11__Glos_GEF_BM_ efs by jizhen1947

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									GEF Glossary E/F/S
Author: World Bank, received on 7 March 2003
Brief description: Global Environment Facility terms with some definitions

[Con correcciones de JML 14-07-2003
implementing agency y executing agency [véanse]]


abatement costs
coûts de dépollution
costos de reducción de la contaminación; costos de descontaminación

acceptance
acceptance
aceptación

access to, transfer of, and cooperation in technology
accès, transfert et coopération sur le plan technologique
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

accession
adhésion
adhesión

Action Committee - AC [UNDP]
Comité d'action
Comité de Acción

action plan
plan d'action
Under the Stockholm Convention on POPs, each Party develops an action plan
designed to identify, characterize and address the release of the chemicals
listed in Annex C.

Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ)
Mécanisme d'exécution conjointe
The Bank's AIJ Program, initiated in collaboration with the Government of Norway
in April 1996, is the precursor to the developments of the PCF (q.v.) and is
based upon the elements of the UNFCCC (q.v.) which established an AIJ pilot
phase.

ad hoc working group
groupe de travail ad hoc
grupo de trabajo especial

Ad Hoc Working Group on Global Warming and Energy - AWGGWE
groupe de travail ad hoc sur le réchauffement planétaire et l'énergie
grupo de trabajo especial sobre el calentamiento de la Tierra y la energía

Adaptation Fund
Fonds d'adaptation au changement climatique
Established by Decision 7/CP.7, this fund, will receive revenues from a share of
the proceeds from clean development mechanism projects under the Kyoto Protocol
and will finance "concrete adaptation projects and programmes." Additional
voluntary contributions are also encouraged.

Administrator's Office
Bureau de l'Administrateur
Oficina del Administrador

advance contribution
contribution anticipée
contribución anticipada
Sum used to prevent an interruption in the GEF's ability to make financing
commitments pending the effectiveness of the GEF Trust Fund. The sum involved
was to be one-quarter of the total amount of each contribution for which an
Instrument of Commitment had been deposited with the Trustee as an advance
contribution.

advance payment
versement anticipé (d'une contribution)
pago anticipado
Contribution paid in cash and in advance.   The GEF Secretariat invests the money
and keeps the investment income.

adverse effects of climate change
effets négatifs, défavorables du changement climatique
efectos perniciosos del cambio climático

Agenda 21
(programme) Action 21
Programa 21
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit)
agreement on action to be taken to protect the environment. It proposes
integrating environmental protection and economic development.

agreed full cost = full agreed cost
totalité du coût convenu, fixé, arrêté, approuvé
costo total convenido
Cost incurred by developing countries in carrying out their obligations under
Article 12.1 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
(national communications, including a national inventory of anthropogenic
emissions).

agreed (full) incremental cost(s)
(totalité du) surcoût convenu, fixé, arrêté, approuvé
costo(s) total(es) incremental(es) convenido(s)
The full amount of the additional GEF expenditure that is not offset by any
additional nationally appropriated benefits.

agreed global environmental benefits
effets positifs convenus pour l'environnement mondial
generar beneficios ecológicos mundiales acordados

agrobiodiversity = agricultural biodiversity
biodiversité du/des paysage(s) agricole(s), valorisation agricole de la
biodiversité, diversité des espèces élevées/cultivées, biodiversité agricole,
biodiversité des cultures, agrobiodiversité
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Also an operational program
(q.v.).

alien species
espèces exotiques
especies foráneas
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Alternate
suppléant
representante suplente

anthropogenic emissions
émissions anthropiques
emisiones antropógenas
Emissions of greenhouse gases caused by man's activities.

anthropogenic interference
intrusion humaine
intervención humana; interferencia antropógena

analytical framework [STAP]
cadre analytique
marco analítico
Framework that provides a scientific, technical and economic rationale for the
development of criteria and priorities for projects in the three areas of global
warming, biodiversity and international waters.

approval
approbation
aprobación

Arbitral Tribunal
tribunal d'arbitrage
Tribunal de Arbitraje

arbitration
arbitrage
arbitraje

area officer [UNDP]
responsable de zone
oficial de zona

arid and semi-arid ecosystems (OP#1)
écosystèmes arides et semi-arides
ecosistemas áridos y semiáridos
One of the five Operational Programs (q.v.) in the Biodiversity Focal Area (q.v.)
and one of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas
zones arides, semi-arides et sèches subhumides
zonas áridas, semiáridas y subhúmedas secas

arid, semi-arid and mediterranean-type ecosystems
écosystèmes arides, semi-arides et de type méditerranéen
ecosistemas áridos, semiáridos y de tipo mediterráneo

Assembly
Assemblée
Asamblea
Body consisting of representatives of all participants that meets every three to
four years. It reviews the general policies of the GEF, reviews and evaluates
its operation, reviews membership and considers amendments to the Instrument for
the Establishment of the Restructured Global Environment Facility (First GEF
Assembly: New Delhi, 1998; Second GEF Assembly: Beijing, 2002).

Assistant Chief Executive Officer = Assistant CEO
Directeur général adjoint

associated project, loan
projet, prêt couplé
proyecto, préstamo conexo
Implementing Agencies' project/loan associated with a GEF project/grant. This
is the main form of cofinancing GEF projects. Opposite of a free-standing
project.

associated financing
financement d'activités connexes
This is finance for other activities that are related to the project or to
similar commitments but which is not essential for the project's successful
implementation.

awareness
sensibilisation
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes
and their Disposal [UNEP]
Convention de Bâle sur le contrôle des mouvements transfrontières de déchets
dangereux et de leur élimination
Convenio de Basilea sobre el control de los movimientos transfronterizos de los
desechos peligrosos y su eliminación

baseline [adj. and noun]
adj. : de référence; de base; noun : schéma de base, qqf. scénario de base, de
réference
adj.: de referencia; básico; noun: plan básico
The reference point for calculating incremental costs. The GEF funds the
difference between the cost of a project undertaken with global environmental
objectives in mind and the costs of the same project without global
environmental concerns. The baseline is the latter project that yields only
national benefits.

baseline (in the Prototype Carbon Fund, q. v., context)
scénario/profil/trajectoire de référence
Courbe de réduction des émissions à partir de laquelle sont calculées les
réductions supplémentaires, chiffrées en URE (q.v.), qui peuvent être vendues.

baseline methodology
Mode de détermination du scénario/profil/trajectoire de référence
Methodology used by the Prototype Carbon Fund (q.v.) to determine the
baseline(q.v.).

BDC = Biological Diversity Convention see Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD)

Benefit sharing
mécanismes redistributifs, partage du fruit/des avantages de l'utilisation de la
biodiversité
L'un des concepts au coeur de la Convention sur la diversité biologique qui
parle, à ce sujet, du " partage équitable des avantages découlant de
l'utilisation des connaissances, innovations et pratiques traditionnelles
intéressant la conservation de la diversité biologique et l'utilisation durable
de ses éléments "

Beyond the Pilot Phase
Au-delà de la phase pilote
Después de la etapa experimental

Biodiversity =bilogical diversity
biodiversité; diversité biologique
NB toujours utiliser " diversité bilogique " lorsqu'il s'agit du titre de la
Convention ou du domaine d'intervention (Focal area, q.v.) du FEM.
diversidad biológica; biodiversidad
The diversity of plants, animals and other living organisms in all their forms
and levels of organization. Includes the diversity of genes, species and
ecosystems, as well as the evolutionary and functional processes that link them.

biodiversity component under threat
aspects menacés de la biodiversité
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

biodiversity conservation
préservation de la biodiversité, diversité biologique
conservación de la biodiversidad

Biodiversity Data Management and Networking [UNEP]
gestion et mise en réseau des données sur la biodiversité
ordenación de datos y redes sobre biodiversidad

biodiversity loss
appauvrissement, amenuisement, recul, déclin, diminution, épuisement de la
biodiversité
pérdida de biodiversidad
One of the key environmental issues dealt with as part of the biodiversity focal
area.

biodiversity resources
patrimoine de biodiversité

biodiversity task force
groupe d'étude sur la biodiversité

Biodiversity Trust Fund= Conservation Trust Fund
Fonds fiduciaire pour la préservation de la biodiversité
Fondo Fiduciario para la Protección de la Biodiversidad
One of the conservation trust funds established through the GEF.

biological diversity see biodiversity

Biological Diversity Convention (BDC) see Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD)

biological inventorying
réalisation des inventaires des ressources biologiques
preparación de inventarios biológicos

biological resources
ressources biologiques
recursos biológicos

biome
biome
bioma
A community of living organisms in a single major ecological region.

biosafety
prévention des risques biotechnologiques
seguridad de la biotecnología; seguridad biológica; bioseguridad
One of the program priorities (q. v.) determined by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Biosphere reserve
Réserve de biosphère
Un réseau mondial de zones protégées appelées réserves de biosphère a été mis en
place dans le cadre du programme MAB (Program on Man and the Biosphere) de
l'Unesco. La conservation est l'un des objectifs principaux des réserves de
biosphère. Elle obéit à une conception intégrée suivant laquelle toutes les
espèces qui composent les écosystèmes d'une réserve doivent être préservées.Une
réserve de biosphère comprend des zones naturelles protégées et d'autres qui
sont modifiées par les activités de l'homme. Ainsi on distingue une aire
centrale noyau qui ne doit pas être modifiée et une zone tampon, où sont menées
des activités expérimentales.

biotechnology
biotechnologie
biotecnología

Block A, B, C funds
ressources du bloc A, B, C
fondos del Bloque A, B, C
For definition see Project Development and Preparation Facility

buffer zone
zona de amortiguamiento

burden sharing
répartition des charges; partage de la charge à supporter
participación en la financiación de los costos; distribución de la carga;
reparto de los gastos; distribución de las responsabilidades

Bureau for Programme Policy and Evaluation - BPPE [UNDP]
Bureau de la politique et de l'évaluation du programme - BPEP
Dirección de Política y Evaluación de Programas - DPEP

Business Plan
plan d'activité
plan de actividades

calculation of incremental costs see determination of incremental costs

Capacity Assistance Network (CAN)
Réseau d'aide au renforcement des capacités
The Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Stockholm Convention on Persistent
Organic Pollutants (May 2001) has requested UNEP and GEF to cooperate in
developing the modalities for a Capacity Assistance Network (CAN) that will
identify and maintain an inventory of sources of assistance outside those to be
provided through the financial mechanism of the Convention, and encourage the
involvement of the private sector and non-governmental organizations in
providing assistance.
Capacity Development Initiative
Intitiative de renforcement des capacités
Iniciativa de desarrollo de la capacidad
GEF's Initiative to develop capacities in participating countries

Carbon finance = carbon financing
Achat d'URE (q.v.) par le Fonds prototype pour le carbone (q.v.), vente d'URE au
Fonds prototype pour le carbone

carbon offset
1. compensation, contrepartie des émissions de carbone
compensación de las emisiones de carbono
Making up for emission of carbon dioxide, such as planting trees.
2. unité de réduction des émissions (URE) (q.v.)
A certain quantity of pollutant substances which can be traded with countries or
other geographical units that produce lower pollution. It was determined under
the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), approved under the December 1997 Kyoto
Protocol.

carbon sequestration
fixation du carbone
retención de carbono; secuestro de carbono
Retaining carbon, which would normally be released (in the form of carbon
dioxide) into the atmosphere, e.g. by reforestation.

carbon sink
puits de carbone
sumidero del carbono
Natural system that absorbs greenhouse gases from the atmosphere and stores them.
Examples are trees, plants and the oceans.

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (to the Convention on Biological Diversity)
Protocole de Cartagena sur la prévention des risques biotechnologiques (à la
Convention sur la diversité biologique)
Protocolo de Cartagena sobre Seguridad de la Biotecnología (del Convenio sobre
la Diversidad Biológica)

Cash and cash equivalents
Efectivo y equivalentes de efectivo
Source: GEF Annual Report 2002 - Notes to Financial Statements

cash (basis) accounting
(méthode de la) comptabilité de caisse
contabilidad en valores de caja
A form of accounting wherein transactions are recorded only as cash is paid or
received. Related financial statements are usually restricted to a summary of
receipts and payments. GEF financial statements are prepared using cash basis
accounting, modified to reflect notes not encashed.

CBD see Conference on Biological Diversity
Center for Global Change
Centre pour le changement mondial
Centro para el Cambio Mundial

centers of excellence
centres d'excellence
centros de excelencia; centros de estudios superiores

CEO see Chief Executive Officer

Chair; Chairperson [Council]
président de séance
Presidente (de una reunión del Consejo)
Person elected by the Council for the duration of a Council meeting to conduct
deliberations at a Council meeting. The post alternates from one meeting to
another between recipient and non-recipient Council Members.

Chief Executive Officer /(and) Chairperson of the GEF - CEO
Directeur général et Président du FEM - DG
Funcionario Ejecutivo Principal y Presidente del FMAM
Officer appointed to serve for three years on a full-time basis to head the
Secretariat of the GEF.

chlorofluorocarbon - CFC
chlorofluorocarbone - CFC
clorofluorocarbono - CFC
Greenhouse gas used for refrigeration and air conditioning.

CHM focal point
point focal pour le CDE
National officer/body operating/functioning as the clearing house mechanism
under the Biodiversity Convention.

Clean development mechanism (CDM)
Mécanisme pour un développement propre
The Kyoto Protocol provides for the possibility of creating transferable
greenhouse gas Emission Reductions (q.v.) through investment in mitigation
projects operated under Article 12 (Clean Development Mechanism). Article 12
refers to "reductions in emissions that are additional to any that would occur
in the absence of the certified project activity".

clean technologies
technologies non polluantes
tecnologías o técnicas no contaminantes

Clearing House Mechanism; clearinghouse mechanism - CHM
Centre d'échange - CDE
Mecanismo de facilitación (Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica)
Mechanism established pursuant to Article 18.3 of the Convention on Biological
Diversity to promote technical and scientific cooperation.

climate change
changements climatiques
NB préférer " modification/évolution du climat " lorsqu'il s'agit du phénomène
et non du domaine d'intervention (Focal area, q.v.) du FEM ou du titre de la
Convention.
cambio climático
One of the four focal areas that the GEF focuses on.

climate system
système climatique
sistema climático
The totality of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and geosphere and their
interactions.

climate task force
groupe d'étude sur les changements climatiques

coastal and marine biodiversity
biodiversité côtière et marine
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

coastal, marine, and freshwater ecosystems (including wetlands) (OP#2)
écosystèmes côtiers, marins et dulcicoles (y compris les zones humides)
ecosistemas costeros, marinos y de agua dulce (incluidas las tierras húmedas)
One of the five Operational Programs (q.v.) in the Biodiversity Focal Area
(q.v.).

coastal zone management
gestion du littoral
gestión de las zonas costeras

cofinancing
cofinancement
cofinanciamiento
Portion of the costs of a GEF project shared by an Implementing Agency,
government, bilateral development agency or other organisation, such as a
foundation, as part of the initial financing package for the GEF project and
without which the GEF objectives could not be met. It comes in addition to the
GEF allocation.

cofinancing arrangements
dispositifs de cofinancement
acuerdos de cofinanciamiento

cofinancing target
objectif de cofinancement
Targeted cofinancing level (q.v.).

collaborating institution
institution collaboratrice
institución colaborante

cofinancing ratio = cofinancing level
taux/niveau de cofinancement
Share of "cofinancing" in total funding for a project.

