.' Now please forgive the sins of the               camp from one end to the other, each killing
  servants of the God of your father." When                his brother and friend and neighbor.'" The
  their message came to him, Joseph wept. His              Levites did as Moses commanded, and that
  brothers then came and threw themselves                  day about three thousand of the people died.
  down before him. "We are your slaves," they              Then Moses said, "You have been set apart
  said. But Joseph said to them, "Don't be                 to HaShem today, for you were against your
  afraid. Am I in the place of God? You                    own sons and brothers, and he has blessed
  intended to harm me, but God intended it for             you this day." The next day Moses said to
  good to accomplish what is now being done,               the people, "You have committed a great sin.
  the saving of many lives. So then, don't be              But now I will go up to HaShem; perhaps I
  afraid. I will provide for you and your                  can make atonement for your sin." So Moses
  children." And he reassured them and spoke               went back to HaShem and said, "Oh, what a
  kindly to them.                                          great sin these people have committed! They
                                                           have made themselves gods of gold. But
Joseph's brothers are asking forgiveness through           now, please forgive their sin--but if not, then
their dead father.                                         blot me out of the book you have written."
                                                           HaShem replied to Moses, "Whoever has
Pharaoh repented, and HaShem forgave:                      sinned against me I will blot out of my book.
                                                           Now go, lead the people to the place I spoke
  Shemot (Exodus) 10:16-19 Pharaoh quickly                 of, and my angel will go before you.
  summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "I                    However, when the time comes for me to
  have sinned against HaShem your God and                  punish, I will punish them for their sin." And
  against you. Now forgive my sin once more                HaShem struck the people with a plague
  and pray to HaShem your God to take this                 because of what they did with the calf Aaron
  deadly plague away from me." Moses then                  had made.
  left Pharaoh and prayed to HaShem. And
  HaShem changed the wind to a very strong              Moses asked for forgiveness. HaShem forgave and
  west wind, which caught up the locusts and            punished.
                                                       confess your name, praying and making
  Bamidbar (Numbers) 14:14-25 And they                 supplication to you in this temple, Then hear
  will tell the inhabitants of this land about it.     from heaven and forgive the sin of your
  They have already heard that you, O                  people Israel and bring them back to the
  HaShem, are with these people and that you,          land you gave to their fathers. "When the
  O HaShem, have been seen face to face, that          heavens are shut up and there is no rain
  your cloud stays over them, and that you go          because your people have sinned against
  before them in a pillar of cloud by day and a        you, and when they pray toward this place
  pillar of fire by night. If you put these people     and confess your name and turn from their
  to death all at one time, the nations who            sin because you have afflicted them, Then
  have heard this report about you will say,           hear from heaven and forgive the sin of your
  'HaShem was not able to bring these people           servants, your people Israel. Teach them the
  into the land he promised them on oath; so           right way to live, and send rain on the land
  he slaughtered them in the desert.' "Now             you gave your people for an inheritance.
  may the Lord's strength be displayed, just as        "When famine or plague comes to the land,
  you have declared: 'HaShem is slow to                or blight or mildew, locusts or
  anger, abounding in love and forgiving sin           grasshoppers, or when an enemy besieges
  and rebellion. Yet he does not leave the             them in any of their cities, whatever disaster
  guilty unpunished; he punishes the children          or disease may come, And when a prayer or
  for the sin of the fathers to the third and          plea is made by any of your people Israel--
  fourth generation.' In accordance with your          each one aware of the afflictions of his own
  great love, forgive the sin of these people,         heart, and spreading out his hands toward
  just as you have pardoned them from the              this temple-- Then hear from heaven, your
  time they left Egypt until now." HaShem              dwelling place. Forgive and act; deal with
  replied, "I have forgiven them, as you asked.        each man according to all he does, since you
  Nevertheless, as surely as I live and as             know his heart (for you alone know the
  surely as the glory of HaShem fills the whole        hearts of all men),
  earth, Not one of the men who saw my glory
  and the miraculous signs I performed in            Here Solomon again        links   repentance and
  Egypt and in the desert but who disobeyed          forgiveness:
  me and tested me ten times-- Not one of them
  will ever see the land I promised on oath to         I Melakim (Kings) 8:46-51 "When they sin
  their forefathers. No one who has treated me         against you--for there is no one who does
  with contempt will ever see it. But because          not sin--and you become angry with them
  my servant Caleb has a different spirit and          and give them over to the enemy, who takes
  follows me wholeheartedly, I will bring him          them captive to his own land, far away or
  into the land he went to, and his descendants        near; And if they have a change of heart in
  will inherit it. Since the Amalekites and            the land where they are held captive, and
  Canaanites are living in the valleys, turn           repent and plead with you in the land of
  back tomorrow and set out toward the desert          their conquerors and say, 'We have sinned,
  along the route to the Red Sea."                     we have done wrong, we have acted
                                                       wickedly'; And if they turn back to you with
Solomon asks HaShem to forgive when Israel             all their heart and soul in the land of their
repents:                                               enemies who took them captive, and pray to
                                                       you toward the land you gave their fathers,
  I Melakim (Kings) 8:33-39 "When your                 toward the city you have chosen and the
  people Israel have been defeated by an               temple I have built for your Name; Then
  enemy because they have sinned against               from heaven, your dwelling place, hear their
  you, and when they turn back to you and              prayer and their plea, and uphold their
  cause. And forgive your people, who have           through her vineyards and ravage them, but
  sinned against you; forgive all the offenses       do not destroy them completely. Strip off her
  they have committed against you, and cause         branches, for these people do not belong to
  their conquerors to show them mercy; For           HaShem. The house of Israel and the house
  they are your people and your inheritance,         of Judah have been utterly unfaithful to me,"
  whom you brought out of Egypt, out of that         declares HaShem.
  iron-smelting furnace.
                                                  One day HaShem will give us a new heart and will
HaShem has agreed to forgive our sins IF...       forgive us for the last time.

