World’s population – 1.6 billion
Paris World’s Fair showcases electricity
Women compete in Olympics for the 1st time
Fauvist movement in painting begins, led by Henri Matisse.
The Boxer Rebellion officially ends on Sept. 7 with the signing of the Peace of Beijing.
J.P. Morgan creates the United States Steel Co., which will become the first $1 billion
corporation in the world.
Aswan Dam is completed in central Egypt, becoming the chief means of storing irrigation
water for the Nile valley.
Cuba gains independence from Spain.
Henry Ford organizes Ford Motor Company.
Panama declares independence from Colombia (Nov. 3).
U.S. Supreme Court rules that citizens of Puerto Rico cannot be denied entry to the
Russo-Japanese War begins. As Russia and Japan fight over Manchuria and Korea.
U.S. begins construction of the Panama Canal.
The Russian Revolution of 1905 begins on “Bloody Sunday” when troops fire onto a
defenseless group of demonstrators in St. Petersburg. Strikes and riots follow.
Finland is the first European country to give women the vote.
Fall of the stock market sparks financial panic across the U.S.
The first Cubist exhibition is held in Paris.
Petroleum production starts in Middle East.
Model T touring car introduced for $850
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded by
prominent black and white intellectuals and led by W. E. B. Du Bois.
Japan formally annexes Korea.
The "unsinkable" oceanliner Titanic sinks on maiden voyage after colliding with an
iceberg; over 1,500 drown (April 15).
Balkan Wars begin, resulting from territorial disputes: Turkey defeated by alliance of
Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, and Montenegro (Oct.).
China becomes a republic
Sixteenth Amendment (income tax) and 17th (popular election of U.S. senators) adopted.
Bill creating U.S. Federal Reserve System becomes law.
Model T touring car 1st produced on assembly line
Congress sets up Federal Trade Commission, passes Clayton Antitrust Act.
British oceanliner Lusitania sunk by German submarine, 1,195 perish.
The Superior Court in Fulton County, Ga. accepts the charter for the establishment of the
new Ku Klux Klan (Dec. 4).
Margaret Sanger opens the first birth control clinic in the country at 46 Amboy St.,
US enters WWI
Bolsheviks seize power in Russia
Versailles Treaty, incorporating Woodrow Wilson's draft Covenant of League of Nations,
signed by Allies and Germany; rejected by U.S. Senate.
18th Amendment (Prohibition) adopted.
Mahatma Gandhi initiates Satyagraha campaigns, beginning his nonviolent resistance
movement against British rule in India.
US women win the right to vote
Mussolini marches on Rome; forms Fascist government.
Irish Free State, a self-governing dominion of British Empire, officially proclaimed.
Hitler completes “Mein Kampf”
The second Ku Klux Klan movement in U.S. history grows, stirring widespread
controversy and violence.
New York's Computer Tabulating Recording Company is re-organized and will now be
known as International Business Machines Corp. (IBM).
Chaplin makes The Gold Rush
1st Television transmission
Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett fly from Spitsbergen to the North Pole and back.
Father Coughlin makes his first radio broadcast, beginning his 20-year career of racist
and right-wing polemics.
Charles Lindbergh makes the first nonstop solo transatlantic flight.
Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs
1st Movie with sound: The Jazz Singer
Stalin becomes Soviet leader
Kellogg-Briand Pact, outlawing war, is signed in Paris by 65 nations.
US stock market crash
First large-scale Jewish-Arab violence caused by a clash at the Wailing Wall in
Worldwide economic depression
Forced collectivization of Soviet agriculture begins
Scottsboro trial begins, exposing depth of Southern racism.
“The Star Spangled Banner” officially becomes national anthem.
Nazis lead in German elections with 230 Reichstag seats.
Famine is widespread in U.S.S.R.
Amelia Earhart is first woman to fly Atlantic solo (May 20-21)
Germany and Japan withdraw from League of Nations.