Commission on Sustainable Development [UN]
Commission du développement durable
Comisión sobre el Desarrollo Sostenible

commitment authority; authority
pouvoir d'engagement (des ressources)
facultad de contraer compromisos; facultad de comprometer fondos
The authority that GEF has to make commitments based on the amount of resources
it has received or had committed from donors. The authority covers
contributions received in the form of notes and cash deposits, and investment
income generated on cash deposits, less actual project disbursements and
anticipated administrative costs of the GET.

Committee on Science and Technology (CST)
Comité de la science et de la technologie (CST)
Committee established as a subsidiary body of the Conference of the Parties to
the Convention to Combat Desertification in order to provide it with information
and advice on scientific and technological matters relating to combating
desertification and mitigating the effects of drought.

communication requirements to a Convention
information, données à communiquer en application d'une Convention
obligación (de un Estado Parte en el Convenio o la Convención) de presentar
información; información que debe presentarse de conformidad con el Convenio o
la Convención
Include inventories, compilation of information, policy analysis, and strategies
and action plans

communications and outreach
communication et diffusion de l'information
actividades de comunicacion y extension

compliance
observation; respect;conformité
cumplimiento; conformidad
Used to refer to compliance with the Montreal Protocol, which involves an
obligation to report on the production consumption of ozone-depleting substances
and trade according to the requirements of the Protocol. Compliance with the
Montreal Protocol is a prerequisite for receiving funding under the Multilateral
Fund.

component (e.g. biodiversity component, climate change component)
volet (p. ex. volet "biodiversité", volet "changements climatiques")
componente (p.ej. componente de diversidad biológica, componente de cambio
climático)
Most projects in a specific focal area have components in other focal areas.

concept of incremental costs
principe du surcoût; notion de surcoût
fondos fiduciarios para fines de conservación
See incremental costs for definition.

concessional and preferential terms
conditions concessionnelles et préférentielles
condiciones concesionarias y preferenciales

concessional basis, on a
à titre concessionnel
en condiciones concesionarias, muy favorables

concessional funding, financing
financement concessionnel, à des conditions libérales
financiamiento en condiciones concesionarias, muy favorables

Conciliation Commission
Commission de Conciliation
Comisión de Conciliación

Conference of the Parties - COP
Conférence des Parties
Conferencia de las Partes
Countries that have ratified a convention. In the BDC and FCCC, it is the
supreme body of the Convention. It reviews the implementation of the Convention
and makes the decisions necessary to promote the effective implementation of the
Convention.

consensus
consensus
consenso
Decisions of the Assembly and the Council are taken by consensus wherever
possible. A formal vote may be taken if no consensus appears attainable.

conservation
préservation de la biodiversité/des écosystèmes/du patrimoine naturel

Conservation and sustainable use of biological
diversity important to agriculture (OP#13) = Agrobiodiversity Operational
 Program
préservation de la biodiversité agricole et
utilisation durable de ses composantes
One of the five Operational Programs (q.v.) in the Biodiversity Focal Area
(q.v.).

Conservation Easement
servitude écologique, servitude de protection
In North America, a conservation easement is a voluntary legal agreement between
a landowner and a qualified conservation agency. Under this agreement, the
landowner continues to own and manage the land with benefits to both the
landowner and the environment.

Conservation Trust Fund
fonds fiduciaire pour la préservation de la biodiversité
Fondo Fiduciario para la Protección de la Biodiversidad
Funds established through GEF projects to support management plans for parks and
other protected areas by financing improved park administration, research and
community development. They build new partnerships between governments, NGOs,
community groups, scientists and others, and attract resources beyond GEF's
grants.

conservation/use of endemic species
protection/utilisation des espèces endémiques
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

constituency (arrangement)
(système/mode de représentation par) groupe (de pays), (mode de repésentation)
collégiale
grupo de países representados; sistema de representación (por grupo)
Groupings of Participant States. Each constituency shall appoint a Member and
Alternate to represent the constituency in the Council. There are 32
constituencies - 19 composed of recipient constituencies and 14 of non-recipient
constituencies.
Constructed   wetland
Zone humide   artificielle
Buffer zone   developed to facilitate natural "treatment'' of sewage/waste water
by emergent   plants.

contact group
groupe de liaison
grupo de enlace

contaminant-based program (OP#10)
programme sur les polluants
programa basado en los contaminantes
One of the three Operational Programs (q.v.) in the International Waters Focal
Area (q.v.).

Contracting Party
partie contractante
Parte Contratante

Contributing Participants
participant contribuant; État participant et contribuant
Participante Contribuyente
Any state participatingin the GEF and contributing to the GEF Trust Fund.

contribution pledge
contribution annoncée; annonce de contribution
promesa de contribución

contributions
contributions
contribuciones; aportaciones

control measures
mesures de réglementation
Measures to be adhered to by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Ozone
Depleting Substances. They relate to the level of consumption of the controlled
substances listed in the Protocol Annexes, including CFCs.

controlled substance
substance réglementée
sustancia controlada
Substance listed in Annex A, B, C or E to the Montreal Protocol whose use is
restricted under the Convention. Includes ozone-depleting substances such as
chlorofluorocarbons.

Convention for Co-operation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and
Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region
Convention relative à la coopération en matière de protection et de mise en
valeur du milieu marin et des zones côtières de la région de l'Afrique de
l'ouest et du centre
Convenio sobre la cooperación para la protección y el desarrollo del medio
marino y las zonas costeras de la región de Africa occidental y central

Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the
Wider Caribbean Region
Convention sur la protection et la mise en valeur du milieu marin dans la région
des Caraïbes
Convenio para la protección y el desarrollo del medio marino de la región del
gran Caribe

Convention guidance
directives des Parties/de la Conférence des parties( à la/aux
Convention/Conventions); directives (reçues/données) au titre de la/des
Convention/Conventions;
directrices del Convenio
Guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on
Biological Diversity or FCCC or both and/or to the GEF (in its capacity as the
institutional structure to operate the financial mechanism of these conventions).

Convention focal point
point focal pour la Convention
Organization or person in each recipient country which acts as contact point for
the CBD, the UNFCCC or the Convention to Combat Desetification).

Convention on Biological Diversity - CBD
Convention sur la diversité biologique - CDB
Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica
The GEF functions as the financial mechanism for this convention

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
- CITES [UNEP]
Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore
sauvages menacées d'extinction - CITES
Convención sobre el comercio internacional de especies amenazadas de fauna y
flora silvestres - CITES

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (Bonn
Convention)
Convention sur la conservation des espèces migratoires appartenant à la faune
sauvage (Convention de Bonn)
Convención sobre la conservación de las especies migratorias de animales
silvestres (Convención de Bonn)

Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and
Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region
Convention relative à la protection, à la gestion et à la mise en valeur du
milieu marin et des zones côtières de la région de l'Afrique de l'est
Convenio para la protección, la ordenación y el desarrollo del medio marino y
costero de la región de Africa oriental

Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the
South Pacific Region
Convention sur la protection des ressources naturelles et de l'environnement de
la région du Pacifique sud
Convenio para la protección de los recursos naturales y el medio ambiente de la
región del Pacífico sur

(Stockholm) Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (CPOP)
Convention (de Stockholm) sur les polluants organiques persistants (CPOP)
Adopted by the Conference of plenipotentiaries on the Stockholm Convention on
persistent organic pollutants, Stockholm, 22-23 May 2001

Convention on the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil - OILPOL
Convention sur la prévention de la pollution marine par les hydrocarbures -
OILPOL
Convenio Internacional para Prevenir la Contaminación de las Aguas del Mar por
Hidrocarburos - OILPOL

coordinating unit
bureau de coordination
seguridad de la biotecnología; seguridad biológica; bioseguridad
Unit responsible for GEF projects within each Implementing Agency.

COP see Conference of the Parties

core focal area = core activities
domaine d'intervention traditionnel = activités traditionnelles
As opposed to the "new" focal areas (Land Degradation and Persistent Organic
Pollutants) proposed for inclusion to the 2002 GEF Assembly.

core fund (contributions)
fonds de base; ressources de base; fonds central
recursos básicos (del FMAM)
[see also GEF Core Fund]
Also known as the GEF Trust Fund, it consists of the basic fund of GEF resources.

corporate budget = corporate management budget = administrative budget (old name)
budget de fonctionnement (du FEM)
presupuesto (del FMAM)
Resources of the 6 GEF Units (i.e. the GEF Family) for their corporate
management activities (institutional relations, coordination, knowledge
management, outreach, external relations, management and finance, monitoring and
evaluation) in support of GEF's business and operational activities. Includes
personnel costs.

Corporate Budget Mid-Year Report
rapport semestriel d'exécution du budget de fonctionnement
A Corporate Budget Mid-Year Report is to be submitted for Council review in the
third quarter of each fiscal year.

corporate business plan
plan d'activité
Cadre d'orientation stratégique axé sur les programmes d'opérations (q.v.)
définis par la stratégie opérationnelle(q.v.). Triennal, le plan d'activité est
différent du programme de travail (work program, q.v., qui correspond à la liste
des projets approuvés chaque année dans le cadre de chacun des programmes
d'opérations).
plan de actividades del FMAM

cost norms
coût indicatif (autorisé)
costo indicativo
Cost not to be exceeded for projects/components in the enabling activities
category.

Council
Conseil
Consejo
GEF governing body that consists of 32 members representing constituency
groupings that meets semi-annually. It develops, adopts and evaluates the
operational policies and programs for GEF-financed activities.

Council meeting
réunion du conseil
Semi-annual meetings(May & October) of the GEF Council (q.v.)

counterfactual
hypothèse; fictif
hipótesis; caso hipotético
An economic what if? Used to imagine what might have happened to an economy if
some condition was different from actual reality, e.g. if inflation were only x%,
then..

Country Case Studies on Costs, Benefits and Unmet Needs of Biodiversity [UNDP]
Monographies nationales : Coûts, avantages et besoins non satisfaits en matière
de biodiversité
estudios por países de costos, beneficios y necesidades insatisfechas en materia
de biodiversidad

(country) case study
monographie (nationale)
estudio (sobre un país)

country-driven (project)
(projet) lancé, entrepris à l'initiative des pays, (action) suscitée par les
pays
(proyecto) propuesto o emprendido por iniciativa de un país
All GEF projects are country-driven.

Country-driven project cycle
rôle moteur des pays dans le cycle des projets
ciclo de los proyectos determinado por las preferencias de los países
Refers to a project that forms part of a country's national environmental and
developmental priorities.

Country Dialogue Workshop (CDW)
atelier de dialogue avec les pays
Expands upon the project development workshops (q.v.) held from 1995 to 1998.
Fosters capacity building activities by targeting a broad audience of decision-
makers and potential project partners.

country office
bureau national
oficina del país
UNDP representation in member countries.

country programs [Montreal Protocol]
programme par pays
programas por países

country study
étude-pays
estudio sobre un país

Country Support Team
antenne d'aide aux pays
One of the OPS2 (q.v.)recommendations : "Establishing a separate unit (Country
Support Team) [within the GEF Secretariat] that possesses adequate regional
knowledge, language capacity, and the competence to provide the national
operational focal points, in close collaboration with the IAs and the EAs, with
effective, prompt policy and procedural guidance".
Criteria for Eligibility and Priorities [STAP]
critères d'attribution des ressources et de sélection des priorités
criterios de admisibilidad y prioridades

Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund
Fonds du Partenariat pour la préservation des écosystèmes vitaux

cross-cutting activities
activités transsectorielles ; activités recoupant tous les/ plusieurs domaines
d'intervention;
actividades que abarcan varias esferas; actividades multisectoriales
Activities, rather than issues (q.v. " cross-cutting issues "), that cut across
focal areas, e.g. land degradation.

cross-cutting capacity building
actions transsectorielles de renforcement des capacités
Capacity building that buids on synergies between the Conventions.

cross-cutting issues
aspects, questions transsectoriel(les)/relatifs(ves) à tous les domaines
d'intervention, de portée générale
Issues/features which apply to all focal areas (sustainability, leveraging,
capacity building, country ownership, private sector involvement, etc.)

cross-sectoral task forces
groupes d'étude intersectoriels
grupos de estudio multisectoriales
Informal institutions providing upstream consultation on projects which cut
across focal areas.

cultivated species
espèce(s) cultivée(s)
especie(s) cultivada(s)

data manager
administrateur des données
coordinador de información

decision of the Council
Décision du Conseil
decisión del Consejo
Decision made at a regular or special meeting of the Council or at an executive
session or without meeting.

decision(s) without meeting [para 34-326 of the Council Rules of Procedure]
décision(s) prise(s) par correspondance
decisión (decisiones) aprobada(s) sin convocar a reunión
Invitation made by mail to Council members to approve a decision on a no
objection basis.

deforestation
déboisement
deforestación; despoblación forestal

demand side management - DSM
gestion de la demande
gestión de la demanda
Policies and programs designed to reduce consumer demand for electricity and
other energy sources. Helps to reduce the need to build new power plants.

demonstration project
projet témoin
proyecto experimental

Depositary [FCCC]
Dépositaire
Depositario
Body where the Convention and protocols are deposited.   For the FCCC it is the
Secretary-General of the United Nations.

desertification
désertification
desertificación

determination of incremental costs; calculation of incremental costs
mode de calcul du surcoût; chiffrage du surcoût
determinación del (de los) costo(s) incremental(es); cálculo del (de los)
costo(s) incremental(es)

developed country parties
pays développés Parties; pays développés parties à la Convention
Partes que son países desarrollados
Countries included in Annex I and II of the FCCC.

developing country parties
pays en développement Parties; pays en développement parties à la Convention
Partes que son países en desarrollo
Countries not included in Annex I and II of the FCCC.

