Magnet Schools by chenmeixiu

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									What are Magnet
Schools today?

             Charla Bowman
             Stephanie Cain
             Sarah Dekany
             Laurie Hill
             Mallory Jaryga
             April 4, 2006
Welcome to today’s seminar!

   Please help yourself to the provided
    snacks and beverages
   Please be seated as quickly as possible
    so that we may begin
Goals and Objectives

Students will…
 demonstrate their prior knowledge of magnet
  schools.
 understand the origins and development of
  magnet schools.
 contribute meaningfully to the seminar.
 develop an informed opinion about magnet
  schools.
Definition

 “A public elementary school, public
 secondary school, public elementary
 education center, or public secondary
 education center that offers a special
 curriculum capable of attracting substantial
 numbers of students of different racial
 backgrounds."
Purpose

 "Magnet programs aim to eliminate, reduce, or
 prevent minority group isolation in elementary and
 secondary schools while strengthening students'
 knowledge of academic subjects and their grasp of
 marketable vocational skills. The special curriculum
 of a magnet school attracts substantial numbers of
 students from different social, economic, ethnic, and
 racial backgrounds and provides greater
 opportunities for voluntary and court-ordered
 desegregation efforts to succeed."
History of Magnet Schools
   1968 – McCarver Elementary in Tacoma, Washington
   1971 – Supreme Court ruled in favor of a forced integration
    program
   1972 (-1981) – Emergency School Assistance Act
   by 1975 – the term “magnet school” was widely accepted
   1985 –Magnet School Assistance Program (MSAP) in the
    Education for Economic Security Act
     –   focus was aiding desegregation while improving quality of
         education
     –   still exists today
     –   maintains the same goals of integration and choice
Enrollment

   No state specifications
    –   Varies among districts and schools
   Dallas ISD
    –   Student must complete an application
    –   Student may have to complete other requirements based on
        specific schools
    –   30% of the seats are awarded district-wide by rank-ordering
        applicants
    –   70% of the seats are awarded within area superintendents‟
        geographic areas (adjusted proportionally for student
        population) by rank-ordering applicants
    –   Some schools use a lottery system
Who attends magnet schools?

   The typical student is…
    –   less likely to be eligible for free or reduced-price
        lunch programs.
    –   more likely to live in 2-parent households.
    –   more likely to have parents who are employed
        and have college degrees.
Curriculum

   Magnet school curricula must cover state
    academic standards
   Specialized curricula are infused into regular
    class instruction, offered as elective classes,
    or both
   Students take the TAKS test
Teacher Certification

   Basic Requirements
    –   Bachelor‟s degree from an accredited college or university
    –   Completed teacher education through an approved program
    –   Completed appropriate teacher certification tests for desired
        subject and grade level
   To teach at a magnet school
    –   School provided formal/informal training
    –   Professionals teach occasionally
Magnet Schools Assistance Program

   Purpose
    –   Assist in the desegregation of schools by giving financial
        assistance to eligible educational agencies
   Funding
    –   Receive funds like non-magnet public schools
    –   "Only local agencies that are implementing court-ordered or
        federally approved voluntary desegregation plans that
        include magnet schools are eligible to apply. Private
        schools do not participate in this program."
Magnet Schools Assistance Program

   Application
    –   Submit description of how grant will be used to facilitate
        desegregation
    –   How magnet program will increase student academic
        achievement
    –   Criteria used to select students for program
   Priority
    –   Demonstrating greatest need for assistance
    –   Propose to carry out new magnet school programs
    –   Propose to select students by methods such as lottery,
        rather than through academic examination
Brief Discussion

 What are the pros and cons of magnet
 schools as an option of school choice?
Booker T. Washington

   Purposes/Goals
    –   To attract artistically gifted students from the
        Dallas community at large
    –   To accept an ethnically balanced student body
    –   To prepare students for college/ university/
        professional schools or for professional career
        entry
Booker T. Washington

   Purposes/Goals, cont.
    –   To educate the whole child by fostering the
        development of perception, conceptualization,
        sensitivity, and creativity
    –   To develop the students' abilities so that they can
        express their ideas clearly and specifically
        within their chosen art form
Booker T. Washington