New Deal initiates economic recovery
Hitler becomes Germany’s Chancellor
League of Nations holds World Disarmerment Conference
Hitler becomes Führer when chancellorship and presidency are united.
U.S.S.R. admitted to League of Nations.
Mao Zedong begins the Long March north with 100,000 soldiers.
Stalin’s purge of political leaders begin
Italy invades Ethiopia
Nazis enact Nuremberg Laws against Jews to prevent "racial pollution." Heinrich
Himmler starts breeding program to produce "Aryan super race."
Roosevelt opens second phase of New Deal in U.S., calling for social security, better
housing, equitable taxation, and farm assistance.
Hitler uses the Berlin Olympics to showcase his Nazi propaganda
Britain begins 999 emergency telephone number. The United States starts 911 service in
New York in 1968.
U.S. gunboat Panay sunk by Japanese in Yangtze River.
Japan invades China, conquers most of coastal area.
NBC Broadcasts opening ceremonies of World’s Fair
Winston Churchill becomes Britain's Prime Minister.
John Ford’s Grapes of Wrath reflect The Great Depression
Battle of Britain begins
Japan bombs Pearl Harbor: US enters WWII
Congress passes the Lend-Lease Act, giving President the power to sell, lend, and lease
war supplies to other nations.
US begins building atomic bomb
Nazi leaders commence “Final Solution”
The Chinese Exclusion Acts of 1882 and 1902 are repealed permitting immigration and
naturalization of Chinese.
Mussolini is deposed and placed under arrest (July).
Allies invade Normandy on D-Day (June 6).
GI Bill of Rights is passed, providing benefits for armed-service veterans.
Atomic bombs dropped on Japan: WWII ends
Allies liberate death camps
Women’s suffrage becomes law in France
First meeting of United Nations General Assembly opens in London (Jan. 10).
League of Nations dissolved (April).
Italy abolishes monarchy (June).
The Philippines gains independence from the United States (July 4).12 Nazi leaders
(including 1 tried in absentia) are sentenced to hang, 7 imprisoned, and 3 acquitted in the
Nuremberg trials (Oct. 1). Background: Defining Genocide
Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech warns of Soviet expansion. Background: The
First automatic electronic digital computer, ENIAC, dedicated at the University of
India gains independence
Truman Doctrine challenges Soviet expansion
Marshall Plan proposed to help European nations recover economically from World War
Jackie Robinson joins the Brooklyn Dodgers.
Marshall Plan initiated
Apartheid established in South Africa
World Health Organization established
1st Soviet atomic bomb tested
Communists gain power in China
1st Credit card issued in US
Truman orders development of hydrogen bomb (Jan. 31).
Assassination attempt on President Truman by Puerto Rican nationalists (Nov. 1).
Era of McCarthyism begins
Andre-Thomas devises heart-lung machine
Color television 1st introduced
US presidency restricted to 8 years
Contraceptive pill produced
Hemingway releases The Old Man and the Sea
Elizabeth II becomes Queen of England
Allied military occupation of Japan ends
Lung cancer linked to smoking
Watson & Crick decipher structure of DNA
North Viernamese take Dien Bien Phu
Brown v. Board of Education decision mandates US school desegregation
Vietnam gains independence
1st Nuclear power plant built
Salk announces Polio vaccine
Blacks in Montgomery, AL boycott segregated bus lines
Nasser seizes Suez Canal
Transatlantic cable telephone service established
USSR launches Sputnik
L. Bernstein composes West Side Story
Castro overthrows Batista in Cuba
US launches satellite Explorer I
Revolution in Iraq ends monarchy
Robert Noyce makes 1st microchip
USSR Lunik reaches the moon
1st Televised Preseidential debate – Kennedy v. Nixon
US scientists develop a laser device
1st weather satellite, Tiros I launched by US
Berlin wall built
President Kennedy establishes Peace Corps
Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba fails
John Glenn orbits the earth in spacecraft
Partial Test-Ban Treaty prohibits nuclear explosions
Valentina Tereshkova is 1st woman in space
President Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, TX
200,000 “Freedom Marchers” demonstrate in Washington
Beatles appear on the Ed Sullivan Show
US enters Vietnam War
Leonov 1st astronaut to walk in space
Malcolm X shot in NY
Chinese Cultural Revolution begins
Truman Capote releases In Cold Blood
Dr. Barnard performs 1st heart transplant
1st synthetic version of DNA produced
Martin Luther King, Jr. leads anti-Vietnam march in NY
Apollo 8 orbits the moon
Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert Kennedy assassinated
Woodstock music festival
Neil Armstrong – 1st man on the moon
US begins to ban DDT insecticide
Kurt Vonnegut writes Slaughterhouse Five
US Environmental Protection Agency created
4 students die at Kent State University in Ohio during Vietnam War protest
Clockwork Orange opens in theaters
CAT SCAN invented in UK
The Godfather premieres in theaters
President Nixon visits China
R. Leakey discovers a 2.5 million yr old human skull in Kenya
Taking of Israeli hostages televised around the world
US withdraws from Vietnam War
“Roe v Wade” decision legalizes abortion
Watergate scandal, Nixon resigns
Soviet space probe lands on Mars
Altair personal computer introduced by MITS
North and South Vietnam reunited as one country
Report about ozone layer damage from spray can gases
Alex Haley produces Roots
Taxi Driver premieres
1.5 million Japanese cars sold in US – 1/2 of auto import market
Uprising in Soweto, South Africa
Mao Tse Tung dies
Star Wars premieres in theaters
1st “test tube” baby born in England
Karol Wojtyla becomes the 1st non-Italian to be elected pope in 456 years
President Carter hosts Camp David summit between Egypt and Israel
Shah of Iran declares martial law
Margaret Thatcher becomes 1st female Prime Minister of Britain
Islamic militants take hostages at US Embassy in Tehran, Iran
Jerry Falwell forms Moral Majority
Soviet troops enter Afganistan
The Empire Strikes Back premieres
Gulf War begins – Iraq invades Iran
Polish strikes inspire Solidarity movement
Residents severe health problems linked to Love Canal, New York, chemical dump
Global Eradication of smallpox declared
Personal computer launched by I.B.M.
Israeli jets destroy nuclear plant in Iraq
Equal Rights Amendment bill defeated
Compact disc launched
Drought in Ethiopia brings famine to millions
Macintosh computer with mouse is launched
US and French teams discover AIDS virus
Gorbachev introduces glasnost and perestroika
Japan becomes world’s top lender
Chernobyl nuclear accident
The Phantom of the Opera premieres in London
World Stockmarket crash
Sir Clive Sinclair launches Z 88 portable computer
Internet virus jams over 6,000 military computers
National strikes in Poland
World Wide Web created by Berners-Lee
Thousands of students killed on Tiananmen Sq in Peking
Berlin Wall torn down
Nobel Peace Prize goes to Michael Gorbachev
Iraq invades Kuwait UN imposes sanctions
Over 1,200 people infected by HIV from tainted blood due to French health scandal
Cold War ends: nationalism on the rise
Soviet Union dissolved
Rodney King riots in L.A.
South Africa approves reforms giving blacks equal legal rights
1st web browser created by Anderson
Spielberg produces Schindler’s List
Bomb rocks WTC building in NYC
IRA ceasefire lifts hope for peace in Ireland
World Trade Organization ratified
Mandela elected in South Africa’s first free elections
Federal building in Oklahoma City destroyed by car bomb
Discovery of a new planet near the 4th closest star to the Earth
Racial hostility leads to US church burnings
EU imposes ban on British beef because of mad cow disease
Scotish researcher creates clone lamb from adult sheep DNA
Explosive growth of email and internet
Peace accord in Northern Ireland
President Clinton impeached by Republicans on Capitol Hill
1st balloon flight around the world
NATO launches air strikes on Serbia to end attacks against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo
1st meeting ever between Presidents of North and South Korea
Bush wins presidency by a few hundred votes
Global Warming Conference at The Hague fails