Development Objectives (DO)
objectifs de développement
The Bank rates Bank-GEF projects individually to measure the extent to which
they are expected to achieve their major global environment/development
objectives.

directives for project selection
directives pour la sélection de projets
pautas, directrices para la selección de proyectos

discount rates
taux d'actualisation
tasas de actualización

dissemination
diffusion
difusión; divulgación

distributed generation
production décentralisée (d'électricité)
Production d'électricité par de petites unités autonomes: microturbines à gaz,
piles à combustible, capteurs solaires, éoliennes, etc.

domestic benefits
avantages nationaux; effets positifs sur le plan national
beneficios nacionales
The benefits that accrue to a country from a GEF project aimed at achieving
global environmental benefits. The country bears the expenditure for the
domestic benefits.

domesticated species
espèce domestiquée
especie domesticada

donor
pays donateur (État contribuant au FEM); bailleur de fonds (instance, autre
qu'État, finançant le FEM); terme générique : les bailleurs de fonds

double weighted majority system
système de double majorité
sistema de mayoría doble
System used in the formal vote procedure, it is an affirmative vote representing
both a 60% majority of the total number of participants and 60% majority of the
total contributions.

dry forest
forêt sèche
Le terme forêt sèche s'applique aux zones où la pluviométrie est inférieure à 1
600 mm par an. Pas nécessairement tropicale.

Earth Increment
supplément spécial pour la Terre
incremento para la Tierra
Proposed additional funding for IDA for environmental projects.

Earth Summit
Sommet "planète Terre"
Cumbre para la Tierra
Informal title of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.

Eastern Caribbean Environment and Coastal Resources Management Project - ENCORE
Projet pour la gestion de l'environnement et des ressources côtières
Proyecto de gestión del medio ambiente y los recursos costeros del Caribe
oriental

ecological   inventory
inventaire   écologique
inventario   ecológico
A detailed   list of the environmental resources in a specific region or area.

ecological restoration
reconstitution écologique
restablecimiento ecológico
Returning an environmental resource to its previous condition, following damage
to that resource.

ecosystem
écosystème
ecosistema

ecosystem approach = (ecosystem) integrated management
approche écosystémique, approche à l'échelle de l'écosystème, approche globale
de l'écosystème = gestion intégrée (d'un écosystème)
Holistic approach recognizing interactions among ecosystem components (e.g.
human social and economic systems interact with physical and biological parts of
the system)

ecosystem stress
perturbation de l'écosystème, agression de, dont est victime, l'écosystème
perturbación de un ecosistema

elected Chairperson
Président élu
Presidente elegido
Member elected Chairperson by the Council for the duration of a meeting in
according with Paragraph 8 of Instrument for the Establishment of the
Restructured Global Environmental Facility.

eligible (country, activity, etc.)
pouvant prétendre à un financement; répondant aux conditions requises;
satisfaisant aux critères de financement; ouvrant droit à financement
que cumplen las condiciones necesarias; que reúnen los requisitos (exigidos);
que pueden recibir asistencia

eligible expenditure
dépenses autorisées
gastos admisibles

eligibility criteria
critères d'attribution des ressources; critères d'agrément
criterios de admisibilidad
The conditions that a project must fulfill in order to qualify for GEF funding.

emission
émission
emisión; descarga en la atmósfera; emanación

emission factor
coefficient d'émission
Ratio between the amount of pollution generated and the amount of a given raw
material processed. The term may also refer to the ratio between the emissions
generated and the outputs of production processes.

emission of global warming gases from rice fields
émission de gaz des rizières favorisant le réchauffement planétaire
emisión de gases de efecto invernadero en los arrozales

Emission Reduction(s) (Kyoto Protocol)
la réduction des émissions, les réductions d'émission, les réductions ouvrant
droit à crédits d'émission, les crédits résultant de la réduction des émissions,
les crédits/droits d'émission ; les unités de réduction [certifiées (art. 3, par.
12)] des émissions (URE)/les URE certifiées
The Kyoto Protocol (KP) provides for the possibility of creating transferable
greenhouse gas (GHG) Emission Reductions through investment in mitigation
projects.

enabling activities (EA)
activités habilitantes
actividades de apoyo
They are a means of fulfilling essential communication requirements to a
Convention, provide a basic and essential level of information to enable policy
and strategic decisions to be made, or assist planning that identifies priority
activities within a country. Include inventories, compilation of information,
policy analysis, and strategies and action plans. They will normally qualify for
full cost funding when they are directly related to agreed global environmental
benefits and consistent with the Convention's guidance. One of three broad,
interrelated categories of the work program.

Enabling Memorandum
Mémorandum aux Administrateurs
Memorando de creación del FMAM
Memorandum put forward by World Bank management embodying a formal resolution
for board approval to establish the GEF.

endogenous capacities
capacités endogènes
capacidad endógena

endogenous capacity building
renforcement des capacités endogènes
desarrollo de la capacidad endógena

endorsement (of a project)
agrément (par le Directeur général)
aprobación (de un proyecto)

energy consumption
consommation énergétique
consumo de energía

energy conservation
économies d'énergie; utilisation rationnelle de l'énergie
conservación de energía

energy efficiency
(amélioration du) rendement énergétique, (utilisation d') équipements à haut
rendement énergétique [sens restreint, technique ; celui du OP#5, q.v.];
utilisation (économiquement et écologiquement) rationnelle de l'énergie [sens
plus large]; maîtrise de l'énergie [domaine d'action, sens général] ; efficacité
énergétique [si l'accent est délibérément mis sur le rendement par rapport au
coût]
uso eficiente de la energía; rendimiento energético

energy-intensive products
produits à forte intensité énergétique
productos de alto consumo de energía

energy service company (ESCO)
société de services énergétiques

Environment and Natural Resources Group [UNDP]
Groupe de l'environnement et des ressources naturelles
Grupo del Medio Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales

Environmental Impact Assessment - EIA
étude d'impact sur l'environnement (EIE); évaluation des effets sur
l'environnement
evaluación del impacto ambiental; evaluación de los efectos ambientales
environmental reasonableness
écologiquement raisonnable
justificación ecológica; ecológicamente razonable

environmentally reasonable baseline
schéma,scénario de base écologiquement raisonnable
actividades básicas ecológicamente razonables
See baseline for definition

environmental stress
agressions dont est victime l'environnement
estrés ambiental; perturbaciones del medio ambiente

environmentally sound technology
technologie écologiquement rationnelle/respectueuse de l'environnement,
écotechnologie
tecnología ecológicamente racionale

equitable and balanced representation
représensation equitable et équilibrée
representación equitativa y equilibrada

Evaluation Manager
directeur de l'évaluation
gerente de evaluación

executing agency
organisme d'exécution
organismo de ejecución

[ antes: "entidad encargada de ejecutar un proyecto" Véase Recopil Notas term NY
2002.<JML 14/07/2003>]

The organization that actually carries out the project.   The project is managed
by the Implementing agency (q.v.).

executing agency acting under expanded opportunities
[See executing agency operating under expanded opportunities]

executing agency operating under expanded opportunities
organisme d'exécution (opérant/pouvant opérer) sous le régime du dispositif
élargi
Organisme d'exécution retenu (par le FEM) dans le cadre du mécanisme
d'élargissement, q.v. (pour la mise en œuvre des projets du FEM)
entidad encargada de ejecutar los proyectos acogida al mecanismo de ampliación
de oportunidades

Executive Committee for the Multilateral Fund
Comité exécutif du Fonds multilatéral
Comité Ejecutivo del Fondo Multilateral

Executive Coordinator
coordonnateur exécutif
Coordinador Ejecutivo
The head of the GEF coordination unit in the three implementing agencies.

Executive GEF Operations Committee; Executive GEFOP
Comité exécutif des opérations (du FEM)
Comité Ejecutivo de Operaciones (del FMAM)
Created in 1997, it comprises the assistant CEO, the coordinator and the deputy
coordinator of each IA, the executive Secretaries of the Conventions and the
chairperson of the STAP.

executive session
séance à huis clos
sesión ejecutiva
Executive sessions of Council meeting are restricted to Members, Alternates,
advisors and the CEO, unless the Council specifically invites other parties to
attend (rules of Procedure for the GEF Council.)

expanded opportunities
mécanisme d'élargissement, régime du dispositif élargi
System expanding the Implementing Agencies' (q.v.) role to selected executing
agencies (e.g. AfDB, AsDB, EBRD, FAO, UNIDO). Under "expanded opportunities",
the selected agencies will be able to prepare and implement GEF projects and
access PDF-B (q.v.) resources

expanded opportunities for executing agencies
mécanisme d'élargissement du rôle des organismes d'exécution

expedited procedure(s) = expeditious procedure(s)
procédure (d'approbation) accélérée
procedimiento acelerado
Activities directly endorsed by the CEO (q.v).

Expert Advisory Panel see International Expert Advisory Panel

ex-situ (to complement in-situ)
conservation ex situ en complément des actions in situ
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

ex-situ conservation
conservation ex situ
conservación ex situ o fuera del lugar de origen

extraordinary sessions
sessions extraordinaires
sesiones extraordinarias

FCCC see Framework Convention on Climate Change

fee, fees
allocation pour frais
Amount paid to GEF Implementing Agencies to cover their GEF project direct and
related costs.

fee-based system
mécanisme de défraiement
sistema de servicios remunerados
Basis for the determination and the funding by GEF of Implementation Agencies'
responsibilities (project direct costs and corporate management costs) in the
implementation of GEF projects.

fee structure
barème des frais
Rates used in the fee-base system (q.v.). A flat fee for standard projects
applies to each project type implemented by Implementing Agencies. Premiums and
discounts are applied for non-standard projects (regional, global, joint, etc.)

field test
essai pratique, sur site
ensayo sobre el terreno

final agency approval (commitment)
aval définitif de l'Agent d'exécution (engagement)
After GEF approval (= work program allocation), each project has to be endorsed
by the appropriate Implementing Agency (= project agreement signature - UNDP,
Board approval - World Bank).

financial mechanism
mécanisme financier
mecanismo de financiamiento
Procedure set up under the Conventions (CDB, UNFCC, CPOP, q.v.), whereby the GEF
operates the financial procedures for the Conventions. Also applies to the
Kyoto Protocol.

financial resources
ressources financières
recursos financieros

financing, funding gap
déficit de financement
déficit de financiamento

focal area
domaine d'intervention/d'activité
esfera de actividad (del FMAM)
The four main areas that the GEF works in. They are climate change, biological
diversity, international waters and ozone layer depletion. The issues of land
degradation, primarily desertification and deforestation, as they relate to each
focal area, are also addressed.

focal area task forces
groupes d'étude dans les domaines d'intervention
grupos de estudio sobre esferas de actividad
Informal institutions created in 1996 and comprising Implementing Agencies and
GEF Secretariat specialists to provide upstream consultation in projects in
three focal areas (ozone layer depletion is not included).

Focal Point
point focal
coordinador; entidad coordinadora; centro de coordinación
Organization or person in each recipient country which acts as contact point for
GEF matters.

Focal Point officer [UNEP]
point focal
coordinador

(National) Coordination Mechanism
mécanisme de coordination (nationale)
A mechanism involving existing or new government agencies to ensure country-
level coordination of GEF-related matters in three areas: preparation and
implementation of projects, conventions, and national constituencies. In most
cases the operational focal point (q.v.) is the center for such coordination.

 forest ecosystems (OP#3)
écosystèmes forestiers
ecosistemas forestales
One of the five Operational Programs (q.v.) in the Biodiversity Focal Area
(q.v.).

formal vote
vote officiel
votación oficial
Procedure adopted in the Assembly and Council when no consensus appears
attainable. It is taken by double weighted majority, i.e. an affirmative vote
representing both a 60% majority of the total number of participants and 60%
majority of the total contributions.

fragile ecosystem
écosystème fragile, vulnérable
ecosistema frágil, ecosistema vulnerable

Framework Convention on Climate Change - FCCC
Convention-cadre sur les changements climatiques - CCNUCC
Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático
The GEF functions as the financial mechanism for this convention

Framework for Capacity Building in Developing Countries
Dispositif de renforcement des capacités des pays en développement
The Conference of the Parties to the FCCC has provided guidance on program
priorities (q.v.) in capacity building since 1995. This guidance is contained
in a number of Decisions. Beginning with the meetings leading to the sixth COP,
this guidance was being consolidated into a Framework for Capacity Building in
Developing Countries (Annex to FCCC/ CP/ 2000/ CRP.11 - English only).

Framework for Capacity Building in Countries with Economies in Transition
Dispositif de renforcement des capacités des pays en transition
The Conference of the Parties to the FCCC has provided guidance on program
priorities in capacity building since 1995. This guidance is contained in a
number of Decisions. Beginning with the meetings leading to the sixth COP, this
guidance was being consolidated into a Framework for Capacity Building in
Countries with Economies in Transition (Annex to FCCC/ CP/ 2000/ CRP.12 -
English only).

free standing, stand-alone project
projet indépendant
proyecto independiente; proyecto autónomo
Project that is not linked to a World Bank project.

freshwater and coastal zone ecosystems
écosystèmes dulcicoles et côtiers
ecosistemas de agua dulce y zonas costeras

freshwater bodies management
gestion des masses d'eau douce
gestión de las masas de agua dulce

full project; substantive project
projet à part entière
As opposed to enabling activities, PDF and PRIF (q.v.).

full time staff
personnel (employé) à temps complet
personal en régimen de jornada completa

functional areas see focal areas

Fund Programme Management Branch [UNEP]
Service de gestion du Programme du Fonds
Servicio de Gestión del Programa del Fondo

funding proposal
demande de financement

GEF-1, GEF-2, etc.
FEM-1, FEM-2, etc.
NB = la période couverte par la première, la deuxième, etc. reconstitution des
ressources du FEM. S'emploie sans article ( les ressources de FEM-1, pendant
FEM-2, etc.)
FMAM-1, FMAM-2.etc.
Regular funding periods (4 years) of GEF after Pilot Phase. The second
replenishment will fund operations during the period July 1, 1998 to June 30,
2002.

GEF Core Fund
Fonds de base du FEM
fondo básico del FMAM

GEF Family
appareil, dispositif du FEM; membres de la famille du FEM ; constellation du FEM
miembros de la familia del FMAM
COPs, Convention Secretariats, STAP, IAs, GEF secretariat, etc.

