Adjectives and Adverbs

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• Adjectives modify nouns, pronouns, and
  other adjectives.

• Adjectives answer the following questions:
  –   What kind? (The zoo has a two-year-old male leopard)
  –   How many? (There may be ten planets in our solar system.)
  –   Which one? (He gave her that hat over there.)
  –   How much? (I have a bigger TV than he does.)
                      Types of Adjectives
• Descriptive
   – Tells what kind, which one, or how many
   – Examples
      • I dislike dreary weather.
      • This camera is my favorite.
      • I have two tickets for the T.I. concert.

• Proper
   – Formed from a proper noun and begins with a capital
   – Examples
       • British history, Mexican food, Rap music
                     Types of Adjectives
• Demonstrative
   – Emphasizes which items are singled out and their
     distance from the speaker.
   – Examples
      • I feel sorry for those people caught in the flood.
      • Take this car here and that car over by the driveway
        and park them both in the lot.
      • I don’t understand which person you’re talking
      • He doesn’t know what schedule the driver is using
        this week.
             Types of Adjectives
• Limiting
   – Identify or number the nouns they modify.
     Most of the time, they come before the noun.

                  a/an                both
                   the               several
                   few                some
                  many                 any
                  every               most
                  each                 one
                       Types of Adjectives
• Compound
   – Hyphenated when they precede the noun they modify
   – Examples
      • She wanted a blue-gray living room.
      • That is a past-due bill.

• Predicate
   – Follows a linking verb such as feel, become, seem, get, is,
     look, and smell
   – Does not modify the verb, but refers to the subject
   – Examples
       • She looks beautiful.
       • He seems unhappy. Is he all right?
                  Comparing Adjectives
• Adjectives are also used to show comparisons between or
  among persons, places, or things.

      Positive         Comparative         Superlative
      careful          more careful        most careful
     incredible      more incredible     most incredible
       proud             prouder            proudest
        fast               faster             fastest
        few                fewer              fewest
                 Comparing Adjectives

      Positive         Comparative         Superlative
        bad               worse               worst
         far              farther            farthest
       good               better               best
        less               lesser              least

• When comparing two items, use the positive and
  comparative forms. For more than two items, use the

• Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other

• Adverbs answer the following questions:
  –   When? (She always signs her name with “Ms.”)
  –   Where? (They carried the chair downstairs.)
  –   How? (Read it again slowly.)
  –   How much? (He objected strongly to the judge’s ruling.)

• Most (not all!) adverbs end in –ly. Sometimes, adjectives
  can end in –ly so pay attention to how the word is used in a

• Adverbs can indicate time, direction, place, or degree.

• Adverbs –like adjectives- are used in comparisons
  (positive, comparative, superlative)

• The position of the adverb in a sentence can affect the
  meaning of the sentence.
                   Adjectives or Adverb?
• Some words can function as an adjective or adverb. Many
  writers confuse them. Some examples include: good, well,
  badly, and bad.

• Poor Example: You’ve done good!
• Better Example: You’ve done a good job!
• Even Better Example: You’ve done well!

• Poor Example: I feel badly.
• Better Example: I feel bad.
• Even Better Example: I feel poor.

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