  II Divrei HaYamim (Chronicles) 7:10-16             Yirimiyah (Jeremiah) 31:33-34 "This is the
  On the twenty-third day of the seventh             covenant I will make with the house of Israel
  month he sent the people to their homes,           after that time," declares HaShem. "I will
  joyful and glad in heart for the good things       put my law in their minds and write it on
  HaShem had done for David and Solomon              their hearts. I will be their God, and they
  and for his people Israel. When Solomon            will be my people. No longer will a man
  had finished the temple of HaShem and the          teach his neighbor, or a man his brother,
  royal palace, and had succeeded in carrying        saying, 'Know HaShem,' because they will
  out all he had in mind to do in the temple of      all know me, from the least of them to the
  HaShem and in his own palace, HaShem               greatest," declares HaShem. "For I will
  appeared to him at night and said: "I have         forgive their wickedness and will remember
  heard your prayer and have chosen this             their sins no more."
  place for myself as a temple for sacrifices.
  "When I shut up the heavens so that there is    HaShem will forgive us when we turn from our
  no rain, or command locusts to devour the       wicked ways.
  land or send a plague among my people, If
  my people, who are called by my name, will         Yirimiyah (Jeremiah) 36:1-3 In the fourth
  humble themselves and pray and seek my             year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of
  face and turn from their wicked ways, then         Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from
  will I hear from heaven and will forgive           HaShem: "Take a scroll and write on it all
  their sin and will heal their land. Now my         the words I have spoken to you concerning
  eyes will be open and my ears attentive to         Israel, Judah and all the other nations from
  the prayers offered in this place. I have          the time I began speaking to you in the reign
  chosen and consecrated this temple so that         of Josiah till now. Perhaps when the people
  my Name may be there forever. My eyes and          of Judah hear about every disaster I plan to
  my heart will always be there.                     inflict on them, each of them will turn from
                                                     his wicked way; then I will forgive their
HaShem does not forgive when there is no             wickedness and their sin."
repentance:
                                                  Yeshua's parable to illustrate forgiveness includes
  Yirimiyah (Jeremiah) 5:7-11 "Why should I       repentance.
  forgive you? Your children have forsaken
  me and sworn by gods that are not gods. I          Matityahu (Matthew) 18:21-35 Then Peter
  supplied all their needs, yet they committed       came to Yeshua and asked, "Lord, how
  adultery and thronged to the houses of             many times shall I forgive my brother when
  prostitutes. They are well-fed, lusty              he sins against me? Up to seven times?"
  stallions, each neighing for another man's         Yeshua answered, "I tell you, not seven
  wife. Should I not punish them for this?"          times, but seventy-seven times. "Therefore,
  declares HaShem. "Should I not avenge              the kingdom of heaven is like a king who
  myself on such a nation as this? "Go
  wanted to settle accounts with his servants.
  As he began the settlement, a man who owed         Here Yeshua is forgiving without apparent
  him ten thousand talents was brought to            repentance:
  him. Since he was not able to pay, the
  master ordered that he and his wife and his            Luqas (Luke) 23:32-34 Two other men,