GEF Lessons Notes
Notes sur les enseignements du FEM
Notas sobre la experiencia del FMAM
Series of "notes" published four to six times per year to disseminate lessons
emerging from project implementation review and evaluation studies. The first
issue was in March 1998.

GEF national focal points
points focaux nationaux (du FEM)
Generic term referring to both focal points (i.e. political & operational, q.v.)
in each country

GEF operational focal point - OPF
point focal des opérations du FEM, point focal (au niveau) technique
coordinador o entidad coordinadora de las operaciones del FMAM
The organization or person in each recipient country which acts as contact point
at the operational (as opposed to political) level.

GEF Operations Committee see Operations Committee

GEF Operations Coordinator
coordonnateur des opérations du FEM
coordinador de operaciones del FMAM
GEF Operations Officer
Chargé des opérations du FEM
funcionario encargado de las operaciones del FMAM

GEF political focal point
point focal (au niveau) politique (pour le FEM)
coordinador del FMAM a nivel político
The organization or person in each recipient country which acts as contact point
at the political (as opposed to technical or operational) level.

GEF Project Document
descriptif de projet du FEM; dossier du projet
documento de un proyecto del FMAM
Documents that provide extended project-specific information.

GEF Project Development Workshop
atelier d'information sur les projets du FEM
Seminario sobre la preparación de proyectos del FMAM
Workshop set up to facilitate GEF project design, development and review. It
also addresses the linkages between the programming capacity provided by the GEF
and the fulfillment of countries' obligations under the relevant conventions.
The first one was held in Bridgetown, Barbados in April 1995.

GEF Secretariat
Secrétariat du FEM
Secretaría del FMAM

GEF system
la formule du FEM
sistema del FMAM
See also GEF Family

GEF Trust Fund - GEFTF
Caisse du FEM
Fondo Fiduciario del FMAM
Fund set up with the World Bank as Trustee, which consists of contributions
received from members and is used to fund grants.

GEF Trust Fund of UNDP / of UNEP / of IBRD (i.e. Implementing Agency)
guichet FEM du PNUD / du PNUE / de la BIRD
Il s'agit des ressources versées par la BIRD (en sa qualité d'Administrateur de
la Caisse du FEM) aux 3 Agents d'exécution (BIRD, PNUD et PNUE) pour financer
des projets FEM. L'expression apparaît dans les états financiers du Rapport
annuel du FEM

GEF Working Paper Series
Série des document de travail du FEM
Serie de documentos de trabajo del FMAM
Series of documents that provide general information on GEF's work and more
specific information on methodological approaches; scientific and technical
issues; and policy and strategic matters.

gene
gène
gen

General Circulation Model - GCM
modèle de la circulation générale - MCG
Modelo de la Circulación General - MCG
A computational model or representation of the earth's climate, used to forecast
changes in climate or weather. Most GCMs concentrate on the circulation of the
ocean or atmosphere.

genetic material
matériel génétique
material genético

genetic resources
patrimoine génétique
recursos genéticos
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

genome
génome
genoma (información genética total de un organismo o individuo)
The total genetic material in the chromosomes of an organism.

Global 200 List of the Earth's Distinctive Ecoregions ; Global 200 List
Liste " Global 200 " d'écorégions représentatives de la diversité biologique de
la planète ; Liste " Global 200 "(voir 02F0211 pour une liste partielle de ces
écorégions en français)
To better incorporate representation of the Earth's distinctive ecosystems in
conservation strategies,the WWF conducted an analysis of ecoregions representing
the Earth's 19 terrestrial, freshwater, and marine major habitat types. The WWH
then identified 233 ecoregions (the Global 200) that are outstanding examples of
the world's diverse ecosystems and priority targets for conservation action.
These include 136 terrestrial, 36 freshwater, and 61 marine ecoregions.

Global Biodiversity Assessment [UNEP]
Evaluation de la biodiversité mondiale
Evaluación de la diversidad biológica mundial

Global Biodiversity Strategy
stratégie sur la biodiversité mondiale
Estrategia relativa a la biodiversidad mundial
Program developed by the World Resources Institute, United Nations Environment
Programme and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature to protect
world biodiversity resources.

Global Change System for Analysis, Research and Training - START
Systèmes d'analyses de recherche et de formation concernant les changements au
niveau mondial - START
Sistema de análisis, investigación y capacitación para hacer frente al cambio
mundial (UN)

Global/Central Focal Point of the GEF-NGO Network
agent/organe mondial/central de liaison du réseau FEM-ONG
In 1995, an experimental GEF-NGO network was established, composed of 13
regional focal points and a global one, IUCN-The World Conservation Union. In
December 1999, Monitor International, an NGO, succeeded the IUCN as the global
focal point. In 2001, J.G. Strandenaes was appointed interim Central Focal Point.

global commons
patrimoine commun de l'humanité
patrimonio común de la humanidad; bienes comunes de la humanidad
The elements of the Earth and atmosphere, comprising the oceans and sea bed, the
atmosphere and outer space, which are not the property of any one nation or
individual and are therefore deemed to the property of all.

global environment
environnement de la planète/du globe/planétaire/mondial
patrimoine écologique/environnemental mondial/du globe/de la planète
souvent = en faveur/au service/ à l'appui du patrimoine écologique mondial,
défendant/protégeant/préservant le patrimoine écologique mondial

Global Environment Coordination Division - ENVGC [WB]
Division de la coordination des questions d'environnement mondial
División de Coordinación, Medio Ambiente Mundial

Global Environment Facility - GEF
Fonds pour l'environnement mondial - FEM
Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial - FMAM

Global Environment Leadership Award
prix de protection de l'environnement mondial
Premio a la iniciativa para la protección del medio ambiente mundial
It is awarded by the GEF on the advice of a committee of six prominent
international environmental personalities. The winner will be a head of state or
government, or a leader in industry or the non-government sector who has led
significant national and/or international actions to protect the global
environment.

Global Environment Operations Steering Committee
Comité directeur des opérations pour l'environnement mondial
Comité Directivo de Operaciones Relativas al Medio Ambiente Mundial

Global Environment Trust Fund (GET)
Caisse du Fonds pour l'environnement mondial
Fondo Fiduciario para el Medio Ambiente Mundial
Replaced by Global Environment Facility Trust Fund

Global Environment Facility Trust Fund (GEFTF)
Caisse du fonds pour l'environnement mondial
Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial
Replaces Global Environment Trust Fund

global environmental benefits
effets positifs/salutaires sur l'environnement de la planète/du globe, sur
l'environnement mondial/planétaire
amélioration de l'environnement de la planète
préservation/sauvegarde du patrimoine écologique/environnemental mondial
beneficios ambientales a nivel mundial; beneficios de alcance mundial para el
medio ambiente
Benefits that accrue to the global community, e.g. the reduction of greenhouse
gas emissions.

global environmental conventions
conventions sur l'environnement à l'échelle mondiale
International Conventions and Protocols on biodiversity, climate change,
desertification, persistent organic pollutants,etc.

global environmental degradation
dégradation du patrimoine écologique/environnemental mondial/du globe/de la
planète

global environmental issues
Problèmes environnementaux de portée/à caractère/dimension/échelle
mondiale/planétaire, à l'échelon/au niveau mondial/planétaire/de la planète/du
globe

global environmental objective
objectif écologique de portée mondiale; objectif de protection de
l'environnement (à l'échelle) mondial(e), objectif de protection du patrimoine
écologique/environnemental mondial/du globe/de la planète

global forum
forum global
foro mundial

Global Overlays Program
programme modulaire pour la protection de l'environnement mondial
Programa de integración de las cuestiones mundiales en las políticas nacionales
The Global Overlays Program, launched in 1996 by the Bank's Environment
Department, shows how and at what cost policies and investment priorities would
change if global environmental objectives were added to conventional sectoral
objectives. The overlay for a given country and sector explicitly identifies
"win-win" opportunities for protecting the global environment, while advancing
national development strategies. It also points to activities for global
benefits whose incremental costs would be appropriate for GEF funding. The
program has produced guidelines for climate change overlays; three of these have
been completed, and more climate and biodiversity overlays are being prepared.

global project
projet mondial
proyecto global
A project implemented in several countries around the globe.

global warming mitigation
actions de réduction du réchauffement planétaire
medidas para reducir el calentamiento de la Tierra
Action taken to reduce the chances of global warming, e.g. by limiting the
anthropogenic emission of greenhouse gases and by protecting and enhancing
greenhouse gas sinks and reservoirs.

governance
structure(s) de gestion (et de direction)
función de gobierno; gestión; administración; conducción; dirección; a veces:
autoridades

governing body
organe directeur
órgano rector

Governing Council
Conseil d'administration
Consejo de Administración

grant
concours financier, aide financière, dotation, financement (à titre gracieux/non
remboursable), financement alloué
donación
GEF provides grants for projects that will either protect or reduce risks to the
global environment. The GEF provides small grants (q.v.) and finances medium-
and large-sized projects (q.v.).

Grant Fund; Grant Trust Fund
fonds de subventionnement
Trust Fund (q.v.) providing support for specific activities, typically carried
out by NGOs and community-based organizations.

grant funding
financement à titre gracieux, financement non remboursable
financiamiento en forma de donaciones; donaciones

greenhouse effect
effet de serre
efecto (de) invernadero

greenhouse gas - GHG
gaz à effet de serre - GES --, gaz réchauffants/thermoactifs
gas de efecto invernadero, gas que produce el efecto invernadero; gas
termoactivo
Gases that retain heat in the Earth's atmosphere. These gases occur through
both natural and made-made processes. The major ones are water vapor, carbon
dioxide, methane and chlorofluorocarbons.

Greenhouse Gas Assessment Methodology - GGAM
Méthode d'évaluation des émissions de gaz à effet de serre
Metodología para evaluar los gases de efecto invernadero
A tool for estimating the magnitude of reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.
It is designed to estimate reductions expected to result from a proposed project
and compare them with emissions that would result if the project is not
implemented.

grid-connected
raccordé/rattaché/relié/couplé au réseau (de distribution
électrique/d'électricité)

grid-connected renewable energy
(production d')électricité d'origine renouvelable raccordée au réseau

Group I
Groupe I
Grupo I
Non-recipient donor countries that participated in the replenishment meetings.

Group II
Groupe II
Grupo II
Recipient donor countries that participated in the replenishment meetings.

Group III
Groupe III
Grupo III
Countries other than those that participated in the replenishment meetings.

guidance see Convention guidance
Guidance (guidelines) for programming GEF resources
Cadre de programmation des ressources du FEM
Orientación para programar los recursos del FMAM

guidance from the Convention see Convention guidance

habitat
habitat
hábitat, (pl.) hábitats

Heads of Agencies Meeting
rencontre du sommet des Agents d'exécution
Reunión de los directivos de los organismos de ejecución

[biodiversity] hotspot
écosystème sensible

hot spot; hotspot [biodiversity]
zone sensible; point chaud
lugar crítico; situación crítica
An area where biodiversity resources are particularly threatened or in a
particularly critical state.

human resources development
développement des ressources humaines
perfeccionamiento de los recursos humanos

hydrochlorofluorocarbon - HCFC
hydrochlorofluorocarbone - HCFC
hidroclorofluorocarbono - HCFC
A substitute for CFCs.

IBRD Trust Fund for the GEF, see above GEF Trust Fund of IBRD

identification and monitoring
identification et suivi
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

impact assessment
étude d'impact
evaluación del impacto; evaluación de los efectos (de un proyecto o actividad en
el medio ambiente)

Implementation Committee - IC [Pilot Phase]
Comité d'exécution
Comité de Ejecución

implementation costs
coûts d'application
costos de ejecución

Implementation Progress (IP)
avancement de l'exécution (du projet, des activités) (AE)
The Bank rates Bank-GEF projects individually to measure the extent to which
each component complies with the original implementation plan.

implementing agency - IA
Agent d'exécution
organismo de realización
[antes: "de ejecución" Véase Recopil Notas term NY 2002.<JML 14/07/2003>]
UNDP, UNEP and the World Bank. They are accountable to the Council for their
GEF-financed activities.

INC-FCCC see Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention
on Climate Change

in-situ conditions
conditions in situ
condiciones en el terreno, del lugar

in-situ conservation
conservation in situ
conservación in situ
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

in-situ conservation of ecosystems
préservation in situ d'écosystèmes
conservación in situ de ecosistemas

incremental cost(s)
surcoût
costo(s) incremental(es)
The additional cost that the GEF funds between the cost of an alternative
project that a country would have implemented in the absence of global
environmental concerns and a project undertaken with global objectives in mind.

incremental   cost framework
référentiel   d'évaluation du surcoût
Format used   by GEF to identify incremental costs in order to avoid arbitrariness
and provide   transparency.

incrementality
valeur ajoutée (du FEM, du/des projets du FEM)
Project design/incrementality The project proposal must explain what the problem
is; what happens if the project is not carried out, especially without GEF
support; and what will be accomplished by GEF involvement in the project. The
difference between the two scenarios-one with and one without GEF support -is
called "incrementality."

Independent Evaluation of the Global Environment Facility
Evaluation indépendante du Fonds pour l'environnement mondial
Evaluación independiente del Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial

Independent Monitoring and Evaluation Unit
Groupe indépendant de suivi et d'évaluation
Participants in the Third Replenismnent Negociations recommended that the GEF
monitoring and evaluation unit, for purposes of evaluation, should be made
independent, reporting directly to the Council, with its budget and work plan
determined by the Council and its head proposed by the GEF CEO and appointed by
the Council for a renewable term of five years.

Independent Panel of Experts - IPE
Groupe d'experts indépendant
Grupo independiente de expertos
indicative funding
financement indicatif
financiamiento indicativo
Funding levels agreed by Council for GEF project activities.

indicative list of categories
liste indicative de catégories
lista indicativa de categorías
Categories of activities for which incremental costs may be provided by the GEF.
The full list can be found in Annex B, Report of the Second Meeting of the
Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer,
London, June 27-29, 1990.

indicative planning figure - IPF [UNDP]
chiffre indicatif de planification
cifra indicativa de planificación - CIP
UNDP target expenditures for technical cooperation.

indicative target ratio
coefficient cible indicatif
proporción indicativa fijada

indicator species
indicateur biologique
indicador biológico
Species whose characteristics are such that it can be used to determine the
nature of certain environmental factors ( climate, soil) or to measure their
strength (pollutants).

indigenous and local communities
communautés autochtones et locales
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

indigenous people
population autochtone
población autóctona

indigenous technology
technologielocale
tecnología, técnica autóctona; tecnología, técnica local

Initial Executive Project Summary - IEPS [World Bank]
résumé analytique initial (d'un projet)
documento inicial sobre un proyecto
Short statement of a project concept prepared by the task manager.

innovative measures, including incentives
innovations, mesures d'incitation comprises
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

institution building
création, renforcement des institutions
fortalecimiento institucional; desarrollo institucional

institutional arrangements
dispositions institutionnelles
planes institucionales

institutional structure
structure institutionnelle
estructura institucional

Instrument for the Establishment of the Restructured Global Environmental
Facility
Instrument pour la restructuration du Fonds pour l'environnement mondial
Instrumento Constitutivo del Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial Reestructurado
Document detailing all aspects of the restructured GEF, which was negotiated by
governments participating in the GEF, and adopted by the three implementing
agencies in 1994.

