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AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MONITORING NETWORK

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 AMBIENT AIR QUALITY
MONITORING NETWORK
     National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP)

                                            NAMP – present scenario
   N.A.M.P. started in 1984 with 7 stations in Agra and Anpara. Presently 424 operating stations in
    175 cities/towns.
   Parameters being monitored SO2, NO2, RSPM (PM10), SPM at all stations.
   Trace Metals, PAHs, NH3 in few cities;
   BTX, Ozone monitoring conducted in Delhi and some major cities

                                        Growth of National Air Quality Monitoring Stations in
                                      500
                                                               India
         No. of Monitoring Stations




                                      450                                                                            424
                                      400                                                                      365
                                                                                                       342 346
                                      350                                                        314
                                                                                         290 295
                                      300                                          260
                                      250                                    220
                                      200                              150
                                      150                      106
                                      100
                                                          84
                                                     53
                                       50   7   28
                                        0



                                                               Years
   NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MONITORING PROGRAMME (NAMP)
                  NAMP NETWORK AT A GLANCE

Existing stations (sanctioned)                   -         604

     No. of States covered                       -         28

     No. of Union territories covered            -         06

     No. of cities/towns covered                 -         258

Operating stations                               -        424

     No. of states covered                       -         26

     No. of Union territories covered            -         05

     No. of cities/towns covered                 -         175

Target on XIth five year plan                    -         700

Target on XIIth five year plan                   -        1000

      Proposal Required for new stations         -         150
      (within next F.Y. 2010-2011 & 2011-2012)
Road Map to achieve target 2010-2012                 604+150=754

      2010-2011                                  -     604+75=679

      2011-2012                                  -     679+75=754
           NAMP Parameters
Parameters monitored
 Criteria pollutants viz. PM10, SO2, NO2 monitored at
  all (424) locations
 Ammonia, CO, O3, PM2.5 and Lead monitored at few
  locations;
 Following parameters needs to be monitored:
    PM 2.5
    Benzo(a)pyrene
    Carbon monoxide
    Ozone
    Benzene
    Metals
Monitoring Programme for additional parameters of Ambient Air Quality for next
                                 two years
                          ( 2010-2011 & 2011-2012)

  Sl. No            Parameter                    Financial year                 Total
                                          2010-2011         20 11-2012       Stations in
                                         No. of Stations   No. of Stations    two F.Y.
    1.        Sulphur dioxide (SO2)            75                75             150

    2.       Nitrogen dioxide (NO2)            75                75             150
    3.       Particulate matter (PM10)         75                75             150
    4.       Particulate matter(PM2.5)         75                75             150
    5.             Ozone (O3)                  10                11              21
    6.       Carbon monoxide (CO)              10                11              21
    7.           Ammonia (NH3)                 75                75             150
     8.           Lead & Nickel                75                75             150
     &              (Pb & Ni )
     9.
    10.          Benzene (C6H6)                10                11              21
    11.      Benzo (a) Pyrene (BaP),           75                75             150
             particulate phase only
                Capital and O&M Cost
 Financial Requirement for Strengthening the National
             Ambient Air Quality Network


 The fund requirement for additional parameters for
  two years: Rs. 4329.45 Lacs.
 The Financial Year wise break up is as below
  Financial Year 2010-2011 = Rs. 2139.5 Lacs
  Financial Year 2011-2012 = Rs. 2189.95 Lacs
 Operation and Maintenance cost for two years is
  Rs.2708.652 Lacs.
 The Financial Year break up is as below
  Financial Year 2010-2011 = Rs. 899.065 Lacs
  Financial Year 2011-2012 = Rs. 1809.587 Lacs
Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations
           for Non- Attainment Cities
  Based on Air Quality data, 72 cities are non attainment cities,
  where the prescribed National Ambient Air Quality Standards
  (NAAQS) are in exceedence;


  As per the directions of Hon’ble Supreme Court setting up of
  CAAQMS in 16 cities on 50:50 cost sharing basis


 Nine stations one each at Hyderabad, Mumbai, Pune, Solapur,
  Bangalore, Agra, Kanpur Varanasi & Ahmedabad are in
  operation.
 Existing Kolkata station of WBPCB is upgraded.
 CAAQMS at Jodhpur be commissioned by December 2010;
 Remaining stations at various stages of tendering;
 CPCB spent Rs. 600 Lacs for CAAQMS project in 16 cities on
  50:50 cost sharing basis.
Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Station/Network.


   Private Participation in the Management of CAAQMS

 Model- I:Operation Contract - All 12 stations
   (Cities covered: Delhi, Lucknow, Bangalore & Chennai)
  All are connected to Central Management units at
   CPCB Head Office, Delhi
 (Expenditure incurred: 11.25 crore)



 Model-II: Build Own & Operate (BOO) Contract
   (Cities covered: Ahmedabad & Mumbai)
  Under implementation
Proposed expansion of CAAQMS in other Non Attainment Cities
                 Estimated cost - CAAQMS

Each station costs Rs. 110.00 Lacs;

•   Of 72 Non Attainment cities, In 23 cities ongoing projects.

•   Estimated Capital cost for remaining 49cities will be: 49X110
    Lacs=Rs. 5390 Lacs;
•
•   12 SPCBs/PCCs proposed for Continuous Ambient Air Quality
    Monitoring Stations (CAAQMS) for 33 cities. The Capital cost for
    33 CAAQMS installations will be Rs. 3630 Lacs. (on 50:50 cost
    sharing basis )

•   The annual Operation & Maintenance cost of each station will be
    borne by the respective SPCBs/PCCs
•
•   The monitoring data of the CAAQMS will be available at SPCBs/
    PCCs and CPCB website.
            Issues on Ambient Air Quality Monitoring

• To achieve 700 stations as specified in XIth Five year plan, SPCBs to
  identify sites/parameters and the additional budget requirement ;
• In the next five years plan (12th FY plan).; the SPCBs/ PCCs may
  specify the location and cost requirement on 50:50 sharing basis;
• Calibrations of equipments/instruments:
     Training of manpower following quality assurance/quality
      control guidelines,
     following standardized methods, locating stations as per
      guidelines;
• Number of online stations to be established at residential and
  industrial sites;
• Data and Payment Certificates gaps: The ambient air quality data
  as well as payment certificates must be sent timely;
• For CAAQMS installed and in operation in, a standardized data
  transfer/processing system required for free flow of information.

				
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posted:9/21/2011
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