The Adventures of Tom Sawyer The Adventures of Tom Sawyer By

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					The Adventures of
  Tom Sawyer

              By Mark Twain
            Mark Twain
    When Samuel Langhorne Clemens was
born in November 1835, “Halley’s Comet was
streaking across the sky, a blazing
phenomenon that thrilled the world. During
his life Mark Twain would say that he came in
with Halley’s Comet and that he would go out
with it when it returned after seventy-five
years. He did just that. Mark Twain died in
April 1910, while the comet was blazing its
way across the sun.”
                 - Jean Craighead George
• Born Samuel Langhorne
  Clemens in 1835
• Spent his childhood is
  Hannibal, Missouri, a small
  frontier town on the
  Mississippi River
• Father died when he was
  11 years old
• Left school after 5th grade
  to work as a printer’s
• At 18, moved to New York and
  spent time as a journalist for
  various newspapers
• Returned briefly to the
  Mississippi River to work as a
  riverboat pilot
• Traveled out West in hopes of
  striking it rich in Nevada’s silver
• While out West, began
  publishing short fiction as well
  as travel articles in newspapers
• Adopted the pen
  name “Mark Twain” (a
  riverboat term) in 1863
• Married Olivia “Livy”
  Langdon in 1870
• Moved to Connecticut
  in the 1870s
• Had four children, but
  son Sam died at 2
  years of age
• Published his most famous
  works in the 1870s and 80s
• The Adventures of Tom
  Sawyer, 1876
• The Prince and the Pauper,
• Life on the Mississippi, 1883
• Adventures of Huckleberry
  Finn, 1884
              Later Years
• Made several bad
  investments in new
  inventions, causing financial
• Had to set out on an
  international lecture tour to
  earn money
• Writings became dark,
  focusing on human greed
  and cruelty
              Twain Sayings
• “Supposing is good, but finding out is better.”
• “The difference between the right word and almost
  the right word is the difference between lightning
  and the lightning bug.”
• “Whatever you say, say it with conviction.”
• “Thousands of geniuses live and die undiscovered --
  either by themselves or by others.”
• “Do the right thing. It will gratify some people and
  astonish the rest.”
       More Twain Sayings
• “The man who does not read good books has no
  advantage over the man who cannot read them.”
• “When I was younger I could remember anything,
  whether it happened or not.”
• “There are basically two types of people. People
  who accomplish things, and people who claim to
  have accomplished things. The first group is less
• “Whenever you find yourself on the side of the
  majority, it is time to pause and reflect.”
• Movement in writing and art in the 1800s
• Writing should reflect real life
• To make Tom Sawyer realistic, Twain uses
  – dialect
  – local color
  – depictions of the good and the bad
• The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is at times a
  critical look at Twain’s world, with jabs at
  church, school, and the rules of society
         Humor and Satire
Look for Twain’s deliberate
  attempts at humor through the
  following devices:
• Satire: a subtle or biting attack on
  accepted institutions, values, and
  systems. It can also be directed at
• Hyperbole: exaggerating for effect
• Irony: when what happens is the
  opposite of what is expected to
             Tom Sawyer
• Most of all, The
  Adventures of Tom
  Sawyer is a story of
  boyhood and growing
• Tom is essentially a
  good boy who
  sometimes makes
  mischief and causes
• No matter what trouble

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