Instrument of Commitment
Instrument d'engagement
Instrumento de compromiso
Formal document whereby the Government of a State notifies the World Bank as
Trustee of the GEF that it will participate in the GEF Trust Fund and will make
a contribution of a specified sum.

Instrument of Participation
Instrument de participation
Instrumento de participación
Document which indicates that a State wishes to participate in the GEF.

Instrument of Termination of Participation
Instrument de résiliation de la participation
Instrumento de terminación de la participación
Document which indicates that a State wishes to terminate its participation in
the GEF.

integrated coastal management
manejo costero integrado

integrated coastal zone management - ICZM
gestion intégrée des zones côtières
manejo integrado de las zonas costeras

integrated ecosystem management (OP#12)
gestion intégrée des écosystèmes
One of the multi-focal (q.v.) Operational Progams (q.v.).

integrated land and water multiple focal area (OP#9)
programme intersectoriel de gestion intégrée des terres et de l'eau
esfera de actividades múltiples o integradas en la tierra y en el agua
One of the three Operational Programs (q.v.) in the International Waters Focal
Area (q.v.).

intellectual property rights
droits de propriéte intellectuelle
derechos de propiedad intelectual

Interbureau Project Appraisal Committee - PAC [UNDP]
Comité d'évaluation interbureaux des projets
Comité mixto de evaluación inicial de proyectos
inter-country component
composante plurinational
componente multinacional

Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate
Change - INC-FCCC
Comité intergouvernemental de négociation de la Convention-cadre sur les
changements climatiques - CIN-CCNUCC
Comité Intergubernamental de Negociación de una Convención General sobre los
Cambios Climáticos
Committee consisting of 154 nations that negotiated the Framework Convention on
Climate Change treaty signed at the Earth Summit. The Committee is still active.

intergovernmental organization - IGO
organisation intergouvernementale
organización intergubernamental

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - IPCC
Groupe d'experts intergouvernemental sur l'évolution du climat - GIEC
Grupo Intergubernamental de Expertos sobre Cambios Climáticos - IPCC
Organization established by UNEP and WMO. It prepares reports on the issue of
climate change, its environmental, economic and social impacts and possible
national and international responses to such changes and provides advice to the
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate
Change.

Interim Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
Fonds multilatéral provisoire pour la mise en oeuvre du Protocole de Montréal
Fondo Multilateral Provisional para la Aplicación del Protocolo de Montreal
Part of the financing mechanism established by the contracting parties of the
Montreal Protocol. It helps developing countries adopt replacements for CFCs and
related technology if they cost more than what is being replaced.

Interim Project Cycle
cycle provisoire des projets
ciclo provisional de los proyectos
A three phase provisional project cycle approved by the GEF Council.

Interim Secretariat [FCCC]
Secrétariat provisoire
Secretaría provisional

intermediate cause
cause intermédiaire
causa intermedia
Cause which indirectly brings about a result but is not the main or proximate
cause. In biodiversity loss, includes such actions as inappropriate economic
policies and legal ownership and tenure circumstances.

International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA
Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique - AIEA
Organismo Internacional de Energía Atómica - OIEA

International Conference on National Action to Mitigate Global Climate Change
[Copenhagen, June 7-9, 1994]
Conférence internationale consacrée aux mesures nationales d'atténuation des
changements climatiques mondiaux
Conferencia Internacional sobre Acciones Nacionales para Mitigar el Cambio
Climático Mundial

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships - MARPOL
Convention internationale pour la prévention de la pollution par les navires -
MARPOL
Convenio Internacional para Prevenir la Contaminación por los Buques - MARPOL

International Expert Advisory Panel
Groupe consultatif international de haut niveau
Grupo Asesor de Expertos Internacionales
Group of 8 experts from different countries appointed by the Senior Monitoring
and Evaluation Coordinator to provide strategic guidance on the design and
execution of the 1998 Study of the GEF's Overall Performance

international waters
eaux internationales [titre "officiel" du domaine d'intervention]; gestion des
eaux internationales, transnationales (on trouve aussi transfrontières (nature
de l'activité menée))
aguas internacionales
One of the four focal areas that the GEF focuses on. Defined as the seas,
shared river and lake basins and shared estuaries and wetlands and shared
groundwater aquifers. The distinguishing feature is that more than one nation
has access to or makes use of them.

international waters protection - IWP
protection des eaux internationales
protección de las aguas internacionales

international waters task force
groupe d'étude sur les eaux internationales

inventories (of greenhouse gas emissions)
inventaire des émissions(de gaz à effet de serre)
determinación (de las emisiones que producen el efecto invernadero)

investment project
projet d'investissement
proyecto de inversión
A project where a significant part of the funding is used for the acquisition of
capital equipment or the creation of infrastructural benefits.

irreversible damage
dégâts irréversibles
daño irreparable

joint communication
communication conjointe
comunicación conjunta

Joint implementation (JI)
Activités conjointes
The Kyoto Protocol provides for the possibility of creating transferable
greenhouse gas Emission Reductions (q.v.) through investment in mitigation
projects operated under Article 6 (Joint Implementation). Article 6 refers to "a
reduction in emissions by sources, or an enhancement of removals by sinks, that
is additional to any that would otherwise occur".
joint research programmes
programmes conjoints de recherches
programas conjuntos de investigación

Joint Summary of the Chairs
compte rendu conjoint des présidents
Resumen conjunto de los Presidentes

land-based pollution
pollution d'origine tellurique
contaminación de fuentes terrestres

land degradation
dégradation des sols
degradación de la tierra; empobrecimiento de la tierra
Primarily desertification and deforestation. Activities eligible for GEF funding,
as they relate to one of the four focal areas.

landrace
variété/espèce (animale/végétale) naturelle/primitive (non améliorée)
especie autóctona
Native species of a plant/animal.

landscape
écopaysage (terrestre)
Complexes of terrestrial ecosystems in geographically defined areas. Also, as
opposed to waterscape (q.v.).

large-sized grant
financement pour un (d'un) projet à part entière
Large-sized grants are for projects which start at $1 million.

Leakage
Transfert d'émission (vers les pays où la réglementation est moins stricte),
''fuite d'émissions"

least cost plan
plan de moindre coût
plan de costo más bajo

least developed countries - LDC
pays les moins avancés - PMA
países (en desarrollo) menos adelantados - PMA

Least developped countries Fund = LDC Fund
Fonds pour les pays les moins avancés = Fonds pour les PMA
Established by the COP7, the LDC Fund proposed to operate on the basis of
modalities to be decided by the COP. A specifically identified role for this
fund is the support of national adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) q.v..
The Government of Canada announced a commitment of C$10 million to enable the
prompt start of this fund.

Least developped countries expert group = LDC expert group (LEG)
groupe d'experts des pays les moins avancés = groupe d'experts des PMA
Estasblished by Decision 29/CP.7 of the COP to the UNFCCC (q.v.).The objective
of the least developed countries expert group is to advise on the preparation
and implementation strategy for national adaptation programmes of action (q.v.),
which would meet the urgent and immediate adaptation needs of the least
developed countries (q.v.). The group shall consist of 12 experts: 5 from Africa,
2 from Asia, 2 from the SIDS (q.v.), and 3 from Annex 2 Parties.

legal status
statut juridique
condición jurídica

leveraging
effet mobilisateur (de l'action du FEM)
Includes both financial resources and actions catalyzed by GEF activities.

leveraged resources
ressources mobilisées
Leveraged resources are the additional resources -- beyond those committed to
the project itself at the time of approval -- that are mobilized later as a
direct result of the project, e.g. for further replication (q.v.) or through
programmatic (q.v.) influence. As such, leveraged resources do not form part of
the committed financing plan at the outset and so they are not defined as
"cofinance."

Linkage study
étude des composantes " dégradation des sols "
Study of land degradation activities linked to projects in the biological
diversity, climate change and international waters areas. This study has been
prepared in 2001 in support of the OPS2 (qv).

liquefied petroleum gas - LPG
gaz de pétrole liquéfié - GPL
gas de petróleo licuado - GPL

living modified organism
organisme vivant modifié
organismo vivo modificado

local communities
communautés locales
comunidades locales

logical framework = logframe (matrix)
matrice de planification, tableau synoptique
marco lógico
A matrix that illustrates a summary of project design, emphasizing the results
that are expected when a project is successfully completed. These results or
outputs are presented in terms of objectively verifiable indicators.

long run marginal cost - LRMC
coût marginal à long terme
costo marginal a largo plazo
The cost of meeting an increase in consumption, sustained indefinitely into the
future, when needed capacity adjustments are possible.

Low-emitting technology
technologie propre/peu polluante, technologie à faible émission de GES

low-lying coastal area
plaine côtière
zona de litoral bajo
Manual on Design and Approval of Projects [UNEP]
Manuel sur la mise au point et l'approbation des projets
Manual de Diseño y Aprobación de Proyectos

MEDCITIES Network
Réseau MEDCITÉS
Red MEDCITIES

Medium-sized grant
financement pour un (d'un) projet de moyenne envergure
Medium-sized grants are for projects up to $1 million.

medium-sized project
projet de moyenne envergure
proyecto de tamaño mediano
Projects of less than $1 million.

Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CBD)
réunion de la Conférence des Parties
Reunión de la Conferencia de las Partes
Ordinary or extraordinary meeting of the governing body the CBD (q.v.). Ordinary
meetings are held every second year since 2000.

memorandum of understanding
memorandum d'accord
memorando de acuerdo
A written document detailing the points upon which two or more parties agree.
Governs the relations of the Conferences of the Parties to the FCCC and BDC, and
the GEF.

methodology studies
études méthodologiques
estudios metodológicos

migratory species
espèces migratrices
especies migratorias
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

migratory waterfowl
oiseaux aquatiques migratoires
aves acuáticas migratorias

miracle project
projet "miracle"
proyecto milagroso
Project which seems to propose making a major transformation in the way
societies behave towards biological resources, with a short-term, concentrated
intervention. These expectations are often not met.

mitigation (of risks, effects)
atténuation
reducción, atenuación (de riesgos, efectos)
Approach to reducing the risks of rapid climate change, where future damage is
controlled or a society adapts to new conditions.

Moist forest
Forêt humide
Il peut s'agir d'une forêt tropicale humide ou d'une forêt humide tempérée (Île
de Vancouver, Colombie britannique).

moisture stress
stress hydrique
estrés por falta de humedad
Stress caused on a plant due to lack of moisture.

monitoring
suivi; contrôle (continu); surveillance
vigilancia; observación

Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Guidelines
Cadre de suivi et d'évaluation
Directrices para la vigilancia y la evaluación
Guidelines to evaluate the utilization of financial resources by the
restructured GEF.

Monitoring and Evaluation Officer
chargé du suivi et de l'évaluation
Oficial de seguimiento y evaluación
One of the monitoring and evaluation team/program members.

Monitoring and Evaluation team/program
groupe/programme de suivi et d'évaluation
equipo/programa de seguimiento y evaluación
Those responsible for project monitoring and evaluation in the GEF Secretariat.

Monitoring and Evaluation Unit
cellule de suivi et d'évaluation
Each Implementing Agency has a unit of this type responsible for GEF project
monitoring and evaluation. Not to be confused with the GEF Monitoring and
Evaluation Team/Program (q.v.)

monitoring of greenhouse and ozone depleting gases
surveillance des gaz à effet de serre et des gaz appauvrissant la couche d'ozone
vigilancia de los gases que producen el efecto de invernadero y agotan el ozono

montane forest
forêt d'altitude

Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
Protocole de Montréal relatif à des substances qui appauvrissent la couche
d'ozone
Protocolo de Montreal relativo a las sustancias que agotan la capa de ozono

mountain ecosystems (OP#4)
écosystèmes montagneux
ecosistemas montañosos
One of the five Operational Programs (q.v.) in the Biodiversity Focal Area (q.v.)
and one of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

MtC = Millions of tons of carbon
MtC = millions de tonnes de carbone
Unité de mesure des émissions de carbone dans l'atmosphère.
multi-country project
projet multinational
Project involving several countries in more than one region, but not truly of a
global nature.

multi-focal activities = multifocal activities = multiple focal areas
activités plurisectorielles/intersectorielles
actividades que abarcan varias esferas; actividades multisectoriales
Activities that cover several focal areas, particularly the Small Grants Program
(q.v.) and the Integrated Ecosystem Management (q.v.) program (Operational
Program, # 12).

multilateral consultative process
procédé multilatéral consultatif
proceso consultivo multilateral

multilateral development banks - MDBs
banques multilatérales de développement
bancos multilaterales de desarrollo

Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol - MFMP
Fonds multilatéral pour la mise en oeuvre du Protocole de Montréal
Fondo Multilateral para la Aplicación del Protocol de Montreal

multi-program activities
activités recoupant plusiers programmes d'opérations
actividades relativas a varios programas
Activities that cut across several operational programs

National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)
Programme national d'action pour l'adaptation au changement climatique (PANA)
NB Titre " officiel " figurant dans la Décision 28/CP.7. : Programme d'action
national aux fins de l'adaptation (PANA). Sauf dans les citations, préférer la
première appellation.
Established pursuant to Décision 28/CP.7. National adaptation programmes of
action (NAPAs) will communicate priority activities1 addressing the urgent and
immediate needs and concerns of the least developed countries (LDCs), relating
to adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change.The rationale for
developing NAPAs rests on the low adaptive capacity of LDCs. Activities proposed
through NAPAs would be those whose further delay could increase vulnerability,
or lead to increased costs at a later stage.

national action program
programme d'action national
Program adopted by each Party to the Convention to Combat Desertification

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan
stratégie et plan d'action nationaux pour la biodiversité
Estrategia de biodiversidad y plan de acción nacional
Developed as part of the UNEP Country Studies

national biodiversity unit
service national de protection de la biodiversité
entidad nacional de conservación de la diversidad biológica

national biosafety framework
cadre national de promotion de la biosécurité
Developed as part of the GEF/UNEP Pilot Biosafety Enabling Activity Project.
Framework includes a survey of national capacities for biotechnology and safety
assessment.

national communication
information, données à communiquer par les pays; communication nationale
información que deben proporcionar los países
Notification to the Convention, consisting of stocktaking and inventories
(collection of background information); identification of options to meet the
objectives of the Convention and preparation of a national plan (national
implementation strategy)

National Communication Support Programme
Programme d'aide à la préparation des communications nationales

national coordinating body
organe de coordination national
Body established by each Party to the Conventon to Combat Desertification.

national development programmes
programme national de développement
programas nacionales de desarrollo

national environment action plan - NEAP
plan national d'action environnementale
plan nacional de protección ambiental.
Plan which identifies key environmental problems, sets priorities for dealing
with them and leads to a comprehensive national environmental policy and
programs to implement the policy.