   History
    –   Built in 1922 in the Dallas Arts District
    –   First African American high school in Dallas
   Curriculum
    –   Performing and Visual Arts
   Academic Success
   Enrollment/Admission
    –   Audition
   Teacher Certification
    –   Over 83% have advanced degrees
    –   Some professionals
W.H. Atwell Law Academy

   Mission Statement
    –   “The mission of W.H. Atwell is to ensure that all
        students demonstrate the academic, social, and
        emotional skills needed to be successful in
        tomorrow's world. This is accomplished in an
        environment that responds to the unique needs of
        each student through excellence in instruction
        and a partnership of students, staff, parents and
        community.”
W.H. Atwell Law Academy

   Definition and Origin of law magnets
    –   Student profile
    –   School profile
    –   Funding
   Community school and academy
    –   School within a school
   Enrollment
    –   100 available seats
W.H. Atwell Law Academy

   Curriculum
    –   Regular classes integrate ideas and concepts of law
    –   Law electives
   Academic Success
   Extracurricular Activities
    –   Sports
    –   Fine Arts
    –   UIL Competitions
   Attractions
Brief Discussion

 How does public opinion affect the
 decision to attend a magnet school?
Richardson High School

   Mission Statement
      “Richardson high school will continue its rich,
      proud tradition by providing a flexible and
      extensive curriculum, high expectations, and
      partnership with the community to ensure that all
      members of our diverse population become
      productive life-long learners and contributing
      members of the global community.”
Richardson Arts, Law, and Science Magnet
High School


   Mission Statement
      “The purpose of the Richardson Arts, Law
      and Science Magnet High School is to
      accelerate the pursuit of professional
      goals and skills.”
Richardson Arts, Law, and Science Magnet
High School

   Curriculum
    –   Seven “career strands”
    –   Core classes
    –   Classroom differences
    –   Magnet Guidance Program
   Enrollment
    –   Interview, Audition, Writing samples
    –   600 students in magnet programs
    –   16% African American, 10% Asian/Pacific Islander, 8%
        Hispanic, 66% Other
Richardson Arts, Law, and Science Magnet
High School

   Teachers
    –   15 teachers
    –   No additional training and/or education
   Extracurricular Activities
    –   Athletics
    –   Cheerleading
    –   Drill Team
    –   Music
   Academic Success
The Academy of Irving

   Mission Statement
      “The Academy of Irving ISD is a collaborative learning
      community that enhances the district's high school
      education program. It is our mission to provide a unique set
      of relevant learning experiences to our student-customers
      that produces graduates who are life-long learners, effective
      citizens, and productive members of society. We will be a
      nationally recognized model of effective integration of
      business, community and education resources to provide
      students with integrated academic and career
      preparation.”
The Academy of Irving

   History/Founding
    –   Began in 2001-2002
    –   Became a stand-alone campus in 2004
   Curriculum
    –   Advanced & applied technology
    –   Education & early childhood
    –   Legal studies
    –   Entrepreneurship & tourism studies
    –   Medical and dental studies
    –   Visual Arts & Communications
   Academic Success
The Academy of Irving

   Enrollment
    –   Lottery system for students in the Irving school district
    –   55% Hispanic, 7% Asian, 28% White, 10% African
        American
    –   “Our demographics exactly mirror the rest of the district.” –
        Mr. Eric Creeger, VP
   Extra-Curricular Activities
    –   A few academic clubs such as the chess club
    –   No sports
Quotes from Mr. Eric Creeger
Vice Principal, The Academy of Irving


   “The entire point of this building is to make education relevant
    … [to] keep the kids engaged in their career path long enough
    that they see why their education is important to them.”

   Because of pure lottery and uncompetitive admissions, “It’s not
    an elite school. It‟s not „white flight‟ or anything like that.”

   “The biggest problem with education in general … is the
    emphasis on high-stakes testing … we have an alternate
    mission; we actually have a vision for this campus. It‟s not just
    to put up with the kids for four years and get rid of them. We‟re
    working toward a specific goal.”
Brief Discussion

 Would a school with multiple magnet
 programs attract more students than a
 school with only one program?
Small Group Discussion

 Does your school fit the government
 definition of a magnet school?
    - How is it the same?
    - How is it different?
Post-Assessment

 Please take a few moments to complete the
 post-assessment included in your packet.



    Thank you for your participation in
            today‟s seminar!

								
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