  children and all that he had be sold to repay          both criminals, were also led out with him to
  the debt. "The servant fell on his knees               be executed. When they came to the place
  before him. 'Be patient with me,' he begged,           called the Skull, there they crucified him,
  'and I will pay back everything.' The                  along with the criminals--one on his right,
  servant's master took pity on him, canceled            the other on his left. Yeshua said, "Father,
  the debt and let him go. "But when that                forgive them, for they do not know what they
  servant went out, he found one of his fellow           are doing." And they divided up his clothes
  servants who owed him a hundred denarii.               by casting lots.
  He grabbed him and began to choke him.
  'Pay back what you owe me!' he demanded.           Peter here equates forgiveness and repentance:
  "His fellow servant fell to his knees and
  begged him, 'Be patient with me, and I will            II Luqas (Acts) 8:18-24 When Simon saw
  pay you back.' "But he refused. Instead, he            that the Spirit was given at the laying on of
  went off and had the man thrown into prison            the apostles' hands, he offered them money
  until he could pay the debt. When the other            And said, "Give me also this ability so that
  servants saw what had happened, they were              everyone on whom I lay my hands may
  greatly distressed and went and told their             receive the Holy Spirit." Peter answered:
  master everything that had happened. "Then             "May your money perish with you, because
  the master called the servant in. 'You wicked          you thought you could buy the gift of God
  servant,' he said, 'I canceled all that debt of        with money! You have no part or share in
  yours because you begged me to. Shouldn't              this ministry, because your heart is not right
  you have had mercy on your fellow servant              before God. Repent of this wickedness and
  just as I had on you?' In anger his master             pray to the Lord. Perhaps he will forgive
  turned him over to the jailers to be tortured,         you for having such a thought in your heart.
  until he should pay back all he owed. "This            For I see that you are full of bitterness and
  is how my heavenly Father will treat each of           captive to sin." Then Simon answered, "Pray
  you unless you forgive your brother from               to the Lord for me so that nothing you have
  your heart."                                           said may happen to me."

Yeshua said that if there is repentance, we should   If...
forgive.
                                                         I Yochanan (John) 1:9 If we confess our
  Luqas (Luke) 17:1-4 Yeshua said to his                 sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive
  disciples: "Things that cause people to sin            us our sins and purify us from all
  are bound to come, but woe to that person              unrighteousness.
  through whom they come. It would be better
  for him to be thrown into the sea with a                                   ***
  millstone tied around his neck than for him
  to cause one of these little ones to sin. So
  watch yourselves. "If your brother sins,
  rebuke him, and if he repents, forgive him. If
  he sins against you seven times in a day, and
  seven times comes back to you and says, 'I
  repent,' forgive him."
This study was written by Hillel ben David
             (Greg Killian).
     Comments may be submitted to:

              Greg Killian
          1101 Surrey Trace SE
          Tumwater, WA 98501

    Internet address: gkilli@aol.com
  Web page: http://www.betemunah.org/

             (360) 584-9352

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