(National) Implementation Plan (NIP)
Plan (national) de mise en œuvre
Under the Stockholm Convention on POPs, each Party shall develop and endeavour
to implement a plan for the implementation of its obligations under the
Convention, transmit it to the Conference of the Parties within two years of the
date on which the Convention enters into force for it, and review and update it
on a periodic basis and in a manner to be specified by a decision of the
Conference of the Parties.

national greenhouse gas inventory
inventaire national des gaz à effet de serre
inventario nacional de gases de efecto invernadero

national marginal abatement cost
coût de dépollution marginal national
costo marginal de la reducción de la contaminación a nivel nacional

(national) operational focal point
point focal (national) des opérations du FEM ; point focal (au niveau) technique
(national)
centro de coordinación (nacional) de operaciones
The organization or person in each recipient country which acts as contact point
at the operational (as opposed to political) level.

National Selection Committee - NSC [SGP]
Comité national de sélection
Comité Nacional de Selección
Committee, consisting primarily of the local NGO community, which approves
awards under the Small Grants programme.

native forest
forêt naturelle
bosque autóctono

natural disasters
catastrophes naturelles
desastres naturales

natural surroundings
cadre naturel
entorno natural

New Delhi Statement of the First GEF Assembly
Première assemblée du FEM, Déclaration de New Delhi

NGO consultations
consultations des ONG
consultas con las ONG

NGO regional focal point
centre régional de liaison ONG/FEM
centro de coordinación regional entre las ONG y el FMAM
Regional point of contact, information and coordination between national and
local NGOs, and the GEF.

no objection procedure
procédure d'approbation tacite
procedimiento de aprobación tácita
Procedure whereby a proposal is deemed approved if no objection is formally
received by a specified date. Used by the GEF when taking decisions without a
meeting.

non-Annex 1 Party
Partie non visée à l'annexe 1
Party not included in Annex 1 to the FCCC.

non-governmental organizations - NGO
organisations non gouvernementales - ONG
organizaciones no gubernamentales - ONG

nonindigenous species
espèces allogènes
species no autóctonas

non-recipient constituency
groupe (de pays) non bénéficiaire(s)
grupo de Estados no receptores
One of the 14 constituencies consisting of Participant States not eligible to
receive GEF funds.

non-recipient country
pays non bénéficiaire
país no receptor
Country not eligible to receive GEF funds.
Notification of Participation
notification de participation
Notificación de participación
Document which indicates that a State wishes to terminate its participation in
the GEF.

Notification of Termination of Participation
notification de résiliation de la participation
Notificación de terminación de la participación
Document which indicates that a State wishes to terminate its participation in
the GEF.

obligations of the Parties
obligations des Parties
obligaciones de las Partes

observers
observateurs
observadores

off-grid
(application, alimentation/distribution/production d'électricité) hors réseau,
en site, décentralisé(e)

Office of Project Services - OPS [UNDP]
Bureau des services d'appui aux projets
Oficina de Servicios para Proyectos - OPS

Open-Ended Working Group [Montreal Protocol]
Groupe de travail à composition non limitée
Grupo de Trabajo de composición abierta

operating entity of the financial mechanism
entité chargée du fonctionnement du, assurant le fonctionnement, chargée
d'administrer le, faissant office de mécanisme financier
entidad operativa del mecanismo de financiamiento
The entity entrusted with the operation of and serving as the financial
mechanism for the provision of the resources required for the implementation of
the UNFCC and CBD. Currently, the GEF carries out this role.

Operational and program results
Résultats des opérations et des programmes
One of the four main topics of the Second Study of GEF Overall Performance
(q.v.). This is an assessment of the results/impacts of GEF projects

operational criteria
critères opérationnels
criterios operacionales
Criteria that clarify the basis for possible GEF support, an activity's
complementarity to past and ongoing support, and its focus on the task of
preparing a particular strategy, plan, program, or communication.

operational focal point - OPF see GEF operational focal point

operational guidelines
directives opérationnelles
directrices operacionales
Operational Guidelines for Expedited Financing of Initial Communications from
Non-Annex I Parties
Directives Opérationnelles relatives au financement accéléré des communications
initiales de Parties non visées à l'annexe I
Guidelines approved by the GEF in February 1997. They replace the Operational
Criteria for Enabling activities in the Climate Change Focal Area (1996)

operational modalities
modalités opérationnelles
modalidades operacionales
The basic rules under which the GEF operates.     They are outlined in Section VII
of the Instrument.

operational monitoring and evaluation system
système de suivi et d'évaluation des opérations
sistema operacional de vigilancia y evaluación

operational policies
politiques opérationnelles
políticas operacionales

Operational Policy Guidelines - OPG
Directives de politique opérationnelle
Directrices sobre Políticas Operacionales
Document that provides guidance to Implementing Agencies on minimum standards
for GEF operations.

Operational Procedures
mode opératoire
Procedimientos operacionales

operational program; operations program (OP)
programme d'opérations
programa operacional
A conceptual and planning framework developed under long-term operational
programs for the design, implementation, and coordination of a set of projects
to achieve a global environmental objective in a particular focal area (q.v.).
It organizes the development of country-driven projects and ensures systematic
coordination between the Implementing Agencies (q.v.) and other actors.
Together with "enabling activities"(q.v.) and "short-term response
measures"(q.v.), one of the three broad, interrelated categories of the work
program (q.v.). As of March 2002, the GEF had 13 operational programs (OP#1,
OP#2... q.v.).

operational report
rapport d'activité
informe sobre las operaciones
Report issued every quarter by the GEF Secretariat which lists all GEF projects.

operational strategy
stratégie opérationnelle
estrategia operacional
A strategy developed to guide the GEF in the preparation of country-driven
initiatives in the GEF's four focal areas.

Operations Committee - GEFOP
Comité des operátions - GEFOP
Comité de Operaciones
Operations Memorandum
Mémorandum des opérations
Memorando de operaciones

Overview Report
rapport de synthèse
Report prepared annually by each Implementing Agency. The reports are attached
as appendices to the Project Performance Report (q.v.)

ozone depleting substance - ODS
substance menaçant, détruisant l'ozone; substance appauvrisant la couche
d'ozone; substance nocive pour l'ozone
sustancia que agota el ozono
GEF support to activities to phase out ozone-depleting substances is the overall
thrust of the ozone layer depletion focal area.

ozone destroying potential - ODP
potentiel de destruction de l'ozone - PDO
potencial de agotamiento del ozono

ozone layer depletion
appauvrissement de la couche d'ozone
agotamiento de la capa de ozono (o de la ozonosfera)
One of the four focal areas that the GEF focuses on.

ozone layer protection
protection de la couche d'ozone
protección de la capa de ozono

Ozone Secretariat [Montreal Protocol]
Secrétariat de l'ozone
Secretaría del Ozono

Ozone Trust Fund - OTF
Fonds fiduciaire sur l'ozone
Fondo Fiduciario para Proyectos de Protección de la Capa de Ozono

parallel financing
financement parallèle
financiamiento paralelo

parastatal
entreprise parapublique
entidad paraestatal

Park Fund; Park Trust Fund
fonds de gestion d'un parc
Fondo de Gestión de un parque
Trust Fund (q.v.) providing recurrent and other costs of protected areas
management.

Participant in the GEF
Participant au FEM
Participante en el FMAM
A member of the GEF. Any State which is a member of the United Nations or of
any of its specialized agencies may become a Participant.
Participants' Assembly - PA
Assemblée des Participants
Asamblea de los Participantes
A meeting of all GEF's participating countries. During the Pilot Phase, it was
held biannually. However, in GEF1, it will only be held once every three years,
in Washington, D.C.

Participants' Meeting
réunion des Participants
Reunión de los Participantes

part time staff
personnel (employé) à temps partiel
personal en régimen de jornada parcial

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
polluants organiques persistants
The subject matter of the Stockholm Convention (q.v.)
phase-out
élimination progressive
eliminación progresiva
Phase-out of ozone-depleting substances.

photovoltaics
la photovoltaïque, le secteur photovoltaïque,l'énergie photovoltaïque,
installations/unités/convertisseurs photovoltaïques
energía fotovoltaica

Pilot Phase
phase pilote
etapa experimental
The first three years of the GEF (1991-1994) that preceded the restructuring.

Pilot Phase and Beyond
Au-delà de la phase pilote
después de la etapa experimental

pilot program
programme pilote
programa experimental, programa piloto

pledge
annonce de contributions
promesa de contribución

pledges outstanding
contributions non versées
promesas de contribuciones pendientes

policy analysis
analyse des politiques
análisis de política
Enabling activities include policy analysis.

policy options
possibilités d'action
opciones de políticas
Pollution and Environmental Economics [WB]
Pollution et l'économie de l'environnement
Contaminación y Economía Ambiental

pollution stress
agressions de la pollution
estrés provocado por la contaminación

precautionary measures
mesures préventives
medidas preventivas

precautionary principle
principe de précaution
principio de precaución
Principle invoked for the first time at the 1990 Bergen Conference that, when
confronted with serious or irreversible threats to the environment, the absence
of absolute scientific certainty should not serve as a pretext for delaying the
adoption of measures to prevent environmental degradation.

precursor
précurseur
precursor
Gas compounds such as nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons. which contribute to the
formation of ozone in the lower atmosphere and are the precursors to the
formation of ozone.

Pre-Investment Facility - PRIF
Mécanisme de préinvestissement
Servicio de preinversión

primeval forest
forêt primitive
bosque primario

proactive index
indice d'anticipation
An index used in project performance ratings to indicate the timeliness with
which actions are taken to deal with problem projects.

Procedural Arrangements among the World Bank, UNEP and UNDP for Operational
Coordination under the Global Environmental Facility
modalités d'accord entre la Banque mondiale, le PNUE et le PNUD en vue d'une
coopération opérationnelle au titre du Fonds pour l'environnement mondial
Coordinación entre el Banco Mundial, el PNUMA y el PNUD de las Operaciones del
Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial
Document spelling out the division of responsibilities among the three
implementing agencies.

processing and delivery systems
procédures et prestations
procedimientos de tramitación y suministro
Methods used by the GEF for the processing and implementation of projects.

processing (procedures, system) = project processing
(procedures d') instruction des (dossiers de) projets
Segment of the project cycle covering project idea , project proposal, Council's
approval, CEO's endorsement and IA's final approval.
productive landscape
zone productrice, écopaysage producteur
As opposed to a "protected area"(national park, sanctuary, reserve, etc.).
Productive landscapes are increasingly targeted for biodiversity protection.

Program for Measuring Incremental Costs for the Environment - PRINCE
Programme d'estimation des surcoûts pour l'environnement - PRINCE
Programa para la medición de costos incrementales para el medio ambiente -
PRINCE
A research program set up in early 1993 to explore the measurement of
incremental costs on the focal areas of the GEF.

program priority, program priorities
secteur(s) d'action prioritaire(s) (des programmes de travail et/ou d'opérations)
prioridades del programa (o de los programas)

Program Status Review = Operational Report on GEF Programs
rapport d'activité sur les programmes d'opérations du FEM
The GEF prepares an annual review of each Operational Program (q.v.)

Program Study, Program Studies
étude(s) sectorielle(s)
Generic term for a study/assessment/review of performance in a program area (e.g.
trust funds in biodiversity conservation, biodiversity/climate change enabling
activities, phasing out of ozone depleting substances, results in
biodiversity/climate change focal areas, etc.). In 2001, Program studies have
been prepared in three Focal areas (Biodiversity, Climate Change and
International Waters) to support the OPS2 (q. v.).

programmatic
systémique, de programme
Which corresponds to the objectives set out in the Operational Programs (q.v.).

programmatic approach
l'approche-programme (par opposition à l'approche-projet)
conception/vision/approche systémique
Phased and sustained support for the implementation of a multi-year (medium to
long-term) country-based program which goes beyond the scope of an individual
project to support an integrated set of projects, usually within an operational
program (q.v.), and better integrates global environmental objectives into
national strategies and plans.

Programme Review Committee [UNDP]
Comité d'examen du programme
Comité de examen de programas

Project Appraisal Committee - PAC [UNDP]
Comité d'évaluation des projets
Comité de Evaluación de Proyectos
UNDP committee which reviews project briefs and formally decides which projects
are to be submitted by UNDP for a specific tranche.

Project Fact Sheet; project brief
fiche descriptive de projet; fiche de projet
datos básicos de un proyecto
Document that provides summarized project-specific information.   It is an
abstract of the project document.
Project concept
idée-cadre de projet
Very similar to "project idea" (q. v.). All project concepts under review for
GEF funding must be endorsed and/or approved by the host government.

Project Cycle
cycle des projets
ciclo de los proyectos

Project Development Facility Project see Project Preparation and Development
Facility

project idea
idée de projet
idea del proyecto
Any eligible individual or group may propose a project, which must meet two key
criteria: It must reflect national or regional priorities and have the support
of the country or countries involved, and it must improve the global environment
or advance the prospect of reducing risks to it. GEF project ideas may be
proposed directly to UNDP, UNEP, or the World Bank.

project identification
identification du projet
identificación del proyecto

Project Implementation Review (PIR) = Project Implementation Performance Report
(PIPR)
Examen de l'état d'avancement des projets
examen de la ejecución del (de un) proyecto Annual review of GEF projects.

project information document
document d'information sur le projet
documento de información sobre el proyecto (o sobre los proyectos)

Project Performance Evaluation Report (PPER) [UNDP]
rapport d'évaluation des résultats des projets
informe anual sobre la evaluación de los resultados del proyecto

Project Performance Report (PPR)
rapport sur l'exécution des projets
The GEF Project Performance Report presents the results of the annual Project
Implementation Review (PIR) (q.v.) and summarizes information contained in
individual project/program evaluations.

project portfolio
portefeuille des projets
cartera de proyectos

project preparation advance - PPA
avance pour la préparation de projets - PPA
anticipo para la preparación de proyectos

Project Preparation and Development Facility - PDF
Mécanisme de préparation des projets - PDF
Servicio de Formulación y Preparación de Proyectos - SFPP
Facility that grants money to the implementing agencies for developing project
concepts in three blocks (q.v.) : Block A (up to $25,000), Block B (up to
$350,000) and Block C (up to $1 million). Block A funds are for pre-project
activities at national level. Block B funds are for obtaining information to
complete project proposals. Block C funds are for completing technical design
and feasibility studies for large-scale projects.

Project Preparation Assistance Program
Programme d'assistance à la préparation des projets
Programa de Asistencia para la Preparación de Proyectos

project proposal
projet, projet proposé, projet présenté (pour financement), demande de
financement ; lorsqu'il s'agit du " project document " en lui-même : descriptif
de projet
propuesta (sobre un proyecto); proyecto propuesto

Project Review and Evaluation Committee - PREC [UNEP]
Comité d'examen et d'évaluation des projets
Comité de Examen y Evaluación de Proyectos

Project Screening Committee [UNEP]
Comité de sélection des projets
Comité de Selección de Proyectos

Project Tracking and Mapping System
outil de localisation et de suivi de l'évolution des projets
Developed in partnership with UNEP, the system uses Internet tools to provide
user-friendly information on projects that is improving transparency and
accountability of GEF operations

Promoting Environmentally Sustainable Transport (OP #11)
Promotion de modes de transport écologiquement viables
One of the four Operational Programs (OPs) in the Climate change focal area

promoting the adoption of renewable energy by removing barriers and reducing
implementation costs (OP#6)
promotion de l'adoption d'une source d'énergie renouvelable par la suppression
des obstacles existants et la réduction des coûts d'application
promoción de la adopción de la energía renovable mediante la eliminación de los
obstáculos y la reducción de los costos de ejecución
One of the four Operational Programs (q.v.) in the Climate Change Focal Area
(q.v.).

protected area
zone protégée
zona protegida

protected area management
aménagement des zones protégées
gestión de las zonas protegidas

protocol
protocole
protocolo

Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF)
Fonds prototype pour le carbone
The Kyoto Protocol provides for the possibility of creating transferable
greenhouse gas Emission Reductions (q.v.). The PCF has been established by the
Word Bank for this purpose. Companies and Governments have contributed to the
PCF which uses Fund resources to support projects designed to produce emission
reductions fully consistent with the Kyoto Protocol and the emerging framework
for Joint Implementation (q.v.) and the Clean Development Mechanism (q.v.).
Contributors, or "Participants," in the PCF receive a pro rata share of the
emission reductions, verified and certified in accordance with carbon purchase
agreements reached with the respective countries "hosting" the projects. For
details see http://www.prototypecarbonfund.org/

provisional financial mechanism
mécanisme financier provisoire
mecanismo de financiamiento provisional

proximate cause
cause immédiate
causa inmediata
Cause which directly produces a result without intervention of any other cause.
In biodiversity loss, includes human action, such as land clearing, which
directly induces biodiversity loss

public awareness programmes
programmes de sensibilisation du public
programas de sensibilización del público

public information file [UNDP]
dossier d'information destiné au public
archivo de información pública
Set of documents prepared by UNDP Field Offices on each local GEF project.

public participation, involvement
participation du public, de la population, de la société civile
participación del público, participación de la comunidad

Qualified Instrument of Commitment
Instrument d'engagement conditionnel
Instrumento de compromiso condicionado
Instrument of Commitment where a Contributing Participant agrees to pay a part
of its contribution without qualification and the remainder subject to enactment
by its legislature of the necessary appropriation legislation.

Quarterly Operational Report
rapport d'activité trimestriel
informe trimestral de operaciones
Report issued every quarter by the GEF Secretariat which lists all GEF projects.

rain forest = rainforest
forêt ombrophile
Peut être tropicale ou tempérée
bosque pluvial; selva pluvial

ranching
élevage en ranching; élevage extensif
ganadería; cría de ganado; explotación ganadera

ratification
ratification
ratificación
realism index
indice de réalisme
A ratio (projects at risk/projects with actual problems) used to identify over-
optimism in project performance ratings.

recipient constituency
groupes bénéficiaires
grupos de países receptores
Constituency consisting of Participant States eligible to receive GEF funds.
There are six from Africa, six from Asia and the Pacific, four from Latin
America and the Caribbean and two from Central, Eastern Europe and the former
Soviet Union.

recipient country
pays bénéficiaire
país receptor
Country eligible to receive GEF funds.

Red Data Book
Livre rouge
Le Livre rouge de L'UICN retient les catégories suivantes : éteint, présumé
éteint, en danger, vulnérable, rare, indéterminé. Ces catégories ont été révisés
en 1994. Le Livre rouge (1963) est l'ancêtre de la Liste rouge (q.v.) actuelle.

Red List
The 2000 IUCN Red List is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global
conservation status of plant and animal species. It uses a set of criteria to
evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. The 2000
Red List combines all new assessments with those from two previous publications:
the 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals and The World List of Threatened
Trees published in 1998. There are eight categories in the IUCN Red List system:
Extinct, Extinct in the Wild, Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable,
Lower Risk, Data Deficient, and Not Evaluated.
Liste rouge
La Liste rouge 2000 de l'UICN constitue l'inventaire mondial le plus complet de
l'état de conservation global des espèces végétales et animales. Elle s'appuie
sur une série de critères précis pour évaluer le risque d'extinction de milliers
d'espèces et sous-espèces. Elle combine les évaluations les plus récentes à
celles de deux publications antérieures: 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened
Animals (Liste rouge UICN des animaux menacés) et The World List of Threatened
Trees (Liste mondiale des arbres menacés) publiée en 1998. Le système des listes
rouges de l'UICN comprend huit catégories: "Eteint", "Eteint à l'état sauvage",
"Gravement menacé d'extinction", "Menacé d'extinction", "Vulnérable", "Faible
risque", "Insuffisamment documenté" et "Non évalué".

reducing the long-term costs of low greenhouse gas-emitting energy technologies
(OP#7)
réduction des coûts à long terme des technologies énergétiques émettant peu de
gaz à effet de serre
la reducción de los costos a largo plazo de las tecnologías energéticas con bajo
nivel de emisión de gases de efecto invernadero
One of the four Operational Programs (q.v.) in the Climate Change Focal Area
(q.v.).

Regional Center of Excellence [PRINCE]
centre régional d'excellence
centro regional de excelencia; centro regional de estudios superiores
regional development banks - RDBs
banques régionales de développement
bancos regionales de desarrollo

removing barriers to energy conservation and energy efficiency (OP#5)
suppression des obstacles aux économies d'énergie et à l'amélioration du
rendement énergétique
eliminación de los obstáculos para la conservación de energía y la eficiencia
energética
One of the four Operational Programs (q.v.) in the Climate Change Focal Area
(q.v.).

Renewable energy technology
Technologie exploitant l'énergie/les énergies renouvelable(s), faisant appel à
l'énergie/aux énergies renouvelable(s)

replenishment
reconstitution des ressources
reposición de recursos
GEF resources are replenished every fourth year.

replenishment of the GEF Trust Fund; replenishment of GEFTF
reconstitution de la Caisse du Fonds pour l'environnement mondial
reposición del Fondo Fiduciario del FMAM

replicable project
projet transposable
proyecto repetible
A project that can be copied. When a project has proved its viability,
replication is a safer investment, as the usual risks and uncertainties
associated with a new project are reduced.

replication often = replicability
souvent un racourci pour objectif de transposabilité ou (promotion du) potentiel
de transposition ; aussi caractère transposable, transposition des acquis,
possibilité de mobiliser l'expérience acquise/de rééditer l'expérience/de
reproduire/renouveller/ réitérer/réappliquer, etc.

reporting period
période de communication des données; période considérée; période couverte par
le présent rapport
período abarcado por un informe

Report by the Chairman
rapport du Président
informe del Presidente
Reports prepared by the Office of the GEF Administrator in collaboration with
the three GEF implementing agencies for the biannual Participants' Meetings.

repowering (of existing power plants)
conversion
renovación de centrales eléctricas
1. Substantially rebuilding an existing power plant to extend it useful life; 2.
Adding more advanced equipment or converting the generation method (e.g. from
oil to gas).

research and development - R & D
recherche-développement
investigación y desarrollo

research, development and demonstration - RD & D
recherche, développement et démonstration - RD & D
investigación, desarrollo y demostración

reservation
réserve
reserva

reservoir
réservoir
depósito
Component or components of the climate system where a greenhouse gas or a
precursor of a greenhouse gas is stored.

resident mission
mission résidente
misión residente

resident office
bureau du représentant résident
oficina del representante residente

restructured GEF
FEM restructuré
FMAM reestructurado
New GEF, following restructuring in March 1994. The GEF was restructured to
promote universal participation, and greater transparency and democracy in the
conduct of its affairs. It was replenished with $2 billion for commitment over
three years.

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
Déclaration de Rio sur l'environnement et le développement
Declaración de Río sobre el Medio Ambiente y el Desarrollo
Declaration issued following the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, June 3-14, 1992.

Rio + 10 = World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)

river basin management
gestion des bassins hydrographiques, bassins versants
gestión de cuencas hidrográficas

Roster of Experts [STAP]
fichier d'experts
Lista de Expertos

Rules of Procedure (of the Council)
Règlement intérieur
reglamento (del Consejo)
Formal document outlining the procedures that will be applied by the Council of
the restructured Global Environment Facility in the conduct of its business.

scaling up
Au sens propre, passage à l'échelle supérieure/extrapolation sur une plus grande
échelle/réalisation grandeur nature
Successful pilot/demonstration projects are scaled up.
scenario
hypothèse
hipótesis

Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel - STAP
Groupe consultatif pour la science et la technologie - STAP
Grupo Asesor Científico y Tecnológico - STAP
An independent advisory body to the GEF, established by UNEP in consultation
with UNDP and the World Bank.

scientific bodies of the Conventions
organes de conseil scientifique des Conventions
órganos científicos del Convenio y la Convención

scoping
cadrage
determinación del alcance
Determining the extent or limit of a problem or project.

sea lane
voie de circulation; route maritime
ruta, vía marítima; corredor marítimo

Search Committee [STAP]
Comité de Selección

Second Study of GEF Overall Performance (OPS2) = GEF Second Overall Performance
Study
Deuxième bilan global du FEM (le Deuxième bilan)
The First Study (1998) focus was to assess the operation of the GEF. The Second
Study (2001) focus is to assess impacts and results of GEF programs and projects.

Secretariat [FCCC and CBD]
Secrétariat
Secretaría
Body established by the Conventions to make arrangements for sessions of the COP.

Secretariat [GEF]
Secrétariat
Secretaría
Office headed by the GEF Chief Executive Officer whose function is independent
of the implementing agencies; it is supported administratively by the World Bank.

Secretariat Managed Project Review (SMPR)
Examen de projets par le Secrétariat (EPPS)
A new monitoring and evaluation tool to supplement the PIR (q.v.) process as
from FY02. In partnership with the Implementing Agencies (q.v.), the Monitoring
and Evaluation Unit (q.v.), through the SMPR, will first lead reviews of a
subset of the active project portfolio each year before the PIR.

sector plan
plan de secteur
plan sectorial

semi-arid areas
zones semi-arides
zonas tropicales semiáridas
Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Coordinator
coordonnateur du suivi et de l'évaluation
Coordinador Superior de Actividades de Vigilancia y Evaluación
Head of the team responsible for project monitoring and evaluation in the GEF
Secretariat.

Session of the Conference of the Parties (UNFCCC and UNCCD)
session de la Conférence des parties(CCNUCC et CNULD)
Meetings of the governing bodies the UNFCCCC and the CNULD(q.v.). Meetings are
held Fonce a year.

ship-generated pollution
pollution à partir des navires
contaminación causada por buques

short-term response measures
(mesures d')intervention(s) immédiate(s)
medidas de respuesta a corto plazo; medidas de intervención a corto plazo.
Projects that do not contribute directly to operational programs or enabling
activities but are of sufficiently high priority that they may be considered for
financing. They may include, for example, climate change projects aimed solely
at reducing the net emissions of greenhouse gases or urgent measures to conserve
an extremely endangered species. One of the three broad, interrelated
categories of the work program.

sink [air pollution]
piège; piégeage; puits
sumidero; medio receptor; zona de absorción; zona de disipación
Place or mechanism associated with the removal of air pollutants from the
atmosphere.

sink [biology]
puits; récepteur
sumidero; medio receptor
Receptacle, or receiving area, for materials translocated through a system ( e.g.
the oceans are the sink into which many water-borne pollutants are drained; the
seed of a plant is the sink in which nutrients are stored).

sink of greenhouse gases
puits de gaz à effet de serre
sumidero de gases de efecto invernadero
Place or mechanism that aids in the removal of greenhouse gases from the
atmosphere, e.g. forests.

Small and Medium Enterprise Fund
Fonds pour les petites et moyennes entreprises
Fondo para las pequeñas y medianas empresas

Small and Medium Enterprise Program (SME Program)
Programme pour les petites et moyennes entreprises (Programme pour les PME,
Programme PME)
Programa para las pequeñas y medianas empresas
The SME Program is a joint initiative of the GEF and IFC. Funding is provided
by the GEF and the IFC is acting as the executing agency for the Program. The
objective is to stimulate greater involvement of private sector SMEs in
addressing two specific GEF objectives: the sustainable use and conservation of
biodiversity and the reduction of greenhouse gases.
small grant
microfinancement
Grant provided through the Small Grants Program (q.v.).

Small Grants Programme - SGP
Programme de microfinancements
Programa de Pequeñas Donaciones
Program administered by the UNDP which provides grants of up to $50,000 to
grassroots groups and NGOs to demonstrate community-based strategies and
technologies that address global environmental concerns.

small island developing states - SIDS
petits États insulaires en développement
pequeños Estados insulares en desarrollo

Socio-Cultural Profile - SCP
profil socioculturel
perfil sociocultural

solar home
maison solarisée (et non maison solaire)

Solar photovoltaïcs
l'énergie solaire photovoltaïque, le solaire photovoltaïque
Par opposition au " solaire thermique ".

Special Climate Change Fund
Fonds spécial pour les changements climatiques
Created by Decision 7/CP.7, the special climate change fund, is to finance
activities complementary to those funded by the GEF climate change focal area in
four areas: adaptation to climate change; transfer of technologies; measures
related to several defined sectors including, energy, transport, industry,
agriculture, forestry and waste management; and steps to diversify economies in
developing country Parties under Article 4, paragraph 8(h). (The last point
dealing with economic assistance to oil-exporting countries would potentially
involve GEF in entirely new areas, with perhaps an entirely different set of
objectives unrelated to GHG mitigation).Contibutions to the Fund are to be
financed by Annex II Parties to the UNFCCC according to a burden sharing method
to be determined.


species richness
richesse des espèces
Number of species in a region, site or sample.

stakeholders
parties prenantes
interesados; partes interesadas

standard annexes
annexes standard
anexos estándar

STAP Ad Hoc Working Group on Biodiversity - AWGB
Groupe de travail spécial du STAP sur la biodiversité
Grupo de trabajo especial del STAP sobre la diversidad biológica
state-of-the-art technologies
technologies de pointe
últimos adelantos de la tecnología; tecnología más moderna

Steering Committee
comité directeur
Comité Directivo

Strategic Action Plan, Program - SAP
Plan, programme d'action stratégique - PAS
Plan de acción estratégico; Programa de acción estratégico

strategic business plan
plan d'activité stratégique
The new strategic business plan should be presented to the GEF Council in May
2003. It should be a performance-based, three year plan, that includes
priorities for action to maximize results and impacts on the ground and to
fulfill the mission of the GEF to achieve global environmental benefits in its
focal areas. The strategic business plan should provide an indicative financial
planning framework, based on focal areas and program priorities, that provides
reasonable predictability for the involvement of the GEF in the medium term,
linked to indicators of strategic relevance, programmatic consistency, and
expected outcomes. The strategic business plan should be reviewed and approved
annually by the Council.

strategic framework
cadre stratégique
marco estratégico
The Operational Strategy is the strategic framework for the GEF.

strategic joint fact-finding
bilan stratégique conjoint
Common baseline of facts established by collaborating states to eventually
address threats to international waters in the form of a Strategic Action
Program (SAP).

stressful region
région agressée, exposée
región afectada, expuesta, vulnerable

structural adjustment loan - SAL
prêt à l'ajustement structurel - PAS
préstamos para (fines de) ajuste estructural

Study of GEF's Overall Performance (OPS 1)
Bilan global du fonctionnement du FEM
Estudio sobre los resultados globales del FMAM
First study conducted in 1998, of the restructured GEF's overall accomplishments.

subsidiary bodies
organes subsidiaires
órganos subsidiarios

Subsidiary Body for Implementation - SBI [FCCC]
organe subsidiaire d'exécution - OSE
Órgano Subsidiario de Ejecución
Assists the Conference of the Parties in the assessment and review of the
effective implementation of the FCCC.
Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) [FCCC]
organe subsidiaire de conseil scientifique et technologique
Órgano Subsidiario de Asesoramiento Científico y Tecnológico
Provides the Conference of the Parties and other subsidiary bodies with timely
information and advice on scientific and technological matters relating to the
FCCC.

Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) [CBD]
organe subsidiaire de conseil scientifique, technique et technologique
Órgano Subsidiario de Asesoramiento Científico, Técnico y Tecnológico
Established under Article 25 of the Convention on Biological Diversity to assist
the Parties to the Convention.

subsidiary scientific bodies of the Conventions
organes subsidiaires de conseil scientifique des Conventions
órganos científicos subsidiarios del Convenio y la Convención

sustainability
viabilité à long terme (des activités)
Prospects for sustaining project activities without external support following
completion of GEF funding. This is a key cross-cutting issue (q.v.)

sustainable development
développement durable
desarrollo sostenible
"A development process that meets the needs of the present generation without
compromising the needs of the future generations to meet their own needs",
Bruntland Commission.

sustainable development specialist [UNDP]
spécialiste du développement durable
especialista en desarrollo sostenible

sustainable economic development
développement économique durable
desarrollo económico sostenible

sustainable economic growth
croissance économique durable
crecimiento económico sostenible

sustainable use
utilisation durable
uso sostenible
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

synergism
synergie
sinergismo
The combined effect of two or more actions producing a greater effect than the
actions on their own.

system boundary
cadre d'analyse
marco de análisis
Refers to all the parameters that have to be taken into account to determine all
the significant costs associated with a proposed activity (including incremental
costs, savings, etc.)

target species
espèce cible
especie elegida como objetivo

targeted research
recherches ciblées
investigación selectiva, focalizada
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

taxonomy
taxinomie
One of the program priorities (q.v.) established by the Conference of the
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Technical and Environment Department
Départment technique et environnement
Departamento de Asuntos Técnicos y Ambientales

technical bodies of the Conventions
organes de conseil technique des conventions
órganos técnicos de la Convención y el Convenio

Technical Review Panel - TRP
groupe d'examen technique
grupo de examen técnico
World Bank panel, consisting of the task manager for a project, outside
specialist(s), technical advisor(s), GEF Operations Coordinator, Regional
Environmental Division Chief and, when international treaties apply, a
representative of the legal department. It is responsible for carrying out
technical reviews of GEF projects.

temporary Alternate
suppléant temporaire
Suplente interino
Person designated by a member or alternate to attend a Council meeting on their
behalf, if they are unable to attend.

thematic area
secteur d'intervention
Refers to one of the four Focal Areas (q. v.) or to land degradation (through
desertification and/or deforestation). Land degadation is not a GEF "Focal
Area"as such.

thematic and geographic balance (of projects)
équilibre thématique et géographique (des projets)
equilibrio temático y geográfico (de los proyectos)

thematic evaluation
évaluation sectorielle
Evaluation in one thematic area (q.v.).

"The Next Steps" [Wapenhans Report]
"Les prochaines étapes"
"Los próximos pasos"

three-year planning
planification triennale
planificación trienal
GEF has a three-year rolling business plan and an annual budget.

traditional technology
technologie traditionnelle
tecnología, técnica tradicional

tranche
tranche
tramo
GEF work program.   Each tranche has a date, project component and funding level.

Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (TDA)
Diagnostic de situation transnationale
análisis de diagnóstico transfronterizo
Analysis prepared by collaborating states to solve problems arising from shared
international waters.

transitional substance [Montreal Protocol]
substance de transition
sustancia de transición

transaction costs
coûts de transaction
costos de transacción
The explicit and/or hidden costs associated with a given transaction.

transboundary
transnational ( de préférence à " transfrontières ")
transfronterizo

transfer authority
pouvoir de transfert
facultad para efectuar transferencias
The right of the Trustee to transfer contributions as needed pursuant to the
work program approved by the Council.

Tripartite Agreement
Accord tripartite
Acuerdo Tripartito
Agreement between the World Bank, UNDP and UNEP on setting up and running the
GEF. It was formally signed by the heads of the three agencies on October 28,
1991.

Tripartite Project Review
examen tripartite des projets
examen tripartito del proyecto

Tropical moist forest
Forest situated in areas receiving not less than 100 millimeters of rain in any
month for two out of three years and with a mean annual temperature of 24°C or
higher. These forest types occur mainly in the tropical lowlands and are
generally closed forests. The type is further subdivided into tropical rain
forest and tropical moist deciduous forest
Forêt tropicale humide
Forêt située dans des zones recevant au moins 100 millimètres de précipitation
chaque mois pendant deux ans sur trois et avec une température annuelle moyenne
supérieure ou égale à 24 °C. Ce type de forêt qui se trouve surtout dans les
basses terres tropicales est généralement une forêt dense. Il se subdivise en
forêt ombrophile tropicale et en forêt tropicale décidue humide.

trust funds
fonds fiduciaires
fondos fiduciarios
Funds established by the GEF to provide long-term support to GEF objectives.
They are funded by contributions from bilateral and multilateral donors.

Trustee
Administrateur
Depositario
The World Bank is the trustee of the Global Environment Trust Fund. In that
capacity it shall, as legal owner, hold in trust the funds, assets and receipts
which constitute the Fund and manage and use them for the purpose of the
provisions of the Instrument.

two-track approach
approche à deux niveaux
enfoque en dos niveles
The first track is be development of the operational strategy; the second,
transitional guidance on project preparation.

Type I project
projet de Type I
proyecto Tipo II
Project where the national economic benefit is greater than the national
economic cost.

Type II project
projet de Type II
proyecto Tipo II
Project where the national economic benefit is less than the national economic
cost but the global benefits are such that the project is justified under GEF
criteria.

Type III project
projet de Type III
proyecto Tipo III
Project where, though the project is justifiable from a country perspective and,
hence, normally eligible for GEF financing, it can be made to yield additional
global benefits with additional funds from the GEF, provided also that such a
project lies within the cost-effectiveness guidelines.

ultimate cause
cause ultime
causa última
Cause which is the major cause of a situation. In biodiversity loss, includes
population growth, poverty, low standards of living, lack of social development
which increases pressure on natural resources, and overconsumption of resources.

uncertainty
marge d'incertitude (scientifique)
incertidumbre
Lack of complete scientific certainty.

UNDP Trust Fund for the GEF, see above GEF Trust Fund of UNDP

UNDP's GEF Coordination Office
bureau de coordination du PNUD pour le FEM
Unit within UNDP dealing with GEF matters.

underlying causes
causes fondamentales, sous-jacentes
causas fundamentales
Used to describe the basic causes of global environmental deterioration, such as,
economic policy, legal and social issues, institutional weaknesses, and
information barriers. Also used to describe the basis causes for other
environmental issues such as biodiversity loss.

UNEP Trust Fund for the GEF, see above GEF Trust Fund of UNEP

unit abatement cost
coût unitaire de dépollution
costo unitario de reducción de la contaminación
A method proposed by Kenneth King for comparing the relative cost-effectiveness
of proposed GEF projects. The unit abatement cost is calculated by taking the
total discounted project cost less the total discounted domestic benefits,
divided by the physical quantity of emissions avoided or absorbed by the project.
If the total value of one unit of greenhouse gas abatement or absorption is
greater that the unit abatement cost, the project is economically attractive.

United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development
Commission du développement durable des Nations Unies
Comisión de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Desarrollo Sostenible

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development - UNCED
Conférence des Nations Unies sur l'environnement et le développement - CNUED
Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Medio Ambiente y el Desarrollo -
CNUMAD
Conference, also called Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. It
resulted in the adoption of Agenda 21.

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (in Those Countries
Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification) (UNCCD)
Convention des Nations Unies sur la lutte contre la désertification (dans les
pays gravement touchés par la sécheresse et/ou la désertification, en
particulier en Afrique) (CNULD)
Convención de las Naciones Unidas de Lucha contra la Desertificación (en los
Países Afectados por Sequía Grave o Desertificación, en particular en África)
(CNULD)

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea - UNCLOS
Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer
Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Derecho del Mar

United Nations Environment Programme - UNEP
Programme des Nations Unies pour l'environnement - PNUE
Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente - PNUMA

urban atmospheric pollution
pollution atmosphérique urbaine
contaminación del aire en las zonas urbanas

validation, verification and certification (v/v/c)
procédure d'homologation, de vérification et de certification (dite " procédure
d'agrément ")
The PCF (q.v.) has developed a concept for validation, verification and
certification of emission reduction. Validation refers to the Kyoto Protocol
language of "certified project activities".

veto power
droit de veto
derecho de veto

Vice President for Environmentally Sustainable Development [WB]
Vice-Président, environnement et développment durable
Vicepresidente, Desarrollo Ecológicamente Sostenible

Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
Convention de Vienne pour la protection de la couche d'ozone
Convenio de Viena para la protección de la capa de ozono

voluntary fund
fonds de contributions volontaires
fondo de contribuciones voluntarias

voting by roll call
vote par apppel nominal
votación nominal

vulnerability assessment
évaluation de la vulnerabilité
evaluación de la vulnerabilidad

waterbody-based program (OP#8)
programme relatif aux masses d'eau
programa basado en las masas de agua
One of the three Operational Programs (q.v.) in the International Waters Focal
Area (q.v.).

waterscape
écopysage aquatique
Complexes of aquatic ecosystems in geographically defined areas. Also, as
opposed to landrscape (q.v.).

wetlands
zones humides
humedales, tierras húmedas, zonas húmedas

Wider Caribbean Initiative for Ship-Generated Waste - WCSIW
Initiative pour l'élimination des déchets des navires dans la région des
Caraïbes - WCISW
Iniciativa para eliminar los desechos descargados por los buques en el Gran
Caribe - WCISW

wilderness
Zones/espaces vierges/naturel(le)s
An enduring natural area of sufficient size to protect pristine ecosystems which
may serve physical and spiritual well being. It is an area where little or no
persistent evidence of human intrusion is permitted so that ecosystems may
continue to evolve.

wildlands
espaces naturels; friches
zonas silvestres

wildlife
espèces sauvages
fauna y flora silvestres

win-win project
projet mutuellement avantageux/avantageux pour tous/ne présentant que des
avantages/ne faisant que des gagnants/ne lésant personne
proyecto que beneficia todas las partes; proyecto "doblemente beneficioso"

withdrawal of funds
retrait de fonds
retiro de fondos

World Heritage Site, World Natural and Cultural Heritage Site
Site du patrimoine (naturel et culturel) mondial
Site designated under the World Heritage Convention.

Work Program
programme de travail
programa de trabajo
The GEF Council approves a work program at its regular (six-monthly) meetings.
In addition, work programs can be approved by mail in the period between regular
meetings. A work program consists of the list of new projects approved in each
of the focal areas.

Workshop Facilitation Materials
Documentation de base des ateliers (de dialogue avec les pays)
Documents developped on general issues (eg STAP, role of private sector, country
level dialogue) to facilitate GEF Country Dialogue Workshops.

World Meteorological Organization - WMO
Organisation météorologique mondiale - OMM
Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM)

World Resources Institute - WRI
Institut mondial des ressources naturelles
Instituto de Recursos Mundiales

World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) = Rio + 10
Sommet mondial sur le développement durable = Sommet " Rio + 10
To be held in August 2002 in Johannesburg, 10 years after the Earth Summit
(UNCED) in Rio.

World Wildlife Fund -   WWF
Fonds mondial pour la   nature - WWF
Fondo Mundial para la   Naturaleza (WWF)
1 For the purposes of   this annex, activities should include, inter alia,
projects, integration   into other activities,
capacity building and   policy reform
??
1

								
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